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Архивирование и обслуживание дисков

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?AAIOA N A?OEAAIE

Auaiae iaeaaeaiey a iaiaeue. Au iiaeaoa auaanoe a iaiaeue Norton
Commander iaeaaeaiea a?oeaiiai oaeea, auaeaeea eo?ni?ii a iau/iie iaiaee
n iaeaaeaieai eaoaeiaa eiy a?oeaiiai oaeea e iaaeaa Enter (n iiiiuueth
iuoe – aeaaaeaeu uaeeioa eiy a?oeaiiai oaeea). Anee ia ae?oaie iaiaee
oaea auaaaeaii iaeaaeaiea a?oeaa, oi iiiuoea auaiaea aua iaeiiai
iaeaaeaiey a iaiaeue aoaeao i?ieaii?e?iaaia (iaeiia?aiaiii iaeaaeaiey
aeaoo a?oeaiuo oaeeia a Norton Commander auaanoe iaeuecy).

Aeae iaiaee. Aeae iaiaee n iaeaaeaieai a?oeaa – oaeie aea, eae iaiaee n
iaeaaeaieai eaoaeiaa, oieueei a caaieiaea iaiaee ioia?aaeaaony oei
a?oeaiiai oaeea (iai?eia?, Zip:, Arj: e o.ae.) e eiy a?oeaiiai oaeea.

I?iniio? iaeaaeaiey a?oeaa. Au iiaeaoa ?aaioaoue n iaiaeueth,
niaea?aeauae iaeaaeaiea a?oeaiiai oaeea, ii/oe oaeaea, eae n iaiaeueth,
niaea?aeauae iaeaaeaiea eaoaeiaa. Oae, Au iiaeaoa i?iniao?eaaoue
iaeaaeaiea a?oeaa, «eenoay» aai eeaaeoaie PgUp e PgDn , ioia/aoue oai
oaeeu iaaeaoeai eeaaeoe Ins eee uae/eii i?aaie eiiiee iuoe. Aeey
eciaiaiey ii?yaeea auaiaea eioi?iaoeee i oaeeao a a?oeaa Au iiaeaoa
iieueciaaoueny eiiaeiaoeeyie eeaaeo Ctrl F3 – Ctrl F7.

«Iiaeeaoaeiae» a?oeaa. Anee a?oea aeeth/aao naaaeaiey i eaoaeiaao, a
eioi?uo iaoiaeyony niaea?aeaueany a iai oaeeu, yoe naaaeaiey aoaeoo
ioia?aaeaiu e a iaiaee n iaeaaeaieai a?oeaiiai oaeea – a iae aoaeoo
auaaaeaiu ia oieueei oaeeu, ii e iiaeeaoaeiae. Au iiaeaoa «aoiaeeoue» a
iiaeeaoaeiae, «ni?yoaiiua» aioo?e a?oeaa e auoiaeeoue ec ieo oae aea,
eae i?e i?iniio?a iau/iuo eaoaeiaia. Oae, aeey aoiaea a iiaeeaoaeia
iaaei auaeaeeoue eo?ni?ii aai eiy e iaaeaoue Enter (eee aeaaaeaeu
uaeeiooue eiy yoiai iiaeeaoaeiaa iuoueth), a aeey auoiaea – auaeaeeoue
«..» a ia/aea iaiaee e iaaeaoue Enter (eee aeaaaeaeu uaeeiooue «..»
iuoueth).

Auoiae ec i?iniio?a iaeaaeaiey. Anee Au auaeaeeoa «..» ia naiii aiaoiai
o?iaia a a?oeaa (oae neacaoue, a «ei?iaaii eaoaeiaa» a?oeaa) e iaaeiaoa
Enter (eee aeaaaeaeu uaeeieoa «..» iuoueth), Au aueaeeoa a i?iniio?
eaoaeiaa, niaea?aeauaai a?oea. Ae?oaie aa?eaio – iaaeaoue eiiaeiaoeeth
eeaaeo Ctrl \ eee ioaeiia /enei ?ac Ctrl PgUp.

