.

Архивация данных в MS DOS

Язык: русский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 1025
Скачать документ

A?oeaaoeey aeaiiuo aeey MS DOS.

TOC \o “1-3” Enoi?ey ?acaeoey oai?ee naeaoey eioi?iaoeee GOTOBUTTON
_Toc479910624 PAGEREF _Toc479910624 1

A?oeaaoi?u MS DOS. GOTOBUTTON _Toc479910625 PAGEREF _Toc479910625
6

PKZIP GOTOBUTTON _Toc479910626 PAGEREF _Toc479910626 8

RAR GOTOBUTTON _Toc479910627 PAGEREF _Toc479910627 8

QUARK GOTOBUTTON _Toc479910628 PAGEREF _Toc479910628 9

GZIP GOTOBUTTON _Toc479910629 PAGEREF _Toc479910629 10

ARJZ GOTOBUTTON _Toc479910630 PAGEREF _Toc479910630 10

N?aaiaiea a?anee a?oeaaoi?ia MS DOS e Windows. GOTOBUTTON
_Toc479910631 PAGEREF _Toc479910631 14

Eeoa?aoo?a. GOTOBUTTON _Toc479910632 PAGEREF _Toc479910632 15

Enoi?ey ?acaeoey oai?ee naeaoey eioi?iaoeee

Enoi?ey ?acaeoey MS DOS aanueia iioiaea ia enoi?eth ?acaeoey anao
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee. Aieaa oiai, eiioeaioeey MS DOS
iaiin?aaenoaaiii caeinoaiaaia ec iia?aoeeiiiie nenoaiu UNIX. UNIX, a
naith i/a?aaeue, aace?oaony ia naiuo ia?auo iia?aoeeiiiuo nenoaiao oeia
OS/360 e aeaaea IBM704. Iniiaiua aeai?eoiu a?oeaaoeee aeaiiuo aia/aea
auee ii?iaiaaiu ia UNIX, a caoai (eiiaaea i?ioeann ?acaeoey oao eee eiuo
aeai?eoiia inouanoaeyeny ia?aeeaeueii) a MS DOS. A i?eioeeia,
aieueoeinoai eniieuecoaiuo a ianoiyuaa a?aiy ooeeeo aeey a?oeaaoeee
ia/aee naith aeeciue ia/eiay n MS DOS 2.0.

Eoae, a ni?ieiauo aiaeao o/aiua, ?aaioathuea a iaeanoe eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee, ynii iiiyee, /oi iiaeii ?ac?aaioaoue oaeie niinia o?aiaiey
aeaiiuo, i?e eioi?ii i?ino?ainoai aoaeao ?anoiaeiaaoueny aieaa yeiiiiii.
Eeiae Oaiiii, eco/ay ithainu ?acee/ee iaaeaeo naiaioeeie (semantics)
(/oi iaeay nouiinoue cia/eo) e neioaenenii (syntax) (eae iaeay nouiinoue
au?aaeaaony), ?ac?aaioae aieueoeinoai aaciauo iiiyoee yoie oai?ee.
Iiieiaiea oiai, /oi iaeii e oi aea cia/aiea (naiaioeea) iiaeao auoue
?aaeeciaaii ?acee/iuie niiniaaie (neioaenen), i?eaiaeeo e caeiiiia?iiio
aii?ino: “Eaeie niinia au?aaeaiey /aai-eeai yaeyaony iaeaieaa
yeiiiie/iui?” Iiene ioaaoa ia yoio aii?in i?eaae Oaiiiia e iunee ia
yio?iiee, eioi?ay, i?iua aiai?y, niioiineony n eiee/anoaii,
niaea?aeauaeny a oaeea iieaciie eioi?iaoeee. Iaoiaeu naeaoey iuoathony
oaaee/eaaoue yio?iieth oaeea, oi anoue oiaiueoaoue aeeeio oaeea,
nio?aiyy i?e yoii anth eioi?iaoeeth.

Iaeiaei, Oaiiii ia aue ia?aui, eoi caaeoiuaaeny i nouiinoe eioi?iaoeee e
ii?aaeaeaiee aa eiee/anoaa. Ia?aue oaa ia yoii iooe naeaeae a 1928 a.
Oa?oee. Iniiaiie iieo/aiiue ei ?acoeueoao iiaeii noi?ioee?iaaoue
i?eia?ii oae: anee a caaeaiiii iiiaeanoaa, niaea?aeauai N yeaiaioia,
auaeaeai iaeioi?ue yeaiaio x, i eioi?ii ecaanoii eeoue, /oi ii
i?eiaaeeaaeeo yoiio iiiaeanoao, oi, /oiau iaeoe x, iaiaoiaeeii iieo/eoue
eiee/anoai eioi?iaoeee, ?aaiia log2 N. Yoo oi?ioeo iau/ii iacuaatho
oi?ioeie Oa?oee.

Oi?ioea Oa?oee yaeyaony /anoiui neo/aai aieaa iauae oi?ioeu Oaiiiia,
iicaieythuae iaeoe eiee/anoai eioi?iaoeee a neo/aeiii niiauaiee
oeene?iaaiiiai aeoaaeoa. Ionoue X1, …, Xn – neiaieu yoiai aeoaaeoa,
P1, …, Pn – aa?iyoiinoe eo iiyaeaiey a oaenoa niiauaiey, oiaaea
oi?ioea Oaiiiia i?eieiaao aeae:

H = P1*log2(1 / P1) + … + Pn*log2(1 / Pn),

aaea H – eiee/anoai aeo eioi?iaoeee a iaeiii neiaiea niiauaiey, eee
yio?iiey neiaiea niiauaiey. Yoi /enei iieacuaaao ieieiaeueiia n?aaeiaa
/enei aeo, iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey i?aaenoaaeaiey iaeiiai neiaiea aeoaaeoa
aeaiiiai niiauaiey.

A iaeioi?uo neo/ayo aeoaaeo niiauaiey iiaeao auoue iaecaanoai, oiaaea
auaeaeaathony aeiioacu ia aeoaaeoa niiauaiey. Eiay ?aciua aeoaaeou,
iiaeii aeinoe/ue ?aciuo eiyooeoeeaioia naeaoey. Iai?eia?, oaenoiaue
oaee, anee aai ?anniao?eaaoue eae iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue aeoia, eiaao
yio?iieth ii?yaeea 0.7 – 0.9, anee eae iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue aaeoia, –
0.5 – 0.7, oioy iiioey?iua i?ia?aiiu naeaoey oiaiueoatho ?acia?u
oaenoiauo oaeeia aei 0.3 – 0.4 io enoiaeiiai ?acia?a.

