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Расчет конкурентоспособности отечественных фирм, производящих компьютеры

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NIAeA?AEAIEA

TOC \o “1-4” AAAAeAIEA GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362796 PAGEREF
_Toc391362796 4

1. IAUEE ?ACAeAE GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362797 PAGEREF _Toc391362797 9

1.1. Iauay noaia ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe eiiiuethoa?iie oaoieee
GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362798 PAGEREF _Toc391362798 9

1.2. Auai? iiiaieeaoo?u ia?aiao?ia, eniieuecoaiuo i?e ioeaiea
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362800 PAGEREF
_Toc391362800 18

1.3. Auai? aacu n?aaiaiey aeey ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362801 PAGEREF _Toc391362801 23

2. NIAOeEAEUeIUE ?ACAeAE GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362802 PAGEREF
_Toc391362802 26

2.1. Iaoiaeu ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362803
PAGEREF _Toc391362803 26

2.2. ?an/ao eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ioa/anoaaiiiai eiiiuethoa?a oe?iu
«AENO» aeeooa?aioeeaeueiui iaoiaeii GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362805
PAGEREF _Toc391362805 41

2.3. ?an/ao eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ioa/anoaaiiiai eiiiuethoa?a oe?iu
«AENO» eiiieaeniui iaoiaeii. GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362807 PAGEREF
_Toc391362807 43

2.4. Aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia ?an/aoa GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362808 PAGEREF
_Toc391362808 46

3. I?AAIECAOeEIIII – YEIIIIE*ANEEE ?ACAeAE GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362809
PAGEREF _Toc391362809 47

3.1. ?an/ao eioaa?aeueiiai iieacaoaey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe eiiiuethoa?a
«AENO» ii aiaeai GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362811 PAGEREF _Toc391362811 47

3.2. ?an/ao eiaeaena eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362812
PAGEREF _Toc391362812 50

4. AACIIANOIINOUe O?OAeA I?E I?IECAIAeNOAA EIIIUeTHOA?IIE OAOIEEE
GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362813 PAGEREF _Toc391362813 51

4.1. I?aaiecaoeey eino?oeoaaea ?aaioieeia oe?iu ii aaciianiinoe o?oaea
GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362814 PAGEREF _Toc391362814 51

4.2. O?aaiaaiey aaciianiinoe o?oaea e inaauaieth i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
iiiauaiee GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362816 PAGEREF _Toc391362816 52

4.3. Ia?u aaciianiinoe i?e nai?ea eiiiuethoa?ia GOTOBUTTON
_Toc391362817 PAGEREF _Toc391362817 53

AUAIAeU E ?AEIIAIAeAOeEE GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362818 PAGEREF
_Toc391362818 55

NIENIE EEOA?AOO?U GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362819 PAGEREF _Toc391362819
56

I?EEIAEAIEA 1 GOTOBUTTON _Toc391362820 PAGEREF _Toc391362820 57

EIIEO?AIOINIINIAIINOUe IA ANAO YOAIAO AEECIAIIIAI OeEEEA OIAA?A

I?e aeoeaiii oi?ie?iaaiee anni?oeiaioa oiaa?a aanueia iieaciui iiaeao
noaoue iiuo ia?eaoeiaiaie aeayoaeueiinoe ii enneaaeiaaieth aeeciaiiiai
oeeeea ecaeaeee. [1]

AEeciaiiue oeeee oiaa?a – ia?eiae, a oa/aiea eioi?iai oiaa? iieoiaaony
ia ?uiea. Yoa eiioeaioeey eniieuecoaony aeey nicaeaiey e nauoa
i?iaeoeoeee, ?ac?aaioee no?aoaaee ia?eaoeiaa n iiiaioa iinooieaiey
oiaa?a ia ?uiie aei aai niyoey n ?uiea. AEeciaiiue oeeee oiaa?a iiaeao
auoue i?aaenoaaeai eae ii?aaeaeaiiay iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue noaaeee
nouanoaiaaiey aai ia ?uiea, eiathuay a?aiaiiua ?aiee. Aeeiaieea aeecie
oiaa?a iieacuaaao iauai aiciiaeiuo (oaeoe/aneeo) i?iaeaae a eaaeaeia
ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy nouanoaiaaiey ni?ina ia iaai. I?e anai ?aciiia?acee
aeeciaiiuo oeeeeia oiaa?ia iiaeii auaeaeeoue neaaeothuea iniiaiua oacu
(noaaeee) aeeciaiiiai oeeeea eae eiioeaioeee oiaa?a: ?ac?aaioeo,
aiaae?aiea, ?ino, ni?ina, c?aeinoue (eee noaaeeecaoeeth) e niaae.

Aiaae?aiea – oaca iiyaeaiey iiaiai oiaa?a ia ?uiea (ia?aiia/aeueii a
aeaea i?iaiuo i?iaeaae). Oeaeue ia?eaoeiaa – nicaeaoue ?uiie iiaiai
oiaa?a. Ia yoie noaaeee oiaa? aua yaeyaony iiaeieie. *oiau oiaa? aue
i?eciai e i?eiyo iio?aaeoaeyie a eiiia?/aneii niunea e aeieacae naie
aeinoieinoaa a niunea oaoie/aneii, o?aaoaony cia/eoaeueiia a?aiy e
aieueoea cao?aou aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa. I?e yoii iauai ?aaeecaoeee iae e
oaaee/eaaaony i/aiue iaaeeaiii.

Anee aiaae?aiea i?ioei oniaoii, oiaa? anooiaao a oaco ?inoa. ?ino ni?ina
– oaca i?eciaiey iieoiaoaeai oiaa?a e auno?iai oaaee/aiey ni?ina ia
iaai. A yoio ia?eiae oeaeue ia?eaoeiaa – ?anoe?eoue nauo e niaieoiiinoue
iiaeeoeeaoeee i?iaeoeoa. Aic?anoaao /enei e iauai iiaoi?iuo e
iiiaie?aoiuo iieoiie, ?aiooaoeey e iiioey?iinoue oiaa?a iiauoathony a
?acoeueoaoa iaiaia iiaieyie iaaeaeo iieoiaoaeyie. *anoi eiieo?e?othuea
oe?iu ia?auatho aieiaiea ia yoio iioaioeeaeueiue ?uiie, ia/eiatho
i?aaeeaaaoue aiaeiae/iua eee noiaeiua oiaa?u e, i?iaiaey nianoaaiiua
?aeeaiiua ia?ii?eyoey, oai naiui onei?ytho oaaee/aiea aieinoe ?uiea.

C?aeinoue (noaaeeecaoeey) – oaca iinoaiaiiiai oaeiaeaoai?aiey ni?ina ia
aeaiiue oiaa?. Aeaaiay caaea/a ia?eaoeiaiaie aeayoaeueiinoe a yoeo
oneiaeyo – nio?aieoue i?aeiouanoaaiiia iieiaeaiea oiaa?a ia ?uiea eae
iiaeii aeieueoa. Nieaeathony oaiiu ?inoa ni?ina e noaaeeece?othony
iauaiu i?iaeaae. A yoie oaca noaiiaeony iaiaoiaeeiui oaaee/aiea
?anoiaeia ia ia?eaoeia – ?aeeaio, iiauoaiea ea/anoaa oiaa?a, oeo/oaiea
na?aena; aiciiaeii nieaeaiea oeai aeey iiaeaea?aeaiey iauaiia i?iaeaaee.
I?eaueueiinoue oi?aiaee iiaeao auoue iaania/aia a yoie oaca oieueei ia
iniiaa oiaiueoaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo ?anoiaeia. A eiioea yoie oacu
aeieaeiu i?eieiaoueny oaeoe/aneea e no?aoaae/aneea ?aoaiey ii i?iaeoeoo
– aai aeaeueiaeoay iiaeeoeeaoeey eee ia?aoiae ia iiaoth iiaeaeue.

Iaeiiaoe oiaa? anooiaao a oaco niaaea. Niaae – oaca ?aceiai nieaeaiey
iauaiia i?iaeaae, a caoai e i?eauee. Aeey auea?uoa a?aiaie a
inouanoaeaiee eciaiaiee a anni?oeiaioiie iieeoeea oe?ia iiaeao oneeeoue
ia?eaoeiaiaua ia?ii?eyoey (?aeeaia, oiaeiaea, iaoiaeu nauoa e o.ae.) eee
aea aiiaua ioeacaoueny io i?iecaiaenoaa iioa?yaoaai iiioey?iinoue
oiaa?a. Iauai ?aaeecaoeee ia/eiaao oiaiueoaoueny. ?anniao?eaaaiue oiaa?
caaa?oaao naie aeeciaiiue oeeee. Ii auoaniyaony n ?uiea i/a?aaeiui
iieieaieai iiauo e ia?niaeoeaiuo oiaa?ia. [2]

Oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaiuo yoaiia aeeciaiiiai oeeeea oiaa?a:

?ac?aaioea. Yoi aiaeec aiciiaeiinoae i?iecaiaenoaa i?iaeoeoeee.
Enneaaeiaaiey e iiuoii-eiino?oeoi?neea ?ac?aaioee, ia?eaoeiaiaua
enneaaeiaaiey. ?uii/iua eniuoaiey.

Auaaaeaiea ia ?uiie. Yoi iinooieaiea oiaa?a a i?iaeaaeo. Iiaay ia?ea
oiaa?a eiaao e?aoeia?aiaiiua (iiiiiieenoe/aneea) i?aeiouanoaa.

?ino. Yoi ioaaoiay ?aaeoeey eiieo?aioia. Auno?i ?anoouee ?uiie. Ia?ea
oiaa?a oaaee/eaaao eee nie?auaao naith aeieth. ?ino iio?aaeaiey ia aeooo
ianaeaiey. Eciai/eaue, ianoaaeeueiue oa?aeoa?.

C?aeinoue. Yoi noaaeeecaoeey. ?ino i?iaeaae, ii ana aieaa iaaeeaiiuie
oaiiaie, caoai i?einoaiiaea e a eiioea eiioeia nie?auaiea. Cia/eoaeueiia
/enei iieoiaoaeae auae?atho ia?eo oiaa?a, oi anoue i?aaeii/oaiea ia?ea
noaiiaeony nouanoaaiiui oaeoi?ii, iio?aaeaiea ia aeooo ianaeaiey
iaaeaao.

Ianuuaiea ?uiea e oiaaeie. Aanue ?uiie nie?auaaony. Aicieeaao eceeoae
iiuiinoae. Aiciiaeiu neeyiey oe?i. Iiyaeythony oiaa?u-caiaieoaee.

Oaca aiaae?aiey:

Oiaa? e aai eciaiaiey. Eeth/aaia cia/aiea aeey oniaoa eiatho
eiino?oeoeey (aeecaei), iio?aaeoaeueneea naienoaa oiaa?a, a oaeaea
ia?aoiay naycue n iio?aaeoaeyie. Ia ?uiea iiiaeanoai ?aciuo oiaa?ia.

Ia?eaoeia. I/aiue aunieea cao?aou ia ?aeeaio ii ioiioaieth e iauaio
?aaeecaoeee oiaa?a. Iaeneiaeueiia eniieueciaaiea aiciiaeiinoae oeai.
Aieueoea ?anoiaeu ia ia?ii?eyoey ii ia?eaoeiao.

I?iecaiaenoai e ?ani?aaeaeaiea. Ecauoie e ia caa?oaeaiiinoue
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiuiinoae. Auione oiaa?ia iaeuie e n?aaeieie ia?oeyie.
Aunieay naaanoieiinoue. Niaoeeaeueii auaeaeaiiua eaiaeu
oiaa?i?ani?aaeaeaiey.

Eiieo?aioeey. Eeoue iaiiiaea oe?iu yaeythony eiieo?aioaie.

Aeiey ?icieoeu a oeaia oiaa?a e i?eauee. Aunieea oeaiu, aunieay aeiey
?icieoeu. Ieceay i?eaueueiinoue. Yeanoe/iinoue oeai, aeinooiiay
ioaeaeueiie ?icie/iie oe?ia, ia noieue aaeeea, eae a oaca c?aeinoe.

Iieoiaoaeue e aai iiaaaeaiea. Iieoiaoaeue eia?oai. Iieoiaoaey
iaiaoiaeeii oaaaeeoue iii?iaiaaoue eniuoaoue oiaa?.

Oaca ?inoa:

Oiaa? e aai eciaiaiey. Oiaa?u eiatho oaoie/aneea e ooieoeeiiaeueiua
?acee/ey. Ea/anoai oiaa?ia aunieia. Iiyaeythony eiieo?e?othuea oiaa?u.

Ia?eaoeia. Aunieea ?anoiaeu ia ?aeeaio, ii ana aea ninoaaeythuea
iaiueooth aeieth iai?ioa, /ai a oaca aiaae?aiey. Aeey oiaa?ia, ia
eiathueo oaoie/aneiai oa?aeoa?a, eeth/aauie caaea/aie yaeythony ?aeeaia
e oiaa?i?ani?aaeaeaiea.

I?iecaiaenoai e ?ani?aaeaeaiea. I?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiuiinoae ia oaaoaao.
Naeaea a noi?iio ianniaiai i?iecaiaenoaa. Oiaa?i?ani?aaeaeaiea
inouanoaeyaony ii eaiaeai ianniaiai nauoa.

Eiieo?aioeey. Iiiaea oe?iu anooiatho a eiieo?aioioth ai?ueao.
*eneaiiinoue eiieo?aioia noaiiaeony cia/eoaeueiie.

Aeiey ?icieoeu a oeaia oiaa?a e i?eauee. Aunieea i?eauee. Aanueia
aunieea oeaiu, iaeiaei ieaea, /ai a oaca aiaae?aiey. Aeiey ?icieoeu a
oeaia e i?eauee onoie/eaa e aicaeaenoaeth yeiiiie/aneiai niaaea.

Iieoiaoaeue e aai iiaaaeaiea. Eiioeiaaiou iieoiaoaeae ?anoe?ythony.
Iio?aaeoaee i?eieiatho oiaa?u aeaaea ianoaaeeueiiai e iaiaeeiaeiaiai
ea/anoaa.

Oaca c?aeinoe:

Oiaa? e aai eciaiaiey. I?aainoiaeiia ea/anoai. Caiaaeeaiea eciaiaiee
oiaa?ia.

Ia?eaoeia. Naaiaioaoeey ?uiea: aai ?acaeaeaiea ia ioaeaeueiua naaiaiou.
Oneeey, iai?aaeaiiua ia i?iaeeaiea aeeciaiiiai oeeeea. Oaeoaeaiea
anni?oeiaioa. Eiieo?aioeey ?aeeaiiuo eaiiaiee.

I?iecaiaenoai e ?ani?aaeaeaiea. Iaeioi?ue ecauoie i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
iiuiinoae. I?eiaiythony noaaeeueiua, io?aaioaiiua oaoiieiaee. Oiaa?
auioneaaony e?oiiuie ia?oeyie. Aunieea cao?aou ia oece/aneia
?ani?aaeaeaiea aneaaenoaea oaeoaeaiey anni?oeiaioa.

Eiieo?aioeey. Eiieo?aioeey oeai. Oaaee/aiea eiee/anoaa oe?iaiiuo
oi?aiauo ia?ie.

Aeiey ?icieoeu a oeaia oiaa?a e i?eauee. Oeaiu iaaeatho. Aeiey ?icieoeu
a oeaia oiaa?a e i?eauee oiaiueoaaony. No?oeoo?a oeai e ?ani?aaeaeaiea
aeieae ?uiea iaaeaeo eiieo?e?othueie oe?iaie onoiyeenue.

Iieoiaoaeue e aai iiaaaeaiea. Ianniaue ?uiie. Ianuuaiea. Iiaoi?iua e
iiiaie?aoiua iieoiee. Eae i?aaeei, iieoiaoaeue auae?aao ec ianeieueeeo
oe?iaiiuo ia?ie oiaa?a.

Oaca niaaea:

Oiaa? e aai eciaiaiey. Iaeay aeeooa?aioeeaoeey iaaeaeo oiaa?aie.
Ea/anoai oiaa?a ianoaaeeueiia.

Ia?eaoeia. Ieceia ioiioaiea ?anoiaeia ia ?aeeaio e iauaio e ?aaeecaoeee.
Iaeua i?i/ea ?anoiaeu ii ia?eaoeiao.

I?iecaiaenoai e ?ani?aaeaeaiea. Cia/eoaeueiue ecauoie i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
iiuiinoae. Eniieueciaaiea eeoue iaeioi?uo eaiaeia oiaa?i?ani?aaeaeaiey.

Eiieo?aioeey. Oe?iu ia/eiatho auoiaeeoue ec eiieo?aioiie ai?ueau,
eiee/anoai eiieo?aioia oiaiueoaaony.

Aeiey ?icieoeu a oeaia oiaa?a e i?eauee. Ieceay oeaia, ieceay aeiey
?icieoeu a yoie oeaia. A naiii eiioea oacu oeaiu iiaoo iiauneoueny.

Iieoiaoaeue e aai iiaaaeaiea. Iieoiaoaee iiuoiu, oi?ioi ciatho oiaa?.

Aua?aiiay oaia aeooaeueia aeey aeaiiiai aeeieiiiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey,
iioiio /oi iaiaoiaeeii aiaeece?iaaoue eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue ia eaaeaeii
yoaia aeeciaiiiai oeeeea oiaa?a aeey i?aaiecaoeee yooaeoeaiiai nauoa
i?iaeoeoeee, iieuecothuaeny ni?inii ia ?uiea.

1. IAUEE ?ACAeAE

1.1. Iauay noaia ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe eiiiuethoa?iie oaoieee

Oiaa? i?aaenoaaeyao niaie naiaai ?iaea aeeaie i?aaieci, ?acaeaathueeny,
eae ecaanoii a neaaeothuai ii?yaeea: ca/aoea – ?iaeaeaiea – c?aeinoue –
noa?aiea e nia?oue. [ 2 ]

Ii aiaeiaee iu ?acee/aai neaaeothuea yoaiu oeie/iiai aeeciaiiiai oeeeea
oiaa?ia: yoai ?ac?aaioee oiaa?a, yoai auaaaeaiey ia ?uiie, yoai ?inoa,
yoai c?aeinoe, yoai ianuuaiey ?uiea, yoai oiaaeea.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaiuo yoaiia aeeciaiiiai oeeeea oiaa?a.

