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Ainoaea?noaaiiue eiieoao ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee

ii aunoaio ia?aciaaieth

?inneeneay yeiiiie/aneay aeaaeaiey eiaie A.A.Ieaoaiiaa

Eaoaae?a eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee

IAOIAeE*ANEEA OEACAIEss E ?AAIOA

N IAEAOII I?IA?AII

“1N-aOOAAEOA?Ess”

Iineaa 1995

Ninoaaeoaee: eaiaeeaeao oaoie/aneeo iaoe I.A.EIAAEUe

eaiaeeaeao oaoie/aneeo iaoe A.A.IAOIIIA

eaiaeeaeao oaoie/aneeo iaoe A.N.OEOEIA

?aaeaeoi? ecaeaoaeuenoaa : I.E.CIEIOEIA

Iaoiaee/aneea oeacaiey e ?aaioa n iaeaoii i?ia?aii

“1N-AOAAEOA?Ess” /Nino. I.A.Eiaaeue, A.A.Iaoiiia, A.N.Oeoeia: I.:Ecae-ai
?in. yeii.aeaae.,1995.

Eceaaaaony e?aoeee oai?aoe/aneee iaoa?eae ii iniiaiui i?eaiai ?aaiou
n iaeaoii i?ia?aii “1N-AOAAEOA?Ess”.

Aeey nooaeaioia niaoeeaeueiinoe ???????????????????????77

1.Iauea i?eioeeiu i?ia?aiiu

1.1. Iacia/aiea e iniiaiua i?eioeeiu

Iaeao i?ia?aii “1N-Aooaaeoa?ey” ninoieo ec aeaoo iacaaeneiuo
i?ia?aii: “O/ao aooaaeoa?neeo iia?aoeee” (bmp.exe) e “Ieaoaaeiua
aeieoiaiou” (uro.exe).

I?ia?aiia “O/ao aooaaeoa?neeo iia?aoeee” i?aaeiacia/aia aeey aaaeaiey
aooaaeoa?neeo i?iaiaeie, ia/aoe ia?ae/iuo aeieoiaioia, ?an/aoa eoiaiauo
iieacaoaeae, oi?ie?iaaiey io/aoia aeey iaeiaiauo i?aaiia.

I?ia?aiia “Ieaoaaeiua aeieoiaiou” i?aaeiacia/aia aeey oi?ie?iaaiey,
ia/aoe e o?aiaiey ieaoaaeiuo aeieoiaioia aeey aaiea.

Aeaaiia iaith

I?e auciaa i?ia?aiiu “O/ao aooaaeoa?neeo iia?aoeee” (caione oaeea
bmp.exe) ia ye?aia iiyaeyaony aeaaiia iaith, ec eioi?iai auiieiyaony
ia?auaiea ei anai ooieoeeyi ( ni.?en.1).

?en. SEQ ?en. \* ARABIC 1

Ii ai?eciioaee ?aniieiaeaiu a?oiiu ooieoeee. Aeoeaiay ooieoeey
auaeaeaia iiaenaaoeie e eiaao ieniaaeathuaa aiec iaith (e?iia ooieoeee
auoiae). Aeey auai?a ioieoa iaith neaaeoao :

– iiaeaanoe naaoiaia iyoii e ioaeiie a?oiia ooieoeee
eeaaeoaie “®” e “¬”;

– a ieniaaeathuai iaith iiaeaanoe naaoiaie eo?ni? e ioaeiie
ooieoeee eeaaeoaie “” e “?” e iaaeaoue eeaaeoo Enter. Aianoi auai?a
ooieoeee eeaaeoaie “” e “?” iiaeii iaaeaoue eeaaeoo n aoeaie,
auaeaeaiiie ae?oaei oeaaoii.

Aeey aica?auaiey a aeaaiia iaith neaaeoao iaaeaoue eeaaeoo Esc.

?aaioa ni nieneaie

Iniiaiui ?aaeeiii ?aaiou a i?ia?aiia yaeyaony aaaeaiea nieneia
(iia?a-oeee, n/aoia e o.ae.). Ana nienee aaiaeyony, i?iniao?eaathony
e ei??aeoe?othony ii iauaio i?eioeeio.

Aaiae iiaie caiene a nienie inouanoaeyaony iinea iaaeaoey eeaaeoe Ins.
Iinea yoiai inouanoaeyaony iineaaeiaaoaeueiue aaiae aeaiiuo a a?aou
nienea. Aeey caaa?oaiey aaiaea iaaei iaaeaoue eeaaeoo Enter. A ethaie
iiiaio iiaeii i?a?aaoue aaiae iaaeaoeai eeaaeoe Esc.

I?e ei??aeoe?iaea caiene ioaeii onoaiiaeoue naaoiaie eo?ni? a
ei??aeoe?oaioth a?aoo (eieiieo) ia ioaeioth caienue e iaaeaoue eeaaeoo
Enter. Caoai i?iecaiaeeony eciaiaiea niaea?aeeiiai ioaeiiai iiey.
Caaa?oaiea ei??aeoe?iaee inouanoaeyaony aiaeiae/ii ?aaeeio aaiaea iiaie
caiene.

Oaeaeaiea caiene i?ienoiaeeo iinea iaaeaoey eeaaeoe Del. I?e yoii
cai?aoeaaaony iiaeoaa?aeaeaiea : Oaeaeeoue – Enter, Ioeac – Esc.

I?iniio? nienea i?iecaiaeeony n iiiiuueth eeaaeo oi?aaeaiey eo?ni?ii: “”
?, PgUp, PgDn, Home, End. N iiiiuueth eeaaeo “®” e “¬” auiieiyaony
ia?aoiae iaaeaeo a?aoaie oaeouae caiene.

Ooieoeey iiiiue

I?e ?aaioa n i?ia?aiiie “1N-Aooaaeoa?ey” eiathony neaaeothuea
aiciiaeiinoe iieo/aiey ni?aai/iie eioi?iaoeee:

1) Ec aeaoo iineaaeieo ye?aiiuo no?ie. A ieo ioia?aaeaiu aeinooiiua a
eiie?aoiii ?aaeeia ooieoeeiiaeueiua eeaaeoe e eo iacia/aiea.

2) Iaaeaa eeaaeoo F1 ec ethaiai ?aaeeia ?aaiou iiaeii ioe?uoue ieii
iiiiue n iienaieai aiciiaeiuo aeaenoaee a eiie?aoiie neooaoeee. Aeey
aica?aoa a i?aaeuaeouaa ieii iaaeaoue eeaaeoo Esc.

3) I?e ?aaioa a aieueoeinoaa ?aaeeiao iaaeaoeai eeaaeoe F10 auaiaeeony
ia ye?ai ieii, niaea?aeauaa ana aiciiaeiua a oaeouai ?aaeeia eiiaiaeu e
niioaaonoaothuea ei ooieoeeiiaeueiua eeaaeoe. Yoi ieii iacuaaaony iaith
aeaenoaee. Aeey auoiaea ec iaith aeaenoaee iaaei iaaeaoue eeaaeoo Esc.

4) Aua?aoue ec aeaaiiai iaith ioieo Iiiiuue.

1.2. Oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ia?aiiu

I?ia?aiia eiaao neaaeothuea oa?aeoa?enoeee:

– eiee/anoai iia?aoeee ia ia?aie/aii;

– eiee/anoai n/aoia (noan/aoia) ia ia?aie/aii;

– ?ac?yaeiinoue noii iia?aoeee – aei 16 ciaeia aeeth/ay oi/eo;

– eiee/anoai ciaeia aooaaeoa?neiai n/aoa/noan/aoa (aoeau,oeeo?u) – 3;

– eiee/anoai iauaiia aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa ii eaaeaeiio n/aoo
(noan/aoo) – aei 100000 iaeiaiiaaiee;

– oi?ie?iaaiea eoiaia – ca aiae, eaa?oae, ianyoe, i?iecaieueiue
ia?eiae;

– eiee/anoai iacaaeneiuo ?aai/eo iano ia iaeiii eiiiuethoa?a ia
ia?aie/aii.

1.3. Na?aen

I?e auai?a a aeaaiii iaith a?oiiiaie ooieoeee Na?aen ia ye?aia
iiyaeyaocy ieniaaeathuaa iaith (ni.?en.2 ).

?en. SEQ ?en. \* ARABIC 2

Eiiaiaeu yoiai ioieoa iaith auiieiytho neaaeothuea ooieoeee:

Eiiaiaea ONOAIIAEA IA?AIAO?IA

Onoaiaaeeaathony ia?aiao?u, aeeythuea ia ?aaioo i?ia?aiiu. Yoa eiiaiaea
aucuaaaony oaeaea ec iniiaiuo ?aaeeiia i?e iaaeaoee eeaaeoe Alt+10.
I?e auai?a aeaiiiai ?aaeeia ia ye?aia iiyaeyaony ieii n cai?inaie (ni.
?en.3).