Aeieacaoaeuenoai Oaiiiia ia auei eiino?oeoeaiui, o.a. ia niaea?aeaei
niiniaa iino?iaiey yoeo iioeiaeueiuo eiaeia, a eeoue iieacuaaei eo
nouanoaiaaiea. Aei iiyaeaiey ?aaiou Oaiiiia, eiaee?iaaiea neiaieia
aeoaaeoa i?e ia?aaea/a niiauaiey ii eaiaeai nayce inouanoaeyeinue
iaeeiaeiaui eiee/anoaii aeo, iieo/aaiui ii oi?ioea Oa?oee. N iiyaeaieai
yoie ?aaiou ia/aee iiyaeyoueny niiniau, eiaee?othuea neiaieu ?aciui
/eneii aeo a caaeneiinoe io aa?iyoiinoe iiyaeaiey eo a oaenoa. Iai?eia?,
/anoi a oaeeao iaeioi?ua cia/aiey aaeoa ano?a/athony /aua ae?oaeo. Oaeei
ia?acii, ca n/ao eniieueciaaiey aeey eaaeaeiai cia/aiey aaeoa eiaea
?acee/iie aeeeiu iiaeii cia/eoaeueii oiaiueoeoue iauee ?acia? aeaiiuo.
Yoa aaciaay eaeay eaaeeo a iniiaa aeai?eoiia naeaoey Oaiiiia-Oaii
(Shannon-Fano) e Oaooiaia (Huffman). Iiaeiaiua aeai?eoiu auae?atho aieaa
ei?ioeea eiaeu aeey /anoi ano?a/athueony e aieaa aeeeiiua aeey ?aaeei
ano?a/athueony cia/aiee aaeoa. Iau/ii oaenoiaua oaeeu (a eioi?uo iaeie
cia/aiey aaeoia iiaoi?ythony ai?acaei /aua ae?oaeo) iie naeeiatho
aeiaieueii oi?ioi.

Aieaa o?eaeoeaoe eao aeai?eoi naeaoey Oaooiaia e aai aa?eaiou
inoaaaeenue iaeaieaa iiioey?iuie iaoiaeaie. Iaeiaei a 1977 aeaa
enneaaeiaaoaey ec Ec?aeey i?aaeeiaeeee niaa?oaiii ae?oaie iiaeoiae e
yoie i?iaeaia. Aa?aoai Eaiiae e sseia Cea auaeaeioee eaeath oi?ie?iaaiey
“neiaa?y” iaueo iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoae aeaiiuo. I?e yoii naeaoea aeaiiuo
inouanoaeyaony ca n/ao caiaiu caienae niioaaonoaothueie eiaeaie ec
neiaa?y. Nouanoaotho aeaa aeai?eoia, a ianoiyuaa a?aiy ecaanoiua eae
LZ77 e LZ78. Iie oaea ia o?aaotho aeeth/aiey neiaa?y aeaiiuo a a?oea,
oae eae anee au oi?ie?oaoa aao neiaa?ue ii?aaeaeaiiui niiniaii,
i?ia?aiia aeaeiaee?iaaiey iiaeao aai ainnoaiaaeeaaoue iaiin?aaenoaaiii
ec aaoeo aeaiiuo. E niaeaeaieth, LZ77 e LZ78 o?aoyo iiiai a?aiaie ia
nicaeaiea yooaeoeaiiai neiaa?y. Eaiiae aue i?eaeaoai oe?iie Sperry aeey
ieacaiey ei iiiiue a ?ac?aaioea niiniaa iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiie oiaeiaee
aeaiiuo ia eiiiuethoa?iuo eaioao. A yoie aea oe?ia Oa??e Aae/ (Terry
Welch) ?anoe?ee aeai?eoi LZ78, nicaeaa iiaue aa?eaio, oe?iei ecaanoiue,
eae LZW.

Ia ?aaioo Aae/a ia?aoeea aieiaiea a?oiia i?ia?aiienoia Unix e
eniieueciaaea aai aeai?eoi a eo i?eeiaeaiee LZW, iieo/eaoai aiieia
anoanoaaiiia iacaaiea compress. Iie aeiaaaeee ianeieueei
oniaa?oainoaiaaiee e iioaeeeiaaee iauaaeinooiioth aa?neth yoie i?ia?aiiu
a oaeaeiioa?aioeee Internet, aeaaiaea?y /aio iiiaea iieueciaaoaee niiaee
ia/aoue n iae ?aaioaoue.

Iiioey?iinoue aeai?eoia LZW a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie naycaia n oniaoii
i?ia?aiiu compress. Enoiaeiue oaeno iineaaeiae aa?nee i?ia?aiiu,
inouanoaeythuae eae naeaoea, oae e aeaeiii?anneth, caieiaao anaai 1200
no?ie. ssae?i eiaea naeaoey caieiaao ia aieaa nioie no?ie, a eiae
aeaeiii?annee ia iaiiiai aieueoa. I?ia?aiienou n/eoatho, /oi yoi
iaeaa/aao /oaiea e iiieiaiea aeai?eoia, a oaeaea iicaieyao
aaeaioe?iaaoue aai aeey naiuo ?aciuo oeaeae.

Aeai?eoiu LZ-noeey (aeeth/ay LZW, LZ77, LZ78 e iiiaea ae?oaea aa?eaiou)
i/aiue iiioey?iu aacaea, aaea o?aaoaony oieaa?naeueiia naeaoea. LZW
eniieuecoaony a noaiaea?oa iiaeaia V.42bis, i?ioieiea ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo
ZModem, oi?iaoao GIF, TIFF, ARC e ae?oaeo i?eeeaaeiuo i?ia?aiiao.
Ae?oaea aeai?eoiu LZ eniieuecothony a aeeneiauo ooeeeoao naeaoey oeia
DoubleSpace e Stacker, a?aoe/aneeo oi?iaoao oeia PNG, a oaeaea a
oieaa?naeueiuo ooeeeoao a?oeae?iaaiey e naeaoey, aeeth/ay ZIP, GZIP e
LHA.