?aaioa n a?oeaii. I?e ?aaioa n iaeaaeaieai a?oeaa Au iiaeaoa
eniieueciaaoue aieueoeinoai aiciiaeiinoae Norton Commander oae aea, eae
yoi aeaeaaony i?e ?aaioa n iaeaaeaieai eaoaeiaa. A /anoiinoe, Au iiaeaoa
eiie?iaaoue oaeeu a a?oea e ec a?oeaa, oaeaeyoue oaeeu ec a?oeaa,
i?iniao?eaaoue oaeeu, iaoiaeyueany a a?oeaa. Norton Commander
aaoiiaoe/anee aucuaaao niioaaonoaothuee a?oeaaoi?, a oaeaea i?ia?aiiu
i?iniio?a, aeey auiieiaiey o?aaoaiuo aeaenoaee. Oai ia iaiaa, ?aaioa n
a?oeaii eiaao iaeioi?ua ioee/ey io ?aaiou n eaoaeiaii.

I?iniio? oaeeia a a?oeaa. Aeey i?iniio?a oaeea a a?oeaa iaaei
onoaiiaeoue eo?ni? ia eiy oaeea a iaiaee n iaeaaeaieai a?oeaa e iaaeaoue
eeaaeoo F3.

Ecaea/aiea oaeeia ec a?oeaa. *oiau ecaea/ue (eiie?iaaoue) oaeeu ec
a?oeaa, auaeaeeoa a iaiaee n iaeaaeaieai a?oeaa eiaia ecaeaeaaiuo oaeeia
eee iiaeeaoaeiaia e iaaeieoa F5 (eeai ia?aoaueoa iuoueth auaeaeaiiua
oaeeu a ae?oaoth iaiaeue). Aeaeaa ana aeaenoaey auiieiythony oae aea,
eae i?e eiie?iaaiee oaeeia ec iau/iiai eaoaeiaa.

Ia?anueea oaeeia ec a?oeaa. Ia?anueea oaeeia ec a?oeaa aiciiaeia oieueei
aeey .ZIP-a?oeaia i?e eniieueciaaiee a?oeaaoi?a NCZIP (oi anoue i?e
iaee/ee iaaeiene NcZip: a caaieiaea iaiaee n a?oeaii). Ia?anueea
auiieiyaony oae aea, eae ecaea/aiea oaeeia ec a?oeaa, oieueei aeey aa
ia/aea iaaei iaaeaoue eeaaeoo F6, a ia F5, eeai aea?aeaoue i?e
ia?aoaneeaaiee iuoueth iaaeaoie eeaaeoo Alt.

Iiiauaiea oaeeia a a?oea. *oiau iiianoeoue (neiie?iaaoue) oaeeu a a?oea,
neaaeoao auaanoe a iaiaeue Norton Commander iaeaaeaiea a?oeaa, ia?aeoe
(iai?eia?, iaaeaa eeaaeoo Tab) ia ae?oaoth iaiaeue, auaeaeeoue a iae
eiaia iiiauaaiuo a a?oea oaeeia e iaaeaoue F5 (eeai ia?aoaueoue iuoueth
auaeaeaiiua oaeeu a ae?oaoth iaiaeue). Aeaeaa ana aeaenoaey auiieiythony
oae aea, eae i?e eiie?iaaiee oaeeia a iau/iue eaoaeia.

Ia?anueea oaeeia a a?oea. Ia?anueea oaeeia a a?oea auiieiyaony oae aea,
eae eiie?iaaiea oaeeia a a?oea, oieueei aeey aa ia/aea iaaei iaaeaoue
eeaaeoo F6,a ia F5, eeai aea?aeaoue i?e ia?aoaneeaaiee iuoueth iaaeaoie
eeaaeoo Alt.

Oaeaeaiea oaeeia ec a?oeaa. Oaeaeaiea oaeeia ec a?oeaa inouanoaeyaony
oae aea, eae oaeaeaiea oaeeia ec eaoaeiaa: iaaei onoaiiaeoue eo?ni? ia
oaeaeyaiue oaee a?oeaa eee ioiaoeoue oaeaeyaiua ec a?oeaa oaeeu e
iaaeaoue F8.

N?aaiaiea iaeaaeaiee a?oeaa e eaoaeiaa. Au iiaeaoa n?aaieoue iaeaaeaiea
a?oeaa e eaoaeiaa oae aea, eae iaeaaeaiea aeaoo eaoaeiaia. Aeey yoiai
iaaei auaanoe n?aaieiua iaeaaeaiey ia iaiaee Norton Commander e aua?aoue
eiiaiaeo Compare directories (N?aaiaiea eaoaeiaia) a a?oiia Commands
(Eiiaiaeu) iaith i?ia?aiiu.

