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?aoa?ao

oaia: «Aiaoiea ono?ienoaa IE. Ooieoeeiiaeueiua aiciiae- iinoe.Iniiaiua
oa?aeoa?en-oeee. Iaiai eioi?iaoeee.»

Nooaeaioa 1-ai eo?na

o-oa Eeaa?iaoeee

a?oiiu EAe-1-97

Nieieiaa Ieeieay.

IE?YA 1997a.

Iaeiieoaee ia aeeneaoao

Aeaeea aeenee (aeeneaou) iicaieytho ia?aiineoue aeieoiaiou e
i?ia?aiiu n iaeiiai eiiiuethoa?a ia ae?oaie, o?aieoue eioi?iaoeeth, ia
eniieuecoaioth

iinoiyiii ia eiiiuethoa?a, aeaeaoue a?oeaiua eiiee eioi?iaoeee,
niaea?aeauaeny ia ae?noeii aeenea.

Nouanoaotho aeaa oeia aeeneiaiaeia: aeeneiaiae ?ann/eoaiiue ia
aeeneaou ?acia?ii 3,5 aetheia e onoa?aaoay iiaeaeue ?ann/eoaiiay ia
aeeneaou 5,25 aetheia.

Aeeneaou ?acia?ii 3,5 aetheia.

Nae/an a eiiiuethoa?ao eniieuecothony iaeiieoaee aeey aeeneao
?acia?ii 3,5 aetheia (89 ii) e ?ieinoueth 0,7 e 1,44 Iaaeoa. Yoe
aeeneaou caeeth/aiu a ae?noeee ieanoianniaue eiiaa?o, /oi cia/eoaeueii
iiauoaao eo iaae?aeiinoue e aeieaiaa/iinoue. Iiyoiio aeeneaou 5,25
aetheia i?aeoe/anee auoaniaiu.

Caueoa aeeneao io caiene.

Ia aeeneaoao 3,5 aetheia eiaaony niaoeeaeueiue ia?aeeth/aoaeue –
cau?eea, ?ac?aoathuay eee cai?auathuay caienue ia aeeneaoo. Caienue
?ac?aoaia, anee ioaa?noea cae?uoi, a cai?auaia anee iii ioe?uoi.

Eieoeeaeecaoeey (oi?iaoe?iaaiea) aeeneao.

Ia?aae ia?aui eniieueciaaieai aeeneaoo iaiaoiaeeii niaoeeaeueiui
ia?acii eieoeeaeece?iaaoue. Yoi aeaeaaony n iiiiuueth i?ia?aiiu DOS
Format.

Iaeiieoaee ia ae?noeeo aeeneao

Iaeiieoaee ia ae?noeii aeenea (aei/anoa?u) i?aaeiacia/aiu aeey
iinoiyiiiai o?aiaiey eioi?iaoeee, eniieuecoaiie i?e ?aaioa n
eiiiuethoa?ii: i?ia?aii iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaiu, /anoi eniieuecoaiuo
iaeaoia i?ia?aii, ?aaeaeoi?ia aeieoiaioia, o?aineyoi?ia n ycueia
i?ia?aiie?iaaiey e o.ae. Iaee/ea ae?noeiai aeenea cia/eoaeueii iiauoaao
oaeianoai ?aaiou n eiiiuethoa?ii.

?ieinoue aeenea.

Aeey iieueciaaoaey iaeiieoaee ia ae?noeii aeenea ioee/athony ae?oa
io ae?oaa i?aaeaea anaai naiae ?ieinoueth, o.a. oai, neieueei
eioi?iaoeee iiiauaaony ia aeenea. Nae/an eiiiuethoa?u a iniiaiii
iniauathony aei/anoa?aie io 520 Iaaeo e aieaa. Eiiiuethoa?u ?aaioathuea
eae oaee na?aa?u iiaoo iniauaoueny aei/anoa?ii 4 – 8 Iaaeo e ia iaeiei.

Nei?inoue ?aaiou aeenea.

Nei?inoue ?aaiou aeenea oa?aeoa?ecoaony aeaoiy iieacaoaeyie:

A?aiaiai aeinooia e aeaiiui ia aeenea.

Nei?inoueth /oaiey e caiene aeaiiuo ia aeene.

Yoe oa?aeoa?enoeee niioiinyony ae?oa n ae?oaii i?eaeeceoaeueii oae
aea, eae a?aiy ?acaiia e iaeneiaeueiay nei?inoue aaoiiiaeey. I?e /oaiee
eee caiene ei?ioeeo aeieia aeaiiuo, ?aniieiaeaiiuo a ?aciuo o/anoeao
aeenea,

nei?inoue ?aaiou ii?aaeaeyaony a?aiaiai aeinooia e aeaiiui – iiaeiaii
oiio, eae i?e aeaeaeaiee aaoiiiaeey ii ai?iaeo a /an iee n iinoiyiiuie
?acaiiaie e oi?iiaeaieyie ia oae oae aaaeia iaeneiaeueiay nei?inoue,
?acaeaaaiay aaoiiiaeeai. Caoi i?e /oaiee eee caiene aeaiiuo ( a aeanyoee
e nioie eeeiaaeo ) oaeeia ai?acaei aaaeiaa i?iioneiay niiniaiinoue
o?aeoa iaiaia n aeeneii – oi/ii oaeaea, eae i?e aeaeaeaiee aaoiiiaeey ii
nei?inoiiio oinna aaaeiaa nei?inoue aaoiiiaeey, /ai a?aiy ?acaiia.

Neaaeoao caiaoeoue, /oi a?aiy aeinooia e nei?inoue /oaiey – caiene
caaenyo ia oieueei io naiiai aeeneiaiaea, ii io ia?aiao?ia anaai o?aeoa
iaiaia n aeeneii: io auno?iaeaenoaey eiio?ieea?a aeenea, nenoaiiie oeiu
e iniiaiiai iee?ii?ioeanni?a eiiiuethoa?a.

CD-ROM

I?eioeei ?aaiou aeeneiaiaea iaiiieiaao i?eioeei ?aaiou iau/iuo
aeeneiaiaeia aeey aeaeeo aeeneia. Iiaa?oiinoue iioe/aneiai aeenea
(CD-ROM) ia?aiauaaony ioiineoaeueii eaca?iie aieiaee iinoiyiiie eeiaeiie
nei?inoueth, a oaeiaay nei?inoue iaiyaony a caaeneiinoe io
?aaeeaeueiiai iieiaeaiey aieiaee. Eo/ eaca?a iai?aaeyaony ia aei?iaeeo,
oieone?oynue i?e yoii n iiiiuueth eaoooee. Eo/ i?iieeaao neaicue
caueoiue neie ieanoeea e iiiaaeaao ia io?aaeathuee neie aethieiey ia
iiaa?oiinoe aeenea. I?e iiiaaeaiee aai ia aunooi, ii io?aaeaaony ia
aeaoaeoi? e i?ioiaeeo /a?ac i?ecio, ioeeiiythuoth aai ia
naaoi/oanoaeoaeueiue aeeiae. Anee eo/ iiiaaeaao a yieo ii ?annaeaaaony
e eeoue iaeay /anoue eceo/aiey io?aaeaaony ia?aoii e aeioiaeeo aei
naaoi/oanoaeoaeueiiai aeeiaea. Ia aeeiaea naaoiaua eiioeuenu
i?aia?acothony a yeaeo?e/aneea, y?eia eceo/aiea i?aia?acoaony a ioee
neaaia – a aaeeieoeu. Oaeei ia?acii yiee aini?eieiathony aeeneiaiaeii
eae eiae/aneea ioee, a aeaaeeay iiaa?oiinoue eae eiae/aneea aaeeieoeu

I?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue aeeneiaiaeia CD-ROM.