Iiieii iieuecothueony aieueoei aieiaieai aeai?eoiia, aace?othueony ia
neiaa?a, nouanoaotho e ae?oaea iiaeoiaeu. Aeai?eoi naeaoey Oaooiaia
(Huffman), iniiaaiiue ia noaoenoe/aneeo eieaaaieyo ?ani?aaeaeaiey
iaeioi?uo cia/aiee aaeoia, eaa a iniiao ianeieueeeo i/aiue yooaeoeaiuo
iaoiaeia naeaoey, ecaanoiuo, eae a?eoiaoe/aneia eiaee?iaaiea (arithmetic
encoding), yio?iieeiia eiaee?iaaiea (entropy coding) eee Q-eiaee?iaaiea
(Q-coding). A?eoiaoe/aneia eiaee?iaaiea oeo/oaao naeaoea Oaooiaia aeaoiy
iooyie. Ia?aia oniaa?oainoaiaaiea caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi iii ia
o?aaoao, /oiau aua?aiiua eiaeu auee oeaeui /eneii aeo. A oi a?aiy eae
naeaoea Oaooiaia iiaei auae?aoue aeaoo- e /aou?aoaeoiaua eiaeu,
i?ia?aiia a?eoiaoe/aneiai eiaee?iaaiey iiaeao eniieueciaaoue eiae
aeeeiie 6,23 aeo. (*oi oaeia 0,23 aeo – /enoi oeeinioneee aii?in, anee
Aan yoi caeioa?aniaaei, oi a ioaeaeueiii ?acaeaea Au iaeaeaoa ae?oaia
iauyniaiea a?eoiaoe/aneiai eiaee?iaaiey.) Aoi?ia oniaa?oainoaiaaiea
(eioi?ia iiaeao oaeaea eniieueciaaoueny a naeaoee Oaooiaia) caeeth/aaony
a oii, /oi a?eoiaoe/aneia eiaee?iaaiea eniieuecoao aieaa neiaeioth
noaoenoeeo. Iia ia i?inoi neaaeeo ca /anoioie iiyaeaiey aaeoa a oaeea, a
ioeaieaaao /anoioo aai iiyaeaiey a ii?aaeaeaiiii eiioaenoa. Iai?eia?,
i?e eniieueciaaiee enoiaeiiai aeai?eoia naeaoey Oaooiaia neiaie “u”,
ano?a/athueeny ia neeoeii /anoi, iia au iieo/aoue aeiaieueii aeeeiiue
eiae. Ii a neiaeiie i?ia?aiia a?eoiaoe/aneiai eiaee?iaaiey neiaie “u”,
neaaeothuee ca “q”, aoaeao caeiaee?iaai i/aiue eiiiaeoii, oae eae auniea
aa?iyoiinoue oiai, /oi “u” neaaeoao n?aco ca “q”. Eiiaeiaoeey yoeo aeaoo
oniaa?oainoaiaaiee i?eaiaeeo i/aiue e yooaeoeaiiio naeaoeth.

Ae?oaea iaoiaeu naeaoey i?aaeiacia/aiu aeey aeaiiuo ii?aaeaeaiiiai
oeia, a iioiio iie ieioi iiaeoiaeyo aeey a?oeae?iaaiey. Iiiaea
oniaa?oainoaiaaiiua iaoiaeu, iiyaeyaoeany a iineaaeiaa a?aiy,
iniiauaaeenue ia neioaca yoeo o?ao iaoiaeia (iai?eia?, eniieueciaaiea
eiaeia Oaooiaia aeey caienae neiaa?y) eee auiieiaiey neiaeiie
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie ia?aaioee aeaiiuo, oaaee/eaathuae yooaeoeaiinoue
naeaoey iaeiei ec yoeo iaoiaeia.

Aiciiaeii, iaeiei ec iaeaieaa nouanoaaiiuo niauoee ca iineaaeiea
ianeieueei aeanyoeeaoee a iaeanoe aeai?eoiia naeaoey noaei iiyaeaiea
iaoaioia ia i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea. N 1981 United States Patent and
Trademark Office (USPTO) ia/ae i?eieiaoue cayaee ia iaoaioiaaiea
aeai?eoiia i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey. Iiiaea ec i?aaenoaaeaiiuo iaoaioia
auee ii iaoiaeai naeaoey. Iaeaieaa ecaanoiua ec ieo – iaoaiou oe?iu
Unisys ia aeai?eoi naeaoey LZW e iaoaiou oe?iu IBM ia a?eoiaoe/aneia
eiaee?iaaiea. E niaeaeaieth, ia?aiia/aeueii ?aaioa ii ia?aaioea cayaie a
USPTO auea iinoaaeaia iaaaaeii. A ?acoeueoaoa /aai ?aciui ethaeyi
i?aaeinoaaeyeenue ?acee/iua iaoaiou ia iaeei e oio aea aeai?eoi (i?e/ai
eiiaaea n ii/oe eaeaioe/iie oi?ioee?iaeie). Iaeioi?ua ec yoeo iaoaioia
inia?eaaeenue a noaeaaiii ii?yaeea, ii aunieay noieiinoue noaeaaiiai
?acae?aoaeuenoaa eneia ?acei nieaeaao eiee/anoai oaeeo i?aoaiaeaioia.

Iaeei iieiaeeoaeueiue ?acoeueoao aaaaeaiey iaoaioiaaiey a?yae ee
i?eoiaeeony inia?eaaoue. Iaoaioiaaiea i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey
ni?iaioee?iaaei iiyaeaiea ia?iiiiai eiee/anoaa ?aaio ii ?ac?aaioea iiauo
aeai?eoiia naeaoey (aieueoay /anoue eioi?uo auno?i iaoaiooaony eo
ecia?aoaoaeyie). Iaeiaei ae?oaie yooaeo aue aaniethoii io?eoeaoaeueiue.
Iiiaea ec aeai?eoiia naeaoey eniieueciaaeenue niaoeeoe/aneei ia?acii,
iai?eia?, eae /anoue iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo noaiaea?oia (V.42bis e JPEG).
E?iia oiai, ioaeaeueiua eiiiaiee e iieueciaaoaee neiie?iaaee
iauaaeinooiiue eiae (oae, ?aaeecaoeey compress LZW oe?iei eiie?iaaeanue
aeey naiuo ?aciuo oeaeae). Oeiainiaua oo?aou ca eniieueciaaiea yoeo
aeai?eoiia (a oi?ia aaoi?neeo io/eneaiee e aeaaeaeueoeai iaoaioa)
ioa?auaee io iiaeaea?aeee yoeo noaiaea?oia aaoi?ia oneiaii-aanieaoiiai e
aanieaoiiai i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey eee aanieaoiuo aeaeeioae. Iaeioi?ua
eiiiaiee ioaee/ii iauyaeee i oii, /oi iie ia aoaeoo o?aaiaaoue aaoi?neeo
io/eneaiee ca eniieueciaaiea eo caiaoaioiaaiiuo aeai?eoiia a aanieaoiii
i?ia?aiiiii iaania/aiee. Iaeiaei oae iinooieee aeaeaei ia ana. Iiea
iaynii, eae yoio eiioeeeo io?aceony ia eiaeono?ee aanieaoiiai
i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey e ia iaoaioiii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa. Ii e?aeiae
ia?a, iaeia i?aaiecaoeey, League for Programming Freedom, ai?aony n
iaoaioaie i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey e i?aaei?eieiaao aeoeaiua oaae ii eo
ioiaia.

