.

Операционная система MS DOS. Обзор версий MS DOS. Основные составные части MS DOS. Начальная загрузка MS DOS

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Iiiia N.A. Oneine, Eiie, 1996a.

OAIA 7.1 (eaeoeey)

Iia?aoeeiiiay nenoaia MS DOS.

Iaci? aa?nee MS DOS. Iniiaiua ninoaaiua /anoe MS DOS.

Ia/aeueiay caa?ocea MS DOS.

Oa?ieiu :

Aioo?aiiea eiiaiaeu MS DOS – eiiaiaeu,eioi?ua auiieiythony iaiin?aae-

noaaiii eiiaiaeiui i?ioeanni?ii MS DOS.

Aiaoiea eiiaiaeu MS DOS – ioaeaeueiua i?ia?aiiu,eioi?ua aeey auiieiaiey

caa?oaeathony eiiaiaeiui i?ioeanni?ii MS DOS a ICO.

?aceaeaioiay i?ia?aiia – i?ia?aiia, eioi?ay iinea caa?ocee a ICO

e ia?aaea/a ae oi?aaeaiey eieoeeaeece?oaony oaeei ia?acii, /oi

iinoiyiii iaoiaeeony a ICO e auiieiyaony ia?aeeaeueii ae?oaei i?ia?ai-

iai.

?aaeno?u CPU – niaoe.aioo?aiiea ono?ienoaa CPU, eioi?ua i?aaeiacia/aiu

aeey o?aiaiey eioi?iaoeee.

*.bat-oaee(Batch-oaee) – niaoe.oaenoiaue oaee, niaea?aeauee eiiaiaeo

eee a?oiio eiiiaiae MS DOS (eee auciaia i?ia?aii), eioi?ua auiieiythony

iineaaeiaaoaeueii eee a aieaa neiaeiii ii?yaeea.

ENOI?Ess MS DOS

A ieoya?a 1980 a. iaiaaeaea?u oe?iu IBM caiyeenue iieneaie OS aeey

naiaai 16-?ac?yaeiiai PC, iaoiaeyuaainy a noaaeee ?ac?aaioee.

A oio ia?eiae ia IYAI iaeaieaa oe?iei i?eiaiyeanue OS CP/M

(Control Program for MicroComputers) oe?iu Digital Research.

Ia aeinoeaioa i?eaieeiuo niaeaoaiee n Digital Research

oe?ia IBM ia?aoeeanue e oe?ia MicroSoft(Aeee Aaeon). A oio iiiaio

o MicroSoft ia auei niioaaonoaothuae OS, ii ae auea ecaanoia iaaieueoay
oe?ia (Seattle Computer Products), eioi?ay eiaea oa-

eoth OS. Ca 50000$ Aeee Aaeon i?eia?ae i?aaa ia yoo OS.

A aeaeueiaeoai yoa OS iineoaeeea iniiaie aeey MS DOS. A iiya?a 1980

aiaea Microsoft e IBM iiaeienaee aeiaiai? ia ?ac?aaioeo OS aeey

IBM PC. A oaa?aea 1981 a. iiyaeeanue ia?aay aa?ney PC/MS-DOS,

eioi?ay ?aaioaea ia IBM PC. A aaaonoa 1981 a. – PC DOS 1.0

(yoa aa?ney auea ooaa?aeaeaia aeey i?eiaiaiey ia IBM PC).

IACI? AA?NEE MS DOS

Aa?nee 1.o :

I/aiue iioiaea ia OS CP/M(n/eoaeanue noaiaea?oii a oio ia?eiae).

Iiaeaea?aeeaaeny oieueei iaeiinoi?iiiee oi?iao aeeneao n iauaiii ia-

iyoe 160 Ea (8 naeoi?ia,40 aei?iaeae,?acia? naeoi?a 512 aaeo).

Ia/eiay n aa?nee 1.25(PC DOS 1.0), iiyaeaoaeny a Iaa 1982 a.

aaaaeai aeaoonoi?iiiee oi?iao aeeneao n iauaiii iaiyoe 320 Ea.

Aa?nee 2.o :

Aa?ney 2.0 – Ia?o, 1983 a.

Aeiiieieoaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe :

– ?aaioa n aeanoeeie aeeneaie(HDD),

– ea?a?oe/aneay no?oeoo?a oaeeiaie nenoaiu,

– n?aaenoaa ia?aiai?aaeaiey aaiaea/auaiaea(caeinoaiaaiu o UNIX),

– eiioeaioeey onoaiaaeeaaaiuo ae?aeaa?ia ia?eoa?eeiuo

ono?ienoa(eniieuecoy oaee CONFIG.SYS), /oi iicaieeei iia?a-

oeaii aaeaioe?iaaoue OS e ?acee/iui eiioeao?aoeeyi aiia?aoiuo

n?aaenoa.

– Iaoee oiiia(iineoaeae eioi?iaoeee),

– ao?eaoou oaeeia,

– nioea? i?eioa?a(niaoe.i?ia?aiia,iicaieythuay auaiaeeoue eioi?ia-

oeeth ia i?eioa? a oiiiaii ?aaeeia) – PRINT.com,

– oi?iao aeeneao ia 360 Ea (9 naeoi?ia, 40 aei?iaeae, ?acia?

naeoi?a 512 aaeo)

Aa?nee 3.o :

Aa?ney 3.05 – Aaaono, 1984 a.

Aeiiieieoaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe :

– oi?iao aeeneao ia 1.2 Ia,

– aeeneaou 3.5″(oi?iao 720 Ea)(ia/eiay n aa?nee 3.2),

– ?acaeaiea HDD ia eiae/aneea aeenee(?acia?ii aei 32 Ia), /oi

aeaei aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaoue HDD aieueoaai, /ai 32 Ia iauaia,

– oeo/oaiia iiaeaea?aeea iaoeeiiaeueiuo iaai?ia neiaieia. –
iiaeaea?aeea eiiiuethoa?iuo naoae(neaaay,ia/eiay n aa?nee 3.1),

– eiiaiaeu(i?ia?aiiu) : LABEL,ATTRIB,

– eiiaiaeu(i?ia?aiiu) : XCOPY,REPLACE(ia/eiay n aa?nee 3.3),

MS DOS 3.3 e ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue yaeyaony iaeaieaa oe?iei i?eia-

iyaiie ia IBM PC XT e ia IBM PC AT-286 n iauaiii iaiyoe

ia aieaa 640 Ea.

Aa?nee 4.o :

Aa?ney 4.0 – Iiya?ue, 1988 a.

Aeiiieieoaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe :

– iiaeaea?aeea a?aoe/aneeo AeaeaiAaeaioa?ia EGA,VGA ,

– iauai eiae/aneeo aeeneia – aieaa 32 Ia.,

– iiaeaea?aeea noaiaea?oa LIM/EMS(ae?aeaa? EMM386.sys,aeinooi

e aeiiieieoaeueiie iaiyoe ICO ia IBM PC AT-386 e auoa),

/oi iicaieeei ioaeaeueiua /anoe MS DOS caa?oaeaoue a aeiiieie-

oaeueioth iaiyoue,

– i?ia?aiia-iaiei/ea Dos-Shell,

Ianiio?y ia yoi – MS DOS aa?nee 4.o ia iieo/eee oe?ieiai

?ani?ino?aiaiey.

Aa?ney 5.0 :

Aa?ney 5.0 – Etheue, 1991 a.

Aeiiieieoaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe :

– yooaeoeaiia eniieueciaaiea ICO,

– aeiiieieoaeueiua na?aeniua i?ia?aiiu,

– aiciiaeiinoue caa?ocee yae?a MS DOS,a HMA-iaiyoue(High Memory

Area) ia IBM PC AT-286 e auoa,

– aiciiaeiinoue caa?ocee ae?aeaa?ia ia?eoa?eeiuo ono?ienoa a

UMB-iaiyoue ia IBM PC AT-386 e auoa,

– aeey i?eeeaaeiuo i?ia?aii ioaiaeeony aei 620 Ea aae?aniiai

i?ino?ainoaa(0-640 Ea) ICO,

– iiaeaea?aeea HDD aei 2 Aa,

– oi?iao 2.88 Ia aeey aeeneao 3.5″,

Aa?ney 6.0 :

Aa?ney 6.0 – Ia?o, 1993 a.

Aeiiieieoaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe :

– yooaeoeaiia eniieueciaaiea ICO,

– aeiiieieoaeueiua na?aeniua i?ia?aiiu,

– i?ia?aiiiua n?aaenoaa aeey iioeiecaoeee oaeeiaie nenoaiu

ia eiae/aneeo aeeneao(DEFRAG),

– ecuyou eiiaiaeu(i?ia?aiiu), oo?aoeaoea aeooaeueiinoue,

– niaoe.i?ia?aiia MEMMAKER – iioeiecaoeey ?aniieiaeaiey ?ace-

aeaioiuo i?ia?aii a ICO,

– ioeueoeeiioeao?aoeeiiiua oaeeu CONFIG.sys(aiciiaeiinoue auai?a

aa?eaioa eiioeao?aoeee ec iaith),

– nenoaia caueou io ae?onia(neaaay),

– oaaee/aiea aeinooiiiai aeeneiaiai i?ino?ainoaa(DoubleSpace),

– n?aaenoaa ?aaoee?iaaiey yia?aiiio?aaeaiey PC (LapTop,NoteBook)

Aa?ney 6.2 :

Aa?ney 6.2 – Ieoya?ue, 1993 a.

Ana oeo/oaiey – a iaeanoe iiauoaiey iaaeaaeiinoe ?aaiou n aeaiiuie

ia o?iaia oaeeiaie nenoaiu.

Aeiiieieoaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe :

– iiauoaia yooaeoeaiinoue nouanoaothueo eiiaiae(i?ia?aii),

– EYOe?iaaiea CD-ROM (i?ia?aiia SMARTDRV),

– ioeac io DoubleSpace aac iioa?e eioi?iaoeee(iicaieyao aa?iooue

eiae/aneee aeene a enoiaeiia ninoiyiea),

– auyaeaiea e iaoiae oece/aneeo aeaoaeoia HDD e FDD(SCANDISK),

– auyaeaiea e ono?aiaiea aeaoaeoia a oaeeiaie nenoaia(SCANDISK),

a oii /enea e “naeaouo” DoubleSpace,

– iioaaiaia auiieiaiea ethaiai *.bat-oaeea, a oii /enea e

AutoExec.bat,

NIAIANOEIINOUe AA?NEE MS DOS

Niaianoeiinoue – aiciiaeiinoue niaianoiie ?aaiou oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa

eee i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey.

Anee OS aa?nee M niaianoeia n OS aa?nee N yoi cia/eo,

/oi ana i?iaa?aiiu, ?aaioathuea a OS aa?nee N aoaeoo ?aaioaoue

e a OS aa?nee M.

MS DOS 5.0 niaianoeia n MS DOS 3.3.

MS DOS 6.0 niaianoeia n MS DOS 5.0, 3.3.

MS DOS 6.2 niaianoeia n MS DOS 6.0, 5.0, 3.3.

I?EIA*AIEA :

Aa?ney MS DOS 4.0 – ia ?anniao?eaaaony.

INIIAIUA NINOAAIUA *ANOE MS DOS

MS DOS ninoieo ec neaaeothueo eiiiiiaio :

– aeie ia/aeueiie caa?ocee(?aciauaaony a 1-i naeoi?a 0-aei?iaeee

0-noi?iiu nenoaiiie aeeneaou),

– iiaeoeue acaeiiaeaenoaey n BIOS(IO.sys aeey aa?nee 5.0 e auoa),

– iiaeoeue ia?aaioee i?a?uaaiee(MSDOS.sys aeey aa?nee 5.0 e auoa),

– eiiaiaeiue i?ioeanni?(COMMAND.com)

– aiaoiea eiiaiaeu(i?ia?aiiu) MS DOS,

– ae?aeaa?u ono?ienoa,

– oaee Config.sys,

– oaee AutoExec.bat,

Aeie ia/aeueiie caa?ocee + IO.sys + MSDOS.sys – yae?i MS DOS.

Aeie ia/aeueiie caa?ocee :

?aciauaaony :

a 1-i naeoi?a 0-aei?iaeee 0-noi?iiu nenoaiiie aeeneaou,

a 1-i naeoi?a HDD-aeenea, a ?acaeaea, ioaaaeaiiii iiae DOS.

I?iniao?eaaao EI?IAAIE eaoaeia nenoaiiiai aeenea.I?iaa?yao,

yaeythony ee ia?aua aeaa oaeea a eaoaeiaa – oaeeaie IO.sys e

MSDOS.sys.Anee AeA – caa?oaeaao eo a ICO e ia?aaeaao oi?aaeaiea

MS DOS.Anee IAO – niiauaiea ia ye?aia e iaeeaeaiea iaaeaoey eaeie-

eeai eeaaeoe Iieueciaaoaeai :

Non-System disk or disk error

Replace and press any key when ready

Ia nenoaiiue aeene eee ioeaea aeenea

Caiaieoa e iaaeieoa eaeoth-eeai eeaaeoo, eiaaea aoaeao aioiai

Eiaiii iiyoiio , i?e “ecaioiaeaiee” Nenoaiiie Aeeneaou – iaiaoiaeeii
ia?aiineoue oaeeu IO.sys e MSDOS.sys ia Nenoaiioth Aeeneaoo n iiiiuueth
niaoe.i?ia?aiiu SYS.com.

