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История создания Интернет

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Ynoiinei-Aia?eeaineee Aecian Eieeaaeae

Naaa?i – Ainoi/iue oeeeae

«Eiiiuethoa?u e i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea»

/enei:

———–

I. Oiiyeia

Yeiiiie/aneee o-oao

WE-202

—————

Oaoueyia
Aiaeeiaa

Aaaeouee i?aiiaeaaaoaeue

IA?AA 1997

Eiiiuethoa?iua naoe.

A 1961 aiaeo Defence Advanced Research Agensy (DARPA) ii caaeaieth
ieienoa?noaa iai?iiu NOA i?enooieei e i?iaeoo ii nicaeaieth
yenia?eiaioaeueiie naoe ia?aaea/e iaeaoia. Yoa naoue, iacaaiiay ARPANET,
i?aaeiacia/aeanue ia?aiia/aeueii aeey eco/aiey iaoiaeia iaania/aiey
iaaeaaeiie nayce iaaeaeo eiiiuethoa?aie ?acee/iuo oeiia. Iiiaea iaoiaeu
ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo /a?ac iiaeaiu auee ?ac?aaioaiu a ARPANET. Oiaaea aea
auee ?ac?aaioaiu e i?ioieieu ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo a naoe – TCP/IP. TCP/IP –
yoi iiiaeanoai eiiioieeaoeeiiiuo i?ioieieia, eioi?ua ii?aaeaeytho, eae
eiiiuethoa?u ?acee/iuo oeiia iiaoo iauaoueny iaaeaeo niaie.

Yenia?eiaio n ARPANET aue ianoieueei oniaoai, /oi iiiaea i?aaiecaoeee
caoioaee aieoe a iaa, n oeaeueth eniieueciaaiey aeey aaeaaeiaaiie
ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo. E a 1975 aiaeo ARPANET i?aa?aoeeanue ec
yenia?eiaioaeueiie naoe a ?aai/oth naoue. Ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca
aaeieieno?e?iaaiea naoe acyei ia naay Defence Communication Agency
(DCA), a ianoiyuaa a?aiy iacuaaaiia Defence Information Systems Agency
(DISA). Ii ?acaeoea ARPANET ia yoii ia inoaiiaeeinue; I?ioieieu TCP/IP
i?iaeieaeaee ?acaeaaoueny e niaa?oainoaiaaoueny.

A 1983 aiaeo auoae ia?aue noaiaea?o aeey i?ioieieia TCP/IP, aioaaeoee a
Military Standarts (MIL STD), o.a. a aiaiiua noaiaea?ou, e ana, eoi
?aaioae a naoe, iaycaiu auee ia?aeoe e yoei iiaui i?ioieieai. Aeey
iaeaa/aiey yoiai ia?aoiaea DARPA ia?aoeeanue n i?aaeeiaeaieai e
?oeiaiaeeoaeyi oe?iu Berkley Software Design – aiaae?eoue i?ioieieu
TCP/IP a Berkeley(BSD) UNIX. N yoiai e ia/aeny nithc UNIX e TCP/IP.

Nionoy iaeioi?ia a?aiy TCP/IP aue aaeaioe?iaai a iau/iue, oi anoue a
iauaaeinooiiue noaiaea?o, e oa?iei Internet aioae ai anaiauaa
oiio?aaeaiea. A 1983 aiaeo ec ARPANET auaeaeeeanue MILNET, eioi?ay
noaea ioiineoueny e Defence Data Network (DDN) ieienoa?noaa iai?iiu NOA.
Oa?iei Internet noae eniieueciaaoueny aeey iaicia/aiey aaeeiie naoe:
MILNET iethn ARPANET. E oioy a 1991 aiaeo ARPANET i?ae?aoeea naia
nouanoaiaaiea, naoue Internet nouanoaoao, aa ?acia?u iaiiiai i?aauoatho
ia?aiia/aeueiua, oae eae iia iauaaeeieea iiiaeanoai naoae ai anai ie?a.
Aeeaa?aiia 1 eeethno?e?oao ?ino /enea oinoia, iiaeeeth/aiiuo e naoe
Internet n 4 eiiiuethoa?ia a 1969 aiaeo aei 3,2 ieeeeiiia a 1994. Oinoii
a naoe Internet iacuaathony eiiiuethoa?u, ?aaioathuea a iiiaicaaea/iie
iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaia (Unix, VMS), iiaeaea?aeeaathuea i?ioieieu TCP\IP
e i?aaeinoaaeythuea iieueciaaoaeyi eaeea-eeai naoaaua oneoae.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy a naoe Internet eniieuecothony i?aeoe/anee ana
ecaanoiua eeiee nayce io ieceinei?inoiuo oaeaoiiiuo eeiee aei
aunieinei?inoiuo oeeo?iauo niooieeiauo eaiaeia. Iia?aoeeiiiua nenoaiu,
eniieuecoaiua a naoe Internet, oaeaea ioee/athony ?aciiia?aceai.
Aieueoeinoai eiiiuethoa?ia naoe Internet ?aaioatho iiae IN Unix eee VMS.
Oe?iei i?aaenoaaeaiu oaeaea niaoeeaeueiua ia?o?ooecaoi?u naoe oeia
NetBlazer eee Cisco, /uey IN iaiiieiaao IN Unix.