I?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue CD-ROM iau/ii ii?aaeaeyaony aai nei?inoiuie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?e iai?a?uaiie ia?aaea/a aeaiiuo a oa/aiea iaeioi?iai
i?iiaaeooea a?aiaie e n?aaeiei a?aiaiai aeinooia e aeaiiui, ecia?yaiuie
niioaaonoaaiii a Eaaeo/n e in. Nouanoaotho iaeii-, aeaoo-, o?ao-,
/aou?ao-, iyoe, oanoe e ainueienei?inoiua aeeneiaiaeu, iaania/eaathuea
n/eouaaiea aeaiiuo ni nei?inoueth 150, 300, 450, 600, 750, 900, 1200
Eaaeo/n niioaaonoaaiii. A ianoiyuee iiiaio ?ani?ino?aiaiu aeaoo- e
/aou?aonei?inoiua aeeneiaiaeu. A iauai neo/aa aeeneiaiaeu n
/aou?aoe?aoiie nei?inoueth iaeaaeatho aieaa aunieie
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth, iaeiaei ioeaieoue /enoia i?aeiouanoai
aeeneiaiaea n /aou?aoe?aoiie nei?inoueth ii n?aaiaieth n aeeneiaiaeii n
oaeaiaiiie nei?inoueth auaaao ia oae i?inoi. I?aaeaea anaai yoi caaeneo
io oiai n eaeie iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaiie e n eaeei oeiii i?eeiaeaiey
aaaeaony ?aaioa. I?e aunieie eioaineaiinoe iiaoi?ythuaainy aeinooia e
CD-ROM e n/eouaaiee iaaieueoiai eiee/anoaa aeaiiuo (iai?eia? i?e ?aaioa
n aacaie aeaiiuo) “eiioeueniay” nei?inoue n/eouaaiey eioi?iaoeee
i?eia?aoaao aaaeiia cia/aiea. Iai?eia?, ii aeaiiui aeo?iaea InfoWorld,
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue aeeneiaiaeia n /aou?aoe?aoiie nei?inoueth, ii
n?aaiaieth n aeeneiaiaeaie n oaeaiaiiie nei?inoueth, a neo/aa iia?aoeee
aeinooia e aaca aeaiiuo a n?aaeiai iiauoaaony aaeaia. A neo/aa i?inoiai
eiie?iaaiey aeaiiuo auea?uo ninoaaeyao io 10 aei 30%. Iaeiaei
iaeaieueoaa i?aeiouanoai iieo/eony i?e ?aaioa n iieiioi?iaoiui aeaeai.

Aeey iiauoaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe aeeneiaiaeia eo niaaaeatho aooa?iie
iaiyoueth (noaiaea?oiua iauaiu EYOa: 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024 Eaaeo).
Aooa? aeeneiaiaea i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iaiyoue aeey e?aoeia?aiaiiiai
o?aiaiey aeaiiuo, iinea n/eouaaiey eo n CD-ROM, ii aei ia?anueee a ieaoo
eiio?iea?a, a caoai a OeI. Oaeay aooa?ecaoeey aeaao aiciiaeiinoue
aeeneiaiio ono?ienoao ia?aaeaaaoue aeaiiua a i?ioeanni? iaaieueoeie
ii?oeeyie, a ia caieiaoue aai a?aiy iaaeeaiiie ia?anueeie iinoiyiiiai
iioiea aeaiiuo. Iai?eia?, niaeanii o?aaiaaieyi noaiaea?oa MPC o?iaiy 2
iaeiieoaeue CD-ROM oaeaiaiiie nei?inoueth aeieaeai caieiaoue ia aieaa
60% ?ano?nia OeI.

Aaaeiie oa?aeoa?enoeeie aeeneiaiaea yaeyaony noaiaiue caiieiaiey aooa?a,
eioi?ay aeeyao ia ea/anoai aini?iecaaaeaiey aieiaoeeiiiuo ecia?aaeaiee e
aeaeaioeeueiia. Yoa aaee/eia ii?aaeaeyaony eae ioiioaiea /enea aeieia
aeaiiuo, ia?aaeaiiuo a aooa? ec iaeiieoaey e o?aiyueony a iai aei
iiiaioa ia/aea eo auaea/e ia nenoaiioth oeio, e iauaio /eneo aeieia,
eioi?ua niiniaai aiauaoue aooa?. Neeoeii aieueoay noaiaiue caiieiaiey
iiaeao i?eaanoe e caaea?aeeai i?e auaea/a ec aooa?a ia oeio; n aeoaie
noi?iiu, aooa? ni neeoeii iaeie noaiaiueth caiieiaiey aoaeao o?aaiaaoue
aieueoa aieiaiey ni noi?iiu i?ioeanni?a. Iaa yoe neooaoeee i?eaiaeyo e
nea/eai e n?uaai ecia?aaeaiey ai a?aiy aini?iecaaaeaiey.

AOAeEI

Ethaie ioeueoeiaaeea–IE eiaao a naiai ninoaaa ieaoo–aoaeei aaeaioa?.
Aeey /aai iia ioaeia? N eaaeie ?oee oe?iu Creative Labs (Neiaaio?),
iacaaaoae naie ia?aua aoaeei aaeaioa?u caiieei neiaii Sound Blaster, yoe
ono?ienoaa /anoi eiaiothony “naoiaeaeanoa?aie”. Aoaeei aaeaioa? aeae
eiiiuethoa?o ia oieueei noa?aioiie/aneia cao/aiea, ii e aiciiaeiinoue
caiene ia aiaoiea iineoaee caoeiauo neaiaeia. Eae oaea auei neacaii
?aiaa, aeeneiaua iaeiieoaee IE nianai ia iiaeoiaeyo aeey caiene iau/iuo
(aiaeiaiauo) caoeiauo neaiaeia, oae eae ?ann/eoaiu aeey caiene oieueei
oeeo?iauo neaiaeia, eioi?ua i?aeoe/anee ia eneaaeathony i?e eo ia?aaea/a
ii eeieyi nayce.

