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Роль Бориса Николаевича Ельцинa в демократических преобразованиях в России

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?ieue Ai?ena Ieeieaaae/a Aeueoeeia a
aeaiie?aoe/aneeo i?aia?aciaaieyo a ?innee.

Aaaaeaiea.

Naaiaeiy 7 ieoya?y 1998 aiaea. Aei eiioea aoi?iai
ouny/aoaeaoey inoaeinue 450 aeiae. Iiiaea n/eoatho, /oi iiaia
ouny/aeaoea i?eianao /aeiaa/anoao iiaua ioe?uoey, iiauo aa?iaa, a
aiciiaeii, e iiaua ie?u. A ?innee ia yoii ia aeoiatho. ?inneyia
aeoiatho i oii, eaeie ?inney aoaeao a iiaii ouny/aeaoee, eoi ae
aoaeao ?oeiaiaeeoue e eae. Naaiaeiy a?aaeaeaia ?innee auoee ia
ieoeiae e o?aaiaaee ooiaea I?aceaeaioa Aeueoeeia a ionoaaeo. Iaeie
o?aaiaaee, ae?oaea i?ineee oeoe Aeueoeeia “ii-oi?ioaio”. Ia?iae, a
aa?iaa oa aai /anoue, eioi?ay o/anoaiaaea a ieoeiaao, o?aaiaae iaeacaoue
oiai /aeiaaea, eioi?iai ianeieueei eao iacaae n/eoaea naiei
nianeoaeai, n/eoaea, /oi eiaiii Ai?en Aeueoeei naeaeaoue eo aeeciue
aieaa naiaiaeiie, a cia/eo e aieaa oi?ioae. A oaia?ue – Aeueoeeia a
ionoaaeo. Eicoiae, eioi?ua ianee aeaiiino?aiou auee aua aieaa
eaoaai?e/iuie.

Ii /oi aea i?iecioei a ?innee, /oi naeaeae, eee /aai ia
naeaeae I?aceaeaio Aeueoeei, /oi oa ethaee, eoi aai ecae?ae naiei
I?aceaeaioii, oa eoi aa?ee a iaai, oa, eoi oae aai caueuaoue a
aaaonoa 1991 aiaeo e eoi n iiieiaieai ioianny e aai aeaenoaeyi a
ieoya?a 1993 aiaea, oa eoi ia?aaeeaae ca aai caei?iauea a
naioya?a 1996 aiaea, eiaaea Aeueoeeio i?aaenoiyea na?ueaciay
iia?aoeey ia na?aeoea, – naaiaeiy, ca 450 aeiae aei ia/aea iiaiai
ouny/aeaoey, oae iiey?ii iiiaiyee naia iiaiea. *oi i?iecioei a
?innee n 1991 aiaea, n oiai a?aiaie eiaaea I?aceaeaioii ?innee
noae /aeiaae, eioi?ue anaaaea eiae naia iiaiea, eioi?ue oaa?aei
ionoaeaae naith oi/eo c?aiey, eioi?ue eniuouaae oyaeaeua oaea?u
noaeueau e iaoiaeee a naaa neeu e ioaeanoai iiaeiyoueny? Yoe aii?inu
naaiaeiy iaei eoi caaeaao aeaaea naiiio naaa. Iaeioi?ua aeatho aioiaue
?aoeaio – Aeueoeeia a ionoaaeo e ana aoaeao oi?ioi. A aoaeao ee oi?ioi
ia naiii aeaea? Aeueoeei – /aeiaae, e o iaai, eae o anyeiai /aeiaaea
iiaoo auoue ioeaee. Aai iaeuecy n/eoaoue eaeaaeueii-i?aaeeueiui – iiiaea
aai aeaenoaey aei neo ii? ia eiatho eiae/aneiai iauyniaiey, ii ana aea
io?eoeaoue aai aaaeouoth ?ieue a aeecie ?innee 20-iai aaea iaaiciiaeii.

*ANOUe 1.

1. Io Naa?aeeianea aei Iineau

Ai?en Ieeieaaae/ Aeueoeei ?iaeeeny 1 oaa?aey 1931 aiaea a naea Aooea
Oaeeoeeiai ?aeiia Naa?aeeianeie iaeanoe -oai, aaea aeeee ii/oe ana aai
i?aaeee. Aai aeaonoai niaiaei n i/aiue oyaeaeui ia?eiaeii a aeecie
no?aiu – iiaieiaiia ?aneoea/eaaiea. Anao ianeeueii caaiiyee a eieoicu.
Eiaaea ianooieea eiaeono?eaeecaoeey, ioaoe oaoae ia no?ieoaeuenoai
Aa?acieeianeiai eaeeeiiai eiiaeiaoa, e any naiuey ia?aaoaea ooaea aea.
Nouanoaiaaiea a aa?aea a Aa?acieeao aeeeeinue 10 eao. A oeiea Aeueoeei
auaeaeyeny n?aaee naa?noieeia naiae aeoeaiinoueth. N ia?aiai eeanna aai
ecae?aee noa?inoie. Aeueoeei o/eeny oniaoii, ii ioee/aeny aea?ceei e
naiai?aaiui iiaaaeaieai, eiioeeeoiaae n o/eoaeyie, ca /oi iinea
naaeueiiai eeanna aue eneeth/ai ec oeieu. Anei?a ii, iaeiaei, aue
ainnoaiiaeai e ieii/ee oeieo n ioee/iuie ioiaoeaie ii aieueoeinoao
i?aaeiaoia. Iinea oeieu Aeueoeei iinooiee ia no?ieoaeueiue oaeoeueoao
O?aeueneiai iieeoaoie/aneiai einoeoooa eiaie Ee?iaa. A 1955 aiaeo iinea
caueou aeeieiia ii oaia “Oaeaaeceiiiay aaoiy” ii ieii/ee o/aao.

*a?ac /an iinea caueou aeeieiia Aeueoeei aue oaea a iiacaea, aoae a
Oaeeene ia ea?u ia?aainoaa no?aiu ii aieaeaieo, eioi?ui caieiaeny
i?ioanneiiaeueii n ainueiiai eeanna. Iinea aica?auaiey ii
?ani?aaeaeaieth iiiae a o?ano O?aeoyaeo?oano?ie, ii io i?aaeeiaeaiiie
aio aeieaeiinoe ianoa?a ioeacaeny a neeo oiai, /oi oioae iiciaeiieoueny
n i?iecaiaenoaii iai?yioth. A oa/aiea aiaea ii inaiee 12 no?ieoaeueiuo
niaoeeaeueiinoae, iinea /aai ?aaioae ianoa?ii ia ?acee/iuo iauaeoao. A n
1957 ii 1963 aiaea ?aaioae i?i?aaii, noa?oei i?i?aaii, aeaaiui
eiaeaia?ii, ia/aeueieeii no?ieoaeueiiai oi?aaeaiey o?anoa
“THaeai?no?ie”.

