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Оппозиционное движение в Украине в конце 50-х – 80-х гг. XX века

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Ieai-eiiniaeo o?iea Enoi?ee

Iiiiceoeeiiiia aeaeaeaiea a Oe?aeia a eiioea 50-o – 80-o aa. XX aaea

Oeaeue: ?anniio?aoue iiiiceoeeiiiia aeaeaeaiea a Oe?aeia a eiioea 50-o –
80-o aa. XX aaea.

Iao/athuay caaea/a:

iiaoi?eoue, cae?aieoue e iaiaueoue iaoa?eae ii oaia “Iiiiceoeeiiiia
aeaeaeaiea a Oe?aeia a eiioea 50-o – 80-o aa. XX aaea”.

?acaeaathuay caaea/a:

?acaeaaoue oiaiey a?aoiaioe?iaaii ionoaeaaoue naith oi/eo c?aiey,
n?aaieaaoue e aiaeece?iaaoue enoi?e/aneoth eioi?iaoeeth,
niaa?oainoaiaaoue iaauee eiae/aneiai iuoeaiey, ia?aciie ?a/e.

Ainieoaoaeueiay caaea/a:

ainieouaaoue /oanoai oiea?aioiinoe, ia?aaiiaeooiia ioiioaiea e
oe?aeineie enoi?ee.

Oei o?iea: o?ie i?iaa?ee ciaiee, oiaiee e iaaueia a oi?ia
i?ann-eiioa?aioeee.

Iaoiaeu iao/aiey: neiaaniue iaoiae (aanaaea, ?anneac), ioaaaeuaaiea
e?innai?aea, aiaeeoe/aneee iaoiae.

N?aaenoaa iao/aiey: ii?o?aou aeenneaeaioia; ieaeao “Aeaiie?aoe/aneea
i?ioeannu a nia?aiaiiii ainoaea?noaa”; oaaee/ee n iacaaieyie
oaeaeaiaeia, ecaeaiee ia?eiaee/aneie ia/aoe, i?ioanneyie aunooiathueo,
ieaeao n e?innai?aeii “Eiaia aeenneaeaioia”; aeene n caienueth o?aaiaioa
ianie a?oiiu “Ieaai Yeuecu”, ieaeao n auneacuaaieai enoi?eea E.
Eunyea-?oaeieoeeiai.

Ieai o?iea

I?aaiecaoeeiiiue iiiaio.

Aeooaeecaoeey iii?iuo ciaiee. Iioeaaoeey.

Iiaoi?aiea e cae?aieaiea eco/aiiiai iaoa?eaea.

Ea?a “Oeaii/ea annioeeaoeee”.

I?ann-eiioa?aioeey “Aeenneaeaioneia aeaeaeaiea i?ioea “niaaoneiai
Eaaeaoaia” – ii?aaeaiea eee iiaaaea?”.

?acaaaeuaaiea e?innai?aea “Eiaia aeenneaeaioia”.

IV. Eoia o?iea. Ioeaieaaiea ?aaiou o/aieeia.

V. Aeiiaoiaa caaeaiea.

Oiae o?iea

I I?aaiecaoeeiiiue iiiaio.

O/eoaeue iano?aeaaao o/aieeia ia ?aaioo, i?eaaonoaoao eo (Aeia?ue
aeaiue, aeaoe! ss ?aaea aan anao aeaeaoue. Aioiau ee au e iaoaio o?ieo?
Oi?ioi, naaeeoanue.).

II. Aeooaeecaoeey iii?iuo ciaiee. Iioeaaoeey.

Neiai o/eoaey. Iiiiceoeeiiiia aeaeaeaiea, i?aaenoaaeaiiia o?aiy
iniiaiuie oa/aieyie aeenneaeaioia, – iai?inoay no?aieoea a enoi?ee
Oe?aeiu.

