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CD-Rom drivers

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OI?IAOU E NOAIAeA?OU

Iocueaeueiua iioe/aneea eiiiaeo-aeenee i?eoee ia niaio aeieeiaui a
1982 aiaeo – i?eia?ii a oi aea a?aiy, eiaaea iiyaeeenue ia?aua
ia?niiaeueiua eiiiuethoa?u oe?iu IBM. Yoe ono?ienoaa yaeeenue
?acoeueoaoii ieiaeioai?iiai nio?oaeie/anoaa aeaoo aeaaioia yeaeo?iiiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe – yiiineie oe?iu Sony e aieeaiaeneie Philips. No?iai
ii?aaeaeaiiay aieinoue eiiiaeo-aeeneia naycaia n oaeie eioa?aniie
enoi?eae.

Eniieieoaeueiue aee?aeoi? oe?iu Sony Aeei Ii?eoa ?aoee, /oi
eiiiaeo-aeenee aeieaeiu ioaa/aoue cai?inai eneeth/eoaeueii ethaeoaeae
eeanne/aneie iocuee – ia aieaa e ia iaiaa. Iinea oiai, eae a?oiia
?ac?aaio/eeia i?iaaea ii?in, auynieeinue, /oi naiui iiioey?iui
eeanne/aneei i?iecaaaeaieai a ssiiiee a oa a?aiaia auea 9-y neioiiey
Aaooiaaia, eioi?ay aeeeeaenue 72-73 ieioou. Iiyoiio auei ?aoaii, /oi
eiiiieo-aeene aeieaeai auoue ?an/eoai eiaiii ia 74 ieioou cao/aiey, a
oi/iaa, ia 74 ieioou e 33 naeoiaeu. Oae ?iaeeeny noaiaea?o, ecaanoiue
eae “E?aniay Eieaa” (Red Book). Eiaaea 74 ieioou ia?an/eoaee a
eeeiaaeou, iieo/eeinue 640 Iaaeo.

Niaoeeaeenou aea Philips ii?aaeaeeee ieieiaeueiua o?aaiaaiey e
ea/anoao caiene caoea e ?aaeaiaioe?iaaea, iai?eia?, oaeea oa?aeoa?enoeee
aoaeeieiiiaeo-aeeneia, eae eo ?acia?, iaoiae eiaee?iaaiey aeaiiuo e
eniieueciaaiea aaeeiie nie?aeueiie aei?iaeee. A /anoiinoe /anoioa
auai?ee noa?aineaiaeia ii?aaeaeyeanue ia o?iaia 44.1 eAoe (aeey iaeiiai
eaiaea 22.05 eAoe), a ?ac?yaeiinoue eaaeaeiai – 16 aeo.

Aeaa auoaiacaaiiua oe?iu nua?aee oaeaea aaaeouoth ?ieue i?e
?ac?aaioea ia?aie niaoeeoeeaoeee oeeo?iauo eiiiaeo-aeeneia – oae
iacuaaaiie “AEaeoie Eieae” (Yellow Book), eee i?inoi CD-ROM. Iia
iineoaeeea iniiaie aeey nicaeaiey eiiiaeo-aeeneia n eiiieaeniui
i?aaenoaaeaieai eioi?iaoeee, oi anoue niiniaiuo o?aieoue ia oieueei
caoeiaua, ii e oaenoiaua e a?aoe/aneea aeaiiua (CD-Digital Audio,
CD-DA). I?e yoii i?eaiae, /eoay caaieiaie aeenea, nai ii?aaeaeyae aai
oei – aoaeei- eee oeeo?iaua aeaiiua. A yoii oi?iaoa, iaeiaei, ia
?aaeaiaioe?iaaeenue eiae/aneea e oaeeiaua oi?iaou eiiiaeo-aeeneia,
iineieueeo ?aoaiea aeaiiuo aii?inia auei iieiinoueth ioaeaii ia ioeoi
oe?iai-i?iecaiaeeoaeyi. Yoi, a /anoiinoe, icia/aei, /oi eiiiaeo-aeene,
niioaaonoaothuee o?aaiaaieyi “AEaeoie Eieae”, iia ?aaioaoue oieueei ia
eiie?aoiie iiaeaee iaeiieoaey. Oaeia iieiaeaiea aeae, iniaaiii a nayce n
aieueoei eiiia?/aneei oniaoii eiiiaeo-aeeneia, ?acoiaaony, ia iiaei
oaeiaeaoai?eoue i?iecaiaeeoaeae iiaeiaiuo ono?ienoa. A iaueo eioa?anao
iaiaoiaeeii auei n?i/ii iaeoe eiii?iienn.

Eiaiii iiyoiio aoi?ui noaiaea?oii aea-oaeoi aeey oeeo?iauo
eiiiaeo-aeeneia noaea niaoeeoeeaoeey HSG (High Sierra Group), eee i?inoi
High Sierra. Yoio aeieoiaio iinee, aiiaua aiai?y, ?aeiiaiaeaoaeueiue
oa?aeoa? e aue i?aaeeiaeai iniiaiuie i?iecaiaeeoaeyie oeeo?iauo
eiiiaeo-aeeneia n oeaeueth iaania/eoue oioy au iaeioi?oth
niaianoeiinoue. Aeaiiay niaoeeoeeaoeey ii?aaeaeyea oaea eae eiae/aneee,
oae e oaeeiaue oi?iaou eiiiaeo-aeeneia.

