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Ieienoa?noai iauaai e i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ia?aciaaiey

Oieueyoeiineee iieeoaoie/aneee einoeooo

Eaoaae?a aaoiiaoecaoeee oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia

?aoa?ao

«I?ioeanni?u eiiiaiee Intel»

A?oiia: Y-109

Nooaeaio: Oiii?ia Ae.A.

a. Oieueyooe

1998 aiae

Eiiiaiey Intel ia aeaiiue iiiaio i?aaeinoaaeyao iiaeaeueiue ?yae
i?ioeanni?ia Pentium MMX, Pentium Pro, Celeron, Pentium II, Pentium II
Xeon. Ia?aua 2 iiaeaee ia aeaiiue iiiaio oaea ia i?iecaiaeyony, ii
i?aaeinoaaeythony aeeea?aie Intel ii anaio ie?o. Ia/iai iaci? n
i?ioeanni?ia Intel Pentium MMX.

Intel Pentium MMX

E?aoeee iaci?:

•I?ioeanni?u Pentium® n oaeoiaie /anoioie 233, 200 e 166 IAoe
iaania/eaatho eo/ooth i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinouen?aaee i?ioeanni?ia n
aiacaeii Socket 7.

 •Aieaa aunieay i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue ii n?aaiaieth n iau/iuie
i?ioeanni?aiePentium

— ia 10-20% ia noaiaea?oiuo oanoao

— aieaa 60% ia oanoa Intel’s Media Benchmark,ioeaieaathuai
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue oaoiieiaee MMX™ i?e ?aaioa n ioeueoeiaaeea

 •Eiaao oeo/oaiioth iee?ia?oeoaeoo?o ii n?aaiaieth n i?ioeanni?ii
Pentium

— iieiay iiaeaea?aeea oaoiieiaee MMX

— oaeaiaiu eyo aeaiiuo e eyo eiaea aei 16 E eaaeaeay

— oeo/oai iaoaieci i?aaeneacaiey aaoaeaiey

— oeo/oaiiay eiiaaea?iay ia?aaioea

— aieaa aeoaieea aooa?u caiene

•Iieiay niaianoeiinoue ni anae aeaeeioaeie i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey
ia?niiaeueiuoeiiiuethoa?ia, nicaeaiiiai aeey i?ioeanni?ia Pentium®,
Intel486™ e Intel386™

  I?ioeanni?u Pentium® c oaoiieiaeae MMX™, auioneathueany n oaeoiaie
/anoioie 233, 200 e 166 IAoe,yaeythony nouanoaaiiui aeiiieiaieai
naiaenoaa Pentium.Nei?inoue ?aaiou i?eeiaeaiee a nenoaiao n i?ioeanni?ii
Pentium n oaoiieiaeae MMXia 10-20% aieueoa, /ai a nenoaiao n
i?ioeanni?ii Pentium oie aea oaeoiaie /anoiou. I?eeiaeaiey,
?ac?aaioaiiua aeey oaoiieiaee MMX, ?aaeecotho
aeiiieieoaeueiothi?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue, eioi?oth iaania/eaaao oaoiieiaey
MMX, iicaieyy eniieueciaaoueaiaaooth oeaaoiaoth aaiio, aieaa
?aaeenoe/ioth a?aoeeo, iieii-ye?aiiia aeaeai eo.ae. Eiie?aoiua
aiciiaeiinoe ii?aaeaeythony oeiiii?eeiaeaiey e noaiaiueth eniieueciaaiey
oaoiieiaee MMX. Yoaeiiiue oano IntelMedia Benchmark, eioi?ue ioeaieaaao
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue ioeueoeiaaeea, eniieiyaonaieaa /ai ia 60% auno?aa
a nenoaia ia aaca i?ioeanni?a Pentium n oaoiieiaeae MMX, /ai a nenoaia n
i?ioeanni?ii Pentium oie aea oaeoiaie /anoiou.

Aeey aieaa iieiiai eioa?aeoeaiiai eniieueciaaiey IE nenoaia aeieaeia
iaeaaeaoue aunieiei?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoueth a o?ao iai?aaeaieyo: i?e
auiieiaiee oeaei/eneaiiuo au/eneaiee e iia?aoeee n ieaaathuae caiyoie, a
oaeaeai?e ?aaioa n ioeueoeiaaeea. Iau/iua i?eeiaeaiey, oaeea eae
oaenoiaua ?aaeaeoi?u, i?ia?aiiu aeey nicaeaiey e i?iniio?ai?acaioaoeee,
ia?niiaeueiua oeiainiaua i?ia?aiiu, o?aaotho aunieie
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe oeaei/eneaiiuo au/eneaiee. Iaeiaei,aeey
eniieueciaaiey aeaeai, o?aoia?iuo ea? e ia?aaioee ecia?aaeaiee
iaiaoiaeeii iaeneiaeueiia ?anoe?aiea ioeueoeiaaeeeiuoaiciiaeiinoae aaoeo
i?ioeanni?ia e nenoai, a oaeaea aunieay i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue iia?aoeee
n ieaaathuae caiyoie.I?ioeanni? Pentium® c oaoiieiaeae MMX™ n oaeoiaie
/anoioie 233 IAoe eiaao eo/oea iieacaoaee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe ai anao
o?ao iaeanoyo.

I?ioeanni? Pentium n oaoiieiaeae MMX iaania/eaaao iieioth
niaianoeiinoue, eae i?ia?aiiioth, oae e ii auaiaeai, ni?aaeuaeoueie
i?ioeanni?aie naiaenoaa Pentium. Ii niaea?aeeo 4.5 ieeeeiiao?aicenoi?ia
e ecaioiaeai ii ?anoe?aiiie 0.35 iee?iiiie oaoiieiaeen eniieueciaaieai
oaoiieiaee EIII e oaoiieiaee iiieaeaiey iai?yaeaiey. Yoi
iicaieyaonio?aieoue oaieiaua oa?aeoa?enoeee i?eaeiaeueiiai
i?ioeanni?aPentium i?e nouanoaaiiii oaaee/aiee i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe.

Iienaiea i?ioeanni?a

I?ioeanni? Pentium n oaoiieiaeae MMX – iiaue i?aaenoaaeoaeue
naiaenoaai?ioeanni?ia Pentium c oeo/oaiiie iee?ia?oeoaeoo?ie:

•Iieiay iiaeaea?aeea oaoiieiaee MMX.  A iniiaa oaoiieiaee MMX
eaaeeoiaoiae SIMD – iaeia eino?oeoeey iaae iiiaeie aeaiiuie, – eioi?ue
iicaieyao oaaee/eouei?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue oe?ieiai iaai?a
ioeueoeiaaeeeiuo e eiiioieeaoeeiiiuo i?eeiaeaiee. I?ioeanni? Pentium c
oaoiieiaeae MMX iiaeaea?aeeaaao 57 iiauo eino?oeoeee e 4
iiauo64-?ac?yaeiuo oeia aeaiiuo. Ana nouanoaothuea iia?aoeeiiiua nenoaiu
e i?eeiaeaieiieiinoueth niaianoeiu n i?ioeanni?ii Pentium n oaoiieiaeae
MMX.

