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I?e ?aaioa a eiaanoeoeeiiiie eiiiaiee, yaeythuaeny aeoeaiui o/anoieeii
?uiea, iaiaoiaeeii eniieueciaaoue eiiiuethoa?iua eioi?iaoeeiiiua
oaoiieiaee.

Aeaiiay iaiaoiaeeiinoue iaoneaaeeaaaony oai, /oi a i?aaiecaoeee
nouanoaoao ia?iiiue aeieoiaioiiai?io, a aa iiae?acaeaeaiey iaoiaeyony
ca/anooth aeaaea ia a i?aaeaeao iaeiiai ai?iaea. Eniieueciaaiea
eioa?aeoeaiiai ?aaeeia, ?aaioa n aacaie aeaiiuo, aacaoiaaeiay ia?aaioea
aeieoiaioia, a oaeaea eieeaeoeaiay ia?aaioea aeieoiaioaoeee e iiiieiaiea
aac aeaiiuo – iaiaoiaeeiua ninoaaeythuea ?aaiou aieueoie nia?aiaiiie
i?aaiecaoeee, no?aiyuaeny caiyoue naia ianoi ia ?uiea e
i?aaei?eieiathuae iaeneiaeueiua oneeey aeey iiaeaea?aeaiey caiyouo
iiceoeee.

Aeey yooaeoeaiie ?aaioa iiae?acaeaeaiee eniieuecothony ?acee/iua aeaeu
oaoieee e oaoiieiaee, i iaeioi?uo ec ieo e eo eiie?aoiii i?eiaiaiee y
iaia?aia aieaa iiae?iaii ?anneacaoue a aeaiiie ?aaioa.

Oaeoe/anee ia eaaeaeii ?aai/ai ianoa a Eiiiaiee onoaiiaeai eiiiuethoa?,
aai iiuiinoue e aiciiaeiinoe ii?aaeaeythony e?oaii auiieiyaiuo
eiie?aoiui ?aaioieeii caaea/.

Ia eaaeaeii eiiiuethoa?a Eiiiaiee onoaiiaeaiu noaiaea?oiua yeaiaiou
i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey, eae oi:

Iia?aoeeiiiua nenoaiu MS-DOS, Windows, ia iiiaeo onoaiiaeaia OS/2.

N?aaea iieueciaaoaey Norton Commander.

Oaeaea noaiaea?oiue iaai? iaiaoiaeeiuo i?ia?aii:

aioeae?on AIDStest n ianoieeie ia iaycaoaeueioth aaoiiaoe/aneoth
i?iaa?eo aeanoeeo aeeneia aaeaaeiaaii.

Oaeeu aeey caionea naoaauo i?ia?aii (Aa?aio, Eiinoeueoaio Iethn, AK&M
Abacus e o.ae.).

Aeey iioeiecaoeee ?aaiou e ieieiecaoeee ?enea ca?aaeaiey eiiiuethoa?ia
ae?onaie i?e eniieueciaaiee aeeneao aeey ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee a
Eiiiaiee onoaiiaeaia eieaeueiay naoue.

Eaaeaeue ec ?aaioieeia Eiiiaiee eiaao naia eiy a naoe e ia?ieue aeey
aoiaea a naoue, ainoth Eiiiaiee, eioi?iio iaiaoiaeeii iieo/eoue
eaeoth-eeai iauaaeinooiioth naoaaoth eioi?iaoeeth, ioaeii aaanoe eiy
Guest e aio aoaeoo aeinooiiu iauea i?ia?aiiu, iaoiaeyuea ia naoe,
iai?eia? ni?aai/ii-i?aaiaua nenoaiu Aa?aio e Eiinoeueoaio Iethn, ea?oa
Iineau Mnity, nenoaia yeaeo?iiiuo eioe?iaie AK&M, a oaeaea aioo?aiiyy
yeaeo?iiiay ii/oa Eiiiaiee, ii eioi?ie iiaeii iineaoue niiauaiea ethaiio
ec nio?oaeieeia, ciay aai naoaaia eiy. Oaeaea aio aoaeao aeinooiai iauee
eaoaeia aeieoiaioia TMP, aaea o?aiyony iaiaiiua oaeeu.

Eaaeaeue ec nio?oaeieeia eiaao ia naoe naie eaoaeia, aeinooiiue oieueei
aio e supervisior, a oaeaea aeinooi a eaoaeia TMP, ii eioi?iio
i?ienoiaeeo iaiai oaeeaie n ae?oaeie iieueciaaoaeyie naoe. Oaeaea ii
eiaao aeinooi ei anai iauaaeinooiiui oaeeai e eaoaeiaai.