IO.sys :

Yoi ?aceaeaioiue iiaeoeue(anaaaea iaoiaeeony a ICO iinea caa?ocee,iiea

aeeth/ai PC).

Acaeiiaeaenoaoao n BIOS. ?anoe?yao aiciiaeiinoe BIOS eee eciaiyao aa
naienoaa(aaea iaiaoiaeeii) n iiiiuueth aeiiieieoaeueiuo ae?aeaa?ia.

MSDOS.sys :

Yoi ?aceaeaioiue iiaeoeue.

Iaania/eaaao eioa?oaen aunieiai o?iaiy aeey i?eeeaaeiuo i?ia?aii,

niaea?aeeo i?ia?aiiiua n?aaenoaa aeey oi?aaeaiey oaeeaie, on-aaie

aaiaea-auaiaea, ia?aaioea eneeth/eoaeueiuo neooaoeee(ioeaie) e ae?.

I?eeeaaeiay I?ia?aiia aucuaaao ooieoeee yoiai iiaeoey /a?ac iaoaieci

i?a?uaaiee(i?ia?aiiiua i?a?uaaiey,ni. oaia 5.1), ia?aaeaaay

(i?eieiay) eioi?iaoeeth e(io) MS DOS /a?ac ?aaeno?u CPU eee(e) iaeanoe

iaiyoe ICO. MSDOS.sys o?ainee?oao(ia?aaiaeeo) cai?in i?eeeaaeiie i?ia-

?aiiu a iaeei eee ianeieueei auciaia (IO.sys+BIOS).

Eiiaiaeiue i?ioeanni?(COMMAND.com) :

Ioaeaeueiue Iiaeoeue MS DOS.Yoio iiaeoeue iiaeao auoue caiaiai ia
ae?oaie,

aieaa oaeiaiue.

I?aaeiacia/ai :

– i?eai eiiaiae n eeaaeaoo?u eee ec *.bat – oaeeia e eo

auiieiaiea,

– auiieiaiea eiiaiae oaeea AutoExec.bat i?e caa?ocea MS DOS,

– caa?ocea a ICO e caione ia auiieiaiea i?eeeaaeiuo i?ia?aii

a n?aaea MS DOS

Eiiaiaeiue i?ioeanni? ninoieo ec 3-o /anoae :

– ?aceaeaioiay(?aciauaaony a ICO n?aco iinea MSDOS.sys,

aeeth/aao i?ioeaaeo?u ianeoaeeaaiey iaeioi?uo i?a?uaaiee,

i?ioeaaeo?u ia?aaioee noaiaea?oiuo ioeaie MS DOS,i?ioeaaeo?o

caa?ocee o?aiceoiie /anoe eiiaiaeiiai i?ioeanni?a),

– eieoeeaeece?othuay(a ICO neaaeoao n?aco ca ?aceaeaioiie /anoueth;

ai a?aiy caa?ocee OS ae ia?aaeaaony oi?aaeaiea;iia “auiieiyao”

oaee AutoExec.bat e iaeioi?ua ae?oaea aeaenoaey;yoa /anoue ei-

iaiaeiiai i?ioeanni?a noe?aaony ec ICO ia?aie aea caa?oaeaiiie

i?ia?aiiie),

– o?aiceoiay(caa?oaeaaony a noa?oea aae?ana ICO;ia?aaaouaaao ana

aioo?aiiea eiiaiaeu, eiiaiaeu n eeaaeaoo?u e ec *.bat-oaeeia;

auaeaao nenoaiioth iiaeneaceo MS DOS;caa?oaeaao a ICO i?ia?aiiu

e ia?aaeaao ei oi?aaeaiea)

Aiaoiea eiiaiaeu(i?ia?aiiu) :

Aeiiieieoaeueiua i?ia?aiiu, aoiaeyuea a MS DOS, auiieiythuea ii?aaeaeai-

iua ooieoeee.