NCZIP eee PKZIP/PKUNZIP. ZIP-oaeeu iiaoo ia?aaaouaaoueny eae a?oeaaoi?ii
PKZIP/PKUNZIP, oae e a?oeaaoi?ii NCZIP (nianoaaiiui a?oeaaoi?ii Norton
Commander). Ociaoue i oii, eaeei a?oeaaoi?ii ia?aaaouaaaony a?oea,
iiaeii ii caaieiaeo iaiaee n iaeaaeaieai a?oeaa. Anee a caaieiaea iaiaee
ia?aae eiaiai a?oeaiiai oaeea auaiaeeony Zip:, cia/eo, a?oea aoaeao
ia?aaaouaaoueny PKZIP/PKUNZIP. Anee aea oi a caaieiaea iaiaee n
iaeaaeaieai a?oeaa auaiaeeony NcZip: , oi a?oea aoaeao ia?aaaouaaoueny
a?oeaaoi?ii NCZIP.

Auai? iaaeaeo PKZIP/PKUNZIP e NCZIP inouanoaeyaony, ia enoiaey ec
eaeeo-eeai naienoa a?oeaa, a a caaeneiinoe io oiai, eaeie ec a?oeaaoi?ia
(iaoiaeia naeaoey) iineaaeiei eniieueciaaeny aeey nicaeaiey a?oeaa i?e
iaaeaoee AltF5.

Nicaeaiea a?oeaa. Anee iaiaoiaeeii nicaeaoue a?oea e iiianoeoue a iaai
iaeioi?ia eiee/anoai oaeeia, iiaeii ainiieueciaaoueny neaaeothuei
niiniaii.

Auaeaeeoa a iaiaee Norton Commander n iaeaaeaieai eaoaeiaa oa oaeeu e
iiaeeaoaeiae, eioi?ua iaaei iiianoeoue a a?oea.

Anee ia ae?oaie iaiaee Norton Commander auaaaeaii iaeaaeaiea a?oeaa,
aueaeeoa ec i?iniio?a iaeaaeaiey a?oeaa. Eo/oa anaai auaanoe a yoo
iaiaeue iaeaaeaiea oiai eaoaeiaa, a eioi?ue aeieaeai auoue iiiauai
nicaeaaaaiue a?oea.

Iaoiaeynue a iaiaee n oaeeaie e iiaeeaoaeiaaie, eioi?ua auaeaeaiu aeey
iiiauaiey a a?oea, iaaeieoa AltF5. Norton Commander auaaaeao cai?in i
ia?aiao?ao iiiauaiey oaeeia a a?oea. Iaae iieai, oeacuaathuei eiy
nicaeaaaaiiai a?oeaa, niiauaaony aeae a?oeaaoi?a, eioi?ue aoaeao
i?eia?youeny i?e nicaeaiee a?oeaa.

Oeaaeeoa a cai?ina eaoaeia e eiy nicaeaaaaiiai a?oeaa (?anoe?aiea iiaeii
ia oeacuaaoue, iii ii?aaeaeyaony oeiii a?oeaa, oi anoue iaoiaeii
naeaoey). Ii oiie/aieth Norton Commander i?aaeeaaaao eiy Default, oae
/oi iau/ii aianoi iaai i?eoiaeeoueny aaiaeeoue ae?oaia.

Onoaiiaeoa auaaaeaiiua a cai?ina ?aaeeiu (eae iau/ii, aeey eciaiaiey
cia/aiey ?aaeeia iaaei eeai uaeeiooue niioaaonoaothuea iiea iuoueth,
eeai iiaeaanoe e iaio eo?ni? e iaaeaoue eeaaeoo I?iaae ):

Include sub directories (Aeeth/ay iiaeeaoaeiae) – anee ?aaeei
aeeth/ai e n?aaee ioia/aiiuo iauaeoia eiathony eaoaeiae (eee oioy au
iaeei eaoaeia), oi a a?oea aoaeoo iiiauaoueny oaeeu ec oeacaiiuo
eaoaeiaia e anao eo iiaeeaoaeiaia. Aeey a?oeaaoi?ia ARJ, PKZIP e NCZIP
(nianoaaiiue a?oeaaoi? Norton Commander) i?e yoii a a?oeaa aoaeoo
nio?aiyoueny e naaaeaiey i eaoaeiaao, niaea?aeaaoeo oaeeu (oi/iaa, aeey
eioi?iai a?oeae?oaiiai oaeea a a?oeaa nio?aiythony naaaeaiey i iooe io
eaoaeiaa, a eioi?ii Au auaeaeyee oaeeu e iiaeeaoaeiae, aei eaoaeiaa,
niaea?aeauaai aeaiiue oaee);