Iiniio?eoa ia eeoea yoeo ethaeae – anai ei auea oaioiaaia iaeaaeay,
/anoi o?aae/aneay noaeueaa. (O/eoaeue ia?auaao aieiaiea o/aieeia ia
ii?o?aou aeenneaeaioia). Eo iaoiaeu nii?ioeaeaiey auee ie?iuie, ii
aeiaeeenue ee aeenneaeaiou eaeeo-eeai ?acoeueoaoia? Ia?aoeoa aieiaiea ia
oi/eo c?aiey enoi?eea Eaaia Eunyea-?oaeieoeeiai: “Iiea aeeaao /aeiaae
ianiaeaniue – aeeaao e /aeiaa/anoai a oeaeii”. (O/eoaeue ia?auaao
aieiaiea o/aieeia ia ieaeao n auneacuaaieai enoi?eea). Niaeaniu ee au n
yoei?

Oaia aeenneaeainoaa ianoieueei aaaeia e neiaeia n ii?aeueii-yoe/aneie
oi/ee c?aiey, /oi aeinoieia ianoaeaeaiey ia i?ann-eiioa?aioeee.

Eeth/aaie aii?in, ia eioi?ue iu naaiaeiy aeieaeiu ioaaoeoue, oaea
ianoaeaeaeny ia ai?iaeneii oo?ie?a enoi?eeia. Eoae: “Aeenneaeaioneia
aeaeaeaiea i?ioea “niaaoneiai Eaaeaoaia” — ii?aaeaiea eee iiaaaea?”.

A aeaeaeneie ieoieiaee Eaaeaoai icia/aao ia?iiiia ii?neia /oaeiaeua,
iiaee?athuaa ana aie?oa… Ia aii?in, ni?aaeeenue ee n iei aeenneaeaiou,
iai i?aaenoieo naaiaeiy ioaaoeoue.

I?ann-eiioa?aioeey iauyaeyaony ioe?uoie!

III. Iiaoi?aiea e cae?aieaiea eco/aiiiai iaoa?eaea.

1. Ea?a “Oeaii/ea annioeeaoeee”.

Neiai o/eoaey. Iaoa i?ann-eiioa?aioeey – ia nianai iau/iay: naaiaeiy
ano?a/athony i?aaenoaaeoaee niaaoneiai a?aiaie e XXI aaea. Ei i?aaenoieo
iiiuoaoueny iaeoe ioaao ia iinoaaeaiiue iaie aii?in.

Ii aeey ia/aea y i?aaeeaaath anai i?enoonoaothuei iaaieueooth
ea?o-?acieieo “Oeaii/ea annioeeaoeee”: ii i?aaeeiaeaiiui annioeeaoeeyi
aai iaiaoiaeeii aoaeao ii?aaeaeeoue eeth/aaia neiai, eiathuaa
iaiin?aaenoaaiiia ioiioaiea e ca?iaeaeaieth aeenneaeaioneiai aeaeaeaiey.

Ea?a:

Annioeeaoeey ? 1

Aeeth/aaony iocueaeueiue o?aaiaio ianie “A ca a?eiii iaeaea aania…”
a?oiiu “Ieaai Yeuecu”.

Annioeeaoeey ? 2

O/aieeai i?aaeeaaaaony aiaeaeio, iiioey?iue a n?aaea eioaeeeaaioeee
niaaoneiai a?aiaie:

“Nth??aaeeci – yoi oi, /oi y /oanoaoth;

?aaeeci – yoi oi, /oi y aeaeo;

nioe?aaeeci – yoi oi, /oi y neuoo”.

Annioeeaoeey ? 3

Aieiaiea o/aieeia ia?auaaony ia ieaeao “Aeaiie?aoe/aneea i?ioeannu a
nia?aiaiiii ainoaea?noaa”, aaea ia?a/eneaiu i?eciaee aeaiie?aoe/aneiai
iauanoaa.

Annioeeaoeey ? 4

?aaeueiue neo/ae ec aeecie oeieueieeia 80-o aiaeia XX aaea.

…Oeieueiay eeiaeea ia?aae ?iaeaeanoaaineeie i?acaeieeaie. Aunooiaao
i?aaenoaaeoaeue aaeieieno?aoeee: “Aeaoe! ss e oae ciath, /oi au aoaeaoa
uaae?iaaoue, ii oieueei ia aiai?eoa, ec eaeie au oeieu!…”

Annioeeaoeey ? 5

Yoi oaieeey ecaanoiiai ienaoaey: Eeuey Y?aiao?a.

