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Сетевые операционные системы

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?aoa?ao ii eo?no “ EIIIUeTHOA?IUA NAOE ”

ii oaia

NAOAAUA IIA?AOeEIIIUA NENOAIU

Nooaeaioa a?oiiu E7-05I

Iaia?ieiaa N.N.

Iauee iaci? naoaauo IN

Naoaaay iia?aoeeiiiay nenoaia iaiaoiaeeia aeey oi?aaeaiey iioieaie
niiauaiee iaaeaeo ?aai/eie noaioeeyie e na?aa?aie. Iia iiaeao iicaieeoue
ethaie ?aai/ae noaioeee ?aaioaoue n ?acaeaeyaiui naoaaui aeeneii eee
i?eioa?ii, eioi?ua oece/anee ia iiaeeeth/aiu e yoie noaioeee.

A iaeioi?uo eiiiuethoa?iuo naoyo anoue auaeaeaiiue aaoiiiiiue
eiiiuethoa? eioi?ue auiieiyao ooieoeee oieueei oaeeiaiai na?aa?a. Oaeea
nenoaiu iacuaathony EAN n oaeeiaui na?aa?ii. A ae?oaeo, iaeuo EAN,
?aai/ay noaioeey iiaeao iaeiia?aiaiii auiieiyoue e ooieee oaeeiaiai
na?aa?a. Yoi iaeii?aiaiaua EAN.

Eiiiiiaiou naoaaie iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaiu ia eaaeaeie ?aai/ae noaioeee e
oaeeiaii na?aa?a acaeiiaeaenoaotho ae?oa n ae?oaii iin?aaenoaii ycuea,
iacuaaaiui i?ioieieii.Iaeiei ec iaueo i?ioieieia yaeyaony i?ioieie oe?iu
IBM NetBIOS (Network Basic Input Output System -Naoaaay iia?aoeeiiiay
nenoaia aaiaea-auaiaea). Ae?oaei ?ani?ino?aiaiiui i?ioieieii yaeyaony
IPX (Internet-work Packet Exchange – Iaaenaoaaie iaiai iaeaoaie) oe?iu
Novell.

Ieaea i?eaaaeai nienie iaeioi?uo naoaauo iii?aoeeiiiuo nenoai n
oeacaieai eo i?iecaiaeeoaeae:

Iia?aoeeiiiay nenoaia

I?iecaiaeeoaeue

Apple Talk Apple

LANtastic Artisoft

NetWare Novell

NetWare Lite Novell

Personal NetWare Novell

NFS Sun Microsystems

OS/2 LAN Manager Microsoft

OS/2 LAN Server IBM

Windows NT Advanced Server Microsoft

POWERfusion Performance Technology

POWERLan Performance Technology

Vines Ba

Aeaeaa aoaeoo ?anniio?aiu iaeioi?ua ec yoeo iia?aoeeiiiuo nenoai.

IN NetWare oe?iu Novell

Novell auea iaeiie ec ia?auo eiiiaiee, eioi?ua ia/aee nicaeaaaoue EAN.

Iia i?iecaiaeeea eae aiia?aoiua n?aaenoaa, oae e i?ia?aiiiua, iaeiaei a
iineaaeiaa a?aiy oe?ia Novell neiioeaio?e?iaaea oneeey ia i?ia?aiiiuo
n?aaenoaao EAN.

Aeaeaa i?eaiaeyony iaeioi?ua oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ia?aiiiuo i?iaeoeoia
NetWare :

A n?aaea NetWare niiniaii ?aaioaoue aieueoaa eiee/anoai i?eeiaeaiee /ai
a ethaie ae?oaie EAN.

IN NetWare niiniaia iiaeaea?aeeaaoue ?aai/ea noaioeee, oi?aaeyaiua DOS,
DOS e Windows, OS/2, UNIX, Windows NT, Mac System 7 e ae?oaeie IN.

EAN NetWare iiaeao ?aaioaoue n aieueoei eiee/anoaii ?acee/iuo oeiia
naoaauo aaeaioa?ia, /ai ethaay ae?oaay iia?aoeeiiiay nenoaia.Aeey
aeinoeaeaiey iinoaaeaiiuo oeaeae au iiaeaoa aua?aoue aiia?aoiua
n?aaenoaa io iiiaeanoaa ?aciuo iinoaaueeia. N NetWare iiaeii
eniieueciaaoue ARCnet, EtherNet, Token Ring eee i?aeoe/anee ethaie
ae?oaie oei naoaaiai aaeaioa?a.

EAN NetWare iiaeao ?ac?inoaoueny aei ia?iiiuo ?acia?ia.

EAN NetWare iaaeaaeii ?aaioaao.

N?aaenoaa caueou aeaiiuo, i?aaeinoaaeyaiua NetWare, aieaa /ai
aeinoaoi/iu aeey aieueoeinoaa EAN.

NetWare aeiioneaao eniieueciaaiea aieaa, /ai 200 oeiia naoaauo
aaeaioa?ia, aieaa /ai 100 oeiia aeeneiauo iiaenenoai aeey o?aiaiey
aeaiiuo, ono?ienoa aeoaee?iaaiey aeaiiuo e oaeeiauo na?aa?ia.

Oe?ia Novell eiaao eiio?aeou i iiaeaea?aeea IN NetWare n iaeaieaa
e?oiiuie e iiuiuie ec iacaaeneiuo i?aaiecaoeee, oaeeo eae Bell Atlantic,
DEC, Hewlett-Packard, Intel, Prime, Unisys e Xerox.

?anniio?ei iiae?iaiaa no?oeoo?o aeaiiie IN

Oaeeiaue na?aa? a NetWare yaeyaony iau/iui IE, naoaaay IN eioi?iai
inouano-aeyao oi?aaeaiea ?aaioie EAN.Ooieoeee oi?aaeaiey aeeth/atho
eii?aeeiaoeeth ?aai/eo noaioeee e ?aaoee?iaaiea i?ioeanna ?acaeaeaiey
oaeeia e i?eioa?a a EAN.Naoaaua oaeeu anao ?aai/eo noaioeee o?aiyony ia
aeanoeii aeenea oaeeiaiai na?aa?a, a ia ia aeeneao ?aai/eo noaioeee.

Eiaaony o?e aa?nee IN NetWare. Aa?ney 2.2 iiaeao ?aaioaoue ia
eiiiuethoa?a 80286 ( eee aieaa iicaeieo iiaeaeyo ), eniieuecoaiii a
ea/anoaa oaeeiaiai na?aa?a. I?e iieoiea IN iaiaoiaeeii i?eia?aoaoue
eeoeaiceth ia /enei iieueciaaoaeae ( 5, 10, 50, 100 ). Aa?nee IN NetWare
3.12 e aieaa iiaay 4.0 i?eaioe?iaaiu ia 32 ?ac?yaeiua oeiiua a?oeoaeoo?u
e i?ioeanni?u 80386, 80486 eee Pentium. Anoue oaeaea aa?eaiou naoaaie IN
NetWare, i?aaeiacia/aiiua aeey ?aaiou iiae oi?aaeaieai iiiaicaaea/iuo,
iiiaiiieueciaaoaeueneeo iia?aoeeiiiuo nenoai OS/2 e UNIX. Aa?neth 3.12
IN NetWare iiaeii i?eia?anoe aeey 20, 100 eee 250 iieueciaaoaeae, a
aa?ney 4.0 eiaao aiciiaeiinoue iiaeaea?aeee aei 1000 iieueciaaoaeae.

Ana aa?nee IN oi?ioi niaianoeiu iaaeaeo niaie, iiyoiio a iaeiie e
oie aea eiiiuethoa?iie naoe iiaeii eiaoue oaeeiaua na?aa?u n ?aciuie
aa?neyie IN NetWare.

Iaeioi?ua eiiaiaeu IN NetWare.

NPRINT – ia?aaea/a oaenoiaiai oaeea ia i?eioa?.

LOGIN – eiiaiaea iiaeniaaeeiaiey e na?aa?o ( aeey ioniaaeeiaiey – LOGOUT
)

WHOAMI – eaeaioeoeeaoeey iieueciaaoaey ( eioi?iaoeey i oaeouai naaina ).

USERLIST – auaea/a eiai iieueciaaoaeae, iiaeniaaeeiaiiuo e EAN a aeaiiue
iiiaio.

SEND – iinueea niiauaiey eaeiio-eeai iieueciaaoaeth.

A NetWare ?acee/atho o?e oeia iaeiieoaeae: eieaeueiua iaeiieoaee,
naoaaua iaeiieoaee e iieneiaua iaeiieoaee. Eieaeueiua iaeiieoaee
oece/anee iiaeeeth/aiu e ?aai/ei noaioeeyi. Naoaaua iaeiieoaee – yoi
iaeiieoaee ia aeanoeeo aeeneao oaeeiaiai na?aa?a. Aiaeiae/ii oiio, eae a
DOS, i?eiaiyaony n?aaenoai PATH aeey caaeaiey nienea iaeiieoaeae e
aee?aeoi?ee, a eioi?uo ii oiie/aieth ?acuneeaathony i?eeeaaeiua
i?ia?aiiu, a IN NetWare eniieuecoaony iiiyoea iieneiaiai iaeiieoaey.

