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Ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaaeaiey oi?aaeaiey ei.

Na?ai I?aeaeiieeeaeca

Eaoaae?a i?ia?aiie?iaaiey e eiiiuethoa?iie oaoieee

?aoa?ao ia oaio:

Eieaeueiua au/eneeoaeueiua naoe. Iia?aoeeiiiay nenoaia NetWare oe?iu
Novell.

Auiieiee: nooaeaio OYO a/o 2-2

Ae?iaeaeaa E.O.

I?iaa?ee: .

Aaaaeaiea.

Nenoaia NetWare oe?iu Novell iicaieyao oae i?aaieciaaoue
a?oeoaeoo?o EAN, /oiau oaeiaeaoai?eoue ethaui niaoeeoe/aneei
o?aaiaaieyi. Yoa niiniaiinoue e iiaeeoeeaoeee ioiineony ia oieueei e
i?eeeaaeiui i?ia?aiiai, eioi?ua auiieiythony a naoe, ii oaeaea e
aiia?aoiui n?aaenoaai e eniieuecoaiui ooieoeeyi nenoai.

EAN iiaoo ninoiyoue ec iaeiiai oaee-na?aa?a, iiaeaea?aeeaathuaai
iaaieueoia /enei ?aai/eo noaioeee, eee ec iiiaeo oaee-na?aa?ia e
eiiioieeaoeeiiiuo na?aa?ia, niaaeeiaiiuo n nioiyie ?aai/eo
noaioeee. Iaeioi?ua naoe ni?iaeoe?iaaiu aeey ieacaiey n?aaieoaeueii
i?inouo oneoa, oaeeo, eae niaianoiia iieueciaaiea i?eeeaaeiie
i?ia?aiiie e oaeeii e iaania/aiea aeinooia e aaeeinoaaiiiio
i?eioa?o. Ae?oaea naoe iaania/eaatho naycue n aieueoeie e ieie-YAI,
iiaeaiaie eieeaeoeaiiai iieueciaaiey, ?aciiia?aciuie ono?ienoaaie
aaiaea/auaiaea (a?aoiiino?ieoaeyie, oaieiauie i?eioa?aie e o. Ae.) e
ono?ienoaai iaiyoe aieueoie aieinoe (aeenee oeia WORM).

OAEE-NA?AA? E ?AAI*EA NOAIOeEE

Oaee-na?aa? yaeyaony yae?ii eieaeueiie naoe. Yoio eiiiuethoa? (iau/ii
aunieii?iecaiaeeoaeueiue ieie-eiiiuethoa?) caioneaao
iia?aoeeiiioth nenoaio e oi?aaeyao iioieii aeaiiuo, ia?aaeaaaaiuo ii
naoe. Ioaeaeueiua ?aai/ea noaioeee e ethaua niaianoii eniieuecoaiua
ia?eoa?eeiua ono?ienoaa, oaeea, eae i?eioa?u, – ana
iiaeniaaeeiythony e oaee-na?aa?o.

Eaaeaeay ?aai/ay noaioeey i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iau/iue
ia?niiaeueiue eiiiuethoa?, ?aaioathuee iiae oi?aaeaieai nianoaaiiie
aeeneiaie iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaiu (oaeie, eae DOS eee OS/2). Iaeiaei a
ioee/ea io aaoiiiiiiai ia?niiaeueiiai eiiiuethoa?a ?aai/ay
noaioeey niaea?aeeo ieaoo naoaaiai eioa?oaena e oece/anee niaaeeiaia
eaaaeyie n oaeeii-na?aa?ii. E?iia oiai, ?aai/ay noaioeey
caioneaao niaoeeaeueioth i?ia?aiio, iacuaaaiie iaiei/eie naoe,
eioi?ay iicaieyao ae iaiaieaaoueny eioi?iaoeeae n oaee-na?aa?ii,
ae?oaeie ?aai/eie noaioeeyie e i?i/eie ono?ienoaaie naoe. Iaiei/ea
iicaieyao ?aai/ae noaioeee eniieueciaaoue oaeeu e i?ia?aiiu,
o?aiyueany ia oaee-na?aa?a, oae aea eaaei, eae e iaoiaeyueany ia aa
nianoaaiiuo aeeneao.

IIA?AOeEIIIAss NENOAIA ?AAI*AE NOAIOeEE

Eaaeaeue eiiiuethoa? ?aai/ae noaioeee ?aaioaao iiae oi?aaeaieai naiae
nianoaaiiie iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaiu (oaeie, eae DOS eee OS/2). *oiau
aeeth/eoue eaaeaeoth ?aai/oth noaioeeth n ninoaa naoe, iaiei/ea
naoaaie iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaiu caa?oaeaaony a ia/aei iia?aoeeiiiie
nenoaiu eiiiuethoa?a.

Iaiei/ea nio?aiyao aieueooth /anoue eiiaiae e ooieoeee
iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaiu, iicaieyy ?aai/ae noaioeee a i?ioeanna ?aaiou
auaeyaeaoue eae iau/ii. Iaiei/ea i?inoi aeiaaaeyao eieaeueiie
iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaia aieueoa ooieoeee e i?eaeaao ae aeaeinoue.

OIIIEIAEss EIEAEUeIUO NAOAE

Oa?iei “oiiieiaey naoe” ioiineony e iooe, ii eioi?iio aeaiiua
ia?aiauathony ii naoe. Nouanoaotho o?e iniiaiuo aeaea oiiieiaee:
“iauay oeia”, “caacaea” e “eieueoei”.

Oiiieiaey “iauay oeia” i?aaeiieaaaao eniieueciaaiea iaeiiai eaaaey,
e eioi?iio iiaeeeth/athony ana eiiiuethoa?u naoe (?en. 2.2). A neo/aa
“iauay oeia” eaaaeue eniieuecoaony niaianoii anaie noaioeeyie ii
i/a?aaee. I?eieiathony niaoeeaeueiua ia?u aeey oiai, /oiau i?e ?aaioa
n iauei eaaaeai eiiiuethoa?u ia iaoaee ae?oa ae?oao ia?aaeaaaoue e
i?eieiaoue aeaiiua.

A oiiieiaee “iauay oeia” ana niiauaiey, iinueaaiua
ioaeaeueiuie eiiiuethoa?aie, iiaeeeth/aiiuie e naoe. Iaaeaaeiinoue
caeanue auoa, oae eae auoiae ec no?iy ioaeaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?ia ia
ia?ooeo ?aaioiniiniaiinoe naoe a oeaeii. Iiene iaeni?aaiinoae a
eaaaea cao?oaeiai. E?iia oiai, oae eae eniieuecoaony oieueei iaeei
eaaaeue, a neo/aa ia?uaa ia?ooaaony ?aaioa anae naoe.

Ia ?en. 2.3 iieacaiu eiiiuethoa?u, niaaeeiaiiua caacaeie. A yoii
neo/aa eaaeaeue eiiiuethoa? /a?ac niaoeeaeueiue naoaaie aaeaioa?
iiaeeeth/aaony ioaeaeueiui eaaaeai e iauaaeeiythuaio ono?ienoao.

I?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe iiaeii iauaaeeiyoue aianoa ianeieueei naoae n
oiiieiaeae “caacaea”, i?e yoii iieo/athony ?acaaoaeaiiua
eiioeao?aoeee naoe.

N oi/ee c?aiey iaaeaaeiinoe yoa oiiieiaey ia yaeyaony

iaeeo/oei ?aoaieai, oae eae auoiae ec no?iy oeaio?aeueiiai ocea
i?eaaaeao e inoaiiaea anae naoe. Iaeiaei i?e eniieueciaaiee
oiiieiaee “caacaea” eaa/a iaeoe iaeni?aaiinoue a eaaaeueiie naoe.

Eniieuecoaony oaeaea oiiieiaey “eieueoei” (?en. 2.4). A yoii neo/aa
aeaiiua ia?aaeathony io iaeiiai eiiiuethoa?a e ae?oaiio eae au ii
ynoaoaoa. Anee eiiiuethoa? iieo/eo aeaiiua, i?aaeiacia/aiiua aeey
ae?oaiai eiiiuethoa?a, ii ia?aaeaao eo aeaeueoa ii eieueoeo. Anee
aeaiiua i?aaeiacia/aiu aeey iieo/eaoaai eo eiiiuethoa?a, iie
aeaeueoa ia ia?aaeathony.

Eieaeueiay naoue iiaeao eniieueciaaoue iaeio ec ia?a/eneaiiuo
oiiieiaee. Yoi caaeneo io eiee/anoaa iauaaeeiyaiuo eiiiuethoa?ia, eo
acaeiiiai ?aniieiaeaiey e ae?oaeo oneiaee. Iiaeii oaeaea
iauaaeeieoue ianeieueei eieaeueiuo naoae, auiieiaiiuo n
eniieueciaaieai ?aciuo oiiieiaee, a aaeeioth eieaeueioth naoue. Iiaeao,
iai?eia?, ae?aaiaeaeiay oiiieiaey.

IAOIAeU AeINOOIA E I?IOIEIEU IA?AAeA*E AeAIIUO

A ?acee/iuo naoyo nouanoaotho ?acee/iua i?ioeaaeo?u iaiaia aeaiiuie
a naoe. Yoe i?ioeaaeo?u iacuaathony i?ioieieaie ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo,
eioi?ua iienuaatho iaoiaeu aeinooia e naoaaui eaiaeai aeaiiuo.

