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Кабельная магистраль связи между городами Тамбов и Владимир

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Niaea?aeaiea.

TOC \o “1-1” 1. Aaaaeaiea. GOTOBUTTON _Toc409035981 PAGEREF
_Toc409035981 3

2. Auai? e iainiiaaiea o?annu iaaeno?aee. GOTOBUTTON _Toc409035982
PAGEREF _Toc409035982 3

3. Ii?aaeaeaiea /enea eaiaeia ia iaaeno?aee. GOTOBUTTON _Toc409035983
PAGEREF _Toc409035983 4

4. Auai? nenoaiu ia?aaea/e e oeia eaaaey. GOTOBUTTON _Toc409035984
PAGEREF _Toc409035984 6

5. Enoiaeiua aeaiiua e i?iaeoe?iaaieth eaaaeueiie iaaeno?aee.
GOTOBUTTON _Toc409035988 PAGEREF _Toc409035988 6

6. Eiino?oeoeaiue ?an/ao eaaaey. GOTOBUTTON _Toc409035989 PAGEREF
_Toc409035989 7

7. ?an/ao ia?aiao?ia ia?aaea/e oeaiae eaaaey a aeeaiaciia /anoio NI.
GOTOBUTTON _Toc409035990 PAGEREF _Toc409035990 10

8. Ii?aaeaeaiea aeeeiu ?aaaia?aoeeiiiiai (oneeeoaeueiiai) o/anoea e
iino?iaiea noaiu ?aciauaiey I?I e I?I ia iaaeno?aee. GOTOBUTTON
_Toc409035996 PAGEREF _Toc409035996 18

9. ?an/ao ia?aiao?ia acaeiiiai aeeyiey iaaeaeo oeaiyie eaaaey.
GOTOBUTTON _Toc409036015 PAGEREF _Toc409036015 19

10. ?an/ao iianiiai iaaieoiiai aeeyiey EYI ia neiiao?e/iua oeaie eaaaey.
GOTOBUTTON _Toc409036018 PAGEREF _Toc409036018 26

11. Ii?aaeaeaiea iaiaoiaeeiinoe caueou eaaaeueiie iaaeno?aee io oaea?ia
iieiee. GOTOBUTTON _Toc409036036 PAGEREF _Toc409036036 29

12. Ia?ii?eyoey ii caueoa eaaaeae io aiaoieo aeeyiee. GOTOBUTTON
_Toc409036047 PAGEREF _Toc409036047 31

13. Iniiaiua aeaeu ?aaio ii no?ieoaeuenoao eaaaeueiie iaaeno?aee e
iio?aaiua aeey no?ieoaeuenoaa iniiaiua eeiaeiua iaoa?eaeu. GOTOBUTTON
_Toc409036051 PAGEREF _Toc409036051 31

Aaaaeaiea.

Iaoa a?aiy, a iniaaiiinoe iineaaeiea aeanyoue eao, oa?aeoa?ecoaony
ao?iui ?acaeoeai oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee. Ia?yaeo n iiyaeaieai
iiauo oi?i ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee, niaa?oainoaothony o?aaeeoeeiiiua aeaeu
e iaoiaeu eioi?iaoeeiiiiai iaiaia.

Nia?aiaiiua n?aaenoaa nayce iicaieytho ia?aaeaaaoue ?acee/iua aeaeu
eioi?iaoeee: oaeaoiiiie, oaeaa?aoiie, aauaiey, oaeaaeaeaiey, ia?aaea/e
aacao oioioaeaa?aoiui iaoiaeii, a oaeaea ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo YAI e ANO.
Nia?aiaiiua naoe yeaeo?e/aneie nayce e naoe ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo a iaoae
no?aia ?acaeaathony ia aaca Aaeeiie aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie naoe nayce
(AANN).

Iaaeno?aeueiay naoue nayce no?aiu ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia ?acaeoey
aace?oaony ia eniieueciaaiee eaaaeueiuo, ?aaeei?aeaeiuo e niooieeiauo
eeiee nayce. Yoe eeiee aeiiieiytho ae?oa ae?oaa, iaania/eaay ia?aaea/o
aieueoeo iioieia eioi?iaoeee ethaiai iacia/aiey ia aaca eniieueciaaiey
oeeo?iauo e aiaeiaiauo nenoai ia?aaea/e. Eaaaeueiua eeiee nayce,
iaeaaeathuea aunieie caueuaiiinoueth eaiaeia nayce io aoiinoa?iuo
aeeyiee e ?acee/iuo iiiao, yenieoaoaoeeiiiie iaaeaaeiinoueth e
aeieaiaa/iinoueth, yaeythony iniiaiie naoueth nayce no?aiu. Ii
eaaaeueiui naoyi ia?aaeaaony aei 75% anae eioi?iaoeee.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiuie yaeythony eiaeneaeueiua eaaaee,
eioi?ua iicaieytho ia?aaeaaaoue iiuiua io/ee nayce ?acee/iiai
iacia/aiey. Auno?uie oaiiaie aiaae?ythony ia naoyo iioe/aneea eaaaee.