A 1961 aiaeo Aeueoeei anooiee a EINN. A 1968 aiaeo aue ia?aaaaeai n
oicyenoaaiiie ia i?ioanneiiaeueioth ia?oeeioth ?aaioo – aicaeaaee ioaeae
no?ieoaeuenoaa Naa?aeeianeiai iaeiia ia?oee.

A 1975 aiaeo ia ieaioia Naa?aeeianeiai iaeiia EINN Aeueoeei ecae?aaony
nae?aoa?ai iaeiia, ioaaonoaaiiui ca i?iiuoeaiiia ?acaeoea iaeanoe, a 2
iiya?y 1976 aiaea ii aue iacia/ai ia?aui nae?aoa?ai Naa?aeeianeiai
iaeiia EINN (caieiae yoo aeieaeiinoue aei 1985 aiaea). Anei?a iinea
yoiai Aeueoeei aue eca?ai aeaiooaoii iaeanoiiai Niaaoa ii Na?ianeiio
ecae?aoaeueiiio ie?oao.

1978-1989 aa. – aeaiooao Aapoiaiiai Niaaoa NNN? (/eai Niaaoa Nithca). A
1981 aiaeo ia XXVI nuacaea EINN Aeueoeei noaiiaeony /eaiii OeE EINN.
1985 aiae i?iaeaeioe Aeueoeeia aanueia auniei ii neoaeaaiie eanoieoea.
Iinea eca?aiey a ia?oa 1985 aiaea I.N.Ai?aa/aaa Aaia?aeueiui nae?aoa?ai
OeE EINN Ai?eno Aeueoeeio auei i?aaeeiaeaii aicaeaaeoue ioaeae
no?ieoaeuenoaa OeE EINN, a anei?a

Aeueoeei aue iacia/ai nae?aoa?ai OeE ia?oee ii aii?inai no?ieoaeuenoaa.
A aeaeaa?a 1985 aiaea Ai?aa/aa i?aaeeiaeee Aeueoeeio aicaeaaeoue
Iineianeoth ia?oeeioth i?aaiecaoeeth aianoi Aeeoi?a A?eoeia.

Iiaeii neacaoue, /oi eiaiii n yoiai iacia/aiey Aeueoeei aioae a
aieueooth iieeoeeo. Aua iiiai ?ac noaeueaa aai aeea. Eiiaaea aai
iiioey?iinoue aiciineeanue aei iaaeaeaiiuo aunio, a eiiaaea i iai
aiai?eee, /oi Aeueoeei – “iieeoe/aneee o?oi”. Iinea niauoee 1987 aiaea (
i ieo aoaeao iaienaii ieaea) iiiaea n/eoaee, /oi Aeueoeei ieeiaaea ia
niiaeao aa?iooueny a aieueooth iieeoeeo, ii ii noae aeaeaoue aieueooth
iieeoeeo e ia oieueei a ianooaaao no?aiu, ii e a ianooaaao anaai ie?a.

2. Aieueoay iieeoeea.

Iinea iacia/aiey ia iino aeaau Iineianeie ia?oeeiie i?aaiecaoeee Ai?en
Aeueoeei n?aco ia/ae ?aaioo iaae aaaeiaeoeie noa?aie aeecie ai?iaea. E a
iieeoe/aneie noa?a, e a oicyenoaa auea iieiay ?ac?ooa. Ana ioaeii auei
ainnoaiaaeeaaoue. Aeueoeei noa?aeny ?aaeueii oeo/oeoue aeeciue a
ai?iaea, i?eneooeaaynue e o?aaiaaieai naieo iineae/ae, e eo ?aaeueiui
o?aaiaai e iaaeiaieuenoaai. Auee i?aaieciaaiu y?ia?ee, aeey iiiaeo
noaaoea ianoiyueie i?acaeieeaie, noaee i?ioiaeeoue ano?a/e n aeeoaeyie
ai?iaea. Ia/aeanue ai?ueaa n ei??oioeeae, ni acyoeaie a oi?aiaea e a
ieeeoeee – n oai, /oi aieaa anaai ioyaiuaei aeeciue iineae/ae. A oi aea
a?aiy i?iaiaeeeenue oe?ieea eaae?iaua ia?anoaiiaee, iaiaoiaeeii auei
ecaaaeyoueny io “a?eoeineeo” ethaeae. Aeueoeei i?aaei?eiye ?yae ia? ii
niaa?oainoaiaaieth o?ainii?oiie nenoaiu ai?iaea. Noaiiaeeenue /anouie
aai “auoiaeu a ia?iae”, eioi?ua auee ?ane?eoeeiaaiu iaaeia?iaeaeaoaeyie,
eae iieo/aiea “aeaoaaie iiioey?iinoe”. Ii ii/aio-oi e?iia Aeueoeeia
ieeoi ia caoioae aa caaiaaaoue eiaiii oaeei “i?inoui” niiniaii. Auei
i?eiyoi ?aoaiea i i?ae?auaiee iaai?a ?aai/eo ii eeieoo, eioi?ua
iaae?aeenue ia ieceieaaeeoeoee?iaaiiua ?aaiou e oai naiui oi?iiceee
iiaea?iecaoeeth i?aaei?eyoee. Oeo/oaeanue no?oeoo?a oeaio?a ai?iaea,
inouanoaeyeny auaiae a?aaeiuo i?iecaiaenoa ca i?aaeaeu Iineau.