Aoaeei aaeaioa? eiaao aiaeiaiai–oeeo?iaie i?aia?aciaaoaeue (AOeI),
ia?eiaee/anee ii?aaeaeythuee o?iaaiue caoeiaiai neaiaea e i?aa?auathuee
yoio ion/ao a oeeo?iaie eiae. Ii e caienuaaaony ia aiaoiee iineoaeue
oaea eae oeeo?iaie neaiae.

Oeeo?iaua auai?ee ?aaeueiiai caoeiaiai neaiaea o?aiyony a iaiyoe
eiiiuethoa?a (iai?eia?, a aeaea WAV–oaeeia). N/eoaiiue n aeenea
oeeo?iaie neaiae iiaeaaony ia oeeo?i–aiaeiaiaue i?aia?aciaaoaeue (OeAI),
eioi?ue i?aia?acoao oeeo?iaua neaiaeu a aiaeiaiaua. Iinea oeeueo?aoeee
eo iiaeii oneeeoue e iiaeaoue ia aeonoe/aneea eieiiee aeey
aini?iecaaaeaiey. Aaaeiuie ia?aiao?aie aoaeei aaeaioa?a yaeythony
/anoioa eaaioiaaiey caoeiauo neaiaeia e ?ac?yaeiinoue eaaioiaaiey.

*anoiou eaaioiaaiey iieacuaatho, neieueei ?ac a naeoiaeo aa?oony auai?ee
neaiaea aeey i?aia?aciaaiey a oeeo?iaie eiae. Iau/ii iie eaaeao a
i?aaeaeao io 4–5 Eaoe aei 45–48 Eaoe.

?ac?yaeiinoue eaaioiaaiey oa?aeoa?ecoao /enei nooiaiae eaaioiaaiey e
eciaiyaony noaiaiueth /enea 2. Oae, 8–?ac?yaeiua aoaeei aaeaioa?u eiatho
28=256 noaiaiae, /oi yaii iaaeinoaoi/ii aeey aunieiea/anoaaiiiai
eiaee?iaaiey caoeiauo neaiaeia. Iiyoiio nae/an i?eiaiythony a iniiaiii
16-?ac?yaeiua aoaeei aaeaioa?u, eiathuea 216 =65536 nooiaiae eaaioiaaiey
— eae o caoeiaiai eiiiaeo–aeenea.

Oaaeeoea 1.

*anoioiue aeeaiacii Aeae neaiaea *anoioa eaaioiaaiey

400 – 3500 Aoe ?a/ue (aaeaa ?acai?/eaa) 5.5 Eaoe

250 – 5500 Aoe ?a/ue (n?aaeiaa ea/anoai) 11.025 Eaoe

40 – 10000 Aoe Ea/anoai cao/aiey OEA–i?eaiieea 22.040 Eaoe

20 – 20000 Aoe Caoe aunieiai ea/anoaa 44.100 Eaoe

Ae?oaie niinia aini?iecaaaeaiey caoea caeeth/aaony a aai neioaca. I?e
iinooieaiee ia neioacaoi? iaeioi?ie oi?aaeythuae eioi?iaoeee ii iae
oi?ie?oaony niioaaonoaothuee auoiaeiie neaiae. Nia?aiaiiua aoaeei
aaeaioa?u neioace?otho iocueaeueiua caoee aeaoiy niiniaaie: iaoiaeii
/anoioiie iiaeoeyoeee FM (Frequency Modulation) e n iiiiuueth aieiiaiai
neioaca (auae?ay caoee ec oaaeeoeu caoeia, Wave Table). Aoi?ie niinia
iaania/eaaao aieaa iaoo?aeueiia cao/aiea.

*anoioiue neioac (FM) iiyaeeny a 1974 aiaeo (PC–Speaker). A 1985 aiaeo
iiyaeeny AdLib, eioi?ue, eniieuecoy /anoioioth iiaeoeyoeeth, aue
niiniaai ea?aoue iocueo. Iiaay caoeiaay ea?oa SoundBlaster oaea iiaea
caienuaaoue e aini?iecaiaeeoue caoe. Noaiaea?oiue FM–neioac eiaao
n?aaeiea caoeiaua oa?aeoa?enoeee, iiyoiio ia ea?oao onoaiaaeeaathony
neiaeiua nenoaiu oeeueo?ia i?ioea aiciiaeiuo caoeiauo iiiao.

Nooue oaoiieiaee WT–neioaca ninoieo a neaaeothuai. Ia naiie caoeiaie
ea?oa onoaiaaeeaaaony iiaeoeue ICO n “caoeouie” a iaai ia?acoeaie
cao/aiey ianoiyueo iocueaeueiuo eino?oiaioia — nyiieaie, a WT–i?ioeanni?
n iiiiuueth niaoeeaeueiuo aeai?eoiia aeaaea ii iaeiiio oiio eino?oiaioa
aini?iecaiaeeo ana aai inoaeueiua caoee. E?iia oiai iiiaea
i?iecaiaeeoaee iniauatho naie caoeiaua ea?ou iiaeoeyoi?aie ICO, oae /oi
anoue aiciiaeiinoue ia oieueei caienuaaoue i?iecaieueiua nyiieu, ii e
iiaea?oaeaoue iiaua eino?oiaiou.

Enoaoe, oi?aaeythuea eiiaiaeu aeey neioaca caoea iiaoo iinooiaoue ia
caoeiaoth ea?oo ia oieueei io eiiiuethoa?a, ii e io ae?oaiai, iai?eia?,
MIDI (Musical Instruments Digital Interface) ono?ienoaa. Nianoaaiii MIDI
ii?aaeaeyao i?ioieie ia?aaea/e eiiaiae ii noaiaea?oiiio eioa?oaeno.
MIDI–niiauaiea niaea?aeeo nnueee ia iiou, a ia caienue iocuee eae
oaeiaie. A /anoiinoe, eiaaea caoeiaay ea?oa iieo/aao iiaeiaiia
niiauaiea, iii ?anoeo?iauaaaony (eaeea iiou eaeeo eino?oiaioia aeieaeiu
cao/aoue) e io?aaaouaaaony ia neioacaoi?a. A naith i/a?aaeue eiiiuethoa?
iiaeao /a?ac MIDI oi?aaeyoue ?acee/iuie “eioaeeaeooaeueiuie”
iocueaeueiuie eino?oiaioaie n niioaaonoaothuei eioa?oaenii.

Aeey yeaeo?iiiuo neioacaoi?ia iau/ii oeacuaaaony /enei iaeiia?aiaiii
cao/aueo eino?oiaioia e eo iauaa /enei (io 20 aei 32). Oaeaea aaaeia e
i?ia?aiiiay niaianoeiinoue aoaeei aaeaioa?a n oeiiauie caoeiauie
ieaooi?iaie (SoundBlaster, Roland, AdLib, Microsoft Sound System,
Gravies Ultrasound e ae?.).

