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Eiaeea aii?inia e ioaaoia

1.Ii?aaeaeaiea aii?ina e ioaaoa.

2. Aeaeu aii?inia.

2.1. I?aaeeueii e iai?aaeeueii iinoaaeaiiua aii?inu;

2.2. Cae?uoua e ioe?uoua aii?inu;

2.3. Ooi/iythuea e ainiieiythuea aii?inu;

2.4. I?inoua e neiaeiua aii?inu.

3. Ioaaou ia aii?inu. Aeaeu ioaaoia.

3.1. Enoeiiua e eiaeiua ioaaou;

3.2. I?yiua e einaaiiua ioaaou;

3.3. E?aoeea e ?acaa?iooua ioaaou;

3.4. Iieiua e iaiieiua ioaaou;

3.5. Oi/iinoue e ii?aaeaeaiiinoue ioaaoia.

?acaeoea iao/iuo e i?aeoe/aneeo ciaiee i?ioaeaao eae ia?aoiae io ?aiaa
onoaiiaeaiiuo noaeaeaiee e iiaui, aieaa oi/iui e aieaa aiaaoui ii
niaea?aeaieth noaeaeaieyi. Yoio ia?aoiae i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue neaaeothueo yoaiia:

1) iinoaiiaea aii?ina;

2) iienee iiaie eioi?iaoeee;

3) oi?ie?iaaiea ioaaoa ia iinoaaeaiiue aii?in.

A oi?ia aii?ina inouanoaeyaony iinoaiiaea iiauo i?iaeai a iaoea, n
iiiiuueth aii?inia iieo/atho iiaoth eioi?iaoeeth a nioeeaeueiie,
i?iecaiaenoaaiiie e aaeaaeiaaiie i?aeoeea. Iiciaaaoaeueiay ooieoeey
aii?ina naycaia n ainiieiaieai, ooi/iaieai e eiie?aoecaoeeae ?aiaa
iieo/aiiuo iaueo i?aaenoaaeaiee i i?aaeiaoao e yaeaieyo
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. A?aiiaoe/aneie oi?iie au?aaeaiey cai?ina iunee a
ycuea aunooiaao aii?ineoaeueiia i?aaeeiaeaiea.

Aii?in – yoi au?aaeaiiue a oi?ia aii?ineoaeueiiai i?aaeeiaeaiey e
?aaeecoaiue a aeaea ioaaoa cai?in iunee, iai?aaeaiiue ia ?acaeoea –
ooi/iaiea eee aeiiieiaiea ciaiee.

A i?ioeanna iiciaiey aii?inu ia aicieeatho naiinoiyoaeueii, aac anyeeo
ia oi iniiaaiee. Ethaie aii?in anaaaea iie?aaony ia oaea ecaanoiia
ciaiea, eioi?ia aunooiaao aai aacenii e auiieiyao ?ieue i?aaeiinueee
aii?ina (datum questionis).

Iiciaaaoaeueiay ooieoeey aii?ina ?aaeecoaony a oi?ia ioaaoa ia
iinoaaeaiiue aii?in. Ioaao i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iiaia noaeaeaiea,
ooi/iythuaa eee aeiiieiythuaa a niioaaonoaee n iinoaaeaiiui aii?inii
i?aaeiaa ciaiea. Iiene ioaaoa i?aaeiieaaaao ia?auaiea e eiie?aoiie
iaeanoe oai?aoe/aneeo eee yiie?e/aneeo ciaiee, eioi?oth iacuaatho
iaeanoueth iienea ioaaoa. Iieo/aiiia a ioaaoa ciaiea, ?anoe?yy eeai
ooi/iyy enoiaeioth eioi?iaoeeth, iiaeao neoaeeoue aacenii aeey
iinoaiiaee iiauo, aieaa aeoaieeo aii?inia i i?aaeiaoa enneaaeiaaiey.

