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Fox Pro – реляционная модель данных

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Naaa?i-Inaoeineee Ainoaea?noaaiiue Oieaa?neoao ei. E. E. Oaoaao?iaa

Io/?o

Ii i?iecaiaenoaaiiie i?aeoeea

Auiieieea: nooaeaioea 52a?oiiu

iaoaiaoe/aneiai oaeoeueoaoa

Nae?aoa?aaa Iaoaeey

I?iaa?ee: Aaiaiiia
Aeaaeeie? Aai?aeaae/

Aeaaeeeaaeac. 2003a.

NIAeA?AEAIEA

Aaaaeaiea……………………………………………………… 2

?aeyoeeiiiay iiaeaeue aeaiiuo………………………………………7

FoxPro aa?nee 2.0: iniiaiua oa?ieiu e eiiaiaeu…………….16

Oeaee e caaea/e i?iaeoe?iaaiey………………………………….21

No?oeoo?a i?ioeanna i?iaeoe?iaaiey………………………….22

Oaoiieiaey aaaeaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu………………..28

Iinoaiiaea caaea/e……………………………………………30

Oiae ?aoaiey…………………………………………………..32

Caeeth/aiea……………………………………………………33

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u……………………………………………34

I?eeiaeaiey……………………………………………………35

AAAAeAIEA

*aeiaa/anoai no?aieoaeueii anooiaao a i?eioeeieaeueii iiaoth aeey iaai
eioi?iaoeeiiioth yiioo. Nouanoaaiiui ia?acii iaiythony ana neaaaaiua
ia?aca aeecie ethaeae. A nia?aiaiiii iauanoaa o?iaaiue eioi?iaoecaoeee
oa?aeoa?ecoao o?iaaiue ?acaeoey ainoaea?noaa. Ia/aaoeeny OOI aae
niaoeeaeenou iacuaatho aaeii eiiiuethoa?iuo oaoiieiaee. Eo
?aaiethoeeiiiia aicaeaenoaea eanaaony ainoaea?noaaiiuo no?oeoo? e
einoeoooia a?aaeaeaineiai iauanoaa, yeiiiie/aneie e nioeeaeueiie noa?,
iaoee e ia?aciaaiey, eoeueoo?u e ia?aca aeecie ethaeae. Iiiaea ?acaeoua
e ?acaeaathueany no?aiu a iieiie ia?a iniciaee oa eieinnaeueiua
i?aeiouanoaa, eioi?ua ianao n niaie ?acaeoea e ?ani?ino?aiaiea
eioi?iaoeeiiii-eiiioieeaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee. Ia o eiai ia aucuaaao
niiiaiey oio oaeo, /oi aeaeaeaiea e eioi?iaoeeiiiiio iauanoao – yoi
iooue a aoaeouaa /aeiaa/aneie oeeaeeecaoeee.

Ii naiae aeoaieie nooe eioi?iaoecaoeey i?aaenoaaeyao niaie i?ioeann
i?aia?aciaaiey /aeiaaeii n?aaeu naiaai nouanoaiaaiey, aeinoa?u a
iiinoa?o, ?acoeueoaoii eioi?iai aoaeao nicaeaiea auniei?acaeoie
eioi?in?aaeu. Yoio i?ioeann cao?aaeaaao eae n?aaeo iaeoaiey, oae e
nianoaaiii iauanoai, naiiai /aeiaaea.

Aeoaeia niaa?oaaiuo i?aia?aciaaiee ii?iaeaeaao i?iaeaiu, io
naiaa?aiaiiiai e yooaeoeaiiai ?aoaiey eioi?uo caaeneo ia oieueei oiae
eioi?iaoecaoeee, ii i?e iaaeaaii?eyoiii enoiaea – nouanoaiaaiea iauanoaa
a oeaeii e /aeiaaea eae aeieiae/aneiai aeaea.

I?iaeaiu eioi?iaoecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa e ia?aaioee eioi?iaoeee, oi anoue
i?iaeaiu nicaeaiey e ?acaeoey nia?aiaiiiai iaoeiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa a
eioi?iaoeeiiiie noa?a, ii?iaeaeaiu i?ioeai?a/eai iaaeaeo
iaiaoiaeeiinoueth naiaa?aiaiiiai eniieueciaaiey ai anao noa?ao
/aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe aieueoeo iauaiia aunieiea/anoaaiiie
eioi?iaoeee e iaaiciiaeiinoueth iia?aoeaii oi?ie?iaaoue oaeea iauaiu n
iiiiuueth o?aaeeoeeiiiuo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo n?aaenoa, oaoiieiaee e eeiee
nayce. A yoo a?oiio aii?inia, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue, aoiaeyo iaoa?eaeueii-
oaoie/aneay, oaoiieiae/aneay i?iaeaiu e i?iaeaiu nayce. ?inney aei neo
ii? inoaaony aaeeeie aea?aeaaie – e aeaaioneie oa??eoi?eae, e iiuiie
eiaeono?eaeueiie aacie, e a oi aea a?aiy i?iaeieaeaao ia?aaeeaaoue
aeoaieee iieeoe/aneee e nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee e?ecen, eioi?ue iiaeao
ia?aeoe eeai a aeieaia?aiaiiue ?aniaae ia iniiaa o?oaeii ia?aoeiiai
i?ioeanna noaa?aiecaoeee ?aaeiiia, eeai /a?ac a?aiaiioth noaaeeecaoeeth
a i?ioeann, oioy e iaaeeaiiiai, ii aeinoaoi/ii onoie/eaiai
yeiiiie/aneiai e nioeeaeueiiai i?ia?anna, niiniaiiai iaania/eoue ae
aaaeioth ?ieue ie?iaie aea?aeaau e aeinoieiue o?iaaiue aeecie aa
ianaeaiey.

?acaeoea e oe?ieia i?eiaiaiea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo e eiiioieeaoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee (aeaeaa – EEO) yaeyaony aeiaaeueiie oaiaeaioeeae ie?iaiai
?acaeoey iineaaeieo aeanyoeeaoee. I?eiaiaiea nia?aiaiiuo oaoiieiaee
ia?aaioee e ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee eiaao ?aoathuaa cia/aiea eae aeey
iiauoaiey eiieo?aioiniiniaiinoe yeiiiieee e ?anoe?aiey aiciiaeiinoae
aeey eioaa?aoeee aa a ie?iaoth nenoaio oicyenoaa, oae e aeey iiauoaiey
yooaeoeaiinoe i?ioeannia ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey ia anao o?iaiyo
aeanoe, ia o?iaia ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey, a ainoaea?noaaiiii e
iaainoaea?noaaiiii naeoi?ao yeiiiieee,.

Ia iaiaa aaaeiui ?acoeueoaoii ?ani?ino?aiaiey EEO e i?iieeiiaaiey eo ai
ana noa?u iauanoaaiiie aeecie yaeyaony nicaeaiea oaoiieiae/aneeo
i?aaeiinueie aeey ?acaeoey a?aaeaeaineiai iauanoaa ca n/ao ?aaeueiiai
iaania/aiey i?aa a?aaeaeai ia naiaiaeiue e iia?aoeaiue aeinooi e
eioi?iaoeee /a?ac aeiaaeueioth naoue Eioa?iao.

?inney, ianiio?y ia aunieea oaiiu ?acaeoey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee a
iineaaeiaa aeanyoeeaoea, ia niiaea iaania/eoue nie?auaiea ?ac?uaa n
i?iiuoeaiii-?acaeouie no?aiaie a o?iaia eioi?iaoecaoeee yeiiiieee e
iauanoaa. Io/anoe oaeia iieiaeaiea aucaaii iauayeiiiie/aneeie i?e/eiaie
(caoyaeiie e?ecen a yeiiiieea, ieceee o?iaaiue iaoa?eaeueiiai
aeaaininoiyiea aieueoeinoaa ianaeaiey e o.i.). Aianoa n oai,
iaaeinoaoi/iia ?acaeoea EEO a ?innee ii?aaeaeyaony oeaeui ?yaeii
oaeoi?ia, nicaeathueo eneonnoaaiiua i?aiyonoaey aeey onei?aiey
eioi?iaoecaoeee, aeey oe?ieiai aiaae?aiey e yooaeoeaiiai eniieueciaaiey
EEO a ainoaea?noaaiiii e iaainoaea?noaaiiii naeoi?ao yeiiiieee, aeey
?acaeoey ioa/anoaaiiiai naeoi?a ii i?iecaiaenoao EEO. E /eneo oaeeo
iaaaoeaiuo oaeoi?ia ioiinyony:

– ianiaa?oaiiay, iaiieiay e onoa?aaoay ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaay aaca,
?ac?aaaouaaaoayny aac o/aoa aiciiaeiinoae, i?aaeinoaaeyaiuo nia?aiaiiuie
eioi?iaoeeiiiuie oaoiieiaeyie, ecia/aeueii i?eaioe?iaaiiay ia
ia?aie/eoaeueiue iiaeoiae ii ioiioaieth e aeinooio a?aaeaeai e
oicyenoaothueo noauaeoia e eioi?iaoeee;

– iaaeinoaoi/iia ?acaeoea nia?aiaiiuo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee a
iaeanoe ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey, nicaeathuaa aa?uea?u aeey
onei?aiiiai ?ani?ino?aiaiey EEO a inoaeueiie /anoe yeiiiieee e iauanoaa;
iaaioiaiinoue i?aaiia aeanoe anao o?iaiae e i?eiaiaieth yooaeoeaiuo
oaoiieiaee oi?aaeaiey e i?aaiecaoeee acaeiiaeaenoaey n a?aaeaeaiaie e
oicyenoaothueie noauaeoaie;

– cao?aoiue, ia noeioee?othuee yooaeoeaiue aica?ao eiaanoeoeee oa?aeoa?
nouanoaothuae i?aeoeee eniieueciaaiey athaeaeaoiuo n?aaenoa, auaeaeyaiuo
ia ?aaeecaoeeth i?ia?aii eioi?iaoecaoeee;

– iaaeinoaoi/iia aieiaiea e o?iaith iiaeaioiaee eaae?ia eae a iaeanoe
nicaeaiey, oae e a iaeanoe eniieueciaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee;

– aa?uea?u ia iooe aoiaeaeaiey ?inneeneeo i?aaei?eyoee EEO naeoi?a ia
aioo?aiiee ?inneeneee e ie?iaie ?uiee ec-ca eceeoiae ca?aaoee?iaaiiinoe
yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, o?aaiaaiee iaycaoaeueiie, /anoi
ecauoi/iie, na?oeoeeaoeee e eeoeaice?iaaiey aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe;

– aunieee o?iaaiue iiiiiieecaoeee a iaeanoe eio?ano?oeoo?u
oaeaeiiioieeaoeee, yaeythueeny neaaenoaeai aunieeo aoiaeiuo aa?uea?ia e
i?eaiaeyuee, a ionoonoaee aeieaeiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey, e ia?uii/iui
ia?aeinai a oa?eoiie iieeoeea;

– ocei-oaoie/aneia iiieiaiea ?iee e aiciiaeiinoae EEO, ieceay eoeueoo?a
?aaiou n EEO.

I?iaeaiu, ?aoaaiua a ?aieao ianoiyuae oaaea?aeueiie oeaeaaie i?ia?aiiu,
aace?othony ia i?ei?eoaoao e oeaeyo no?aoaaee nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai
?acaeoey ?innee ia ia?eiae aei 2010 aiaea e ioaa/atho e?eoa?eyi
oi?ie?iaaiey ia?a/iy oaaea?aeueiuo oeaeaauo i?ia?aii, ia/eiay n 2002
aiaea, iaeia?aiiui I?aaeoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ia canaaeaiee
21 naioya?y 2000 aiaea, i?ioieie ? 31.