Oaeoe/anee Internet ninoieo ec iiiaeanoaa eieaeueiuo e aeiaaeueiuo
naoae, i?eiaaeeaaeaueo ?acee/iui eiiiaieyi e i?aaei?eyoeyi, naycaiiuo
iaaeaeo niaie ?acee/iuie eeieyie nayce. Internet iiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue
naaa a aeaea iicaeee neiaeaiiie ec iaaieueoeo naoae ?aciie aaee/eiu,
eioi?ua aeoeaii acaeiiaeaenoaotho iaeia n ae?oaie, ia?anueay oaeeu,
niiauaiey e o.i.

I?eia?ii oiiieiaee naoe Internet iiaeao neoaeeoue naoue O-Aoii,
ninoiyuay ec ianeieueeeo iiaenaoae, e a oi aea a?aiy yaeythuayny
o?aaiaioii anaie?iie naoe Internet.

Ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue a ie?a nouanoaoao aieaa 130 ieeeeiiia
eiiiuethoa?ia e aieaa 80 % ec ieo iauaaeeiaiu a ?acee/iua
eioi?iaoeeiiii-au/eneeoaeueiua naoe io iaeuo eieaeueiuo naoae a ioenao
aei aeiaaeueiuo naoae oeia Internet. Anaie?iay oaiaeaioeey e
iauaaeeiaieth eiiiuethoa?ia a naoe iaoneiaeaia ?yaeii aaaeiuo i?e/ei,
oaeeo eae onei?aiea ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeeiiiuo niiauaiee, aiciiaeiinoue
auno?iai iaiaia eioi?iaoeeae iaaeaeo iieueciaaoaeyie, iieo/aiea e
ia?aaea/a niiauaiee ( oaenia, E – Mail ienai e i?i/aai ) ia iooiaey io
?aai/aai ianoa, aiciiaeiinoue iaiiaaiiiai iieo/aiey ethaie eioi?iaoeee
ec ethaie oi/ee caiiiai oa?a, a oae aea iaiai eioi?iaoeeae iaaeaeo
eiiiuethoa?aie ?aciuo oe?i i?iecaiaeeoaeae ?aaioathueo iiae ?aciui
i?ia?aiiiui iaania/aieai.

Oaeea ia?iiiua iioaioeeaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe eioi?ua ianao a naaa
au/eneeoaeueiay naoue e oio iiaue iioaioeeaeueiue iiaeuai eioi?ue i?e
yoii eniuouaaao eioi?iaoeeiiiue eiiieaen, a oae aea cia/eoaeueiia
onei?aiea i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai i?ioeanna ia aeatho iai i?aai ia
i?eieiaoue yoi e ?ac?aaioea e ia i?eiaiyoue eo ia i?aeoeea.

Iiyoiio iaiaoiaeeii ?ac?aaioaoue i?eioeeieaeueiia ?aoaiea aii?ina ii
i?aaiecaoeee EAN ( eioi?iaoeeiiii-au/eneeoaeueiie naoe ) ia aaca oaea
nouanoaothuaai eiiiuethoa?iiai ia?ea e i?ia?aiiiiai eiiieaena
ioaa/athuaai nia?aiaiiui iao/ii-oaoie/aneei o?aaiaaieyi n o/aoii
aic?anoathueo iio?aaiinoae e aiciiaeiinoueth aeaeueiaeoaai iinoaiaiiiai
?acaeoey naoe a nayce n iiyaeaieai iiauo oaoie/aneeo e i?ia?aiiiuo
?aoaiee.

