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Eiio?ieueiay ?aaioa ii i?aaeiaoo “Au/eneeoaeueiua Nenoaiu, Naoe e
Oaeaeiiioieeaoeee”

Aa?eaio 7: Ia?eoa?eeiua ono?ienoaa IYAI

Auiieiee: Eiiae?aoeei Na?aae Aiaoieueaae/,

a?. CY-101

Ieai

Ia?eoa?eeiua ono?ienoaa

Iacia/aiea e eeanneoeeaoeey IO

Ono?ienoaa aaiaea

Ono?ienoaa auaiaea eioi?iaoeee

Caiiieiathuea ono?ienoaa

Ia/aoathuea ono?ienoaa, a?aoiiino?ieoaee

Iniiaiia iacia/aiea IO – iaania/eoue iinooieaiea a YAI ec ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu i?ia?aii e aeaiiuo aeey ia?aaioee, a oaeaea auaea/o ?acoeueoaoia
?aaiou YAI a aeaea, i?eaiaeiii aeey aini?eyoey /aeiaaea eee aeey
ia?aaea/e ia ae?oaoth YAI, eee a eiie, iaiaoiaeeiie oi?ia. IO a iaiaeie
noaiaie ii?aaeaeytho aiciiaeiinoe i?eiaiaiey YAI.

IO YAI aeeth/atho a naay aiaoiea caiiieiathuea ono?ienoaa,
i?aaeiacia/aiiua aeey nio?aiaiey e aeaeueiaeoaai eniieueciaaiey
eioi?iaoeee, ono?ienoaa aaiaea-auaiaea, i?aaeiacia/aiiua aeey iaiaia
eioi?iaoeeae iaaeaeo iia?aoeaiie iaiyoueth iaoeiu e iineoaeyie
eioi?iaoeee, eeai ae?oaeie YAI, eeai iia?aoi?ii. Aoiaeiuie ono?ienoaaie
iiaoo auoue: eeaaeaoo?a, aeeneiaay nenoaia, iuoue, iiaeaiu, iee?ioii;
auoiaeiuie – aeenieae, i?eioa?, aeeneiaay nenoaia, iiaeaiu, caoeiaua
nenoaiu, ae?oaea ono?ienoaa. N aieueoeinoaii yoeo ono?ienoa iaiai
aeaiiuie i?ienoiaeeo a oeeo?iaii oi?iaoa. Aeey ?aaiou n ?aciiia?aciuie
aeao/eeaie e eniieieoaeueiuie ono?ienoaaie eniieuecothony
aiaeiai-oeeo?iaua e oeeo?iaiaeiaiaua i?aia?aciaaoaee aeey i?aia?aciaaiey
oeeo?iauo aeaiiuo a aiaeiaiaua e iaiai?io.

Oeeo?iaie eioa?oaen i?iua ii n?aaiaieth n oeeo?iaiaeiaiaui, ii e aeey
iaai o?aaothony niaoeeaeueiua noaiu. ?acee/atho iineaaeiaaoaeueioth e
ia?aeeaeueioth ia?aaea/o aeaiiuo, iaiaoiaeeia neio?iiecaoeey
acaeiiaeaenoaothueo ono?ienoa. Iaeei ec iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiuo
noaiaea?oia RS-232C (Reference Standart ?232 Revision C).
Iineaaeiaaoaeueiua eioa?oaenu i?eiaiythony aeey ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo ia
ethaua ?annoiyiey. Iaeiaei ia ei?ioeea ?annoiyiey oeaeaniia?aciaa
ia?aaeaaaoue aeaiiua aaeoaie, a ia aeoaie, aeey yoiai eniieuecotho
ia?aeeaeueiua eioa?oaenu aaiaea-auaiaea.

Ono?ienoaaie aaiaea yaeythony oa ono?ienoaa, iin?aaenoaii eioi?uo
iiaeii aaanoe eioi?iaoeeth a eiiiuethoa?. Aeaaiia eo i?aaeiacia/aiea
– ?aaeeciauaaoue aicaeaenoaea ia iaoeio. ?aciiia?acea auioneaaiuo
ono?ienoa aaiaea ii?iaeeee oeaeua oaoiieiaee: io inycaaiuo aei
aieiniauo. Oioy iie ?aaioatho ii ?acee/iui i?eioeeiai, ii
i?aaeiacia/athony aeey ?aaeecaoeee iaeiie caaea/e – iicaieeoue
iieueciaaoaeth naycaoueny ni naiei eiiiuethoa?ii.