?ac?aaioea. Yoi aiaeec aiciiaeiinoae i?iecaiaenoaa i?iaeoeoeee.
Enneaaeiaaiey e iiuoii-eiino?oeoi?neea ?ac?aaioee, ia?eaoeiaiaua
enneaaeiaaiey. ?uii/iua eniuoaiey.

Auaaaeaiea ia ?uiie. Yoi iinooieaiea oiaa?a a i?iaeaaeo. Iiaay ia?ea
oiaa?a eiaao e?aoeia?aiaiiua (iiiiiieenoe/aneea) i?aeiouanoaa.

?ino. Yoi ioaaoiay ?aaeoeey eiieo?aioia. Auno?i ?anoouee ?uiie. Ia?ea
oiaa?a oaaee/eaaao eee nie?auaao naith aeieth. ?ino iio?aaeaiey ia aeooo
ianaeaiey. Eciai/eaue, ianoaaeeueiue oa?aeoa?.

C?aeinoue. Yoi noaaeeecaoeey. ?ino i?iaeaae, ii ana aieaa iaaeeaiiuie
oaiiaie, caoai i?einoaiiaea e a eiioea eiioeia nie?auaiea. Cia/eoaeueiia
/enei iieoiaoaeae auae?atho ia?eo oiaa?a, oi anoue i?aaeii/oaiea ia?ea
noaiiaeony nouanoaaiiui oaeoi?ii, iio?aaeaiea ia aeooo ianaeaiey
iaaeaao.

Ianuuaiea ?uiea e oiaaeie. Aanue ?uiie nie?auaaony. Aicieeaao eceeoae
iiuiinoae. Aiciiaeiu neeyiey oe?i. Iiyaeythony oiaa?u-caiaieoaee.

Caaea/e ia?eaoeiaa ia iniiaiuo yoaiao aeeciaiiiai oeeeea.

?ac?aaioea. Ia?eaoeiaiaua enneaaeiaaiey. Eniuoaiey.

Auaaaeaiea ia ?uiie. Nicaeaiea inaaaeiieaiiinoe i oiaa?a. ?aaioa ii aai
i?eiyoeth iio?aaeoaeai, nicaeaiea i?aaeii/oaiey e ia?ea. Iaeneiecaoeey
iiiiiieenoe/aneiai i?aeiouanoaa.

?ino. I?iieeiiaaiea a aeoaue ?uiea. Oe?aieaiea i?eaa?aeaiiinoe.
Iaeneiecaoeey auaiaeu io ia?aiia/aeueiiai i?iaeaeaeaiey oiaa?a.
?ani?aaeaeaiea. “Onoiay” ?aeeaia.

C?aeinoue. Ionoaeaaiea naiae aeiee ?uiea. Caoaao aeiee ?uiea o neaauo
eiieo?aioia.

Ianuuaiea ?uiea e oiaaeie. Ai?iaaoeey aiciiaeiinoe ioeaca io
i?iecaiaenoaa oiaa?a. Iiene iiaiai eniieueciaaiey eiathuaainy eieaeaea.

I?aeiouanoaaiiua oeiu iio?aaeoaeae ia ioaeaeueiuo yoaiao aeeciaiiiai
oeeeea oiaa?a.

?ac?aaioea. Ii?aaeaeythony a ?acoeueoaoa ia?eaoeiaiaiai enneaaeiaaiey.

Auaaaeaiea ia ?uiie. Iiaaoi?u, iieiaeua aiaaoua, ia?aciaaiiua,
caeiiiaeaoaee iiae, ia aiyueany ?eneiaaoue.

?ino. Eeoea, eioi?ua i?eieiatho iiaia, iieiaeua/n?aaeiaai aic?anoa,
aiaaoua/ni n?aaeieie aeioiaeaie.

C?aeinoue. “?aiiaa” aieueoeinoai.

Ianuuaiea. “Iicaeiaa” aieueoeinoai (“?aiiaa” aieueoeinoai iethn
iaaeeeoaeueiua ethaee, eeoea n?aaeiaai aic?anoa, iiaeeeua ni n?aaeiei
o?iaiai aeioiaea/n ieceeie aeioiaeaie, inoi?iaeiua, eiina?aaoeaiua).

Oiaaeie. Aieueoeinoai iio?aaeoaeae ioeacuaathony io i?eia?aoaiey oiaa?a,
iiaaoi?u ia/eiatho iieoiaoue ia?ee-noanoeooou.

Oeiainiaua oeaee ia ioaeaeueiuo yoaiao aeeciaiiiai oeeeea.

?ac?aaioea. Aacoauoi/iinoue.

Auaaaeaiea ia ?uiie. I?eaueue ca n/ao i?iaeaae.

?ino. Iaeneiaeueiue iauai i?eauee.

C?aeinoue. I?eaueue ca n/ao nie?auaiey ecaea?aeae.

Ianuuaiea e oiaaeie. Nie?auaiea cao?ao i?e oiaiueoaiee iauaia i?iaeaae
oiaa?ia.

I?aaenoaaei a aeaea a?aoeea aeeciaiiue oeeee oiaa?a n oa?aeoa?enoeeie
eaaeaeiai yoaia.

Oai?ey aeeciaiiiai oeeeea oiaa?a ni?aaaaeeeaa aeey iienaoaeueiie
iiaeaee, ii ia a neo/aa ninoaaeaiey i?iaiiciie iiaeaee. Iiyoiio,
ianiio?y ia oi, /oi iaeioi?ua oiaa?u e/eee ia?ee oiaa?a, eae iiaeii
aeaeaoue neaaeotho naiaio aeeciaiiiio oeeeeo, ia?eaoeia, eioi?ue
iaeaaeaao neeie aiia?aaeaiey, iicaieyao ae?oaei oiaa?ai/ia?eai oiaa?a
i?aaeinoaaeoue iiaue e aanueia i?eaueueiue n?ie aeecie, a oi a?aiy eae
no?iaia neaaeiaaiea iaoae oai?ee “i?aaeneacuaaao” oiaaeie.

N iiiiuueth oai?ee aeeciaiiiai oeeeea iiaeii aaoiiaoe/anee
i?iaiice?iaaoue neooaoeeth. Anee oi?aaeaiea eiiiaiee iieiinoueth
aeiaa?eony yoie oai?ee, oi ia yoaia c?aeinoe oiaa? iiaeao auoue eeoai
ia?eaoeiaiaie iiaeaea?aeee, /oiau inaiaiaeeaoeany n?aaenoaa iai?aaeoue
ia ?ac?aaioeo oiaa?a-noanoeoooa. Aac iiaeaea?aeee ia?eaoeiaa iauai
i?iaeaae oiaa?a iaecaaaeii nie?aoeony e aicieeiao iaiaoiaeeiinoue
oi?ne?iaaoue i?iaeaeaeaiea ia ?uiie oiaa?a-noanoeoooa aac iaaeeaaeauae
aai oaoie/aneie i?iaa?ee e ?uii/iuo eniuoaiee, /oi a oeaeii iinoaaeo
eiiiaieth ia?aae aeaoiy iaoaea/aie aianoi iaeiiai oniaoa.

Eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue – yoi oa?aeoa?enoeea oiaa?a, io?aaeathuay aai
ioee/ea io oiaa?a – eiieo?aioa eae ii noaiaie niioaaonoaey eiie?aoiie
iauanoaaiiie iio?aaiinoe, oae e ii cao?aoai ia aa oaeiaeaoai?aiea.

Iieacaoaeue, au?aaeathuee oaeia ioee/ea, ii?aaeaeyao
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue aiaeece?oaiiai oiaa?a ii ioiioaieth e oiaa?o –
eiieo?aioo.

Aacie ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe yaeyaony enneaaeiaaiea iio?aaiinoae
iieoiaoaey, o?aaiaaiee ?uiea.

I?e niaa?oaiee iieoiee iio?aaeoaeue inouanoaeyao i?ioeann auai?a
iaiaoiaeeiiai aio ecaeaeey n?aaee oeaeiai ?yaea aiaeiae/iuo,
i?aaeeaaaaiuo ia ?uiea, e i?eia?aoaao oi ec ieo, eioi?ia a iaeaieueoae
noaiaie oaeiaeaoai?yao aai iio?aaiinoue. I?e yoii iieoiaoaeue o/eouaaao
eo iio?aaeoaeueneea naienoaa, auyniyao noaiaiue niioaaonoaey nianoaaiiie
iio?aaiinoe.

Eaaeaeay iio?aaiinoue iaeaaeaao naienoaaie e oa?aeoa?ecothueie eo
ia?aiao?aie, eioi?ua ii?aaeaeytho aa nouiinoue, iaiaoiaeeiue
iio?aaeoaeth iieaciue yooaeo e eiie?aoiua oneiaey i?ioeanna iio?aaeaiey.
I?e niaiaaeaiee ia?aiao?ia iio?aaiinoe n ia?aiao?aie, oa?aeoa?ecothueie
naii ecaeaeea e niaa?oaaony iieoiea.

Aeey oiai, /oiau oiaa? aue i?eia?aoai eiie?aoiui iieoiaoaeai, ii
aeieaeai niioaaonoaiaaoue iio?aaiinoyi ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai e
oeiainiaui aiciiaeiinoyi iio?aaeoaey (oeaia iio?aaeaiey oiaa?a), i?e
yoii iio?aaeoaeue no?aieony ec?anoiaeiaaoue ieieioi n?aaenoa aeey
i?eia?aoaiey e iio?aaeaiey oiaa?a, oi anoue iioeiece?iaaoue naie iieiua
cao?aou.

Iineieueeo iio?aaiinoe eaaeaeiai ioaeaeueiiai neeaaeuaathony ii
aicaeaenoaeyi iaoe?iiai eiiieaena oaeoi?ia e iinyo eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue
oa?aeoa?, ioeaiee iaeiiai e oiai aea oiaa?a ?aciuie iio?aaeoaeyie iiaoo
ia niaiaaeaoue. Niioaaonoaaiii iaiaeeiaeiaui e aoaeao eo i?aaeii/oaiea,
auai? ec iannu aiaeiae/iuo oiaa?ia, i?aaeeaaaaiuo ia ?uiea.
Neaaeiaaoaeueii, ii ioiioaieth e eiie?aoiiio iio?aaeoaeth
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue aeaiiiai oiaa?a oaeaea aoaeao eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie.

Iaeaieueoaa i?eciaiea n?aaee oiaa?ia, i?aaeiacia/aiiuo aeey
oaeiaeaoai?aiey aeaiiie iauanoaaiiie iio?aaiinoe, iieo/aao oio, eioi?ue
aieaa iieii ae niioaaonoaoao. Yoi e auaeaeyao aai ec iauae oiaa?iie
iannu, iaania/eaaao oniao a eiieo?aioiie ai?ueaa.

Oaeei ia?acii, eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue ethaiai oiaa?a iiaeao auoue
ii?aaeaeaia oieueei a ?acoeueoaoa n?aaiaiey, e iiyoiio yaeyaony
ioiineoaeueiui iieacaoaeai. Iia i?aaenoaaeyao niaie oa?aeoa?enoeeo
oiaa?a, io?aaeathuoth aai ioee/ea io oiaa?a – eiieo?aioa ii noaiaie
oaeiaeaoai?aiey eiieo?aioiie iauanoaaiiie iio?aaiinoe.

1.1.1. Eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue ii?aaeaeyaony niaieoiiinoueth naienoa yoie
i?iaeoeoeee, aoiaeyueo a ninoaa aa ea/anoaa e aaaeiuo aeey iio?aaeoaey,
ii?aaeaeythueo cao?aou iio?aaeoaey ii i?eia?aoaieth, iio?aaeaieth
(yenieoaoaoeee) e ooeeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee. Iauay noaia ioeaiee
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en.1.1.

1.1.2. Ioeaiea eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ia/eiaaony n ii?aaeaeaiey oeaee
enneaaeiaaiey:

anee iaiaoiaeeii ii?aaeaeeoue iieiaeaiea aeaiiiai oiaa?a a ?yaeo
aiaeiae/iuo, oi aeinoaoi/ii i?iaanoe eo i?yiia n?aaiaiea ii aaaeiaeoei
ia?aiao?ai;

anee oeaeueth enneaaeiaaiey yaeyaony ioeaiea ia?niaeoea nauoa oiaa?a ia
eiie?aoiii ?uiea, oi a aiaeeca aeieaeia eniieueciaaoueny eioi?iaoeey,
aeeth/athuay naaaeaiey ia ecaeaeeyo, eioi?ua aueaeoo ia ?uiie a
ia?niaeoeaa, a oaeaea naaaeaiey ia eciaiaiee aeaenoaothueo a no?aia
noaiaea?oia e caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, aeeiaieee iio?aaeoaeueneiai ni?ina.

Iacaaeneii io oeaeae enneaaeiaaiey, iniiaie ioeaiee
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe yaeyaony eco/aiea ?uii/iuo oneiaee, eioi?ia
aeieaeii i?iaiaeeoueny iinoiyiii, eae aei ia/aea ?ac?aaioee iiaie
i?iaeoeoeee, oae e a oiaea aa ?aaeecaoeee. Caaea/a noieo a auaeaeaiee
oie a?oiiu oaeoi?ia, eioi?ua aeeytho ia oi?ie?iaaiea ni?ina a
ii?aaeaeaiiii naeoi?a ?uiea:

?anniao?eaathony eciaiaiey a o?aaiaaieyo iinoiyiiuo caeac/eeia
i?iaeoeoeee;

aiaeece?othony iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey aiaeiae/iuo ?ac?aaioie;

?anniao?eaathony noa?u aiciiaeiiai eniieueciaaiey i?iaeoeoeee;

aiaeece?oaony e?oa iinoiyiiuo iieoiaoaeae.

Auoaeceiaeaiiia iiae?acoiaaaao “eiiieaeniia enneaaeiaaiea ?uiea”. Iniaia
ianoi a eco/aiee ?uiea caieiaao aeieain?i/iia i?iaiice?iaaiea aai
?acaeoey, naycaiiia n aeeeoaeueiinoueth inouanoaeaiey ?ac?aaioee e
i?iecaiaenoaa iiiaeo aeaeia eiiiuethoa?iie oaoieee.

1.1.3. Ia iniiaa eco/aiey ?uiea e o?aaiaaiee iieoiaoaeae auae?aaony
i?iaeoeoeey, ii eioi?ie aoaeao i?iaiaeeoueny aiaeec eee oi?ioee?othony
o?aaiaaiey e aoaeouaio ecaeaeeth, a aeaeaa ii?aaeaeyaony iiiaieeaoo?a
ia?aiao?ia, o/anoaothueo a ioeaiea.

I?e aiaeeca aeieaeiu eniieueciaaoueny oa aea e?eoa?ee, eioi?uie
iia?e?oao iio?aaeoaeue, auae?ay oiaa?.

1.1.4. Ii eaaeaeie ec a?oii ia?aiao?ia i?iaiaeeony n?aaiaiea,
iieacuaathuaa ianeieueei yoe ia?aiao?u aeecee e niioaaonoaothuaio
ia?aiao?o iio?aaiinoe.

1.1.5. Aiaeec eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ia/eiaaony n ioeaiee ii?iaoeaiuo
ia?aiao?ia. Anee oioy au iaeei ec ieo ia niioaaonoaoao o?iaith, eioi?ue
i?aaeienai aeaenoaothueie ii?iaie e noaiaea?oaie, oi aeaeueiaeoay
ioeaiea eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee iaoeaeaniia?acia, iacaaeneii
io ?acoeueoaoa n?aaiaiey ii ae?oaei ia?aiao?ai. A oi aea a?aiy,
i?aauoaiea ii?i e noaiaea?oia e caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ia iiaeao
?anniao?eaaoueny eae i?aeiouanoai i?iaeoeoeee, iineieueeo n oi/ee c?aiey
iio?aaeoaey iii /anoi yaeyaony aaniieaciui e iio?aaeoaeueneie noieiinoe
ia oaaee/eaaao.

Eneeth/aiey iiaoo ninoaaeoue neo/ae, eiaaea iieoiaoaeue caeioa?aniaai a
iaeioi?ii i?aauoaiee aeaenoaothueo ii?i e noaiaea?oia a ?an/aoa ia
oaeanoi/aiea eo a aoaeouai.

1.1.6. I?iecaiaeeony iiaen/ao a?oiiiauo iieacaoaeae, eioi?ua a
eiee/anoaaiiie oi?ia au?aaeatho ?acee/ea iaaeaeo aiaeece?oaiie
i?iaeoeoeeae e iio?aaiinoueth ii aeaiiie a?oiia ia?aiao?ia e iicaieyao
noaeeoue i noaiaie oaeiaeaoai?aiey iio?aaiinoe ii yoie a?oiia.

1.1.7. ?ann/eouaaaony eioaa?aeueiue iieacaoaeue, eioi?ue eniieuecoaony
aeey ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe aiaeece?oaiie i?iaeoeoeee ii anai
?anniao?eaaaiui a?oiiai ia?aiao?ia a oeaeii.

1.1.8. ?acoeueoaou ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe eniieuecothony aeey
au?aaioee auaiaea i iae, a oaeaea – aeey auai?a iooae iioeiaeueiiai
iiauoaiey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee aeey ?aoaiey ?uii/iuo
caaea/.

Iaeiaei, oaeo aunieie eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe naiiai ecaeaeey yaeyaony
eeoue iaiaoiaeeiui oneiaeai ?aaeecaoeee yoiai ecaeaeey ia ?uiea a
caaeaiiuo iauaiao. Neaaeoao oaeaea o/eouaaoue oi?iu e iaoiaeu
oaoie/aneiai ianeoaeeaaiey, iaee/ea ?aeeaiu, oi?aiai-iieeoe/aneea
ioiioaiey iaaeaeo no?aiaie e o.ae.