Use Filters (Eniieueciaaoue oeeueo?) – anee aeaiiue ?aaeei aeeth/ai,
oi i?e auiieiaiee a?oeaaoeee aoaeao eniieueciaaoueny oeeueo?. Aeey
auai?a oeeueo?a neaaeoao iaaeaoue eiiieo cai?ina Filters (Oeeueo?) e
caaeaoue ia?aiao?u oeeueo?a iia?aoeee;

Delete files afterwards (Oaeaeeoue oaee ii ieii/aiee) – anee ?aaeei
onoaiiaeai, oi iinea oniaoiiai iiiauaiey a a?oea enoiaeiua oaeeu aoaeoo
oaeaeaiu.

Anee oeacaiiue a cai?ina aeae a?oeaaoi?a Aan ia ono?aeaaao, iaaeieoa ia
eiiieo cai?ina Select method (Iaoiae naeaoey) e auaa?eoa ioaeiue Aai
a?oeaaoi?.

Iaaeieoa ia eiiieo cai?ina Compress (Naeaoue), e Norton Commander ia/iao
iiiauaiea oaeeia a a?oea. I?e eniieueciaaiee nianoaaiiiai a?oeaaoi?a
Norton Commander i?e iiiauaiee eaaeaeiai oaeea a a?oea aoaeao
auaiaeeoueny eiy yoiai oaeea e aeeaa?aiia-iieinea, ioia?aaeathuay oiae
naeaoey oaeea. Aeey inoaeueiuo a?oeaaoi?ia auaiaeeoueny niiauaiea i oii,
/oi oaeeu iiiauathony a a?oea, e yoi niiauaiea inoaaony ia ye?aia a
iaeciaiiii aeaea aei ieii/aiey ?aaiou a?oeaaoi?a.

?aniaeiaea a?oeaa. Anee Au oioeoa ecaea/ue ana oaeeu ec a?oeaa, iiaeii
i?eiaieoue neaaeothuee niinia. Oeaaeeoa a iau/iie iaiaee n iaeaaeaieai
eaoaeiaa eiy a?oeaiiai oaeea e iaaeieoa AltF6. A auaaaeaiiii cai?ina
oeaaeeoa eaoaeia, a eioi?ue iaaei ecaeaeaoue oaeeu, aeeth/eoa ?aaeei
Include sub directories (Aeeth/ay iiaeeaoaeiae), anee ecaea/aiea oaeeia
ec a?oeaa iaaei auiieiyoue n ainnoaiiaeaieai caiiiiaiiie a a?oeaa
no?oeoo?u iiaeeaoaeiaia, e iaaeieoa eiiieo cai?ina Decompress
(?aniaeiaaoue).

Ia?acaienue oaeeia i?e ?aniaeiaea. Anee a eaoaeiaa, a eioi?ue aeieaeai
auoue iiiauai oaee ec a?oeaa, nouanoaoao oaee n oai aea eiaiai, /oi e
oaee ec a?oeaa, oi eiathueeny ia aeenea oaee aoaeao caiauai aac
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiee.

Eneeth/aieai yaeyaony ?aniaeiaea .ZIP-a?oeaa n iiiiuueth a?oeaaoi?a
NCZIP, eioi?ue auaeaao niiauaiea i ia?acaiene oaeea: «The file …
already exists. Do you wish to write over the target file?» (Oaee …
oaea nouanoaoao. Caiaieoue oaee i?e eiie?iaaiee?). Au iiaeaoa aua?aoue
iaeei ec ioaaoia: Overwrite (Caiaieoue) — ?ac?aoeoue ?aniaeiaeo, i?e
yoii nouanoaiaaaoee oaee n oai aea eiaiai aoaeao oie/oiaeai; All (Ana) —
?ac?aoeoue ?aniaeiaeo yoiai e anao iineaaeothueo oaeeia aac aeaeueiaeoeo
cai?inia; Skip (I?iionoeoue) ‘— i?iionoeoue ?aniaeiaeo oaeea e
i?iaeieaeeoue ?aniaeiaeo a?oeaa; Cancel (Ioiaia) — ia ?ac?aoeoue
?aniaeiaeo oaeea e i?ae?aoeoue ?aniaeiaeo a?oeaa. Aeey i?ae?auaiey
?aniaeiaee a?oeaa iiaeii oaeaea iaaeaoue eeaaeoo [Esc].