Ii ianiio?y ia, eacaeinue au, yaiua ia?aiaiu e eo/oaio, ia
yiioeeiiaeueiue anieane, noaiiaeeinue i/aaeaeii, /oi i?inoi iiauie
e?aneauie neiaaie i?i ia?ano?ieeo e iaiiaeaiea ia iaieoenue. Ioaeiu auee
eiie?aoiua aeaea, oaae aia?aae, a Ai?aa/aa e aai aeeaeaeoaa ie?oaeaiea
ia oioaee aeaeaoue yoeo oaaia, iie aiyeny i?eeanaoueny e
ia?oeeii-ath?ie?aoe/aneie iaoeia, e “nayoay-nayouo” nouanoaothuae
nenoaiu. Ia ano?a/ao n iineae/aie Aeueoeei iaiaaeae iaaeinoaoee yoie
iaoeiu, Aeueoeei aeaeae eiie?aoiua aeaea, iieaciua e iiiiaaaoea ethaeyi.
Iinoaiaiii ia?anoae eiioeeeo Aeueoeei – Ai?aa/aa, eioi?ue ?ac?aceeny a
iieiie ia?a 21 ieoya?y 1987 aiaea ia ieaioia OeE. Aeueoeei aunooiee n
ino?ie e?eoe/aneie ?a/ueth. A oi a?aiy yoi auoiaeeei ca ?aiee
?ac?aoaiiiai. Ai?aa/aa iaaeiee aai a “inaaaei?aaiethoeeiiiie o?aca”,
iinea /aai Ai?ena Aeueoeeia niyee ni anao iinoia.

Ii caoai i?iecioei ia/oi niaa?oaiii iaiau/iia. Ii Iineaa noaee
?anoiaeeoueny ia?aia/aoee “?a/e Aeueoeeia”. Iie eiaee iaei iauaai n
oaenoii aai ianoiyuaai aunooieaiey. A ieo ?acei iaee/aeenue i?eaeeaaee
ia?oaiia?aoa (i /ai Aeueoeei ia yoio ?ac ia aiai?ee), inoaeaeaeanue
ath?ie?aoey. Ii yoe eenoiaee ia auee oaeueoeaeaie a i?yiii niunea yoiai
neiaa. Ia?iae aeeaaeuaae a ieo naie aeaeiau, iaaeaaeaeu, o?aaiaaiey.
Iniaaiii ethaeyi i?aaeeinue oi, /oi Aeueoeei ia oieueei aiai?ee e?aneaua
neiaa, ii e a aeecie neaaeiaae naiei i?eioeeiai. Iaeaieaa oe?ieoth
iiaeaea?aeeo Aeueoeeia aucaae eicoia ai?ueau n i?eaeeaaeyie. A
iauanoaaiiii niciaiee neeaaeuaaeinue i?aaenoaaeaiea i Aeueoeeia –
aanno?aoiii ia?iaeiii canooiieea.

?ac?ooaiea i?aaeiae eaeaieiaee onei?yeinue, aianoa n yoei oooaeoaeanue e
aeeciue ethaeae. Ii nouanoao, ?oeiaiaenoai oaea ia iiaei eiio?iee?iaaoue
ianoaiiaeo a no?aia. ?acei oooaeoaeinue niaaaeaiea, iaeioi?uo oiaa?ia
oaea ia oaaoaei e a Iineaa. Ana aieaa /anoie noaea e?eoeea a aae?an
EINN, Ai?aa/aaa e ia?ano?ieee. I?i Aeueoeeia aeaaea iaiiiai caauee.
Anei?a iiyaeeenue o?aaiaaiey aaanoe iiiaiia?oeeioth nenoaio. Aan
Ai?aa/aaa iinoaiaiii iaaeae, aio i?eoeinue aeaaea oe?aieyoue naith
aeanoue, noaa ia?aui i?aceaeaioii NNN?. A ia?oa 1989 aiaea ia auai?ao
ia?iaeiuo aeaiooaoia NNN? Aeueoeei iaea?aeae o?eoioaeueioth iiaaaeo,
nia?aa 89,4 i?ioeaioa aieinia ii Iineianeiio
iaoeeiiaeueii-oa??eoi?eaeueiiio ie?oao, iia?aaeea naiaai niia?ieea
Aaaaiey A?aeiaa. Ia aieia iaeaunoaai iiaeuaia ianniaiai aeaeaeaiey 4
ia?oa 1990 aiaea i?ioee auai?u a Aa?oiaiue Niaao ?innee. Aia?aua
noi?iiieeai ia?ano?ieee (a iniiaiii aeaeaeaieth “Aeaiie?aoe/aneay
?inney”) oaeaeinue caaiaaaoue aieueoeinoai iano. A ninoaa Aa?oiaiiai
Niaaoa ?innee aioae e Ai?en Aeueoeei, eioi?ue a iaa yoiai aea aiaea aue
eca?ai i?aaenaaeaoaeai yoiai i?aaia aeanoe. Yoe auai?u auee aanueia
ae?aiaoe/iuie. Ieeoi ec ?oeiaiaenoaa ia oioae aeaeaoue Aeueoeeia ia yoie
aeieaeiinoe, aai neeueii aeene?aaeeoe?iaaee, ii, iieacaa naie e?aieee,
aaneiii?iienniue oa?aeoa?, Aeueoeei ana aea auoae iiaaaeeoaeai ia yoeo
auai?ao. A oio aea aeaiue a Iineaa i?ioea iaaieueoay aeaiiino?aoeey iiae
eicoiaaie: “Aeaiie?aoey iiaaaeeea!” e “Aia?aae, ?inney, Aeueoeei o
?oey!”. 12 ethiy 1991 aiaea ninoiyeenue i?aceaeaioneea auai?u, iiaaaeo
ia eioi?uo iaea?aeae Ai?en Ieeieaaae/ Aeueoeei, nia?aa 57% aieinia. Ii
noae ia?aui anaia?iaeii eca?aiiui I?aceaeaioii ?innee. A yoio aeaiue
?inney, aa a?aaeaeaia naeaeaee naie auai?, iie aua?aee iiaue iooue
?acaeoey. ?inney i?iaieiniaaea ca aieaa nouanoaaiiua aeaiie?aoe/aneea
i?aia?aciaaiea, ca ei?aiioth ia?aiaio aeecie. A yoio aeaiue ia?iae
aua?ae naiei I?aceaeaioii /aeiaaea, eioi?ue inouanoaeo a no?aia aaeeeea
ii naiei ianooaaai e cia/aieth ?aoi?iu, eioi?ue iiaaaeao ?inneth ii
aeaiie?aoe/aneiio iooe ?acaeoey. Yoi auei ia/aeii iiaie ?innee, ii aua a
ninoaaa NNN?. Aei niauoee, eioi?ua i?eaaee e ?aniaaeo eiia?ee
inoaaaeinue /ooue aieueoa aeaoo ianyoeaa.

