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WINVN – программа для чтения телеконференций

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1. Anooieaiea

Ia?niiaeueiua eiiiuethoa?u, iuia ciaeiiua ?aoeoaeueii anai, iiyaeeenue
aieaa aeanyoe eao iacaae, e iiia/aeo ie/oi ia i?aaeaauaei ei noieue
ao?iiai ?acaeoey e ?ani?ino?aiaiey. A naiii aeaea, ii iniiaiui
ia?aiao?ai – au/eneeoaeueiie iiuiinoe e aieinoe iaiyoe – iie caiaoii
ionoatho io oiai, /oi aeinoeaiooi nae/an ia “aieueoeo” iaoeiao; eo
aaeeinoaaiiia i?aeiouanoai – aeaoaaecia e iauaaeinooiiinoue. Ii auoei
oae, /oi eiaiii yoe eo ea/anoaa e ieacaeenue i/aiue aaaeiuie, e oaeei
ia?acii i?aeiouanoaaiii “ia?niiaeee” iaiytho nae/an iaeee ie?a.

Iaeiaei, /ai aea ieio iaeeiieee eiiiuethoa??

Eaeei au ia?iiiui ie aue aei/anoa? e neieueei au ie auei iaaeouo iiae
caayceo aeeneao eee aeaaea eaca?iuo aeeneia, iauai eioi?iaoeee, e
eioi?ie eiaaony aeinooi, iaecia?eii iae ii n?aaiaieth ni anae
eioi?iaoeeae, nouanoaothuae iuia a yeaeo?iiiii aeaea ia eiiiuethoa?ao
anae ieaiaou.

Ieeoi ia nii?eo, /oi ea/anoai eioi?iaoeee aeey eiie?aoiiai iieueciaaoaey
iiiai aaaeiaa, /ai aa eiee/anoai, – aaaeue yoi aai eioi?iaoeey, aai
nianoaaiiua oaenou, aacu aeaiiuo, a?aoeea e o.i., e ieeoi ia
niaeaneoanue i?iiaiyoue naie eioi?iaoeeth ia aaeanyoa?i aieueoee iauai
iaioaeiuo oaeeia. Iaeiaei i/aiue /anoi ia oaaoaao eiaiii oiai, /oi anoue
aaea-oi aua (ia ?aaioa, aeiia, o ae?ocae…), a ae?aaiee eae ie?
ia?aiinee oaeeia ia aeeneaoa i?inoi iaaa?iyoii iaoaeiaai.

?acoiaaony, ecaaaeaiea io ?aaiou n aeeneaoaie – eeoue iaeay oieeea
auaiae, eioi?ua iiaeao aeaoue iauaaeeiaiea eiiiuethoa?ia. Noieo
iieo/eoue aiciiaeiinoue auoiaea a ianoiyuoth aeiaaeueioth
eiiiuethoa?ioth naoue, eae i?iaeoeoeaiinoue ?aaiou ia a?aiy neeueii
nieceony – iaei eoi iiaeao i?ioeainoiyoue “naoaaui /a?ai”, e yoei
i?eaeaony ia?aaieaoue, /oiau caoai ?aaioaoue a naoe, ii/oe ia
ioaeaeaynue. “Ii/oe”, iioiio /oi eioi?iaoeey – aicaeoo naoe, e ia
aeuoaoue ath eee aeuoaoue io caiiea aei caiiea, eiay aiciiaeiinoue
aaeuoaoue iieiie a?oaeueth, ia oae-oi i?inoi. Iiiaiaieinea ethaeae ni
anaai ie?a, ia?iiiua o?aieeeua eioi?iaoeee, iaaa?iyoiay auno?ioa e
oaeianoai eiiioieeaoeee, aeaaea naiy enoi?ey, ieou e eeoa?aoo?a – ana
yoi Naoue.

Naiay ecaanoiay ia naaiaeiaoiee aeaiue naoue – Eioa?iao. Eioa?iao
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iauaaeeiaiea iaoeeiiaeueiuo e ?aaeiiaeueiuo naoae,
eiathueo aaeeiia aae?aniia i?ino?ainoai e iauea iaoiaeu nayce. Ii iauaio
e oaiiai ?inoa naoue Eioa?iao aeaeaei i?aainoiaeeo ana inoaeueiua
aeiaaeueiua naoe, aianoa acyoua. A Eioa?iaoa iiaeii iaeoe naiua aiaaoua
e ?aciiia?aciua eioi?iaoeeiiiua ?ano?nu. Iiaeaeoe, iiaeii neacaoue, /oi
Eioa?iao – aaeeinoaaiiay naoue, a eioi?ie aa?iyoiinoue iaeoe
eioi?iaoeeth ia ethaoth iaoaaae acyooth oaio i?aeoe/anee ieeiaaea ia
?aaia ioeth.

Ienaoue ia Eioa?iaoa iiaeii aaneiia/ii. A aeaiiie ?aaioa y ?anniio?th
iaeei ec aeaeia eioi?iaoeeiiiuo ?ano?nia, aeinooiiuo iieueciaaoaeyi
Eioa?iao – nenoaio oaeaeiioa?aioeee (Usenet), a oaeaea i?ia?aiio,
iaeaa/athuoth ?aaioo n ieie.

2. I?ia?aiia WinVN

WinVN – aeaeay e eaaeay a eniieueciaaiee i?ia?aiia aeey /oaiey
oaeaeiioa?aioeee UseNet. N aa iiiiuueth iiaeii /eoaoue e ioaeeeiaaoue
noaouee, ioaa/aoue ia ieo ii yeaeo?iiiie ii/oa, anoaaeyoue eee
ecaeaeaoue ec noaoae oaeeu. E?iia oiai, WinVN iiaeao ?aniieiaeeoue
noaouee ii “ieoyi” aeeneonnee. Aeaaea oaeeaeoaeueii, /oi oaeay i?ia?aiia
?ani?ino?aiyaony niaa?oaiii naiaiaeii.

WinVN – ?acoeueoao eieeaeoeaiiai oai?/anoaa. Yoa i?ia?aiia iaienaia ia
iaeiei i?ia?aiienoii e aeaaea ia iaeiie eiiiaieae. Iia auea ?ac?aaioaia
iiiaeie i?ia?aiienoaie ni anao eiioeiaioia. Eaaeaeue ec ieo i?eeiaeee
oneeey, /oiau oniaa?oainoaiaaoue i?ia?aiio. WinVN iinoiyiii
iiaeeoeoee?oaony, e a eaaeaeie iiaie aa?nee iiyaeythony iiaua
aiciiaeiinoe.

Aeey oiai /oiau ana aeaeathuea iiaee eniieueciaaoue eee
iiaeeoeoee?iaaoue i?ia?aiio, aa enoiaeiue oaeno naiaiaeii
?ani?ino?aiyaony /a?ac na?aen FTP e iiaeao auoue iieo/ai ia na?aa?a
ftp.ksc.nasa.gov a eaoaeiaa /pub/winvn/source/current/dist. Enoiaeiua
oaeeu niaea?aeao a iacaaiee neiaieu SRC. Iai?eia?, winvnsrc_0_99_3.zip –
enoiaeiue oaeno aeey aa?nee 99.3.

*oiau ?aaioaoue n WinVN, nianai ia iaycaoaeueii auoue i?ia?aiienoii eee
yenia?oii a iaeanoe PC. Aaaeiia aeinoieinoai i?ia?aiiu WinVN – i?inoioa
eniieueciaaiey.

A aeaiiie ?aaioa y iiiuoathnue ?anniio?aoue neaaeothuea aii?inu:

Onoaiiaea WinVN

I?iniio? oaeaeiioa?aioeee UseNet

Ioaeeeaoeey noaoae e ioi?aaeaiea ii/ou

Ecaea/aiea e i?eniaaeeiaiea oaeeia e noaoueyi

Iano?ieea niaoeeaeueiuo iioeee WinVN

2.1. Onoaiiaea WinVN

*oiau onoaiiaeoue i?ia?aiio WinVN ia naiai eiiiuethoa?a, iaiaoiaeeii
eiaoue neaaeothuaa:

Onoaiiaeaiioth nenoaio Windows 3.1 eee auoa

I?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea Winsock 1.1, Dec Pathworks v4.l eee Microsoft
LanManager 2.1a, niaianoeiia n Winsock

Aeaenoaothuaa niaaeeiaiea n Internet

Aeinooi e na?aa?o oaeaeiioa?aioeee (news server)

Anee au oioeoa eiaoue aiciiaeiinoue ioi?aaeyoue niiauaiey yeaeo?iiiie
ii/ou, oi aai iiiaaeiaeony oaeaea aeinooi e ii/oiaiio na?aa?o Internet
(SMTP-na?aa?o) eee e ii/oa Microsoft a eieaeueiie naoe (MAPI).

2.1.1. I?aaeaa?eoaeueiay iiaeaioiaea eioi?iaoeee

Ia?aue oaa a onoaiiaea WinVN – nai? iaiaoiaeeiie eioi?iaoeee,
eanathuaeny aaoaai Internet-niaaeeiaiey.

Auynieoa neaaeothuaa:

Internet-aae?an na?aa?a oaeaeiioa?aioeee. Ociaeoa Internet-aae?an
na?aa?a oaeaeiioa?aioeee, n eioi?ui au aoaeaoa ?aaioaoue. Na?aa?
aeieaeai iiaeaea?aeeaaoue i?ioieie, iacuaaaiue NNTP, n ?anoe?aieyie
XOVER eee XHDR. Yoo eioi?iaoeeth aeieaeai eiaoue aao na?aen-i?iaaeaea?.
Nicaeaoaee WinVN iiaeaea?aeeaatho na?aa? oaeaeiioa?aioeee
news.ksc.nasa.gov, eioi?ue iiaeii eniieueciaaoue, /oiau iieo/eoue
aeinooi e oaeaeiioa?aioeee mail.winvn, nicaeaiiie aeey iiae aea?aeee
iieueciaaoaeae i?ia?aiiu WinVN. (Yoa oaeaeiioa?aioeey – aaeeinoaaiiay ia
aeaiiii na?aa?a.) Anee aeey ?aaiou n aaoei na?aa?ii oaeaeiioa?aioeee
ioaeii oeacuaaoue ianoaiaea?oiue iiia? TCP-ii?oa, oi iaiaoiaeeii
iieo/eoue e yoo eioi?iaoeeth. Ii oiie/aieth WinVN eniieuecoao ia?auaiea
e noaiaea?oiiio aeey NNTP-i?ioieiea ii?oo.