Naaiaeiy iiiaeanoai ethaeae iaiaeeaeaiii aeey naay ioe?uaatho aeey naay
nouanoaiaaiea aeiaaeueiuo naoae, iauaaeeiythueo eiiiuethoa?u ai anai
ie?a a aaeeiia eioi?iaoeeiiiia i?ino?ainoai, eioi?ia iacuaaaony
Internet. *oi yoi oaeia, ii?aaeaeeoue iai?inoi. N oaoie/aneie oi/ee
c?aiey Internet – yoi iauaaeeiaiea o?ainiaoeeiiaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?iuo
naoae, ?aaioathueo ii ?acee/iui i?ioieieai, naycuaathueo anaaiciiaeiua
oeiu eiiiuethoa?ia, oece/anee ia?aaeathueo aeaiiua ii anai aeinooiiui
oeiai eeiee – io aeoie ia?u e oaeaoiiiuo i?iaiaeia aei iioiaieieia e
niooieeiauo eaiaeia. Aieueoay /anoue eiiiuethoa?ia a Internet naycaii ii
i?ioieieo TCP/IP. Iiaeii neacaoue, /oi Internet- yoi naoue naoae,
iioouaathuay aanue caiiie oa?.

I?ioieie TCP/IP iicaieyao ia?aaeaaaoue eioi?iaoeeth, a aai eniieuecotho
?aciiia?aciua naoaaua na?aenu, ii- ?aciiio ia?auathueany n yoie
eioi?iaoeeae. Internet ia ?aoeea i?iaeaiu o?aiaiey e oii?yaei/aiey
eioi?iaoeee, ii ?aoeea i?iaeaio a? ia?aaea/e, aeaa aiciiaeiinoue
iieo/aoue a? eiaaea e aaea oaiaeii. Iineieueeo Naoue (caeanue e aeaeaa
Naoue- n aieueoie aoeau- aoaeao icia/aoue Internet) aeaoeaio?aeeciaaia,
oi ioeeth/aiea aeaaea cia/eoaeueiie /anoe eiiiuethoa?ia ia iiaeeyao ia
a? ooieoeeiiaeueiinoue. Ii ioeaieai aiaeeoeeia, a 1995 aiaeo /enei
iieiioeaiii iiaeeeth/?iiuo e Naoe eiiiuethoa?ia ninoaaeei ieiei 7
ieeeeiiia e i?iaeieaeaao no?aieoaeueii ?anoe. Ii oai aea ioeaieai, a
ia/aea neaaeothuaai aaea Naoue iiaeao noaoue noieue aea aeinooiia, eae
oaeaoii eee oaeaaeaeaiea naaiaeiy.

A Naoe nouanoaoao aieueoia /enei na?aenia. Ian a aeaeueiaeoai aoaeao
eioa?aniaaoue WWW eee i?inoi Web (Word-Wide Web- anaie?iay iaooeia). Yoi
naiue iiioey?iue na?aen Naoe e oaeiaiue niinia ?aaiou n eioi?iaoeeae.
Naaiaeiy nouanoaoao ii iaiueoae ia?a 30 oun. na?aa?ia WWW. Eiaiii ca
n/ao WWW Naoue ?ano?o oae no?aieoaeueii. Iieuecoynue ianeiaeiui ycueii
iienaiey, iiaeii ninoaaeyoue aeia?iaaeeeiua aeieoiaiou aeey eo
iineaaeothuae ioaeeeaoeee a Naoe (iiae aeia?iaaeeeiui y iiae?acoiaaath
aeieoiaio, eioi?ue iiaeao niaea?aeaoue ana aeaeu eioi?iaoeee – io
i?inoiai oaenoa aei ioeoeiaaeeeiuo ?ieeeia). *oiau oaeaeaoue
niaea?aeaiea aeieoiaioa oae, eae aai i?aaenoaaeyao naaa aai aaoi? ioaeii
eiaoue ia eiiiuethoa?a- eeeaioa i?ia?aiio i?iniio?a- a?aoca?. Iaeaieaa
iiioey?ai naaiaeiy Netscape Navigator, iiaeaea?aeeaathuee iiiaea
?anoe?aiey HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language- ycue aeia?oaenoiaie
?aciaoee aeieoiaioia – eiaiii n aai iiiiuueth ioi?ieyaony eioi?iaoeey a
WWW). Aeaeaa iiae neiaaie a?aoca? eee i?ia?aiia i?iniio?a y aoaeo
iiae?acoiaaaoue eiaiii yoo i?ia?aiio, oioy e ia eneeth/aii, /oi e eaeay-
eeai ae?oaay i?ia?aiia niiaeao ioia?aaeaoue an? oae, eae auei caaeoiaii.