3. Niauoey 19-21 aaaonoa 1991 aiaea e ?aniaae NNN?.

Aeie n 19 ii 21 aaaonoa 1991 aiaea caiiiieeenue anae no?aia eae aeie
iiaaaeu aeaiie?aoee a ?innee. 19 aaaonoa aunoeie ?oeiaiaeeoaeyie no?aiu
aue i?aaieciaai Ainoaea?noaaiiue eiieoao ii /?acau/aeiiio iieiaeaieth
(AE*I) ai aeaaa n A.ssiaaaui. Yoa iiiuoea iiaa?iooue aniyoue ana
?aoi?iu, iiiuoea naeaeaoue oaa a i?ioeia canoaaeea aueoe ia oeeoeu a
ciae i?ioanoa ouny/e iineae/ae. Ii i?eeaco AE*I a noieeoeo auee aaaaeaiu
oaiee e aienea. 19 aaaonoa a 12 /ania aeiy Ai?en Aeueoeei iiaeiyeny ia
iaeei ec aioaaeoeo a Iineao oaieia. Noiy ia a?iia, ii ca/eoae ia?auaiea
?oeiaiaenoaa ?innee, a eioi?ii ioa?aeoa?eciaae AE*I, eae “i?aaue,
?aaeoeeiiiue, aioeeiinoeoooeeiiiue ia?aai?io”. Aie?oa “Aaeiai aeiia”
nia?aeinue nauoa 160 ouny/ /aeiaae. Iie iino?ieee aie?oa caeaiey
eieueoei aa??eeaae e inoaaaeenue ia ieiuaaee aieaa aeaoo nooie. Aa/a?ii
Ai?en Aeueoeei iiaeienae aua aieaa no?iaue oeac, a eioi?ii i /eaiao AE*I
aiai?eeinue: “Eciaiea ia?iaeo, Io/ecia e Eiinoeoooeee, iie iinoaaeee
naay aia caeiia”. A ii/ue ia 21 aaaonoa auea i?ieeoa e?iaue o?ao
/aeiaae. A ?aiiei oo?ii 21 aaaonoa aue ioaeai i?eeac auaanoe aienea ec
ai?iaea.

22 aaaonoa o “Aaeiai aeiia” ninoiyeny iiiaiouny/iue “ieoeia
iiaaaeeoaeae”. Ni caeaiey niyee e?aniue oeaa e oi?aeanoaaiii aiae?oceee
o?aooeaaoiue oeaa ?innee”.

Aianoa n iaaeaieai AE*I ieii/aoaeueii iaea e noa?ay eaeaieiae/aneay
nenoaia. 23 aaaonoa Aeueoeei iiaeienae oeac i “i?einoaiiaeaiee
aeayoaeueiinoe eiiia?oee ia oa??eoi?ee ?innee”, e oaea ia neaaeothuee
aeaiue I.Ai?aa/aa neiaeee n naay iaycaiiinoe aainaea e i?ecaae OeE e
naii?inioneo.

8 aeaeaa?y 1991 aiaea a Aaeiaaaeneie Ioua ano?aoeeenue ?oeiaiaeeoaee
?innee, Oe?aeiu e Aaei?onnee – A.Aeueoeei, E.E?aa/oe e N.Oooeaae/. Iie
iiaeienaee cayaeaiea, a eioi?ii aiai?eeinue, /oi ?anioaeeee NNN?
noaiiayony iacaaeneiuie. Aianoi NNN? iie nicaeaee Nithc Iacaaeneiuo
ainoaea?noa (NIA).

25 aeaeaa?y i?aceaeaio NNN? Ieoaee Ai?aa/aa ii oaeaaeaeaieth a naiai
iineaaeiai ia?auaiee e ia?iaeo cayaee i naiai ooiaea n yoiai iinoa.
Aa/a?ii oiai aea aeiy i?iecioea oi?aeanoaaiiay niaia oeaaia iaae
E?aieai.

*ANOUe 2.

Yiioa Ai?ena Aeueoeeia.

N ?aniaaeii Nithca a aeecie iaoae no?aiu i?iecioee naiua cia/eoaeueiua
ia?aiaiu ni a?aiai Ieoya?ueneie ?aaiethoeee. Iu ia?aoee a ae?oaoth
yiioo, ae?oaie ie?, ae?oaoth nenoaio, e yoio ia?aoiae ia?ac?uaii naycai
n eiaiai Ai?ena Aeueoeeia. Aeueoeei ei?aiiui ia?acii eciaiee aeeciue a
?innee. Ii canoaaee ian, ?inneyi, ii/oanoaiaaoue naay naiaiaeiuie
ethaeueie, eioi?ua ia aiyony aneoo au?aaeaoue naie iunee, o eioi?uo
anoue ana aeaiie?aoe/aneea naiaiaeu, eioi?ua ia iaycaiu auoue aa?iuie
iaeiie eaeaieiaee.

ss aua?ae yoo oaio, iineieueeo y yaeythnue i?aaenoaaeoaeai iiaiai
iieieaiey, eioi?iio i?eaeaony aeeoue a iiaii ouny/aeaoee a iiaie ?innee.
Iia aaaeii iniciaaaoue, /oi y iiao nai aeaeaoue auai? ai anai, y iiao
nai auae?aoue naith i?ioanneth, naie oaea/aiey, naie noeeue, naith aa?o,
naith eaeaieiaeth. E y n/eoath, /oi eiaiii Ai?en Aeueoeei iieiaeee
iniiao aeaiie?aoee a ?innee, eiaiii ii aeae iia e iiaio iieieaieth, e
anai ae?oaei iieieaieyi aiciiaeiinoue aeaeaoue naie auai?.

Ii ana aea iaaei i?eciaoue, /oi Aeueoeei, aoaeo/e iniiaiiieiaeieeii
?inneeneie aeaiie?aoee, aeaeaei ia eaeaaeai a naieo ?aoaieyo. E o iaai
auee ioeaee, i?e/ai aanueia na?ueaciua. Eae ethaoth enoi?e/aneoth
ee/iinoue, Aeueoeeia iaeuecy ?anniao?eaaoue eeoue n iaeiie iiceoeee. A
naiae ?aaioa y noaaeth caaea/o iieacaoue, /oi ianiio?y ia iiiai/eneaiiua
ioeaee, ?ieue Ai?ena Aeueoeeia a enoi?ee ?innee, a enoi?ee ?inneeneie
aeaiie?aoee i/aiue aaeeea.

