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Вычислительные системы и микропроцессорная техника

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3. ?AAENO?IAAss ?AAEECAOeEss ONO?IENOAA.

Eiiaeiaoeeiiiay ?aaeecaoeey ono?ienoaa, iino?iaiiay ia iniiaa
iia?aoeeiiiiai neioaca, iaeaaeay (ii n?aaiaieth ni noaiie ia
?ICO) eo/oei auno?iaeaenoaeai, iaeaaeaao iaaeinoaoeii – iauai
ono?ienoaa ?anoao i?iii?oeeiiaeueii aeeeia aoiaeiiai eiaea.

Ca iniiao iino?iaiey ?aaeno?iaiai aa?eaioa ono?ienoaa iieiaeei
eaeath i?aia?aciaaiey aoiaeiiai ia?aeeaeueiiai eiaea a
iineaaeiaaoaeueiue n iineaaeothuei i?aia?aciaaieai
iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai eiaea a auoiaeiie ia?aeeaeueiue. Oaeia
i?aia?aciaaiea aeieaeii ia/eiaoueny n iiiaioa i?eoiaea aoiaeiiai
eiaea e neaiaea NO?IA e caeai/eaaoueny ianooieaieai iiiaioa
ionoonoaey ai aoiaeiii eiaea aaeeie/iuo cia/aiee n aaia?aoeeae
eiioeuena n/eouaaiey ON*EO. Caaea/a i?aia?aciaaiey ?aniaaeaaony ia
aeaa iiaecaaea/e: i?aia?aciaaiea aoiaeiiai ia?aeeaeueiiai eiaea a
iineaaeiaaoaeueiue e iieo/aiea auoiaeiiai ia?aeeaeueiiai
iiceoeeiiiiai eiaea ii iineaaeiaaoaeueiiio.

Ia?aoth caaea/o iiaeii ?aoaoue aeaoiy iooyie: eniieueciaaoue
ioeueoeieaeni? eee naeaeaiaue ?aaeno?. Aeey ia?aiai aa?eaioa
aoiaeiie eiae iaaei oeene?iaaoue ia ana a?aiy i?aia?aciaaiey.
Aeey aoi?iai aa?eaioa aeinoaoi/ii aunoaaeoue aoiaeiie eiae ia
a?aiy neaiaea NO?IA.

Aeey auiieiaiey aoi?ie caaea/e oeaeaniia?acii oi?ie?iaaoue
i?eciae i/euaiey aoiaeiiai ?aaeno?a io aaeeieoe. Naii
oi?ie?iaaiea auoiaeiiai eiaea iiaeii auiieiyoue ia naeaeaiaii
?aaeno?a. Iiyaeaiea eaaeaeie aaeeieoeu ai aoiaeiii eiaea aoaeao
i?eaiaeeoue e naeaeao a auoiaeiii ?aaeno?a n iineaaeiaaoaeueiui
aaiaeii a iaai ioey. Oaeia iino?iaiea iicaieyao onei?eoue
i?ioeann ia?aaioee, iineieueeo iineaaeiea ioee ai aoiaeiii eiaea
i?aia?aciaaieth ia iiaeaa?aathony.

3.1. ?AC?AAIOEA AEIE-NOAIU AEAI?EOIA E NINOAAEAIEA IIA?AOeEIIIIAI
IIENAIEss.

Aeie-noaia aeai?eoia ii aua?aiiiio aa?eaioo ecia?aaeaia ia ?en.
3.1. Niioaaonoaothuaa yoie aeie-noaia iia?aoeeiiiia iienaiea
neioace?oaiiai ono?ienoaa i?aaenoaaeaii ia ?en. 3. 2. Neaiaeu
OCAO e OCAU yeaeaaeaioiu e eo iiaeii caiaieoue neaiaeii OCAI.
I?iaa?eo ia iieue ?aaeno?a ?AAO iiaeii inouanoaeoue n iiiiuueth
iia?aoeee EEE-IA. Oaeno iee?ii?ia?aiiu, o/eouaathuae auoaneacaiiia,
i?aaenoaaeai ia ?en. 3. 3. ?aaeno? aoiaeiiai eiaea (?AAO)
naeaeaaaony aeaai, a noa?oee ?ac?yae i?e yoii caiineony iieue.
Auoiaeiie ?aaeno? naeaeaaaony ai?aai, a ieaaeoee ?ac?yae eioi?iai
oaeaea caiineony iieue.