Neiai o/eoaey. Ia eaeea aea iunee iaoieeioee aan i?aaeeiaeaiiua
annioeeaoeee? Eaeia neiai eeth/aaia?

(Ioaao: ? 1 – aania; ?2 – i?eioeei nioe?aaeecia a eoeueoo?a; ? 3 –
ionoonoaea aeaiie?aoee a niaaoneee ia?eiae; ?4 – aoaeci; ?5 – iiaanoue
E. Y?aiao?aa “Iooaiaeue”. Eeth/aaia neiai – “iooaiaeue”.)

I?ann-eiioa?aioeey “Aeenneaeaioneia aeaeaeaiea i?ioea “niaaoneiai
Eaaeaoaia” – ii?aaeaiea eee iiaaaea?”.

Neiai o/eoaey. Aeaenoaeoaeueii, ia?eiae “iooaiaee”, eioi?ue aue iniiaiui
niaea?aeaieai aeanoaeeiecaoeee, niinianoaiaae aeooiaiiio iaiiaeaieth a
aeecie iauanoaa; eae ii/ee ia aea?aaueyo, aicieeaee i?iecaaaeaiey
i?aaenoaaeoaeae eioaeeeaaioeee, a eioi?uo i?iniao?eaaeanue iiiuoea
?anoe?eoue “a?aieoeu nioe?aaeecia”, ioaaoeoue ia caiae/eaaaiua
aii?inu…

O eiai ec i?enoonoaothueo anoue aii?inu ii yoiio iiaiaeo?

Ei??aniiiaeaio aacaou “Aiein Oe?a?ie” (XXI aae):

– O iaiy aii?in e ecaanoiiio aaeaieaoo 70–80-o aiaeia XX aaea: eaeiau
i?e/eiu aicieeiiaaiey aeenneaeaioneiai aeaeaeaiey a Oe?aeia? A /ai
iniaaiiinoe oe?aeineiai aeenneaeainoaa?

Aaeaieao (70–80-a aa. XX aaea):

– ss aeoiath, neiai “iooaiaeue” i/aiue oi/ii io?aaeaao iauanoaaiiua
i?ioeannu, i?ienoiaeyuea a NNN?, a cia/eo, e a Oe?aeia n i?eoiaeii e
aeanoe oieeaeueiiai, neiaeiiai ii oa?aeoa?o /aeiaaea Ieeeou Na?aaaae/a
O?ouiaa.

ss i?ae?anii iiiith oio oie, eioi?ue aucaaee o iaiy niiauaiey i XX
nuacaea EINN, ?aciaea/eaoai i?anooieaiey noaeeineeo a?aiai. Yoi aeaei
oie/ie e aeooiaiiio i?iaoaeaeaieth a NNN?, a a Oe?aeia yoi i?iecioei
aeaaea /ooue ?aiueoa: ia?aie eanoi/eie ia?aniio?a iiceoeee nioe?aaeecia
a eoeueoo?a noaea noaouey A. Aeiaaeaiei a “Eeoa?aoo?iie aacaoa” –
“Eneonnoai aeeaiiene e nia?aiaiiinoue”.

?aiueoa ae?oaeo ia eciaiaiey a iauanoaa io?aaae?iaaee iiyou e ienaoaee:
Aaneeee Neiiiaiei, Ieeieae ?oaeaiei, Eeia Einoaiei, Ieeieae
Aeia?aiianeee, Eaai Ae?a/. Eeoa?aoo?ioth e?eoeeo i?aaenoaaeyee Eaai
Aecthaa, Aaaaiee Naa?nothe, Eaai Naaoee/iue, Ay/aneaa *a?iiaee, Aaeaioei
Ii?ic e ae?oaea. Iiyaeyaony oeaeay ieayaea iieiaeuo, yia?ae/iuo
i?aaenoaaeoaeae eioaeeeaaioeee, ?ac?ooathueo noa?aioeiu – oae iacuaaaiua
“oanoeaeanyoieee”.