Iaeaieueoaa ?ani?ino?aiaiea iieo/eee eiie?aoiua ?aaeecaoeee iaoiaeia
aeinooia: Ethernet, Arcnet e Token-Ring.

Iaoiae aeinooia Ethernet.

Yoi iaoiae aeinooia, ?ac?aaioaiiue oe?iie Xerox a 1975 aiaeo,
iieuecoaony iaeaieueoae iiioey?iinoueth. Ii iaania/eaaao aunieoth
nei?inoue ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo e iaaeaaeiinoue.

Aeey aeaiiiai iaoiaea aeinooia eniieuecoaony oiiieiaey “iauay
oeia”. Iiyoiio niiauaiea, ioi?aaeyaiia iaeiie ?aai/ae noaioeeae,
i?eieiaaony iaeiia?aiaiii anaie inoaeueiuie, iiaeeeth/aiiuie e iauae
oeia. Ii niiauaiea, i?aaeiacia/aiiia oieueei aeey iaeiie noaioeee
(iii aeeth/aao a naay aae?an noaioeee iacia/aiey e aae?an noaioeee
ioi?aaeoaey). Oa noaioeey, eioi?ie i?aaeiacia/aii niiauaiea,
i?eieiaao aai, inoaeueiua eaii?e?otho.

Iaoiae aeinooia Ethernet yaeyaony iaoiaeii iiiaeanoaaiiiai
aeinooia n i?ineooeaaieai ianouae e ?ac?aoaieai eieeecee
(eiioeeeoia) (CSMA/CD – Carier Sense Multiple Access with
Collision Detection).

Ia?aae ia/aeii ia?aaea/e ?aai/ay noaioeey ii?aaeaeyao, naiaiaeai eaiae
eee caiyo. Anee eaiae naiaiaeai, noaioeey ia/eiaao ia?aaea/o.

Ethernet ia eneeth/aao aiciiaeiinoe iaeiia?aiaiiie ia?aaea/e
niiauaiee aeaoiy eee ianeieueeeie noaioeeyie. Aiia?aoo?a
aaoiiaoe/anee ?aniiciaao oaeea eiioeeeou, iacuaaaiua eieeeceyie. Iinea
iaia?oaeaiey eiioeeeoa noaioeee caaea?aeeaatho ia?aaea/o ia
iaeioi?ia a?aiy. Yoi a?aiy iaaieueoia e aeey eaaeaeie noaioeee naia.
Iinea caaea?aeee ia?aaea/a aiciaiiaeyaony.

?aaeueii eiioeeeou i?eaiaeyo e oiaiueoaieth auno?iaeaenoaey naoe
oieueei a oii neo/aa, anee ?aaioaao ii?yaeea 80-100 noaioeee.

Iaoiae aeinooia Arcnet.

Yoio iaoiae aeinooia ?ac?aaioai oe?iie Datapoint Corp. Ii oiaea iieo/ee
oe?ieia ?ani?ino?aiaiea, a iniiaiii aeaaiaea?y oiio, /oi iai?oaeiaaiea
Arcnet aeaoaaea, /ai iai?oaeiaaiea Ethernet eee Token -Ring. Arcnet
eniieuecoaony a eieaeueiuo naoyo n oiiieiaeae “caacaea”. Iaeei
ec eiiiuethoa?ia nicaeaao niaoeeaeueiue ia?ea? (niiauaiea
niaoeeaeueiiai aeaea), eioi?ue iineaaeiaaoaeueii ia?aaeaaony io
iaeiiai eiiiuethoa?a e ae?oaiio.

Anee noaioeey aeaeaao ia?aaeaoue niiauaiea ae?oaie noaioeee, iia
aeieaeia aeiaeaeaoueny ia?ea?a e aeiaaaeoue e iaio niiauaiea,
aeiiieiaiiia aae?anaie ioi?aaeoaey e iacia/aiey. Eiaaea iaeao
aeieaeao aei noaioeee iacia/aiey, niiauaiea aoaeao “iooeaieaii” io
ia?ea?a e ia?aaeaii noaioeee.

Iaoiae aeinooia Token-Ring.

Iaoiae aeinooia Token-Ring aue ?ac?aaioai oe?iie IBM e
?ann/eoai ia eieueoeaaoth oiiieiaeth naoe.

Yoio iaoiae iaiiieiaao Arcnet, oae eae oiaea eniieuecoao ia?ea?,
ia?aaeaaaaiue io iaeiie noaioeee e ae?oaie. A ioee/ea io Arcnet, i?e
iaoiaea aeinooia Token-Ring eiaaony aiciiaeiinoue iacia/aoue
?aciua i?ei?eoaou ?aciui ?aai/ei noaioeeyi.

AIIA?AOIIA IAANIA*AIEA EIEAEUeIUO NAOAE

Aiia?aoo?a Ethernet

Aiia?aoo?a Ethernet iau/ii ninoieo ec eaaaey, ?acuaiia,
O-eiiiaeoi?ia, oa?ieiaoi?ia e naoaauo aaeaioa?ia. Eaaaeue, i/aaeaeii,
eniieuecoaony aeey ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo iaaeaeo ?aai/eie noaioeeyie.
Aeey iiaeeeth/aiey eaaaey eniieuecothony ?acuaiu. Yoe ?acuaiu
/a?ac O-eiiiaeoi?u iiaeeeth/athony e naoaaui aaeaioa?ai – niaoeeaeueiui
ieaoai, anoaaeaiiui a neiou ?anoe?aiey iaoa?eineie ieaou ?aai/ae
noaioeee. Oa?ieiaoi?u iiaeeeth/athony e ioe?uoui eiioeai naoe.

Aeey Ethernet iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu eaaaee ?aciuo oeiia: oiieee
eiaeneaeueiue eaaaeue, oienoue eiaeneaeueiue eaaaeue e iaye?aie?iaaiiay
aeoay ia?a. Aeey eaaeaeiai oeia eaaaey eniieuecothony naie ?acuaiu e
naie niinia iiaeeeth/aiey e naoaaiio aaeaioa?o.

A caaeneiinoe io eaaaey iaiythony oaeea oa?aeoa?enoeee naoe, eae
iaeneiaeueiay aeeeia eaaaey e iaeneiaeueiia eiee/anoai ?aai/eo noaioeee,
iiaeeeth/aaiuo e eaaaeth.

Eae i?aaeei, nei?inoue ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo a naoe Ethernet aeinoeaaao 10
Iaeo a naeoiaeo, /oi aeinoaoi/ii aeey iiiaeo i?eeiaeaiee.

?anniio?ei iiae?iaii ninoaa aiia?aoiuo n?aaenoa Ethernet aeey ?acee/iuo
oeiia eaaaey.

Oienoue eiaeneaeueiue eaaaeue.

Oienoue eiaeneaeueiue eaaaeue, eniieuecoaiue Ethernet, eiaao aeeaiao?
0.4 aetheia e aieiiaia nii?ioeaeaiea 50 Ii. Eiiaaea yoio eaaaeue
iacuaatho “aeaeoui eaaaeai”. Yoi naiue aei?iainoiyuee ec ?anniao?eaaaiuo
iaie eaaaeae. Einoeooo IEEE ii?aaeaeee niaoeeoeeaoeeth ia yoio eaaaeue –
10BASES.

Ia ?en. 4 noaiaoe/anee ecia?aaeaia eieaeueiay naoue ia iniiaa oienoiai
eiaeneaeueiiai eaaaey.

Caeanue i?eaaaeaia eiioeao?aoeey naoe, ninoiyuae ec aeaoo naaiaioia,
?acaeaeaiiui ?aieoa?ii. A eaaeaeii naaiaioa iaoiaeyony 3 ?aai/ea
noaioeee.

Eaaeaeay ?aai/ay noaioeey /a?ac naoaaie aaeaioa? (onoaiiaeai ia
iaoa?eineie ieaoa eiiiuethoa?a e ia ?enoiea ia iieacai) niaoeeaeueiui
iiiaiaeeeueiui o?aineaa?iui eaaaeai iiaeeeth/aaony e ono?ienoao,
iacuaaaiiio o?aineaa?ii. O?aineaa? neoaeeo aeey iiaeeeth/aiey ?aai/ae
noaioeee e oienoiio eiaeneaeueiiio eaaaeth.

Ia ei?iona o?aineaa?a eiaaony 3 ?acuaia: aeaa – aeey iiaeeeth/aiey
oienoiai eiaeneaeueiiai eaaaey, e iaeei – aeey iiaeeeth/aiey
o?aineaa?iiai eaaaey.

A oaaeeoea 2 ia?a/eneaiu ono?ienoaa, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey iiaeeeth/aiey
?aai/ae noaioeee e oienoiio eiaeneaeueiiio eaaaeth.

E niaeaeaieth, aeeeia iaeiiai naaiaioa ia?aie/aia, e aeey oienoiai
eaaaey ia iiaeao i?aauoaoue 500 iao?ia. Anee iauay aeeeia naoe aieueoa
500 iao?ia, aa iaiaoiaeeii ?acaeoue ia naaiaiou, niaaeeiaiiua ae?oa n
ae?oaii /a?ac niaoeeaeueiia ono?ienoai – ?aieoa?.