?en. SEQ ?en. \* ARABIC 3

Aeey auai?a onoaiaaeeaaaiiai ia?aiao?a eniieuecothony eeaaeoe oi?aaeaiey
eo?ni?ii. Aeey onoaiiaee ia?aiao?a neaaeoao iaaeaoue eeaaeoo
Enter. Anee ia?aiao? eiaao oieueei aeaa cia/aiey “Aea” eee “Iao” (
i?ioea iacaaiey ia?aiao?a noiyo eaaae?aoiua neiaee), oi oaeouaa
cia/aiea iaiyaony ia i?ioeaiiieiaeiia. I?e yoii cia/aiea “Aea”
ioia?aaeaaony cia/aieai “X”, “Iao” – i?iaaeii. Aeey ae?oaeo ia?aiao?ia
i?aaeeaaaaony aaanoe iiaia cia/aiea. Aeey auoiaea ec ?a aeeia iaaeaoue
eeaaeoo Esc.

Ieii onoaiiaee ia?aiao?ia niaea?aeeo neaaeothuea iioeee:

– Ia?aiao?u aaiaea iia?aoeee:

Aaaaeaiiay i?iaiaeea aeoeaia – anee ia?aiao? onoaiiaeai, oi aeoeaiie
(auaeaeaiiie) noaiiaeony iiaay aaaaeaiiay i?iaiaeea.

Aaoiiaoe/aneee ia?an/ao eoiaia – anee ia?aiao? onoaiiaeai, oi iinea
ethauo ei??aeoe?iaie eoiae ia?an/eouaathony aaoiiaoe/anee, /oi iicaieyao
a ethaie iiiaio auaiaeeoue io/aou aac ia?an/aoa eoiaia.

Eiee/anoai oieueei oeaeia – eiee/anoaaiiue o/ao aaaeaony oieueei a
oeaeuo /eneao.

Eiie?iaaoue – ii?aaeaeyao ia?aiao?u i?iaiaeee-ia?acoea, eioi?ua aoaeoo
ia?aiineoueny a iiaoth i?iaiaeeo i?e iaaeaoee eeaaeoe F9.

Eiee/anoai ciaeia – onoaiaaeeaaao eiee/anoai ciaeia a eiaea n/aoia e
noan/aoia.

A aeo?iaea noiiu aac eiiaae – anee ia?aiao? onoaiiaeai, oi a aeo?iaea
iia?aoeee e a io/aoao noiiu auaiaeyony aac eiiaae, ii n ?acaeaeeoaeyie
?ac?yaeia oeaeie /anoe.

Aueeth/eoue caoe – anee ia?aiao? onoaiiaeai, oi ai a?aiy ?aaiou ia
auaeathony caoeiaua neaiaeu.

– ?aai/ay aeaoa – caaeaao aeaoo, eioi?ay aaoiiaoe/anee onoaiaaeeaaaony
o aaiaeeiuo i?iaiaeie.

– ?aai/aa ianoi – iiia? ?aai/aai ianoa, onoaiaaeeaaaiiai i?e aaaeaiee
?acaeaeueiiai o/aoa ia ianeieueeeo ?aai/eo ianoao. (iiia? ?aai/aai
ianoa aeaaiiai aooaaeoa?a ?aeiiaiaeoaony onoaiiaeoue “0”).

– ?aaeaeoi? – ii?aaeaeyao oei eniieuecoaiiai ?aaeaeoi?a, eioi?ue aoaeao
aucuaaoueny aeey ei??aeoe?iaee oi?i io/aoia e ia?ae/iuo aeieoiaioia. Ii
iiaeao auoue ano?iaiiui eee aiaoiei. Eiy aiaoiaai ?aaeaeoi?a caaeaaony
eiiaiaeie “Aiaoiea i?ia?aiiu” yoiai aea ioieoa iaith (ni. ?en.2).

– Ia?aiao?u ia/aoe – yoa a?oiia ia?aiao?ia iicaieyao inouanoaeoue
iano?ieeo ia eiathueeny i?eioa?.

– Auaiae io/aoia – ia?aiao?u ii?aaeaeytho eoaea aoaeoo auaiaeeoueny
io/aou iinea i?iniio?a eo ia ye?aia: a oaenoiaue oaee e (eee) ia
ia/aoue eee ia auaiaeeoueny aiiaua. Aeey onoaiiaee auaiaea a oaee
nia/aea ioaeii caaeaoue eiy oaeea. I?e oi?ie?iaaiee iiaiai oaeea noa?ue
oaee n oaeei aea eiaiai oie/oiaeaaony.

– Oi?ie?iaaiea io/aoia – caaeathony ?aaeeiu oi?iaoe?iaaiey io/aoia.

Eiiaiaea A?OEAIAss EIIEss

Iicaieyao auiieieoue nio?aiaiea e ainnoaiiaeaiea a?oeaiie (no?aoiaie)
eiiee eioi?iaoeee ia aeeneaoao. Yoi iaiaoiaeeii aeey iaania/aiey
nio?aiiinoe aeaiiuo a neo/aa eo iioa?e ia aeanoeii aeenea, a oaeaea aeey
ia?aiina eioi?iaoeee ia ae?oaie eiiiuethoa?.

Ii?yaeie ?aaiou i?e auiieiaiee yoie eiiaiaeu:

– iiaeaioiaeoue aeinoaoi/iia eiee/anoai /enouo iooi?iaoe?iaaiiuo
aeeneao;

– aua?aoue ec a?oiiu Na?aen aeaaiiai iaith eiiaiaeo A?oeaiay eiiey;

– aua?aoue ?aaeei Nio?aiaiea eee Ainnoaiiaeaiea;

– oeacaoue aeeneiaiae, ia eioi?ue aoaeoo onoaiiaeaiu aeeneaou;

– i?e nio?aiaiee iaaei i?iaa?eoue aeaoo a?oeaiie eiiee . Anee yoa
aeaoa i?aaeeueia, iaaeaoue eeaaeoo Enter, anee iao – eni?aaeoue
aeaoo e iaaeaoue eeaaeoo Enter. I?e iaoaaoea ianoa ia iaeiie
aeeneaoa i?aaeeaaaaony anoaaeoue aoi?oth e o.ae.;

– i?e ainnoaiiaeaiee a neo/aa onoaiiaee aeeneao a iaaa?iii ii?yaeea ia
ye?ai auaiaeeony niiauaiea. I?e ainnoaiiaeaiee any oaeouay eioi?iaoeey
i?iiaaeaao e caiauaaony eioi?iaoeeae ec a?oeaa.

Eiiaiaea OOIEOeEIIAEUeIUA EEAAEOE

I?e aaiaea aooaaeoa?neeo iia?aoeee /anoi ano?a/athony iiaoi?ythueany
?aeaeceou, iai?eia? “?aaeecaoeey”, “Ia/eneaiea”, “Aoiaeyuaa naeueaei” e
o.ae. A ?aaeeia “Ooieoeeiiaeueiua eeaaeoe” cia/aiey oaeeo ?aeaeceoia
iiaeii caaeaoue ooieoeeiiaeueiuie eeaaeoaie. *oiau i?e aaiaea cia/aiey
?aeaeceoia iinea iiaenoaaeyaiie no?iee aaoiiaoe/anee auiieiyeny
ia?aoiae e neaaeothuaio iieth, a eiioea no?iee neaaeoao iinoaaeoue
neiaie “;”. Aeey ieii/aiey ei??aeoe?iaee anao ooieoeeiiaeueiuo eeaaeo
eniieuecoaony eeaaeoa Pg Dn. Aeey eniieueciaaiey aaaaeaiiuo no?ie i?e
aaiaea oaenoa ioaeii iaaeaoue niioaaonoaothuoth ooieoeeiiaeueioth
eeaaeoo.

Eiiaiaea EAEUeEOEssOI?