•Oaeaiai iauai eyo aeaiiuo e eyo eiaea aei 16E eaaeaeie. Eyo aeaiiuo e
eyo eiaea1-ai o?iaiy i?ioeanni?a auee oaeaiaiu aei 16kb
eaaeaeay.?acaeaeueiua ano?iaiiuaeyo oaaee/eaatho i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue,
nie?auay n?aaeiaa a?aiy aeinooia e iaiyoee iaania/eaay auno?ue aeinooi e
/anoi eniieuecoaiui eino?oeoeeyi e aeaiiui.Eyo eiaea e eyo aeaiiuo
eniieuecothony iaeiia?aiaiii, i?e/ai eyo aeaiiuo iiaeaea?aeeaaaoaeaa
ia?auaiey iaeiia?aiaiii.Eyo aeaiiuo iiaeaea?aeeaaao iaoiae ia?aoiie
caiene(write-back) eee, aeueoa?iaoeaii, iino?i/iie neaiciie caiene
(writethrough).

•Oeo/oaiiia i?aaeneacaiea aaoaeaiey.Aeeiaie/aneia i?aaeneacaiea
aaoaeaiey eniieuecoaoBranch Target Buffer (BTB), eioi?ue i?aaeneacuaaao
iaeaieaa aa?iyoiue iaai?eino?oeoeee aeey eniieiaiey.

•Oeo/oaiiay eiiaaea?iay ia?aaioea.Aeey iiauoaiey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe
aueaaeiaaaeaia aeiiieieoaeueiay noaaeey eiiaaea?iie ia?aaioee.

•Aieaa aeoaieea aooa?u caiene.Aeey oeo/oaiei?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe caiene a
iaiyoue, aooa?iay iaeanoue,ninoiyuay ec /aou?ao aooa?ia,oaia?ue
eniieuecoaony niaianoii aeaoiy eiiaaea?aie.

Ana i?ioeanni?u naiaenoaa Pentium ?ac?aaioaiu aeey ainiiaenoaothueo a
ianoiyuaaa?aiy ianoieueiuo nenoai e iaania/eaatho nouanoaaiiua oeo/oaiey
iin?aaiaieth n i?aaeuaeoueie iieieaieyie iee?ii?ioeanni?ia Intel,
oeiaIntel486 e lntel386 e o.ae., i?e nio?aiaiee eiaeiaie niaianoeiinoe.
 Iniiaiua oa?aeoa?enoeee:

•64-?ac?yaeiay oeia aeaiiuo

•Oeaeinoiinoue aeaiiuo

•Ano?iaiiue eiio?ieea? i?a?uaaiee iee?ii?ioeanni?a

•Eiio?ieue i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe e ioneaaeeaaiea eniieiaiey

•Oeo/oaiea no?aie/iiai iaiaia

•Oi?aaeaiea iiuiinoueth n iiiiuueth SL-oaoiieiaee

•Noia?ne?aey?iay a?oeoaeoo?a n aiciiaeiinoueth ia?aeeaeueiiai eniieiaiey
aeaoooeaei/eneaiiuoeino?oeoeee ca iaeei oaeo

•Eiiaaea?iue aeie au/eneaiee n ieaaathuae caiyoie (FPU) aeey
iiaeaea?aeee32- e 64- ?ac?yaeiuo oi?iaoia, onoaiiaeaiiuo noaiaea?oii
IEEE 754,a oaeaea 80-?ac?yaeiiai oi?iaoa.  Yoi aeaao aiciiaeiinoue
eniieiaiey aiaeiii oaeoa aeaoo eino?oeoeee n ieaaathuae caiyoie,
iaania/eaay oaaee/aieai?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe au/eneaiee n ieaaathuae
caiyoie aei iyoe ?ac n ieaie?iaaieaieino?oeoeee e eiiaaea?iui
eniieiaieai. FPU – yoi iauaeoiue eiae,niaianoeiue n iaoaiaoe/aneeie
nii?ioeanni?aie Intel486 DX e Intel 487 SX,Intel 387 DX, e Intel 387 SX.

•Iiiaea eino?oeoeee, iee?ieiaee?iaaiiua ai?ioeanni?ao x86, oaia?ue
aiia?aoii ano?iaiu a i?ioeanni? aeey iaania/aieaunieie
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe.

•Eiio?ieueiua neaiaeu oeiu aeey oi?aaeaiey niaeaniaaiiinoueth eyo-iaiyoe
aioeueoei?ioeanni?iuo nenoaiao.

•Ano?iaiiue eiio?ieea? i?a?uaaiee iee?ii?ioeanni?a, iaania/eaa-

thuee neiiao?e/ioth iiiaii?ioeanni?ioth ia?aaioeo n ieieiaeueiuie
cao?aoaie.

•Aeaooi?ioeanni?iue ?aaeei, iaania/eaathuee iiauoaiea
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe i?eeiaeaieea 32-?ac?yaeiuo iia?aoeeiiiuo nenoaiao.

•?anoe?aiiay oi?ia no?aie/iiai iaiaia iaania/eaaao aeinooi e no?oeoo?ai
aeaiiuo,aieueoei aeinooiiiai iauaia iaiyoe, nio?aiyy eo /anoe/ii a
iaiyoe e /anoe/ii ia aeenea.

•Aiia?aoiay iiaeaea?aeea ae?ooaeueiuo i?a?uaaiee, eioi?ay iaania/eaaaony
Ae?ooaeueiui oeaaii i?a?uaaiee(VIF) e Ae?ooaeueiui iaeeaeaieai
i?a?uaaiee(VIP) a?aaeno?a EFLAGS, a iaeioi?uo neo/ayo ono?aiyao
iaiaoiaeeiinoue iiieoi?iiaicaoaaoa ec ae?ooaeueiiai-8086 eee caueuaiiiai
?aaeeiia.

•Eaeaioeoeeaoeey CPU aeey iieo/aiey eioi?iaoeee i naiaenoaa,iiaeaee,
noaiieiaa e oa?aeoa?enoeeao i?ioeanni?a n iiiiuueth eiiaiaeuCPUID. 
Aiciiaeiinoue auiieiaiey yoie eino?oeoeee ii?aaeaeyaony
aiciiaeiinouethonoaiiaee ID a ?aaeno?a EFLAGS.

•Ii?aaeaeaiea ioeaie aioo?aiieo ono?ienoa e eioa?oaena oeiu
iaania/eaaaonn iiiiuueth caueou eiio?iey ii /aoiinoe e Machine Check
Exception (MCE).Oaeaea iaania/eaaaony aiia?aoiay iiaeaea?aeea aeey
i?iaa?ee caaa?oaiey oeeeea oeiu.

Iaeioi?ua aiciiaeiinoe i?ioeanni?a eniieuecothony aeey oanoe?iaaiey e
eiio?iei?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe.  Yoi:

•Ano?iaiiue Self Test (BIST), iaania/eaathuee 100% ii?aaeaeaiea
aaeeie/iuo eiinoaioiuoioeaie iee?ieiaea e aieueoeo PLA, a oaeaea
oanoe?iaaiea eyo eiaea, eyo aeaiiuo,Translation Lookaside Buffers(TLB) e
iinoiyiiuo ROM.

