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Интерпретация мифологического образа русалки в сказке Х-К Андерсена Русалочка

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Naieo-Iaoa?ao?aneia Aunoaa iaaeaaiae/aneia

o/eeeua ? 1 ei. I. A. Iae?aniaa (eieeaaeae)

Eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiay ?aaioa

Oaia: eioa?i?aoaoeey ieoieiae/aneiai ia?aca ?onaeee a neacea

O.-E. Aiaea?naia “?onaei/ea”

Niaoeeaeueiinoue: i?aiiaeaaaiea ?onneiai ycuea e eeoa?aoo?u

Nooaeaioee 5-1 a?oiiu

Aeaie/ Ia?ee Aeaenaiae?iaiu

Iao/iue eiinoeueoaio

Neaeianeay Aaeeia Ieeieaaaia

Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a

1999 aiae

TOC \o “1-2”

1. Aaaaeaiea PAGEREF _Toc451426953 \h 3

Aeaaa 1. Neacee Aiaea?naia e oieueeei?iay neaci/iay o?aaeeoeey PAGEREF
_Toc451426955 \h 4

Aeaaa 2. ?onaeee a aa?iiaeneie ieoieiaee PAGEREF _Toc451426956 \h 14

3.1. Yoeiieiaey neiaa “?onaeea” PAGEREF _Toc451426957 \h 14

3.2. ?acee/iua iacaaiey ?onaeie PAGEREF _Toc451426958 \h 15

3.3. I?ienoiaeaeaiea ?onaeie PAGEREF _Toc451426959 \h 17

3.4. Ianoiiaoiaeaeaiea ?onaeie PAGEREF _Toc451426960 \h 17

3.5. Aiaoiee aeae ?onaeie PAGEREF _Toc451426961 \h 17

3.6. Iaa?aae io ?onaeie PAGEREF _Toc451426962 \h 17

4. Aeaaa 3. Eioa?i?aoaoeey ieoieiae/aneiai ia?aca ?onaeee a neacea O.-E.
Aiaea?naia “?onaei/ea”. PAGEREF _Toc451426963 \h 17

I?ienoiaeaeaiea e ie? ?onaei/ee (a ieoieiaee e neacea

O.-E. Aiaea?naia) PAGEREF _Toc451426964 \h 17

4.2. Acaeiiioiioaiey n ethaeueie PAGEREF _Toc451426965 \h 17

4.3. ?onaei/ea e i?eioe PAGEREF _Toc451426966 \h 17

5. Aeaaa 4. I?aeoe/aneay /anoue. ?ac?aaioee o?ieia aeey 5 eeanna
n?aaeiae oeieu PAGEREF _Toc451426967 \h 17

5.1. O?ie 1 PAGEREF _Toc451426968 \h 17

5.2. O?ie 2 PAGEREF _Toc451426969 \h 17

6. Caeeth/aiea PAGEREF _Toc451426970 \h 17

7. Eeoa?aoo?a PAGEREF _Toc451426971 \h 17

1. Aaaaeaiea

N aeaonoaa a iaoa niciaiea, a iao /eoaoaeueneee iiuo aoiaeyo aieoaaiua
neacee. E anee /eoaoaeth ?aciiai aic?anoa i?aaeeiaeeoue ia?a/eneeoue
aa?iaa eiaiii aieoaaiie neacee, oi, ianiiiaiii, eie ieaaeoony a ia?aoth
i/a?aaeue ieoieiae/aneea ia?niiaaee – Aaaa ssaa, Eiuae Aannia?oiue, Ciae
e o.ae. Yoe aa?ie nicaeaiu ia?iaeiui niciaieai eiaiii eae
ieoieiae/aneea, /aua anaai ia?niieoeoee?othuea oa eee eiua yaeaiey
i?e?iaeu.

Ieoieiae/aneee ia?ac iiaeao yaeyoueny enoi/ieeii ia oieueei
oieueeei?iuo, ii e aaoi?neeo eeoa?aoo?iuo i?iecaaaeaiee. A ie?iaie
eeoa?aoo?a iu /anoi ano?a/aainy n oaeeie i?eia?aie.

Iniaue eioa?an aeey enneaaeiaaoaey i?aaenoaaeyao niiinoaaeaiea aa?iaa a
eo oieueeei?iii aa?eaioa e aaoi?neie eeoa?aoo?a, aaea aeaaiie i?iaeaiie
yaeyaony i?iaeaia eo aaeaeaaoiinoe. Oae, iai?eia?, iiaeii oaeaeaoue
iniaaiiinoe ia?aca Eiuay Aannia?oiiai a aa?eaioa A.A. AEoeianeiai
«Neacea i oea?a Aa?aiaeaa, i nuia aai Eaaia-oea?aae/a, i oeo?inoyo Eiuay
Aannia?oiiai e i i?aioae?inoyo Ia?uee-oea?aaiu, Eiuaaaie aei/a?e» ii
ioiioaieth e Eiuath – aa?ith iiiaeo ia?iaeiuo neacie.

Iaoa aieiaiea i?eae?e ia?ac iniaiai ieoieiae/aneiai nouanoaa – ?onaeee,
eioi?oth naaiaeiyoiea aeaoe ciatho ia noieueei ii neaceai, neieueei ii
Aeeniaaaneei ioeueooeeueiai. A oieueeei?a ?onaeee – aa?ieie eaaaiae,
i?aaeaiee, iiaa?ee, ia?yaeia e iau/aaa ia?iaeia ?aciuo no?ai. Iie aeeaoo
a aiaeiie noeoee, ioee/athony io /aeiaaea ?uaueei oainoii e anooiatho n
/aeiaaeii a neiaeiua ioiioaiey.

Yoio ieoieiae/aneee ia?niiaae a oieueeei?iuo neaceao ano?a/aaony i/aiue
?aaeei. A aio a eeoa?aoo?iie neacea ii iieo/ee aieaa oe?ieia
?ani?ino?aiaiea – A.A. AEoeianeee, A.N. Iooeei, A.A. Iaaieia, E.A. A?oa
e ae?oaea. E, eiia/ii, anaie?ii ecaanoia ?onaeea, aa?iaa, ?onaei/ea,
nicaeaiiay oaeaioii e oaioaceae aaeeeiai aeaoneiai neaci/ieea O.-E.
Aiaea?naia.

Caaea/ae iaoae ?aaiou yaeyaony niiinoaaeaiea ieoieiae/aneeo
i?aaenoaaeaiee i ?onaeeao n ooaeiaeanoaaiiui ia?acii neacee O.-E.
Aiaea?naia. Ia?auaiea e ?onaeueneie ieoieiaee oaaaeaeaao ian a
iaiaeiicia/iinoe yoiai ia?aca e ii i?ienoiaeaeaieth, e ii ioiioaieth e
/aeiaaeo.

Oeaeue aeaiiiai enneaaeiaaiey caeeth/aaony a oii, /oiau ii?aaeaeeoue, a
eaeie noaiaie aeaoneee ienaoaeue O.-E. Aiaea?nai eniieuecoao a naiae
neacea «?onaei/ea» ieoieiae/aneee ia?ac, eae aai eioa?i?aoe?oao, eae e
ii/aio eciaiyao e ?ac?ooaao aai. Ii/aio iinea neacee Aiaea?naia ?onaeea
oa?yao a niciaiee /eoaoaey aa?anneaiia, a?aaeaeaaiia /aeiaaeo ia/aei?
Ii/aio eiaiii yoa aa?ieiy oaeinoieeanue auoue aiieiu?iiie a a?iica e
noaoue neiaieii noieeoeu Aeaiee – Eiiaiaaaaia?

A naiae ?aaioa iu ia?auaeenue e ?onaeueneie ieoieiaee, e iiiaiia?aceth
aeaeia yoeo ieoe/aneeo aa?ieiue, e ia?yaeai e iau/ayi, n ieie naycaiiui.
Niiinoaaeaiea ieoieiae/aneiai ia?aca e ia?aca aa?ieie neacee Aiaea?naia
caieiaao cia/eoaeueiia ianoi a iaoae ?aaioa.

A i?aeoe/aneie /anoe i?aaeeiaeaiu o?iee ii eco/aieth neacee e a?
ieoieiae/aneie iniiau n o/aieeaie 5 eeanna n?aaeiae oeieu.

2. Aeaaa 1. Neacee Aiaea?naia e oieueeei?iay neaci/iay o?aaeeoeey

Ia ea?oa ie?a anoue iaaieueoay neaiaeeiaaneay no?aia Aeaiey, a eioi?ie
aeee e oai?ee aaeeeee neaci/iee Oain-E?enoeai Aiaea?nai.

A Aeaiee ana iaiiieiaao ia Aiaea?naia. A noieeoea Aeaiee Eiiaiaaaaia a
Ei?ieaaneii naaeo noieo iaiyoiee Aiaea?naio; aoiae a Eiiaiaaaaineee ii?o
io?aiyao noaooy ?onaei/ee, aa?ieie iaeiie ec naiuo /oaeaniuo neacie
Aiaea?naia.

A Iaeaina, ai?iaea, aaea ?iaeeeny Aiaea?nai, anoue Naae aai eiaie, eae
aai aua iacuaatho, Naae neacee. A yoii naaeo noieo iaiyoiee ienaoaeth e
neoeueioo?a “Aeeeea eaaaaee”, nicaeaiiay ii iioeaai aai iaeiieiaiiiai
i?iecaaaeaiey. A Iaeaina iaoiaeeony Aeii-iocae Aiaea?naia. Ooo nia?aiu
aanoeaiiua ?oeiiene e ?aae/aeoea ecaeaiey neacie ia ?aciuo ycueao –
ieiae iyoeaeanyoeeaoiae iai?yaeaiiie ?aaiou.

“Oain-E?enoeai Aiaea?nai yaeyaony iiaeeeiii iaoeeiiaeueiui, naiiauoiui
ienaoaeai, iaioaeaeeiui io aai ?iaeiuo oeaaooueo ino?iaia. A niciaiee
aeao/ai ii ia?ac?uaii naycai n enoi?eae Aeaiee, n aa o?aaeeoeeyie,
i?e?iaeie, oa?aeoa?ii ia?iaea, n aai naiaia?aciie neeiiiinoueth e
thii?o”, – oae aiai?ee a 1955 aiaeo, /a?ac 80 eao iinea nia?oe aaeeeiai
neaci/ieea, aai niioa/anoaaiiee, ienaoaeue Oain Oa?oea. A naiii aeaea,
ieeiio ec aeaoneeo ienaoaeae aeaayoiaaeoeaoiai aaea ia oaeaeinue n oaeie
iieiioie ainnicaeaoue a naieo i?iecaaaeaieyo naith no?aio e naie ia?iae,
eae yoi naeaeae Aiaea?nai.

Oain-E?enoeai Aiaea?nai – iaeei ec iaiiiaeo ienaoaeae ie?iaie
eeoa?aoo?u, noiaaoeo aei eiioea io?aceoue naia a?aiy, au?aceoue naia
ioiioaiea e aauai, naie iunee, /oanoaa, naia ie?iaicc?aiea ia a ?iiaiao,
?anneacao, a oieueei a neacea.

A ia?aie iieiaeia aeaayoiaaeoeaoiai aaea, aneaae ca iaiaoeeeie
?iiaioeeaie, a Ii?aaaee, Oaaoeee e Aeaiee ?acaa?ouaaaony oe?ieia
niae?aiea e eco/aiea ia?iaeiuo neacie. Eioa?anii ioiaoeoue, /oi ia?yaeo
n niaa?oaiii naiiauoiuie neaceaie a nai?ieeao, auoiaeyueo a na?aaeeia
aaea, oe?iei i?aaenoaaeaiu e neaci/iua nthaeaou, eiathuea anaie?iia
?ani?ino?aiaiea e, a /anoiinoe, iaoaaeoea ianoi a nia?aieyo iaiaoeeeo
ia?iaeiuo neacie a?aoueaa A?eii “Neacea i o?ao eaniuo ioaee/eao”,
“Aaeiniaaeea” e ae?oaea.

Iaeiaei nthaeaou naieo neacie Aiaea?nai /a?iae i?aaeaea anaai ia ec
eiea, a ec ainiiieiaiee aeaonoaa.

“Iiy ?iaeeia Aeaiey, – aiai?eo ii a aaoiaeia?aoee, – iiyoe/aneay no?aia,
aiaaoay ia?iaeiuie neaceaie, noa?eiiuie ianiyie, enoi?e/aneei
i?ioeui…”

A aeaonoaa Aiaea?nai /anoi neooae neacee ec ono aaaeiuo noa?oo
aiaaaeaeie, caiyouo ?oeiaeaeeai, e aai ia?aua neacee, oaeea, eae
“Iaieai” eee “Iaeaiueeee Eeaon e Aieueoie Eeaon”, yaeeenue ia?aneacii
yoeo, eiaaea-oi ei neuoaiiuo ia?iaeiuo neacie. N 1835 aiaea Aiaea?nai
ia/eiaao ia/aoaoue nia?aiey naieo neacie, i?e/ai anei?a e iei
aeiaaaeyaony ana ia?anoathuaa eiee/anoai naiinoiyoaeueii nicaeaiiuo
neacie, a eioi?uo ?ane?uaaaony any aaca?aie/iay oai?/aneay oaioacey
Aiaea?naia, ana aiaaonoai aai iaaethaeaiee ?aaeueiiai ie?a, aai
iiyoe/aneee acaeyae ia aeeciue, aai ethaiaue e ethaeyi.

Nai Aiaea?nai aiai?ee i ie?a naieo neacie neaaeothuaa: “Neaci/iay iiycey
– yoi naiay oe?ieay iaeanoue iiycee, iia i?inoe?aaony io e?iaaauo iiaee
ae?aaiinoe aei ?aciioeaaoiuo ea?oeiie i?inoiaeooiie aeaoneie eaaaiaeu,
aae?aao a naay ia?iaeioth eeoa?aoo?o e ooaeiaeanoaaiiua i?iecaaaeaiey,
iia aeey iaiy i?aaenoaaeoaeueieoea anyeie iiycee, e oio, eoi ath
iaeaaeae, iiaeao aeiaeeoue a iaa e o?aae/aneia, e eiie/aneia, e iaeaiia,
e e?iieth, e thii?, e oneoaai aai e no?oiu ee?u, e eaiao ?aaaiea, e
?a/ue anoanoaieniuoaoaey”.

A oaiaoeea naieo neacie, a eo ia?acao Aiaea?nai auoieeo aeaeaei ca
i?aaeaeu oie a?oae/aneie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, eioi?ay io?aceeanue a
aeaoneeo ia?iaeiuo neaceao. E ana yoi iioiio, /oi neacea auea aeey
Aiaea?naia ia eeoa?aoo?iui iiiyoeai, ia aeai?ii (aa?iaa, ia oieueei
aeai?ii), ia niaieoiiinoueth oaioanoe/aneeo niauoee, a /ai-oi
cia/eoaeueii aieueoei.

A neacea Aiaea?nai iaoae oi?io, a eioi?ie ii i?aaie/anee noiae au?aceoue
naia ioiioaiea e aeecie. Neacea a eaeie-oi ia?a yaeeanue aeey iaai
niiniaii aeaeaoue ie?, niiniaii iiciaiey ie?a.

Eiaaea ?a/ue eaeao i eeoa?aoo?iie neacea, oi ca/anooth i?eiyoi noaeeoue
ia yoii aeai?a oae, neiaii ii – ia a i?eia? ae?oaei – naiaiaeai io
caeiiia, naienoaaiiuo eeoa?aoo?a aiiaua, anaoeaei ii?aaeaeyaony yeiau
i?iecaieii oaioacee ooaeiaeieea. Oaeia iiieiaiea neacee ia naiii aeaea a
ei?ia i?ioeai?a/eo aa nouanoao.

Neacea anaaaea naycaia n ?aaeueiinoueth: e ii niaea?aeaieth, ?ane?uaay
iniiaiua eieeecee – ai?ueao Aeia?a ni Ceii, I?aaaeu n E?eaaeie,
O?oaeiethaey e Ooiayaenoaa; e ii naiae iai?aaeaiiinoe, auaeaeaay ia?aae
/aeiaaeii aunieea ii?aeueiua eaeaaeu e o/a aai ?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny eie.

Ii o neacee anoue naie niaoeeoe/aneea n?aaenoaa, iaeiei ec eioi?uo
yaeyaony oaioanoeea – i?eai, ia oaiaeyuee neaceo io aeecie, a
iicaieythuee acaeyiooue ia aeeciue n iaiau/iie oi/ee c?aiey.

Nooue neacee caeeth/aaony a aa ?aaeueiinoe, e oieueei naia aeeciue e
yaeyaony enoi/ieeii neacee, niuneii aa nouanoaiaaiey.

Neacea, ii Aiaea?naio, ia naycaia n i?aaenoaaeaieyie i aanaeie,
?aaeinoiie, aiaoia aeaaiiieo/iie aeecie. A oieueeei?iie neacea iu
i?eaueee e n/anoeeaiio eiioeo, ii a aiaea?naiianeie neacea oaeie eiiaoe
ano?a/aaony e?aeia ?aaeei. ?aaeinoue e n/anouea – a no?aieaiee e aeia?o,
a oaa?aeii nii?ioeaeaiee /aeiaaea i?a/iui neeai aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, a
aanei?unoiie ai?ueaa ca i?aaaeo. Oioy neacee Aiaea?naia ii naiae oi?ia,
nthaeaoai aieueoae /anoueth aiieia aeinooiiu aeaoyi, oai ia iaiaa
ienaoaeue oiaao noaaeoue a ieo aieueoea aeeciaiiua i?iaeaiu.