Nicaeaiiay niaoeeoeeaoeey ieacaeanue ianoieueei i?eaeaeaoaeueiie, /oi
noaiaea?o ISO-9660 (1988 aiae) aeey oeeo?iauo eiiiaeo-aeeneia , a
i?eioeeia niaiaaeae n iniiaiuie iieiaeaieyie HSG. Caiaoei, /oi ana
eiiiaeo-aeenee, niioaaonoaothuea o?aaiaaieyi noaiaea?oa ISO-9660,
eioi?ue ii?aaeaeyao eo eiae/aneee e oaeeiaue oi?iaou, yaeythony
niaianoeiuie ae?oa n ae?oaii. A /anoiinoe yoio aeieoiaio ii?aaeaeyao,
eaeei ia?acii iaeoe ia eiiiaeo-aeenea aai niaea?aeeiia (Volume Table Of
Contents, VTOC). Aaciaue oi?iao, i?aaeeiaeaiiue a HSG-niaoeeoeeaoeee, ai
iiiaii iaiiieiae oi?iao oeiiie-aeenea. Eae ecaanoii, nenoaiiay aei?iaeea
(o?ae 0) ethaie aeeneaou ia oieueei eaeaioeoeoee?oao nai oeiiie-aeene
(aai ieioiinoue, oei eniieuecoaiie IN ), ii e o?aieo eioi?iaoeeth i oii,
eae ii i?aaieciaai ii aee?aeoi?eyi, oaeeai e iiaeaee?aeoieyi.
Eieoeee?othuaay aei?iaeea aeaiiuo ia eiiiaeo-aeenea ia/eiaaony ni
neoaeaaiie iaeanoe, iaiaoiaeeiie aeey neio?iiecaoeee iaaeaeo i?eaiaeii e
aeeneii. Aeaeaa ?aniieiaeaia nenoaiiay iaeanoue , eioi?ay niaea?aeeo
naaaeaiey i no?oeoo?e?iaaiee aeenea. A nenoaiiie iaeanoe iaoiaeyony
oaeaea aee?aeoi?ee aeaiiiai oiia n oeacaoaeyie eee aae?anaie ae?oaeo
iaeanoae aeenea. Nouanoaaiiia ?acee/ea iaaeaeo no?oeoo?ie eiiiaeo-aeenea
e, iai?eia?, aeeneaoie caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi ia CD nenoaiiay iaeanoue
niaea?aeeo i?yiie aae?an oaeeia a iiaeaee?aeoi?eyo, /oi aeieaeii
iaeaa/eoue eo iiene.

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue noaiaea?o ISO-9660 iienuaaao oaeeiaoth nenoaio ia
CD-ROM. ISO-9660 ia?aiai o?iaiy iaiiieiaao oaeeiaoth nenoaio MS-DOS:
eiaia oaeeia iiaoo niaea?aeaoue aei 8-ie neiaieia, ?anoe?aiea eiaie
oaeea (ninoiyuea ec 3-o neiaieia) ioaeaeyaony io eiaie oaeea oi/eie.
Eiaia oaeeia ia iiaoo niaea?aeaoue niaoeeaeueiuo neiaieia (“~”, “-”,
“+”, “=”). I?e eiaiiaaiee oaeeia eniieuecothony neiaieu oieueei aa?oiaai
?aaeno?a, oeeo?u e neiaie “_”. Eiaia eaoaeiaia ia iiaoo eiaoue
?anoe?aiee. Eaaeaeue oaee eiaao aa?neth; iiia? aa?neeioaeaeyaony io
?anoe?aiey neiaieii “;”. Eaoaeiae iiaoo eiaoue aeiaeaiiinoe 8. Noaiaea?o
ISO-9660 aoi?iai o?iaiy iicaieyao einiieueciaaoue a eiaiao oaeeia aei 32
neiaieia, iaeeaaeuaay iienaiiua auoa ia?aie/aiey . Aeenee, nicaeaiiua n
i?eiaiaieai oaeiai noaiaea?oa, ia iiaoo eniieueciaaoueny a ?yaea IN, a
oii /enea e MS-DOS.

Niaoeeoeeaoeey CD-I (Interactive) auea i?aaeeiaeaia a 1988 aiaeo.
Yoio noaiaea?o ii?aaeaeye eniieueciaaiea aeeneiaiai ieaea?a aac
iiaeeeth/aiey aai e eiiiueoa?o. Ono?ienoaii ioia?aaeaiey a aeaiiii
neo/aa aeieaeai aue noaoue , iai?eia?, iaueiiaaiiue oaeaaeci?.
?acoiaaony, /oi eniieueciaaeny e aai noaiaea?oiue caoeiaie eaiae. E?iia
yoiai, CD-I i?aaeeaaaea ianeieueei o?iaiae ea/anoaa aini?iecaaaeaiey
aoaeei- e a?aoe/aneie eioi?iaoeee. Aeaiiay niaoeeoeeaoeey eceiaeaia a
“Caeaiie Eieaa” (Green Book). Caiaoei, /oi oae iacuaaaiua
CD-I-Ready-aeenee yaeythony iaeie nianueth iaaeaeo aoaeei-CD (Red Book)
e ioeueoeiaaeea-aeeneii (Green Book). Oaeei ia?acii, ia aoaeeiieyea?a
i?ineooeaaaony oieueei caoeiaay eioi?iaoeey, a ia ono?ienoaa CD-I
aini?ecaiaeeony any aianoa.

Noaiaea?o CD-ROM XA aue nicaeai a 1990 aiaeo oneeeyie oe?i Microsoft,
Philips e Sony eae “iino” iaaeaeo CD-ROM e CD-I. Oaeei ia?acii, OA-aeene
iia aini?iecaiaeeoueny ia CD-I-ieyea?a eee i?eaiaea, ioaa/athuai
noaiaea?oo Yellow Book (ia i?ie eniieueciaaiee niaoeeaeueiiai
i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey). Oi?iao niaoeeoeeaoeee CD-ROM XA niaianoei
naa?oo aiec n oi?iaoaie, ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiuie High Sierra e ISO-9660.
Iaeiaei a iiaie niaoeeoeeaoeee caeiaeaii oaea ai?acaei aieueoa
aiciiaeiinoae. Ai-ia?auo, oi?iao OA iicaieyao inouanoaeyoue
iiiainaainiaoth caienue ia aeene. Ai-aoi?uo, iniiaiie ioee/eoaeueiie
iniaaiiinoueth i?eaiaeia CD-ROM OA yaeyaony oae iacuaaaiay oaoieea
/a?aaeiaaiey (interleaving). Niaoeeoeoeeaoeey OA iicaieyao iaeiia?aiaiii
o?aieoue ia aeenea a?aoe/aneea, oaenoiaua e caoeiaua aeaiiua, i?e/ai
a?aoeea iiaeao aeeth/aoue eae noaiaea?oiua ea?oeiee e aieiaoeeth, oae e
iieiiia’aiiia aeaeai (full-motion). Nianoaaiii eaeay