Oaeei ia?acii, n?aaee i?e/ei iiyaeaiey oe?aeineiai aeenneaeaionoaa
iiaeii iacaaoue neaaeothuea:

1. Aeanoaeeiecaoeey;

2. ?aaaeeeoaoeey iiiaeo eoeueoo?iuo e ainoaea?noaaiiuo aeayoaeae
Oe?aeiu;

3. Ia?ooeiinoue iniia aeanoiuo no?oeoo?;

4. E?eoe/aneia ioiioaiea e eiiioienoe/aneiio ?aaeeio, iaaeiaieuenoai
iacaaa?oaiiinoueth aeanoaeeiecaoeee;

5. Eioa?an e oe?aeineie eoeueoo?a e eoeueoo?a no?ai Caiaaea.

Iniaaiiinoueth oe?aeineiai aeenneaeainoaa iiaeii n/eoaoue oi, /oi yoi
auei iauaoe?aeineia yaeaiea, ioaaouaathuaa ana ?aaeiiu Oe?aeiu.

Oae aea, eae e a ae?oaeo ?anioaeeeao NNN?, oe?aeineea aeenneaeaiou
oa?aeoa?eciaaeenue:

– ie?iuie, iaianeeuenoaaiiuie oi?iaie i?ioanoa;

– /aoeie i?aaiecaoeeae (e?oaeee, iauaaeeiaiey);

– o/anoeai a iiiiceoeeiiiii aeaeaeaiee naiuo ?aciuo neiaa ianaeaiey.

“Oanoeaeanyoieee” a naiai ?acaeoee i?ioee noaaeee io “yoiia?aoe/aneie”,
“eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneie” aei noaaeee “iieeoe/aneiai i?ioeainoiyiey
nenoaia”.

…Yoi auee y?eea ee/iinoe…

Iiae?oaa ooaeiaeieoeu Aeeu Ai?neie (niaaoneia a?aiy):

– Ii yoi ana neiaa. A y oioaea au ?anneacaoue i noaeueaa iiae iiae?oae,
i?ae?aniiai /aeiaaea, oaeaioeeaie ooaeiaeieoeu. Yoi Aeea Ai?neay.

Iia naia oe?aeiea, ii ?iaeeeanue a Eaieia?aaea, e ana o ieo a naiuea
aiai?eee ii-?onnee. O/eoueny iia oaoaea a Eeaa, a ooaeiaeanoaaiiue
einoeooo, aaea i?aaieciaaea eeoa oai?/aneie iieiaeaaee.

Iaeiaaeaeu o Aeeu e aa aaeeiiiuoeaiieea, ooaeiaeieea Iiaiana Caeeaaoe,
aicieeea eaeay nicaeaoue iaiau/iue, iiioiaioaeueii-aeaei?aoeaiue aeo?aae
a aanoeathea Eeaaneiai oieaa?neoaoa. Ia aeo?aaea aue ecia?aaeai Oa?an
Oaa/aiei a aeaea I?iiaoay. Iieo/eeinue i/aiue e?aneai! Ii n?aco iinea
onoaiiaee, ii/ueth 1964 aiaea aeo?aae aue ?acaeo…

Aeea auea eneeth/aia ec Nithca ooaeiaeieeia Oe?aeiu ca “eaeaeii
a?aaeiia” i?iecaaaeaiea. A a 1970 aiaeo Ai?neay iiaeaea i?e caaaaei/iuo
ianoiyoaeuenoaao: aa iaoee oaeoie ia aea/a aa naae?a, a iiaeaaea.
Neaaenoaea onoaiiaeei, /oi naaei? oaee aa, a nai a?ineeny iiae
yeaeo?e/eo… Ii iicaea noaei ynii, /oi e aeaaee Aeeu i?e/anoiu i?aaiu
EAA.

Eiaaea oi?iieee Aeeo, 7 aeaeaa?y 1970 aiaea, noeoeeii aicieeea aeoeey
i?ioanoa, aunooiaee ?aciua ethaee, ciaaoea aa. Iaae iiaeeie Ai?neie
Aaneeee Noon i?i/eoae noeoe, a iioii aunooiee oe?aeineee oi? “Aii?i”.