Iinea ?aniaaea NNN? ia/aeanue iiaay yiioa, ia/ae ienaoueny iiaue oii
enoi?ee ?innee. Ca iineaaeiea 7 eao Aeueoeei aue e nae/an inoaaony anee
ia naiie, oi iaeiie ec naiuo caiaoiuo iieeoe/aneeo oeao? e ia oieueei a
?innee, ii e ai anai ie?a. Eiaiii ii aeaeae iieeoe/aneoth iiaiaeo a
?innee a oa/aiea iineaaeieo 7 eao. A yoie /anoe naiae ?aaiou y oioae au
iaienaoue ia ioeaeao e aeinoeaeaieyo ia?aiai I?aceaeaioa ?innee, ia eo
i?aaeiinueeao, iineaaenoaeyo e ?acoeueoaoao.

1. Eiinoeoooeey ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee.

Iaeiei ec aaaeiaeoeo aeinoeaeaiee Ai?ena Aeueoeeia yaeyaony i?eiyoea
iiaie aeaiie?aoe/aneie Eiinoeoooeee. Iaeiaei i?ioeann i?eiyoey oaeie
Eiinoeoooeee aanueia caoyioeny. Auaoee Aa?oiaiue Niaao ?innee caiye
eiio?iioaoeeiiioth iiceoeeth ii ioiioaieth e i?aceaeaioo, caoyaeaae
i?eiyoea iiaie Eiinoeoooeee, ia?aie/eaaynue aianaieai ia?iiiiai
eiee/anoaa (ieiei 400) iii?aaie e ?aiaa aeaenoaothuae Eiinoeoooeee ?NON?
1978 aiaea. I?eiyoea yoeo iii?aaie i?eaaei e iaee/eth na?ueaciuo
i?ioeai?a/ee iaaeaeo ioaeaeueiuie noaoueyie Eiinoeoooeee. A ioaao ia yoi
i?aceaeaio ?innee nicaae Eiinoeoooeeiiiia niaauaiea aeey ?ac?aaioee
iiaie Eiinoeoooeee ?innee. A ?acoeueoaoa iiiaiiany/iie ?aaiou aue
?ac?aaioai i?iaeo iiaie Eiinoeoooeee, eioi?ay, a oeaeii, auea
eiii?iienniie aeey anao iieeoe/aneeo nee iauanoaa. A yoio ia?eiae
eiio?iioaoeey eniieieoaeueiie e caeiiiaeaoaeueiie aeanoe aeinoeaea
iaeaunoaai iaeaea. Aa?oiaiue Niaao aue eaoaai?e/anee i?ioea iiaiai
iniiaiiai caeiia no?aiu, iineieueeo ii eeoae aai naiaaeanoey e
ia?a?ani?aaeaeye aeanoue a iieueco i?aceaeaioa ?innee. Ii aianoa n oai,
iineieueeo Aeueoeei yaeyeny aa?aioii aeaiie?aoe/aneeo ?aoi?i,
eiinoeoooeey auea iiaeaioiaeaia aeey oniaoiiai e aani?aiyonoaaiiiai
i?iaaaeaiey yoeo ?aoi?i. Iiaay Eiinoeoooeey iaaeaeyea i?aceaeaioa
aieueoae aeanoueth, oae eae iia (aeanoue) auea iaiaoiaeeia aeey
i?iaaaeaiey aeaiie?aoe/aneeo i?aia?aciaaiee. 21 naioya?y 1993 aiaea a
?acoeueoaoa iai?ae?auathueony i?ioeai?a/ee, oi?iicyueo i?ioeann ?aoi?i,
i?aceaeaio Aeueoeei i?eiye ?aoaiea i ?inionea Aa?oiaiiai Niaaoa ?innee.
Iaeiaei /eaiu Aa?oiaiiai Niaaoa cayaeee i naiai ?aoaiee inoaaaoueny e
?aaioaoue a “Aaeii aeiia”. 3 ieoya?y ai aeaaa n aeoea-i?aceaeaioii
A.?ooeeei e i?aaenaaeaoaeai Aa?oiaiiai Niaaoa ?.Oanaoeaoiaui iie
caaeiee?iaaeenue a “Aaeii aeiia” e i?ecuaaee ia?iae eaeoe e caueuaoue
“Aaeue aeii”. Iie i?iaioee?iaaee aii?oaeaiiua aeaenoaey. Oaeoe/anee, iie
iiaeoaeeeaaee ia?iae ia a?aaeaeaineoth aieio. Aaeeinoaaiiui auoiaeii ec
neiaeeaoaeny neooaoeee auei neeiaia ?aoaiea eiioeeeoa. Ai?en Aeueoeei
naiei oeacii aaae a Iineaa /?acau/aeiia iieiaeaiea, a oo?ii 4 ieoya?y
aienea iieiinoueth ie?oaeeee aeii Aa?oiaiiai Niaaoa e aei na?aaeeiu aeiy
i?iaeieaeaee oaieiaue iano?ae. A Iineaa aue aaaaeai eiiaiaeaioneee /an.
Ieiei 14.30 ec caeaiey auaoaai ia?eaiaioa auoea a?oiia ethaeae n aaeuie
oeaaaie. Oaeei ia?acii iiiuoea ainoaea?noaaiiiai ia?aai?ioa auea aeanoei
iiaeaaeaia. Aaiae oaieia a Iineao aue, iiaeaeoe, aaeeinoaaiiui auoiaeii
ec neiaeeaoaeny neooaoeee, eiaaea aunieiiinoaaeaiiua eeoea, aeaenoaoy
iaeiinoeoooeeiiiuie iooyie, oioaee i?eaanoe niauoey e e?oiiiio
aii?oaeaiiiio eiioeeeoo. Naieie iieiiii/eyie e naiae aeanoueth Ai?en
Aeueoeei inoaiiaee yoo iiiuoeo ia?aai?ioa e ioe?ue iooue e i?eiyoeth
iiaie aeaiie?aoe/aneie Eiinoeoooeee ?innee, eioi?ay auea iaiaoiaeeia
aeey i?iaeieaeaiey ?aoi?i.