Iee?ii?ia?aiia 1

Iee?ii?ia?aiia I?AIA?ACIAAIEA1

Ia?aiaiiua:

aoiaeiua : O{1:16}, NO?IA;

aioo?aiiea: ?AAO{1:16}, ?AAU{1:16};

auoiaeiua : Y{1:16}=?AAU{1:16}, ON*EO;

I?eciaee :

?1=NO?IA;

?2=(?AAO{1:16}=0);

?3=?AAO{O1};

I?ioeaaeo?a

I1 anee (?1, oi I1;

OCAO: ?AAO=O;

OCAU: ?AAU{1:16}=1;

I2 anee ?2, oi I4;

anee (?3, oi I3;

ONAU: ?AAU=0.?AAU{1:15};

I3 ONAO: ?AAO=?AAO{2:16}.0;

eaeoe e I2;

I4 ON*EO: ;

eiiaoe .

?en. 3. 2. Iee?ii?ia?aiia 1.

Iee?ii?ia?aiia 2

Iee?ii?ia?aiia I?AIA?ACIAAIEA1

Ia?aiaiiua:

aoiaeiua : O{1:16}, NO?IA;

aioo?aiiea: ?AAO{1:16}, ?AAU{1:16};

auoiaeiua : Y{1:16}=?AAU{1:16}, ON*EO;

I?eciaee :

?1=NO?IA;

?2=(?AAO{1:16};

?3=?AAO{O1};

I?ioeaaeo?a

I1 anee (?1, oi I1;

OCAI: ?AAO=O; ?AAU{1:16}=1;

I2 anee ?2, oi I4;

anee (?3, oi I3;

ONAU: ?AAU=0.?AAU{1:15};

I3 ONAO: ?AAO=?AAO{2:16}.0;

eaeoe e I2;

I4 ON*EO: ;

eiiaoe .

?en. 3. 3. Iee?ii?ia?aiia 2.3. 2. OOIEOeEIIAEUeIAss NOAIA
?AAENO?IAIE ?AAEECAOeEE.

Ooieoeeiiaeueiay noaia iia?aoeeiiiiai aaoiiaoa, ninoaaeaiiay a
niioaaonoaee n iee?ii?ia?aiiie 2, ecia?aaeaia ia ?en. 3. 4.

3. 2. 1. OI?AAEssTHUEE AAOIIAO N AEANOEIE EIAEEIE.

Oi?aaeythuee aaoiiao n aeanoeie eiaeeie aoaeai ?aaeeciauaaoue a
aeaea eiia/iiai aaoiiaoa. Ia ?en. 3. 5 i?aaenoaaeaiu a?ao – noaiu
aeai?eoiia aeey aaoiiaoia Io?a (a) e Ieee (a), niioaaonoaothuea
iee?ii?ia?aiia ia ?en. 3. 3. A?aou ia?aoiaeia aeey aaoiiaoia
Io?a e Ieee, iieo/aiiua ec a?ao-noai aeai?eoiia, ecia?aaeaiu ia
?en. 3. 6. Aoaeai no?ieoue aaoiiao Ieee, iineieueeo ii eiaao
aeaa ninoiyiey e ?aaeecoaony ia iaeiii D-o?eaaa?a. Ia
iniiaaiee oaaeeoeu ia?aoiaeia e auoiaeia OA (oaaeeoea 3.1) iinea
aeiii?aaeaeaiey cai?auaiiuo eiiaeiaoeee iieo/ei au?aaeaiey aeey
oi?aaeythueo neaiaeia e ooieoeeth aicaoaeaeaiey o?eaaa?a:

OCAI=?1*( Q;

ONAO=(?2*Q;

ON*EO=?2*Q;

ONAU=?3*ONAO;

D=OCAI+ONAO.

?en 3.4.a. Ooieoeeiiaeueiay noaia OA ?aaeno?iaie

?aaeecaoeee ono?ienoaa

Oaaeeoea 3.1.

Oaaeeoea 3.2.

Oaaeeoea 3.3.

3. 2. 2 OI?AAEssTHUEE AAOIIAO N I?IA?AIIE?OAIIE EIAEEIE.

Eaiiie/aneay oi?ia iee?ii?ia?aiiu neioace?oaiiai ono?ienoaa
i?eaaaeaia a oaaeeoea 3. 2. I?e eniieueciaaiee i?eioaeeoaeueiie
aae?anaoeee no?iee 4 e 5, 6 e 7, 8 e 9 iiaeii iauaaeeieoue.
Oiaaea eaiiie/aneay oi?ia iia?aoeeiiiiai iienaiey aeey neo/ay
i?eioaee-oaeueiie aae?anaoeee i?eiao aeae, i?aaenoaaeaiiue a
oaaeeoea 3. 3.