A aeaiiie ?aaioa aoaeoo ?anniio?aiu oieueei nia?aiaiiua niiniau
a?oeaaoeee aeaiiuo, a eiaiii niaoeeaeece?iaaiiua i?ia?aiiu a?oeaaoi?u.
Onoa?aaoea i?ia?aiiu ?aca?aiiai eiie?iaaiey oeia BACKUP-RESTORE
?anniao?eaaony ia aoaeoo, aaeaeo eo ionoonoaey a iiauo aa?neyo MS DOS,
ia/eiay MS DOS 6.22.

A?oeaaoi?u MS DOS.

N ?acaeoeai eiiiuethoa?a noaee oaaee/eaaoueny e iauaiu eioi?iaoeee
o?aieiie a iai, /oi a naith i/a?aaeue i?eaaei e ?acaeoeth oaoiieiaee ii
o?aiaieth yoie eioi?iaoeee a naeaoii aeaea, oi anoue a a?oeaao. Aeey
yoiai auei i?eaeoiaii iiiaeanoai i?ia?aii inouanoaeythueo a?oeaaoeeth
eioi?iaoeee.

Iaeiaei a ?aaioa n yoie eioi?iaoeeae eiiaaea iaaeaeaoaeueii ?ane?uaaoue
iieiue a?oea, /oiau acyoue iaeei eee aeaa o?aaoaiuo oaeea eee aea i?inoi
iiniio?aoue, /oi a a?oeaa ca eioi?iaoeey.

I?ia?aiiu-a?oeaaoi?u, ca eneeth/aieai aaeeieoe, ia i?aaeinoaaeytho
oaeiaiuo iaiei/ae iicaieythueo i?inoi, auno?i e a iaaeyaeiie oi?ia
?acia?aoueny n niaea?aeeiui a?oeaia.

A?oeaaoi?u — yoi i?ia?aiiu, iicaieythuea nicaeaaaoue e ia?aaaouaaoue
a?oeaiua eiiee oaeeia. I?e yoii ec a?oeaiua eiiee eiatho iaiueoee
?acia?, /ai i?eaeiaeu. N iiiiuueth niaoeeaeueiuo aeai?eoiia naeaoey ec
oaeeia oaeaeyaony any ecauoi/iay eioi?iaoeey, a i?e i?eiaiaiey ia?aoiuo
aeai?eoiia ?aniaeiaee a?oeaiay eiiey ainnoaiaaeeaaaony a ia?aiia/aeueiii
aeaea.

Iaeaieaa ecaanoiua i?ia?aiiu-a?oeaaoi?u aeey MS-DOS: ARJ (?ac?aaio/ee —
Robert K. Jung), pkzip

(eiiiaiey PKWARE Inc.), lha (Haruyasu Yoshizaki), zoo (Rahul Dhesi).
Aaconeiaiui eeaea?ii ai anai ie?a ca iineaaeiea 5 eao noae a?oeaaoi?
RAR. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy RAR aeoeaii auoaniyao ZIP eae iniiaioth ooeeeoo
naeaoey FTP a?oeaia a naoe INTERNET. RAR y yaeyaony aaeeinoaaiiie
anaie?ii eniieuecoaiie i?ia?aiiie, nicaeaiiie ?onneei i?ia?aiienoii (ca
eneeth/aieai TETRIS). Ana a?oeaaoi?u ioee/athony eniieuecoaiuie
aeai?eoiaie naeaoey, oi?iaoaie a?oeaiuo oaeeia, nei?inoueth ?aaiou e
o.ae.

Oa?ieiu, eniieuecoaiua a a?oeaaoeee

Add file Aeiaaaeaiea (eiie?iaiea) oaeea a a?oea. Anee a?oea ia
nouanoaoao, oi ii nicaeaaony.

CRC Eiae oeeeee/aneiai eiio?iey. Niaoeeaeueiay ooieoeey io anaai
niaea?aeeiiai oaeea. Ninoaaeyaony oaeei ia?acii, /oi eciaieoue oaee oae,
/oiau aai CRC inoaeny iaeciaiiui, i?aeoe/anee iaaiciiaeii.

Exclude selected files I?e a?oeaaoeee IA aeiaaaeyoue a a?oea
ii?aaeaeaiiua oaeeu.

Extract files Ecaea/aiea oaeeia ec a?oeaa aac nio?aiaiey no?oeoo?u
iiaeeaoaeiaia.

Extract files with pathnames Ecaea/aiea oaeeia ec a?oeaa n nio?aiaieai
no?oeoo?u iiaeeaoaeiaia.

Fresh files Aeiaaaeaiea a a?oea iiauo aa?nee oaea eiathueony oai oaeeia.

Garble (eee scramble) files with password A?oeaaoeey oaeeia n ia?ieai.
Ecaea/ue oaeeu ec oaeiai a?oeaa iiaeii, eeoue i?aaeeueii oeacaa ia?ieue.

Move files Ia?aiauaiea oaeeia a a?oea.

Multiple volumes Iiiaioiiiua a?oeau — ninoiyuea ec ianeieueeeo oaeeia
(oiiia). Oaeiaiu i?e a?oeaaoeee aieueoeo eiiieaenia oaeeia, eiaaea oiia
a?oeaa iiaeii iiiauaoue ia ioaeaeueiua aeeneaou.

Ratio Noaiaiue naeaoey oaeea. Ii?aaeaeyaony ii-?aciiio a ?acee/iuo
a?oeaaoi?ao (ioiioaiea enoiaeiiai e naeaoiio eeai iaiai?io).

Recurse subdirectories A?oeaaoeey oaeeia ec caaeaiiiai eaoaeiaa e anao
aai iiaeeaoaeiaia. A a?oeaa nio?aiyaony eioi?iaoeey i iooe e oaeeai, e
i?e ecaea/aiee eo iiaeii auaiaeeoue ia a iaeei eaoaeia, a a
niioaaonoaothuea iiaeeaoaeiae.

Self-extract (sfx)archive Naii?aniaeiauaathueeny a?oea. A?oeaiue oaee
eiaao ?anoe?aiea .exe .eee com, e iinea aai caionea i?ienoiaeeo
aaoiiaoe/aneia ecaea/aiea oaeeia ec a?oeaa.

Test integrity I?iaa?ea oeaeinoiinoe a?oeaa, o.a. i?iaa?ea CRC oaeeia
a?oeaa.

Update files Aeiaaaeaiea a a?oea iiauo oaeeia.

A?oeaaoi? ARJ

?aaioaao ec eiiaiaeiie no?iee. Auiieiyao ana ooieoeee ii ianeoaeeaaieth
a?oeaia .arj , a o./. iiaeaea?aeeo iiiaioiiiuo a?oeaia.

