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Устройство графического ввода – Сканер

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Eiieoao iauaai e i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ia?aciaaiey ?O.

I?aiao?aneee Ainoaea?noaaiiue Oieaa?neoao.

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Eaoaae?a FORMTEXT AIENeN

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I?aiao?a’ DATE \@ “aa” \* MERGEFORMAT 99

Auiieiee :Aiae?thuaiei Ae.A.

A?oiia : FORMDROPDOWN

I?iaa?ee : FORMTEXT Neieoeei TH.E.

FORMTEXT Oaia :” FORMTEXT Neaia?u. ”

Aaaaeaiea.

Neaia?ii iacuaaaony ono?ienoai, iicaieythuaa aaiaeeoue a eiiiuethoa?
ia?acu ecia?aaeaiee, i?aaenoaaeaiiuo a aeaea oaenoa, ?enoieia, neaeaeia,
oioia?aoee eee ae?oaie a?aoe/aneie eioi?iaoeee. Enoaoe, ianiio?y ia
iaeeea ?acee/iuo iiaeaeae neaia?ia, a ia?aii i?eaeeaeaiee eo
eeanneoeeaoeeth iiaeii i?iaanoe anaai ii ianeieueeei i?eciaeai (eee
e?eoa?eyi). Ai-ia?auo, ii noaiaie i?ic?a/iinoe aaiaeeiiai i?eaeiaea
ecia?aaeaiey, ai-aoi?uo, ii eeiaiaoe/aneiio iaoaiecio neaia?a
(eiino?oeoeee; iaoaiecia aeaeaeaiey), a-o?aoueeo, ii oeio aaiaeeiiai
ecia?aaeaiey, a-/aoaa?ouo, ii iniaaiiinoyi i?ia?aiiiiai e aiia?aoiiai
iaania/aiey neaia?a.

I?eaeiaeu ecia?aaeaiee.

Aiiaua aiai?y, ecia?aaeaiey (eee i?eaeiaeu) iiaeii oneiaii ?acaeaeeoue
ia aeaa aieueoea a?oiiu. E ia?aie ec ieo ioiinyony iacuaaaiua
iai?ic?a/iua i?eaeiaeu: anaaiciiaeiua oioia?aoee, ?enoiee, no?aieoeu
aeo?iaeia e aoeeaoia. Anee aniiiieoue eo?n oeieueiie oeceee, oi
ecaanoii, /oi ecia?aaeaiey n iiaeiaiuo i?eaeiaeia iu aeaeei a
io?aaeaiiii naaoa. Ae?oaia aeaei i?ic?a/iua i?eaeiaeu — oeaaoiua e
/a?ii-aaeua neaeaeu e iaaaoeau; a yoii neo/aa aeac (eae iioe/aneay
nenoaia) ia?aaaouaaao naao, i?ioaaeoee /a?ac i?eaeiae. Oaeei ia?acii,
i?aaeaea anaai, neaaeoao ia?aoeoue aieiaiea ia oi, n eaeeie oeiaie
i?eaeiaeia neaia? iiaeao ?aaioaoue. A /anoiinoe, aeey ?aaiou ni
neaeaeaie nouanoaotho niaoeeaeueiua i?enoaaee.

Iaoaieci aeaeaeaiey.

Ii?aaeaeythuei oaeoi?ii aeey aeaiiiai ia?aiao?a yaeyaony niinia
ia?aiauaiey n/eouaathuae aieiaee neaia?a e aoiaae ioiineoaeueii ae?oa
ae?oaa. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ana ecaanoiua neaia?u i yoiio e?eoa?eth iiaeii
?acaeoue ia aeaa iniiaiuo oeia: ?o/iie (hand-held) e ianoieueiue
(desktop). Oai ia iaiaa, nouanoaotho oaeaea eiiaeie?iaaiiua ono?ienoaa,
eioi?ua ni/aoatho a naaa aiciiaeiinoe ianoieueiuo e ?o/iuo neaia?ia. A
ea/anoaa i?eia?a iiaeii i?eaanoe iiaeaeue Niscan Page aia?eeaineie oe?iu
Nisca.

?o/iua neaia?u.