?aoathueie oaeoi?aie i?e aiaae?aiee iiauo nenoai nayce naaiaeiy
yaeythony nei?inoue ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee e iaania/aiea aunieiai
ea/anoaa ia?aaea/e. Aiaae?aiea eioaeeaeooaeueiuo naoae, ISDN, naoae
iiaeaeaeiie nayce o?aaoao nicaeaiey nenoai ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee,
oaeiaeaoai?ythueo naiui nia?aiaiiui o?aaiaaieyi.

Niaea?aeaiea eo?niaiai i?iaeoa, i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ?ac?aaioeo e
i?iaeoe?iaaiea eaaaeueiie iaaeno?aee aeey i?aaiecaoeee iiiaieaiaeueiie
nayce ?acee/iiai iacia/aiey iaaeaeo ai?iaeaie Oaiaiaii e Aeaaeeie?ii.

Eo?niaie i?iaeo niaea?aeeo neaaeothuea yoaiu i?iaeoe?iaaiey eaaaeueiie
iaaeno?aee:

auai? o?annu;

eiino?oeoeaiue ?an/ao eaaaey;

?an/ao ia?aiao?ia ia?aaea/e;

?an/ao caueou io aeeyiee;

?an/ao iauaia no?ieoaeueiuo ?aaio..

Auai? e iainiiaaiea o?annu iaaeno?aee.

Niaeanii aa?eaioo caaeaiey (34) ieiia/iuie ioieoaie o?annu iaaeno?aee
yaeythony ai?iaea Oaiaia e Aeaaeeie?.

O?anna i?ieeaaeee iaaeno?aee ii?aaeaeyaony ?aniieiaeaieai ieiia/iuo
ioieoia. Ana o?aaiaaiey, o/eouaaaiua i?e auai?a o?annu iiaeii naanoe e
o?ai iniiaiui: ieieiaeueiua eaieoaeueiua cao?aou ia no?ieoaeuenoai;
ieieiaeueiua yenieoaoaoeeiiiua ?anoiaeu; oaeianoai ianeoaeeaaiey.

Aeey niaethaeaiey oeacaiiuo o?aaiaaiee, o?anna aeieaeia eiaoue
iaee?ao/aeoaa ?annoiyiea iaaeaeo caaeaiiuie ioieoaie e iaeiaiueoaa
eiee/anoai i?aiyonoaee, oneiaeiythueo e oaei?iaeathueo no?ieoaeuenoai.
Ca i?aaeaeaie ianaeaiiuo ioieoia o?anno iau/ii auae?atho a iieina
ioaiaea oinnaeiuo aei?ia eee aaeieue i?ioeee?iaaiiuo i?inaei/iuo aei?ia.
Aeiioneaaony no?ieoaeuenoai o?annu iaaeno?aee aaeieue aeaeaciuo aei?ia,
ii a oaeii neo/aa iaiaoiaeeii i?aaeoniio?aoue auiieiaiea ia?ii?eyoee ii
caueoa o?annu io aiaoiaai aeeyiey eiioaeoiuo naoae aeaeaciuo aei?ia.

Aeey ?anniio?aiey i?aaeeaaathony aeaa aa?eaioa o?ann i?ieeaaeee eaaaey.

Aaeieue oinnaeiie aei?iae Oaiaia – ?yaene – ?ycaiue – Nian-Eeaieee –
Aonue-O?onoaeueiue – Aeaaeeie?. I?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue o?annu – 515 ei.

Aaeieue oinnaeiie aei?iae Oaiaia – Oaoee – Naniai – Eaneiia – Ooia –
Aonue-O?onoaeueiue – Aeaaeeie?. I?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue o?annu – 480 ei.