1.1.9. A ?acoeueoaoa ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee iiaoo
auoue i?eiyou neaaeothuea ?aoaiey:

eciaiaiea ninoaaa, no?oeoo?u i?eiaiyaiuo iaoa?eaeia (nu?uey,
iieooaa?eeaoia), eiiieaeoothueo ecaeaeee eee eiino?oeoeee i?iaeoeoeee;

eciaiaiea ii?yaeea i?iaeoe?iaaiey i?iaeoeoeee;

eciaiaiea oaoiieiaee ecaioiaeaiey i?iaeoeoeee, iaoiaeia eniuoaiee,
nenoaiu eiio?iey ea/anoaa ecaioiaeaiey, o?aiaiey, oiaeiaee,
o?ainii?oe?iaee, iiioaaea;

eciaiaiea oeai ia i?iaeoeoeeth, oeai ia oneoae, ii ianeoaeeaaieth e
?aiiioo, oeai ia caianiua /anoe;

eciaiaiea ii?yaeea ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee ia ?uiea;

eciaiaiea no?oeoo?u e ?acia?a eiaanoeoeee a ?ac?aaioeo, i?iecaiaenoai e
nauo i?iaeoeoeee;

eciaiaiea no?oeoo?u e iauaiia eiiia?aoeeiiiuo iinoaaie i?e i?iecaiaenoaa
i?iaeoeoeee e oeai ia eiiieaeoothuea ecaeaeey e ninoaaa aua?aiiuo
iinoaaueeia;

eciaiaiea nenoaiu noeioee?iaaiey iinoaaueeia;

eciaiaiea no?oeoo?u eiii?oa e aeaeia eiii?oe?oaiie i?iaeoeoeee.

1.1.10. I?eioeeiu e iaoiaeu ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe iiaoo auoue
eniieueciaaiu aeey iainiiaaiey i?eieiaaiuo ?aoaiee i?e:

eiiieaeniii eco/aiee ?uiea e auai?a iai?aaeaiee eiiia?/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey;

?ac?aaioea ia?ii?eyoee ii iiauoaieth eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee;

ioeaiea ia?niaeoea i?iaeaaee eiie?aoiuo ecaeaeee e oi?ie?iaaiee
no?oeoo?u i?iaeaae;

?ac?aaioea i?aaeeiaeaiee ii ?acaeoeth i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iioaioeeaea
i?aaei?eyoey;

eiio?iea ea/anoaa i?iaeoeoeee;

onoaiiaeaiee oeai ia i?iaeoeoeeth;

ioai?a i?iaeoeoeee i?e iieoiea /a?ac oaiaea?u e oi?ae;

aooanoaoeee i?iaeoeoeee;

iiaeaioiaea oaoie/aneeo caaeaiee ii nicaeaieth iiauo ia?acoeia
i?iaeoeoeee;

?aoaiee aii?ina i aeeth/aiee a yenii?oioth i?ia?aiio e niyoee
i?iaeoeoeee n yenii?oa, eeai aa iiaea?iecaoeee;

iiaeaioiaea eioi?iaoeee aeey ?aeeaiu i?iaeoeoeee;

?aoaiee aii?ina i oeaeaniia?aciinoe iaoaioiaaiey e iiaeaea?aeaiey
iaoaioa a aeaenoaee;

?ac?aaioea ia?ii?eyoee ii noeioee?iaaieth ?ac?aaio/eeia e iinoaaueeia.

?en 1.1. Iauay noaia eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe.

1.2. Auai? iiiaieeaoo?u ia?aiao?ia, eniieuecoaiuo i?e ioeaiea

eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe

1.2.1. Ioeaiea eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe iniiauaaaony ia n?aaiaiee
oa?aeoa?enoee aiaeece?oaiie i?iaeoeoeee n eiie?aoiie iio?aaiinoueth e
auyaeaiee eo niioaaonoaey ae?oa ae?oao. Aeey iauaeoeaiie ioeaiee
iaiaoiaeeii eniieueciaaoue oa aea e?eoa?ee, eioi?uie iia?e?oao
iio?aaeoaeue, auae?ay oiaa? ia ?uiea. Neaaeiaaoaeueii, aeieaeia auoue
?aoaia caaea/a ii?aaeaeaiey iiiaieeaoo?u ia?aiao?ia, iiaeeaaeaueo
aiaeeco e nouanoaaiiuo n oi/ee c?aiey iio?aaeoaey.

1.2.2. Iiiaieeaoo?a ia?aiao?ia, eniieuecoaiuo i?e ioeaiea
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe, aeeth/aao aeaa iaiauathuea a?oiiu:

ia?aiao?ia ea/anoaa (oaoie/aneeo);

yeiiiie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia.

1.2.2.1. E a?oiia oaoie/aneeo ioiinyony ia?aiao?u iio?aaiinoe, eioi?ua
oa?aeoa?ecotho niaea?aeaiea yoie iio?aaiinoe e oneiaey aa
oaeiaeaoai?aiey. E iei ioiinyony:

ia?aiao?u iacia/aiey;

y?aiiiie/aneea ia?aiao?u;

ynoaoe/aneea ia?aiao?u;

ii?iaoeaiua ia?aiao?u.

1.2.2.2. Ia?aiao?u iacia/aiey oa?aeoa?ecotho iaeanoe i?eiaiaiey
i?iaeoeoeee e ooieoeee, eioi?ua iia i?aaeiacia/aia auiieiyoue. Ii iei
iiaeii noaeeoue i niaea?aeaiee iieaciiai yooaeoa, aeinoeaaaiiai n
iiiiuueth i?eiaiaiey aeaiiie i?iaeoeoeee a eiie?aoiuo oneiaeyo
iio?aaeaiey.

Ia?aiao?u iacia/aiey iiae?acaeaeythony:

ia eeanneoeeaoeeiiiua ia?aiao?u, oa?aeoa?ecothuea i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue
i?iaeoeoeee e ii?aaeaeaiiiio eeanno e eniieuecoaiua i?e ioeaiea oieueei
ia yoaia auai?a iaeanoe i?eiaiaiey i?iaeoeoeee e oiaa?ia – eiieo?aioia,
iie neoaeao aacie aeey iineaaeothuaai aiaeeca e a aeaeueiaeoeo ?an/aoao
ia o/anoaotho (i?eia?: iannaaee?iaianoeiinoue, nei?inoue a?auaiey);

ia?aiao?u oaoie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe, oa?aeoa?ecothuea i?ia?anneaiinoue
oaoie/aneeo ?aoaiee, eniieuecoaiuo i?e ?ac?aaioea e ecaioiaeaiee
i?iaeoeoeee (iai?eia?, i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue noaiea, oi/iinoue e
auno?ioa n?aaaouaaiey ecia?eoaeueiuo i?eai?ia, iauai iaiyoe aeey YAI),
iie iiaoo auoue e iaeiia?aiaiii e eeanneoeeaoeeiiiuie;

eiino?oeoeaiua ia?aiao?u, oa?aeoa?ecothuea iniiaiua i?iaeoii –
eiino?oeoi?neea ?aoaiey, eniieueciaaiiua i?e ?ac?aaioea e i?iecaiaenoaa
ecaeaeey (ninoaa ecaeaeey, aai no?oeoo?a, ?acia?u, aan), ioaeaeueiua
ia?aiao?u oaeaea iiaoo neoaeeoue oeaeyi eeanneoeeaoeee;

1.2.2.3. Y?aiiiie/aneea ia?aiao?u, oa?aeoa?ecothuea i?iaeoeoeeth n oi/ee
c?aiey aa niioaaonoaey naienoaai /aeiaa/aneiai i?aaiecia i?e auiieiaiee
o?oaeiauo iia?aoeee eee iio?aaeaiee (aeaeaie/aneea, aio?iiiiao?e/aneea,
oeceieiae/aneea, naienoaa /aeiaaea, i?iyaeythueany a i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo e
auoiauo i?ioeannao);

1.2.2.4. Ynoaoe/aneea ia?aiao?u, oa?aeoa?ecothuea eioi?iaoeeiiioth
au?aceoaeueiinoue (?aoeeiiaeueiinoue oi?iu, oeaeinoiinoue eiiiiceoeee,
niaa?oainoai i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai eniieiaiey i?iaeoeoeee e noaaeeueiinoue
oiaa?iiai aeaea), iie iiaeaee?otho aiaoiaa aini?eyoea i?iaeoeoeee e
io?aaeatho eiaiii oaeea aa aiaoiea naienoaa, eioi?ua yaeythony aeey
iio?aaeoaey iaeaieaa aaaeiuie, iie ?aiaee?othony ii noaiaie cia/eiinoe
aeey eiie?aoiiai aeaea i?iaeoeoeee;

1.2.2.5. Ii?iaoeaiua ia?aiao?u, oa?aeoa?ecothuea naienoaa i?iaeoeoeee,
eioi?ua ?aaeaiaioe?othony iaycaoaeueiuie ii?iaie, noaiaea?oaie e
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ia ?uiea, aaea yoo i?iaeoeoeeth i?aaeiieaaaaony
nauaaoue (ia?aiao?u iaoaioiie /enoiou, oa?aeoa?ecothuea noaiaiue
aiieiuaiey a i?iaeoeoeee oaoie/aneeo ?aoaiee e ia iiaeiaaeathueo iiae
aeaenoaea iaoaioia, auaeaiiuo a no?aiao i?aaeiieaaaaiiai nauoa,
yeieiae/aneea ia?aiao?u, ia?aiao?u aaciianiinoe, ii eioi?ui aeey
aeaiiiai ?uiea onoaiiaeaiu iaycaoaeueiua aeaenoaothuea o?aaiaaiey
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo, iaoeeiiaeueiuo noaiaea?oia, oaoie/aneeo ?aaeaiaioia,
ii?i, caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa).

1.2.3. E a?oiia yeiiiie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia ioiinyony iieiua cao?aou
iio?aaeoaey (oeaia iio?aaeaiey) ii i?eia?aoaieth e iio?aaeaieth
i?iaeoeoeee, a oaeaea oneiaeyie aa i?eia?aoaiey e eniieueciaaiey ia
eiie?aoiii ?uiea.

1.2.3.1. Iieiua cao?aou iio?aaeoaey a iauai neo/aa aeeth/atho
aaeeiia?aiaiiua e oaeouea cao?aou.

1.2.3.2. Aaeeiia?aiaiiua cao?aou i?aaenoaaeytho niaie cao?aou ii
i?eia?aoaieth i?iaeoeoeee (oeaia i?iaeoeoeee), o?ainii?oe?iaea,
oaiiaeaiiua nai?u e ?anoiaeu, cao?aou ia iaeaaeeo, i?iaiue ione, anee
iie ia aeeth/aiu a oeaio i?iaeoeoeee. Eiiaaea yoi ?anoiaeu ia
nii?oaeaiey, iaiaoiaeeiinoue a eioi?uo iaoneiaeaia o?aaiaaieyie
yenieoaoaoeee eee iio?aaeaiey i?iaeoeoeee.

Cao?aou ia o?ainii?oe?iaaiea ninoiyo ec cao?ao ia iia?oceo e ?aca?oceo,
aeinoaaeo, no?aoiaaiea a iooe, ?aneiina?aaoeeth, o?aiaiea, ianeoaeeaaiea
i?iaeoeoeee i?e aeinoaaea.

Cao?aou ia i?eia?aoaiea i?iaeoeoeee ii?aaeaeythony oeaiie, oaeoe/anee
oiea/eaaaiie iieoiaoaeai a niioaaonoaee n aeiaiai?ii eoiee – i?iaeaaee
eee ae?oaeie aeiaiai?iuie aeieoiaioaie. I?e niiinoaaeaiee oeai ia
ioeaieaaaioth i?iaeoeoeeth e oiaa?u – eiieo?aiou o/eouaathony ?acee/ey a
eiiia?/aneeo oneiaeyo niioaaonoaothueo naeaeie.

1.2.3.3. Oaeouea cao?aou aeeth/atho:

cao?aou ia iieaoo o?oaea ianeoaeeaathuaai ia?niiaea, eioi?ua
ii?aaeaeythony ii?iaie e ianoiuie oa?eoaie a eiie?aoiuo oneiaeyo
eniieueciaaiey (yenieoaoaoeee) i?iaeoeoeee;

cao?aou ia oiieeai e yia?aeth, eioi?ua aeeth/atho eo noieiinoue niaeanii
ii?iai e oeaiai, aeaenoaothuei ia eiie?aoiii ?uiea, a oaeaea
aeiiieieoaeueiua cao?aou, naycaiiua n aeinoaaeie, iia?oceie e ?aca?oceie
oiieeaa;

cao?aou ia nu?uea, iniiaiua e aniiiiaaoaeueiua iaoa?eaeu, iio?aaeyaiua
i?e eniieueciaaiee i?iaeoeoeee, ii?aaeaeyaiua niaeanii ii?iai eo
?anoiaea aeey yenieoaoaoeee eee iio?aaeaiey ioeaieaaaiie i?iaeoeoeee e
oeaiaie eiie?aoiiai ?uiea;

cao?aou ia ?aiiio, caianiua /anoe e i?i/ea noaouee ?anoiaeia aeey
eiie?aoiiai iieoiaoaey, ii?aaeaeyaiua enoiaey ec oneiaee yenieoaoaoeee
(iio?aaeaiey) i?iaeoeoeee o yoiai iieoiaoaey, a oaeaea ii?iaie, noaaeaie
e oeaiaie ia oneoae e /anoe ia eiie?aoiii ?uiea (a neo/aa ionoonoaey
eiie?aoiie eioi?iaoeee aeey eiie?aoiiai iieoiaoaey, oeacaiiua cao?aou
ii?aaeaeythony n eniieueciaaieai aeaiiuo, n?aaeieo aeey io?anee eee
no?aiu, e eioi?ui ioiineony iio?aaeoaeue i?iaeoeoeee.

1.2.4. Ieii/aoaeueiia ?aoaiea ii auai?o iiiaieeaoo?u ia?aiao?ia,
eniieuecoaiuo i?e ioeaiea eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee, i?eieiaaony
yenia?oiie eiienneae n o/aoii eiie?aoiuo oneiaee eniieueciaaiey yoie
i?iaeoeoeee e oeaeae ioeaiee. Noaia ia?aiao?ia eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
iieacaia ia ?en. 1.2.

?en 1.2. Iieacaoaee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe.

1.3. Auai? aacu n?aaiaiey aeey ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe

1.3.1. Io auai?a aacu n?aaiaiey a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie caaeneo
i?aaeeueiinoue ?acoeueoaoa ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe e i?eieiaaiua a
aeaeueiaeoai ?aoaiey.

1.3.2. Auai? aacu n?aaiaiey aeeth/aao:

onoaiiaeaiea oeaee ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee;

auai? i?aaeiieaaaaiuo ?uieia nauoa i?iaeoeoeee;

aiaeec ninoiyiey ?uieia, iauaiia e no?oeoo?u ni?ina e i?aaeeiaeaiey,
aeeiaieee eo eciaiaiey ia niioaaonoaothuee ia?eiae ioeaiee.

1.3.3. Oeiu aac n?aaiaiey.

1.3.3.1. Aaca n?aaiaiey – iio?aaiinoue iieoiaoaeae:

auai? iiiaieeaoo?u e onoaiiaeaiea aaee/ei ia?aiao?ia iio?aaiinoe
iieoiaoaeae, ioeaieaaaiie e eiieo?e?othuae i?iaeoeoeee, eioi?uie
iio?aaeoaeue iieuecoaony i?e ioeaiea i?iaeoeoeee ia ?uiea, a oaeaea
aaniiinoe yoeo ia?aiao?ia a iauai eo iaai?a.

1.3.3.2. Aaca n?aaiaiey – aaee/eia iaiaoiaeeiiai iio?aaeoaeth iieaciiai
yooaeoa i?iaeoeoeee (iai?eia?, iauai o?ainii?oiie ?aaiou aeey
o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa, iauai e neiaeiinoue ia?aaioee aeey
ia?aaaouaathueo noaieia), a oaeaea noiia n?aaenoa, eioi?ua iio?aaeoaeue
aioia ec?anoiaeiaaoue ia i?eia?aoaiea, e iio?aaeaiea (yenieoaoaoeeth)
i?iaeoeoeee.

1.3.3.3. Aaca n?aaiaiey – ia?acaoe. I?eiaiyaony, anee ioeaieaaaiay
i?iaeoeoeey ecaanoiiai eeanna e ia ?uiea nouanoaotho aa aiaeiae. Oiaa? –
ia?acaoe iiaeaee?oao iio?aaiinoue e aunooiaao a ea/anoaa
iaoa?eaeeciaaiiuo o?aaiaaiee, eioi?ui aeieaeia oaeiaeaoai?youe
i?iaeoeoeey, iiaeeaaeauay ioeaiea.