Ianeieueei aeanyoeeaoee iacaae aeey aaiaea-auaiaea eniieueciaaeny
oaeaoaei, eioi?ue i?e ia/aoe i?iecaiaeee iiiai ooia. Nae/an
eniieuecoaony eeaaeaoo?a aeey aaiaea aeaiiuo e iiieoi? aeey iaaethaeaiey
auaiaeeiuo aeaiiuo. Aeey iieo/aiey aeieoiaioaeueiie eiiee eniieuecoaony
i?eioa?.

Aeaaiui ono?ienoaii aaiaea aieueoeinoaa eiiiuethoa?iuo nenoai
yaeyaony eeaaeaoo?a. Aei oao ii?, iiea nenoaia ?aniiciaaaiey
aieina ia niiaoo iaaeaaeii aini?eieiaoue /aeiaa/aneoth ?a/ue,
aeaaainoaothuaa iieiaeaiea eeaaeaoo?u a?yae ee eciaieony, oioy a iiaie
iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaia OS/2 MERLIN 4.0 ano?iaia nenoaia ?aniiciaaaiey
?a/e. IBM nia/aea ?ac?aaioaea, ii e?aeiae ia?a, ainaiue
?aciiaeaeiinoae eeaaeaoo? aeey naieo ia?niiaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?ia. A
iniiaiii eniieueciaaeanue eeaaeaoo?a oeia XT, ninoiyuay ec 83 eeaaeo.
Iinea ianeieueeeo eao e?eoeee IBM ?ac?aaioaea e i?aaenoaaeea
iiaoth eeaaeaoo?o aianoa n iiaie iiaeaeueth. Yoi auea AO. Aianoa n
i?iecaiaenoaii iiaea?iece?iaaiiuo AO, IBM ia/aea auioneaoue iiaue oei
eeaaeaoo?u, iacaaiiie IBM oeo/oaiiie eeaaeaoo?ie, eioi?oth eniieuecotho
e iiiuia. Ii ana inoaeueiua iacuaatho aa ?anoe?aiiie eeaaeaoo?ie.
Oniaa?oainoaiaaiea aueeeinue a oaaee/aiea /enea eeaaeo. Eo iauaa
eiee/anoai 101, /oi niioaaonoaoao noaiaea?oo NOA.