•Ii?o aeinooia e noaiaea?oiui oanoai IEEE 1149.1 e a?oeoaeoo?iue
iaoaieci neaie?iaaiea?aieoe, iicaieythuee oanoe?iaaiea i?ioeanni?a n
iiiiuueth noaiaea?oiiai eioa?oaena.

•?anoe?aiey Ioeaaeee, eioi?ua iicaieytho ioeaaeeaaoue aae?ana
aaiaea-auaiaea e aeinooi eiaiyoe.

•Aioo?aiiea n/ao/eee, eioi?ua iiaoo eniieueciaaoueny aeey eiio?iey
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoee o/aoa niauoee.

Intel Celeron

15 ai?aey n?aaee i?i/eo i?iaeoeoia oe?iie Intel aue i?aaenoaaeai iiaue
i?ioeanni? Celeron. Ii i?aaenoaaeyao niaie oaeaoaaeaiioth aa?neth
Pentium II ca n/ao ecuyoey ec iaai eaoa aoi?iai o?iaiy. Yoio i?ioeanni?
i?eaioe?iaai, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue, ia nenoaiu ieaeiae oeaiiaie
eaoaai?ee, iaeiaei noieiinoue Pentium II iiea aua aaeeea, e Celeron
iiaeao nua?aoue aaaeioth ?ieue i?e ia?aoiaea ia iiaia iieieaiea
i?ioeanni?ia.

*anoioa, ia eioi?ie ?aaioaao Celeron, ninoaaeyao 266 IAoe i?e aiaoiae –
66 IAoe. I?aaenoaaeaiiay a oio aea aeaiue 100-iaaaaa?oeiaay oeia iiaui
i?ioeanni?ii ioeoeeaeueii ia iiaeaea?aeeaaaony. E?enoaee iaeaaeaao 32
Eaaeoaie eao-iaiyoe ia?aiai o?iaiy e onoaiaaeeaaaony a aiacaei Slot 1.

Ii anai yoei i?e/eiai, yoio i?ioeanni? ?anoeaieaaeny iiiaeie eae
aaniethoii iai?eiaieiue a ii?iaeueiuo oneiaeyo ec-ca eaoano?ioe/anee
ieceie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe, iaiaeue aeeaae a eioi?oth aiineo L2-eao.

Iaeiaei, aiciiaeii, i?eaeaony ia?aniio?aoue naie iiceoeee. I?iaaaeaiiua
oanou iieacuaatho, /oi yoio i?ioeanni? i/aiue aeaaea iaieioi ?acaiiyaony
aeaaiaea?y eniieueciaaieth 100-iaaaaa?oeiaie oeiu. Oaea iiiaea
niaoeeaeenou ioiaoeee, /oi Celeron ?acaiiyaony aei /anoiou 400 IAoe.
Iaoe iiuou yoi iiaeoaa?aeaeatho.

I ?acoeueoaoao iaoeo enneaaeiaaiee aoaeao ?anneacaii ieaea, a nae/an i
oii, aaea aea iiaeii eniieueciaaoue Celeron. *oi eanaaony iaiaoiaeeiuo
o?aaiaaiee, oi ai-ia?auo, a ioee/ee io ?aiieo Pentium II, Celerono
o?aaoaony iai?yaeaiea ieoaiey 2 A, a ia 2.8. I?aeoe/anee ana ieaou
eiatho aaoiiaoe/aneoth onoaiiaeo iai?yaeaiey ieoaiey, ii oieueei
iaeioi?ua iiaoo iaania/eoue o?aaoaiia iai?yaeaiea. A iauai, iiaeii
neacaoue, /oi anee ieaoa ia ia /einaoa 440FX, oi 2 A iia nei?aa anaai
iiaeaea?aeeaaao. Ai-aoi?uo, i nouanoaiaaiee i?ioeanni?a Celeron aeieaeai
ciaoue BIOS. Aeaei a oii, /oi yoio i?ioeanni? o?aaoao caa?oceo
niaoeeoe/iiai iee?ieiaea, eioi?ue iiaeaea?aeeaaao i?eaeiaeueiua
Celeronianeea oeaie ECC e a?aeo? eaoa L2, eioi?ue a Celerona oiaea
anoue. Oae /oi i?e caa?ocea BIOS aeieaeai auaeaaaoue, /oi onoaiiaeai
i?ioeanni? Celeron, eia/a nenoaia ?aaioaoue ia aoaeao aiana eee aoaeao
caaenaoue ia yoaia caa?ocee.

*oi eanaaony /einaoia. Niaoeeaeueii aeey Celeron Intel ?ac?aaioae iiaue
/einao 440EX. Yoi – iaeaa/aiiay aa?ney 440LX, a ei?iona iee?inoaiu
eioi?ie ia ?acaiaeyony iaeioi?ua oeaie e?enoaeea LX. A /anoiinoe, 440EX
ia iiaeaea?aeeaaao iiiaii?ioeanni?iinoe e ECC, e eiaao ia?aie/aiea a
iauaia iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe 256 Iaaeo e ia iiaeaea?aeeaaao aieaa o?ao
neioia PCI. Oae /oi, anee i?eaioe?iaaoueny ia ?acaii, oi i?eiaiyoue ie
440LX, ie 440EX niunea iao, Celeron iiaeaea?aeeaaao oieueei
oeene?iaaiiia oiiiaeaiea ia 4. Oae /oi, /oiau iieo/eoue aeaenoaeoaeueii
oi?ioea ?acoeueoaou i?e ?acaiia, iaiaoiaeeia oioy au 100-iaaaaa?oeiaay
oeia, oi anoue /einao 440BX.

Anoue ee oaa?aiiinoue, /oi ethaie Celeron aoaeao ?aaioaoue ia /anoioa
400 IAoe? Iao, ii aunieee iioaioeeae yoiai i?ioeanni?a a iaeanoe ?acaiia
iaoneiaeai ?yaeii oaeoi?ia. Ai-ia?auo, ieceei iai?yaeaieai yae?a,
ai-aoi?uo, i?ia?anneaiie oaoiieiaeae, ia eioi?ie iniiaaiu ana
nouanoaothuea i?ioeanni?u Pentium II, e a o?aoueeo, ionoonoaeai L2-eaoa
– naiiai /oanoaeoaeueiiai e ?acaiio yeaiaioa. Ana i?ioeanni?u,
i?ioanoe?iaaiiua iaoeie eieeaaaie aei 400 IAoe ?acaiiyeenue, aea e Intel
a?yae ee aoaeao ano?aeaaoue eaeoth-oi aua caueoo a aeaoaaue i?ioeanni?.
Oae /oi, nei?aa anaai, ?acaiiyoueny Celeron aoaeao e aeaeueoa. Iaeiaei,
ana aea i?e ?acaiia ia 400 IAoe, aeey iaania/aiey noaaeeueiie ?aaiou, e
?aaeeaoi?o i?ioeanni?a aue i?ee?aieai aaioeeyoi? io i?ioeanni?a Pentium.
Aieaa 400 IAoe i?ioeanni? ia ?acaiiyeny – eiiiuethoa? i?inoi ia
aeeth/aeny.