Oaia?ue iaiiiai eioi?iaoeee i oaoiieiaee «eeeaio- na?aa?». Iia ecaanoia
oaea aeiaieueii aeeeoaeueiia a?aiy, ii ?aiueoa /aua anaai
eniieueciaaeanue a e?oiiuo naoyo ianooaaa i?aaei?eyoey. Naaiaeiy, n
?acaeoeai Internet, yoa oaoiieiaey ana /aua i?eaeaeaao aci?u
?ac?aaio/eeia i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey. A ie?a iaeiieaii ia?iiiia
eiee/anoai eioi?iaoeee ii ?acee/iui aii?inai. *aua anaai yoa eioi?iaoeey
o?aieony a aacao aeaiiuo (AAe). *oiau iioaeeeiaaoue a? a Naoe
i?eoiaeeeinue yenii?oe?iaaoue AAe a HTML- aeieoiaiou, /oi o?aaiaaei
aieueoeo cao?ao e oneiaeiyei iiene eioi?iaoeee. Naaiaeiy eiaaony
aieueoie iiuo iiaeiaiuo ?aaio. I?aeoe/anee ethaie iieueciaaoaeue Naoe ia
?ac noaeeeaaeny n iiaeiaiuie AAe. Iai?eia?, aeaaiia a ?aaioa
iiioey?iiai iieneiaiai na?aa?a Yahoo (aae?an- http::\\www.yahoo.com)-
yoi cai?inu e aaca aeaiiuo WWW- na?aa?a ii eeth/aaui neiaai. Ioaao
na?aa?a- nienie aeia?oaenoiauo nnueie ia iaeaeaiiua a Naoe no?aieoeu,
niaea?aeauea ioaeioth eioi?iaoeeth. Eiaiii naaiaeiy i?iaeaia Web-
eioa?oaena e AAe eae ieeiaaea aeooaeueia.

Internet – aeiaaeueiay eiiiuethoa?iay naoue, ioaaouaathuay aanue ie?.
Naaiaeiy Internet eiaao ieiei 15 ieeeeiiia aaiiaioia a aieaa /ai 150
no?aiao ie?a. Aaeaiany/ii ?acia? naoe oaaee/eaaaony ia 7-10%. Internet
ia?acoao eae au yae?i, iaania/eaathuaa naycue ?acee/iuo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
naoae, i?eiaaeeaaeaueo ?acee/iui o/?aaeaeaieyi ai anai ie?a, iaeia n
ae?oaie.

Anee ?aiaa naoue eniieueciaaeanue eneeth/eoaeueii a ea/anoaa n?aaeu
ia?aaea/e oaeeia e niiauaiee yeaeo?iiiie ii/ou, oi naaiaeiy ?aoathony
aieaa neiaeiua caaea/e ?ani?aaeaeaiiai aeinooia e ?ano?nai. Ieiei aeaoo
eao iacaae auee nicaeaiu iaiei/ee, iiaeaea?aeeaathuea ooieoeee naoaaiai
iienea e aeinooia e ?ani?aaeaeaiiui eioi?iaoeeiiiui ?ano?nai,
yeaeo?iiiui a?oeaai.

Internet, neoaeeaoay eiaaea-oi eneeth/eoaeueii enneaaeiaaoaeueneei e
o/aaiui a?oiiai, /uee eioa?anu i?inoe?aeenue aieioue aei aeinooia e
noia?eiiiuethoa?ai, noaiiaeony ana aieaa iiioey?iie a aeaeiaii ie?a.

Eiiiaiee niaeaciytho auno?ioa, aeaoaaay aeiaaeueiay naycue, oaeianoai
aeey i?iaaaeaiey niaianoiuo ?aaio, aeinooiiua i?ia?aiiu, oieeaeueiay
aaca aeaiiuo naoe Internet. Iie ?anniao?eaatho aeiaaeueioth naoue eae
aeiiieiaiea e naiei nianoaaiiui eieaeueiie naoyi.