Aeey iiiaeo ethaeae eeaaeaoo?a i?aaenoaaeyaony naiui o?oaeiui e
iaiiiyoiui ao?eaooii. Aeaaiaea?y yoiio e oiio, /oi eioa?oaenu DOS e OS/2
ia i?iuatho ioeaie, oa?yaony aieueoia eiee/anoai iieueciaaoaeae ?N. Aeey
i?aiaeieaiey yoeo iaaeinoaoeia auei ?ac?aaioaii a?aoe/aneia oi?aaeaiea
iaith iieueciaaoaeueneiai eioa?oaena. Yoa ?ac?aaioea ii?iaeeea
niaoeeaeueiia oeacuaathuaa ono?ienoai, i?ioeann noaiiaeaiey eioi?iai
aeeeeny n 1957 ii 1977 aiae. Ono?ienoai iicaieyei iieueciaaoaeth
auae?aoue ooieoeee iaith, naycuaay aai ia?aiauaiea n ia?aai?ii ooieoeee
ia ye?aia. Iaeia eee ianeieueei eiiiie, ?aniieiaeaiiuo naa?oo yoiai
ono?ienoaa, iicaieyee iieueciaaoaeth oeacaoue eiiiuethoa?o naie auai?.
Ono?ienoai auei aeiaieueii ieieaoth?iui e eaaei iiaei iiianoeoueny iiae
eaaeiiueth n ?aniieiaeaieai eiiiie iiae iaeueoeaie. Iiaeeeth/aiea
i?iecaiaeeony niaoeeaeueiui eaaaeai, eioi?ue i?eaeaao ono?ienoao
noiaenoai n iuoueth n aeeeiiui oainoii. A i?ioeann ia?aiauaiey iuoe e
niioaaonoaothuaai ia?aai?a ooieoeee iaith ca?aaioae oa?iei “i?iaiaeea
iuoe”. Iuoe ?acee/athony ii o?ai oa?aeoa?enoeeai – /eneo eiiiie,
eniieuecoaiie oaoiieiaee e oeio niaaeeiaiey ono?ienoaa n oeaio?aeueiui
aeieii. A ia?aiia/aeueiie oi?ia a ono?ienoaa auea iaeia eiiiea. Ia?aai?
ooieoeee ii?aaeaeyaony ia?aiauaieai iuoe, ii auai? ooieoeee i?ienoiaeeo
oieueei i?e iiiiue eiiiee, /oi iicaieyao ecaaaeaoue neo/aeiiai caionea
caaea/e i?e ia?aai?a ooieoeee iaith. N iiiiuueth iaeiie eiiiee iiaeii
?aaeeciaaoue oieueei ieieiaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe ono?ienoaa. Any ?aaioa
eiiiuethoa?a a yoii neo/aa caeeth/aaony a ii?aaeaeaiee iieiaeaiey
eiiiee – iaaeaoa iia eee iao. Oai ia iaiaa, oi?ioi ninoaaeaiiia iaith
iieiinoueth iicaieyao ?aaeeciaaoue oi?aaeaiea eiiiuethoa?ii. Iaeiaei
aeaa eiiiee oaaee/eaatho aeaeinoue nenoaiu. Iai?eia?, iaeia eiiiea
iiaeao eniieueciaaoueny aeey caionea ooieoeee, a aoi?ay aeey aa
ioiaiu. Aia anyeeo niiiaiee, o?e eiiiee aua aieaa oaaee/ao aeaeinoue
i?ia?aiie?iaaiey. Ii, n ae?oaie noi?iiu, oaaee/aiea eiiiie oaaee/eaaao
noiaenoai ono?ienoaa n eeaaeaoo?ie, aica?auay aio iaaeinoaoee
iineaaeiae. I?aeoe/anee o?e eiiiee yaeythony ?acoiiui i?aaeaeii, iioiio
/oi iie iicaieytho eaaeaoue oeacaoaeueiiio, n?aaeiaio, aacuiyiiiio
iaeueoeai ia eiiieao a oi a?aiy eae aieueoie e ieceiaoe eniieuecothony
aeey ia?aiauaiey iuoe e oaea?aeaiee aa a eaaeiie. Aieueoeinoai
iiaeaeae niaaaeathony aeaoiy eee aeaaea iaeiie eiiieie. Naiua
iiioey?iua – aeaooeiiii/iua iuoe. Ooieoeeiiaeueii e ono?ienoaai oeia
“iuoue” iiaeii ioianoe aeaeienoee, oa? o?anne?iaee, a?aoe/aneee ieaioao,
o?aeiieio.

Ni a?aiaie eniieueciaaiey iiieoi?a aeey iaaeyaeiiai auaiaea aeaiiuo
i?iecioei aieueoia eiino?oeoeaiia oniaa?oainoaiaaiea aai ooieoeee. Anee
nia/aea a ea/anoaa iiieoi?a eniieueciaaeny yeaeo?iiii-eo/aaay o?oaea
iau/iiai oaeaaeceiiiiai i?eaiieea, oi a aeaeueiaeoai o?aaiaaiey e iaio
oaaee/eeenue. A /anoiinoe, a iiiio?iiiii noaiaea?oa MDA ?ac?aoathuay
niiniaiinoue ninoaaeyea 720×350 ieenaeae. A neaaeothuai, oeaaoiii
noaiaea?oa CGA, nicaeaiiii a 1982 aiaeo – 640×200 ieenaeae, EGA 1984
aiaea – 640×350, VGA 1987 aiaea – 640×480, SVGA – 800×600. Nae/an
noaiaea?oiua aiciiaeiinoe iiieoi?a – 1024×768 i?e 32-aeoiii
i?aaenoaaeaiee oeaaoa, aiciiaeii aeaeueiaeoaa ?ani?ino?aiaiea ?ac?aoaiey
1280×1024 ieenaeae. Yoi iicaieyao eniieueciaaoue i?e ecia?aaeaiee
aeieoiaioia ?aaeei WYSIWYG – ?aaeei iieiiai niioaaonoaey, oi anoue
ecia?aaeaiea ia ye?aia i?aaenoaaeyaony eaeaioe/ii oiio, /oi a eiia/iii
eoiaa iiyaeony ia i?eioa?a.

