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Ai?iiaaeneee Ainoaea?noaaiiue Iaaeaaiae/aneee Einoeooo

Ioni?aneee

“Ea?oeiee n aunoaaee”

“Aiii”

Eiio?ieueiay ?aaioa

ii aa?iiiee

nooaeaioee O eo?na cai/iiai

ioaeaeaiey iocueaeueii-

iaaeaaiae/aneiai oaeoeueoaoa

Ai?iiaae 1998 aiae

“Ia iocuee iaaei iai, ia neia,

ia iaeeo?u e ia ?acoea… iunee

aeeaua iiaeaeoa, aeeaoth aanaaeo n ethaeueie

aaaeeoa eaeie au nthaeao au ie eca?aee

aeey aanaaeu…”

Ec ienueia I.I.Ioni?aneiai

A.A.Noaniao io 23 iiya?y 1875a.(1.4)

Ia?aui aieueoei caeii/aiiui i?iecaaaeaieai iinea iia?u «Ai?en Aiaeoiia»
auee «Ea?oeiee n aunoaaee». Yoi noaei iiaie no?aieoeae a oai?/anoaa ia
oieueei naiiai Ioni?aneiai, ii e a oi?oaieaiiie i?ia?aiiiie iocuea aai
a?aiaie.

A o?oaeiie aeecie Ioni?aneiai ?aaeeei ino?iaeii /enoie ?aaeinoe e
iieiiai oiiaiey oai?/anoaii noae ethiue 1874 aiaea.

A yoi a?aiy 35-oe eaoiee eiiiiceoi? nicaeae i?iecaaaeaiea iienoeia
oieeaeueiia a ie?iaie iocueaeueiie eeoa?aoo?a – oi?oaieaiioth ntheoo
«Ea?oeiee n aunoaaee».

Iacaaiea oi/ii niioaaonoaoao niaea?aeaieth «Ea?oeiee» iaienaiu
Ioni?aneei iiae aia/aoeaieai iinia?oiie aunoaaee ooaeiaeieea e
a?oeoaeoi?a A.E.Aa?oiaia.

Aa?oiai aue /aeiaaeii aeeaui, eaaeei a iauaiee, oaeaeathueiny.
Aiaaonoai oaioacee e aiia?aaeaiey, ecia?aoaoaeueiinoue ai anyeeo
auaeoieao e ?icua?uoao aeaeaee ooaeiaeieea iacaiaieiui a
ae?oaeaneie eiiiaiee. N Ioni?aneei Aa?oiaia naycuaaee oaieay
ae?oaeaa e acaeiiia oaaaeaiea. Iiyoiio no?aoiay aanoue i
nei?iiinoeaeiie nia?oe ae?oaa a 1873 aiaeo iio?ynea Iiaeanoa Iao?iae/a.

Naia i?iecaaaeaiea, ?iaeaeaiiia iiae aia/aoeaieai aunoaaee a iaiyoue
i ae?oaa, Ioni?aneee ia?aiia/aeueii icaaeaaee «Aa?oiai».

Ono?ieoaee ia aunoaaea nia?aee ea?oeiu, aeaa?aee, a?oeoaeoo?iua
i?iaeou, yneecu oaao?aeueiuo aeaei?aoeee e einothiia, ?enoieia n iaoo?u,
a oaeaea ooaeiaeanoaaiiua ecaeaeey – iai?eia?, eaiaiiua /anu a ?onneii
noeea a aeaea ecaooee ia eo?ueeo iiaeeao, ueioeu aeey ?aneaeuaaiey
i?aoia. Caeanue i?aaenoaaeaiu auee aeai?iaua noeaiu e oeiu, ia?eniaaiiua
Aa?oiaiii a aiaeu aai iooaoanoaee ii Eoaeee, O?aioeee e Iieueoa, a
oaeaea caeinoaiaaiiua ec ?onneie iaoeeiiaeueiie iiycee e aeecie. Ec ieo
10 i?iecaaaeaiee Ioni?aneee ia?aeiaeee ia ycue iocuee, eioi?ua
ninoaaeee i?ai?eaeiaeueioth ntheoo – /a?aaeiaaiea ea?oeiiuo ca?eniaie.