I?ioeannu eioi?iaoecaoeee oaea aeoeaii eaeoo ia anao o?iaiyo. Iiiaea
ia?ii?eyoey, iai?aaeaiiua ia ?acaeoea eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee,
?aaeecothony eee ieaie?othony e ?aaeecaoeee a ?aieao ae?oaeo
oaaea?aeueiuo, ?aaeiiaeueiuo e aaaeiinoaaiiuo i?ia?aii (iai?eia?, OOeI
“?acaeoea yeaeo?iiiie oi?aiaee a ?innee ia 2002 – 2006 aiaeu”, OOeI
“?acaeoea aaeeiie eioi?iaoeeiiii-ia?aciaaoaeueiie n?aaeu ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee a 2002-2006 aiaeu”, OOeI “Nicaeaiea e ?acaeoea
eioi?iaoeeiiii-oaeeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiie nenoaiu niaoeeaeueiiai iacia/aiey
a eioa?anao i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe ia 2001-2007 aiaeu” e
o.ae.). A yoii aniaeoa OOeI “Yeaeo?iiiay ?inney ia 2002-2010 aiaeu”
(aeaeaa – I?ia?aiia) i?ecaaia ia oieueei aeiiieieoue ae?oaea i?ia?aiiu a
/anoe oi?ie?iaaiey aaeaeaaoiie einoeoooeeiiaeueii-i?aaiaie n?aaeu aeey
EEO-eiaeono?ee, ?acaeoey eio?ano?oeoo?u ioaee/iuo naoae aeinooia e
iaania/aiey yooaeoeaiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey ainoaea?noaa e iauanoaa ia
iniiaa oe?ieiai aiaae?aiey EEO, ii e aoaeao auiieiyoue ?yae aieaa iaueo,
eii?aeeie?othueo ooieoeee ii ioiioaieth e ae?oaei i?ia?aiiai. A
I?ia?aiia aoaeoo, a /anoiinoe ii?aaeaeyoueny iauea eiioeaiooaeueiua
iai?aaeaiey ?acaeoey EEO (iniiaiua i?eioeeiu, iauea noaiaea?ou e oeiiaua
?aoaiey ii ?aaeecaoeee ?acee/iuo i?iaeoia e o.ae.) eae iaeiiai ec
iniiaiuo iai?aaeaiee nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey no?aiu.
?aaeecaoeey iaueo eiioeaiooaeueiuo iai?aaeaiee ?acaeoey EEO aoaeao
inouanoaeyoueny i?aeiouanoaaiii a ?acee/iuo oaaea?aeueiua,
aaaeiinoaaiiua e ?aaeiiaeueiuo i?ia?aiiao.

A yoeo oeaeyo i?aaeiieaaaaony nicaeaoue Eii?aeeiaoeeiiiue niaao
I?ia?aiiu, eiathuee noaoon iaaeaaaeiinoaaiiie i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiie
eiiennee, eioi?ue ia?yaeo n oi?aaeaieai aeaiiie i?ia?aiiie aoaeao
au?aaaouaaoue iauea i?eioeeiu ainoaea?noaaiiie iieeoeee a iaeanoe
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee, a oaeaea aoaeao ii?aaeaeyoue eino?oiaiou aa
i?aeoe/aneie eiiieaeniie ?aaeecaoeee /a?ac aeaenoaothuea oaaea?aeueiua,
aaaeiinoaaiiua e ?aaeiiaeueiua i?ia?aiiu a noa?a EEO.

Aeaiiay I?ia?aiia ?ac?aaioaia a niioaaonoaee n ?anii?yaeaieai
I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee io 12 oaa?aey 2001 a. ?207-? e
aeeth/aia a Ia?a/aiue oaaea?aeueiuo oeaeaauo i?ia?aii, i?aaeeaaaaiuo
I?aaeoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee e oeiaine?iaaieth ec
oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa, ia/eiay n 2002 aiaea.

Oaaea?aeueiay oeaeaaay i?ia?aiia “Yeaeo?iiiay ?inney 2002-2010” –
naiaia?aciay iiiuoea ?uaea a “oeeo?iaia aoaeouaa”, eioi?ia aeey ?acaeouo
no?ai oaea noaei ianoiyuei.

I?ia?aiia ai?yioth ia i?eaioe?iaaia ia aeinoeaeaiea iaiiaaiiuo
yeiiiie/aneeo ?acoeueoaoia: noeioeyoeey ?acaeoey ?inneeneiai ?uiea
aunieeo oaoiieiaee ia yaeyaony aa iaiin?aaenoaaiiie caaea/ae, oioy
iiaeiaiue yooaeo a neo/aa oniaoiie ?aaeecaoeee iaia/aiiuo ieaiia oaeaea
aoaeao aeinoeaioo.

I?ia?aiia i?aaeiieaaaao ?aoi?io ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey ?uiea EO,
aiaae?aiea iiauo oaoiieiaee a ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiao e /anoiii
naeoi?a, nicaeaiea ia?aciaaoaeueiuo i?ia?aii, i?ecaaiiuo iiauneoue
o?iaaiue eiiiuethoa?iie a?aiioiinoe ?inneyi, e iino?iaiea ianooaaiie
eio?ano?oeoo?u eiiioieeaoeee. A ?acoeueoaoa ?aaeecaoeee i?ia?aiiu aoaeoo
iiaeeeth/aiu e Eioa?iaoo ana ?inneeneea aocu e aieueoa iieiaeiu oeie,
nicaeaiu yeaeo?iiiua aeaeeioaee, aiaae?aiu nenoaiu oaeaiaaeeoeeiu e
o.ae.

?aaeueii oniao i?ia?aiiu aoaeao icia/aoue a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue, /oi
i?aaiu aeanoe anao o?iaiae noaioo aieaa aeinooiiuie aeey a?aaeaeai, a eo
aeayoaeueiinoue – aieaa i?ic?a/iie e aieaa yooaeoeaiie. I?ic?a/iinoue
aeinoeaaaony ca n/ao iaycaoaeueiie yeaeo?iiiie ioaeeeaoeee e nicaeaiey
aac aeaiiuo ii anai aeieoiaioai, ia eiathuei noaoona nae?aoiuo,
yooaeoeaiinoue – ca n/ao ia?aaiaea a yeaeo?iiiith oi?io cia/eoaeueiuo
iauaiia aeieoiaioiiai?ioa. I?ia?aiia oaeaea i?aaeoniao?eaaao ia?aueaaiea
aiciiaeiinoae aeinooia ianaeaiey e eioa?iaoo – yoi eiae/ii auoaeaao ec
auoaeceiaeaiiiai. Ioaeeeiaaoue aeieoiaiou, eioi?ua iaei eoi niiaeao
i?i/anoue, – aeaei aeiaieueii aanniuneaiiia. Niioaaonoaaiii, ieaie?oaony
oaeaea i?aaieciaaoue iiaeaioiaeo niaoeeaeenoia a iaeanoe eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee. A ia?aoth i/a?aaeue, oaeea niaoeeaeenou iiiaaeiayony
ainoaea?noaaiiui o/?aaeaeaieyi, ii ?ino /enea iiaeaioiaeaiiuo ethaeae ia
niiaeao ia neacaoueny e a oeaeii ia neooaoeee ia ?uiea. Ioaeaeueii
i?aaeoniao?eaaaony iiiiuue a inaiaiee iiauo oaoiieiaee NIE, a ia?aoth
i/a?aaeue – ?aaeiiaeueiui (caeanue eiathony aaeaeo eae iiaeaioiaea
niaoeeaeenoia, oae e i?aaeinoaaeaiea aeinooia e eioi?iaoeeiiiui naoyi).

Einaaiiue ?acoeueoao – noeioeyoeey EO-io?anee, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue – ca
n/ao ?inoa /enea niaoeeaeenoia, e e?iia oiai – ethaeae, eiathueo aeinooi
e eioi?iaoeeiiiui naoyi, e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, yaeythueony
iioaioeeaeueiuie iio?aaeoaeyie eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oneoa. Iaeuecy oaeaea
na?anuaaoue ni n/aoia e iaecaaaeiue ?ino ni?ina ia oneoae oaeiai ?iaea –
eae ni noi?iiu ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee, aiaae?ythueo a
aeaeii?iecaiaenoai iiaua oaoiieiaee, oae e ni noi?iiu eo iiiaiia?aciuo
ia?oia?ia.

I?e yoii ana auoaia?a/eneaiiia ia neoaeeo iaeiicia/iui iainiiaaieai
iaiaoiaeeiinoe i?ia?aiiu. Eiia/ii aac ?aaeecaoeee yoie e ?yaea iiaeiaiuo
i?ia?aii ?inney ana aieueoa e aieueoa aoaeao ionoaaaoue io aaaeoueo
?acaeouo no?ai, ieaaii neaouaaynue e o?iaith na?aaeiy/eia o?aoueaai
ie?a, eioi?ua i?ae?anii iaoiaeyony aac eioi?iaoeeiiii-eiiioieeaoeaiuo
oaoiieiaee. A?aoiaiou oao e?eoeeia i?ia?aiiu, eioi?ua oaea nae/an
aiai?yo, /oi caaioeoueny i oeeo?iaii aeieoiaioiiai?ioa e ?anoe?aiee
aeinooia e eioa?iaoo a no?aia, eiathuae oeaeue ?yae i?iaeai eoaea aieaa
ianouiuo, ianeieueei i?aaeaeaa?aiaiii, ia aiana eeoaiu iniiaaiee. Aeaoue
auno?ue e iaeiicia/iue ioaao, ia naeaaynue i?e yoii ia iauea e
aanniaea?aeaoaeueiua ?annoaeaeaiey i ianoa ?innee a ie?a e i?i/ai,
aeiaieueii cao?oaeieoaeueii.

OOeI ia oieueei i?aaeeaaaao ?aoaiey i/aaeaeiuo i?iaeai, iia noaaeo
oeaeue ?yae iiauo. Iaeioi?ua ec yoeo i?iaeai ia iiaoo auoue ?aoaiu a
?aieao “Yeaeo?iiiie ?innee 2002-2010”. Aeey oiai, iai?eia?, /oiau i?e
iiiiue eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee i?eaeeceoue ?inneeneoth nenoaio
ia?aciaaiey e noaiaea?oai ?acaeouo no?ai Caiaaea, ?ac?aaaouaaaony
i?ia?aiia “?acaeoea aaeeiie ia?aciaaoaeueiie eioi?iaoeeiiiie n?aaeu ia
2002-2006 aa.”. E o?aaoaony aeaoaeueiia ianoaeaeaiea yoeo i?iaeai.
Au?aaeaai iaaeaaeaeo, /oi i?iaeo “Yeaeo?iiiay ?inney” noaiao oaeiaiie
ieiuaaeeie aeey ia/aea oaeiai ianoaeaeaiey, a eioi?ii niiaoo i?eiyoue
o/anoea ia oieueei niaoeeaeenou, i?aaenoaaeythuea ainoaea?noaaiiue
aiia?ao e ?inneeneee EO-?uiie, ii e ana, eoi iniciaao noaiaiue aaaeiinoe
iinoaaeaiiuo i?ia?aiiie aii?inia.

?AEssOeEIIIAss IIAeAEUe AeAIIUO

A niioaaonoaee n ?aeyoeeiiiie iiaeaeueth aaca aeaiiuo i?aaenoaaeyaony a
aeaea niaieoiiinoe oaaeeoe, iaae eioi?uie iiaoo auiieiyoueny iia?aoeee,
oi?ioee?oaiua a oa?ieiao ?aeyoeeiiiie aeaaa?u e ?aeyoeeiiiiai
en/eneaiey. A ?aeyoeeiiiie iiaeaee iia?aoeee iaae iauaeoaie aacu aeaiiuo
eiatho oai?aoeei-iiiaeanoaaiiue oa?aeoa?.

Eiioeaioeee ?aeyoeeiiiie iiaeaee aeaiiuo naycaiu n eiaiai ecaanoiiai
niaoeeaeenoa a iaeanoe nenoai aac aeaiiuo A. Eiaeaea. Eiaiii iiyoiio
?aeyoeeiiioth iiaeaeue aeaiiuo /anoi iacuaatho iiaeaeueth Eiaeaea.

I?AAIECAOeEss AeAIIUO

Neiai «?aeyoeeiiiay» i?ienoiaeeo io aiaeeeneiai relation — ioiioaiea.
Aeey iiyniaiey iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiiyoey «ioiioaiea» aniiiiei aeaa
ii?aaeaeaiey.