A ea/anoaa i?eia?a ?anniio?ei ninoaa oceia iaeiiai ec iiuiuo aoaeei
aaeaioa?ia — SoundBlaster AWE 32 Value. Ii niaea?aeeo aeaa iee?ioiiiuo
iaeiooiyueo oneeeoaey n aaoiiaoe/aneie ?aaoee?iaeie oneeaiey aeey
neaiaeia, iinooiathueo io iee?ioiia, aeaa eeiaeiuo oneeeoaey aeey
neaiaeia, iinooiathueo n eeiee, n i?iea?uaaoaey caoeiauo aeeneia eee
iocueaeueiiai neioacaoi?a. E?iia oiai, nthaea aoiaeyo
i?ia?aiiii–oi?aaeyaiue yeaeo?iiiue ieeoa?, iaania/eaathuee niaoaiea
neaiaeia io ?acee/iuo enoi/ieeia e ?aaoee?iaeo eo o?iaiy e noa?ai
aaeaina, 20-aieinue neioacaoi? iocueaeueiuo caoeia /anoioiie iiaeoeyoeee
FM, i?ia?aiiii oi?aaeyaiue aieiiaie (oaaee/iue) neioacaoi? iocueaeueiuo
caoeia e caoeiauo yooaeoia (16 eaiaeia, 32 aieina, 128 eino?oiaioia),
aiaeiaiai–oeeo?iaie 16-?ac?yaeiue i?aia?aciaaoaeue aeey i?aa?auaiey
aiaeiaiaiai neaiaea n auoiaea ieeoa?a a oeeo?iaie neaiae, nenoaio
naeaoey oeeo?iaie eioi?iaoeee n aiciiaeiinoueth i?eiaiaiey ?anoe?aiiiai
caoeiaiai i?ioeanni?a ASP. Iaeiiaoe, aoaeei aaeaioa? eiaao
oeeo?i–aiaeiaiaue i?aia?aciaaoaeue (OeAI) aeey i?aa?auaiey oeeo?iauo
neaiaeia, ianoueo eioi?iaoeeth i caoea, a aiaeiaiaue neaiae, aaeaioeaiue
yeaeo?iiiue oeeueo? ia auoiaea OeAI, nieaeathuee iiiaoe io eaaioiaaiey
neaiaea, aeaooeaiaeueiue oneeeoaeue iiuiinoe ii 4 Ao ia eaiae n ?o/iui e
i?ia?aiiii–oi?aaeyaiui ?aaoeyoi?ii a?iieinoe e MIDI–?acuai aeey
iiaeeeth/aiey iocueaeueiuo eino?oiaioia.

Eae aeaeii ec yoiai ia?a/iy, aoaeei aaeaioa? — aeinoaoi/ii neiaeiia
oaoie/aneia ono?ienoai, iino?iaiiia ia iniiaa eniieueciaaiey iineaaeieo
aeinoeaeaiee a aiaeiaiaie e oeeo?iaie aoaeeioaoieea.

A iiaaeoea caoeiaua ea?ou aoiaeeo oeeo?iaie neaiaeueiue i?ioeanni? DSP
(Digital Signal Processor) eee ?anoe?aiiue neaiaeueiue i?ioeanni? ASP
(Advanced Signal Processor). Iie eniieuecotho niaa?oaiiua aeai?eoiu aeey
oeeo?iaie eiii?annee e aeaeiii?annee caoeiauo neaiaeia, aeey ?anoe?aiey
aacu noa?aicaoea, nicaeaiey yoa e iaania/aiey iauaiiiai
(eaaae?ioiie/aneiai) cao/aiey. I?ia?aiia iiaeaea?aeee ASP QSound
iinoaaeyaony aanieaoii oe?iie Intel ia CD-ROM “Software Developer CD”.
Aaaeii ioiaoeoue, /oi i?ioeanni? ASP eniieuecoaony i?e iau/iuo
aeaooeaiaeueiuo noa?aioiie/aneeo caiene e aini?iecaaaeaiee caoea. Aai
i?eiaiaiea ia caa?oaeaao aeonoe/aneea o?aeou ioeueoeiaaeea
eiiiuethoa?ia.

Iiaeaiu e oaen-iiaeaiu.

Iiaeai – ono?ienoai, iicaieythuaa eiiiuethoa?o auoiaeeoue ia naycue
n ae?oaei eiiiuethoa?ii iin?aaenoaii oaeaoiiiuo eeiee.

Oaen-iiaeai – iiaeai, iicaieythuee oaeaea i?eieiaoue e iinueaoue
oaeneieeueiua niiauaiey.

Ii naiaio aiaoiaio aeaeo e ianoo onoaiiaee iiaeaiu iiae?acaeaeythony ia
aioo?aiiea e aiaoiea. Aioo?aiiea iiaeaiu i?aaenoaaeytho niaie
yeaeo?iiioth ieaoo, onoaiaaeeaaaioth iaiin?aaenoaaiii a eiiiuethoa?, a
aiaoiea – aaoiiiiiia ono?ienoai, iiaeniaaeeiyaiia e iaeiiio ec ii?oia.
Aiaoiee iiaeai noieo, eae i?aaeei, iaiiiai aei?iaea aioo?aiiaai oiai aea
oeia ec-ca aiaoiae i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoe ( eiaeeeaoi?u, ?aaoeyoi?
a?iieinoe) e aieaa eaaeie onoaiiaee.

Iniiaiie ia?aiao? a ?aaioa iiaeaia – nei?inoue ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo. Iia
ecia?yaony a bps (aeo a naeoiaeo) e onoaiaaeeaaaony oe?iie-
i?iecaiaeeoaeai a 2400, 9600, 14400, 16800, 19200 eee 28800 bps. Eiiaaea
ano?a/athony onoa?aaoea iiaeaee iiaeaiia (300 e 1200 bps), ii iie oaea
i?aeoe/anee auoee ec oiio?aaeaiey. Naaiaeiy aeinoaoi/ii oi?ioei iiaeaiii
n/eoaaony iiaeai ni nei?inoueth 14400 bps (ieiei 1 Mb a 10 ieioo), e aai
iiaeii i?eia?anoe i?eia?ii ca $150.

Oaeaea aaaeiuie iieacaoaeyie a nia?aiaiiuo iiaeaiao yaeyaony iaee/ea
?aaeeia ei??aeoeee ioeaie e ?aaeeia naeaoey aeaiiuo. Ia?aue ?aaeei
iaania/eaaao aeiiieieoaeueiua neaiaeu, iin?aaenoaii eioi?uo iiaeaiu
inouanoaeytho i?iaa?eo aeaiiuo ia aeaoo eiioeao eeiee e ioa?anuaatho
iaia?ee?iaaiioth eioi?iaoeeth, a aoi?ie naeeiaao eioi?iaoeeth aeey aieaa
auno?ie e /aoeie aa ia?aaea/e, a caoai ainnoaiaaeeaaao aa ia iieo/athuai
iiaeaia. Iaa yoe ?aaeeia caiaoii oaaee/eaatho nei?inoue e /enoioo
ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee, iniaaiii a ?inneeneeo oaeaoiiiuo eeieyo.

