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Ян Амос Коменский

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A?aiy i?eaeao, i Eiiaineee, eiaaea e oaay e aeayiuey,

Aeoiu, caaaou oaie eo/oea ethaee ii/ooo.

E a e a i e oe

Aaieaeueiue nui /aoneiai ia?iaea, iaaeaaia-eeannee, iniiaiiieiaeiee
iaaeaaiae/aneie iaoee, aaeeeee iuneeoaeue, iao?eio, aeaiie?ao-aoiaieno e
naiiioaa?aeaiiue ai?aoe ca ie? iaaeaeo ethaeueie, ssi Aiin Eiiaineee
(1592-1670) i?eiaaeeaaeeo e /eneo oao enoi?e/aneeo ee/iinoae, eioi?ua
naieie oai?aieyie e aaccaaaoiui neoaeaieai ia?iaeo nieneaee
iaoayaeaaioth neaao e ethaiaue.

Eiiaineiai iacuaatho iooeii iaaeaaiaeee, o/eoaeai ia?iaeia. Ii nicaeae
iaaeaaiae/aneea e oeeinioneea o?oaeu, i?iiecaiiua aeooii aoiaiecia,
aeaiie?aoecia, ethaiaueth e oaaaeaieai e ethaeyi, oaaaeaieai e o?oaeo.
Eiiaineee i?iiiaaaeiaae eaeath eeeaeaeaoeee nineiaiuo i?eaeeaaee e
oaiaoaiey /aeiaaea /aeiaaeii, ieaiaiioth ethaiaue e ?iaeeia
iioeienoe/aneoth aa?o a aoaeouaa, ?aaiii?aaea aaeeeeo e iaeuo ia?iaeia e
oaaaeaiea e iaoeeiiaeueiui i?aaai anao ia?iaeia. Ii aue ai?oeii ca
i?ae?auaiea e oie/oiaeaiea anao aiei e ainnoaiiaeaieai anaiauaai ie?a ia
caiea.

Aaeeeay caneoaa Eiiaineiai ia?aae /aeiaa/anoaii ninoieo a oii, /oi ii n
iiceoeee aeaiie?aoecia e aoiaiecia niia aeaoue e?eoe/aneoth ioeaieo
anae ioaeeaoae n?aaeiaaaeiaie nenoaia ainieoaiey. Eiiaineee, o/eouaay
ana oi oeaiiia, /oi auei iaeiieaii aai i?aaeoanoaaiieeaie a iaeanoe
oai?ee e i?aeoeee ainieoaiey, nicaeae iaaeaaiae/aneia o/aiea, eioi?ia e
ii nae aeaiue nio?aiyao naith nia?aiiaiinoue e iaiaoiaeeiinoue.

Aieueoeinoai iaaeaaiae/aneeo eaeae Eiiaineiai ia iieo/eei oe?ieiai
?ani?ino?aiaiey ia oieueei i?e aai aeecie, ii e nioony aeieaia a?aiy
iinea iaai. Ii iinea iiaaaeu Aaeeeie Ieoya?ueneie ?aaiethoeee e
aicieeiiaaieai Niaaoneiai Nithca, a caoai aicieeiiaaiey no?ai ia?iaeiie
aeaiie?aoee e a a?aoneeo aeaiie?aoe/aneeo ?anioaeeeao, a oii /enea e a
*aoineiaaeee, aai o/aiey iaoee oe?ieia i?eiaiaiea a iaaeaaiaeea.

ssi Aiin Eiiaineee aeee e oai?ee a XVII aaea, aaea, eioi?ue
ciaiaiaoaeai a enoi?ee Aa?iiu, e a enoi?ee *aoee a /anoiinoe, eae aae
ioe?uoie ai?ueau iaaeaeo oaiaeaeeciii e ?acaeaathueieny
eaieoaeenoe/aneeie yeaiaioaie. I?ioeann eaieoaeenoe/aeiai ?acaeoey
?ac?ooae yeiiiie/aneoth no?oeoo?o oaiaeaeecia. A oaiaeaeueiie
n?aaeiaaaeiaie yeiiiieea ia/eiaaony ia?eiae ei?aiiiai ia?aeiia. Anthaeo,
aaea ?acaeaathony ca/aoee eaieoaeenoe/aeiai i?iecaiaenoaa, cia/eoaeueii
?acaeaaaony ?aianei, ecia?aoaoaeuenoai e iaoea. Eae ecaanoii, a n?aaeiea
aaea ia i?ioyaeaiee ianeieueeeo noieaoee oea?eiaue ioaa?aaea aieueooth
/anoue eoeueoo?iiai ianeaaeey aioe/iiai ie?a e ia?aciaaiea a n?aaeiea
aaea iniiauaaeinue ia aiaineiaee, ana iiaia iiaeaa?aay niiiaieth e
aeanoieie e?eoeea.

Ana yoi oi?iiceei i?ia?ann iauanoaaiiie iunee. E aeaaiie caaea/ae iiaie
yiioe noaei i?aiaeieaiea n?aaeiaaiaeiaiai aeiaiaoecia e noieanoeee.
Oeaeue ao?aeoacee noinoiyea a nicaeaiee iiaie, nianoaaiiie eaeaieiaee,
iniiaaiiie ia iao/iuo ciaieyo e niioaaonoaothueo aeooo yiioe, ai?acaei
aieaa i?ia?anneaiie ii n?aaiaieth n oaiaeaeueiie.

Iiaua yaeaiey a iauanoaaiii-yeiiiie/aneie e eoeueoo?iie aeecie Aa?iiu
XVI – XVII aa. ss?ei i?iyaeeenue ia ?iaeeia Eiiaineiai – a *aoee.
*aoneee ia?iae, eiaaoee aunieoth eoeueoo?o e aieueoia enoi?e/aneia
i?ioeia, /anoi iaoiaeeeny a naiii oeaio?a e?oiiuo iauanoaaiiuo yaeaiee
oiai a?aiaie. *aoey XVI a. auea oie ii/aie, ia eioi?ie au?inei o/aiea
Eiiaineiai.

ssi Aiin Eiiaineee ?iaeeeny a 1592 aiaeo a ianoa/ea Ieaieoea,
iaoiaeyuaainy iaaeaeaei io ii?aaneiai ai?iaea Oaa?neee A?iae. Aai ioaoe
Ia?oei aue eiae nianoaaiioth iaeueieoeo, ii aue aeiaieueii ia?aciaaiiui
/aeiaaeii, oi?ioi ciae Aeaeeth e, eae aeoeaiue /eai naeou “*aoneea
a?aouey” i?iaiaeee aieueooth i?inaaoeoaeueneoth ?aaioo n?aaee ia?iaea.

A 1604 a. ia ssia ia?ooeeinue ia?aia ian/anouea: yieaeaie/aneia
caaieaaaiea oianei aai iooea, iaoue e aeaoo a?aoueaa. O Eiiaineiai
inoaeanue aaeeinoaaiiay nano?a – Ia?aa?eoa. Ne?ioai iacia/eee iiaeoiia,
ii ssi oaea ia iia i?iaeieaeaoue ia/aooth o/aao, e eeoue ec?aaeea
iinauae oeieo. A 1604 a. Eiiaineiai acyea e naaa a a. No?aaeieoea aai
oaoea ni noi?iiu iooea. Iia ioaeaea aai a ianoioth oeieo “a?aoueaa” e
oai ii o/eeny iaeei aiae. Ii a 1605 a. No?aaeieoea caoaaoeee aaiaa?neea
aienea e ii/oe iieiinoue niaeaee aai. Eiiaineee auioaeaeai aue
aa?iooueny a Ieaieoea.

A 1609 a. ii iinooiaao a eaoeineoth oeieo a. Ioa?iaa, eioi?oth caeii/ee
n ioee/eai. Oae eae ii iioae a yoo oeieo oaea a aeinoaoi/ii c?aeii
aic?anoa (aio auei oaea 16 eao), oi ii niia na?ueacii e naiinoiyoaeueii
ioeaieoue aa aeinoieinoaa e iaaeinoaoee.

E oioy eaoeineea oeieu n/eoaeenue i?aaeiauie, ii e iie auee i?iieeioou
noieanoe/anee-aeiaiaoe/aneei aeooii. Aiineaaenoaee aiaeu, i?iaaaeaiiua a
yoie oeiea, Eiiaineee ai iiiaii n/eoae iioa?yiiui a?aiaiai. Ii ia naaa
eniuoae iieioth iai?eaiaeiinoue nenoaiu ainieoaiey e iao/aiey, e o iaai
oaea oiaaea ca?iaeeeanue iuneue i iaiaoiaeeiinoe oeo/oeoue aeaei
ia?iaeiiai ia?aciaaiey. A aeaeueiaeoai yoa eaeay noaea aeaaecii aai
aeecie.

Iinea eaoeineie oeieu Eiiaineee i?ioae o?oaeiaoth iiaeaioiaeo a iaeanoe
?acee/iuo ?aianae a iaeiie ec oeie naeou “*aoneea a?aouey” eioi?ay
aioiaeea a i?iiiaaaeieee o/aieeia, i?iyaeyaoeo iniaua niiniaiinoe.
Eiiaineee aue ioi?aaeai iaueiie o/eoueny a Aa?iaieth aeey iieo/aiey
aunoaai ia?aciaaiey.

A 1611 a. Eiiaineee iinooiaao ia aiaineianeee oaeoeueoao A?ai?ineiai
oieaa?neoaoa. A oieaa?neoaoa ainiiaenoaiaaei
i?ioanoaionei-eaeueaeienoneia iai?aaeaiea, eioi?ia a eaeaeiii ioiioaiee
noiyei aeecei e naeoa “*aoneea a?aouey”. A yoi a?aiy a?aiy aiaineianeee
oaeoeueoao I?aaeneiai oieaa?neoaoa oiaea aioiaee i?ioanoaioneia
aeooiaainoai, ii ainiiaenoaiaaoea caeanue aonenou-oo?aeoeaenou
a?aaeaeathii ioiineeenue e “*aoneei a?aoueyi”.

Aiaea, i?iaaaeaiiua a Aa?ai?ineii oieaa?neoaoa (1611-1613), eiaee
aieueoia cia/aiea a eaeaeiii ?acaeoee Eiiaineiai. Caeanue oi?ie?othony
aai iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneea e oeeinioneea aicc?aiey, caeanue ii
iieo/aao oe?ieia ia?aciaaiea, ciaeiieoueny n iaaeaaiae/aneeie acaeyaeaie
?aciuo a?aiai e ia?iaeia. Eiiaineee i?eia?aoaao ecaanoiinoue eae
oaeaioeeaue nooaeaio e noaiiaeony enneaaeiaaoaeai ai iiiaeo io?aneyo
ciaiey. Aieueooth /anoue a aai oai?/aneeo oniaoao nua?aee aai o/eoaey –
i?ioanni?a Aeueno?aae e Ieneaoi?.

Aeueno?aae e Ieneao? auee iineaaeiaaoaeyie oeeecia, eioi?ue i?eciaaae
ouny/eeaoiaa Oea?noaea O?enoa ia caiea, eiaaea aoaeoo
ooaa?aeeaeaiu?aaainoai anao e n/anouea eaaeaeiaio /aeiaaea,
eaeaaeueiia aeaaiaeainoaea e aeia?i. Eiiaineee i?eieioe e yoiio
iai?aaeaieth a nooaeai/aneea aiaeu.

?eue Aeueno?aaea a oi?ie?iaaiee oeeinianeeo aicc?aiee Eiiaineiai i/aiue
aaeeea. Aeueno?aae yaeyeny aaoi?ii oeaeiai ?yaea oeeinianeeo o?oaeia, e
i?iyaeye e?eoe/aenia ioiioaieth e aeiaiaoe/aneiio oieeiaaieth o/eoaey.
Ii i?eaea?aeeaaeny i?ia?anneaiuo acaeyaeia ia cia/aiea iaoee. Aeueno?aae
n/eoae, /oi eco/aiea i?e?iaeu aeieaeii neoaeeoue ia aeaai /aeiaaea, e
i?ienoiaeeoue n iiiiuueth iaaethaeaiey e iiuoia. Niaieoiiinoue iiiaeo
iiuoia nicaeaao eiaeoeoeeth, yaeythuothny iaoa?ueth iaoee. Yoe
ia?aaeiaua aeey naiaai a?aiaie eaeae ieacaee neeueiia aeeyiea ia
acaeyaeu Eiiaineiai.

A oieaa?neoaoneea aiaeu Eiiaineee ciaeiieony n oeeinioneie eeoa?aoo?ie,
eco/aao Ieaoiia, A?enoioaey, Oeeoea?iia e ae?oaeo aaeeeeo aioe/iuo
oeeinioia. A 1613 aiaeo ii ieoao caiene e iaeiiio ec aeeniooia e
iacuaaao eo “Nii?iua aii?inu, nia?aiiua a naaeo oeeinioee”. Iniiaiui
aii?inii a yoeo caienyo yaeyaony aii?in ia enoi/ieeao e iooyo iiciaiey.
Yoio aii?in ii noaaeo e a ?aaioa “Aa?ao ee anyeia iiciaiea enoie ec
iuouaiey”, eioi?ay auea iioaeeeiaaia a 1914 a.