Aeaea?oiai i?iecaaaeaiea. Ionoue D1, D2,…D n — i?iecaieueiua eiia/iua
iiiaeanoaa e ia iaycaoaeueii ?acee/iua. Aeaea?oiaui i?iecaaaeaieai yoeo
iiiaeanoa D1 O D2 O … O D n -iacuaaaony iiiaeanoai n-e aeaea: , aaea d1 i?eiaaeeaaeeo D1, d2 — D2 ,

a d n -D n .

?anniio?ei i?inoaeoee i?eia?. Ionoue ia?aia iiiaeanoai ninoieo ec aeaoo
yeaiaioia D1= {a1, a2}, aoi?ia—ec o?ao: D2 ={b1, b2, b3}, Oiaaea eo
aeaea?oiai i?iecaaaeaiea anoue: D1 O D2 = {a1 b1 ,a1 b2, a1b3, a2 b1,
a2 b2, a2b3}.

Ioiioaiea. Ioiioaieai R, ii?aaeaeaiiui ia iiiaeanoaao D1, D2,…D n ,
iacuaaaony iiaeiiiaeanoai aeaea?oiaa i?iecaaaeaiey D1 O D2 O … O D n .
I?e yoii iiiaeanoaa D1, D2,…D n iacuaathony aeiiaiaie ioiioaiey, a
yeaiaiou aeaea?oiaa i?iecaaaeaiey – ei?oaaeaie ioiioaiey. *enei n
ii?aaeaeyao noaiaiue (a?iinoue) ioiioaiey, a eiee/anoai ei?oaaeae – aai
iiuiinoue.

Ioiioaiey oaeiaii i?aaenoaaeyoue a aeaea oaaeeoe. I?e yoii no?iee
oaaeeoeu niioaaonoaotho ei?oaaeai, a noieaoeu – ao?eaooai. Eaaeaeue
ao?eaoo ii?aaeaeai ia iaeioi?ii aeiiaia. Aeiiaiii iacuaatho iiiaeanoai
aoiia?iuo cia/aiee. Ianeieueei ao?eaooia ioiioaiey iiaoo auoue
ii?aaeaeaiu ia iaeiii e oii aea aeiiaia. Ao?eaoo ii?aaeaeyao ?ieue
aeiiaia a ioiioaiee.

Ao?eaoou ?aciuo ioiioaiee oaeaea iiaoo auoue ii?aaeaeaiu ia iaeiii e oii
aea aeiiaia.

Ao?eaoo, cia/aiey eioi?iai eaeaioeoeoee?otho ei?oaaee, iacuaaaony
eeth/ii (eeth/aaui ao?eaooii).

A iaeioi?uo ioiioaieyo ei?oaaee eaeaioeoeoee?othony eiieaoaiaoeeae
cia/aiee ianeieueeeo ao?eaooia. Oiaaea aiai?yo, /oi ioiioaiea eiaao
ninoaaiie eeth/. Ioiioaiea iiaeao niaea?aeaoue e ianeieueei eeth/ae.
Iaeei ec eeth/ae ioiioaiey iauyaeyaony ia?ae/iui. Cia/aiey ia?ae/iiai
eeth/a ia iiaoo iaiiaeyoueny. Ana i?i/ea eeth/e ioiioaiey iacuaathony
aiciiaeiuie eeth/aie.

Ioiaoei aaaeioth iniaaiiinoue ?aeyoeeiiiie iiaeaee aeaiiuo. Anee a
naoaauo e ea?a?oe/aneeo iiaeaeyo aeaiiuo aeey io?aaeaiey annioeeaoeee
iaaeaeo caienyie eniieueciaaeenue a?oiiiaua ioiioaiey, oi a ?aeyoeeiiiie
iiaeaee aeaiiuo oaeiai iiiyoey ia nouanoaoao. Aeey io?aaeaiey
annioeeaoeee iaaeaeo ei?oaaeaie ioiioaiee eniieuecoaony aeoaee?iaaiea eo
eeth/ae.

Ao?eaoou, i?aaenoaaeythuea niaie eiiee eeth/ae ae?oaeo ioiioaiee,
iacuaathony aiaoieie eeth/aie.

Ia?a/aiue ao?eaooia ioiioaiey e aai naienoaa ii?aaeaeyao noaio
ioiioaiey. Aeaa ioiioaiey iacuaathony iaeiinoaiiuie, anee iie iino?iaiu
ii aaeeiie noaia.

Ia?aiia/aeueiay iiaeaeue Eiaeaea niaea?aeaea iaaieueoie iaai? n?aaenoa
ia?aie/aiey oeaeinoiinoe: ia aeiioneaeenue ei?oaaee n iaeeiaeiauie
cia/aieyie ia?ae/iiai eeth/a e iaania/eaaeanue aiciiaeiinoue iaeiaeaiey
ia?aie/aiee ia cia/aiey aeiiaiia e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, ao?eaooia.
Iaoaieciia iiaeaea?aeaiey naiaioeee annioeeaoeee (?a/ue eaeao i oaeeo
ia?aie/aieyo oeaeinoiinoe, eae ?aaeei aeeth/aiey e eeann /eainoaa) a
?aeyoeeiiiie iiaeaee iao. Ioiioaiey nouanoaotho iacaaeneii ae?oa io
ae?oaa, oioy iaaeaeo ei?oaaeaie yoeo ioiioaiee aicieeatho ii?ie
aeinoaoi/ii neiaeiua annioeeaoeee.

Ia?acaeoinoue n?aaenoa ia?aie/aiey oeaeinoiinoe iineoaeeea oie/eii e
iineaaeothuaio ?acaeoeth iiaeaee Eiaeaea, eioi?ia iieo/eei iacaaiea
?anoe?aiiie ?aeyoeeiiiie iiaeaee aeaiiuo. Iineaaeiyy i?aaeiieaaaao
iiaeaea?aeeo ?yaea neoaeaaiuo ioiioaiee, o?aiyueo naaaeaiey ia
annioeeaoeeyo i?aaeiaoiie iaeanoe, a i?ioeaaeo?u ia?aaioee
iieueciaaoaeueneeo ioiioaiee o/eouaatho yoe naaaeaiey. ?anoe?aiiay
iiaeaeue Eiaeaea i?aaenoaaeyao nouanoaaiii aieaa ?acaeoua n?aaenoaa aeey
iiaeaea?aeee ia?aie/aiee oeaeinoiinoe.

IIA?AOeEE IAAe AeAIIUIE

E iia?aoeeyi iaiiaeaiey AAe ioiinyony caiiieiaiea iiauo ei?oaaeae,
oaeaeaiea iaioaeiuo, ei??aeoe?iaea cia/aiee ao?eaooia nouanoaothueo
ei?oaaeae.

Iia?aoeey AEETH*EOUe o?aaoao caaeaiey eiaie ioiioaiey e
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai oi?ie?iaaiey cia/aiee ao?eaooia iiaiai ei?oaaea.
Iaycaoaeueii aeieaeai auoue caaeai eeth/ ei?oaaea. Aeeth/aiea ia aoaeao
auiieiaii, anee eeth/ eiaao iaoieeaeueiia cia/aiea.

Iia?aoeey OAeAEEOUe oaeaea o?aaoao iaeiaiiaaiey ioiioaiey, a oaeaea
eaeaioeoeeaoeee ei?oaaea eee a?oiiu ei?oaaeae, iiaeeaaeaueo oaeaeaieth.

Iia?aoeey IAIIAEOUe auiieiyaony aeey iacaaiiiai ioiioaiey e iiaeao
ei??aeoe?iaaoue eae iaeei, oae e ianeieueei ei?oaaeae ioiioaiey.

Aeaeaa ?anniio?ei iniiaiua iia?aoeee ia?aaioee ioiioaiee.
Ioee/eoaeueiay iniaaiiinoue yoeo iia?aoeee caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi
aaeeieoeae ia?aaioee a ieo yaeythony ia ei?oaaee, a ioiioaiey. Ae?oaeie
neiaaie, ia aoiaea eaaeaeie iia?aoeee eniieuecoaony iaeii eee ianeieueei
ioiioaiee, a ?acoeueoao auiieiaiey iia?aoeee — iiaia ioiioaiea.

Niune ethaie ia?aaioee ?aeyoeeiiiie aacu aeaiiuo ninoieo eeai a
iaiiaeaiee nouanoaothueo ioiioaiee, eeai a nicaeaiee iiauo, iineieueeo
?acoeueoao anyeiai cai?ina e AAe anoue ia /oi eiia, eae iino?iaiea
iiaiai ioiioaiey, oaeiaeaoai?ythuaai oneiaeyi auai?ee.

Iia?aoeey IAUAAeEIAIEA (N1 = A U A) i?aaeiieaaaao, /oi ia aoiaea
caaeaii aeaa iaeiinoaiiuo ioiioaiey A e A. ?acoeueoao iauaaeeiaiey anoue
iino?iaiiia ii oie aea noaia ioiioaiea N, niaea?aeauaa ana ei?oaaee A e
ana ei?oaaee ioiioaiey A. Iia?aoeey IA?ANA*AIEA (N2=A U A) i?aaeiieaaaao
ia aoiaea aeaa iaeiinoaiiuo ioiioaiey A e A. Ia auoiaea nicaeaaony
ioiioaiea ii oie aea noaia, niaea?aeauaa oieueei oa ei?oaaee ioiioaiey
A, eioi?ua anoue a ioiioaiee A.

Iia?aoeey AU*EOAIEA (N3=A-A). Ana o?e ioiioaiey no?iyony ii iaeiie
noaia. A ?acoeueoe?othuaa ioiioaiea N3 aeeth/athony oieueei oa ei?oaaee
ec A, eioi?uo iao a ioiioaiee A.

Iia?aoeey AeAEA?OIAI I?IECAAAeAIEA (N4=A X A). Aa aaaeiia ioee/ea io
i?aaeoanoaothueo ninoieo a oii, /oi ioiioaiey A e A iiaoo auoue
iino?iaiu ii ?aciui

noaiai, a noaia ioiioaiey N4 aeeth/aao ana ao?eaoou ioiioaiee A e A.

Iia?aoeey AUAI?EA (ai?eciioaeueiia iiaeiiiaeanoai). Ia aoiaea iia?aoeee
eniieuecoaony iaeii ioiioaiea. ?acoeueoao auai?ee anoue iiaia ioiioaiea,
iino?iaiiia ii oie aea noaia, niaea?aeauaa iiaeiiiaeanoai ei?oaaeae
enoiaeiiai ioiioaiey, oaeiaeaoai?ythueo oneiaeth auai?ee.

Iia?aoeey I?IAEOeEss (aa?oeeaeueiia iiaeiiiaeanoai). Ia aoiaea iia?aoeee
eniieuecoaony iaeii ioiioaiea. ?acoeueoe?othuaa ioiioaiea aeeth/aao
iiaeiiiaeanoai ao?eaooia enoiaeiiai. Eaaeaeiio ei?oaaeo enoiaeiiai
ioiioaiey niioaaonoaoao oaeie ei?oaae a ?acoeueoe?othuai ioiioaiee, /oi
cia/aiey iaeeiaeiauo ao?eaooia yoeo aeaoo ei?oaaeae niaiaaeatho. Ii i?e
yoii a ?acoeueoe?othuai ioiioaiee ei?oaaee-aeoaeeeaou ono?aiythony,
a nayce n /ai iiuiinoue ?acoeueoe?othuaai ioiioaiey iiaeao auoue iaiueoa
iiuiinoe enoiaeiiai.

Iia?aoeey NIAAeEIAIEA. Ia aoiaea iia?aoeee eniieuecoaony aeaa ioiioaiey;
iaicia/ei eo A e A. A eaaeaeii ec ioiioaiee auaeaeai ao?eaoo, ii
eioi?iio aoaeao inouanoaeyoueny niaaeeiaiea; i?aaeiieiaeei, yoi ao?eaoou
A1 e A2). Iaa ao?eaooa aeieaeiu auoue ii?aaeaeaiu ia iaeiii e oii aea
aeiiaia. Noaia ?acoeueoe?othuaai ioiioaiey aeeth/aao ana ao?eaoou A e
ana ao?eaoou ioiioaiey A. Aeiioneaaony, /oiau a noaia ?acoeueoe?othuaai
ioiioaiey aianoi aeaoo ao?eaooia, ii eioi?ui auiieiyaony niaaeeiaiea,
aue i?aaenoaaeai oieueei iaeei.