N?aaee yoeo i?iaeai aeaeiia ianoi caieiatho i?iaeaiu eneonnoaa.
Aiaea?nai iieaaaao, /oi eeoue oaeia eneonnoai eiaao i?aai ia
nouanoaiaaiea, eioi?ia i?aaaeeai io?aaeaao aeeciue e aeecei ia?iaeo. Yoe
iunee ii eceaaaao a naiae ciaiaieoie neacea “Nieiaae”, nio?aiythuae ana
i/a?iaaiea e anth aeooaaioth yniinoue aiaea?naiianeeo neacie aeey
aeaoae.

Noieeiiaaiea iiaeeeiiiai eneonnoaa e eneonnoaa eiaeiiai – oaia yoie
neacee. E nouiinoue iiaeeeiiiai eneonnoaa ia?eniaaia caeanue aiieia
iaaeaoniuneaiii: yoi eneonnoai, aeeceia e i?e?iaea.

Eneonnoaaiiay ioeoea a neacea Aiaea?naia yaeyaony aiieiuaieai eiaeiiai
eneonnoaa. Iii ia?oai, eeoaii iiaeeeiiie neeu e i?aaeony ?acaa eeoue
aaaeie/athuei i?eaeai?iui. Yoi iie i?aaeii/eoatho ia?oaoth,
iaoaie/aneoth eieoaoeeth aeeaiio nouanoao. A oi a?aiy eae ianiy
ianoiyuaai, aeeaiai nieiauey iiaaaeaeaao aeaaea nia?oue, caaiaeiay
ea?ooea a /an eniuoaiey oiieeaao.

A ynoaoeea Aiaea?naia i?e?iaea i?ioeaiiinoaaeyaony eneonnoaaiiinoe,
aeeciue – “iaoaieea”. A yoii i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiee ynii neuoiu iocaoee
?iiaioe/aneie ynoaoeee.

Neacee Aiaea?naia iiae/an iaiin?aaenoaaiii aiaoeaathony a eaeaeiua nii?u
aai a?aiaie.

A “Eaeioao n/anouey” niaaoiee thnoeoeee Eiii iaiaaeaao ia noaoueth
o/aiiai Y?noaaea, a eioi?ie nia?aiaiiinoue niiinoaaeyaony n oaiaeaeueiui
i?ioeui e i?aaeii/oaiea ioaeaaony nia?aiaiiinoe. Ii ?acaeaaieuenoaiaaiey
niaaoieea ooo aea ii?iaa?aathony naiui iaaeyaeiui ia?acii: ii iaaeaaaao
eaeioe n/anouey, iinea /aai, eniuoaa ?yae iaeii?eyoiuo i?eeeth/aiee a
Eiiaiaaaaia oanoiaaeoeaoiai aaea, n ainoi?aii aica?auaaony ia?aoii a
nia?aiaiiinoue.

Iiiuoee ?iiaioeeia eaeaaeece?iaaoue oaiaeaeueiia n?aaeiaaaeiauea
aucuaatho aiaaiue i?ioano Aiaea?naia. Aeey iaai oa?aeoa?ia
i?inaaoeoaeueneay aa?a a neeo /aeiaa/aneiai ?acoia.

Neea i?inaaoeoaeueneeo o?aaeeoeee a ia?eiae iauaai ainiiaenoaa
?iiaioecia a aa?iiaeneie eeoa?aoo?a ninoaaeyao aaaeiaeooth naiaia?acioth
/a?oo aeaoneie iaoeeiiaeueiie eoeueoo?u ia/aea e na?aaeeiu
aeaayoiaaeoeaoiai aaea, ii?aaeaeyynue iaueie enoi?e/aneeie oneiaeyie
?acaeoey Aeaiee a yoo yiioo.

Aaeeiie e aaneiia/ii iiaoi?ythuaeny oaiie neacie Aiaea?naia yaeyaony
oaia ethaae, ai?ueau naaoeuo /aeiaa/aneeo /oanoa n oaiiuie neeaie,
aeaiiay e a ieaia nioeeaeueiii, enoi?e/aneii, e a iauaoeeinioneii. Yoa
i?ioiaeiay oaia i?aa?auaao nia?aiea neacie Aiaea?naia a oeaeueiia
caoaaouaathuaa i?iecaaaeaiea, a aeii /aeiaaeiethaeth,
naiiioaa?aeaiiinoe, niaeinoe e aa?iecio /aeiaaea. Yoa oaia cao/eo a
oaeeo neaceao, eae “Aeeeea eaaaaee”, “?onaei/ea” e iiiaeo ae?oaeo.

A ciaiaieoie neacea “Niaaeiay ei?ieaaa” aaeeeay neea ethaae e naaoeuo
/oanoa, ioaeanoaa e noieeinoe iieacaia iniaaiii y?ei.

Eiaaea a iieneao Eay Aa?aea aa?oii ia ieaia i?eaeeaeaaony ei aeai?oeo
Niaaeiie ei?ieaau, ieaiue i?ineo ioae?oth oeineoth aeaiueio iaaeaeeoue
Aa?aeo iaauaaeie neeie, eia/a ae ia aa?iooue Eay.

Ii aio /oi ioaa/aao aio yoa aeaiueia: “Neeueiaa, /ai iia anoue, y ia
iiao aa naeaeaoue. Iaoaeoi ou nai ia aeaeeoue, eae aaeeea aa neea?
Iiaeoiae, aaaeue ae neoaeao e ethaee, e aeeaioiua! Iia aineeii iaioea
iienaaoa! E yoa neea ne?uoa a aa na?aeoea.”

Oaeiaa neea ethaae a neaceao Aiaea?naia – iia iienoeia aeaeaeao ai?aie,
iia iiaaaeaeaao ai?a e ?aceoeo, iia aica?auaao e aeecie ia?a/aiiuo ia
nia?oue.

Oeeinioneie iniiaie oai?/anoaa Aiaea?naia yaeyaony iuneue ia
i?aaie/aneie acaeiinayce anaai nouaai. Yoi ioiineony e e ethaeyi, e e
aeeaioiui, e e ?anoaieyi, e e ieoieiae/aneei nouanoaai. Ioiioaiey
ethaae, ae?oaeau, acaeiiiiiiue ioaaouaatho a aiaea?naiianeeo neaceao
aanue ie?. I?ia?anneaiay acaeiiiiiiaathuay neea ?aceeoa a ie?oaeathuee
ian aeecie e a eiia/iii n/aoa oi?aeanoaoao iaae neeaie cea.

A oai?/anoaa Aiaea?naia, a oie iniaie anaeaiiie, eaeoth i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie ie? aai neacie, ainiiaenoaoao no?iaue i?aanoaaiiue caeii. Aaaeue
iaaea?ii aea iaeaiueeay ?onaei/ea eee aaaeiay ia?aa?eoea, noieeee
ieiayiiue nieaeaoee e aai aoiaaeiay iaaanoa aea?oaotho aeeciueth ?aaee
aunieie ethaae.

Iioea iaiie, ia?a/aiiie, ii naiiioaa?aeaiiie, aa?iie aei eiioea ethaae,
ananeeueiie iaia?aei? ianoiyoaeuenoaai, iinoiyiii iiaoi?yaony a neaceao
Aiaea?naia.

Iiaeeeiiua aa?ie Aiaea?naia, aaniiiiuiua e oieaeaiiua aiaoia, iieiu
ioaeanoaa e aaeeeie i?aanoaaiiie neeu.

Anyeie aaue, anyeiio aeeaiio nouanoao, anyeiio oaioanoe/aneiio
nicaeaieth a neaceao Aiaea?naia i?enou naie oa?aeoa?, enoiaey ec
eioi?iai iie aeeaoo e aeaenoaotho. Ana yoe oa?aeoa?u oaeaeaiu e iieacaiu
aiieia ?aaeenoe/anee a ia?o eo i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe e eaeie-eeai n?aaea, a
ia?o eo ?iee e cia/aiey a i?e?iaea e iauanoaa. Aio ii/aio iienaiea
iiaaaeee eaeiai-eeai aeeaioiiai, iienaiea naienoa eaeiai-eeai i?aaeiaoa
eee ?anoaiey anaaaea o Aiaea?naia cao/eo oaaaeeoaeueii. E ana aea
iaeaieaa aiaea?naiianeeie e a oi aea a?aiy iaeaieaa aeeceeie aeaoyi
yaeythony oa neacee, iaoa?eae aeey eioi?uo Aiaea?nai /a?iae
iaiin?aaenoaaiii ec ie?oaeathuaai auoa.

I?inoua aeiiaoiea aaue: eooiiiay ooaa?ue, aeaoneea ea?ooee, i?aaeiaou
iaeaaeaeu, ?anoaiey e oeaaou, eioi?ua iiaeii ano?aoeoue a iiea, a
iai?iaea, a naaeeea ieiei aeiia; nianai iaueiiaaiiua, ie?oaeathuea ian
aeiiaoiea aeeaioiua e aeiiaoiyy ioeoea: niaaee, eioee, eo?u, eiaethee;
iaeoathuea a naaeo iaa/ea ioaoee – ana yoi ecethaeaiiua neaci/iua
ia?niiaaee Aiaea?naia, – eaaeaeue ni naiae enoi?eae, oa?aeoa?ii, iaia?ie
?a/e, naiei thii?ii, eai?ecaie e i?e/oaeaie.

Iaiau/aeiue, iai?aacieaeaiiue aea? anaeyoue a yoe i?eau/iua,
ie?oaeathuea ian nouanoaa e i?aaeiaou iniaoth aeeciue i?enou aue
Aiaea?naio. Ii nai ioaeaaae naaa io/ao a yoii e nai ia yoii aiai?ee:
“Iaoa?eaea o iaiy aacaeia, aieueoa, /ai aeey ethaiai ae?oaiai ?iaea
iiycee; /anoi iia eaaeaony, aoaeoi eaaeaeue ieaoaiue, eaaeaeue naiue
iaeaiueeee oeaaoi/ae aiai?yo iia: “Oieueei acaeyie ia iaiy, e oaaa
ioe?iaony enoi?ey anae iiae aeecie”. E aeaenoaeoaeueii, noieo iia
naeaeaoue oae, eae iie aaeyo, e ?anneac i ethaii ec ieo aioia.”

A eaaeaeie iaeaiueeie neacea oaeiai ?iaea eae au neeeenue aiaaeeii aeaa
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe. Iaeia iiaeeeiiay aeeciue oeaaoea, ioee, aea?aaa,
/aoee eee eioaeieea; ae?oaay – ia iaiaa iiaeeeiiay aeeciue /aeiaaea.

A oie eaaeinoe, i?inoioa, oaaaeeoaeueiinoe, n eaeie Aiaea?nai a aaeeiii
nthaeaoiii ?acaeoee noaeeeaaao aeia?aoee i?aaeiaoia, aeeaioiuo,
?anoaiee, ieoieiae/aneeo nouanoa n aeeciueth /aeiaaea, a enoi?ee
eaeiai-ieaoaeue caa?ueea eee i?aaeiaoa aeiiaoiae ooaa?e i?iaeaeeo noaio
/aeiaa/aneie aeecie – aeaonoai, thiinoue, c?aeinoue, noa?inoue, nia?oue,
i?eoii eiiaaea a naiie iauae, iaiauathuae oi?ia – ai anai yoii ii
yaeyaony iiaeeeiiui ianeaaeieeii ia?iaeiie neacee e iaeiia?aiaiii
iiaeeeiiui iiaaoi?ii, noiaaoei i?eaeeceoue iaoiae ia?iaeiiai eneonnoaa o
nia?aiaiiie aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe.

Niaea?aeaieai oai?/anoaa Aiaea?naia, eae anyeiai aieueoiai ienaoaey,
yaeyaony aeeciue ai anai aa iauaia, au?aaeaiiay e io?aaeaiiay ii-naiaio
a oao oi?iao, a oao eioiiaoeeyo, oai aieinii, oie iaia?ie, eaeay
naienoaaiia, iaiaoiaeeia e aeinooiia aio iaeiiio. Neacee Aiaea?naia –
yoi eiineacaiea aeeciaiiie i?aaaeu a oi?ia oaioanoeee.

Eiaaea neacee Aiaea?naia iiyaeeenue ia eieaeiuo i?eeaaeao aeaoneie
noieeoeu, ana auee ii?aaeaiu; ii?aaeaiu i?aaeaea anaai no?aiiinoueth
aa?iaa. Aeaoneea aeaoe i?eaueee e aiaaeiiiaeiaiui e ainieoaiiui i?eioeai
e i?eioeannai. O Aiaea?naia aea a neacea “Iaieai” i?eioeanna ?acuacaeaao
aa?oii ia niaaea, a ae?oaay i?eioeanna, Yeeca ec neacee “Aeeeea
eaaaaee”, ioee/aaony iaiaueiiaaiiui o?oaeiethaeai e
naiiioaa?aeaiiinoueth, yoei iia e nianaao naieo a?aoueaa. A neaceao
Aiaea?naia iinoaiaiii en/acaao oaaaeaiea e aaaeiui ia?niiai; ei?ieue o
Aiaea?naia e aiana aieue. Eciaieeny e ie? aieoaaiie neacee. Eoia/aneee
nui ec neacee “Noiaeoe-naiieao” eaoaao ia ia aieoaaiii eia?a, eae a
neaceao “Ouny/e e iaeiie ii/e”, a a noa?ii noiaeoea. Uaaieytho aa?ie
Aiaea?naia ia a naieieeueiuo naiiaao: o ieo ia iiaao iai?iiieaaiua
naiiae eee eaeioe n/anouey. Oae iioiaee ia i?inouo ai?ie/iuo, a aaaeueiu
– ia iaueiiaaiiuo ceuo noa?oo.

Eiioeiaee aiaea?naiianeeo neacie ioee/aeenue io oieueeei?iuo. A
oieueeei?iuo neaceao o?aaeeoeeiiiuie yaeythony aeaaiiieo/iua eiioeu, ii
a aieueoeinoaa neacie Aiaea?naia eiioeiaee iaaeaaiiieo/iua,
ian/anoeeaua.

Aiaea?nai yaeeny nicaeaoaeai eeoa?aoo?iie neacee Aeaiee. Ii aeae ae
?acaa?ioooth oai?/aneoth enoi?eth, aeae naia eiy, e neacea yoa aei neo
ii? inoaeanue aiaea?naiianeie. Eiaaea aiai?yo “aiaea?naiianeay” neacea,
oi iiae yoei iiae?acoiaaaaony aoiaiiia e ee?e/aneia iano?iaiea, eioi?ui
ie?aoaiu i?iecaaaeaiey Aiaea?naia, aeiaeeaoaai a ieo naia ie?iaicc?aiea
ai anae aai neiaeiinoe e i?ioeai?a/eainoe. Iiae?acoiaaaaony i?e yoii e
aiaea?naiianeia iaeooaaeaiea i?aaeiaoia. E ni/aoaiea oaioanoeee,
aieoaanoaa n ?aaeueiui e aeaenoaeoaeueiui, /oi ninoaaeyao nouiinoue
oai?/aneiai iaoiaea aaeeeiai aeaoneiai neaci/ieea. E ?anoe?aiea ie?a
ia?iaeiie neacee, eoaea Aiaea?nai aaae iiiaeanoai i?aaeiaoia e yaeaiee
ie?oaeathuaai ie?a – aeaoaeae auoa, i?e?iaeu, iao/iuo e oaoie/aneeo
aeinoeaeaiee, enoi?e/aneeo e aaia?aoe/aneeo aeaoaeae. Eae ni?aaaaeeeai
ieoao A. A. Oeeianeee, “Aiaea?nai ia?aaaouaae ia?iaeiua neacee,
niaaeeiyy eo n iiaui auoii Aeaiee”.

Iaeiaei, iiieii yoeo iniiaiuo ioee/eoaeueiuo iiiaioia, eeoa?aoo?iay
neacea Aiaea?naia eiaao aua ?yae iniaaiiinoae.

Aiaea?naiianeay neacea:

io?aceea iauanoaaiiua ioiioaiey Aeaiee e iaeioi?uo ae?oaeo aa?iiaeneeo
no?ai, eo eiie?aoii-enoi?e/aneea oneiaey 20-o – 70-o aiaeia;

ii ia?a naiaai ?acaeoey ana aieueoa iooiaeeea io naieo ?aaeueiuo
ia?iaeiuo enoi/ieeia e noaiiaeeanue i?eaeiaeueiie, i?eaeoiaiiie
Aiaea?naiii neaceie;

noaea iiiaineieiui, iiiaio?iaiaaui i?iecaaaeaieai, eioi?ia aianoeei a
naay ia oieueei ia?iaeioth neaceo, ii e i?aaeaiea, e iiaa?uea;

iauaaeeieea aeai?u ?iiaia, ee?eee e ae?aiaoo?aee, i?eo/e e aanie,
iiaanoe e auoiaiai ?anneaca;

ii ia?a iooiaea io eiie?aoiuo oieueeei?iuo enoieia ana aieueoa
oaaee/eaaeanue a iauaia, noaiiaynue ana aeeeiiaa e aeeeiiaa,
i?aa?auaynue a iiaanoue, a aieueooth iiiaiieaiiaoth iiaaeeo;

i?iieeaaony ianneienoe/aneeie iioeaaie, /oi cia/eoaeueii oaiaeeo aa io
ia?iaeiie neacee;

thii?enoe/aneay, aaea iineoaeai thii?a ca/anooth yaeyaony ?anneac/ee,
eioi?ue, oeuaaynue, ?anneacuaaao aeaoyi yaiua iaaueeoeu;

iaienaia iniaui ia?iaeiui ca/anooth ?acaiai?iui ycueii;

aeaaiaea?y naiae oeeinioe/iinoe ia?iiiiio iiaeoaenoo aioea a “aieueooth”
eeoa?aoo?o, ath ca/eouaathony ia oieueei aeaoe, ii e ac?ineua.