IA? – i?iniio? oaeouaai noaoona iaeiieoaeae ( aac ia?aiao?ia ), e
ia?aiacia/aiea eo ( n ia?aiao?aie ).

IN NetWare iicaieyao iaieioee?iaaoue oaeeaie e aee?aeoi?eyie
?acee/iuie niiniaaie.Iiaeii eiie?iaaoue, oie/oiaeaoue, ia?aeiaiiauaaoue,
caienuaaoue, ?ania/aouaaoue e ?acaeaeyoue oaeeu a EAN. Anoue oaeaea
ii?aaeae?iiay nenoaia i?aa aeinooia e oaeeai e aee?aeoi?eyi.

Eae oaeeu oae e aee?aeoi?ee ia na?aa?a a EAN iiae oi?aaeaieai IN
NetWare eiatho aoo?eaoou.Yoe aoo?eaoou iiaoo ioiaiyoue i?aaa,
i?aaeinoaaeaiiua iieueciaaoaeyi a EAN.

RIGHTS – nienie i?aa eioi?uie au iaeaaeaaoa aeey aeaiiie aee?aeoi?ee.

NCOPY – eiie?iaaiea oaeeia.

NDIR – nienie oaeeia aeaiiie aee?aeoi?ee. A ioee/ea io eiiaiaeu DOS DIR
iia auaiaeeo aeiiieieoaeueioth eioi?iaoeeth aeey eaaeaeiai oaeea e
aee?aeoi?ee.

CAPTURE – ia?aiai?aeaiea ia/aoe ia ?acaeaeyaiue naoaaie i?eioa?.

Na?aa? e oaeeiaay nenoaia n IN NetWare

Anoue iaeioi?ua ioee/ey na?aa?a EAN NetWare io iau/iiai IE. Aeey
iaeiieoaey ia aeanoeii aeenea yoiai eiiiuethoa?a i?eiaiaia no?oeoo?a
oi?iaoe?iaaiey niaa?oaiii ioee/iay io oie, eioi?ay i?eiaiyaony a DOS.
Iaaiciiaeii iieo/eoue aeinooi e aeanoeiio aeeneo oaeiai na?aa?a, anee au
caa?oceee DOS n aeeneaou. Ii aeey iieueciaaoaey EAN eioi?ue ?aaioaao
iiae oi?aaeaieai DOS e iieo/ee aeinooi e na?aa?o ni naiaai oa?ieiaea
,aeanoeee aeene na?aa?a i?aaenoaaeyaony i?inoi eae aeiiieieoaeueiue e
oaea nouanoaothuei.

Oi?iao caiene aeaiiuo ia aeanoeii aeenea, eioi?ue i?eiaiai a IN
NetWare, aeeth/aao aieueoaa eiee/anoai eioi?iaoeee i oaeeao e
aee?aeoi?eyo, /ai yoi auei aiciiaeii a DOS. Oaeeu a IN NetWare ia?yaeo n
aoo?eaooaie “oieueei aeey /oaiey”, “ne?uoue” e “a?oeaiue” iiaoo
aeiiieieoaeueii eiaoue ao?eaoo “ia?acaeaeyaiue” e “?acaeaeyaiue” (ii
oeacuaaao ia aiciiaeiinoue ?acaeaeaiey oaeea a EAN iiiaeie
iieueciaaoaeyie iaeiia?aiaiii ). E?iia yoiai, IN NetWare aeiaaaeyao e
eioi?iaoeee i oaeea neaaeothuea yeaiaiou: enoiaeioth aeaoo nicaeaiey,
eiy nicaeaoaey oaeea, aeaoo iineaaeiaai aeinooia e oaeeo, aeaoo
iineaaeiae iiaeeoeeaoeee oaeea, aeaoo e a?aiy iineaaeiae a?oeaaoeee
oaeea.

Caueoa aeaiiuo a IN NetWare

Nenoaia caueou aeaiiuo a EAN NetWare aeeth/aao a naay neaaeothuea ia?u:

caueoa io ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiiai i?eniaaeeiaiey e EAN iooai i?enaiaiey
eiai e ia?ieae iieueciaaoaeyi, a oaeaea ia?aie/aieyie ia aeinooi e EAN
iieueciaaoaeae n ii?aaeaeaiiuie eiaiaie a ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy aeiy.

nenoaia aeiaa?yaiuo i?aa (trustee rights), iicaieythuay eiio?iee?iaaoue,
e eaeei oaeeai e aee?aeoi?eyi iiaeao eiao aeinooi iieueciaaoaeue, a
oaeaea eaeea iia?aoeee ii iiaeao i?iecaiaeeoue n ieie.

nenoaia aoo?eaooia aeey aee?aeoi?ee eee oaeeia, eioi?ua ii?aaeaeytho
aiciiaeiinoue eiie?iaaiey, i?iniio?a, caiene e ?acaeaeaiey eo a EAN.

Aeey eaaeaeie aee?aeoi?ee nouanoaoao ianea iaeneiaeueiuo i?aa, o?aiyuay
iaeneiaeueiua i?eaaeaaee, eioi?ua iiaeao a iae eiaoue iieueciaaoaeue.
Ieaea ia?a/eneaiu ainaiue i?aa, eioi?ua iiaoo auoue oeacaiu a yoie
ianea:

i?aai /oaiey ec ioe?uouo oaeeia

i?aai caiene a ioe?uoua oaeeu

i?aai ioe?uaaoue oaeeu

i?aai nicaeaaaoue iiaua oaeeu

i?aai oie/oiaeaoue oaeeu

i?aai nicaeaaaoue, ia?aeiaiiauaaoue eee noe?aoue iiaeaee?aeoi?ee, e
onoaiaaeeaaoue aeiaa?yaiua i?aaa iaae aee?aeoi?eyie aioo?e aee?aeoi?ee e
aa iiaeaee?aeoi?eyo

i?aai i?iecaiaeeoue iiene oaeeia a aee?aeoi?ee

i?aai iiaeeoeeaoeee aoo?eaooia oaeea

Ioeacionoie/eainoue nenoaiu NetWare

Ioeacionoie/eainoue yaeyaony ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue iaeiie ec iaeaieaa
aaaeiuo oa?aeoa?enoee, e ?ac?aaio/eee NetWare oaeaeeee aeieaeiia
aieiaiea yoiio aii?ino. A aa?neyo 2.2, 3.12 e 4.0 IN NetWare
i?eiaiaia oaoiieiaey SFT (System Fault Tolerant- Cenoaia caueou i?e
ioeacao iai?oaeiaaiey). Cenoaia caueou i?e ioeacao iai?oaei-aaiey
icia/aao aania?aaieioth ?aaioo oaeeiaiai na?aa?a i?e ?acee/iiai ?iaea
ioeacao aiia?aoiuo n?aaenoa. Ai anao aa?neyo NetWare eiathony n?aaenoaa
ieieiecaoeee iioa?ue aeaiiuo a neo/aa oece/aneeo iia?aaeaeaiee
iiaa?oiinoe iaeiieoaeae. Nenoaia SFT iioea aeaeueoa a yoii ioiioaiee
i?aaeeiaeea iaoiaeu ca?eaeueiiai ioia?aaeaiey aeeneia e aeoaee?iaaiey
aeeneia

A nenoaia NetWare eiaaony aiciiaeiinoue eiio?iey neaiaeia enoi/ieea
aania?a-aieiiai ieoaiey UPS. I?e iaia?oaeaiee ia?aaiy n iiaea/ae
yeaeo?iyia?aee IN oaaaeiieyao iieueciaaoaeae ia yoii e niiauaao ei eaeei
i?iiaaeooeii a?aiaie iie ?aniieiaatho aeey caaa?oaiey naiae ?aaiou. Ii
enoa/aiee yoiai i?iiaaeooea a?aiaie IN aaoiiaoe/anee cae?iao ana oaeeu a
nenoaia e aueeth/eo naay.

Iaeiiaoe, nenoaia SFT i?aaeeaaaao nenoaio TTS (o?anne?iaee ia?aaioee
cai?ina). I?eeeaaeiua i?ia?aiiu, eniieuecothuea yoo nenoaio,
eioa?i?aoe?otho iineaaeiaa-oaeueiinoue aeaenoaee n aacaie aeaiiuo eae
iaeio iia?aoeeth – eeai ana aeaenoaey auiieiaiu oniaoii, eeai ie iaeii
ec ieo

N?aaieoaeueiua oa?aeoa?enoeee ?acee/iuo aa?nee

IN Advanced NetWare 2.0

Yoa aa?ney auea auiouaia a 1986 aiaeo.Iaeiie ec auaeathueony
iniaaiiinoae IN NetWare 2.0 auea niiniaiinoue niaaeeiyoue aei /aou?ao
?acee/iuo naoae n iaeiei oaeeiaui na?aa?ii.

NetWare 2.1x, SFT NetWare e NetWare 386

A 1987 aiaeo auoea NetWare SFT eioi?ay ioee/aeanue io i?aaeuaeouae
aa?nee iiauoaiiie ioeacionoie/eainoueth e nio?aiiinoueth aeaiiuo.