Oi?iao iee?ieiiaiaeu aeey i?eioaeeoaeueiie aae?anaoeee
i?aaenoaaeai ia ?en. 3. 7. Aeey anoanoaaiiie aae?anaoeee
iee?ieiiaiaeu i?aaenoaaeythony a aeaoo oi?iaoao, iieacaiiuo ia
?en. 3. 8 . Ia?aue ?ac?yae iee?ieiiaiaeu ii?aaeaeyao i?eciae: 0 –
iia?aoeeiiiay, 1 – oi?aaeythuay iee?ieiiaiaea. Ii eaiiie/aneei
iia?aoeeiiiui iienaieyi iieo/aai eiaeiaua au?aaeaiey iee?ii?ia?aii (
oaaeeoeu 3.4, 3.5). Aeey o?aiaiey iee?ii?ia?aiiu n anoanoaaiiie
aae?anaoeeae o?aaoaony 80 aeo (oaae.3.4), a aeey OA n
i?eioaeeoaeueiie aae?anaoeeae – 70 aeo (oaae.3.5). I?eieiaai
i?eioaeeoaeueiue niinia aae?anaoeee. Ooieoeeiiaeueiay noaia OA n
i?eioaeeoaeueiie aae?anaoeeae i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en. 3. 9.

?en. 3.7. Oi?iao iee?ieiiaiaeu n i?eioaeeoaeueiie
aae?anaoeeae.

?en. 3.8. Oi?iaou iee?ieiiaiae n anoanoaaiiie aae?anaoeeae.

Oaaeeoea 3.4.

Oaaeeoea 3.5.

Oi?aaeythuea neaiaeu oi?ie?othony ?aaeno?ii iee?ieiiaiaeu (?IE), a
eioi?ue iee?ieiiaiaea ia?aienuaaaony ec ICO iee?ieiiaiae ii
aae?ano, iaoiaeyuaiony a n/ao/eea aae?ana (N*A). Ia/aeueiue aae?an
(000) onoaiaaeeaaaony neaiaeii NA?IN , e OA iaeeaeaa i?eoiaea
neaiaea NO?IA aeey i?iaeieaeaiey ?aaiou. I?e iino?iaiee
i?eioeeieaeueiie noaiu auae?aai OA n aeanoeie eiaeeie, iineieueeo
ii eiaao aieaa i?inooth i?aaiecaoeeth, /ai OA n i?ia?aiie?oaiie
eiaeeie.

3. 3. I?EIOeEIEAEUeIAss NOAIA ?AAENO?IAIE ?AAEECAOeEE.

I?eiai a ea/anoaa yeaiaioiie aacu iee?inoaiu na?ee E155, oae
eae iie iaania/eaatho onoie/eaoth ?aaioo ia /anoioa 5 IAoe.

I?eioeeieaeueiay noaia ono?ienoaa, iino?iaiiay ia iniiaa
ooieoeeiiaeueiie noaiu, i?aaenoaaeaiiie ia ?en. 3. 4, e oaaeeoeu
ia?aoiaeia e auoiaeia OA (oaae. 3.1), i?eaaaeaia ia ?en. 3.10, a
a?aiaiiua aeeaa?aiiu aa ?aaiou – ia ?en. 3.11.

Aoiaeiie ?aaeno? e ?aaeno? i?aia?aciaaiey iino?iaiu ia ia?ao
naeaeaiauo ?aaeno?ia E155E?13. I?e aeaoo aaeeieoeao ia aoiaeao
S0, S1 a ?aaeno?u caiineony ia?aeeaeueiue eiae. I?e S0=0, a
S1=1 inouanoaeyaony naeaea io ?ac?yaea 0 a noi?iio ?ac?yaea 7.
I?e eiaa?nee neaiaeia i?iecaiaeeony ia?aoiue naeaea. Aeey
aoiaeiiai ?aaeno?a neaiae

S0=OCAI,

S1=OCAI+ONAO=(OCAI((ONAO.

Aeey ?aaeno?a i?aia?aciaaiey neaiae ONAU aoaeai oaeoe?iaaoue:

ONAU=(ONAO*?3)t=(ONAO((P3/t).

Ono?ienoai o?aaoao aeey naiaai iino?iaiey 11 ei?ionia iee?inoai.

4. I?IA?AIIIAss ?AAEECAOeEss OOIEOeEE ONO?IENOAA.

Aeai?eoi i?ia?aiiu, ?aaeecothuae ooieoeee caaeaiiiai ono?ienoaa,
i?eaaaeai ia ?en. 4. I?ia?aiia ?aaeecothuay aeaiiue aeai?eoi
i?eaaaeaia a oaaeeoea 4.

Oaaeeoea 4.

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