Aiaea?nai aaae eeoa?aoo?ioth neaceo ia oieueei a “aieueooth” eeoa?aoo?o,
naeaeaa aa aeinoiyieai eae aeaoae, oae e ac?ineuo. Ii aaae aa e a
ie?iaoth eeoa?aoo?o.

“Aiaea?nai – naia o?aaeeoeey”, – neacaea eae-oi /aoneay
enneaaeiaaoaeueieoea Ie?ineaaa Aai/eaaa. E a yoii – aannia?oea
aiaea?naiianeie neacee.

3. Aeaaa 2. ?onaeee a aa?iiaeneie ieoieiaee

3.1. Yoeiieiaey neiaa “?onaeea”

Eae iu oaea ciaai, caeiaeiua iieieieee, oi anoue ethaee, oia?oea
iaanoanoaaiiie nia?oueth, nio?aiytho ca a?iaii naie i?aa, naie
aeeoaeneea iio?aaiinoe e eioa?anu, naie i?aaeiea neeiiiinoe e i?eau/ee.
N yoie oi/ee c?aiey aeaeaiea caeiaeiuo iieieieeia ii iieo, ia ioae/ei e
aeaiuei, aeaeaei ia aac?acee/ii: caeiaeiay aeaiueia aoaeao oaea eiui
ieoieiae/aneei ia?acii, aanueia ioee/iui io ia?aca caeiaeiiai ioae/eiu.

Caeiaeiua aeaiueiu i?aa?auathony, ii iauaia?iaeiiio ?onneiio iiaa?ueth,
a ?onaeie. Caeanue iiaeii i?eaanoe oaeea naeaeaoaeuenoaa.

Ooiioaoay a ?aea Ia?o/e aeaiueia, ii neiaai e?anoueyi I?eianeie
aoaa?iee, “a ii/iia a?aiy iieacuaaeanue ec aiaeu e oeiiaea a eaaeioe, a
oaeaea oioioaea… E?anoueyia e e?anoueyiee aiyeenue ii/ueth i?ioiaeeoue
ieii oiai ianoa, aaea ooiioea aeaiueia”.

Aua iaeei ?anneac ec ?ycaineiai oacaea niiauaao i aeaaooea, eioi?oth
iaiaioe aeaieo e eioi?ay “n oinee naay e ooiaeeea”. “Ca aea?aaiae ca
iaoae ia?ae?anoie: iaeia aei?iaa i?yii a ai?iae, – io ooo e neo/aaony
ana iaoi?ioaa. Oae eae-oi ioaeiei a?ao aeaith?iaeiue a ai?iae. Aeaei e
ii/e auei, ianyoe oaea anoaaaoue noae. Iiaeoiaeeo ii e ia?ae?anoeo,
aeyaeue: aeaaooea neaeeo ia iaaea e aieinu /aoao, a naia iea/ao”.
Aeaaooea neacaea, /oi iia naeeanue n aei?iae. Iioee iie aianoa. “A iia
oae aanaeay oaeay noaea, ianie ea?aao, -i?aeueuaoue oae iia aai noaea, –
oieueei aio ca iath ia iiniaoue e ieeae ia iieiaoue. Iiaeioee e ?aeaiiio
o?anooeo, -iia eae caoioi/ao, ca o?anoaoe neaaioea e i?iiaea. Ii aa
eneaoue. Neuoeony aio oi ca yoie, oi ca yioie eiiiie aa aiein, -iiyoue
oae iia iea/ao. Oae aei ca?e e i?ieneae… Ieacaeny ii ca ai?iaeii ii
yioo noi?iio ca o?eaeoeaoue aa?no”.

Caeanue iao?oaeii ociaoue ?onaeie, oioy yoiai eiaie iaaethaeaoaee e ia
iacuaatho.

3.1. Yoeiieiaey neiaa “?onaeea”

Ioeoaea aea acyeinue e eae iiyaeeinue oaeia no?aiiia e caai?aaeeaathuaa
neiai “?onaeea”? Iacaaiea “?onaeea” noa?ua ienaoaee e o/aiua niaaeeiyee
ni neiaaie: ?onei (ii ianoiaeeoaeuenoao ?onaeie a ?aeao) e ?onue,
?onyaue (ii ?oniio oeaaoo aiein o ?onaeie), a oaeaea auaiaeeee io
ae?aaieo eiai nayuaiiuo ?ae: ?inna e ?ona. Ia?aia neiaii?iecaiaenoai ia
iauyniyao ieii/aiea – aeea. Aoi?ia ia niioaaonoaoao iau/iiio
i?aaenoaaeaieth i ?onaeeao, o eioi?uo aieinu ia anaaaea ?onua, a
aieueoae /anoueth caeaiua.

Aa?iaa neiaii?iecaiaenoai io ae?aaia?onneiai iacaaiey i?acaeieea e ea?:
?onaeee; e oaia?ue o iaeo?inia eia-aaea ia?aue aeaiue Iao?iaa iinoa
ciaaony ?onaee. Enoi/iee yoeo neia caiaaeii-aa?iiaeneee: eaoeineia
rosalia, a?a/aneia n?aaeiaaaeiaia – iacaaiea
i?acaeieea e ea?. N caiaaea caeinoaiaaiu auee ?onneeie yoe ea?u e
i?acaeiainoaa, eioi?ua ?ani?ino?aiyeenue aianoa n o?enoeainoaii.
O?enoeaineea rosalia niaiaee ia ?one, ii a?aiaie, n ae?aaiei ycu/aneei
i?acaeieeii a /anoue caeiaeiuo iieieieeia. E yoiio ycu/aneiio i?acaeieeo
e i?eaeeinue iiaia, o?enoeaineia iacaaiea: ?onaee, ?onaeueiay iaaeaey.
Ionthaea oaea aiieia anoanoaaiiia iiyaeaiea iacaaiea: ?onaeee, oi anoue
oa nouanoaa, eioi?uo /anoaotho a i?acaeiee ?onaeee, ia ?onaeueiie
iaaeaea.

3.2. ?acee/iua iacaaiey ?onaeie

E?iia neiaa “?onaeea”, nouanoaotho oaeaea e ae?oaea iacaaiey ?onaeie:
eoiaeea, aiaeyieoea eee aiaeyiay, oooiaea, /a?oiaea, oeoea, eaoa/eoa,
eiaanoa. Neiai eoiaeea oiio?aaeoaeueii a aaei?onneeo eoiaeueneeo ianiyo.
Eoiaeea – aeaaeoea, eioi?oth ec naiae n?aaeu ecae?atho aeaaeoeu aea,
o/anoieoeu eoiaeueiuo caaaa, ia?aainoaothuath eee oea?eoeath ieynie,
auaaaiuo a ii/ue ia?aae aeiai ?iaeaeanoaa Eiaiia E?anoeoaey.

Aiaeyieoa eiaao aieueoea ioaeneua a?oaee e aeeeiiua aieinu; ec aiaeu
auoiaeeo iaaith a iieii/ue e naaeeony ia eaiaiue; ooo iia ?an/anuaaao
naie aieinu aieueoei a?aaiai. ?onaeea – aeaia aiaeyiiai, yoi iiaa?uea
ioaeii i?eciaoue iaua?ani?ino?aiaiiui a ?onneii ia?iaea. *a?oiaea, ii
ia?iaeiiio iiaa?ueth, anoue aiaeyiay aeaiueia; iia iiaeao auoue e?aneaie
eee iae?aneaie, aeia?ie eee ceie, /anoi aea aac?acee/iie. AEeaao iia a
aiaea e oieueei ec?aaeea auoiaeeo ia aa?aa /anaoue cieioui eee iaaeiui
a?aaiai naie i?ae?aniua, /a?iua, eae niieue, e aeeeiiua aieinu. A yoi
a?aiy iiaeii iiaee?anoueny e iae e auoaaoeoue a?aaaiue, eioi?ue eiaao
iaae/aneoth neeo. Eiiaaea /a?oiaea eiaao niaeeoaeuenoai n ioioieeaie a
eano e aa?aiaiaao io ieo, ii ?aaaiea, “i?eaeeoiai ath io /aeiaaea, iia
?ac?uaaao i?e naiii ?iaeaeaiee aai”.

Neiai “oeoea”, ii-aeaeeiiio, a aeeaeaeoai ?iaenoaa n aeaaieii “oeoeoue”,
iioeuaoue; iacaaiea iniiaaii, aa?iyoii, ia oii, /oi oeoea oiieo ethaeae
a aiaea.

Eaoa/eoa – aeaia eaoaai, eiathuay aeae iaueiiaaiiie aeaiueiu n
?aniouaiiuie aieinaie, a eioi?ua aieaoaiu caeaiua aaoae. Eaoeoe – yoi
aeooe caaoaeaiiuo aeaaooae, eioi?ua i?ieeyou auee ?iaeeoaeyie eee
iiaeiyee ia ieo ?oeo. Ii ii/ai iie ea/athony ia aaoayo aea?aaueaa, a ia
aeaiue aianoa n eaoeie ooiaeyo iiae caieth, aaea aeeaoo ai aeai?oea.

Iniaiyeii noiyo n?aaee ia?iaeiuo iacaaiee ?onaeee: iaaea eee iaaea,
oiaeeiu e aeeu. Yoi ia neiiieiu neiaa “?onaeea”, a iacaaiey aeey iniauo
?ac?yaeia ?onaeie.

Iaaee, iaaee, a ainoi/iineaayineie ieoieiaee ceua aeooe (/anoi
nia?oiiiniua). Ii oe?aeineei iiaa?ueyi, a iaaie i?aa?auathony oia?oea
aei e?auaiey aeaoe: eiy iaaee (iaaee) ia?aciaaii io iaaue (aiieiuaiea
nia?oe). Iaaee nia?aaee eiatho /aeiaa/aneia oaei, a nieiu o ieo iao,
iiyoiio aeaeiu ana aioo?aiiinoe.

Oiaeeiu (“aieia”) a ieoieiaee ia?iaeia Aa?iiu aeooe aiaeu, ?onaeee.
I?ae?aniua aeaaooee (eiiaaea n ?uaueeie oainoaie), auoiaeyuea ec aiaeu e
?an/anuaathuea aieinu. Naiei iaieai e e?anioie caaeaeatho iooieeia
aaeoaue, iiaoo iiaoaeoue eo eee naeaeaoue aicethaeaiiuie a iiaeaiaeiii
oea?noaa. Oiaeeiu iiaoo ia?anoe /aeiaa/aneoth aeooo, iiethaea e ?iaeea
?aaaiea ia caiea.

A n?aaeiaaaeiaie aeoeiee oiaeeiu – aeooe, oi?aaeythuea aiaeiie noeoeae,
iiaeiaii oiio, eae naeaiaiae?u – aeooe iaiy e o.i.

Aeeu, naiiaeeu – a thaeiineaayineie ieoieiaee aeaineea aeooe,
i/a?iaaoaeueiua aeaaooee n ?aniouaiiuie aieinaie e e?ueueyie, iaeaou a
aieoaaiua ieaouey: eoi ioieiae o ieo ieaouea, oiio iie iiae/eiyeenue.
Aeeu iiaee eaoaoue eae ioeoeu, iaeoaee a ai?ao. Iie aeaaeaee eieiaeoeaie
e ica?aie e iaeaaeaee niiniaiinoueth “caie?aoue” aiaeu. Eoeueo aeeu e eo
naycue n eieiaeoeaie ecaanoiu ii aieaa?neei enoi/ieeai o?eiaaeoeaoiai
aaea. Anee ioiyoue o ieo e?ueuey, iie oa?ytho niiniaiinoue eaoaoue e
noaiiayony i?inouie aeaiueiaie. Iiae o ieo eicuee, eioaaeeiua eee
ineeiua. Aeeu cae?uaatho eo aeeeiiie aaeie iaeaaeaeie. E ethaeyi,
iniaaiii e ioae/eiai, aeeu ioiinyony ae?oaeaethaii, iiiiaatho iaeaeaiiui
e ne?ioai. Anee ?acaiaaaoue aeeo, iia iiaeao aeanoiei iaeacaoue, aeaaea
oaeoue iaeiei naiei acaeyaeii. Aeeu oiatho ea/eoue, iiaoo
i?aaeneacuaaoue nia?oue, ii e naie iie ia aannia?oiu.

3.3. I?ienoiaeaeaiea ?onaeie

Ia?iae i?eciaao ?onaeeaie caeiaeiuo iieieieoe, oi anoue aeaiuei,
oia?oeo iaanoanoaaiiie nia?oueth. Aianoa n aeaiueiaie iu aeaeei e
aeaoae, eioi?ua auaeaeythony a iniaue ?ac?yae iaaie.

Ii aa?iaaieyi e?anoueyi, a ?aciuo aoaa?ieyo ii-?aciiio iiaee aeaoue
naeaeaoaeuenoaa i ?onaeeao.

?onaeee – aeooe iae?auaiiuo aeaoae, ooiieaiieoe e aiiaua aeaiuei e
aeaaeoe, eeoeaoeo naay aeecie e iaiia?aaaiiuo.

?onaeee-oooiaee – yoi iaueiiaaiiua ae?aaiea ethaee, ia eioi?uo oyaioaao
?iaeeoaeueneia i?ieeyoea.

?onaeee – aeaaeoeu, i?iiaaoea aac aanoe.

?onaeee – aeaaooee, ooiioaoea a ica?a eee a ?aea io iaoaeaaoaeny ethaae
eee n ai?y.

?onaeee – yoi iioeuaiiua o iaoa?ae aeaoe, i?aeiouanoaaiii iae?auaiua.

Iniaiyeii noieo neacaiea, caienaiiia nayuaiieeii Aeia?ic?aeiaui a naea
Oeueyiiaea Ieaeaai?iaeneie aoaa?iee: “i?e nioai?aiee ie?a Aiaii aeeaaie,
iiae?aaeay Aiao, ia/ae aeoue iaeiei eaiiai i ae?oaie, e ec ineieeia
yaeeenue aeiiiaua, eaoea, ?onaeee e iiaeiaiua ei nouanoaa”.

?onaeee – ethaeneea aei/a?e, “i?ieeyoua ?iaeeoaeyie aua a iaoa?eineie
oo?iaa, oia?oea iae?auaiuie”, a oaeaea iieiaeua ooiieaiieoeu. Aeooa
naiioaeeoeu “noaiiaeony ?onaeeith, iinooiathuoth iiae no?iaoth aeanoue
aiaeyieea, n eioi?ui i?eioaeaeaia aanoe iaiaaenoioth naycue”.

Ai?acaei ?aaea, a aeaea eneeth/aiey, ano?a/athony o?e neaaeothueo
aicc?aiey, ec eioi?uo iaeii n/eoaao ?onaeie iai?ioiyie aeaiuei,
i?aa?auaiiuo Aiaii a iaeacaiea ca a?aoe, ae?oaia i?e/eneyao e ?onaeeai
iieieieeia, oia?oeo a ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy aiaea, a eiaiii ai a?aiy
?onaeueiuo i?acaeieeia; o?aouea – ioiaeaeanoaeyao ?onaeie n oa?aiiaie.
Anoue aeaaea oaeay enoi?ey: eiaaea aienei Oa?aiia iioiioei a *a?iii
ii?a, ana ooiioaoea ia?aoeeenue – ioae/eiu a aiaeyiuo, a aeaiueiu e
aeaoe a ?onaeie, e ia?oeyie ?aca?aeenue ii ii?th e ii ?aeai. Aeae iie
eiatho: aa?oiyy /anoue oaea aei ioia /aeiaa/uey, a ieaeiyy – ?uauey. Iie
eiiaaea inoaiaaeeaatho ia ii?a ei?aaee e ia ?aeao eiaeee e ni?aoeaatho,
nei?i ee aoaeao no?aoiue noae, i?iaeieaeatho ee aeaoe iineoue iiae
i?acaeiee ?iaeaeanoaa O?enoiaa “aa/a?th” naiaio e?anoiiio iooeo e naiae
e?anoiie iaoa?e. Iieo/ea ia ia?aue aii?in ooaa?aeeoaeueiue, a ia aoi?ie
io?eoeaoaeueiue ioaao, ?aaeothony; a i?ioeaiii aea neo/aa n aeinaaeu
oiiyo aeaaea ei?aaee.

A 1849 aiaeo iao ciaiaieoue enoi?ee N. I. Nieiaueaa ienae: “?onaeee
aiana ia nooue ?a/iua eee eaeea au oi ie auei ieiou; eiy eo ia
i?ienoiaeeo io ?onea, ii io ?onue (naaoeue, yniue), ?onaeee nooue ia /oi
eiia, eae aeooe oia?oeo, auoiaeyuea aaniith ianeaaeeoueny iaeeaeaiiith
i?e?iaeith. Ia?iae oaia?ue aa?eo, /oi ?onaeee nooue aeooe ieaaeaioeaa,
oia?oeo aac e?auaiey; ii eiaaea ana neaayia oie?aee iae?auaiuie, oi
aeooe eo ana aeieaeiu auee noaiiaeoueny ?onaeeaie?.. ?onaeueiua ea?u
nooue ea?u a /anoue ia?oauo… E?iia ?onaeie, aeooe oia?oeo, ia?oaaoeu,
auee ecaanoiu iiae eiaiai Iaauey”.