Iieo/eoue ni?aaeo ii eeth/ai a?oeaaoi?a arj n iiiiuueth eiiaiae:

arj(iau/iay ni?aaea)

arj /?(iiae?iaiay ni?aaea)

Arj eiaao i/aiue aieueoia /enei eeth/ae. Iiaeii aaoiiaoece?iaaoue iiiai
aeaenoaee — nicaeaiea ?aca?aiie eiiee aeenea, a?oeae?iaaiea ia/eiay n
eaeie-oi aeaou, aeiaaaeaiea e eiaie a?oeaa oaeouae aeaou
(arh970821.arj), a?oeae?iaaiea oaeea n eiie?aoiiai ianoa, ianeieueei
o?iaiae naeaoey e oae aeaeaa. A aa?nee 2.55 aiciiaeia ?aaioa n aeeeiiuie
eiaiaie.

Aeinoieinoaa: i/aiue aieueoia eieee/anoai eeth/ae, /oi aeaao
aiciiaeiinoue aaoiiaoece?iaaoue aieueoia /enei ooieoeee. Caueoa a?oeaa
io iia?aaeaeaiee.

Iaaeinoaoee: ionoonoaea aeeaeiaiaiai ?aaeeia, iaeioi?ia iaoaeianoaa
?aaiou i?e iaee/ee eaeiai-oi eeth/a a ia?aiaiiie ie?oaeaiey (ARJ_SW) e
no?iea caionea — acaeiiia oie/oiaeaiea.

PKZIP

?aaioaao ec eiiaiaeiie no?iee. ?acee/iua ooieoeee ii ianeoaeeaaieth
a?oeaia .zip auiieiythony ?aciuie i?ia?aiiaie:

pkzip – iiiauaiea oaeeia a a?oea

pkunzip – ecaea/aiea oaeeia ec a?oeaa

zip2exe – nicaeaiea naii?aniaeiauaathuaainy a?oeaa

pkzipfix – ainnoaiiaeaiea iia?aaeaeaiiiai a?oeaa.

Eco/eoue ni?aaeo ii ?aaioa n a?oeaaoi?ii pkzip n iiiiuueth eiiaiae:

pkzip /h

pkunzip /h

zip2exe /h

RAR

A?oeaaoi? RAR v2.50 aeey DOS – Eioaa?e?iaaiiay i?ia?aiia oi?aaeaiey
a?oeaaie

RAR – yoi i/aiue iiuiia n?aaenoai aeey nicaeaiey a?oeaia e oi?aaeaiey
eie. Aiciiaeiinoe RAR:

Iieiiye?aiiue eioa?aeoeaiue eioa?oaen (ioeeth/aaiue);

Iiaeaea?aeea iuoe e iaith;

Iiaeaea?aeea ia-RAR a?oeaia;

‘Noaiaea?oiue’ eioa?oaen eiiaiaeiie no?iee;

I?eaeiaeueiue aunieiyooaeoeaiue aeai?eoi naeaoey aeaiiuo;

Niaoeeaeueiue aeai?eoi aeey naeaoey ioeueoeiaaeeeiuo oaeeia;

Eo/oay noaiaiue oiaeiaee, /ai o aiaeiae/iuo i?iaeoeoia, ca n/ao
eniieueciaaiey ?aaeeia “iai?a?uaiiai” naeaoey;

Eioi?iaoeey ia aaoi?a a?oeaa (oieueei a ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiie aa?nee);

Naii?aniaeiauaathueany (SFX) iau/iua e iiiaioiiiua a?oeau;

Ainnoaiiaeaiea oece/anee iia?aaeaeaiiuo a?oeaia;

sscue i?ia?aiie?iaaiey aeey einoaeeyoeeiiiuo SFX-a?oeaia;

Aeiee?iaea, oeo?iaaiea, nienie ii?yaeea oaeeia, iaoee oiiia e ae?.

QUARK

Quark yaeyaony a?oeaaoi?ii eeanne/aneiai oeia, eniieuecothuei
LZ77-aeai?eoi aeey oieioiaiey enoiaeiuo aeaiiuo iooai eiaee?iaaiey
iiaoi?ythueony iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoae aaeo (RSE-aeai?eoi) n iineaaeothuei
aoi?e/iui oieioiaieai naeaoiai iioiea eiaeaie Oaooiaia. Iiaeiaiua
iaoiaeu eniieuecotho ana o?e eeaea?a a iaeanoe oiaeiaee aeaiiuo –
a?oeaaoi?u ARJ, LHA, PkZIP.

Oai ia iaiaa, Quark aeiaeaaaony eo/oeo ?acoeueoaoia a eiiiaeoiinoe
aeaiiuo i?e nei?inoe eo/oae /ai LHA, ia iaiueoae /ai o ARJ e ia neeueii
ioee/athuaeny io nei?inoe PkZIP, i?e eniieueciaaiee ei o.i.
iaeneiaeueiie eiii?annee aeaiiuo. Yoi iaoneiaeaii ianeieueeeie
i?e/eiaie:

1) Quark ?aaioaao n ieaaathuei ?acia?ii ieia io 32Kb aei 64Kb (i?ioea
oeene?iaaiiuo 16Kb o LHA, e 32Kb o PkZIP e ARJ).

2) Quark auiieiyao iioeiecaoeeth Ia?aiai ?iaea (iioeiaeueiinoue aae?ania
nnueie LZ77) e iioeiecaoeeth Aoi?iai ?iaea (iioeiaeueiinoue nnuei/iiai
iie?uoey iioiea).

3) Quark eniieuecoao oaenoiaoth ?aaeoeoeeth aeey oaenoiauo oaeeia.

4) Quark caiineo a a?oea ieieioi neoaeaaiie eioi?iaoeee, ia i?aoaiaeoy
ia eiua aiia?aoiua ieaooi?iu e iia?aoeeiiiua nenoaiu.

GZIP

Gzip nie?auaao ?acia? caaeaiiuo oaeeia eniieuecoy eiaee?iaaiea
Ceaa-Eaiaey (LZ77). Eiaaea aiciiaeii, eaaeaeue oaee caiauaaony oaeeii n
?anoe?aieai ‘.gz’, i?e yoii nio?aiythony aeaaeaeaoe, ?aaeeiu, aeinooi e
a?aiaia iiaeeoeeaoeee (Ae?oaea ?anoe?aiey ‘-gz’ aeey VMS, ‘z’ aeey
MSDOS, OS/2, FAT e Atari). Anee ieeaeeo oaeeia ia oeacaii eee eiy oaeea
‘-‘, oi iaeoaony noaiaea?oiue aaiae e auaeaaony ia noaiaea?oiue auaiae.
Gzip iuoaaony iaeiaaoue oieueei iau/iua oaeeu, a /anoiinoe GZip
eaii?e?oao neiaiee/aneea nnueee.