E?eoa?ee auai?a ia?acoea:

ia?acaoe e aiaeece?oaiay i?iaeoeoeey aeieaeiu i?eiaaeeaaeaoue e iaeiiio
eeanno ii iacia/aieth e oneiaeyi yenieoaoaoeee e i?eaioe?iaaoueny ia
iaeio a?oiio iio?aaeoaeae;

ia?acaoe aeieaeai oaeiaeaoai?youe oeaee ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe:

a neo/aa ioeaiee i?iaeoeoeee a n?aaiaiee n eo/oei ii
oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneei oa?aeoa?enoeeai oiaa?ii a ea/anoaa ia?acoea
aeieaeii auoue aua?aii ecaeaeea, io?aaeathuaa aunoea ie?iaua
aeinoeaeaiey;

i?e ioeaiea n iaeaieaa oe?iei nauaaaiui ia ?uiea ecaeaeeai ca ia?acaoe
aa?aony i?iaeoeoeey, ii eioi?ie ca?aaeno?e?iaai iaeaieueoee iauai nauoa;

i?e i?iaaaeaiee ioeaiee aeey ii?aaeaeaiey oeaiu i?iaeoeoeee iniiaiui
yaeyaony o?aaiaaiea iaeaieueoae aeecinoe eeanneoeeaoeeiiiuo ia?aiao?ia
ia?acoea e aiaeece?oaiie i?iaeoeoeee;

eioi?iaoeey ii ia?acoeo aeieaeia auoue aeinoiaa?iie, oae eae ia?acaoe
yaeyaony eiieo?aioii – yoi i?aaenoaaeoaeueiinoue (iauaiu i?iaeaae),
ia?aiao?u ia?acoea a iiiaio ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe e oaiaeaioeee
eo eciaiaiey a ia?niaeoeaa, iauai i?iaeaae, oae eae eiaao aaaeiia
cia/aiea aeey ioeaiee ?aioaaaeueiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa e i?iaeoeoeee,
?acia?a eaieoaeiaeiaeaiee;

o/ao oaeoi?a a?aiaie: /ai aeeeiiae ieaie?oaiue ia?eiae ?ac?aaioee iiaie
i?iaeoeoeee e /ai aeieueoa iaia/aaony nauaaoue aa ia ?uiea, oai auoa
aeieaeia auoue ia/aeueiay eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoue e, neaaeiaaoaeueii,
niaa?oaiiaa e ia?niaeoeaiaa ia?acaoe, iiyoiio ia yoaia oi?ie?iaaiey
oaoie/aneiai caaeaiey ia i?iaeoeoeeth a aiaeec aeieaeiu aeeth/aoueny
i?iaiiciua iieacaoaee, ioeaieaathuea o?iaaiue oaoie/aneiai niaa?oainoaa
e niioaaonoaothuee aio iauai nauoa i?iaeoe?oaiiai oiaa?a a aoaeouai;

i?e ioeaiea na?eeii auioneaaiie i?iaeoeoeee aaciaua ia?acoeu aeieaeiu
auae?aoueny n?aaee ecaeaeee, oaea ?aaeecoaiuo ia aeaiiii ?aiea, ii
eioi?ui ca?aaeno?e?iaai iaeaieueoee iauai i?iaeaae n o/aoii aeeiaieee
nauoa ae?oaeo ia?acoeia, iieuecothueony ni?inii;

1.3.3.4. Aaca n?aaiaiey – aeiioaoe/aneee ia?acaoe, eioi?ue i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie n?aaeiaa cia/aiea ia?aiao?ia a?oiiu ecaeaeee. I?eiaiyaony, eiaaea
eioi?iaoeee ii eiie?aoiiio ia?acoeo – aiaeiao iaaeinoaoi/ii. Oaeoe/anee
?a/ue eaeao ia aiaeeca iio?aaiinoe, eioi?ie iiaeao e ia nouanoaiaaoue,
iiyoiio yoa ioeaiea aeieaeia ?anniao?eaaoueny eae i?eaioe?iai/iay e
iiaeeaaeauay aeaeueiaeoaio ooi/iaieth.

1.3.3.5. Aaca n?aaiaiey – a?oiia aiaeiaia, ioia?aiiuo n oi/ee c?aiey
niaeaniaaiey, eeanneoeeaoeeiiiuo ia?aiao?ia ia?acoea e ioeaieaaaiie
i?iaeoeoeee, ec eioi?uo auae?athony iaeaieaa i?aaenoaaeoaeueiua, a caoai
i?ia?anneaiua ecaeaeey, eiathuea iaeeo/ooth ia?niaeoeao aeey
aeaeueiaeoaai ?anoe?aiey iauaia i?iaeaae. I?eiaiyaony, anee n?aaiaiea
i?iaiaeeony aeey ii?aaeaeaiey oeaiu oiaa?a ia eiie?aoiii ?uiea.

2. NIAOeEAEUeIUE ?ACAeAE

2.1. Iaoiaeu ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe

Ioeaiea i?iecaiaeeony iooai niiinoaaeaiey ia?aiao?ia aiaeece?oaiie
i?iaeoeoeee n ia?aiao?aie aacu n?aaiaiey. [2]

N?aaiaiea i?iaiaeeony ii a?oiiai oaoie/aneeo e yeiiiie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia.

I?e ioeaiea eniieuecothony aeeooa?aioeeaeueiue e eiiieaeniue iaoiaeu
ioeaiee.

2.1.1. Aeeooa?aioeeaeueiue iaoiae ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe,
iniiaaiiue ia eniieueciaaiee aaeeie/iuo ia?aiao?ia aiaeece?oaiie
i?iaeoeoeee e aacu n?aaiaiey e eo niiinoaaeaiee.

?acoeueoao ioeaiee:

aeinoeaioo ee o?iaaiue a oeaeii;

ii eaeei ia?aiao?ai ii ia aeinoeaioo;

eaeea ec ia?aiao?ia iaeaieaa neeueii ioee/athony io aaciauo.

2.1.1.1. Anee ca aaco ioeaiee i?eieiaaony iio?aaiinoue, ?an/ao
aaeeie/iiai iieacaoaey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iecaiaeeony ii oi?ioea:

(i = 1, 2, 3,…,n), (2.1)

aaea qi – aaeeie/iue ia?aiao?e/aneee iieacaoaeue eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
ii i-io ia?aiao?o;

Pi – aaee/eia i-ai ia?aiao?a aeey aiaeece?oaiie i?iaeoeoeee;

Pii – aaee/eia i-ai ia?aiao?a, i?e eioi?ii iio?aaiinoue oaeiaeaoai?yaony
iieiinoueth;

n – eiee/anoai ia?aiao?ia.

Aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia ioeaiee:

i?e ioeaiea ii ii?iaoeaiui ia?aiao?ai aaeeie/iue iieacaoaeue iiaeao
i?eieiaoue oieueei aeaa cia/aiey – 1 eee 0. Anee aiaeece?oaiay
i?iaeoeoeey niioaaonoaoao iaycaoaeueiui ii?iai e noaiaea?oai,
iieacaoaeue ?aaai 1, anee ia?aiao? i?iaeoeoeee a ii?iu e noaiaea?ou ia
oeeaaeuaaaony, oi iieacaoaeue ?aaai 0;

i?e ioeaiea ii oaoie/aneei e yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai aaeeie/iue
iieacaoaeue iiaeao auoue aieueoa eee ?aaai aaeeieoea, anee aaciaua
cia/aiey ia?aiao?ia onoaiiaeaiu ii?iaoeaii-oaoie/aneie aeieoiaioaoeeae,
niaoeeaeueiuie oneiaeyie, caeacaie, aeiaiai?aie;

anee aiaeece?oaiay i?iaeoeoeey eiaao ia?aiao?, cia/aiea eioi?iai
i?aauoaao iio?aaiinoe iieoiaoaey, iaoneiaeaiiua oa?aeoa?ii
eniieueciaaiey (yenieoaoaoeee) yoie i?iaeoeoeee, nioeeaeueiuie
oneiaeyie, o?aaeeoeeyie, oeceieiae/aneeie iniaaiiinoyie, oi oeacaiiia
iiauoaiea ia aoaeao ioeaieaaoueny iio?aaeoaeai eae i?aeiouanoai e
aaeeie/iue iieacaoaeue ii aeaiiiio ia?aiao?o ia iiaeao eiaoue cia/aiey
aieueoa 100% e i?e ?an/aoao aeieaeia eniieueciaaoueny ieieiaeueiay ec
aeaoo aaee/ei – 100% eee oaeoe/anee cia/aiea yoiai iieacaoaey.

2.1.1.2. Anee ca aaco ioeaiee i?eieiaaony ia?acaoe, ?an/ao aaeeie/iiai
iieacaoaey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaiaeeony ii oi?ioea:

(i = 1, 2, 3,…,n), (2.2)

, (2.3)

aaea qi`, qi – aaeeie/iue iieacaoaeue eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ii i-io
oaoie/aneiio ia?aiao?o;

Pi – aaee/eia i-ai ia?aiao?a aeey aiaeece?oaiie i?iaeoeoeee;

Pi 0 – aaee/eia i-ai ia?aiao?a aeey ecaeaeey, i?eiyoiai ca ia?acaoe.

Aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia ioeaiee:

ec oi?ioe (2.2) e (2.3) auae?atho oo, a eioi?ie ?inoo aaeeie/iiai
iieacaoaey niioaaonoaotho iiauoaiea eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe (iai?eia?,
aeey ioeaiee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe – oi?ioea (2.2), a aeey oaeaeueiiai
?anoiaea oiieeaa – oi?ioea (2.3);

anee oaoie/aneea ia?aiao?u i?iaeoeoeee ia eiatho oece/aneie ia?u
(iai?eia?: eiioi?oiinoue, aiaoiee aeae, niioaaonoaea iiaea), aeey
i?eaeaiey yoei ia?aiao?ai eiee/anoaaiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee iaiaoiaeeii
eniieueciaaoue yenia?oiua iaoiaeu ioeaiee a aaeeao.

2.1.1.3. Aeeooa?aioeeaeueiue iaoiae iicaieyao eeoue eiinoaoe?iaaoue oaeo
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe aiaeece?oaiie i?iaeoeoeee eee iaee/ey o iaa
iaaeinoaoeia ii n?aaiaieth n oiaa?ii – aiaeiaii. Ii iiaeao
eniieueciaaoueny ia anao yoaiao aeeciaiiiai oeeeea i?iaeoeoeee, iniaaiii
i?e aa n?aaiaiee n aeiioaoe/aneei ia?acoeii. Ii ia o/eouaaao aeeyiea ia
i?aaeii/oaiea iio?aaeoaey i?e auai?a oiaa?a aaniiinoe eaaeaeiai
ia?aiao?a.

2.1.2. Eiiieaeniue iaoiae ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe. Iniiauaaaony ia
i?eiaiaiee eiiieaeniuo (a?oiiiauo, iaiauaiiuo e eioaa?aeueiuo)
iieacaoaeae eee niiinoaaeaiee oaeaeueiuo iieaciuo yooaeoia aiaeece?oaiie
i?iaeoeoeee e ia?acoea.

2.1.2.1. ?an/ao a?oiiiaiai iieacaoaey ii ii?iaoeaiui ia?aiao?ai
i?iecaiaeeony ii oi?ioea:

, (2.4)

aaea Iii – a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ii ii?iaoeaiui
ia?aiao?ai;

qii – aaeeie/iue iieacaoaeue eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ii i-io ii?iaoeaiiio
ia?aiao?o, ?ann/eouaaaony ii oi?ioea (2.1);

n – /enei ii?iaoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia, iiaeeaaeaueo ioeaiea.

Aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia:

anee oioy au iaeei ec aaeeie/iuo iieacaoaeae ?aaai 0 (oi anoue
i?iaeoeoeey ii eaeiio-eeai ia?aiao?o ia niioaaonoaoao iaycaoaeueiie
ii?ia), oi a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue oaeaea ?aaai 0, /oi aiai?eo i
iaeiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe aeaiiiai oiaa?a ia ?anniao?eaaaiii ?uiea.

2.1.2.2. ?an/ao a?oiiiaiai iieacaoaey ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai (e?iia
ii?iaoeaiuo) i?iecaiaeeony ii oi?ioea:

, (2.5)

aaea Ioi – a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ii oaoie/aneei
ia?aiao?ai;

qi – aaeeie/iue iieacaoaeue eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ii i-io oaoie/aneiio
ia?aiao?o, ?ann/eouaaaony ii oi?ioeai (2.1), (2.2), (2.3);

ai – aaniiinoue i-ai ia?aiao?a a iauai iaai?a ec n oaoie/aneeo
ia?aiao?ia, oa?aeoa?ecothueo iio?aaiinoue;

n – /enei ia?aiao?ia, o/anoaothueo a ioeaiea.

Aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia:

a) iieo/aiiue a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue Ioi oa?aeoa?ecoao noaiaiue
niioaaonoaey aeaiiiai oiaa?a nouanoaothuae iio?aaiinoe ii anaio iaai?o
oaoie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia, /ai ii auoa, oai a oeaeii iieiaa
oaeiaeaoai?ythony cai?inu iio?aaeoaeae;

a) iniiaie aeey ii?aaeaeaiey aaniiinoe eaaeaeiai oaoie/aneiai ia?aiao?a
a iauai iaai?a yaeythony yenia?oiua ioeaiee, iniiaaiiua ia ?acoeueoaoao
?uii/iuo enneaaeiaaiee, ni?inia iio?aaeoaeae, naieia?ia, aunoaaie
ia?acoeia;

a) a neo/aa o?oaeiinoae, aicieeathueo i?e i?iaaaeaiee ?uii/iuo
enneaaeiaaiee, a oaeaea a oeaeyo oi?iuaiey ?an/aoia e i?iaaaeaiey
i?eaioe?iai/iuo ioeaiie ec oaoie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia iiaeao auoue aua?aia
iaeaieaa aaniiay a?oiia eee i?eiaiai eiiieaeniue ia?aiao? – iieaciue
yooaeo, eioi?ue a aeaeueiaeoai o/anoaoao a n?aaiaiee (aeey iiauoaiey
oi/iinoe ioeaiee iaiaoiaeeii o/anoue aeeyiea ia aai aaee/eio
y?aiiiie/aneeo, ynoaoe/aneeo e yeieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia).

2.1.2.3. ?an/ao a?oiiiaiai iieacaoaey ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai
i?iecaiaeeony ia iniiaa ii?aaeaeaiey iieiuo cao?ao iio?aaeoaey ia
i?eia?aoaiea e iio?aaeaiea (yenieoaoaoeeth) i?iaeoeoeee.

Iieiua cao?aou iio?aaeoaey ii?aaeaeythony ii oi?ioea:

, (2.6)

aaea C – iieiua cao?aou iio?aaeoaey ia i?eia?aoaiea e iio?aaeaiea
(yenieoaoaoeeth) i?iaeoeoeee;

Cn – aaeeiia?aiaiiua cao?aou ia i?eia?aoaiea i?iaeoeoeee;

Ni – n?aaeiea noiia?iua cao?aou ia yenieoaoaoeeth i?iaeoeoeee,
ioiinyueany e i-io aiaeo aa neoaeau;

O – n?ie neoaeau;

i – aiae ii ii?yaeeo.

, (2.7)

aaea Nj – yenieoaoaoeeiiiua cao?aou ii j-ie noaouea;

n – eiee/anoai noaoae yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo cao?ao.

A oii neo/aa, anee i?iaeoeoeey iiaeao auoue i?iaeaia iinea
yenieoaoaoeee, iieiua cao?aou aeieaeiu auoue oiaiueoaiu ia aaee/eio
au?o/ee ca iaa (niioaaonoaaiii iieacaoaeue aeey aeaiiie noaouee
aaiaeeony a oi?ioeo ni ciaeii ieion).

?an/ao a?oiiiaiai iieacaoaey ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai i?iecaiaeeony
ii oi?ioea:

, (2.8)

aaea Iyi – a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai;

C, Ci – iieiua cao?aou iio?aaeoaey niioaaonoaaiii ii ioeaieaaaiie
i?iaeoeoeee e ia?acoeo.

Oi?ioeu (2.6) e (2.8) ia o/eouaatho eiyooeoeeaioa i?eaaaeaiey
yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo cao?ao e ?an/aoiiio aiaeo, oae eae ioiioaiey iieiuo
cao?ao a ii?aaeaeaiiie noaiaie eiiiaine?oao aeeyiea eiyooeoeeaioa
i?eaaaeaiey ia aaee/eio Iyi.

A neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe o/aoa eiyooeoeeaioa i?eaaaeaiey
yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo cao?ao oi?ioeu (2.6) e (2.8) i?eieiatho aeae:

(2.9)

Niioaaonoaaiii iiaen/ao a?oiiiaiai iieacaoaey ii yeiiiie/aneei
ia?aiao?ai i?iaiaeeony ii oi?ioea:

, (2.10)

aaea Iyi – a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai;

C, C0 – aaeeiia?aiaiiua cao?aou ia i?eia?aoaiea niioaaonoaaiii
aiaeece?oaiie i?iaeoeoeee e ia?acoea;

Ni, N0i – noiia?iua cao?aou ia yenieoaoaoeeth eee iio?aaeaiea
niioaaonoaaiii aiaeece?oaiie i?iaeoeoeee e ia?acoea a i-ii aiaeo;

O – n?ie neoaeau oiaa?a;

(i – eiyooeoeeaio i?eaaaeaiey yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo cao?ao e ?an/aoiiio
aiaeo.

Aaee/eia n?iea neoaeau aeey ecaeaeee i?iiuoeaiiiai iacia/aiey
i?eieiaaony ?aaiie aii?oecaoeeiiiiio ia?eiaeo. Aeey i?iaeoeoeee
iio?aaeoaeueneiai iacia/aiey ioeaiea n?iea neoaeau aeieaeia i?iaiaeeony
ia iniiaa naaaeaiee i oaeoe/aneeo n?ieao neoaeau aiaeiae/aneeo ecaeaeee,
a oaeaea nei?inoe ii?aeueiiai noa?aiey oiaa?ia aeaiiiai eeanna.

2.1.2.4. ?an/ao eioaa?aeueiiai iieacaoaey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
i?iecaiaeeony ii oi?ioea:

(2.11)

aaea E – eioaa?aeueiue iieacaoaeue eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe aiaeece?oaiie
i?iaeoeoeee ii ioiioaieth e ecaeaeeth-ia?acoeo;

Aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia. Ii niuneo iieacaoaeue E io?aaeaao ?acee/ea iaaeaeo
n?aaieaaaiie i?iaeoeoeeae a iio?aaeoaeueneii yooaeoa, i?eoiaeyuainy ia
aaeeieoeo cao?ao iieoiaoaey ii i?eia?aoaieth e iio?aaeaieth ecaeaeey.

Anee E<1, oi ?anniao?eaaaiue oiaa? onooiaao ia?acoeo ii eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe, a anee E>1, oi i?aainoiaeeo, i?e ?aaiie
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe E=1.

2.1.2.5. Anee aiaeec i?iaiaeeony ii ianeieueeei ia?acoeai, eioaa?aeueiue
iieacaoaeue eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee ii aua?aiiie a?oiia
aiaeiaia iiaeao auoue ?ann/eoai eae noiia n?aaeiaacaaoaiiuo iieacaoaeae
ii eaaeaeiio ioaeaeueiiio ia?acoeo:

(2.12)

aaea En? – eioaa?aeueiue iieacaoaeue eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iaeoeoeee
ioiineoaeueii a?oiiu ia?acoeia;

Ei – iieacaoaeue eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ioiineoaeueii i-ai ia?acoea;

Ri – aaniiinoue i-ai ia?acoea a a?oiia aiaeiaia;

N – eiee/anoai aiaeiaia.