«Ea?oeiee n aunoaaee» auee nicaeaiu ei ia aceaoa aaeioiiaaiey e a
iaiau/aeii ei?ioeee n?ie – ca 3 iaaeaee ethiy 1874 aiaea. Ai a?aiy
?aaiou ii niiauaao Noaniao: «Iie aei?iaie
generallissime, Aa?oiai eeieo eae eeiae «Ai?en, – caoee e iuneue a
aicaeooa iiaenee, aeioath e iauaaeathnue, aaeaa oniaaath oea?aiaoue ia
aoiaaa. Oi/o nei?aa e iaae?aeiaa naeaeaoue … Aei neo ii? n/eoath
oaea/iui». (2.106)

Yoi i?eciaiea oaea/e iniaaiii oeaiii, iioiio /oi aaoi? anaaaea aue aei
i?eaee?/eainoe no?ia e naaa.

Ii i/aiue aieueii iiaeio?e e enoieeiaaieth ioaeaeueiuo i?iecaaaeaiee
Aa?oiaia. Acya ca iniiao ioaeaeueiiai iiia?a ntheou nthaeao oiai eee
eiiai ?enoiea, yneeca eee iaeaoa, ii i?aaeinoaaeye caoai iieioth
naiaiaeo naiae oaioacee. Oae au?inea oeaeay na?ey iocueaeueiuo
ca?eniaie. Nthaea aioee ea?oeiee auoa e i?e?iaeu, ii?o?aou, eiie/aneea
e aeaaea neaci/iua noeaiee.

Ii neiaai Nai?ia Enaaeiae/a Oeeoooaeia ntheoa i?eaeiaeueia.

I?eaeiaeueiinoue caeeth/aaony, i?aaeaea anaai a naiii oeia ntheou: ia
?iiaioe/aneay ntheoa – ea?iaaae, a ?acii?iaeiua iioeau naiie aeecie
aia?aiaaeeo n ia?iaeii-neaci/iie oaioanoeeie e ia?acaie i?ioeiai,
?iiaioe/aneia, e??aaeueiia oaeeaaaony a «Ea?oeieao» n aeeciaiii
iianaaeiaaiui, «aunieia» n «ieceei». (6.)

I?e yoii au? iaeiie iniaaiiinoueth «Ea?oeiie» yaeyaony
aioo?aiiaa aaeeinoai – aaeeinoai naiiai iiaeoiaea eiiiiceoi?a e
aiieiuaaiiio ei ie?o ooaeiaeieea. Caia/aoaeueiia i?iecaaaeaiea
Ioni?aneiai ia ciaao aiaeiaee ie a aa?iiaeneii, ie a ?onneii
iocueaeueiii eneonnoaa. I?eaeiaeueiinoue iino?iaiey e?aiei naycaiiiai
iaaeaeo niaie iaeiie iocueaeueiie oaiie a ?onneii noeea –
«I?iaoeeie» nicaeaea i?aeoe/anee oieeaeueiue ii oi?ia ia?acaoe
i?ia?aiiiie ntheou. O Aa?oiaia i?ioioeia «I?iaoeee» iao, yoio ia?ac
nicaeai naiei Ioni?aneei. Noania iiyniye: «I?iecaaaeaiea «I?iaoeea»
eae au eeethno?e?oao ia?aoiae c?eoaey e neaaeothuaio yeniiiaoo aunoaaee
e /oi caeanue Ioni?aneee ecia?acee nai naay» (1.14)

«Eiaiii a yoie oaia «ia?aoiaea» io iaeiie ea?oeiee e ae?oaie aeaeia,
ii au?aaeaieth aaoi?a, aai oeceiiiiey. Oaia niieieiay, ?aniaaiay,
iaiiieiathuay iaeiiaieiniue caiaa n oi?iaui iiaeoaaoii, naienoaaiiua
?onneei ianiyi»(2.107)

Ii aianoa n oai Ioni?aneee i?eaeae oaia iaiau?iiue oa?aeoa?.

A iae aeaaea iiaeii oeiaeoue ioaieinee yie/aneeo e aaee/aeueiuo
ia?iaeiuo ianai, a ?iyeue a?aiaiaie oaea/ii ia?aaea?o cao/aiea oi?a.
Yoi aiieiuaiea ?onneiai ia?iaeiiai aeooa.

Iniaia ianoi ioaaaeaii a «Ea?oeieao n aunoaaee» ecia?aaeaieth
oaioanoe/aneiai. Iaeei ec oaioanoe/aneeo ia?acia «Aiii» i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie a oai?/anoaa Ioni?aneiai niaa?oaiii iiaue ia?ac. Yoi ia auoiaay
ecia?aceoaeueiinoue e ia ia?iaeiay neaci/iinoue, a iiyoe/aneee auiunae,
ie? oai?/aneiai aiia?aaeaiey.