12 aeaeaa?y 1993 aiaea anaia?iaeiui aieiniaaieai auea i?eiyoa iiaay
Eiinoeoooeey ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee. Ca i?eiyoea yoie Eiinoeoooeee
i?iaieiniaaei 58,4 i?ioeaioa ecae?aoaeae. Aiciiaeii, eiaiii ec-ca oiai,
/oi nii?ioeaeaiea i?ioeaieeia iiaie Eiinoeoooeee ieacaeinue
ii-ianoiyuaio e?iaaaui, iniiaiie caeii iieo/eeny ia aac iaaeinoaoeia, ii
ana aea caneoaa Aeueoeeia a i?eiyoee e nicaeaiee, eee, ii e?aeiae ia?a,
iiiuoea nicaeaiey Eiinoeoooeee, eioi?ay aa?aioe?iaaea au iniiaiua
aeaiie?aoe/aneea i?aaa e naiaiaeu a?aaeaeai, a oaeaea aeaaaea au
caeiiiaeaoaeueioth aaco aeey i?iaeieaeaiey aeaiie?aoe/aneeo ?aoi?i
i/aaeaeia. Iiaay Eiinoeoooeey – yoi i?iaeoeo ai?ueau ca aeanoue oiai
a?aiaie, i?iaeoeo i?ioeai?a/ee noi?iiieeia ?aoi?i e eo i?ioeaieeia, a
oaeaea ?acoeueoao aiee i?aceaeaioa ?innee.

?uii/iay yeiiiieea

a) i?eaaoecaoeey

Ieaiiaay yeiiiieea i?eaaea no?aio a yeiiiie/aneee ooiee, e iiyoiio
iaiaoiaeeiinoue a ia?aoiaea e iiaie yeiiiie/aneie nenoaia auea
i/aaeaeia.

A ia/aea 1993 aiaea a no?aia auea ia/aoa i?eaaoecaoeey, eioi?ay
i?aaeiieaaaea ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiea ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe a
iieueco ia?iaea. ?oeiaiaeee i?ioeannii i?eaaoecaoeee A.A.*oaaen. A
i?eioeeia, eaeay i?eaaoecaoeee auea i?aaeeueiie e iiaeiaiue ia?aoiae e
?uii/iie yeiiiieea aiieia aiciiaeai. Ii Ai?ena Aeueoeei i?e ieaie?iaaiee
i?eaaoecaoeee aeiionoee ianeieueei ioeaie. Auei caauoi i naiii aeaaiii.
Ia auei nicaeaii iaoaiecia oi?aaeaiey e eiio?iey ca i?eaaoecaoeeae, a
oaeaea ia auei i?iaaaeaii aiaeeca ia?auo ianyoeaa e ia?auo ?acoeueoaoia
i?eaaoecaoeee. Nouanoaiaaei neeoeii iiiai “aeu?” a caeiia, eioi?ua
aeaaaee aiciiaeiinoue iaeiei ethaeyi iaiaauaoueny, ?aci?yy ae?oaeo.
I?eaaoecaoeey i?iaeieaeaaony e ii nae aeaiue, e iiyoiio aiai?eoue i
?acoeueoaoao i?eaaoecaoeee nae/an aaniieacii. A aeaiiue iiiaio
i?ienoiaeeo ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiea nianoaaiiinoe a iieueco e?oiiiai
eaieoaea, e ioeaieoue, eae yoi neaaeaony ia ?inneeneie yeiiiieea a
aeaeueiaeoai oaeaea iiea iaaiciiaeii.

a) ?acaeoea ?uii/iie yeiiiieee

Ianiio?y ia i?iaae i?eaaoecaoeee, no?aia ieaaii ia?aoiaeeea e iiaie
yeiiiie/aneie nenoaia, aaea iniiaie noaiiaeony /anoiay nianoaaiiinoue.
Ai?en Aeueoeei n naiiai ia/aea acye eo?n ia ?uii/ioth yeiiiieeo e oaea
nae/an o?oaeii i?aaenoaaeoue iaoo aeeciue aac oao yeiiiie/aneeo i?aa,
eioi?ua iu iieo/eee a ?acoeueoaoa ?aoi?i.

Aeaaiaea?y yeiiiie/aneei ?aoi?iai eaaeaeue iieo/ee aiciiaeiinoue
caieiaoueny i?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoaii. Eaaeaeue iieo/ee aiciiaeiinoue nai
ioeaieaaoue naie o?oae, a oi a?aiy eae ?aiueoa o?oae /aeiaaea
ioeaieaaeny ainoaea?noaii. ?uii/iay yeiiiieea nouanoaaiii oeo/oeea iaoo
aeeciue. Aieueoa iao aeaoeoeeoa, iao i/a?aaeae o iaaaceiia, iai ia
i?eoiaeeony aeaaaoue acyoee, /oiau i?eia?anoe oiaa? eiino?aiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa. Ca n/ao iiyaeaiey eiieo?aioeee ea/anoai i?aaeeaaaaiuo
oiaa?ia e oneoa caiaoii oeo/oeeinue, e iiyoiio ethaee ia iieoiatho
oieueei oi, /oi anoue a iaaaceiao – iiyaeeanue aiciiaeiinoue auai?a.
Iiyaeeanue aiciiaeiinoue naiaiaeii iieoiaoue e i?iaeaaaoue aaethoo a
aaieao eee iaiaiiuo ioieoao, a cia/eo naiaiaeii auacaeaoue ca a?aieoeo.

Oa i?aaei?eyoey, eioi?ua niiaee aaeaioe?iaaoueny e iiaui yeiiiie/aneei
oneiaeyi nae/an ia/eiatho iaae?aoue iai?iou e auioneaoue aiieia
eiieo?aioiniiniaioth i?iaeoeoeeth. A /anoiinoe, yoi ioaeaeueiua
i?aaei?eyoey ieuaaie, eaaeie, iaooyiie, oeie/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe.

Ia?aoiae ?innee e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea iiaeae ca niaie ?yae iaaaoeaiuo
yaeaiee a aeecie iauanoaa. Yoi i?aaeaea anaai aac?aaioeoea e
nioeeaeueiay iacaueuaiiinoue oaeeo neiaa iauanoaa, eae iaineiia?u,
athaeaeaoiay noa?a, a?iey. ?acaoe i?anooiiinoe e aiaae?aiea aa a
yeiiiie/aneoth aeeciue iauanoaa oaeaea anaeyao o?aaiao e iaoaa?aiiinoue
a ?inneyi. A yeiiiieea iiyaeeinue oaeia yaeaiea, eae iaauieaoa
ca?aaioiie ieaou, /oi a naith i/a?aaeue nicaeaao nioeeaeueioth
iai?yaeaiiinoue a iauanoaa. Iaeaieaa aaaeiua caaea/e nae/an
nin?aaeioi/aiu a iaeanoe iaoeeiiaeueiie iieeoeee. Aeaaiia – nio?aieoue
oeaeinoiinoue ?innee, eae ainoaea?noaa, iiauneoue /oanoai
iaoeeiiaeueiiai aaeeinoaa. Iiiaea ec yoeo i?iaeai nouanoaiaaee a
iauanoaa e ?aiueoa, ii i ieo i?inoi caiae/eaaeinue, ii iie ?aii eee
iicaeii aeaee au i naaa ciaoue.