Iiaeii neacaoue, /oi iaanioe/aneea eaeae Eiiaineiai naieie enoieaie
ainoiaeyo e ia?eiaeo o/aau a Aa?ai?ineii oieaa?neoaoa. Ca a?aiy o/aau
caeanue ii iaienae ioaeaeueiua aeaau e caieaie?iaaiiie a iauaia
aeaaaeoeaoe ainueie oiiia ?aaiou “C?aeeua anaeaiiie”; i?iaae
ieiaeioai?ioth aeayoaeueiinoue a iaeanoe eco/aiey ?iaeiiai ycuea –
“Nie?iaeua /aoneiai ycuea”, e iiae ?oeiaiaenoaii Aeueno?aaea ii
iiciaeiieeny n o?oaeaie iaaeaaiae/aneiai oa?aeoa?a.

A oaa?aea 1613 aiaea Eiiaineee caeai/eaaao Aa?ai?ineee oieaa?neoao e
aaeao a Ainoa?aeai, a /a?ac iaaeieueei ianyoeaa ca/eneyaony a ciaiaieoue
Aaeaeaeueaa?aneee oieaa?neoao. Ia yoii ia?eiaea o/aau nio?aieeinue iaei
naaaeaiee.

Aaniie 1614 a. Eiiaineee aica?auaaony ia ?iaeeio. Ii iacia/aaony
?oeiaiaeeoaeai Ioa?ianeie a?aoneie oeieu.N yoiai a?aiaie a aeecie
eiiaineiai ia/eiaaony iiaay y?a. Ii n aieueoei oaea/aieai ?aaio?aao a
ethaeiie oeiea e i/aiue iiiai aeaeaao aeey oiai, /oiau iaeaa/eoue
iao/aiea. Ii ieoao oaeea ?aaiou eae “I?aaeea aieaa eaaeie a?aiiaoeee” e
“Ienueia e iaao”.

A ioa?ianeee ia?eiae naiae aeayoaeueiinoe Eiiaineee ciaeiieony n
oeeinioneeie e iaaeaaiae/aneeie i?iecaaaeaieyie iaiaoeeiai o/aiiai
Eiaaiia Aiae?ay, eioi?ue i?iecaae ia iaai aia/aoeaiea eae /?acau/aeii
ia?aciaaiiue, i?ia?anneaiue iaaeaaia e iuneeoaeue naiaai a?aiaie.
Iniaaiii aieueoia aeeyiea ia Eiiaineiai ieacaee aeeaeaeoe/aneea
aicc?aiey Aiae?ay, e eioi?ui a aeaeueiaeoai Eiiaineee iaiaeiie?aoii
ia?auaaony a naieo o?oaeao.

A 1618 a. iaueia “*aoneea a?aouey” iacia/eea Eiiaineiai
iano?u?ai-i?iiiaaaeieeii a a. Ooeueiae a Naaa?iie Ii?aaee, aaea ii
iaeiia?aiaiii ?oeiaiaeee e a?aoneie oeieie.

A yoii aiaeo ii aeaieony ia iaae/a?eoea ao?aiieno?a a. Ioa?iaa
Iaaaeaeeiie Aecianeie, eioi?ay noaea Eiiaineiio aieueoei ae?oaii e
iiiiuieeii.

Ecaanoii, /oi Eiiaineee iiiai naeaeae aeey iiauoaiey o?iaiy e
aeaaininoiyiey ianaeaiey Ooeueiaea, iniaaiii aaaeiyeia e inouanoaee
aieueoea eciaiaiey a Ooeueiaeneie oeiea. Ooeueiaen iiaeii n/eoaoue
iaeaieaa cia/eoaeueiui a ?acaeoee iaaeaaiae/aneiai o/aiey Eiiaineiai.

Iinea oiai eae Aaanao?ae a 1620 a. iiaaaeeee a aeoaa o Aaeie ai?u e
eacieee iiiaeo iao?eioia, a iioii aeia?aeenue aei Ooeueiaea, Eiiaineiio
eae aeoeaiiio i?ioanoaioo ieacaeinue iaaaciianii inoaaaoueny caeanue.
N yoiai iiiaioa ia/eiaaony oyaeaeue ia?eiae neeoaiee e aeecie a
iaeaaaeueiuo oneiaeyo. Aaaea ca aaaeie ianoeaaea Eiiaineiai. A 1621 a. a
Ooeueiaea eaoieeee niaeaee aeii Eiiaineiai n aai iiiai/eneaiiie
aeaeeioaeie e oeaiiuie ?oeiienyie. A a 1622 a. caianaiiay eniaineeie
aieneaie /oia oianea aeecie aai aeaiu Iaaaeaeeiu e iaieo aeaoae.

Iaeiaei aea aeooaaiay o?aaia, aucaaiiay yoei ai?ai ia niiaea neiieoue
aieth aaeeeiai iao?eioa e naiei ee/iui i?eia?ii ii anaeye a oaeeo aea
iiiaino?aaeaeueiuo niioa/anoaaiieeia aeoo aiae?inoe e iai?eie?eiinoe.

Eiiaineee iieeaeaao Ii?aaeth e ne?uaaaony a iaeaiueeii a. A?aiaeena,
aaea ieoao ?iiai-o?aeoao oeeinionei-nioeeaeueiiai iai?aaeaiey “Eaae?eio
naaoa e ?ae na?aeoea”.A yoie ?aaioa ii e?eoeeoao oaiaeaeueiua ioiioaiey
e oaiaeaeueiia iauanoai.

A 1624 a. a A?aiaeena Eiiaineee iiciaeiieeny n aei/a?ueth aieneiia
Ia?eae-Aei?ioaae e aeaieeny ia iae. Aei a?aea Aei?ioay i?eieiaea o/anoea
a oaeiie ?aaioa iaueiu a?aoueaa, a naycaa naith noaeueao n Eiiaineei,
noaea iaeiei ec aeoeaiuo aeayoaeae yoiai aeaeaeaiey.

Aaniie 1625 a. Eiiaineiai ioi?aaeytho a Iieueoo aeey auyniaiey
aiciiaeiinoe i?eaaaeeua /aoai a yoie no?aia. Ii aica?auaiee Eiiaineee
aaaeao i?iiaaaiaeo ia inaiaiaeaeaiee ioa/anoaa.

Eaoii 1626 a. Eiiaineee n aeaiie e oanoai oe?uaathony a
Naaa?i-Ainoi/iie *aoee, a Aeea-O?aeaiaoia a caiea /aoneiai iiiaueea
E?aee Naaeianeiai. Caeanue ii ieoao aeeaeaeoe/aneoth ?aaioo ia /aoneii
ycuea, eioi?ay ii?aaeaeeea e?oa iniiaiuo aii?inia aeeaeaeoeee e eo
?aoaiea a “Aaeeeie aeeaeaeoeea”.

31 ethey 1627 a. eiia?aoi? Oa?aeeiaiae II i?iaicaeanee eaoiee/noai
ioeoeeaeueiie ?aeeaeae. A oeaca i?ioanoaioai i?aaeeaaaeinue iiiaiyoue
?aeeaeth eee iieeiooue *aoeth. Iiiaei iao?eioai i?eoeinue inoaaeoue
?iaeeio e ia?aa?aoueny a Iieueoo.

8 oaa?aey 1628 a. Eiiaineee iinaeeeny a iieueneii ai?iaea Eaoii,
eioi?ue ecaeaaia neoaeee oaaaeeuai aeey “/aoneeo a?aoueaa”. A Iieueoa a
iauae noiia Eiiaineee i?iaiaeeo 28 eao.

N?aco iinea ia?aacaea Eiiaineee noae i?aiiaeaaaoue a aeiiacee
“a?aoueaa” anoanoaiaaae/aneea i?aaeiaou, a a 1635 a. aai ecae?atho ia
aeieaeiinoue ?aeoi?a aeiiacee.

A yoe aiaeu Eiiaineee i?iaiaeeo aieueooth ?aaioo ii oniaa?oainoaiaaieth
“Aaeeeie aeeaeaeoeee”, eioi?oth caaa?oaao a 1632 aiaeo.

Ia?aeaeueii n ?aaioie iaae “Aaeeeie aeeaeaeoeeie” Eiiaineee ieoao
o/aaiee eaoeineiai ycuea “Ioe?uoay aeaa?ue ycueia e anao iaoe”, eioi?ue
i?iecaae ia?aai?io a nenoaia i?aiiaeaaaiey yoiai aaaeiiai i?aaeiaoa.

A 1633-1638 aa. Eiiaineee i?iaeieaeaao ?aaioo iaae “Aaeeeie
aeeaeaeoeeie” e ?aoaao ecaeaoue aa ia eaoeineii ycuea, /oiau iia auea
aeinooiia aeey anao ia?iaeia. Ii nia/aea ii ioi?aaeyao ?oeiienue naiaio
ae?oao Eiaoeio Athaia?o, iii?inea aai auneacaoue naia iiaiea ia yoie
?aaioa. Iieo/ea io?eoeaoaeueiue iocua Eiiaineee aeieaia a?aiy
aicaea?aeeaaeny io ecaeaiey “Aaeeeie aeeaeaeoeee”. Oieueei nionoy 20 eao
iia auea iioaeeeiaaia a Ainoa?aeaia a iieiii nia?aiee aeeaeaeoe/aneeo
ni/eiaiee. Yoa eeanne/aneay ?aaioa Eiiaineiai – iniiaiiieaaathuee o?oae
iao/iie iaaeaaiaeee e iia ia?aaaeaia iinoe ia ana ycuee ie?a.

Iiieii yoiai a Eaoii Eiiaineee ieoao ?aaiou ii anoanoaiciaieth e
ia/eiaao ieaie?iaaoue “Iainioeth”. Eioa?anii ioiaoeoue oio oaeo, /oi ia
yoie ?ac?aaioea ociae iaeei aiaeeeneee iaoeaiao, e?oiiue eiiia?naio e e
oiio aea ia?aciaaiiue /aeiaae Naioye Aa?oeea e ia?aoeeny e Eiiaineiio n
ienueiii, a eioi?ii iineae iaeioi?oth noiio aeaiaa e i?inee aai
iaienaoue “Iainioeth” e ca?aiaa i?eneaoue aio ieai yoie ?aaiou.
Eiiaineee ninoaaee ieai “Iainioee” e auneae aai a Eiiaeii.

Aa?oeeao i/aiue iii?aaeeny caiunae “Iainioee”, e ii aac aaaeiia aaoi?a
ecaeae yoio ieai a Eiiaeiia a 1637 a. iiae iacaaieai “Aaaaeaiea e iiuoai
Eiiaineiai”. Aoi?e/ii yoa eieaa auea iaia/aoaia /a?ac aeaa aiaea iiae
iacaaieai “I?aaeaanoiee iainioee”.

Yoa ?aaioa Eiiaineiai iieo/eea oe?ieee ioeeee eae n?aaee auaeathueony
iuneeoaeae Aa?iiu oiai a?aiaie, oae e n?aaee ainoaea?noaaiiuo aeayoaeae.

A Eaoii Eiiaineee oaeaea nicaeaao oeeinionei-ineoieiae/aneoth ?aaioo
“Eociaoe n/anouey, eee Eneonnoai niaaoiaaoue naiiio naaa”, ieoao o/aaiee
“Aaiiao?ey”, iao/ioth ?aaioo “Ainoiae e caoiae aeaaiuo caacae io
ainueiiai iaaaniiai nia?aiey”, o/aaioth eieao “E?aoeay einiia?aoey”,
“Ia?aaeooth oeeinioeth”, “A?aaeaeaineoth eee iieeoe/aneoth enoi?eth”.
Oaeaea ii iaienae ni/eiaiea aiaineianei-?aeeaeiciiai oa?aeoa?a “Iooue
iieiy”, a eioi?ii ii caueuaao i?ioanoaionei–o?enoeaineea iiceoeee
“*aoneeo a?aoueaa”.

I?ineaaeaiiiai iaaeaaiaa e iuneeoaey Eiiaineiai a 1638 a. i?eaeaoatho a
Oaaoeeth aeey i?aia?aciaaiey oeieueiie nenoaiu. Eiiaineee ioeacaeny io
yoiai i?eaeaoaiey, oae eae aue a oi a?aiy caiyo ?aaioie iaae
“Iainioeae”. Aa?oeea, iieuecothueeny aieueoei aeeyieai a aiaeeeneii
ia?eaiaioa, noaaeo aii?in i i?eaeaoaiee Eiiaineiai a Aiaeeth aeey
inouanoaeaiey eaeae iainioee.

A niioaaonoaee n eaeayie Eiiaineiai Aa?oeea noaaee aii?in ia
o/?aaeaeaiee a Aiaeee iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eieeeaaoee iaoe, eioi?ay niiaea
au iaiaueoue e naanoe aiaaeeii ana aeinoeaeaiey ec ?acee/iuo iaeanoae
iaoee e ciaiey. Eiiainee iieo/ee niaeanea io neiiaea e iai?aaeeny a
Aiaeeth.