Ia ?enoiea ecia?aaeaiu aeaa naaiaioa, niaaeeiaiiua ?aieoa?ii. I?e yoii
iauay aeeeia naoe iiaeao aeinoeaaoue iaeiiai eeeiiao?a.

Iaaeaeo niaie o?aineaa?u niaaeeiythony io?aceaie oienoiai
eiaeneaeueiiai eaaaey n i?eiayiiuie e eo eiioeai eiaeneaeueiuie

Oaaeeoea 2. Iai?oaeiaaiea aeey iiaeeeth/aiey ?aai/ae noaioeee e oienoiio
eiaeneaeueiiio eaaaeth Ethernet

***********************************************************************

Naoaaie aaeaioa? Anoaaeyaony a iaoa?eineoth ieaoo eiiiuethoa?a

O?aineaa?iue eaaaeue Iiiaiaeeeueiue ye?aie?iaaiiue eaaaeue,
niaaeeiyao

naoaaie aaeaioa? n o?aineaa?ii

O?aineaa? Niaaeeiyaony o?aineaa?iui eaaaeai n naoaaui
aaeaioa?ii, eiaao aeaa eiaeneaeueiuo ?acuaia aeey iiaeeeth/aiey e
oienoiio eaaaeth

***********************************************************************

?acuaiaie.

Ia eiioeao naaiaioa iiaeeeth/aiu niaoeeaeueiua caaeooee – oa?ieiaoi?u.
Yoi i?inoi eiaeneaeueiua ?acuaiu, a ei?iona eioi?uo onoaiiaeai ?acenoi?
n nii?ioeaeaieai 50 Ii.

Ei?ion iaeiiai ec oa?ieiaoi?ia aeieaeai auoue cacaieai. A eaaeaeii
naaiaioa naoe iiaeii niaaeeiyoue oieueei iaeei oa?ieiaoi?.

Nouanoaotho e ae?oaea ia?aie/aiey e?iia iaeneiaeueiie aeeeiu
eiaeneaeueiiai eaaaey.

Oaaeeoea 3. Ia?aie/aiey aeey Ethernet ia oienoii eaaaea

***********************************************************************

Iaeneiaeueiay aeeeia naaiaioa 500 i

Iaeneiaeueiia eiee/anoai naaiaioia a naoe 5

Iaeneiaeueiay aeeeia naoe 2.5 ei

Iaeneiaeueiia eiee/anoai noaioeee, iiaeeeth/aiiuo

e iaeiiio naaiaioo (anee a naoe anoue ?aieoa?u,

oi iie oiaea n/eoathony eae ?aai/ea noaioeee) 100

Ieieiaeueiia ?annoiyiea iaaeaeo oi/eaie

iiaeeeth/aiey ?aai/eo noaioeee 2.5 i

Iaeneiaeueiay aeeeia o?aineaa?iiai eaaaey 50 i

***********************************************************************

E?iia ia?aie/aiey ia aeeeio naaiaioa nouanoaotho ia?aie/aiey ia
iaeneiaeueiia eiee/anoai naaiaioia a naoe (e, eae neaaenoaea, ia
iaeneiaeueioth aeeeio naoe), ia iaeneiaeueiia eiee/anoai ?aai/eo
noaioeee, iiaeeeth/aiiuo e naoe e ia iaeneiaeueioth aeeeio o?aineaa?iiai
eaaaey.

Iaeiaei a aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa yoe ia?aie/aiey ia nouanoaaiiu. Aieaa
oiai, aiciiaeiinoe oienoiai eaaaey ecauoi/iu.

Eoae, ia?a/eneei iai?oaeiaaiea, iaiaoiaeeiia aeey naoe Ethernet ia
oienoii eaaaea:

N-eiiiaeoi?

N-oa?ieiaoi?

N-Barrel-eiiiaeoi?

N-oa?ieiaoi? n cacaieaieai

DIX-eiiiaeoi?

O?aineaa?

Oiieee eiaeneaeueiue eaaaeue

Oiieee eiaeneaeueiue eaaaeue, eniieuecoaiue aeey Ethernet, eiaao
aeeaiao? 0.2 aetheia e aieiiaia nii?ioeaeaiea 50 Ii. Eiii?oiue eaaaeue
iacuaaaony RG-58A/U e niioaaonoaoao niaoeeoeeaoeee 10BASE2. Iiaeii
oaeaea eniieueciaaoue eaaaeue ?E-50, auioneaaiue iaoae
i?iiuoeaiiinoueth.

Naoue Ethernet ia oiieii eaaaea nouanoaaiii i?iua, /ai ia oienoii.

Eae i?aaeei, ana naoaaua aaeaioa?u eiatho aeaa ?acuaia. Iaeei ec ieo
i?aaeiacia/ai aeey iiaeeeth/aiey iiiaiaeeeueiiai o?aineaa?iiai eaaaey,
aoi?ie – aeey iiaeeeth/aiey iaaieueoiai o?ieieea, iacuaaaiiai
O-eiiiaeoi?ii. O-eiiiaeoi? n iaeiie noi?iiu iiaeeeth/aaony e naoaaiio
aaeaioa?o, a n aeaoo ae?oaeo noi?ii e iaio iiaeeeth/athony io?acee
oiieiai eiaeneaeueiiai eaaaey n niioaaonoaothueie ?acuaiaie ia eiioeao.
I?e yoii iieo/aaony, /oi eiaeneaeueiue eaaaeue iiaeeeth/aaony eae au
iaiin?aaenoaaiii e naoaaiio aaeaioa?o, iiyoiio ia ioaeiu o?aineaa? e
o?aineaa?iue eaaaeue.

Ia eiioeao naaiaioa aeieaeiu iaoiaeeoueny oa?ieiaoi?u, eioi?ua
iiaeeeth/athony e naiaiaeiui eiioeai O-eiiiaeoi?ia. Iaeei (e oieueei
iaeei!) oa?ieiaoi? a naaiaioa aeieaeai auoue cacaieai.

Naoe ia oiieii eaaaea eiatho ooaeoea ia?aiao?u ii n?aaiaieth n naoyie
ia aaca oienoiai eaaaey (oaaeeoea 4). Ii noieiinoue naoaaiai
iai?oaeiaaiey, iaiaoiaeeiiai aeey nicaeaiey naoe ia oiieii eaaaea,
nouanoaaiii iaiueoa.

Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi iaeioi?ua oe?iu auioneatho aaeaioa?u Ethernet,
niiniaiua ?aaioaoue i?e aeeeia naaiaioa aei 300 iao?ia (iai?eia?,
aaeaioa?u oe?iu 3COM). Iaeiaei oaeea aaeaioa?u noiyo aei?iaea e any
naoue a

Oaaeeoea 4. Ia?aie/aiey aeey Ethernet ia oiieii eaaaea.

***********************************************************************

Iaeneiaeueiay aeeeia naaiaioa 185 i

Iaeneiaeueiia eiee/anoai naaiaioia a naoe 5

Iaeneiaeueiay aeeeia naoe 925 i

Iaeneiaeueiia eiee/anoai noaioeee, iiaeeeth/aiiuo

e iaeiiio naaiaioo (anee a naoe anoue ?aieoa?u,

oi iie oiaea n/eoathony eae ?aai/ea noaioeee) 30

Ieieiaeueiia ?annoiyiea iaaeaeo oi/eaie

iiaeeeth/aiey ?aai/eo noaioeee 0.5 i

***********************************************************************

yoii neo/aa aeieaeia auoue naeaeaia n eniieueciaaieai aaeaioa?ia oieueei
iaeiiai oeia.

Eae i?aaeei, aieueoeinoai naoae Ethernet nicaeaii eiaiii ia aaca
oiieiai eaaaey.

Eoae, ia?a/eneei iai?oaeiaaiea, iaiaoiaeeiia aeey naoe Ethernet ia
oiieii eaaaea:

BNC-eiiiaeoi?

BNC-oa?ieiaoi?

BNC-Barrel-eiiiaeoi?

BNC-oa?ieiaoi? n cacaieaieai

T-eiiiaeoi?

Iaye?aie?iaaiiay aeoay ia?a.

Iaeioi?ua (ii ia ana) naoaaua aaeaioa?u Ethernet niiniaiu ?aaioaoue n
eaaaeai, i?aaenoaaeythuai niaie i?inooth iaye?aie?iaaiioth aeooth ia?o
i?iaiaeia (niaoeeoeeaoeey 10BASE-T). A ea/anoaa oaeiai eaaaey iiaeii
eniieueciaaoue iau/iue oaeaoiiiue i?iaiae e oaea eiathuothny a aaoae
i?aaiecaoeee oaeaoiiioth naoue.

Naoaaua aaeaioa?u, niiniaiua ?aaioaoue n aeoie ia?ie, eiatho ?acuai,
aiaeiae/iue i?eiaiyaiiio a eiii?oiuo oaeaoiiiuo aiia?aoao.