I?eia/aiea

XHDR e XOVER – niaoeeaeueiua ?anoe?aiey e i?ioieieo NNTP, eioi?ue
eniieuecoaony na?aa?ii oaeaeiioa?aioeee. Aieueoay /anoue na?aa?ia
iiaeaea?aeeaaao XHDR. Iaeioi?ua ec iiauo e aieaa auno?uo na?aa?ia
iiaeaea?aeeaatho XOVER. A ethaii neo/aa WinVN aaoiiaoe/anee auynieo,
eaeia ?anoe?aiea eniieueciaaoue.

Eiy e ia?ieue. Anee na?aa? oaeaeiioa?aioeee o?aaoao iaee/ey
ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiiai eiaie iieueciaaoaey e ia?iey, oi iaiaoiaeeii
iieo/eoue eo io aaeieieno?aoi?a na?aa?a. Ai iiiaeo neo/ayo na?aa?
oaeaeiioa?aioeee aaeieieno?e?oao aao na?aen -i?iaaeaea?.

Internet-aae?an ii/ithaiai na?aa?a. Anee au ia niae?aaoanue
eniieueciaaoue Microsoft-ii/oo (MAPI), iaiaoiaeeii ociaoue
Internet-aae?an ii/oiaiai SMTP-na?aa?a. Nei?aa anaai, aae?an yoiai
na?aa?a niaiaaeaao n aae?anii oinoa a aaoai ee/iii aae?ana yeaeo?iiiie
ii/ou. Iai?eia?, anee aao e-mail aae?an – [email protected], oi
bob.bighwy.net, aa?iyoii, – aae?an aaoaai SMTP-na?aa?a. Anee ooieoeey
ioi?aaeaiey ii/ou ia ?aaioaao eee au ia oaa?aiu a i?aaeeueiinoe aae?ana,
ooi/ieoa aeaiioth eioi?iaoeeth o naiaai na?aen-i?iaaeaea?a.

Aaoa eiy e e-mail aae?an. ?aoeoa, eaeia eiy e eaeie aae?an yeaeo?iiiie
ii/ou au aoaeaoa oeacuaaoue a iioaeeeiaaiiuo aaie noaoueyo. Aae?an ia
iaycaoaeueii aeieaeai auoue naycai n aaoei ii/oiaui SMTP- eee
MAPI-na?aa?ii. Au iiaeaoa oeacaoue ethaie aeaenoaothuee aae?an, ii
eioi?iio o/anoieee oaeaeiioa?aioeee niiaoo ia?niiaeueii ioaa/aoue aai ia
iioaeeeiaaiiua noaouee.

Iacaaiea aaoae i?aaiecaoeee. Oeaaeeoa iacaaiea i?aaiecaoeee, eioi?oth au
i?aaenoaaeyaoa i?e ?aaioa n UseNet. Yoi iacaaiea aoaeao i?enoonoaiaaoue
a ioaeeeoaiuo aaie noaoueyo. Anee au i?aaenoaaeyaoa oieueei naay ee/ii,
oi yoa eioi?iaoeey ia iiiaaeiaeony.

2.1.2. Iieo/aiea i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey

Iiianoeoa eiieth WinVN a eaoaeia ia aeanoeii aeenea, iai?eia? C:\WINVN.
Iineaaeiyy aa?ney WinVN iiaeao auoue neiie?iaaia n iiiiuueth na?aena FTP
n iaeiiai ec neaaeothueo oinoia.

Eiy oinoa Eaoaeia

ftp.ksc.nasa.gov /pub/win3/winvn

ripem.msu.edu /pub/pc/win/winvn/

ftp.cica.indiana.edu /pub/pc/win3/winsock

micros.hensa.ac.uk /mirrors/CICA/win3/winsock

nic.switch.ch /mirror/win3/winsock

Niaao

E?iia naiie i?ia?aiiu WinVN, ia iaeioi?uo FTP-na?aa?ao a oao aea
eaoaeiaao niaea?aeaony enoiaeiue oaeno i?ia?aiiu e ?oeiaiaenoai
iieueciaaoaey. Oaee n enoiaeiui oaenoii eiaao a eiaie neiaieu SCR, n
?oeiaiaenoaii – neiaieu DOC.

2.1.3. Onoaiiaea i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey

Anee a?oea WinVN eiaao ?anoe?aiea ZIP, ?aniaeoeoa aai, eniieuecoy
ooeeeou WinZip eee PKUNZIP. Anee o aan aa?ney WinVN 99.03, oi iinea
?aniaeiaee a eaoaeiaa iiyayony oaeeu, i?aaenoaaeaiiua a neaaeothuae
oaaeeoea. (Oaeeu WINVN.INI e NEWSRC nicaeathony i?e ia?aii caionea
i?ia?aiiu. Eo ia aoaeao iinea ia?aiia/aeueiie ?aniaeiaee a?oeaa.)

Eiy oaeea Iacia/aiea

README.TXT Eioi?iaoeeiiiue oaenoiaue oaee. Aai iiaeii i?iniio?aoue n
iiiiuueth i?eeiaeaiey NotePad

WINVN.EXE Eniieiyaiue oaee i?ia?aiiu WinVN

PWKSOCK.DLL Oaee aeey iiaeaea?aeee i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey DEC
Pathworks v4.l eee Microsoft LanManager 2.1, eniieuecoaiiai aeey
niaaeeiaiey n Internet

WINVN.HLP Oaee ni?aaee

WINVN.INI A yoii oaeea o?aieony eioi?iaoeey i iano?ieea WinVN

NEWSRC Oaee n eioi?iaoeeae i oaeaeiioa?aioeeyo, ia eioi?ua au
iiaeienaeenue

GWINSOCK.DLL Oaee aeey iiaeaea?aeee niaaeeiaiey n Internet, niaianoeiiai
n Winsock 1.1

GENASYNC.DLL Oaee aeey iiaeaea?aeee Winsock-niaaeeiaiey n Internet,
oeo/oathuee ?aaioo /a?ac iiaeai

WVTB.DLL Iaiaeue eino?oiaioia WinVN

CTL3DV2.DLL Oaee aeey iiaeaea?aeee 3D oi?aaeythueo yeaiaioia

WINVNFAQ.TXT Oaenoiaue oaee n aii?inaie e ioaaoaie (FAQ)

Anee o aan eiaaony aa?ney i?ia?aiiu, ioee/iay io aa?nee 99.03, oi neenie
oaeeia iiaeao iaiiiai ioee/aoueny. Eniieuecoy File Manager, ia?aianoeoa
oaee WINVN.EXE a lnternet-a?oiio Program Manager, /oiau onoaiiaeoue oai
ieeoia?aiio WinVN. Caoai ia?aianoeoa (a ia neiie?oeoa) oaee CTL3DV2.DLL
a eaoaeia \windows\system. Ia yoii onoaaiiea caeai/eaaaony.

I?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea

Oaee CTL30V2.DLL ia aeieaeai iaeiia?aiaiii nouanoaiaaoue a eaoaeiaao
WinVN e \windows\system. Yoi i?eaaaeao e ioeaea i?e caionea WinVN.

I?eia/aiea

Iieueciaaoaee DEC Pathworks eee Microsoft LahManager aeieaeiu eciaieoue
oaee WINVN.INI. Yoi o?aaoaony aeey niaianoiiai eniieueciaaiey i?ia?aiiu
WinVN n DEC Pathworks eee Microsoft LanMallager.

Caionoeoa Notepad e ioe?ieoa oaee WINVN.INI. Iaeaeeoa no?ieo, a eioi?ie
oeacaii

GenSockDLL=qwinsock.dll

e caiaieoa aa ia

GenSockDLL=pwksock.dll

Nio?aieoa naeaeaiiua eciaiaiey a WINVN.INI e aueaeeoa ec Notepad.

Niaao

Anee au eniieuecoaoa iaeio ec iiauo aa?nee i?ia?aii Trumpet eee
NetManage, oi au iiaeaoa oeo/oeoue) oa?aeoa?enoeee naiaai
???-niaaeeiaiey, eciaiea iaeio no?ieo a oaeea WINVN.INI. Caiaieoa
no?ieo) GenSockDLL=gwinsock.dll ia GenSockDLL=genasync.dll.

I?eia/aiea

I?ia?aiia WINVN.EXE iiaoo auoue ia?aaeaiu ia?aiao?u /a?ac eiiaiaeioth
no?ieo. Eniieuecoaony neioaenen:

WINVN [INIfile NEWSRCfile]

eee

WINVN [path],

aaea INIfile – oaee .INI, eioi?ue eniieuecoaony aianoi WINVN.INI;
NEWSRCfile – oaee NEWSRC, eioi?ue eniieuecoaony aianoi iau/iiai NEWSRC;
path – iiaue iooue e WINVN.INI e NEWSRC.

Eniieueciaaiea ?acee/iiai iaai?a oaeeia .INI e NEWSRC aeey ?acee/iuo
ieeoia?aii a Program Manager iicaieyao ?aaioaoue n ?acee/iuie
onoaiiaeaie WinVN. Au iiaeaoa, iai?eia?, nicaeaoue ioaeaeueiua
ieeoia?aiiu aeey eaaeaeiai na?aa?a oaeaeiioa?aioeee, e eioi?iio eiaaoa
aeinooi. Aiciiaeii eiaoue ?acee/iua onoaiiaee aeey ?aaiou n iaeiei
na?aa?ii.

2.1.4. Ia?aue caione WinVN

Naeaeaeoa aeaieiie uae/ie ia ieeoia?aiia WinVN. I?e ia?aii caionea WinVN
i?aaeeiaeeo oeacaoue iooue e nouanoaothuaio oaeeo WINVN.INI eee
nicaeaoue iiaue a oaeouai eaoaeiaa. Oae eae o aan .INI-oaeea aua iao,
i?inoi iaaeieoa IE. Caoai auaa?eoa Yes, eiaaea i?ia?aiia iii?ineo
iiaeoaa?aeeoue nicaeaiea oaeea.

Aeaeaa WinVN i?aaeeiaeeo oeacaoue ianoi ?aniieiaeaiey oaeea NEWSRC. Oae
eae o aan yoiai oaeea oaeaea aua iao, iaaeieoa IE. Caoai auaa?eoa Yes,
eiaaea i?ia?aiia cai?ineo ?ac?aoaiea ia nicaeaiea oaeea.