Iiaiea yoiia?aoa A. I. Aoaianueaaa aanueia aeecei e i?eaaaeaiiiio
acaeyaeo enoi?eea Nieiaueaaa. “?onneea iinaeyia oaaaeaeaiu, /oi ?onaeee
nooue aeooe ieaaeaioeaa, oia?oeo iae?auaiuie, a oaeaea ooiieaiieoe,
oaeaaeaiieoe e aiiaua aeaiuei e aeaaeoe, naiii?iecaieueii eeoeaoeo naay
aeecie, neaaeiaaoaeueii, aeooe ia oaeinoiaiiuo iia?aaaiey. Ii eiaaea ana
auee ycu/ieeaie e ia ciaee ie e?auaiey, ie o?enoeaineiai iia?aaaiey,
oiaaea anyeay aeooa i?e/eneyeanue e ?onaeeai. Yoi ae?aaiaa aa?iaaiea
oaea?aeaii ia?iaeiith iaiyoueth ca aeaoueie e ooiieaiieoeaie –
ai-ia?auo, iioiio, /oi naiua aeooe ieeoeaoai?yeenue iaethoeaie, a
ai-aoi?uo, iioiio, /oi i?eciaaaeenue iaeoaoaeueieoeaie aiae. Aeaaeoeu,
a?inathueany n ai?y e io/ayiey a aiaeo, iiaeoaaouaathony ?onaeeaie e
iinooiatho a n?aaeo yoeo aiaeyiuo ieio, iiaeiaii oiio eae o eeoiaoeaa
oaeea ooiieaiieoeu i?aa?auathony a oiaeei. Ieaaeaioeaa ia?oai?iaeaeaiiuo
eee neii/aaoeony aac e?auaiey ?onaeee iioeuatho ec iiaeeueiuo yi e
oiinyo a naie aiaeu…”

O Oo?aaiaaa “Aaaeei eoa” iu iaoiaeei neaaeothuaa naeaeaoaeuenoai. “Iioae
ii (ieioiee Aaa?eea) ?ac a ean ii i?aoe aea e caaeoaeeeny, aei?iae iaeoe
ia iiaeao, a oae ii/ue ia aeai?a. Aio, e i?enae ii iiae aea?aai.
Caae?aiae e neuoeo aae?oa: eoi-oi aai ciaao. Niio?eo – ieeiai. Ii iiyoue
caae?aiae, – iiyoue ciaoo. Ii iiyoue aeyaeeo, aeyaeeo: a ia?aae iei ia
aaoea ?onaeea neaeeo, ea/aaony e aai e naaa ciaao, a naia iiie?aao ni
niaoo, niaaony. A ianyoe-oi naaoee neeueii, ana aeaeii. Aio, ciaao iia
aai, e oaeay naia any naaoeaiueeay, aaeaiueeay neaeeo ia aaoea, neiaii
ieioe/ea eaeay eee ianea?ue. Aaa?eea-oi ieioiee oae e iaia?, a iia ciae
oioi/ao aea aai ana e naaa yoae ?oeie ciaao. Oae Aaa?eea auei e anoae,
iineooaeny auei ?onaeee, aea, ciaoue, Ainiiaeue aai iaaeioiee:
iieiaeee-oaee ia naay e?ano. A oae eae aio auei o?oaeii e?ano-oi
eeanoue, ?oea i?inoi eaiaiiay, ia ai?i/aaony. Eae iieiaeee ii e?ano,
?onaei/ea-oi e niayoueny ia?anoaea, aea aae?oa eae caiea/ao. Iea/ao iia,
aeaca aieinaie ooe?aao, a aieina o iaa caeaiua, /oi oaiy eiiiiey…”*aai
ou, eaniia caeuea, iea/aoue?”<...>“Ia e?anoeoueny au oaaa, /aeiaa/a,
aeeoue au oaaa ni iiie ia aanaeee aei eiioea aeiae; a iea/o y,
oaeaathnue iooiai, /oi ou e?anoeeny; aea ia y iaeia oaeaaoueny aoaeo:
oaeaaeny aea e ou aei eiioea aeiae”. Ooo iia i?iiaea, a Aaa?eea n oao
ii? ana iaaanaeue oiaeeo.

– Aea eae aea yoi iiaeao yoaeay eaniay ia/enoue o?enoeaineoth aeooo
enii?oeoue?! Cauaeioaoue iia aai oioaea. Yoi eoiaa aeaei, yoeo
?onaeie-oi.

A aaaeue e caeanue aeieaeiu auoue ?onaeee? – Iao, caeanue ianoi /enoia,
aieueiia. Iaeii: ?aea aeecei”.

3.4. Ianoiiaoiaeaeaiea ?onaeie

Ioaao ia yoio aii?in aeaeaei ia oae i?ino. O ian ecaeaaia n/eoatho
?onaeie ?a/iuie aeaaaie, ii ?onaeee aeeaoo ia a iaeiii ianoa, a aeaaiui
ia?acii a aiaeao, a eanao e iieyo; ianoiaeeoaeuenoai eo ia iaeeiaeiai a
?aciua a?aiaia aiaea.

Inoaaeyy n O?ieoeuia aeiy aiaeu e ?annuiaynue, aieioue aei inaie, ii
iieyi, ia?aeaneai e ?iuai, ?onaeee auae?atho naaa ?acaaneaoothny,
neeiieaoothny iaae aiaeith eao eee ieaeo/oth aa?aco, aaea e aeeaoo.
Ii/ueth, i?e eoia, eioi?ay aeey ieo y?/a iau/iiai naaoeo, iie ea/athony
ia aaoayo, aoeathony iaaeaeo niaith e aiaeyo aanaeua oi?iaiaeu n
ianiyie, ea?aie e ieyneaie. Aaea iie aaaaee e ?acaeeenue, oai o?aaa
?anoao aoua e caeaiaa, oai e oeaa ?iaeeony iaeeueiaa.

A eanao ?onaeee ecae?atho i?aeiouanoaaiii noa?ua aea?aauey. A eano
oaeaeae ?onaeeo e oo?aaiaaneee ieioiee Aaa?eea, eioi?ue iacuaaao ?onaeeo
neiaaie: eaniia caeuea, eaniay ia/enoue.

Ea/aiea ia ae?aaaniuo aaoayo – ethaeiia a?aiyi?ai?iaiaeaeaiea ?onaeie.
Ecethaeaiiia eo aea?aai – aa?aca, i /ai iiaony e a ia?iaeiuo ianiyo.
Eiiaaea ?onaeee iinauatho naeaiey e aeiia, aaeaa ee aeaaea ia aeeaoo
caeanue, oaeaea iie i?eoiaeyo a?aoueny a aaie, aaea iie iithony,
ia?yony, i?e/ai niathony e oooyo.

*aua aea anaai, eiia/ii, ?onaeee aeeaoo a aiaeao, a o?onoaeueiuo
aeai?oeao, iino?iaiiuo ia aeia aeoaieeo ?ae.

Ii ana yoi iaiinoiyiiua ianoiaeeoaeuenoaa ?onaeie, yoi ianoa eo
a?aiaiiiai i?aauaaiey eaoii, i?aeiouanoaaiii ia O?ieoeeie iaaeaea. I
ianoa iaoiaeaeaiey ?onaeie ceiith eiathony eeoue niooiua e
iaii?aaeaeaiiua i?aaenoaaeaiey. Iinea Naieoeeie iaaeaee a eano oaea ia
auaaao ?onaeie. Iaeie aiai?yo, /oi iie iiaeieiathony aaa?o e aeeaoo ia
iaeaeao; ae?oaea aeoiatho, /oi iie ne?uaathony iiae caieath e niyo oai
inoaeueiia a?aiy aiaea; eiua aeoiatho, /oi aoaeoi iie ia?anaeythony a
?aee… Aiai?eee aua, aoaeoi ?onaeee, inoaaea ean, aeieai aua inoathony
ia ieaao e aaciieaii eaoathony a aiaeao ieau.

3.5. Aiaoiee aeae ?onaeie

?onaeie ?onneee ia?iae i?aaenoaaeyao naaa iaueiiaaiii a aeaea aeaiuei,
aieueoae /anoueth iieiaeuo e e?aneauo. Anoue, iaeiaei aea, ?onaeee
noa?ua e aacia?aciua. Ec?aaeea aeaeyo ?onaeie a ia?aca iaeue/eeia, a
oaeaea a aeaea ioeoe e caa?ueeia. Ia?oaeiinoue ?onaeie i/aiue
?aciiia?acia. Iaeia ec aeaaiuo ioee/eoaeueiuo iniaaiiinoae ?onaeie –
?aniouaiiua ii iea/ai aeeeiiua aieinu. Yoa iniaaiiinoue ?iaeieo ?onaeie
n aaaeueiaie e n i?aaenoaaeoaeueieoeaie ia/enoie neeu, eioi?ua oaeaea
ieeiaaea ia caieaoatho naieo aiein, a anaaaea ?anioneatho eo ii iea/ai.
Oioy iiaeii i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi ?aniouaiiua aieinu iiaoo auoue e
i?inoui i?eciaeii aeaae/anoaa. ?onaeee oiaeyo iaaeie, i?ee?uaaynue
caeaiuie eenoueyie, eee a aaeuo ?acaaaathueony ni?i/eao aac iiyna. A
iaeioi?uo ?onaeueiuo ianiyo iiaony i oii, /oi ?onaeee i?inyo naaa
?oaaoae. Auoue iiaeao, a ioaao ia yoe naiua i?inueau ?onaeie ei
aea?oaotho eia-aaea oienou e ieaoee: a iaeioi?uo naeaieyo a ?onaeueioth
iaaeaeth e a ii/ue iiae Eaaia Eoiaea (eiaaea ?onaeee i/aiue iianiu aeey
/aeiaaea) “e?anoueyia aeey niya/aiey ceiau ?onaeie ?acaaoeaatho ei ii
eanai e i?ea?aaeiui eonoa?ieeai oienou ia ?oaaoee”.

?onaeee auaatho aeaaiaea?iu ca oaeiai ?iaea i?eiioaiey,
aeieacaoaeuenoaii /aai iiaeao neoaeeoue neaaeothuee ?anneac: niae?ay a
eano a?eau, aeaiueia oaeaeaea aenyuee ia aea?aaa aieueoie eonie
aa?aciaie ei?u, a ia iai – niyuaai iaaiai ieaaeaioea. Iiaeaeaa ?aaaiea,
iia ioaycaea naie ia?aaeiee, i?ee?uea ei niyuaai e ioioea. Nei?i aa
iaaiaea ?onaeea – iaaay aeaiueia n ?aniouaiiuie aieinaie – e
i?eeinioeanue e aa ?oeai ni neiaaie: “nii? oaaa o ?oee” (oniao oaaa a
?oee). N yoiai a?aiaie aeaiueia ia/aea oae o?oaeeoueny, /oi ana
oaeeaeyeenue, ioeoaea o iaa aa?oony neeu.

Ia?aaeei oa ?onaeee e?aaeoo o e?anoueyiie oienou e i?yaeo.

*oi eanaaony iauanoaaiiie aeecie ?onaeie, oi iia, ii-aeaeeiiio, auniei
?acaeoa. Iieiaeua ?onaeee ii/oe anaaaea iieacuaathony e aeaenoaotho
iauanoaii, eo/ae, neiiii. Iaeeiiei aeeaoo ?onaeee iinoa?oa e aaeiau.

Iaae ?onaeeaie anoue noa?oee, eioi?ue, ncuaay eo, o?oaeo a o?oao. Yoi
oea?eoea ?onaeie, auae?aaiay eie. Aac iicaieaiey oea?eoeu ?onaeee ia
iiaoo ia oieueei iiaoaeoue, ii aeaaea enioaaoue /aeiaaea. Anoue oaeaea
naeaeaoaeuenoai, /oi ?onaeee iaoiaeyony ai aeaaeaiee aeaaiiai
ia/aeueieea ceuo aeooia, eioi?ue aa?eo eo a eioea, /oiau naeaeaoue
eaaeaeoth aa/ii thiith e?anaaeoeath.

Ethaeiia caiyoea ?onaeie – a?aaeeoue ethaeyi eee, caea?uaay, caiaieoue
eo a naie eiaooee. Nouanoaoao oaeay i?eiaoa. Anee a ?onaeueioth iaaeaeth
/aeiaae nai i?aaeaea caiaoeo ?onaeie e neaaeao: “*o? iiy!” – oiaaea
?onaeee aeey iaai aaca?aaeiu, a iaeia ec ieo aeaaea iieaeao ca iei a aai
aeii e aoaeao eniieiyoue ana aeiiaoiea ?aaiou, eae naiay ona?aeiay
?aaioieoea; ieoue e anoue ia aoaeao, a aoaeao ieoaoueny oieueei ia?ii,
auoiaeyuei ec ai?oeia. Oae i?iaeeaao iia aei neaaeothuae ?onaeueiie
iaaeaee, a iioii oaaaeeo a ean.

3.6. Iaa?aae io ?onaeie

Eae e anyeay ia/enoay neea, ?onaeee aiyony e?anoa. Iioiio iie e
iaiaaeatho ia /aeiaaea, o eioi?iai e?ano ia a?oaee, oieueei ncaaee.

?onaeea caieaeaea, eiaaea ieioiee Aaa?eea ia?ae?anoeeny: “Ia e?anoeoueny
au oaaa, /aeiaa/a, aeeoue au oaaa ni iiie ia aanaeee aei eiioea aeiae”.

I/a?/aiiue ia caiea e?oa, iniaaiii inayuaiiue e?anoiui ciaiaieai,
yaeyaony aoi?ui iinea e?anoa iaa?aaii io ?onaeie. *oiau ecaaaeoueny io
ieo, iaaei i/a?oeoue e?oa ieiei naay e cae?anoeoue: iie ia ia?anooiyo
cai?auaiiie /a?ou e ia noaaoyo noiyuaai a e?oao.

*aniie oaeaea neoaeeo iaa?aaii io ?onaeie. Oaeaeaa aa, ioaeii nuanoue
/aniie, oiaaea iia ia o?iiao.

Iiaeiaii oiio eae ?onaeee ia iiaoo ia?aeoe /a?ac i/a?/aiiue ieiei
/aeiaaea e?oa, oae ia iiaoo iie ia?aeoe e /a?ac iaaeo, iiyoiio ethaee
oaaaatho io ?onaeie iiia?ae iaaee.

N?aaee eiuo iaa?aaia io ?onaeie iiaeii iaeoe aeaeaciia eiethuaa i?oaeea,
a eiaiii eaieeo eee aoeaaeo. Anee oeieioue oioy au iaeio ec ieo, oi
aanue neii ?onaeie n aiieai eeaeaaony a aiaeo, aaea aua aeieai
?acaeathony eo aieina.

Ei/a?aa oiaea ioaaao ?onaeie. “*oiau ecaaaeoueny io ?onaeie, iaaei
acyoue ei/a?ao e ia iae iiaeuaoaoue e iei. Iie ?acaaaoony io oiai
/aeiaaea, eioi?ue iiaeuacaeaao e iei ia ei/a?aa, oae eae iie iiaeoiatho,
/oi e iei aaeao aaaeueia, eioi?ie iie aiyony”.

Ii aieueoa anaai ?ani?ino?aiaiu iaa?aae ?anoeoaeueiua, iniaaiii iieuiue.
A /aoaa?a ia O?ieoeeie iaaeaea, eiaaea ?onaeee iaiaaeatho ia ethaeae,
ioaeii neacaoue i?e ano?a/a n ?onaeeaie: iieuiue, e iie ?acaaaoony, oae
eae ia ethayo yoiai ?anoaiey. ?onaeea ia noaiao uaeioaoue aeaaooeo, anee
a aieinu o iaa aieaoaia iieuiue. Anee oaeaeeoue ?onaeeo e ia aii?in “*oi
o oaay a ?oeao?” neaaeaoue “iao?ooea”, oi iia ioaaoeo “ou ae iiy aeooea”
e cauaei/ao aei nia?oe. Anee aea neaaeaoue “iieuiue”, iia ioaaoeo “/o?
oaay, naeiue!” e naia en/aciao. E?aieao aeao/oth e ineio ia/enoay neea
aiiaua ia ethaeo. ?onaeeai no?aoai a?ii, iniaaiii aanaiiee. Iaeioi?ua
?onaeee-aeaoe i/aiue aiyony ia?aiai aanaiiaai a?iia: iinea iaai iie oaea
ia iiaoo oiaeeoue e ethaeyi iiae ieia.

4. Aeaaa 3. Eioa?i?aoaoeey ieoieiae/aneiai ia?aca ?onaeee a neacea O.-E.
Aiaea?naia “?onaei/ea”.

4.1. I?ienoiaeaeaiea e ie? ?onaei/ee (a ieoieiaee e neacea O.-E.
Aiaea?naia)

I?ienoiaeaeaiea ieoieiae/aneie ?onaeee a aa?iiaeneeo, neaayineeo ieoao
naycaii n aa ecia/aeueii /aeiaa/aneie nouiinoueth, o. e. iia ec /aeiaaea
iooai ianeeuenoaaiiie nia?oe i?aa?auaaony a ?onaeeo. AEaiueia oa?yao
/aeiaa/aneoth nouiinoue e noaiiaeony nouanoaii iioonoi?iiiaai ie?a,
aeeaouei iinea nia?oe. AEeciue iinea nia?oe, ii i?aaenoaaeaieyi iaoeo
i?aaeeia, nouanoaiaaea a naiuo ?aciuo aa?eaioao: aaiie?u, i?eaeaeaiey,
aiaeyiua e o. ae. I?aa?aoeaoenue a ?onaeeo, yoi nouanoai inoeo ethaeyi
ca naith aeaaeue. AEeaao, iaeoaao iia i?e yoii a /aeiaa/aneii ie?a.
Iniaie neaci/iie c?aaeu iaeoaiey o ieoieiae/aneie ?onaeee iao. A
i?aaeuaeouae aeaaa (? 2) iu inoaiaaeeaaeenue ia aeaeao ieoieiae/aneeo
?onaeie e ianoao eo iaeoaiey. Iaiiiiei, /oi iie aeeaoo a iieyo, a eano,
ia aea?aaueyo, a aiaea. Iao e a?aieoe iaaeaeo /aeiaa/aneei ie?ii e
?onaei/ueei. ?onaeea eaaei anooiaao a eiioaeo n /aeiaaeii e iaoiaeeony n
iei a neiaeiuo ioiioaieyo.