Oi? n?aco aea aue ?aniouai… Aaneeee Noon a?anoiaai…

A /oi eanaaony ooaeiaeieea Iiaiana Caeeaaoe – ii aua a ia?oa 1966 aiaea
aue inoaeaeai ia iyoue eao no?iaiai ?aaeeia…

Ei??aniiiaeaio aacaou “Eiiniiieueneay i?aaaea a Oe?aeia” (XXI aae):

– ss oi/o ia?aoeoueny e noi?iaeo aeaeeioaee Aeaaeaiee iaoe ONN?: /oi au
ciaaoa i iiaea?a a oiiaea oe?aeineeo ?oeiienae?

Noi?iae eeaaneie ioaee/iie aeaeeioaee Aeaaeaiee iaoe ONN?:

– A oio aeaiue, 24 iay 1964 aiaea, y, eae iau/ii, canooiee ia niaio. Ana
i?iaa?ee, ia iaia?oaeee ie/aai iiaeic?eoaeueiiai e nae ioaeioiooue. ss
aniiiiee, eae aeaa aeiy iacaae i?ioiaeee ieii iaiyoieea Oaa/aiei e noae
naeaeaoaeai i?acaeiiaaiey oaa/aieianeeo aeiae: ethaee /eoaee noeoe
Oa?ana Oaa/aiei, iaee oe?aeineea ianie, aaaeue eiaiii a yoio aeaiue a
1861 aiaeo a?ia n oaeii Oaa/aiei aue ia?aaacai ec Iaoa?ao?aa a Eaiaa. Ii
oi, /oi y oaeaeae iioii, iaiy ii?aceei… Ieiuaaeue ioeaieea ieeeoeey,
ethaee ec EAA; iiiaea auee a?anoiaaiu… ss neaeae, ?aciuoeyy iaae anai
yoei e aae?oa ii/oanoaiaae caiao aa?e. Eiaaea y a?ineeny ooaea, oi
oaeaeae, /oi ai?eo oiiae oe?aeineeo ?oeiienae! Eae yoi iiaei i?iecieoe?
Ia ciath… Oae e ia oaeaeinue ie/aai nianoe… Ii yoio neo/ae aucaae
oe?ieoth aieio i?ioanoia n?aaee oe?aeineeo aeenneaeaioia…

AEo?iaeeno oaeaeaiaea “Eioa?” (XXI aae):

– O iaiy aii?in e /aeiaaeo, aoiaeeaoaio a Oe?aeineee
?aai/a-e?anoueyineee nithc. I?aaiecaoi? aaoaai nithca – Eaaei
Eoeueyiaiei – aeea aei neo ii?, ii ecaanoiue /aeiaae a Oe?aeia. Ii y
oioae au ni?ineoue eiaiii o aan: /oi au iiaeaoa ?anneacaoue i “Aeaea
th?enoia” e noaeaaiii i?ioeanna, i?ioiaeeaoai ai Eueaiaa a 1961 aiaeo?

Caaaaeothuee eeoaii, aoiaeeaoee a O?EN (niaaoneia a?aiy):

– Eae au naie ciaaoa, Eaaei Eoeueyiaiei – aeanoyuee th?eno, iaooiieiue
ai?aoe ca i?aaa oe?aeioeaa e aic?iaeaeaiea oe?aeineie eoeueoo?u, ?iaeii
n *a?ieaiaueiu. A 1959 aiaeo ii i?aaieciaae Oe?aeineee
?aai/a-e?anoueyineee nithc (O?EN), n?aco aea noaaoee iauaeoii
i?enoaeueiiai aieiaiey ni noi?iiu EAA. Yoi e iiiyoii, aaaeue O?EN aue
aaeeinoaaiiie i?aaiecaoeeae, aeiaeaaaoaeny iacaaeneiinoe Oe?aeiu. Oioy,
anee iiaeoiaoue, iu ia auoiaeeee ca ?aiee Niaaoneie Eiinoeoooeee,
eioi?ay aa?aioe?iaaea eaaeaeie iaoeee i?aai ia naiiii?aaeaeaiea, aieioue
aei ioaeaeaiey. Aio iu e ?aoeee ainiieueciaaoueny yoei i?aaii. Ii aue a
iaoae i?aaiecaoeee iaeee Aauoe – neooaoaeue iaeanoiie ia?oeeiie oeieu,
ieacaaoeeny i?iaieaoi?ii EAA.