I?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe aeey nio?aiaiey eiioeaeaioeeaeueiinoe ia?aaeaaaaiie
eioi?iaoeee iiaeii nicaeaoue eaoaeia, aeinooiiue, iai?eia? aeaoi eee
ianeieueeei iieueciaaoaeyi, ai ecaaaeaiea eniieueciaaiey eie eaoaeiaa
TMP. Oaeay iaiaoiaeeiinoue nouanoaoao i?e ?aaioa ?oeiaiaeeoaey ni naiei
nae?aoa?ai, th?enoia iaaeaeo niaie, a oaeaea i?e ainianoiie ?ac?aaioea
ianeieueeeie ethaeueie eee iiae?acaeaeaieyie niaianoiuo i?iaeoia.

Aiiaua, eieaeueiay naoue ?aoaao iiiaeanoai i?iaeai. I?e aa iaee/ee iao
iaiaoiaeeiinoe ia?aa?oaeaoue eieaeueiua aeenee eiiiuethoa?ia iiiaeanoaii
noaiaea?oiuo i?ia?aii, o.e. iie iaoiaeyony ia naoe, a ia eieaeueiuo
aeeneao iaoiaeyony oieueei oaeeu ia eo caionea, o.a. inoaaony aieueoa
ianoa aeey ?aaiou niaoeeoe/aneeo i?ia?aii. Iao iaiaoiaeeiinoe
eniieueciaaoue aeeneaou aeey ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee io iieueciaaoaey e
iieueciaaoaeth, oaeei ia?acii ia oieueei nieaeaaony ?ene ca?aaeaiey
eiiiuethoa?ia ?acee/iuie ae?onaie, ii e cia/eoaeueii oaaee/eaaaony
nei?inoue ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee, nicaeaaony aiciiaeiinoue niaianoiie
?aaiou iaae aeieoiaioii. Aieueoei iethnii yaeyaony aiciiaeiinoue
eniieueciaaiey iaeiie naoaaie i?ia?aiiu iiiaeie iieueciaaoaeyie n
eciaiaieai eioi?iaoeee a ?aaeeia on line. Iaeiiaoe, iao iaiaoiaeeiinoe a
aieueoii eiee/anoaa i?eioa?ia, aeinoaoi/ii iiaeeeth/aiey iaeiiai eee
ianeieueeeo i?eioa?ia e naoe.

?acee/iua iiae?acaeaeaiey eniieuecotho a naiae ?aaioa ?acee/iua
oaoiieiaee.

Ioaeae iaoeiiieniuo ?aaio iieuecoaony oaenoiauie ?aaeaeoi?aie, a
iniiaiii Word 6.0. aeey Windows e a?aoe/aneeie ?aaeaeoi?aie oeia
Chartist, eioi?ua iicaieytho ei auiieiyoue naie ooieoeee: ia/aoaiea
oaenoiauo aeieoiaioia, oaaeeoe e noai n oaea caaeaiiuie ia?aiao?aie. Ei
iao iaiaoiaeeiinoe eniieueciaaoue Excel eee Quattro Pro, o.e. ana
aeaiiua oaea ?an/eoaiu e ei inoaaony oieueei oaoie/aneay ?aaioa ii
aaaaeaieth eo a eiiiuethoa?, ioi?ieaieth iaoa?eaea e auaiaeo aai ia
ia/aoue.

Eaioeaey?ey eniieuecoao yeaeo?iiioth nenoaio o/aoa aeieoiaioaoeee,
?ac?aaioaiioth iaoeie i?ia?aiienoaie niaoeeaeueii n o/aoii iniaaiiinoae
?aaiou eiaanoeoeeiiiie a?oiiu.

Oaeaoiienou: i?e iiiiue oaeaoiiiie naoe Eiiiaiee aiciiaeii ia?aeeth/aiea
ethauo aiaoieo caiieia ia iaiaoiaeeiue aioo?aiiee iiia?.

Oaen e iiaeai eniieuecothony aeey ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee ii naoyi iaoei
eiio?aaaioai, aeey iieo/aiey io ieo iaiaoiaeeiie iai eioi?iaoeee a
oaeaea aeey iiiieiaiey aac aeaiiuo, eniieuecoaiuo a Eiiiaiee.