Eaeueeoeyoi? aucuaaaony ec aeaaiiai iaith ec a?oiiu Na?aen e ec
ae?oaeo ?aaeeiia iaaeaoeai eeaaeo Ctrl+F2. A eaeueeoeyoi?a iiaeii
aaanoe ethaia a?eoiaoe/aneia au?aaeaiea, ninoiyuaa ec /enae, e?oaeuo
neiaie e ciaeia iia?aoeee: “+” (iethn), “-” (ieion), “*” (oiiiaeeoue),
“/” (?acaeaeeoue). Ae?iaioth e oeaeoth /anoe /enae iaaei ?acaeaeeoue
oi/eie (1.5). Ec ?aaeeia ei??aeoe?iaee noiiu iia?aoeee eaeueeoeyoi?
aucuaaaony eeaaeoae F2. I?e yoii oaeouay noiia iia?aoeee iiiauaaony a
eaeueeoeyoi?, a ?acoeueoao au/eneaiey iinea iaaeaoey eeaaeoe Enter
caiineony a noiio iia?aoeee. I/enoea no?iee eaeueeoeyoi?a auiieiyaony
iinea iaaeaoey eeaaeoe F6. A eaeueeoeyoi?a eiaaony y/aeea iaiyoe, a
eioi?oth iiaeii iiianoeoue ioia/aiiia eo?ni?ii /enei i?e iaaeaoee eeaaeo
Ctrl+F3, aeiaaaeoue e iaiyoe ioia/aiiia eo?ni?ii /enei i?e iaaeaoee
eeaaeo Shift+F3, au/anoue ec iaiyoe ioia/aiiia eo?ni?ii /enei i?e
iaaeaoee eeaaeo Alt+F3. A ?aaeeia ei??aeoe?iaee noiiu iia?aoeee iiaeii
anoaaeoue cia/aiea iaiyoe i?e iaaeaoee eeaaeo Ctrl+F4. E?iia oiai,
cia/aiea iaiyoe iiaeii eniieueciaaoue a eaeueeoeyoi?a. Aeey yoiai a
oi?ioeo neaaeoao aeeth/eoue neiaie “I” (?onneay).

Eiiaiaea AIAOIEA I?IA?AIIU

I?e auciaa aiaoieo i?ia?aii ec a?oiiu Na?aen aeaaiiai iaith ia ye?ai
auaiaeeony nienie aiaoieo i?ia?aii. Nienie aiaoieo i?ia?aii iiaeii
?anoe?youe e ei??aeoe?iaaoue, e?iia ia?auo /aou?ao no?ie, eioi?ua
iaeuecy oaeaeyoue. Aeey caionea aiaoieo i?ia?aii ia aeanoeii aeenea
eiiiuethoa?a aeieaeii auoue naiaiaeii ia iaiaa 600 Eaaeo. Caioneaaony
aiaoiyy i?ia?aiia iinea iaaeaoey eeaaeoe Enter.

Eiiaiaea CAIENIAss EIEAEEA

A caieniie eieaeea iiaeii iacia/eoue ia ethaoth aeaoo nienie aeae, e
oiaaea i?e aoiaea a i?ia?aiio a oio aeaiue, ia eioi?ue iacia/aiu aeaea,
ia ye?ai aoaeao aaoiiaoe/anee auaaaeai nienie aeae.

Eiiaiaea ONOAIIAEA IA?IEss

Anee iaiaoiaeeii ia?aie/eoue aiciiaeiinoue aeinooia ae?oaeo eeoe e
i?ia?aiia, iiaeii onoaiiaeoue ia?ieue ia aoiae a i?ia?aiio. I?e aoiaea
a yoio ?aaeei auaiaeeony cai?in ia onoaiiaeo ia?iey. Aaiaeeony ia?ieue
io 1 aei 10 aoea eee oeeo? e iaaeeiaaony eeaaeoa Enter. Iinea yoiai i?e
aoiaea a i?ia?aiio eaaeaeue ?ac aoaeao cai?aoeaaoueny ia?ieue. Anee
ia?ieue oeacai aoaeao iaaa?ii, ?aaioa i?ia?aiiu i?ae?auaaony. Aeey
niyoey ia?iey auae?aaony eiiaiaea “Onoaiiaeoue ia?ieue” ec a?oiiu
Na?aen aeaaiiai iaith, aaiaeeony ionoie ia?ieue e iaaeeiaaony eeaaeoa
Enter.

Eiiaiaea IINEAAeIEE AeIEOIAIO

A oiaea ?aaiou n i?ia?aiiie oi?ie?othony ?acee/iua auoiaeiua
aeieoiaiou. Aeey oaeianoaa i?iniio?a iineaaeiaai aeieoiaioa ec a?oiiu
Na?aen aeaaiiai iaith auae?aaony aeaiiay eiiaiaea eee aucuaaaony ec
anao iniiaiuo ?aaeeiia i?e iaaeaoee eeaaeo Ctrl+F7. Ia/aoue iineaaeiaai
aeieoiaioa inouanoaeyaony ec aeaaiiai iaith eee i?e iaaeaoee eeaaeo
Ctrl+F8.

2. O/ao aooaaeoa?neeo iia?aoeee

2.1. N/aoa

Ieai n/aoia – iniiaa aaaeaiey aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa. Ia?aae oai eae
ia/aoue ?aaioo, iaiaoiaeeii i?iniio?aoue eaeay nenoaia n/aoia
caeiaeaia a i?ia?aiio “1N: Aooaaeoa?ey”. I?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe yoa nenoaia
n/aoia iiaeao auoue ioei??aeoe?iaaia a niioaaonoaee n iio?aaiinoyie
i?aaei?eieiaoaey.

Aeey i?iniio?a e ei??aeoe?iaee ieaia n/aoia neaaeoao aua?aoue
ioieo aeaaiiai iaith Iia?aoeee, a a iae – eiiaiaeo N/aoa. Ia ye?ai
aoaeao auaaaeai ieai n/aoia aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa (ni. ?en.4).

?en. 4

Ieai n/aoia i?aaenoaaeyaony a aeaea nienea, eiathuaai /aou?a a?aou:

Eiae – eiae (iiia?) n/aoa a niioaaonoaee n aeaenoaothuei ieaiii
n/aoia;

N/n/. – eiae (iiia?) noan/aoa (aeey iniiaiiai n/aoa yoa a?aoa
ionoa);

Iaeiaiiaaiea – iaeiaiiaaiea n/aoa eee noan/aoa;

Aeae noaeiioi – iaeiaiiaaiea aeaea iauaeoia aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa
(noaeiioi), anee ii aeaiiiio n/aoo (noan/aoo) aaaeaony
aiaeeoe/aneee o/ao.

Nienie oii?yaei/ai ii eiaeai (iiia?ai) n/aoia e noan/aoia.
I?iniio?, oaeaeaiea, ei??aeoe?iaea e aaiae iiaie caiene aaaeaony, eae e
aeey anao nieneia. Auno?ue iiene n/aoa e noan/aoa inouanoaeyaony i?e
aaiaea aai iiia?a n eeaaeaoo?u. I?e yoii aaiaeeiue iiia? auaiaeeony a
ieaeiae no?iea ieia, a eo?ni? ia?aiauaaony ii a?aoa Eiae.

I?e aaiaea iiaiai n/aoa (noan/aoa) a nienie n/aoia ii aoaeao
iiiauai oai ii ii?yaeeo. I?e aaiaea n/aoia n noan/aoaie nia/aea
aaiaeeony no?iea n eiaeii n/aoa, ionoui eiaeii noan/aoa e a iae
oeacuaaaony iaeiaiiaaiea n/aoa. Caoai a no?ieao n oai aea eiaeii
n/aoa e eiaeaie noan/aoia aaiaeeony iaeiaiiaaiea noan/aoia.

I?e ei??aeoe?iaea a?aou “Aeae noaeiioi” iinea iaaeaoey eeaaeoe
Entrer ia ye?ai aoaeao auaaaeai nienie aeaeia iauaeoia
aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa (noaeiioi). Ec yoiai nienea eeaaeoaie “” e “?”
auae?aaony ioaeiue aeae noaeiioi e iaaeeiaaony eeaaeoa Enter (ni. ?en.5)
Nienie aeaeia noaeiioi niaea?aeeo aeaa a?aou: iiia? noaeiioi e
iaeiaiiaaiea noaeiioi. Nienie iiaeii oii?yaei/eoue eae ii iiia?o
noaeiioi (F2), oae e ii iaeiaiiaaieth noaeiioi (F4).

?en. 5

Anee a nienea iao iaiaoiaeeiiai aeaea noaeiioi, iaaeeiaaony
eeaaeoa Ins e aaiaeeony iaeiaiiaaiea ioaeiiai aeaea noaeiioi. *oiau
ioiaieoue aaaeaiea aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa eee noan/aoa, auae?aaony no?iea
Aac noaeiioi e iaaeeiaaony eeaaeoa Enter .

I?e iaee/ee o n/aoa noan/aoia nouanoaoao aiciiaeiinoue
aaaeaiey nienea noaeiioi ii n/aoo a oeaeii eee ii eaaeaeiio noan/aoo
ioaeaeueii. A ia?aii neo/aa neaaeoao oeacaoue iaeiaiiaaiea noaeiioi
oieueei aeey no?iee n iaeiaiiaaieai n/aoa, ai aoi?ii – oieueei aeey
no?ie n iaeiaiiaaieyie noan/aoia.