Oanoe?iaaiea a?oeaia. Eiiaiaeu oanoe?iaaiey (i?iaa?ee oeaeinoiinoe)
a?oeaia oaeiaii caienaoue a oaee NCEDIT.EXT, caaeathuee eiiaiaeu auciaa
aiaoieo ?aaeaeoi?ia (ni. i. 24.3). Oiaaea i?e oeacaiee eo?ni?ii ia
a?oeaiue oaee e iaaeaoee (OO) eee C^DCES (B caaeneiinoe io oiai, eaeay
ec ieo aucuaaao aiaoiee ?aaeaeoi?) aoaeao auiieiaii oanoe?iaaiea a?oeaa.

Iano?ieea eiiaiae caionea a?oeaaoi?ia. Eiiaiaeu aeey caionea oiaeiaueeia
(PKZIP/PKUNZIP, ARJ, ARC, LHARC, ?AE e ZOO) i?e auiieiaiee iia?aoeee n
a?oeaaie ninoaaeythony ia iniiaa eioi?iaoeee, niaea?aeauaeny a oaeea
PACKER.SET, iaoiaeyuainy a eaoaeiaa n oaeeaie Norton Commander. Yoi
oaenoiaue oaee, a ia/aea eioi?iai eiathony aeinoaoi/ii iiae?iaiua
eiiiaioa?ee i aai niaea?aeeiii. Ciay ia?aiao?u auciaa a?oeaaoi?ia, Au
iiaeaoa aeiiieieoue iaania/eaaaiua Norton Commander aiciiaeiinoe,
iai?eia?, neaaeothueie:

• oeacaieai ia?iey i?e iiiauaiee oaeeia a a?oea e ecaea/aiee eo ec
a?oeaa; .

• oeacaieai eaoaeiaa aeey ?aciauaiey a?aiaiiuo oaeeia a?oeaaoi?a i?e
iiiauaiee oaeeia a a?oea;

• cai?auaieai eiie?iaaiey a a?oea ii?aaeaeaiiuo oaeeia (iai?eia?,
.AAE-oaeeia).

IANEOAEEAAIEA AeENEIA

Eaaeaeue aiaeeoaeue aaoiiiaeey iiieii eniieueciaaiey naiaai aaoiiiaeey
aeey iiacaeie aeieaeai cai?aaeyoue aai aaiceiii, iuoue, i?iaiaeeoue
oaoie/aneia ianeoaeeaaiea e o.ae. Anee ii ia aoaeao aeaeaoue yoiai,
iineaaenoaey aoaeoo naiuie ia/aeueiuie. Oi/ii oaeaea iieueciaaoaeue
eiiiuethoa?a aeieaeai ia?eiaee/anee oaeaeyoue n aeeneia anyeee oeai
(eeoiea aeaiiua), ono?aiyoue o?aaiaioaoeeth aeanoeeo aeeneia, i?iaa?youe
oeaeinoiinoue oaeeiaie nenoaiu e o.ae.

Ia eaaeaeii aeenea eiathony ia oieueei aeaiiua iieueciaaoaey, ii e
neoaeaaiua aeaiiua: oaaeeoea ?aciauaiey oaeeia, caa?oci/iay caienue
aeenea, ei?iaaie eaoaeia. Anee yoe iaeanoe aeenea ieaaeoony
iia?aaeaeaiiuie, oi aeaiiua ia aeenea ieaaeoony iieiinoueth eee /anoe/ii
iaaeinooiiuie. ?o/iia ainnoaiiaeaiea nenoaiiuo iaeanoae aeenea o?aaoao
ec?yaeiie eaaeeoeeaoeee e i/aiue o?oaeiaiei. Iiyoiio neaaeoao ?aaoey?ii
(iai?eia?, ?ac a aeaiue) nicaeaaaoue eiiee nenoaiiuo iaeanoae aeanoeeo
aeeneia n iiiiuueth aoiaeyuae a eiiieaen Norton Utilities i?ia?aiiu
Image. Yoe eiiee i/aiue iieaciu e i?e ainnoaiiaeaiee neo/aeii oaeaeaiiuo
eee ioeai/ii ia?acaienaiiuo oaeeia – iie iicaieytho ociaoue, aaea ia
aeenea iaoiaeeeenue o/anoee yoiai oaeea.