Oaia?ue nianoaaiii i oii, /oi oaeie ?acaii aeaao. Iaie auee
i?ioanoe?iaaiu i?ioeanni? Celeron e Pentium II, /oiau auyaeoue,
ianeieueei ieio ia?aue ii n?aaiaieth ni aoi?ui. Oanoe?iaaiea
i?iaiaeeeinue ia aaca iaoa?eineie ieaou Abit BX6 ia /einaoa 440BX,
iicaieythuae onoaiiaeo aiaoiae /anoiou 66, 75, 83, 112 e 133 IAoe.
Inoaeueiua eiiieaeoothuea – SDRAM Hyundai 2o32 Iaaeoa n SPD, aeanoeee
aeene Quantum Fireball SE 2.1 Aaaeoa, aeaeai Diamond Viper V330 AGP. Ia
eiiiuethoa?a onoaiiaeeaaeanue iia?aoeeiiiay nenoaia Windows 95 OSR 2.1,
DX 5.0 e ana iaiaoiaeeiua ae?aeaa?a – aeaeai (aaoa 1.44 n iiaeaea?aeeie
OpenGL) e Bus Mastering. A ea/anoaa oanoia i?eiaiyeny WinStone98 aeey
ecia?aiey nei?inoe ?aaiou ioeniuo i?eeiaeaiee, Quake2 aeey ecia?aiey
nei?inoe ?aaiou OpenGL-ea? e Xdemo aeey ioeaiee nei?inoe ?aaiou
DirectX-ea?.

Eae iu aeaeei, a ioeniuo i?eeiaeaieyo Celeron i?iyaee naay aanueia
neoaeii aeaaea i?e ?acaiia, ii caoi a ea?iauo i?eeiaeaieyo – yoi
ianoiyuay iaoiaeea. Intel aue i?aa, ooaa?aeaeay /oi a
ioeueoeiaaeea-caaea/ao eao L2 ioaeai iaei. Aeaaiia – /anoioa
i?ioeanni?a. E oiio aea, anee o/eouaaoue, /oi nei?inoue oaecoiaiai
?aaeaeoi?a eee yeaeo?iiiie oaaeeoeu iaei aeeyao ia ea/anoai ?aaiou, oi a
ea?ao nei?inoue i/aiue aaaeia. Ii oai iia e anoue. Oae /oi iiaeii
neacaoue, /oi Neleron – aeaenoaeoaeueii oi?ioaa ?aoaiea aeey nenoaiu,
eniieuecoaiie a aieueoae noaiaie aeey ea?. Aaeeinoaaiiia, aaea yoio
i?ioeanni? nianai i?eiaiyoue iaeuecy, oae yoi a i?ioanneiiaeueiie
3D-a?aoeea, NAI? e aiiaua, aacaea aaea ioaeiu na?ueaciua ?an/aou. Aeaaea
/enoi c?eoaeueii aeaeii, /oi i?e ?aaioa ia Neleron caoueathony
a?oeaaoi?u.

Oae /oi ca oa $150, eioi?ua noieo yoio i?ioeanni?, ie/aai eo/oa ia iaeoe
– yoi naiue aeaoaaue e?enoaee a eeiaeea Pentium II. Ii niioiioaieth
nei?inoue e oeaia, anee o/eouaaoue aiciiaeiinoue ?acaiia e ea?iaia
i?eiaiaiea, ii naiue ia?aue ia ianoiyuee iiiaio.

Ieaiu Intel ia 1998 aiae.

Iinea i?aaenoaaeaiey naiaai naiiai auno?iai, ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue,
iee?ii?ioeanni?a Pentium II 333MHz, Intel ioeacuaaaony ioeoeeaeueii
ianoaeaeaoue a?aoee auoiaea neaaeothueo iiaeaeae i?ioeanni?ia, a oae aea
oeaiiaoth iieeoeeo. Iaeiaei, i?aaenoaaeoaee ei?ii?aoeee
iiaeoaa?aeaeatho, /oi naiaenoai i?ioeanni?ia Pentium II aoaeao ?anoe?aii
ca n/ao iiyaeaiey iiaeeoeeaoeee i?ioeanni?ia n nianoaaiiuie eiaiaie,
i?aaaea, ioeacuaathony ioe?uoue yoe eiaia. A oiaea a?aiy, ec
eioi?ie?iaaiiuo enoi/ieeia noaee ecaanoiu iaeioi?ua iiae?iaiinoe i
ieaiao Intel.

Nae/an ia/aeueiay oeaia ia 333MHz /ei – ieiei $710, ioeoaea neaaeoao,
/oi nenoaiu, iino?iaiiua ia iai aoaeoo noieoue aieaa $2.000, ii e?aeiae
ia?a, aei ia?oa, eiaaea oeaia ia i?ioeanni? aeieaeia nieceony aei $570.

A eiioea ia?oa Intel ieaie?oao iinoaaeoue ia iioie iiaeeueiua Pentium
II, a caoai (15 ai?aey) i?iecaanoe nieaeaiea oeai ia aanue ?yae
nouanoaothueo i?ioeanni?ia aeey ianoieueiuo eiiiuethoa?ia. Yoi niauoea
aeieaeii auoue i?eo?i/aii e iiyaeaieth aeaoo iiauo i?ioeanni?ia – 350MHz
e 400MHz Pentium II, iaeeaeaaiua oeaiu ia eioi?ua — $610 e $810,
niioaaonoaaiii. Pentium II 350MHz e 400MHz aoaeoo ia?auie i?ioeanni?aie
io Intel, ?aaioathuea n aiaoiae oeiiie /anoioie 100MHz. Iao?oaeii
caiaoeoue, /oi iaeeaeaaiay ia/aeueiay oeaia ia 350MHz e 400MHz aa?nee
Pentium II ieaea i?eia?ii ia $120 e $170, niioaaonoaaiii, /ai auei
caieaie?iaaii Intel a eiioea i?ioeiai aiaea. Yoi aiai?eo i yaiie
oaiaeaioeee a oeaiiia?aciaaiee.

Oaeaea, 15 ai?aey oaeaeeo naao iiaue i?ioeanni? Pentium II aac eyoa
aoi?iai o?iaiy (cacheless). Iaeeaeaaony, /oi 266MHz aa?ney Pentium II
aac eyoa, iiae eiaeiaui eiaiai Covington, aoaeao noieoue $150, i?e
caeoiea ia?oeae io 1000 oooe. Nenoaiu, iino?iaiiua ia yoii i?ioeanni?a,
aoaeoo i?aaeeaaaoueny ia ?uiea ii oeaiai iaiueoa, /ai $1,000. A oi aea
naiia a?aiy, Intel aeieaeia nieceoue oeaiu ia Pentium MMX. Iaeeaeaaony,
/oi Pentium MMX 200MHz aoaeao noieoue $92, a aa?ney 233MHz – $130.
Oaeaea, a ai?aea, Intel nieceo oeaio ia Pentium II 233MHz aei $195, ia
aa?nee 266MHz aei $242, 300MHz aei $370 e 333MHz aei $480.