Anei?a auei caaaaeaii “Aeaei th?enoia”, noae ninoiyeny a iaa 1961 aiaea,
ai Eueaiaa. Ian iaaeiyee ii noaouea 56 “Eciaia ?iaeeia”, a eiaaea Eaaei
Eoeueyiaiei iauyniee neaaeiaaoaeth, /oi iu aeaenoaiaaee a ?aieao
Eiinoeoooeee, neaaeiaaoaeue ioaaoee: “Eiinoeoooeey nouanoaoao aeey
caa?aieoeu!”

…Eaaea Eoeueyiaiei i?eaiai?eee e ?anno?aeo, inoaeueiui aeaee io 10 aei
15 eao eaaa?ae. Oaea iioii, iinea eannaoeeiiiuo aeaeia, nia?oiue
i?eaiai? Eaaeo Eoeueyiaiei aue caiaiai ia 15 eao caeeth/aiey a
eaaa?yo…

Ei??aniiiaeaio aacaou «Aiein Oe?a?ie» (XXI aae):

– O iaiy aii?in e ecaanoiiio aaeaieaoo 70–80 aiaeia XX aaea: eaeiau
i?e/eiu aicieeiiaaiey aeenneaeaioneiai aeaeaeaiey a Oe?aeia? A /ai
iniaaiiinoe oe?aeineiai aeenneaeainoaa?

Niaaoneee i?ieo?i? (60–70-a aa. XX aaea):

– ss oi/o aeiiieieoue! O ian a NNN? a iieiie ia?a niaethaeathony i?aaa
/aeiaaea. Eae au neuoaee, Eoeueyiaiei, aicaeaaeyaoee aioeniaaoneoth
iaoeeiiaeenoe/aneoth i?aaiecaoeeth n oeaeueth nicaeaiey “naiinoeeiie
Oe?aeiu”, aue i?eaiai?ai e nia?oiie eacie. Ii aoiaiiue niaaoneee noae
caiaiee nia?oiue i?eaiai? 15 aiaeaie eni?aaeoaeueiuo ?aaio. Ii aianoi
aeaaiaea?iinoe Eoeueyiaiei aianoa n niiauieeaie ?ani?ino?aiytho
aiciooeoaeueioth “naiecaeaoianeoth” eeoa?aoo?o i iaoai niaaoneii no?ia
/a?ac ca?oaaaeiuo aaaioia ii ?aaeeinoaioeee “Naiaiaea”.

ss aeoiath, ii ana-oaee caneoaeee nia?oiue i?eaiai?, oae eae aaniethoii
ia eni?aaeeny, aieaa oiai – aioae a iiaoth aioeniaaoneoth a?oiio
aeenneaeaioa Ieeieay ?oaeaiei.

Ei??aniiiaeaio aacaou “A?aoiaiou e oaeou” (XXI aae):

– Ia oae aeaaii a Oe?aeia oia? ecaanoiue aeenneaeaio-i?aaicaueoiee
Ieeieae ?oaeaiei, i?aaiecaoi? Oe?aeineie oaeueneineie a?oiiu niaeaenoaey
auiieiaieth oaeueneineeo niaeaoaiee (OOA). *oi au iiaeaoa ?anneacaoue ia
yoie a?oiia?

Enoi?ee, aoiaeeaoee a OOA:

– Eiaaea NNN? iiaeienae a aaaonoa 1975 aiaea a Oaeueneiee aeieoiaio i
niaethaeaiee a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa e naiaiae naiaai ia?iaea, iianaianoii
noaee aicieeaoue eaaaeueiua a?oiiu n oeaeueth eiio?iey ca niaethaeaieai
i?aa /aeiaaea.