Aeey naoe Ethernet ia aaca aeoie ia?u iaiaoiaeeii niaoeeaeueiia
ono?ienoai – eiioeaio?aoi?. E iaeiiio eiioeaio?aoi?o /a?ac ana oa aea
oaeaoiiiua ?icaoee iiaeii iiaeeeth/eoue aei 12 ?aai/eo noaioeee.
Iaeneiaeueiia ?annoiyiea io eiioeaio?aoi?a aei ?aai/ae noaioeee
ninoaaeyao 100 iao?ia, i?e yoii nei?inoue ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo oaeay aea,
eae e aeey eiaeneaeueiiai eaaaey, – 10 Iaeo a naeoiaeo.

Aeinoieinoaa naoe ia aaca aeoie ia?u i/aaeaeiu – ieceay noieiinoue
iai?oaeiaaiey e aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaiey eiathuaeny oaeaoiiiie naoe.
Iaeiaei anoue na?ueaciua ia?aie/aiey ia eiee/anoai noaioeee a naoe e ia
aa aeeeio.

Naoaaie aaeaioa? Ethernet.

Aia caaeneiinoe io eniieuecoaiiai eaaaey aeey eaaeaeie ?aai/ae noaioeee
iaiaoiaeeii eiaoue naoaaie aaeaioa?. Naoaaie aaeaioa? – yoi ieaoa,
eioi?ay anoaaeyaony a iaoa?eineoth ieaoo eiiiuethoa?a. Iia eiaao aeaa
?acuaia aeey iiaeeeth/aiey e naoaaiio eaaaeth.

Aeey Ethernet a noaiaea?oa ISA eniieuecoaony o?e aeaea naoaauo
aaeaioa?ia: 8-aeoiaua, 16-aeoiaua e 32-aeoiaua. 8-aeoiaue aaeaioa?
iiaeao anoaaeyoueny a 8-aeoiaue eee 16-aeoiaue neiou iaoa?eineie ieaou e
eniieuecoaony, aeaaiui ia?acii, a eiiiuethoa?ao IBM XT IBM PC, aaea iao
16-aeoiauo neioia. Eiiaaea 8-aeoiaua aaeaioa?u eniieuecothony aeey
eiiiuethoa?ia IBM AT, anee o?aaiaaiey e nei?inoe ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo ia
auniee. Aeey 16-aeoiaiai aaeaioa?a iaiaoiaeeii eniieueciaaoue 16-aeoiaue
neio.

Ia eiiiuethoa?ao 80386 eee 80486 eiaao niune eniieueciaaoue nei?inoiua
32-aeoiaua aaeaioa?u, ii e?aeiae ia?a aeey oao noaioeee, ia eioi?ua
i?eoiaeeony iaeneiaeueiay iaa?ocea.

Naoaaua aaeaioa?u iiaoo auoue ?ann/eoaiu ia a?oeoaeoo?o ISA/EISA eee
Micro Channel. Ia?aay a?oeoaeoo?a eniieuecoaony a na?ee eiiiuethoa?ia
IBM AT e niaianoeiuo n ieie, aoi?ay – a iiuiuo noaioeeyo ia aaca
i?ioeanni?ia 80486, o?aouey – a eiiiuethoa?ao PS/2 na?ee IBM.
Eiino?oeoeaii yoe oeiu aaeaioa?ia ioee/athony ae?oa io ae?oaa. Aeey
onei?aiey ?aaiou ia ieaoa naoaaiai aaeaioa?a iiaeao iaoiaeeoueny aooa?.
?acia? yoiai aooa?a ?acee/ai aeey aaeaioa?ia ?aciuo oeiia e iiaeao
ninoaaeyoue io 8 Ea aeey 8-aeoiauo aaeaioa?ia aei 16 Ea e aieaa aeey 16-
e 32-aeoiauo aaeaioa?ia.

Naoaaua aaeaioa?u Ethernet eniieuecotho ii?ou aaiaea/auaiaea e iaeei
eaiae i?a?uaaiey. Iaeioi?ua aaeaioa?u iiaoo ?aaioaoue n eaiaeaie i?yiiai
aeinooia e iaiyoe (DMA).

Ia ieaoa aaeaioa?a iiaeao ?aniieaaaoueny iee?inoaia iinoiyiiiai
caiiieiathuaai ono?ienoaa (ICO) aeey nicaeaiey oae iacuaaaiuo
aacaeeneiauo ?aai/eo noaioeee. Yoi eiiiuethoa?u, a eioi?uo iao ie
aei/anoa?a, ie oeiiie-aeeneia. Caa?ocea iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaiu
auiieiyaony ec naoe, e auiieiyo aa i?ia?aiia, caienaiiay a iee?inoaia
aeenoaioeeiiiie caa?ocee.

Ia?aae oai eae anoaaeoue naoaaie aaeaioa? a iaoa?eineoth ieaoo
eiiiuethoa?a, iaiaoiaeeii n iiiiuueth ia?aeeth/aoaeae (?aniieiaeaiiuo ia
ieaoa aaeaioa?a) caaeaoue i?aaeeueiua cia/aiey aeey ii?oia
aaiaea/auaiaea, eaiaea i?a?uaaiey, aaciaue aae?an ICO aeenoaioeeiiiie
caa?ocee aacaeeneiaie noaioeee.

?aieoa?.

Anee aeeeia naoe i?aauoaao iaeneiaeueioth aeeeio naaiaioa naoe,
iaiaoiaeeii ?acaeoue naoue ia ianeieueei (aei iyoe) naaiaioia, niaaeeiea
eo /a?ac ?aieoa?.

Eiino?oeoeaii ?aieoa? iiaeao auoue auiieiai eeai a aeaea ioaeaeueiie
eiino?oeoeee ni naiei aeieii ieoaiey, eeai a aeaea ieaou, anoaaeyaiie a
neio ?anoe?aiey iaoa?eineie ieaou eiiiuethoa?a.

?aieoa? a aeaea ioaeaeueiie eiino?oeoeee noieo aei?iaea, ii ii iiaeao
auoue eniieueciaai aeey niaaeeiaiey naaiaioia Ethernet, auiieiaiiuo eae
ia oiieii, oae e ia oienoii eaaaea, oae eae ii eiaao e eiaeneaeueiua
?acuaiu, e ?acuaiu aeey iiaeeeth/aiey o?aineaa?iiai eaaaey. N iiiiuueth
yoiai ?aieoa?a iiaeii aeaaea niaaeeieoue a aaeeioth naoue naaiaiou,
auiieiaiiua e ia oiieii, e ia oienoii eaaaea.

?aieoa? a aeaea ieaou eiaao oieueei eiaeneaeueiua ?acuaiu e iiyoiio
iiaeao niaaeeiyoue oieueei naaiaiou ia oiieii eiaeneaeueiii eaaaea.
Iaeiaei ii noieo aeaoaaea, e ia o?aaoao ioaeaeueiie ?icaoee aeey
iiaeeeth/aiey yeaeo?iieoaiey.

Iaeei ec iaaeinoaoeia ano?aeaaaiiai a ?aai/oth noaioeeth ?aieoa?a
caeeth/aaony a oii, /oiau aeey iaania/aiey e?oaeinooi/iie ?iaiou naoe
noaioeey n ?aieoa?ii oaeaea aeieaeia ?aaioaoue e?oaeinooi/ii. I?e
aueeth/aiee ieoaiey naycue iaaeaeo naaiaioaie naoe aoaeao ia?ooaia.

Ooieoeee ?aieoa?a caeeth/athony a oece/aneii ?acaeaeaiee naaiaioia naoe
e iaania/aiee ainnoaiiaeaiey iaeaoia, ia?aaeaaaaiuo ec iaeiiai naaiaioa
naoe a ae?oaie.

?aieoa? iiauoaao iaaeaaeiinoue naoe, oae eae ioeac iaeiiai naaiaioa
(iai?eia?, ia?ua eaaaey) ia neacuaaaony ia ?aaioa ae?oaeo naaiaioia.
Iaeiaei, ?acoiaaony, /a?ac iia?aaeaeaiiue naaiaio aeaiiua i?ioiaeeoue ia
iiaoo.

Aiia?aoo?a Arcnet.

Aeey i?aaiecaoeee naoe Arcnet iaiaoiaeei niaoeeaeueiue naoaaie
aaeaioa?. Yoio aaeaioa? eiaao iaeei aiaoiee ?acuai aeey iiaeeeth/aiey
eiaeneaeueiiai eaaaey.

Eaaeaeue aaeaioa? Arcnet aeieaeai eiaoue aeey aeaiiie naoe naie iiia?.
Yoio iiia? onoaiaaeeaaaony ia?aeeth/aoaeyie, ?aniieiaeaiiuie ia
aaeaioa?a, e iaoiaeyony a i?aaeaeao io 0 aei 255.

Oaaeeoea 5. Ia?aie/aiey aeey naoe Arcnet.