interleaving’a ninoieo a oii, /oi aeiee ?acii?iaeiie eioi?iaoeee iiaoo
/a?aaeiaaoueny. Iai?eia?, ca ia?aui aeaeaio?aeiii iiaeao neaaeiaaoue
naaiaio n aai caoeiaui nii?iaiaeaeaieai, iinea eioi?iai ?aniieiaeai
neaaeothuee aeaeaio?aei, e o.ae. Yoi niinianoaoao iiauoaieth
neio?iiiinoe aini?ecaaaeaiey caoea e aeaeai, a oae aea nouanoaaiiiio
oiaiueoaieth ia’aia i?iiaaeooi/iiai aooa?a, iaiaoiaeeiiai aeey
aeinoeaeaiey neio?iiiinoe i?e iau/iii ?aniieiaeaiee eioi?aaoeee ia
aeenea.

Ae?oaie ioee/eoaeueiie iniaaiiinoueth niaoeeoeeaoeee OA yaeyaony
naeaoea caoeiauo aeaiiuo, /oi iicaieyao o?aieoue ia iaeiii aeenea aei
ianeieueeeo /ania aoaeeieioi?iaoeee aianoi iau/iuo 74-o ieioo. E oiio
aea, eae ecaanoii, ea/anoai aoaeei-CD iaania/eaaaony 16-?ac?yaeiui (2
aaeoa) eiioeueneiaeiaui i?aia?aciaaieai (?NI) aiaeiaiaiai neaiaea n
/anoioie 44.1 eAoe. Oaeei ia?acii, aeey iieo/aiey noa?aicao/aiey (2
eaiaea) nei?inoue ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo iaaeaeo i?eaiaeii e eiiiuethoa?ii
aeieaeia ninoaaeyoue i?eia?ii 176th4 Eaaeo/n (2o2o44.1). Enoaoe, eiaiii
iiyoiio ieieiaeueiay nei?inoue ia?aaea/e eioi?iaoeee a niioaaonoaee ni
niaoeeoeeaoeeae ?NI o?iaiy 1 ia aeieaeia auoue iaiueoa 150 Eaaeo/n. Aeey
oaaee/aiey ia’aia o?aieiie aoaeeieioi?iaoeee , ii i?e aini?iecaaaeaiee
aa n oai aea ea/anoaii niaoeeoeeaoeey OA i?aaeiieiaaao eniieueciaaiea 4-
eee 8-?ac?yaeiiai ADPCM-eiaee?iaaiey. A caaeneiinoe io i?aaeiieiaaaiiai
ea/anoaa aini?iecaaaeaiey eioi?iaoeee (aunieiea/anoaaiiay iocuea,
caoeiaua yooaeou eee ?a/ue) /anoioa i?aia?aciaaiey iiaeao oaeaea
aa?uee?iaaoueny.

Aua iaeia niaoeeoeeaoeey, i?eiyoay a 1991 aiaeo e eceiaeaiiay a
“I?aiaeaauo Eieaao” (Irange Books), ioiineony e caienuaaaiui e noe?aaiui
aeeneai. A ia?aie eieaa ?a/ue eaeao i iaaieoiiioe/aneeo aeeneao (CD-MO),
eioi?ua aeiioneatho eae noe?aiea, oae e ia?acaienue eioi?iaoeee. Aoi?ay
eieaa iinayuaia iaeiieoaeyi n iaeiie?aoiie caienueth oeia WORM (Write
Once Raed Many). Eioi?iaoeeth ia eo iineoaee oieueei aeicaienaoue, a ia
ia?aienaoue caiiai. E iiaeiaiui iaeiieoaeyi ioiinyony ono?ienoaa?,
ioaa/athuea, iai?eia?, niaoeeoeeaoeee CD-ROM XA.

A 1993 aiaeo auea aiiine?iaaia aua iaeia eieaa – White Book
(“Aaeay”). A aa nicaeaiee i?eiyee o/anoea JVC, Matsushita, Philips e
Sony. A yoii aeieoiaioa ii?aaeaeyeenue iniiaiua ia?aiao?u aeaeai-CD –
eiiiaeo-aeenea, ia eioi?ii iiaeii auei o?aieoue 72 ieioou
aunieiea/anoaaiiiai aeaeai aianoa ni noa?aicaoeii. O?aiaiea aeaiiuo ia
aeaeai-CD aace?oaony ia iaoiaea naeaoey eioi?iaoeee, iacuaaaiii MPEG
(Motion Picture Experts Group). Aeaeai-CD iiaoo aini?iecaiaeeoueny ia
niaoeeaeueiuo aeaeai-CD-ieyea?ao, CD-I-ieyea?ao ni niaoeeaeueiui
ea?o?eaeaeai “Digital Video”, a oaeaea ia eiiiuethoa?a ni niaoeeaeueiie
ieaoie MPEG-aeaeiaea?a e i?eaiaeii CD-ROM.

Aiiaua aiai?y, noaiaea?o MPEG ia ii?aaeaeyao oi?iaoia caiene aeaiiuo
ia iineoaeyo. Iaeiei ec aiciiaeiuo niiniaia o?aiaiey aeaiiuo iiaeao
auoue CD-I-eiiiaeo-aeene (“Caeaiay Eieaa”). Yoio aeene aini?iecaiaeeony
ia CD-I-ieyea?ao, eiaaea iie iniauaiu aeaeiaea?aie eee ea?o?eaeaeaie
oeia “Digital Video”. Iai?eia?, i?aeoe/anee ana oeeo?iaua aeaeaoeeueiu
i?iaeaiiua Philips aei ethey 1994 aiaea, niioaaonoaiaaee noaiaea?oo
Green Book e iiaee aini?iecaiaeeoueny oieueei ia CD-I-ieyea?ao. Ai?i/ai,
anee auoue nianai oi/iui, noieo ioiaoeoue , /oi CD-I MPEG-aeenee iiaoo
aini?iecaiaeeoueny ia ae?oaeo oeiao ieyea?ia, neaaeai ia Commodore CD32.
Aeey IE a yoii neo/aa iiaeii eniieueciaaoue ReelMagic PC Upgrade Kit.
Ae?oaei niiniaii o?aiaiey iieiinei?inoiiai oeeo?iaiai aeaeai, naeaoiai
ii iaoiaeo MPEG, iiaeao neoaeeoue eiiiaeo-aeene ISO-9660 (Yellow Book).