2.1.3. Niaoaiiue iaoiae ioeaiee i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ni/aoaiea
aeeooa?aioeeaeueiiai e eiiieaeniiai iaoiaeia. I?e niaoaiiii iaoiaea
ioeaiee eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe eniieuecoaony /anoue ia?aiao?ia
?ann/eoaiiuo aeeooa?aioeeaeueiui iaoiaeii e /anoue ia?aiao?ia
?ann/eoaiiuo eiiieaeniui iaoiaeii.

2.1.4. Iaci? eiiiuethoa?iiai ?uiea. Oaeouaa ninoiyiea ?uiea
ia?niiaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?ia e i?iaiic aai ?acaeoey ia 1997 aiae.

2.1.4.1. ?inneeneee eiiiuethoa?iue ?uiie, ianiio?y ie ia /oi,
i?iaeieaeaao ?acaeaaoueny, oioue 1996 aiae ieacaeny e ia oaeei
aeaaii?eyoiui, eae ieaie?iaaeinue. Iiiaea naaiaiou ?uiea noaaie?iaaee,
iiiaei eiiiaieyi i?eoeinue ooai, iniaaiii oai, /oi ?aaioaee ia
ei?ii?aoeaiii ?uiea. A anee aniiiieoue 1995 aiae, eiaaea ia?ai?eaioaoeey
ia ei?ii?aoeaiue ?uiie noaea iiaaeueiui yaeaieai, oi ?aaeiaaoueny,
a?iaea au, ia/aio. Aianoa n oai, ?uiie ?acaeaaeny – a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue,
aeaaiaea?y iiyaeaieth iiauo ieo. E aeaaiui niauoeai 1996 aiaea noaei
noaiiaeaiea e nouanoaaiiia oaaee/aiea aeiee ?uiea SOHO. ?ani?aaeaeaiea
aeieae ?uiea eiiiuethoa?ia a ?innee a 1996 aiaeo iieacaii ia ?en. 2.1.

?en 2.1. ?ani?aaeaeaiea aeieae ?uiea eiiiuethoa?ia a ?innee a 1996
aiaeo.

I?e iiiuoea i?iaanoe iaeia oneiaiia ?acaeaeaiea ioa/anoaaiiiai
eiiiuethoa?iiai ?uiea ia ioiineoaeueii iacaaeneiua noa?u i?eeiaeaiey
oneeee, iiaeii auaeaeeoue /aou?a naaiaioa: ?uiie aiia?aoiuo n?aaenoa
(eiiiuethoa?u, ia?eoa?ey e eiiiuethoa?iua eiiiiiaiou), ?uiie
i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey, ?uiie naoae e naoaauo ono?ienoa e, iaeiiaoe,
?uiie oneoa, eoaea aeeth/athony ana aeaeu ieaoiuo oneoa – io na?aeniiai
ianeoaeeaaiey oaoieee aei eiinaeoeiaiauo i?iaeoia. Anoanoaaiii, a
ia?aoth i/a?aaeue i?iecioea noaaiaoeey naoaaiai ?uiea e ?uiea oneoa,
i?aeiouanoaaiii i?eaioe?iaaiiuo ia e?oiiuo ei?ii?aoeaiuo caeac/eeia.

Iaeiaei ia ?uiea aiia?aoiuo n?aaenoa iaaethaeaeny onoie/eaue ?ino. Oae,
aieinoue ?uiea eiiiuethoa?ia oaaee/eeanue, ii n?aaiaieth n 1995 aiaeii,
ia 250 – 300 ouny/ ia?niiaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?ia e aeinoeaea 1,2 ieeeeiia
(Oaaeeoea 2.1.). I?iecioei yoi a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue ca n/ao aeoeaiiai
?inoa ?uiea aeiiaoieo eiiiuethoa?ia e ia?niiaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?ia aeey
iaeiai aeciana. Oae, anee a ia/aea 1996 aiaea aeiiie iieoiaeny a
n?aaeiai eaaeaeue aeanyoue eiiiuethoa?, oi e aai eiioeo, ii ioeaieai
?yaea oe?i, aeey aeiia iieoiaeinue 40 – 50% anao i?iaeaaaaiuo
eiiiuethoa?ia.

Oaaeeoea 2.1

Aieinoue ?uiea eiiiuethoa?ia a ?innee

Aiaea. 1995 1996 1997*

Eiee/anoai i?iaeaiiuo eiiiuethoa?ia, oun. oo.

1000

1200

1500-1600

* i?iaiic.

I?aaeiieaaaaony, /oi a 1997 aiaeo ?inneeneee ?uiie eiiiuethoa?ia aoaeao
caiaoii ?anoe. Ii i?aaeaa?eoaeueiui ioeaieai, ii aeieaeai oaaee/eoueny
ia 300 – 350 ouny/ e aeinoe/ue oeeo?u 1,5 – 1,6 ieeeeiia eiiiuethoa?ia.
I?e/ai aeiey ?uiea SOHO ninoaaeo ieiei 60%. Iaiaeiaaaeiui yaeyaony oio
oaeo, /oi ieaie?oaiue i?e?ino ?uiea (niaeanii i?iaiico) aoaeao
i?aeoe/anee iieiinoueth ?ani?aaeaeai iaaeaeo o?aiy – /aou?ueiy
e?oiiaeoeie ?inneeneeie i?iecaiaeeoaeyie ia?niiaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?ia.

2.1.4.2.Ia?niaeoeaiua ieoe ia ?uiea eiiiuethoa?ia e ia?eoa?ee.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy iaeaieaa ia?niaeoeaiuie ieoaie aeey i?iaeaeaeaiey
eiiiuethoa?ia e ia?eoa?ee yaeythony:

?uiie aeiiaoieo eiiiuethoa?ia (a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue Iineaa e N.-
Iaoa?ao?a);

?uiie iaeiai aeciana a ?aaeiiao.

Eae auei iieacaii, ?uiie aeiiaoieo ia?niiaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?ia e iaeiai
aeciana ao?ii ?acaeaaaony e a 1997 aiaeo iiaeao ninoaaeoue ieiei 60% io
anaai iauaia eiiiuethoa?iiai ?uiea, i?e yoii eaaeaeue o?aoee
ia?niiaeueiue eiiiuethoa? aoaeao eiiieaeoiaaoueny i?eioa?ii. Enoiaey ec
aeieain?i/iuo no?aoaae/aneeo oeaeae ?acaeoey eiiiuethoa?iiai aeciana
iaeaieaa i?aaeii/oeoaeueiui ia?oia?ii ia ?uiea eiiiuethoa?iie oaoieee
yaeyaony eiiiaiey Hewlett-Packard. Iia ecaanoia ii naiei eiiiaaoeeiiiui
?ac?aaioeai e aeoeaiie ia?eaoeiaiaie iieeoeea. Aa oi?aiaay ia?ea ia
?uiea i?eioa?ia e neaia?ia ia ooneiaao.

Enoiaey ec yoiai eiiiaiey “AENO”, iaeiie ec ia?auo caeeth/eaoay
niaeaoaiea n oe?iie Hewlett-Packard, n/eoaao, /oi aa ia?eoa?eeiay
oaoieea aeieaeia iaeoe oe?ieee ni?in a neaaeothuee noa?ao e
iai?aaeaieyo:

ia?aeeaeueiia i?iaeaeaeaiea ia?eoa?ee Hewlett-Packard /a?ac ?icie/ioth
oi?aiaoth naoue niaianoii n eiiiuethoa?aie nianoaaiiie nai?ee;

i?iaeaeaeaiea i?eioa?ia e neaia?ia Hewlett-Packard /a?ac naoue
?aaeiiaeueiuo aeeea?ia e ia?oia?ia.

Anee a 1995 aiaeo niioiioaiea ?uieia Iineau e ?aaeiiia ioeaieaaeinue eae
60% e 40%, a a 1996 aiaeo – eae 50% ia 50%, oi a 1997 aiaeo yoi
niioiioaiea aeieaeii eciaieoueny a iieueco ?aaeiiaeueiuo ?uieia 40% e
60%. I?aaeinoaaeaiea ?aaeiiaeueiui ia?oia?ai i?iaeoeoeee ecaanoiie
oe?iu, noaaeeueiue eaiae iinoaaie e oiaa?iuo e?aaeeoia oaeaea aoaeoo
niinianoaiaaoue oaaee/aieth aeiee i?iaeoeoeee Hewlett-Packard ia ?uiea
eiiiuethoa?iie ia?eoa?ee.

2.1.5. Eiiiaiey «AENO» naaiaeiy. E?aoeee iaci?. Aeeiaieea ?acaeoey.

Eiiiaiey «AENO» ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue i?aaenoaaeyao niaie e?oiiaeooth
?inneeneoth eiiiuethoa?ioth oe?io, caieiathuothny i?iecaiaenoaii e
i?iaeaeaeaieai ia ?uiie aunieiea/anoaaiiuo ia?niiaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?ia,
na?aa?ia e ?aai/eo noaioeee iiae nianoaaiiie oi?aiaie ia?eie.

?acaeoea eiiiaiee oa?aeoa?ecoaony auno?uie oaiiaie ?inoa iauaiia auionea
e nauoa IE. Iauee iauai auionea a 1995 a. ninoaaee 150 ouny/ iaoei. A
1996 aiaeo auiouaii ieiei 300 ouny/ eiiiuethoa?ia. Eiiiaiey aioea a
/enei e?oiiaeoeo aa?iiaeneeo i?iecaiaeeoaeae eiiiuethoa?iie oaoieee.
No?aoaaey aeoeaiiai i?iaeaeaeaiey ia ?uiie ia?aaeiauo oaoiieiaee a
ni/aoaiee ni no?aieaieai noaaeeueii oaea?aeeaaoue iaaunieea oeaiu ia
ea/anoaaiioth i?iaeoeoeeth, noaaoay iaeiei ec eeth/aauo iai?aaeaiee
?acaeoey, iicaieeea eiiiaiee «AENO» aeiaeoueny oniaoa e aieoe a /enei
eeaea?ia ?inneeneiai eiiiuethoa?iiai aeciana.

I?iecaiaenoai. Iniiao i?iecaiaenoaaiiie i?ia?aiiu eiiiaiee ninoaaeytho
ia?niaeoeaiua iiaeaee eiiiuethoa?ia ia aaca i?ioeanni?ia Pentium e
Pentium Pro, i?iecaaaeaiiuo ii naiie ia?aaeiaie oaoiieiaee n
eniieueciaaieai iiaaeoeo ?ac?aaioie e naiie nia?aiaiiie iee?iyeaiaioiie
aacu.

Nai?ea eiiiuethoa?ia “AENO” aaaeaony ia caeaiia?aaeneii caaiaea “EAAIO”,
aaea nicaeaii iaeii ec naiuo nia?aiaiiuo e aunieiyooaeoeaiuo
i?iecaiaenoa. Aiciiaeiinoue iai?a?uaii niaa?oainoaiaaoue oaoiieiaeth,
i?iaiaeeoue iiiai/aniaia oanoe?iaaiea aioiauo ieaooi?i ia eniuoaoaeueiuo
noaiaeao, inouanoaeyoue iiiainooiai/aoue eiio?ieue ea/anoaa aa?aioe?oao
auione i?iaeoeoeee, ioaa/athuae naiui no?iaei noaiaea?oai e o?aaiaaieyi
iieoiaoaeae.

I?iecaiaenoai eiiiuethoa?ia inouanoaeyaony ia iniiaaiee Oaoie/aneeo
oneiaee OO 4013-001-40026713-96, ?aano?iaue iiia? Ainnoaiaea?oa ?O
200/001679. I?iaeoeoeey eiiiaiee eiaao na?oeoeeaou niioaaonoaey AINO
P.RU.ME11.1.2.0182 e AINO P.RU.ME11.1.4.0009, iiaeoaa?aeaeathuea
o?aaiaaiey ii aaciianiinoe AINO ? 50377-92 (IYE 950-86), AINO 26329-84,
AINO 27201-87, AINO 27954-88, o?aaiaaiey AINO 29216-91, AINO ? 50628-93
ii yeaeo?iiaaieoiie niaianoeiinoe e niioaaonoaea ea/anoaa auioneaaiuo
ecaeaeee ii AINO 21552-84 ooaa?aeaeaiiui Oaoie/aneei oneiaeyi.

Eiiiuethoa?u “AENO”, iinoaaeyaiua ii caeacai aiaiiuo o/?aaeaeaiee e
/anoae, ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia e no?oeoo? iaiaeiie?aoii oniaoii
i?ioiaeeee na?oeoeeaoeeth ia niioaaonoaea o?aaiaaieyi OAINE.

A eiioea 1996 a. a eniuoaoaeueiie eaai?aoi?ee PC Magazine/RE
oanoe?iaaeanue iaeia ec iineaaeieo iiaeaeae eiiiuethoa?ia «AENO» ia aaca
Intel ieaooi?iu Tucson (TN430HX). ?acoeueoaou oanoe?iaaiey n?aaieee n
iieo/aiiuie a eniuoaieyo PC Magazine Labs (ni. www.pcmag.com). Ii
i?ioeanni?iui oanoai e oanoai CD-ROM eiiiuethoa? «AENO» aue ia o?iaia
aa?oiae o?aoe o/anoieeia aia?eeaineeo eniuoaiee, a ii ioeueoeiaaeeeiui
ninoaaee eiieo?aioeeth eo/oei ec ieo.

OEM – nio?oaeie/anoai. Aunieia ea/anoai auioneaaiie i?iaeoeoeee
iaania/eaaaony ia oieueei oaoie/aneei o?iaiai i?iecaiaenoaa, ii e
no?iaei ioai?ii iinoaaueeia eiiieaeoothueo. Iniiaiua oceu e eiiiiiaiou
eiiiuethoa?ia: i?ioeanni?u, iaoa?eineea ieaou, iiieoi?u, aeeneiaua
iiaenenoaiu, iinoaaeythony ec Aa?iiu e NOA n caaiaeia Intel, Samsung e
ae?oaeo aaaeoueo i?iecaiaeeoaeae yeaeo?iiiiai iai?oaeiaaiey.

I?e auai?a iinoaaueeia cia/aiea eiaao iiuo e aunieay ?aiooaoeey
oe?i-ia?oia?ia ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiii ?uiea, eioi?ay iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony
ea/anoaii, iaaeaaeiinoueth e oaoie/aneei o?iaiai auioneaaiuo ecaeaeee.

Oniaoiiio ?acaeoeth aeciana eiiiaiee a iaiaeie noaiaie niinianoaoao
aeoeaii ?acaeaathuaany nio?oaeie/anoai n eeaea?aie ie?iaie
eiiiuethoa?iie eiaeono?ee, n?aaee eioi?uo Intel, Samsung, Microsoft,
i?eciaaoea eiiiaieth «AENO» naiei eo/oei IAI-ia?oia?ii a ?innee ii
eoiaai 1995 aiaea.

A iineaaeiaa a?aiy iiaeienaiu aeiaiai?u n IBM (ioaeaeaiea i?ia?aiiiuo
n?aaenoa), Diamond, APC, Microsoft, Novell. Aaaeoony eioaineaiua
ia?aaiai?u n oeaeui ?yaeii ae?oaeo i?iecaiaeeoaeae aiia?aoiuo e
i?ia?aiiiuo n?aaenoa.

Eiiiaiey «AENO» – aaaeouee ia?oia? Intel a ?innee. Oi?aiaue iai?io n
Intel, naycaiiue n iinoaaeie naiuo nia?aiaiiuo nenoaiiuo ieao,
i?ioeanni?ia e ae?oaiai iai?oaeiaaiey, iaiaoiaeeiiai aeey i?iecaiaenoaa
eiiiuethoa?ia, ninoaaee a 1995 a. 20 iei. aeieea?ia. A ia?aii eaa?oaea
1996 a. ii i?aaunee 15 iei. aeie. NOA.

Nio?oaeie/anoai n Samsung ?acaeaaaony a iai?aaeaiee iinoaaie iiieoi?ia,
aeanoeeo aeeneia, ono?ienoa CD-ROM, eioi?uie eiiieaeoothony nenoaiiua
aeiee eiiiuethoa?ia “AENO”. Oi?aiaue iai?io n Samsung oieueei ii
iiieoi?ai ai aoi?ii eaa?oaea 1996 a. aeinoea 18 oun. oooe. Yoi
ninoaaeyao ieiei 60% iauaai iauaia i?iaeaae iiieoi?ia Samsung ii Iineaa.

Oniaoii ?acaeaaaony ia/aoia a 1994 aiaeo nio?oaeie/anoai n ie?iaui
eeaea?ii a iaeanoe ?ac?aaioee i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey – ei?ii?aoeeae
Microsoft. A ieoya?a 1996a. auei ia’yaeaii i iiaeienaiee IAI-niaeaoaiey
ia onoaiiaea ia eiiiuethoa?u eiiiaiee “AENO” i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey
Microsoft.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ia ana eiiiuethoa?u «AENO» aanieaoii
i?aaeonoaiaaeeaathony eeoeaiceiiiua eiiee MS Windows 3.11 eee MS Windows
95 e iaeaoa aeaeiauo i?eeiaeaiee MS Works.

Iaaeaaii iiaeienai IAI-aeiaiai? n oe?iie “AeOe”, ?inneeneei
yeneethceaiui IAI-Oeaio?ii Novell (Novell OEM Distribution Center), a
caaea/e eioi?iai aoiaeeo ?ani?ino?aiaiea aeey IAI-ia?oia?ia (?inneeneeo
i?iecaiaeeoaeae eiiiuethoa?iie oaoieee) i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey Novell
ia oa??eoi?ee ?innee e NIA. Aeiaiai? iiaeienai ia iinoaaee Novell
NetWare e IntranetWare.