Nenoaia aeenieay ninoieo ec aeaoo /anoae: aaeaioa?a aeenieay e naiiai
iiieoi?a. Aaeaioa?u iiieoi?a ?acaeaeytho ii iiaeaea?aeeaaaiiio
noaiaea?oo (EGA, VGA, SVGA), oe?eia oeiu (8-aeoiay, 16-oe eee aieaa),
/anoioa eaae?ia, /anoioa no?ie iiaoo eniieueciaaoueny n a?aoe/aneeie
nii?ioeanni?aie, iauaio eniieuecoaiuo iee?inoai iaiyoe (aei 4 Iaaeo e
aieaa). Aeenieae ?acee/athony ii ?ac?aoathuae niiniaiinoe, oaao oi/ae a
eeiee, /anoiou ?acaa?oee, oeio ?acaa?oee (iieiay eee /a?anno?i/iay),
?acia?o ye?aia. Aaeaioa? iai?a?uaii neaie?oao aeaeaiiaiyoue, oi?ie?oao
OA-neaiae, eioi?ue iiaeaaony a iiieoi?. Iinea iieo/aiey eiiee
niaea?aeeiiai aeaeaiiaiyoe yoe aeaiiua ano?aeaathony a OA-neaiae.
OA-neaiae, a eioi?ii caeiaee?iaaii niaea?aeeiia aeaeaiiaiyoe, auaiaeeony
ii eaaaeth a iiieoi?. Iiieoi? ia?aaaouaaao OA-neaiae n aeaiiuie ec
aeaeaiiaiyoe e iieacuaaao eo ia ye?aia.

A ia?niiaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?ao i?eiaiythony naiua ?aciiia?aciua noaiu
oi?ie?iaaiey caoeiauo neaiaeia – io i?inouo aei neiaeiuo. Noaiaea?oii n
IYAI iinoaaeyaony i?inoay noaia, ninoiyuay ec /aou?ao iee?inoai e
aeeiaieea. Aeeiaieeii oi?aaeyao ae?aeaa? ?aea, ii oneeeaaao aoiaeiua
oeeo?iaua neaiaeu e iiaeaao a aeeiaiee. Aeeoooci? aeeiaieea i?eoiaeeo a
aeaeaeaiea e ecaeaao ?aceea uae/ee. Oi?aaeyy /anoioie aeaeaeaiey, iiaeii
noi?ie?iaaoue oe?ieee aeeaiacii caoeia (aei 3000 Aoe). Eniieuecoy aieaa
neiaeiua iee?inoaiu eee caoeiaua ieaou, iiaeii ecaeaeaoue naiua
?aciiia?aciua caoee, nicaeaaaoue noa?aicao/aiea.

Aeey aaiaea-auaiaea aeaiiuo eniieuecothony ?aciiia?aciua oeiu IO:
iaeiieoaee ia aeaeeo aeeneao (aeeneaou), iaeiieoaee ia aeanoeeo aeeneao
(aei/anoa?), eaioi/iua, iaaieoiiioe/aneea, CD-ROM, WORM. Nae/an iaeaieaa
iiioey?iu iaeiieoaee ia aeaeeo e aeanoeeo aeeneao; ia?aiia/aeueii aea
eniieueciaaeenue ia?oieaiou e ia?oiea?ou, iicaea – iaaieoiay eaioa..