Iinoaiiaea aii?ina e iiene eioi?iaoeee aeey eiino?oe?iaaiey ioaaoa
ninoaaeytho iniaoth, i?enouoth ethaiio iiciaaaoaeueiiio i?ioeanno
aii?inii-ioaaoioth eiae/aneoth oi?io ?acaeoey ciaiee. Iia anaaaea auea
iai?aaeythuei ia/aeii a ?acaeoee anoanoaiciaiey e oaoieee.
?iaeiia/aeueiee eiaeoeoeaiie eiaeee – O?ainen Ayeii aiai?ee, /oi iu
aeieaeiu oiaoue caaeaaaoue aii?inu i?e?iaea. Oaeei aea iooai
i?eia?aoaaony enoiaeiay eioi?iaoeey a nioeeieiaee, yeiiiieea,
i?aaiaaaeaiee, iaaeeoeeia e ae?oaeo iaeanoyo ciaiey.

Nouanoaotho ?acee/iua ii no?oeoo?a e ooieoeeyi aii?inu. N?aaee ieo:

I?aaeeueii e iai?aaeeueii iinoaaeaiiua aii?inu. A ioee/ea io noaeaeaiey
aii?in ia niaea?aeeo ie ooaa?aeaeaiey, ie io?eoeaiey, iiyoiio
au?aaeaiioth a iai eioi?iaoeeth ia ioeaieaatho a oa?ieiao enoeiu e eaee,
o.a. i aii?ina ia aiai?yo eae ia enoeiiii eee eiaeiii.

Aianoa n oai aii?in yaii eee iayaii aeeth/aao eeai iie?aaony ia
ii?aaeaeaiiia enoiaeiia, eee aaceniia ciaiea, aunooiathuaa i?aaeiinueeie
aii?ina. Ea/anoai aaceniiai ciaiey nouanoaaiii aeeyao ia eiae/aneee
noaoon aii?ina, ii?aaeaeyy i?aaeeueiinoue e iai?aaeeueiinoue iinoaiiaee
aii?ina.

I?aaeeueii iinoaaeaiiui n/eoaaony aii?in, i?aaeiinueea eioi?iai
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie enoeiiia e iai?ioeai?a/eaia ciaiea.

Iai?aaeeueii iinoaaeaiiui n/eoaaony aii?in n eiaeiui eee i?ioeai?a/eaui
aacenii. I?eia?ii iai?aaeeueii iinoaaeaiiiai iiaeao auoue neaaeothuee
aii?in: “Eaeie ?acia? iaoae o niaaeiiai /aeiaaea?” I?aaeiinueea yoiai
aii?ina aeeth/aao ioithaeue ia aannii?ioth eaeath i nouanoaiaaiee
niaaeiiai /aeiaaea. I oaeii aii?ina aiai?yo eae i iai?aaeeueii, eee
iaei??aeoii iinoaaeaiiii – i?aaeaea /ai auyniyoue ?acia? iaoae niaaeiiai
/aeiaaea, neaaeoao onoaiiaeoue oaeo nouanoaiaaiey niaaeiiai /aeiaaea.

A oii neo/aa, eiaaea iai?aaeeueii iinoaaeaiiue aii?in oiuoeaiii
eniieuecoaony n oeaeueth caiooaoue ioaa/athuaai, oaeie aii?in
eaaeeoeoee?otho eae oeaaeeaathuee, eee “i?iaieaoeeiiiue”.

Aii?inu iiaoo auoue cae?uouie e ioe?uouie.

Ioe?uoua aii?inu i?aaeiieaaatho aiciiaeiinoue iaia?aie/aiiiai
eiee/anoaa ioaaoia.

Cae?uoua aii?inu – yoi aii?inu, ia eioi?ua aiciiaeii aeaoue
ia?aie/aiiia eiee/anoai ioaaoia. Oaeea aii?inu /aua anaai eniieuecotho
ai a?aiy nioeeieiae/aneeo ii?inia. Iai?eia?, aii?in “Eae Au ioiineoanue
e aeayoaeueiinoe Ainoaea?noaaiiie iaeiaiaie aaeieieno?aoeee Oe?aeiu?”
yaeyaony ioe?uoui, iioiio /oi /aeiaae iiaeao auneacuaaoue naia
nianoaaiiia iiaiea ii yoiio iiaiaeo.

Yoio aea aii?in iiaeii noi?ioee?iaaoue a cae?uoie oi?ia, anee
aeiaaaeoue e iaio ia?a/aiue aiciiaeiuo ioaaoia. Iai?eia?, “Eae Au
ioiineoanue e aeayoaeueiinoe Ainoaea?noaaiiie iaeiaiaie aaeieieno?aoeee
Oe?aeiu?” (N/eoath aa aeayoaeueiinoue oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie; n/eoath aa
aeayoaeueiinoue iaoaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiie; ia iiao ioaaoeoue).