Iaeia ec ia?aaeiauo oe?i- i?iecaiaeeoaeae iiaeaiia “Hayes Microcomputer
Products” i?eiyea iniiaiua noaiaea?ou aeey eiiaiae iiaeaiia, aeeth/ay
iaai? AT- eiiaiae, n iiiiuueth eioi?uo iieueciaaoaeue iiaeao
iaiin?aaenoaaiii oi?aaeyoue ?aaioie iiaeaia. Naaiaeiy Hayes-noaiaea?oaie
iieuecoaony iiaeaaeythuaa aieueoeinoai oe?i ai anai ie?a e eo/oea
iiaeaiu yaeythony Hayes- niaianoeiuie.

Oaeaea nouanoaotho ie?iaua noaiaea?ou nei?inoe iiaeaia, naeaoey aeaiiuo
e ei??aeoeee ioeaie. Yoe noaiaea?ou onoaiaaeeaathony eiieoaoii ITU-T
(noaiaea?o CCITT) e oe?iie Microcom (noaiaea?o MNP). Naiua eo/oea
iiaeaiu niioaaonoaotho iaiei yoei noaiaea?oai.

Naiua ?ani?ino?aiaiiua noaiaea?ou CCITT naaiaeiy:

noaiaea?o nei?inoe 9600 bps – V.32 e nei?inoe 14400 bps – V.32bis;

noaiaea?o ei??aeoeee ioeaie – V.42;

noaiaea?o naeaoey aeaiiuo n eiyooeoeeaioii 4:1 – V.42bis.

Iniiaiua noaiaea?ou ia?anueee oaeneieeueiuo niiauaiee – Class 1 e Groop
IV, iiaeaea?aeeaathuea nei?inoue aei 19200 bps e naeaoea aeaiiuo.

Nae/an ia ie?iaii ?uiea iiaeaiia oaeoe/anee i?aayo 2 oe?iu : ZyXEL e

US Robotics. Iie i?iecaiaeyo naiua nei?inoiua e naiua ea/anoaaiiua
iiaeaiu e oaen- iiaeaiu. I/aiue aei?iaea noia?nia?aiaiiua iiaeaiu ZyXEL
eiatho aiciiaeiinoue aini?iecaaaeaiey aieina, caienaiiiai a oeeo?iaii
?aaeeia e naeaoey ?a/aauo neaiaeia, /oi iicaieyao eniieueciaaoue eo a
ea/anoaa aaoiioaao/eeia. Oaeaea iaeioi?ua iiaeaee ZyXEL U-1496 e US
Robotics Courier niaaaeaiu ia?aeeth/aoaeai ?a/ue/aeaiiua, ano?iaiiui
oanoe?iaaieai e ae?oaeie iieaciuie ooieoeeyie. Iniiaiia ea/anoai
iiaeaiia ZyXEL – aiaaoaeoee auai? aiciiaeiinoae, oioy yoi cia/eoaeueii
oaaee/eaaao eo noieiinoue (aei $1250), a iiaeaiia US Robotics (Courier e
Sportster) – iaaeaaeiinoue i?e ioiineoaeueii ieceie oeaia ia ieo (aei
$200).

N?aaee iiaeiie iineaaeieo eao a ie?a iiaeaiia iiaeii oaeaea auaeaeeoue
niaoeeaeueiua iiaeaiu aeey Notebook’ia, iinoaaeyaiua ia ieaoao oeia
PCMCIA. Yoe ieaou i/aiue oaeiaiu naiae eiiiaeoiinoueth, iie iicaieytho
eiiiuethoa?o ia ioaeaaaoue naiaiaeiue COM-ii?o iiae aiaoiee iiaeai, ii
ana aea iie iiiai aei?iaea, /ai iau/iue iiaeai.

Iineaaeiea aiaeu ni?in ia iiaeaiu e oaen-iiaeaiu noae aeinoaoi/ii
aunie, o.e. iie iaiaoiaeeiu i?aeoe/anee eaaeaeiio ?aaioathuaio ia
eiiiuethoa?a /aeiaaeo. Iiaeaiu iicaieytho aeinoaoi/ii auno?i
ia?aaeaaaoue n iaeiiai eiiiuethoa?a ia ae?oaie iaeaou aeieoiaioia e
naycuaaoueny ii yeaeo?iiiie ii/oa, a oaeaea iaania/eaatho aeinooi a
aeiaaeueiua ie?iaua naoe (Internet e ae?.) aeey onoaiiaeaiey eiioaeoia n
ca?oaaaeiuie ia?oia?aie.

Iiieoi?u

Iiieoi? ( aeenieae ) eiiiuethoa?a IBM PC i?aaeiacia/ai aeey auaiaea ia
ye?ai oaenoiaie e a?aoe/aneie eioi?iaoeee. Iiieoi?u auaatho oeaaoiuie e
iiiio?iiiuie. Iie iiaoo ?aaioaoue a iaeiii ec aeaoo ?aaeeiia: oaenoiaii
eee a?aoe/aneii.

Oaenoiaue ?aaeei.

A oaenoiaii ?aaeeia ye?ai iiieoi?a oneiaii ?acaeaaaony ia
ioaeaeueiua o/anoee – ciaeiianoa, /aua anaai ia 25 no?ie ii 80 neiaieia
( ciaeiiano ). A eaaeaeia ciaeiianoi iiaeao auoue aaaae?i iaeei ec 256
ca?aiaa neiaieia. A /enei yoeo neiaieia aoiaeyo aieueoea e iaeua
eaoeineea aoeau, oeeo?u, ii?aaeae?iiua neiaieu,

a oaeaea inaaaeia?aoe/aneea neiaieu, eniieuecoaiua aeey auaiaea ia ye?ai
oaaeeoe e aeeaa?aii, iino?iaiey ?aiie aie?oa o/anoeia ye?aia e oae
aeaeaa.

A /enei neiaieia, ecia?aaeaaiuo ia ye?aia a oaenoiaii ?aaeeia,

iiaoo aoiaeeoue e neiaieu ee?eeeeoeu.

Ia oeaaoiuo iiieoi?ao eaaeaeiio ciaeiianoo iiaeao niioaaonoaiaaoue
naie oeaao neiaiea e oiia, /oi iicaieyao auaiaeeoue e?aneaua oeaaoiua
iaaeiene ia ye?ai. Ia iiiio?iiiuo iiieoi?ao aeey auaeaeaiey ioaeaeueiuo
/anoae oaenoa e o/anoeia ye?aia eniieuecoaony iiauoaiiay y?einoue
neiaieia, iiae/??eeaaiea

e eiaa?niia ecia?aaeaiea.

A?aoe/aneee ?aaeei.

A?aoe/aneee ?aaeei i?aaeiacia/ai aeey auaiaea ia ye?ai a?aoeeia,
?enoieia e oae aeaeaa. ?acoiaaony a yoii ?aaeeia iiaeii auaiaeeoue

e oaenoiaoth eioi?iaoeeth a aeaea ?acee/iuo iaaeienae, i?e/?i yoe
iaaeiene iiaoo eiaoue i?iecaieueiue o?eoo, ?acia? e ae?.