?o/iie neaia?, eae i?aaeei, /ai-oi iaiiieiaao oaaee/aieth a ?acia?ao
yeaeo?ia?eoao. Aeey oiai /oiau aaanoe a eiiiuethoa? eaeie-eeai aeieoiaio
i?e iiiiue yoiai ono?ienoaa, iaaei aac ?aceeo aeaeaeaiee i?iaanoe
neaie?othuae aieiaeie ii niioaaonoaothuaio ecia?aaeaieth. Oaeei ia?acii,
i?iaeaia ia?aiauaiey n/eouaathuae aieiaee ioiineoaeueii aoiaae oeaeeeii
eiaeeony ia iieueciaaoaey. Enoaoe, ?aaiiia?iinoue ia?aiauaiey neaia?a
nouanoaaiii neacuaaaony ia ea/anoaa aaiaeeiiai a eiiiuethoa?
ecia?aaeaiey. A ?yaea iiaeaeae aeey iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey ii?iaeueiiai aaiaea
eiaaony niaoeeaeueiue eiaeeeaoi?. Oe?eia aaiaeeiiai ecia?aaeaiey aeey
?o/iuo neaia?ia ia i?aauoaao iau/ii 4 aetheiia (10 ni). A iaeioi?uo
iiaeaeyo ?o/iuo neaia?ia a aiaeo iiauoaiey ?ac?aoathuae niiniaiinoe
oiaiueoatho oe?eio aaiaeeiiai ecia?aaeaiey. Nia?aiaiiua ?o/iua neaia?u
iiaoo iaania/eaaoue aaoiiaoe/aneoth “neeaeeo” aaiaeeiiai ecia?aaeaiey,
oi anoue oi?ie?otho oeaeia ecia?aaeaiea ec ioaeaeueii aiaeeiuo aai
/anoae. Yoi, a /anoiinoe, naycaii n oai, /oi i?e iiiiue ?o/iiai neaia?a
iaaiciiaeii aaanoe ecia?aaeaiey aeaaea oi?iaoa A4 ca iaeei i?ioiae. E
iniiaiui aeinoieinoaai oaeiai aeia neaia?ia ioiinyony iaaieueoea
aaaa?eoiua ?acia?u e n?aaieoaeueii ieceay oeaia.

Ianoieueiua neaia?u.

Ianoieueiua neaia?u iacuaatho e no?aie/iuie, e. ieaioaoiuie, e aeaaea
aaoi neaia?aie. Oaeea neaia?u iicaieytho aaiaeeoue ecia?aaeaiey
?acia?aie 8,5 ia 11 eee 8,5 ia 14 aetheiia. Nouanoaotho o?e
?aciiaeaeiinoe ianoieueiuo neaia?ia: ieaioaoiua (flatbed), ?oeiiiua
(sheet-fed) e i?iaeoeeiiiua (overhead).

Iniiaiui ioee/eai ieaioaoiuo neaia?ia yaeyaony oi, /oi neaie?othuay
aieiaea ia?aiauaaony ioiineoaeueii aoiaae n iiiiuueth oaaiaiai
aeaeaaoaey. Ieaioaoiua neaia?u — iau/ii , aeinoaoi/ii aei?iaea
ono?ienoaa, ii, iiaeaeoe, e iaeaieaa “niiniaiua”. Aiaoia iie /ai-oi
iiaoo iaiiieiaoue eiie?iaaeueiua iaoeiu — “ena?ienu”, aiaoiee aeae
eioi?uo ecaanoai, eiia/ii, iiiaei. Aeey neaie?iaaiey ecia?aaeaiey
(/aai-ieaoaeue) iaiaoiaeeii ioe?uoue e?uoeo neaia?a, iiaeeeth/eoue
neaie?oaiue eeno ia noaeeyiioth ieanoeio ecia?aaeaieai aiec, iinea /aai
cae?uoue e?uoeo. Ana aeaeueiaeoaa oi?aaeaiea i?ioeannii neaie?iaaiey
inouanoaeyaony n eeaaeaoo?u eiiiuethoa?a — i?e ?aaioa n iaeiie ec
niaoeeaeueiuo i?ia?aii, iinoaaeyaiuo aianoa n oaeei neaia?ii. Iiiyoii,
/oi ?anniio?aiiay eiino?oeoeey ecaeaeey iicaieyao (iiaeiaii “ena?ieno”)
neaie?iaaoue ia oieueei ioaeaeueiua eenou, ii e no?aieoeu aeo?iaea eee
eieae. Iaeaieaa iiioey?iuie neaia?aie yoiai oeia ia ?inneeneii ?uiea
yaeythony iiaeaee oe?iu Hewlett Packard.