Oaia?ue WinVN cai?ineo eioi?iaoeeth i ia?aiao?ao iiaeeeth/aiey e
Internet (Nimmunication Options) (ni. ?en. 1).

Caiieieoa neaaeothuea iiey:

NNTP Server (NNTP-na?aa?). Aaaaeeoa lnternet-aae?an na?aa?a
oaeaeiioa?aioeee.

OCP-port (OCP-ii?o). Aeey aieueoeinoaa na?aa?ia neaaeoao inoaaeoue
i?aaeeaaaaiia ii oiie/aieth oaenoiaia cia/aiea nntp. Anee aao na?aa?
o?aaoao oeacaiey niaoeeaeueiiai iiia?a ii?oa, aaaaeeoa caeanue yoi
/eneiaia cia/aiea.

Connect at startup (Niaaeeiyoueny i?e ca ionea). Anee au oioeoa
aaoiiaoe/anee onoaiaaeeaaoue niaaeeiaiea n na?aa?ii oaeaeiioa?aioeee i?e
caionea WinVN, aeeth/eoa yoo iioeeth. Anee aea au oioeoa caioneaoue
WinVN e ia/eiaoue ?aaioo a ?aaeeia off-line, oaaaeeoanue, /oi iioeey ia
onoaiiaeaia.

Username and Password (Eiy iieueciaaoaey e ia?ieue). Anee na?aa?
oaeaeiioa?aioeee o?aaoao iaee/ey eiaie e ia?iey, aaaaeeoa eo caeanue.
(Eae i?aaeei, yoi ia ioaeii).

Save password (Nio?aieoue ia?ieue). Auaa?eoa yoo iioeeth, anee au ia
oioeoa, /oiau ia?ieue cai?aoeaaeny i?e eaaeaeii niaaeeiaiee n na?aa?ii.
Yoa iioeey ia ea?aao ?iee, anee na?aa? ia o?aaoao aaiaea eiaie
iieueciaaoaey e ia?iey.

SMTP Server (SMTP-na?aa?). Anee au niae?aaoanue eniieueciaaoue ii/oiaue
na?aa? Internet aeey ioi?aaee yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou, aaaaeeoa caeanue aai
aae?an. Anee aea au aoaeaoa eniieueciaaoue nenoaio yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou
Microsoft Mail naiae eieaeueiie naoe, inoaaueoa yoi iiea iacaiieiaiiui.

Mail Transport (Niinia ia?aaea/e ii/ou). Auaa?eoa niinia ?aaiou n
yeaeo?iiiie ii/oie. Anee au eniieuecoaoa ii/oiaue na?aa? Internet,
auaa?eoa iioeeth Use SMTP. Anee au eniieuecoaoa ii/oo Microsoft Mail,
auaa?eoa Use MAPI. Aeey ioeeth/aiey iaoaiecia ioi?aaee ii/ou, auaa?eoa
Disabled. I?e aeeth/aiiie iioeee Auto Select aoaeao eniieueciaaia
nenoaia Microsoft Mail a neo/aa aa iaia?oaeaiee; a i?ioeaiii neo/aa
i?ia?aiia aoaeao iuoaoueny ?aaioaoue n ii/oiaui na?aa?ii Internet.

MAPI demand logon (niaaeeiaiea n MAPI ii o?aaiaaieth). Auaa?eoa yoio
ioieo, anee oioeoa, /oiau WinVN ioe?uaae aeinooi e ii/oa IAPI oieueei ii
o?aaiaaieth. Anee iioeey ia aua?aia, WinVN ioe?iao aeinooi e ii/oiaie
nenoaia i?e caionea. Yoa iioeey ia ea?aao ?iee, anee au eniieuecoaoa
oieueei SMTP-ii/oo.

?enoiie 1.

Eiaaea ana onoaiiaee naeaeaiu, iaaeieoa IE. Oaia?ue WinVN cai?ineo aaoo
ee/ioth eioi?iaoeeth. Yoa eioi?iaoeey aoaeao iiiauaoueny ai ana
ioaeeeoaiua aaie noaouee. I?eia? aeeaeiaiaiai ieia iieacai ia ?en. 2.

Caiieieoa neaaeothuea iiey:

Your Name (Aaoa eiy). Aaaaeeoa naia eiy a oii aeaea, a eioi?ii iii
aeieaeii iiyaeyoueny a noaoueyo UseNet.

Your e-mail address (Aao e-mail aae?an). Aaaaeeoa aae?an yeaeo?iiiie
ii/ou, ii eioi?iio iieueciaaoaee UseNet, i?i/eoaaoea aaoe noaouee,
niiaoo iauaoueny n aaie.

Reply-to e-mail address (E-mail aae?an aeey ioaa oia). Anee o aan anoue
ae?oaie e-mail aae?an, ia eioi?ue au oioaee au iieo/aoue ioaaou
iieueciaaoaeae, caaeaeoa aai a yoii iiea.

Organization name (Iaeiaiiaaiea i?aaiecaoeee). Anee au oioeoa i?e
iaienaiee noaoae i?aaenoaaeyoue iaeioi?oth i?aaiecaoeeth, aaaaeeoa aa
iaeiaiiaaiea. A i?ioeaiii neo/aa inoaaueoa yoi iiea iacaiieiaiiui.

?enoiie 2.

Caiieiea ia?a/eneaiiua iiey, iaaeieoa eiiieo IE. WinVN oaia?ue ni?ineo,
ioaeii ee iieo/eoue n na?aa?a nienie aeinooiiuo oaeaeiioa?aioeee.
Iineieueeo au caioneaaoa WinVN a ia?aue ?ac, auaa?eoa Yes.

Iinea yoiai WinVN ia/iao iieo/aoue nienie oaeaeiioa?aioeee. Anee na?aa?
niaea?aeeo iiiai oaeaeiioa?aioeee, yoio i?ioeann iiaeao ieacaoueny
aeiaieueii aeeeoaeueiui. Aoaeueoa aioiau iiaeiaeaeaoue ianeieueei ieioo
(a iniaaiiinoe, anee au iiaeeeth/aiu e Internet /a?ac iiaeai ii
i?ioieieai SLIP eee ???).

Eiaaea WinVN iieo/eo iieiue nienie oaeaeiioa?aioeee, aai aoaeao
i?aaeeiaeaii iiaeienaoueny ia iiaua oaeaeiioa?aioeee eee ioiaieoue
iiaeieneo ia oaeaeiioa?aioeee, n eioi?uie au oaea ?aaioaee (ni. ?en. 3).
I?e ia?aii caionea WinVN ana oaeaeiioa?aioeee ?anniao?eaathony eae
iiaua.

?enoiie 3.

*oiau iiaeienaoueny ia oaeaeiioa?aioeeth, nia/aea ioaeii aua?aoue
aa?oiee o?iaaiue a ea?a?oee oaeaeiioa?aioeee. Iai?eia?, aa?oiee o?iaaiue
oaeaeiioa?aioeee alt.coffee – alt. Caoai neaaeoao i?iniio?aoue nienie a
ieia Unsubscribed Groups e iaeoe ioaeioth oaeaeiioa?aioeeth. Aeaieiie
uae/ie ia eiaie oaeaeiioa?aioeee a ieia Unsubscribed Groups ia?aianoeo
aa a ieii Subscribed Groups. Anee aea au ia?aaeoiaaoa, oi iiaeaoa
aeaaaeaeu uaeeiooue ia eiaie oaeaeiioa?aioeee a ieia Subscribed Groups,
/oiau ioiaieoue iiaeieneo e ia?aianoeoue nnueeo ia oaeaeiioa?aioeeth
ia?aoii a ieii Unsubscribed Groups.

I?eia/aiey

Anee au aua ciaaoa, ia eaeea oaeaeiioa?aioeee iiaeienaoueny, iiaeaoa
i?ieenoaoue nienie e aua?aoue oa, eioi?ua iieaaeoony aai eioa?aniuie.

?enoiie 4.

Eiaaea au caeii/eoa auai? oaeaeiioa?aioeee, iaaeieoa eiiieo IE. WinVN
oaia?ue ioia?aceo iniiaiia ieii. Aeae yoiai ieia iieacai ia ?en. 4.

2.2. Caione WinVN

Anee i?ia?aiia auea onoaiiaeaia i?aaeeueii, oi aeey caionea WinVN
iaiaoiaeeii i?inoi aeaaaeaeu uaeeiooue ia ieeoia?aiia WinVN a Program
Manager. Anee au ia neiioeao?e?iaaee WinVN oae, /oiau ii aaoiiaoe/anee
niaaeeiyeny n NNTP-na?aa?ii i?e caionea, oi iiaeaoa onoaiiaeoue
niaaeeiaiea (eee ioniaaeeieoueny), iaaeaa eiiieo Connect ia iaiaee
eino?oiaioia. Eiaaea WinVN niaaeeiyaony n na?aa?ii, iiyaeyaony aii?in i
iaiaoiaeeiinoe iieo/aiey n na?aa?a iiaiai nienea oaeaeiioa?aioeee.

Anee au auae?aaoa Yes eee iaaeeiaaoa +, i?ia?aiia WinVN eiie?oao
n na?aa?a nienie iacaaiee oaeaeiioa?aioeee e ii?aaeaeyao /enei noaoae a
eaaeaeie ec ieo. Anee ia na?aa?a iiyaeeenue iiaua oaeaeiioa?aioeee,
WinVN i?aaeinoaaeyao aiciiaeiinoue aeiaaaeoue eo a nienie
oaeaeiioa?aioeee, ia eioi?ua au iiaeienaeenue (ni. ?en. 22.3). Iieo/aiea
iiaiai nienea iiaeao ioieiaoue aeiaieueii aeeeoaeueiia a?aiy i?e
iaaeeaiiii niaaeeiaiee n Internet (eee i?e aunieii o?iaia o?aoeea).
Eiiaaea i?eoiaeeony aeaeaoue iaeio, iyoue, aeanyoue ieioo eee aeaaea
aeieueoa.