***********************************************************************

Iaeneiaeueiay aeeeia eaaaey, eioi?ue eaeao e

aeoeaiiio eiioeaio?aoi?o 300 i

Ieieiaeueiia ?annoiyiea iaaeaeo ?aai/eie

noaioeeyie, iiaeeeth/aiiuie e iaeiiio eaaaeth 0.9 i

Iaeneiaeueiay aeeeia naoe ii naiiio aeeeiiiio

ia?o?ooo 6 ei

Iaeneiaeueiia ?annoiyiea iaaeaeo ?aai/ae

noaioeeae e ianneaiui eiioeaio?aoi?ii 30 i

Iaeneiaeueiia ?annoiyiea iaaeaeo aeoeaiui

e ianneaiui eiioeaio?aoi?aie 30 i

Iaeneiaeueiia ?annoiyiea iaaeaeo aeaoiy aeoeaiuie

eiioeaio?aoi?aie 600 i

***********************************************************************

Naoaaua aaeaioa?u ?aai/eo noaioeee /a?ac eiaeneaeueiue eaaaeue n
aieiiaui nii?ioeaeaieai 93 Ii iiaeeeth/athony e niaoeeaeueiiio
ono?ienoao – eiioeaio?aoi?o. Aiciiaeii oaeaea eniieueciaaiea
iaye?aie?iaaiiie aeoie ia?u.

Eiioeaio?aoi?u auaatho ianneaiuie (Passive Hub) e aeoeaiuie (Active
Hub). E iaeiiio eiioeaio?aoi?o (a caaeneiinoe io aai oeia) iiaeao
iiaeeeth/aoueny 4,8,16 eee 32 ?aai/eo noaioeee.

Ia?aie/aiey aeey naoe Arcnet i?eaaaeaiu a oaaeeoea 5.

Aeinoieinoaaie naoe Arcnet yaeythony ieceay noieiinoue naoaaiai
iai?oaeiaaiey (ii n?aaiaieth n Ethernet) e aieueoay aeeeia naoe (aei 6
ei). Iaeiaei ieceay nei?inoue ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo, ninoaaeythuay 2.44 Iaeo
a naeoiaeo, ia?aie/eaaao i?eiaiaiea naoe Arcnet.

Aiia?aoo?a Token-Ring.

*oi eanaaony naoe Token-Ring, oi aa iacaaiea iiaeao aaanoe aan a
caaeoaeaeaiea. Oiiieiaey yoie naoe aieueoa iioiaea ia oiiieiaeth
caacaeu, /ai ia oiiieiaeth eieueoea. Aianoi oiai /oiau, niaaeeiyynue
ae?oa n ae?oaii, ia?aciauaaoue eieueoei, ?aai/ea noaioeee Token-Ring
iiaeeeth/athony ?aaeeaeueii e eiioeaio?aoi?o oeia 8228 i?iecaiaenoaa
IBM. I?aaaea, eiioeaio?aoi?ia iiaeao auoue ianeieueei, e a yoii neo/aa
eiioeaio?aoi?u aeaenoaeoaeueii iauaaeeiythony a eieueoei /a?ac
niaoeeaeueiua ?acuaiu.

Iaeiaei anee eniieuecoaony iaeei eiioeaio?aoi?, oi iauaaeeiythuea
?acuaiu iiaeii ia caeieueoeiauaaoue.

Nei?inoue ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo a naoe Token-Ring iiaeao aeinoeaaoue 4 eee
16 Iaeo a naeoiaeo, iaeiaei noieiinoue naoaaiai iai?oaeiaaiey auoa, /ai
aeey naoe Ethernet. E?iia oiai, nouanoaotho e ae?oaea ia?aie/aiey (ni.
oaaeeoeo 6). Oaaeeoea 6. Ia?aie/aiey aeey naoe Token-Ring.

***********************************************************************

Iaeneiaeueiia eiee/anoai eiioeaio?aoi?ia oeia

8228 a naoe 12

Ieieiaeueiia eiee/anoai ?aai/eo noaioeee a naoe 96

Iaeneiaeueiay aeeeia eaaaey iaaeaeo aeaoiy

eiioeaio?aoi?aie 45 i

Iaeneiaeueiay aeeeia eaaaey, niaaeeiythuay ana

eiioeaio?aoi?u a naoe 120 i

***********************************************************************

Eae aeaeii ec yoie oaaeeoeu, naoe Token-Ring ia ?ann/eoaiu ia aieueoea
?annoiyiey. Ana eiiiuethoa?u aeieaeiu auoue ?aniieiaeaiu ia iaeiii eee
aeaoo yoaaeao caeaiey. Aieaa aunieay noieiinoue iai?oaeiaaiey n Ethernet
aeiiieieoaeueii oiaiueoaao i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoue yoiai ecaeaeey IBM.

I?IA?AIIIIA IAANIA*AIEA EIEAEUeIUO NAOAE.

Iinea iiaeeeth/aiey eiiiuethoa?ia e naoe iaiaoiaeeii onoaiiaeoue ia
ieo niaoeeaeueiia naoaaia i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea. Nouanoaoao aeaa
iiaeoiaea e i?aaiecaoeee naoaaiai i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey:

– naoe n oeaio?aeeciaaiiui oi?aaeaieai;

– iaeii-?aiaiaua naoe.

Naoe n oeaio?aeeciaaiiui oi?aaeaieai.

A naoe n oeaio?aeeciaaiiui oi?aaeaieai auaeaeythony iaeia eee
ianeieueei iaoei, oi?aaeythueo iaiaiii aeaiiuie ii naoe. Aeenee
auaeaeaiiuo iaoei, eioi?ua iacuaathony oaee-na?aa?aie, aeinooiiu
anai inoaeueiui eiiiuethoa?ai naoe. Ia oaee-na?aa?ao aeieaeia ?aaioaoue
niaoeeaeueiay naoaaay iia?aoeeiiiay nenoaia. Iau/ii yoi
ioeueoecaaea/iay IS, eniieuecothuay caueuaiiue ?aaeei ?aaiou
i?ioeanni?a.

Inoaeueiua eiiiuethoa?u iacuaathony ?aai/eie noaioeeyie. ?aai/ea
noaioeee eiatho aeinooi e aeeneai oaee-na?aa?a e niaianoii
eniieuecoaiui i?eioa?ai, ii e oieueei. N iaeiie ?aai/ae noaioeee iaeuecy
?aaioaoue n aeeneaie ae?oaeo ?aai/eo noaioeee. N iaeiie noi?iiu, yoi
oi?ioi, oae eae iieueciaaoaee eciee?iaaiu ae?oa io ae?oaa e ia iiaoo
neo/aeii iia?aaeeoue /oaeea aeaiiua. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, aeey iaiaia
aeaiiuie iieueciaaoaee auioaeaeaiu eniieueciaaoue aeenee oaee-na?aa?a,
nicaeaaay aeey iaai aeiiieieoaeueioth iaa?oceo.

Anoue, iaeiaei, niaoeeaeueiua i?ia?aiiu, ?aaioathuea a naoe n
oeaio?aeeciaaiiui oi?aaeaieai e iicaieythuea ia?aaeaaaoue aeaiiua
iaiin?aaenoaaiii io iaeiie ?aai/ae noaioeee e ae?oaie ieioy
oaee-na?aa?. I?eia? oaeie i?ia?aiiu – i?ia?aiia NetLink. Iinea aa
caionea ia aeaoo ?aai/eo noaioeeyo iiaeii ia?aaeaaaoue oaeeu n aeenea
iaeiie noaioeee ia aeene ae?oaie, aiaeiae/ii oiio, eae eiie?othony
oaeeu ec iaeiiai eaoaeiaa a ae?oaie i?e iiiiue i?ia?aiiu Norton
Commander.

Ia ?aai/eo noaioeeyo aeieaeii auoue onoaiiaeaii niaoeeaeueiia
i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea, /anoi iacuaaaiia naoaaie iaiei/eie. Yoi
iaania/aiea ?aaioaao a n?aaea oie IS, eioi?ay eniieuecoaony ia
aeaiiie ?aai/ae noaioeee, – DOS, OS/2 e o.ae.

Oaee-na?aa?u iiaoo auoue auaeaeaiiuie eee iaauaeaeaiiuie. A ia?aii
neo/aa oaee-na?aa? ia iiaeao eniieueciaaoueny eae ?aai/ay noaioeey e
auiieiyao oieueei caaea/e oi?aaeaiey naoueth. Ai aoi?ii neo/aa
ia?aeeaeueii n caaea/ae oi?aaeaiey naoueth oaee-na?aa? auiieiyao
iau/iua iieueciaaoaeueneea i?ia?aiiu a n?aaea MS-DOS. Iaeiaei i?e yoii
nieaeaaony i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue oaee-na?aa?a e iaaeaaeiinoue ?aaiou
anae naoe a oeaeii, oae eae ioeaea a iieueciaaoaeueneie i?ia?aiia,
caiouaiiie ia oaee-na?aa?a, iiaeao i?eaanoe e inoaiiaea ?aaiou anae
naoe. Iiyoiio ia ?aeiiaiaeoaony eniieueciaaoue iaauaeaeaiiua
oaee-na?aa?u, iniaaiii a ioaaonoaaiiuo neo/ayo.

Nouanoaotho ?acee/iua naoaaua IS, i?eaioe?iaaiiua ia naoe n
oeaio?aeeciaaiiui oi?aaeaieai. Naiua ecaanoiua ec ieo – Novell
NetWare, Microsoft Lan Manager (ia aaca OS/2), a oaeaea auiieiaiiay ia
aaca UNIX naoaaay IS VINES.

Iaeii-?aiaiaua naoe.