Na?aen e aa?aioee. Oe?iaiiay aa?aioey ia eiiiuethoa?u iaania/eaaaony
oieeaeueiie ii naiei ianooaaai naoueth nianoaaiiuo na?aeniuo oeaio?ia
«AENO», ?aniieiaeaiiuo a 60 ai?iaeao ?innee. Aanieaoiay aeaooeaoiyy
aa?aioey iiaeao auoue ii aeaeaieth iieoiaoaey i?iaeeaia aei iyoe eao.
Oeaeue ?yae na?aeniuo oeaio?ia na?oeoeoee?iaai oaeaea e iinoaaueeaie
eiiieaeoothueo.

Aieueoia aieiaiea eiiiaiey oaeaeyao aii?inai iiaeaioiaee niaoeeaeenoia
aeey naieo na?aen – oeaio?ia, a oaeaea aeeea?ia e e?oiiuo caeac/eeia.
Yoie oeaee neoaeeo ?aaoey?iia i?iaaaeaiea a Iineaa niaianoiuo n
ei?ii?aoeeae Intel naieia?ia, iinayuaiiuo eco/aieth ia?niaeoeaiuo
eiiiuethoa?iuo oaoiieiaee, iiauo i?iaeoeoia e oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey
?uiea. E o/anoeth a naieia?ao i?eaeaeathony iaiaaeaea?u e oaoie/aneea
niaoeeaeenou aaaeoueo ca?oaaaeiuo oe?i.

Oi?aiaay naoue. Eiiiaiey iaeaaeaao iaeiie ec naiuo e?oiiuo a no?aia
aeeea?neeo naoae, ioaaouaathuae aieaa 150 oe?i ec 60-oe ai?iaeia ?innee.
O aeeea?ia eiiiaiee iiaeii i?eia?anoe aanue niaeo? aa i?iaeoeoeee – io
ioeueoeiaaeea-eiiiuethoa?ia aei na?aa?ia, a oaeaea ana iaiaoiaeeiia
ia?eoa?eeiia, naoaaia e ioeniia iai?oaeiaaiea.

Ii ioeaieai iacaaeneiuo yenia?oia eiiiaiey eiio?iee?oao nae/an aei 18%
?inneeneiai ?uiea. Aa aeiey ia ?uiea iinoiyiii oaaee/eaaaony.

Oi?aiaoth ia?eo “AENO” oi?ioi ciatho e oaaaeatho iieoiaoaee. A Iineaa
oe?iaiiuie eiiiuethoa?aie oi?aoao aieaa 30 iaaaceiia e
niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo naeiiia. ?acaeaathony ia?oia?neea ioiioaiey n
?inneeneeie oe?iaie “Ia?oey” e “Aaeue aaoa?”, caieiathueie aaaeouea
iiceoeee a iaeanoe ?icie/iie oi?aiaee n?aaenoaaie eiiiuethoa?iie
oaoieee.

A iaaaceiao i?aaenoaaeai oe?ieee auai? eeoeaiceiiiiai i?ia?aiiiiai
iaania/aiey, iieaciuo aenannoa?ia, ea?iauo, iao/athueo e
?acaeaeaoaeueiuo CD, i?eeiaeaiee aeey naiuo ?aciuo iaeanoae
aeayoaeueiinoe.

Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue iiaeoiae e eaaeaeiio eeeaioo e yooaeoeaiay noaia
ianeoaeeaaiey caeac/eeia, aeeth/athuay eiinoeueoaoeee i?e auai?a ioaeiie
eiioeao?aoeee, i?aaei?iaeaaeioth iiaeaioiaeo eiiiuethoa?a, iioeiaeueioth
iano?ieeo anao eiiiiiaioia, a oaeaea iaoeinieoaeueiia niaethaeaiea naieo
aa?aioeeiuo iaycaoaeuenoa niinianoaotho iiaeaea?aeaieth ?aiooaoeee oe?iu
e iinoiyiiiio iiauoaieth ni?ina ia aa i?iaeoeoeeth o ?inneeneeo
iio?aaeoaeae.

Na?aa?u. Na?aa?iay i?ia?aiia auea ?acaa?iooa a eiioea 1995 aiaea. Iia
auea iaoeaeaia ia i?iecaiaenoai oieaa?naeueiuo na?aa?ia iaeiai e
n?aaeiaai eeanna n i?ioeanni?aie Pentium e Pentium Pro ia ieaooi?iao
Intel Altair e Alder.

A 1997 aiaeo iiae oi?aiaie ia?eie «AENO»-Favourite aoaeoo
i?iecaiaeeoueny e iinoaaeyoueny ia ?uiie na?aa?u aoi?iai iieieaiey.
Iiaua nenoaiu iioeiece?iaaiu aeey iaeneiaeueiiai eniieueciaaiey
au/eneeoaeueiuo ?ano?nia i?ioeanni?a Pentium Pro e iino?iaiu ia iniiaa
ia?niaeoeaiuo na?aa?iuo ieaooi?i Intel “Rosewood”, “Buckeye” e “Alder”,
ia eioi?uo nicaeatho iaeie ec naieo naiuo iiuiuo nenoai oaeea
i?iecaiaeeoaee eae IBM, Hewlett-Packard, Compaq. Na?aa?u eiiieaeoothony
iiuiuie aeeneiauie RAID-iiaenenoaiaie, n?aaenoaaie iiauoaiiie
ioeacionoie/eainoe e caueou io naiaa ieoaiey. Iie iioeiece?iaaiu aeey
?aaiou a n?aaea 32-?ac?yaeiuo IN.

Aianoa n ieie iinoaaeyaony oe?ieee niaeo? naoaaiai iai?oaeiaaiey Intel,
aeeth/ay 100 Mbs naoaaua ea?ou, iiaeoeueiua ia?aueaaaiua eiioeaio?aoi?u,
a oaeaea i?ia?aiiiua n?aaenoaa aeey aaeieieno?e?iaaiey e oi?aaeaiey
?ano?naie naoe.

Aiai?y i aeinoieinoaao iiauo na?aa?ia, iaeuecy ia ioiaoeoue
aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaiey a ieo i?ioeanni?ia Pentium Pro n /anoioie
aei 266 IAoe, iiaeaea?aeeo DIMM-iiaeoeae iaiyoe n ei??aeoeeae ioeaie,
iaee/ea eioaa?e?iaaiiuo eiio?ieea?ia Ultra Wide SCSI e naoaauo
aaeaioa?ia Intel Ether Express Pro n i?iioneiie niiniaiinoueth 100
Iaeo/n, a oaeaea iiaenenoai aaoiiaoe/aneiai eiio?iey ca iai?yaeaieai
ieoaiey e oaiia?aoo?ie aioo?e ei?iona. Noa?oea iiaeaee eiatho iinoiaoth
a?oeoaeoo?o oei PCI n 6-th ?acuaiaie e 10-12 ioaeaeaiee aeey aeeneia n
aiciiaeiinoueth “ai?y/ae caiaiu” (hot swap).

E?oiiua caeac/eee. Aeaeay ia?eaoeiaiaay iieeoeea eiiiaiee iai?aaeaia ia
oieueei ia oeiainiai-oaoie/aneoth iiaeaea?aeeo aeeea?ia, ii e ia
eiaeeaeaeoaeueioth ?aaioo n ei?ii?aoeaiuie caeac/eeaie.

N?aaee e?oiiuo eeeaioia eiiiaiee – ainoaea?noaaiiua e ioieoeeiaeueiua
o/?aaeaeaiey, i?iiuoeaiiua i?aaei?eyoey, oeiainiaua no?oeoo?u, iao/iua e
iaaeaeoia?iaeiua i?aaiecaoeee.

A eo /enei aoiaeyo: Iineianeay iy?ey, Iineianeay Ai?iaeneay aeoia, AOAAe
e Oi?aaeaiea AAE a. Iineau, Eioi?iaoeeiiiia aaaionoai EOA? OANN,
Iinyia?ai, ?yae ioaeaeaiee Naa?aaiea ?O, Neoaeaa Aaciianiinoe
I?aceaeaioa, Oi?aaeaiea oaaea?aeueiie ii/oiaie nayce, III
“Iaoeiino?iaiea” (a.?aooia), Oaieueiue ?ac?ac “Aa?acianeee”(a.Eaia?iai),
Eeaiicianeee iiei/iue caaiae, Aaci?iiaaie, ?inaecianaaie, Aaie
“E?aaeeo-Iineaa”, E?inia-Aaie, Eiioeiaio-Aaie, ?aoeai?-Aaie,
oaeaeiiiaiey “Inoaieeii”, oaeaeaiae “2o2”, ?aaeeinoaioeee “Aa?iia-Iethn”
e “Na?aa?yiue aeiaeaeue”, aacaoa “Iineianeay i?aaaea”, Iauaaeeiaiiue
einoeooo yaea?iuo enneaaeiaaiee (a.Aeoaia) e ae?.

Ei?ii?aoeaiua caeac/eee iieo/atho ni noi?iiu eiiiaiee ?anoe?aiioth
na?aenioth e oaoie/aneoth iiaeaea?aeeo, iiiiuue a iiaea?iecaoeee
eiiiuethoa?iiai ia?ea, oneoae a iaeanoe nenoaiiie eioaa?aoeee e auai?a
naoaauo ?aoaiee.

2.2. ?an/ao eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ioa/anoaaiiiai eiiiuethoa?a oe?iu

«AENO» aeeooa?aioeeaeueiui iaoiaeii

Enoiaeiua aeaiiua i?aaenoaaeaiu a oaaeeoea 2.2. Aeaiiua ecaeaeey i?ioee
iieiua eniuoaiey a iacaaeneiie eaai?aoi?ee iauanoaa iio?aaeoaeae.
Ioeaiee a aaeeao ii ea/anoao ianeoaeeaaiey a i?aaeaeao io 1 aei 5
onoaiiaeaiu yenia?oaie ia iniiaaiee oaoie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia ecaeaeey. Ca
ia?acaoe i?eiyoa iiaeaeue eiiiuethoa?a oe?iu Hewlett-Packard 200/32.
Yenia?oiay eiienney i?aaei?eyoey oaeaea onoaiiaeea i?ei?eoaoiinoue
oaoie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia e onoaiiaeea ia ieo niioaaonoaothuea
eiyooeoeeaiou aaniiinoe, i?aaenoaaeaiiua a oaaeeoea 2.2.

Oaaeeoea 2.2.

Enoiaeiua aeaiiua.

Iiaeaee Ia?aiao?u oa?aeoa?ecothony Yeiiiie/aneea ia?aiao?u

eiiiueth-

oa?ia Auno?i-aeaenoaea,IAoe, (?1) Iauai iaiyoe, Ia, (?2) Ea/anoai
ianeoaee-aaiey, (?3) Oeaia, iei. ?oa. ?anoiaeu ia yenieoaoaoeeth a aiae,
iei. ?oa.

1 150 16 3,8 3,85 0,81

2 166 16 4,5 4,2 0,94

3 200 32 4,8 5,3 1,11

Ia?acaoe 200 32 5 5,8 1,38

Eiyo-o aaniiinoe 30% 50% 20%

Eniieuecoaiay a oaaeeoea a?oiia ia?aiao?ia, oa?aeoa?ecoao auiieiaiea
iniiaiuo ooieoeee ecaeaeey e iaeioi?ua aai oaoie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee.

2.2.1. Ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai:

*oiau ?ani?aaeaeeoue i?eaaaeaiiua a oaaeeoea 2.2. iiaeaee eiiiuethoa?ia
ii o?iaith eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe (aeeooa?aioeeaeueiui iaoiaeii), ioaeii
auiieieoue neaaeothuea ioieou:

?ann/eoaoue aaeeie/iua ia?aiao?u ii eaaeaeie iiaeaee eiiiuethoa?ia ii
oaoie/aneei e yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai;

naeaeaoue auaiaeu ia o?iaia eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ioa/anoaaiiuo
eiiiuethoa?ia oe?iu “AENO”.

?an/ao aaeeie/iiai iieacaoaey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe i?iecaiaeeony ii
oi?ioea (2.1):

,

iiyoiio ?an/ao aaeeie/iiai iieacaoaey aeey ia?aie iiaeaee:

?an/ao aaeeie/iiai iieacaoaey aeey aoi?ie iiaeaee:

?an/ao aaeeie/iiai iieacaoaey aeey o?aoueae iiaeaee:

2.2.2. Ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai:

?an/ao aaeeie/iiai iieacaoaey aeey ia?aie iiaeaee:

?an/ao aaeeie/iiai iieacaoaey aeey aoi?ie iiaeaee:

?an/ao aaeeie/iiai iieacaoaey aeey o?aoueae iiaeaee:

Auaiaeu:

a oeaeii o?iaaiue eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ia aeinoeaioo;

ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai ioa/anoaaiiua eiiiuethoa?u iiea ia
eiieo?aioiniiniaiu, oioy o?aouey iiaeaeue ii oaoie/aneei oa?aeoa?enoeeai
yaeyaony eaeaioe/iie iiaeaee – ia?acoeo. Ii ii ea/anoao ianeoaeeaaiey
ioa/anoaaiiay oe?ia «AENO» iiea ionoaao io naieo caiaaeiuo eiieo?aioia.
Oioue ioa/anoaaiiua eiiiuethoa?u niae?athony ec oao aea eiiieaeoothueo,
/oi e eiii?oiua, iie eiatho aieaa ieceoth oeaio ii n?aaiaieth n
eiii?oiuie, oae eae nai?ea i?ienoiaeeo ia ioa/anoaaiiii i?aaei?eyoee.
Oae /oi ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai ioa/anoaaiiua eiiiuethoa?u aiieia
eiieo?aioiniiniaiu.

2.3. ?an/ao eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ioa/anoaaiiiai eiiiuethoa?a oe?iu

«AENO» eiiieaeniui iaoiaeii.

*oiau ?ani?aaeaeeoue i?eaaaeaiiua a oaaeeoea 2.2. iiaeaee eiiiuethoa?ia
ii o?iaith eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe (eiiieaeniui iaoiaeii), ioaeii
auiieieoue neaaeothuea ioieou:

?ann/eoaoue a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai;

?ann/eoaoue a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai iooai
noiie?iaaiey iaeiia?aiaiiuo e yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo cao?ao;

?ann/eoaoue eioaa?aeueiue iieacaoaeue eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe;

naeaeaoue niioaaonoaothuea auaiaeu i eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe aiaeece?oaiuo
iiaeaeae ii ioiioaieth e ia?acoeo.

2.3.1. ?an/ao a?oiiiauo iieacaoaeae ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai.

A?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue ?ann/eouaaaony ii oi?ioea (2.5):

aeey eiie?aoiie iiaeaee:

Ioi = q1·a1 + q2·a2 + q3·a3

Ionthaea, iieacaoaeue ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai aeey ia?aie iiaeaee
?aaai:

Ioi = 0,75·30% + 0,5·50% + 0,76·20% = 0,75·0,3 + 0,5·0,5 + 0,76·0,2 =
0,627

aeey aoi?ie iiaeaee:

Ioi = 0,83·30% + 0,5·50% + 0,9·20% = 0,83·0,3 + 0,5·0,5 + 0,9·0,2 =
0,679

aeey o?aoueae iiaeaee:

Ioi = 1·30% + ·50% + 0,96·20% = 1·0,3 + 1·0,5 + 0,96·0,2 = 0,992

2.3.2. ?an/ao a?oiiiauo iieacaoaeae ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai.

A?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai ?ann/eouaaaony ii
oi?ioea (2.10):

, aaea (i i?eaaaeaia a oaaeeoea 2.3.

Oaaeeoea 2.3

Eiyooeoeeaiou i?eaaaeaiey yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo cao?ao e ?an/aoiiio aiaeo

O, eao A,% 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

1 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0

2 0,926 0,917 0,909 0,901 0,893 0,885 0,877

3 0,857 0,842 0,826 0,812 0,797 0,783 0,77

4 0,794 0,772 0,751 0,731 0,712 0,693 0,675

5 0,735 0,708 0,683 0,659 0,636 0,613 0,592

6 0,681 0,650 0,621 0,594 0,576 0,543 0,519

7 0,630 0,596 0,565 0,535 0,507 0,480 0,456

8 0,584 0,547 0,513 0,482 0,452 0,425 0,4

9 0,54 0,502 0,467 0,434 0,404 0,376 0,351

10 0,5 0,46 0,424 0,391 0,361 0,333 0,308

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai aeey
ia?aie iiaeaee ?aaai:

,

oae eae a oa/aiea O = 4 aiaea, A = 14%, N0, N1 anaaaea auee iinoiyiiu e
?aaiu niioaaonoaaiii N0 = 1,38, a N1 = 0,81, oi N0 e N1 iiaeii auianoe
ca ciae noiiu e oiaaea a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai
aoaeao ?ann/eouaaoueny ii oi?ioea:

aeey aoi?ie iiaeaee:

aeey o?aoueae iiaeaee:

2.3.3. ?an/ao eioaa?aeueiiai iieacaoaey.

Eioaa?aeueiue iieacaoaeue eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ?ann/eouaaaony ii
oi?ioea (2.11):

,

,

Oiaaea aeey ia?aie iiaeaee:

aeey aoi?ie iiaeaee:

aeey o?aoueae iiaeaee:

2.4. Aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia ?an/aoa

A ?acoeueoaoa iieo/aiiuo a?oiiiauo iieacaoaeae ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai
o?aouey iiaeaeue eiiiuethoa?ia iaeaieaa eiieo?aioiniiniaiay, oi anoue a
oeaeii o?aouey iiaeaeue eiiiuethoa?ia iieiaa oaeiaeaoai?yao cai?inu
iio?aaeoaey, /ai ana inoaeueiua iiaeaee eiiiuethoa?ia. Oae eae a?oiiiaie
iieacaoaeue oa?aeoa?ecoao noaiaiue niioaaonoaey enneaaeoaiiai ecaeaeey
niioaaonoaothuei iio?aaiinoyi ii anai oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai (aeey
aeaiiiai neo/ay: auno?iaeaenoaea, iauai iaiyoe, ea/anoai ianeoaeeaaiey).