Ii eiae/aneie no?oeoo?a e iiciaaaoaeueiie ooieoeee aii?inu
iiae?acaeaeythony ia aeaa iniiaiuo oeia:

– ooi/iythuea, eee ee-aii?inu;

– ainiieiythuea, eee /oi-aii?inu.

Ooi/iythuei iacuaaaony aii?in, iai?aaeaiiue ia auyaeaiea enoeiiinoe
au?aaeaiiiai a iai noaeaeaiey.

Iai?eia?:

“Aa?ii ee, /oi Caiey a?auaaony aie?oa Nieioea?”

“Aeaenoaeoaeueii ee einoeooo eiaao o?aoueth noaiaiue aee?aaeeoaoeee?”

“ssaeyaony ee aeieaeiinoiie iiaeeia i?anooieaieai?”

A?aiiaoe/aneee i?eciae ooi/iythueo aii?inia – iaee/ea a i?aaeeiaeaiee
/anoeoeu “ee”: “Aa?ii ee, /oi…”; “ssaeyaony ee …”; “Oae ee,
/oi…”; “Aeaenoaeoaeueii ee, /oi…” e ae?oaea neiiieiiua au?aaeaiey.

Noaia ee-aii?ina a neiaiee/aneie caiene auaeyaeeo neaaeothuei
ia?acii ?(p), aaea “?” – iia?aoi? aii?ina, “p” – noaeaeaiea,
enoeiiinoue eioi?iai auyniyaony.

ssaii au?aaeaiiay a ee-aii?ina i?aaeiinueea – yoi ciaiea i i?aaeiaoa (
Eoia; einoeoooa; aeieaeiinoiii iiaeeiaa.) e ciaiea i aiciiaeiii i?eciaea
yoiai i?aaeiaoa (a?auaoueny aie?oa Caiee; eiaoue o?aoueth noaiaiue
aee?aaeeoaoeee; yaeyoueny i?anooieaieai). Iaecaanoiui a ee-aii?ina
yaeyaony i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue i?aaeiaoo oeacaiiiai i?eciaea.

Iaeanoue iienea ioaaoa a ee-aii?ina ia?aie/aia auai?ii iaeiie ec
aeueoa?iaoea: ? ( ( ?. Ionthaea ae?oaia iacaaiea yoiai aii?ina –
cae?uoue eee aeueoa?iaoeaiue aii?in.

Ainiieiythuei iacuaaaony aii?in, iai?aaeaiiue ia auyaeaiea iiauo
naienoa o enneaaeoaiuo yaeaiee:

“Aaea ninoiyeny Anaie?iue /aiieiiao ii oooaieo 1998 aiaea?”

“Eoi ecia?ae oaeaoii?”

“Eiaaea i?iecioei iineaaeiaa ecaa?aeaiea aoeeaia Aacoaee?”

A?aiiaoe/aneee i?eciae ainiieiythueo aii?inia – iaee/ea a i?aaeeiaeaiee
aii?ineoaeueiuo neia: eoi? /oi? aaea? eiaaea? eae? e ae?oaeo, n
iiiiuueth eioi?uo no?aiyony iieo/eoue aeiiieieoaeueioth eioi?iaoeeth i
oii, /oi niaie i?aaenoaaeyao enneaaeoaiue iauaeo.

Noaia /oi-aii?inia a neiaiee/aneie caiene auaeyaeeo oae: ?o(?), aaea
“?” – iia?aoi? aii?ina, “o” – ia?aiaiiay aeey aii?ineoaeueiiai neiaa,
“?” – enoiaeiia, ioaeaeathuaany a aeiiieiaiee noaeaeaiea.

A i?eaaaeaiiuo auoa i?eia?ao ioaeaeathuaany a aeiiieiaiee ciaiea
au?aaeaii a neaaeothueo noaeaeaieyo: Aaea-oi ninoiyeny Anaie?iue
/aiieiiao ii oooaieo; Eoi-oi ecia?ae oaeaoii; Eiaaea-oi i?iecioei
iineaaeiaa ecaa?aeaiea aoeeaia Aacoaee.