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy eniieuecothony iaeiieoaee ia aeaeeo aeeneao (5.25’’
eee 3.5’’). A caaeneiinoe io ieioiinoe caiene aieinoue 5.25’’ aeeneia
iiaeao auoue 360 Eaaeo, 1.2 Iaaeo, 3.5’’ – 720 Eaaeo e 1.2 Iaaeo.
Aieinoue iaeiieoaeae ia aeanoeeo aeeneao ninoaaeyao io 20 Iaaeo aei
ianeieueeeo Aaaeo. Iiaa?oiinoue aeenea iie?uoa ieenueth aeaeaca, ethaay
oi/ea eioi?ie iiaeao auoue iaiaaie/aia. Iaiaaie/aiiua iyoia i?e a?auaiee
ia?acotho ie?oaeiinoe, iacuaaaiua aei?iaeeaie. Ia aeeneaoao aei?iaeee
ioia?otho io 0 aei 39 (79). Aei?iaeea ?acaeaaaony ia naeoi?a (io 9), a
eaaeaeii naeoi?a iiaeii o?aieoue 512 aaeo aeaiiuo. Nei?inoue a?auaiey
aeeneia a iaeiieoaea ninoaaeyao 300 ia/iei e aieaa. Iaaieoioth aieiaeo,
cae?aieaiioth ia ?u/aaa, iiaeii auno?i iiceoeeiie?iaaoue ia ethaoth
aei?iaeeo. I?eioeeieaeueii iaeiieoaee ia aeanoeeo aeeneao ioee/athony
iaoa?eaeii aeeneia e oai, /oi a aa?iaoe/iii ei?iona niaea?aeeony
ianeieueei aeeneia, e ieioiinoue caiene aieaa ieioiay.

Aeenee o?aiyo aeaiiua a iineaaeiaaoaeueiie oi?ia, a i?ioeanni? n/eouaaao
e caienuaaao aeaiiua ii ia?aeeaeueiie oeia aeaiiuo. Ooieoeee
i?aia?aciaaiey aeaiiuo auiieiyao eioa?oaeniay nenoaia. A naiaenoaa IBM
PC iaeiieoaeyie oi?aaeyao eiio?ieea? aeenea, iiaeeeth/aiiue ieineei
eaaaeai e iaeiieoaeth. Ia?aae ia?aaea/ae aeaiiuo iaeiieoaeue iiaeaao
neaiae ia iaeio ec /aou?ao eeiee cai?ina eiio?ieea?a. Eiio?ieea?
ioaa/aao auoiaeiui neaiaeii ia niioaaonoaothuae eeiee iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey.
Iinea yoiai eiio?ieea? ia?aaeaao neaiae a inoaeueiua ono?ienoaa
aaiaea-auaiaea. Caoai a eiio?ieea? caa?oaeathony ia/aeueiue aae?an e
/enei ia?aaeaaaaiuo aaeoia. Aeaiiua ia/eiatho ia?aaeaaaoueny n aeenea
/a?ac ieaoo eiio?ieea?a ia oeio aeaiiuo e a caiiieiathuaa ono?ienoai.
Iinea ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo oi?aaeaiea oeiie aeaiiuo aica?auaaony
i?ioeanni?o. A eioa?oaena aeenea iaiaoiaeeia iee?inoaia, eioi?ay
i?aia?acoao aeaiiua ec iineaaeiaaoaeueiie oi?iu a ia?aeeaeueioth e
iaiai?io. N iaeiie noi?iiu ieaou eiaaony aoiae n oeiu aeaiiuo
eiiiuethoa?a, a n ae?oaie – aoiae io aeeneiaiai iaeiieoaey. Iaaeaeo ieie
iaoiaeeony iee?inoaia naeaeaa, eioi?ay i?aia?acoao aeaiiua. (Iiaeii
aeiiieieoue)

Eaioi/iay nenoaia i?eiaiyaony, a iniiaiii, i?e nicaeaiee ?aca?aiuo
eiiee, i?e ia?aaea/a aieueoeo ianneaia eioi?iaoeee. Ia naaiaeiyoiee
aeaiue eiaaony iiiaeanoai nenoai, eniieuecoaiuo a IE:
aeaayoeaei?iaea/iay aiaeiiay nenoaia, ea?o?eaeaee ia iieaetheia, ia
/aoaa?oue aetheia; nenoaiu ia ainueieieeeeiao?iaie eaioa, ia eannaoao,
ia aeaeaieannaoao e oeeo?iauo aoaeei-eaioi/iuo (DAT) ea?o?eaeaeao.
Aeaoaaecia eaioi/iuo nenoai iicaieyao aua aeieai eniieueciaaoue yoe
iaeiieoaee, eneoiay eo ieceoth nei?inoue iienea aeaiiuo ia eaioa.