Ia?aue aa?eaio o?annu iaaeno?aee eiaao ia naiai iooe 22 ia?ana/aiey n
oinnaeiuie e aeaeaciuie aei?iaaie, a oi a?aiy eae aoi?ie aa?eaio o?annu
eiaao 16 oaeeo ia?ana/aiee. E?iia oiai, ia?aue aa?eaio o?annu eiaao
aieueoaa /enei ia?aoiaeia /a?ac ?aee, /oi cia/eoaeueii oneiaeiyao
no?ieoaeuenoai.

Aeinoieinoaii ia?aiai aa?eaioa iiaeii n/eoaoue oi, o?anna i?ioiaeeo
/a?ac iaeanoiie ai?iae ?ycaiue, a eioi?ii iiaeii i?aaieciaaoue
auaeaeaiea eaiaeia ec iauaai iioiea. Iaaeinoaoeii yaeyaony aieueoay
i?ioyaeaiiinoue o?annu e oneiaeiaiea no?ieoaeuenoaa aieueoei /eneii
ia?aoiaeia /a?ac oinnaeiua e aeaeaciua aei?iae e /a?ac ?aee. E?iia oiai,
ia?aue aa?eaio o?annu iaaeno?aee cia/eoaeueioth /anoue naiaai iooe
i?ioiaeeo a iaiin?aaenoaaiiie aeecinoe io yeaeo?eoeoee?iaaiiie
aeaeaciiaei?iaeiie eeiee, /oi aucuaaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?eiaiaiey
aeiiieieoaeueiie caueou io aiaoieo aeeyiee.

Iaa aa?eaioa o?annu eiatho ii iaeiiio ia?aoiaeo /a?ac noaeioiaeioth ?aeo
Iea, ii a ia?aii aa?eaioa ia?aoiae inouanoaeyaony a ianoa n iaiueoae
oe?eiie.

N oi/ee c?aiey aeeeeuii-auoiauo oneiaee e aiciiaeiinoe ?aciauaiey
ianeoaeeaathuaai ia?niiaea iaa aa?eaioa o?annu iaaeno?aee iaeeiaeiau.

O/eouaay i?eaaaeaiiua auoa o?aaiaaiey e ?aeiiaiaeaoeee iiaeii i?eeoe e
auaiaeo, /oi iaeaieaa i?aaeii/oeoaeueiui aa?eaioii o?annu iaaeno?aee
yaeyaony aoi?ie aa?eaio, iineieueeo o?anna a yoii neo/aa eiaao iaiueooth
aeeeio, iaiaa iiaeaa?aeaia aiaoiei aeeyieyi e eiaao iaiueoaa /enei
ia?aoiaeia /a?ac ?aee, oinnaeiua e aeaeaciua aei?iae.

Oaeei ia?acii, ieii/aoaeueii ooaa?aeaeaai o?anno iaaeno?aee.

Aaeieue aaoiiiaeeueiie aei?iae Oaiaia – Oaoee – Eaneiia – Ooia –
Aonue-O?onoaeueiue – Aeaaeeie?.

I?eeiaeaiey niaea?aeao aueiie?iaeo ec ea?ou n oeacaieai iaieo aa?eaioia
o?annu iaaeno?aee.

Ii?aaeaeaiea /enea eaiaeia ia iaaeno?aee.

*enei eaiaeia, naycuaathueo caaeaiiua ieiia/iua ioieou, caaeneo io
/eneaiiinoe ianaeaiey a yoeo ioieoao e io noaiaie caeioa?aniaaiiinoe
ioaeaeueiuo a?oii ianaeaiey ai acaeiinayce.

*eneaiiinoue ianaeaiey a caaeaiiii ioieoa e aai iiae/eiaiiuo
ie?anoiinoyo n o/aoii n?aaeiaai i?e?inoa ianaeaiey ii?aaeaeyaony eae:

, (3.1)

aaea Ho – ia?iaeiianaeaiea a 1989 a., /ae;

P – n?aaeiee i?e?ino ianaeaiey a aeaiiie ianoiinoe, % (i?eieiaaony
2-3%)

t – ia?eiae, ii?aaeaeyaiue eae ?aciinoue iaaeaeo iacia/aiiui aiaeii
ia?niaeoeaiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey e aiaeii ia?aiene ianaeaiey.

Aiae ia?niaeoeaiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey i?eieiaaony ia 5, 10 eee 15 eao
aia?aae ii n?aaiaieth n oaeouei aiaeii. A eo?niaii i?iaeoa i?eiai aiae
ia?niaeoeaiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey ia 5 eao aia?aae. Neaaeiaaoaeueii,

, (3.2)

aaea tm – aiae ninoaaeaiey i?iaeoa. Iineieueeo tm=1997, oi

eao.