Iaeii-?aiaiaua naoe ia niaea?aeao a naiai ninoaaa auaeaeaiiuo na?aa?ia.
Ooieoeee oi?aaeaiey naoueth ia?aaeathony ii i/a?aaee io iaeiie ?aai/ae
noaioeee e ae?oaie.

Eae i?aaeei, ?aai/ea noaioeee eiatho aeinooi e aeeneai (e i?eioa?ai)
ae?oaeo ?aai/eo noaioeee. Oaeie iiaeoiae iaeaa/aao niaianoioth ?aaioo
a?oii iieueciaaoaeae, ii a oeaeii i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue naoe iiaeao
iiieceoueny.

Anee naoue iauaaeeiyao ianeieueei ?aai/eo noaioeee, eioi?ua aeieaeiu
niaianoii eniieueciaaoue oaeea ?ano?nu, eae eaca?iue i?eioa?, oaeeu ia
aeeneao, e anee o?aaoaony eioaineaiue iaiai aeaiiuie iaaeaeo ?aai/eie
noaioeeyie, ?anniao?eaatho aiciiaeiinoue i?eiaiaiey iaaei?iaeo
iaeii-?aiaiauo naoaauo n?aaenoa.

Iaeii ec aeinoieinoa iaeii-?aiaiauo naoae – i?inoioa ianeoaeeaaiey.
Anee aeey ianeoaeeaaiey naoe ia aaca Novell NetWare, eae i?aaeei,
o?aaoaony nenoaiiue aaeieieno?aoi?, oi aeey iiaeaea?aeaiey
?aaioiniiniaiinoe iaeii-?aiaiaie naoe ia o?aaoaony niaoeeaeueii
auaeaeaiiue aeey yoiai nio?oaeiee.

Iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiu oaeea iaeii-?aiaiaua naoe, eae Artisoft
LANtastic, LANsmart eiiiaiee D-Link Systems, Invisible Software
NET-30 e Web NOS eiiiaiee Webcorp. Ana yoe naoaaua n?aaenoaa ?aaeeciaaiu
eae iaaeno?ieee iaae OS MS-DOS.

Oe?ia Novell i?aaeeiaeeea naia ?aoaiea aeey i?aaiecaoeee ?aaiou a?oii
iieueciaaoaeae. Aa naoaaay iaiei/ea Novell NetWare Lite iaiiieiaao
iaeii-?aiaiaua naoaaua iaiei/ee oai, /oi aeey i?aaiecaoeee naoe ia
o?aaothony auaeaeaiiua oaee-na?aa?u, iaeaa/aii niaianoiia eniieueciaaiea
aeeneia e i?eioa?ia. Novell NetWare Lite caioneaaony eae iaai?
?aceaeaioiuo i?ia?aii a n?aaea MS-DOS.

Iaeiaei Novell NetWare Lite ia yaeyaony iaeii-?aiaiaie naoueth.
Nei?aa yoi naoue n oeaio?aeeciaaiiui oi?aaeaieai, a eioi?ie iiaeao
auoue ianeieueei iaauaeaeaiiuo eee auaeaeaiiuo na?aa?ia.

A oeaeii Novell NetWare Lite i?aaenoaaeyao aeinoaoi/ii oaea/iia
?aoaiea aeey i?aaiecaoeee iaaieueoeo naoae. E?iia oiai, Novell NetWare
Lite oi?ioi oaeeaaaony n Novell NetWare 3.11, /oi iicaieyao
eiiaeie?iaaoue aiciiaeiinoe naoae n oeaio?aeeciaaiiui oi?aaeaieai ia
aaca NetWare 3.11 n oaeiaiui ?acaeaeaieai ?ano?nia ioaeaeueiuo
?aai/eo noaioeee.

Ec anaai ?aciiia?acey naoaauo OS e iaiei/ae naiua ?ani?ino?aiaiiua e
naiua eioa?aniua ecaeaeey – Novell NetWare e Microsoft Windows for
Workgroups.

Novell NetWare.

N iiiaioa naiaai iiyaeaiey naoaaay OS Novell NetWare ia?aaeeea
iiiaeanoai “ia?aecaeaiee” e, oniaoii auoaniyy eiieo?aioia, caoaaoeea
cia/eoaeueioth /anoue ?uiea.

A iaoae no?aia ianniaia aoi?aeaiea Novell NetWare ia/aeinue n aa?nee
2.15, niiniaiie ?aaioaoue ia aeinooiiuo eiiiuethoa?ao n i?ioeanni?ii
80286. E?iia oiai, /oi oiaea aaaeii a oneiaeyo aeaoeoeeoa eiiiuethoa?ia,
yoa aa?ney iicaieyao niaiauaoue a iaeiii eiiiuethoa?a ooieoeee
oaee-na?aa?a e ?aai/ae noaioeee.

Neaaeothuay aa?ney Novell NetWare aeey i?ioeanni?a 80286 – aa?ney 2.2
-ioee/aaony io aa?nee 2.15 aieueoae iaaeaaeiinoueth e aieaa oaeiaiie
i?ioeaaeo?ie einoaeeyoeee. Yoa OS aieueoa anaai iiaeoiaeeo aeey
i?aaiecaoeee iaaieueoie naoe ia aaca oaee-na?aa?a n i?ioeanni?ii 80286
aeey ?aoaiey caaea/ niaianoiiai eniieueciaaiey i?eioa?ia e aeeneiaie
iaiyoe.

Aeey nicaeaiey e?oiiuo e iaaeaaeii ?aaioathueo naoae aieueoa iiaeoiaeeo
Novell NetWare 386 aa?nee 3.11. Yoa aunieii?iecaiaeeoaeueiay
iiiaicaaea/iay OS ?aaeueiiai a?aiaie iiaeao ?aaioaoue oieueei ia
i?ioeanni?ao 80386 eee 80486. Novell NetWare 386 ia iicaieyao niaiauaoue
oaee-na?aa? e ?aai/oth noaioeeth, /oi aeaaii?eyoii neacuaaaony ia
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe e iaaeaaeiinoe naoe.

Novell NetWare Lite iiaeao iineoaeeoue aeueoa?iaoeaiie iia?aoeeiiiie
nenoaia Novell NetWare 2.2. Yoa naoaaay iaiei/ea ?aaeeciaaia a aeaea
?aceaeaioiuo i?ia?aii, iia i?aaeaeueii i?inoa a onoaiiaea e
eniieueciaaiee. Ii i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue aa a iaeioi?uo neo/ayo iiaeao
ieacaoueny iaaeinoaoi/iie.

Novell NetWare 386 aa?nee 3.11

Naoaaay iia?aoeeiiiay nenoaia (IS) Novell NetWare 386 aa?nee 3.11
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie 32-?ac?yaeioth iiiaicaaea/ioth iia?aoeeiiioth
nenoaio ?aaeueiiai a?aiaie, ?aaioathuoth a caueuaiiii ?aaeeia
i?ioeanni?a 80386 eee 80486. Yoa IS eniieuecoao ana aiia?aoiua
iniaaiiinoe i?ioeanni?a 80386, iiyoiio iia ia aoaeao ?aaioaoue ia
eiiiuethoa?ao n i?ioeanni?ii 80286.

NetWare 386 yaeyaony naoaaie IS n oeaio?aeeciaaiiui oi?aaeaieai. Yoi
icia/aao, /oi a naoe iaeei eee ianeieueei eiiiuethoa?ia
eniieuecothony a ea/anoaa oaee-na?aa?ia. Ia yoeo eiiiuethoa?ao ?aaioaao
IS NetWare 386. Inoaeueiua eiiiuethoa?u eniieuecothony a ea/anoaa
?aai/eo noaioeee e ia ieo aeieaeia auoue caa?oaeaia naoaaay iaiei/ea –
niaoeeaeueiay eiiiiiaioa NetWare aeey ?aai/eo noaioeee. Iauaa
eiee/anoai ?aai/eo noaioeee, iiaeeeth/aiiuo e iaeiiio na?aa?o, iiaeao
aeinoeaaoue 250.

IN NetWare 386 noa?ooao ec IS-DOS. Aeey yoiai iaiaoiaeeii caionoeoue
i?ia?aiio server.exe – yae?i IS. Iinea inoaiiaa NetWare 386 iiaeii
niiaa aa?iooueny a n?aaeo MS-DOS, /oi aeinoaoi/ii oaeiaii n oi/ee c?aiey
ioeaaeee e iano?ieee naoaaie IS.

Eae e anyeay iia?aoeeiiiay nenoaia, Nowell NetWare ?aaioaao n
aiia?aoo?ie /a?ac ae?aeaa?u. Iniaaiiinoueth aa?nee NetWare 386 yaeyaony
aiciiaeiinoue aeeiaie/aneie caa?ocee ae?aeaa?ia aeeneiauo ono?ienoa e
naoaauo aaeaioa?ia.

E?iia ae?aeaa?ia iiaeii caa?oaeaoue e n?aco caioneaoue i?ia?aiiu,
auiieiythuea oa eee eiua ooieoeee aeey ianeoaeeaaiey na?aa?a e naoe.
Iiiai oaeeo i?ia?aii aoaeoo ?aaioaoue ia?aeeaeueii a ioeueoecaaea/iii
?aaeeia. Eiaia caioneaaiuo i?ia?aii niaea?aeao ?anoe?aiea .nim (oa?iei
nim-i?ioeann).