I/aaeaeii, /oi nai?a/eaaoue n iaia/aiiiai eo?na oaea ia i?aaenoaaeyaony
aiciiaeiui. E ia?aoiae e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea ia iia auoue eaaeei.
Iiyaeaiea iiiai/eneaiiuo i?iaeai auei iaecaaaeiui. Eiia/ii, iiaeii
oi?aeiooue i?aceaeaioa a oii, /oi ia anaaaea auee au?aaioaiu
i?aaeoi?aaeeoaeueiua ia?u, eioi?ua anee ia niyee au yoe i?iaeaiu, oi
oioy au niya/eee eo iineaaenoaey. I?eia? yoiio – yeiiiie/aneee e
oeiainiaue e?ecen aoi?ie iieiaeiu 1998 aiaea. Aiai?y ia yoii e?ecena,
iiaeii iaaeayoueny, /oi, o/eouaay ia?iiiua oneeey eae i?aceaeaioa
Aeueoeeia, oae e i?aaeoaeuenoaa ?innee, no?aia ana aea niiaeao
ii?aaeoueny io noieue na?ueaciuo yeiiiie/aneeo iio?ynaiee e aoaeao
iineaaeiaaoaeueii i?iaeieaeaoue ?aoi?iu.

3. *a/aineay aieia.

*a/aineay aieia auea, iiaeaeoe, iaeiie ec naiuo no?aoiuo no?aieoe a
aeecie ?innee a iineaaeiai aeanyoeeaoee aeaaaeoeaoiai aaea. I?iaeaiu ia
Eaaeaca – a?aieoea i?aaineaaey e eneaia – nouanoaiaaee anaaaea, e ia a
ia?aue ?ac ?inney auea aoyiooa a noieue e?iaii?ieeoioth, aeanoieoth e
iaioaeioth aieio. Iiaeaeaaoenue aeeyieth naiaai aeeaeaeoaai ie?oaeaiey e
iiaa?ea aiaiiiio eiiaiaeiaaieth, eioi?ia oaaaeeei i?aceaeaioa a auno?ie
e iaeiaieaciaiiie iiaaaea, Aeueoeei ecaeaao oeac i aaiaea aiene a
*a/ith, ii iiaio iiaieth, niaa?oea, iaaa?iia, naioth a?oaoth ec anao
naieo ioeaie, eioi?ay iaa?ioeanue ia?iiiui eiee/anoaii oyaeaeaeoeo
iineaaenoaee.

Ai-ia?auo, iiaeaei iiiai ethaeae, n?aaee eioi?uo ia oieueei ?inneeneea
aiaiiineoaeauea, ii e a?aaeaeaineia ianaeaiea, a oii /enea aeaoe,
aeaiueiu e noa?eee. Aei neo ii? ia onoaiiaeaii oi/iia /enei iiaeaoeo e
anoue naiuee, eioi?ua ana aua i?iaeieaeatho eneaoue naieo
?iaenoaaiieeia.

Ai-aoi?uo, ?inney iiianea aieueoea iaoa?eaeueiua iioa?e. Aieia,
o?aaothuay iinoiyiiuo aeeaaiee, ioieiaea aanueia nouanoaaiioth /anoue
athaeaeaoa no?aiu.

A-o?aoueeo, a yoie aieia ia ieacaeinue ie iiaaaeeoaeae, ie
iiaaaeaeaiiuo. Aei neo ii? ia nouanoaoao noaaeeueiinoe a yoii ?aaeiia,
ie aiaiiie, ie iieeoe/aneie, ie nioeeaeueiie.

I?iaeaiu, aicieeoea aie?oa *a/ie iiaeii auei aiieia ?aoeoue ie?iui
niiniaii. Eae oaea/iia ?aoaiea yeiiiieei-iaoeeiiaeueiuo i?iaeai, iiaeii
i?eaanoe i?eia? ?anioaeeee Oaoa?noai, eioi?ie auee i?aaeinoaaeaiu aieaa
oe?ieea yeiiiie/aneea e iieeoe/aneea i?aaa, ca n/ao /aai iia inoaeanue a
ninoaaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, eae ?anioaeeea n aieaa ?anoe?aiiui
aaoiiiiiui oi?aaeaieai. A oi aea a?aiy ?inney nio?aieea cia/eoaeueiua
caianu iaooe, iaoiaeyueany ia oa??eoi?ee yoie ?anioaeeee.

4. ?aoaiea aiaoiaiieeoe/aneeo i?iaeai.

I?eaey e aeanoe, Ai?en Aeueoeei, eae i?aceaeaio no?aiu, ?aoee iaeio ec
aaaeiaeoeo aiaoiaiieeoe/aneeo i?iaeai – ii aa?ioe ?innee aa aan aaeeeie
aea?aeaau a ie?iaie iieeoeea. Yoi auei iaiaoiaeeii, oae eae iinea
ia?ano?ieee, iinea niauoee aaaonoa 1991 aiaea, iiiaea caiaaeiua iieeoeee
niiiaaaeenue, /oi a ?innee e aeanoe i?eoei oaeia ?oeiaiaenoai, eioi?ia
niiaeao ea?aoue aaaeioth ?ieue ia ie?iaie iieeoe/aneie a?aia e
aeinoaoi/ii aeanoei e aeaaea aaneiii?iiennii ionoaeaaoue naie eioa?anu.
E 1998 aiaeo aiaoiaiieeoe/aneee eo?n ?innee caneoaeeaaao oaaaeaiey e
i?eciaiey ai anai ie?a. E iiaieth ?innee noaee i?eneooeaaoueny e ?aoaiey
aieueoeinoaa ie?iauo i?iaeai ia iaoiaeyony aac aa o/anoey. Iai?eia?,
iineaaeiee eiioeeeo a Na?aee, eioi?ue ia ia?aii yoaia aue i?aiaeieai
eiaiii ca n/ao oneeee ?inneeneie noi?iiu. Caiaoai i?ia?ann a ia?aaiai?ao
n ssiiieae, ioiineoaeueii iiaeienaiey ie?iiai aeiaiai?a. Aeaiiue aii?in
aue aanueia neiaeai, oae eae yiiineia ?oeiaiaenoai noaaeo iiaeienaiea
ie?iiai aeiaiai?a a caaeneiinoue io ?aoaiey oa??eoi?eaeueiuo i?iaeai,
/oi iai?eaieaii aeey ?innee. Ec ae?oaeo aiaoiaiieeoe/aneeo aeinoeaeaiee
eae Aeueoeeia, oae e IEAea ?innee, neaaeoao ioiaoeoue i?ioeann i?eiyoey
?innee a Aa?iiaeneia Niiauanoai.