*eneaiiinoue ianaeaiey a Oaiaiaa:

oun. /ae.

*eneaiiinoue ianaeaiey ai Aeaaeeie?a:

oun. /ae.

Eiee/anoai aaiiaioia a ciia AION caaeneo io /eneaiiinoe ianaeaiey a yoie
ciia e io o?iaiy oaeaoiiecaoeee a aeaiiie ianoiinoe. I?eieiay, /oi
n?aaeiee eiyooeoeeaio iniauaiiinoe ianaeaiey oaeaoiiiuie aiia?aoaie
?aaai 0,3 (30 oaeaoiiia ia 100 /aeiaae) au/eneei eiee/anoai aaiiaioia,
ianeoaeeaaaiuo a ciia aeaenoaey AION:

. (3.3)

Eiee/anoai aaiiaioia a ciia aeaenoaey AION Oaiaiaa:

oun. /ae.

Eiee/anoai aaiiaioia a ciia aeaenoaey AION Aeaaeeie?a:

oun. /ae.

Noaiaiue caeioa?aniaaiiinoe ioaeaeueiuo a?oii ianaeaiey ai acaeiinayce
caaeneo io iieeoe/aneeo, yeiiiie/aneeo, eoeueoo?iuo e
nioeeaeueii-auoiauo ioiioaiee iaaeaeo a?oiiaie ianaeaiey, ?aeiiaie e
iaeanoyie. Acaeiinaycue iaaeaeo caaeaiiuie ieiia/iuie e i?iiaaeooi/iuie
ioieoaie ii?aaeaeyaony ia iniiaaiee noaoenoe/aneeo aeaiiuo, iieo/aiiuo
i?aaei?eyoeai nayce ca i?aaeoanoaothuea i?iaeoe?iaaieth aiaeu.
I?aeoe/anee, yoe acaeiinayce au?aaeatho /a?ac eiyooeoeeaio oyaioaiey
(1, eioi?ue eae iieacuaatho enneaaeiaaiey, eieaaeaony a oe?ieeo
i?aaeaeao (io 0,1 aei 12 %). A eo?niaii i?iaeoa i?eiai (1=5 %.

O/eouaay yoi, a oaeaea e oi ianoiyoaeuenoai, /oi oaeaoiiiua eaiaeu a
iaaeaeoai?iaeiae nayce eiatho i?aiaeaaeathuaa cia/aiea, iaiaoiaeeii
ii?aaeaeeoue nia/aea eiee/anoai oaeaoiiiuo eaiaeia iaaeaeo caaeaiiuie
ioieoaie. Aeey ?an/aoa oaeaoiiiuo eaiaeia iiaeii ainiieueciaaoueny
i?eaeeaeaiiie oi?ioeie:

, (3.4)

aaea (1 e (1 – iinoiyiiua eiyooeoeeaiou, niioaaonoaothuea oeene?iaaiiie
aeinooiiinoe e caaeaiiui iioa?yi.

Iau/ii iioa?e caaeathony a ?acia?a 5%, oiaaea (1=1,3 e (1=5,6;

(1 – eiyooeoeeaio oyaioaiey;

y – oaeaeueiay iaa?ocea, o. a. N?aaeiyy iaa?ocea, nicaeaaaaiay iaeiei
aaiiaioii, y=0,05 Y?e.

Oaeei ia?acii, /enei eaiaeia aeey oaeaoiiiie nayce iaaeaeo Oaiaiaii e
Aeaaeeie?ii ?aaii:

eaiae.

Iaeiaei ii eaaaeueiie iaaeno?aee i?aaiecothony eaiaeu e ae?oaeo aeaeia
nayce, e eioi?ui ioiinyony:

eaiaeu aeey oaeaa?aoiie nayce;

eaiaeu aeey ia?aaea/e i?iaiaeiiai aauaiey;

eaiaeu aeey ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo;

eaiaeu aeey oaeneieeueiie nayce (aeey ia?aaea/e aacao);

eaiaeu o?aiceoiie nayce.

Eaiaeu aeey i?aaiecaoeee nayce ?acee/iiai iacia/aiey yeaeaaeaioiu
ii?aaeaeaiiiio /eneo oaeaoiiiuo eaiaeia. Aeey eo?niaiai i?iaeoa i?eiai,
/oi yeaeaaeaioiia /enei oaeaoiiiuo eaiaeia aeey i?aaiecaoeee nayce
?acee/iiai iacia/aiey ?aaii ?ann/eoaiiiio auoa /eneo eaiaeia oaeaoiiiie
nayce.