Iaeanoue iienea ioaaoia ia /oi-aii?in i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iiiaeanoai
auneacuaaiee, ii?aaeaeyaiuo aii?ineoaeueiui neiaii (eoi? /oi? eiaaea?
eaeie? ( e o.ae.) . Iaeaeaiiue ioaao aeiiieiyao iaii?aaeaeaiiia
aaceniia ciaiea iiaie eioi?iaoeeae i naienoaao – ianoa, a?aiaie,
i?e/eiao e o.ae. enneaaeoaiuo yaeaiee. Iineieueeo ioaao ia /oi-aii?in –
yoi auai? enoeiiiai noaeaeaiey ec iiiaeanoaa aiciiaeiuo, aai oaeaea
iacuaatho ioe?uoui aii?inii.

Eae ooi/iythuea, oae e ainiieiythuea aii?inu iiaoo auoue i?inouie e
neiaeiuie.

I?inoui iacuaaaony aii?in, ia aeeth/athuee a ea/anoaa ninoaaiuo /anoae
ae?oaeo aii?inia.

Aeey ooi/iythueo aii?inia i?inoui aoaeao aii?in, a eioi?ii auyniyaony
enoeiiinoue eeoue iaeiiai noaeaeaiey ? (p). Aeey ainiieiythueo
aii?inia i?inoui aoaeao aii?in, a eioi?ii niaea?aeeony eeoue iaeii
aii?ineoaeueiia neiai, ioiinyuaany e iaeiiio noaeaeaieth – ?o(?).

Neiaeiui iacuaaaony aii?in, aeeth/athuee a ea/anoaa ninoaaiuo /anoae
ae?oaea aii?inu, iauaaeeiyaiua eiae/aneeie nayceaie. A caaeneiinoe io
oeia naycee neiaeiua aii?inu iiaoo auoue:

– niaaeeieoaeueiuie (eiiuthieoeaiuie);

– ?acaeaeeoaeueiuie (aeecuthieoeaiuie);

– niaoaiiuie (niaaeeieoaeueii-?acaeaeeoaeueiuie).

Aeey ooi/iythueo aii?inia neiaeiui aoaeao aii?in, a eioi?ii auyniyaony
enoeiiinoue aeaoo e aieaa noaeaeaiee. Noaia eiiuthieoeaiiai
ooi/iythuaai aii?ina auaeyaeeo oae – ?(p ( q). Iai?eia?,
“ssaeythony ee oo?ao e iaiy aeiiieieoaeueiuie aeaeaie ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca
ia?ooaiea iaycaoaeuenoa?” Noaia aeecuthieoeaiiai ooi/iythuaai aii?ina
auaeyaeeo neaaeothuei ia?acii: ?(p ( q). Iai?eia?, “Aa?ii ee, /oi
aeiaiai? eoiee-i?iaeaaee iiaeao auoue caeeth/ai a ienueiaiiie eee onoiie
oi?ia?”.

Aeey ainiieiythueo aii?inia neiaeiui aoaeao aii?in, aeeth/athuee aeaa e
aieaa aii?ineoaeueiuo neiaa, a oaeaea aii?in, a eioi?ii aii?ineoaeueiia
neiai eee neiaa ioiinyony e aeaoi e aieaa noaeaeaieyi. I?eia?iua noaiu
oaeeo aii?inia:

? (o ( o)?; ? (o ( o)?;. ? o(? ( q); ? (o ( o) (? ( q) e o .ae.

I?eia?ii eiiuthieoeaiiai ainiieiythuaai aii?ina iiaeao auoue
neaaeothuee aii?in: “Aaea e eiaaea ninoiyeinue iiaeienaiea aeoia i
eaieooeyoeee oaoenoeie Aa?iaiee e oaoenoeie ssiiiee a eiioea
aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu?” Noaia yoiai aii?ina ? (o ( o) (? ( q).
Oaeoe/anee ii aeeth/aao /aou?a eiiuthieoeaii naycaiiuo i?inouo aii?ina:

1) “Aaea ninoiyeinue iiaeienaiea aeoa i eaieooeyoeee Aa?iaiee?”

2) “Eiaaea ninoiyeinue iiaeienaiea yoiai aeoa?”

3) “Aaea ninoiyeinue iiaeienaiea aeoa i eaieooeyoeee ssiiiee?”