«Eiia/ii, ie i eaeie eeethno?aoeaiinoe iocuee caeanue ia iiaeao auoue e
?a/e, oae aeoaiei «ee/iinoia» cao/auay a iae «iioa» o naiiai
eiiiiceoi?a. (O Aa?oiaia – yoi anaai-iaanaai aeaoneay ?ei/iay
ea?ooea, ecia?aaeathuay e?eaiiiaiai aacia?aciiai ea?eeea)» (6.219.)

I?e/oaeeeaua eceiiu iaeiaeee, noaei?iaeiue ?eoi ia?aaeatho oaeeiee yoiai
niaoiiai, o?iaeeeaiai /aeiaaea. Ii eiiaaea an?-oaee i?i?uaathony
eioiiaoeee aeaeiau, noiia, yoi canoaaeyao ian iini/oanoaiaaoue aiiio,
yoiio iaacaeieaiiiio nouanoao, aai caoa?iiiio ai?th.

Ioni?aneee eae aieoaaiee iaeeaeyao oeao?eo, iooaeeeaaynue io
a?ioaneiinoe e yeni?anneaiinoe ia?niiaaea. Aeey aiieiuaiey
oaioanoe/aneiai ii?o?aoa a iocuea eiiiiceoi? auae?aao iocueaeueiua
e?anee n oaeeaeoaeueiie oi/iinoueth. Eaaeaony, /oi aiii caoaeeny e
inoi?iaeii ia?aaaaaao n ianoa ia ianoi. Ii oii/aony ia ianoa,
niioueaaony, aai iaeaiueeea e?eaua iiaeee caieaoathony. Ii oi /aai -oi
aieony, oi ia/eiaao ioaoue, noiiaoue, aeaeiaaoueny, oi iiyoue aaaeeo
aac iaeyaeee.

Yoio ia?ac ?enoao e eceiiaiiay iaeiaeey, eioi?ay annioeee?oaony n
auno?uie, oaeiaaouie aeaeaeaieyie, e /a?aaeiaaiea auno?uo i?iaaaathueo
caoeia n aeeeiiuie, caie?athueie. Ana yoi iioiaea ia aeaeaeaiey
ia?aaaaathuaai n ianoa ia ianoi enioaaaoaainy, ne?uaathuaainy /aeiaaea.
Aiii eaaeaony ceui, aeaeeei, enioaaiiui, iaeaeaiiui. Yoi iiae/??eeaaao
oieiaeiay i?a/iay oiiaeueiinoue ie aaiieue ieii?. Ii aianoa n oai yoi
neaci/iue, oaioanoe/aneee ia?ac. Yoi iuouaiea oneeeaaao aa?iiiey
iaonoie/eaay, canouaoay e iaii?aaeaeaiiay a 1-ie oaia, iie?athuayny ia
oiaiueoaiiue naioaeei?ae e neieiie?iaaiiue «o?iiathuee» ?eoi ai 2-ie
oaia. 2-ay oaia, aeaaiaea?y neieiie?iaaiiiio ?eoio e ienoiaeyuei oiaeai
ii naeoiaeai, eaaeaony au? inoi?iaeiaa, au? oaeinoaaiiaa.

«Au? io Aeeiee a ?onneie oeiea eae?o o?aaeeoeey aiieiuaiey
oaioanoeee e neaci/iinoe /a?ac aeeciaiii-?aaiua cao/aiey oeaei-oiiiie
aaiiu, oiau?iiiai naioaeei?aea. Eniieuecoao eo e Ioni?aneee. Iaeiaei
i?e anao ono?aoathueo /a?oao aiii o Ioni?aneiai inoaaony ea?ooeie:
canouaoay, iaonoie/eaay aa?iiiey e ei?ioeea oi?oeaae a ieii/aieyo oac
i?eaeatho iocuea iooaiie ea?ooa/iinoe, nea?oeiciinoe, ioiaeaeaatho
o?aae/aneia a noa?o neaci/iinoe(1.16.)

N?aaeiyy /anoue iueanu aieaa o?aae/aneay. Iia au?aaeaao /oanoaa aiiia,
aea?o aai oa?aeoa?enoeeo. Aiii eae au inoaiaaeeaaaony e ia/eiaao
?aciuoeyoue. Ii oyae?eua, ai?anoiua iunee aai auaeatho e i?a/iay
eaaeiaay ie?anea, e ino?ua eioiiaoeeiiiua oyaioaiey, e
?anea/eaathueany aanu. E aio ianooiatho ieioou iieiiai io/ayiey. Ia
a?iieie aeeiaieea ff eae?o aeeeiiay ienoiaeyuay o?iiaoe/aneay eeiey,
nicaeathuay aia/aoeaiea iea/a, no?aaeaiey, ai?y. «A iocuea iao naaoa e
?aaeinoe: oaioanoe/aneay ea?ooea eeoaia iaaeaaeaeu ia oaiei e
/aeiaa/aneia n/anouea» (1.17.)