N 1991 aiaea ?inney oaea?aeeaaea iaeueio ia?aainoaa a aeaeao NIA. Iiaeii
niaei aiai?eoue /oi i?e niaeaenoaee ?innee auea inoaiiaeaia aieia a
I?eaeiano?iauea e a Aaoacee. I?e iaiin?aaenoaaiiii o/anoee ?innee e aa
aii?oaeaiiuo nee oaeaaony naea?aeeaaoue ?anoe?aiea aii?oaeaiiiai
eiioeeeoa a Oaaeaeeeenoaia. A oeaeii, oniaoiia ?aoaiea ?yaea aii?inia ii
NIA, a ii?aaeaeaiiie ia?a, yaeyaony caneoaie Ai?ena Aeueoeeia, oioy e
caeanue anoue iaaeinoaoee. Oae, iai?eia?, ioiioaiey n Aca?aaeaeaeaiii: n
1987 aiaea o Aeueoeeia neiaeeeenue ieioea ioiioaiey n iuiaoiai
i?aceaeaioii yoie ?anioaeeee Aaeaea?ii Aeeaaui. Aeieaia a?aiy
ia?aoaiiuie inoaaaeenue aii?inu n ?oeiaiaenoaaie i?eaaeoeeneeo no?ai, ii
iiaiaeo ioiioaiey e ?onneiio ianaeaieth ia eo oa??eoi?ee Ii, ia/eiay n
1997 aiaea, ?inney caiyea aieaa aeanoeoth iiceoeeth a yoii aii?ina – a
yoio ia?eiae aeanoeea cayaeaiey E?aiey noaee iaoiaeeoue naia iiieiaiea a
ae?oaeo no?aiao, a oaeaea a iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo iieeoe/aneeo i?aaiecaoeeyo,
eioi?ua noaee ia oieueei i?eneooeaaoueny ii e caieiaoue iiceoeeth
?innee. Anoanoaaiii, iaeuecy ia ioiaoeoue, eae aaaeiia aeinoeaeaiea
iieeoeee Aeueoeeia, eioaa?aoeeth ?innee n ?anioaeeeie Aaea?onue.

Caeeth/aiea.

Aei eiioea i?aceaeaioneiai n?iea inoaeinue iaiaa aeaoo eao. Ca yoi a?aiy
aoaeao i?iaaaeaia aieaa ouaoaeueiay ioeaiea aeayoaeueiinoe Ai?ena
Aeueoeeia, eae i?aceaeaioa ?innee. A iniiaiii yoi aoaeoo aeaeaoue aai
iieeoe/aneea iiiiiaiou, eaiaeeaeaou ia iino i?aceaeaioa ?innee a 2000
aiaeo. Eiia/ii, iiaeii i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi yoe ioeaiee aoaeoo
aeinoaoi/ii e?eoe/iuie – o Aeueoeeia auee ioeaee e yoi iaaei i?eciaoue.
A ianoiyuaa a?aiy oa, eoi e?eoeeotho Aeueoeeia, n/eoatho iaeiei ec aai
iniiaiuo iaaeinoaoeia /anoua niaiu eaae?ia, eioi?ua ia/aeenue n?aco
iinea aai i?eoiaea e aeanoe. Iaeiaei iiaeii iinii?eoue yaeyaony yoi aai
ioeaeie eee iao. Aeaei a oii, /oi Aeueoeei anaaaea i?iaiaeee oaeoth
iieeoeeo, i?e eioi?ie ii noaaee ii?aaeaeaiioth iieeoe/aneoth oeaeue.
Aeey aeinoeaeaiey yoie oeaee ii iiaeae?ae eiie?aoiuo ethaeae, iacia/ae
eo ia aaaeiua iinou. Eiaaea aea ii aeaeae, /oi iinoaaeaiiay caaea/a
?aoaia, eee aea iaiai?io, /aeiaae ia ni?aaeyaony n aeaiiie caaea/ae, ii
nieiae aai. Iiaeii e?eoeeiaaoue yoo iieeoeeo, ii iaaei i?eciaoue, /oi,
?oeiaiaenoaoynue eiaiii oaeeie i?eioeeiaie, Aeueoeei niia ?aoeoue
aieueoia eiee/anoai aaaeiuo aeey ?innee caaea/. Ii i?eaae no?aio e
?uii/iie yeiiiieea, ii i?iaae aeaiie?aoe/aneea ?aoi?iu e nae/an
aunooiaao aa?aioii niaethaeaiey aeaiie?aoe/aneeo i?aa e naiaiae
a?aaeaeai eioi?ua, enoaoe, iieo/eee iaeiiaoe-oi aiciiaeiinoue ecae?aoue
ia?eaiaio e i?aceaeaioa aeaiie?aoe/aneei iooai, ii aiiaue oe?aiee
?inneth ia ie?iaie iieeoe/aneie a?aia. E oiio aea iiiaia ec oiai, /oi
aeaeae Aeueoeei, ii aeaeae aia?aua ca iineaaeiea aieaa /ai 70 eao. Aio
i?aaenoiyei iiiaiio iao/eoue ?inneyi, iao/eoue eae aeeoue a ae?oaie,
aeaiie?aoe/aneie no?aia.

Iia oi/aony aa?eoue, /oi ?inney aoaeao i?iaeieaeaoue eaeoe ii iooe
aeaiie?aoe/aneeo ?aoi?i. Iia oi/aony aa?eoue, /oi aoaeouaa ?innee eiaiii
a aeaiie?aoee. E y n/eoath, /oi iaaiciiaeii iaaeiioeaieoue ?ieue
/aeiaaea, eioi?ue iieiaeee ia/aei yoei aeaiie?aoe/aneei ?aoi?iai,
eioi?ue iinayoee naith aeeciue ai?ueaa ca aeaiie?aoeth a ?innee. Iiyoiio
iia eaaeaony, /oi ?ieue Ai?ena Ieeieaaae/a Aeueoeeia – ia?aiai
i?aceaeaioa naiaiaeiie, aeaiie?aoe/aneie ?innee – a aeecie iaoae no?aiu
i/aiue aaeeea.

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