4) “Eiaaea ninoiyeinue iiaeienaiea yoiai aeoa?”

Iiciaaaoaeueiay ooieoeey aii?ina ?aaeecoaony a oi?ia aiiaue iieo/aiiiai
noaeaeaiey – ioaaoa ia iinoaaeaiiue aii?in. I?e yoii ii niaea?aeaieth e
no?oeoo?a ioaao aeieaeai no?ieoueny a niioaaonoaee n iinoaaeaiiui
aii?inii. Eeoue a yoii neo/aa ioaao ?anoeaieaaaony eae ?aeaaaioiue, o.a.
eae ioaao ii nouanoao iinoaaeaiiiai aii?ina, auiieiythuee naia iniiaiia
iacia/aiea – ooi/ieoue iaynioth eee iaii?aaeaeaiioth e aeinoaaeoue
iiaoth eioi?iaoeeth.

Anee a ea/anoaa ioaaoa i?eaiaeyo oioy e enoeiiua, ii niaea?aeaoaeueii
ia naycaiiua n aii?inii noaeaeaiey, oi eo ?anoeaieaatho eae ioaaou ia ii
nouanoao aii?ina e iau/ii eneeth/atho ec ?anniio?aiey. Iiyaeaiea oaeeo
aii?inia a aeeneonnee eee a i?ioeanna aeii?ina – eeai ?acoeueoao
caaeoaeaeaiey, eiaaea ioaa/athuee ia oeiaee niune aii?ina, ii iuoaaony
ioaa/aoue ia iaai, eeai niciaoaeueiia no?aieaiea oeoe io iaauaiaeiiai
ioaaoa ia iinoaaeaiiue aii?in.

N?aaee ioaaoia ?acee/atho:

– enoeiiua e eiaeiua;

– i?yiua e einaaiiua;

– e?aoeea e ?acaa?iooua;

– iieiua e iaiieiua.

Ii aiinaieiae/aneiio noaoono, o.a. ii ioiioaieth e aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe,
ioaaou iiaoo auoue enoeiiuie e eiaeiuie. Ioaao ?anoeaieaaaony eae
enoeiiue, anee au?aaeaiiia a iai noaeaeaiea i?aaeeueii, eee aaeaeaaoii
io?aaeaao aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue. Ioaao ?anoeaieaaaony eae eiaeiue, anee
au?aaeaiiia a iai noaeaeaiea iaaa?ii, eee iaaaeaeaaoii io?aaeaao
iieiaeaiea aeae a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

I?yiua e einaaiiua ioaaou – yoi aeaa aeaea ioaaoia, ?acee/athueony
niiniaii au?aaeaiey eioi?iaoeee.

I?yiui iacuaaaony ioaao acyoue iaiin?aaenoaaiii ec iaeanoe iienea
ioaaoia, i?e eiino?oe?iaaiee eioi?iai ia i?eaaaatho e aeiiieieoaeueiui
naaaeaieyi e ?annoaeaeaieyi. Iai?eia?, i?yiui ioaaoii ia ainiieiythuee
aii?in “Eiaaea auea i?eiyoa Eiinoeoooeey Oe?aeiu?” aoaeao noaeaeaiea:
“Eiinoeoooeey Oe?aeiu auea i?eiyoa 28 ethiy 1996 aiaea”. I?yiui ioaaoii
ia ooi/iythuee aii?in – “ssaeyaony ee aeaeueoei ?uaie?” aoaeao
noaeaeaiea: “Iao, aeaeueoei ia yaeyaony ?uaie”.

Einaaiiui iacuaaaony ioaao, eioi?ue aa?oo ec aieaa oe?ieie iaeanoe,
iaaeaee iaeanoue iienea ioaaoa, e ec eioi?iai eeoue auaiaeiui iooai
iiaeii iieo/eoue i?yiie ioaao. Oae, aeey aii?ina “Eiaaea auea i?eiyoa
Eiinoeoooeey Oe?aeiu?” einaaiiui aoaeao neaaeothuee ioaao: ”Eiinoeoooeey
Oe?aeiu auea i?eiyoa iaeaioia 5-ie aiaeiaueiu iacaaeneiinoe Oe?aeiu”.
Ia aii?in “ssaeyaony ee aeaeueoei ?uaie?” einaaiiui aoaeao ioaao:
“Aeaeueoei ioiineony e ieaeiieoathuei aeeaioiui”.