A naioya?a 1641 a. Eiiaineee i?eaue a Eiiaeii e iinaeeeny a naiuea
Aa?oeeaa. Ii a iiiaio i?eauoey no?aia auea ioaa/aia iaiai a?aaeaeaineie
aieiu. A oaeie iieeoe/aneie neooaoeee ia?eaiaioo auei ia aei ia?aciaaiey
e eoeueoo?u. Iiyoiio ieai Eiiaieiai e Aa?oeeaa ia inouanoaeeny.

Ianiio?y ia yoi, a ia?eiae i?aauaaiey a Aiaeee Eiiaineee noiae
iaienaoue o?oae iainioe/aneiai oa?aeoa?a “Iooue naaoa”, a eioi?e
?acaeaaao eaeath anaiauae aa?iiiee e ie?a iaaeaeo ia?iaeaie e noaaeo
aii?in i nicaeaiee iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai ycuea e ia o/?aaeaeaiee anaie?iiai
niaaoa.

Iieeoe/aneay ianoaiiaea a Aiaeee ia niinianoaiaaea inouanoaeaieth eaeae
Eiiaineiai a aeeaeaeoea aiaeu, e ii ?aoee aa?iooueny a Eaoii. Iaeiaei a
yoi a?aiy ecaanoiue eiiia?naio Ethaeaea aai Aaa? i?eaeaoaao aai a
Oaaoeeth aeey ?aaiou. Iiae aeeyieai ainoaea?noaaiiiai eaioeea?a Oaaoeee
Ienaiooe?ea, eioi?ue iuoaeny oaaaeeoue aai a iainouanoaeiinoe eaeae
“Iainioee”, Eiiaineee i?ae?aoee ?aaioo iaae iae e caiyeny aii?inaie
iaoiaeeee i?aiiaeaaaiey eaoeineiai ycuea, oioy e n/eoae yoo ?aaioo
aoi?inoaiaiiie.

A 1646 a. Eiiaineee i?aaenoaaee a Noieaieueia aunoaio aeth?e
oieaa?neoaoa aua ia caeii/aiiua aeeaeaeoeei-iaoiaee/aneea o?oaeu e a eo
/enea – “Iiaaeoee iaoiae i?aiiaeaaaiey ycueia”.

A yoie ?aaioa eceiaeaia iaoiaeeea i?aiiaeaaaiey eaoeineiai ycuea,
iniiaaiiay e iino?iaiiay ia eiaeoeoeaiii iaoiaea. Nia?aa – i?eia?, caoai
– i?aaeei; i?aaeiao e ia?aeeaeueii – neiai; naiaiaeiia e iniuneaiiia
onaiaiea, a ia io/eoaeueiia cacoa?eaaiea – oaeiau iniiaiua ia/aea yoiai
iaoiaea.

A niioaaonoaee n oeacaieyie aeth?e Eiiaineee i?enooiee e iiaeaioiaea e
ia/aoe e ae?oaeo o?oaeia. A aaniie 1647 a. Eiiaineee niiaa i?enooiee e
?aaioa iaae “Iainioeae”.

A 1648 a. neii/aeny aeaaiue aieneii “*aoneeo a?aoueaa” e neiiae
i?eaeanee ia yoo aeieaeiinoue Eiiaineiai. Ii aa?ioeny a Eaoii, aaea aio
noaeaeaii auei noaoue iineaaeiei ?oeiaiaeeoaeai iaueiu.

A ia?eiae aoi?iai i?aauaaiey a Eaoii Eiiaineee io?aaeaeoe?iaae ?aaioo
Eaneoeeiai “Enoi?ey a?aoueaa” e iaienae ?aaioo ”Naao ai i?aea”, eioi?ay
auea ecaeaia a 1657 aiaeo.

A ieoya?a 1648 a. Aanaoaeueneei ie?ii caeii/eeanue O?eaeoeaoeeaoiyy
aieia. Ii iieiaeaieth aeiaiai?a aa?a iiaeaeaiuo ii?aaeaeyeanue oie
aa?ie, eioi?oth eniiaaaeoao eo ainiiaeei, /oi aeaaaei ?aaiua i?aaa
eaeueaeienoai, ethoa?aeaie eaoieeeai, ii oieueei oaiaeaeai. *aoey ii
yoiio aeiaiai?o ieacaeanue iiae ainiiaenoaii Aaaanao?aia, e iiyoiio
eaoieeci ii-i?aaeiaio inoaaaeny ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aeeaeae. *aoneea
ecaiaiieee, aaaeaaoea a Iieueoo, iaanaaaea eeoeeenue aiciiaeiinoe
aa?iooueny ia ?iaeeio.

A ia?oa 1650 a. aue i?iaaaeai eiia?ann i?aaenoaaeoaeae iauei “*aoneeo
a?aoueaa”, eioi?ue i?eiye iinoaiiaeaiea nio?aieoue naith oea?eiaue e
iacuaeaii niaethaeaoue naie i?aaeiee onoaa.

A 1650 a. Eiiaineiai i?eaeanee e naaa iie?iaeoaeue Aaia?ee a?ao
Neaecioiae ?aei/e, eioi?ue i?aaeeiaeee aio eiinoeueoe?iaaoue
?oeiaiaenoai oeieie a a. Oa?io-Iaoaea, a oaeaea inouanoaeoue naie
iainioe/aneee ieai. Eiiaineee ioioii i?eiye i?eaeaoaiea, iineieueeo a
Aaia?ee “*aoneei a?aoueyi” ieacuaaee iie?iaeoaeuenoai e iiiiuue. A
ieoya?a 1650 a. Eiiaineee n aeaiie e aeaoueie iinaeeeny a Oa?io-Iaoaea.

Aaiaa?neee ia?eiae (/aou?a aiaea) aue iaeiei ec naiuo i?eiaeioai?iuo
ia?eiaeia a aeecie Eiiaineiai.

I?aeoe/aneay ?aaioa a a aeiiacee a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie iaoneiaeea
oai?aoe/aneoth ?ac?aaioeo ei ?acee/iuo aii?inia iaaeaaiaeee. Eiiaineiio
ia oaeaeinue iieiinoueth ia?ano?ieoue aeiiaceth a niioaaonoaee n
eaeayie, eceiaeaiiuie a “Iainioe/aneie oeiea”, ii ii noiae ioe?uoue o?e
ii-iiaiio i?aaieciaaiiuo eeanna, iao/aiea a eioi?uo aaeinue ii o/aaieeai
naiiai Eiiaineiai e a aeooa aai aeeaeaeoe/aneie eiioeaioeee.

Ec o?oaeia yoiai a?aiaie iniaaiii aieueoia cia/aiea eiaao aannia?oiay
eieaa “Ie? /oanoaaiiuo aauae a ea?oeieao”, eioi?ay auno?i
?ani?ino?aieeanue ii anae Aa?iia eae caia/aoaeueiue o/aaiee aeey
eco/aiey eaoeineiai ycuea. Yoio o/aaiee aaaeai oai, /oi a iai
iineaaeiaaoaeueii ?aaeeciaai i?eioeei iaaeyaeiinoe. Yoa eieaa
inoaaaeanue i?eciaiiui o/aaieeii ii/oe aei eiioea XIX aaea. Aua n
aeanyoie o?oaeia iaaeaaiae/anei-aeeaeaeoe/aneiai oa?aeoa?a iaienaiu
Eiiaineei ca aiaeu i?aauaaiey a Oa?io-Iaoaea.

A 1654 a. Eiiaineiai aucuaatho a Eaoii, aaea ii i?iaeieaeaao naith
aeayoaeueiinoue, ii a Eaoii ii i?iaiaeeo i/aiue iaei a?aiaie, oae eae a
1655 a. iaaeaeo Iieueoae e Oaaoeeae ia/aeanue aieia. “*aoneea a?aouey”
n/eoaee iiaaaeo Oaaoeee i?aaeiinueeie aeey inaiaiaeaeaiey *aoee e
ni/onoaiaaee oaaaeai.

Yoi, a oaeaea oi, /oi Eiiaineee iaienae iaiaae?ee a /anoue ei?iey
Oaaoeee Ea?ea Aonoaaa, aucaaei iaaeiaieuenoai i?aayueo e?oaia Iieueoe
“*aoneeie a?aoueyie”. Eiaaea iieueneea aienea acyee a. Eaoii, iie
i?aaeaee ai?iae iaith, e ?aci?aiiua /aoe auioaeaeaiu auee aaaeaoue ia
oieueei ec Eaoii, ii e ec Iieueoe. Ai a?aiy iiaea?a nai?aea aieueoay
/anoue ?oeiienae Eiiaineiai e ana aai i?iiiaaaee, a nai ii aaaeae a
Neeace e iinaeeeny a a. Oa?ieoo?oa. Ii anei?a ii iieo/ee i?eaeaoaiea io
nuia naiaai ae?oaa Ethaeaeaa aai Aaa?a ia?aaoaoue a Ainoa?aeai, e a 1656
a. ii aiiaue ia?aacaeaao. Ainoa?aeaineee naiao auaeaeee /aoneei
aaaeaioeai 2 iei. oei?eiia, a Eiiaineiai i?eaeanee ia aeieaeiinoue
i?ioanni?a e iacia/ee aio aaeaaiaeii 800 oei?eiia, /oiau ii iia niieieii
aeeoue e i?iaeieaeaoue ?aaioo iaae iainioe/aneeie o?oaeaie. Eiiaineee ec
ne?iiiinoe ioeacaeny io aeieaeiinoe i?ioanni?a, ii n ai?y/ae
aeaaiaea?iinoueth i?eiye iiiiuue naiaoa.

Ainoa?aeaineee ia?eiae aeecie Eiiaineiai eiaao anaie?ii-enoi?e/aneia
cia/aiea a ?acaeoee iaaeaaiae/aneie iunee. Caeanue a 1657 a. ii
iinoaiiaeaieth aiona?aeaineiai naiaoa e i?e iaoa?eaeueiie iiaeaea?aeea
aai Aaa?a auei inouanoaeaii ecaeaiea Iieiiai nia?aiey aeeaeaeoe/aneeo
ni/eiaiee, eioi?ue niaea?aeeo aeaa oiia e aeeth/aao a naay ii/oe ana
o?oaeu aaeeeiai /aoneiai iaaeaaiaa.

N ia/aea 60-o aiaeia Eiiaineee ii/oe i?ae?aoee ?aaioo iaae aii?inaie
aeeaeaeoeee e iineaaeiea 10 eao naiae aeecie iinayoee i?aeoe/aneie
aeayoaeueiinoe ii inaiaiaeaeaieth naiae ?iaeeiu e ?ac?aaioea i?iaeai
ie?a e nio?oaeie/anoaa iaaeaeo ia?iaeaie. A yoe aiaeu ii nicaeaao
ni/eiaiea, eioi?ia iacuaaao “Anaiauee niaao ethaeneei iieieaieyi e a
ia?aoth i/a?aaeue – o/aiui, neoaeeoaeyi ?aeeaee, aa?iiaeneei aeanoyi ia
oii?yaei/aiee aeae /aeiaa/aneeo. Eiiaineee ia/ae ienaoue iaeioi?ua
?aaiou, aioaaeoea a yoi ni/eiaiea, aua a 1645 aiaeo, ii ia oniae, e
caaauae eo i?eaanoe a ii?yaeie naiaio nuio. Iiiaea ?oeiiene auee
ooa?yiu, e iaeaeaiu oieueei a 1934 a.

“Iauee niaao ia eni?aaeaiee aeae /aeiaa/aneeo” iieiinoueth aia?aua aue
iioaeeeiaai a 1966 a. *aoineiaaoeeie aeaaeaieae iaoe. “Iauee niaao –
ca?eaei iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneiai ie?iaicc?aiey Eiiaineiai.

A 1667 a. ii ioaeeeoao ?aaioo “Aiaae ie?a”, a eioi?ie i?ecuaaao
/aeiaa/anoai e ie?o e ?aoaieth nii?iuo aii?inia ainoaea?noaa ia iniiaa
aeia?ie aiee, a ia iooai eniieueciaaiey i?oaeey e ianeeey.

Onoaaoee io o?oaeia e ai?ueau, eeoaiiue ?iaeeiu, ecio/aiiue Eiiaineee
ieoao ni/eiaiea “Aaeeinoaaiii iaiaoiaeeiia”, a eioi?ii iuneeoaeue
iiaeaiaeeo eoiae naiae aeecie. N aeoaieie ai?a/ueth ieoao Eiiaineee:
“Any iiy aeeciue i?ioaeaea ia ia ?iaeeia, a a iai?a?uaiuo neeoaieyo, iia
i?enoaieua iinoiyiii iaiyeinue, ieaaea ia iaoiaeee y naaa i?i/iiai
i?ethoa”.

Iineaaeiei ni/eiaiei Eiiaineiai auei “I?iaeieaeaiea a?aoneiai
caaauaiey”, eioi?ia yaeyaony aaoiaeia?aoeae Eiiaineiai.

Eiiaineee neii/aeny 15 iiya?y 1670 aiaea, iioi?iiai a Iaa?aeaia, aaeece
Aino?aaeaia, ai o?aioeoceie oea?eae.