Anee au auae?aaoa No eee iaaeeiaaoa +, eniieuecoaony iineaaeiee,
neiie?iaaiiue ?aiaa, nienie iacaaiee oaeaeiioa?aioeee. Iineieueeo /enei
noaoae a eaaeaeie oaeaeiioa?aioeee, aac niiiaiey, eciaieeinue ni a?aiaie
iineaaeiaai i?iniio?a, yoi /enei ia oeacuaaaony ieiei eiaie
oaeaeiioa?aioeee (aianoi /enea noaoae noaaeony i?i/a?e).

Aia caaeneiinoe io oiai, aua?aee au Yes eee No, a ?acoeueoaoa WinVN
ioia?aceo iniiaiia ieii i?ia?aiiu. Oaia?ue ana aioiai aeey ia/aea
?aaiou.

I?eaeaiu e ?aoaiey

Aicieeatho i?iaeaiu ai a?aiy caionea, i?e/eia eioi?uo iaynia.

Anee i?e caionea WinVN /oi-oi i?ienoiaeeo iai?aaeeueii, oi iiyaeythony
niiauaiey ia ioeaeao. E niaeaeaieth, niiauaiey ia ioeaeao WinVN naie ii
naaa iauyniytho iaiiiai. Iaeioi?ua ec iaeaieaa /anoi ano?a/athueony
niiauaiee i?aaenoaaeaiu ieaea:

Error 4007 in fynction getsock_connect, can’t resolve hostname

WinVN ia iiaeao ii?aaeaeeoue IP-aae?an na?aa?a oaeaeiioa?aioeee.
Aiciiaeiua i?e/eiu: i?a?aaeinue niaaeeiaiea n Internet, oeacai iaaa?iue
aae?an na?aa?a, ia ?aaioaao na?aa? eiai (DNS-na?aa?) aaoaai
na?aen-i?iaaeaea?a.

400 loadav at 24, try later

Ia eiiiuethoa?a n aae?anii, oeacaiiui a ea/anoaa aae?ana na?aa?a
oaeaeiioa?aioeee, ia ?aaioaao i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea NNTP-na?aa?a.
Na?aa? oaeaeiioa?aioeee iiaeao auoue iaeni?aaai eee a WinVN iai?aaeeueii
oeacai aae?an na?aa?a.

Unexpected error 10060 from Winsock

Na?aa? oaeaeiioa?aioeee ia ioaa/aao ia cai?inu WinVN. Aiciiaeii, ii ia
caiouai.

528 You have no right to talk. Good bye.

Na?aa? oaeaeiioa?aioeee niiauaao, /oi eniieuecothony iaaa?iua eiy
iieueciaaoaey e ia?ieue. Anee aao na?aa? ia o?aaoao aaiaea eiaie e
ia?iey, oaaaeeoanue, /oi iiey eiaie e ia?iey a WinVN ia caiieiaiu.
(Ioe?ieoa iaith Config e auaa?eoa ioieo Communications.)

2.2.1. Oi?aaeaiea oaeaeiioa?aioeeyie

WinVN oii?yaei/eaaao noaouee ii oaeaeiioa?aioeeyi, e eioi?ui yoe noaouee
ioiinyony. Iinea oiai eae au caionoeee WinVN, ii ioia?aaeaao iniiaiia
ieii, iiaeiaiia iieacaiiiio ia ?en. 4. Iniiaiia ieii niaea?aeeo nienie
anao oaeaeiioa?aioeee. Ia?aay /anoue nienea niaea?aeeo oaeaeiioa?aioeee,
ia eioi?ua au iiaeienaeenue. Iie i?eaaaeaiu a oii ii?yaeea, a eioi?ii au
iiaeienuaaeenue. Aoi?ay /anoue nienea (iieacaiiay ae?oaei oeaaoii)
aeeth/aao ana inoaeueiua oaeaeiioa?aioeee, ia?a/eneaiiua a aeoaaeoiii
ii?yaeea. Neaaa io eiaie eaaeaeie oaeaeiioa?aioeee noieo /enei noaoae,
eioi?ia, aa?iyoii, iaoiaeeony a iae. (Noaouee aeiaaaeythony e
oaeaeythony aeinoaoi/ii auno?i, iiyoiio ieeiaaea iaeuecy auoue oaa?aiiui
a oii, /oi oeacaiiia /enei aa?ii, iiea au ia ioe?iaoa oaeaeiioa?aioeeth
e oaeaeeoa, neieueei noaoae eiaaony a aeaiiue iiiaio.)

*oiau aeiaaaeoue oaeaeiioa?aioeeth e nieneo oaeaeiioa?aioeee, ia eioi?ua
au iiaeienaiu, ioiaoueoa aa iacaaiea, ioe?ieoa iaith Group e auaa?eoa
eiiaiaeo Subscribe selected groups.

*oiau oaeaeeoue oaeaeiioa?aioeeth ec nienea iiaeienaiiuo, ioiaoueoa
iacaaiea oaeaeiioa?aioeee, ioe?ieoa iaith Group e auaa?eoa eiiaiaeo
Unsubscribe selected groups.

Anee aai iaaei iaeoe oaeaeiioa?aioeeth, ii au ia ciaaoa oi/ii aa eiy, oi
au iiaeaoa iieneaoue aa, aua?aa a iaith Group eiiaiaeo Find (+)
eee iaaeaa eiiieo Find ia iaiaee eino?oiaioia. WinVN i?aaeeiaeeo aaanoe
no?ieo aeey iienea. Aaaaeeoa neiai eee iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue neiaieia,
eioi?oth ioaeii iaeoe a nienea eiai oaeaeiioa?aioeee. Iaaeieoa eiiieo
IE. WinVN i?iniio?eo nienie eiai e iiianoeo neiaie “aieueoa” (>) ieiei
ia?aie iiaeoiaeyuae oaeaeiioa?aioeee. *oiau iaeoe neaaeothuaa
niioaaonoaea, iaaeieoa eiiieo Find Next ia iaiaee eino?oiaioia eee
eeaaeoo F3. Iiaeii i?iaeieaeaoue iaaeeiaoue F3 eee eiiieo Find Next,
iiea ia aoaeao iaeaeaii iineaaeiyy oaeaeiioa?aioeey, eiy eioi?ie
oaeiaeaoai?yao e?eoa?eth iienea.

Oaeaeiioa?aioeee n iiaeieneie ia?aiia/aeueii ia?a/eneaiu a oii aea
ii?yaeea, a eioi?ii au ia ieo iiaeienuaaeenue. *oiau ia?aianoeoue
eaeoth-eeai oaeaeiioa?aioeeth a aa?oithth /anoue nienea, auaeaeeoa aa
eiy, ioe?ieoa iaith Group e auaa?eoa eiiaiaeo Move selected Groups to
the top. Anee yoo iia?aoeeth auiieieoue n oaeaeiioa?aioeeae, ia eioi?oth
au ia auee iiaeienaiu, oi yoi aaoiiaoe/anee i?eaaaeao e iiaeienea.

2.2.2. *oaiea noaoae

*oiau i?i/eoaoue noaouee, ioiinyueany e eaeie-eeai oaeaeiioa?aioeee,
iaaei aeaaaeaeu uaeeiooue ia eiaie oaeaeiioa?aioeee a iniiaiii ieia.
*oiau i?iniio?aoue niaea?aeaiea oaeaeiioa?aioeee, nianai ia iaycaoaeueii
auoue ia iaa iiaeienaiiui. Iinea auai?a eiaie iiyaeyaony ieii
oaeaeiioa?aioeee, i?eia? eioi?iai iieacai ia ?en. 5.

?enoiie 5.

Ii oiie/aieth a ieia oaeaeiioa?aioeee i?eaaaeai nienie caaieiaeia noaoae
a ii?yaeea, niioaaonoaothuai ieoyi aeeneonnee (ni. neaaeothuee ?acaeae
“Eae neaaeeoue ca aeeneonneae”). Neaaa io oaiu eaaeaeie noaouee oeacaiu
ii?yaeeiaue iiia? noaouee, aeaoa ioaeeeaoeee, aaoi? e /enei no?ie a
noaouea.

*oiau i?i/eoaoue noaoueth, aeaaaeaeu uaeeieoa ia aa caaieiaea. I?e yoii
iiyaeyaony ieii, a eioi?ii ioia?aaeaaony oaeno noaouee. I?eia? yoiai
ieia iieacai ia ?en. 6.

?enoiie 6.

*oiau i?i/eoaoue neaaeothuoth noaoueth, ioe?ieoa iaith View e auaa?eoa
eiiaiaeo Next (+) eee iaaeieoa eiiieo Next Article ia iaiaee
eino?oiaioia. *oiau i?i/eoaoue i?aaeuaeouoth noaoueth, ioe?ieoa iaith
View e auaa?eoa eiiaiaeo Previous (+

) eee iaaeieoa eiiieo
Previous Article ia iaiaee eino?oiaioia.

Anee noaouey caeiaee?iaaia n eniieueciaaieai eiaea ROTI3, ioe?ieoa iaith
View e auaa?eoa eiiaiaeo ROTI3 (+). Iineaaeiaaoaeueiue auai?
yoie eiiaiaeu aeeth/aao e aueeth/aao eiaee?iaeo.

I?eia/aiea

Anee oaeno noaouee auaeyaeeo eae iaai? i?iecaiaeueiuo neiaieia, oi,
aiciiaeii, i?e aa ioi?aaeaiee eniieueciaaeanue noaia eiaee?iaaiey,
iacuaaaiay ROT13. Yoio niinia eiaee?iaaiey i?eiaiyaony ia aeey
iaania/aiey nae?aoiinoe, a aeey oiai, /oiau i?aaeinoaaeoue neo/aeiiio
/eoaoaeth aiciiaeiinoue naiiio ?aoeoue, aeaenoaeoaeueii ee ii oi/ao
i?i/eoaoue noaoueth. Iai?eia?, ROT13 iiaeao eniieueciaaoueny, /oiau
ne?uoue niiauaiey, n eioi?ui ia ana o/anoieee oaeaeiioa?aioeee caoioyo
iciaeiieoueny.

Eiaaea au caeii/eoa i?iniao?eaaoue noaouee, cae?ieoa ieii i?iniio?a
noaoae. Ii ieii/aiee ?aaiou n oaeaeiioa?aioeeae, cae?ieoa ieii
oaeaeiioa?aioeee. Nouanoaoao aiciiaeiinoue (eiiaaea iia ieacuaaaony
aanueia iieaciie) ioe?uoue iaeiia?aiaiii ianeieueei ieii
oaeaeiioa?aioeee eee ieii noaoae. Au iiaeaoa ia?aeeth/aoueny iaaeaeo
yoeie ieiaie, iaaeeiay eeaaeoe +, eae yoi i?eiyoi a n?aaea
Windows aeey ia?aeeth/aiey iaaeaeo ieiaie ioaeaeueiuo i?ia?aii.