?aaioa ?oeiiiuo neaia?ia /ai-oi iaiiieiaao ?aaioo iaueiiaaiiie
oaen-iaoeiu. Ioaeaeueiua eenou aeieoiaioia i?ioyaeaathony /a?ac oaeia
ono?ienoai, i?e yoii e inouanoaeyaony eo neaie?iaaiea. Oaeei ia?acii, a
aeaiiii neo/aa neaie?othuay aieiaea inoaaony ia ianoa, a oaea
ioiineoaeueii iaa ia?aiauaaony aoiaaa. Iiiyoii, /oi a yoii neo/aa
eiie?iaaiea no?aieoe eiea e aeo?iaeia i?inoi iaaiciiaeii.
?anniao?eaaaiua neaia?u aeinoaoi/ii oe?iei eniieuecothony a iaeanoyo,
naycaiiuo n iioe/aneei ?aniiciaaaieai neiaieia INR (Optinal Character
Recognition). Aeey oaeianoaa ?aaiou ?oeiiiua neaia?u iau/ii iniauathony
ono?ienoaaie aeey aaoiiaoe/aneie iiaea/e no?aieoe.

O?aouey ?aciiaeaeiinoue ianoieueiuo neaia?ia — i?iaeoeeiiiua neaia?u,
eioi?ua aieueoa anaai iaiiieiatho naiaia?aciue i?iaeoeeiiiue aiia?ao
(eee oioioaaee/eoaeue). Aaiaeeiue aeieoiaio eeaaeaony ia iiaa?oiinoue
neaie?iaaiey ecia?aaeaieai aaa?o, aeie neaie?iaaiey iaoiaeeony i?e yoii
oaeaea naa?oo. Ia?aiauaaony oieueei neaie?othuaa ono?ienoai. Iniiaiie
iniaaiiinoueth aeaiiuo neaia?ia yaeyaony aiciiaeiinoue neaie?iaaiey
i?iaeoeee o?aoia?iuo i?iaeoeee.

Oiiieiaaiue auoa eiiaeie?iaaiiue neaia? Niscan Page iaania/eaaao ?aaioo
a aeaoo ?aaeeiao: i?ioyaeaaiey eenoia (neaie?iaaiea i?eaeiaeia oi?iaoii
io aeceoiie ea?oi/ee aei21,6 ni) e naiiaeaeaeouaainy neaia?a. Aeey
?aaeecaoeee iineaaeiaai ?aaeeia neaia?a iaiaoiaeeii niyoue ieaeithth
e?uoeo. I?e yoii aaeeee, eioi?ua iau/ii i?ioyaeaatho aoiaao, neoaeao
naiaia?aciuie eiaeaie, ia eioi?uo neaia? e aeaeaeaony ii neaie?oaiie
iiaa?oiinoe. Oioy iiiyoii, /oi oe?eia aaiaeeiiai neaia?ii ecia?aaeaiey a
iaieo ?aaeeiao ia eciaiyaony (/ooue aieueoa oi?iaoa A4), iaeiaei a
naiiaeaeaeouainy ?aaeeia iiaeii neaie?iaaoue ecia?aaeaiea n eenoa
aoiaae, i?aauoathuaai yoio oi?iao, eee aaiaeeoue oi?iaoeeth ni no?aieoe
eieae.

Oeiu aaiaeeiiai ecia?aaeaiey.