Ia naaiaeiy nouanoaotho o?e oaoiieiaee iioe/aneie iaiyoe. Ia?aue oei –
yoi aeeneiaiae ICO (iinoiyiiiai caiiieiathuaai ono?ienoaa) ia
eiiiaeo-aeenea (CD-ROM), iacaaiiue oae iioiio, /oi ii eniieuecoao
iioe/aneea aeenee ii ia?acoeo iioe/aneeo aeeneia a noa?ainenoaiao, e
ooieoeeiiaeueii niioaaonoaoao iinoiyiiie iaiyoe. Aoi?ie – aeeneiaiae
WORM – Caienuaatho Iaeei ?ac, *eoatho Iiiai ?ac (Write Once, Read Many
times). Iineaaeiee, e iaeaieaa iiiaia?aiiue, ecaanoai iiae iiiaeie
eiaiaie – ia?acaienuaaaiue iioe/aneee, noe?aaiue iioe/aneee,
iaaieoiiioe/aneee.

CD-ROM yaeythony, a iniiaiii, aaeaioaoeeae eiiiaeo-aeeneia oeeo?iauo
aoaeeicaienuaathueo nenoai. Oeeo?iaua aeaiiua caienuaathony ia aeene,
eniieuecoy niaoeeaeueiia caienuaathuaa ono?ienoai, eioi?ia iaiineo
iee?ineiie/aneea yiee ia iiaa?oiinoe aeenea. Eioi?iaoeey,
caeiaee?iaaiiay n iiiiuueth yoeo yiie, iiaeao auoue i?i/eoaia i?inoi
iooai ?aaeno?aoeee eciaiaiey io?aaeaiiinoe (yiee aoaeoo oaiiaa, /ai oii
aeanoyuaai na?aa?enoiai aeenea). Eae oieueei CD-ROM aoaeao ioooaiiiaai n
iiiiuueth i?annia, aeaiiua oaea ia iiaoo auoue eciaiaiu, oaeoaeaiey
aoaeoo aa/iu.

Oioy aeeneiaiaeu WORM iioiaee ia CD ROM, iie niiniaiu caienuaaoue
“aioo?ue” aeenea. Eae e a CD ROM, WORM-ono?ienoaa caiiieiatho aeaiiua n
iiiiuueth oece/aneeo eciaiaiee iiaa?oiinoe aeenea, ii aeaeatho iie yoi
ii-ae?oaiio. Iaianoe yiee a WORM-n?aaea o?oaeii, oae eae iiaa?oiinoue
caueuaia i?ic?a/iui ieanoeeii. Aianoi ia?aciaaiey yiie a WORM-aeeneao
i?eiaiyaony caoaiiaiea. Oi anoue WORM-nenoaiu i?inoi caoaiiytho
iiaa?oiinoue eee, oi/iaa, enia?ytho /anoue aa. Iaeiaaeaeu caienaa ia
aeene eioi?iaoeeth, a aeaeueiaeoai iiaeii aoaeao oieueei n/eouaaoue
eioi?iaoeeth n WORM-aeenea. Aeieaiaa/iinoue WORM-aeeneia ioeaieaaaony,
eae ieieioi, a 10 eao. Iauai aeaiiuo, o?aieiuo ia iaeiii aeenea WORM e
CD ROM, ninoaaeyao 650 Iaaeo.