Ae?aeaa?u ono?ienoa :

Niaoeeaeueiua ?aceaeaioiua i?ia?aiiu, eioi?ua oi?aaeytho aiaoieie on-

o?ienoaaie.Ae?aeaa?u caa?oaeathony a ICO a oii ii?yaeea, eae iie

oeacaiu a oaeea CONFIG.sys.

CONFIG.sys :

Niaoe.oaenoiaue oaee,aaea niaea?aeeony eioi?iaoeey i iiaea?oaeaaiuo

aeiiieieoaeueiuo ae?aeaa?ao e iaeioi?ay ae?oaay eioi?iaoeey,

eanathuayny iaiin?aaenoaaiii MS DOS e auiieiyaiuo a aa n?aaea

i?eeeaaeiuo i?ia?aii.

MS DOS auiieiyao yoio oaee aaoiiaoe/anee, n?aco iinea caa?ocee

COMMAND.com.

AUTOEXEC.bat :

Niaoe.oaenoiaue oaee,aaea niaea?aeeony aeiiieieoaeueiay iano?ia/iay

eioi?iaoeey.

MS DOS auiieiyao yoio oaee aaoiiaoe/anee, n?aco iinea auiieiaiey

CONFIG.sys.

IA*AEUeIAss CAA?OCEA MS DOS

1. I?e aeeth/aiee PC aia/aea auiieiythony i?ia?aiiu BIOS.

2. Iinea oanoe?iaaiey e ae?.aeaenoaee i?ioeaaeo?a POST(ec iiaeoey BIOS)

inouanoaeyao iiene e caa?oceo aeiea ia/aeueiie caa?ocee :

– aia/aea i?iecaiaeeony iiene ia ono?ienoaa A:

(anee ia iaeaeaii – iiene ia ono?ienoaa C:,anee ia iaeaeaii,

oi aucuaaaony ano?iaiiue a ICO BASIC eee i?iecaiaeyony

ae?oaea aeaenoaey,”oeacaiiua” a ICO)

3. Aeie ia/aeueiie caa?ocee i?iecaiaeeo iiene a ei?iaaii eaoaeiaa

nenoaiiie aeeneaou(aeenea) oaeeia IO.sys e MSDOS.sys(yoe oaeeu
aeieaeiu

auoue ia?auie e eiaiii a oaeii ii?yaeea),

4. Aeie ia/aeueiie caa?ocee i?iecaiaeeo caa?oceo oaeea IO.sys e
ia?aaeaao

aio oi?aaeaiea,

5. IO.sys :

– caa?oaeaao e iano?aeaaao MSDOS.sys,

– ii?aaeaeyao ninoiyiea iiaeeeth/aiiuo ono?ienoa,

– eieoeeaeece?oao iiaeeeth/aiiua ono?ienoaa,

– caa?oaeaao iaiaoiaeeiua ae?aeaa?u ono?ienoa,

– ia?aaeaao oi?aaeaiea MSDOS.sys.

6. MSDOS.sys :

– eieoeeaeece?oao(iano?aeaaao) naie aioo?aiiea ?aai/ea oaaeeoeu,

– caa?oaeaao ae?aeaa?u, oeacaiiua a oaeea config.sys,

– caa?oaeaao eiiaiaeiue i?ioeanni?(oaee COMMAND.com)

7. Eiiaiaeiue i?ioeanni? “auiieiyao” eiiaiaeu, oeacaiiua a oaeea

autoexec.bat

8. Eiiaiaeiue i?ioeanni? auaeaao ia ye?ai Iiieoi?a nenoaiioth iiaeneaceo

MS DOS e iaeeaeaao eiiaiae Iieueciaaoaey

NIENIE ENIIEUeCIAAIIIE EEOA?AOO?U

1. Aa?oa?ae O?aieai, Na?aae Iieyaei

“MS-DOS 6.2 … aeey Iieueciaaoaey”,

Eeaa, BHV, 1994, Iineaa, AEIII, 1994.

2. “DOS 3.3. Oaoie/aneia ?oeiaiaenoai”. Iaoiaee/aneea

iaoa?eaeu.

3. Oeao?iia A.Y. “IBM PC aeey Iieueciaaoaey”

a.Ooa, III “Eioi?iaoeea e Eiiiuethoa?u”, 1993 a.

4. Ni?aai/iia ?oeiaiaenoai ii IBM PC. Iaoiaee/aneea

iaoa?eaeu.*anoue 1. OII “NOA?A”. I. 1991 a.

5. A?ya?ei A.I. “I?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea ia?niiaeueiuo

YAI”. I. “IAOEA”, 1990 a.

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