A a?aoe/aneii ?aaeeia ye?ai ninoieo ec oi/ae, eaaeaeay ec eioi?uo
iiaeao auoue o?iiie eee naaoeie ia iiiio?iiiuo iiieoi?ao e iaeiiai eee
ianeieueeeo oeaaoia – ia oeaaoiii. Eiee/anoai oi/ae ia ye?aia iacuaaaony
?ac?aoathuae niiniaiinoueth iiieoi?a a aeaiiii ?aaeeia. Neaaeoao
caiaoeoue /oi ?ac?aoathuay niiniaiinoue ia caaeneo io ?acia?ia ye?aia
iiieoi?a.

*anoi eniieuecoaiua iiieoi?u.

Iaeaieaa oe?ieia ?ani?ino?aiaiea ia eiiiuethoa?ao IBM PC iieo/eee
iiieoi?u oeia MDA, CGA, Herkules, EGA e VGA.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy iiieoi?u MDA e CGA i?aeoe/anee ia eniieuecothony,
oae eae iie ia iaeaaeatho iaaeeaaeauae ?ac?aoathuae niiniaiinoueth, /oi
i?eaiaeeo e auno?iio ooiieaieth aeac. E?iia oiai, iie ia eiatho
i?ia?aiiiie caa?ocee o?eooia neiaieia, iiyoiio aeey ecia?aaeaiey aoea
ee?eeeeoeu i?eoiaeeony caiaiyoue iee?inoaiu, o?aiyuea o?eoou neiaieia.

A iniiaiii ia eiiiuethoa?ao eniieuecotho iiieoi?u SVGA, /oi
iicaieyao aeiaeoueny ioaeiiai ea/anoaa ecia?aaeaiey.

Ono?ienoaa aaiaea.

Eeaaeaoo?a.

Eae ecaanoii, eeaaeaoo?a yaeyaony iiea iniiaiui ono?ienoaii aaiaea
eioi?iaoeee a eiiiuethoa?. A oaoie/aneii aniaeoa yoi ono?ienoai
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie niaieoiiinoue iaoaie/aneeo aeao/eeia,
aini?eieiathueo aeaaeaiea ia eeaaeoe e caiueathueo oai eee eiui niiniaii
ii?aaeae?iioth yeaeo?e/aneoth oeaiue.

Iaaei neacaoue, /oi yaiethoeey eeaaeaoo? aeey IBM PC ia auea
iaaeieaie. Nia/aea eniieueciaaeenue 83-o eeaaeoiua eeaaeaoo?u caoai
aianoa n AO iiyaeeanue 84-o eeaaeoiay. Iiaeiaeythuaa aieueoeinoai
nia?aiaiiuo IBM PC niaianoeiuo eniieuecotho ?anoe?aiioth eeaaeaoo?o.
Iniiaiua oeo/oaiey ii n?aaiaieth n AO-eeaaeaoo?ie eanaaony iauaai /enea
(101 e auoa ) e ?aniieiaeaiey eeaaeo. Iaeaieaa noaiaea?oiui yaeyaony
?aniieiaeaiea QWERTY:

ii?yaeea 60 eeaaeo n aoeaaie, oeeo?aie, ciaeaie ioieooaoeee e ae?oaeie
neiaieaie e au? ieiei 40 ooieoeeiiaeueiuo eeaaeo.

Ono?ienoai eeaaeaoo?.

Neaiaeu ?acu?ia eeaaeaoo?u i?eaaaeaiu a oaaeeoea.

3 ?aca?a

4 Ground Caiey

5 +5VDC Iai?yaeaiea +5 A

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiu aeaa aeaea eeaaeaoo?: n
iaoaie/aneei e iaia?aiiui ia?aeeth/aoaeyie. A ia?aii neo/aa aeao/ee
i?aaenoaaeyao ec naay o?aaeeoeeiiiue iaoaieci n eiioaeoaie ec
niaoeeaeueiiai nieaaa. Ianiio?y ia oi /oi yoa oaoiieiaey eniieuecoaony
oaea ianeieueei aeanyoeeaoee, oe?iu- i?iecaiaeeoaee iinoiyiii ?aaioatho
iaae a? iiaeeoeeaoeeae e oeo/oaieai. Noieo ioiaoeoue, /oi a eeaaeaoo?ao
ecaanoiuo oe?i eiioaeou ia?aeeth/aoaeae iiciei/aiiua, /oi cia/eoaeueii
oeo/oaao yeaeo?e/aneoth i?iaiaeeiinoue.

Oaoiieiaey, iniiaaiiay ia iaia?aiiuo ia?aeeth/aoaeyo, n/eoaaony
aieaa i?ia?anneaiie, oioy iniauo i?aeiouanoa ia aea?o.

Iuoe e o?aeaieu.

Iuoe e o?aeaieu yaeythony eii?aeeiaoi?iuie ono?ienoaaie aaiaea
eioi?iaoeee a eiiiuethoa?. ?acoiaaony iieiinoueth caiaieoue eeaaeaoo?o
iie ia iiaoo. A iniiaiii yoe ono?ienoaa eiatho aeaa o?e eiiiee
oi?aaeaiey. Ia nae?ao /oi naiae iiioey?iinoueth iuoue iaycaia
?ani?ino?aiaieth a?aoe/aneiai eioa?oaena e a iniiaiii eiiiaiee
«Microsoft».

Oaia?ue iaiiiai i iuoeiie «aiaoiiee». Eae ecaanoii, ia?aay iuoue
eaoaeanue ia aeaoo eieaneeao, eioi?ua auee naycaiu n inyie ia?aiaiiuo
?acenoi?ia. Ia?aiauaiea oaeie iuoe auei i?yii i?iii?oeeiiaeueii
eciaiaieth nii?ioeaeaiey ia?aiaiiuo ?ace- noi?ia. A aeaeueiaeoai
eiino?oeoeey ia?aoa?iaea cia/eoaeueiua eciaiaiey. ?ieeee auee ia?aianaiu
aioo?ue ei?iona, a n iiaa?oiinoueth noae nii?eeanaoueny oa??aeue
?aceiiaue oa?ee.

Iiaeii auaeaeeoue 3 niiniaa iiaeeeth/aiey iuoe. Naiuie
?ani?ino?ai?iiuie yaeythony iiaeeeth/aiey /a?ac iineaaeiaaoaeue- iue
ii?o. Iaiaa ?ani?ino?aiaiu iuoe n oeiiui eioa?oaenii, aeey iiaeeeth/aiey
eioi?uo o?aaoaony niaoeeaeueiue eioa?oaen eee,

«iuoeiue» ii?o.