Oi?aaeaiea oi?aiauo iia?aoeee eniieuecoao iniaue aeae i?ia?aiiiiai
iaania/aiey – nenoaio yeaeo?iiiuo oi?aia “?inneeneay oi?aiaay nenoaia
II?OAE”. Iia iicaieyao aunoaaeyoue naie eioe?iaee ia ei?ii?aoeaiua
aoiaae, iieiinoueth aeaaeaoue eioi?iaoeeae i eioe?iaeao anao o/anoieeia
?uiea e niaa?oaoue naeaeee a ?aaeeia on line, iaae?ay ia?aiao?u naeaeee
e eiio?aaaioa ia eiiiuethoa?a. Yoa eioi?iaoeey ia?aaeaaony n iiiiuueth
iiaeaia a oeaio? ?ON e oaeaea o?ainee?oaony ia inoaeueiuo o/anoieeia
?uiea a n/eoaiiua naeoiaeu. Yoa i?ia?aiia i?iecaaea ?aaiethoeeth ia
?uiea oeaiiuo aoiaa a 1995 aiaeo. Nae/an aa iieueciaaoaeyie yaeythony
ana e?oiiaeoea eiaanoeoeeiiiua eiiiaiee e aaiee ia oieueei ?O, ii
Caiaaea, ?aaioathuea ia iaoai ?uiea ei?ii?aoeaiuo aiaa, aa eioe?iaeaie
iieuecothony caiaaeiua eiaanoi?u i?e ?aaioa n oeaiiuie aoiaaaie
?inneeneeo yieoaioia.

Oaeaea eniieuecoaony nenoaia ?inneeneee oiiaeiaue ?uiie AKMnet, iia ia
?aaioaao a ?aaeeia on line. Eioi?iaoeey a iae iaiiaeyaony i?e iiiiue
aaeaaeiaaiie iiaeea/ee aeaiiuo, ii aa aeaiiuie iieuecothony
ioeoeeaeueiua i?aaiu aeey eioi?iaoeee i eioe?iaeao, aa eioi?iaoeey
yaeyaony aeinoaoi/iui ii?aaaeaieai i?e ?aaioa n iaeiaiaie einiaeoeeae.
Oaeaea yoa nenoaia aeaao iiae?iaioth eioi?iaoeeth ia yieoaioa n
oeacaieai iaeneiaeueii iieiie eioi?iaoeee ia oieueei i naiii yieoaioa,
ii e i aea?aeaoaea ?aano?a aeoeeiia?ia, e ae?oaoth niaoeeoe/aneoth
eioi?iaoeeth, i?aaenoaaeythuoth eioa?an aeey o/anoieeia ?uiea.

Ioaeae iaania/aiey o/aoa naeaeie (iaoa caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai ia
i?aaeoniao?eaaao oieueei yeaeo?iiioth oi?io niaa?oaiey naeaeee, aio
iaiaoiaeeiu aeiaiai?iua ioiioaiey iaaeaeo aa o/anoieeaie) back office
eniieuecoao nianoaaiioth i?ia?aiio o/aoa, ?ac?aaioaiioth iaoeie
i?ia?aiienoaie e iicaieythuoth o/eouaaoue niaa?oaiiua oi?aaeaieai
oi?aiauo iia?aoeee naeaeee, eo i?ioiaeaeaiea a /anoe ieaoaaeae e
ia?a?aaeno?aoeee i?aa nianoaaiiinoe ia aoiaae.

TH?eaee/aneia oi?aaeaiea eniieuecoao a naiae ?aaioa ni?aai/ii-i?aaiaua
nenoaiu Aa?aio, Eiinoeueoaio Iethn e Yoaeii. I?e iiiiue eo iu anaaaea a
eo?na iineaaeieo eciaiaiee caeiiiaeaoaeueiie aacu, anaaaea aiciiaeii
iaeoe ethaie caeiiiaeaoaeueiue aeieoiaio e ana aai acaeiinayce.
Aiciiaeii oaeaea aua?aoue eioi?iaoeeth ii eioa?anothuaio aan aii?ino eee
iiiyoeth. Yoi cia/eoaeueii iaeaa/aao ?aaioo th?enoia i?e aoaeeoa
oeiainiauo noai.

Aooaaeoa?ey eniieuecoao i?ia?aiio yeaeo?iiiiai aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa
Abacus, niaoeeaeueii aaeaioe?iaaiioth ?ac?aaio/eeaie e o/aoo oeaiiuo
aoiaa (aeey ieo i?aaeoniio?aiu caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii iniaua oneiaey). Iaoa
eiaanoeoeeiiiay a?oiia aaaeao aeoeaioth aeayoaeueiinoue ia naiai ?uiea,
iauaiu ia?a?aaaouaaaiie eioi?iaoeee ia?iiiu, iaaeaeo oai eaaeaeue
oeiainiaue aeieoiaio aeieaeai iaeoe naia io?aaeaiea a aooaaeoa?neii
o/aoa. I?e aoiaaeiii aaaeaiee aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa yoi auei au
iaaiciiaeii, a i?e iiiiue Abacus ianeieueei aooaaeoa?ia a ninoiyiee
iaeiia?aiaiii eciaiyoue eioi?iaoeeth eaaeaeue ii naiaio iai?aaeaieth e
aeaaaoue aeaaiiio aooaaeoa?o eioi?iaoeeth i ninoiyiee Eiiiaiee a ?aaeeia
on line, /oi iaiaoiaeeii i?e i?eiyoee ethauo oi?aaeai/aneeo ?aoaiee.