Niaoeeoeeaoeey White Book yaeyaony a ianoiyuaa a?aiy eaeaaeueiui
n?aaenoaii aeey o?aiaiey oeeo?iaiai aeaeai – yoi aaeeinoaaiiue
noaiaea?oiue iooue aini?ecaaaeaiey aeaeai ia ioeueoeiaaeea-PC.

Iinea i?eiyoey niaoeeoeeaoeee White Book auee ia?aniio?aiu e
ia?aaeaeaiu n aa o/aoii ia?aua aa?nee noaiaea?oa Green Book. Ie?
oeeo?iaiai aeaeai noae i?eiaaeeaaeaoue “Aaeie Eieaa”.

A eiioea 1994 aiaea auee aiiine?iaaiu oae iacuaaiua iocueaeueiua
ioeueoeiaaeea-eiiiaeo-aeenee.AEAeaiiay niaoeeoeeaoeey iineo iacaaiea CD
Plus. Iiaeiaiua aeenee niaea?aeao aeaa naaina (nannee), iaeei ec eioi?uo
– aoaeei, a ae?oaie – CD-ROM. Caienaiioth iocueo iiaeii i?ineooeaaoue ia
aoaeeiieyea?a, a aeinooi e ioeueoeiaaeea-eioi?iaoeee (e iocuea)
aiciiaeai ia i?eaiaea, iiaeeeth/aiiii e IE.

Eoae, auee ?anniio?aiu i?aeoe/anee ana iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiua
oi?iaou o?aiaiey aeaiiuo ia CD-ROM. Eae oaea auei neacaii,
ioee/eoaeueiie iniaaiiinoueth anao yoeo oi?iaoia yaeyaony eo ioee/ea io
oaeeiaie nenoaiu, eniieuecoaiie a MS-DOS. Oaeei ia?acii, aeey aeinooia e
aeaiiui, o?aieiui ia CD-ROM, iaiaoiaeeii i?aia?aciaaiea oi?iaoia. Aeey
yoeo oeaeae oe?ia Microsoft auionoeea niaoeeaeueiue ae?aeaa?, eioi?ue
iacuaaaony Microsoft CD Zextention (mscdex.exe). Ii aoiaeeo a eiiieaeo
iinoaaee MS-DOS, a oaeaea iinoaaeyaony i?aeoe/anee ni anaie i?eaiaeaie
CD-ROM.

ONO?IENOAI E I?EIOeEI ?AAIOU

Eae ecaanoii, aieueoainoai iaeiieoaeae auaatho aiaoieie e
ano?aeaaaiuie (ioo?aiieie). I?eaiaeu eiiiaeo-aeeneia a yoii niunea ia
yaeythony eneeth/aieai. Aieueoeinoai i?aaeeaaaaiuo a ianoiyuaa a?aiy
iaeiieoaeae CD-ROM ioiinyony e ano?aeaaaiui. Aiaoiee iaeiieoaeue, eae
i?aaeei, noieo caiaoii aei?iaea. Oi?i-oaeoi? nia?aiaiiiai ano?eaaaiiai
CD-ROM ii?aaeaeyaony aeaoiy ia?aiao?aie: iieiaeiiie aunioie (Half-High,
HH) e ai?eciioaeueiui ?acia?ii 5.25 aetheia. Oaeei ia?acii, aeey
onoaiiaee iiaeiaiiai iaeiieoaey a eiiiuethoa? o?aaoaony naiaiaeiue
iiioaaeiue ionae 5.25 aetheia.

Ia ia?aaeiae iaiaee eaaeaeiai iaeiieoaey eiaaony aeinooi e iaoaiecio
caa?ocee eiiiaeo-aeenea a i?eaiae. Oaeaea oai ?aniieiaeaiu eiaeeeaoi?
?aaiou ono?ienoaa (iau/ii Busy), aiacaei aeey iiaeeeth/aiy iaooieeia eee
noa?ainenoaiu (aeey i?ineooeaaiey aoaeeiaeeneia), a oaeaea ?aaoeyoi?
a?iieinoe (oaeaea aeey aoaeei-CD). E?iia oiai, i?e eniieueciaaiee
eiioaeia?a ia ia?aaeiae iaiaee eiaaony ioaa?noea, n iiiiuueth eioi?iai
iiaeii ecaea/ue eiiiaeo-aeene aeaaea a aaa?eeiie neooaoeee, iai?eia?
anee ia n?aaaouaaao eiiiea Eject.

Ia caaeiae iaiaee i?aeoe/anee anao aac eneeth/aiey i?eaiaeia CD-ROM
iaoiaeyony ii e?aeiae ia?a o?e ?ac’aia: eioa?oaeniue, ieoaiey e aoaeei.
Iacia/aiea ia?auo aeaoo, aeaeeii, ia aucuaaao aii?inia. ?ac’ai aeey
auaiaea caoea iicaieyao iiaeeeth/aoue i?eaiae e caoeiaie ea?oa. Yoi
oaeiaii i?e i?ineooeaaiee aoaeeiaeeneia, iineieueeo ia o?aaoao
ia?aeeth/aiey aeonoe/aneie nenoaiu eee iaooieeia n iaeiiaiaiacaea ia
ae?oaia.

E?iia yoeo ?ac’aiia i?e eniieueciaaiee SCSI-eioa?oaena n caaeiae
iaiaee i?eaiaea aeinooiiu oaeaea ?acenoi?u-oa?ieiaoi?u ono?ienoaa e
iaai? ia?aiu/ae (jumpers), eee ia?aeeth/aoaeae (switches), eioi?ua
ii?aaeaeytho iiia? ono?ienoaa e ?aaeei ?aaiou. Ia neaaeoao caauaaoue,
/oi ?acenoi?u-oa?ieiaoi?u aeieaeiu auoue onoaiiaeaiu ia host-aaeaioi?a
SCSI e i?eaiaea eiiiaeo-aeeneia, anee e oeia eioa?oaena ia iiaeeeth/aiu
ae?oaea ono?ienoaa.