Ii aio aiii ianoi?iaeeeny, eae au ii/oanoaiaae iianiinoue.

Caeanue ia/eiaaony ?ai?eca. Aica?auaaony neieiie?iaaiiue ?eoi 2-ie
oaiu 1-ie /anoe. Ii yoi oaia cao/eo aieaa o?aae/ii e aiaaii. Iineaaeiyy
o?aca iaeaoaao eae o?aaai e oiineo ca niaie ia/aee e ai?anoe aiiia.
Iocao/aea iocuea, ii oae oi/aony aa?eoue, /oi aaaeiue iaeaiueeee aiii
i?ieae?o naie iooue «ii eaniui ei/eai e o?ouiaai» e aueaeao ooaea, aaea
neyao nieioea e aeae?o aai n/anouea.

E oioy «Ea?oeiee n aunoaaee» aaeeinoaaiiia ec cia/eoaeueiuo
oi?oaieaiiuo i?iecaaaeaiee Ioni?aneiai, a i?i io?aaeaia
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiinoue aaoi?a, iaiiaoi?eiay ia?aciinoue aai iuoeaiey.

«Ae?ooiciinoue aac noa?aioeiiuo oi?i ae?ooiciinoe, au?aaioaiiuo
oi?oaieaiiie iocueie ?iiaioe/aneiai iai?aaeaiey, aeeaiienue, eae
n?aaenoai ia?aciie eiie?aoecaoeee e auyaeaiey aioo?aiiae aeooaaiie nooe
ecia?aaeaaiiai, au?aaeathuae naay /a?ac eioiiaoeeth aiaoiaai
iiaaaeaiey e aeanoa, – oae iiaeii auei au noi?ioee?iaaoue oi iiai? a
iaeanoe oi?oaieaiiie noeeenoeee, /oi i?eoei aianoa n «Ea?oeieaie n
aunoaaee» a eoeueoo?o ?onneiai e ie?iaiai ieaiecia»(5.221)

«Ea?oeiee n aunoaaee» auee ecaeaiu 5 eao nionoy iinea nia?oe
Ioni?aneiai. Eiiiiceoi?ia-neioiienoia iinoiyiii i?eaeaeaei a ieo
aiaaonoai e?anie. Iaeii ec i?eano?iauo ia?aeiaeaiee oeeeea
inouanoaee o?aioeocneee eiiiiceoi? – eii?anneiieno Ii?en ?aaaeue.

O?aaiaiou o?iea

Aeaoe, ana a?inaeoa ea?u,

Neooaeoa ?anneac!

AEeee-auee aaea-oi aiiiu

Aeaeaei io ian…

Yoe aiiiu auee e?ioee,

AEeee ana a eanao.

?inoii oioue ia aieueoa eioee,

A aiooaee no?ao.

Aio n oaeei oaeinoaaiiui, caaaaei/iui nouanoaii iu n aaie naaiaeiy
iiciaeiieiny. A ?anneaaeao iai i e?ioa/iii neaci/iii /aeiaa/ea iocuea
aaeeeiai ?onneiai eiiiiceoi?a Iiaeanoa Iao?iae/a Ioni?aneiai. ?aayoa,
a /oi au ciaaoa i aiiiao, eae au eo naaa i?aaenoaaeyaoa? A eaeeo
neaceao aeeaoo aiiiu? (Ioaaou aeaoae)

Ii aa?ie iueanu «Aiii» Ioni?aneiai ia aiieia iioiae ia aanaeuo e ieeuo
ai?iaeaouo aiiiia, i eioi?uo ieooo neaci/ieee.

Iaeiaaeaeu Iiaeano Iao?iae/ Ioni?aneee aue ia aunoaaea naiaai ae?oaa –
ooaeiaeieea Aeeoi?a Ea?eiae/a Aa?oiaia. Yoi aunoaaea aio ianoieueei
iii?aaeeanue, /oi aa?ioaoenue aeiiie ii i?aa?aoee naie aia/aoeaiey io
oaeaeaiiuo ea?oei, yeniiiaoia, ?enoieia a aeeaua iocueaeueiua
ea?oeiee, eioi?ua ii iacaae «Ea?oeiee n aunoaaee».Ia ycuea
iocueaeueiuo caoeia ii ?anneacae e i ecaooea a /aua eana, a eioi?ie
aeeea eiaa?iay Aaaa ssaa, e ici?iua iaaueoieaoea-ny ioaioeu. Iocuea
?enoao iai noa?eiiue n?aaeiaaaeiaue caiie e aiaaou?neea ai?ioa.
Ioni?aneiio caiiiieeny iaa?inie ?ei/iie ea?ooee – aiiieea, iaeaiueeiai
iaoeethaeaai o?iaeoea ia e?eauo iiaeeao. Oae ooaeiaeiee ecia?acee
ueioeu aeey i?aoia.