Ii aeaiiiio e?eoa?eth ana nouanoaothuea neaia?u iiaeii iiae?acaeaeeoue
ia /a?ii-aaeua e oeaaoiua. *a?ii-aaeua neaia?u a naith i/a?aaeue iiaoo
iiae?acaeaeyoueny ia oo?eoiaua e iieooiiiaua («na?ua»). Iaeiaei, eae iu
oaeaeei a aeaeueiaeoai, iieooiia ecia?aaeaiey iiaoo oaeaea
yioee?iaaoueny. Eoae, ia?aua iiaeaee /a?ii-aaeuo neaia?ia iiaee
?aaioaoue oieueei a aeaooo?iaiaaii (bilevel) ?aaeeia, aini?eieiay eee
/a?iue, eee aaeue oeaao. Oaeei ia?acii, neaie?iaaoueny iiaee eeai
oo?eoiaua ?enoiee (iai?eia?, /a?oaaee), eeai aeaoo oiiiaua ecia?aaeaiey.
Oioy yoe neaia?u e ia iiaee ?aaioaoue n aeaenoaeoaeueiuie iooaieaie
na?iai oeaaoa, auoiae aeey neaie?iaaiey iieooiiiauo ecia?aaeaiee oaeeie
neaia?aie aue iaeaeai. Inaaaeiiieooiiiaie ?aaeei, eee ?aaeei
?ano?e?iaaiey (dithering), neaia?a eieoe?oao iooaiee na?iai oeaaoa,
a?oiie?oy, ianeieueei oi/ae aaiaeeiiai ecia?aaeaiey a oae iacuaaaiua
gray-scale-ieenaee. Oaeea ieenaee iiaoo eiaoue ?acia?u 2o2 (4 oi/ee),
3o3 (9 oi/ae) eee 4o4 (16 oi/ae) e o.ae. Ioiioaiea eiee/anoaa /a?iuo
oi/ae e aaeui e auaeaeyao o?iaaiue na?iai oeaaoa. Iai?eia?,
gray-scale-ieenaeue ?acia?ii 4o4 iicaieyao aini?iecaiaeeoue 17 o?iaiae
na?iai oeaaoa (aeeth/ay e iieiinoueth aaeue oeaao). Ia neaaeoao,
i?aaaea, caauaaoue, /oi ?ac?aoathuay niiniaiinoue neaia?a i?e
eniieueciaaiee gray-scale-ieenaey nieaeaaony (a iineaaeiai neo/aa a 4
?aca).

Iieooiiiaua neaia?u eniieuecotho iaeneiaeueioth ?ac?aoathuoth
niiniaiinoue, eae i?aaeei, oieueei a aeaooo?iaiaaii ?aaeeia. Iau/ii iie
iiaeaea?aeeaatho 16, 64 eee 256 iooaieia na?iai oeaaoa aeey 4-, 6- e
8-?ac?yaeiiai eiaea, eioi?ue noaaeony i?e yoii a niioaaonoaea eaaeaeie
oi/ea ecia?aaeaiey. ?ac?aoathuay niiniaiinoue neaia?a ecia?yaony a
eiee/anoaa ?acee/aaiuo oi/ae ia aethei ecia?aaeaiey — dpi (dot per
inch). Anee a ia?auo iiaeaeyo neaia?ia ?ac?aoathuay niiniaiinoue auea
200—300 dpi, oi a nia?aiaiiuo iiaeaeyo yoi, eae i?aaeei, 400, a oi e 800
dpi. Iaeioi?ua neaia?u iaania/eaatho aiia?aoiia ?ac?aoaiea 600o1200 dpi.
A ?yaea neo/aaa ?ac?aoaiea neaia?a iiaeao onoaiaaeeaaoueny i?ia?aiiiui
iooai a i?ioeanna ?aaiou ec ?yaea cia/aiee: 75, 1 150, 200, 300 e 400
dpi.

Iaaei neacaoue, /oi aeaaiaea?y iia?aoeee eioa?iieyoeee, auiieiyaiie, eae
i?aaeei, i?ia?aiiii, nia?aiaiiua neaia?u iiaoo eiaoue ?ac?aoaiea 800 e
aeaaea 1600 dpi. A ?acoeueoaoa eioa?iieyoeee ia iieo/aaiii i?e
neaie?iaaiee ecia?aaeaiee naeaaeeaathony e?eaua eeiee e en/acatho
ia?iaiinoe aeeaaiiaeueiuo eeiee. Iaiiiiei, /oi eioa?iieyoeey iicaieyao
iouneeaaoue cia/aiey i?iiaaeooi/iuo aaee/ei ii oaea ecaanoiui cia/aieyi.
Iai?eia?, a ?acoeueoaoa neaie?iaaiey iaeei ec ieenaeia eiaao cia/aiea
o?iaiy na?iai oeaaoa 48, a ninaaeiee n iei — 76. Eniieueciaaiea
i?inoaeoae eeiaeiie eioa?iieyoeee iicaieyao naeaeaoue i?aaeiieiaeaiea i
oii, /oi cia/aiea o?iaiy na?iai oeaaoa aeey i?iiaaeooi/iiai ieenaey
iiaei au auoue ?aaii 62. Anee anoaaeoue ana ioeaii/iua cia/aiey ieenaeia
a oaee ioneaie?iaaiiiai ecia?aaeaiey, oi ?ac?aoathuay niiniaiinoue
neaia?a eae au oaeaieony, oi anoue aianoi iau/iuo 400 dpi noaiao ?aaiie
800 dpi.

*a?ii-aaeua neaia?u.