Gzip eniieuecoao aeai?eoi Ceaa-Eaiaey oaeaea eae Zip, PKZIP. Eoiaiaue
?acia?, iieo/aiiiai oaeea iinea naeaoey, caaeneo io ?acia?a enoiaeiiai
oaeea e iaee/ey a iai iaueo iiaeno?ie. Iau/ii, oaeie oaeno, eae
enoiaeiue eiae eee aiaeeeneee oaeno nie?auaaony ia 60-70%. Iaeiaea n
eniieueciaaieai yoiai aeai?eoia iau/ii eo/oa, /ai i?e eniieueciaaiee LZW
(aai eniieuecoao Compress), eiaee?iaaiea Oaooiaia (aai eniieuecoao Pack)
eee aaeaioe?iaaiiia eiaee?iaaiea Oaooiaia (Compact).

Oiaeiaea i?ienoiaeeo iacaaeneii io oiai oaaee/eeny ee ?acia?
oiaeiaaiiiai oaee a n?aaiaiee n i?eaeiaeii eee iao. I?e/eia ?anoe?aiey –
ianeieueei aaeoia aeey caaieiaea Gzip oaeea, iethn 5 aaeoia aeey
eaaeaeiai 32E aeiea, eee ioiioaiea ?anoe?aiey 0.015% io aeeeiu oaeea.
Caiaoei, /oi oaeoe/aneia /enei caiyouo ia aeenea aeieia oaea ieeiaaea ia
aic?anoaao. Gzip nio?aiyao ?aaeeiu aeinooia, aeaaeaeueoeaa e a?aiy
iiaeeoeeaoeee oaeeia i?e oiaeiaea e ?aniaeiaea…

ARJZ

ARJZ (ii aiea aaoi?a i?ia?aiiu i?ieciineony eae “a?ae-cao”) – yoi
a?oeaaoi?, iniiaaiiue ia ecaanoiie i?ia?aiia ARJ ?iaa?oa THiaa. A
ioee/ea io oaeeo nia?aiaiiuo n?aaenoa a?oeae?iaaiey, eae RAR e UC2, ARJZ
eniieuecoao oi?iao oaeeia, eiiaiaeioth no?ieo e iioeee, niaianoeiua n
iaeiie ec naiuo iiioey?iuo i?ia?aii naeaoey aeaiiuo, a yoi eiaao naie
i?aeiouanoaa. A /anoiinoe:

1) I?aeoe/anee an? i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea, ?ann/eoaiiia ia aucia ARJ,
aoaeao ?aaioaoue oae aea e n i?ia?aiiie ARJZ aac anyeie iiaeeoeeaoeee.
Iai?eia?, ia iaaei aoaeao ia?aienuaaoue ie ARCVIEW, ie NC 4.0, ie DN, ie
oao .BAT oaeeia, eioi?ua au iiaee nicaeaoue ca a?aiy iieueciaaiey
ARJ’ai.

2) Aeey oiai, /oiau eniieueciaaoue aiciiaeiinoe ARJZ’a i?e ?aaioa n
aaoeie noa?uie a?oeaaie, aai nianai ia ioaeii ia?aa?oeae?iaaoue eo
caiiai.

3) Au oae aea ii/oe ecaaaeyaoanue io iaiaoiaeeiinoe eco/aoue iiaue
a?oeaaoi?. Ciay, eae caioneaaony ARJ, au ciaaoa, eae caioneaaony ARJZ.

Iaeiaei, neaaeoao eiaoue a aeaeo, /oi:

1) ARJZ iicaieyao naeeiaoue oaeeu, eniieuecoy aieaa iiuiua iaoiaeu, /ai
i?eaeiaeueiay i?ia?aiia. A yoii neo/aa ARJ IA NIIAEAO I?IAIAeEOUe
IA?AAIOEO IIEO*AIIUO A?OEAIA, NAssCAIIOTH N ?ANIAEIAEIE, o.a.
aeaa?oeae?iaaiea, oanoe?iaaiea e o.ae. A ethaii neo/aa au nio?aieoa
aiciiaeiinoue iaiiaeyoue e neeaaoue a?oeau, ia?aeiaiiauaaoue eee
oaeaeyoue oaeeu a ieo, a oae aea iieo/aoue nienie oaeeia a a?oeaao.

2) ARJZ/UNARJZ n iaeiie noi?iiu, iiaeaea?aeeaatho ia ana eiiaiaeu e
iioeee ARJ’a, a n ae?oaie – aaiaeyo iiaua e yoi iiaeao nicaeaaaoue
i?iaeaiu i?e ?aaioa. A aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe oaeea i?iaeaiu ano?a/athony
/?acau/aeii ?aaeei e eaaei ?ac?aoeiu.

Aeinoieinoaa e iaaeinoaoee

E aeinoieinoaai ARJZ iiaeii ioianoe:

1) Aa?nee iiae DOS (?aaeueiue/?anoe?aiiue ?aaeeiu), OS/2 e NT. A
i?ia?aiio aeey ?anoe?aiiiai ?aaeeia DOS ano?iai ?anoe?eoaeue, iiyoiio
iia ?aaioaao ia eiiiuethoa?ao 386+ aac eaeiai-eeai aeiiieieoaeueiiai
i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey.

2) Aunieoth nei?inoue naeaoey: ARJZ naeeiaao oaeeu n oai aea ea/anoaii,
/oi e ARJ i?eia?ii a iieoi?a ?aca auno?aa iineaaeiaai (e?iia aa?nee,
?aaioathuae a ?aaeueiii ?aaeeia).

3) Aunieoth noaiaiue naeaoey (a yoii neo/aa iieo/aiiua a?oeau ia aoaeoo
?aniaeiauaaoueny ARJ’ai). Ii yoiio ia?aiao?o ARJZ iaoiaeeony ia o?iaia
RAR/UC2 (a yoii au iiaeaoa oaaaeeony naie – you see too ;-).

4) Oae iacuaaaiue “iieoye?aiiue eioa?oaen”. ARJZ iiaeao ai a?aiy ?aaiou
auaiaeeoue ia ye?ai ieioei n aeaoiy eiaeeeaoi?aie i?ioeanna, eiaiai
a?oeaa e eiaiai iaeoaiiai oaeea – yoi caia/aoaeueiay iniaaiiinoue
i?aaeiacia/aia niaoeeaeueii aeey oaeeo i?ia?aii, eae ARC- eee ARJVIEW,
SHEZ, ARJMENU, NC 4.0+, DN e ae?.

5) Caeanue, eiia/ii ia ianoi aeey iienaiey i?aeiouanoa UNARJZ’a, ii oai
ia iaiaa… Aunieay nei?inoue ?aniaeiaee. Aeaaea ia XT UNARJZ ?aaioaao a
n?aaeiai a 1.5-2 ?aca auno?aa, /ai ARJ, a i?e eniieueciaaiee
niaoeeaeueiie iioeee (ni. UNARJZ.DOC) ?acieoea aic?anoaao au? a aeaa
?aca.