O?aoueae ?aciiaeaeiinoueth iiaeii n/eoaoue iuoe a noeea PS/2,

eioi?ua eniieueciaaeenue a eiiiuethoa?ao aiaeiae/iie na?ee, a a
ianoiyuaa a?aiy yaeythony noaiaea?oii aea-oaeoi aeey ii?oaoeaiuo
eiiiuethoa?ia. Aeey eo iiaeeeth/aiey eniieuecoaony ?acu?i miniDIN 6.

Oece/anee eaaeaeay iuoue eiaao ia oainoa ?acu?i oeia DB-9. A
iaeioi?uo neo/ayo a eiiieaeoa anoue ia?aoiaeiee ia DB-25.

Nia?aiaiiua iuoe eiatho iau/ii iioeiaeueiia aiia?aoiia ?ac?aoaiea
400 cpi. Eiaaea oe?iu aeaeea?e?otho ?ac?aoaiea ia o?iaia 1800 cpi, oi
?a/ue, aeaeeii eae?o i i?ia?aiiiii ?ac?aoaiee.

Neaiaeu ?acu?ia iuoe ia?a/eneaiu a neaaeothuae oaaeeoea:

Eiioaeo Neaiae Ooieoeey

1. _____ _____

2. TRANSMIT Ia?aaea/a

3. RECEIVE _____

4. DTR Ieoaiea

5. GROUND Caiey

6. _____ _____

7. RTS Ieoaiea

8. _____ _____

9. _____ _____

O?aeaie, aiiaua aiai?y, i?aaenoaaeyao ec naay «ia?aa??ioooth» iuoue,
o o?aeaiea i?eaiaeeony a aeaeaeaiea ia ei?ion, a oieueei aai oa?. Yoi
iicaieyao nouanoaaiii iiauneoue oi/iinoue oi?aaeaiey eo?ni?ii.

Neaia?u.

Neaia?ii iacuaaaony ono?ienoai, iicaieythuaa aaiaeeoue eii-
iuethoa? ia?acu ecia?aaeaiee, i?aaenoaaeaiiuo a aeaea oaenoa, ?enoieia,
neaeaeia, oioia?aoee e ae?oaie a?aoe/aneie eioi?iaoeee. Ianiio?y ia
iaeeea ?acee/iuo iiaeaeae neaia?ia a ia?aii i?eaeeaeaiee eo
eeanneoeeaoeeth iiaeii i?iaanoe anaai ii ianeieueeei i?eciaeai.
Iai?eia?, ii eeiaiaoe/aneiio iaoaiecio neaia?a e ii oeio aaiaeeiiai
ecia?aaeaiey.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ana ecaanoiua iiaeaee iiaeii ?acaeoue ia aeaa
oeia: ?o/iie e ianoieueiue. Nouanoaotho e eiiaeie?iaaiiua ono?ienoaa,
eioi?ua ni/aoatho a naaa aiciiaeiinoe e oao e ae?oaeo.

Aeey oiai /oiau aaanoe a eiiiuethoa? eaeie-eeai aeieoiaio i?e iiiiue
?o/iiai neaia?a, iaaei aac ?aceeo aeaeaeaiee i?iaanoe neaie?othuae
aieiaeie ii ecia?aaeaieth. ?aaiiia?iinoue ia?aiauaiey handheld
nouanoaaiii neacuaaaony ia ea/anoaa aaiaeeiiai ecia?aaeaiey. Oe?eia
aaiaeeiiai ecia?aaeaiey iau/ii ia i?aauoaao 4aetheia ( 10ni ).

Ianoieueiua aea neaia?u iicaieytho aaiaeeoue ecia?aaeaiey ?acia?ii
8,5 ia 11 aetheiia eee 8,5 ia 14 aetheiia. Nouanoaoao o?e ?aciiaeaeiinoe
ianoieueiuo neaia?ia: ieaioaoiua, ?oeiiiua e i?iaeoeeiiiua.

I?eioeei ?aaiou //a neaia?a caeeth/aaony a neaaeothuai. Neaie?oaiia
ecia?aaeaiea inaauaaony aaeui naaoii. Io?aae?iiue naao /a?ac
oiaiueoathuoth eeico iiiaaeaao ia oioi/oanoaeoaeueiue iieoi?iaiaeieeiaue
yeaiaio, iacuaaaiue I?eai?ii n Ca?yaeiaie Naycueth ( ICN ). Eaaeaeay
no?iea neaie?iaaiey niioaaonoaoao ii?aaeae?iiui cia/aieyi iai?yaeaiey ia
ICN. Yoe cia/aiey iai?yaeaiey i?aia?acothony a oeeo?iaoth oi?io eeai
/a?ac aiaeiaiai-oeeo?iaie i?aia?aciaaoaeue AOeI (aeey iieooiiiauo
neaia?ia ), eeai /a?ac eiiia?aoi? ( aeey aeaooo?iaiaauo neaia?ia ).
?ac?yaeiinoue AOeI aeey iieooiiiauo neaia?ia caaeneo io eiee/anoaa
iiaeaea?aeeaaaiuo o?iaiae na?iai oeaaoa. Iai?eia?, neaia?,
iiaeaea?aeeaathuee 64 o?iaiy na?iai, aeieaeai eiaoue oanoe?ac?yaeiue
AOeI. Aeie-noaia /??ii-aaeiai neaia?a i?eaaaeaia ieaea:

Enoi/iee aaeiai Ecia?aaeaiea Oiaiueoathuay

oeaaoa
eeica

AOeI eee ICN

eiiia?aoi?

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy nouanoaoao ianeieueei oaoiieiaee aeey iieo/aiey
na?uo e oeaaoiuo neaie?oaiuo ecia?aaeaiee. Iaeei ec i?eioeeiia ?aaiou
oeaaoiiai neaia?a caeeth/aaony a neaaeothuai.

Neaie?oaiia ecia?aaeaiea inaauaaony /a?ac a?auathueeny RGB-naaoioeeueo?
eee o?aiy eaiiaie ?acee/iiai oeaaoa.

Aeey nayce n eiiiuethoa?ii neaia?u iiaoo eniieueciaaoue 8-e eee 16-e
?ac?yaeioth eioa?oaenioth ieaoo. E?iia oiai a ianoiyuaa a?aiy
aeinoaoi/ii oe?iei eniieuecothony noaiaea?oiua eioa?oaenu (
iineaaeiaaoaeueiue e ia?aeeaeueiue ii?ou, a oaeaea eioa?oaen SCSI ).

Aeeaeaeeoaeca?.

Yeaeo?iiiue ieaioao ( eee aeeaeaeeoaeca? ) yaeyaony eii?aeeie?othuei
i?aia?aciaaoaeai, eioi?ue eniieuecoaony a iniiaiii aeey caaea/ NAI?. A
ninoaa aeeaeaeeoaeca?a iiieii naiiai ieaioaoa aoiaeeo niaoeeaeueiue
oeacaoaeue n aeao/eeii, Iaiiieiathuee aaeaoeeiiiue i?eoeae aoi?ie
ie?iaie aieiu.