I?e ieceie noieiinoe oneoa (/anoi yoi oieueei oeene?iaaiiay
aaeaiany/iay ieaoa ca eniieuecoaiua eeiee eee oaeaoii) iieueciaaoaee
iiaoo iieo/eoue aeinooi e eiiia?/aneei e iaeiiia?/aneei eioi?iaoeeiiiui
neoaeaai NOA, Eaiaaeu, Aano?aeee e iiiaeo aa?iiaeneeo no?ai. A a?oeaao
naiaiaeiiai aeinooia naoe Internet iiaeii iaeoe eioi?iaoeeth i?aeoe/anee
ii anai noa?ai /aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, ia/eiay n iiauo iao/iuo
ioe?uoee aei i?iaiica iiaiaeu ia caao?a.

E?iia oiai Internet i?aaeinoaaeyao oieeaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe aeaoaaie,
iaaeaaeiie e eiioeaeaioeeaeueiie aeiaaeueiie nayce ii anaio ie?o. Yoi
ieacuaaaony i/aiue oaeiaiui aeey oe?i eiathueo naie oeeeaeu ii anaio
ie?o, o?ainiaoeeiiaeueiuo ei?ii?aoeee e no?oeoo? oi?aaeaiey. Iau/ii,
eniieueciaaiea eio?ano?oeoo?u Internet aeey iaaeaeoia?iaeiie nayce
iaoiaeeony cia/eoaeueii aeaoaaea i?yiie eiiiuethoa?iie nayce /a?ac
niooieeiaue eaiae eee /a?ac oaeaoii.

Yeaeo?iiiay ii/oa – naiay ?ani?ino?aiaiiay oneoaa naoe Internet. A
ianoiyuaa a?aiy naie aae?an ii yeaeo?iiiie ii/oa eiatho i?eaeeceoaeueii
20 ieeeeiiia /aeiaae. Iinueea ienueia ii yeaeo?iiiie ii/oa iaoiaeeony
cia/eoaeueii aeaoaaea iinueee iau/iiai ienueia. E?iia oiai niiauaiea,
iineaiiia ii yeaeo?iiiie ii/oa aeieaeao aei aae?anaoa ca ianeieueei
/ania, a oi a?aiy eae iau/iia ienueii iiaeao aeiae?aoueny aei aae?anaoa
ianeieueei aeiae, a oi e iaaeaeue.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy Internet eniuouaaao ia?eiae iiaeuaia, ai iiiaii
aeaaiaea?y aeoeaiie iiaeaea?aeea ni noi?iiu i?aaeoaeuenoa aa?iiaeneeo
no?ai e NOA. Aaeaaiaeii a NOA auaeaeyaony ieiei 1-2 ieeeeiiia aeieea?ia
ia nicaeaiea iiaie naoaaie eio?ano?oeoo?u. Enneaaeiaaiey a iaeanoe
naoaauo eiiioieeaoeee oeiaine?othony oaeaea i?aaeoaeuenoaaie
Aaeeeia?eoaiee, Oaaoeee, Oeieyiaeee, Aa?iaiee.

Iaeiaei, ainoaea?noaaiiia oeiaine?iaaiea – eeoue iaaieueoay /anoue
iinooiathueo n?aaenoa, o.e. ana aieaa caiaoiie noaiiaeony
“eiiia?oeecaoeey” naoe (iaeeaeaaony, /oi 80-90% n?aaenoa aoaeao
iinooiaoue ec /anoiiai naeoi?a).

Iieueciaaoaee ?aoeaoee iiaeeeth/eoue naie eiiiuethoa? e naoe aeieaeiu
ia?aoeoue iniaia aieiaiea ia caueoo eioi?iaoeee. No?iaea o?aaiaaiey e
caueoa eioi?iaoeee naycaiu n oai, /oi iiaeeeth/aiiue e naoe eiiiuethoa?
noaiiaeony aeinooiiui ec ethaie oi/ee naoe, e iiyoiio ian?aaieii aieaa
iiaeaa?aeai ii?aaeaieth ae?onaie e ianaieoeeie?iaaiiiio aeinooio.

Oae ianiaethaeaiea ?aaeeia caueou io ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiiai aeinooia
iiaeao i?eaanoe e ooa/ea eioi?iaoeee, a ianiaethaeaiea ?aaeeia caueou
io ae?onia iiaeao i?eaanoe e auoiaeo ec no?iy aaaeiuo nenoai e
oie/oiaeaieth ?acoeueoaoia iiiaiaeiaaiie ?aaiou.