A i?eaiaea eiiiaeo-aeeneia iiaeii auaeaeeoue ianeieueei aaciauo
yeaiaioia: eaca?iue aeeiae, na?aiiioi?, iioe/aneoth nenoaio
(aeeth/athuoth a naay ?anuaieythuoth i?ecio) e oioiaeaoaeoi?.

E oae, n/eouaaiea eioi?iaoeee n eiiiaeo-aeenea, oae aea eae e
caienue, i?ienoiaeeo i?e iiiiue eaca?iiai eo/a, ii, ?acoiaaony, iaiueoae
iiuiinoe. Na?aiiioi? ii eiiaiaea aioo?aiiaai iee?ii?ioeanni?a i?eaiaea
ia?aiauaao io?aaeathuaa ca?eaei. Yoi iicaieyao oi/ii iiceoeeiie?iaaoue
eaca?iue eo/ ia eiie?aoioth aei?iaeeo. Oaeie eo/, iiiaaeay ia
io?aaeathuee naao ino?iaie, /a?ac ?anuaieythuoth eeico ioeeiiyaony ia
oioiaeaoaeoi?, eioi?ue eioa?i?aoe?oao yoi eae aeaie/ioth aaeeieoeo. Eo/
eaca?a, iiiaaeathuee ai aiaaeeio, ?annaeaaaony e iiaeiuaaony –
oioiaeaoaeoi? oeene?oao aeaie/iue iieue (oeeo?iaay eioi?iaoeey
i?aaenoaaeyaony /a?aaeiaaieai aiaaeei (iaio?aaeathueo iyoai) e
io?aaeathueo naao ino?iaeia). A ea/anoaa io?aaeathuae iiaa?oiinoe
eiiiae-aeeneia iau/ii eniieuecoaony aethieiee. ?acoiaaony, any
iiaa?oiinoue eiiiaeo-aeenea iie?uoa i?ic?a/iui caueoiui neiai.

A ioee/ea io, iai?eia?, aei/anoa?ia, aei?iaeee eioi?uo i?aaenoaaeytho
niaieeiioeaio?e/aneea ie?oaeiinoe, eiiiaeo-aeene eiaao anaai iaeio
oece/aneoth aei?iaeeo a oi?ia iai?a?uaiie nie?aee, eaeouae io
aioo?aiiaai aeeaiao?a e ia?oaeiiio. Oai ia iaiaa iaeia oece/aneay
aei?iaeea iiaeao auoue ?acaeoa ia ianeieueei eiae/aneeo.

A oi a?aiy, eae ana iaaieoiua aeenee a?auathony n iinoiyiiui /eneii
iai?ioia a ieiooo, o.a. n iaeciaiiie oaeiaie nei?inoueth (CAV, Constant
Angular Velocity), eiiiaeo-aeene a?auaaony iau/ii n ia?aiaiiie oaeiaie
nei?inoueth, /oiau iaania/eoue iinoiyiioth eeiaeioth nei?inoue i?e
/oaiee (CLV, Constant Linear Velocity). Oaeei ia?acii, /oaiea aioo?aiieo
naeoi?ia inouanoaeyaony n oaaee/aiiui, a ia?oaeiuo – n oiaiueoaiiui
/eneii iai?ioia. Eiaiii yoei iaoneiaeeaaaony aeinoaoi/ii ieceay
nei?inoue aeinooia e aeaiiui aeey eiiiaeo-aeeneia ii n?aaiaieth,
iai?eia?, n aei/anoa?aie.

A iineaaeiaa a?aiy iiyaeeenue oae iacuaaaiua ia?acaienuaaaiua
eiiiaeo-aeenee CD-R (CD-Recordable). Iineoaee oeia CD-R iiaoo auoue
caienaiu naiei iieueciaaoaeai ia niaoeeaeueiii CD-R-i?eaiaea. A iniiaiii
caeanue i?eiaiythony oaoiieiaee, iniiaaiiua ia eciaiaiee io?aaeathueo
naienoa aauanoaa iiaeeiaeee eiiiaeo-aeenea iiae aeaenoaeai eo/a eaca?a.
Enoaoe, iaaei caiaoeoue, /oi ia?acaienuaaaiua eiiiaeo-aeenee a
ianeieueei ?ac aei?iaea iau/iuo. Aeaei a oii, /oi a ea/anoaa
naaoiio?aaeathuaai neiy a ieo eniieuecoaony oaea ia aethieiee, a cieioi
(iiaeiaiua aeenee iau/ii neoaeao eae ianoa?iua aeey aeaeueiaeoaai
oe?aaee?iaaiey). *eoaoue CD-R-aeenee iiaeii ia iau/iii i?eaiaea, ii,
?acoiaaony, oieueei ia?aue naain caiene.

EIOA?OAENU

Aeiaieueii /anoi oe?iu i?iecaiaeeoaee iinoaaeytho i?eaiae CD-ROM n
iaycaoaeueiie ea?oie eiio?ieea?a, ia eioi?ie ?aaeeciaai oae iacuaaaiue
(nianoaaiiue) proprietary-eioa?oaen. Iau/ii yoi nianoaaiiay ?aaeecaoeey
iaeiie ec aa?nee eioa?oaenia IDE eee SCSI. *anoi i?e iieoiea iaeiieoaey
ia CD-ROM a ninoaaa Multimedia Kit ia caoeiaie ea?oa iaoiaeeony eiaiii
proprietary-eioa?oaen. Noaiaea?oaie aea-oaeoi aeey eioa?oaenia i?eaiaeia
eiiiaeo-aeeneia noaee niaoeeoeeaoeee Mitsumi, Panasonic e Sony. Iaeiei
ec iiioey?iuo eioa?oaenia anao i?eaiaeia, aeeth/ay i?eaiaei CD-ROM,
yaeyaony SCSI eee SCSI-2.