Iaeuecy eciaiyoue iiia?a n/aoia eee noan/aoia, ii eioi?ui
eiaeenue iia?aoeee a oaeouai eee a i?ioeuo ia?eiaeao. Aeey ia/aoe ieaia
n/aoia iaaei iaaeaoue eeaaeoo F8.

2.2. Aaaeaiea aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa

I?ia?aiia iicaieyao aanoe iaia?aie/aiiia eiee/anoai iauaeoia
aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa: ii oiaa?ai, iaoa?eaeai, i?aaiecaoeeyi,
nio?oaeieeai, iniiaiui n?aaenoaai e o.ae. Aeey iaiauaiiiai iacaaiey
a?oiiu iauaeoia aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa a i?ia?aiia eniieuecoaony oa?iei
noaeiioi. Nienie noaeiioi auaiaeeony e ei??aeoe?oaony eiiaiaeie Aeaeu
noaeiioi ioieoa aeaaiiai iaith Iia?aoeee. Aai iiaeii iaiyoue e i?e
i?iniio?a n/aoia aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa e i?e aaiaea iia?aoeee.

*oiau caaeaoue aaaeaiea aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa ii oiio eee eiiio
neioaoe/aneiio n/aoo eee noan/aoo, neaaeoao a ?aaeeia i?iniio?a
n/aoia (eiiaiaea N/aoa ioieoa aeaaiiai iaith Iia?aoeee ) oeacaoue a
a?aoa Aeae noaeiioi iaeiaiiaaiea aeaea noaeiioi, eioi?ue aoaeao
naycai n aeaiiui n/aoii eee noan/aoii. Iinea yoiai i?e aaiaea i?iaiaeie
ii aeaiiiio n/aoo eee noan/aoo i?ia?aiia aoaeao i?aaeeaaaoue aua?aoue
ec niioaaonoaothuaai ni?aai/ieea iauaeo, e eioi?iio ioiineony
i?iaiaeea. Iai?eia?, anee e n/aoo 71 “?an/aou n iiaeio/aoiuie
eeoeaie” i?ee?aieai aeae noaeiioi Nio?oaeieee, oi i?e aaiaea i?iaiaeie
ii n/aoo 71 i?ia?aiia i?aaeeiaeeo aua?aoue ec nienea nio?oaeieea, e
eioi?iio ioiineony iia?aoeey. Anee ioaeiiai nio?oaeieea a nienea iao,
nienie iiaeii oaeaea aeiiieieoue. Eaaeaeue aeae noaeiioi iiaeao auoue
i?ee?aieai e ethaiio /eneo n/aoia e noan/aoia. (Iai?eia?, aeey n/aoia
60, 61, 62, 64, 76 iiaeii aanoe aaeeiue nienie noaeiioi –
“I?aaiecaoeey”).

I?eioeeiu ?aaiou ni nieneii aeaeia noaeiioi (aaiae iiaie
caiene, i?iniio?, ei??aeoe?iaea, oaeaeaiea) oaeie aea eae e aeey anao
nieneia.

Nienee cia/aiee noaeiioi niaea?aeao iauaeou aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa
iaeiiai aeaea.

Ia?auaiea e nieneo cia/aiee noaeiioi auiieiyaony:

– i?e iaaeaoee eeaaeoe F3 ec ieia Aeaeu noaeiioi (i?e yoii
auaiaeeony nienie aeey oiai aeaea noaeiioi, ia eioi?ii onoaiiaeai
eo?ni?);

– i?e aaiaea aeaiiuo a aeo?iae iia?aoeee aeey i?iaiaeie ii oai
n/aoai, ii eioi?ui i?aaeoniio?aii aaaeaiea aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa;

– i?e ei??aeoe?iaee ieaia n/aoia;

– i?e ninoaaeaiee noaiaea?oiuo io/aoia.

Nienie cia/aiee noaeiioi niaea?aeeo o?e a?aou: eiae,
iaeiaiiaaiea noaeiioi e oeaia. Nienie iiaeii oii?yaei/eoue eae ii eiaeo
noaeiioi (F2), oae e ii iaeiaiiaaieth noaeiioi (F4).

?en. 6

A?aoa noaeiioi “Oeaia” caiieiyaony aeey oao iauaeoia aiaeeoe/aneiai
o/aoa, aeey eioi?uo iia eiaao niune (iai?eia?, iniiaiua n?aaenoaa,
iaoa?eaeu e o.ae.).

I?iniio?, ei??aeoe?iaea, oaeaeaiea, aaiae iiaie caiene nienea
cia/aiee noaeiioi inouanoaeythony oae aea eae e aeey ae?oaeo
nieneia.

Ia/aoue nienea cia/aiee noaeiioi aiciiaeia ec ieia Aeaeu noaeiioi
iinea iaaeaoey eeaaeoe F8.

Aeey noaeiioi iiaeii caaeaaaoue ia?aiao?u i?e iaaeaoee eeaaeoe
F5, i?aaeaa?eoaeueii onoaiiaea eo?ni? ia eiie?aoiue noaeiioi. Iacaaiey
ia?aiao?ia noaeiioi aaeeiu aeey anao aeaeia noaeiioi iaeiiai aeaea.
Cia/aiey ia?aiao?ia iiaeii eniieueciaaoue a oi?ia ia?ae/iuo aeieoiaioia,
a oi?iao io/aoia, a oi?ioeao oeiiauo i?iaiaeie e o.i. I?eioeei ?aaiou
ni nieneii ia?aiao?ia noaeiioi oaeie aea, eae e aeey ae?oaeo nieneia.

2.3. Aaaeaiea aeo?iaea iia?aoeee

Enoiaeiuie aeaiiuie aeey aooaaeoa?ee yaeythony i?iaiaeee,
aaiaeeiua a aeo?iae oicyenoaaiiuo iia?aoeee. Ia iniiaaiee aaaaeaiiuo
i?iaiaeie i?ia?aiia aaoiiaoe/anee oi?ie?oao aaeain e ae?oaoth
io/aoiinoue.

AEo?iae iia?aoeee auaiaeeony ia ye?ai i?e auai?a eiiaiaeu AEo?iae
iia?aoeee ioieoa aeaaiiai iaith Iia?aoeee (ni.?en.6).

?en. 7

AEo?iae auaiaeeony a aeaea nienea, ninoiyuaai ec 6 a?ao (eieiiie).

Aeaoa – oeacuaaao aeaoo niaa?oaiey oicyenoaaiiuo iia?aoeee.

Aeaaao – oeacuaaao eiaeu n/aoa e noan/aoa aeaaaoa i?iaiaeee.

E?aaeeo – oeacuaaao eiaeu n/aoa e noan/aoa e?aaeeoa i?iaiaeee.

Noiia – oeacuaaao noiio i?iaiaeee.

N – oeacuaaao iiia? ?aai/aai ianoa, ia eioi?ii aaiaeeeanue
aeaiiay i?iaiaeea. Yoa a?aoa eniieuecoaony i?e ia?aiina e i?e oaeaeaiee
iia?aoeee.

E?aoiia niaea?aeaiea – oeacuaaao ia niaea?aeaiea iia?aoeee e
i?iaiaeee . ?aeiiaiaeoaony a aa eaaie /anoe oeacuaaoue oaeno,
oa?aeoa?ecothuee iia?aoeeth a oeaeii, a a i?aaie /anoe – oaeno,
iienuaathuee iia?aoeeth a oeaeii, a a i?aaie /anoe – oaeno, iienuaathuee
eiie?aoioth i?iaiaeeo.

A aa?oiae /anoe ye?aia (no?iee 2-5) ioia?aaeathony iaeiaiiaaiey
n/aoia aeaaaoa e e?aaeeoa oaeouae i?iaiaeee, niioaaonoaothuea noaeiioi.
AEo?iae iia?aoeee yaeyaony iau/iui nieneii e i?eioeei ?aaiou n iei
oaeie aea, eae e aeey ae?oaeo nieneia. Auoiae ec aeo?iaea iia?aoeee
inouanoaeyaony iinea iaaeaoey eeaaeoe Esc.

Aaiae i?iaiaeie (Ins) inouanoaeyaony iineaaeiaaoaeueii ii
eieiieai ia?aoiaey ec eieiiee a eieiieo iinea iaaeaoey eeaaeoe Enter.
Eieiiea N caiieiyaony aaoiiaoe/anee iinea caaeaiey iiia?a ?aai/aai
ianoa a “Onoaiiaea ia?aiao?ia”.