Aiaea?nai, noe?ay a?aiue iaaeaeo neaceie e ?aaeueiinoueth, inoaaeyy ca
naiae aa?ieiae iaeioi?ua ieoieiae/aneea /a?ou, ?onaei/eo ecia/aeueii
aeaeaao nouanoaii iniaiai ie?a, eiiai, neaci/iiai. ?onaeea Aiaea?naia –
yoi ?onaeea ia ieoa, a neacee, oae eae eiaiii neacea i?aaeiieaaaao
iaee/ea iniaiai ie?a, iniaiai oea?noaa, ioaeaeaiiiai io /aeiaaea iaeie
a?aieoeae. Yoie a?aieoeae a neacea Aiaea?naia noaiiaeony iiaa?oiinoue
aiaeu. Yoa oa a?aiue, eoaea ia ioneatho ?onaei/ae, iioiio /oi iie aeeaoo
a ae?oaii ie?a. Yoio ie? iniaue, ii iaaeaeai iiiaeanoaii eiie?aoiuo /a?o
e aeaoaeae. Ii aeeciue a iai no?ieony ii oeio aeecie e ioiioaiee
/aeiaa/aneiai ie?a. *aeiaa/aneea ioiioaiey, /aeiaa/aneea oa?aeoa?u,
aiieia /aeiaa/aneea caiyoey, /aeiaa/aneia iaono?ienoai aeeeuey e naiuee.
Aio eae ?enoao aaoi? ie? ?onaeie a neacea. “Ia naiii aeia aeeaoo
?onaeee. Ia iiaeoiaeoa, /oi oai, ia aeia, iaeei aaeue ianie; iao, oai
?anooo iaaeaeaiiua aea?aauey e oeaaou n oaeeie aeaeeie noaaeyie e
eenoueyie, /oi iie oaaaeyony, eae aeeaua, i?e iaeaeoai aeaeaeaiee aiaeu.
Iaaeaeo aaoayie oiu?ytho ?uau aieueoea e iaeaiueeea – oi/ue-a-oi/ue eae
o ian ioeoeu. A naiii aeoaieii ianoa noieo ei?aeeiaue aeai?aoe ii?neiai
oea?y…”

Oaea oieueei ii yoiio iienaieth ?onaei/ueaai ie?a iu aeaeei, /oi eo ie?
i/aiue iaiiieiaao /aeiaa/aneee: noieo aeii-aeai?aoe, ?anooo aea?aauey,
ieaaatho ?uau.

O ?onaei/ee anoue naiuey, ii iaoa?e o iaa iao. “Ii?neie oea?ue
aeaaiui-aeaaii iaaeiaae, e oicyenoaii o iaai cai?aaeyea noa?ooa iaoue,
aeaiueia oiiay, ii i/aiue ai?aeay naiei ?iaeii: iia iineea ia oainoa
oeaeoth aethaeeio ono?eoe, oiaaea eae aaeueiiaee eiaee i?aai iineoue
anaai-iaanaai oanoue. Aiiaua aea iia auea iniaa, aeinoieiay any/aneeo
iioaae, iniaaiii iioiio, /oi i/aiue ethaeea naieo aio/ae…” Anee
oa?aoue ec oeeoaou “ono?eoe ia oainoa” e ii?aaeaeaiea oea?y “ii?neie”,
iu oaeaeei i?eciaee /aeiaa/aneiai ie?a, iaueiiaaiioth /aeiaa/aneoth
naiueth, aaea aeiiii cai?aaeyao aaaooea, caaioynue e i nuia, e i aeiia,
e i iaeaiueeeo aio/eao, ?anneacuaay ei neacee e enoi?ee. Iu ciaai
iiiaeanoai ethaeae, eioi?ua ai?aeyony naiae ?iaeiaeoinoueth eee
eaeeie-oi caneoaaie, iaa?aaeaie. Aio e noa?ooa-?onaeea “iineo ia oainoa
oeaeoth aethaeeio ono?eoe”. I?eiiiiea, /ai caieiathony aeaoe a iaoae
aeecie, iu oaeaea iiaeai caiaoeoue noiaenoai a iiaaaeaiee e caiyoeyo
iaeaiueeeo ?onaei/ae e aeaoae. “Aeaiue-aeaiueneie ea?aee i?eioeannu a
ia?iiiuo aeai?oeiauo caeao, aaea ii noaiai ?inee aeeaua oeaaou. A
ioe?uoua yioa?iua ieia aieuaaee ?uaee, eae o ian, auaaao, aeaoatho
eanoi/ee; ?uaee iiaeieuaaee e iaeaiueeei i?eioeannai, aee ec eo ?oe e
iicaieyee naay aeaaeeoue.” Yoeo ?uaie iiaeii n?aaieoue n aeiiaoieie
aeeaioiuie, eioi?uo ei?iyo aeaoe e ea?atho n ieie.

“Aicea aeai?oea aue aieueoie naae… O eaaeaeie i?eioeannu aue a naaeo
naie oaieie; ooo iie iiaee eiiaoue e naaeaoue, /oi oioaee. Iaeia
naeaeaea naaa oeaaoi/ioth a?yaeeo a aeaea eeoa, ae?oaie caoioaeinue,
/oiau aa a?yaeea auea iioiaea ia ?onaei/eo, a naiay ieaaeoay naeaeaea
naaa a?yaeeo e?oaeoth, eae nieioea, e canaaeeea aa y?ei-e?aniuie
oeaaoaie.” ?onaei/ee – yoi aeaoe, iaono?aeaathuea naie iaeaiueeee
oaieie, caaioyueany i oaeii aea iaeaiueeii nouanoaa, eae iie naie.

Aieueoa anaai ia naaoa, eae ecaanoii, aeaoe ethayo neooaoue neacee,
eioi?ua ?anneacuaaao ei eiaiii aaaooea, ciathuay aeeciue, enoi?ee i
/ai-oi aua iaecaaaeaiiii aeaoueie, ii i/aiue aeaeaiiii. Aiaea?naiianeea
?onaei/ee ia eeoaiu e yoie ?aaeinoe. “Aieueoa anaai ethaeea ?onaei/ea
neooaoue ?anneacu i ethaeyo, aeeaoueo iaaa?oo, ia caiea. Noa?ooa aaaooea
i?eoeinue ?anneacaoue ae ana, /oi iia ciaea i ei?aaeyo e ai?iaeao, i
ethaeyo e i aeeaioiuo. Iniaaiii caieiaei e oaeeaeyei ?onaei/eo oi, /oi
oeaaou ia caiea iaoioo, – ia oi /oi ooo, a ii?a! – /oi eana oai caeaiua,
a ?uau, eioi?ua aeeaoo a aaoayo, caiiei iitho. Aaaooea iacuaaea ?uaeaie
ioe/ae, eia/a aio/ee ia iiiyee au aa: iie aaaeue n?iaeo ia aeaeuaaee
ioeoe.”

Ana , /oi i?ienoiaeeo a ?onaei/ueai ie?a a neacea Aiaea?naia,
ieacuaaaony naycaiiui n /aeiaaeii, n aai aeeciueth, n o?aaeeoeeyie e
i?acaeieeaie, iai?eia?, i?acaeiee niaa?oaiiieaoey, eiaaea /aeiaae oaea
n/eoaaony ac?ineui, iieo/aao, n iaeiie noi?iiu, aieueoa iaycaiiinoae, a
n ae?oaie – aieueoa i?aa.

“Eiaaea aai eniieieony iyoiaaeoeaoue eao, – aiai?eea aaaooea, – aai
oiaea ?ac?aoao anieuaaoue ia iiaa?oiinoue ii?y, neaeaoue i?e naaoa
ianyoea ia neaeao e niio?aoue ia ieuaouea ieii ia?iiiua ei?aaee, ia eana
e ai?iaea!” Aeey ieoieiae/aneiai nouanoaa, iaeoathuaai a iaeie eiie
n?aaea e iiyaeythuaainy ia?aae /aeiaaeii anoue, ii i?aaenoaaeaieyi
ethaeae, ii?aaeaeaiiua aeie e n?iee. Iai?eia?, ?onaei/uey iaaeaey – yoi
a?aiy, eiaaea ?onaeee iaeaieaa aeoeaiu, iie eae au iieo/atho i?aai
auoiaeeoue e /aeiaaeo; yoi a?aiy, eiaaea o ?onaeie anoue oain ia?anoe
aannia?oioth aeooo (aania).

Yoo eaeath oiai, /oi o ?onaeie anoue naia a?aiy auoiaea ec naiaai
caieiooiai ie?a, Aiaea?nai oiaea eniieuecoao a neacea. Ii e i?acaeieee
?onaeie Aiaea?nai i?eaeeaeaao e /aeiaa/ueei.

I?acaeiee niaa?oaiiieaoey – yoi i?aai aeey /aeiaaea ia?aeoe ?oaaae,
i?aai oaeaeaoue ae?oaie, ac?ineue ie?. E eaaeaeay ?onaei/ea o Aiaea?naia
aeaeeo a yoii ie?a /oi-oi naia. Yoio i?eai eniieuecoaony aeey oiai,
/oiau iieacaoue oaeeaeoaeueiinoue, i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoue,
i?eoyaaoaeueiinoue, i/a?iaaiea iaueiiaaiiiai /aeiaa/aneiai ie?a. Iu
aeaeei, /oi aiaoia Aiaea?nai ioaeaeyao iiaeaiaeiue ie? aiaeiie a?aieoeae
io /aeiaa/aneiai, ii a oiaea a?aiy nai yoio neaci/iue ie? i?aaiecoao e
iieacuaaao eiaiii eae /aeiaa/aneee.

I?ienoiaeaeaiea ?onaei/ee a neacea Aiaea?naia inoaaony ieoieiae/anee
caaaaei/iui. Anee a ieoieiaee ?onaei/ee ie? – yoi ie? oia?oeo
iaanoanoaaiiie nia?oueth, oi a neacea Aiaea?naia ie? ?onaeie nouanoaoao
nai ii naaa, ioeoaea ii iiyaeeny – ia iiiyoii, ii ynii, /oi n iiyaeaieai
/aeiaaea yoio ie? ieeae ia naycai. ?onaeee aeeaoo ecaeaaia ia aeia,
nouanoaotho naie ii naaa, i?e/ai ei aeaaea ioia/ai n?ie aeecie – o?enoa
eao. Yoio n?ie aieueoie, ii ii ii?aaeaeai, cia/eo, ?onaeee ia
aannia?oiu.

?onaeee – nouanoaa ae?oaie noeoee n iaueiiaaiiuie aiciiaeiinoyie aeey
nouanoa eiaiii yoie noeoee: aiciiaeiinoae i?aa?auaiey, aeaeieciaiaiey o
ieo iao. Iie iiaoo auoue oieueei ?onaeeaie. Anee iie ioeacuaathony io
naiae nouiinoe, oi aeieaeii i?iecieoe /oaei e eieaeianoai, eioi?ia ia
iie naie niaa?oatho.

Oaeei ia?acii, nicaeaaay neaci/iue iiaeaiaeiue ie? ?onaeie, Aiaea?nai
ioeacuaaaony io ieoieiae/aneiai iauyniaiey nouanoaiaaiey yoiai ie?a, a
iieueco neacee – ii anoue iioiio, /oi aue anaaaea. E nai yoio ie? aeeaao
ii caeiiai /aeiaa/aneie aeecie, /aeiaa/aneeo ioiioaiee. Ie? neaci/iue,
iiaeaiaeiue, ia/aeiaa/aneee, ii aiciiaeiinoe, eioi?uie iaeaaeatho aai
aa?ie, iau/iua, ia neaci/iua. *oaeana e ia caiea, e iiae aiaeie – oaeae
aaaeuei e eieaeoiia, a ia ?yaeiauo iaeoaoaeae.

Eioa?anii, /oi o yoiai neaci/iiai iiaeaiaeiiai ie?a anoue ia oieueei
naie aaaeueiu, ii e naiy ieoieiaey. Anee, eae iu ciaai, o ethaeae anoue
ieo i ?onaeeao, oi o ?onaeie, a naith i/a?aaeue, anoue ieo i ethaeyo. .
“Noa?ooa aaaooea i?eoeinue ?anneacaoue ae ana, /oi iia ciaea i ei?aaeyo
e ai?iaeao i ethaeyo, e i aeeaioiuo. Iniaaiii caieiaei e oaeeaeyei
?onaei/eo oi, /oi oeaaou ia caiea iaoioo, – ia oi /oi ooo, a ii?a! – /oi
eana oai caeaiua, a ?uau, eioi?ua aeeaoo a aaoayo, caiiei iitho. Aaaooea
iacuaaea ?uaeaie ioe/ae, eia/a aio/ea ia iiiyea au aa: iie aaaeue n?iaeo
ia aeaeuaaee ioeoe.” O ?onaeie nouanoaoao eoeueo ieoieiae/aneiai
nouanoaa – /aeiaaea. A naaeeea iaeiie ec i?eioeann noieo noaooy
i?aii?iiai iaeue/eea, ?onaei/ee naaeatho oeaaou e ia/oatho i
/aeiaa/aneeo ?aaeinoyo. AEeciue ia caiea aeey ieo i?ae?ania.

4.2. Acaeiiioiioaiey n ethaeueie

A ieoao, i?aaeaieyo, eaaaiaeao ioiioaiey ?onaeie n ethaeueie
neeaaeuaathony ii iaeiie noaia: ?onaeea, inoy /aeiaaeo ca naith aeaaeue,
no?aieony aa?iooue oi i?aai, eioi?ia anoue o /aeiaaea – i?aai ia
aannia?oioth aeooo. Iiyoiio caaea/a ieoieiae/aneie ?onaeee – canoaaeoue
/aeiaaea iiethaeoue naay, anooieoue n iae a ethaiaiua ioiioaiey, aaaeue
oieueei oaeei niiniaii iia iiaeao aa?iooue naaa aannia?oioth aeooo.
Ethaiaue /aeiaaea e ?onaeea eae au eiiiaine?oao oi cei, eioi?ia /aeiaae
ae eiaaea-oi iaian. I?aai ia ianoue, i?aai ia aeaaeue /aeiaaea ?onaeea
iieo/eea ecia/aeueii. Iia a?aaeaeaaia /aeiaaeo, eioi?ue caauaaao, /oi
yoo a?aaeaeo ii nicaeae nai.

I?aaenoaaeaiey o ethaeae i ?onaeeao a neacea Aiaea?naia nouanoaotho. “A
iaeaiueeie aoooa iia (?onaei/ea) oaeaeaea oeaeoth oieio aieaiueeeo
?aayoeoae, eioi?ua ieaneaeenue a aiaea; iia oioaea iiea?aoue n ieie, ii
iie enioaaeenue e oaaaeaee, a aianoi ieo iiyaeeny eaeie-oi /a?iue
caa?ae, e oae no?aoii i?eiyeny ia iaa oyaeaoue, /oi ?onaei/ea
ia?aioaaeanue e oieuea iacaae a ii?a”. Aeaoe ia neo/aeii enioaaeenue
?onaeee – aeaeeii iie ciatho, /oi ca nouanoai iiyaeeinue ia?aae ieie e
ii/aio aai iaaei aiyoueny. Ie? ethaeae a neacea Aiaea?naia iu aeaeei
aeacaie ae?oaiai ie?a, aeacaie ?onaeee. ?onaeeo i?eaeaeaao yoio ie?, ii
ii ae ia iiiyoai e no?aoai; ethaee oiaea aiyony ?onaeeo, eae e a
ieoieiaee, aaea nouanoaotho aeaaea iaa?aae io iaa e anaaiciiaeiua
n?aaenoaa nianaiey.

Eae ethaee ia caauaatho i aiciiaeiii iiyaeaiee ?onaeie, iinoiyiii
inoa?aaaynue eo, oae e ?onaei/ea Aiaea?naia aeoiaao i ethaeyo, ii ia
aiynue, a ainoeuaynue eo ie?ii. “E aio i?eioeanna aniiieiaea yoe /oaeiua
eana, caeaiua oieiu e i?aeanoiuo aeaoae, eioi?ua oiatho ieaaaoue, oioy o
ieo e iao ?uaueaai oainoa.”