A 1957-1958 aiaeao, ii iinoaiiaeaieth Anaie?iiai Niaaoa Ie?a, oe?iei
ioia/aeinue 300-eaoea ecaeaiey Iieiiai nia?aiey aeeaeaeoe/aneeo
ni/eiaiee Eiiaineiai. Yoio thaeeae i?aa?aoeeny a iaaeaaiae/aneia
aeaeaeaiea ie?iaiai ianooaaa.

AeEAeAEOE*ANEIA O*AIEA EIIAINEIAI

Aeeaeaeoeea eae oai?ey ia?aciaaiey naieie ei?iyie ooiaeeo a aeoaue
aaeia. Aa ca?iaeaeaiea naycaii n ii?aaeaeaiiui yoaiii i?aeoeee naiiai
iao/aiey, n iaiauaieai iiuoa, iaeiieaiiiai /aeiaa/anoaii a yoie iaeanoe.
Aua a ae?aaiaeoea a?aiaia /aeiaae oioae ii?aaeaeeoue, /oi eiaiii ii
aeieaeai ia?aaeaoue iioiieai ec oiai iiuoa, eioi?ue iaeiiee ii e aai
i?aaeee a i?ioeanna enoi?e/aneiai ?acaeoey, e eaeeie iooyie e
n?aaenoaaie eo/oa e yooaeoeaiaa yoi i?iecaanoe. Yoei iauyniyaony oio
oaeo, /oi iu ano?a/aai ioaeaeueiua eaeae, auneacuaaiey e iieiaeaiey,
ioiinyueany e iao/aieth ia oieueei a eeoa?aoo?iuo iaiyoieeao ?aciuo
a?aiai eia?iaeia, ii e a oieueeei?a, a aai ?acee/iuo aeai?ao.

Ecaanoii, eaeie aaaeiue iaoa?eaea iaeanoe iao/aiey e ainieoaiey aeatho,
iai?eia?, ecaanoiua aanie Yciia, Eaoiioaia, E?ueiaa e ae?oaeo, eioi?ua
niaea?aeao ia oieueei ii?aeueiua naioaioeee, ii e oeaeue ?yae
aeeaeaeoe/aneeo i?aaee e iieiaeaiee, ii?aaeaeaiiia iaiauaiea
aeeeoaeueiie o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiie i?aeoeee.

Aeeaeaeoe/aneea eaeae e ioaeaeueiua auneacuaaiey ii aii?inai
aeeaeaeoeee a aieueoii eiee/anoaa ?aca?inaiu a o?oaeao oeeinioia e
iuneeoaeae aioe/iiai ie?a. Iniaaiii aiaaou a yoii ioiioaiee ni/eiaiey
Ieaoiia, A?enoioaey, Oeeoea?iia, Naiaee, Eaeioeeeaia e ae?oaeo.

ssi Aiin Eiiaineee nenoaiaoece?iaae iiuo, iaeiieaiiue a iaeanoe
iao/aiey e ia?aciaaiey, e, i?aaeeaaay iaeioi?ua naie iieiaeaiey, aia?aua
a enoi?ee iaaeaaiae/aneie iunee nicaeae no?ieiia o/aiea i nouiinoe,
i?eioeeiao e iaueo iaoiaeao iao/aiey, iacaaa aai “Aaeeeay aeeaeaeoeea”.
Aeeaeaeoe/aneia o/aiea Eiiaineiai e ii nae aeaiue nio?aiyao naith
aeooaeueiinoue.

O/aiea Eiiaineiai ia iaueo i?eioeeiao iao/aiey

Iniiaiie /anoueth iaaeaaiaeee, aa aeooie e na?aeoeai Eiiaineee n/eoaao
aeeaeaeoeeo. Aaaeiaeoaa ianoi a oai?/anoaa Eiiaineiai caieiaao
?ac?aaioea i?iaeai iao/aiey, iineieueeo iooue aeinoeaeaiey e iniiaiie
oeaee – ainieoaieth /aeiaa/iinoe – a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue iao/aiea e
ainieoaiea iiae?anoathuaai iieieaiey.”Aaeeeay aeeaeaeoeea” yaeyaony
naiie aaaeiie, oeaio?aeueiie ?aaioie Eiiaineiai n?aaee aai
iiiai/eneaiiuo o?oaeia e aoiaeeo a cieioie oiiae ie?iaie aeeaeaeoe/aneie
eeoa?aoo?u.

Nouiinoue e caaea/e aeeaeaeoeee

Eae ecaanoii, neiai “aeeaeaeoeea” i?ienoiaeeo io a?a/aneiai didasco –
“iao/ath”, iii auei aaaaeaii ecia/aeueii A. ?aoea a ia/aea XVII a.,
caoai aai eniieueciaae Y. Aiaeei, ecaeaa eieao iiae iacaaieai
“Aeeaeaeoeea”, ieii/aoaeueii aea neiai “aeeaeaeoeea” a iaaeaaiae/aneie
iaoea eae iiiyoea, iaicia/athuaa oai?eth iao/aiey, ooaa?aeee ssi Aiin
Eiiaineee.

Ii /anoi iacuaaao aeeaeaeoeeo iaoeie ia iao/aiee. Anee o/anoue, /oi a
neiai “iao/aiea” Eiiaineee aeeth/ae e niaea?aeaiea iao/aiey, a ia
oieueei aai iaoiaee/aneoth noi?iio, oi iiaeii neacaoue, /oi iiae
aeeaeaeoeeie Eiiaineee iiae?acoiaaae oai?eth ia?aciaaiey e iao/aiey,
aeeth/ay a iaa ii/oe ana aii?inu iaaeaaiaeee. Nai ii a caaeaaee naiae
“Aaeeeie aeeaeaeoeee” oaeei ia?acii ii?aaeaeyao nouiinoue oai?ee
iao/aiey: “Aaeeeay aeeaeaeoeea, niaea?aeauay oieaa?naeueioth oai?eth
o/eoue anao anaio, eee aa?iue e ouaoaeueii iaaeoiaiiue niinia
nicaeaaaoue ii anai iaueiai, ai?iaeai e naeai eaaeaeiai o?enoeaineiai
ainoaea?noaa oaeea oeieu, a eioi?uo au ana thiioanoai oiai e ae?oaiai
iiea, aac anyeiai aaea au oi ie auei eneeth/aiey, iiaei iao/aoueny
iaoeai, niaa?oainoaiaaoueny a i?aaao, eniieiyoueny aeaai/anoey e, oaeei
ia?acii, a aiaeu thiinoe iao/eoueny anaio, /oi ioaeii aeey ianoiyuae e
aoaeouae aeecie e?aoei, i?eyoii, iniiaaoaeueii, aaea aeey anaai, /oi
i?aaeeaaaaony, iniiaaiey ii/a?iathony ec naiie i?e?iaeu aauae;
enoeiiinoue iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony ia?aeeaeueiuie i?eia?aie ec iaeanoe
iaoaie/aneeo eneonnoa; ii?yaeie ?ani?aaeaeyaony ii aiaeai, ianyoeai,
aeiyi e /anai e, iaeiiaoe, oeacuaaaony eaaeee e aa?iue iooue aeey
oaea/iiai inouanoaeaiey yoiai ia i?aeoeea”.

Iiaeoiae e iaaeaaiaeea /a?ac aeeaeaeoeeo aue i?iaeeeoiaai
aeooaeueiinoueth i?iaeai a yiioo Eiiaineiai. Aianoa n oai a yoio ia?eiae
iaoiaeu e i?aaeea i?aiiaeaaaiey ioaeaeueiuo eneonnoa (iaoe)
?ac?aaaouaaeenue iacaaeneii ae?oa io ae?oaa, aac aaeeiiai i?eioeeia;
iauea i?eioeeiu iao/aiey e ?ac?aaioea iaueo iaoiaeia iao/aiey oaeoe/anee
eaii?e?iaaeenue. Nai Eiiaineee iienuaaao neiaeeaoothny neoooeaeth oaeei
ia?acii: “Iaeioi?ua caaeaeenue oeaeueth iaienaoue nie?auaiiua
?oeiaiaenoaa aeey aieaa eaaeiai i?aiiaeaaaiey oieueei oiai eee eiiai
ycuea. Ae?oaea ecuneeaaee auno?ua e e?aoeea iooe, /oiau nei?aa iao/eoue
oie eee eiie iaoea. Ii ii/oe ana enoiaeeee i?e yoii ec aiaoieo
iaaethaeaiee, ninoaaeaiiuo ia iniiaa aieaa eaaeie i?aeoeee… Iu
?aoaainy iaauaoue Aaeeeoth aeeaeaeoeeo, o.a. oieaa?naeueiia eneonnoai
anao o/eoue anaio.” Ionthaea ynii, /oi iaoiaeeee ioaeaeueiuo i?aaeiaoia
ia iiaee iaania/eoue iiauoaiey o?iaiy oai?ee e i?aeoeee iao/aiey aac
?ac?aaioee iauae oai?ee iao/aiey, iauae iaoee. Aianoa n oai Eiiaineee
ieneieueei ia i?eieaeae ?iee iaoiaeee i?aiiaeaaaiey ioaeaeueiuo
i?aaeiaoia, a iaiai?io n/eoae eo iii?ie aeeaeaeoeee.

*oi aea iiae?acoiaaaao Eiiaineee iiae iao/aieai, eaeei o?aaiaaieyi
aeieaeii oaeiaeaoai?youe anyeia ?aoeeiiaeueii i?aaieciaaiiiia iao/aiea,
a /ai ninoiyo caeiiiia?iinoe iao/aiey e eaeiau aai aiinaieiae/aneea
iniiau?

Ec aaiaeiie /anoe “Aaeeeie aeeaeaeoeee” iiaeii caeeth/eoue, /oi
iao/aiea, ii Eiiaineiio, i?aaenoaaeyao niaie aaeeiue i?ioeann i?aaea/e
ciaiee o/eoaeai o/aueiny e onaiaiey yoeo ciaiee iineaaeieie. Iao/aiea
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iooue e iaiaauaieth ?acoia ?acoia ciaiee iniiaiuo
iaoe. “?acoi aeaenoaeoaeueii yaeyaony aeeaui iieai, eioi?ia aeieaeii
auoue iiaeaioiaeaii aeey iinaaa ieoaii aeenoeeieeiu, ia yoii iiea iu
aeieaeiu iinayoue naiaia iaoee, i?ioaoue, ?anoeaanoe aeiaeaeai
oi?aaeiaiee, nieioeai e aicaeooii”.

Eiiaineee ioee/aao iao/aiea eae oi?io aeayoaeueiinoe o/eoaey io o/aiey
eae oi?iu aeayoaeueiinoe o/auaainy e oeacuaaao, /oi eaaeaeue iaoiae
aeieaeai i?aaenoaaeyoue aaeeiue iooue ia?aaea/e ciaiee o/eoaeai e
onaiaiey ia?aaeaiiiai o/aieeii. Ii n/eoaao iniiaiie caaea/ae iaeoe
oaeoth iniiao, ia eioi?ie, eae ia “iacuaeaiie neaea, iiaeii iino?ieoue
iaoiae iao/aiey e o/aiey”.

Iai?a?uaiue aaeeiue i?ioeann iao/aiey e o/aiey ii Eiiaineiio aeieaeai
eiaoue niciaoaeueiue oa?aeoa?. “O/aiea e o?oae”, “?acoi e ?oea” – aio
/oi aeieaeii ninoaaeyoue nooue ?aoeeiiaeueiiai iao/aiey. Iiyoiio
iiiyoii, /oi Eiiaineee iauyaeyao aeanoieoth ai?ueao ainiiaenoaiaaaoaio a
oi a?aiy noieanoe/aneiio e aeiaiaoe/aneiio iao/aieth.

Iao/aiea Eiiaineee ia n/eoae ?acaea/aieai: “Iao/aiea anoue iaeei ec
aeaeia o?oaea; a yoii niunea oeiea anoue iii?eua o?oaea”. Aaee/aeoay
caneoaa Eiiaineiai ninoieo a oii, /oi ii auaeaeioa e iainiiaaa eaeath
i?e?iaeiniia?aciinoe, ii ioe?ue iooue aeey iiaiai iiieiaiey iao/aiey e
oai naiui oaa?aei ii?aaeaeee ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey iiaie aeeaeaeoeee.

Eiiaineee ioa?aeoa?eciaae ia?aciaaiea e i?inaauaiea eae ?u/aa
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoe o?oaea e enoi/iee aeaaiiieo/ey ia?iaea.

Anee iao/aiea yaeyaony i?ioeannii iieo/aiey ia?aciaaiey o/aueieny e aoi
aea a?aiy ia?aciaaiea naii yaeyaony niaea?aeaieai iao/aiey, ynii, eaeia
aieueoia e aaaeouaa cia/aiea i?eaeaaae Eiiaineee niaea?aeaieth iao/aiey.
A nayce n yoei i?aaeaea anaai neaaeoao ?anniio?aoue acaeyaeu Eiiaineiai
i aeeaeaeoe/aneeo o?aaiaaieyo e oeaeyo iao/aiey.