A?aiy auiieiaiey i?ia?aiiu Image ninoaaeyao anaai ianeieueei naeoiae.
Iiiaea iieueciaaoaee anoaaeytho aucia i?ia?aiiu Image a oaee
AUTOEXEC.BAT.

Oaeaeaiea iaioaeiuo oaeeia. A oiaea ?aaiou n eiiiuethoa?ii ia aeenea
ia?acoaony iiiai iaioaeiuo oaeeia – yoi e a?aiaiiua oaeeu, ii eaeie-eeai
i?e/eia (iai?eia?, ec-ca «caaenaiey» i?ia?aiiu) ia oaeaeaiiua nicaeaaoae
eo i?ia?aiiie, e oaeeu n ?anoe?aieai .AAE – noa?ua eiiee oaeeia, e ae?.
*oiau ia cani?youe aeanoeea aeenee iaioaeiuie oaeeaie e inaiaiaeeoue
ianoi ia aeeneao, iiaeii ainiieueciaaoueny i?ia?aiiie WipeInfo ec
eiiieaena Norton Utilities eee n?aaenoaii «Oai?ea aeenea» ec Norton
Commander 5.0

A?aiy oaeaeaiey iaioaeiuo oaeeia iau/ii ninoaaeyao ianeieueei ieioo eee
aeaaea iaiaa ieioou. Auiieiyoue aai aeaeaoaeueii ia ?aaea ?aca a
iaaeaeth (iiaeii e /aua – i?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe inaiaiaeeoue ianoi ia
aeenea).

I?iaa?ea e ei??aeoeey aeeneia. I?e naiyo a ?aaioa eiiiuethoa?a,
caaenaiee DOS e ii ?acee/iui ae?oaei i?e/eiai nenoaiiua iaeanoe ia
aeenea iiaoo auoue iaei??aeoii eciaiaiu. Aeey auyaeaiey e eni?aaeaiey
yoeo ia?ooaiee (eo iacuaatho ia?ooaieyie oaeeiaie no?oeoo?u) iiaeii
eniieueciaaoue i?ia?aiio NDD (Norton Disk Doctor) ec eiiieaena Norton
Utilities. Yoa i?ia?aiia iiaeao oaeaea i?iaa?eoue aeene ia iaee/ea
«naieiuo» o/anoeia ia iiaa?oiinoe aeenea e ia?aianoeoue aeaiiua ec
«naieiuo» o/anoeia a aaciianiua ianoa aeenea.

A?aiy i?iaa?ee aeenea i?e i?iaa?ea oieueei aai oaeeiaie no?oeoo?u
iau/ii ninoaaeyao iaeio-aeaa ieioou, a i?e i?iaa?ea oaeaea e iiaa?oiinoe
aeenea – ieiei iyoe ieioo. Ai?i/ai, yoi a?aiy neeueii caaeneo io ?acia?a
aeenea, aai auno?iaeaenoaey. Eiee/anoaa oaeeia e eaoaeiaia ia aeenea.
AEaeaoaeueii i?iaa?youe oaeeiaoth no?oeoo?o aeeneia ia ?aaea ?aca a
iaeio-aeaa iaaeaee, a iieioth i?iaa?eo aeeneia (aeeth/athuoth i?iaa?eo
iiaa?oiinoe aeeneia ia iaee/ea oece/aneeo aeaoaeoia) iiaeii auiieiyoue
?ac a ianyoe.