Eae ecaanoii, ioee/eoaeueiie iniaaiiinoueth eioa?oaena IDE yaeyaony
?aaeecaoeey ooieoeee eiio?ieea?a a naiii iaeiieoaea. Eiaiii iiyoiio
iiaeeeth/aiea iiaeiaiuo i?eaiaeia e eiiiuethoa?o auiieiyaony /a?ac
aeinoaoi/ii i?inoaiueeoth ieaoo aaeaioa?a. Aeaiiue eioa?oaen
iiaeaea?aeeaaao, eae i?aaeei i?ia?aiiiue aaiae-auaiae. Iiaeniaaeeiaiea
i?eaiaea e ieaoa eioa?oaena auiieiyaony iin?aaenoaii ieineiai eaaaey,
eioi?ue ioee/aaony iau/ii ii /eneo eiioaeoia a caaeneiinoe io oe?iu –
i?iecaiaeeoaey iaeiieoaey ( Sony – 34-eiioaeoiue, Panasonic –
40-eiioaeoiue eaaaeue).

Eiiiaiey Western Digital ?ac?aaioaea oae iacuaaaioth niaoeeoeeaoeeth
Enchanced IDE. Yoio aeieoiaio iiaeaea?aeaee i?aeoe/anee ana aaaeouea
eiiiaiee ii i?iecaiaenoao iaeiieoaeae. Iiaue eioa?oaen iicaieyao
iiaeeeth/aoue iaeiia?aiaiii aei /aou?ao i?eaiaeia aeanoeeo aeeneia. Ii
naiia aeaaiia, niaoeeoeeaoeey Enchanced IDE iicaieyao ia oieueei
oaaee/eoue eiee/anoai iiaeeeth/aaiuo ono?ienoa, ii e eniieueciaaoue
ae?oaea oeiu ono?ienoa, iai?eia? i?eaiaeu CD-ROM eee no?eia?u. A
/anoiinoe, Western Digital aeey iiaeaea?aeee iaeiieoaeae CD-ROM n
eioa?oaenii IDE i?aaeeaaaao i?ioieie ATAPI (ATA Packed Interface). ATAPI
yaeyaony ?anoe?aieai i?ioieiea ATA e o?aaoao iacia/eoaeueiuo eciaiaiee a
nenoaiiie BIOS. A iauai neo/aa eniieuecoaony niaoeeaeueiue ae?aeaa?. A
iineaaeiaa a?aiy iiyaeeenue iaeiieoaee, eioi?ua iiaeaea?aeeaatho ia
oieueei eioa?oaen IDE, ii e EIDE/ATAPI.

Eae ecaanoii, eioa?oaen SCSI noae iaeiei ec aaaeiaeoeo i?iiuoeaiiuo
noaiaea?oia aeey iiaeeeth/aiey oaeeo ia?eoa?eeiuo ono?ienoa, eae,
iai?eia?, aei/anoa?u, no?eia?u, eaca?iua i?eioa?u, i?eaiaeu CD-ROM e
o.i. Iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi SCSI – eioa?oaen aieaa aunieiai o?iaiy,
iaaeaee IDE. Oece/anee SCSI-oeia i?aaenoaaeyao niaie ieineee eaaaeue n
50-eiioaeoiuie ?ac’aiaie, /a?ac eioi?ua iiaeii iiaeeeth/eoue aei ainueie
ia?eoa?eeiuo ono?ienoa. Noaiaea?o SCSI ii?aaeaeyao aeaa niiniaa
ia?aaea/e neaiaeia – neioaciue e aeeooa?aioeeaeueiue. Aa?nee oeiu SCSI n
aeeooa?aioeeaeueiie ia?aaea/ae neaiaea aeayo oaaee/eoue aeeeio oeiu.
*oiau aa?aioe?iaaoue ea/anoai neaiaeia ia iaaeno?aee SCSI, eeiee oeiu
aeieaeiu eiaoue niaeaniaaiea n iaaeo noi?ii (iaai? niaeanothueo
?acenoi?ia, eee oa?ieiaoi?).

Aa?ney eioa?oaena SCSI-2 iicaieyao iiauneoue i?iioneioth niiniaiinoue
iaaeno?aee ca n/ao oaaee/aiey oaeoiaie /anoiou iaiaia e nie?auaiey
e?eoe/aneeo a?aiaiiuo ia?aiao?ia oeiu, i?eiaiaiey iiaaeoeo AEN e
aunieiea/anoaaiiuo eaaaeae. Oaeei ia?acii ?aaeecoaony “nei?inoiie”
aa?eaio SCSI-2 – Fast SCSI-2. “Oe?ieee” (Wide SCSI-2) aa?eaio
iaaeno?aee, i?aaeoniao?eaaao iaee/ea aeiiieieoaeueiuo 24 eeiee aeaiiuo
aeaaiaea?y iiaeeeth/aieth aoi?iai 68-i?iaiaeiiai eaaaey (aeey i?eaiaeia
CD-ROM ia i?eiaiyaony). Iau/ii nei?inoue ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo ii oeia
SCSI(-2) aeey i?eaiaeia CD-ROM aeinoeaaao io1.5-2 aei 3-4 Iaaeo/n.

Ianiio?y ia noaiaea?oiinoue eioa?oaena SCSI, i?iaeaia niaianoeiinoe
i?eaiaeia n SCSI-aaeaioa?aie ii-i?aaeiaio inoaaony. A neo/aa ?aaeecaoeee
nianoaaiiiai eioa?oaena iiaeeeth/aiea ae?oaeo ono?ienoa, e?iia i?eaiaea
CD-ROM, aeinoaoi/ii i?iaeaiaoe/ii. Caeanue neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi
nouanoaoao niaoeeoeeaoeey ASPI (Advanced SCSI Programming Interface),
eioi?oth ?ac?aaioaea oe?ia Adaptec – aaaeouee i?ecaiaeeoaeaue aaeaioa?ia
SCSI. ASPI ii?aaeaeyao noaiaea?oiue i?ia?aiiiue eioa?oaen aeey iniiaiiai
(host) aaeaioa?a SCSI. I?ia?aiiiua iiaeoee ASPI aeinoaoi/ii eaaei
noueothony ae?oa n ae?oaii. Iniiaiui i?ia?aiiiui iiaeoeai ASPI yaeyaony
ASPI-oino-iaiaaeaea?. N iei naycuaathony i?ia?aiiu-o?aeaa?u ASPI,
iai?eia?, aeey oaeeo ono?ienoa, eae i?eaiaeu CD-ROM, oeiioe/aneea e
niaiiua aeanoeea aeenee, neaia?u e o.ae.