Aa?ney 2.15 NetWare e NetWare aeea Macintosh aeaathoe?iaaee a 1988
aiaeo. Nouanoaaiiui iaaeinoaoeii yoeo aa?nee auei i/aiue aieueoia a?aiy
einoaeeyoeee (iii aeeth/aei a naay a?aiy oanoe?iaaiey aeanoeiai aeenea e
iiaei i?iaeieaeaoueny aeaiue eee aeaaea aeaa).

32-?ac?yaeiay naoaaay IN NetWare 386 auea auiouaia a naioya?a 1989
aiaea. A iae auea cia/eoaeueii oeo/oaia nenoaia caueou aeaiiuo,
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue e aeaeinoue.

IN NetWare 2.2

A aa?nee 2.2 NetWare oe?ia Novell nia?aea ana eo/oaa ec ?aiieo aa?nee
NetWare. Ana aa?eaiou aa?nee 2.2 eiatho iaeeiaeiaua aiciiaeiinoe e
iaeeiaeiaue o?iaaiue ioeacionoie/eainoe. Aa?ney 2.2 auioneaaony ia 5,
10, 50 eee 100 iieueciaaoae. Niioaaonoaaiii iaiyaony e oeaia ia yoio
i?ia?aiiiue i?iaeoeo a caaeneiinoe io /enea iieueciaaoaeae. Oeo/oai
i?ioeann einoaeyoeee, eiaaony iiaeaea?aeea VAP (Value Added Processes) –
ioaeaeueiuo i?ia?aiiiuo iiaeoeae, noueoaiuo n IN NetWare e iicaieythueo
oaeeiaiio na?aa?o auiieiyoue iaeioi?ua aeiiieieoaeueiua ooieoeee.

IN NetWare 3.12

Yoa IN eniieuecoao i?aeiouanoaa i?ioeanni?ia 80386, 80486 eee
Pentium. Iia i?aaeinoaaeyao aiciiaeiinoe: i?eniaaeeiaiea e iaeiiio
na?aa?o aei 250 iieueciaaoaeae, iauai aeeneiaie iaiyoe aei 32 oa?aaaeo,
?acia? oaeea aei 4A, iaeei oaee iiaeao ?aniieaaaoueny ia ianeieueeeo
iaeiieoaeyo, iaeiia?aiaiii iiaoo auoue ioe?uou aei 100000 oaeeia. IN
NetWare 3.12 eiaao oeo/oaiioth nenoaio caueou aeaiiuo. Oaeaea iiaie
yaeyaony eiioeaioeey NLM (NetWare Loadable Module – Caa?oaeaaiua iiaeoee
NetWare) i?ia?aiiiuo iiaeoeae, caa?oaeaaiuo ( aua?oaeaaiuo) a oaeeiaue
na?aa? a i?ioeanna ?aaiou.

NetWare 3.12 auioneaaony a eioeao?aoeee ia 20, 100 eee 250
iieueciaaoaeae.A na?aa?a iiaoo o?aieoueny oaeeu aeey ?aai/eo noaioeee n
?aciuie IN : DOS, Macintosh, OS/2, UNIX. Aeey yoiai ia na?aa?a
i?aaeoniio?aiu niaoeeaeueiua aoo?eaoou aeey eiai oaeeia. Iaaeinoaoeii
iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaiu NetWare 3.12 yaeyaony nenoaia iiiiue e iiaeneacie,
aaea naiui neaaui ianoii yaeyaony iieueciaaoaeueneee eioa?oaen

Aua iaeia iniaaiiinoue yoie aa?nee EAN – a iaa aeeth/ai iiaue
eioa?oaen o?ainii?o-iiai o?iaiy ( TLI – Transport Layer Interface ),
iniiaaiiue ia ODI. Yoio eioa?oaen i?aaeinoaaeyao oe?ieee aeeaiacii
aiciiaeiinoae aeey i?aaiecaoeee naycae, aeeth/ay IPX/SPX, NetBIOS, LU
6.2 (APPC), eiaiiaaiiua eaiaeu nayce aeey ?aai/eo noaioeee, oi?aaeyaiuo
DOS e OS/2, TCP/IP, eioa?oaen Berkley 4.3 Sockets e UNIX System V
Stream/TLI.

IN NetWare 4.0

Aa?ney 4.0 iieiinoueth niaianoeia n i?aaeuaeouaie aa?neyie, e
iieueciaaoaeue iiaeao aeaaea ia caiaoeoue ?acieoeu.

Iaeaieaa cia/eoaeueiie iniaaiiinoueth IN NetWare 4.0 yaeyaony nenoaia
NDS (NetWare Directory Service – Nenoaia ianeoaeeaaiey aee?aeoi?ee a IN
NetWare ), i?aaenoaaeythuay niaie ea?a?oe/anee i?aaieciaaiioth aaco
aeaiiuo. Eniieueciaaia oaeaea iiaay nenoaia eiaiiaaiiuo aee?aeoi?ee, /oi
iicaieyao iieueciaaoaeyi i?eniaaeeiyoueny e na?aa?ai ca iaeio
iia?aoeeth. NetWare 4.0 iicaieyao iaeiia?aiaiioth ?aaioo 5, 10, 20, 50,
100, 250, 500 e 1000 iieueciaaoaeae. I?e yoii aeinooi aiciiaeai e 54000
oaeeiaui na?aa?ai ( ?aiueoa yoa oeeo?a auea ?aaia 8). Iiaeieaie a aa?nee
4.0 yaeythony: nenoaia eyoe?iaaiey i?aaeiieiaaaiiai /oaiey, eiii?anney
aeaiiuo e eiiiiiiaea aeieia aeaiiuo, iicaieythuea yeiiiieoue
i?ino?ainoai ia aeanoeii aeenea oaee-na?aa?a, oeo/oaia nenoaia caueou
aeaiiuo e ?ano?nia EAN.

N?aaiaiea oa?aeoa?enoee NetWare 2.2 e NetWare 3.12

Oa?aeoa?enoeea

NetWare 2.2 NetWare 3.12

Oei IN

16 aeo 32 aeoa

Ieieiaeueiue OeI na?aa?a

80286 80386

Ieieiaeueiue iauai ICO ia 50 iieueciaaoaeae 2.5I 6I

Iaeneiaeueiue iiaeaea?-aeeaaaiue iauai ICO 12I 4A

Caieiaaiue iauai ia aeanoeii aeenea 5I 9I

Iaeneiaeueiue iauai aeanoeiai aeenea 2A 32O

Aiciiaeiinoue ?aaiou aac auaeaeaiiiai na?aa?a AeA IAO

I?eeiaeaiey na?aa?a

VAP NML

Aeeiaie/aneia ?ani?aaeaeaiea ?ano?nia IAO AeA

Iiaeaea?aeea eeeaioia OS/2 AeA (Ia iiaeaea?aeeaaao aeeeiiua eiaia
nenoaiu HPFS) AeA

Iiaeaea?aeea eeeaioia Mac

AeA ( Yioeyoeey ) Ii aeaeaieth

Iiaeaea?aeea eeeaioia NFS

IAO Ii aeaeaieth

Iiaeaea?aeea eeeaioia OSI

IAO Ii aeaeaieth

Naoaaua ea?ou

8, 16 aeo 8, 16, 32 aeo

Naoaaua IN LAN Meneger, Windows NT e LAN Server

Oioy yoe naoaauaiia?aoeeiiiua nenoaiu iieuecothony iaiueoae
iiioey?iinoueth /ai OC NetWare, iie aieueoa iiaeoiaeyo iiae ia/eiathuoth
oe?iei ?acaeaaoueny i?ia?aii-ioth oaoiieiaeth eeeaio/na?aa?.Iiiaea
niaoeeaeenou n/eoatho /oi aoaeouaa eiaiii ca yoie oaoiieiaeae, iiyoiio
aiieia aiciiaeii /oi a aoaeouai IN NetWare iioa?yao naie eeaee?othuea
iiceoeee ii iiea iia inoa?ony naiie oe?iei ?ani?ino?aiaiiie e
iiioey?iie.

Iaa naoaaua IN LAN Manager e LAN Server ?aaioatho, iie?aynue ia OS/2.
Aeey ?aaiou IN LAN Manager 2.2 o?aaoaony OS/2 aa?nee 1.21 eee iiciaa, a
oi a?aiy eae LAN Server 3.0 o?aaoao OS/2 2.0 . ?aai/ea noaioeee iiaoo
oi?aaeyony DOS aa?nee 3.3 eee OS/2 aa?nee 1.21 .