A caaeaaee “Aaeeeie aeeaeaeoeee” Eiiaineee oeacuaaao, /oi iao/aiea
ioaeii i?aaieciaaoue oaeei ia?acii, /oiau /aeiaae a iieiaeua aiaeu
oniaoii, eaaei, e?ao/aeoei iooai e iniiaaoaeueii onaiee ana iaiaoiaeeiia
aeey aeecie. A niioaaonoaee n yoei Eiiaineee iaia/aao /aou?a iniiaiuo
o?aaiaaiey, eioi?ui aeieaeii ioaa/aoue iao/aiea e o/aiea:

1. oniaoiinoue

2. eaaeinoue

3. iniiaaoaeueiinoue

4. auno?ioa (e?ao/aeoee iooue iao/aiey)

*oi aea iiae?acoiaaaao Eiiaineee iiae eaaeaeui yoei o?aaiaaieai?

Aeey Eiiaineiai oniaoiinoue iao/aiey icia/aao:

o/eoue aeaoae naiaa?aiaiii

o/eoue aauai ?aiueoa neia

o/eoueny a oeiea aei eiioea

eaaeaeue io?acie a?aiaie aeieaeai auoue nin?aaeioi/ai ia eco/aiee
oieueei iaeiiai i?aaeiaoa

ia?aciauaaoue a aeaoyo nia?aa ?annoaeie aeey iiciaiey aauae, iioii
iaiyoue, e iaeiiaoe, ycue e ?oeo

io i?inoaeoeo ia/ae ia?aoiaeeoue e iauaio

?ani?aaeaeyoue caiyoey ii a?iaie e ii?yaeeo

o/eoueny ii eieaai, i?aaeiacia/aiiui eiaiii aeey aeaiiiai eeanna

Eaaeinoue iao/aiey e o/aiey aeinoeaaaony a oii neo/aa, anee:

iao/aiea ia/iaony ?aii;

?acoi aoaeao iiaeaioiaeai aeey yoiai;

aoaeao eaeoe io aieaa eaaeiai e aieaa o?oaeiiio;

io iauaai e /anoiiio;

ieeoi ia aoaeao ia?aa?oaeai /?acia?iui eiee/anoaii o/aaiuo i?aaeiaoia;

o/aieeia ia aoaeoo i?eioaeaeaoue cao/eaaoue oi, /oi eie oi?ioi iiiuoii e
iniuneaiii;

ana aoaeao i?aiiaeaaaoueny aeey i?eeiaeaiey e aeecie;

ana aoaeao i?aiiaeaaaony ii iaeiiio e oiio aea iaoiaeo.

Iniiaaoaeueiinoue iao/aiey e o/aiey aoaeao aeinoeaiooa, anee:

aoaeoo caieiaoueny iieaciuie aauaie;

anaio aoaeao iieiaeaii i?i/iia iniiaaiea;

iineaaeothuaa aoaeao iie?aoueny ia yoi iniiaaiea;

ana, /oi eiaao acaeiioth naycue, iinoiyiii aoaeao niaaeeiyoueny;

ana aoaeao cae?aieyoueny iinoiyiiuie oi?aaeiaieyie.

Auno?ioa a iao/aiee aoaeao aeinoeaiooa, anee:

ai aeaaa iaeiie oeieu eee iaeiiai eeanna aoaeao noiyoue iaeei o/eoaeue;

iaeei i?aaeiao aoaeao eco/aoueny ii iaeiiio aaoi?o;

iaeia ?aaioa aoaeao caaeaaaoueny anaio eeanno;

ii iaeiiio e oiio aea iaoiaeo aoaeoo i?aiiaeaaaoueny ana iaoee e ycuee e
o.ae.

Yoe o?aaiaaiey, i?aaeuyaeaiiua Eiiaineei e iao/aieth, e iieiaeaiey,
au?aaioaiiua e eo inouanoaeaieth, i?aaenoaaeytho niaie na?aeoeaaeio
aeeaeaeoe/aneiai o/aiey Eiiaineiai. Aieueoeinoai yoeo o?aaiaaiee e
i?aaee ia oieueei i?ia?anneaiu aeey oiai a?aiaie, ii iie nio?aiytho naia
oai?aoe/aneia e i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea aeey iaoae aeeaeaeoeee e oeieu.

Aaee/aeoae caneoaie Eiiaineiai yaeyaony ?ane?uoea i?e?iaeu i?ioeanna
iao/aiey, a /anoiinoe iniiaiuo ea/anoaaiiuo noi?ii. oa?aeoa?ecothueo
iao/aiea eae i?ioeann n aeeaeaeoe/aneie oi/ee c?aiey. Eiiaineee,
?anniao?eaay iao/aiea eae niaoeeoe/aneee i?oeann io?aaeaiey
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe, n/eoae, /oi i?ioeann iao/aiey e aai caeiiiia?iinoe
aace?othony ia caeiiiia?iinoyo i?ioeanna iiciaiey – ia aiinaieiae/aneeo
ia/aeao iaoa?eaeenoe/aneiai yiie?ecia e ia i?eioeeia
i?e?iaeiniia?aciinoe.

A o/aiee Eiiaineiai ioiinoeaeueii i?e?iaeu e caeiiiia?iinoae iao/aiey
aaaeiui yaeythony aai acaeyaeu ii aii?ino i nooiaiyo iao/aiey. Eiiaineee
aia?aua a enoi?ee aeeaeaeoe/aneie iunee ia oieueei aaae iiiyoea i
nooiaiyo iao/aiey, ii e aeae aiaeec yoeo nooiaiae e ?ac?aaioae
ii?aaeaeaiioth oai?eth. Ii ienae: “A eaaeaeii iao/aiee eiathony o?e
oi/ii ii?aaeaeaiiua nooiaie: ia/aei, i?iaeieaeaiea e eiiaoe.” Ana yoe
eiiiiiaiou iineaaeiaaoaeueii naycaiu ae?oa n ae?oaii e iaoneiaeeaatho
ae?oa ae?oaa.

*oi iiae?acoiaaaao Eiiaineee iiae eaaeaeie ec yoeo nooiaiae?

Eiiaineee ?ac?aaaouaaao aii?in i i?e?iaea i?ioeanna iao/aiey e aai
caeiiiia?iinoyo n aiinaieiae/aneeo iiceoeee. Enoiaey ec oiai iieiaeaiey
iaoa?eaeenoe/aneiai yiie?ecia, /oi ia iiaeao auoue ie/aai oaeiai a
niciaiee /aeiaaea, /aai au ?aiueoa ia auei a iuouaieyo, ii n/eoaao, /oi
eeth/ii e iao/aieth, aai ia/aeii yaeyaony /oanoaaiiia aini?eyoea,
/oanoaaiiia iao/aiea. I?aaeaea i?aaeiao, a caoai eee ia?aeeaeueii neiai
– oaeiai enoiaeiia aeeaeaeoe/aneia iieiaeaiea Eiiaineiai. Yoi iieiaeaiea
yaeyaony oieaa?naeueiui, cieioui i?aaeeii iao/aiey. *oanoaaiiia
aini?eyoea e anoue ia?aay nooiaiue iao/aiey.

Ca yoie nooiaiueth neaaeotho neiaaniua iiyniaiey o/eoaey, n?aaiaiey,
iaiauaiey, aano?aeoeee. Ia yoie nooiaie ?ac?aaaouaaaony e ?anoe?yaony
iiiyoea oiai, /oi iooai iuouaiey, iin?aaenoaii i?aaiia /oanoa
io?aceeinue a nicieiee o/aueony. Yoo aoi?oth nooiaiue Eiiaineee iacuaaao
nooiaiueth i?iaeieaeaiey eee iiyniaiey.

Ii ia aeaiiie nooiaie i?ioeann iao/aiey ia caeai/eaaaony. Ciaiea aoaeao
iieiui e aeaenoaeoaeueiui, eiaaea iii a ?acoeueoaoa aeeeoaeueiuo
oi?aaeiaiee e eniieueciaaiey ia i?aeoeea noaiiaeony i?i/iui, eiaaea
o/aueeny a ethaie iiiaio iiaeao ainnoaiiaeoue aai a iaiyoe, eceiaeeoue e
eniieueciaaoue a aeaeueiaeoai. Yoo o?aoueth nooiaiue Eiiaineee iacuaaao
nooiaiueth oi?aaeiaiee. Oi?aaeiaieyi Ii i?eaeaao ianoieueei aaaeiia
cia/aiea, /oi ioaiaeeo ei 2/3 o?iea.

Ioiineoaeueii iauae i?e?iaeu i?ioeanna iao/aiey Eiiaineee ieoao: “Yoe
caiyoey aeieaeiu aanoenue ii iaeiiio e oiio aea iaoiaeo. Yoi
aeinoeaaaony:

1) iin?aaenoaii iinoiyiiiai ia?aeaeecia i?aaeiaoia, iiiyoee e neia;

2) iin?aaenoaii ciaiey, iiieiaiey, i?eiaiaiey;

3) iin?aaenoaii i?eia?ia, i?aaee, oi?aaeiaiee.

Oi?aaeiaiey eee i?aeoeea i?ienoiaeyo iin?aaenoaii naiinoiyoaeueiiai
iaaethaeaiey, naiinoiyoaeueiie ?a/e, naiinoiyoaeueiuo aeaenoaee.

Eiiaineee ia oieueei aeoaiei iainiiaae o?aaiaaiea nayce oai?aoe/aneiai
iao/aiey n i?aeoeeie, ii e ii?aaeaeeeno?oeoo?iua /anoe i?iaoeanna
iao/aiey, aai nooiaie:

1) /oanoaaiiia aini?eyoea;

2) iiyniaiea;

3) oi?aaeiaiea.

Ia ia?aie nooiaie iao/aiey neoaeao aiaoiea /oanoaa ( c?aiea, neoo,
iaaiyiea, inycaiea) – “aeey ana aieaa e aieaa io/aoeeaiai iaaethaeaiey
aauae ); ia aoi?ie – ?acoi – “aeey ana aieaa e aieaa aeoaieiai
i?iieeiiaaiey a aaue”; ia o?aoueae nooiaie – iaiyoue – aeey ana eo/oaai
e eo/oaai onaiaiey; ycue – aeey oiai, /oiau iiiyoiia oiaoue auneacuaaoue
ana eo/oa e eo/oa. ?oee – /oiau ni aeiy ia aeaiue eneoniaa auaeaeuaaoue
oi, /oi ioaeii”.

Ana yoe o?e nooiaie iao/aiey Eiiaineee ?anniao?eaae aeeooa?aioee?iaaiii
a niioaaonoaee n aic?anoii o/aueony e oi?ie?iaaieai naiiai iao/aiey.
Ia?aay nooiaiue – o iaeuo aeaoae, aoi?ay nooiaiue – o ac?ineuo, ii aua
ia iao/aiiuo e eneonnoao, o?aouey nooiaiue – ethaee, eioi?ua oaea ciatho
niinia aeaenoaey. Eiiaineee aeaeae caeiiiia?iinoue nooiaiae i?ioeanna
iao/aiey a nayce n aic?anoii o/aueony.

Iauaiaaeaaiae/aneea iniiau iao/aiey

A iniiao naiaai iaaeaaiae/aneiai, e a /anoiinoe, aeeaeaeoe/aneiai
o/aiey ssi Eiiaineee aeiaeee o?e aaaeiaeoeo i?eioeeia:

1) ainieouaathuee oa?aeoa? iao/aiey;

2) naycue iao/aiey n aeeciueth, n aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth;

3) niioaaonaea iao/aiey aic?anoo o/aueony.

A i?ioeanna ainieouaathuaai iao/aiey oi?ie?othony ii?aeueiua ea/anoaa
/aeiaaea. Ii iiaieth Eiiaineiai “ieeoi ia iiaeao naeaeaoueny
ia?aciaaiiui aoc ainieoaiey eee eoeueoeae?iaaiey, o.a. aoc i?eeaaeiiai
iao/aiey e iiia/aiey”. Eoae, aeeaeaeoeea Eiiaineiai ii?e?aaony ia eaeath
ainieouaathuaai iao/aiey.

1. Eiiaineee auaeaeioe i?eioeei niaaeeiaiey iao/aiey n ainieoaieai e
i?aaue a enoi?ee iaaeaaiaeee ii?aaeaeee iniiaiua iieiaeaiey yoiai
i?eioeeia.

2. Eaeay ainieouaaauaai iao/aiey o Eiiaineiai i?iieeiooa aeooii
ia?iaeiinoe e aoiaiiinoe, au?aaeaao o?aaiaaiey ia oieueei aiaaouo, ii e
o?aoueaai nineiaey.

3. Acaeyaeu Eiiaineiai ia ainieouaathuaa iao/aiea eniieuecothony e
nia?aiaiiie aeeaeaeoeeie.

N eaeaae ainieouaathuaai iao/aiey oanii naycaii o?aaiaaiea nayce
iao/aiey n aeeciueth. Eiiaineee aeae i?ia?anneaiua aeey oiai a?aiaie e
oi?ioi ?ac?aaioaiiua ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii yoiio o?aaiaaieth. Aio ianeieueei
iniiaiuo iieiaeaiee Eiiaineiai:

1. “Eoi, aoaeo/e aeaaea ac?ineui, oiaao aiai?eoue eeoue iaeieie
neiaaie, a ia aeaeaie, oio e /aeiaaeii-oi n/eoaoueny ia ai?aaa”

2. “Oeieu, aeaeaeeiua e eniieiaiiua iio?aaiinoyie i?e?iaeu, aeieaeiu
o/eoue: 1) oai?ee, 2) i?aeoeea, 3) oiio?aaeaieth anao oi?ioeo e iieaciuo
aauae”.