Iia?aoeey NIAAeEIAIEA iioiaea ia aeaea?oiai i?iecaaaeaiea. Ioee/ea
ninoieo a oii, /oi aeaea?oiai i?iecaaaeaiea i?aaeiieaaaao noeaieaiea,
eaaeaeiai ei?oaaea ec A n eaaeaeui ei?oaaeai ec A, a a iia?aoeee
niaaeeiaiey ei?oaae ec ioiioaiey A noeaieyaony oieueei n oaie ei?oaaeaie
ec A, aeey eioi?uo auiieiaii oneiaea: A1=A1.

Iia?aoeey AeAEAIEA. Ia aoiaea iia?aoeee eniieuecoaony aeaa ioiioaiey A e
A. Ionoue ioiioaiea A, iacuaaaiia aeaeeiui, niaea?aeeo ao?eaoou (A1,A2,
…,An). Ioiioaiea A – aeaeeoaeue -niaea?aeeo iiaeiiiaeanoai ao?eaooia
A; iieiaeei, (A1,A2, …,Ak), aaea (kY.

Iieiay ooieoeeiiaeueiay caaeneiinoue. Aiai?yo, /oi iaeeth/aaie ao?eaoo
ooieoeeiiaeueii iieii caaeneo io ninoaaiiai eeth/a, anee ii
ooieoeeiiaeueii caaeneo io eeth/a, ii ia iaoiaeeony a ooieoeeiiaeueiie
caaeneiinoe ie io eaeie /anoe ninoaaiiai eeth/a.

Aoi?ay ii?iaeueiay oi?ia. Ioiioaiea iaoiaeeony ai aoi?ie ii?iaeueiie
oi?ia, anee iii iaoiaeeony a ia?aie ii?iaeueiie oi?ia e eaaeaeue
iaeeth/aaie ao?eaoo ooieoeeiiaeueii iieii caaeneo io ninoaaiiai eeth/a.

*oiau ioiioaiea i?eaanoe ei aoi?ie ii?iaeueiie oi?ia, iaiaoiaeeii:

a) iino?ieoue aai i?iaeoeeth, eneeth/ea ao?eaoou, eioi?ua ia iaoiaeyony
a iieiie ooieoeeiiaeueiie caaeneiinoe io ninoaaiiai eeth/a;

a) iino?ieoue aeiiieieoaeueii iaeio eee ianeieueei i?iaeoeee ia /anoue
ninoaaiiai eeth/a e ao?eaoou, ooieoeeiiaeueii caaenyuea io yoie /anoe
eeth/a.

O?aiceoeaiay caaeneiinoue. Ionoue X, Y, Z – o?e ao?eaooa iaeioi?iai
ioiioaiey. I?e yoii O>Y e Y>Z, ii ia?aoiia niioaaonoaea ionoonoaoao, o.
a. Z ia> eee Y ia>O. Oiaaea aiai?yo, /oi Z o?aiceoeaii caaeneo io X.

O?aouey ii?iaeueiay oi?ia. Ioiioaiea iaoiaeeony a o?aoueae ii?iaeueiie
oi?ia, anee iii iaoiaeeony ai aoi?ie ii?iaeueiie oi?ia e eaaeaeue
iaeeth/aaie ao?eaoo iao?aiceoeaii caaeneo io ia?ae/iiai eeth/a.

Iniiaiia aeinoieinoai ?aeyoeeiiiiai iiaeoiaea – aai i?inoioa e
aeinooiiinoue. Iieueciaaoaee aano?aae?iaaiu io oece/aneie no?oeoo?u
iaiyoe. Yoi iicaieyao yenieoaoe?iaaoue AAe aac ciaiey iaoiaeia e
niiniaia aa iino?iaiey. Iniiaiua aeinoieinoaa ?IAe neaaeothuea:
i?inoioa, iacaaeneiinoue aeaiiuo; aeaeinoue; iai?ioeaaeo?iua cai?inu,
oai?aoe/aneia iainiiaaiea ia iniiaa oai?ee ioiioaiee. Yoi aeaao
aiciiaeiinoue iieueciaaoaeyi oi?ie?iaaoue eo cai?inu aieaa eiiiaeoii, a
oa?ieiao aieaa e?oiiuo aa?aaaoia.

Aieueoeinoai NOAAe aeey ia?niiaeueiuo YAI ninoaaeytho nenoaiu,
iiaeaea?aeeaathuea ?aeyoeeiiioth iiaeaeue aeaiiuo. E yoiio eeanno
neaaeoao ioianoe naioth ?ani?ino?aiaiioth ia IYAI nenoaio dBase oe?iu
Ashton-Tate Corp.(aa?nee dBaseI, dBaseO, dBaseO PLUS, dBaseIV) e
iiiai/eneaiiia naiaenoai niaiaoeiuo n iath i?ia?aiiiuo i?iaeoeoia –
FoxBase+ e FoxPro oe?iu Fox Software, Clipper’87 oe?iu Nantucket Corp.,
QuickSilver e dBXL oe?iu Wordtech, User Interfase oe?iu WallSoft Systems
Inc., dBFast oe?iu dBFast Inc. Oe?iei ?ani?ino?aiaiu oaeaea ?aeyoeeiiiua
nenoaiu Oracle oe?iu Oracle Corp., Paradox oe?iu Borland International,
?yae aa?nee nenoaiu R:base 4000, R:base 5000, R:base System V, R:base
for DOS, R:base 3.0)oe?iu Microrim, nenoaia DB2 oe?iu IBM Corp.

Eae oaea aiai?eeinue auoa, a ?aeyoeeiiiie iiaeaee aeaiiuo anoue
aiciiaeiinoue ii?aaeaeaiey iaeiiai ao?eaooa eee eo iiiaeanoaa a ea/anoaa
eeth/a ioiioaiey. Yoi naienoai iicaieyao oi?ie?iaaoue cai?inu e aaca
aeaiiuo i/aiue eiiiaeoii n eniieueciaaieai oa?ieiia ?aeyoeeiiiie aeaaa?u
e ?aeyoeeiiiiai n/eneaiey, /oi aeaeaao ?aeyoeeiiioth iiaeaeue i/aiue
i?inoie aeey ?ac?aaio/eea i?eeeaaeiiai i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey.

N ae?oaie noi?iiu, any eioi?iaoeey, eioi?ay aoaeao o?aieoueny e
eniieueciaaoueny a EENIAe i?aaenoaaeyaony a oaaee/iie oi?ia, /oi
yaeyaony oa?aeoa?iie /a?oie i?aaenoaaeaiey eioi?iaoeee a ?aeyoeeiiiuo
aacao aeaiiuo, a a /anoiinoe, a eo ?aciiaeaeiinoe oaaee/iuo aacao
aeaiiuo.

N o/aoii auoaeceiaeaiiiai iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi aeey ?ac?aaioee
nenoaiu iaeaieaa iiaeoiaeeo NOAAe, iniiaaiiay ia eniieueciaaiee
?aeyoeeiiiie iiaeaee aeaiiuo.

Ec anaai iiiaiia?acey ?aeyoeeiiiuo NOAAe, i?aaenoaaeaiiuo ia ?uiea a
ianoiyuaa a?aiy (DBASE IV, Clipper IV, V e o.ae.) n?aco iiaeii
auaeaeeoue NOAAe FoxPro 2.0 oe?iu FoxSoftware Inc NOAAe FoxPro II
aeeth/aao a naay ana eo/oea ooieoeeiiaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe NOAAe FoxBase+
aa?nee 2.11. Aianoa n oai iia iaeaaeaao eo/oeie aiciiaeiinoyie ii
n?aaiaieth n DBASE IV ii i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe. O?aaiaaiey e ?ano?nai
iaiyoe ia noaaeee auiieiaiey cia/eoaeueii nieaeaiu.

FoxPro 2.0 eiaao a?aoe/aneee iiiaiieiiiue eioa?oaen n iiaeaea?aeeie
iaieioeyoi?a “iuoue” e eeaaeaoo?u. Ii ?aaeecoao yeaiaiou
iauaeoii-i?eaioe?iaaiiiai iiaeoiaea, i?e yoii ca ?acee/iuie ieiaie
iaeiia?aiaiii ioe?uouie ieiaie iiaoo auoue cae?aieaiu ?acee/iua
i?ioeaaeo?u (iai?eia?: aaia?aoeey io/aoa, i?iniio? oaeea e o.ae.).
?acaeoue aaia?aoi? io/aoia iicaieyao oi?ie?iaaoue io/aou ia oieueei
oaaee/iie, ii e eaioi/iie oi?iu.

sscue i?ia?aiie?iaaiey iieiinoueth aeeth/ao ycue NOAAe DBASE IV.
Aeiiieieoaeueii a iaai aeeth/aii aieaa 140 ?acee/iuo ?anoe?aiee. I?e
yoii nio?aiaia iieiay i?ia?aiiiay niaianoeiinoue n ieaaeoeie aa?neyie
nenoaiu.

NOAAe FoxPro 2.0 iaeaaeaao aiciiaeiinoyie iiaeaea?aeee ?ac?aaioee e
ioeaaeee i?ia?aii, n?aaenoaaie ioneaaeeaaiey eciaiaiee enoiaeiuo oaenoia
i?ia?aiiiuo iiaeoeae n eo aaoiiaoe/aneie ia?aeiiieeyoeeae.
I?aaeoniio?aiu niaoeeaeueiua ieia aeey ioeaae/eea i?ia?aii, ?aaioathuaai
a oa?ieiao enoiaeiiai oaenoa. Ieii o?anne?iaee iicaieyao aiaeece?iaaoue
eiaeeo auiieiaiey i?ia?aiiu. Yoa eioi?iaoeey iiae eniieueciaaoueny e i?e
?aaioa a iioaaiaii ?aaeeia. Ioaeaeueiia ieii i?aaeoniio?aii aeey
i?iniio?a cia/aiee ia?aiaiiuo ii oiaeo auiieiaiey i?ia?aiiu.

Nenoaia iicaieyao eniieueciaaoue n?aaenoaa ?ac?aaioee i?eeeaaeiuo
i?ia?aii, eiathueany a ninoaaa aa i?aaeoanoaaiieoeu, oaeea eae aaia?aoi?
ye?aiiuo oi?i aaiaea-auaiaea FoxView e aaia?aoi? i?ia?aii ia iniiaa yoeo
ye?aiiuo oi?i FoxCode n aai ycueii oaaeiiia.

FoxPro 2.0 aeeth/aao ?anoe?aiioth eioaa?e?iaaiioth n?aaeo ?ac?aaio/eea,
a ninoaa eioi?ie aoiaeyo eiino?oeoi? iaith (Menu Builder), ye?aiiue
?aaeaeoi? aeey nicaeaiey oi?i aaiaea-auaiaea (Screen Painter), n?aaenoaa
iiaeaea?aeee ycuea oaaeiiia e ooeeeoa iiaeaea?aeee i?eeeaaeiiai
i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey (Make). Yoa n?aaea iicaieyao cia/eoaeueii
nie?aoeoue n?iee nicaeaiey i?ia?aii.

Eiiieeyoi? ycuea i?ia?aiie?iaaiey nenoaiu aeaao aiciiaeiinoue iieo/aoue
caa?oaeaaiua i?ia?aiiiua iiaeoee, ia o?aaothuea aeey naiae ?aaiou
iiaeaea?aeee nenoaiiie n?aaeu.

I?ia?aiiiue eioa?oaen iicaieyao aeeth/aoue a ?ac?aaaouaaaiua i?ia?aiiu
iiaeoee, iaienaiiue ia ycueao Ne e Annaiaea?, a oaeaea aeeiaie/anee
iiaeeeth/aoue ia noaaeee eiiiiiiaee aeaeeioaee iauaeoiuo iiaeoeae.