I?e eniieueciaaiee OS/2 a ea/anoaa iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaiu aeey
oi?aaeaiey oaeeiaui na?aa?ii EAN iiyaeyaony aiciiaeiinoue ianeoaeeaaiey
cai?inia ?aai/eo noaioeee a iiiaicaaea/iie n?aaea, iniiaaiiie ia
i?eioeeia ?acaeaeaiey iaiyoe. Eaaeaeie caaea/a eee i?eeeaaeiie i?ia?aiia
auaeaeythony ii?aaeaeaiiua iaeanoe iaiyoe, eioi?ua ianeoaeeaathony
ia?aeeaeueii.I?e yoii i?eeeaaeiay i?ia?aiia ninoieo ec i?ioeannia.
Aaaeiui i?aeiouanoaii yaeyaony i?inoioa i?ia?aiiiiai oi?aaeaiey
eiiiuethoa?aie a n?aaea OS/2, aeaaea anee iie eniieuecothony a ea/anoaa
oaeeiauo na?aa?ia. Naia nenoaia OS/2 eiaao oaeea iieiaeeoaeueiua /a?ou
eae :

iao ia?aie/aiey iaiyoe ia o?iaia 640E aeey i?eeeaaeiuo i?ia?aii

OS/2 aa?nee 2.o i?aaeinoaaeyao iieueciaaoaeth iaeiia?aiaiiue aeinooi e
ianeieueeei naainai DOS, eaaeaeue ec eioi?uo iiaeao ?aniieaaaoue
iaueaiii ICO 620E.

nenoaia OS/2 aeiioneaao aiciiaeiinoue ?aaiou a n?aaea Microsoft Windows.

iinoay einoaeeyoeey n eniieueciaaieai a?aoe/aneiai eioa?oaena

ae?ooaeueiay iaiyoue

auno?ue aeinooi e aeeneo

aunieii?iecaiaeeoaeueiay oaeeiaay nenoaia (HPFS – High Performance File
System)

iiaeaea?aeea iaoeeiiaeueiuo ycueia (NLS – National Language Support).

iiaeaea?aeea oniaa?oainoaiaaiiiai iaoaiecia oi?aaeaiey nenoaiie ieoaiey
(APM – Advanced Power Management)

caueoa oeaeinoiinoe nenoaiu

auno?ay 32 -o ?ac?yaeiay a?oeoaeoo?a

iiaeaea?aeea ea?o ?anoe?aiey PCMCIA

Nenoaia OS/2 i?aaeinoaaeyao a ?anii?yaeaiea i?ia?aiienoo eiaiiaaiiua
eaiaeu (named pipes). I?ia?aiieno iiaeao eioa?i?aoe?iaaoue yoe eaiaeu
eae oaeeu, ii ia naiii aeaea eiaiiaaiiua eaiaeu niaea?aeao
niiauaiey.Iie aeaeaeoony io ?aai/eo noaioeee e oaeeiaiio na?aa?o.Ia
na?aa?a i?eeeaaeiay i?ia?aiia iiaeao auiieiyoue eo ia?aaioeo.

Eioa?oaen eiiaiaeiie no?iee

Aeey aaiaea naoaauo eiiaiae iaiaoiaeeiicaionoeoue i?ia?aiio NET n
iaeioi?uie ia?aiao?aie. Aeaeaa i?eaiaeyoueny iaeaieaa aaaeiua e /anoi
eniieuecoaiua aa?eaiou eiiaiaeu NET n ia?aiao?aie.

Eiiaiaeu aeey iau/iie ?aai/ae noaioeee

LOAD Caa?oaeaao ?acee/iua naoaaua i?ioieieu

NET CONTINUE I?iaeieaeaao i?einoaiiaeaiiia ianeoaeeaaiea

NET HELP Auaiaeeo iiaeneaceo aeey eiiaiaeu

NET NAME I?enaaeaaao eiy eiiiuethoa?o

NET PAUSE I?einoaiaaeeaaao naycue n naoueth

NET PRINT Auaiaeeo i/a?aaeue caaeaiee ia/aoe eee
ioi?aaeyao oaee

ia ia/aoue

NET START Caioneaao naoue

WORKSTATION

NET USE Auaiaeeo ia ye?ai ?acaeaeyaiua ?ano?nu
eee i?enaaeaaao

aoeaaiiua iaicia/aiey aeeneai
eee eiaia iiaui

?acaeaeyaiui ?ano?nai

UNLOAD Aua?oaeaao naoaaie i?ioieie

Aeiiieieoaeueiua eiiaiaeu aeey oeo/oaiiie ?aai/ae noaioeee

NET ACCESS I?iniao?eaaao ?ac?aoaiea aeiionea

NET COPY Eiie?oao naoaaua oaeeu

NET LOGON I?eniaaeeiyao e naoe

NET LOGOFF Ioniaaeeiyao io naoe

NET PASSWORD Eciaiyao ia?ieue

NET START Caioneaao ?aai/oth noaioeeth
eeeii?aaeaeyao n eaeeie

?aai/eie noaioeeyie nouanoaoao niaaeeiaiey

NET TIME I?iecaiaeeo neio?iiecaoeeth /ania ?aai/eo noaioeee n

/anaie oaeeiaiai na?aa?a

NET USE Auaiaeeo ia ye?ai ?acaeaeyaiua ?ano?nu eee i?enaaeaaao

aoeaaiiua iaicia/aiey aeeneai

NET VIEW Auaiaeeo ia ye?ai nienie na?aa?ia e eo ?ano?nia

NET WHO Iieacuaaao nienie iieueciaaoaeae, i?eniaaeeiaiiuo e naoe.

I?e eniieueciaaiee iaeiieoaeae, aaeieieno?aoi? ii?aaeaeyao, eaeea
?ano?nu oaeeiaiai na?aa?a iiaoo auoue ?acaeaeyaiuie. N ?aai/ae noaioeee
iaia?oaeeoue, /oi ?acaeaeyaiui yaeyaony aanue aeene eee oieueei aai
aee?aeoi?ey iaaiciiaeii.

Iaeiie ec nouanoaaiiuo ie/ei, a neeo eioi?uo LAN Manager e LAN Server
ieacaeenue iaiaa iiioey?iuie , /ai naoaaay IN NetWare, yaeyaony aieueoie
iauai aeeneiaiai i?ino?ainoaa, o?aaoaiue aeey o?aiaiey i?ia?aiiiuo e
eiioeao?aoeeiiiuo oaeeia LM e LS. Iau/ii i?e ?aaioa n NetWare, /oiau
eiaoue aeinooi e oaeeiaiio na?aa?o, ioaeii o?aieoue ia ?aai/ae noaioeee
io aeaoo aei oanoe iaaieueoeo oaeeia. I?e ?aaioa n LAN Manager e LAN
Server aeey oao aea oeaeae iaiaoiaeeii io 1I aei 3I aeeneiaiai
i?ino?a-inoaa ia ?aai/ae noaioeee.

O?aaiaaiey e iauaio iaiyoe aeey i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey ?aai/eo
noaioeee iiae oi?aaeaieai LAN Manager e LAN Server oaeaea ai?acaei auoa,
/ai aeey NetWare. Aeey LM e LS i?eia?iue iauai iaiyoe iiae ae?aeaa?a
?aaai 90E, a ?aai/ea noaioeee iiae oi?aaeaieai NetWare o?aaotho oieueei
io 50E aei 60E iaiyoe iiae ?aai/ea ae?aeaa?a.

Aa?aioey caueou aeaiiuo

Oaeeiaua na?aa?u e ?aai/ea noaioeee i?aaieciaaiu a iaeanoyo. Iaeanoue –
yoi a?oiia

na?aa?ia e ?aai/eo noaioeee n aiaeiae/iuie o?aaiaaieyie e caueoa
aeaiiuo. A aieueoeo naoyo iiae oi?aaeaieai LAN Manager e LAN Server
eiaaony aiciiaeiinoue onoaiiaee ianeieueeeo iaeanoae. Iaeanoe
i?aaeinoaaeytho i?inoie niinia aeey eiio?iey aeinooia iieueciaaoaeae e
naoe e e naoaaui ?ano?nai. Iieueciaaoaeue iiaeao ?aaeno?e?i-aaoueny a
ianeieueeeo iaeanoyo, ii i?eniaaeeiyoueny e naoe ii iiaeao oieueei a
eaeie-oi iaeiie ec yoeo iaeanoae.

A naoe iiae oi?aaeaieai LAN Manager e LAN Server caueoa aeaiiuo ia
o?iaia iieueciaaoaey ninoieo ec eiio?iey i?e i?eniaaeeiaiee e naoe e
nenoaiu ?ac?aoaiee.

Eaaeaeue ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiue iieueciaaoaeue eiaao ia?ieue. Aeey aeinooia
e naoe a ii?aaea-eaiiie iaeanoe iieueciaaoaeue oeacuaaao naia eiy e
ia?ieue. Naoaaie aaeieieno?aoi? iiaeao ia?aie/eoue aeinooi iaeioi?ui
iieueciaaoaeyi a ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy, a ii?aaea-eaiiua aeie eee n
ii?aaeaeaiiuo ?aai/eo noaioeee. Yoe ia?aie/aiey onoaiaaeeaatho i?aaeaeu,
a eioi?uo iieueciaaoaee eiatho i?aai aeinooia e ?acaeaeyaiui ?ano?nai.
Iieueciaaoaeue iiaeao i?enaieoue oaeeai e aee?aeoi?eyi neaaeothuea
aoo?eaoou:

?ac?aoaiea

Iienaiea

Niaia aoo?eaooia Ioia/aao oaeeu eae oieueei aeey /oaiey eee oieueei aeey
caiene

Niaia ?ac?aoaiee I?aaeinoaaeyao eee ioiaiyao aeinooi

ae?oaei nio?oaeieeai

Nicaeaoue Nicaeaao oaeeu e aee?aeoi?ee

Oaeaeeoue Oaeaeyao oaeeu e aee?aeoi?ee ( i?e
iaee/ee ?ac?aoaiey o iieueciaaoaey )

Auiieieoue Caioneaao auiieiaiea oaeeia n ?anoe?aieyie EXE, BAT eee COM,
ii ia i?iecaiaeeo /oaiey eee eiie?iaaiey yoeo oaeeia.