Iiniio?ei ia noeaio ei?aaeae?ooaiey, aaea ?onaeea iaiiieiaao ne?aio,
iioiio /oi iia neaeeo ia neaea e iiao. Ae yoa noeoey ia no?aoia, ii
ethaeueie iia naia aini?eieiaaony eae ciae nia?oe, a iiaeao e eae
i?e/eia aa. Aaaeue ne?aia a a?a/aneie ieoieiaee – aeaiiie/aneia
nouanoai, “?iaeaeaiiay ?aeie Aoaeeiai e iaeiie ec ioc, yoi iieoioeoeu –
iieoaeaiueiu, oianeaaeiaaaoea io iooea aeeeoth noeoeeiinoue, a io iaoa?e
aiaeanoaaiiue aiein. Iie iaeoatho ia neaeao ino?iaa, onayiiuo einoyie n
auniooae eiaeae eo aea?oa, eioi?uo caiaieaatho iaieai.” Iiyoiio
ioaieinee ieoieiaee a neaceao Aiaea?naia anoue. “Iia onaeanue ia naioth
aieueooth neaeo, aaoa? ?acaaaae aa aeeeiiua aieinu, a ii?yee enioaaiii
iaoiaeeee ai?o iiaeaeueoa… Ia ei?aaeyo oae?aee ia?ona, ethaee
iaoaeenue a no?aoa e oaeana, a iia niieieii ieuea ia eaaeyiie ai?a e
niio?aea, eae iaiaiiua ceacaae iieiee, i?i?acaa iaai, iaaeaee a ii?a.”
I?ioeaiiinoaaeaiiinoue ?onaeie, ne?ai e /aeiaaea iuouaaony, iu aeaeei
enioaaiiia ioiioaiea ethaeae ii ioiioaieth e ne?aiai, ianouei, ii eo
iiaieth, nia?oue ia ii?a. Ne?aiu – aanoieee nia?oe. “?onaei/ee aeaeaee,
/oi ei?aaeue ia?a/ai ia aeaaeue, iie iiaeieuaaee e iaio e iaaeiuie
aieinaie iaee i /oaeanao iiaeaiaeiiai oea?noaa e oaiaa?eaaee ii?yeia ia
aiyoueny iionoeoueny ia aeii.” Aiaea?nai, inoaaeyy yoo eaeath, ana aea
ia?aniao?eaaao aa. Yoi /aeiaae oae aini?eieiaao ieoieiae/aneee ie?, yoi
/aeiaae aeoiaao, /oi ne?aiu – i?e/eia aai aeaaee, ii ia naiii aeaea ana
ia oae. Anee iu aiiaue ia?aoeiny e ieoieiaee, oi oaeaeei, /oi iniiaiay
oeaeue ?onaeie, aea e ae?oaeo ieoieiae/aneeo nouanoa, – iiaoaeoue
/aeiaaea eee oioy au iaa?aaeeoue aio. ?onaeee ii?oyo o?iaeae, e?aaeoo
iaeaaeaeo, caoaneeaatho a aiaeo iieiaeuo aeaaooae e caaeaeatho ioae/ei.
A neacea Aiaea?naia ?onaeee – ie?iethaeaua nouanoaa, eioi?ua ia oieueei
ia i?e/eiytho ethaeyi cea, ii e nianatho eo. E ethaeneiio ie?o ?onaeee
eniuouaatho oaaaeaiea: aaaooea iacuaaao ie? ethaeae “aunoei naaoii”.
Ii?neay aaaeueia iiiiaaao ?onaei/ea aieoe a yoio ie?.

Ii, aoiaey a ie? /aeiaaea, aiaea?naiianeay ?onaei/ea oa?yao aiaoiinoue
?onaeee, ioeacuaaaony io oiai, /oi aa aeaeaao ?onaeeie. Iia oaeoe/anee
ia?anoaao auoue ?onaeeie. Iieo/eony oae, /oi /aeiaaeii, eae iia ia/oaea,
?onaei/ea ia noaiao, a ia?aoii ?onaeeie noaoue ia niiaeao. Eaeay
iianiinoe, eioi?oth i?eiinyo ?onaeee, a neacea inoaaony. Aiaea?nai
o?aeooao yoo eaeath aua e ynoaoe/anee. Aeey /aeiaaea oaino ?onaei/ee,
eae iauyniyao ae aaaeueia, o?iaeeea. E /oiau ?onaei/eo i?eiyee a ie?a
caiiii, ae iaaei eiaoue /aeiaa/aneee ia?ac, /aeiaa/aneee aeae, oi anoue
auoue /aeiaaeii.

Ieoieiae/aneoth ?onaeeo iiaeii ano?aoeoue e a aiaea, e a iieyo, e a
eanao, e ia aea?aaueyo e aeaaea oaeaeaoue ec ieia naiaai aeiia. Iiyoiio
iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi ieoieiae/aneay ?onaeea, a ioee/ea io
aiaea?naiianeie, iiaeao eiaoue /aeiaa/aneea iiae (ia?aaaaaao iiey,
i?y/aony a noiaao naia).

“O eoeiii?uey aeoa caeaiue;

Ceaoay oeaiue ia aeoaa oii;

E aeiai e ii/ueth eio o/aiue

Ana oiaeeo ii oeaie e?oaii;

Eaeao iai?aai – ianiue caaiaeeo,

Iaeaai – neaceo aiai?eo.

Oai /oaeana: oai eaoee a?iaeeo,

?onaeea ia aaoayo neaeeo…”

I?ineaaeea ca iiaaaeaieai e ianoiiaoiaeaeaieai ieoieiae/aneie e
aiaea?naiianeie ?onaeie, iiaeii neacaoue, /oi ioiioaiey n ethaeueie
ieoieiae/aneie ?onaeee a ei?ia ioee/athony io ioiioaiee n ethaeueie
?onaei/ee Aiaea?naia.

Oa?aa oaio cea, i?e/eiaiiiai /aeiaaeii ?onaeea a oi a?aiy, eiaaea iia
aua auea iau/iie aeaiueiie, Aiaea?nai a neacea ia i?ioeaiiinoaaeyao, a
niiinoaaeyao e niaaeeiyao aeaa ie?a – /aeiaa/aneee e neaci/iue, aeaoo
nouanoa – ieoieiae/aneia e /aeiaa/aneia. E niaaeeiyao eo ia a?aaeaea e
ianoue, a ethaiaue.

4.3. ?onaei/ea e i?eioe

Ethaiaue ?onaei/ee e i?eioeo – aeaaiay, oeaio?aeueiay oaia neacee. Yoi
oaia ia iau/iie /aeiaa/aneie ethaae, a ethaae ?iiaioe/aneie, ia?a/aiiie,
ethaae – naiiiiaea?oaiaaiey, ethaae, eioi?ay ia naeaeaea aa?ieith neacee
n/anoeeaie, ii eioi?ay aanneaaeii aeey iaa ia i?iiaea, iioiio /oi ia
naeaeaea aa e ieii/aoaeueii ian/anoiie. A ieoieiaee ?onaeea, iioa?ya
naith aannia?oioth aeooo a ?acoeueoaoa cea, niaa?oaiiiai iaae iath, eae
iaae /aeiaaeii, iiaeao yoo aeooo ia?anoe, anee canoaaeo /aeiaaea
iiethaeoue naay. Ethaiaue ?onaeee e /aeiaaea ia iaycaoaeueii aeieaeia
auoue acaeiiie. ?onaeea iiaeao ia ioaa/aoue /aeiaaeo e iiaoaeoue aai,
aethaea a naay. Ii ethaiaue /aeiaaea e iae – yoi aeaaiay nooiaiueea e
ia?aoaieth ?onaeeie aannia?oiie aeooe. Iiyoiio iia aeieaeia
ni?iaioee?iaaoue /aeiaaea, aucaaoue a iai yoo ethaiaue ethauie iooyie e
n?aaenoaaie.

O Aiaea?naia yoa oaia e nio?aiyaony, e ia?ainiuneeaaaony. ?onaei/ea
oi/ao aeiaeoueny ethaae /aeiaaea, oi/ao ia?anoe aannia?oioth aeooo. “A
ii/aio o ian iao aannia?oiie aeooe? – a?onoii ni?ineea ?onaei/ea, – y au
ioaeaea ana naie nioie eao ca iaeei aeaiue /aeiaa/aneie aeecie, /oiau
iioii oiaea iiaeiyoueny ia iaai… Eae y ethaeth aai! Aieueoa, /ai iooea
e iaoue! ss i?eiaaeeaaeo aio anai na?aeoeai, anaie naieie iiiuneaie, aio
y au ioioii a?o/eea n/anouea anae iiae aeecie! Ia ana au iioea y –
oieueei au iia auoue n iei e ia?anoe aannia?oioth aeooo!.. ”Aannia?oiay
aeooa ?onaei/ea iaiaoiaeeia, iioiio /oi ae aeaii anaai o?enoa eao, yoi
aieueoay aeeciue, ii yoi aaeeinoaaiiay aiciiaeiinoue nouanoaiaaiey, a
aannia?oiay aeooa aeaao aiciiaeiinoue aeeoue aa/ii.

A neaceo Aiaea?naia aoiaeyo iioeau o?enoeainoaa. Ae?aaia-ycu/aneoth
ieoieiaeth Aiaea?nai ia?ainiuneeaaao n oi/ee c?aiey ieoieiaee
o?enoeaineie: i?aaenoaaeaiee i aeooa, i caa?iaiii ie?a, i aeecie iinea
nia?oe.

Ia niaaeeiaiee aeaoo iioeaia e ?iaeaeaaony enoi?ey ?onaei/ee e i?eioea.
?onaei/ea nianaao i?eioea, iia niaa?oaao aeia?i aeey /aeiaaea, eioi?ue
iiaeaaao a aieiao. *anoi, enoaoe, ii ieoieiae/aneei i?aaenoaaeaieyi
?onaeeaie noaiiaeeenue aeaiueiu, iiaeaoea a aiaea. *aeiaae ia iiaeao
aeeoue a noeoee, ia naienoaaiiie aeey aai iaeoaiey. N iaeiie noi?iiu,
?onaei/ea nianaao i?eioea, a n ae?oaie – iia au oioaea, /oia ii ieacaeny
ai aeai?oea aa iooea. “Nia/aea ?onaei/ea i/aiue ia?aaeiaaeanue oiio, /oi
ii iiiaaeao oaia?ue e iei ia aeii, ii iioii aniiiieea, /oi ethaee ia
iiaoo aeeoue a aiaea e /oi ii iiaeao i?eieuoue ai aeai?aoe aa iooea
oieueei ia?oaui. Iao, iao, ii ia aeieaeai oia?aoue!.. Ii oia? au, ia
yaenue e iaio ia iiiiuue ?onaei/ea… Ae iieacaeinue, /oi i?eioe iioiae
ia i?aii?iiai iaeue/eea, /oi noieo o iaa a naaeo; iia iioeaeiaaea aai e
iiaeaeaea, /oiau ii inoaeny aeea.”

Ca nianaiea i?eioea ?onaei/ea, eiia/ii, ai?aaa iaeeaeaoue
aeaaiaea?iinoe, ii aeaei a oii, /oi i?eioe aa ia aeaeeo. Ii aeaeeo
aeaaooeo, noiyuoth iaae iei ia aa?aao, e aeoiaao, /oi yoi iia nianea aio
aeeciue. I?eioeo iii?aaeeanue yoa aeaaooea, ii iia ieacuaaaony
iaaeinyaaaiie aeey iaai, oae eae a oi a?aiy auea a iiianou?a.

Anee caaea/a ieoieiae/aneie ?onaeee ninoieo a oii, /oia canoaaeoue
/aeiaaea iiethaeoue naay, oi ?onaei/ea ia iiaeao ieeiai canoaaeoue; aa
aeaeaiea – auoue ?yaeii n i?eioeai, noaoue aai aeaiie. ?onaei/ea oi/ao
iii?aaeoueny i?eioeo, iia ethaeo aai e aioiaa iiaea?oaiaaoue ?aaee eo
n/anouey anai. ?aaee naiae ethaae iia ioeacuaaaony io ?iaeiiai aeiia, io
naiaai i?ae?aniiai aieina, iia ioeacuaaaony io naiae nouiinoe, io naay
naiie. ?onaei/ea iieiinoueth ioaeaao naay ai aeanoue noaeueau ai eiy
naiae ethaae.

Ii i?eioe aeaeeo a iae “ieeia, aeia?ia aeeoy, naeaeaoue aea aa naiae
aeaiie e ei?ieaaie aio e a aieiao ia i?eoiaeeei, a iaaeaeo oai ae iaaei
auei noaoue aai aeaiie, eia/a iia ia iiaea aaaeue ia?anoe aannia?oiie
aeooe e aeieaeia auea a neo/aa aai aeaieoueau ia ae?oaie, i?aa?aoeoueny
a ii?neoth iaio”.

Ia/oa ?onaei/ee – ia/oa i n/anouea, ia/oa iau/iay, /aeiaa/aneay, ae
oi/aony ethaae, oaiea, eanee. “E ii eeae naith aieiao ia aa a?oaeue,
aaea aeeinue na?aeoea, aeaaeaeaaoaa /aeiaa/aneiai n/anouey e aannia?oiie
aeooe”. Ethaiaue aeey ?onaei/ee – yoi iinoiyiiia i?aiaeieaiea oece/aneeo
e i?aanoaaiiuo ioe. Oece/aneeo – iioiio /oi “eaaeaeue oaa i?e/eiye ae
oaeoth aieue, aoaeoi iia nooiaea ii ino?ui iiaeai”, i?aanoaaiiuo –
iioiio /oi iia aeaeeo, /oi i?eioe iaoiaeeo naith ethaiaue; ii yoi ia
iaeanoi/aao aa. Ethaiaue ia aeieaeia caoiaaaoue /aeiaaeo enoeiiia
aeaeaiea aauae e ie?a. “?onaei/ea aeaaeii niio?aea ia iaa e ia iiaea ia
i?eciaoue, /oi eeoea ieeaa e i?ae?aniaa iia aua ia aeaeaea.” ?onaei/ea
iioa?yea aiein, ii i?eia?aea ino?ioo c?aiey e aini?eyoey ie?a, aaaeue
ethayuaa na?aeoea aeaeeo ino?aa. Iia ciaea, /oi i?eioe n/anoeea ni naiae
“e?aniathuae iaaanoie”, iia iioeaeiaaea aio ?oeo e ae iieacaeinue, “/oi
na?aeoea aa aio-aio ?aci?aaony io aiee: aai naaaeueaa aeieaeia oaeoue
aa, i?aa?aoeoue a ii?neoth iaio!”

Ii Aiaea?nai aeaao ?onaei/ea oain aa?iooueny ia?aoii a naith naiueth, ai
aeai?aoe ii?neiai oea?y, e i?iaeeoue o?enoa eao. ?onaei/ea iiieiaao, /oi
ana aa aea?oau auee iai?aniu, iia oa?yao ana, e aeeciue a oii /enea.

Ethaiaue – yoi aea?oaa, e yoa oaia i?ioiaeeo o Aiaea?naia /a?ac anth
neaceo. ?onaei/ea aea?oaoao naiae aeeciueth ?aaee n/anouey i?eioea, aa
nano?u aea?oaotho naie i?ae?aniua aeeeiiua aieinu ii?neie aaaeueia,
/oiau nianoe ?onaei/eo. “Iu ioaeaee iaoe aieinu aaaeueia, /oiau iia
iiiiaea iai ecaaaeoue oaay io nia?oe! A iia aeaea iai aio yoio iiae –
aeaeeoue, eaeie ii ino?ue? I?aaeaea /ai caeaeao nieioea, ou aeieaeia
aiiceoue aai a na?aeoea i?eioea, e eiaaea oaieay e?iaue aai a?uciao oaaa
ia iiae, iie iiyoue n?anooony a ?uaee oaino e ou iiyoue noaiaoue
?onaeeie, nionoeoueny e iai a ii?a e i?iaeeaaoue naie o?enoa eao. Ii
niaoe! Eee ii, eee ou – iaeei ec aan aeieaeai oia?aoue aei ainoiaea
nieioea!” Caeanue Aiaea?nai aica?auaao ian aiiaue e ieoieiae/aneie oaia.
?onaeea aeieaeia iiaoaeoue /aeiaaea, i?eianoe aai a aea?oao. Oaia
i?ieeoie e?iae iaiiieiaao i ycu/aneeo ia?yaeao e aea?oaii?eiioaieyo, ii
a neaceao Aiaea?naia ycu/anoai i?aiaeieaaaaony o?enoeainoaii, aai
eaeayie e i?aanoaaiiuie oeaiiinoyie.

Aeey Aiaea?naia ethaiaue niaa?oaao n /aeiaaeii iaia?aoeiua ia?aiaiu.
Ethaiaue niaa?oaao anaaaea aeia?i, iia ia iiaeao auoue ceie. E iiyoiio
?onaei/ea, aea?aea iiae a ?oea, ana-oaee aea?oaoao naiae aeeciueth, a ia
/oaeie, auae?aao naith nia?oue, aea?y i?eioeo aeeciue e n/anouea.
“?onaei/ea i?eiiaeiyea io?io?iaoth caiaaanue oao?a e oaeaeaea, /oi
aieiaea i?aeanoiie iiaia?a/iie iieieony ia a?oaee i?eioea.”