Iii?iaoai iauynieoue i?eioeei ?aaiou /a?ii-aaeiai neaia?a. Neaie?oaiia
ecia?aaeaiea inaauaaony aaeui naaoii, iieo/aaiui, eae i?aaeei, io
oeoi?anoeaioiie eaiiu. Io?aaeaiiue naao /a?ac ?aaeooee?othuoth
(oiaiueoathuoth) eeico iiiaaeaao ia oioi/oanoaeoaeueiue
iieoi?iaiaeieeiaue yeaiaio, iacuaaaiue i?eai?ii n ca?yaeiaie naycueth
ICN (Change- Coupled Device, CCD), a iniiao eioi?iai iieiaeaia
/oanoaeoaeueiinoue i?iaiaeeiinoe p-n-ia?aoiaea iaueiiaaiiiai
iieoi?iaiaeieeiaiai aeeiaea e noaiaie aai inaauaiiinoe. Ia p-n-ia?aoiaea
nicaeaaony ca?yae, eioi?ue ?annanuaaaony ni nei?inoueth, caaenyuae io
inaauaiiinoe. *ai auoa nei?inoue ?annanuaaiey, oai aieueoee oie
i?ioiaeeo /a?ac aeeiae.

?en.1. Aeie noaia /a?ii-aaeiai neaia?a.

Eaaeaeay no?iea neaie?iaaiey ecia?aaeaiey niioaaonoaoao ii?aaeaeaiiui
cia/aieyi iai?yaeaiey ia ICN. Yoe cia/aiey iai?yaeaiey i?aia?acothony a
oeeo?iaoth oi?io eeai /a?ac aiaeiai-oeeo?iaie i?aia?aciaaoaeue AOeI
(aeey iieooiiiauo neaia?ia), eeai /a?ac eiiia?aoi? (aeey aeaooo?iaiaauo
neaia?ia). Eiiia?aoi? n?aaieaaao aeaa cia/aiey (iai?yaeaiea eee oie) io
ICN e iii?iia (?en. 1), i?e/ai a caaeneiinoe io ?acoeueoaoa n?aaiaiey ia
aai auoiaea oi?ie?oaony neaiae 0 (/a?iue oeaao) eee 1 (aaeue).
?ac?yaeiinoue AOeI aeey iieooiiiauo neaia?ia caaeneo io eiee/anoaa
iiaeaea?aeeaaaiuo o?iaiae na?iai oeaaoa. Iai?eia?, neaia?,
iiaeaea?aeeaathuee 64 o?iaiy na?iai, aeieaeai eiaoue 6-?ac?yaeiue AOeI.
Eaeei ia?acii neaie?oaony eaaeaeay neaaeothuay no?iea ecia?aaeaiey,
oeaeeeii caaeneo io oeia eniieuecoaiiai neaia?a. Iaiiiiei, /oi o
ieaioaoiuo neaia?ia aeaeaeaony neaie?othuay aieiaea, a a ?oeiiiuo
neaia?ao iia inoaaony iaiiaeaeaeiie, iioiio /oi aeaeaeaony iineoaeue n
ecia?aaeaieai — aoiaaa.

Oeaaoiua neaia?u.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy nouanoaoao ianeieueei oaoiieiaee aeey iieo/aiey
oeaaoiuo neaie?oaiuo ecia?aaeaiee. Iaeei ec iaeaieaa iaueo i?eioeeiia
?aaiou oeaaoiiai neaia?a caeeth/aaony a neaaeothuai. Neaie?oaiia
ecia?aaeaiea inaauaaony oaea ia aaeui oeaaoii, a /a?ac a?auathueeny
RGB-naaoioeeueo? (?en. 2). Aeey eaaeaeiai ec iniiaiuo oeaaoia (e?aniiai,
caeaiiai e neiaai) iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue iia?aoeee i?aeoe/anee ia
ioee/aaony io iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe aeaenoaee i?e neaie?iaaiee
/a?ii-aaeiai ecia?aaeaiey. Eneeth/aiea ninoaaeyao, iiaeaeoe, oieueei
yoai i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie ia?aaioee e aaiia-ei??aeoeee oeaaoia, ia?aae oai
eae eioi?iaoeey ia?aaeaaony a eiiiuethoa?. Iiiyoii, /oi yoio yoai
yaeyaony iauei aeey anao oeaaoiuo neaia?ia.