I?i/eoaoue Iicaieyao /oaiea eee eiie?iaaiea oaeeia, caione i?ia?aii,
niaio aee?aeoi?ee e i?eiaiaiea ?anoe?aiiuo aoo?eaooia nenoaiu OS/2 aeey
oaeeia

Caienaoue Iicaieyao caienaoue oaee

?anniao?eaaaiua naoaaua iia?aoeeiiiua nenoaiu LAN Manager e LAN Server
aeatho aiciiaeiinoue eiio?aee?iaaoue aeinooi e eeaaeaoo?a e ye?aio
oaeeiaiai na?aa?a. A niaoeeaeueiii iaauaeaeaiiii ?aaeeia ?aaiou oaeeiaue
na?aa? iicaieyao iieueciaaoaeyi i?iniao?eaaoue e oi?aaeyoue i/a?aaeyie
ia/aoe, ii ia ?ac?aoaao eciaiyoue inaaaeiieiu ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiuo
iieueciaaoaeae eee ae?oaea aaeieieno?aoeaiua aeaiiua. Aeey aeinooia e
ye?aiai n aaeieieno?aoeaiuie aeaiiuie iieueciaaoaeue aeieaeai caaeaoue
niaoeeaeueiue ia?ieue.

Naoaaay IN Windows NT Advanced Server

A ia/aea 1993 aiaea oe?ia Microsoft auionoeea iiaoth naoaaoth IN NT
Advanced Server, e yoa iia?aoeeiiiay nenoaia ?anoe?yao oa?aeoa?enoeee e
i?aeiouanoaa OC LAN Manager ii ianeieueeei iai?aaeaieyi.

IN Advanced Server yaeyaony 32-o ?ac?yaeiie iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaiie,
ii a ioee/ea io LAN Server, NT Advanced Server iiaeao ?aaioaoue e ia
ieaooi?iao MIPS R4000 oe?iu Intel eee Alpha oe?iu DEC. I?aaeoniio?aia
?aaioa nenoaiu Advanced Server a neiiao?e/iii ioeueoei?ioeanni?iii ( n
ianeieueeeie oeaio?aeueiuie i?ioeanni?aie) eiiiuethoa?aie.
Aeiiieieoaeueiua au/eneeoaeueiua iiuiinoe ia oaeeiaii na?aa?a iiaoo
auoue eniieueciaaiu aeey i?eeiaeaiee oeia eeeaio/na?aa?.

A nenoaia Advanced Server i?aaeinoaaeyaony caueoa aeaiiuo o?iaiy N2.
Yoi icia/aao,,. *oi naoaaay IN eiaao caueuaiioth i?ioeaaeo?o
i?eniaaeeiaiey e EAN, caueoo iaiyoe, o/ao e eiio?ieue aeinooia
(aeaaeaeaoe ?acaeaeyaiuo ?ano?nia eiaao aiciiaeiinoue ii?aaeaeeoue, eoi
a aeaiiue iiiaio iieuecoaony yoeie ?ano?naie). O?iaiy caueou N2 eee auoa
o?aaotho iaeioi?ua i?iiuoeaiiua eee aiaiiua EAN. *oi eanaaony
iaaeaaeiinoe , oi nenoaia Advanced Server eniieuecoao oaeeiaoth nenoaio,
iniiaaiioth ia o?aicaeoeeyo e iicaieythuoth ioiaieoue oeaeoth na?eth
naycaiiuo iiaeeoeeaoeee oaeeia, anee yoa na?ey ia auea caaa?oaia
oniaoii.Iia oaeaea eiaao n?aaenoaa iiaeaea?aeee RAID iyoiai o?iaiy (
Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks – Ecauoi/iue iannea iaaei?iaeo
iaeiieoaeae ), aiciiaeiinoue ?aniiciiaaiey neaiaeia io enoi/ieea
aania?aaieiiai ieoaiey e i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea aeey nio?aiaiey aeaiiuo
ia iaaieoiie eaioa.

E eiathuaeny a LAN Server e LAN Manager nenoaia iaeanoae a IN NT
Advanced Server aeiaaaeaii iiaia eioa?aniia ?aoaiea, iacuaaaiia
Iaeanoyie aeiaa?ey ( Trusted Domains) Iia caeeth/aaony a oii /oi ec
iaeiie iaeanoe iiaeii “aeiaa?eoue” naie oaeeu ae?oaie iaeanoe , e oiaaea
iieueciaaoaeue aoi?ie iaeanoe niiaeao iieo/eoue e iei aeinooi aac
aeiiieieoaeueiiai i?eniaaeeiaiey e naoe a ia?aie iaeanoe.

Nenoaiiui aaeieieno?aoi?ai a oi?aaeaiee nenoaiie NT Advanced Server
iiiiaaao ooeeeoa Performance Monitor. E?iia oiai, yoa naoaaay IN
iiaeaea?aeeaaao i?ioieieu SNMP e NetView ii oi?aaeaieth naoueth.
Ae?oaeie ooeeeoaie, aoiaeyueie a ninoaa Advanced Server, yaeythony User
Manager, Disk Administrator, Event Viewer e oeo/oai-iay Control Panel.

Iieaciui yaeyaony n?aaenoai Browse-Master. Eaaeaeue .IE n
?acaeaeyaiuie ?ano?naie ia?eiaee/anee niiauaao na?aa?o Browse-Master
nienie yoeo ?ano?nia. I?e iaaeaoee ia ?aai/ae noaioeee eiiiee Browse
auaeaaony nienie aeinooiiuo ?ano?nia,. Iieo/aiiuo Browse-Master io
eiiiuethoa?a. Yoiae iaoiae oiaiueoaao o?aoee EAN, oae eae oaia?ue
?aai/ei noaioeeyi e na?aa?ai ia ioaeii iai?a?uaii iaiaieaaoueny
eioi?iaoeeae i ?ano?nao ae?oa n ae?oaii.

Nenoaia Advanced Server eniieuecoao i?ioieie SMB ia aaca NetBIOS aeey
iaiaia eii?iaoeeae i ia?aiai?aaeaiee oaeeia. E?iia oiai nenoaia Advanced
Server niaian-oeia n neoaiaie LAN Manager, LAN Server, Windows for
Workgroups, e aeaaea ni noa?ie PC LAN Program. E?iia yoiai, n nenoaia
Advanced Server eiathony n?aaenoaa iiaeaea?aeee i?ioieieia o?ainii?oiiai
o?iaiy oaeeo eae TCP/IP e IPX/SPX oe?iu Novell.

?acee/ey iaaeaeo LM, NT e LS

Aeey iano?ieee nenoaiu LAN Server iiaeii i?inoi iiaeeoeoee?iaaoue
oaeeu config.sys e ibmlan.ini. A nenoaia LAN Manager eiaaony n?aaenoai
aaoiiiaeno?ieee, eioi?ia eiio?iee?oao aeaenoaey oaeeiaiai na?aa?a e
aaoiiaoe/anee inouanoaeyao iiaeeoeea-oeee a eieoeeaeece?othueo oaeeao.
*oiau yoe eciaiaiey anooieee a neeo iaiaoiaeeii a?aiy io a?aiaie
aueeth/aoue e aeeth/aoue oaee-na?aa?.

Ae?oaie ioee/eoaeueiie /a?oie nenoaiu LAN Manager yaeyaony
caiiieiaiea naoaauo naycae. Iieueciaaoaee i?e i/a?aaeiii i?eniaaeeiaiee
e EAN aaoiiaoe/anee aoaeoo eiaoue oa aea nayce, /oi e a iineaaeiai
naaina. Yoi naienoai iiaeii ?ac?aoeoue eee ioiaieoue n iiiiuueth iioeee
/PERSISTENT = eiiaiaeu NET USE.

A?oeoaeoo?a i?ioieieia ii o?aaiaaieth ( DPA – Demand Protocol
Architecture) yaeyaony oa?aeoa?enoeeie, eioi?oth oe?ia Microsoft
caeinoaiaaea o oi?iu 3Com. Yoa eiiiaiey eoieea o oe?iu Microsoft
eeoeaiceth ia nenoaio LAN Manager e ianeieueei oeo/oeea yoo nenoaio, ii
oe?ia CNim ia niiaea i?iaeaoue cia/eoaeueiiai /enea eiiee yoie
oeo/oaiiie aa?nee LM. Eiaaea iia ?aoeea inoaaeoue iiiuoee ia?ai?iaeaaee
oeo/oaiiie aa?nee i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey, oe?ia Microsoft aueoieea
ia?aoii eeoeaiceth o oe?iu CNim. A iaueo /a?oao, nenoaia DPA iicaieyao
aeeiaie/anee caa?o-aeaoue e aua?oaeaoue iaai? i?ioieieia. DPA iiaeii
eniieueciaaoue aeey yieciaee/aneiai aeinooia e oaeeiaiio na?aa?o iiae
oi?aaeaieai NetWare. A yoii neo/aa nenoaia DPA a?aiaiii caa?oceo ia
?aai/ae noaioeee i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea 1?O e NETX naoaaie IN NetWare.
Ii ieii/aiee naaina nayce n oaeeiaui na?aa?ii iiae oi?aaeaieai NetWare
nenoaia DPA inaiaiaeeo iaeanoe iaiyoe, eniieueciaaiiua aeey ?aciauaiey
I?O e NETX. Iaeiaei a iianaaeiaaiie aeayoaeueiinoe iieueciaaoaeyi naoe n
oaeeiauie na?aa?aie, oi?aaeyaiuie LAN Manager eee NetWare, o?aaoaony ia
oieueei a?aiaiiue aeinooi e iaaei oeiai na?aa?ia. Iiyoiio oioy nenoaia
DPA i?aaenoaaeyao oaoie/aneia ?aoaiea, aai a?yae ee iiaeii n/eoaoue
aiieia iieaciuie i?aeoe/iui. A nenoaia LAN Manager eiaaony niaoeeaeueiia
n?aaenoai, iacuaaaiia NetWare Connectivity, iicaieythuaa eaaei iieo/aoue
iaeiia?aiaiiue aeinooi eae e oaeeiaiio na?aa?o iiae oi?aaeaieai LAN
Manager, oae e e oaeeiaiio na?aa?o iiae oi?aaeaieai NetWare.