2.2.3. Eae neaaeeoue ca aeeneonneae

WinVN iicaieyao aeinoaoi/ii i?inoi neaaeeoue ca aeeneonneyie UseNet.
Aeey yoiai i?aaeiacia/aiu aeaa aiciiaeiinoe i?ia?aiiu – oii?yaei/aiea
noaoae ii ieoyi aeeneonnee (threading) e ioiaoea i?i/eoaiiuo noaoae.

*oiau WinVN oii?yaei/ee noaouee ii ieoyi, neaaeoao nia/aea auaanoe ieii
eioa?anothuae aan oaeaeiioa?aioeee. Caoai ioaeii ioe?uoue iaith Sort e
aua?aoue eiiaiaeo By Thread. Oaia?ue caaieiaie ia?aie noaouee eaaeaeie
aeeneonnee ioia?aaeaaony iieiinoueth. O eaaeaeie noaouee, iaienaiiie a
ioaao ia ia?aoth, caaieiaie caiaiai ia iaoeo >. Eaaeaeay noaouey,
eioi?ay i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ioaao ia ioaao oaeaea eiaao iaoeo >, ii yoa
iaoea eiaao ionooi a aeaa i?iaaea. Eaaeaeue iineaaeothuee ioaao ia ioaao
aoaeao eiaoue iaoeo, ionoiyuoth aua ia aeaa i?iaaea io iaoee noaouee, ia
eioi?oth aeai ioaao.

Iai?eia?, ia ?en. 7 noaouey n iiia?ii 1727 – ia?aay noaouey a
aeeneonnee. Noaouey n iiia?ii 1726 niaea?aeeo ioaao ia ia?aoth noaoueth.
Noaouey n iiia?ii 1736 – ioaao ia noaoueth n iiia?ii 1726, a noaouee n
iiia?aie 1728 e 1700 – oaeaea yaeythony ioaaoaie ia nooueth 1727.

?enoiie 7.

Eiaaea au i?i/eoaee noaoueth, au iiaeaoa iaaeaoue F3 eee eiiieo Next
Article within Thread, /oiau i?iniio?aoue neaaeothuoth noaoueth a
aeaiiie aeeneonnee. I?i/eoaa iineaaeithth noaoueth, au iieo/eoa
niioaaonoaothuaa niiauaiea i?ia?aiiu.

WinVN iicaieyao ioia/aoue oaea i?i/eoaiiua noaouee, /oi oaeaea iaeaa/aao
o/anoea a aeeneonee. Yoi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue i?iaeieaeaoue /oaiea noaoae
n oiai ianoa, aaea au inoaiiaeeenue a iineaaeiee ?ac. Anee au ioe?uee
noaoueth, oi WinVN i?aaeiieaaaao, /oi au aa i?i/eoaee, e ioia/aao aa. A
ieia oaeaeiioa?aioeee caaieiaee i?i/eoaiiuo noaoae ioia/aiu oeaaoii e
noiyuei neaaa neiaieii s.

Au iiaeaoa i?i/eoaoue eeoue ianeieueei noaoae (iniiauaaynue ia eo
caaieiaeao), a caoai caoioaoue ioiaoeoue inoaeueiua noaouee yoie
oaeaeiioa?aioeee eae i?i/eoaiiua. *oiau naeaeaoue yoi, ioe?ieoa ieii
oaeaeiioa?aioeee e auaa?eoa a iaith Articles eiiaiaeo Catch-Up, Exit eee
iaaeieoa eiiieo Catch-Up, Exit ia iaiaee eino?oiaioia. Ieii
oaeaeiioa?aioeee cae?iaony, e a neaaeothuee ?ac, eiaaea au ioe?iaoa yoo
oaeaeiioa?aioeeth, ana noaouee, ca eneeth/aieai iiauo, aoaeoo ioia/aiu
eae i?i/eoaiiua.

2.2.4. ?aciauaiea ieii e iano?ieea o?eooia

Anee i?e i?iniio?a noaoae au iaia?oaeeoa, /oi ?acia? ieii e
eniieuecoaiue o?eoo aan ia ono?aeaatho, oi yoe iano?ieee iiaoo auoue
eciaiaiu. Eciaiaiey iiaeii nio?aieoue aeey aoaeoueo naainia ?aaiou.

*oiau eciaieoue ?acia?u ieia, auiieieoa neaaeothuea aeaenoaey:

?aniieiaeeoa ieia (iniiaiia, oaeaeiioa?aioeee, noaoae) ia ye?aia oae,
eae aai eaaeaony oaeiaiui, e onoaiiaeoa eo ?acia?.

Iaaeaa +, naeaeaeoa aeoeaiui iniiaiia ieii WinVN.

Ioe?ieoa iaith Window e auaa?eoa eiiaiaeo Save Window Position.

Oaia?ue iniiaiia ieii, ieia oaeaeiioa?aioeee e noaoae aoaeoo iiyaeyoueny
n onoaiiaeaiiuie ?acia?aie. Anee au ia nio?aieoa iiceoeee ieii, oi i?e
ioe?uoee iiauo ieii iie aoaeoo eiaoue i?aaeiee ?acia?.

*oiau eciaieoue o?eoo a eaeii-eeai ieia, iaiaoiaeeii:

Iaaeaoue +, /oiau aeieoe aei iniiaiiai ieia.

Ioe?uoue iaith Config e aua?aoue ioieo Fonts.

Oeacaoue iacia/aiea o?eooa ec neaaeothuaai ia?a/iy: WinVN System,
Group/Article List, Article Text; Composition Text, Status Text eee
Print Text. (Group/Article List aicaeaenoaoao iaeiia?aiaiii ia ieii
oaeaeiioa?aioeee e iniiaiia ieii). Caoai iiyaeony aeeaeiaiaia ieii,
iicaieythuaa aua?aoue o?eoo e aai ?acia?.

Aua?aoue oaeiaeaoai?ythuea aan oei e ia?aiao?u o?eooa.

Iaaeaoue IE.

Ioe?uoue iaith Config e aua?aoue eiiaiaeo Save Configuration.

Niaao

Eniieuecoeoa o?eoo oeene?iaaiiie oe?eiu, iai?eia? Courier, aeey noaoae
oaoie/aneiai eee oeiainiaiai niaea?aeaiey. A i?ioeaiii neo/aa oaaeeoeu
ia aoaeoo i?aaeeueii iooi?iaoe?iaaiu.

2.2.5. Ioaeeeaoeey noaoae

WinVN iicaieyao ioi?aaeyoue a oaeaeiioa?aioeee (ioaeeeiaaoue) noaouee.
Au iiaeaoa ioaeeeiaaoue eae iiaua noaouee, oae e ioaaou (eiiiaioa?ee) ia
ae?oaea noaouee. Iiaua noaouee eiatho iiaoth oaio a caaieiaea e, oaeei
ia?acii, i?aaeeaaatho iiaoth ieoue aeeneonnee. Noaouee, ioi?aaeyaiua a
ioaao ia ?aiaa iioaeeeiaaiiua noaouee, aeiaaaeythony e ieoe
nouanoaothuae aeeneonnee.

*oiau iioaeeeiaaoue iiaoth noaoueth, auiieieoa neaaeothuea aeaenoaey:

Ec iniiaiiai ieia WinVN ioe?ieoa iaith Utilities e auaa?eoa eiiaiaeo New
Article. Ec ieia oaeaeiioa?aioeee ioe?ieoa iaith Articles e auaa?eoa New
Article. Ec ethaiai ieia au iiaeaoa ainiieueciaaoueny eiiieie New
Article eee iaaeaoue +. Iinea auiieiaiey iaeiiai ec oeacaiiuo
aeaenoaee WinVN ioe?iao ieii aeey ioaeeeaoeee niiauaiey (ni. ?en. 8).

Caiieieoa neaaeothuea iiey:

Newsgroups (Oaeaeiioa?aioeee). Oeaaeeoa eiy oaeaeiioa?aioeee (eee
ianeieueeeo oaea eiioa?aioeee), a eioi?ie au oioeoa iioaeeeiaaoue
noaoueth.

Subject (Oaia). Aaaaeeoa oaio noaouee.

Cc-By-Mail (Eiiee ii yeaeo?iiiie ii/oa). Anee au oaeaea oioeoa iineaoue
noaoueth eiio-oi ii yeaeo?iiiie ii/oa, oeaaeeoa niioaaonoaothuee e-mail
aae?an a yoii iiea.

Attachments (I?eniaaeeiaiiua oaeeu). Anee au i?eniaaeeieee eaeea-eeai
oaeeu e aeaiiie noaouea, iie aoaeoo ia?a/eneaiu a iiea Attaclmlents.
(ni. “Ecaea/aiea e i?eniaaeeiaiea oaeeia” aeaeaa a yoie aeaaa.)

Aaaaeeoa oaeno noaouee.

Ioe?ieoa iaith Posting e auaa?eoa eiiaiaeo Send eee iaaeieoa +.
WinVN ioi?aaeo aaoo noaoueth a oaeaeiioa?aioeeth.

?enoiie 8.

*oiau iioaeeeiaaoue noaoueth a ea/anoaa ioaaoa ia ae?oaoth noaoueth
(follow up), neaaeoao auiieieoue neaaeothuea oaae:

Ioe?uoue noaoueth, ia eioi?oth au niae?aaoanue ienaoue ioaao.

Ioe?uoue iaith Respond e aua?aoue eiiaiaeo Followup Article, iaaeaoue
eiiieo Respond ia iaiaee eino?oiaioia eee iaaeaoue +. WinVN
ioe?iao ieii aeey iiaeaioiaee niiauaiey.

Caiieieoa iiey

Newsgroups (Oaeaeiioa?aioeee). Aaaaeeoa eiy oaeaeiioa?aioeee, a eioi?oth
au oioeoa iai?aaeoue niiauaiea. Eiy oaeaeiioa?aioeee, eioi?ay niaea?aeeo
ia?aiia/aeueiia niiauaiea, aoaeao iieacaii ii oiie/aieth.

