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Контрольная по логике в задачах

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AAOEE?NEEE AINOAeA?NOAAIIUE OIEAA?NEOAO

TH?EAeE*ANEEE OAEOEUeOAO

EIIO?IEUeIAss ?AAIOA II EIAEEA

(aa?eaio ? 5)

1 eo?n cai/iiai ioaeaeaiey (yenoa?iao)

i?iaa?eea:

OOA 2000 A.

Aii?in 1. Aeaeoa eiae/aneoth oa?aeoa?enoeeo neaaeothuei iiiyoeyi:

a) iaeiieo?nieee

a) e?aaea.

Ioaao:

A) Iaeiieo?nieee. Aeaiiia iiiyoea yaeyaony eiie?aoiui (io?aaeaao
i?eciaee nooaeaioia, o/aueony ia iaeiii eo?na); iieiaeeoaeueiui,
(oeacuaaao ia a?oiio ethaeae n iaee/eai ii?aaeaeaiiuo ioiioaiee –
o/aony ia iaeiii eo?na); ioiineoaeueiui (niaea?aeaiea aeaiiiai iiiyoey
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iaee/ea ioiioaiey iuneeiuo a iai
iauaeoia-iaeiieo?nieeia e ae?oaei, o.a. ia o/eaoeiny ia aeiii eo?na);
iaionoui, iauei (niaea?aeeo a iauaia aieaa iaeiiai yeaiaioa –
nooaeaioia); niae?aoaeueiui (a?oiia nooaeaioia, o/aueony ia iaeiii
eo?na, iuneeony eae aaeeiia oeaeia).

A) E?aaea. Aeaiiia iiiyoea eiie?aoiia (io?aaeaao i?eciaee i?anooieaiey);
iieiaeeoaeueiia (oeacuaaao ia iaee/ea o aeaiiiai iiiyoey ii?aaeaeaiiuo
i?eciaeia); aacioiineoaeueiia (iuneeiia a yoii iiiyoee i?anooieaiea
nouanoaoao naiinoiyoaeueii, iacaaeneii io ae?oaeo), iaionoia,
ianiae?aoaeueiia.

Aii?in 2. I?iecaanoe iaiauaiea e ia?aie/aiea neaaeothueo iiiyoee:
iaeacaiea, oa??i?eci, Iineianeay iaeanoue.

Ioaao:

Iaiauaiea – yoi iuneeoaeueiay iia?aoeey, i?e eioi?ie inouanoaeyaony
ia?aoiae io iiiyoey n iaiueoei iauaiii e iiiyoeth n aieueoei iauaiii.
Yoio ia?aoiae i?iaiaeeony iooai oiaiueoaiey niaea?aeaiey aeaiiiai
iiiyoey. Iineianeay iaeanoue – iaeanoue..

Ia?aie/aiea – yoi iuneeoaeueiay iia?aoeey, n iiiiuueth eioi?ie
ia?aoiaeyo io iiiyoey n aieueoei iauaiii e iiiyoeth n iaiueoei iauaiii.
I?e yoii niaea?aeaiea iiiyoey ?anoe?yaony. Oa??i?eci – /a/aineee
oa??i?eci. Iaeacaiea – iaeacaiea ca i?aaiia?ooaiea – ni?aaaaeeeaia
iaeacaiea ca i?aaiia?ooaiea.

Aii?in 3. Auaa?eoa 2 eiio?aaeeeoi?iuo iiiyoey e ecia?aceoa naycue
iaaeaeo eo iauaiaie n iiiiuueth e?oaia Yeea?a.

Ioaao:

O?oaeiaua aeioiaeu e iao?oaeiaua aeioiaeu – 2 eiio?aaeeeoi?iuo iiiyoey,.
o.a. iiiyoey, ninoiyuea a ioiioaiee i?ioeai?a/ey.