I?e aaiaea i?iaiaeie neaaeoao eiaoue a aeaeo:

– aeaoa aeieaeia iaoiaeeoueny a eioa?aaea aeaeeiinoe iia?aoeee
(caaeaaony iinea iaaeaoey eeaaeoe F7);

– i?e aaiaea n/aoia aeaaaoa e e?aaeeoa i?iaiaeee eo iiaeii aua?aoue
ec nienea n/aoia. Aeey yoiai iinea iaaeaoey eeaaeoe Enter iaaeaoue
eeaaeoo F3. Ia ye?aia aoaeao auaaaeai nienie n/aoia, ec eioi?iai
eeaaeoaie oi?aaeaiey eo?ni?ii auae?aaony ioaeiue e iaaeeiaaony eeaaeoa
Enter;

– anee ii n/aoo aaaeaony aiaeeoe/aneee o/ao, oi iinea aaiaea
eiaea n/aoa i?ia?aiia i?aaeeiaeeo aua?aoue ec nienea niioaaonoaothuaa
noaeiioi. Anee a nienea iao ioaeiiai noaeiioi, aai iiaeii ooaea aaanoe
(Ins).

I?e aaiaea iaeiioeiiuo i?iaiaeie iiaeii ainiieueciaaoueny
eiie?iaaieai i?iaiaeie. Aeey eiie?iaaiey i?iaiaeee eo?ni?
onoaiaaeeaaaony ia i?iaiaeeo-ia?acaoe e iaaeeiaaony eeaaeoa F9. Iinea
yoiai aaiae i?iaiaeee aiaeiae/ai iienaiiiio auoa, ii a eieiieao aoaeoo
cia/aiey i?iaiaeee-ia?acoea, eioi?ua iiaeii i?eiyoue, iaaeaa eeaaeoo
Enter eee eni?aaeoue.

I?iaiaeee a aeo?iaea iia?aoeee iiaeii ioni?oe?iaaoue ii aeaoai
(F2), n/aoai aeaaaoa (F3), n/aoai e?aaeeoa (F4), noiiai (F5) e
niaea?aeaieth iia?aoeee (F6).

Aeey iienea i?iaiaeee iaaei i?iecaanoe eo ni?oe?iaeo a eieiiea,
ii eioi?ie i?iecaiaeeony iiene, a caoai n eeaaeaoo?u aaanoe ioaeiua
neiaieu (iai?eia? eiae n/aoa aeaaaoa). A neo/aa iaia?oaeaiey aaaaeaiiiai
neiaiea ii ioia?aaeaaony a ieaeiae /anoe nienea, a eo?ni?
onoaiaaeeaaaony ia ia?aue yeaiaio, ioaa/athuee aaaaeaiiui neiaieai.

2.4. Aaiae aoiaeyueo inoaoeia

*oiau ia/aoue ?aaioaoue n i?ia?aiiie iaiaoiaeeii aaanoe e inoaoee
ii anai n/aoai (aoiaeyuaa naeueaei) ia ia/aei oiai ia?eiaea, n eioi?iai
ia/eiatho i?eiaiyoue i?ia?aiio. Inoaoee aaiaeyony a aeaea i?iaiaeie, a
eioi?uo niioaaonoaothuee n/ao (noan/ao) ei??aniiiaee?oaony n iaeioi?ui
oeeoeaiui n/aoii 00. *oiau aaanoe aeaaaoiaue inoaoie ii n/aoo, eiae
yoiai n/aoa oeacuaaaony “00”. Aeey aaiaea e?aaeeoiaiai inoaoea eiae
“00” caiineony a a?aoo “Aeaaao”, a a a?aoo “E?aaeeo” – eiae n/aoa
(noan/aoa), ii eioi?iio aaiaeeony inoaoie.

Aeey oao n/aoia (noan/aoia), ii eioi?ui caaeaii noaeiioi, neaaeoao
aaiaeeoue inoaoee ii eaaeaeiio noaeiioi. Iinea oiai, eae ana inoaoee
aaaaeaiu, ioaeii i?iniio?aoue “Iai?ioii-naeueaeiaoth aaaeiiinoue”
(ioieo iaith Io/aoiinoue). Anee inoaoee aaaaeaiu i?aaeeueii, inoaoie ia
eiiaoe ia?eiaea ii n/aoo “00” aeieaeai auoue ioeaaui. Oaaaeeaoenue a
i?aaeeueiinoe aaaaeaiiuo i?iaiaeie, auiieiyaony eiiaiaea Cae?uoea
?aai/aai ia?eiaea ioieoa iaith Iia?aoeee.

2.5. Oeiiaua iia?aoeee

Oeiiaua iia?aoeee i?aaeiacia/aiu aeey oi?iuaiey aaiaea i?iaiaeie. N
eo iiiiuueth iiaeii aaoiiaoece?iaaoue aaiae noaiaea?oiuo eee /anoi
eniieuecoaiuo iia?aoeee e ia/aoaoue iaiaoiaeeiua ia?ae/iua aeieoiaiou.
Oeiiaua iia?aoeee i?aaenoaaeythony niaie noeaia?ee noaiaea?oiuo eee
/anoi iiaoi?ythueony aeaenoaee.

I?e caaeaiee oeiiaie iia?aoeee a aeo?iae iia?aoeee iiiauaaony
iaeia eee ianeieueei i?iaiaeie, eiathueo iauoth aeaoo e niaea?aeaiea
iia?aoeee. Noiiu i?iaiaeie iiaoo ?ann/eouaaoueny aaoiiaoe/anee eee
cai?aoeaaoueny i?e aaiaea oeiiaie iia?aoeee. I?ia?aiia iicaieyao
ei??aeoe?iaaoue e aeiiieiyoue nienie oeiiauo iia?aoeee e oi?ioeu aeey
?an/aoa noii i?iaiaeie. I?e eniieueciaaiee oeiiauo iia?aoeee iiaeii
aaoiiaoe/anee iieo/aoue niioaaonoaothuee ia?ae/iue aeieoiaio. Oi?iao
ia?ae/iiai aeieoiaioa oaeaea iiaeii ei??aeoe?iaaoue.

?aaioa n oeiiauie iia?aoeeyie aeeth/aao aeaa yoaia. Ia?aue –
iano?ieea oeiiaie iia?aoeee (e ia?ae/iiai aeieoiaioa). Aoi?ie –
eniieueciaaiea oeiiaie iia?aoeee aeey aaiaea i?iaiaeie a aeo?iae
iia?aoeee (e ia/aoe ia?ae/iiai aeieoiaioa).

I?ia?aiia iicaieyao eniieueciaaoue ethaia eiee/anoai oeiiauo iia?a
oeee. Aeey i?iniio?a e ?aaeaeoe?iaaiey oeiiauo iia?aoeee i?ia?aiia
auaiaeeo nienie oeiiauo iia?aoeee. Yoio nienie i?aaeuyaeyaony aeey
auai?a ec iaai ioaeiie oeiiaie iia?aoeee i?e iaaeaoee eeaaeo
Ctrl+Enter eee Ctrl+F9 ec ?aaeeia i?iniio?a “AEo?iae iia?aoeee” ioieoa
aeaaiia iaith Iia?aoeee (ni.?en.8).

?en. 8

Nienie aeeth/aao o?e a?aou (eieiiee):

Iia?aoeee – iaeiaiiaaiea oeiiaie iia?aoeee;

Oeiiaia niaea?aeaiea – oaeno, anoaaeyaiue a eieiieo E?aoeia
niaea?aeaiea aeo?iaea iia?aoeee;

Eno. oaee – eiy oaeea n oi?iie ia?ae/iiai aeieoiaioa, eioi?ue iiaeao
ia/aoaoueny i?e aaiaea aeaiiie oeiiaie iia?aoeee. Anee yoa a?aoa ionoa,
ia?ae/iue aeieoiaio aeey aeaiiie iia?aoeee nicaeaaaoueny ia aoaeao.

Aaiae oeiiauo iia?aoeee

Aeey aaiaea oeiiauo iia?aoeee a aeo?iae iia?aoeee iaaei iaaeaoue
eeaaeoe Ctrl+Enter. Ia ye?ai auaiaeeony nienie oeiiauo iia?aoeee. I?e
iiiiue eeaaeo ia?aiauaiey eo?ni?a auae?aaony ioaeiay oeiiaay iia?aoeey
e iaaeeiaaony eeaaeoa Enter. Ia ye?ai auaiaeyony i?iaiaeee, ioiinyueony
e aeaiiie oeiiaie iia?aoeee. I?aaeeaaaaony aaanoe aeaoo, noiio e oaeno
niaea?aeaiey iia?aoeee (ia?aiineony a aeo?iae iia?aoeee). Aeaoa e
niaea?aeaiea iia?aoeee caiinyony a eaaeaeoth i?iaiaeeo . Iinea yoiai
i?ia?aiia i?aaeeiaeeo caiieieoue iaaeinoathuea ?aeaeceou:

– aeey i?iaiaeie, o eioi?uo ia?aue eiyooeoeeaio ?aaai 0
cai?aoeaaaony noiia i?iaiaeee;

– aeey i?iaiaeie ii oai n/aoai, ii eioi?ui aaaeaony
aiaeeoe/aneee o/ao, ia ye?ai aoaeao auaaaeai niioaaonoaothuee nienie
noaeiioi. Eo?ni?ii iaaei aua?aoue ioaeiue iauaeo aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa e
iaaeaoue eeaaeoo Enter;

– aeey i?iaiaeie, o eioi?uo eiaaony neiaie “#”, ioaeii aaanoe
iiia? ia?ae/iiai aeieoiaioa, eioi?ue iiaeao auoue ?ania/aoai iinea
aaiaea oeiiaie iia?aoeee.