Oiaaea iauaa /enei eaiaeia ia iaaeno?aee ?aaii:

eaiaea.

Auai? nenoaiu ia?aaea/e e oeia eaaaey.

Auai? nenoaiu ia?aaea/e e oeia eaaaey i?iecaiaeeony a niioaaonoaee n
?ann/eoaiiui iauei /eneii eaiaeia e enoiaey ec oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneeo
niia?aaeaiee.

Ia iaaeno?aeueiuo e aioo?eciiiauo eaaaeueiuo eeieyo nayce eniieuecoaony,
eae i?aaeei, /aou?aoi?iaiaeiay noaia i?aaiecaoeee nayce, i?e eioi?ie
?acee/iua iai?aaeaiey ia?aaea/e inouanoaeythony ii ?aciui
aeaooi?iaiaeiui oeaiyi a iaeiii e oii aea niaeo?a /anoio. I?e yoii
niinia i?aaiecaoeee nayce ii eiaeneaeueiiio eaaaeth – iaeiieaaaeueiue,
o. a. Oeaie i?eaia e ia?aaea/e ?aniieiaeaiu a iaeiii eaaaea, a ii
neiiao?e/iiio eaaaeth – aeaooeaaaeueiue, i?e eioi?ii oeaie eaaeaeiai
iai?aaeaiey ia?aaea/e ?aniieiaeaiu a ioaeaeueiii eaaaea.

Iineieueeo ?ann/eoaiiia /enei eaiaeia nia=1862 eaiaea, oi auaa?ai
oeeo?iaua nenoaiu ia?aaea/e (OeNI) n a?aiaiiui ?acaeaeaieai eaiaeia oeia
EEI-480(2 e eaaaeue oeia IEO-4 n /aou?ueiy iaeiaaaa?eoiuie
eiaeneaeueiuie ia?aie (EI). I?e /aou?aoi?iaiaeiie iaeiieaaaeueiie noaia
i?aaiecaoeee nayce ii /aou?ai eiaeneaeueiui ia?ai (aeaa a i?yiii e aeaa
a ia?aoiii iai?aaeaiee) aoaeoo ?aaioaoue aeaa OeNI oeia EEI-480(2.

Anaai aoaeao i?aaieciaaii 1920 eaiaeia, 58 eaiaeia aoaeoo ?aca?aiuie.

Nei?inoue ia?aaea/e aeey OeNI EEI-480(2 ninoaaeyao 52 Iaeo/nae.

Caoooaiea oneeeoaeueiiai (?aaaia?aoeeiiiiai) o/anoea – 55 aeA.

?annoiyiea iaaeaeo I?I – 200 ei.

Enoiaeiua aeaiiua e i?iaeoe?iaaieth eaaaeueiie iaaeno?aee.

Aeeaiao? oeaio?aeueiiai i?iaiaeieea n?aaeiaaaaa?eoiie eiaeneaeueiie
ia?u( d=2,4ii.

Yeaeaaeaioiay aeeyeaeo?e/aneay i?iieoeaaiinoue( (y=1,12.

Eniuoaoaeueiia iai?yaeaiea i?e i?iaa?ea yeaeo?e/aneie i?i/iinoe
ecieyoeee( Ueni=1,7 eA.

?annoiyiey iaaeaeo o/anoeaie naeeaeaiey EYI e EN:

a1=100 i;

a2=130 i;

a3=90 i.

Aeeeiu o/anoeia naeeaeaiey:

l1=6 ei;

l2=7 ei;

l3=7 ei.

Oie ei?ioeiai caiueaiey( I=3,6 eA.

N?aaeiyy i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue a?ic( O=36 /ania.

Oaeaeueiia nii?ioeaeaiea a?oioa( (a?=0,8 eIi i.

Eiyooeoeeaio ye?aie?iaaiey o?ina( So?=0,38.

Eiino?oeoeaiue ?an/ao eaaaey.

Eiino?oeoeaiue ?an/ao eaaaey caeeth/aaony a ?an/aoa ?acia?ia anao
yeaiaioia, aoiaeyueo a ninoaa eaaaey.