Aaea: e?oa – aeioiaeu (oieaa?naeueiue eeann i?aaeiaoia, i eioi?uo iu
?annoaeaeaai);

A – o?oaeiaua aeioiaeu;

ia-A – iao?oaeiaua aeioiaeu

Aii?in 4. Onoaiiaeoue ?ani?aaeaeaiiinoue oa?ieiia a neaaeothueo
noaeaeaieyo e ecia?aceoue noaio ioiioaiee iaaeaeo noauaeoii e
i?aaeeeaoii aeey eaaeaeiai neo/ay:

a) ie iaeei /aeiaae ia aeieaeai no?aaeaoue ca i?aaaeo;

a) oeuieyo ii inaie n/eoatho.

Ioaao:

A) Aeaiiia noaeaeaiea yaeyaony iauaio?eoeaoaeueiui, o.e. noaeaeaiea
iauaa ii eiee/anoao – “ie iaeei /aeiaae” e io?eoeaoaeueiia ii ea/anoao –
“ia aeieaeai no?aaeaoue ca i?aaaeo”. Noauaeo e i?aaeeeao a aeaiiii
noaeaeaiee ?ani?aaeaeaiu.

Ie iaeei S ia anoue P .

A) Aeaiiia noaeaeaiea yaeyaony neiiieiii noaeaeaiey “ia ana oeuieyoa
aeiaeeaoo aei inaie”, iiyoiio aoaeai n/eoaoue, /oi iii yaeyaony
/anoiiooaa?aeeoaeueiui; /anoiui ii eiee/anoao – “oeuieyo” (“ia ana
oeuieyoa” ec noaeaeaiey-neiiieia) e ooaa?aeeoaeueiui ii ea/anoao – “ii
inaie n/eoatho” (“aeiaeeaoo aei inaie” ec noaeaeaiey-neiiieia). Noauaeo
e i?aaeeeao ia ?ani?aaeaeaiu.

Ia ana S anoue ?.

Aii?in 5. Ii?aaeaeeoue ioiioaiey iaaeaeo eaoaai?e/aneeie noaeaeaieyie:

a) a ioaeaeueiua aeie aaaonoa oae aeiaeaeue;

a) ie iaeei aeaiue aaaonoa ia aue aeiaeaeeeaui.

Ioaao:

Noaeaeaiea a) yaeyaony /anoiiooaa?aeeoaeueiui, noaeaeaiea a) –
iauaio?eoeaoaeueii?a. Iie iaoiaeyony a ioiioaiee i?ioeai?a/ey
(eiio?aaeeeoi?iinoe). Yoe aeaa noaeaeaiey ia iiaoo auoue iaeiia?aiaiii
enoeiiuie e iaeiia?aiaiii eiaeiuie. Ec enoeiiinoe ia?aiai neaaeoao
eiaeiinoue aoi?iai e iaiai?io.

Aii?in 6.Caieoeoa neiaeiia noaeaeaiea n iiiiuueth neiaieia:

“Anee ou niiaeaoue aeieacaoue iia naie aeia?ua iaia?aiey, oi iaaa?ii
oaaa…”

Ioaao:

? – ou niiaeaoue aeieacaoue iia naie aeia?ua iaia?aiey;

q – iaaa?ii oaaa…

oiaaea ana noaeaeaiea aoaeao auaeyaeaoue neaaeothuei ia?acii:

? – q

Aii?in 7. Iiaoo ee auoue iaeiia?aiaiii enoeiiuie iaa noaeaeaiey:

a) iaaa?ii, /oi ieeaeia oiaiea aeaaony aac o?oaea;

a) iaaa?ii, /oi anyeia oiaiea aeaaony aac o?oaea.