I?e ?aeiino?oe?iaaiee einaaiiiai ioaaoa ia ia?aue aii?in ioaa/athuee
?aniieaaae ia oieueei eioi?iaoeeae i a?aiaie i?eiyoey Eiinoeoooeee
Oe?aeiu, ii e i a?aiaie ianooieaiey 5-ie aiaeiaueiu iacaaeneiinoe
Oe?aeiu. Ai aoi?ii neo/aa ioaa/athuee ?aniieaaae aeiiieieoaeueiie
eioi?iaoeeae, i oii /oi aeaeueoei – yoi ieaeiieoathuaa aeeaioiia e /oi
ieaeiieoathuea e ?uau ia?acotho aeaa iaia?anaeathueony eeanna.

Ii a?aiiaoe/aneie oi?ia ioaaou iiaoo auoue e?aoeeie e ?acaa?ioouie.

E?aoeea – yoi iaeiineiaeiua – ooaa?aeeoaeueiue e io?eoeaoaeueiue
ioaaou: “aea” eee “iao”. ?acaa?iooua – yoi ioaaou, a eaaeaeii ec eioi?uo
iiaoi?ythony ana yeaiaiou aii?ina. Iai?eia?, ia aii?in “Aue ee Ea?e
Ia?en aoaenoii?” iiaoo auoue iieo/aiu ooaa?aeeoaeueiua ioaaou: e?aoeee –
“Aea”; ?acaa?iooue – “Aea, Ea?e Ia?en aue aoaenoii. ”;
io?eoeaoaeueiua ioaaou: e?aoeee – “Iao”; ?acaa?iooue – “Iao, Ea?e
Ia?en ia aue aoaenoii. ”

E?aoeea ioaaou iaeaieaa iiaeoiaeyuea aeey i?inouo aii?inia; i?e
neiaeiuo aii?inao oeaeaniia?acii iieueciaaoueny ?acaa?ioouie ioaaoaie,
iineieueeo iaeiineiaeiua ioaaou a yoii neo/aa ia?aaeei ieacuaathony
aeaoniuneaiiuie.

Ii iauaio i?aaenoaaeaiiie a ioaaoa eioi?iaoeee iie iiaoo auoue iieiuie
eee iaiieiuie. I?iaeaia iieiiou /aua anaai aicieeaao i?e ioaaoao ia
neiaeiua aii?inu.

Iieiue ioaao aeeth/aao eioi?iaoeeth ii anai yeaiaioai eee ninoaaiui
/anoyi aii?ina. Iai?eia?, ia neiaeiue ooi/iythuee aii?in: “Aa?ii ee, /oi
iiaeeaaeauaa, neacoaiia e aeiiieiaiea yaeythony aoi?inoaiaiiuie /eaiaie
i?aaeeiaeaiey?” iieiui aoaeao neaaeothuee ioaao : “Iiaeeaaeauaa e
neacoaiia yaeythony aeaaiuie /eaiaie i?aaeeiaeaiey, aeiiieiaiea –
aoi?inoaiaiiui /eaiii .” Ia neiaeiue ainiieiythuee aii?in: “Aaea, eiaaea
e a /anoue eaeiai niauoey aue onoaiiaeai iaiyoiee eiycth Aeaaeeie?o?”
iieiui aoaeao neaaeothuee ioaao: “Iaiyoiee aaeeeiio eiycth eeaaneiio
Aeaaeeie?o Nayoineaaiae/o onoaiiaeai a 1853 aiaeo a Eeaaa a /anoue
770-eaoey e?auaiey ?one. ”

Iaiieiue ioaao aeeth/aao eioi?iaoeeth ioiineoaeueii eeoue ioaeaeueiuo
yeaiaioia eee ninoaaiuo /anoae aii?ina. Oae, ia i?eaaaeaiiue auoa aii?in
– : “Aa?ii ee, /oi iiaeeaaeauaa, neacoaiia e aeiiieiaiea yaeythony
aoi?inoaiaiiuie /eaiaie i?aaeeiaeaiey?” – iaiieiui aoaeao ioaao: “Iao,
iaaa?ii, iiaeeaaeauaa yaeyaony aeaaiui /eaiii i?aaeeiaeaiey”. Ia aii?in
“Aaea, eiaaea e a /anoue eaeiai niauoey aue onoaiiaeai iaiyoiee eiycth
Aeaaeeie?o?” – iaiieiui aoaeao ioaao: “Iaiyoiee eiycth Aeaaeeie?o
Nayoineaaiae/o onoaiiaeai a /anoue 770-eaoey e?auaiey ?one. ”