Iinea aaiaea anao ?aeaeceoia ia ye?ai auaiaeeony iaith:

1) caienaoue iia?aoeeth: ana i?iaiaeee ia?aiinyony a aeo?iae iia?aoeee
(i?iaiaeee n ioeaaie noiiie ia caiinyony);

2) i?iaeieaeeoue ei??aeoe?iaeo: inouanoaeyaony aica?ao e nieneo
noi?ioee?iaaiiuo i?iaiaeie. Iiaeii eciaieoue ethaua ?aeaeceou e
aa?iooueny a aeaiiia iaith (Esc);

3) auoiae aac caiene: i?iaiaeee ia caiinyony a aeo?iae iia?aoeee;

4) ia/aoue aeieoiaioa: anee aeey oaeouae oeiiaie iia?aoeee nouanoaoao
oi?ia ia?ae/iiai aeieoiaioa, yoio aeieoiaio iiaeii ?ania/aoaoue
(ia/aoaoue aeieoiaio iaaei aei caiene iia?aoeee);

5) oi?ia: i?iniio? e ?aaeaeoe?iaaiea oi?iu ia?ae/iiai aeieoiaioa.

Anee a ?aaeeia “AEo?iae iia?aoeee” iaaeaoue eeaaeoe Ctrl+F9, oi
i?ia?aiia aoaeao ?aaioaoue oae aea, eae e i?e iaaeaoee eeaaeo
Ctrl+Enter, ii cia/aiey aeaou, noiiu e niaea?aeaiea aoaeoo
caiieiyoueny aaoiiaoe/anee e niioaaonoaiaaoue oie i?iaiaeea, ia
eioi?ie aue onoaiiaeai eo?ni? ia?aae iaaeaoeai eeaaeo Ctrl+F9. I?e
aeaeaiee yoe cia/aiey iiaeii ioei??aeoe?iaaoue.

Ii?aaeaeaiea oeiiauo iia?aoeee

Aeey ei??aeoe?iaee oeiiauo iia?aoeee eee aaiaea iiauo
eniieuecoaony eiiaiaea Oeiiaua iia?aoeee ioieoa iaith Iia?aoeee. Iinea
auai?a yoie eiiaiaeu ia ye?ai auaiaeeony nienie oeiiauo iia?aoeee.
Ei??aeoe?iaea, oaeaeaiea e aaiae iiaie oeiiaie iia?aoeee inouanoaeyaony
oae aea, eae e i?e ?aaioa a ae?oaeo nieneao (Enter, Del,Ins). Iinea
iaaeaoey eeaaeoe F3 i?e i?iniio?a nienea oeiiauo iia?aoeee eee i?e
aaiaea iiaie oeiiaie iia?aoeee auaiaeeony oaaeii aeey aaiaea i?iaiaeie
eee ei??aeoe?iaee nouanoaothueo (ni.?en.9).

?en. 9

Nia/aea aaiaeeony n/ao/noan/ao aeaaaoa e iaaeeiaaony eeaaeoa Enter.
Caoai a yoie aea eieiiea ai aoi?ie no?iea aaiaeeony n/ao/noan/ao
e?aaeeoa e iaaeeiaaony eeaaeoa Enter. Caoai aeey ii?aaeaeaiey noiiu
i?iaiaeee aaiaeyony cia/aiey eiyooeoeeaioia e, anee iaiaoiaeeii,
oi?ioea. Aiciiaeiu neaaeothuea aa?eaiou:

– anee aeey i?iaiaeee caaeaia oi?ioea, oi noiia au/eneyaony ii
oi?ioea. Anee i?e yoii ia?aue eiyooeoeeaio ?aaai ioeth, oi
?ann/eoaiiay noiia i?iaiaeee auaiaeeony a ioaeaeueiia ieii aeey
iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey (i?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe noiio iiaeii eni?aaeoue);

– anee oi?ioea ia caaeaia e ia?aue eiyooeoeeaio ia ?aaai ioeth,
oi noiia i?iaiaeee au/eneyaony eae noiia iia?aoeee, oiiiaeaiiay ia
ia?aue eiyooeoeeaio e aeaeaiiay ia aoi?ie;

– anee oi?ioea ia caaeaia e ia?aue eiyooeoeeaio ?aaai ioeth, oi
noiia i?iaiaeee cai?aoeaaaony i?e aaiaea oeiiaie iia?aoeee.

Aaiae oi?ioe

Aeey nicaeaiey e ei??aeoe?iaee oi?ioeu iaaei iiaeaanoe eo?ni? ai
aoi?oth no?ieo a?aou “Eiyooeoeeaiou” e iaaeaoue eeaaeoo Enter. A ieaeiae
/anoe ye?aia iiyaeony ieii ec iyoe no?ie, a eioi?ii iiaeii aaiaeeoue e
?aaeaeoe?iaaoue oaeno oi?ioeu. Ieii ?anniao?eaaaony eae iaeia aieueoay
no?iea, oae /oi ia ioaeii iaaeeiaoue Enter aeey ia?aiina /anoe oi?ioeu,
anee iia ia iiiauaaony a iaeiie no?iea. Ieii/ea aaiae oi?ioeu,
iaaeeiaai Enter. Iaaeaoea Esc i?ae?aoeo ?aaeaeoe?iaaiea oi?ioeu, i?e
yoii eciaiaiey a oi?ioeo aianaiu ia aoaeoo.

Oi?ioea iiaeao ec neaaeothueo yeaiaioia:

– /enae (oeaeay e ae?iaiay /anoe ?acaeaeyony oi/eie);

– ciaeia a?eoiaoe/aneeo iia?aoeee (“+” – neiaeaiea, “-” –
au/eoaiea, “*” – oiiiaeaiea, “/” – aeaeaiea);

– e?oaeuo neiaie “(“e”)”, ii?aaeaeythueo ii?yaeie au/eneaiey
au?aaeaiey;

– iae?ieiai, eniieuecoaiuo aeey nnueee ia noiiu i?aaeuaeoueo
i?iaiaeie, noiio iia?aoeee, inoaoee e iai?iou ii n/aoai e o.ae.

Iaeaieaa /anoi eniieuecothony neaaeothuea iae?ieiaia:

X – ?acoeueoao i?aaeuaeouaai au?aaeaiey;

Xo – noiia iia?aoeee (noiia, eioi?ay aaiaeeony a ia?aie no?iea i?e

auai?a oeiiaie iia?aoeee);

Xn – noiia i?iaiaeee n iiia?ii n a aeaiiie oeiiaie iia?aoeee;

CHnD.m – cia/aiea ia?aiao?a n iiia?ii m noaeiioi, aua?aiiiai a
aeaaeoa i?iaiaeee n iiia?ii n (CH1D.2 – cia/aiea aoi?iai ia?aiao?a
noaeiioi, eniieuecoaiiai ii aeaaaoo i?iaiaeee n iiia?ii 1);

CHnE.m – cia/aiea ia?aiao?a n iiia?ii m noaeiioi, aua?aiiiai a
e?aaeeoa i?iaiaeee n iiia?ii n (CH2E.1 – cia/aiea ia?aiai ia?aiao?a
noaeiioi, eniieuecoaiiai ii e?aaeeoo i?iaiaeee n iiia?ii 2);

En – eiinoaioa n iiia?ii n (ec ni?aai/ieea eiinoaio, ooieoeey
“Iia?aoeey” eiiaiaea “Eiinoaiou”);

CHDn – naeueaei ia/aeueiia aeaaeoiaia ii n/aoo n;

CHEn – naeueaei ia/aeueiia e?aaeeoiaia ii n/aoo n;

CEDn – naeueaei eiia/iia aeaaeoiaia ii n/aoo n;

CEEn – naeueaei eiia/iia e?aaeeoiaia ii n/aoo n;

DIn – iai?io ii aeaaeoo n/aoa n;

EIn – iai?io ii e?aaeeoo n/aoa n;

IAn,m – iai?io a aeaaeo n/aoa n n e?aaeeoa n/aoa m; (n, m – iiia?
n/aoa eee iiia? n/aoa n noan/aoii, ?acaeaeaiiie oi/eie);

CHDn:m – naeueaei ia/aeueiia aeaaeoiaia ii n/aoo n ii noaeiioi m;

CEDn:m – naeueaei eiia/iia aeaaeoiaia ii n/aoo n ii noaeiioi m;

Aeey ethaie oeiiaie iia?aoeee iiaeii caaeaoue oi?io ia?ae/iiai
aeieoiai oa eee ioei??aeoe?iaaoue nouanoaothuoth. Yoi iicaieeo i?e
aaiaea oeiiaie iia?aoeee noi?ie?iaaoue e ?ania/aoaoue niioaaonoaothuee
aeieoiaio.