Ioaao:

A aeaiiii neo/aa iu eiaai aeaei n io?eoeaieai noaeaeaiee. ?anniio?ei eo
a naycea n enoiaeiuie noaeaeaieyie. A) Enoiaeiia noaeaeaiea “ieeaeia
oiaiea aeaaony aac o?oaea”. Yoi noaeaeaiea iaoaooaa?aeeoaeueiia. Iii
eiaeii. Cia/eo io?eoeaiea “iaaa?ii, /oi ieeaeia oiaiea aeaaony aac
o?oaea” enoeiii. A) Enoiaeiia noaeaeaiea “anyeia oiaiea aeaaony aac
o?oaea”. Yoi oiaea iauaooaa?aeeoaeueiia noaeaeaiea. Iii eiaeii. Cia/eo e
io?eoeaiea “iaaa?ii, /oi anyeia oiaiea aeaaony aac o?oaea” enoeiii.

Iaa noaeaeaiey yaeythony niaianoeiuie, o. e. iie niaea?aeao iaeio e
ooaea iuneue. Iie iaoiaeyony a ioiioaiee yeaeaaeaioiinoe
(?aaiicia/iinoe). Cia/eo, iaa noaeaeaiey iiaoo auoue iaeiia?aiaiii
enoeiiuie.

Aii?in 8. Naeaeaoue auaiae n iiiiuueth i?aa?auaiey, ia?auaiey e
i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiey i?aaeeeaoo ec neaaeothueo iinueia:

a) ie iaeei ec cae?aaiiuneyueo ethaeae ia noaiao aoeyoue iiae aeiaeaeai
aac ciioa;

a) anyeia i?aaeei eiaao eneeth/aiey.

Ioaao:

A)

Enoiaeiia noaeaeaiea:

ie iaeei ec cae?aaiiuneyueo ethaeae ia noaiao aoeyoue iiae aeiaeaeai aac
ciioa

S – cae?aaiiuneyuea ethaee

? – noaiao aoeyoue iiae aeiaeaeai aac ciioa

A ?acoeueoaoa i?aa?auaiey iieo/aai (Oi?ioea i?aa?auaiey: “Ie iaeii S ia
anoue ia-?” – “Ana S anoue ?”):

ana cae?aaiiuneyuea ethaee noaioo aoeytho iiae aeiaeaeai aac ciioa

?acoeueoao i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiey i?aaeeeaoo (Oi?ioea ia?auaiey: “Ana S
anoue ?” – “ Iaeioi?ua ? anoue S”):

Iaeioi?ua eoi noaiao aoeyoue iiae aeiaeaeai aac ciioa cae?aaiiuneyuea
ethaee

A) ?acoeueoao i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiey i?aaeeeaoo:

Enoiaeiia noaeaeaiea:

anyeia i?aaeei eiaao eneeth/aiey

S – i?aaeei

? – eiaao eneeth/aiey

A ?acoeueoaoa i?aa?auaiey iieo/aai (Oi?ioea i?aa?auaiey: “Ana S anoue ?”
– “Ie iaeii S ia anoue ia-?”) :

ie iaeii i?aaeei ia auaaao aac eneeth/aiey

?acoeueoao i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiey i?aaeeeaoo (Oi?ioea ia?auaiey: “Ie iaeii S
ia anoue ?” – “Ie iaeii ? ia anoue S”) :

ie iaeii eneeth/aiea ia auaaao aac i?aaeea

Aii?in 9. Onoaiiaeoa oeao?o e iiaeon neeeiaecia, iiaa?ueoa
i?aaeeueiinoue:

Acyoea – oaieiaiia i?anooieaiea.

Anyeia oaieiaiia i?anooieaiea – iaeacoaii,

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, acyoea iaeacoaia.

Ioaao:

Iaiueoei oa?ieiii yaeyaony noauaeo caeeth/aiey (“Acyoea”) – S, Aieueoei
oa?ieiii yaeyaony i?aaeeeao caeeth/aiey (“iaeacoaia”) – P, N?aaeiee
oa?iei (“oaieiaiia i?anooieaiea”) – I.

Acyoea (S) – oaieiaiia i?anooieaiea (I). Iaiueoay iinueea.
*anoiiooaa?aeeoaeueiay – I.