Aaaeii ioiaoeoue, /oi i?ioeaaeo?u aeaa?oeaaoi?a iioeiece?iaaiu
ioaeaeueii iiae i?ioeanni?u 286, 386, 486 e Pentium.

ARJZ iaienai oaeei ia?acii, /oi aai iiaeii eniieueciaaoue e eae
ioaeaeueiue a?oeaaoi? e eae iaaeno?ieeo iaae ARJ’ai: anee ii ia iiaeao
?aniiciaoue eiiaiae eee iioeee eiiaiaeiie no?iee, oi caioneaao
i?eaeiaeueioth i?ia?aiio. Yoi, oaeoe/anee, icia/aao, /oi, eniieuecoy
ARJZ, au, oai ia iaiaa, ia oa?yaoa ie iaeiie iioeee ARJ’a.

Iaaeinoaoee ARJZ:

1) A ARJZ (ii e?aeiae ia?a, iiea) iao iiaeaea?aeee iiiaioiiiuo (multi
volume), ?aca?aiuo (backup) e naii?aniaeothueony (SFX) a?oeaia.
Caiaoueoa, /oi UNARJZ ?aniaeiauaaao ethaua a?oeau, nicaeaiiua ARJ.

2) ARJZ ia yaeyaony iieiioeaiiui a?oeaaoi?ii a oii niunea, /oi ii
naiinoiyoaeueii ia oaeaeyao e ia ia?aeiaiiauaaao oaeeu a a?oeaao, ia
iiaeao neeaaoue a?oeau e o.ae. Anth yoo ?aaioo iiaeii naeaeaoue n
iiiiuueth i?eaeiaeueiie i?ia?aiiu, iiyoiio iaeuecy aiai?eoue, /oi ia?a
ARJZ/UNARJZ iieiinoueth caiaiyao niaie ARJ.

Aeaeaa aoaeoo e?aoei ?anniio?aiu iaiaa iiioey?iua a?oeaaoi?u, eioi?ua,
iaeiaei ana aua eniieuecothony a n?aaea MS DOS.

Arhangel — yoio a?oeaaoi? aace?oaony ia a?oeaaoi?a HA, ii ianiaianoei
n iei. Ii cayaeaieth nicaeaoaeae yoio a?oeaaoi? iaeaieaa iiaeoiaeeo aeey
naeaoey ecia?aaeaiee (TIFF, BMP).

Aeinoieinoaa: oi?ioaa naeaoea a?aoe/aneie eioi?iaoeee.

Iaaeinoaoee: iaeeea eeth/ae aeey onoaiiaee iaeneiaeueiiai naeaoey —
i?inoi oa?yaony eaeie aua?aoue.

JAR — iiaue a?oeaaoi? ec naiaenoaa ARJ. O iaiy ii iieacae aieaa ieioea
?acoeueoaou, iaaeaee WinRAR, oioy a aeieoiaioaoeee neacaii, /oi “yoi
eo/oee a?oeaaoi? a oa?ieiao eiii?annee”. Ae?oaea oanou oiaea, a?iaea,
iiaeoaa?aeaeatho, /oi yoio a?oeaaoi? eo/oa WinRAR e ae?oaeo iiaeiaiuo,
ii ii, aaconeiaii, ia caieiaao ia?aia ianoi. Aiciiaeiinoe i?eia?ii oaeea
aea, eae e o ARJ.

Aeinoieinoaa: aeinoaoi/ii auno?ay ?aaioa, iiaeaea?aeea recovery record
— aiciiaeiinoue ainnoaiiaeaiey naieiuo a?oeaia.

Iaaeinoaoee: iao aeeaeiaiaiai ?aaeeia ?aaiou.

HA — A?oeaaoi?, iaienaiiue Harry Hirvola a 1993 aiaeo. ?aaioaao
iaaeeaiii (eee aeaaea i/aiue iaaeeaiii), ii, ii ?acoeueoaoai oanoia,
oi?ioi. A aeaiiii oanoa ii ia ia ia?aii ianoa ii noaiaie naeaoey.
Ianeieueei y ciath, ii iniaaiii oi?ioi naeeiaao oaenoiaua oaeeu, auea
i?iaaaeaia ioaeaeueiay i?iaa?ea, eioi?ay iiaeoaa?aeeea aeaiiue oaeo —
ianiio?y ia nieeaeiue aic?ano yoio a?oeaaoi? iaieioi naeeiaao: ia 20%
iaiueoa, /ai PKZIP. Oaeei ia?acii aeey naeaoey aieueoeo oaenoiauo oaeeia
eo/oa iieueciaaoueny HA (LGHA) /ai WinRAR. Iiyaeeny a?oeaaoi? LGHA,
eioi?ue nicaeaao oi/ii oaeea aea a?oeau, ii iaiiiai auno?aa.

Iaaeinoaoee: Iaeia eiee/anoai eeth/ae, ianeieueei ianoaiaea?oiua
eiiaioaeu. Iaaiciiaeiinoue nicaeaiey a?oeaia ia ianeieueei aeeneao e
naii?aniaeiauaathueany a?oeaia. Ia iiaeaea?aeeaaao oeo?iaaiea.

UC II (Ultra compress) — i?ia?aiia, ?aaioathuay ec eiiaiaeiie no?iee,
ii eiathuay aeeaeiaiaia iaith aeey iano?ieee ?acee/iuo ia?aiao?ia. Anoue
aiciiaeiinoue aeiaaaeyoue recovery record. Eioa?aniay aeiiieieoaeueiay
i?ia?aiia ii oeo?iaaieth a?oeaia.

Iaaeinoaoee: ?acaeaea ia aeeneaou oieueei oeene?iaaiiie aeeeiiu e
oieueei aiaoiae i?ia?aiiie…

ACB — i?ia?aiia ?inneeneiai i?ia?aiienoa iaania/eaathuay oi?ioaa,
aeaaea I*AIUe oi?ioaa naeaoea, II o?aaothuay i/aiue oi?ioaai
eiiiuethoa?a. Ii neiaai ?ac?aaio/eea iaiaoiaeei eae ieieioi 486 eiii n
15 iaaaaaeoaie ICO. Ii ?aaeueii o?aaoaony ai?acaei aieueoa. Ii/aio-oi
i/aiue iaaeeaiiay ?aniaeiaea — 27 iaaaaaeo eioi?iaoeee i?ia?aiia
?aniaeiauaaea 3000 naeoiae (o.a. 50 ieioo) e yoi i?e oii, /oi i?ia?aiia
caioneaeanue ia Pentium-200 n 32 iaaaaaeoaie ICO.

Aeinoeinoaa: iaeaiueeee ?acia? i?ia?aiiu, aiciiaeiinoue caueou a?oeaia
io iia?aaeaeaiey.