Iaiieiue ioaao ia ia?aue aii?in ia niaea?aeeo eioi?iaoeee i ?iee
neacoaiiai a i?aaeeiaeaiee, a aoi?ie ioaao ia oeacuaaao a?aiy e ianoi
onoaiiaeaiey iaiyoieea.

Eiae/aneay caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo aii?inii e ioaaoii icia/aao, /oi
ea/anoai ioaaoa ai iiiaii ii?aaeaeyaony ea/anoaii aii?ina. Ia neo/aeii a
iieaieea e a i?ioeanna aeii?ina aeaenoaoao i?aaeei: eaeia aii?in , oaeia
ioaao. Yoi cia/eo, /oi ia ?anieua/aoue e aeaoniuneaiiue aii?in o?oaeii
iieo/eoue yniue ioaao; anee oi/aoue iieo/eoue oi/iue e ii?aaeaeaiiue
ioaao, oi noi?ioee?oe oi/iue e ii?aaeaeaiiue aii?in.

Iiae oi/iinoueth e ii?aaeaeaiiinoueth a aeaiiii neo/aa eiaaony a aeaeo
eiae/aneay, o.a. iiiyoeeii-no?oeoo?iay oa?aeoa?enoeea aii?ina. Iia
au?aaeaaony a oi/iinoe oiio?aaeyaiuo iiiyoee e aii?ineoaeueiuo neia, a
oaeaea a ?aoeeiiaeueiii eniieueciaaiee neiaeiuo aii?inia.

Aeaoniuneaiiua iiiyoey ia?aaeei eniieuecothony a oeaaeeaathueo eee
“i?iaieaoeeiiiuo” aii?inao, a eioi?uo niaea?aeeony ne?uoay eioi?iaoeey.
E oaeei aii?inai i?eaaaaee ae?aaiaa?a/aneea nioenou, o.a. ethaee
i?eaaaathuea e eiae/aneei oeiaeai. Iaeei ec ieo – nioeci “?iaaoue”,
eiaaea i?aaeeaaatho ioaaoeoue ia aii?in: “I?iaeieaeaaoue ee ou iineoue
?iaa?” A ae?oaie oeiaea nioeno ni?aoeaaao: “I?iaeieaeaaoue ee ou aeoue
naiaai iooea?”

Ne?uoua a yoeo aii?inao ooaa?aeaeaiey i?eaiaeyo e oiio, /oi iacaaeneii
io oa?aeoa?a ioaaoa ia ieo – “aea” eee “iao”, ioaa/athuee a iaieo
neo/ayo iayaii i?eciaao, /oi o iaai anoue eee auee ?aiueoa ?iaa, eee
aea, /oi ii aee ?aiueoa eee aueao nae/an naiaai iooea.

Iaii?aaeaeaiiinoue a ioaaoao iiaeao auoue ?acoeueoaoii iayniinoe
eniieuecoaiuo i?e iinoaiiaea aii?ina iiiyoee. I?eia?ii iiaeao neoaeeoue
ecaanoiue aua ae?aaiei a?aeai nioeci “eo/a”. Nioeno caaeaao aii?in:
”Anee ec eo/e ianea oaeaeeoue iaeio ec ian/eiie, inoaiaony ee eo/a?” Ia
aii?in ioaa/atho: “Aea”. Nioeno i?iaeieaeaao: ” A anee oaeaeeoue aua
iaeio ian/eieo, inoaiaony ee eo/a?” Niiaa ioaao: “aea”.
Ooaa?aeeoaeueiua ioaaou i?iaeieaeathony aei oiai iiiaioa, eiaaea io eo/e
ianea oaea ie/aai ia inoaeinue.

Yoa oeiaea no?ieony ia iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe iiiyoey “eo/a”. Nioeno
i?aaeeaaaao oaeaeyoue ec eo/e ii iaeiie ian/eiea, ii iiiyoea “eo/a” ia
ii?aaeaeyaony /a?ac eo eiee/anoai, a /a?ac oaeea ea/anoaaiiua
oa?aeoa?enoeee, eae oi?ia e ioiineoaeueiay aaee/eia iauaeoa.