Aieueoie eioa?an i?aaenoaaeyao nenoaiiue oaaee/iue eioa?oaen aeey
eiia/iuo iieueciaaoaeae, iniiaaiiue ia oe?iei ?ani?ino?aiaiiii
?aeyoeeiiiii ycuea QBE (Query-By-Example), iieo/eaoai caeanue iacaaiea
RQBE. Ae?aeaa?u RQBE i?aaeinoaaeytho iieueciaaoaeyi aeinooi e aacai
aeaiiuo, oi?aaeyaiuo eae nenoaiie FoxPro, oae e ?acee/iuie SQL-
na?aa?aie a eieaeueiuo naoyo iYAI.

Ec anaai auoaeceiaeaiiiai iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae /oi NOAAe FoxPro 2.0
yaeyaony iaeaieaa i?eaieaiui n?aaenoaii aeey i?ia?aiiiie ?aaeecaoeee
EENIAe. Eae neaaenoaea, ?ac?aaaouaaaioth a ?aieao aeaiiiai aeeieiiiiai
i?iaeoa iiaenenoaio “Eiio?ieue eniieiaiey” neaaeoao ?aaeeciaaoue n
i?eiaiaieai nenoaiu FoxPro 2.0.

FOXPRO AA?NEE 2.0

Nenoaia FoxPro, ?ac?aaioaiiay oe?iie Microsoft, yaeyaony iieiiaaniie
iiiaiiieueciaaoaeueneie nenoaiie oi?aaeaiey aacaie aeaiiuo ?aeyoeeiiiiai
oeia eeanna dBASE. Oeaeueth ?ac?aaioee yaeyeinue nicaeaiea NOAAe,
eioi?ay yaeyynue ?acaeoeai nnenoai eeanna dBASE aeeth/aea au a naay ana
eo iieiaeeoaeueiua /a?ou e, iaeiia?aiaiii, i?aaeinoaaeyea au
iieueciaaoaeth aeiiieieoaeueiua aiciiaeiinoe ii ?ac?aaioea caeii/aiiuo
i?ia?aiiiuo i?iaeoeoia, ia o?aaothueo iiaeaea?aeee n?aaeu NOAAe.

FoxPro yaeyaony i?ia?aiiiui i?iaeoeoii aeey oi?aaeaiey aeaiiuie –
eaoaeiaecaoeee, iienea e ia?aaioee eioi?iaoeee. Aieueoia /enei iia?aoeee
ii oi?aaeaieth aacaie aeaiiuo iiaeao auoue auiieiaii /a?ac nenoaio iaith
e eioa?oaen, iaeiaei a iieiie ia?a eniieueciaaoue iiuiua aiciiaeiinoe
FoxPro iiaeii oieueei i?e ciaiee iienuaaaiiai ieaea ycuea
i?ia?aiie?iaaiey.

Iniiaiua oa?ieiu.

Aeey oi?iuaiey inaiaiey i?aaeeueiiai neioaenena eiiaiae e ooieoeee
FoxPro neaaeoao ciaoue neaaeothuea iniiaiua oa?ieiu.

A?AIAIIAss IA?AIAIIAss yoi aae?anoaiue ii eiaie ia?aiaiiie o/anoie
iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe, eniieuecoaiue aeey a?aiaiiiai o?aiaiey aeaiiuo.
Iiaeao eniieueciaaoueny e oa?iei IA?AIAIIAss IAIssOE. Iiaeii eciaiyoue
niaea?aeeiia a?aiaiiie ia?aiaiiie, ii aa eiy e ?aniieiaeaiea a iaiyoe
inoathony iaeciaiiuie, iiea ia caeii/eony naain ?aaiou n FoxPro eee iiea
ia?aiaiiay ia aoaeao inaiaiaeaeaia. A?aiaiiua ia?aiaiiua e eo cia/aiey
oa?ythony, anee oieueei eo ia nio?aieoue ia aeenea ia?aae auoiaeii ec
FoxPro eee ia?aae aueeth/aieai eiiiuethoa?a. Eiaia a?aiaiiuo ia?aiaiiuo
iiaoo aeeth/aoue aei aeanyoe neiaieia aoea, oeeo? e ciaeia
iiae/a?eeaaiey, e aeieaeiu ia/eiaoueny n aoeau. A?aiaiiua ia?aiaiiua
iiaoo o?aieoue neiaieueiua, /eneiaua, /eneiaua n ieaaathuae caiyoie,
eiae/aneea aeaiiua, a oaeaea aeaiiua oeia “aeaoa”.

IIEA AACU AeAIIUO yoi ethaie yeaiaio aeaiiuo, aoiaeyuee a caienue aacu
aeaiiuo. Iaeii eee aieaa iieae ia?acotho caienue aacu aeaiiuo, e iaeia
eee aieaa caienae ia?acotho oaee aacu aeaiiuo. Eiaia iieae iiaoo
aeeth/aoue aei aeanyoe neiaieia aoea, oeeo? e ciaeia iiae/a?eeaaiey, e
aeieaeiu ia/eiaoueny n aoeau.

OOIEOeEss i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ca?aiaa iiaeaioiaeaiioth
iiaei?ia?aiio, eioi?ay iiaeao auiieiyoueny ii cai?ino ec ethaie oi/ee
FoxPro. Anee aica?auaaiue ooieoeeae ?acoeueoao i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
aeiionoeiue a au?aaeaiee oei aeaiiuo, oi ooieoeee iiaoo aeeth/aoueny a
au?aaeaiey.

IIA?AOI? i?aaenoaaeyao niaie neiaie eee iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue neiaieia,
eioi?ua niaoeeoeoee?otho ii?aaeaeaiioth iia?aoeeth, auiieiyaioth iaae
iaeiei eee aieueoei /eneii aaee/ei aeey iieo/aiey ?acoeueoaoa.

Iniiaiua eiiaiaeu FoxPro.

APPEND [BLANK]- Aeiaaaeyao iiaua caiene a eiiaoe aeoeaiiai oaeea aacu
aeaiiuo. Yoi iniiaiay eiiaiaea aeey iieiiye?aiiiai aaiaea aeaiiuo.

APPEND FROM- Eiie?oao caiene a eiiaoe aeoeaiiai oaeea aacu aeaiiuo ec
ae?oaiai oaeea.

AVERAGE- Iiaen/eouaaao n?aaeiaa a?eoiaoe/aneia cia/aiee au?aaeaiee eee
iieae aacu aeaiiuo

BROWSE – iaeia ec iaeaieaa iieaciuo eiiaiae, eiathueony a FoxPro.
Eiiaiaea BROWSE eniieuecoaony aeey ioe?uoey ieia e aunaa/eaaiey caienae
ec oaeea aacu aeaiiuo. Eiaaony aiciiaeiinoue ?aaeaeoe?iaaiey e
aeiaaaeaiey caienae. Anee iaiyoe aeinoaoi/ii, oi ieii Browse iiaeao
auoue ioe?uoi aeey eaaeaeie ?aai/ae iaeanoe.

BROWSE FOR -A ieia Browse aunaa/eaathony oieueei oa caiene, eioi?ua
oaeiaeaoai?ytho oneiaeth. Aeey eo/oae ?aaiou a FOR eniieuecoaony
iioeiece?oaiia au?aaeaiea.

BROWSE KEY-Ia?aie/eaaao eiee/anoai aunaa/eaaaiuo caienae.

BROWSE LAST-Ioe?uaaao ieii BROWSE a oie aea eiioeao?aoeee, /oi nio?aiaia
a oaeea FOXUSER, anee cia/aiea onoaiiaee RESOURCE – ON. Nienie iieae,
?acia? eaaeaeiai iiey, ?aniieiaeaiea e ?acia? ieia Browse o?aiyony a
oaeea FOXUSER.

BUILD EXE- I?e iaee/ee iieiiai aeeno?eaooeaiiai iaai?a FoxPro, nicaeaao
ia iniiaaiee i?iaeoa auiieieiue oaee (.EXE).

CALCULATE- Auiieiyao oeiainiaua e noaoenoe/aneea au/eneaiey iaae iieyie
aacu aeaiiuo eee au?aaeaieyie, a eioi?uo niaea?aeaony iiey.

CANCEL – I?ae?auaao auiieiaiea eiiaiaeiiai oaeea (i?ia?aiiu).

CHANGE -Ei??aeoe?iaea caienae aacu aeaiiuo a ieia ?aaeaeoe?iaaiey.

CHANGE KEY-Ia?aie/eaaao aeeaiacii aunaa/eaaaiuo caienae.

CLOSE – Eniieuecoaony aeey cae?uoey oaeeia – aeo?iaea, oaeeia aacu
aeaiiuo, oaeeia oi?iaoa ye?aia, eiaeaenia e oaeeia i?ioeaaeo?.

COPY INDEXES-Eiie?oao iaeii-eiaeaeniua oaeeu a ninoaaiie eiaeaeniue
oaee.

COPY FILE- Iaania/eaaao aeoaee?iaaiea cae?uoiai oaeea ethaiai oeia.

COPY TO – eiie?oao aeaiiua ec oeacaiiie AAe a oaee.

COPY TO FIELDS-ii?aaeaeyao nienie iieae, eioi?ua aoaeoo eiie?iaaoueny a
iiaue oaee.

COPY STRUCTURE TO – Eiie?oao no?oeoo?o aacu aeaiiuo a ae?oaoth aaco
aeaiiuo.

CREATE -Nicaeaiea iiaiai oaeea AAe

CREATE REPORT-aeoeaece?oao ieii aaia?aoi?a io/?oia

CLEAR-I/euaao caaeaiiue yeaiaio

COUNT-Auiieiyao iiaen/?o /enea caienae aeoeaiie AAe, oaeiaeaoai?ythueo
caaeaiiui oneiaeyi

DEFINE WINDOW – Nicaeaiea ieia.

DELETE – Iiia/aao aeey eneeth/aiey caiene aeoeaiiai oaeea aacu
aeaiiuo.

DELETE FILE – Oaeaeyao oaee.

DISPLAY MEMORY -Iaania/eaaao auaiae eiaie, oeia, ?acia?a e
noaoona eaaeaeie aeoeaiie a?aiaiiie ia?aiaiiie.

DO – Auiieiyao i?ia?aiiiue eee i?ioeaaeo?iue oaee.

EXPORT- Eiie?oao aeaiiua ec aacu aeaiiuo FoxPro a oaee n ae?oaei
oi?iaoii.

FUNCTION- Ii?aaeaeaiea ia/aea iiaei?ia?aiiu e aa eaeaioeoeeaoeey.

GO-Iiceoeeiie?iaaiea oeacaoaey caiene.

GO [RECORD] – Onoaiaaeeaaao oeacaoaeue caiene ia caienue GO TOP |
BOTTOM- Onoaiiaea oeacaoaey caiene ia ia?aoth e iineaaeithth a aua?aiiie
aaca aeaiiuo. Anee aaca eniieuecoaony n eiaeaenii, oi ia?aie aoaeao
caienue n ieieiaeueiui cia/aiea eeth/a, iineaaeiae – caienue n
iaeneiaeueiui cia/aieai eeth/a.

GO TOP | BOTTOM- Onoaiiaea oeacaoaey caiene ia ia?aoth e iineaaeithth a
aua?aiiie aaca aeaiiuo. Anee aaca eniieuecoaony n eiaeaenii, oi ia?aie
aoaeao caienue n ieieiaeueiui cia/aiea eeth/a, iineaaeiae – caienue n
iaeneiaeueiui cia/aieai eeth/a.

GO IN -Ia?aiauaiea oeacaoaey a aaca, ioe?uoie a ae?oaie ?aai/ae iaeanoe.

HELP- Ioe?uoea ieia iiiiue.

INDEX-nicaea?o eiaeaeniue oaee aeey oii?yaei/aiey AAe

JOIN-iauaaeeiyao aeaa oaeea AAe

LAST-Ioe?uaaaiia ieii ?aaeaeoe?iaaiey eiiaiaeu Change aoaeao eiaoue
oaeoth aea eiioeao?aoeeth, eae e iineaaeiaa ieii, nio?aiaiiia a oaeea
FOXUSER, anee cia/aiea onoaiiaee SET RESOURCE – ON. Nienie iieae, ?acia?
eaaeaeiai iiey, iieiaeaiea e ?acia? ieia CHANGE e o. i. caienuaathony a
oaee FOXUSER.