Iineooaeoa yoo iueano e iiaeoiaeoa eaeia o aiiia iano?iaiea, eaeie ii
ii oa?aeoa?o, /oi au i?aaenoaaeyaoa iiae yoo iocueo?

Cao/eo «Aiii» I.I.Ioni?aneiai.

(Ioaaou aeaoae)

Iueana I.I.Ioni?aneiai i/aiue aeeaiienia. Neooay a?, iu ynii
i?aaenoaaeyai naaa, eae iaeaiueeee /aeiaa/ae ia?aaaeeaaynue, i?iaaaeae
iaiiiaeei e inoaiiaeeny – o?oaeii aaaaoue ia oaeeo ei?ioeeo e
oiiaiueeeo iiaeeao. Iioii ii onoae, iio?e iaaeeaiiaa e an? oae aea
noa?aoaeueii e iaoeethaea. Iioiaea, ii aeaaea na?aeeony ca yoi ia
naay. Iai?aaeanue iocuea. Oiae, iaaa?iia.

?aayoa, a anee au au auee ooaeiaeieeaie, oi i?ineooaa yoo iocueo
eaeeie au e?aneaie ecia?aceee yoiai aiiia?

(Ioaaou aeaoae)

?aayoa, a ia?ac aiiia iaeeiaeia ia i?ioyaeaiee anaai i?iecaaaeaiey eee
iaiyaony?

(Ioaaou aeaoae)

Aea, ?aayoa. Anee aia/aea i?iecaaaeaiey Ioni?aneee eniieuecoao a iueana
«eiaueythuea», ei?ioaiueeea iocueaeueiua o?acu, eioi?ua niaiyao caoai
iaeia aeeeiiay oyiouayny iioa: inoaiiaea.

Ii aio niiaa oa aea «eiaueythuay» o?aca, oieueei ea?aaony iia iaiiiai
iaaeeaiiaa e oeoa – neiaii aiii caniiiaaaeny, cainoi?iaeie/ae,
i?eneooaeny e /aio-oi…

A oeiaea – o?aae/aneee aiieue aeooe, ac?ua io/ayiey, eaaeaony, /oi aiii
iea/ao.

Iineaaeiyy o?aca iaeaoaao ia ian eae o?aaai e oiineo ia/aeue e ai?anoe
aiiia.

Iocao/aea iocuea, e iu aianoa n aiiiii neiaii i?ioee aanue aai iooue
ii eaniui ei/eai, /a?ac eieiaeu e aaeaaeiee – ooaea, aaea neyao nieioea
e i/aiue oi/aony aa?eoue, /oi yoiio iaeaiueeiio ian/anoiiio aiiieeo
oeuaaaony n/anouea.

Aeaaaeoa iineooaai yoi i?iecaaaeaiea au? ?ac.

Cao/eo «Aiii» I.I.Ioni?aneiai.

A nae/an, /oiau eo/oa iiae?oaeeoueny n aiiiii aeaaaeoa nii?i i i?i
ianaieo.

«I?no?ue eieia/ie» ioc.A.No?oaa

ne.I.Nieiaue?aie

NIENIE ENIIEUeCIAAIIIE EEOA?AOO?U

1. Aauciaa A.I. «Ea?oeiee n aunoaaee».

Ioni?aneiai – I.: Iocuea, 1987a. 47n.

2. Aauciaa A.I. «Iiaeano Iao?iae/ Ioni?aneee» – 2-ia ecaeaiea I.:
Iocuea, 1986a. 157 n.

3. Aa?oeieia A.A. «…Aieueia i iocuea aeaaieeoue» –

I.:»Iiaay oeiea» 1996 a. n.192

4. O?eae Y.E. «Iiaeano Iao?iae/ Ioni?aneee»: Iiioey?iay iiiia?aoey –
4-a ecae.-E.:Iocuea, 1987a. n.110

5. Oaeiaa?a N.A. «Ieaieci, eae eneonnoai» – I.:Iocuea,

1965 a. n.185

6. Oeeoooaei N.E. «Ioni?aneee. Ooaeiaeiee. A?aiy. Noaeueaa».

I.:Iocuea. 1975 a., n. 335

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