Subject (Oaia). Ii oiie/aieth a iiea oaiu niiauaiey aoaeao caienaii Re:
e caaieiaie ieoe aeeneonnee. Au iiaeaoa eciaieoue oaio, anee oioeoa, ii
yoi iiaeao naeoue n oieeo iieueciaaoaeae, eioi?ua ia eiatho aiciiaeiinoe
aaoiiaoe/aneiai oii?yaei/eaaiey noaoae ii ieoyi, eae yoi aeaeaaony a
WinVN.

Nn-Ao-Mail (Eiiee ii yeaeo?iiiie ii/oa). Anee au oioeoa oaeaea iineaoue
noaoueth eiio-eeai ii yeaeo?iiiie ii/oa, oi aaaaeeoa e-mail aae?anaoa a
aeaiiia iiea. Ii oiie/aieth a aeaiiii iiea niaea?aeeony e-mail aae?an
aaoi?a noaouee, ia eioi?oth au ioaa/aaoa.

Attachments (I?eniaaeeiaiiua oaeeu). Anee au i?eniaaeeieee e noaouea
eaeea-eeai oaeeu, iie aoaeoo ia?a/eneaiu a iiea Attachments.

Aaanoe oaeno aaoae noaouee iinea i?eaaaeaiiie auoa eioi?iaoeee i iae.
Ia?aoeoa aieiaiea, /oi oaeno noaouee, ia eioi?oth au ioaa/aaoa, aeeth/ai
a aaoo noaoueth. Eaaeaeay no?iea enoiaeiie noaouee ia/eiaaony n neiaiea
>. Yoi iicaieyao oai, eoi /eoaao aao ioaao, ioee/eoue oeeoaou ec
noaouee, ia eioi?oth au ioaa/aaoa. Au iiaeaoa eae oaeaeeoue aanue oaeno
enoiaeiie noaouee, oae e inoaaeoue aai oeaeeeii. Yoeeao Internet o?aaoao
inoaaeoue a ioaaoa eeoue iaiaoiaeeiua aeey aai iiieiaiey oeeoaou, /oiau
nie?aoeoue ?acia? aaoae ioaeeeaoeee.

Ioe?uoue iaith Posting e aua?aoue eiiaiaeo Send eee iaaeaoue +.
WinVN iai?aaeo aaoo noaoueth a oaeaeiioa?aioeeth.

2.2.6. Ioi?aaeaiea yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou

Oioy i?ia?aiia WinVN ?ac?aaioaia ia eae i?ia?aiia aeey ?aaiou n
yeaeo?iiiie ii/oie, aiciiaeiinoue ioi?aaeaiey niiauaiee yeaeo?iiiie
ii/ou a iae i?enoonoaoao. Yoa ooieoeey iniaaiii iieacia aeey
ia?niiaeueiiai ioaaoa ia noaouee eee aeey ia?anueee noaoae
iieueciaaoaeyi, ia eiathuei aeinooia e UseNet. Eiathony o?e niiniaa
ioi?aaeoue niiauaiea yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou.

*oiau ioi?aaeoue iiaia niiauaiea, iiaeii aeaenoaiaaoue iaeiei ec
neaaeothueo niiniaia:

A iniiaiii ieia ioe?uoue iaith Utilities e aua?aoue eiiaiaeo Compose
Mail (+) eee iaaeaoue eiiieo Compose Mail ia iaiaee
eino?oiaioia.

A ieia oaeaeiioa?aioeee ioe?uoue iaith Articles e aua?aoue eiiaiaeo
Compose Mail (+) eee iaaeaoue eiiieo Compose Mail ia iaiaee
eino?oiaioia.

*oiau ia?aneaoue noaoueth, a ieia noaouee (iieacuaathuai oo noaoueth,
eioi?ay aoaeao iineaia) ioe?ieoa iaith Respond e auaa?eoa eiiaiaeo
Forward Article, eee iaaeieoa eiiieo Forward Article ia iaiaee
eino?oiaioia, eee iaaeieoa +.

*oiau ioi?aaeoue ii yeaeo?iiiie ii/oa ioaao ia noaoueth, a ieia noaouee
(iieacuaathuai oo noaoueth, ia eioi?oth au oioeoa ioaaoeoue) ioe?ieoa
iaith Respond e auaa?eoa eiiaiaeo Followup Mail, eee iaaeieoa eiiieo
Followup Mail ia iaiaee eino?oiaioia, eee iaaeieoa +.

I?iaeaiu e ?aoaiey

Iieo/aii niiauaiea ia ioeaea “Timezone environment variable not set” (Ia
onoaiiaeaia ia?aiaiiay ie?oaeaiey, niaea?aeauay eioi?iaoeeth i /eneiaii
iiyna). *oi yoi icia/aao?

Neaaeoao aianoe eciaiaiey a oaee AUTOEXEC.BAT:

Eniieuecoy Notepad, ioe?ieoa oaee AUTOEXEC.BAT. (Ii, aa?iyoii, ?aciauai
a ei?iaaii eaoaeiaa N:\.)

Anoaaueoa a ia/aei oaeea neaaeothuoth no?ieo:

TZ=xxxxx

aaea ooooo aa?aony ec oaaeeoeu 22.1.

Nio?aieoa eciaiaiiue oaee AUTOEXEC.BAT.

Caaa?oeoa naain ?aaiou a Windows e ia?acaa?oceoa eiiiuethoa?.
Eioi?iaoeey i /aniaii iiyna, iaiaoiaeeiay aeey ?aaiou WinVN, oaia?ue
aoaeao aeinooiia.

*aniaie iiyn TZ=XXXXX (Iau/iia) TZ=XXXXX (Aeiiieieoaeueiia
yia?ainaa?aaathuaa)

Greenwich Mean Time GMTO

Universal Coordinated Time UTCO

Femando De Noronha Std FST2 FST2FDT

Brazil Standard Time BST3

Eastern Standard (Brazil) EST3 EST2EDT

Greenland Standard Time GST3

Newfoundland Standard Time NST3:30 NST3:30NDT

Atlantic Standard Time AST4 AST4ADT

Western Standard (Brazil) WST4 WST4WDT

Eastern Standard Time (US) ESTS ESTSEDT

Chile Standard Time CSTS CSTCDT

Acre Standard Time ASTS ASTSADT

Cuba Standard Time CSTS CSTSCDT

Central Standard Time (US) CST6 CST6CDT

Easter Island Standard EST6 EST6EDT

Mountain Standard Time (US) MST7 MST7MDT

Pacific Standard Time PSTB PSTBPDT

Alaska Standard Time AKS9 AKS9AKD

Yukon Standard Time YST9 YST9YDT

Hawaii Standard Time HST10 HST10HDT

Samoa Standard Time SST11

New Zealand Standard Time NZS-12 NZS-12NZD

Guam Standard Time GST-10

Eastern Australian Standard EAS-10 EAS-10EAD

Central Australian Standard CAS-9:30 CAS-9:30CAD

Japan Standard Time JST-9

Korean Standard Time KST-9 KST-9KDT

China Coast Time CCT-8

Hong Kong Time HKT-8

Singapore Standard Time SST-8

Western Australian Standard WAS-8 WAS-8WAD

Java Standard Time JST-7:30

North Sumatra Time NST-7

Indian Standard Time IST-5:30

Iran Standard Time IST-3:30 IST-3:30IDT

Moscow Winter Time MSK-3 MSK-3MSD

Eastern Europe Time EET-2

Israel Standard Time IST-2 IST-2IDT

Middle European Time MEZ-1 MEZ-1MES

Swedish Winter Time SWT-1 SWT-1SST

French Winter Time FWT-1 FWT-1FST

Central European Time CET-1 CET-1CES

West African Time WAT-1

Eiaaea au i?enooieoa e ioi?aaeaieth yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou, WinVN ?aoeo,
eaeei ia?acii yoi naeaeaoue. I?e onoaiiaea i?ia?aiiu aeey oeacaiey
niiniaa ia?aaea/e ii/ou au aeieaeiu auee aua?aoue iaeii ec neaaeothueo
cia/aiee: SMTP, IAI, none (ieeaeie) eee Auto Select (aaoiiaoe/aneee
auai?).

Anee au aua?aee SMTP (aeey yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou Internet) eee Auto Select
(e WinVN aua?ae SMTP), oi WinVN ioe?iao ieii ?aaeaeoe?iaaiey niiauaiey
yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou (ni. ?en. 9).

Aaaaeeoa eioi?iaoeeth caaieiaea e oaeno niiauaiey:

Aaanoe aae?an ei??aniiiaeaioa, eioi?ue aeieaeai iieo/eoue aaoa
niiauaiea. (Anee au ioi?aaeyaoa ioaao ia noaoueth, oi aae?an aa aaoi?a
aoaeao i?aaeeiaeai ii oiie/aieth.) Au iiaeaoa aeiaaaeyoue e oaeaeyoue
aae?ana yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou ec aae?aniie eieae WinVN. *oiau ioe?uoue
aae?anioth eieao, iaaeieoa eiiieo Browse, ?aniieiaeaiioth ca no?ieie Oi.
Caoai auaa?eoa eiiaiaeo Add to List (Aeiaaaeoue e nieneo) eee Delete
from List (Oaeaeeoue ec nienea) a caaeneiinoe io oiai, /oi au oioeoa
naeaeaoue.

Anee au niae?aeenue ia?aneaoue eiathuothny noaoueth, oi oaia?ue ana
aioiai. *oiau ioi?aaeoue noaoueth, ioe?ieoa iaith Mail e auaa?eoa
eiiaiaeo Send eee iaaeieoa +. Anee au iiaeaioaaeeaaaoa iiaia
niiauaiea, oi i?iaeieaeaeoa caiieiyoue iaiaoiaeeiua iiey.

Caiieieoa neaaeothuea iiey:

Subject. Aaaaeeoa oaio niiauaiey.

Cc. Anee au oioeoa iineaoue eiiee yoiai niiauaiea eiio-oi aua, oi
aaaaeeoa a aeaiiia iiea iaiaoiaeeiua aae?ana.

Aaaaeeoa oaeno aaoaai niiauaiey.

Ioe?ieoa iaith Mail e auaa?eoa eiiaiaeo Send eee iaaeieoa +.
WinVN ioi?aaeo aaoa niiauaiea ii yeaeo?iiiie ii/oa.

?enoiie 9.