LAST FOR -A ieia ?aaeaeoe?iaaiey eiiaiaeu Change aunaa/eaathony oieueei
oa caiene, eioi?ua oaeiaeaoai?ytho caaeaiiiio oneiaeth.

LIST- ioia?aaeaiea caienae AAe

LOCATE-auiieiyao a aeoeaiii oaeea AAe iiene ii caaeaiiiio oneiaeth

MODIFI COMMAND| MODIFI FILE-ioe?uaaao ieii ?aaeaeoe?iaaiey

MODIFY STRUCTURE-Iiaeeoeoee?oao no?oeoo?o oaeea aacu aeaiiuo.

MODIFI REPORT-Ioe?uaaao ieii eiiiiiiaee io/?oa

MODIFI LABEL – Ioe?uaaao ieii eiiiiiiaee ii/oiaiai y?euea (aeaiea)

PACK -Oece/anee oaeaeyao caiene, iiia/aiiua aeey oaeaeaiey a aaca
aeaiiuo, oiaiueoaao

?acia? oaenoiaiai oaeea.

PROCEDURE – Oeacuaaao ia/aei iiaei?ia?aiiu.

QUIT- Cae?uaaao ana ioe?uoua oaeeu, caaa?oaao naain ?aaiou nenoaiu
FoxPro e aica?auaao oi?aaeaiea iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaia.

REINDEX- Ia?ano?aeaaao ana aeoeaiua eiaeaenu.

RENAME -Auiieiyao eciaiaiea eiaie oaeea ia aeenea.

RECALL-Nieiaao ia?ee?iaeo ia oaeaeaiea caienae aeoeaiiai oaeea aacu
aeaiiuo, onoaiiaeaiioth eiiaiaeie DELETE.

REPLACE -Iaiiaeyao cia/aiey caaeaiiuo iieae caienae aeoeaiiai oaeea

aacu aeaiiuo.

RESTORE FROM- Auae?aao e aeoeaece?oao a?aiaiiua ia?aiaiiua e ianneau ec
oaeea a?aiaiiuo ia?aiaiiuo.

REPORT -Auaea/a io/aoa.

RESTORE FROM- Auae?aao e aeoeaece?oao a?aiaiiua ia?aiaiiua e ianneau ec
oaeea a?aiaiiuo ia?aiaiiuo.

RUN- Auiieiyao ec nenoaiu FoxPro caaeaiioth eiiaiaeo iia?aoeeiiiie
nenoaiu eee ethaoth i?ia?aiio, eioi?ay ?aaioaao iiae oi?aaeaieai
iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaiu MS-DOS.

SAVE TO- nio?aiyao a?aiaiiua ia?aiaiiua e ianneau a oaeea a?aiaiiuo
ia?aiaiiuo.

SCAN- Neaie?iaaiea aacu aeaiiuo e auiieiaiea eiiaiae ii caaeaiiui
oneiaeyi.

SORT -Ni?oe?oao aaco aeaiiuo.

SKIP -Ia?aiauaao oeacaoaeue caiene a aeoeaiii oaeea aacu aeaiiuo aia?aae
eee iacaae.

SEEK-Auiieiyao iiene ia?aie caiene eiaeaene?iaaiiiai oaeea aacu aeaiiuo
n eeth/ii, niaiaaeathuei n caaeaiiui au?aaeaieai.

SET- Ioe?uaaao ieii View.

SET ALTERNATE -iai?aaeaiea auaiaea, aaaeouaainy ia ye?ai eee a ieii, e a
oaenoiaue oaee.

SET DATE-ii?aaeaeyao oi?iao auaiaea aeaou.

SET DECIMALS-onoaiaaeeaaao eiee/anoai aeanyoe/iuo ciaeia iinea caiyoie
i?e auaea/a ?acoeueoaoia /eneiauo ooieoeee e au/eneaiee. Ii oiie/aieth –
2

SET DEFAULT TO-aeey niaiu aeeneiaiaea ii oiie/aieth ia A:

SET HELP ON | OFF-ioeeth/aao/iiaeeeth/aao n?aaenoai aeeaeiaiaie iiiiue
eee iacia/aao ae?oaie oaee iiiiue. Cia/aiea ii oiie/aieth – ON Cia/aiea
ii oiie/aieth – FOXHELP

SET MARGIN TO -onoaiaaeeaaao ?acia?u eaaie a?aieoeu i?e auaea/a ia
ia/aoue ethaie eioi?iaoeee. Auaea/a eioi?iaoeee ia ye?ai ia
cao?aaeaaaony. Cia/aiea ii oiie/aieth – 0

SET MEMOWIDTH TO -Ii?aaeaeyao oe?eio memo (oaenoiauo) iieae i?e eo
aecoaeecaoeee.

SET ODOMETER TO -caaeaao eioa?aae eciaiaiey cia/aiee n/ao/eea caienae a
eiiaiaeao, eioi?ua auaiaeyo iiia?a caienae.

SET PATH -caaeaao iooue (ia?o?oo) iienea oaeeia.

SET PATH TO -i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue iooae,
?acaeaeaiiuo caiyoie eee oi/eie n caiyoie.

SET PROCEDURE TO -ioe?uaaao caaeaiiue oaee i?ioeaaeo?.

SET RELATION-naycuaaao aeaa ioe?uouo oaeea aacu aeaiiuo ii au/eneaiiiio
cia/aieth /a?ac eeth/aaia iiea eee ii iiia?o caiene.

SET CARRY Ii?aaeaeyao iaiaoiaeeiinoue eiie?iaaiey aeaiiuo ec
i?aaeuaeouae caiene a iiaoth caienue i?e eniieueciaaiee eiiaiae APPEND
eee INSERT.

SET INDEX -ioe?uaaao caaeaiiua eiaeaenu oaeouaai oaeea aacu aeaiiuo.

SET INDEX TO- cae?uaaao ana ioe?uoua eiaeaenu a oaeouae ?aai/ae iaeanoe.

SET FILTER- Iicaieyao auaiaeeoue e ia?aaaouaaoue oieueei oa caiene
oaeea AAe, eioi?ua oaeiaeaoai?ytho caaeaiiiio oneiaeth.

SORT- Ni?oe?oao aaco aeaiiuo.

STORE- Iiiauaao aeaiiua ai a?aiaiiua ia?aiaiiua e ianneau.

SUM-Au/eneaiea noiiu /eneiauo iieae

USE- ioe?uaaao AAe a oeacaiiie ?aai/ae iaeanoe

OeAEE E CAAeA*E I?IAEOE?IAAIEss.

Iniiaiay oeaeue i?ioeanna i?iaeoe?iaaiey AAe ninoieo: a iieo/aiee oaeiai
i?iaeoa, eioi?ue oaeiaeaoai?yao neaaeothuei o?aaiaaieyi:

• ei??aeoiinoe noaiu AAe, o. a. aaca aeaiiuo aeieaeia auoue aiiiii?oiui
ia?acii iiaeaee?oaiie i?aaeiaoiie iaeanoe, aaea eaaeaeiio iauaeoo
i?aaeiaoiie iaeanoe niioaaonoaotho aeaiiua a iaiyoe YAI, a eaaeaeiio
i?ioeanno i?aaeiaoiie iaeanoe – aaeaeaaoiua i?ioeaaeo?u ia?aaioee
aeaiiuo. I?e yoii ?acoeueoaou auiieiaiey i?ioeanna e niioaaonoaothueo
aio i?ioeaaeo? ia?aaioee aeaiiuo aeieaeiu niaiaaeaoue a ethaie iiiaio
ooieoeeiie?iaaiey, anee yoi i?aaeoniio?aii i?iaeoii;

• iaania/aiea ia?aie/aiee ia eiioeao?aoeeth au/eneeoaeueiie nenoaiu, a
ia?aoth i/a?aaeue, ia ?ano?nu aiaoiae e iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe;

•yooaeoeaiinoue ooieoeeiie?iaaiey, o. a. Iaania/aiea o?aaiaaiee ei
a?aiaie ?aaeoeee nenoaiu ia cai?inu e iaiiaeaiey AAe;

• caueoa aeaiiuo io ?ac?ooaiee i?e naiyo iai?oaeiaaiey io iaei??aeoiuo
iaiiaeaiee e, anee iaiaoiaeeii, io ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiiai aeinooia.

•i?inoioa e oaeianoai yenieoaoaoeee eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu;

• aeaeinoue, o. a. aiciiaeiinoue ?acaeoey e iineaaeothuae aaeaioaoeee
nenoaiu e eciaiaieyi a i?aaeiaoiie iaeanoe e e iiaui iio?aaiinoyi
iieueciaaoaeae.

Oaeiaeaoai?aiea ia?auo /aou?ao o?aaiaaiee iaycaoaeueii aeey i?eiyoey
i?iaeoa. Iineaaeiea aeaa o?aaiaaiey iaiaycaoaeueiu, oae eae aieueoay eee
iaiueoay i?inoioa e oaeianoai yenieoaoaoeee aunooiatho oieueei oaeoi?aie
ioeaiee aeueoa?iaoeaiuo aa?eaioia i?iaeoa.

NO?OEOO?A I?IOeANNA I?IAEOE?IAAIEss

Ianeaaeiaaiea i?aaeiaoiie iaeanoe. Ia yoii yoaia (?en.1), iinea
ia?aiia/aeueiiai ciaeiinoaa n i?aaeiaoiie iaeanoueth neaaeoao
aeaoaeueiia eco/aiea anao aa o?aaiaioia, eaaeaeue ec eioi?uo
oa?aeoa?ecoaony eieaeueiui iieueciaaoaeueneei i?aaenoaaeaieai. Aeey
eaaeaeiai o?aaiaioa ii?aaeaeythony eioi?iaoeeiiiua iauaeou,
aiaeece?othony i?ioeannu, eo eniieuecothuea, e onoaiaaeeaathony yaiua
annioeeaoeee iaaeaeo eioi?iaoeeiiiuie iauaeoaie.

O?aaiaiou i?aaeiaoiie iaeanoe enneaaeothony iineaaeiaaoaeueii. I?e/ai
naaaeaiey ia i/a?aaeiii o?aaiaioa eioaa?e?othony n iieo/aiiuie i?e
eco/aiee i?aaeoanoaothueo o?aaiaioia.

Auai? NOAAe. Nenoaia oi?aaeaiey AAe – aaaeiaeoee i?ia?aiiiue eiiiiiaio
eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu, ieacuaathuee nouanoaaiiia aeeyiea ia iiiaea
ia?aiao?u nenoaiu, a oii /enea:

• iieueciaaoaeueneea eioa?oaenu;

• yooaeoeaiinoue ooieoeeiie?iaaiey;

• noieiinoue ?ac?aaioee i?eeiaeaiee;

• noieiinoue yenieoaoaoeee;

• aeaeinoue nenoaiu.

IANEAAeIAAIEA I?AAeIAOIIE IAEANOE

AUAI? NOAAe

I?IAEOA?IAAIEA ?AAEECAOeEE

?en. 1. No?oeoo?a i?ioeanna i?iaeoe?iaaiey

I?aaeeaaaaiay iaoiaeeea auai?a NOAAe iicaieyao: iineaaeiaaoaeueii
auyaeoue aiaoiea ia?aie/aiey, auaeaeeoue NOAAe-i?aoaiaeaiou (ia
eniieueciaaiea), i?iaanoe iiaeaee?iaaiea aacu aeaiiuo aeey eaaeaeie
auaeaeaiiie NOAAe e n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec iieo/aiiuo iiaeaeae aacu
aeaiiuo.

Auyaeaiea aiaoieo ia?aie/aiee. Iiae aiaoieie ia?aie/aieyie
caeanue iiieiathony ia?aie/aiey n?aaeu ?aaeecaoeee eioi?iaoeeiiiie
nenoaiu. Eaaeaeay n?aaea ?aaeecaoeee ioee/ia io eaeaaeueiie. Iia
niaea?aeeo iiiaeanoai ia?aie/aiee, n?aaee eioi?uo iaeaieaa aaaeiua aeey
ian: oaoie/aneea, i?ia?aiiiua e i?aaiecaoeeiiiua.