Eiiiuethoa?u ?aaioathuea a iiiaicaaea/iuo iia?aoeeiiiuo nenoaiao (oeia
Unix, VMS) iaei iiaeaa?aeaiu ca?aaeaieth ae?onaie, ii eo neaaeoao iniai
ouaoaeueii caueuaoue io ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiiai aeinooia. A nayce n yoei
iieueciaaoaee iiiaicaaea/iuo iia?aoeeiiiuo nenoai aeieaeiu auiieiyoue
neaaeothuea o?aaiaaiey.

Eaaeaeue iieueciaaoaeue aeieaeai eiaoue naia eiaeeaeaeoaeueiia eiy
aoiaea a Unix-na?aa? e ia?ieue.

Onoaiiaeaiiue aeey iaai ia?ieue iieueciaaoaeue ia aeieaeai niiauaoue
ae?oaei eeoeai.

Niaio ia?iey iieueciaaoaeue aeieaeai i?iecaiaeeoue ia ?aaea iaeiiai ?aca
a eaa?oae, a oaeaea ai anao neo/ayo ooa/ee eioi?iaoeee i ia?iea.

Aaeieieno?aoi?ai e iieueciaaoaeyi oaee-na?aa?ia EAN NetWare iaiaoiaeeii
oaeaea neaaeiaaoue i?eaaaeaiiui auoa o?aaiaaieyi a ?aieao naiae EAN. Yoi
naycaii n oai, /oi anee a oaee-na?aa?a, iiaeeeth/aiiii e naoe,
caa?oaeaia ooeeeoa Iptuunel, oi oaee-na?aa? oaeaea noaiiaeony aeinooiiui
ec ethaie oi/ee naoe.

IYAI ?aaioathuea a iaeiicaaea/iuo iia?aoeeiiiuo nenoaiao (oeia MS-DOS),
aeinoaoi/ii caueuaiu io ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiiai aeinooia (a neeo eo
iaeiicaaea/iinoe), ii eo neaaeoao iniaaiii ouaoaeueii caueuaoue io
ii?aaeaiey ae?onaie.

Aeey caueou io ae?onia ?aeiiaiaeoaony i?eiaiyoue i?ia?aiiiua n?aaenoaa
caueou (oeia aidstest), a oaeaea aiia?aoii-i?ia?aiiiua (oeia Sheriff).

A i?ioeanna aeeieiiiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey auee enneaaeiaaiu 15 iaeaoia
aaiiaioneiai i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey. A iaeaoao aaiiaioneiai
i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey eco/aeenue eo aiciiaeiinoe a iia?aoeeiiiuo
n?aaeao MS-DOS e MS-Windows, iaoiaeu iano?ieee, ?aaeeiu ?aaiou, a oaeaea
i?inoioa ooieoeeiie?iaaiey. Ii ?acoeueoaoai enneaaeiaaiee aeey eaaeaeiai
iaeaoa aaiiaioneiai i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey auee aeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee i
aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaiey oiai eee eiiai iaeaoa a aeiaaeueiie
eioi?iaoeeiiiie naoe ?aaioathuae ia aaca i?ioieieia TCP\IP.

Aeey n?aaiaiey iaeaoia aaiiaioneiai i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey iaaeaeo
niaie e auai?a eo/oaai auea iaienaia i?ia?aiia yenia?oiiai auai?a.

Ia iniiaaiee i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee iiaeii naeaeaoue neaaeothuea
auaiaeu.

Aeey iia?aoeeiiiie n?aaeu MS-DOS eo/oei iaeaoii aaiiaioneiai
i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey n oi/ee c?aiey iieueciaaoaey yaeyaony iaeao
Minuet, ?ac?aaioaiiue oieaa?neoaoii Ieiianiou (NOA). Iaeao Minuet
iaeaaeaao iieiui niaeo?ii oneoa naoe Internet, a oaeaea ioee/iui
iieueciaaoaeueneei eioa?oaenii. Minuet i?ino a eniieueciaaiee, iiaeao
?aaioaoue eae ii EAN oae e ii eiiiooe?oaiui eeieyi e, naiia aeaaiia,
cia/eoaeueii aeaoaaea naieo aiaeiaia. Aac niiiaiey iaeao Minuet a
ianoiyuaa a?aiy yaeyaony eo/oei aaiiaioneei iaeaoii aeey IN MS DOS. Ii
iiaeao auoue ?aeiiaiaeiaai i?aeoe/anee anai eaoaai?eyi aaiiaioia naoe.