I?aaeaea anaai, ii caaeaiiiio cia/aieth aeeaiao?a aioo?aiiaai
i?iaiaeieea e enoiaey ec ii?ie?oaiiai cia/aiey aieiiaiai nii?ioeaeaiey
Za=75 Ii, ii?aaeaeyaony aioo?aiiee aeeaiao? aiaoiaai i?iaiaeieea.

, (6.1)

aaea ( – yeaeaaeaioiay ioiineoaeueiay aeeyeaeo?e/aneay i?iieoeaaiinoue
ecieyoeee;

d – aeeaiao? aioo?aiiaai i?iaiaeieea, ii;

D – aioo?aiiee aeeaiao? aiaoiaai i?iaiaeieea, ii.

Cia/aiea D ii?aaeaeyaony ec i?eaaaeaiiiai auoa o?aaiaiey (6.1) i?e
cia/aiee aieiiaiai nii?ioeaeaiey Za=75 Ii ii oi?ioea:

, ii. (6.2)

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, aioo?aiiee aeeaiao? aiaoiaai i?iaiaeieea ?aaai:

ii.

Aeey eiaeneaeueiuo ia? n?aaeiaai ?acia?a i?eiaiyaony oaeaiaay
iieeyoeeaiiaay ecieyoeey, aeey iaeiaaaa?eoiuo EI i?eiaiyaony
aaeeiiii-iieeyoeeaiiaay ecieyoeey.

Ia?oaeiue aeeaiao? EI n?aaeiaai ?acia?a ii?aaeaeyaony ii oi?ioea:

, ii, (6.3)

aaea t – oieueia aiaoiaai i?iaiaeieea, ii;

ty – iauay oieueia ye?aia ec aeaoo noaeueiuo eaio, ii;

te – oieueia ecieyoeeiiiiai neiy iiaa?o ye?aia, ii.

Aeey EI n?aaeiaai ?acia?a t=0,3 ii, ye?ai auiieiai ec aeaoo noaeueiuo
eaio oieueiie ii 0,15 ii eaaeaeay, ecieyoeey auiieiaia ec aeaoo eaio
aoiaae E-120 oieueiie ii 0,12 ii eaaeaeay. Oaeei ia?acii, ia?oaeiue
aeeaiao? EI n?aaeiaai ?acia?a ?aaai:

ii.

Iineieueeo aua?aiiue iaie eaaaeue niaea?aeeo iaeiaaaa?eoiua EI, oi iinea
iaoiaeaeaiey ia?oaeiiai aeeaiao?a EI n?aaeiaai ?acia?a iaiaoiaeeii
ii?aaeaeeoue ia?oaeiue aeeaiao? iaeiaaaa?eoiie EI ec niioiioaiey:

ii. (6.4)

Caoai, ii?aaeaeei aioo?aiiee aeeaiao? aiaoiaai i?iaiaeieea
iaeiaaaa?eoiie EI.

, ii. (6.5)

Aeey iaeiaaaa?eoiie EI oieueia aiaoiaai i?iaiaeieea t=0,1 ii, ye?ai
auiieiai ec aeaoo noaeueiuo eaio oieueiie ii 0,1 ii eaaeaeay, aiaoiyy
ecieyoeey auiieiaia ec iieeaeieeoei?eaeiie eaiou oieueiie 0,23 ii.
Neaaeiaaoaeueii, aioo?aiiee aeeaiao? aiaoiaai i?iaiaeieea iaeiaaaa?eoiie
EI ?aaai:

ii.

Ec au?aaeaiey (6.1) i?e Za=75 Ii e (=1,22 ii?aaeaeei aeeaiao?
aioo?aiiaai i?iaiaeieea iaeiaaaa?eoiie EI.

(6.6)

Aeeaiao? ne?o/aiiiai na?aea/ieea, ninoiyuaai ec /aou?ao EI iaeeiaeiaiai
?acia?a ii?aaeaeyaony ii oi?ioea:

ii. (6.7)

Eiaeneaeueiue eaaaeue oeia IEO-4 niaea?aeeo iyoue neiiao?e/iuo a?oii.
Aeeaiao? neiiao?e/iie a?oiiu eaaaey, niaea?aeauaai /aou?a EI
iaeeiaeiaiai ?acia?a aoaeao ninoaaeyoue:

ii. (6.8)

Caoai ii?aaeaeei aeeaiao? eciee?iaaiiie aeeeu neiiao?e/iie a?oiiu:

ii. (6.9)

Aeeaiao? oieii?iaiaeyuae aeeeu ii?aaeaeyaony eae:

ii. (6.10)

Iineieueeo do

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