3. “Anee /oi-eeai ioaeii niiaueoue thiioanoao aeaaea e ?aaee ianoiyuae
aeecie, ana yoi aeieaeii auoue oaeiai, /oiau, ia iaoay oie aa/iie
aeecie, e a ianoiyuae aeece i?eiineei au aaeeinoaaiioth iieueco”.

4. “Eiio ioaeiu yoe ionoyee? Eaeie niune eco/aoue oi, ciaiea /aai ia
i?eianao iieuecu, a iaciaiea ia i?eianao a?aaea e io /aai a aeaeueiaeoai
aic?anoa i?eaeaony ioo/eaaoueny eee /oi i?eaeaony n?aaee caiyoee
caauaaoue? Iai anoue /ai caiieieoue oo ei?ioeoth aeeciue, aeaaea anee ie
iaeiie aa eaiee ia o?aoeoue ia ionoyee. Eoae ionoue aoaeao caaea/ae
oeieu caieiaoue thiioanoai oieueei na?ueaciui”.

5. “Ioaeii i?aiiaeaaaoue oieueei oi, /oi i?eiineo naioth
iniiaaoaeueioth iieueco eae a ianoiyuae, oae e a aoaeouae aeecie”.

6. “Eaeia au caiyoea ia ia/eiaoue, ioaeii i?aaeaea anaai aicaoaeeoue o
o/aieeia na?ueacioth ethaiaue e iaio, aeieicaoue i?aainoiaenoai yoiai
i?aaeiaoa, aai iieueco, i?eyoiinoue e oieueei oi, /oi iiaeii”.

7. “I?e onaiaiee anyeiai i?aaeiaoa oi/an ioaeii iaaeoiaoue, eaeoth yoi
i?eianao iieueco, /oiau ie/aai ia eco/aoue iai?anii”.

8. “A oeiea neaaeoao i?eo/aoue anao o/aieeia i?eiaiyoue e aeaeo naie
ciaiey e ioae?inoue, aea?aeanue a ioiioaiee e aauai, eioi?ua iaoiaeyony
o ieo iiae ?oeaie, a ioiioaiee e aeeaeiei, n eioi?uie iie aianoa aeeaoo,
e a ioiioaiee e aiao, iiae ieii eioi?iai iie oiaeyo, oae, /oiau n
iieuecie i?iaeieaeaoue a oa/aiea anae aeecie ia/aoia a oeiea
iai?aaeaiea”.

9. “*oiau ana aeaeaeinue iin?aaenoaii oai?ee, i?aeoeee e i?eiaiaiey, e
i?eoii oae, /oiau eaaeaeue o/aiee ana eco/ae nai, nianoaaiiuie
/oanoaaie, i?iaiaae ana i?ieciineoue e aeaeaoue e ia/eiae ana
i?eiaiyoue. O naieo o/aieeia y anaaaea ?acaeaath naiinoiyoaeueiinoue a
iaaethaeaiee, a ?a/e, a i?aeoeea e a i?eiaiaiee, eae aaeeinoaaiioth
iniiao aeey aeinoeaeaiey i?i/iiai ciaiey, aeia?iaeaoaee e, iaeiiaoe,
aeaaeainoaa”.

Ia?yaeo n yoeie e nae?oaeie oeacaieyie Eiiaineee aeaao oaeea
ianoaaeaiey e iio/aiey iaoiaee/aneiai oa?aeoa?a i nayce iauaiey n
aeeciueth, eioi?ua e iiiuia nio?aieee naith ni?aaaaeeeainoue. I?eaaaeai
ianeieueei iaeaieaa oeie/iuo ec yoeo auneacuaaiee:

1. “Iieacii aeaaaoue aeaoyi aeey ea?u aea?aayiiua eee ieiayiiua
eioaaeee, ei?ia, iaa/ae, eieyni/ee, ai?oi/ee, noieu, nooeuey, e?oaeee,
eano?theueee; iie aoaeoo neoaeeoue ia oieueei aeaeey ea?u, ii e aeey
niaeaenoaey iiieiaiey aauae. Aaaeue yoi e icia/aao o/eoue iaeaiueeeo
aeaoae aeecie, o.a. iinoaiaiii ioe?uaaoue ei aeaca ia yoe iaeaiueeea
aaue, /oiueau iie ia inoaaaeenue neaiuie a aieueoeo”.

2. “Oae eae aeeciue i?eaeaony i?iaiaeeoue a iauaiee n ethaeueie e a
aeayoaeueiinoe, oi ioaeii iao/eoue aeaoae ia aiyoueny /aeiaa/aneiai
eeoea e ia?aiineoue anyeee /anoiue o?oae, /oiau iie ia noaee
iaethaeeiuie eee iecaio?iiaie, ooiayaeoeaie, aaniieaciuie a?aiaiai
caiee. Aeia?iaeaoaeue ?acaeaaaony iin?aaenoaii aeae, a ia iin?aaenoaii
aieoiaie”.

3. “O/aieee aeieaeiu iciaeiieoueny ni anaie aieaa iaueie ?aianeaiiuie
i?eaiaie io/anoe n oie oieueei oeaeueth, /oiau ia inoaaaoueny
iaaaaeaeaie ie a /ai, eanathueieny /aeiaa/aneeo aeae, io/anoe aeaaea e
aeey oiai, /oiau aiineaaenoaee eaa/a iaia?oaeeaaeanue eo i?e?iaeiay
iaeeiiiinoue, e /aio eoi /oanoaoao i?aeiouanoaaiiia i?ecaaiea.”

4. “*aoaa?oue, iyoue e oanoie aiaeu aoaeoo e aeieaeiu auoue iieiu
?o/iiai o?oaea e anyeeo no?ieoaeueiuo ?aaio. Iaoi?ioei i?eciaeii
yaeyaony neeoeii niieieiia ninoiyiea ?aaaiea a a?aiy neaeaiey e
oiaeueau. Anee ?aaaiie anaaaea aaaaao eee anaaaea /aai-oi oi/ao
aeaeaoue, yoi neoaeeo aa?iui aeieacaoaeuenoaii caei?iaiai oaea e aeeaiai
oia. Iiyoiio, eae auei neacaii, ca /oi-au ?aaaiie ia acyeny, ia oieueei
ia ioaeii aio iaoaoue, ii nei?aa ioaeii iiiiaaoue, n oai, /oiau ana, /oi
aeaeaaony, aeaeaeinue ?acoiii e iiaeaioiaeyei aei?iao aeaeueiaeoei
na?ueaciui o?oaeai”.

Aai o/aaiee “Ie? /oanoaaiuo aauae a ea?oeieao” eiaao niaoeeaeueiua
aeaau, iao/athuea eaeiio-eeai ?aianeaiiiio o?oaeo eee ?aaioa. Iai?eia?:
“Naaeiaiaenoai”, “Caieaaiaenoai”, “AEeaioiiaiaenoai”, “Auia/ea oeaaa”,
“?uaiay eiaey” e o.ae.

Neaaeoao iiae/a?eiooue aaaeiia iieiaeaiea Eiiaineiai i oii, /oi naycue
iao/aiey n o?oaeii ia iiaeao no?ieoueny ia iiae/eiaiee iao/aiey
ocei?aianeaiiie caaea/a. Ii oeacuaao, /oi /aeiaa/aneay ioae?inoue ia
iiaeao ia?aie/eaaoueny oieueei oceeie iianaaeiaaiuie aeaeaie.

Aianoa n oai Eiiaineee ia o?aaoao ciaiey iaeiiai, eee iaiai?io, anao
?aianae, ii ii aai iiaieth o/aueeny aeieaeai iciaeiieoueny “ni anaie
i?eaiaie aiiaua” Eiiaineee o?aaoao ainieouaaoue o o/aueony ethaiaue e
o?oaeo, i?eeaaeaiea e niiniaiinoue i?aiaeieaaaoue o?oaeiinoe, i?e/ai yoe
ea/anoaa aeieaeiu ainieouaaoueny iooai iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai o/anoey a
iae, iineieueeo “aeia?i ?acaeaaaony iin?aaenoaii aeaea, a ia
iin?aaenoaii ionoie aieoiaie”.

O?aouea o?oaiaaiea Eiiaineiai – niioaaonoaea iao/aiey aic?anoo
o/auaainy, iii auoaeaao ec eaeae i?e?iaeiniia?aciinoe.

Eiiaineee ieoao: “Oio ii?yaeie, eioi?ue iu aeaeaai naeaeaoue
oieaa?naeueiie eaeaae aeey eneonnoaa – anaio o/eoue e anaio o/eoueny, –
aeieaeai auoue caeinoaiaai e iiaeao auoue caeinoaiaai ia ec /aai eiiai,
eae oieueei ec oeacaiee i?e?iaeu…” Ii Eiiaineiio, niaethaeaoue
caeiiiia?iinoe a iao/aiee iiaeii eeoue oiaaea, eiaaea ecaanoiu caeiiu
?acaeoey o/auaainy, aai i?e?iaea.

Iaeiaei ai a?aiaia Eiiaineiai iao/iia eco/aiea ineoe/aeiai ?acaeoey
?aaaiea oaeoe/anee aua aeaaea ia auei ia/aoi, iiyoiio Eiiaineee eneae
aiaeiaee n yaeaieyie i?e?iaeu. “I?e?iaea, nicaeaaay ioe/eo, ia caauaaao
ie aieiau, ie e?uea, ie iiae, ie eiaoy, ie eiaee, neiaii, /oi ioiineony
e nouiinoe aeaiiiai ?iaea ioeoeu… Oaeei aea ia?acii e a oeieao,
i?aciauaay /aeiaaea iaiaoiaeeii ia?aciauaaoue aai a oeaeii, /oiau
naeaeaoue aai i?eaiaeiui aeey ianoiyuae aeecie e aianoa n oai
iiaeaioiaeaiiui e naiie aa/iinoe”.

Eaeay i?e?iaeiniia?aciinoe – aaee/aeoaa aeinoeaeaiea aeeaeaeoeee. Iia
ciaiaiiaaea niaie ei?aiiie iiae?ua naiuo onoiaa
noieanoe/anee-aeiaiaoe/aneiai iao/aiey, eioi?ia ia i?ioyaeaiee noieaoee
aea?aeaei /aeiaa/aneee ?acoi ai i?aea, eaae?eioa, oi?iiceei eco/aiea
i?e?iaeu e iauanoaa,

A o/aiee Eiiaineiai i i?e?iaeiniia?aciinoe a iao/aiee iniaaiii aaaeiuie
yaeythony aai acaeyaeu ioiineoaeueii o/aoa caeiiiia?iinoae
iuneeoaeueiuo, yiioeeiiaeueiuo e aieaauo i?ioeannia ?aaaiea a i?ioeanna
iao/aiey.

Eiiaineee a naiai o/aiee e?eoeeoao oaeo ia?aa?ocae o/aueony
iaaeinooiiui iaoa?eaeii. Ii n/eoae ioaeiui ia oieueei ono?aieoue ec
iao/aiey ana, /oi iaaeinooiii iiieiaieth aeaoae, ii e naeaeaoue
aiciiaeiui onaiaiea o/aueiny iiiaiai oaeiai, /oi a oneiaeyo coa?aaeee e
iaoaie/aneeo oi?aaeiaiee auei iaiiiyoii aeey iiaeaaeythuaai
aieueoeinoaa oeieueieeia. N yoie oeaeueth Eiiaineee n/eoae iaiaoiaeeiui
niaianoiia iao/aiea aeaoae, noiyueo ia iaeiii e oii aea o?iaia ?acaeoey:
“Iaeeiaeiaue aeaoneee aic?ano, iaeeiaeiaua oniaoe, i?aau e i?eau/ee
aieaaa niinianoaotho acaeiiiio ?acaeoeth, oae eae aeoaeiith
eci?aoaoaeueiinoe iaeei ae?oaiai ia i?aainoiaeyo. Iaaeaeo ieie iao
ieeaeiai no?aieaiey e ainiiaenoao iaeiiai iaae ae?oaei, ieeaeiai
i?eioaeaeaiey, ieeaeiai no?aoa, ii iaeeiaeiaay ethaiaue, ene?aiiinoue,
naiaiaeiua i eaaeaeii aeaea aii?inu e ioaaou.

Eiiaineee n/eoaao, /oi eaaeaeue ?aaaiie iiaeao iaeieaoue o?oaeiinoe
o/aiey, anee “iu aoaeai ona?aeii eniieueciaaoue eiathueany o ian
n?aaenoaa”, o.a. oaeea iaoiaeu iao/aiey e ainieoaiey, eioi?ua iaeaieaa
iieii o/eouaatho i?e?iaeo ?aaaiea. Ii oeacuaaao ia iaiaoiaeeiinoue
eiaeeauaeoaeueiiai iiaeoiaea e ?aaaieo: “Iioiio, /oi o?iee i?e eeanniuo
/oaieyo ni?acia?ythony ni n?aaeieie niiniaiinoyie; iioiio, /oiau aieaa
niiniiua aieiau ia inoaaaeenue iacaiyouie, aoaeo/e caaea?aeeaaaiu ia
iaeiii e oii aea i?aaeiaoa aieueoa, /ai yoiai o?aaoao eo iiiyoeeainoue,
ei aeicaieaii i?ioiaeeoue eeoiaa e i?i/eouaaoue ienaoaeae, ia
oeeiiythueony io eo?na eeanna. Oaeia /oaiea ia ia?ooaao i?ioiaeeiiai a
aeaiiia a?aiy o/aaiiai eo?na, a nei?aa niinianoaoao aai onaiaieth”.