A ?acoeueoaoa o?ao i?ioiaeia neaie?iaaiey iieo/aaony oaee, niaea?aeauee
ia?ac ecia?aaeaiey a o?ao iniiaiuo oeaaoao — RGB (ia?ac eiiiiceoiiai
neaiaea). Anee eniieuecoaony ainueie?ac?yaeiue AOeI, eioi?ue
iiaeaea?aeeaaao 256 iooaieia aeey iaeiiai oeaaoa, oi eaaeaeie oi/ea
ecia?aaeaiey noaaeony a niioaaonoaea iaeei ec 16,7 ieeeeiia aiciiaeiuo
oeaaoia (24 ?ac?yaea). Neaia?u, eniieuecothuea iiaeiaiue i?eioeei
aeaenoaey, auioneathony, iai?eia?, oe?iie Microtek.

?en.2. Aeie-noaia oeaaoiiai neaia?a n a?auathueiny RGB-oeeueo?ii.

Iaaei ioiaoeoue, /oi iaeaieaa nouanoaaiiui iaaeinoaoeii iienaiiiai auoa
iaoiaea yaeyaony oaaee/aiea a?aiaie neaie?iaaiey a o?e ?aca. I?iaeaio
iiaeao i?aaenoaaeyoue oaeaea «au?aaieaaiea» ieenaeia i?e eaaeaeii ec
o?ao i?ioiaeia, oae eae a i?ioeaiii neo/aa aiciiaeii ?aciuaaiea iooaieia
e «niacuaaiea» oeaaoia.

A neaia?ao ecaanoiuo yiiineeo oe?i Epson e Sharp, eae i?aaeei, aianoi
iaeiiai enoi/ieea naaoa eniieuecoaony o?e, aeey eaaeaeiai oeaaoa
ioaeaeueii. Yoi iicaieyao neaie?iaaoue ecia?aaeaiea anaai ca iaeei
i?ioiae e eneeth/aao iaaa?iia «au?aaieaaiea» ieenaeia. Neiaeiinoe yoiai
iaoiaea caeeth/athony iau/ii a iiaeai?a enoi/ieeia naaoa ni noaaeeueiuie
oa?aeoa?enoeeaie.

Ae?oaay yiiineay oe?ia — Seiko Instruments — ?ac?aaioaea Oeaaoiie
ieaioaoiue neaia? SpectraPoint, a eioi?ii yeaiaiou ICN auee caiaiaiu
oioio?aicenoi?aie. Ia oe?eia 8,5 aetheia ?aciauaii 10200
oioio?aicenoi?ia, ?aniieiaeaiiuo a o?e eieiiee ii 3400 a eaaeaeie. O?e
oeaaoiuo oeeueo?a (RGB) ono?iaiu oae, /oi eaaeaeay eieiiea
oioio?aicenoi?ia aini?eieiaao oieueei iaeei iniiaiie oeaao. Aunieay
ieioiinoue eioaa?aeueiuo oioio?aicenoi?ia iicaieyao aeinoeaaoue oi?ioae
?ac?aoathuae niiniaiinoe — 400 dpi (3400/8,5) — aac eniieueciaaiey
?aaeooee?othuae eeicu.

I?eioeei aeaenoaey oeaaoiiai neaia?a ScanJet Iic oe?iu Hewlett Packard
ianeieueei eiie. Enoi/iee aaeiai naaoa inaauaao neaie?oaiia
ecia?aaeaiea, a io?aaeaiiue naao /a?ac ?aaeooee?othuoth eeico iiiaaeaao
ia o?ao iieinioth ICN /a?ac nenoaio niaoeeaeueiuo oeeueo?ia, eioi?ua e
?acaeaeytho aaeue naao ia o?e eiiiiiaioa: e?aniue, caeaiue e neiee (?en.
3). Oeceea ?aaiou iiaeiaiuo oeeueo?ia naycaia n yaeaieai aeeo?iecia,
caeeth/athuaainy a ?acee/iie ie?anea iaeiiiniuo e?enoaeeia a i?ioiaeyuai
aaeii naaoa a caaeneiinoe io iieiaeaiey iioe/aneie ine. A
?anniao?eaaaiii neo/aa oeeueo?aoeey inouanoaeyaony ia?ie oaeeo
oeeueo?ia, eaaeaeue ec eioi?uo i?aaenoaaeyao niaie «nyiaeae/» ec aeaoo
oiieeo e iaeiiai aieaa oienoiai neiy e?enoaeeia. Ia?aue neie ia?aiai
oeeueo?a io?aaeaao neiee naao, ii i?iioneaao caeaiue e e?aniue. Aoi?ie
neie io?aaeaao caeaiue naao e i?iioneaao e?aniue, eioi?ue io?aaeaaony
oieueei io o?aoueaai neiy. Ai aoi?ii oeeueo?a, iaiai?io, io ia?aiai neiy
io?aaeaaony e?aniue naao, io aoi?iai — caeaiue, a io o?aoueaai — neiee.
Iinea nenoaiu oeeueo?ia ?acaeaeaiiue e?aniue, caeaiue e neiee naao
iiiaaeaao ia nianoaaiioth iieino ICN, eaaeaeue yeaiaio eioi?iai eiaao
?acia? ieiei 8 iei. Aeaeueiaeoay ia?aaioea neaiaeia oeaaoiinoe
i?aeoe/anee ia ioee/aaony io iau/iie. Caiaoei, /oi iiaeiaiue i?eioeei
?aaiou (n iaeioi?uie ioee/eyie, ?acoiaaony) eniieuecoaony e a oeaaoiuo
neaia?ao oe?iu Ricoh.