Aeey iia?aoeeiiiie n?aaeu MS-DOS eo/oei iaeaoii aaiiaioneiai
i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey n oi/ee c?aiey niaoeeaeenoa yaeyaony iaeao
KA9Q. Iaeao KA9Q ?ani?ino?aiyaony aianoa n enoiaeiuie oaenoaie e eiaao a
naiai ninoaaa aanue niaeo? naoaauo oneoa, ii iiaeao auoue ?aeiiaiaeiaai
niaoeeaeenoai naoe a ea/anoaa enoiaeiiai iaoa?eaea i?e ?ac?aaioea iiaiai
iaeaoa aaiiaioneiai i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey.

Aeey iia?aoeeiiiie n?aaeu MS-Windows eo/oei iaeaoii aaiiaioneiai
i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey iiaeao auoue i?eciai iaeao Chameleon,
yaeythueeny ?ac?aaioeie oe?iu NetManage (COA). Iaeao Chameleon iaeaaeaao
iieiui iaai?ii oneoa naoe Internet. E?iia yoiai Chameleon eiaao a naiai
ninoaaa NFS-na?aa?, a oaeaea iiaeao ?aaioaoue ia?o?ooecaoi?ii naoe. Ia
naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue Chameleon iiaeao auoue i?eciai eo/oei iaeaoii aeey
iia?aoeeiiiie n?aaeu MS Windows. Iaeao Chameleon iiaeao auoue
?aeiiaiaeiaai oai aaiiaioai naoe, eioi?ui iaiaoiaeei iaeao aaiiaioneiai
i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey aeey MS-Windows. Ii oaeaea iiaeao auoue
?aeiiaiaeiaai a ea/anoaa ia?o?ooecaoi?a aeey nayce iaaieueoie EAN n
naoueth

Eo/oei ii/oiaui iaeaoii aeey iia?aoeeiiiie n?aaeu MS-DOS yaeyaony
aaconeiaii iaeao MAIL2, ?ac?aaioaiiue oe?iie PC-oeaio? Oaoii (?inney).
Iaeao Mail2 iaeaaeaao ioee/iui iieueciaaoaeueneei eioa?oaenii, i?ino a
iano?ieea e iaaei?ia. Ii iiaeao ?aaioaoue eae a EAN, oae e ii
eiiiooe?oaiui eeieyi. Ii iiaeao ?aeiiaiaeiaaoueny anai eaoaai?eyi
iieueciaaoaeae naoe.

Eo/oei ii/oiaui iaeaoii aeey iia?aoeeiiiie n?aaeu MS-Windows iiaeii
n/eoaoue iaeao DMail for Windows, ?ac?aaioaiiue oe?iie Aeaiin (?inney).
Iaeao DMail iiaeao auoue ?aeiiaiaeiaai e eniieueciaaieth oai aaiiaioai,
eioi?ua ioaeaeathony a yeaeo?iiiie ii/oa e i?eaueee ?aaioaoue a n?aaea
Windows.

Eo/oei iaeaoii aeey iaeaieaa iieiiai eniieueciaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
?ano?nia naoe Internet yaeyaony iaeao Mosaic, ?ac?aaioaiiue NCSA
(National Centre of Supercomputing Applications) COA. Mosaic – iaeaieaa
iiuiue eino?oiaio aeey iooaoanoaey ii naoe Internet. N iiiiuueth Mosaic
iieueciaaoaee iiaoo iieo/aoue aeinooi e aeia?oaenoiaui aeaeeioaeai WWW,
e iau/iui aacai aeaiiuo naoe Internet e nenoaiai iienea eioi?iaoeee a
ieo.

A oiaea aeeieiiiiai i?aeoe?iaaiey aeey iaeaoia Minuet, Mail2 e auee
?ac?aaioaiu eino?oeoeee ii onoaiiaea e yenieoaoaoeee aeaiiuo iaeaoia
aaiiaioneiai i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey. Iaeaou Chameleon e Dmail
i?iaeathony aianoa n iieiui eiiieaeoii oe?iaiiie aeieoiaioaoeee, iaeao
Mosaic ?ani?ino?aiyaony naiaiaeii aianoa n aeiaieueii iieiie
aeieoiaioaoeeae.

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