7 ethiy Intel caieaie?iaaea nieaeaiea oeai ia Pentium II 266MHz aei
$195, 300MHz aei $300, 333MHz aei $400, 350MHz aei $510 e 400MHz aei
$710. A yoii aea ianyoea Intel i?aaenoaaeo ia?aue iee?ii?ioeanni?,
eniieuecothuee Slot 2, a aeaea 400MHz aa?nee n eyoai L2 ?acia?ii 512 Ea,
?aaioathuai ia oaeoiaie /anoioa i?ioeanni?a.

Ai aoi?ie iieiaeia aiaea Intel ieaie?oao auionoeoue 450MHz aa?neth
Pentium II aeey Slot 2, iniauaiioth ia auai? eyoai 512Ea, 1Ia e 2Ia.
Ia/aeueiay oeaia iaeeaeaaony ia o?iaia $760. A eiioea ethey Intel
i?ae?aoeo i?iecaiaenoai Pentium MMX 166MHz, ii inoaaeo Pentium MMX
200MHz ii oeaia iaiaa $92 e 233MHz – $105.

Iaeiia?aiaiii, Intel nieceo oeaiu ia Pentium II 266MHz aei $155, a ia
Pentium II 300MHz aei $200. Oeaia 350MHz e 400MHz aa?nee oiaiueoeony aei
$415 e $580, niioaaonoaaiii.

Iiaue i?ioeanni?, oae aea ioiinyueeny e naiaenoao Pentium II, ii
eiathuea oiaiueoaiiue eyo aoi?iai o?iaiy, eioaa?e?iaaiiue ia /eia, eiaao
eiaeiaia eiy Mendocino, aa?iyoii, iiyaeony ai aoi?ie iieiaeia aiaea a
aa?eaioao 300MHz e 333MHz. Oeaiu e oi/iay aeaoa auionea yoiai
i?ioeanni?a iiea ia ecaanoiu.

Intel Pentium II

Eae aeaeii ec i?aaeuaeouaai iaci?a iniiaiui i?iaeoeoii 1998 e 1999
aiaeia aoaeao i?ioeanni? Intel Pentium II, aeaiiue i?ioeanni?
eniieuecoao ianeieueei iiauo oaoiieiaee:

Aeeiaie/aneia eniieiaiea

A?oeoaeoo?o aeaieiie iacaaeneiie oeiu

Ea?o?eaeae n iaeiinoi?iiiei eiioaeoii

Aeaiiua oaoiieiaee iicaieeee nicaeaoue naiue i?iecaiaeeoaeueiue
i?ioeanni? n?aaeiaai eeanna. Oaia?ue iieoai eaaeaeoth ec oaoiieiaee:

Aeeiaie/aneia eniieiaiea

Aia?aua ?aaeeciaaiiia a i?ioeanni?a Pentium® Pro, Aeeiaie/aneia
eniieiaieai?aaenoaaeyao niaie eiiaeiaoeeth o?ao oaoiieiaee ia?aaioee
aeaiiuo, iaania/eaathueoaieaa yooaeoeaioth ?aaioo i?ioeanni?a. Yoi:
iiiaeanoaaiiia i?aaeneacaiea aaoaeaiee, aiaeec iioiea aeaiiuo, e
niaeoeyoeaiia eniieiaiea.Aeeiaie/aneia eniieiaiea iaania/eaaao aieaa
yooaeoeaioth ?aaioo i?ioeanni?a, iicaieiaieioee?iaaoue aeaiiuie, a ia
i?inoi eniieiyoue nienie eino?oeoeee.

Iaoiaeu, eniieuecothueany i?e iaienaiee i?ia?aiiu, iiaoo nouanoaaiii
aeeyoue iai?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue i?ioeanni?a. Iai?eia?, nei?inoue ?aaiou
i?ia?aiiu oiaiueoeony,anee i?ioeanni?o /anoi i?aaeienuaaaony inoaiiaeoue
oaeouea au/eneaiey e ia?aeeth/eoueny iaeniieiaiea eino?oeoeee a eaeie-oi
ae?oaie /anoe i?ia?aiiu. Iiaoo i?ienoiaeeoue caaea?aeee eec-ca
iaaiciiaeiinoe ia?aaioee eaeie-eeai eino?oeoeee, ia iieo/ea ?acoeueoaoa
eniieiaiei?aaeuaeouae. Aeeiaie/aneia eniieiaiea iicaieyao i?ioeanni?o
i?aaeneacuaaoueii?yaeie eino?oeoeee.

Aeeiaie/aneia eniieiaiea ninoieo ec:

-Iiiaeanoaaiiia i?aaeneacaiea aaoaeaiee

I?aaeneacuaaao i?ioiaeaeaiea i?ia?aiiu ii ianeieueeei aaoayi:Eniieuecoy
aeai?eoi iiiaeanoaaiiiai i?aaeneacaiey aaoaeaiee, i?ioeanni? iiaeao
i?aaeaeaeaoue?acaeaeaiea iioiea eino?oeoeee. N aieueoie oi/iinoueth
(aieaa 90%) ii i?aaeneacuaaao,a eaeie iaeanoe iaiyoe iiaeii iaeoe
neaaeothuea eino?oeoeee. Yoi ieacuaaaony aiciiaeiui, iineieueeoa
i?ioeanna eniieiaiey eino?oeoeee i?ioeanni? i?iniao?eaaao i?ia?aiio ia
ianeieueei oaaia aia?aae.Yoio iaoiae iicaieyao oaaee/eoue
caa?oaeaiiinoue i?ioeanni?a.

-Aiaeec iioiea aeaiiuo

Aiaeece?oao e ninoaaeyao a?aoee eniieiaiey eino?oeoeee a
iioeiaeueiieiineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe, iacaaeneii io ii?yaeea eo neaaeiaaiey
a oaenoa i?ia?aiiu:Eniieuecoy aiaeec iioiea aeaiiuo, i?ioeanni?
i?iniao?eaaao aeaeiaee?iaaiiua eino?oeoeeee ii?aaeaeyao, aioiau ee iie e
iaiin?aaenoaaiiiio eniieiaieth eee caaenyo io ?acoeueoaoaae?oaeo
eino?oeoeee. Aeaeaa i?ioeanni? ii?aaeaeyao iioeiaeueioth
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue auiieiaiee eniieiyao eino?oeoeee iaeaieaa
yooaeoeaiui ia?acii.