2.5. Onoaiiaea ?aai/aai ia?eiaea, eioa?aaea iia?aoeee, ia?aiin
iia?aoeee, cae?uoea ia?eiaea e oaeaeaiea aeaiiuo.

Onoaiiaea ?aai/aai ia?eiaea

Aeey onoaiiaee ?aai/aai ia?eiaea iaiaoiaeeii aua?aoue eiiaiaeo
?an/ao eoiaia ioieoa iaith Io/aoiinoue. Auaeaeeoue eo?ni?ii iiea n
?aai/ei ia?eiaeii, iaaeaoue eeaaeoo Enter e aanoe iiaua cia/aiey iiia?a
eaa?oaea e aiae. Iaaeaoue eeaaeoo Esc. Iinea yoiai iiaeii aieoe a
aeo?iae iia?aoeee e aaiaeeoue oai i?iaiaeee ca oeacaiiue eaa?oae.
Anee ioaeii aaanoe eee eni?aaeoue i?iaiaeeo ca i?aaeuaeouee eaa?oae,
iaiaoiaeeii nia/aea eni?aaeoue ?aai/ee ia?eiae ia ioaeiue . Oieueei
iinea yoiai iiaeii aiineoue eciaiaiey a aeo?iaea iia?aoeee ca
i?aaeuaeouee eaa?oae. *oiau aa?iooueny e oaeouaio eaa?oaeo, iaaei
eciaieoue ?aai/ee ia?eiae ia ioaeiue.

Eioa?aae iia?aoeee

Eioa?aae iia?aoeee i?aaeiacia/ai aeey ia?aie/aiey i?iniio?a
nienea iia?aoeee ( iai?eia?, oaeouei ianyoeai, oaeouei eaa?oaeii,
oaeouei e i?ioaaeoei eaa?oaeaie, anai aiaeii). Eioa?aae iiaeii
caaeaaaoue, aua?aa ec ioieoa aeaaiiai iaith Iia?aoeee eiiaiaeo Eioa?aae
iia?aoeee eee ec aeo?iaea iia?aoeee iaaeaoeai eeaaeoe F7.

Eioa?aae aeaeeiinoe iia?aoeee caaeaaony a ianyoeao. Ieii
onoaiiaee eioa?aaea i?aaenoaaeaii a aeaea iaith (ni. ?en.10). Aeey
ia?aoiaea ii iiceoeeyi iaith eniieuecothony eeaaeoe oi?aaeaiey eo?ni?ii.

?en.10

Ia?aua aeaa ioieoa iaith io?aaeatho a?aieoeu onoaiiaeaiiiai eioa?aaea
(neaaa – ia/aei, ni?aaa – eiiaoe). Ia?aiia/aeueii a?aieoeu
niioaaonoaotho ia/aeo e eiioeo ?aai/aai ia?eiaea.

Aeey eciaiaiey a?aieoe eniieuecothony eeaaeoe “+” e “-” i?e aeoeaiii
ioieoa niioaaonoaothuae a?aieoeu a iaith. Iinea yoiai auaeaeeoue
iaaeienue Auiieieoue e iaaeaoue eeaaeoo Enter. Aeey ioeaca io eciaiaiee
eioa?aaea iaaeaoue eeaaeoo Esc.

Eioa?aae iia?aoeee ioia?aaeaaony a i?aaie /anoe aoi?ie no?iee ye?aia
aeo?iaea iia?aoeee.

Ia?aiin iia?aoeee

I?ia?aiia iicaieyao i?aaieciaaoue ?acaeaeueiue o/ao ia
ianeieueeeo eiiiuethoa?ao n iineaaeothuei neeyieai aeaiiuo aeey
iiaeaaaeaiey eoiaia. Aeey eaaeaeiai ?aai/aai ianoa caaeaaony iiia? a
?aaeeia “Onoaiiaea ia?aiao?ia” ioieoa aeaaiiai iaith Na?aen eee i?e
iaaeaoee eeaaeoe F10 ec aeo?iaea iia?aoeee. Iiia?a ?aai/eo iano ia
aeieaeiu iiaoi?youeny. ?aeiiaiaeoaony iaeii ec ?aai/eo iano auaeaeeoue a
ea/anoaa aeaaiiai e i?enaieoue aio iiia? 0. Ia eaaeaeii ?aai/ai
ianoa oeaeaniia?acii aaanoe ii?aaeaeaiiue o/anoie o/aoa e a eiioea
eaaeaeiai ia?eiaea auiieiyoue ia?aiin i?iaiaeie ia aeaaiia ?aai/aa
ianoi.

I?e auai?a eiiaiaeu Ia?aiin iia?aoeee ioieoa iaith Iia?aoeee, ia
ye?ai auaiaeeony ieii(ni.?en.11).

?en.11

Iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue aeaenoaee i?e ia?aiina iia?aoeee n ae?oaiai
eiiiuethoa? ( a neiaeao i?eaaaeaiu aeaenoaey i?e ia?aiina n ae?oaie
eiiiuethoa?):

1) caaeathony aeene e aee?aeoi?ey a eioi?ua caa?oaeathony auoiaeiie
oaee (ec eioi?iai aua?oaeaaony oaee);

2) caaeaaony iiia? ?aai/aai ianoa o aua?oaeaiiuo i?iaiaeie (o
caa?oaeaaiuo i?iaiaeie);

3) onoaiaaeeaaaony, eaeea i?iaiaeee aoaeoo aua?oaeaoueny: ana eee
oieueei naiaeiua (eioi?iaoeey ii noaeiioi ia ia?aiineony);

4) onoaiiaeoue a eaeie oaee aoaeoo aua?oaeaoueny (caa?oaeaoueny)
i?iaiaeee: BMPTRANS.DBF – aaca aeaiiuo, BMPTRANS.TXT – oaenoiaue oaee;

5) Auaeaeeoue eo?ni?ii Aua?oceoue eee Caa?oceoue e iaaeaoue eeaaeoo
Enter.

I?e yoii iaiaoiaeeii, /oiau ia ?aciuo eiiiuethoa?ao auee
iaeeiaeiaua ni?aai/ieee ieaia n/aoia.

Iau/ii ooieoeey oaeaeaiey eniieuecoaony a niaoeeaeueiuo neo/ayo:
iai?eia?, i?e ioeai/iie caa?ocea /anoe iia?aoeee.

Cae?uoea ia?eiaea

Yoa eiiaiaea aucuaaaony ec ioieoa aeaaiiai iaith Iia?aoeey. I?e
auiieiaiee cae?uoey ia?eiaea, iinea iaaeaoey eeaaeoe Enter, i?ia?aiia
auiieiyao ?an/ao eoiaia ca oaeouee ?aai/ee ia?eiae e ia?aoiae e
neaaeothuaio ?aai/aio ia?eiaeo. Iinea yoiai i?ia?aiia i?aaeeaaaao
onoaiiaeoue iiaue eioa?aae iia?aoeee. Anee auaaaeaiiue ia ye?ai eioa?aae
niioaaonoaoao o?aaoaiiio, iaaeaoue eeaaeoo Esc.

Ia?aae cae?uoeai ia?eiaea ?aeiiaiaeoaony nio?aieoue a?oeaioth
eiieth ia aeeneaoao.

Oaeaeaiea aeaiiuo

Aeaiiue ?aaeei eniieuecoaony aeey oece/aneiai oaeaeaiey ec aacu aeaiiuo
iia?aoeee ca i?ioeua ia?eiaeu. I?e yoii inaiaiaeaeaaony caiyoia eie
ianoi ia aeenea. Oaeaeaiea iia?aoeee auiieiyaony a eioa?aaea ia/eiay n
naiuo ?aiieo. Ia?aae oaeaeaieai ?aeiiaiaeoaony nio?aiyoue a?oeaioth
eiieth ia ioaeaeueiuo aeeneaoao. Eoiaiaua aeaiiua ca i?ioeua ia?eiaeu ia
oaeaeythony.