A ec iieo/aiiuo ?an/aoia ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai aeaeii, /oi ia?aay
iiaeaeue eiiiuethoa?ia aieaa eiieo?aioiniiniaiay ii yeiiiie/aneei
ia?aiao?ai ec anao inoaeueiuo iiaeaeae eiiiuethoa?ia, oae eae eiaao
naiue iaeaiueeee a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue, eioi?ue o ia?aie iiaeaee ?aaai
0,629. A yoi cia/eo, /oi iieoiaoaeue aoaeao n aieueoae ioioie iieoiaoue
ia?aoth iiaeaeue eiiiuethoa?ia, /ai ana inoaeueiua. Ii oae eae n?ie
ii?aeueiiai noa?aiey o eiiiuethoa?ia i/aiue iaeaiueeee, oi auaiaeiaa
iieoiaoue o?aoueth iiaeaeue. Oioue iia e aei?iaea, ii ii oaoie/aneei
ia?aiao?ai iia aiieia eiieo?aioiniiniaiay.

Ec ?an/aoia eioaa?aeueiiai iieacaoaey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe aeaeii, /oi
ia?aay e aoi?ay iiaeaee eiiiuethoa?ia onooiatho ia?acoeo ii
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe a oeaeii, oae eae o ieo eioaa?aeueiue iieacaoaeue
iaiueoa aaeeieoeu. A o?aouey iiaeaeue i?aainoiaeeo ia?acaoe ii
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe a oeaeii, iioiio /oi o iaa eioaa?aeueiue
iieacaoaeue aieueoa aaeeieoeu e ?aaai 1,147. Yoi aiai?eo i oii, /oi aeey
?inneeneeo iieoiaoaeae auaiaeiaa iieoiaoue o?aoueth iiaeaeue, oae eae
iia ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai ia onooiaao ia?acoeo, a aa noieiinoue
ai?acaei iaiueoa.

3. I?AAIECAOeEIIII – YEIIIIE*ANEEE ?ACAeAE

3.1. ?an/ao eioaa?aeueiiai iieacaoaey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe eiiiuethoa?a

«AENO» ii aiaeai

Oae eae a ie?a iinoiyiii iiyaeyaony /oi-oi iiaia e ie/oi ia noieo ia
ianoa, oi ca ii?aaeaeaiiia a?aiy i?iecioee iaeioi?ua eciaiaiey e a
eiiiuethoa?iuo oaoiieiaeyo. Iiyoiio iaiaoiaeeii i?iaiaeece?iaaoue
eciaiaiey o?iaiy eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe eiiiuethoa?ia. Yoi iiaeii
auynieoue, ?ann/eoaa eiaeaen eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ii aiaeai:

(3.1)

Oaaeeoea 3.1.

Iniiaiua oa?aeoa?enoeee n?aaieaaaiuo eiiiuethoa?ia ia?aie iiaeaee

Iaeiaiiaaiea Aaee/eiu ia?aiao?ia.

Ia?aiao?a. Ca 1996 aiae Ca 1997 aiae

?acia?iinoue. Ia?acaoe 1 iiaeaeue Ia?acaoe 1 iiaeaeue

Auno?iaeaenoaea, IAoe (?1) 200 150 200 150

Iauai iaiyoe, Ia (?2) 32 16 32 16

Ea/anoai ianeoaeeaaiey (?3)

5

4,2

5

3,8

Oeaia, iei. ?oa. 6,1 5,1 5,8 3,85

?anoiaeu ia yenieoaoaoeeth a aiae, iei. ?oa.

1,38

1,27

1,26

0,81

?ann/eoaai aeey ia?aie iiaeaee eiiiuethoa?ia 1996 e 1997 aiaeia auionea
a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai, eioi?ue ?ann/eouaaaony
ii oi?ioea (2.5):

Aeey aeaiiiai neo/ay oi?ioea (2.5) i?eieiaao aeae:

Ioi = q1·a1 + q2·a2 + q3·a3,

aaea q1, q2, q3, ?ann/eouaathony ii oi?ioea (2.1):

Cia/eo aeey ia?aie iiaeaee 1996 aiaea auionea:

Ioi = 0,30·0,75 + 0,50·0,50 + 0,84·0,20 = 0,643;

a aeey ia?aie iiaeaee 1997 aiaea auionea:

Ioi = 0,30·0,75 + 0,50·0,50 + 0,76·0,20 = 0,627

Ec ?an/aoia aeaeii, /oi a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai
oiaiueoeeny ca aiae.

Oaia?ue ?ann/eoaai aeey yoeo oaeaaeci?ia a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue ii
yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai, eioi?ue ?ann/eouaaaony ii oi?ioea (2.10):

,

oae eae Ni e Ni iinoiyiiu, oi oi?ioea i?eieiaao aeae:

,

aaea (i i?eaaaeaiu a oaaeeoea 2.3. (aeey O = 4 aiaea, A = 14%).

Ionthaea a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai aeey ia?aie
iiaeaee 1996 aiaea auionea ?aaai:

;

a aeey ia?aie iiaeaee 1997 aiaea auionea:

Ec ?an/aoia aeaeii, /oi a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue ii yeiiiie/aneei
ia?aiao?ai oiaiueoeeny ca aiae.

I?iecaaaeai iineaaeiee ?an/ao ia?aae ?an/aoii eiaeaena
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe. ?ann/eoaai eioaa?aeueiue iieacaoaeue
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ii oi?ioea (2.11):

,

Iiyoiio aeey ia?aie iiaeaee 1996 aiaea auionea:

;

a aeey ia?aie iiaeaee 1997 aiaea:

3.2. ?an/ao eiaeaena eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe

Oaia?ue ?ann/eoaai eiaeaen eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ii oi?ioea (3.1):

Ec ?an/aoia aeaeii, /oi eiaeaen eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ?aaai 123% – yoi
aiai?eo i oii, /oi ca iaeei aiae ia?aay iiaeaeue 1997 aiaea noaea aieaa
eiieo?aioiniiniaiay, n oi/ee c?aiey oaaee/aiey aeaeueiaeoaai nauoa
i?iaeoeoeee, /ai ia?aay iiaeaeue 1996 aiaea ia 23%.

?an/aou i?iecaaaeaiu ia iniiaaiee ?ac?aaioaiiie i?ia?aiiu aeey ?an/aoa
eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ia YAI, i?eaaaeaiiie a i?eeiaeaiee ?1.

4. AACIIANOIINOUe O?OAeA I?E I?IECAIAeNOAA EIIIUeTHOA?IIE OAOIEEE

4.1. I?aaiecaoeey eino?oeoaaea ?aaioieeia oe?iu ii aaciianiinoe o?oaea

I?aaiecaoeey eino?oeoaaea ?aaioieeia oe?iu ii aaciianiinoe o?oaea
yaeyaony iaeiei ec iniiaiuo oaeoi?ia ii i?aaeoi?aaeaeaieth o?aaiaoecia e
i?ioanneiiaeueiuo caaieaaaiee ia i?aaei?eyoeyo io?aneae. Ii oa?aeoa?o e
a?aiaie i?iaaaeaiey eino?oeoaae auaaao aaiaeiue, ia?ae/iue, iiaoi?iue e
aiaieaiiaue. [6]

4.1.1. Aaiaeiue eino?oeoaae ?aaioieeia i?iaiaeeo eino?oeoi? ii
aaciianiinoe o?oaea ii i?ia?aiia n o/aoii o?aaiaaiee nenoaiu noaiaea?oa
aaciianiinoe o?oaea (NNAO), a oaeaea anao iniaaiiinoae i?iecaiaenoaa.
Aaiaeiue eino?oeoaae i?ioiaeyo ana i?eieiaaiua ia ?aaioo, a
iacaaeneiinoe io noaaea, ia?aciaaiey e aeieaeiinoe, a oaeaea n
eiiaiaee?iaaiiuie.

4.1.2. Ia?ae/iue eino?oeoaae ia ?aai/ai ianoa ?aaioieeia i?iaiaeyo ii
i?iecaiaenoaaiiui eino?oeoeeyi, ?ac?aaioaiiui aeey ioaeaeueiuo aeaeia
?aaio eee i?ioannee. Eino?oeoaae i?iaiaeyo eiaeeaeaeoaeueii n
i?aeoe/aneei iieacii aaciianiuo iaoiaeia e i?eaiia ?aaiou, ni anaie
aiiaue i?eieiaaiuie ia ?aaioo, e n ?aaioieeaie, eioi?ua auiieiytho
iiaoth aeey ieo ?aaioo.

4.1.3. Iiaoi?iue eino?oeoaae i?iaiaeyo ii i?ia?aiia ia?ae/iiai n
oeaeueth i?iaa?ee cae?aieaiey e iiauoaiey o?iaiy ciaiee ?aaioieeia
oe?iu. Eino?oeoaae i?iaiaeyo eiaeeaeaeoaeueii eee n a?oiiie ?aaioieeia
iacaaeneii io eaaeeoeeaoeee, ia?aciaaiey e noaaea ?aaiou. Eino?oeoaae
i?iaiaeyo ia ?aaea iaeiiai ?aca a iieaiaea.

4.1.4. Aiaieaiiaue eino?oeoaae i?iaiaeyo ii noaia ia?ae/iiai, i?e
eciaiaiee o?aaiaaiee aaciianiinoe o?oaea, i?e caiaia iai?oaeiaaiey eee
aeaeia ?aaio, i?e ia?ooaiee o?aaiaaiee aaciianiinoe o?oaea.

4.2. O?aaiaaiey aaciianiinoe o?oaea e inaauaieth i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo

iiiauaiee

4.2.1. Inaauaiiinoue ?aai/aai ianoa ?aaioieeia oe?iu aeieaeia
niioaaonoaiaaoue iioeiaeueiui onoaiiaeaiiui ii?iai, eioi?ua
ii?aaeaeythony oa?aeoa?ii e ?ac?yaeii ii noaiaie oi/iinoe,
oa?aeoa?enoeee oiia e eiio?anoa iauaeoa ?acee/ey.[7]

4.2.2. ?aoeeiiaeueiia inaauaiea iiiauaiee yaeyaony iaeiei ec iniiaiuo
oaeoi?ia ii i?aaeoi?aaeaeaieth o?aaiaoecia e i?ioanneiiaeueiuo
caaieaaaiee ?aaioieeia. A iiiauaieyo eniieuecotho eae anoanoaaiiia, oae
e eneonnoaaiiia inaauaiea.

4.2.3. Eneonnoaaiiia inaauaiea iiaeao auoue iauaa, ianoiia e
eiiaeie?iaaiiia. A ea/anoaa iauaai inaauaiey i?eieiathony inaaoeoaeueiua
i?eai?u, onoaiiaeaiiua iiae iioieeii i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai iiiauaiey e
inaauathuea aieueooth ieiuaaeue. A ea/anoaa ianoiiai inaauaiey
i?eieiathony inaaoeoaeueiua i?eai?u, onoaiiaeaiiua iaiin?aaenoaaiii ia
?aai/ai ianoa ?aaioieea, e eioi?ua inaauatho oieueei ?aai/aa ianoi. I?e
eiiaeie?iaaiiii inaauaiee eniieuecoaony e ianoiia, e iauaa inaauaiea.
*aua anaai eniieuecoaony eiiaeie?iaaiiia inaauaiea.

4.2.4. Eiyooeoeeaio ioeuenaoeee inaauaiiinoe i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiiauaiee
io ethieianoeaioiuo eaii aeieaeai auoue ia aieaa 10%, a iieacaoaeue
aeeneiioi?oa ia iaiaa 40%, eioi?ue aeinoeaaaony auai?ii naaoeeueieeia e
eo ?aniieiaeaiey. [6]

4.2.5. Aeey eneeth/aiey aeeeia ia ye?aiao iiieoi?ia e ecia?eoaeueiie
aiia?aoo?u io naaoeeueieeia iauaai inaauaiey iaiaoiaeeii eniieueciaaoue
aioeaeeeiaua naoee, niaoeeaeueiua ye?aiiua oeeueo?u eee caueoiua
eicu?ueee.[8]

4.2.6. I?e ?aaeeii ?aciauaiee aiia?aoo?u ia aeiioneaaony ?aniieiaeaiea
ye?aiia iaano?a/o ae?oa e ae?oao. I?e yenieoaoaoeee inaaoeoaeueiuo
onoaiiaie iaiaoiaeeii eo i/euaoue io i?iecaiaenoaaiiie iuee ia ?aaea
iaeiiai ?aca a eaa?oae, i?e iiauoaiiie caiueaiiinoe ia ?aaea iaeiiai
?aca a ianyoe.

4.3. Ia?u aaciianiinoe i?e nai?ea eiiiuethoa?ia

4.3.1. ?aai/aa ianoi nai?ueea eiiiuethoa?ia e aai oaoie/aneia iniauaiea,
eniieuecoaiia i?e nai?ea eiiiuethoa?ia, aeieaeiu iaania/eaaoue
aaciianiinoue e ?aaioiniiniaiinoue a i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa
ia?niiaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?ia.[7]

4.3.2. Eiino?oeoeey ?aai/aai ianoa nai?ueea e acaeiiia ?aniieiaeaiea
anao aai yeaiaioia, oi anoue neaeaiuey, i?aaiia oi?aaeaiey, n?aaenoa
ioia?aaeaiey eioi?iaoeee aeieaeiu niioaaonoaiaaoue aio?iiiiao?e/aneei,
oeceieiae/aneei e ineoieiae/aneei o?aaiaaieyi, a oaeaea o?aaiaaieyi
aaciianiinoe.

4.3.3. Acaeiiia ?aniieiaeaiea e eiiiiiiaea ?aai/aai ianoa nai?ueeia
eiiiuethoa?ia aeieaeiu iaania/eaaoue aaciianiue aeinooi ia ?aai/aa ianoi
e auno?oth yaaeoaoeeth a neo/aa aicieeiiaaiey aaa?eeiie neooaoeee. Iooe
iiaeoiaea nai?ueeia e ?aai/aio ianoo e yaaeoaoeee aeieaeiu auoue
aeinoaoi/ii inaauaiu e iaicia/aiu.

4.3.4. Eiiiuethoa?iay oaoieea aeieaeia ioaa/aoue o?aaiaaieyi
aaciianiinoe, a aa ?aciauaiea aeieaeii iaania/eaaoue oaeiaiue iiaeoiae e
aiia?aoo?a aeey aaaeaiey nai?i/iuo ?aaio a oneiaee i?iecaiaenoaa.

4.3.5. I?aaiu oi?aaeaiey aeieaeiu eneeth/aoue iaeiieaiea noaoe/aneiai
yeaeo?e/anoaa a iianiuo eiee/anoaao. Ioaeaeueiua iiaeaee e aeiee
aeiioneaaony niaaaeaoue ono?ienoaaie aeey niyoey inoaoi/iiai
yeaeo?e/aneiai ca?yaea.

4.3.6. Eiino?oeoeaii ioaeaeueiua /anoe aeieaeiu eiaoue n?aaenoaa
ianoiiai inaauaiey, niioaaonoaothuaai oneiaeyi yenieoaoaoeee, i?e yoii
aeieaeia eneeth/aoueny aiciiaeiinoue nii?eeiniiaaiey n oieiaaaeoueie
/anoyie.

4.3.7. Iiaeoee e aeiee aeieaeiu eneeth/aoue iianiinoue ii?aaeaiey
yeaeo?e/aneei oieii i?e nai?ea, iano?ieea e eniuoaiee eiiiuethoa?ia ia
iaaeaaeiinoue.

4.3.8. Ia?niiaeueiua eiiiuethoa?u, iiaeeeth/aaiua e naoe i?iiuoeaiiie
/anoiou n iiiiuueth ooainaeueiuo aeeie, aeieaeiu eiaoue eiino?oeoeeth,
eneeth/athuoth ii?aaeaiea nai?ueea eiiiuethoa?ia yeaeo?e/aneei oieii a
neo/aa i?eeiniiaaiey e oou?yi eee eiioaeoai ooainaeueiie aeeee iinea
ecuyoey aa ec ooainaeueiie ?icaoee.

4.3.9. Ono?ienoaa ioia?aaeaiey oeeo?iaie e aiaeiaiaie eioi?iaoeee
aeieaeiu ioaa/aoue iniiaiui o?aaiaaieyi aaciianiinoe: y?einoue ye?aia
aeenieaeiuo eeianeiiia ia iaiaa 100 eae/i2, aunioa neiaieia ia ye?aia ia
iaiaa 3,8 ii, ?annoiyiea io aeac nai?ueea aei ye?aia ia iaiaa 400 ii.
[6]

4.3.10. Ono?ienoaa ioia?aaeaiey eioi?iaoeee aeieaeiu auoue iai?oaeiaaiu
iiai?ioiie ieiuaaeeie aeey eciaiaiey iieiaeaiey ye?aia eae a
ai?eciioaeueiie, oae e a aa?oeeaeueiie ieineinoyo iiae oaeii (15(. I?e
n/eouaaiee oeeo?iaie e oaenoiaie eioi?iaoeee n ye?aia aeenieay
?aeiiaiaeoaony eniieueciaaoue oaiiua neiaieu ia naaoeii oiia. Ye?ai
aeenieay aeieaeai eiaoue aioeaeeeiaia iie?uoea.[9]

AUAIAeU E ?AEIIAIAeAOeEE

A oiaea i?iaeaeaiiiai aeeieiiiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey auee i?iecaaaeaiu
?an/aou eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ioa/anoaaiiiai eiiiuethoa?a oe?iu «AENO»,
auee naeaeaiu auaiaeu ii eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe e ea/anoao
?anniao?eaaaiie iiaeaee. ?an/aou auee naeaeaiu ii oaoie/aneei e
yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai. A ?acoeueoaoa iieo/eeinue, /oi ioa/anoaaiiua
eiiiuethoa?u oe?iu «AENO» a aeaiiue iiiaio a?aiaie yaeythony ia ?uiea
aiieia eiieo?aioiniiniaiuie, /oi aiai?eo i oii, /oi ioa/anoaaiiay
eiiiuethoa?iay i?iiuoeaiiinoue ia noieo ia ianoa, a ?acaeaaaony e ii
ea/anoao aioiaua ecaeaeey ia onooiatho eiii?oiui aiaeiaai. Ii oae eae
nai?ea i?ienoiaeeo ia oa??eoi?ee ?innee, oi yoi iicaieyao nieceoue oeaio
ia eiiiuethoa?u, /oi auaiaeii aeey ioa/anoaaiiuo iieoiaoaeae, a cia/eo e
aeey ioa/anoaaiiuo i?iecaiaeeoaeae. Ia aeaiiue iiiaio a?aiaie oe?ia
«AENO» aeiaeeanue ioaeiiai niioiioaiey ea/anoaa e oeaiu – i?e aunieii
ea/anoaa aeinooiiay oeaia.