Ia?aia, /oi aeaeeo ?onaei/ea, yoi n/anouea e ethaiaue i?eioea. Eacaeinue
au, /oi yoa ea?oeia aeieaeia aucaaoue a iae ?aaiinoue, a ?aaiinoue
iai?aaeneacoaia, ?aaiinoue – neea cea. “?onaei/ea iaeeiieeanue e
iioeaeiaaea aai a i?ae?aniue eia, iiniio?aea ia iaai, aaea ?acai?aeanue
oo?aiiyy ca?y, iioii iiniio?aea ia ino?ue iiae e iiyoue ono?aieea aci?
ia i?eioea, eioi?ue ai nia i?iecian eiy naiae aeaiu. Iia iaeia auea o
iaai a iuneyo!” Ie? ethaeae aeey ?onaei/ee i?ae?anai. Ii oae iaiee aa
iiae aiaeie, oae i/a?iaaeny a aeaiue niaa?oaiiieaoey; ae aeaeei yoiai
ie?a, no?aoii aai oa?youe, ii iia aeaeeo i?eioea, eioi?ue i?ieciineo a
yoi a?aiy eiy aeaiu. “Iiae ae?iaioe a ?oeao ?onaei/ee.” Ethaiaue ia
iiaeao oaeoue ae?oaoth ethaiaue – oaeiaa iuneue Aiaea?naia. “Aua ieiooa
– e iia (?onaei/ea) a?ineea aai (iiae) a aiei, eioi?ua iie?aniaee, oi/ii
ie?aneeenue e?iaueth, a oii ianoa, aaea ii oiae. Aua ?ac iiniio?aea iia
ia i?eioea iieooaanoei aci?ii, a?ineeanue n ei?aaey a ii?a e
ii/oanoaiaaea, eae oaei aa ?anieuaaaony iaiie.” ?onaei/ea ioeacaeanue io
naay oeaeeeii, ii o iaa auea aua iaeia ia/oa – ia?anoe /aeiaa/aneoth
aeooo. Yoa ia/oa e inouanoaeeanue, e iao. Naia ii naaa ethaiaue oaea
aeaao /aeiaaeo aeooo. Ia neo/aeii ?onaei/ea ia i?aa?auaaony a ii?neoth
iaio, ethaiaue aeaea ae aiciiaeiinoue ia?aeoe a eiia ninoiyiea, iia
noaiiaeony iaeiie ec aei/a?ae aicaeooa.

O ?onaei/ee niiaa iiyaeyaony oain ia?anoe oi, io /aai iia niciaoaeueii
io?aeeanue. Aa ethaiaue e aeia?ua aeaea aeatho ae i?aai ia?anoe
aannia?oioth aeooo. “I?ieaeao o?enoa eao, ai a?aiy eioi?uo iu, aei/a?e
aicaeooa, aoaeai iineeueii oai?eoue aeia?i, e iu iieo/ei a iaa?aaeo
aannia?oioth aeooo… Ou, aaaeiay ?onaei/ea, anai na?aeoeai no?aieeanue
e oiio aea, /oi e iu, ou ethaeea e no?aaeaea, iiaeieienue aea aianoa n
iai a caiaea/iue ie?. Oaia?ue ou naia iiaeaoue aeia?uie aeaeaie
caneoaeeoue naaa aannia?oioth aeooo e ia?anoe aa /a?ac o?enoa eao!” E
yoie oaiie Aiaea?nai caeai/eaaao neaceo.

5. Aeaaa 4. I?aeoe/aneay /anoue. ?ac?aaioee o?ieia aeey 5 eeanna
n?aaeiae oeieu

5.1. O?ie 1

Oaia o?iea. Ethaiaue e aeia?ioa a neacea Aiaea?naia “?onaei/ea”

Oeaeue o?iea. Iiciaeiieoue o/aueony n aeaoneei ienaoaeai O.-E.
Aiaea?naiii e aai neaceie «?onaei/ea»

Caaea/e o?iea.

Aeaoue iauaa i?aaenoaaeaiea ia Aiaea?naia eae neaci/ieea.

Nicaeaoue iniaoth yiioeeiiaeueioth aoiinoa?o i?e eco/aiee i?iecaaaeaiey.

Oi?ie?iaaoue oiaiey ?aaiou n oaenoii ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai i?iecaaaeaiey.

I?iaeieaeaoue ainieouaaoue i?aanoaaiiua ea/anoaa o/aueony.

Iai?oaeiaaiea:

Neacea O.-E. Aiaea?naia «?onaei/ea»

Nai?ieee neacie Aiaea?naia.

Ii?o?ao Aiaea?naia

Oioia?aoey noaooe ?onaeee a Eiiaiaaaaia

Iocueaeueiia nii?iaiaeaeaiea

Aeaoneea ?enoiee.

Aei o?iea aeaoyi aeaaony aeiiaoiaa caaeaiea:

I?i/eoaoue neaceo Aiaea?naia «?onaei/ea».

I?ieeethno?e?iaaoue iaeaieaa iii?aaeaoeeny yieciae.

Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua caaeaiey: ninoaaeoue ?anneac

«Ai aeai?oea o ?onaei/ee»

«Ia?aue ?ac ia iiaa?oiinoe ii?y»

«Ao?y»

«Ia/oa i caiiii ie?a»

«Aeiaiai? n aaaeueiie»

«?onaei/ea e i?eioe»

Oiae o?iea

O/eoaeue: – ?aayoa, naaiaeiy ia iaoai o?iea iu iiaiai?ei i aaeeeii
aeaoneii ienaoaea Oaina-E?enoeaia Aiaea?naia e aai neacea “?onaei/ea”

Ana iu /eoaee enoi?eth iaeaiueeie Aetheiiai/ee, aaaeeiai ooaiea,
niayeenue iaae aieui ei?ieai, ai?aei aunooiathuei ii oeeoeai a naiai
ianouanoaothuai ia?yaea.

Ii ia ana ciatho enoi?eth aaoi?a yoeo i?iecaaaeaiee, eioi?oth ii nai
iacuaae “Neacea iiae aeecie”.

Ia naaa?a Aa?iiu anoue iaeaiueeay neaiaeeiaaneay no?aia – Aeaiey, a a
Aeaiee – ai?iaeie Iaeain, eiaiii a iai e ?iaeeeny caia/aoaeueiue
ienaoaeue, neaci/iee Oain-E?enoeai Aiaea?nai. A ai?iaea Iaeaina i/aiue
iiiaia iaiiieiaao i aaeeeii neaci/ieea: a Naaeo O.-E. Aiaea?naia, eee a
Naaeo neacee, noieo iaiyoiee ienaoaeth e neoeueioo?a “Aeeeea eaaaaee”,
nicaeaiiay ii iioeaai aai iaeiieiaiiiai i?iecaaaeaiey; iaiiaeaeaeo
iaoiaeeony oeiea aeey aaaeiuo, eoaea oiaeee Aiaea?nai. Anoue a ai?iaea
Iaeaina e Aeii-iocae Aiaea?naia. Ea?oeiu, aenyuea oai, caia/aoeaee
ioaeaeueiua yieciaeu aeecie Aiaea?naia. Iianthaeo ?annoaaeaia iaaaeue ec
aai eaa?oe?u. Eaaeaony, aoaeoi nai oicyei oieueei /oi i?eoae e niye n
naay yoio noa?ue nth?ooe e naiiae, aoaeoi aai /aiiaeaiu e aei?iaeiay
noiea, oeyiiay ei?iaea, o?inoue e ciioee aio-aio ioi?aayony aianoa n iei
a i/a?aaeiia iooaoanoaea. Ooo aea o?aiyony ?aciua ecaeaiey aai neacie ia
iiiaeo ycueao. A Iaeaina iaoiaeeony aeiiee, aaea i?ioei aeaonoai
Aiaea?naia.

Oain-E?enoeai Aiaea?nai ?iaeeeny 2 ai?aey 1805 aiaea. Naiuey auea i/aiue
aaaeiie. Ioaoe Oaina-E?enoeaia aue aaoia/ieeii, a iaoue – i?a/eie,
noe?aaoae aaeuea aiaaoui ai?iaeaiai. Aiaea?nai n iaaa?iyoiui o?oaeii
i?iaeaae naaa aei?iao, caaiaauaae i?eciaiea, a noaa ciaiaieoui
ienaoaeai, ieeiaaea ia caauaae i aeecie /a?aeaeia e iiaeaaeia, iaeoaoaee
eioi?uo noaee iieiaeeoaeueiuie aa?iyie aai neacie. AEaiu e aeaoae o
Aiaea?naia ia auei, ii anth aeeciue aacioaaoii ethaee iaaeoeo Eaiie
Eeiae, eioi?ay ethaeea aai neacee e enoi?ee, ii ia ethaeea aai naiiai.
Naiueae Aiaea?naia auee aai i?iecaaaeaiey, aa?ie aai neaci/iuo enoi?ee.

O/eoaeue: – Iaciaeoa naiueth Aiaea?naia. Eiai ec ieo au ciaaoa?

O/aiee: – Aetheiiai/ea, aieue ei?ieue, ?iiaoea, ianoooea, o?oai/eno e
ae?.

O/eoaeue: – Ii iaienae oeaeue ?yae noeoioai?aiee, ?iiaiia, ii ecaanoai
ii, eiia/ii, naieie i?ae?aniuie neaceaie, ciaeiiuie aai n naiiai
aeaonoaa. Eaaeaeue ec aan ciaao ceoth niaaeioth ei?ieaao n eaaeyiui
na?aeoeai, ene?aiithth, aeia?oth, ethayuoth e aa?ythuoth a neeo Aeia?a,
Ethaae Aa?aeo e aa a?aoa Eay ec neacee «Niaaeiay ei?ieaaa»; iaeaiueeoth
Aetheiiai/eo ec neacee «Aetheiiai/ea», neaceo ia iaiai/eauo ii?oiuo e i
aeoiii ei?iea – yoi neacea «Aieue ei?ieue». Neacee Aiaea?naia iu n aaie
iiaeai ia?a/eneyoue aaneiia/ii: «?iiaoea», «Aeeeea eaaaaee»,
«Ooiiaeueiay eaea», «I?eioeanna ia ai?ioeia», «Aain-/o?aai», «Ianoooea e
o?oai/eno», «Iaieai», «Noiaeoe-naiieao» e iiiaea-iiiaea ae?oaea. A
naaiaeiy, ?aayoa, iu iiciaeiieiny n aua iaeiie, i/aiue oaeeaeoaeueiie
neaceie Aiaea?naia – «?onaei/eie», noaooy eioi?ie io?aiyao aoiae a ii?o
noieeoeu Aeaiee – Eiiaiaaaai. Oioia?aoey yoie noaooe eaaeeo o aan ia
ia?oao.

O/eoaeue: – Aeiia au aeieaeiu auee i?i/eoaoue neaceo Aiaea?naia
«?onaei/ea» e i?ieeethno?e?iaaoue iaeaieaa iii?aaeaoeeny aai yieciae.
*oiau iano?ieoueny ia yoi i?iecaaaeaiea, aeaaaeoa iineooaai io?uaie ec
i?iecaaaeaiey «O ii?y ii/ueth» *a?ie.

O/eoaeue: – *oi au i?aaenoaaeyaoa naaa, eiaaea cao/eo yoa iocuea? *oi
neuoeoa a iae?

O/aiee: – Ooi ii?y, ieane i?eaiy, ian/aiue aa?aa, iaaeocu, ?aeooee,
iiaeaiaeiia oea?noai.

O/eoaeue: – Iii?aaeeanue ee aai neacea? Eaeie yieciae i?eaeae aieueoaa
aieiaiea?

O/eoaeue: – Iiniio?eoa ia ?enoiee, eioi?ua au ia?eniaaee e neacea
«?onaei/ea». Iiaeieaeeoa ana e aeinea, ?anniio?eoa eo aieiaoaeueii,
caaeaeoa ae?oa ae?oao aii?inu, anee /oi-oi iaiiiyoii, eee, iaiai?io,
caeioa?aniaaei.

O/eoaeue: – Aniiiieoa, /oi aea i?iecioei a yoie neacea. Iineooaai ia?aue
?anneac «ai aeai?oea o ?onaei/ee».

O/aiee: – «Ai aeai?oea o ?onaei/ee». Ia aeia ii?y, a naiii aeoaieii
ianoa noieo ei?aeeiaue aeai?aoe ii?neiai oea?y n aunieeie ieiaie ec
yioa?y e n e?uoae ec ?aeiaei. A eaaeaeie ?aeiaeia eaaeeo ii aeai/oaeeia
iaiaueiiaaiiie e?aniou.

Oicyenoaii a naiuea caieiaeanue aaaooea, ai?aeay naiei ?iaeii, iiyoiio
iineea ia oainoa oeaeoth aethaeeio ono?eoe. Iia i/aiue ethaeea naieo
aio/ae. Oanoa?i i?eioeann ea?aee ai aeai?oea, ooaaeeaaee ca naaeeeaie,
neooaee ?anneacu naiae aaaooee i ethaeyo e i aeecie ia caiea.

Iniaaiii oi?ioa auea naiay ieaaeoay ?onaei/ea. Aa naae oe?aoaee e?oaeay,
eae nieioea, a?yaeea n oeaaoaie e noaooy i?ae?aniiai aaeiai i?aii?iiai
iaeue/eea, oiaaoay ia aeii ii?y n ei?aaey. Aaaooea aiai?eea ?onaei/eai,
/oi eiaaea ei eniieieony iyoiaaeoeaoue eao, iie niiaoo anieuaaoue ia
iiaa?oiinoue ii?y. Ia yoii aieueoa ae?oaeo nanoa? ia/oaea ieaaeoay
?onaei/ea, eioi?ie i?eoiaeeeinue aeaeaoue aeieueoa anao.

Aiaeiae/ii ninoaaeythony ?anneacu «Ia?aue ?ac ia iiaa?oiinoe ii?y»,
«Ao?y», «Ia/oa i caiiii ie?a», «Aeiaiai? n aaaeueiie», «?onaei/ea e
i?eioe».

O/eoaeue: – Eaeia aea /oanoai aicieeaao o ?onaei/ee, eiaaea iia aeaeeo
i?eioea.

O/aiee: – ?onaei/ea i?aaeony i?eioe, iia i/a?iaaia ei e aethaeyaony a
iaai.

O/eoaeue: – Eae au aeoiaaoa, ii/aio, aii?aee eeyoaa nanoa? ?anneacaoue
ana, /oi iia oaeaeeo ia iiaa?oiinoe ii?y, ?onaei/ea ie/aai ieeiio ia
aiai?eea?

O/aiee: – O?aieea naia /oanoai, iaa?aaaea aai.

O/eoaeue: – *ai aea aea?oaoao ?onaei/ea ?aaee naiae ethaae e i?eioeo?

O/aiee: – AEa?oaoao i?ae?aniui aieinii, naiae naiueae, naiei n/anoueai,
oa?ieo iaauiineioth aieue, aea?oaoao aeaaea nianoaaiiie aeeciueth.

O/eoaeue: – Ii/aio aea ?onaei/ea ia oaeaaao i?eioea, aaaeue, oaea aai,
iia iiaea i?iaeeoue naie o?enoa eao?

O/aiee: – ?onaei/ea ethaeo, iia oi/ao, /oiau i?eioe aue n/anoeea, e
?aaee n/anouey ethaeiiai ?onaei/ea ioaeaao naith aeeciue.

O/eoaeue: – Eacaeinue au, ?onaei/ea oae aeieai oea e naiaio n/anoueth e
oae iiiai aeey yoiai naeaeaea, ii/aio aea Aiaea?nai ia iaienae anaie
iaeeaeaaiiai oi?ioaai eiioea? Iaaa?ii, ana iu oioaee au, /oia ?onaei/ea
auoea caioae ca i?eioea, e iie aeeee aeieai e n/anoeeai. Ii iao, i?eioe
aeaieony ia ae?oaie, a ?onaei/ea inoaaony iaeia. Ii/aio oae?

O/aiee: – O/eoaeue: – Iiaeao, neacea Aiaea?naia caeai/eaaaony oae,
iioiio /oi ethaiaue e aeecie auaaao ?acaeaeaiiie, acaeiiie e
ia?acaeaeaiiie, iaacaeiiie. Aiaea?nai iieacuaaao a naiae neacea
?aaeueioth aeeciue, ?aaeueiue, oioue e iniaue, ie?, a eioi?ii aeey
/aeiaaea n/anouea oaea i?inoi iaoiaeeoueny ?yaeii n ethaeiui, aeaeaoue,
/oi ii n/anoeea. A aeecie aeaeaei ia anaaaea ethaiaue caeai/eaaaony
a?aeii, a i/aiue /anoi ethaiaue o?aae/ia.

O/eoaeue: – Aea, neacea caeai/eaaaony ia/aeueii. I?eioe aeaieony ia
ae?oaie, a ?onaei/ea oa?yao ana. Ii naueanue ee aa ae?oaay ia/oa –
eiaoue aannia?oioth aeooo?

O/aiee: – ?onaei/eo acyee aei/a?e aicaeooa a caiaea/iue ie?.

«O ?onaeee iao aannia?oiie aeooe, e ia?anoe aa iia iiaeao, oieueei anee
aa iiethaeo /aeiaae. O aei/a?ae aicaeooa oiaea iao aannia?oiie aeooe, ii
iie iiaoo caneoaeeoue aa aeia?uie aeaeaie… I?ieaeao o?enoa eao, ai a?aiy
eioi?uo iu aoaeai iineeueii oai?eoue aeia?i, e iu iieo/ei a iaa?aaeo
aannia?oioth aeooo. Ou aea, aaaeiay ?onaei/ea, anai na?aeoeai
no?aieeanue e oiio aea, /oi e iu, ou ethaeea e no?aaeaea, iiaeuienue aea
aianoa n iaie a caiaea/iue ie?. Oaia?ue ou naia iiaeaoue aeia?uie
aeaeaie caneoaeeoue naaa aannia?oioth aeooo e ia?anoe aa /a?ac o?enoa
eao!»

O/eoaeue: – Oae /oi aea oaeia ethaiaue? A /ai aa neea?

O/eoaeue: – O/aiee: – Ethaiaue – i?aaeaea anaai yoi aaeeeay neea,
aeinooiiay eaaeaeiio aeeaiio nouanoao. Ethaiaue aeaeaao ian aeia?aa,
nino?aaeaoaeueiaa, ioaeanoaaiiaa, neeueiaa. Aac iaa iao aeecie ia yoie
caiea. Ethaiaue – yoi enoi/iee iaoaai n/anouey e a oi aea a?aiy yoi
iaa?aaea ca no?aaeaiey, yoi aea? nauoa; ethaiaue – yoi naia aeeciue.