Ioaeae eiaanoeoeeiiiiai e oeiainiaiai ieaie?iaaiey eniieuecoao a naiae
?aaioa a iniiaiii Excel n i?ia?aiie?iaaieai a iai ia Visual Basic, o.e.
iniiaiay caaea/a ioaeaea ninoieo a oii, /oiau aanoe ?ac?aaioeo
oeiainiauo noai ni anaie ?an/aoaie. *anoue ec yoeo noai
noaiaea?oece?iaaia, o.a. aiciiaeii iaienaiea i?ia?aii ia Visual Basic
aeey aaiaea a ieo eiie?aoiuo ia?aiao?ia aeey eaaeaeie ?an/aoiie noaiu, a
iaeioi?ua ec ieo oieeaeueiu e o?aaotho eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai iiaeai?a
oi?ioe aeey eo ?an/aoa. Oaeaea eniieuecoaony oaenoiaue ?aaeaeoi? Word
aeey Windows 6.0. aeey aeieoiaioa?iiai ioi?ieaiey oeacaiiuo noai. Oaniia
nio?oaeie/anoai n th?eaee/aneei oi?aaeaieai, i?iaiaeyuei aioo?aiiee
aoaeeo noai, iaoneaaeeaaao eniieueciaaiea eieaeueiie naoe n eaoaeiaii
iaiaia iaaeaeo aeaoiy oi?aaeaieyie, /oi iicaieyao niaethaeaoue ?aaeei
eiioeaeaioeeaeueiinoe.

Eaae?iaia oi?aaeaiea – yeaeo?iiiay nenoaia o/aoa eaae?ia, iicaieythuay
ioneaaeeaaoue aeaeaeaiea eaae?ia Eiiiaiee a niioaaonoaee n o?aaiaaieyie
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa.

Ioaeae ?aaiou n aeoeeiia?aie – yeaeo?iiiue ?aano? aeoeeiia?ia yieoaioia,
?ac?aaioaiiue a niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii iaoeie
i?ia?aiienoaie. Ii iicaieyao a ?aaeeia ?aaeueiiai a?aiaie i?iaiaeeoue
ia?a?aaeno?aoeeth i?aa nianoaaiiinoe ia oeaiiua aoiaae, o/eouaaaiua
?aano?ii, aeaaaoue eioi?iaoeeth i iaee/ee aoiaa o eaaeaeiai eiie?aoiiai
aeoeeiia?a ia caaeaiioth aeaoo, i?iaiaeeoue ?an/ao aeeaeaeaiaeia, a
oaeaea auiieiyoue iiiaeanoai neoaeaaiuo ooieoeee, iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey
o/aoa i?aa ia oeaiiua aoiaae e auaea/e eioi?iaoeee yieoaioo a
niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?O. Yoa i?ia?aiia yaeyaony iiie ec
eo/oeo a ?innee ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue e iicaieyao oniaoii aanoe ?aano?
aeoeeiia?ia oaeiai aeaaioa eae IAI “Iaooyiay eiiiaiey EOEiee”, a oaeaea
aua ianeieueeeo i?aaei?eyoee.

Eae iia eaaeaony, iaeneiaeueiia eniieueciaaiea ia?aaeiauo oaoiieiaee
oi?ioi iiaeaioiaeaiiuie nio?oaeieeaie, /uey eaaeeoeeaoeey iicaieyao ei
eniieueciaaoue i?aaeinoaaeyaiua ei n?aaenoaa a iieiii iauaia, aeaao
aiciiaeiinoue Eiiiaiee ?aaioaoue a oneiaeyo ?acaeaathuaainy ?uiea
oeaiiuo aoiaa ia oieueei ia inoaaay io ia?oia?ia e eiieo?aioia, ii e
iia?aaeay eo.

P.S. Aeaiiay ?aaioa auiieiaia a oaenoiaii ?aaeaeoi?a Word aeey Windows
6.0. o?eooii HelvDl n eniieueciaaieai eiaioeia Eiiiaiee, ia?aianaiiiai
ec Excel 5.0.

?aoa?ao ii eoi?iaoeeiiiui nenoaiai oi?aaeaiey

nooaeaioee Na?aaaaie Ae.A.

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