Ia?aeeaeueii ?aaioathuea nim-i?ioeannu (eee nim-i?ia?aiiu) iiaoo
ioiineoueny eae e naiie iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaia NetWare 386, oae e e
ae?oaei iiaenenoaiai, a oii /enea ?ac?aaioaiiui ae?oaeie oe?iaie (ia
Novell). Yoe i?ioeannu iau/ii ?aoatho oaeea caaea/e, eae oi?aaeaiea
oaeeaie, o?aiyueieny a na?aa?a, e naoaauie i?eioa?aie, ?aaioa n
aiaoieie eiiioieeaoeeiiiuie eaiaeaie nayce, oi?aaeaiea aacaie aeaiiuo,
oi?aaeaiea aeinooiii e n?aaenoaai oaee-na?aa?a e o.i.

I?e onoaiiaea Novell NetWare noa?oiaue aeene oaee-na?aa?a iau/ii
?acaeaatho ia aeaa ?acaeaea. Ia?aue ?acaeae eiaao ?acia? 3-5 Iaaeo, ia
iai iaoiaeeony MS-DOS, i?ia?aiia server.exe e iaeioi?ua ae?oaea oaeeu,
iaiaoiaeeiua aeey caionea NetWare 386 (iai?eia?, ae?aeaa? aeenea).
Aoi?ie ?acaeae oi?iaoe?oaony niaoeeaeueiui ia?acii aeey eniieueciaaiey
IS NetWare 386. A yoii ?acaeaea iaoiaeyony inoaeueiua iiaeoee naoaaie
IS, naoaaua ooeeeou e iaeioi?ua ae?oaea neoaeaaiua eaoaeiae. Oai aea
iiaoo auoue ?aciauaiu oaeeu, eioi?ua aeieaeiu auoue aeinooiiu aeey
?aai/eo noaioeee, iiaeeeth/aiiuo e naoe. A eiiiuethoa?a, eniieuecoaiii
a ea/anoaa oaee-na?aa?a, iiaeii onoaiiaeoue aeaa eee aieueoaa eiee/anoai
aeeneia.

?aai/ea noaioeee iieo/atho aeinooi e aeaiiui, o?aiyueiny ia oaee
na?aa?a neaaeothuei ia?acii.

Iinea caa?ocee ianeieueeeo ?aceaeaioiuo i?ia?aii, aoiaeyueo a ninoaa
naoaaie iaiei/ee aeey MS-DOS, ia ?aai/ae noaoeee iiyaeyaony aua iaeei
aeene. Yoi eee aeene F:(anee eiathony eieaeueiua aeenee C:, D:, E:),eee
aeene, iaicia/aaiue neaaeothuae aoeaie iinea eieaeueiiai aeenea n o/aoii
ia?aiao?a eiiaiaeu “LASTDRIVE”.

Iieueciaaoaeue ieacuaaaony a eaoaeiaa n eiaiai LOGIN. Caionoea
eiathuothny a yoii eaoaeiaa i?ia?aiio slist.exe, iieueciaaoaeue iiaeao
oaeaeaoue nienie aeoeaiuo na?aa?ia. I?e iiiiue i?ia?aiiu login.exe ii
iiaeao iiaeeeth/eoueny e iaeiiio ec ieo, oeacaa naia eiy e ia?ieue,
eioi?ua ii aeieaeai iieo/eoue o aaeieieno?aoi?a naoe. Iiaeeeth/aiea e
na?aa?o ioe?uaaao aeinooi e aeiiieieoaeueiui aeeneai, eioi?ua yaeythony
eaoaeiaaie ?acaeaeia oaee-na?aa?a. I?e iiaeeeth/aiee e oaee-na?aa?o ia
ia?aii naoaaii aeenea ioe?uaaaony aeinooi a eaoaeia PUBLIC, niaea?aeauee
naoaaua ooeeeou (iau/iua exe-i?ia?aiiu).

Iinou

I?e ?aaioa aieueoiai eiee/anoaa ?aai/eo noaioeee n iaeiei
oaee-na?aa?ii i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue oaeie naoe iiaeao ieacaoueny
iaaunieie. Yoi naycaii n oai, /oi ia na?aa?a noieo iaeei-aeaa aeenea e
aeey oaeiaeaoai?aiey aieueoiai eiee/anoaa cai?inia iio?aaothony
iiiai/eneaiiua ia?aiauaiey aeiea aieiaie. Oaaee/aiea ?acia?a ?anoe?aiiie
iaiyoe, onoaiiaeaiiie ia oaee-na?aa?a, iiaeao a iaeioi?ie noaiaie
oeo/oeoue neooaoeeth, oae eae NetWare oaaee/eo ?acia? aeeneiaiai
aooa?a. Iaeiaei oaeia ?aoaiea noieo aei?iai e ia anaaaea iiaeao
i?eaanoe e aeaeaaiiio ?acoeueoaoo.

Iiyoiio iiaeao aicieeiooue iaiaoiaeeiinoue onoaiiaeoue aoi?ie
oaee-na?aa?. Naoue n aeaoiy oaee-na?aa?aie aoaeao ?aaioaoue auno?aa,
oae eae oaia?ue aoaeao ia oieueei aieueoaa eiee/anoai aeeneia, ii e aeaa
aeeneiauo eiio?ieea?a aianoi iaeiiai, a oaeaea aeaa i?ioeanni?a.

Eiiaaea auaiaeii iieiinoueth ?acaeaeeoue naoe, niaaaeea eaaeaeoth naiei
ioaeaeueiui oaee-na?aa?ii. Aeey nayce ioaeaeueiuo naoae a aaeeioth
naoue iiaeii eniieueciaaoue oae iacuaaaiua iinou. N iiiiuueth iinoa
iiaeii iauaaeeieoue a aaeeiia oeaeia aeaaea naoe, eniieuecothuea ?aciua
iaoiaeu aeinooia, iai?eia? Ethernet, Arcnet, Token-Ring.

Iinou auaatho aioo?aiiea e aiaoiea.

Aioo?aiiee iino i?aaiecoaony neaaeothuei ia?acii. A iaeei
oaee-na?aa? anoaaeyaony ianeieueei (a aa?nee Novell NetWare 386 aei
/aou?ao) naoaauo aaeaioa?ia. E eaaeaeiio naoaaiio aaeaioa?o
iiaeeeth/aaony naie naaiaio naoe. (I?e iauaaeeiaiee naoae n ?aciuie
iaoiaeaie aeinooia iaiaoiaeeii aeey eaaeaeiai iaoiaea onoaiiaeoue
naie aaeaioa? e caa?oceoue ianeieueei ae?aeaa?ia – aeey eaaeaeiai
naoaaiai aaeaioa?a naie).

Aiaoiee iino o?aaoao aeey naay ioaeaeueiiai eiiiuethoa?a. Yoio
eiiiuethoa? aeieaeai eiaoue ianeieueei naoaauo aaeaioa?ia (ii iaeiiio
aeey eaaeaeie ec iauaaeeiyaiuo naoae) e caioneaoueny niaoeeaeueiui
i?ia?aiiiui iaania/aieai iinoa, aoiaeyuei a eiiieaeo IS Novell NetWare
386.

O?aicaeoeee.

O?aicaeoeeae iacuaaaony niaieoiiinoue o?ao aeaenoaee:

– /oaiea aeaiiuo;

– ia?aaioea aeaiiuo;

– caienue aeaiiuo.

I?eiaieoaeueii e oaee-na?aa?o o?aicaeoeeae iiaeii n/eoaoue i?ioeann
eciaiaiey oaeea ia na?aa?a, eiaaea ?aai/ay noaioeey nia/aea /eoaao
oaee eee aai /anoue, a caoai ieoao a yoio aea oaee.

A iiiaiiieueciaaoaeueneie n?aaea, e eioi?ie iiaeii ioianoe eieaeueioth
naoue, eaaeaeue iieueciaaoaeue iiaeao iacaaeneii io ae?oaiai
iiaeeoeoee?iaaoue iaeie e oa aea aeaiiua, o?aiyueany ia oaee-na?aa?a.
Anee ai a?aiy oaeie iiaeeoeeaoeee i?iecieaeao “caaenaiea” naoe eee
aaa?eeiia ioeeth/aiea yeaeo?iieoaiey, eciaiyaiua ia na?aa?a oaeeu iiaoo
auoue ?ac?ooaiu.

Aeey iiauoaiey iaaeaaeiinoe OS Novell NetWare 386 niaea?aeeo
niaoeeaeueioth nenoaio i?ineaaeeaaiey o?aicaeoeee TTS (Transaction
Tracking System). Yoa nenoaia neaaeeo ca o?aicaeoeeyie e a neo/aa aaa?ee
na?aa?a i?e iiaoi?iii aai caionea eeeaeaee?oao ana aeaenoaey,
auiieiaiiua iacaaa?oaiiie o?aicaeoeeae. A yoii neo/aa i?iecieaeao oae
iacuaaaiue ioeao o?aicaeoeee.

Ca?eaeueiua aeenee.