Aeaeienoeee. Aeaeienoee yaeyaony aiaeiaiaui eii?aeeiaoi?iui
ono?ienoaii aaiaea eioi?iaoeee. Neaiaeu ia ?acu?ia ea?iaiai ii?oa
i?eaaaeaiu ieaea:

? eiioaeoa Iai?aaeaiea neaiaea Iacaaiea neaiaea

1. Auoiae + 5A

2. Aoiae Eeaaeoa 1 aeaeienoee A

3. Aoiae Cia/aiea O aeaeienoee A

4. ____ Caiey

5. ____ Caiey

6. Aoiae Cia/aiea Y aeaeienoee A

7. Aoiae Eeaaeoa 2 aeaeienoee A

8. Auoiae + 5A

9. Auoiae +5A

10. Aoiae Eeaaeoa 1 aeaeienoee A

11. Aoiae Cia/aiea O aeaeienoee A

12. ____ Caiey

13. Aoiae Cia/aiea Y aeaeienoee A

14. Aoiae Eeaaeoa 2 aeaeienoee A

15. Auoiae + 5A

I?eioa?u.

Eeanneoeeaoeey nouanoaothueo oeiia ia/aoiuo ono?ienoa:

I?EIOA?U

Iineaaeiaaoaeueiua
No?i/iua
No?aie/iua

Oaea?iiai Aacoaea?iiai Oaea?iiai
Aacoaea?iiai
Aacoaea?iiai

aeaenoaey aeaenoaey
aeaenoaey aeaenoaey
aeaenoaey

Neiaieueiua Iao?e/iua Iao?e/iua Neiaieueiua
Iao?e/iua Iao?e/iua Iao?e/iua

Oaoiieiaee ia/aoe Oaoiieiaee ia/aoe Oaoiieiaee
ia/aoe Oaoiieiaee ia/aoe Oaoiieiaee ia/aoe

Iao?e/iua ia/aoathuea ono?ienoaa.

Eiaaea aiai?yo i iao?e/iuo i?eioa?ao, iau/ii eiatho a aeaeo ono?ienoaa
oaea?iiai aeaenoaey, iai?eia? anai ecaanoiua iiaeaee Epson, Star e
Microlin.

O iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo iao?e/iuo ia/aoathueo ono?ienoa aa?oeeaeueiue
?yae eae ( eee 2 ?yaea ), eee iieioi/eia, aeiea/eaaao e?aneoaeue n eaiou
i?yii a aoiaao, oi?ie?oy iineaaeiaaoaeueii neiaie ca neiaieii.
Eaieue/aoua eiatho i?eaieaiia ea/anoai ia/aoe, iaaunieoth oeaio
?anoiaeiuo iaoa?eaeia e aoiaae, aea e naieo ono?ienoa. Aeey yoeo
i?eioa?ia iau/ii aiciiaeii eniieueciaaiea eae oi?iaoiie, oae e ?oeiiiie
aoiaae. Aieiaea i?eioa?a iiaeao auoue iniauaia 9, 18 eee 24 eaieeaie.

Nouanoaotho iiaeaee i?eioa?ia eae n oe?ieie ( A3 ), oae e n oceie (
A4 ) ea?aoeie. Aunieia ea/anoai ia/aoe aeinoeaaaony a ?aaeeiao NLQ aeey
9-eaieue/aouo ( ii/oe iaoeiiieniia ) e LQ – aeey 24-eaieue/aouo
i?eioa?ia. Nei?inoue ia/aoe aeey aunieii?iecaiaee-

oaeueiuo iiaeaeae iiaeao ninoaaeyoue aei 380 ciaeia a naeoiaeo. Aieaa
aunieoth i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue iaania/eaatho iino?i/iua (iino?aie/iua)
iao?e/iua i?eioa?u. Aianoi iaeaiueeeo oi/a/ii-iao?e/iuo aieiaie iie
eniieuecotho aeeeiiua ianneau n aieueoei eiee/anoaii eae i?e yoii
aeinoeaaaony nei?inoue ii?yaeea 1500 no?ie a ieiooo. Iao?e/iua oaea?iua
ia/aoathuea ono?ienoaa nicaeatho iiiai ooia, a yoi, niaeaneoanue,
iaiaeiaaaeiue oaeoi? i?e auai?a i?eioa?a.

No?oeiua i?eioa?u.

Ioiinyony e aacoaea?iui ia/aoathuei ono?ienoaai. Aeaiiua ono?ienoaa
?aaioatho i?aeoe/anee aanooiii. No?oeiua /a?ieeueiua i?eioa?u ioiinyony
e eeanno iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo iao?e/iuo aacoaea?iuo ia/aoathueo ono?ienoa.
Iie aea a naith i/a?aaeue iiae?acaeaeythony ia ono?ienoaa iai?a?uaiiai e
aeene?aoiiai aeaenoaey. Iineaaeiea aea iiaoo eniieueciaaoue eeai
iocu?ueeiaoth oaoiieiaeth, eeai iueaciyooaeo. Ii/oe ana nia?aiaiiua
ono?ienoaa yoiai eeanna eniieuecotho aeaa iineaaeieo oaoiieiaee. I?e
ia/aoe aunieiai ea/anoaa nei?inoue auaiaea ia i?aainoiaeeo iau/ii 2-3 (
ieiei 200 ciaeia a naeoiaeo ), oioy iaeneiaeueiua cia/aiey iiaoo
aeinoeaaoue aeaaea 7 no?aieoe a ieiooo. Eae i?aaeei no?oeiua i?eioa?u
iicaieytho yioee?iaaoue ?aaioo iaeaieaa iiioey?iuo iiaeaeae oaea?iuo
ono?ienoa e iiaeaea?aeeaaoue niioaaonoaothuaa i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea.

Eaca?iua e LED – i?eioa?u.

A eaca?iuo i?eioa?ao eniieuecoaony yeaeo?ia?aoe/aneee niinia
nicaeaiey ecia?aaeaiey – i?eia?ii oaeie aea, eae e a ena?ienao.

E?iia eaca?iuo nouanoaotho LED – i?eioa?u, eioi?ua iieo/eee nai?
iacaaiea ec-ca oiai, /oi iieoi?iaiaeieeiaue eaca? a ieo aue caiai?i
«a?aa?ieie» iaeue/aeoeo naaoiaeeiaeia.

Ieiooa?u.

Ono?ienoai, iicaieythuaa i?aaenoaaeyoue auaiaeeiua ec eiiiuethoa?a
aeaiiua a aeaea ?enoiea eee a?aoeea ia aoiaaa, iacuaatho iau/ii
a?aoiiino?ieoaeai, eee ieiooa?ii.

Oaeaea e eiiiuethoa?o iiaoo iiaeeeth/aoueny:

Naoaaie aaeaioa?.

Aea?o aiciiaeiinoue iiaeeeth/eoue eiiiuethoa? a eieaeueioth naoue.

No?eia?.

Ono?ienoai aeey auno?iai nio?aiaiey eioi?iaoeee, iaoiaeyuaeny ia
ae?noeii aeenea.

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