-Niaeoeyoeaiia auiieiaiea

Iiauoaao nei?inoue auiieiaiey, i?iniao?eaay i?ia?aiio aia?aae eeniieiyy
oa eino?oeoeee, eioi?ua iaiaoiaeeiu:I?ioeanni? auiieiyao eino?oeoeee
(aei 5 eino?oeoeee iaeiia?aiaiii) ii ia?a eo iinooieaiey a
iioeiece?iaaiiie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe(niaeoeyoeaii). Yoi iaania/eaaao
iaeneiaeueioth caa?oaeaiiinoue i?ioeanni?a Pentium® II e
oaaee/eaaaonei?inoue eniieiaiey i?ia?aiiu.Iineieueeo auiieiaiea
eino?oeoeee i?ienoiaeeo ia iniiaa i?aaeneacaiey aaoaeaiee,?acoeueoaou
nio?aiythony eae “niaeoeyoeaiua”. Ia eiia/iii yoaiaii?yaeie eino?oeoeee
ainnoaiaaeeaaaony e e ia?aaiaeeony a iau/iia iaoeiiia ninoiyiea.

A?oeoaeoo?a aeaieiie iacaaeneiie oeiu

A?oeoaeoo?a aeaieiie iacaaeneiie oeiu, nieiathuay iiiaea i?iaeaiu
i?iioneiie niiniaiinoe nia?aiaiiuo eiiiuethoa?iuo ieaooi?i,auea
?ac?aaioaia oe?iie Intel aeey oaeiaeaoai?aiey cai?inia nia?aiaiiuo
i?eeeaaeiuo i?ia?aii, a oaeaea aeey iaania/aie aiciiaeiinoe
aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey iiauo iieieaiee i?ioeanni?ia.

Aia?aua a?oeoaeoo?a aeaieiie iacaaeneiie oeiu auea i?eiaiaia a
i?ioeanni?aPentium® Pro, oaia?ue aea iia noaiao oe?iei aeinooiia n
iiiiuueth i?ioeanni?aPentium® II. Intel ?ac?aaioaea a?oeoaeoo?o aeaieiie
iacaaeneiie oeiu n oeaeuethoaaee/aiey i?iioneiie niiniaiinoe
i?ioeanni?iie oeiu.Iaee/ea aeaoo iacaaeneiuo oei aeaao aiciiaeiinoue
i?ioeanni?o iieo/aoue aeinooi e aeaiiui,ia?aaeathueiny ii ethaie ec oei
iaeiia?aiaiii e ia?aeeaeueii,a ioee/ea io iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai
iaoaiecia,oa?aeoa?iiai aeey nenoai n iaeiie oeiie.

Iaoaieci ?aaiou

•A?oeoaeoo?a aeaieiie iineaaeiaaoaeueiie oeiu eniieuecoao aeaa
oeiu:”oeio eyo 2-ai o?iaiy” e “nenoaiioth oeio” – io i?ioeanni?a e
iniiaiie iaiyoe.•I?ioeanni? Pentium II iiaeao eniieueciaaoue iaa oeiu
iaeiia?aiaiii.

•A?oeoaeoo?a aeaieiie iacaaeneiie oeiu, e i?eia?o, aieaa /ai a 3 ?aca
onei?yao ?aaiooeyo 2-ai o?iaiy i?ioeanni?a Pentium II n oaeoiaie
/anoioie 400 IAoeii n?aaiaieth n eyo L2 i?ioeanni?a Pentium®. N
oaaee/aieai oaeoiauo /anoio aoaeoueoi?ioeanni?ia Pentium II, aic?anoao e
nei?inoue aeinooia e eyo L2.

•Eiiaaea? nenoaiiie oeiu iaania/eaaao iaeiia?aiaiii
iiiaeanoaiacaeiiaeaenoaee (a ioee/ea io iaeeii/iuo iineaaeiaaoaeueiuo
o?aicaeoeee),oaaee/eaay iioie eioi?iaoeee a nenoaia e nouanoaaiii
iiauoay iauoth i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue.

Eniieueciaaiea yoeo aiciiaeiinoae a?oeoaeoo?u aeaieiie iacaaeneiie
oeiuiicaieyao iieo/eoue o?aoe?aoiia oaaee/aiea i?iioneiie niiniaiinoe ii
n?aaiaieth n i?ioeanni?ii, eiathuei iaeio oeio.E?iia oiai, a?oeoaeoo?a
aeaieiie iacaaeneiie oeiu i?aaeoniao?eaaao iiaeaea?aeeo ia?aoiaea
iuiaoieo 100 IAoe nenoaiiuo oei ia aieaa aunieea /anoiou a aoaeouai. Yoa
oaoiieiaey aunieii?iioneiuo oei ?ac?aaioaia niaoeeaeueii aeey
niaeaniaaiiie ?aaiou naunieii?iecaiaeeoaeueiuie i?ioeanni?aie oeia
Pentium II.

Ea?o?eaeae n iaeiinoi?iiiei eiioaeoii

Ea?o?eaeae n iaeiinoi?iiiei eiioaeoii (Single Edge Contact – S.E.C.)
-iiaaeoay ?ac?aaioea Intel a oaoiieiaee ei?ionia, iaania/eaathuay
aeiiieieoaeueioth i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue eiiiuethoa?iuo nenoai.

I?e eniieueciaaiee oaeie oaoiieiaee, naii yae?i i?ioeanni?a e eyo 2-ai
o?iaiy ?aniieaaathony a iaeiii ieanoianniaii eee iaoaeee/aneii
ei?iona.Iaa eiiiiiaioa onoaiiaeaiu iaiin?aaenoaaiii ia niaoeeaeueiie
iiaeeiaeea aioo?e ea?o?eaeaea eiaania/eaatho aunieoth nei?inoue iaiaia
aeaiiuie.S.E.C. ea?o?eaeae iicaieyao eniieueciaaoue oe?ieiaeinooiiua
aunieii?iecaiaeeoaeueiuaiiaeoee BSRAM aeey auaeaeaiiie eyo L2,
iaania/eaay aunieoth i?ieaiaeeoaeueiinoue i?eaeinooiiuo oeaiao. E?iia
oiai, iiaay oaoiieiaey ei?ionia iicaieyao i?ioeanni?o Pentium®II
eniieueciaaoue aunieii?iecaiaeeoaeueioth a?oeoaeoo?o aeaieiieiacaaeneiie
oeiu, aiieiuaiioth a i?ioeanni?a Pentium® Pro.

I?ioeanni? Pentium II onoaiaaeeaaaony a niaoeeaeueiue ?acuainenoaiiie
ieaou n iiiiuueth iaeiiai ieineiaieiioaeoa aianoi iiiai/eneaiiuo
oou?ueeiauo eiioaeoia, oa?aeoa?iuo aeey PGA ei?ionia.Aiaeiae/ii,
aiacaei, i?eiaiyaoaany a i?aaeuaeoueo nenoaiao aeey onoaiiaee PGA,
caiaiaiiia niioaaonoaothuee ?acuai (neio 1). Aoaeouea iiaeeoeeaoeee
i?ioeanni?a PentiumII oaeaea aoaeoo iiaeaea?aeeaaoue neio 1.