Nenoaia LAN Manager oaeaea i?aaeinoaaeyao n?aaenoai aeey
aeenoaoeeiiiiai aaeieieno?e?iaaiey. Anee au iaeaaeaaoa i?eaeeaaeyie
aaeieieno?aoi?a, au iiaeaoa i?eieiaoue eee eneeth/aoue iieueciaaoaeae e
auiieiyoue ae?oaea aaeieieno?aoeaiua caaea/e n ethaie ?aai/ae noaioeee,
oi?aaeyaiie OS/2, eee oeo/oaiiie ?aai/ae noaioeee iiae oi?aaeaieai LAN
Manager. Oaeei ia?acii, aeey auiieiaiey aaeieieno?aoeaiuo ooieoeee iao
iaiaoiaeeiinoe, iaycaoaeueii iaoiaeeoueny o oaeeiaiai na?aa?a.

Nenoaia LAN Manager eiaao n?aaenoai onoaiiaeaiey ia?iey aeey ia?aie/aiey
aeinooia e ?acaeaeyaiui ?ano?no eee ono?ienoao. Yoiai naienoaa iao a
nenoaia LAN Server.

Iaa nenoaiu, LAN Manager e LAN Server, eniieuecotho eiioeaioeee caueou
aeaiiuo iin?aaenoaii iaeanoae e ia?ieae aeey aeinooia e naoe, ii
ianeieueei ?acee/iuie iooyie. Iiyoiio anee aai caoi/aony eniieueciaaoue
LAN Manager e LAN Server a iaeiie e oie aea naoe, oi aai i?eaeaony
i?aaieciaaoue ?acaeaeueiua iaeanoe aeey eaaeaeie ec yoeo naoaauo IN. A
iaeiie ec yoeo iaeanoae ana oaeeiaua na?aa?u aeieaeiu aoaeoo ?aaioaoue
iiae oi?aaeaieai LAN Manager, a a ae?oaie- iiae oi?aaeaieai LAN Server.
I?e yoii, anee ?aai/ay noaioeey a iaeanoe iiae eiio?ieai LAN Server
iuoaaony iieo/eoue aeinooi a iaeanoue eiio?iey LAN Manager, oi
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii iaiaoiaeeii oaaaeeoueny a oii, /oi iia auea
i?eniaaeeiaia e naoe a iaeanoe, oi?aaeyaiie LAN Server. I?e ?aaioa n
?aai/eie noaioeeyie ec iaeanoe LAN Manager oaeie i?iaeaiu ia nouanoaoao.

A nenoaia LAN Server aeey ?acaeaeyaiuo ?ano?nia iiaeii i?eiaiyoue
nie?auaiiua eiaia, a a nenoaia LAN Manager oaeie aiciiaeiinoe iao. A
yoie nenoaia ioaeii eniieueciaaoue iieiua eiaia ?acaeaeyaiuo ?ano?nia.

I?aaeiieiaeei, /oi a nenoaia LAN Server e eiiiuethoa?o n eiaiai
PRODUCTION, iiaeeeth/ai ?acaeaeyaiue i?eioa? n nie?auaiiui eiaiai
REPORTS. Iieiia eiy ?acaeaeyaiiai i?eioa?a anoue \\PRODUCTION\PRINTER1.
Oaeei ia?acii, ?aai/ay noaioeey, oi?aaeyaiay nenoaiie LAN Server, iiaeao
?acaeaeyoue ono?ienoai REPORTS, a ?aai/ay noaioeey, oi?aaeyaiay nenoaiie
LAN Manager, aeey aeinooia e yoiio ono?ienoao aeieaeia aoaeao
eniieueciaaoue aai iieiia eiy \\PRODUCTION\PRINTER1

Nenoaiu LAN Manager e LAN Server oi?ioi ?aaioatho niaianoii a EAN Token
Ring, ii ia niaiauathony eaeaaeueii a EAN EtherNet. I?e ?aaioa a EAN
EtherNet, aiciiaeii, iiiaaeiaeony eciaieoue eiioeao?aoeee iaaeo naoaauo
IN. Aeaei a oii, /oi nenoaia LAN Server iiaeaea?aeeaaao i?ioieie DIX
(Digital Intel Xerox) aa?nee 2.0 e i?ioieie IEEE 802.3, a LAN Manager ia
iiaeaea?aeeaaao i?ioieie DIX. Iiyoiio, /oiau i?e ?aaioa a EAN EtherNet
?aai/ea noaioeee iiaee eniieueciaaoue iaa oeia na?aa?ia, iaiaoiaeeii
ia?aeeth/eoue iaa nenoaiu, LM e LS, ia eniieueciaaiea i?ioieiea IEEE
802.3.

Nenoaia LAN Manager – yoi 16-?ac?yaeiia i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea, a oi
a?aiy eae Windows NT AS e LAN Server yaeythony 32-?ac?yaeiuie. Oaeei
ia?acii, oai?aoe/anee iineaaeiea aeaa i?ia?aiiiuo i?iaeoeoa aieueoa
iiaeoiaeyo aeey eniieueciaaiey a nia?aiaiiuo eiiiuethoa?ao, iniauaiiuo
32-?ac?yaeiuie i?ioeanni?aie. E a naiii aeaea, naoaaay IN LAN Server
eiaao oi?iooth i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue, a aio IN Windows NT eniieuecoao
oaeoth a?oeoaeoo?o iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaiu, eioi?ay eciee?oao naoaaia
i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea io naoaaiai aaeaioa?a neeoeii iiiaeie neiyie
i?iiaaeooi/iiai i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey. A ?acoeueoaoa, niaeanii
aeaiiui i i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe, iioaeeeiaaiiui a aeo?iaeao PC Week E PC
Magazine, Windows NT AS iaaeeaiiaa naoaauo IN NetWare eee LAN Server.
E?iia oiai. Windows NT AS caieiaao aieueoa ianoa ia aeenea e a iaiyoe,
/ai LAN Manager eee LAN Server. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy oe?ia Microsoft
?aaioaao iaae oai, /oiau naeaeaoue Windows NT AS aieaa auno?ie e
eiiiaeoiie naoaaie IN.

Naoaaay IN Lantastic

Ii iiioey?iinoe e /eneo i?iaeaae naoaaay IN LANtastik oe?iu Artisoft a
oa/aiea aeeeoaeueiiai a?aiaie yaeyeanue eeaea?ii ia ?uiea iaeii?aiaiauo
EAN. Iiyoiio oe?ia Novell n Personal NetWare e oe?ia Microsoft c Windows
for Workgroups i?aaei?eiyee iiiuoeo i?iieeiooue a yoo iaeacoue ?uiea,
nicaeaiioth oe?iie Artisoft. Ana yoe oe?iu i?aaeeaaatho
aunieiea/anoaaiiia i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea, e iioiio iaaacuioa?anii,
eioi?ue ec i?ia?aiiiuo i?iaeoeoia noaiao iaeaieaa iiioey?iui ia ?uiea.
Naoaaay IN POWERLan, oaeaea yaeyaony neeueiui eiieo?aioii e, aiciiaeii,
a aoaeouai noiaao auoanieoue oaeea naoaaua IN, eae Windows for
Workgroups, Personal NetWare e LANtastic.

IN LANtastic iaeaaeaao ?yaeii oa?aeoa?enoee, iicaieythueo ae i?ae?anii
ooieoeeiie?iaaoue, ianiio?y ia oi, /oi iia yaeyaony ia naiie
auno?iaeaenoaothuae ec naoaauo IN aeey iaeii?aiaiauo EAN. IN LANtastic
eiaao i?ae?aniua aiciiaeiinoe ?acaeaeaiey i?eioa?a. N aeiiieieoaeueiuie
aiia?aoiuie n?aaenoaaie, iinoaaeyaiuie oe?iie Artisoft, aiciiaeia aeaaea
i?aaiecaoeey caoeiaie yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou a EAN. IN LANtastic o?aaoao
i/aiue iaaieueoiai iauaia iaiyoe e eiaao n?aaenoaa aeey ?acaeaeaiey
iaeiieoaeae oeia CD-ROM. Oe?ia Artisoft i?aaeeaaaao naoaaua aaeaioa?u
Ethernet, eioi?ua ?aaioatho iniaaiii oi?ioi n IN LANtastic. Eiaaony
aiciiaeiinoue aeeth/aiey eiiiuethoa?ia Macintosh a EAN, oi?aaeyaioth IN
LANtastic. Yoa nenoaia i?ae?anii niaianoeia e n Windows.