Anee a ea/anoaa niiniaa ioi?aaee ii/ou au aua?aee MAPI (aeey ii/ou
Microsoft Mail) eee Auto Select (e WinVN aua?ae MAPI), oi iiyaeony ieii
nenoaiu Microsoft Mail. Aiaoiee aeae e niiniau ?aaiou n yoei ieiii
caaenyo io oiai, eaeia i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea onoaiiaeaii a aaoae
eieaeueiie naoe aeey ?aaiou n yeaeo?iiiie ii/oie. Anee o aan aicieeatho
eaeea-eeai i?iaeaiu, aai neaaeoao naycaoueny ni neoaeaie oaoie/aneie
iiaeaea?aeee aaoae ei eaeueiie naoe eee n aa aaeieieno?aoi?ii.

2.2.7. Ecaea/aiea e i?eniaaeeiaiea oaeeia

N eniieueciaaieai niaoeeaeueiuo niiniaia eiaee?iaaiey (iai?eia?,
UUEncode e UUDecode), WinVN iiaeao i?eniaaeeiyoue aeaie/iua oaeeu e
noaoueyi e ecaeaeaoue oaeea oaeeu ec noaoae. Ioaeeeoy noaouee,
niaea?aeauea oaeeu, au iiaeaoa iiaeaeeoueny ecia?aaeaieyie, i?ia?aiiaie
eee ethauie ae?oaeie oaeeaie n /eoaoaeyie oaeaeiioa?aioeee. Au oaeaea
eaaei iiaeaoa iieo/aoue oaeeu, ?ani?ino?aiyaiua ae?oaeie
iieueciaaoaeyie, auae?ay niioaaonoaothuea niiauaiey e aeaeiaee?oy eo.

*oiau iioaeeeiaaoue a oaeaeiioa?aioeee eee ioi?aaeoue ii ii/oa oaee,
auiieieoa neaaeothuea aeaenoaey:

I?e ?aaioa a iniiaiii ieia ioe?ieoa iaith Utilites e auaa?eoa eiiaiaeo
New Article, eee iaaeieoa eiiieo New Articles ia iaiaee eino?oiaioia,
eee iaaeieoa +.

I?e ?aaioa a ieia oaeaeiioa?aioeee ioe?ieoa iaith Articles e auaa?eoa ei
iaiaeo New Article, iaaeieoa eiiieo New Article ia iaiaee eino?oiaioia
eee iaaeieoa +. WinVN ioe?iao ieii aeey ioaeeeaoeee iiaie
noaouee.

Caiieieoa iiey Newsgroups, Subject e Cc.

Ioe?ieoa iaith Posting e auae?eoa eiiaiaeo Attach. WinVN ioe?iao
aeeaeia, a eioi?ii i?aaeeiaeeo oeacaoue eiy oaeea e iaeioi?oth
aeiiieieoaeueioth eioi?iaoeeth (ni. ?en. 10).

Aaaaeeoa ia?aiao?u, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey i?eniaaeeiaiey oaeea e niiauaieth:

Please enter name of file to attach. Aaaaeeoa eiy i?eniaaeeiyaiiai
oaeea. Iiaeii oaeaea iaeoe e ioiaoeoue ioaeiue oaee, eniieuecoy
ooieoeeth Browse. Iaaeieoa eiiieo IE.

Encoding type. Auaa?eoa oei eiaee?iaaiey, eioi?ue au oioeoa
eniieueciaaoue: Base-64, UU (i?ia?aiia UUEncode), XX (XXENCODE), Custom
(ae?oaie niinia eiaee?iaaiey) eee none (ionoonoaea eiaee?iaaiey).
?aeiiaiaeoaony aua?aoue cia/aiea UU, iineieueeo UUEncode – iaeaieaa
ecaanoiue oei eiaee?iaaiey. Auai? cia/aiey none i?eaaaeao e oiio, /oi
oaee aoaeao i?eniaaeeiai a naiai enoiaeiii aeaea (/oi ia ?aeiiaiaeoaony
aeey aeia?iuo oaeeia). Onoaiiaeoa oeaaeie Make Default, anee oioeoa,
/oiau aua?aiiue oei eiaee?iaaiey eniieueciaaeny a aeaeueiaeoai
aaoiiaoe/anee.

Start this attachment in new article. Onoaiiaeoa yoio oeaaeie, anee au
oioeoa, /oiau caeiaee?iaaiiue oaee aue i?eniaaeeiai e noaouea, eioi?oth
au nae/an iiaeaioaaeeaaaoa. Anee aea au oioeoa, /oiau caeiaee?iaaiiue
oaee aue iineai ioaeaeueiie noaoueae (noaoueyie), inoaaueoa oeaaeie
iaonoaiiaeaiiui.

Iaaeieoa eiiieo IE. Ioe?ieoa iaith Posting e auaa?eoa Send eee iaaeieoa
+. WinVN iioaeeeoao aaoo noaoueth.

?enoiie 10.

*oiau aeaeiaee?iaaoue e ecaea/ue oaeeu ec noaoae, auiieieoa neaaeothuaa:

Ioe?ieoa ieii oaeaeiioa?aioeee, niaea?aeauae noaouee n caeiaee?iaaiiuie
oaeeaie.

Ioiaoueoa noaoueth (noaouee), niaea?aeauoth caeiaee?iaaiiue oaee.

Ioe?ieoa iaith Articles e auaa?eoa eiiaiaeo Decode Selected Articles,
eee iaaeieoa eiiieo Decode Articles ia iaiaee eino?oiaioia. Iiyaeony
ieii, iieacaiiia ia ?en. 11.

Caiieieoa neaaeothuea iiey:

Please enter the path in which to save the decoded files. Aaaaeeoa iooue
e eaoaeiao, a eioi?ii aoaeoo nio?aiyoueny ecaea/aiiua oaeeu. Iiiieoa,
/oi i?e eniieueciaaiee iiiaeo niiniaia eiaee?iaaiey eiy oaeea
niaea?aeeony aianoa n aeaiiuie. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, WinVN aeieaeai ciaoue
oieueei iooue.

Execute decoded files. Oeaaeeoa, oioeoa ee au caionoeoue ia auiieiaiea
oaee n?aco iinea aeaeiaee?iaaiey. Yoo iioeeth aeeth/aoue ia
?aeiiaiaeoaony. I?ia?aiiu, iieo/aiiua ec oaeaeiioa?aioeee, neaaeoao
i?iaa?eoue ia?aae caioneii ia i?aaeiao iaee/ey ae?onia.

Keep Current Article Header Visible. Eiaaea yoa iioeey aeeth/aia, aeey
eaaeaeiai aeaeiaee?oaiiai oaeea nicaeaaony ioaeaeueiia ieii ninoiyiey. A
i?ioeaiii neo/aa ana niiauaiey iiiauathony a iaeii ieii ninoiyiey.

Include any open articles in decode. Anee aeeth/aia yoa iioeey, oi
aoaeoo aeaeiaee?iaaoueny ana aua?aiiua (ioia/aiiua aaie) oaeeu, a oaeaea
ana oaeeu, niaea?aeaueany a ioe?uouo noaoueyo. Eiaaea ioe?uoua ieia ni
noaoueyie ionoonoaotho, yoa iioeey ieacuaaaony iaaeinooiiie.

Auto-nunimiled decoding status windows. Eiaaea yoa iioeey aua?aia, ieia
ninoiyiey aoaeoo ieieiece?iaaiu.

Verbose Status Windows. Eiaaea aua?aia yoa iioeey, a ieia ninoiyiey
ioia?aaeaaony aeiiieieoaeueiay oaoie/aneay eioi?iaoeey.

Dumb Decode. Aeeth/eoa yoo iioeeth oieueei a oii neo/aa, eiaaea
aeaeiaee?oaiua noaouee ?aniieiaeaiu a i?aaeeueiii ii?yaeea. I?e yoii
WinVN ia aoaeao iuoaoueny oii?yaei/eaaoue oaeeu, ?acianaiiua ii
ianeieueeei noaoueyi.

Iaaeieoa eiiieo IE. Ia/iaony i?ioeann aeaeiaee?iaaiey, eioi?iaoeey i
eioi?ii aoaeao ioia?aaeaoueny a ieiao ninoiyiey. Ii ieii/aiee i?ioeanna
aeaeiaee?iaaiiua oaeeu aoaeoo nio?aiaiu a aua?aiiii aaie eaoaeiaa.

?enoiie 11.

2.3. Aeiiieieoaeueiay iano?ieea

I?iaiaiia WinVN yaeyaony aanueia aeaeie e eiaao aieueoia eiee/anoai
iioeee aeey iioeiaeueiie iano?ieee. Neaaeothuee nienie niaea?aeeo
iaeaieaa eioa?aniua ec ieo.

Show Uhsubscribed Groups

Anee au ia oioeoa, /oiau WinVN iieacuaae a aeaaiii ieia
oaeaeiioa?aioeee, ia eioi?ua au ia iiaeienaiu, aueeth/eoa aeaiioth
iioeeth. Aeey yoiai ioe?ieoa iaith Config, auaa?eoa ioieo Group List, a
caoai aueethaaeoa iioeeth Show Unsubscribed Groups. Au iiaeaoa oaeaea
ia?aeeth/aoue yoe aeaa ?aaeeia i?iniio?a, iaaeeiay ia eiiieo Toggle
Display of Unsubscribed groups ia iaiaee eino?oiaioia.

New Window for each Group

Ii oiie/aieth WinVN nicaeaao aeey eaaeaeie oaeaeiioa?aioeee, eioi?oth au
ioe?uaaaoa, iiaia ieii. Anee au oioeoa, /oiau anaaaea auei ioe?uoi
oieueei iaeii ieii oaeaeiioa?aioeee, ioe?ieoa iaith Config, auaa?eoa
ioieo Article List, a caoai aueeth/eoa iioeeth New Window for each
Group.

Retrieve group list on connect

Ii oiie/aieth WinVN i?e eaaeaeii caionea ni?aoeaaao, oioeoa ee au
iieo/eoue iiaue nienie oaeaeiioa?aioeee n na?aa?a oaeaeiioa?aioeee. Anee
au oioeoa, /oiau yoio cai?in ia iiyaeyeny, a i?ia?aiia aaoiiaoe/anee
eiie?iaaea nienie eee iaaeaeaea yoiai, oi ioe?ieoa iaith Config e
auaa?eoa ioieo Group List. Caoai onoaiiaeoa cia/aiea Yes (Aea), No (Iao)
eee Ask (Ni?aoeaaoue) aeey iioeee Retrieve group list on connect
(Eiie?iaaoue nienie oaeaeiioa?aioeee i?e niaaeeiaiee n na?aa?ii).