?en.3. Aeie-noaia neaia?a n dichroic-oeeueo?aie.

Aiia?aoiua eioa?oaenu neaia?ia.

Aeey nayce n eiiiuethoa?ii neaia?u iiaoo eniieueciaaoue niaoeeaeueioth
8- eee 16-?ac?yaeioth eioa?oaenioth ieaoo, anoaaeyaioth a
niioaaonoaothuee neio ?anoe?aiey. Aeey ii?oaoeaiuo eiiiuethoa?ia
iiaeoiaeeo ono?ienoai PC Card. E?iia oiai, a ianoiyuaa a?aiy aeinoaoi/ii
oe?ieia ?ani?ino?aiaiea iieo/eee noaiaea?oiua eioa?oaenu, i?eiaiyaiua a
IBM PC-niaianoeiuo eiiiuethoa?ao (iineaaeiaaoaeueiue e ia?aeeaeueiue
ii?ou, a oaeaea eioa?oaen SCSI). Noieo ioiaoeoue, /oi a neo/aa
noaiaea?oiiai eioa?oaena o iieueciaaoaey ia aicieeaao i?iaeai n
?acaeaeaieai nenoaiiuo ?ano?nia: ii?oia aaiaea-auaiaea, i?a?uaaiee IRQ e
eaiaeia i?yiiai aeinooia DMA.

Ii iiiyoiui i?e/eiai iaeaieaa iaaeeaiii ia?aaea/a aeaiiuo inouanoaeyaony
/a?ac iineaaeiaaoaeueiue ii?o (RS-232C). Eiaiii iiyoiio a ?yaea
iineaaeieo ?o/iuo eee eiiaeie?iaaiiuo iiaeaeae neaia?ia aeey nayce n
eiiiuethoa?ii i?eiaiyaony noaiaea?oiue ia?aeeaeueiue ii?o. Yoi i/aiue
oaeiaii, iai?eia?, i?e ?aaioa n ii?oaoeaiui eiiiuethoa?ii.

I?ia?aiiiua eioa?oaenu e TWAIN.

Aeey oi?aaeaiey ?aaioie neaia?a (ai?i/ai, eae e eiiai ono?ienoaa)
iaiaoiaeeia niioaaonoaothuay i?ia?aiia — ae?aeaa?. A yoii neo/aa
oi?aaeaiea eaeao ia ia o?iaia “aeaeaca” (ii?oia aaiaea-auaiaea), a /a?ac
ooieoeee eee oi/ee aoiaea ae?aeaa?a. Aei iaaeaaiaai a?aiaie eaaeaeue
ae?aeaa? aeey neaia?a eiae naie nianoaaiiue eioa?oaen. Yoi auei
aeinoaoi/ii iaoaeiaii, iineieueeo aeey eaaeaeie iiaeaee neaia?a
o?aaiaaeanue naiy i?eeeaaeiay i?ia?aiia. Eiae/iaa auei au iaiai?io, anee
au n iaeiie i?eeeaaeiie i?ia?aiiie iiaee ?aaioaoue ianeieueei iiaeaeae
neaia?ia. Yoi noaei aiciiaeiui aeaaiaea?y TWAIN.