Oaoie/aneea ia?aie/aiey ii?aaeaeythony eiioeao?aoeeae au/eneeoaeueiie
nenoaiu, ia?aiao?aie ooieoeeiie?iaaiey a? eiiiiiaioia, iaae?aeiinoueth
eo ?aaiou e ae?.

I?ia?aiiiua ia?aie/aiey a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue iiae?acoiaaatho
iia?aoeeiiioth nenoaio e ycuee i?eeeaaeiiai i?ia?aiie?iaaiey.

E i?aaiecaoeeiiiui ia?aie/aieyi iiaeii ioianoe o?aaiaaiey e n?ieai
?ac?aaioee, eiathueany o?oaeiaua ?ano?nu. Aiciiaeiinoe ii iiaeaioiaea
niaoeeaeenoia e o.i.

Auaeaeaiea NOAAe-i?aoaiaeaioia. I?iaeoe?iaueeo eioi?iaoeeiiiie
nenoaiu a ianoiyuaa a?aiy i?aaeinoaaeyaony aeinoaoi/ii aieueoie auai?
NOAAe, ?ac?aaioaiiuo aeey ?aciuo eiioeao?aoeee e oeiia YAI.

Aiaeec iniiaiuo ia?aiao?ia yoeo nenoai iicaieyao n?aco aea ioaa?aiooue
?yae NOAAe, caaaaeiii iai?eaiaeiuo e eniieueciaaieth a ?ac?aaaouaaaiie
eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaia, inoaaea aeey iineaaeothuaai ?anniio?aiey
ianeieueei (ia aieaa aeaoo-o?ao) nenoai i?aoaiaeaioia.

Ia auai? NOAAe-i?aoaiaeaioia iaeaieueoaa aeeyiea ieacuaaao
niaeaniaaiea ?yaea ia?aiao?ia n?aaeu ?aaeecaoeee e NOAAe. E oaeei
ia?aiao?ai a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue ioiinyony:

• oei YAI;

• iia?aoeeiiiay nenoaia;

• iauaiu iia?aoeaiie iaiyoe;

• eiioeao?aoeey au/eneeoaeueiie nenoaiu e iaee/ea ?aaeecaoeee NOAAe aeey
ianeieueeeo oeiia YAI.

Iiaeaee?iaaiea aacu aeaiiuo. Aeey eaaeaeie ec auaeaeaiiuo NOAAe
iiaeaee?oaony aaca aeaiiuo. E?iia ii?aaeaeaiey no?oeoo?u aeaiiuo e
no?aoaaee eo o?aiaiey a iaiyoe iaoeiu, i?iaeoe?iauee ioeaieaaao oaeaea
cao?aou ia ?ac?aaioeo i?ia?aiiiiai ie?oaeaiey aacu aeaiiuo e a oeaeii ia
?aaeecaoeeth e yenieoaoaoeeth eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu.

Ii nouanoao ?a/ue eaeao i i?aia?aciaaiee eioieiae/aneie noaiu
i?aaeiaoiie iaeanoe a noaio aacu aeaiiuo, iiaeaea?aeeaaaioth NOAAe.

Aeey iiaeaee?iaaiey iaiaoiaeeii ciaoue aua?aiiua NOAAe. Anee a
?acoeueoaoa iiaeaee?iaaiey iaia?oaeeeinue, /oi ie iaeia ec auaeaeaiiuo
NOAAe ia iicaieeea iieo/eoue i?eaieaiue aa?eaio, oi nie?auaaony iaai?
o?aaiaaiee, i?aaeuyaeyaiuo e eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaia, eeai eniieuecoaony
naiinoiyoaeueii ?ac?aaioaiiay nenoaia oi?aaeaiey AAe, i?eaioe?iaaiiay ia
eiie?aoiia i?eiaiaiea. Anee aea iieo/aii ianeieueei i?eaieaiuo iiaeaeae
AAe, oi iie iiaeeaaeao n?aaieoaeueiiio aiaeeco ia neaaeothuai oaaa
i?iaeoe?iaaiey.

N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec iiaeaee AAe. Ia?aae oai eae i?enooieoue e
n?aaieoaeueiiio aiaeeco iiaeaeae AAe (a, neaaeiaaoaeueii, e e
ieii/aoaeueiiio auai?o NOAAe ), iaiaoiaeeii auaeaeeoue iaai? oaeoi?ia,
ii eioi?ui aoaeoo ioeaieaaoueny ?anniao?eaaaiua aa?eaiou.

Ia i?aoaiaeoy ia iieiioo, i?eaaaeai ia?a/aiue iaeaieaa /anoi
eniieuecoaiuo oaeoi?ia ioeaiee iiaeaeae aacu aeaiiuo:

• o?aaoaiua iauaiu iniiaiie e aeeneiaie iaiyoe;

• o?oaeiaieinoue ?ac?aaioee i?ia?aiiiuo n?aaenoa ie?oaeaiey NOAAe;

• o?oaeiaieinoue ?aaeecaoeee i?eeiaeaiee;

• cao?aou ia iao/aiea ia?niiaea;

• noieiinoue yenieoaoaoeee, eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu;

• aiciiaeiinoue niaiauaiey ?ac?aaioee AAe n ?aiaa auiieiaiiuie
i?ia?aiiiuie ?aaeecaoeeyie;

• i?iaiice?oaiua n?iee ?aaeecaoeee eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu.

Aeey eaaeaeiai oaeoi?a ?aeiiaiaeoaony ii?aaeaeeoue eiee/anoaaiioth
ioeaieo. Iai?eia?, aeey oaeoi?a «aiciiaeiinoue niaiauaiey ?ac?aaioee n
?aiaa auiieiaiiuie i?ia?aiiiuie ?aaeecaoeeyie» a ?iee eiee/anoaaiiie
ioeaiee iiaoo aunooieoue o?oaeicao?aou ia nicaeaiea niioaaonoaothueo
i?ia?aiiiuo eioa?oaenia eee noieiinoue iiaoi?iuo i?ia?aiiiuo
?aaeecaoeee.

I?iaeoe?iaaiea ?aaeecaoeee. Iineaaeiee, o?aoee yoai i?iaeoe?iaaiey
ninoieo ec aeaoo oaaia: eiino?oe?iaaiey noaiu aacu aeaiiuo, a oaeaea
?ac?aaioea i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey e oaoiieiaee aaaeaiey
eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu.

Eiino?oe?iaaiea noaiu AAe. Ia yoii oaaa i?iaeoe?iaaiey ieii/aoaeueii
ooi/iythony ana ia?aiao?u eiae/aneie e oece/aneie i?aaiecaoeee AAe.

?ac?aaioea oaoiieiaee aaaeaiey EN. ?ac?aaaouaaaony iaai? oaoiieiae/aneeo
eino?oeoeee aeey neoaeau aaeieieno?aoi?a AAe. Yoe eino?oeoeee
ioaaouaatho ana

i?ioeannu, auiieiyaiua ia noaaeeyo ?aaeecaoeee e yenieoaoaoeee
eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu. A ia?aoth i/a?aaeue yoi:

• aaiae eioi?iaoeee a nenoaio;

• caueoa aeaiiuo;

• oi?aaeaiea eniieueciaaieai aeaiiuo;

• oi?aaeaiea yooaeoeaiinoueth nenoaiu.

I?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea oaoiieiaee aaaeaiey EN ninoaaeytho na?aeniua
n?aaenoaa, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey auiieiaiey aieueoeinoaa i?ioeannia,
aeeth/aiiuo a oaoiieiaeth. Yoi iiaoo auoue noaiaea?oiua i?ia?aiiiua
i?iaeoeou (ec ninoaaa NOAAe eee iacaaeneii iinoaaeyaiua) eeai
i?eaeiaeueiua i?ia?aiiiua ?ac?aaioee. Ii?aaeaeyy i?ia?aiiiia
iaania/aiea, iaiaa?eaaaony aai ninoaa, a aeey i?eaeiaeueiuo i?ia?aii
?ac?aaaouaathony eo aeai?eoiu.

OAOIIEIAEss AAAeAIEss EIOI?IAOeEIIIIE NENOAIU

Aaiae eioi?iaoeee, a nenoaio. Eioi?iaoeey, o?aieiay e eniieuecoaiay a
nenoaia, aeeth/aao a naay ii?iaoeaii-ni?aai/iua naaaeaiey aieueoeinoaa
i?eeiaeaiee, a oaeaea naaaeaiey, iinooiathuea a nenoaio i?e auiieiaiee
i?eeiaeaiee, a oii /enea e a ?aaeueiii ianooaaa a?aiaie. Iineaaeiee,
aeae eioi?iaoeee oa?aeoa?ecoaony aieaa ei?ioeei n?ieii nouanoaiaaiey,
/ai ii?iaoeaii ni?aai/iay eioi?iaoeey. A eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaia aeey
o/aaiiai caaaaeaiey (eae e a iaoai neo/aa ) e ii?iaoeaii-ni?aai/iui
ioiinyony naaaeaiey i i?aiiaeaaaoaeyo, o/aaiuo ieaiao, nooaeaioao a ei
aoi?ie ?aciiaeaeiinoe — naaaeaiey i ?anienaiee, iinauaaiinoe caiyoee, ia
aooanoaoeee nooaeaioia. I/aaeaeii, anee ninoaa i?aiiaeaaaoaeae, nienee
nooaeaioia e o/aaiua ieaiu a oa/aiea aiaea ia iaiythony, oi eioi?iaoeey
aoi?ie ?aciiaeaeiinoe ei??aeoe?oaony aaeaaeiaaii. A? caa?ocea e
ei??aeoe?iaea inouanoaeythony eiia/iuie iieueciaaoaeyie i?e auiieiaiee
ooieoeeiiaeueiuo i?eeiaeaiee.

Caueoa aeaiiuo. Oaoiieiaey aaaeaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu aeieaeia
i?aaeoniao?eaaoue iaai? ia? ii iaania/aieth ?acee/iuo aniaeoia caueou
aeaiiuo. Aeey caueou aeaiiuo io naiaa iai?oaeiaaiey e oece/aneiai
?ac?ooaiey nieiathony eiiee aeaiiuo e aaaeaony aeo?iaeueiue oaee.
Eino?oeoeee ii auiieiaieth i?ia?aiiu ainnoaiiaeaiey oaeouaai ninoiyiey
AAe ?ac?aaaouaathony aeey iaania/aiey caueou aeaiiuo io i?ia?aiiiuo
naiaa e iaei??aeoiuo eciaiaiee .

I?e eniieueciaaiee NOAAe, ia eiathueo iaoaiecia i?ioeaaeo?, a iaai?
i?ia?aiiiuo n?aaenoa ?ac?aaio/ee iiaeao aeeth/eoue i?eaeiaeueii
?ac?aaioaiioth i?ia?aiio i?iaa?ee iieiiou

ei??aeoiinoe aacu aeaiiuo. Oaeay i?ia?aiia aoaeao auiieiyoueny a
i?iiaaeooea iaaeaeo naainaie ia?aaioee aeaiiuo.

Iieiioa e ei??aeoiinoue icia/atho iaee/ea a aaca aeaiiuo anao caienae,
aac eioi?uo ia iiaoo ii?iaeueii ooieoeeiie?iaaoue i?eeiaeaiey. E?iia
oiai, iiae?acoiaaaaony ei??aeoiinoue onoaiiaeaiiuo annioeeaoeee, a
oaeaea niaea?aeeiiai iieae, aaaaeaiiuo aeey iiaeaea?aeee ?aciiia?aciuo
caaeneiinoae iaaeaeo aeaiiuie. A aeai?eoi yoie i?ia?aiiu caeeaaeuaathony
oaeea aeaeu eiio?iey, eioi?ua yooaeoeaii auiieiythony aaoiiaoe/anee. Oai
naiui iaeaa/aaony ianeoaeeaaiea aacu aeaiiuo, oi?iuathony aeai?eoiu
iiiaeo i?eeiaeaiee ca n/ao eneeth/aiey ec ieo i?ioeaaeo? i?iaa?ee
ei??aeoiinoe ia?aaaouaaaiuo aeaiiuo.

Aeey i?ia?aiiu i?iaa?ee iieiiou e ei??aeoiinoe AAe aeieaeiu auoue
?ac?aaioaiu oaoiieiae/aneea eino?oeoeee ii aa auiieiaieth, iaiai?aiu
i?aaeea eni?aaeaiey

auyaeaiiuo ioeaie.