Yoe acaeyaeu Eiiaineiai iieo/eee i?aeoe/aneia e eiie?aoiia au?aaeaiea a
aai o/aaieeao, aaea eaaeaeue ?anneac eee ea?oeiea n aeinoaoi/iie
iieiioie o/eouaaao eioa?anu ?aaaiea, o?iaaiue aai iuoeaiey, aai yiioeee.

Aeeaeaeoe/aneea i?eioeeiu

A aeeaeaeoe/aneii o/aiee Eiiaineiai iaeii ec aaaeiuo iano caieiaao
aii?in ia iaueo i?eioeeiao iao/aiey, eioi?ua iau/ii iacuaatho
aeeaeaeoe/aneeie i?eioeeiaie. I?eioeeiu iao/aiey iiae?acoiaaaao oa
iieiaeaiey iauaiaoiaee/aneiai oa?aeoa?a, ia eioi?ua iie?aaony iao/aiea e
o/aiea aiiaua. A iaaeaaiae/aneie eeoa?aoo?a ?acee/atho aeeaeaeoe/aneea
(iauea) i?eioeeiu iao/aiey e iaoiaee/aneea (/anoiua) i?eioeeiu iao/aiey.

Eiiaineee aia?aua a enoi?ee aeeaeaeoeee ia oieueei oeacae ia
iaiaoiaeeiinoue ?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny i?eioeeiaie a iao/aiee, ii ?ane?ue
nouiinoue yoeo i?eioeeiia:

1) i?eioeei niciaoaeueiinoe e aeoeaiinoe;

2) i?eioeei iaaeyaeiinoe;

3) i?eioeei iinoaiaiiinoe e nenoaiaoe/iinoe ciaiee;

4) i?eioeei oi?aaeiaiee e i?i/iiai iaeaaeaiey ciaiey e iaaueaie.

Niciaoaeueiinoue e aeoeaiinoue

Yoio i?eioeei i?aaeiieaaaao oaeie oa?aeoa? iao/aiey, eiaaea o/aueany ia
ianneaii, iooai coa?aaeee e iaoaie/aneeo oi?aaeiaiee, a iniciaiii,
aeoaiei e iniiaaoaeueii onaaeaatho ciaiey e iaauee. Oai, aaea
ionooonoaoao niciaoaeueiinoue, iao/aiea aaaeaony aeiaiaoe/anee e a
ciaiee ainiiaenoaoao oi?iaeeci.

Eiiaineee ?aciaea/ee ainiiaenoaiaaaoee ia i?ioyaeaiee iiiaeo noieaoee
aeiaiaoeci e iiecae, eae noieanoe/aneay oeiea oaeaaea a iieiaeaaee
anyeoth oai?/aneoth niiniaiinoue e cae?uaaea ae iooue e i?ia?anno.

Eiiaineee n/eoaao aeaaiui oneiaeai oniaoiiai iao/aiey iinoeaeaiea
nouiinoe i?aaeiaoia e yaeaiee, eo iiieiaiea o/aueieny: “I?aaeeueii
iao/aoue thiioanoai – yoi ia cia/eo aaeaaoue a aieiau nia?aiioth ec
aaoi?ia nianue neia, o?ac, ec?a/aiee, iiaiee, a yoi cia/eo – ?ane?uaaoue
niiniaiinoue iiieiaoue aaue, /oiau eiaiii ec yoie niiniaiinoe, oi/ii ec
aeeaiai enoi/ieea, iioaeee ?o/aeee (ciaiey)”.

Eiiaineee oaeaea n/eoaao iniiauii naienoaii niciaoaeueiiai ciaiey ia
oieueei iiieiaiea, ii e eniieueciaaiea ciaiee ia i?aeoeea: “Ou
iaeaa/eoue o/aieeo onaiaiea, anee ai anai, /aio au ou aai ia o/ee,
iieaaeaoue aio, eaeoth yoi i?eianoe iianaaeiaaioth iieueco a
iauaaeeoee”.

Eiiaineee aeaao oeaeue ?yae oeacaiee i oii, eae inouanoaeoue
niciaoaeueiia iao/aiea. Naiui aeaaiui ec ieo yaeyaony o?aaiaaiea: “I?e
ia?aciaaiee thiioanoaa ana ioaeii aeaeaoue eae iiaeii aieaa io/aoeeai,
oae, /oiau ia oieueei o/auee, ii e o/aueeny iiieiae aac anyeiai
cao?oaeiaiey, aaea ii iaoiaeeony e /oi ii aeaeaao.

Niciaoaeueiinoue a iao/aiee ia?ac?uaii naycaia n aeoeaiinoueth
o/auaainy, n aai oai?/anoaii. Eiiaineee ieoao: “Ieeaeay iiaeaaeueiay
aaaea ia a neeao auaanoe ia naao ieiae, anee ia aoaeao aeeaiai e
neeueiiai aeaeaeaiey e iai?yaeaiey naiiai ieiaea”. Enoiaey ec yoiai,
iaeiei ec naiuo aeaaiuo a?aaia iao/aiey Eiiaineeee n/eoae
aacaeayoaeueiinoue e eaiue o/auaainy. A naiai o?oaea “Ia ecaiaiee ec
oeie einiinoe” Eiiaineee ?ane?uaaao i?e/eiu eaie e aeaao ?yae oeacaiee i
oii, eae aa onei?aieoue.

Eiiaineee n/eoaao, /oi “einiinoue anoue ioa?auaiea e o?oaeo a
niaaeeiaiee n eaiinoueth. N iath naycaiu:

1) aaaeinoue io ?aaiou e oeeiiaiea io caaeaaaaiuo ?aaio;

2) ayeia, oieiaeiia, iiaa?oiinoiia e aaco/anoiia eniieiaiea eo;

3) iaaeeeoaeueiinoue e i?ae?auaiea oaea ia/aouo ?aaio”.

Eaiue o/aueony, ii Eiiaineiio, au?aaeaaony a oii, /oi iie “ia aeoiatho,
eae au i?eia?anoe naiei naaa naao eneoeiiiai e iieiiai i?inaauaiey, e
aua iaiaa oiai i?eieiatho ia naay o?oae, iio?aaiue aeey aeinoeaeaiey
oaeiai i?inaauaiey”. Eiiaineee n/eoae, /oi ecaiiyoue eaiue ioaeii
o?oaeii.

Ainieoaiea aeoeaiinoe e naiinoiyoaeueiinoe Eiiaineee n/eoaao aaaeiaeoae
caaea/ae: “*oiau ana aeaeaeinue iin?aaenoaii oai?ee, i?aeoeee e
i?eiaiaiey, e i?eoii oae, /oiau eaaeaeue o/aiee eco/ae nai, nianoaaiiuie
/oanoaaie, i?iaiaae ana i?ieciineoue e aeaeaoue e ia/eiae ana
i?eiaiyoue. O naieo o/aieeia y anaaaea ?acaeaath naiinoiyoaeueiinoue a
iaaethaeaiee, a ?a/e, a i?aeoeea e a i?eiaiaiee, eae aaeeinoaaiioth
iniiao aeey aeinoeaeaiey i?i/iiai ciaiey, aeia?iaeaoaee, e iaeiiaoe,
aeaaeainoaa”.

Iaaeyaeiinoue

I?eioeei iaaeyaeiinoe iao/aiey i?aaeiieaaaao i?aaeaea anaai onaiaiea
o/aueieny ciaiee iooai iaiin?aaenoaaiiuo iaaethaeaiee iaae i?aaeiaoaie e
yaeaieyie, iooai eo /oanoaaiiiai aini?eyoey. Iaaeyaeiinoue Eiiaineee
n/eoaao cieioui i?aaeeii iao/aiey.

E eniieueciaaieth iaaeyaeiinoe a i?ioeanna iao/aiey ia?auaeenue aua
oiaaea, eiaaea ia nouanoaiaaei ienueiaiiinoe e naiie oeieu. A oeieao
ae?aaieo no?ai iia eiaea aeiaieueii oe?ieia ?ani?ino?aiaiea. A n?aaeiea
aaea, a yiioo ainiiaenoaa noieanoeee e aeiaiaoecia, eaeay iaaeyaeiinoe
auea i?aaeaia caaaaieth e aa i?ae?aoeee eniieueciaaoue a iaaeaaiae/aneie
i?aeoeea. Eiiaineee ia?aui aaae eniieueciaaiea iaaeyaeiinoe eae
iauaiaaeaaiae/aneiai i?eioeeia.

A iniiaa o/aiey Eiiaineiai i iaaeyaeiinoe eaaeeo
nainoaeenoe/anee-iaoa?eaeenoe/aneay aiinaieiaey. Aeey iainiiaaiey
iaaeyaeiinoe Eiiaineee iiiai ?ac i?eaiaeee iaeio o?aco: “Ie/aai ia
iiaeao auoue a niciaiee, /oi ca?aiaa ia auei aeaii a iuouaiee”.

Eiiaineee ii?aaeaeye iaaeyaeiinoue e aa cia/aiea neaaeothuei
ia?acii:

1) “Anee iu aeaeaai i?eaeoue o/aueiny enoeiiia e i?i/iia ciaiea aauae
aiiaua, ioaeii iao/aoue anaio /a?ac ee/iia iaaethaeaiea e /oanoaaiiia
aeieacaoaeuenoai”.

2) “Iiyoiio oeieu aeieaeiu i?aaeinoaeyoue ana nianoaaiiui /oanoaai
o/aueony oae, /oiau iie naie aeaeaee, neuoaee, inycaee, iaiiyee, aeooaee
ana, /oi iie iiaoo e aeieaeiu aeaeaoue, neuoaoue e o.ae., iie ecaaayo,
oaeei ia?acii, /aeiaa/aneoth i?e?iaeo io aaneiia/iuo iayniinoae e
aaeethoeeiaoeee…”

3) Oi, /oi ioaeii ciaoue i aauao, aeieaeii auoue “i?aiiaeaaaaii
iin?aaenoaii naieo aauae, o.a. aeieaeii, ianeieueei aiciiaeii,
aunoaaeyoue aeey nica?oeaiey, inycaiey, neooaiey, iaiiyiey e o.i. naie
aaue, eeai caiaiythuea eo ecia?aaeaiey”.

4) “Eoi nai iaeiaaeaeu aieiaoaeueii iaaethaeae aiaoiieth /aeiaa/aneiai
oaea, oio iieiao e caiiiieo ana aa?iaa, /ai anee ii i?i/oao iaoe?iaeoea
iauyniaiey, ia aeaeaa anaai yoiai /aeiaa/aneeie aeacaie.”

Oi anoue ionthaea aeaeii, /oi Eiiaineee iaaeyaeiinoue n/eoae ia oieueei
i?eioeeiii iao/athuei, ii e iaeaa/athuei iao/aiea. Aeey inouanoaeaiey
iaaeyaeiinoe Eiiaineee n/eoae iaiaoiaeeieui eniieueciaaoue:

1) ?aaeueiua i?aaeiaou e iaiin?aaenoaaiiia iaaethaeaiea iaae ieie;

2) eiaaea yoi iaaiciiaeii, iiaeaee e eiieth i?aaeiaoa;

3) ea?oeiee eae ecia?aaeaiea i?aaeiaoa eee yaeaiey.

O/aaiue yooaeo anyeiai iaaethaeaiey caaeneo io oiai, ianeieueei iu
noiaee aiooeoue o/auaiony, /oi e aeey /aai ii aeieaeai iaaethaeaoue, e
ianeieueei iai oaeaeinue i?eaea/ue e nio?aieoue aai aieiaiea ia
i?ioyaeaiee anaai i?ioeanna iao/aiey.

Aeey inouanoaeaiey i?aaeeueiiai iaaethaeaiey Eiiaineee eaoaai?e/anee
o?aaoao: “Ionoue aoaeao aeey o/aueony cieioui i?aaeeii: ana, /oi oieueei
iiaeii i?aaeinoaeyoue aeey aini?eyoey /oanoaaie, a eiaiii: aeaeeiia –
aeey aini?eyoey c?aieai, neuoeiia – neooii, caiaoe – iaiiyieai,
iiaeeaaeauaa aeono – aeonii, aeinooiiia inycaiea – iooai inycaiey. Anee
eaeea-ieaoaeue i?aaeiaou n?aco iiaeii aini?eiyoue ianeieueeeie
/oanoaaie, ionoue iie n?aco noaaouaathony ianeieueeeie /oanoaaie”.

Iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue e nenoaiaoe/iinoue

Iineaaeiaaoaeueiia eco/aiea iniia iaoe e nenoaiaoe/iinoue ciaiee
Eiiaineee n/eoaao iaycaoaeueiui i?eioeeiii iao/aiey. Yoio i?eioeei
o?aaoao iaeaaeaiey o/aueieny nenoaiaoece?iaaiiui ciaieai a ii?aaeaeaiiie
eiae/aneie e iaoiaee/aneie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe.

Iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue e nenoaiaoe/iinoue a i?aaoth i/a?aaeue eanathony
neaaeothueo aii?inia: eaeei ia?acii ?ani?aaeaeyoue iaoa?eae, /oiau ia
ia?ooeoue eiaeeo iaoee; n /aai ia/eiaoue iao/aiea e a eaeie
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe iino?ieoue aai; eae onoaiiaeoue naycue iaaeaeo
iiaui e oaea eco/aiiui iaoa?eaeii; eaeea nayce e ia?aoiaeu neaaeoao
onoaiiaeoue iaaeaeo ioaeaeueiuie yoaiaie iao/aiey e o.i.

Eaeia niaea?aeaiea aeeaaeuaaao Eiiaineee a naia iniiaiia iieiaeaiea —
“Iao/aiea aeieaeii aanoenue iineaaeiaaoaeueii”?

Ia?aia o?aaiaaiea Eiiaineiai ninoieo a oii, /oiau aue onoaiiaeai oi/iue
ii?yaeie iao/aiey ai a?aiaie, iineieueeo “ii?yaeie — aeooa anaai”.

Aoi?ia o?aaiaaiea eanaaony niioaaonoaey iao/aiey o?iaith ciaiee
o/aueony e /oiau “any niaieoiiinoue o/aaiuo caiyoee aeieaeia auoue
ouaoaeueii ?acaeaeaia ia eeannu”.

O?aouea o?aaiaaiea eanaaony oiai, /oiau “ana eco/aeinue
iineaaeiaaoaeueii n ia/aea e aei caaa?oaiey”.

*aoaa?oia o?aaiaaiea – “iiaee?aieyoue ana iniiaaiey ?acoia – yoi cia/eo
anaio o/eoue, oeacuaay ia i?e/eiu, o.a. ia oieueei iieacuaaoue, eaeei
ia?acii /oi-eeai i?ienoiaeeo, ii oaeaea iieacuaaoue, ii/aio iii ia
iiaeao auoue eia/a. Aaaeue ciaoue /oi-ieaoaeue – yoi cia/eo iacuaaoue
aauue a i?e/eiiie nayce”.

Eiiaineee oi?ioee?oao ?yae eiie?aoiuo oeacaiee e aeeaeaeoe/aeeo i?aaee
aeey ?aaeecaoeee yoeo o?aaiaaiee.

1. Caiyoey aeieaeiu auoue ?ani?aaeaeaiu oaeei ia?acii, /oiau ia
eaaeaeue aiae, eaaeaeue ianyoe, aeaiue e /an auee iinoaaeaiu
ii?aaeaeaiiua o/aaiua caaea/e, eioi?ua aeieaeiu auoue ca?aiaa i?iaeoiaiu
o/eoaeai e iniciaiu o/aueieny.

2. Yoe caaea/e aeieaeiu ?aoaoueny n o/aoii aic?anoiuo iniaaiiinoae,
oi/iaa aiai?y, niioaaonoaaiii caaea/ai ioaeaeueiuo eeannia.

3. Iaeei i?aaeiao neaaeoao i?aiiaeaaaoue aei oao ii?, iiea ii n ia/aea
e aei eiioea ia aoaeao onaiai o/aueieny.

4. “Ana caiyoey aeieaeiu aaoue ?ani?aaeaeaiu oaeei ia?acii, /oiau iiaue
iaoa?eae anaaaea iniiauaaeny ia i?aaeoanoaothuai e oe?aieyeny
iineaaeothuei”.

5. Iao/aiea “aeieaeii eaeoe io aieaa iauaai e aieaa /anoiiio”, “io
aieaa eaaeiai – e aieaa o?oaeiiio”, “io ecaanoiiai – e iaecaanoiiio”,
“io aieaa aeeceiai e aieaa ioaeaeaiiiio” e o.ae.

“Yoo iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue, – aiai?eo Eiiaineee, – iaiaoiaeeii
niaethaeaoue anthaeo; iianthaeo oi aeieaeai ia?aoiaeeoue io
enoi?e/aneiai iiciaiey aauae e ?acoiiiio iiieiaieth, caoai e
oiio?aaeaieth eaaeaeie aaue. Yoeie iooyie i?inaauaiea oia aaaeao e naiei
oeaeyi iiaeiaii iaoei n nianoaaiiui aeaeaeaieai”.

Oi?aaeiaiea e i?i/iia onaiaiea ciaiee

Iieacaoaeai iieiioeaiiinoe ciaiee e iaaueia yaeythony nenoaiaoe/anee
i?iaiaeeiua oi?aaeiaiey e iiaoi?aiey.

I?eioeei iiaoi?aiey e oi?aaeiaiey oaeaea noa?, eae e naii iao/aiea. Aua
ae?aaiee eeoaeneee oeeinio Eiioooeee no?iee nenoaio iao/aiey ia
i?eioeeia iiaoi?aiey e oi?aaeiaiey. A n?aaeiea aaea iie noaee
oieaa?naeueiuie iaoiaeaie iao/aiey.

Iaeiaei iiieiaiea oi?aaeiaiey eciaiyeinue a ?acee/iua a?aiaia e yiioe a
nayce n eciaiaieai oeaeae e niaea?aeaiey iao/aiey. Ai a?aiaia Eiiaineiai
a oeieao ainiiaenoaiaaaoaa iieiaeaiea caieiaee oi?iaeeci e coa?aaeea.

Eiiaineee a iiiyoey oi?aaeiaiey e iiaoi?aiey aeiaeee iiaia
niaea?aeaiea, ii iinoaaee ia?aae ieie iiaoth caaea/o – aeoaieia onaiaiea
ciaiee, iniiaaiiia ia niciaoaeueiinoe e aeoeaiinoe o/aueony. Ii aai
iiaieth, oi?aaeiaiea aeieaeii neoaeeoue ia iaoaie/aneiio caiiieiaieth
neia, a iiieiaieth i?aaeiaoia e yaeaiee, eo niciaoaeueiiio onaiaieth
eniieueciaaieth a i?aeoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe. Iiyoiio Eiiaineee ia
neo/aeii iacuaaao oi?aaeiaiey oi i?aeoeeie, oi eniieueciaaieai, oi
o?anenii, oi aaoio?anenii e ae?. “Oae eae oieueei oi?aaeiaiea aeaeaao
ethaeae naaaeoueie ai anao aauao, eneoneaoeieny ai anai e iiyoiio
aiaeiuie ei anaio, iu o?aaoai, /oiau ai anao eeannao o/aueany
oi?aaeiyeenue ia i?aeoeea: a /oaiee, ienueia, a iiaoi?aiee e nii?ao, a
ia?aaiaeao i?yiuo e ia?aoiuo, a aeeniooao e aeaeeaiaoeee e o.ae.
Oi?aaeiaiey oaeiai ?iaea iu ?acaeaeyai ia oi?aaeiaiey: a) /oanoa, a)
oia, a) iaiyoe, a) oi?aaeiaiey a enoi?ee, ae) a noeea, a) a ycuea,
ae) a aieina, c) a i?aaao e e) a aeaai/anoee”.

Eiiaineee naycuaaao oi?aaeiaiey n iaiyoueth e ieoao: ”Oi?aaeiaiey
iaiyoe aeieaeiu i?aeoeeiaaoueny aani?a?uaii”. Ii aianoa n oai Eiiaineee
aunooiaao i?ioea iaoaie/aneiai caiiieiaiey a iieueco eiae/aneiai e
oeacuaaao: “Iniiaaoaeueii aiaae?yaony a oi oieueei oi, /oi oi?ioi
iiiyoii e ouaoaeueii cae?aieaii iaiyoueth”.

Oaeaea aieueoia aieiaiea Eiiaineee o?aaoao oaeaeyoue oece/aneiio
ainieoaieth o/aueony.

I?eaeaaay aieueoia cia/aiea oi?aaeiaieyi e iiaoi?aieyi, Eiiaineee
auaeaeaaao ?yae oeacaiee e i?aaee aeey inouanoaeaiey yoiai i?eioeeia a
iao/aiee:

“Iao/aiea iaeuecy aeiaanoe aei iniiaaoaeueiinoe aac aiciiaeii aieaa
/anouo e iniaaiii eneonii iinoaaeaiiuo iiaoi?aiee e oi?aaeiaiee”.

A iaeiie e oie aea oeiea aeieaeai auoue “iaeei e oio aea ii?yaeie e
iaoiae ai anao oi?aaeiaieyo”.

“Ie/aai iaeuecy canoaaeyoue cao/eaaoue, e?iia oiai, /oi oi?ioi
iiiyoii”.

Ia eaaeaeii o?iea iinea iauyniaiey iaoa?eaea o/eoaeue aeieaeai
i?aaeeiaeeoue “anoaoue iaeiiio ec o/aieeia, eioi?ue ana neacaiiia
o/eoaeai aeieaeai iiaoi?eoue a oii aea ii?yaeea, eae aoaeoi ii nai oaea
aue o/eoaeai ae?oaeo, iauynieoue i?aaeea oaie aea i?eia?aie. Anee ii a
/ai-oi ioeaaaony aai ioaeii eni?aaeyoue. Caoai ioaeii i?aaeeiaeeoue
aonaoue ae?oaiio e naeaeaoue oi aea naiia…”

Ii iiaieth Eiiaineiai, oaeia oi?aaeiaiea i?eianao iniaoth iieueco, eai:

“I. O/eoaeue anaaaea aoaeao aucuaaoue e naaa aieiaiea ni noi?iiu
o/aieeia”

“II. I?aiiaeaaaoaeue ii?aaeaeaiiaa oaaaeeony a oii, /oi ana eceiaeaiiia
ei i?aaeeueii onaiaii anaie. Anee iaaeinoaoi/ii onaiaii ii aoaeao eiaoue
aiciiaeiinoue oio/an eni?aaeoue ioeaee”.

“III. Eiaaea noieueei ?ac iiaoi?yaony iaeii e oiaea, oi aeaaea iaeaieaa
ionoathuea iieioo eceiaeaiiia inoieueei, /oiau eaeoe ia?aaia n
inoaeueiuie”.

“IV. Aeaaiaea?y yoiio noieueei ?ac i?iaaaeaiiiio iiaoi?aieth ana
o/aieee onaiyo naaa yoio o?ie eo/oa, /ai i?e naiii aeieaii aeiiaoiai
ei?iaiee iaae iei”.

“V. Eiaaea oaeei ia?acii o/aiee iinoiyiii aoaeao aeiioneaoueny, oae
neacaoue, e eniieiaieth o/eoaeueneeo iaycaiiinoae, oi a oiu anaeeony
iaeioi?ay aiae?inoue e oaea/aiea yoei o/aieai e au?aaioaaony niaeinoue n
iaeooaaeaieai aiai?eoue i ethaii aunieii i?aaeiaoa ia?aae nia?aieai
ethaeae, a yoi aoaeao iniaaiii iieacii a aeecie”.

Eiiaineee ?ac?aaioae oaeea o?aaiaaiey aeey i?eioeeia iao/aiey e
iiaoi?aiey:

1. “I?aaeea aeieaeiu iiaeaea?aeeaaoue e cae?aieyoue i?aeoeeo”

2. O/aieee aeieaeiu aeaeaoue ia oi, /oi ei i?aaeony, ii oi, /oi ei
i?aaeienuaatho caeiiu e o/eoaey.

3. Oi?aaeiaiey oia aoaeoo i?ienoiaeeoue ia niaoeeaeueiuo o?ieao,
i?iaiaeeiuo ii iaoaio iaoiaeo. “Eaaeaeay caaea/a i?aaeaea
eeethno?e?oaony e iauyniyaony, i?e/ai io o/aieeia o?aaoaony iieacaoue,
iiiyee ee iie aa e eae iiiyee. Oi?ioi oaeaea a eiioea iaaeaee
ono?aeaaoue iiaoi?aiey”.

Ec yoe iieiaeaiee aeaeii, /oi Eiiaineee oi?aaeiaiea e iiaoi?aiea
iieiinoueth iiae/eiyao caaea/a niciaoaeueiiai e i?i/iiai onaiaiey ciaiee
o/aueieny. N yoie oi/ee c?aiey iiiaea i?aaeeiaeaiiua ei i?aaeea ia
oieueei yaeythony e?oiiui aeinoeaeaieai nia?aiaiiiio Eiiaineiio
aeeaeaeoeee, ii e iiiuia nio?aiytho naia oai?aoe/aneia e i?aeoe/aneia
cia/aiea.

NIENIE ENIIEUeCOAIIE EEOA?AOO?U

1. Ei?aeeeiaieaeca Ae.I. ssi Aiin Eiiaineee, ecae 2-a,

I, Iaaeaaiaeea, 1970

2. Ieieia E.Y. ssi Eiiaineee naaiaeiy

“Aeaaieue”, NIa 1995

PAGE 23

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