Ia?niaeoeau ei?ionia S.E.C. eiiiaiee Intel

Intel ia?aoiaeeo ia eniieueciaaiea a?oeoaeoo?u ei?ionia S.E.C.,n/eoay aa
ia?niaeoeaiui ?aoaieai aeey aunieii?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo i?ioeanni?ia
aoa/aiea neaaeothueo 10 eao.Ia?aua S.E.C. ea?o?eaeaee ?ac?aaioaiu aeey
iaeii- e ae?ooi?ioeanni?iuo ianoieueiuo nenoai,?aai/eo noaioeee e
na?aa?ia. A aeaeueiaeoai Intel i?aaeiieaaaao iioeiece?iaaouea?oeoaeoo?o
S.E.C. aeey aua aieaa aunieii?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo ?aai/eo noaioeee e
na?aa?ia, a oaeaeai?aaeeiaeeoue aiaeiae/iua aunieieioaa?e?iaaiiua
?aoaiey aeey iiaeeueiuo nenoai.

Ieaiu Intel ia 1999 aiae

Ooo ieeaeeo aeiaaeueiuo ia?aiai, eieaaaiee aaia?aeueiie eeiee, eee oiai
e?o/a – ?aaiethoeee. Ana oeoi e niieieii, eae aiaea a aeaa?eoia. *anoioa
i?ioeanni?ia aic?anoaao iaaieueoeie, eaaei i?aaeneacoaiuie oaaaie,
nicaeaaay iuouaiea iaaeaeaathuaainy oaiea, n eioi?ui, eae ecaanoii, ia
iinii?eoue. Ieaiiia?iia oeo/oaiea oaoiieiaee, ia?aoiae n i?eiaiyaiiai
naaiaeiy 0.25-iee?iiiiai i?ioeanna ia 0.18-iee?iiiue, ii yoi oaea
aieueoa a ieaia iiaeaioiaee e auioneo neaaeothueo i?ioeanni?ia, /ai
oeo/oaiey auioneaaiuo naaiaeiy. A iie e aoaeoo i?iecaiaeeoueny aanue
yoio aiae, i?eoaaoea aua e ia/aei neaaeothuaai, aa?ie/anee oaea?aeeaay
?uiie aei iiaeoiaea Katmai.

Iniiaiay eeiey i?ioeanni?ia io Intel, ethaeiia aeaoeua – Pentium II oae
aeieaeao aei 99 aiaea aac anyeeo eciaiaiee, aeaaea ia iiaeiya naith
naaiaeiyoithth oaeoiaoth /anoioo – 450Iaoe. A oa/aiea yoiai aiaea
i?iecieaeao aua ianeieueei nieaeaiee oeai – a naioya?a, ieoya?a, e,
iiaeao auoue, a aeaeaa?a. Anoanoaaiii, i?e nieaeaiee oeaiu noa?oeo
iiaeaeae, iaeioi?ua ec ieaaeoeo aoaeoo auioaeaeaiu oeoe, ia auaea?aeaa
aiiee. Oae, e eiioeo yoiai aiaea Intel aeieaeai i?eaeoe n Pentium II
333-350 Iaoe a ea/anoaa ieaaeoaai /eaia naiaenoaa n oeaiie, n?aaieiie n
iuiaoieie 233-266 Iaoe iiaeaeyie.

*oi eanaaony i?ioeanni?a iiae eiaeiaui iacaaieai Dixon, oi ooo
iaaethaeaaony iaeioi?ay ia?acaa?eoa. Iaiiiyoii, e eaeiio naiaenoao aai
iaaei ioianoe. Aieueoa anaai ii, iiaeaeoe, ana-oaee iioiae ia
i?iaeieaeaoaey aeaea Celeron’a, caiueay no?ieiue ?yae – aieue e?enoaee
Celeron’a, 128 Eaaeo eioaa?e?iaaiiiai ia e?enoaeea eyoa L2 a Mendocino,
e, iaeiiaoe, Dixon n 256 Eaaeo eyoa ia /eia. Aea oae aai iiia/aeo Intel
e iiceoeeiie?iaae, iioii ?acei iiiaiya iiceoeeth e ia/aa ooaa?aeaeaoue,
/oi Celeron – yoi iaeii, a 333 Iaoe Dixon – nianai ae?oaia, e
i?aaenoaaeyao ii ec naay eiaiii Pentium II, i?inoi n eyoai ia ia ieaoa a
ea?o?eaeaea, a a naiii i?ioeanni?a. I?e/ai, oae aea, eae a ai?acaei
aieaa iiuiii Xeon’e, eyo aoaeao ?aaioaoue ia /anoioa i?ioeanni?a, a
ioee/ea io iuiaoieo Pentium II, aaea ii ?aaioaao ia iieiaeiiie.

Ii ii aeieaeai iiyaeoueny oieueei a eiioea yoiai aiaea. Aei yoiai n?aaee
ioiineoaeueii aeaoaauo i?ioeanni?ia io Intel iaeueio ia?aainoaa aoaeao
iainii?eii aea?aeaoue Mendocino, 300- e 333 Iaoe aa?nee eioi?iai
iiyayony ia i?eeaaeao a eiioea yoiai ianyoea. A oaeii aeaea iie, oae
aea, eae Pentium II, i?ioyioo aei oaa?aey 99 aiaea, eiaaea aueaeao
iaiiiai aieaa auno?ay 366 Iaoe aa?ney, a eioi?ie 128 Eaaeo eyoa L2
oaeaea eae a Dixon’e i?aaeiieiaeeoaeueii aoaeoo ?aaioaoue ia nei?inoe
366 Iaoe.

I?e/ai aueaeao iia a aeaoo aa?neyo: eae a iau/iii Slot1 eniieiaiee, oae
e a eniieiaiee aeey iiaie Intel’ianeie a?oeoaeoo?u 370-iei Socket.
Ai?i/ai, /einao aoaeao iaeei e oio aea – 440ZX. Auioneaoueny Dixon
aoaeao, ii anae aa?iyoiinoe, n?aco a 4 aa?eaioao – n /anoioie nenoaiiie
oeiu eae 66, oae e 100 Iaoe, e eae oeacuaaeinue auoa aeey Slot1 e
Socket. Ae?oaay aiciiaeiinoue aeey oaeaoaaeaiey – aua iaeei aeaoaaue
/einao aeey Slot1, ecaanoiue eae Whitney. Yoio, nei?aa anaai, oaeaea
aoaeao iiaeaea?aeeaaoue /anoioo oeiu 100 Iaoe, ii i?e yoii aeeth/aoue a
naay eiiioieeaoeee, caoe e Intel’ianeee aeaeai/ei i740.