Caueoa aeaiiuo a AAe io ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiiai aeinooia auiieiyaony
iau/iuie n?aaenoaaie NOAAe, a oaeaea n?aaenoaaie ei??aeoe?iaee «caieia
oi?aaeaiey» aeinooiii e caiaiu i?ia?aii eiaee?iaaiey-aeaeiaee?iaaiey.
Niioaaonoaothuea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey aaeieieno?aoi?a AAe neaaeoao
?ac?aaioaoue ia noaaeee yenieoaoaoeee nenoaiu.

Oi?aaeaiea eniieueciaaieai aeaiiuo. Oaoiieiaey aaaeaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiie
nenoaiu aeieaeia i?aaeoniao?eaaoue iaoaieci o/aoa iieueciaaoaeae e
i?eeiaeaiee. Aeey yoie oeaee iiaoo eniieueciaaoueny neiaa?e-ni?aai/ieee
aeaiiuo. E?iia oiai- naaaeaiey ia eniieueciaaiee aeaiiuo e ia?auaieyo
eiia/iuo iieueciaaoaeae e EN aeieaeiu oeene?iaaoueny a aeo?iaeueiii
oaeea. Na?aeniua i?ia?aiiu ia?aaioee aeo?iaeueiiai oaeea iicaieyo
aaeieieno?aoi?o AAe iieo/eoue ?aciiia?aciua i?ioieieu eniieueciaaiey
aeaiiuo.

Ia noaaeee yenieoaoaoeee aaeieieno?aoi? AAe aeieaeai ?ac?aaioaoue a?aoee
acaeiiaeaenoaey iieueciaaoaeae n nenoaiie, iicaieythuee iaania/eoue
ii?iaeueiia ooieoeeiie?iaaiea EN e ii aiciiaeiinoe ia aeiionoeoue
eiioeeeoiuo neooaoeee.

Oi?aaeaiea yooaeoeaiinoueth ooieoeeiie?iaaiea nenoaiu. Ia?eiaee/anee
i?e yenieoaoaoeee nenoaiu aaeieieno?aoi? AAe ioeaieaaao ia?aiao?u
yooaeoeaiinoe a? ooieoeeiie?iaaiey. Aeey yoie oeaee eniieuecothony
noaiaea?oiua eee i?eaeiaeueii ?ac?aaioaiiua na?aeniua i?ia?aiiu,
iicaieythuea iieo/eoue naaaeaiey i cao?aoao e iaee/ee ?ano?nia aiaoiae

iaiyoe, ?aaeoeaiinoe nenoaiu, naaaeaiey i /anoioa eniieueciaaiey aeaiiuo
e ae?. Ia iniiaaiee yoeo naaaeaiee aaeieieno?aoi? AAe i?eieiaao ?aoaiey
ia eciaiaieyo ia?aiao?ia noai eee i i?iaaaeaiee ?ai?aaiecaoeee.

IINOAIIAEA CAAeA*E.

N o/aoii oiai, /oi ia aeaiiue iiiaio a?aiaie iao/ii-oaoie/aneee i?ia?ann
cia/eoaeueii onei?yaony, a aeaeaiaoo i?eoiaeeoueny, /oi iacuaaaony
“a?o/ioth” ?aaioaoue ni cia/eoaeueiuie iauaiaie eioi?iaoeee yoi
i?eaiaeeo e iaiaoiaeeiinoe ?ac?aaioee aieaa niaa?oaiiuo iaoiaeia
ia?aaioee eioi?iaoeee: aaoiiaoecaoeee o/aaiiai i?ioeanna. Iniiaiua
iai?aaeaiey aaoiiaoecaoeee ninoiyo a ieieiecaoeee cao?ao ?o/iiai o?oaea
e nieaeaiee o?oaeiaieinoe.

A ninoaa eiio?ieueiie caaea/e «Aeaeaiao» aoiaeyo neaaeothuea no?oeoo?iua
eiiiiiaiou, eaaeaeue ec eioi?uo iaaeae?i i?enoueie aio naienoaaie, a
aeaiiii neo/aa iieyie (?en 2.).

No?oeoo?a iauaeoa i?aaieciaaia oaeei ia?acii, /oiau a oneiaeyo aaaeaiey
o/aoa, eiio?iey e aiaeeca n i?eiaiaieai eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu ooieoeey
ia?aaioee aeaiiuo auee ioaeaeaiu io iieueciaaoaey, e nouanoaiaaea a
oi?ia, eioi?ay /aeiaaeii iaiin?aaenoaaiii ia aini?eieiaaony. I?e yoii
aicieeaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?eaaaeaiey auoiaeiie eioi?iaoeee e aeaeo,
i?eaiaeiiio e aini?eyoeth iieueciaaoaey.

I?aaiecaoeey o?oaea e ooieoeee iieueciaaoaey.

Iieueciaaoaeue a ?aieao aeieoiaioe?iaaiey inouanoaeytho neaaeothuea
ooieoeee:

– nianoaaiii ?aaeno?aoeeth ia?ae/iie o/aoiie eioi?iaoeee iooai
iaai?a aa ia

eeaaeaoo?a;

– auiieiaiea i?ioeaaeo? ia/aea e caaa?oaiey eaaeaeiai naaina

aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee ia?ae/iie eioi?iaoeee;

– aini?eyoey e aiaeec niiauaiee eiiieaena niiauaiee eiiieaena
auaeaaaaiuo

aeaiiuo ia aeenieae a i?ioeanna aaoiiaoece?iaaiiiai
aeieoiaioe?iaaiey;

ioia?aaeaiea iaiaoiaeeiie eioi?iaoeee a «/aeiaaei/eoaaiie» oi?ia;

A iauai aeaea iaoiaeieiae/aneea aniaeou aeieaeiu io?aaeaoue neaaeothuea
aii?inu:

iaoeiiia oi?ie?iaaiea ia?ae/iie eioi?iaoeee a aeieoiaioao e ia iaoeiiua
iineoaee;

iaoeiiia aaaeaiea o/aoa iinooiathueo aeaiiuo;

iaoeiiay ia?aaea/a ?acoeueoaoiie eioi?iaoeee aeey a? eniieueciaaiey.

Aacu aeaiiuo.

No?oeoo?a aac aeaiiuo ?aeyoeeiiiay, oi anoue ninoieo ec eieiiie e
caienae.

Oae eae i?ia?aiia a aoaeouai aoaeao ?aaeeciaaia ia FoxPro, oi nei?inoue
ia?auaiey e

AAe aeiaieueii auniea. Auoa i?eaaaeaii iienaiea NOAAe,
iiaeaea?aeeaathuea ?aeyoeeiiioth iiaeaeue aeaiiuo. I?eaaaeaiu iniiaiua
ooieoeee e eiiaiaeu Fox Pro2.0.

OIAe ?AOAIEss EIIO?IEUeIIE CAAeA*E.

A aeaiiie ?aaioa i?aaei?eiyoa iiiuoea aaoiiaoecaoeee o/aaiiai i?ioeanna
– eiio?ieueiay caaea/a «Aeaeaiao», eioi?ay i?aaenoaaeyao niaie AAe aeey
?aaiou ni nieneaie nooaeaioia, i?aiiaeaaaoaeae, aoiaeyueo a ninoaa
iaoaai oaeoeueoaoa.

?aaioa n AAe ?aaeeciaaia n iiiiuueth ooieoeee ?aaiou n AAe,
iniiauaathueony ia ano?iaiiii iaai?a ooieoeee ycuea FoxPro 2.0

Ii?yaeie ?aoaiey aeaiiie caaea/e:

1) Iciaeiieaiea n i?aaeiaoiie iaeanoueth.

2) Eco/aiea i?ioeanna i?iaeoe?iaaiey e nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey aacaie
aeaiiuo.

3) ?ac?aaioea no?oeoo?u aeaiiie caaea/e.

4) Nai? eioi?iaoeee ia ?acee/iuo oaeoeueoaoao e a ?aeoi?aoa,
iaiaoiaeeiie aeey nicaeaiey oieaa?naeueiie i?ia?aiiu aeey anaai
oieaa?neoaoa.

5) Iiaeaioiaea io/?oa.

CAEETH*AIEA

A i?ioeanna ?aoaiey aeaiiie caaea/e auee eco/aiu i?ioeann
i?iaeoe?iaaiey e iaai?

ooieoeee ycuea FoxPro 2.0, ?ac?aaioaia no?oeoo?a aeaiiie caaea/e. Aua
iaeia caaea/a

ninoieo a ?ac?aaioea iiauo EN n oai, /oiau iiyaeeanue aiciiaeiinoue
eniieueciaaoue

yoe nenoaiu a aeaeueiaeoai ia oieueei aeey iaoaai aeaeaiaoa, a e ai
anai oieaa?neoaoa.

O. a. iaiaoiaeeii oniaa?oainoaiaaoue i?ia?aiio, naeaeaoue a?
oieaa?naeueiie. Aicieeaao

iaiaoiaeeiinoue ana aieaa eioaineaii i?eaeaeaoue a yoio i?ioeann
nia?aiaiiua n?aaenoaa

au/eneeoaeueiie oaoieee. Eo eniieueciaaiea iicaieeo onei?eoue ia?aaioeo

eioi?iaoeee e nieceoue aa?iyoiinoue aicieeiiaaiey ioeaie. I?e yoii
aeey

yooaeoeaiiai eniieueciaaiey iiaeiaiuo nenoai iaiaoiaeeii eniieueciaaiea

nia?aiaiiie au/eneeoaeueiie oaoieee e niioaaonoaothuaai i?ia?aiiiiai
iaania/aiey.

EEOA?AOO?A

1) IiiiaA.A. I?ia?aiie?iaaiea a n?aaea NOAAe Fox Pro2.0 Iineaa «?aaeei
e naycue»,1994a.

2) www.foxpopuli.narod.ru – web-naeo, iinayu?iiue FoxPro 2.6

MS-DOS.

3) http://www.fio.ru/- web-naeo Oaaea?aoeee Eioa?iao ia?aciaaiey.

4) http://www.citforum.ru/database/foxpro.shtml – iaoa?eaeu ii AAe: Fox
Pro

5) http://db.informika.ru/ – yeaeo?iiiue ni?aai/iee ii Fox Pro.

6) http://www.inftech.webservis.ru/ – web-naeo Eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee.

7) www.e-russia.ru – web-naeo, iinayu?iiue niaea?aeaieth, i?iaeaiai e
iainiiaaieth iaiaoiaeeiinoe ?aoaiey OOeI «Yeaeo?iiiay ?inney»
i?ia?aiiiuie iaoiaeaie.

8) http://ccc.ru/elro/about.html – iaoa?eaeu ia Yeaeo?iiiie ?innee:
aeeneonneiiiue oeaio?.

9) http://www.e-rus.org/articles/meaning_programm.shtml -Ioeoeeaeueiue
oaeno i?ia?aiiu «Yeaeo?iiiay ?inney»

10) www.hse.ru/~erussia – web-naeo OOeI «Yeaeo?iiiay ?inney».

I?EEIAEAIEss

PAGE 1

1. Iaci? i?aaeiaoiie iaeanoe

Iineaaeiaaoaeueii auiieiythony aeey

eaaeaeiai o?aaiaioa, a ?acoeueoaou eioaa?e?othony a eioieiae/aneoth
noaio i?aaeiaoiie iaeanoe

2.Ii?aaeaeaiea iauaeoia

3.Oi?iaeecaoeey i?ioeannia

4. Onoaiiaeaiea annioeeaoeee

5. I?iaa?ea ei??aeoiinoe eioieiae/aneie noaiu

1. Auyaeaiea aiaoieo ia?aie/aiee

2. Auyaeaiea NOAAe- i?aoaiaeaioia

Auiieiyaony aeey eaaeaeie auaeaeaiiie NOAAe

3. Iiaeaee?iaaiea AAe

4. N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec iiaeaeae AAe

1. Eiino?oe?iaaiea noaiu AAe

2. ?ac?aaioea i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey e oaoiieiaee aaaeaiey
eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu

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