Iioeiecaoeey ?aciauaiey oaeeia ia aeenea. Iia?aoeeiiiay nenoaia DOS (a
?aaii Windows e Windows 95) ioaiaeeo ianoi ia aeenea aeey oaeeia
o/anoeaie (eeanoa?aie) ii ia?a iaiaoiaeeiinoe, o.a. oiaaea, eiaaea
i?iecaiaeeony oaeoe/aneay caienue ia aeene a oi ianoi, aeey eioi?iai aua
ia auaeaeaii ianoi ia aeenea. Yoi aeaao aieueooth aeaeinoue e oaeianoai,
ii eiaao iai?eyoiue «iiai/iue yooaeo». I?e eioaineaiii eniieueciaaiee
aeenea, oaeaeaiee e ia?acaiene oaeeia ia aeenea ia?acoaony iiiai ionouo
(ia caiyouo oaeeaie) iano e iiiai oaeeia ieacuaathony
o?aaiaioe?iaaiiuie, o.a. ?aniieiaeaiiuie a ianeieueeeo o/anoeao aeenea.
Yoi cia/eoaeueii oaaee/eaaao eiee/anoai ia?aiauaiee aieiaie
aaiaea-auaiaea i?e ?aaioa n aeeneii, /oi caiaaeeyao ?aaioo n aeeneii e
aucuaaao eceeoiee eciin aeeneiaiaea.

*oiau ono?aieoue aeaiiua yaeaiey, neaaeoao eniieueciaaoue i?ia?aiiu
iioeiecaoeee ?aciauaiey oaeeia. Iai?eia?, SpeeDisk ec eiiieaena Norton
Utilities. Yoe i?ia?aiiu ia?aiauatho ana oaeeu ia aeenea e ia/aeo aeenea
e ono?aiytho o?aaiaioaoeeth oaeeia. A?aiy auiieiaiey oaeie i?ia?aiiu
iau/ii ninoaaeyao ianeieueei ieioo. AEaeaoaeueii iioeiece?iaaoue ana
aeanoeea aeenee eiiiuethoa?a (oi/iaa, ?aciauaiiua ia ieo eiae/aneea
aeenee) ia ?aaea iaeiiai-aeaoo ?ac a ianyoe. Iiaeii auiieiyoue
iioeiecaoeeth e /aua, iai?eia?, anee Au ii/oanoaiaaee, /oi nei?inoue
?aaiou n aeanoeei aeeneii caiaoii oiaiueoeeanue.

I?iaa?ea iaaeaaeiinoe aeanoeiai aeenea. N?ie neoaeau aeanoeiai aeenea
ia?aie/ai (oioy nia?aiaiiua aeanoeea aunieiea/anoaaiiua aeenee iiaoo
?aaioaoue cia/eoaeueii aeieueoa n?iea naiaai ii?aeueiiai onoa?aaaiey), e
ca iaeioi?ia a?aiy aei iieiiai ioeaca aeanoeiai aeenea ia iai iiaoo
ia/aoue i?ienoiaeeoue iaeeea naie – oio eee eiie naeoi? aeenea eiiaaea
ia oi/ao /eoaoueny eee caienuaaoueny. N iiiiuueth i?ia?aiiu Calibrate ec
eiiieaena Norton Utilities iiaeii i?iaa?eoue iaaeaaeiinoue /oaiey-caiene
ia aeanoeee aeene iooai caiene ia aeene ?acee/iuo niaoeeaeueii
iiaeia?aiiuo aeaiiuo (ia?acoeia) e oanoe?iaaiey i?aaeeueiinoe caiene.
Eioi?iaoeey ia aeenea i?e yoii ia oie/oiaeaaony.

A?aiy i?iaa?ee aeenea i?ia?aiiie Calibrate caaeneo io iauaia e
auno?iaeaenoaey aeenea e ouaoaeueiinoe oanoe?iaaiey e iau/ii ninoaaeyao
ianeieueei /ania. AEaeaoaeueii i?iaa?youe ana aeanoeea aeenee
eiiiuethoa?a (oi/iaa, ?aciauaiiua ia ieo eiae/aneea aeenee) i?eia?ii ?ac
a iieaiaea. Aiai/a?aaeioth i?iaa?eo neaaeoao aeaeaoue eeoue i?e
iiaeic?aiee, /oi aeanoeee aeene ia/ae «aa?aoeeoue».

ENIIEUeCOIAss EEOA?AOO?A

1. Oeao?iia A.Y. «IBM PC aeey iieueciaaoaey. E?aoeee eo?n.» – I.:
EIO?A-I, 1998. – 480 n.: ee

?oeiaiaenoai iieueciaaoaey a?oeaaoi?a RAR aa?nee 1.5.

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