Iaaeinoaoee: I/aiue caauoaiiua o?aaiaaiey e iaoeia. Ia oi/ao
a?oeae?iaaoue aieueoea oaeeu e noaaeoue caueoo io iia?aaeaeaiey ia
aieueoea a?oeau. Aua iaeei oi?iao eiiaiae — ianoaiaea?oua eiiaiaeu.

Rkive — yoio a?oeaaoi? ii ?acoeueoaoai naeaoey caiye o?aouea ianoi a
aeaiiii oanoe?iaaiee (a noiaeiii oanoa ii i?iionoee aia?aae BOA e ACB).
Oanou oee n aaoa aa?neae.

Aeinoieinoaa: ia niio?y ia iaaieueoie ?acia? a?oeaaoi?a (58 e) i/aiue
i?eee/iia naeaoea.

Iaaeinoaoee: iaonoie/eaay ?aaioa — ia iaeiie ec iaoei ana a?aiy
aaa?eeiia caaa?oaiea ?aaiou a?oeaaoi?a (aac naiy nenoaiu a oeaeii — oi
ee iaoeia ia i?aaeony, oi ee 16 iaaaaaeo iaiyoe iaei…). Iaoaaoea
iaiyoe i?e aue caia/ai aua iaeei iaaeinoaoie — iaaiciiaeiinoue
i?eaaaeaiey oaeeia e nouanoaothuei a?oeaai. Ionoonoaoao aiciiaeiinoue
nicaeaiey SFX a?oeaia.

BOA — yoio a?oeaaoi? ii ?acoeueoaoai naeaoey caiye aoi?ia ianoi n?aaee
?anniao?eaaaiuo a?oeaaoi?ia oanoe?iaaiee (a noiaeiii oanoa ii caiye
ia?aia ianoi). Ii ia?aoiaeeoue ia yoio a?oeaaoi?, aaconeiaii, ?aii, o.e.
yoi oieueei i?aaeaa?eoaeueiay aa?ney aeey oanoe?iaaiey.

Aeinoieinoaa: aeinoaoi/ii auno?i ?aaioaao.

Iaaeinoaoee: aoaeai n/eoaoue, /oi iaaeinoaoee i?enoonoaotho ec-ca
aaoa-aa?nee…

BIX — iiaue a?oeaaoi?, eioi?ue iiaeaao oi?ioea iaaeaaeaeu. Iiea oieueei
aaoa aa?ney. Nicaeai Eai?ai Iaaeiaui. Aaoi? i?aaeoi?aaeaeaao, /oi anee
au aoaeaoa eniieueciaaoue ianeo “*.*”, oi o aan ia aoaeoo aeiaaaeyoueny
oaeeu aac ?anoe?aiey! Aeey aeiaaaeaiey anao oaeeia neaaeoao
eniieueciaaoue ianeo “*”

DST -iino?iai oaeei ia?acii, /oi naeeiaao oieueei iaeei oaee. Auoiae ec
yoiai — ainiieueciaaoueny ooeeeoie, eioi?ay iiaeao naeeiaoue ncaeaaaoue
iaeei oaee ec ianeieueeeo.

N?aaiaiea a?anee a?oeaaoi?ia MS DOS e Windows.

Ianiio?y ia eaaeouothny «ii?aeueioth ionoaeinoue» MS DOS, a ?yaea
neo/aaa eniieueciaaiea MSDOS-a?oeaaoi?ia iiaeao auoue ai?acaei aieaa
yooaeoeaiui, ii n?aaiaieth n aiaeiae/iuie aa?neyie aeey Windows 9x.

A?oeaaoi?u ?aaioathuuea a n?aaea MSDOS ?aaioatho a ?aaeueiii ?aaeeia
i?ioeanni?a. Yoi iaania/eaaao ia iaiaa /ai a 1.5 ?aca aieueooth
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue i?ioeanni?a, ii n?aaiaieth n caueuaiiui ?aaeeiii
Windows 9x (aeey i?ioeanni?ia P-II e noa?oa).

Ana aa?nee a?oeaaoi?ia aeey MS DOS ( ii e?aeiae ia?a ec ?anniio?aiiuo
auoa), aanueia yooaeoeaii eniieuecotho iaiyoue XMS eee EMS. N o/aoii
?aaeueiiai ?aaeeia ?aaiou i?ioeanni?a, yoi aeaao aua 10-15 % auea?aoa a
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe.

Eae ie no?aiii, aa?nee a?oeaaoi?ia aeey MS DOS /anoi eniieuecotho aieaa
niaa?oaiiua aeai?eoiu naeaoey. I?e/eia i?inoa – a aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa a
aa?neyo a?oeaaoi?ia aeey MS DOS ii?iaothony aiciiaeiua
oniaa?oainoaiaaiey, ia?aiineiua aeaeaa a Windows. I?e/ai, eiiaaea
i?eiaiaiea iaeioi?uo iiaoanoa a Windows ieacuaaaony oaoie/anee
iaoeaeaniia?aciui. I?eia? – ioeac io i?eiaiaiey a a?oeaaoi?a WinZip 8.0
Beta neiaa?y i?aiaiiie aeeeiiu aieaa 128 eAaeo, ec-ca ia?aiieiaiey
eao-iaiyoe nia?aiaiiuo i?ioeanni?ia Pentium-II eee Celeron.

?acthie?oy, iiaeii ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi i?e i?i/eo ?aaiuo oneiaeyo (oei
au/eneeoaeueiie nenoaiu, noaiaiue naeaoey e ae?.) i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue
a?oeaaoeee (iniaaiii oiaeiaee n aunieie noaiaiueth naeaoey) a
a?oeaaoi?ao aeey MS DOS i?eia?ii a 1.5-1.6 auoa. A?oai aiai?y, a 1.5
?aca auno?aa. Aeey iaaieueoeo a?oeaia (aei 40-100MB) yoi ia yaeyaony
nouanoaaiiui. Iaeiaei, anee auiieiyoue a?oeae?iaaiea 10000-15000 oaeeia
iauei iauaiii aieaa 1-2Aa (oeie/iue iauai iaaieueoiai FTP na?aa?a
INTERNET), ?acieoea ai a?aiaie iiaeao ninoaaeoue aei 30-60 ieioo
(Celeron-450MHz + 64MB RAM).

E iaeiiaoe, a neo/aa iia?aaeaeaiey caa?oci/iuo oaeeia Windows 9x ,
aaeeinoaaiiui niiniaii «nianoe» a?oea, yaeyaony eniieueciaaiea
i?iaa?aiiuo e iaaeaaeiuo a?oeaaoi?ia aeey MS DOS.

Eeoa?aoo?a.

Oeao?iia A.Y. «IBM PC aeey iieueciaaoaey. E?aoeee eo?n.» – I.: EIO?A-I,
1998. – 480 n.: ee

PCMagazine, 1997-1999 aa.

PAGE

PAGE 15

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2020