2.6.Oi?ie?iaaiea io/aoia

I?ia?aiia iicaieyao oi?ie?iaaoue aieueoia eiee/anoai auoiaeiuo
aeieoiaioia.Aeey oi?ie?iaaiey auoiaeiuo aeieoiaioia eniieuecothony
?acee/iua eiiaiaeu ec ioieoa aeaaiiai iaith Io/aoiinoue. Auai? yoeo
eiiaiae aiciiaeai iinea ?an/aoa eoiaia (eiiaiaea ?an/ao eoiaia ioieoa
aeaaiiai iaith Io/aoiinoue).

Naiaeiua i?iaiaeee

Naiaeiua i?iaiaeee – yoi aeieoiaio, niaea?aeauee iai?iou iaaeaeo
n/aoaie. Anee a ei??aniiiaeaioeeyo oeacaiu n/aoa n noan/aoaie, oi a
naiaeiua i?iaiaeee aeeth/athony eoiae ii ei??aniiiaeaioeee n noan/aoaie
e ei??aniiiaeaioeee aac noan/aoia.

Oaoiaoea

Oaoiaoea – yoi aeieoiaio, niaea?aeauee oaaee/iia i?aaenoaaeaiea iai?ioia
iaaeaeo n/aoaie ca onoaiiaeaiiue ia?eiae a?aiaie. Neaaa e naa?oo
oaoiaoee ioia?aaeathony iiia?a n/aoia aeaaaoa e e?aaeeoa
niioaaonoaaiii, a ni?aaa e nieco – iai?iou ii yoei n/aoai. A
na?aaeeia eaaeaeie eeaoee oeacaia noiia ii ei??aniiiaeaioeee n aeaaaoa
n/aoa no?iee a e?aaeeo n/aoa noieaoea.

Iai?ioii-naeueaeiaay aaaeiiinoue

Iai?ioii-naeueaeiaay aaaeiiinoue niaea?aeeo aeey eaaeaeiai n/aoa inoaoee
ia ia/aei e ia eiiaoe ia?eiaea e iai?iou ii aeaaaoo e e?aaeeoo ca
aeaiiue ia?eiae. Nienie oii?yaei/ai ii eiaeai n/aoia e noan/aoia. A
ieaeiae no?iea aaaeiiinoe auaiaeyony eoiae ii iai?ioai e inoaoeai ii
anai n/aoai. A aa?oiae /anoe ye?aia auaiaeyony iieiua iacaaiey n/aoia
oaeouae no?iee e iaeiaiiaaiey noaeiioi.

Anee ii n/aoo aaaeaony aiaeeoe/aneee o/ao, oi iiaeii iieo/eoue
iai?ioii – naeueaeiaoth aaaeiiinoue ii n/aoo a ?ac?aca noaeiioi.
Aeey yoiai iaaei onoaiiaeoue eo?ni? ia ioaeiue n/ao e iaaeaoue eeaaeoo
F3.

Anee i?e i?iniio?a iai?ioii-naeueaeiaie aaaeiiinoe iaiaoiaeeii
iieo/eoue iieiua aeaiiua ia iia?aoeeyo ii eiie?aoiiio n/aoo, iiaeii
auaanoe ea?oi/eo n/aoa. Aeey yoiai iaaei onoaiiaeoue eo?ni? ia
o?aaoaiue n/ao e iaaeaoue eeaaeoo F5.

Iai?ioii-naeueaeiaay aaaeaiinoue ii eiie?aoiiio iaoa?eaeo (n/ao 10)
yaeyaony aaaeiiinoueth iaee/ey e aeaeaeaiey iaoa?eaea.

Ea?oi/ea n/aoa

A ea?oi/eo aeeth/athony ana iia?aoeee n aeaiiui n/aoii, a oaeaea
inoaoee ia ia/aei e eiiaoe ia?eiaea, iai?iou ca ia?eiae e inoaoee iinea
eaaeaeie iia?aoeee.

Anee aeey aua?aiiiai n/aoa aaaeaony aiaeeoe/aneee o/ao, ia ye?ai
auaiaeeony niioaaonoaothuee nienie iauaeoia aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa.
Iiaeii auaanoe ea?oi/eo ii eiie?aoiiio noaeiioi, onoaiiaea ia ioaeiue
noaeiioi eo?ni? e iaaeaa eeaaeoo ENTER, eee ii anai noaeiioi, iaaeaa
eeaaeoo F8.

Ea?oi/ea ii n/aoo 50 yaeyaony eanniaie eieaie, a ii eiie?aoiiio
iaoa?eaeo – ea?oi/eie neeaaeneiai o/aoa.

Aiaeec n/aoa

Aeieoiaio niaea?aeeo (ni. ?en.12) iai?iou n/aoa n ae?oaeie n/aoaie,
inoaoee e iai?iou, o.a. i?aaenoaaeyao niaie oaeoe/anee Aeaaioth eieao.
I?e auai?a aeaiiiai io/aoa ia ye?ai auaiaeeony nienie n/aoia, ec
eioi?iai neaaeoao aua?aoue o?aaoaiue n/ao eee iaaeaoue eeaaeoo F8 aeey
iieo/aiey aeieoiaioa ii anai n/aoai.

?en.12

Aiaeec n/aoa ii noaeiioi

Aeieoiaio niaea?aeeo nienie noaeiioi aua?aiiiai n/aoa. Aeey
eaaeaeiai noaeiioi auaiaeeony inoaoie ia ia/aei ia?eiaea, iai?iou,
inoaoie ia eiiaoe ia?eiaea e nienie ei??aniiiaee?othueo n/aoia n
oeacaieai aeaaaoiaiai e e?aaeeoiaiai iai?ioia ii eaaeaeiio n/aoo a
ioaeaeueiinoe.

Anee noi?ie?iaaoue yoio aeieoiaio ii anai iniiaiui n?aaenoaai (n/ao
01, eeaaeoa F8), oi inoaoie ia eiiaoe ia?eiaea ii 01 n/aoo aoaeao
yaeyoueny ia?aiia/aeueiie noieiinoueth, inoaoie ia eiiaoe ii n/aoo 02
– eciinii, a naa?iooia naeueaei – inoaoi/iie noieiinoueth.

Aiaeec n/aoa ii aeaoai

Ii eaaeaeie aeaoa ?aai/aai ia?eiaea auaiaeeony inoaoie ia ia/aei,
iai?iou, inoaoee ia eiiaoe e nienie ei??aniiiaee?othueo n/aoia.

Io/aou

Nenoaia iicaieyao iieo/aoue io/aou i?iecaieueiie oi?iu. Eaaeaeue io/ao
caaeaaony n iiiiuueth oaenoiaiai oaeea, eioi?ue niaea?aeeo oi?io io/aoa
e oi?ioeu ?an/aoa eaaeaeiai iieacaoaey. I?e eo eniieueciaaiee, io/aou
iiaeii eciaiyoue a niioaaonoaee n onoaiiaeaiiie oi?iie io/aoiinoe.
Aeey oi?ie?iaaiey io/aoa, neaaeoao aua?aoue eiiaiaeo Io/aou ec ioieoa
iaith Io/aoiinoue. Ia ye?ai auaiaeeony nienie io/aoia, niaea?aeauee
i?aeoe/anee ana aeieoiaiou, o?aaoaiua iaeiaiaie einiaeoeeae, iaineiiiui
oiiaeii e noaoenoe/aneie neoaeaie: aaeain, i?eeiaeaiey e iaio,
?an/aou iaeiaia eo.ae.

No?oeoo?o io/aoa iiaeii nicaeaaaoue e eciaiyoue n iiiiuueth
ethaiai oaenoiaiai ?aaeaeoi?a. Ana io/aou auaiaeyony ia ye?ai e
ia/aoue.

IAOIAeE*ANEEA OEACAIEss E ?AAIOA N IAEAOII I?IA?AII

“1N-AOOAAEOA?Ess”

Ninoaaeoaee: EIAAEUe Iaaae Aaaaiueaae/

IAOIIIA Aeaenaiae? Aeaaeeie?iae/

OEOEIA Aaeeia Naiaiiaia

?aaeaeoi? I.E. Cieioeia

Iiaeienaii a ia/aoue

Oi?iao 60o84 1/16. Aoiaaa iaa?oi/iay.

Ia/aoue ionaoiay. O/.-ecae.e. 1,75. One.ia/.e. 1,63

Caeac .

Aanieaoii

Ecaeaoaeuenoai ?inneeneie yeiiiie/aneie aeaaeaiee eiaie
A.A.Ieaoaiiaa

113054 Iineaa, No?aiyiiue ia?., 36

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