Oi/iinoue ioaaoa ia ainiieiythuee aii?in caaeneo io noaiaie
ii?aaeaeaiiinoe aii?ineoaeueiuo neia – eoi? /oi? aaea? eiaaea? eae? e
o.i., eioi?ua naie ii naaa ia ioee/athony aeinoaoi/iie oi/iinoueth.

A aii?ina “Eoi ecia?ae oaeaoii?” iiae neiaii “eoi” eiaaony a aeaeo
ee/iinoue, ii iaynii, ii eaeiio i?eciaeo iia aeieaeia auoue auaeaeaia:
ii iaoeeiiaeueiie i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe, ii i?ioannee, ii aic?anoo, ii eiaie
e o.ae. O?aaothony ooi/iaiey e aeey neia: “eiaaea” – yiioa, aae, aiae,
ianyoe, /enei; “aaea” – eiioeiaio, no?aia, iaeanoue, ai?iae,
aaia?aoe/aneea eii?aeeiaou e o.ae.

Iniaua o?oaeiinoe iiaoo aicieeaoue i?e ioaaoao ia neiaeiua aii?inu.
Iai?eia?, ia eiiuthieoeaiue aii?in – “ssaeyaony ee ?eoa?ae Aaaia?
o?aioeocneei eiiiiceoi?ii e aaoi?ii iia?u “Eiyia?ei?” e?aoeee
io?eoeaoaeueiue ioaao aoaeao iaii?aaeaeaiiui. Ii iiae?acoiaaaao ii
iaiueoae ia?a o?e aiciiaeiuo ioaaoa:

1) “?eoa?ae Aaaia? yaeyaony o?aioeocneei eiiiiceoi?ii e aaoi?ii iia?u
“Eiyia?ei”;

2) “?eoa?ae Aaaia? ia yaeyaony o?aioeocneei eiiiiceoi?ii e aaoi?ii
iia?u “Eiyia?ei”;

3) “?eoa?ae Aaaia? ia yaeyaony o?aioeocneei eiiiiceoi?ii, ii yaeyaony
aaoi?ii iia?u “Eiyia?ei”.

Iaii?aaeaeaiiinoue a ioaaoa aicieeaao a neo/aa e?aoeiai ooaa?aeaeaiey
ia aeecuthieoeaiue aii?in. Iai?eia?, anee ia aii?in “Eo?aiea a?aaeii eee
aii?aeueii?” ioaaoeoue “Aea”, oi ia ynii /oi eiaaony a aeaeo:

– Eo?aiea e a?aaeii e aii?aeueii;

– Eo?aiea a?aaeii, ii ia aii?aeueii;

– Eo?aiea ia a?aaeii, ii aii?aeueii.

Iaii?aaeaeaiiinoue e?aoeeo ioaaoia nieiaaony a ia?aii neo/aa –
?acaa?iooui io?eoeaoaeueiui, a ai aoi?ii – ?acaa?iooui ooaa?aeeoaeueiui
ioaaoaie.

Ciaiea eiae/aneiai iaoaiecia iinoaiiaee aii?inia e eiino?oe?iaaiey
ioaaoia ia ieo ea?aao aaaeioth ?ieue oaieiaiii i?ioeanna, neoaeeo
?aoeeiiaeueiie iniiaie oniaoiiai i?iaaaeaiey aeii?inia,
naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaiee, iiiciaiey e ae?oaeo noaeaaii-neaaenoaaiiuo
aeaenoaee, a oaeaea i?iaeoeoeaiuo nioeeieiae/aneeo ii?inia iooai
aieaoe?iaaiey.

Eniieueciaaiiay eeoa?aoo?a:

1.A?theei A.A O/aaii-iaoiaee/aneia iiniaea ii eco/aieth eo?na «Eiaeea».
E.,1997;

2.A?aoaa A.A., Neanoaiei A.O. Eiaeea. E.,1993;

3.Oiiaiei A.A., Aeaenthe E.A. Iniiau eiaeee. E.,1996;

4.Ee?eeeia A.E, Noa?/aiei A.A. Eiaeea., I.,1987.

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