E, iaeiiaoe, aeaaiay caacaea naciia – Katmai. Ia aei?iaie e ia aeaoaaue,
a a naiue ?ac, yoio i?ioeanni? aoaeao enoeiiie ?aai/ae eioaaeeie a
ia?aie, a, nei?aa anaai e ai aoi?ie iieiaeia 1999 aiaea. Eoae, /oi oaeia
Katmai? Iiiieoa, eae a naia a?aiy auee Pentium, a auee Pentium MMX? Oae
aio, enoi?ey iiaoi?yaony. Ia aa iiaii aeoea iu oaeaeei oaea Pentium II n
MMX, e Pentium II n MMX2 – Katmai. Aea, Intel iioiaea aeaenoaeoaeueii
auo/ee o?ie, eioi?ue i?aiiaeian aio i?iaae n MMX, oae e ia aeiaeaoaainy
iiaeaea?aeee i?ia?aiiiie eiaeono?ee. Ia yoio ?ac, aoaeao naeaeaii ana,
/oiau oaea i?e auoiaea i?ioeanni? iaeaaeae iiuiie i?ia?aiiiie
iiaeaea?aeeie. Io e iiieii iiaiai iaai?a eino?oeoeee iu oaeaeei aieueoee
eyo L1, i?e nio?aieaoainy iaeciaiiii ?acia?a eyoa L2, eae o
naaiaeiyoiaai Pentium II – 512 Eaaeo. A aeaoo neiaao nouiinoue Katmai
iiaeii au?aceoue oae – Pentium II oaeie, eaeei ii aeieaeai aue auoue.

Ii e yoi aua ia ana. Aiciiaeii, aoaeao auiouaia oaeaoaaeaiiay aa?ney
Katmai. Iineieueeo aanueia caiaoioth /anoue oeaiu nia?aiaiiiai
i?ioeanni?a nicaeaao eyo aoi?iai o?iaiy, eiae/iui auaeyaeeo iuneue i
caiaia aei?iaie iaiyoe SRAM, ia aiieia i?eau/ioth, ?ani?ino?aiaiioth e
aeaoaaoth SDRAM. I/aiue aiciiaeii, /oi oae iii e aoaeao naeaeaii: 400 e
450Iaoe aa?nee ni 128, 192 e 256 Eaaeoaie e 533 Iaoe aa?ney n 192 e 256
Eaaeoaie SDRAM a ea/anoaa eyoa. I?e/ai, aiciiaeii, ano?iaiiuo a /ei.

Intel Pentium II Xeon

6 ieoya?y 1998 a. ei?ii?aoeey Intel aiiine?iaaea naioth
auno?iaeaenoaothuoth aa?neth i?ioeanni?a Pentium® II Xeon™ n oaeoiaie
/anoioie 450 IAoe, i?aaeiacia/aiioth aeey aeaooi?ioeanni?iuo
(aeaooeaiaeueiuo) na?aa?ia e ?aai/eo noaioeee. Eae iaeeaeaaony,
iiyaeaiea iiaie iiaeaee i?eaeano iiaue eiioeuen eaeouaio iieiui oiaeii
i?ioeanno oe?ieiai i?eiyoey ia aii?oaeaiea ?aai/eo noaioeee e na?aa?ia
ia aaca i?ioeanni?a Pentium II Xeon. Iiiai/eneaiiua iieueciaaoaee
aeaooi?ioeanni?iuo (aeaooeaiaeueiuo) na?aa?ia e ?aai/eo noaioeee a
ianoiyuaa a?aiy ia?aoiaeyo ia nenoaiu, iniauaiiua i?ioeanni?aie Pentium
II Xeon, aeey ?aaiou n o?aaiaaoaeueiuie e ?ano?nai i?eeiaeaieyie,
eioi?ua i?aaeiacia/aiu aeey ?aoaiey iaeaieaa ioaaonoaaiiuo caaea/. Oaea
ia yoie iaaeaea Intel ieaie?oao i?enooieoue e iinoaaeai i?ioeanni?ia
Pentium II Xeon 450 IAoe, a ?yae e?oiiaeoeo ecaioiaeoaeae eiiiuethoa?iuo
nenoai, aeeth/ay Compaq, Dell, Fijutsu, Gateway, HP, IBM, Intergraph,
NEC, Siemens Nixdorf (SNI) e UMAX, iaia?aaaaony ia/aoue ?aaeecaoeeth
aeaooeaiaeueiuo na?aa?ia e ?aai/eo noaioeee ia aaca i?ioeanni?a Pentium
II Xeon 450 IAoe aua aei eiioea oaeouaai ianyoea.

“Auno?ia ia?aueaaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe na?aa?ia e ?aai/eo noaioeee,
i?ienoiaeyuaa aneaaenoaea iinoiyiiiai niaa?oainoaiaaiey i?ioeanni?iuo
oaoiieiaee Intel, aaaeao e no?aieoaeueiiio ?anoe?aieth aeaiiiai naaiaioa
?uiea, – ioiaoee Ieeauea ?eauea? (Olivier Riviere), iaiaaeaea? ii
ia?eaoeiao iiae?acaeaeaiey Intel ii ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee aeey ?aai/eo
noaioeee a no?aiao Aa?iiu, Aeeaeiaai Ainoiea e Ao?eee. – Ia?aua aa?nee
i?ioeanni?a Pentium II Xeon iiiiaee a?oeoaeoo?a Intel caaiaaaoue
iiioey?iinoue n?aaee iiauo eaoaai?ee iio?aaeoaeae, e i?aaenoaaeaiiue
naaiaeiy i?ioeanni? Pentium II Xeon n oaeoiaie /anoioie 450 IAoe
i?eaeano yoie oaiaeaioeee aeaeueiaeoaa onei?aiea”.

Eae e i?i/ea i?aaenoaaeoaee naiaenoaa i?ioeanni?ia Pentium II Xeon,
iiaay iiaeaeue ia 450 IAoe iaania/eaaao iaeaunoee a io?anee o?iaaiue
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe aeaaiaea?y oaaee/aiiie aieinoe e auno?iaeaenoaeth
eyo-iaiyoe 2-ai o?iaiy (L2), aiciiaeiinoe onoaiiaee ianeieueeeo
i?ioeanni?ia, a oaeaea iaee/eth nenoaiiie oeiu, ?aaioathuae ia /anoioa
100 IAoe. Ni/aoaiea aunieie i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe i?ioeanni?a Pentium II
Xeon n nenoaiiie ianooaae?oaiinoueth auaiaeeo iieacaoaeue niioiioaiey
“i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue/oeaia” ia o?iaaiue, ia eiathuee aiaeiaia ia ?uiea
aeaooeaiaeueiuo na?aa?ia e ?aai/eo noaioeee. Iaai? iee?inoai 440GX
AGPset aeey na?aa?ia e ?aai/eo noaioeee, iaania/eaathuee aiciiaeiinoue
onoaiiaee iaeiiai eee aeaoo i?ioeanni?ia, iiaeaea?aeeaaao aei 2 Aa
nenoaiiie iaiyoe e auno?oth a?aoe/aneoth oeio AGP.

I?ioeanni? Pentium II Xeon n oaeoiaie /anoioie 450 IAoe e eyo-iaiyoueth
2-ai o?iaiy aieinoueth 512 Ea iinoaaeyaony ia?oeyie a 1.000 aaeeieoe ii
oeaia 824 aeieea?a NOA ca oooeo. Auione i?ioeanni?a Pentium II Xeon n
oaeoiaie /anoioie 450 IAoe aeey /aou?aoeaiaeueiuo na?aa?ia iaia/ai ia
ia/aei 1999 a.

Niaea?aeaiea

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