Aeiiaoiaa caaeaiea e neaaeothuaio o?ieo: i?iniio?aoue noaoueth «?onaeea»
a ieoieiae/aneii neiaa?a.

5.2. O?ie 2

Oaia o?iea. ?onaeea Aiaea?naia e ?onaeee a aa?iiaeneie ieoieiaee.

Oeaeue o?iea. Iieacaoue, /oi Aiaea?nai caeinoaiaae eeoue iaeioi?ua /a?ou
?onaeie ec aa?iiaeneie ieoieiaee.

Caaea/e o?iea.

Iiciaeiieoue o/aueony n ieoieiae/aneei ia?acii ?onaeee.

O/eoue oiaieth aiaeece?iaaoue e niiinoaaeyoue i?aaeeaaaaiua ia?acu.

I?iaeieaeaoue oi?ie?iaaoue oiaiey ?aaiou n oaenoii ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai
i?iecaaaeaiey.

Oiae o?iea

O.- Ia i?ioeii o?iea iu aiai?eee n aaie ia O.-E. Aiaea?naia e aai neacea
“?onaei/ea”. O eaaeaeiai ec aan neiaeeeny naie ia?ac yoiai nouanoaa. Ii,
ianiiiaiii, ?onaei/ea Aiaea?naia eiaao /aeiaa/aneoth aeooo, iia ethaeo,
oioy e ia ethaeea, e aea?oaoao ?aaee n/anouey naiaai ethaeiiai
nianoaaiiie aeeciueth.

A naaiaeiy iu iiaiai?ei i ieoieiae/aneii ia?aca ?onaeee e iiiuoaainy
niiinoaaeoue ?onaei/eo Aiaea?naia e ?onaeeo a ieoieiaee.

O/eoaeue: – ?aayoa, a eoi ec aan ciaao, eae aua ?aciua ia?iaeu iacuaatho
?onaeeo?

O/aiee: – Aiaeyiay, oooiaea, /a?oiaea.

O/eoaeue: – Nouanoaoao iiiaeanoai iacaaiee ?onaeie. Oaeaea aa iacuaatho
e eoiaeeie, e eaoa/eoie. A aua anoue niaoeeaeueiua iacaaiey iniauo
iacaaiee ?onaeie:

Iaaee – ceua aeooe, a ieo i?aa?auathony oia?oea aei e?auaiey aeaoe.
Iaaee nia?aaee eiatho /aeiaa/aneia oaei, a nieiu o ieo iao, iiyoiio
aeaeiu ana aioo?aiiinoe;

Oiaeeiu – i?ae?aniua aeaaooee, auoiaeyuea ec aiaeu e ?an/anuaathuea
aieinu. Naiei iaieai iie caaeaeatho iooieeia aaeoaue, iiaoo iiaoaeoue
eee naeaeaoue aicethaeaiiuie a iiaeaiaeiii oea?noaa;

Aeeu – i/a?iaaoaeueiua aeaaooee n ?aniouaiiuie aieinaie, ii, a ioee/ea
io oiaeei, iie eiatho aua e?ueuey e aieoaaiua ieaouey: eoi ioieiae o ieo
ieaouea, oiio iie iiae/eiyeenue.

O/eoaeue: – Aniiiieoa ?onaei/eo Aiaea?naia. Iia aeeaao ai aeai?oea ia
ii?neii aeia. O iaa, eae iu iiiiei, naiy nianoaaiiay naiuey. Ii ethaee
i?eciatho ?onaeeaie aeaiuei, oia?oeo iaanoanoaaiiie nia?oueth, o. a.
ooiieaiieoe, oaeaaeaiieeia e o. ae.

A aii?ina i?ienoiaeaeaiey ?onaeie o Aiaea?naia e a oieueeei?a iu aeaeei
yaiia ?anoiaeaeaiea.

O/eoaeue: – ?aayoa, naaiaeiy aaoa caaea/a ii oiaeo iaoaai ?acaiai?a
caiieieoue n?aaieoaeueioth oaaeeoeo, eioi?ay eaaeeo o aan ia noieao.

*a?ou ?onaeea a ieoieiaee ?onaei/ea Aiaea?naia

1. I?ienoiaeaeaiea ?onaeie

2. Ianoiiaoiaeaeaiea ?onaeie

3. Aiaoiee aeae ?onaeie

4. Caiyoey ?onaeie

5. Ioiioaiea e /aeiaaeo

Iu aianoa caiieiei ia?aoth a?aoo a oaaeeoea, inoaeueiua aea au caiieieoa
naie ii oiaeo ?acaiai?a.

O/eoaeue: – Eoae, /oi iu iiaeai caienaoue a a?aoo “i?ienoiaeaeaiea
?onaeie”?

O/aiee: – ?onaeea Aiaea?naia – aei/ue ii?neiai oea?y, a ieoieiae/aneay
?onaeea – yoi aeaiueia, oia?oay iaanoanoaaiiie nia?oueth.

O/eoaeue: – Caiinei iaoe iaaethaeaiey a oaaeeoeo

*a?ou ?onaeea a ieoieiaee ?onaei/ea Aiaea?naia

1. I?ienoiaeaeaiea ?onaeie AEaiueia, oia?oay iaanoanoaaiiie nia?oueth
Aei/ue ii?neiai oea?y, eiaao naith naiueth

2. Ianoiiaoiaeaeaiea ?onaeie

3. Aiaoiee aeae ?onaeie

4. Caiyoey ?onaeie

5. Ioiioaiea e /aeiaaeo

O/eoaeue: – Eae au aeoiaaoa, aaea aeeaoo ?onaeee?

O/aiee: – ?onaeee aeeaoo a aiaea.

O/eoaeue: – Aea, ecaeaaia ethaee n/eoatho ?onaeie ?a/iuie aeaaaie, ii
iie ia aeeaoo a iaeiii ianoa. Eo iiaeii ano?aoeoue e a eano, e a iiea.
Eaoii iie aeeaoo ia ieaeo/ae aa?aca eee eaa, neeiieaoaeny iaae aiaeie.
Ii/ueth, iie ea/athony ia aaoayo, aeiai ?acayony, caiaieaatho e
caaeaeatho iooieeia. Eiiaaea iie caaeyaeuaatho a aeiia, i?eoiaeyo
iuoueny a aaie. A ceiie, aiai?yo, ?onaeee iiaeieiathony aaa?o e aeeaoo
ia iaeaeao.

O/eoaeue: – Aaea aea aeeaoo iaoe ?onaeee e /ai iie caieiathony?

O/aiee: – Ieoieiae/aneay ?onaeea aeeaao a ?aciuo ianoao: e a iiea, e a
eano, e a aiaea; iia caaeaeaao iooieeia naiei i/a?iaaoaeueiui iaieai e
iaiaueiiaaiiie aiaoiinoueth, a caoai aoaeo eo. ?onaeea Aiaea?naia aeeaao
a iiaeaiaeiii oea?noaa, caoai a ie?a ethaeae; iia ia i?e/eiyao ethaeyi
cea, a ooaaeeaaao ca naiei naaeeeii, ea?aao n nano?aie, neooaao ?anneacu
aaaooee.

O/eoaeue: – Aa?ii. Ia caauaaeoa caiieiyoue oaaeeoeo.

O/eoaeue: – ?aayoa, aio iu i?aaenoaaeyai ?onaeeo i?ae?aniie aeaiueiie
(oieueei n ?uaueei oainoii), iieiaeie, iaiaueiiaaiiie. Ii auaaao aua e
noa?ua, aacia?aciua ?onaeee.

O ?onaeie anoue oea?eoea, aac aeicaieaiey eioi?ie ie iaeia ?onaeea ia
iiaeao ia oieueei iiaoaeoue, ii aeaaea caioaaoue /aeiaaea. Ethaee i/aiue
aiyeenue ?onaeie. Eiaaea eaeie-oi /aeiaae ano?a/ae ia naiai iooe
?onaeeo, ii oaeanii ioaaeny. Ii e ?onaeea aiyeanue iaeioi?uo aauae, n
iiiiuueth eioi?uo /aeiaae iia ioiaiaoue aa io naay. Iai?eia?, ?onaeea
ieeiaaea ia iaiaaeao ia /aeiaaea, anee o iaai ia a?oaee e?ano. Oae aea
iia ia ethaeo iieuiue. Anee oaeaeeoue ?onaeeo e ia aii?in: “*oi o oaay a
?oeao?” neaaeaoue “Iao?ooea”, oi iia ioaaoeo: “Ou ae iiy aeooea” e
cauaei/ao aei nia?oe. Anee aea neaaeaoue: “Iieuiue”, oi iia ioaaoeo:
“*o? oaay, naeiue!” e naia en/aciao. Oaeia ie? ?onaeie.

O/eoaeue: – Iiniio?ei ia iaoo oaaeeoeo. *oi iieo/eeinue?

*a?ou ?onaeea a ieoieiaee ?onaei/ea Aiaea?naia

1. I?ienoiaeaeaiea ?onaeie AEaiueia, oia?oay iaanoanoaaiiie nia?oueth
Aei/ue ii?neiai oea?y, eiaao naith naiueth

2. Ianoiiaoiaeaeaiea ?onaeie Iiaeii ano?aoeoue a iiea, a eano, a aiaea,
o eino?a; iao ii?aaeaeaiiiai ianoa aeeoaeuenoaa AEeaao a iiaeaiaeiii
oea?noaa aianoa n naiueae, caoai a ie?a ethaeae

3. Aiaoiee aeae ?onaeie ?ineioiua aeeeiiua aieinu, ?uaee oaino eeai iiae
?ineioiua aeeeiiua aieinu, ?uaee oaino

4. Caiyoey ?onaeie Caiaieaaao ethaeae a naie eiaooee, e?aaeoo aaeo e
aaeuea, iaiinyo a?aae iieyi, cauaea/eaatho iania?oue Ooaaeeaaao ca naiei
naaeeeii, ea?aao, neooaao ?anneacu i ethaeyo, nianaao /aeiaaea

5. Ioiioaiea e /aeiaaeo Caioaeaaao, aoaeo Nianaao aeeciue, ethaeo,
aea?oaoao ?aaee ethaeiiai naiae aeeciueth

O/eoaeue: – Eaeie aea iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae? *ai iioiaee ?onaeea
Aiaea?naia e ?onaeea a ieoieiaee? A /ai eo ioee/ea?

Auaiae: ?onaeea Aiaea?naia e ?onaeea a ieoieiaee iioiaee oieueei aiaoia,
aea e oieueei iu ociaee i ?onaeeao, iaaeao, o eioi?uo nieiu iao aiana, a
aeeu ioee/athony io ae?oaeo e?ueueyie. Ieoieiae/aneay ?onaei/ea ia eiaao
aeooe, aa ethaeiia caiyoea – i?e/eiyoue ethaeyi a?aae. ?onaei/ea
Aiaea?naia, iaiai?io, i?eiineo naay a aea?oao ?aaee ethaae e /aeiaaeo.
Iia aeaiao ai eiy ethaae, ia aeoiay i ianoe. Iiyoiio iiaeii
i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi Aiaea?nai acye ieo i ?onaei/ea oieueei a iniiao
neacee, ii nicaeae naie iniaue ia?ac ?onaei/ee.

O/eoaeue: – Eciaieeinue ee aaoa i?aaenoaaeaiea i ?onaeeao e ioiioaiee e
iei iinea naaiaeiyoiaai o?iea?

O/aiee: – (Iaeii ec iiaiee). ss ociaea iiiai iiaiai, ii iia aeeaea
aiaea?naiianeay ?onaei/ea.

O/aiee: – (Iaeii ec iiaiee). A y i?aaenoaaeye naaa ?onaeeo eiaiii eae
ia/enooth neeo, ceie aeoo, a neacea Aiaea?naia aeey iaiy oae e inoaeanue
neaceie.

6. Caeeth/aiea

Ae?aaiea ieoieiae/aneea aa?iaaiey, iioa?ya aeanoue iaae /aeiaa/aneei
niciaieai, nio?aieeenue a oieueeei?a e ooaeiaeanoaaiiuo ia?acao
ienaoaeae ?aciuo no?ai. A naiae ?aaioa iu ia?aoeeenue oieueei e iaeiiio
oaeiio ia?aco e oaeaeaee, eae neiaeii e eiaeeaeaeoaeueii neeaaeuaathony
o ienaoaey ioiioaiey n ieoieiaeae e ieoieiae/aneei ia?acii.
Eioa?i?aoe?oy ia?ac ieoieiae/aneie ?onaeee, i?aa?auay aai a
?onaei/eo-aa?ieith naiae neacee, Aiaea?nai /anoe/ii nio?aiyao aa
ieoieiae/aneea /a?ou e aiciiaeiinoe. Ii aianoa n oai ieoieiae/aneee
ia?ac iiae ia?ii ienaoaey i?eia?aoaao /aeiaa/aneoth nouiinoue,
/aeiaa/aneee oa?aeoa?, /aeiaa/aneoth noaeueao. ?onaei/ea, n iiiiuueth
eieaeianoaa aaaeueiu, i?aa?auaaony a /aeiaaea, iia naiicaaaaiii ethaeo
i?eioea, yoa ethaiaue ieacuaaaony ia?acaeaeaiiie e aeaaea o?aae/iie, iia
aea?oaoao ?aaee n/anouey i?eioea naiae aeeciueth.

Iooaeeeaaynue io ycu/aneie ieoieiaee, Aiaea?nai ooaa?aeaeaao oeaiiinoe e
eaeae o?enoeainoaa, ooaa?aeaeaao neeo /aeiaa/aneie ethaae eae naioth
aaeeeoth i?aanoaaiioth neeo ai anai ie?a, iacaaeneii io oiai, ?aaeai eee
oaioanoe/ai yoio ie?. E oaeea iaoaii?oicu a neaceao Aiaea?naia
i?ienoiaeyo ia oieueei n iaeiie ?onaei/eie. Ethaua ieoieiae/aneea
ia?niiaaee, aoaeue oi aiiiu, niaaeiay ei?ieaaa, eaaeyiay aeaaa,
i?eia?aoatho iiae ia?ii ienaoaey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua oa?aeoa?u e noaeueau,
noaiiayony iioiaeeie ia ethaeae, iaaeaeythony /aeiaa/aneeie ia/oaie e
aeaeaieyie. Ieoieiae/aneea neaci/iua ia?acu ia?ainiuneythony ienaoaeai,
eniieuecothony ei aeey ooaeiaeanoaaiiiai ia?aaiieiuaiey oaeeo aaaeiuo
aeey iaai i?aanoaaiiuo eaeae, eae eaeae aoiaiecia, aeooaaiie /enoiou e
aanei?unoiie e i?aaeaiiie ethaae.

7. Eeoa?aoo?a

Aiaea?nai O.-E. Neacee e enoi?ee. O. 1. Eaieia?aae, «Ooaeiaeanoaaiiay
eeoa?aoo?a», 1969.

A?aoaea E. TH. O?aaeeoeee Aiaea?naia a neaci/iie eeoa?aoo?a (e
100-eaoeth ni aeiy nia?oe). – A nai?ieea: Aeaoneay eeoa?aoo?a. Iineaa,
«Aeaoneay eeoa?aoo?a», 1975.

A?aoaea E. TH. Oain E?enoeai Aiaea?nai. Eaieia?aae, «I?inaauaiea», 1978.

A?aoaea E. TH. Neaci/ieee Neaiaeeiaaee. Eaieia?aae. «Iaoea», 1974.

Aaaeaeaaa A. A. O. Aiaea?nai. Iineaa, «Aeaoaec», 1957.

Caeaiei Ae. E. I/a?ee ?onneie ieoieiaee: oia?oea iaanoanoaaiiie
nia?oueth e ?onaeee. Iaoa?ao?a, 1916.

Ieoieiae/aneee neiaa?ue iiae ?aae. A. I. Iaeaoeineiai. I., Niaaoneay
yioeeeeiiaaeey, 1991.

Io?aaueaaa E. E. Aiaea?nai. Iineaa – Eaieia?aae, «Iieiaeay aaa?aeey»,
1959.

Iiaiaeei A. N. Eeannee aeaoneie eeoa?aoo?u A. O. Aiaea?nai. Iineaa,
1955.

Neeueiai O. Neacee Aiaea?naia (i?aaeeneiaea e eieaa O.-E. Aiaea?naia
«Neacee e enoi?ee». Eaieia?aae, «Ooaeiaeanoaaiiay eeoa?aoo?a», 1969.)

PAGE 2

A?aoaea E. TH. 1975, no?. 143

A?aoaea E. TH., 1978, no?. 65

Aiaea?nai, «Niaaeiay ei?ieaaa», 1969

A?aoaea E TH. , 1975, no?. 159

A?aoaea E. TH., 1974, no?. 56

A?aoaea E. TH., 1975, no?. 161

Caeaiei Ae. E., 1991, no?. 158

Caeaiei Ae. E., 1991, no?. 171

Caeaiei Ae. E., 1991, no?. 185

Caeaiei Ae. E., 1991, no?. 193

Caeaiei Ae. E., 1991, no?. 197

Oo?aaiaa E. N., «Aaaeei eoa», 1986

Caeaiei Ae. E., 1991, no?. 210

Oo?aaiaa E. N., «Aaaeei eoa», 1986

Caeaiei Ae. E., 1991, no?. 216

Caeaiei Ae. E., 1991, no?. 217

Caeanue e aeaeaa neacea oeeoe?oaony ii ecaeaieth O.-E. Aiaea?nai
“Neacee e enoi?ee”. E., 1969.

Iooeei A. N. Nia?aiea ni/eiaiee a o?ao o., 1985, oii 1. No?. 653.

Aiaea?nai O.-E., «?onaei/ea», 1969

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