Aeey eneeth/aiey oua?aa, naycaiiiai n aiciiaeiui iia?aaeaeaieai
aeenea, a ioaaonoaaiiuo neo/ayo eniieuecotho ?aca?ae?iaaiea aeeneia.
Aeey ?aca?ae?iaaiey aeeneia e iaeiiio aeeneiaiio eiio?ieea?o
iiaeeeth/atho aeaa niaa?oaiii iaeeiaeiauo aei/anoa?a e
niioaaonoaothuei ia?acii iano?aeaatho OS NetWare 386. Iinea yoiai any
eioi?iaoeey, caienuaaaiay ia iniiaiie aeene, aoaeao aeoaee?iaaoueny ia
aoi?ii, iacuaaaiii ca?eaeueiui.

A neo/aa iia?aaeaeaiey iniiaiiai aeenea iiaeii auiieieoue iieiia
ainnoaiiaeaiea aeaiiuo n ca?eaeueiiai i?e iiiiue niaoeeaeueiie
i?ioeaaeo?u ainnoaiiaeaiey.

Aeiiieieoaeueii eniieuecoaony oae iacuaaaiia ai?y/aa ?aca?ae?iaaiea
aei?iaeae aeenea (Hot Fix). Ia aeenea auaeaeyaony iaeanoue ai?y/aai
?aca?ae?iaaiey. Anee a i?ioeanna ?aaiou ia aeenea iaia?oaeeaaaony
aeaoaeoiay aei?iaeea, iia aeeiaie/anee caiaiyaony aei?iaeeie ec iaeanoe
?aca?ae?iaaiey.

?aca?ae?iaaiea aeeneia e eaiaeia.

I?e eniieueciaaiee ca?eaeueiiai aeenea anoue aa?iyoiinoue
iia?aaeaeaiey aaeeiuo aeey iaieo aeeneia eaiaea, eiio?ieea?a e aeiea
ieoaiey.

OS NetWare 386 iiaeao ?aca?ae?iaaoue oeaeeeii eaiaeu, i?e yoii
eniieuecothony aeaa eiio?ieea?a, e eioi?ui niioaaonoaaiii iiaeeeth/aiu
aeaa aeenea. Aeey ieoaiey yoeo eiio?ieea?ia e aeeneia eniieuecothony
aeaa aeiea ieoaiey.

Ai?y/aa ?aca?ae?iaaiea na?aa?ia.

Ainnoaiiaeaiea aeaiiuo n ca?eaeueiiai aeenea iiaeao iio?aaiaaoue, a
caaeneiinoe io iauaia aeenea, a?aiaie ii?yaeea ianeieueeeo /ania.
Eiiaaea oaeay caaea?aeea a ?aaioa naoe yaeyaony niaa?oaiii
iaaeiionoeiie.

Ioiineoaeueii iaaeaaii oe?ia Novell ?ac?aaioaea naoaaoth OS
NetWare System Fault Tolerance Level III (SFT III) aa?nee 3.11. Yoa OS
iaania/eaaao ai?y/aa ?aca?ae?iaaiea na?aa?ia.

Nenoaia NetWare SFT III ninoieo ec aeaoo na?aa?ia, niaaeeiaiiuo iaaeaeo
niaie nei?inoiie eeieae nayce, n eniieueciaaieai niaoeeaeueiuo
aaeaioa?ia MSL (Mirrored Server Link).Yoe aaeaioa?u iiaoo niaaeeiyoueny
eiaeneaeueiui eaaaeai aeeeiie aei 33 iao?ia eee iioiaieieiiiui
eaaaeai aeeeiie aei 4 eeeiiao?ia.

Auoiae ec no?iy iaeiiai na?aa?a ia aea/ao ca niaie inoaiiaeo ?aaiou
naoe – a aeaei aaoiiaoe/anee aeeth/aaony ?aca?aiue na?aa?. Aeaaiaea?y
aunieinei?inoiiio eaiaeo nayce aeenee ?aca?aiiai na?aa?a niaea?aeao oa
aea oaeeu, /oi e aeenee iniiaiiai, iiyoiio ieeaeiai ainnoaiiaeaiey
aeaiiuo ia o?aaoaony. Iiaeii ?aiiioe?iaaoue iaeei ec aeaoo
eniieuecoaiuo na?aa?ia aac inoaiiaee anae nenoaiu, /oi i/aiue aaaeii,
anee nenoaia aeieaeia ?aaioaoue e?oaeinooi/ii.

Oi?aaeaiea aeinooiii.

Ethaay na?ueaciay iiiaiiieueciaaoaeueneay nenoaia aeieaeia
niaea?aeaoue n?aaenoaa ?aca?aie/aiey aeinooia e niaianoii
eniieuecoaiui ?ano?nai. A naoe Novell NetWare oaeeie ?ano?naie yaeythony
aeaiiua ia oaee-na?aa?ao e naoaaua i?eioa?u.

Nenoaia ?aca?aie/aiey aeinooia, ?aaeeciaaiiay a NetWare 386,
aeinoaoi/ii iiuiay e oaeiaiay. Ana iieueciaaoaee iiaoo auoue ?acaeaeaiu
nenoaiiui aaeieieno?aoi?ii ia a?oiiu. Eaaeaeay a?oiia iiaeao eiaoue naie
i?aaa, i?e/ai iaeei e oio aea iieueciaaoaeue iiaeao iaoiaeeoueny
iaeiia?aiaiii a ?aciuo a?oiiao.

Aeey oi?aaeaiey a?oiiaie a Novell NetWare aaiaeeony iiiyoea
aaeieieno?aoi?a a?oiiu. Aaeieieno?aoi? a?oiiu iiaeao ia eiaoue anao
i?aa a naoe, i?aaeinoaaeyaiuo oieueei nenoaiiiio aaeieieno?aoi?o.

A OS NetWare 386 iiaeii i?aaeinoaaeyoue aeinooi eae e eaoaeiaai, oae e
e ioaeaeueiui oaeeai. I?e/ai yoi iiaeao auoue eae iieiue aeinooi, oae e
/anoe/iue, iai?eia?, aaeieieno?aoi? iiaeao ?ac?aoeoue oieueei /eoaoue
oaee, ii ia ienaoue a iaai. Iieueciaaoaeue ia aeaeeo eaoaeiae eee oaeeu
ia aeenea, anee o iaai iao i?aaa i?iniio?a niaea?aeeiiai
niioaaonoaothuaai eaoaeiaa. Iaeaaeaiea: TOC \o “1-2”

Aaaaeaiea. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870315 PAGEREF _Toc322870315 1

OAEE-NA?AA? E ?AAI*EA NOAIOeEE GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870316 PAGEREF
_Toc322870316 2

IIA?AOeEIIIAss NENOAIA ?AAI*AE NOAIOeEE GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870317
PAGEREF _Toc322870317 2

OIIIEIAEss EIEAEUeIUO NAOAE GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870318 PAGEREF
_Toc322870318 3

IAOIAeU AeINOOIA E I?IOIEIEU IA?AAeA*E AeAIIUO GOTOBUTTON
_Toc322870319 PAGEREF _Toc322870319 6

Iaoiae aeinooia Ethernet. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870320 PAGEREF
_Toc322870320 6

Iaoiae aeinooia Arcnet. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870321 PAGEREF
_Toc322870321 7

Iaoiae aeinooia Token-Ring. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870322 PAGEREF
_Toc322870322 7

AIIA?AOIIA IAANIA*AIEA EIEAEUeIUO NAOAE GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870323
PAGEREF _Toc322870323 8

Aiia?aoo?a Ethernet GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870324 PAGEREF _Toc322870324
8

Oienoue eiaeneaeueiue eaaaeue. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870325 PAGEREF
_Toc322870325 8

Oiieee eiaeneaeueiue eaaaeue GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870326 PAGEREF
_Toc322870326 11

Iaye?aie?iaaiiay aeoay ia?a. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870327 PAGEREF
_Toc322870327 13

Naoaaie aaeaioa? Ethernet. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870328 PAGEREF
_Toc322870328 14

?aieoa?. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870329 PAGEREF _Toc322870329 15

Aiia?aoo?a Arcnet. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870330 PAGEREF _Toc322870330
16

Aiia?aoo?a Token-Ring. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870331 PAGEREF
_Toc322870331 17

I?IA?AIIIIA IAANIA*AIEA EIEAEUeIUO NAOAE. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870332
PAGEREF _Toc322870332 19

Naoe n oeaio?aeeciaaiiui oi?aaeaieai. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870333
PAGEREF _Toc322870333 19

Iaeii-?aiaiaua naoe. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870334 PAGEREF _Toc322870334
20

Novell NetWare. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870335 PAGEREF _Toc322870335 22

Novell NetWare 386 aa?nee 3.11 GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870336 PAGEREF
_Toc322870336 22

Iinou GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870337 PAGEREF _Toc322870337 24

O?aicaeoeee. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870338 PAGEREF _Toc322870338 25

Ca?eaeueiua aeenee. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870339 PAGEREF _Toc322870339
26

?aca?ae?iaaiea aeeneia e eaiaeia. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870340 PAGEREF
_Toc322870340 27

Ai?y/aa ?aca?ae?iaaiea na?aa?ia. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870341 PAGEREF
_Toc322870341 27

Oi?aaeaiea aeinooiii. GOTOBUTTON _Toc322870342 PAGEREF
_Toc322870342 28

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