A oii neo/aa, anee i?iecaiaeeoaeue SCSI-ono?ienoaa iinoaaeyao
ASPI-niaianoeiue ae?aeaa?, oi ii niaianoei ni anaie oino-aaeaioa?aie eee
eioa?oaeniuie ea?oaie Adaptec e aieueoeinoaa ae?oaeo i?iecaiaeeoaeae.

E niaeaeaieth, a ?yaea neo/aaa i?iecaiaeeoaee i?eaiaeia CD-ROM
iinoaaeytho naith ea?oo eiio?ieea?a n nianoaaiiui (ianiaianoeiui n ASPI)
ae?aeaa?ii, iacuaay eioa?oaen SCSI. Yoi neaaeoao eiaoue a aeaeo, anee au
oioeoa iiaeeeth/eoue e SCSI ae?oaea ono?ienoaa.

Eaeie aea ec eioa?oaenia i?aaeii/oeoaeueiae eniieueciaaoue a IBM
PC-niaianoeiuo eiiiuethoa?ao aeey i?eaiaeia CD-ROM? Oioy oai?aoe/anee
eioa?oaen SCSI iiaeao iaania/eoue nei?inoue iaiaia ianeieueei auoa,
iaaeaee IDE, ia i?aeoeea ana ianoieo ianeieueei neiaeiaa. Ia neaaeoao
caauaaoue, iai?eia?, oio oaeo, /oi IDE-eioa?oaen eniieuecoao a iniiaiii
i?a?aiiiue aaiae-auaiae, a SCSI-ono?ienoaa a aieueoainoaa neo/aaa –
ia?aaea/o aeaiiuo ii i?yiiio aeinooio e iaiyoe. A
iaeiiiieueciaaoaeueneoo nenoaiao i?ia?aiiiue aaiae-auaiae /anoi
ieacuaaaony ai?acaei yooaeoeaiaa. Yoi iniaaiii /aoei i?iyaeyaony i?e
eniieueciaaiee oeo/oaiiuo aeai?eoiia eyoe?iaaiey. I?aeiouanoai
SCSI-aaeaioa?ia iainii?eii a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue a iiiaicaaea/iuo e
iiiaiiieueciaaoaeueneeo nenoaiao. Aeaei a oii, /oi eiiaiaeu aeey
SCSI-ono?ienoaa iiaoo auoue iino?iaiu a i/a?aaeue, /oi inaiaiaeaeaao
i?ioeanni? aeey auiieiaiey ae?oaeo iia?aoeee. E?iia oiai, anee i?eaiae
CD-ROM eniieuecoaony a eieaeueiie naoe eae eieeaeoeaiia ono?ienoai,
aeueoa?iaoeau SCSI, iiaeaeoe, iiea iao.

N ae?oaie noi?iiu, onoaiiaea IDE-i?eaiaea aeinoaoi/ii i?inoa. A
aieueoainoaa neo/aaa ni?aaaaeeea i?eioeei “aeeth/ae e ?aaioae”. Aeey
ii?iaeueiie ?aaiou a oaeeu eiioeao?aoeee nenoaiu iau/ii ia o?aaoaony
aeiaaaeyoue ieeaeeo aeiiieieoaeueiuo i?ia?aiiiuo ae?aeaa?ia.

Aeey SCSI-aaeaioa?a i?ioeann onoaiiaee aieaa neiaeai. Ai-ia?auo,
neaaeoao iiiieoue i ?acaeaeyaiuo nenoaiiuo ?ano?nao: ii?oao
aaiaea-auaiaea, i?a?uaaieyo IRQ, eaiaeao i?yiiai aeinooia e iaiyoe DMA,
iaeanoyo a aa?oiae iaiyoe UMB. Ai-aoi?uo, o?aaoaony aa?ii ii?aaeaeeoue
SCSI ID aeey eiie?aoiiai ono?ienoaa, a-o?aoueeo, ia neaaeoao caauaaoue,
neaiaea /aoiinoe (cai?aoeoue eee ?ac?aoeoue), onoaiiaea oa?ieiaoi?ia e
o.ae. E?iia oiai, oaeeu eiioeao?aoeee iaycaoaeueii aeieaeiu auoue
aeiiieiaiu niioaaonoaothueie i?ia?aiiiuie ae?aeaa?aie aaeaioa?a e
ono?ienoa.

*oi aea eanaaony noieiinoe, oi SCSI-aaeaioa?a iau/ii a eiiiuethoa?a
iao e aai i?eoiaeeony iieoiaoue aeiiieieoaeueii.

INIIAIUA IA?AIAO?U I?EAIAeIA

Nei?inoue aeinooia (access time) ii?aaeaeyao n?aaeiaa a?aiy (a
ieeeenaeoiaeao), iaiaoiaeeiia aeey iaia?oaeaiey e caa?ocee ia?aiai aeiea
aeaiiuo ai aioo?aiiee aooa?. Noaiaea?o MPC 1 onoaiaaeeaaao oaeia a?aiy a
iaeio naeoiaeo eee iaiaa, ii aieueoainoai nia?aiaiiuo i?eaiaeia eiatho
nei?inoue aeinooia ieiei 0.3 n. ?acoiaaony, yoio ia?aiao? ia aeeth/aao a
naay a?aiy, iaiaoiaeeiia aeey auoiaea aeaeaaoaey ia ?aai/ee ?aaeei.