Oaoie/aneay iiaeaea?aeea IN LANtastic aeeth/aao yeaeo?iiioth aeineo
iauyaeaiee, e eioi?ie iiaeii iieo/eoue aeinooi iin?aaenoaii iiaeaia, e
oaeaoiiiua eiinoeueoaoeee oe?iu Artisoft a ioaeaea iiaeaea?aeee
iieueciaaoaeae.

Aiciiaeiinoe IN LANtastic

LANtastic yaeyaony iiioey?iie naoaaie IN oaea a oa/aiea ?yaea eao.
Aa?ney 4.0, auiouaiiay a ethea 1991 aiaea, aeaao aiciiaeiinoue ?aaiou n
i?eeeaaeiuie i?ia?aiiaie Windows. ?aaioay a iae, iiaeii oi?aaeyoue
naoueth, i/a?aaeyie ia/aoe, yeaeo?iiiie ii/oie i?inoui iaaeaoeai eiiiie
iuoe. Oe?ia Artisoft ia/aea i?iaeaaeo aa?nee 5.0 IN LANtastic a ia?oa
1993 aiaea. A yoie aa?nee aeiaaaeaiu n?aaenoaa aeey i?aaiecaoeee ?aaiou
IN LANtastic a EAN NetWare ia aaca oaeeiauo na?aa?ia e aiciiaeiinoe aeey
?acaeaeaiey a EAN a?aoe/aneeo e oaenoiauo aeaiiuo i?eeeaaeiuo i?ia?aii
iaeaoa Windows. A ai?aea 1994 aiaea oe?ia Artisoft auionoeea aa?neth 6.0
IN LANtastic. Iiaay aa?ney eiaao ianeieueei aieueoaa auno?iaeaenoaea,
/ai i?aaeuaeouea, e i?aaeinoaaeyao i?eaioe?iaaiiua ia i?eiaiaiea a
n?aaea Windows ooeeeou aeey oi?aaeaiey ?ano?naie EAN. Eiaaony aeaaea
oethc e oeeo?iaiio oaenoiaiio iaeaeaea?o – iiaeii aucaaoue, e iaeaeaea?o
nio?oaeieeia, ionoonoaothueo a aeaiiue iiiaio ca ?aai/eie noaioeeyie.

A aa?nee 6.0 IN LANtastic i?aaeoniio?aiu n?aaenoaa aeey ?aaiou n oaenaie
a EAN. Aeey yoiai iaiaoiaeeii onoaiiaeoue oaen/iiaeai ia IE, yaeythueeny
na?aa?ii, caa?oceoue aeiiieieoaeueiue iiaeoeue LANtastic aeey
ianeoaeeaaiey oaeneieeueiiai aiia?aoa e iiaeii ia/eiaoue i?eieiaoue e
ioi?aaeyoue oaenu ec anae EAN. Iiaay aa?ney IN LANtastic i?aaeinoaaeyao
aieueoa n?aaenoa aeey oi?aaeaiey na?aa?ii, aeeth/ay eiio?ieue
eniieueciaaiey aai ICO. Yoi n?aaenoai iicaieyao iaeneiece?iaaoue iauai
iaiyoe, eioi?oth iiaeao eniieueciaaoue na?aa? aeey onei?aiey ia?aaioee
cai?inia oaeeia. Aa?ney 6.0 IN LANtastic oaeaea niaea?aeeo nianoaaiiue
iiaeoeue SHARE.EXE, eiathuee aieaa aunieia auno?iaeaenoaea, /ai
i?ia?aiia SHARE ec DOS, oioy n iae yoa IN oaeaea iiaeao ?aaioaoue.

I?aaeuaeouea aa?nee LANtastic auee iacaaeneiu io naoaauo aaeaioa?ia.
Ia/eiay n aa?nee 4.0, anee au aeaeaaoa eniieueciaaoue naoaaie aaeaioa?
i?iecaiaenoaa ae?oaie oe?iu, iaiaoiaeeii aeiieaoeoue aeiiieieoaeueii (ii
99 aeieea?ia aeey eaaeaeie ?aai/ae noaioeee) ca i?ia?aiiiua ae?aeaa?u
naoaaiai aaeaioa?a.

OC LANtastic iiaeao ?aaioaoue a EAN, ian/eouaathuae io aeaoo aei
ianeieueeeo nioai ?aai/eo noaioeee. I?e aieueoii eiee/anoaa ?aai/eo
noaioeee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue EAN iaaeaao (ec-ca oiai, /oi IN ia
na?aa?a aace?oaony ia DOS). Aeey i?aiaeieaiey yoiai oe?ia Artisoft
i?aaeeaaaao eniieueciaaoue a oaeeo neo/ayo iaeei eee ianeieueei IE a
ea/anoaa auaeaeaiiuo oaeeiauo na?aa?ia.

A naiai ninoaaa IN LANtastic niaea?aeeo iiiai iieaciuo naoaauo ooeeeo,
eiathueo eioa?oaen n iieueciaaoaeai /a?ac nenoaio iaith eee ec
eiiaiaeiie no?iee DOS. Eiathony oaeaea n?aaenoaa aeey i?aaiecaoeee
iaaeaeo iieueciaaoaeyie EAN aeeaeiaa n iiiiuueth eeaaeaoo?u, yeaeo?iiiay
ii/oa e n?aaenoaa aeey auiieiaiey aaeieieno?aoeaiuo ooieoeee. E?iia
yoiai, IN LANtastic aeeth/aao ?aceaeaioioth i?ia?aiio LANPUP
eniieueciaaiey “ai?y/eo eeaaeo” aeey aeinooia e nenoaia iaith naoaauo
ooeeeo.

Nenoaia iaith a IN LANtastic

I?e caionea eiiaiaeu NET aac ia?aiao?ia aaoiiaoe/anee aeoeae?oaony
nenoaia iaith IN LANtastic. Iaith Main Functions a IN LANtastic eiaao
neaaeothuea iioeee:

naoaaua iaeiieoaee e i?eioa?u

oi?aaeaiea i/a?aaeyie ia/aoe

ii/oiaay neoaeaa

ia?aaiai?u n ae?oaeie iieueciaaoaeyie

i?eniaaeeiaiea/auoiae ec nenoaiu

oi?aaeaiea ?aaeno?aoeeae iieueciaaoaeae

iaci? aeaenoaee na?aa?a

Eiiaiaeu naoaaie IN LANtastic

Eiiaiaea Ooieoeey

ATTACH Auaeaeeoue ana ?acaeaeyaiua aeenee ia na?aa?a

AUDIT Iiianoeoue eiio?ieueioth eioi?iaoeeth a log-oaee

CHANGEPW Eciaieoue ia?ieue

CHAT Ia/aoue iaae?aoue niiauaiea ae?oaiio iieueciaaoaeth

CLOCK Neio?iiece?iaaoue /anu ?aai/ae noaioeee n /anaie oaeeiaiai ca?aa?a

COPY Eiie?iaaoue oaee ec na?aa?a ia ?aai/oth noaioeeth

DETACH Ioiaieoue ia?aiacia/aiea naoaauo iaeiieoaeae

DIR Aiaeia eiiaiaeu DIR DOS, ii iieacuaaao oaeaea naoaaoth eioi?iaoeeth
e ao?eaoou oaeeia

DISABLEA Ioiaieoue inaaaeiiei

EXPAND Ii?aaeaeeoue iieiue iooue e oaeeo

HELP Auaeaoue iiaeneaceo

INDIRECT Iicaieyao nicaeaoue einaaiiue (indirect) oaee, o.a. ni-_*
aea?aeauee nnueeo ia oaee a ae?oaie aee?aeoi?ee. Anee* oeacaoue
i?eeeaaeiie i?ia?aiia eniieueciaaoue einaaiiueC oaee, oi IN LANtastic,
ia?aiacia/ay aai, aoaeao** aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe ia?auaoueny e oiio oaeeo,
ia eioi?ue:?* i?eaaaeaia nnueea. Oaeei ia?acii, yoa eiiaiaea iicaieyaoa
iieo/eoue aeinooi e oaeeai a ae?oaeo aee?aeoi?eyo aacss eciaiaiey
oaeouae aee?aeoi?ee.