I?ia?aiia, i?eaaaeaiiay a i?eeiaeaiee 1, iaienaia ia ycuea Basic e
?aaioaao a nenoaia QBasic iiae DOS. Caioneaoue neaaeoao oaee start.bat.
Aeiiieieoaeueiua eino?oeoeee a oaeea read.me.

NIENIE EEOA?AOO?U

A. Oineeia, «Eo?n i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaa», Iineaa, «Iaaeaeoia?iaeiua
ioiioaiey», 1993.

I. I. Nooeieia, «I?aaiecaoeey, ieaie?iaaiea e oi?aaeaiea i?aaei?eyoeyie
yeaeo?iiiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe», Iineaa, «Aunoay oeiea», 1986.

A. I. Oaieoenoiaa, E. I. E?anthe «Ia?eaoeia: oai?ey e i?aeoeea», Iineaa,
«Aunoay oeiea», 1993.

I. O. Ianeii, I. Aeueaa?o “Iniiau iaiaaeaeiaioa”, Iineaa, «Aunoay
oeiea», 1988.

Ae. Oaeei? “Iniiau iao/iiai iaiaaeaeiaioa” Iineaa, «Aunoay oeiea», 1991.

A. E. Eo?iinia, «Aaciianiinoue o?oaea a iieoi?iaiaeieeiaii
i?iecaiaenoaa», Iineaa, «Aunoay oeiea», 1981.

O?aaiaaiey ii aaciianiinoe AINO ? 50377-92 (IYE 950-86)

AINO 26329-84

Niioaaonoaea ea/anoaa auioneaaiuo ecaeaeee ii AINO 21552-84
ooaa?aeaeaiiui oaoie/aneei oneiaeyi

Ii yeaeo?iiaaieoiie niaianoeiinoe AINO ? 50628-93

I?EEIAEAIEA 1

I?IA?AIIA AeEss ?AN*AOA EIIEO?AIOINIINIAIINOE

REM DIPLOM BY ANDY FISENKO 49PA-893

SCREEN 12

10 : CLS

GOSUB menu

GOSUB vibor

1000 END

menu:

CLS

LOCATE 11, 21: PRINT “1. Iaiiiai eioi?iaoeee e ?aciuoeaieth …”

LOCATE 12, 21: PRINT “2. ?an/ao eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe ioa/anoaaiiuo ”

LOCATE 13, 21: PRINT ” eiiiuethoa?ia oe?iu `AENO`.”

LOCATE 14, 21: PRINT “3. E?aoeea oai?aoe/aneea naaaeaiey”

LOCATE 15, 21: PRINT “4. Auoiae ec i?ia?aiiu”

LOCATE 25, 19: PRINT “I?ia?aiia ii ?an/aoo eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe”

LOCATE 26, 21: PRINT “ioa/anoaaiiuo eiiiuethoa?ia oe?iu `AENO`.”

LOCATE 27, 21: PRINT ” Ninoaaee Oenaiei Aiae?ae Ay/aneaaiae/”

LOCATE 28, 21: PRINT ” a?oiia 49?A-893″

LOCATE 29, 21: PRINT ” IEYO 1997″

PSET (145, 130)

q$ = “d110 r385 u110 l385”

DRAW “x” + VARPTR$(q$)

RETURN

vibor:

100 a$ = INKEY$

IF a$ = “” THEN GOTO 100

IF a$ = “1” THEN GOTO shema

IF a$ = “2” THEN GOTO schet

IF a$ = “3” THEN GOTO annot

IF a$ = “4” THEN GOTO 1000

GOTO 100

RETURN

shema:

SHELL “c:\diplom\bitmap.exe screen.bmp”

GOTO 10

schet:

GOSUB help

‘AAIAe

LOCATE 2, 2: PRINT “Aaaaeeoa iaiaoiaeeiua ia?aiao?u:”

LOCATE 4, 2: INPUT “Auno?iaeaenoaea ia?aie iiaeaee, IAoe “, Mhz1

LOCATE 5, 2: INPUT “Auno?iaeaenoaea aoi?ie iiaeaee, IAoe “, Mhz2

LOCATE 6, 2: INPUT “Auno?iaeaenoaea o?aoueae iiaeaee, IAoe “, Mhz3

LOCATE 7, 2: INPUT “Auno?iaeaenoaea iiaeaee-ia?acoea, IAoe “, Mhz0

LOCATE 9, 2: INPUT “Iauai iaiyoe ia?aie iiaeaee, Ia “, Mb1

LOCATE 10, 2: INPUT “Iauai iaiyoe aoi?ie iiaeaee, Ia “, Mb2

LOCATE 11, 2: INPUT “Iauai iaiyoe o?aoueae iiaeaee, Ia “, Mb3

LOCATE 12, 2: INPUT “Iauai iaiyoe iiaeaee-ia?acoea, Ia “, mb0

LOCATE 14, 2: PRINT “Aeaeueoa ii iyoeaaeueiie nenoaia !!!”

LOCATE 16, 2: INPUT “Ea/anoai ianeoaeeaaiey aeey ia?aie iiaeaee “, o1

LOCATE 17, 2: INPUT “Ea/anoai ianeoaeeaaiey aeey aoi?ie iiaeaee “, o2

LOCATE 18, 2: INPUT “Ea/anoai ianeoaeeaaiey aeey o?aoueae iiaeaee “, o3

LOCATE 19, 2: INPUT “Ea/anoai ianeoaeeaaiey aeey iiaeaee-ia?acoea “, o0

CLS

LOCATE 4, 2: INPUT “Oeaia ia?aie iiaeaee, iei. ?oa “, p1

LOCATE 5, 2: INPUT “Oeaia aoi?ie iiaeaee, iei. ?oa “, p2

LOCATE 6, 2: INPUT “Oeaia o?aoueae iiaeaee, iei. ?oa “, p3

LOCATE 7, 2: INPUT “Oeaia iiaeaee-ia?acoea, iei. ?oa “, p0

LOCATE 9, 2: INPUT “?anoiaeu ia yenieoaoaoeeth a aiae aeey ia?aie
iiaeaee, iei. ?oa “, r1

LOCATE 10, 2: INPUT “?anoiaeu ia yenieoaoaoeeth a aiae aeey aoi?ie
iiaeaee, iei. ?oa “, r2

LOCATE 11, 2: INPUT “?anoiaeu ia yenieoaoaoeeth a aiae aeey o?aoueae
iiaeaee, iei. ?oa “, r3

LOCATE 12, 2: INPUT “?anoiaeu ia yenieoaoaoeeth a aiae aeey
iiaeaee-ia?acoea, iei. ?oa “, r0

CLS

‘?AN*AO AeEOOA?AIOeEAEUeIUI IAOIAeII

a1 = .3

a2 = .5

a3 = .2

‘?AN*AO II OAOIE*ANEEI IA?AIAO?AI

q11 = Mhz1 / Mhz0

q12 = Mb1 / mb0

q13 = o1 / o0

q21 = Mhz2 / Mhz0

q22 = Mb2 / mb0

q23 = o2 / o0

q31 = Mhz3 / Mhz0

q32 = Mb3 / mb0

q33 = o3 / o0

‘?AN*AO II YEIIIIE*ANEEI IA?AIAO?AI

qe1 = p0 / p1

qe2 = p0 / p2

qe3 = p0 / p3

‘?AN*AO EIIIEAENIUI IAOIAeII

‘?AN*AO II OAOIE*ANEEI IA?AIAO?AI

itp1 = q11 * a1 + q12 * a2 + q13 * a3

itp2 = q21 * a1 + q22 * a2 + q23 * a3

itp3 = q31 * a1 + q32 * a2 + q33 * a3

‘?AN*AO II YEIIIIE*ANEEI IA?AIAO?AI

iep1 = (p1 + r1 * (1 + .877 + .77 + .675)) / (p0 + r0 * (1 + .877 + .77
+ .675))

iep2 = (p2 + r2 * (1 + .877 + .77 + .675)) / (p0 + r0 * (1 + .877 + .77
+ .675))

iep3 = (p3 + r3 * (1 + .877 + .77 + .675)) / (p0 + r0 * (1 + .877 + .77
+ .675))

‘?AN*AO EIOAA?AEUeIIAI IIEACAOAEss

k1 = itp1 / iep1

k2 = itp2 / iep2

k3 = itp3 / iep3

IF itp1 = itp2 AND itp2 = itp3 THEN GOTO andy

GOTO parametrs:

andy: IF iep1 = iep2 AND iep2 = iep3 THEN GOTO andy1

GOTO parametrs:

andy1: IF k1 = k2 AND k2 = k3 THEN GOTO jokefromandy

GOTO parametrs:

parametrs:

CLS

PRINT “Aaeeie/iua iieacaoaee ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai aeey ia?aie
iiaeaee:”

PRINT ; q11

PRINT ; q12

PRINT ; q13

PRINT

PRINT “Aaeeie/iua iieacaoaee ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai aeey aoi?ie
iiaeaee:”

PRINT ; q21

PRINT ; q22

PRINT ; q23

PRINT

PRINT “Aaeeie/iua iieacaoaee ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai aeey o?aoueae
iiaeaee:”

PRINT ; q31

PRINT ; q32

PRINT ; q33

PRINT

PRINT “Aaeeie/iua iieacaoaee ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai:”

PRINT “Aeey ia?aie iiaeaee “; qe1

PRINT “Aeey aoi?ie iiaeaee “; qe2

PRINT “Aeey o?aoueae iiaeaee “; qe3

PRINT

SLEEP 0

CLS

PRINT “A?oiiiaua iieacaoaee ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai:”

PRINT “Aeey ia?aie iiaeaee “; itp1

PRINT “Aeey aoi?ie iiaeaee “; itp2

PRINT “Aeey o?aoueae iiaeaee “; itp3

PRINT

PRINT “A?oiiiaua iieacaoaee ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai:”

PRINT “Aeey ia?aie iiaeaee “; iep1

PRINT “Aeey aoi?ie iiaeaee “; iep2

PRINT “Aeey o?aoueae iiaeaee “; iep3

PRINT

PRINT “Eioaa?aeueiue iieacaoaeue:”

PRINT “Aeey ia?aie iiaeaee “; k1

PRINT “Aeey aoi?ie iiaeaee “; k2

PRINT “Aeey o?aoueae iiaeaee “; k3

SLEEP 0

‘AUAIAeU

IF itp1 < itp2 AND itp2 < itp3 THEN GOTO 200IF itp1 < itp3 AND itp3 < itp2 THEN GOTO 201IF itp2 < itp1 AND itp1 < itp3 THEN GOTO 202IF itp2 < itp3 AND itp3 < itp1 THEN GOTO 203IF itp3 < itp2 AND itp2 < itp1 THEN GOTO 204IF itp3 < itp AND itp1 < itp2 THEN GOTO 205300 :IF k1 >= 1 AND k1 >= k2 AND k1 >= k3 THEN GOTO 301

IF k2 >= 1 AND k2 >= k1 AND k2 >= k3 THEN GOTO 302

IF k3 >= 1 AND k3 >= k2 AND k3 >= k1 THEN GOTO 303

400 :

SLEEP 0

GOTO 10

help:

CLS

LOCATE 28, 30: PRINT “Iinea aaiaea aeie ENTER”

LOCATE 29, 2: PRINT STRING$(50, ” “)

RETURN

annot:

CLS

OPEN “annota.txt” FOR INPUT AS #1

50 :

FOR x = 1 TO 6

CLS

FOR y = 0 TO 23

IF EOF(1) THEN GOTO 56

LOCATE 1 + y, 12: PRINT annotation$

LINE INPUT #1, annotation$

NEXT y

LOCATE 28, 21: PRINT “Aeey i?iaeieaeaiey iaaeieoa ethaoth eeaaeoo”

55 : a$ = INKEY$

IF a$ = “” THEN GOTO 55

IF a$ = CHR$(27) THEN GOTO 10

NEXT x

56 : CLOSE

GOTO 10

200 :

m$ = “ia?aay”

b$ = “o?aouey”

GOSUB 222

GOTO 300

201 :

m$ = “ia?aay”

b$ = “aoi?ay”

GOSUB 222

GOTO 300

202 :

m$ = “aoi?ay”

b$ = “o?aouey”

GOSUB 222

GOTO 300

203 :

m$ = “aoi?ay”

b$ = “ia?aay”

GOSUB 222

GOTO 300

204 :

m$ = “o?aouey”

b$ = “ia?aay”

GOSUB 222

GOTO 300

205 :

m$ = “o?aouey”

b$ = “aoi?ay”

GOSUB 222

GOTO 300

301 :

b$ = “ia?aay”

GOSUB 333

GOTO 400

302 :

b$ = “aoi?ay”

GOSUB 333

GOTO 400

303 :

b$ = “o?aouey”

GOSUB 333

GOTO 400

222 : CLS

PRINT ” A ?acoeueoaoa iieo/aiiuo a?oiiiauo iieacaoaeae ii oaoie/aneei
ia?aiao?ai “; b$

PRINT “iiaeaeue eiiiuethoa?ia iaeaieaa eiieo?aioiniiniaiay, oi anoue a
oeaeii “; b$; ” iiaeaeue”

PRINT “eiiiuethoa?ia iieiaa oaeiaeaoai?yao cai?inu iio?aaeoaey, /ai ana
inoaeueiua iiaeaee”

PRINT “eiiiuethoa?ia. Oae eae a?oiiiaie iieacaoaeue oa?aeoa?ecoao
noaiaiue niioaaonoaey”

PRINT “enneaaeoaiiai ecaeaeey niioaaonoaothuei iio?aaiinoyi ii anai
oaoie/aneei”

PRINT “ia?aiao?ai (aeey aeaiiiai neo/ay: auno?iaeaenoaea, iauai iaiyoe,
ea/anoai”

PRINT “ianeoaeeaaiey).”

PRINT ” A ec iieo/aiiuo ?an/aoia ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai aeaeii,
/oi “; m$; ” iiaeaeue”

PRINT “eiiiuethoa?ia aieaa eiieo?aioiniiniaiay ii yeiiiie/aneei
ia?aiao?ai ec anao”

PRINT “inoaeueiuo iiaeaeae eiiiuethoa?ia, oae eae eiaao naiue iaeaiueeee
a?oiiiaie”

PRINT “iieacaoaeue. A yoi cia/eo, /oi iieoiaoaeue aoaeao n aieueoae
ioioie iieoiaoue yoo”

PRINT “iiaeaeue eiiiuethoa?ia, /ai ana inoaeueiua. Ii oae eae n?ie
ii?aeueiiai noa?aiey o”

PRINT “eiiiuethoa?ia i/aiue iaeaiueeee, oi a oeaeii auaiaeiaa “; b$; ”
iiaeaeue. Oioue iia e”

PRINT “aei?iaea, ii ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai iia aiieia
eiieo?aioiniiniaiay.”

RETURN

333 :

PRINT ” Ec ?an/aoia eioaa?aeueiiai iieacaoaey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe
aeaeii, /oi “; b$

PRINT “iiaeaeue i?aainoiaeeo ia?acaoe ii eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe a oeaeii,
iioiio /oi o iaa”

PRINT “eioaa?aeueiue iieacaoaeue aieueoa aaeeieoeu. Yoi aiai?eo i
oii,/oi aeey ?inneeneeo”

PRINT “iieoiaoaeae auaiaeiaa eiaiii “; b$; ” iiaeaeue, oae eae iia ii
oaoie/aneei”

PRINT “ia?aiao?ai ia onooiaao ia?acoeo, a aa noieiinoue ai?acaei
iaiueoa.”

RETURN

jokefromandy:

LOCATE 15, 30: PRINT “*A EO N?AAIEAAOUe-OI, A ?”

SLEEP 0

GOTO 10

PAGE 50

PAGE 50

– PAGE 62 –

– PAGE 3 –

Ia?aiao?u eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe

Oaoie/aneea

Yeiiiie/aneea

Iacia/aiey

Y?aiiiie/aneea

Ynoaoe/aneea

Oaeouea

Aaeeiia?aiaiiua

Eeanneoeeaoeeiiiua

Oaoie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe

Eiino?oeoeaiua

Ii?iaoeaiua

Aaciianiinoe

Iaoaioiie /enoiou

Yeieiae/aneea

Eco/aiea ?uiea

Nai? aeaiiuo i eiieo?aioao

Cai?inu iioaioeeaeueiuo iio?aaeoaeae

Aiaeec i?iaeoa, ioeaiea noieiinoe, ii?aaeaeaiea aieinoe ?uiea e
ia?niaeoea nauoa ecaeaeee

Oi?ioee?iaea o?aaiaaiee e ecaeaeeth

Ii?aaeaeaiea oeaeae aiaeeca eiieo?aioi-niiniaiinoe

Ii?aaeaeaiea ia?a/iy ia?aiao?ia, iiaeeaaeaueo ioeaiea

Auai? aacu n?aaiaiey

Aiaeec ii?iaoeaiuo ia?aiao?ia. ?an/ao a?oiiiaiai iieacaoaey

Ii?aaeaeaiea a?oiiiaiai iieacaoaey ii oaoie/aneei ia?aiao?ai

Ii?aaeaeaiea a?oiiiaiai ii yeiiiie/aneei ia?aiao?ai

Aiaeec oeaiu iio?aaeaiey

?an/ao eioaa?aeueiiai iieacaoaey

Auaiae i eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe

?ac?aaioea ia? ii iiauoaieth eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe e iioeiecaoeee cao?ao

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