Nei?inoue ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo (dats-transfer rate) caaeneo io aeaoo
oaeoi?ia – ieioiinoe aeaiiuo e nei?inoe a?auaiey aeenea. Iiae
ieioiinoueth a aeaiiii neo/aa iiieiatho eiee/anoai aeo (aiaaeei) ia
aethei (eee ieeeeiao?). Oae, aeey 16-aeoiiai noa?aineaiaea ea/anoaa
aoaeei-CD (/anoioa 44.1 eAoe) nei?inoue aeieaeia auoue 1.4 Iaeoa/n.
?acaeaeea yoi cia/aie ia /enei aeo a aaeoa (8), iu iieo/ei 176.4
Eaaeoa/n – on?aaeiaiiia cia/aiea aeey nei?inoe ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo.
Noaiaea?o IN? 1 ii?aaeaeyao nei?inoue ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo eae 150 Eaaeo/n,
IN? 2 – 300 Eaaeo/n. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy iaeaieueoaa ?ani?ino?aiaiea
iieo/eee i?eaiaeu, eniieuecothuea oaoiieiaeth oaeaiaiey nei?inoe
a?auaiey aeenea. Eiaiii a yoii neo/aa nei?inoue ia?aaea/e aeinoeaaao
cia/aiey 300 Eaaeo/n. Iiaeiaiua ono?ienoaa oaeiaeaoai?ytho
niaoeeoeeaoeee IN? 2, iineieueeo eiatho a?aiy iienea iaiaa 400 in.
N?aaieoaeueii iaaeaaii iiyaeeenue iiaeaee i?eaiaeia n oo?iaiiie,
o/aoaa?aiiie e aeaaea ooanoa?aiiie nei?inoueth a?auaiey. Ieiia?ii a
oaoiieiaee oaaee/aiey nei?inoe yaeythony, iai?eia?, oe?iu NEC e Plextor.

Iiae ?acia?ii aeiea aeaiiuo (data block size) iiieiatho ieieiaeueiia
eiee/anoai aaeo, eioi?ua ia?aaeathony ia eiiiuethoa? /a?ac eioa?oaenioth
ea?oo. Eia/a aiai?y, yoi aaeeieoea eioi?iaoeee, n eioi?ie iia?e?oao
eiio?ieea? i?eaiaea. Ieieiaeueiue ?acia? aeiea aeaiiuo a niioaaonoaee ni
niaoeeoeeaoeeae I?N ?aaai 16 Eaaeo. Iineieueeo oaeeu ia eiiiaeo-aeenea
iau/ii aeinoaoi/ii aieueoea, oi i?iiaaeooee iaaeaeo aeieaie aeaiiuo
ie/oiaeii iaeu.

?acia? aooa?a – ?acia? aioo?aiiaai aooa?a (eyo-iaiyoe),a eioi?ue
n/eouaathony oaeeu ia?aae eo ia?aaea/ae. Noaiaea?o I?N onoaiaaeeaaao
?acia? aooa?a a 64 Eaaeo, a yoi a aooa?a aoaeao iaoiaeeoueny ieiei 0.4
naeoiaeu 16-aeoiiai noa?aineaiaea ea/anoaa CD-Audio (/anoiou 44.1 eAoe).
Aeey nei?inoiuo ono?ienoa ?acia? aooa?a iiaeao aeinoeaaoue 256 Eaaeo e
aeaaea 1 Iaaeoa.

Iiaeaea?aeea i?iea?uaaiey aoaeeiaeeneia icia/aao, /oi n iiiiuueth
i?eaiaea CD-ROM au niiaeaoa neooaoue iau/iua iocueaeueiua
eiiiaeo-aeenee. Yoie aiciiaeiinoueth iaeaaeatho i?aeoe/anee ana
nia?aiaiiua iiaeaee i?eaiaeia. Iaeioi?ua iiaeaee ia o?aaotho aeey yoiai
niaoeeaeueiuo i?ia?aii – aini?ecaaaeaiea aoaeei-CD auiieiyaony ia
“aiia?aoiii” o?iaia. Aeey aeeth/aiey yoiai ?aaeeia ia ia?aaeiae iaiaee
i?eaiaea eiaaony niaoeeaeueiay eiiiea.

Iiaeaea?aeea oi?iaoa CD-ROM/XA. Iiae?acoiaaaaony eniieueciaaiea
aeeneia oi?iaoa OA, iiaeaea?aeeaathuaai o?aiaiea aoaeei- e aeaeaiaeaiiuo
aaeeiui aeieii, a eioi?ue oaeaea aeeth/aaony eioi?iaoeey i
neio?iiecaoeee caoea. Aeaiiua ia aoaeeiaeeneao e CD-ROM o?aiyony ia
aei?iaeeao, aiauathueo 24-aaeoiaua “eaae?u”, i?iea?uaaaiua ni
nei?inoueth 75 eaae?ia a naeoiaeo. O?aiyueany aeaiiua iiaoo aeeth/aoue
caoe, oaeno, noaoe/aneea e aeeiaie/aneia ecia?aaeaiey. I?e niaea?aeaiee
a iau/iie oi?iaoa eaaeaeue oei aeieaeai ?aniieaaaoueny ia ioaeaeueiie
aei?iaeea, eiaaea a oi?iaoa OA aeaiiua ?acee/iiai oeia iiaoo o?aieoueny
ia iaeiie aei?iaeea.

Oei caa?ocee aeenea. Nouanoaoao aeaa oeia i?eaiaeia CD-ROM. A ia?aii
neo/aa aeene onoaiaaeeaaaony iai?yioth (iai?eia?, a i?eaiaeao Mitsumi).
Ai aoi?ii neo/aa aeey onoaiiaee aeenea eniieuecoaony niaoeeaeueiay
eannaoa, iacuaaaiay eyaeaee (caddy). Iaaei?iaea iaeiinei?inoiua iiaeaee
n i?yiie onoaiiaeie aeenea iau/ii i?aaenoaaeytho niaie aa?nee
aoaeei-CD-ieyea?ia. Aeey i?ineooeaaiey aoaeeiaeeneia ia i?eaiaea CD-ROM,
iineaaeiee aeieaeai iaania/eaaoue yoo aiciiaeiinoue. Anee anoue
aiciiaeiinoue auai?a, oi eo/oa inoaiiaeoueny ia iiaeaeyo n
aaoiiaoe/aneie i/enoeie eeic e i?ioe?eie aeenea i?e aai caa?ocea. Iau/ii
yoe iioeee nouanoaaiii ia aeeytho ia oeaio.

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