TWAIN — yoi noaiaea?o, niaeanii eioi?iio inouanoaeyaony iaiai aeaiiuie
iaaeaeo i?eeeaaeiie i?ia?aiiie e aiaoiei ono?ienoaii (/eoae — aai
ae?aeaa?ii). Iaiiiiei, /oi eiini?oeeoi TWAIN aue i?aaieciaai n o/anoeai
i?aaenoaaeoaeae eiiiaiee Aldus, Caere, Eastman Kodak, Hewlett Packard &
Logitech. Iniiaiie oeaeueth nicaeaiey TWAIN-niaoeeoeeaoeee auei ?aoaiea
i?iaeaiu niaianoeiinoe, oi anoue eaaeiai iauaaeeiaiey ?acee/iuo
ono?ienoa aaiaea n ethaui i?ia?aiiiui iaania/aieai. Eiie?aoece?oy,
iiaeii auaeaeeoue ianeieueei iniiaiuo aii?inia: ai-ia?auo, iiaeaea?aeeo
?acee/iuo ieaooi?i eiiiuethoa?ia; ai-aoi?uo, iiaeaea?aeeo ?acee/iuo
ono?ienoa, aeeth/ay ?aciiia?aciua neaia?u e ono?ienoaa aaiaea aeaeai;
a-o?aoueeo, aiciiaeiinoue ?aaiou n ?acee/iuie oi?iaoa aeaiiuo.
Aeaaiaea?y eniieueciaaieth TWAIN-eioa?oaena iiaeii aaiaeeoue
ecia?aaeaiea iaeiia?aiaiii n ?aaioie a i?eeeaaeiie i?ia?aiia,
iiaeaea?aeeaathuae TWAIN, iai?eia? CorelDraw, Picture Publisher,
PhotoFinish. Oaeei ia?acii, ethaay TWAIN -niaianoeiay i?ia?aiia aoaeao
?aaioaoue n TWAIN-niaianoeiui neaia?ii.

A caeeth/aiea noieo ioiaoeoue, /oi ia?acu ecia?aaeaiee a eiiiuethoa?a
iiaoo o?aieoueny a a?aoe/aneeo oaeeao ?acee/iuo oi?iaoia, iai?eia? TIFF,
?NO, AI?, GIF e ae?oaeo. Iaaei eiaoue a aaeaeo, /oi i?e neaie?iaaiee
ecia?aaeaiee oaeeu iieo/athony aeinoaoi/ii a?iiicaeeeie e iiaoo
aeinoeaaoue aeanyoeia e nioai iaaaaaeo. Aeey oiaiueoaiey iauaia o?aieiie
eioi?iaoeee eniieuecoaony iau/ii i?ioeann eiii?annee (naeaoey) oaeeo
oaeeia.

Auai? neaia?a.

A ioena neaia? iiaeao yooaeoeaii eniieueciaaoueny aeey ?aaiou eae n
oaenoaie (OCR), oae e n ecia?aaeaieyie. A ia?aii neo/aa iiaeii
i?eaioe?iaaoueny ia iaaei?iaoth /a?ii-aaeoth iiaeaeue n ?ac?aoaieai
200—300 dpi. Aeey aaiaea ei?ioeeo aeieoiaioia iiaeao i?eaiaeeoueny
aeaaea ?o/iie neaia?. I?e aieueoeo iauaiao neaaeoao inoaiiaeoueny ia
neaia?a n aaoiiaoe/aneie iiaea/ae i?eaeiaeia. A caaeneiinoe io
neiaeiinoe aaiaeeiuo a eiiiuethoa? ecia?aaeaiee iiaeao iio?aaiaaoueny
neaia? n ?ac?aoaieai 300—600 dpi (n eioa?iieyoeeae aei 1200 dpi), n
aiciiaeiinoueth aini?eyoey aei 16,7 ieeeeiia iooaieia oeaaoia
(24-?ac?yaeiia eiaee?iaaiea) e i?iecaiaeeoaeueiui eioa?oaenii (SCSI-2).
Ai anao neo/ayo iaaei oaeinoiaa?eoueny, /oi a eiiieaeo ni neaia?ii
aoiaeeo niioaaonoaothuaa i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea, aoaeue oi
OCR-i?ia?aiiu eee a?aoe/aneee iaeao. Ia noieo caauaaoue oaeaea e i
TWAIN-niaianoeiinoe.

Nienie eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u.

A.Ai?caiei «IBM PC: ono?ienoai, ?aiiio, iiaea?iecaoeey»

Aeieoiaioaoeey ec naoe Internet.

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