A i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue yoei aeaoi iaeciaiyaiui oeiai aeeneia,
ia?acaienuaaaiua iioe/aneea ono?ienoaa auiieiytho eiaiii oi, /oi
neaaeoao ec eo iacaaiey. Aeaiiua iiaoo auoue caienaiu ia oaeea aeenee a
oi?ia, eioi?ay iicaieyao eo iioe/aneia n/eouaaiea. Eaeay iioe/aneeo
ia?acaienuaaaiuo iineoaeae canoaaeea ?acee/iuo i?iecaiaeeoaeae ia/aoue
?acaeoea, ii e?aeiae ia?a, o?ao oaoiieiaee – e?anyueo iieeia?ia, oaciauo
eciaiaiee e iaaieoiiioeee, aeaa ec eioi?uo iicaieeee iaania/eoue
aunieoth ieioiinoue o?aiaiey, aiciiaeioth oieueei ia iioe/aneeo
iineoaeyo, a o?aouey aeaea iioaioeeaeueioth aiciiaeiinoue ?acaeaaoue yoe
iineoaee a iai?aaeaiee iaania/aiey ia?acaiene o?aieiuo aeaiiuo. A
nenoaiao n e?anyuei iieeia?ii iiaee?aoaiiue aioo?aiiee neie
iaanoeaa/eaaaony io iaa?aaa eaca?ii. A nenoaiao n eciaiaieai oacu,
iaoa?eae, eniieuecoaiue aeey caiene, iiaeao auoue a aeaea i?aaeeueiie
e?enoaeee/aneie ?aoaoee eee a aeaea oaioe/ii ?aniieiaeaiiuo iieaeoe, i?e
yoii aai io?aaeaoaeueiay nenoaia eciaiyaony. A nenoaiao n
iaaieoiiioe/aneei iineoaeai eniieuecoaony yooaeo Ea??a – iiai?io aaeoi?a
iiey?ecaoeee eaca?iiai eo/a iaaieoiui iieai iaoa?eaea aeenea, eioi?ue
iiaeii oi?ioi ii?aaeaeeoue. Iaaeinoaoie ia?acaienuaaaiuo aeeneia,
iniiaaiiuo ia ia?auo aeaoo i?eioeeiao – noa?aiea ?aai/aai iaoa?eaea,
o?aoueaai – iaaunieay nei?inoue caiene.

Aeey auaiaea ?acoeueoaoia ?aaiou eniieuecotho i?eioa?u. A ianoiyuaa
a?aiy eniieuecoaony /aou?a i?eioeeieaeueiuo noaiu iaianaiey ecia?aaeaiey
ia aoiaao: iao?e/iue, no?oeiue, eaca?iue, oa?iiia?aiina. I?e iao?e/iie
ia/aoe ia/aoathuay aieiaea oaea?yao eaeaie ii aoiaaa /a?ac e?anyuoth
eaioo, ecia?aaeaiea oi?ie?oaony a aeaea oi/ae. I?e no?oeiie ia/aoe
ia/aoathuay aieiaea aua?anuaaao /a?ac oiieea niiea e?aneo ia aoiaao. I?e
eaca?iie ia/aoe eaca? iiey?ecoao iiaa?oiinoue ia/aoathuaai aa?aaaia, e
eioi?ie i?eeeiatho iaeeea /anoeoeu e?anyuaai ii?ioea. E?anea iaiineony
ia aoiaao e i?e iaa?aaa aiaeaaaony a aa iiaa?oiinoue. I?e oa?iiia?aiina
iaa?aaaaony iiaa?oiinoue niaoeeaeueiie aoiaae, e a oi/eao iaa?aaa
eciaiyaony oeaao n aaeiai ia /a?iue. Aeey oi/iiai ia/a?oaiey noai,
/a?oaaeae eniieuecoaony a?aoiiino?ieoaeue. ?acee/athony ieaioaoiua e
aa?aaaiiua a?aoiiino?ieoaee. Eiiiuethoa? oi?aaeyao niaoeeaeueiui
ea?aiaeaoii, eioi?ue /a?oeo eeiee ii iiaa?oiinoe aoiaae. A ieaioaoiii
ea?aiaeao ia?aaeaeaaaony ii iiaa?oiinoe a aeaoo iai?aaeaieyo; a ?oeiiiii
oieueei iiia?ae ?oeiia aoiaae, a aoiaaa ia?aiauaaony aia?aae-iacaae.

Eeoa?aoo?a:

A.Ia?aieen. Iiene e ono?aiaiea iaeni?aaiinoae a ia?niiaeueiuo
eiiiuethoa?ao. – E.: oe?ia “Aeeaiaoeea”, 1994a.

Oeii E. ?io. Aeaeey ii iiaea?iecaoeee ia?niiaeueiiai eiiiuethoa?a. –
Ii.: EII “Oeaaee-Noeeue”, 1995a.

AEo?iaeu “HARD’n’SOFT” 1995-96aa.

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