Anyeia oaieiaiia i?anooieaiea (I) – iaeacoaii (?). Aieueoay iinueea.
Iaoaooaa?aeeoaeueiay- A.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii acyoea (S) iaeacoaia (?). Caeeth/aiea.
*anoiiooaa?aeeoaeueiay – I.

N?aaeiee oa?iei caieiaao ianoi noauaeoa a aieueoae iinueea e ianoi
i?aaeeeaoa a iaiueoae iinueea – cia/eo yoi ia?aay oeao?a neeeiaecia.
Iiaeon aeaiiiai neeeiaecia aianoa n caeeth/aieai aoaeao AII – neeeiaeci
i?aaeeueiue, o.e. iiae/eiyaony iauei i?aaeeai i?inoiai eaoaai?e/aneiai
neeeiaecia. A eiaiii: 1) oa?ieiia oieueei o?e; 2) n?aaeiee oa?iei
?ani?aaeaeai a aieueoae iinueea; 3) aieueoee e iaiueoee oa?ieiu
ia?ani?aaeaeaiu ie a iinueeao, ie a caeeth/aiee; 4) iaa iinueee ia
yaeythony io?eoeaoaeueiuie; 5) iao io?eoeaoaeueiuo iinueie,
neaaeiaaoaeueii e auaiae iaio?eoeaoaeueiue; 6) oieueei iaeia ec iinueie
/anoiay, cia/eo auaiae naeaeaoue iiaeii; 7) iaeia ec iinueie /anoiay e
auaiae – /anoiue.

Aii?in 10. Ainnoaiiaeoa aei iieiiai neeeiaecia i?eaaaeaiioth ieaea
yioeiaio e onoaiiaeoa eo i?aaeeueiinoue:

Oae eae anyeee ieo anoue neiaie, oi ynii, /oi e “Neacaiea i Aa?aeea”
oiaea neiaie.

Ioaao:

Caeeth/aieai a aeaiiie yioeiaia yaeyaony “Neacaiea i Aa?aeea” oiaea
neiaie”. Ii?aaeaeyai no?oeoo?o aeaiiiai noaeaeaiey. Noauaeo – “Neacaiea
i Aa?aeea”, i?aaeeeao – “neiaie”. O ian anoue iinueea: “Oae eae anyeee
ieo anoue neiaie”. A iae iaoiaeeony i?aaeeeao caeeth/aiey.
Neaaeiaaoaeueii, yoi aieueoay iinueea. Ii noauaeoo caeeth/aiey e
n?aaeiaio oa?ieio, aoiaeyuaio a aieueooth iinueeo (“ieo”)
ainnoaiaaeeaaai iaiueooth iinueeo. Iieo/aai iieiue neeeiaeci:

Anyeee ieo(I) anoue neiaie (?). Aieueoay iinueea. Iauaooaa?aeeoaeueiay –
A.

“Neacaiea i Aa?aeea” (S) – ieo (I). Iaiueoay iinueea.
*anoiiooaa?aeeoaeueiay – I.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii “Neacaiea i Aa?aeea” (S) – neiaie (?).
*anoiiooaa?aeeoaeueiay – I.

Aeaiiue neeeiaeci i?aaeeueiue, o.e. iiae/eiyaony iauei i?aaeeai
i?inoiai eaoaai?e/aneiai neeeiaecia: 1) oa?ieiia oieueei o?e; 2)
n?aaeiee oa?iei ?ani?aaeaeai a aieueoae iinueea; 3) aieueoee e iaiueoee
oa?iei ia?ani?aaeaeaiu ie a iinueeao ie a caeeth/aiee; 4) iaa iinueee ia
yaeythony io?eoeaoaeueiuie; 5) iao io?eoeaoaeueiuo iinueie,
neaaeiaaoaeueii e auaiae iaio?eoeaoaeueiue; 6) oieueei iaeia ec iinueie
/anoiay, cia/eo auaiae naeaeaoue iiaeii; 7) iaeia ec iinueie /anoiay e
auaiae – /anoiue.

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