Oaeeu ?aaeno?aoeee

Anee au oioeoa, /oiau ioi?aaeyaiua aaie ioaeeeaoeee oaeaeiioa?aioeee eee
niiauaiey yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou nio?aiyeenue a oaenoiaii oaeea, ioe?ieoa
iaith Config e auaa?eoa ioieo Logging. A ioe?uaoainy aeeaeiaiaii ieia
onoaiiaeoa iioeee Posting Log File (aeey nio?aiaiey ioaeeeaoeee a
oaeaeiioa?aioeeyo) eee Mail Log File (aeey nio?aiaiey niiauaiee e-mail).
Iaaeieoa eiiieo IE.

Iiaeienue

Aeiaieueii /anoi a eiioea niiauaiey yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou eee noaouee
aeiaaaeytho iiaeienue. Iiaeienue – yoi /aou?a eee iyoue no?ie oaenoa, a
eioi?uo i?eaiaeeony eioi?iaoeey ia aaoi?a. Niaea?aeaiea iiaeiene iineo
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue oa?aeoa?. *anoi a iiaeienue aeeth/atho aae?ana
yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou, ethaeiua aoi?eciu, eioi?iaoeeth ia i?aaiecaoeee e
caaaaiua oooee. WinVN iicaieyao aaoiiaoe/anee aeeth/aoue iiaeienue a
eaaeaeia niiauaiea, eioi?ia au iinueaaoa ii ii/oa eee ioaeeeoaoa a
oaeaeiioa?aioeee.

Iiaeaioiaeoue oaenoiaue oaee, niaea?aeauee iiaeienue, iiaeii, iai?eia?,
n iiiiuueth oaenoiaiai ?aaeaeoi?a Notepad. Caoai ec aeaaiiai ieia WinVN
neaaeoao ioe?uoue iaith Config e aua?aoue ioieo Compositions. A iiea
Signature File iaaei aaanoe eiy e iooue e oaenoiaiio oaeeo n
iiaeienueth. Aeaeaa ioaeii onoaiiaeoue oeaaeie Enable Signatures e
iaaeaoue IE.

Iinea oiai, eae au neiioeao?e?iaaee WinVN a niioaaonoaee n aaoeie
o?aaiaaieyie, au aeieaeiu nio?aieoue aeaiioth eiioeao?aoeeth. Ioe?ieoa
iaith Config e auaa?eoa eiiaiaeo Save Configuration eee iaaeieoa eiiieo
Save Configuration ia iaiaee eino?oiaioia.

3. Yeiiiie/aneia iainiiaaiea eniieueciaaiey i?ia?aiiu WinVn

Oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiue ac?ua – ia ?eoi?e/aneay oeao?a. Oaiiu ?inoa
aeiaaeueiuo naoae nae/an aeaeaei i?aainoiaeyo naiua niaeua i?iaiicu
aeaaea iyoeeaoiae aeaaiinoe e eiee/anoai iieueciaaoaeae Eioa?iao ?anoao
aoeaaeueii a aaiiao?e/aneie i?ia?anne.

Ia naaiaeiaoiee aeaiue /a?ac yeaeo?iiioth ii/oo e nenoaio
oaeaeiioa?aioeee iiaeii naycaoueny n ethaeueie a 137 no?aiao ie?a. Oceu
Eioa?iao anoue ia anao eiioeiaioao, aeeth/ay Aioa?eoeaeo. Eiee/anoai aea
ethaeae, iieuecothueony oneoaaie Eioa?iao, aeaaii ia?aaaeeei ca 50
ieeeeiiia. Ii iaeioi?ui i?iaiicai, e 2000 aiaeo eo aoaeao ia iaiaa
ieeeea?aea.

Oaeaeiioa?aioeee, ia?yaeo n yeaeo?iiiie ii/oie e FTP, ioiinyony e
“eeanne/aneei” aeaeai na?aena Internet, eiathuei aeinoaoi/ii
i?iaeieaeeoaeueioth enoi?eth. Aiiaua aiai?y, nenoaia oaeaeiioa?aioeee
Usenet ?acaeaaeanue e aia Internet, eniieuecoy ae?oaea naoaaua
oaoiieiaee aeey iaiaia aeaiiuie, iaeiaei eiaiii Internet i?eaeae
oaeaeiioa?aioeeyi oa?aeoa? anaie?iuo oi?oiia. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy a
Internet aaaeoony aeeneonnee aieaa /ai a 15 ouny/ao oaeaeiioa?aioeee.

Ana aieueoa e aieueoa ethaeae iiieiatho, /oi Internet yoi iacaiaieiia
n?aaenoai aeey yooaeoeaiiai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey ethaiai aeciana. WinVN –
i?ia?aiia aeey ?aaiou a Internet, e aa yeiiiie/aneay yooaeoeaiinoue
i/aaeaeia.

A ia?aoth i/a?aaeue – WinVN – yoi n?aaenoai aeey ?aaiou n
oaeaeiioa?aioeeyie – iaeiei ec eo/oeo niiniaia aeey auno?iai iieo/aiey e
?annueee iaiaoiaeeiie eioi?iaoeee aieueoiio e?oao ethaeae.

Iaeaieaa iaoe?iie ea?a?oeae ?onneiycu/iuo oaeaeiioa?aioeee yaeyaony
ea?a?oey relcom, eioi?ay iauaaeeiyao oaeaeiioa?aioeee, nicaeaiiua, a
iniiaiii, a naoe Relcom e iieo/eaoea oe?ieia ?ani?ino?aiaiea a ae?oaeo
naoyo. A ea?a?oee relcom nouanoaoao iiae?acaeae commerce, a eioi?uo
?aciauathony eiiia?/aneea iauyaeaiey oeia “eoieth-i?iaeai”,
i?aaeeiaeaiey oiaa?ia e oneoa, iauyaeaiey i aaeaineyo, eioi?iaoeey
yeiiiie/aneiai oa?aeoa?a e o.ae. Yoi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue ioaeeeiaaoue
?aeeaiiua i?iniaeou, i?aeneenou, iauyaeaiey i i?eaia ia ?aaioo e auoue
oaa?aiiui, /oi iie aoaeoo iieo/aiu anaie iiaeien/eeaie aeaiiie
eiioa?aioeee. Yoi, aaconeiaii, naiue aeaoaaue niinia ?aciauaiey ?aeeaiu.

N?aaiei neaaeothuea oeeo?u: 1 ieiooa ?aaiou a Internet

noieo i?eia?ii $0,02 – 0,03. Noaoueth a ethaoth eiioa?aioeeth iiaeii
iineaoue iaiaa /ai ca ieiooo. A iauyaeaiea aeaaea a aacaoa ?aeiiiiai
ianooaaa noieo ia iaiaa 30000 ?oaeae. Auaiaea a aeaiiii neo/aa
i/aaeaeia.

Ae?oaay aiciiaeiinoue i?ia?aiiu WinVN – ?annueea ienai /a?ac nenoaio
yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou (e-mail). A WinVN i?aaeoniio?aia iaeiia?aiaiiay
iinueee iaeiiai e oiai aea ienueia iaia?aie/aiiiio /eneo aaiiaioia,
i?e/ai a?aiy ia ?annueeo cao?a/eaaaony oi/ii oaeia aea, eae e ia iinueeo
iaeiiai ienueia iaeiiio aaiiaioo.

Oaeei ia?acii ioi?aaea aeaaea iaeiiai ienueia iaueiiaaiiie ii/oie aoaeao
noieoue ai?acaei aei?iaea, /ai eniieueciaaiea yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou. E oiio
aea /a?ac yeaeo?iiioth ii/oo ienueii aoaeao iieo/aii aaiiaioii iaeneioi
/a?ac 5 ieioo (iau/ii, yoi caieiaao 2 – 3 ieioou), oiaaea eae n?ie
aeinoaaee ienueia aaeaii/oie ninoaaeyao ianeieueei aeiae. Oaeniaia
niiauaiea oaeaea iaeuecy iacaaoue yooaeoeaiui, oae eae iii eniieuecoaony
a iniiaiii aeey nayce aioo?e ai?iaea – ec-ca aei?iaiaeciu
iaaeaeoai?iaeiuo e oai aieaa iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo caiieia. Anee aea
eniieuecoaony yeaeo?iiiay ii/oa, oi iinueea ienueia ec ?innee a
Aa?iaieth eee THaeioth Ao?eeo aoaeao ioee/aoueny oieueei a?aiaiai
aeinoaaee, eioi?ia oaaee/eony ii n?aaiaieth n ?annueeie ii Iineaa ia
ianeieueei naeoiae.

E naiia aeaaiia – i?ia?aiia WinVN yaeyaony aanieaoi?ani?ino?aiyaiie (oae
iacuaaaiie ShareWare), /oi aiai?eo naii ca naay.

Iu aeeaai a eioi?iaoeeiiiii aaea, e aeaaiie oeaiiinoueth a iaoa a?aiy
yaeyaony eioi?iaoeey. Iiyoiio i?ioeaaoaiea ethaiai aeciana caaeneo ia
oieueei io iauaia aeiaeaiiuo a iaai n?aaenoa e eaaeeoeeaoeee ia?niiaea,
ii e io oiai, ianeieueei yooaeoeaii eniieuecothony a iai iiaaeoea
?ac?aaioee a iaeanoe eiiiuethoa?iie oaoieee e iaiaia eioi?iaoeeae, a
oaeaea n?aaenoa aeey aai inouanoaeaiey. Nae/an ia ?ieue anaie?iiai aaiea
aeaiiuo – “ianoa o?aiaiey eioi?iaoeee” – i?aoaiaeoao Internet. Iiyoiio
i?ia?aiiiua i?iaeoeou aeey ?aaiou a Internet, iaeiei ec eioi?uo yaeyaony
WinVN, iaeaaeatho a?iiaaeiui iioaioeeaeii e, aaconeiaii, aoaeoo
?ac?aaaouaaoueny e niaa?oainoaiaaoueny, aeey oiai, /oiau
niioaaonoaiaaoue ana aieaa aunieei o?aaiaaieyi eiia/iiai iieueciaaoaey.

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