LOGIN Ia/aoue naoaaie naain

LOGOUT Caeii/eoue ?aaioo a EAN

LPT TIMEOUT Caaeaoue aeeeoaeueiinoue ia?a?uaa aeey nioea?a ia/aoe OC
LANtastic, ii enoa/aiee eioi?iai ia/aoue oaeea n/eoaaony caeii/aiiie

MAIL Ia?aaeaoue ii/oiaia niiauaiea

MESSAGE ?ac?aoeoue eee cai?aoeoue oaaaeiieaiea i iinooieaiee i/a?aaeiiai
ii/oiaiai niiauaiey

POSTBOX Niiaueoue i iinooieaoeo ii/oiauo niiauaieyo

PRINT Aiaeiae/ia eiiaiaea PRINT a DOS

QUEUE HALT Inoaiiaeoue naoaaie nioea? ia/aoe

QUEUE PAUSE A?aiaiii i?einoaiiaeoue naoaaie nioea? ia/aoe

QUEUE RESTART Aiciaiiaeoue ?aaioo nioea?a ia/aoe

QUEUE STATUS Iieacaoue i/a?aaeue ia/aoe

RECEIVE Iieacaoue iineaaeiaa naoaaia niiauaiea

RUN Caionoeoue DOS-i?ia?aiio ia oeacaiiii na?aa?a

SEND Iineaoue niiauaiea ae?oaiio iieueciaaoaeth EAN

SHOW Niiaueoue i eiioeao?aoeee ?aai/ae noaioeee a EAN, e eaeei na?aa?ai
iia i?eniaaeeiaia, e iieacaoue nienie aathueony na?aa?ia

SHUTDOWN Caaeaoue inoaiiaeo eee ia?acaa?oceo oaeeiaiai na?aa?a

UNUSE Ioiaieoue ia?aiacia/aiea iaeiieoaeae ia aeanoeeo aeeneao e
i?eioa?ia

USE I?iecaanoe ia?aiacia/aiea iaeiieoaeae ia aeanoeeo aeeneao e
i?eioa?ia a EAN

O?aaiaaiey e iauaio ICO

Ia ?aai/ae noaioeee aeey ii?iaeueiie ?aaiou IN LANtastic o?aaoaony anaai
34E iaiyoe: 3,211 aeey i?ia?aiiu naoaaiai ae?aeaa?a, 13,2E aeey NetBIOS,
5.1E aeey i?ia?aiiu SHARE e 12,511 aeey iiaeoey, inouanoaeythuaai
ia?aiacia/aiea aeeneia. *anoue i?ia?aiiu iiaeaea?aeee naoaaiai aaeaioa?a
caa?oaeaaony iaiin?aaenoaaiii a ICO ia ea?oa aaeaioa?a EtherNet. Ia
na?aa?a aeey ii?iaeueiie ?aaiou IN o?aaoaony aeiiieieoaeueii aua 2613E
iaiyoe, e a noiia caieiaaiue iauai iaiyoe ninoaaeyao 60.5E. I?e
eniieueciaaiee aaeaioa?a LANtastic EtherNet e eiiiuethoa?a n
i?ioeanni?ii iiaeaee 80386 e auoa ana i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea iiaeao
auoue ?aciauaii a aa?oiae iaeanoe iaiyoe.

I?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue

Ii naiaio auno?iaeaenoaeth IN LANtastic caieiaao n?aaeiaa iieiaeaiea
n?aaee naoaauo IN. Aeey onei?aiey auiieiaiey cai?inia ia ianeoaeeaaiea
oaeeia a

iae i?aaeoniio?aia nenoaia eyoe?iaaiey, iacuaaaiay LANcache, eioi?ay
iiaeao ?aaioaoue a ?anoe?aiiie, aeiiieieoaeueiie eee iau/iie iaiyoe.
Iieueciaaoaeue iiaeao caaeaoue iauai iaiyoe, eniieuecoaiue aeey yoeo
oeaeae, ii oiie/aieth aa?aony any eiathuayny ?anoe?aiiay eee
aeiiieieoaeueiay iaiyoue, Yoa nenoaia eiaao iano?aeaaaioth a?aiaiioth
caaea?aeeo i?e caiene aeaiiuo ia aeene (delayed write function). Oaeay
a?aiaiiay caaea?aeea, eiaaea na?aa? ioaa/aao ?aai/ei noaioeeyi, /oi
aeaiiua caienaiu ia aeene, oioy oaeoe/anee yoi i?iecaiaeeony eeoue
iaeioi?ia a?aiy nionoy, iiaeao i?eaanoe e iioa?a /anoe aeaiiuo i?e naiyo
a nenoaia yeaeo?iieoaiey oaeeiaiai na?aa?a.

Noa?ay aa?ney LANcache eiaea i?eau/eo ii?oeoue aeene. Yoa i?iaeaia
ono?aiaia a aa?neyo LANtastic, ia/eiay n 4.0.

Iaaeaaeiinoue ?aaiou

A OC LANtastic ei??aeoii i?iecaiaeeony ?acaeaeaiea oaeeia, caoaao
caienae a oaeeao, acaeiinaycue n eniieueciaaieai NetBIOS e ae?oaea
naoaaua iia?aoeee. Iiyoiio i?eeeaaeiua i?ia?aiiu aeieaeiu ?aaioaoue
oi?ioi a yoie IN, iniaaiii anee iie yaeythony naoaauie. I?e naiyo a naoe
yeaeo?iniaaaeaiey IN LANtastic iiaeao iiiciaaaoue neaiaeu enoi/ieea
aania?aaieiiai ieoaiey e aaoiiaoe/anee nio?aiyoue aeaiiua.

A ?aiieo aa?neyo IN LANtastic i?e ia?acaa?ocea oaeeiaiai na?aa?a o
?aai/eo noaioeee aicieeaee i?iaeaiu i?e ainnoaiiaeaiee naycae n
na?aa?ii, ia/eiay n aa?nee 6.0, a nenoaio aeiaaaeaiu n?aaenoaa aeey
aaoiiaoe/aneiai ainnoaiiaeaiey nayce ?aai/eo noaioeee n na?aa?ii iinea
aai ia?acaa?ocee

I?inoioa eniieueciaaiey

IN LANtastic i?inoa a onoaiiaea e aaeieieno?e?iaaiee. Eino?oeoeee e
aeieoiaioaoeey i?inou, e eie eaaei iieueciaaoueny. Iaeiaei iiene a
i?aaeiaoiii oeacaoaea auaaao cao?oaeiai, a aeieoiaioaoeey ia niaea?aeeo
oiiieiaiey i oii, /oi i?e onoaiiaea LANtastic a DOS aa?nee 5.0 e auoa
iaiaoiaeeii eniieueciaaoue i?ia?aiio LOADFIX. Nenoaia iiaeneacie e iaith
i?aaeaeueii oi?iuaao aaeieieno?e?iaaiea e eaaeaeiaeiaaioth ?aaioo a yoie
EAN.

Nenoaia caueou aeaiiuo

Nenoaia caueou aeaiiuo io ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiiai aeinooia a IN LANtastic
i?aaeeaaaao iiiai aiciiaeiinoae. Iinea ?aaeno?aoeee eaaeaeiai ec
iieueciaaoaeae EAN iiaeii a ieia nenoaiu Windows iacia/eoue aio ioaeiua
i?aaa e ?ac?aoaiey. Oi aea iiaeii naeaeaoue e n iiiiuueth eiiaiaeu
NET_MGR aeey aaeieieno?e?iaaiey nenoaiu caueou aeaiiuo. A iaieo neo/ayo
aeey auiieiaiey yoeo ooieoeee iaiaoiaeeii eiaoue i?eaeeaaee nenoaiiiai
aaeieieno?aoi?a.

Eiiaiaeu NET._MGR o?aaotho niaoeeaeueiiai ia?iey – yoi ia?aay eeiey
iai?iiu a nenoaia aaciianiinoe IN LANtastic. Oe?ia Artisoft ?aeiiaiaeoao
iieueciaaoaeyi ia?eiaee/anee eciaiyoue naie ia?iee, e IN iiaeao
aaoiiaoe/anee iaiiieiaoue ia yoii /a?ac i?ia?aiie?oaiua i?iiaaeooee
a?aiaie.E /eneo ia? caueou aeaiiuo oaeaea ioiineony i?aaeinoaaeaiea i?aa
aeinooia e ii?aaeaeaiiui aee?aeoi?eyi ia oaeeiaii na?aa?a. I?e iiiiue
n?aaenoaa eiio?iey na?aa?a iiaeii neaaeeoue ca aeinooiii e oaeeai e
onoaiaaeeaaoue ii?aaeaeaiiua aeie iaaeaee e /anu, eiaaea iieueciaaoaee n
ii?aaeaeaiiuie inaaaeiieiaie iiaoo iieo/aoue aeinooi e oaeeai EAN.

Noieiinoue IN LANtastic

Oe?ia Artisoft i?iaeaao noa?oiaue iaai? aeey naoe EtherNet,
aeeth/athuea aeaa 16-aeoiaua ea?ou, eiaeneaeueiue eaaaeue aeeeiie 7,5
iao?ia, ?acuaiu oa?ieiaoi?u e i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea aeey a?oii aei 300
iieueciaaoaeae ca 699 aeieea?ia. Anee au oioeoa i?eiaiyoue aa?neth
LANtastic, ia caaeneioth io naoaaiai aaeaioa?a, oi ioaeii aeiieaoeoue
aua ii 99 aeieea?ia ca eaaeaeoth ?aai/oth noaioeeth.

?acthia ii OC LANtastic

LANtastic yaeyaony iaaieueoie naoaaie IN n ?acoiiui auno?iaeaenoaeai e
aeinoaoi/iie noaiaiueth iaaeaaeiinoe. Anee au ieaie?oaoa eniieueciaaiea
a EAN oieueei eiiiuethoa?ia iiae oi?aaeaieai DOS eee Ian, oi yoa IN
iiaeao

neoaeeoue oi?ioei auai?ii

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