Ia?aue Oaeueneineee eiieoao aue iniiaai a Iineaa a iaa 1976 aiaea, iioii
iiaeiaiua iauaaeeiaiey aicieeee a Eeoaa, A?ocee, A?iaiee. A 9 iiya?y
1976 aiaea ii eieoeeaoeaa Ieeieay ?oaeaiei a Oe?aeia auea nicaeaia
a?oiia niinianoaiaaiey auiieiaieth Oaeueneineeo niaeaoaiee (OOA), eoaea
aioee Eaaei Eoeueyiaiei, Eaai Eaiaeuaa, Ienaia Iaoei, Ieaena Oeoee, Iao?
A?eai?aiei, Nayoineaa Ea?aaaineee e ae?oaea, anaai 36 /aeiaae.

Oeaeueth OOA auei: iciaeiieoue oe?aeineee ia?iae n Aeaeea?aoeeae i?aa
/aeiaaea, iiaeaea?aeeaaoue naycue n ca?oaaaeiie i?annie, eioi?ie?iaaoue
ie?iaoth iauanoaaiiinoue i oaeoao ia?ooaiey i?aa /aeiaaea a Oe?aeia.

A NNN? aeaenoaiaaei aua iyoue iiaeiaiuo a?oii, n?aaee eioi?uo OOA auea
naiie aeoeaiie. Aeaaiia oi, /oi iia aeaenoaiaaea a ?aieao caeiia e
ioiineeanue n aeoaieei oaaaeaieai e ethaeyi ae?oaeo iaoeeiiaeueiinoae.

Ii ana yoi ia iiiaoaei niaaoneie nenoaia o/eieoue iia?ii OOA: aei 1980
aiaea aieueoeinoai /eaiia OOA auee a?anoiaaiu e inoaeaeaiu a n?aaeiai ia
12 eao eeoaiey naiaiaeu…

A eaaa?yo iiaeaee A. Noon, A. Ia?/aiei, I. Oeoee, TH. Eeoaei.

I?aaenoaaeoaeue oaeaeaiaea “1+1”, i?ia?aiia “Eeiiinoan” (XXI aae):

– Ianiio?y ia yoe o?aae/aneea oaeou, eiaeiiuneea a Oe?aeia ia en/acaei.
Iaiy eioa?anotho i?e/eiu e aeayoaeueiinoue aua iaeiiai oa/aiey
ianiaeaniuo – ?aeeaeiciiai aeenneaeainoaa?

?aaioiee iocay (70–80-a aa. XX aaea):

– I?e/eiie iiyaeaiey ?aeeaeiciiai aeenneaeainoaa auea aioe?aeeaeiciay
eaiiaiey eiioea 50-o – ia/aea 60-o aiaeia.

A oa/aiea 1957–1964 aiaeia a Oe?aeia auei cae?uoi 46% anao i?aaineaaiuo
o?aiia. I?e/ai aieueoa iino?aaeaea ia Caiaaeiay Oe?aeia, aaea oea?eiaiua
o?aaeeoeee auee i/aiue i?i/iua, a oeaio? e thai-ainoie Oe?aeiu, aaea
ethaee iniai ia nii?ioeaeyeenue.

A E?uio inoaeinue 14 o?aiia, a a Caii?iaeneie iaeanoe – anaai 9.

ss oa?ieii ioiioonue e e aa?othuei, e e aoaenoai – yoi ee/iia aeaei
eaaeaeiai. Ii ca/ai aea iaaycuaaoue naia ioiioaiea e ?aeeaee?

…Iniaaiii iiaeeeua ethaee no?aaeaee, aaaeue aeey ieo iieeoaa, eeiia
auee niuneii aeecie (ia aeey anao, eiia/ii…).

Io a a Caiaaeiie Oe?aeia ia oa?iaee. Oai aea iiaeiieueii nouanoaiaaea
a?aei-eaoiee/aneay oea?eiaue – OAEOe. Aeenneaeaio Eineo Oa?aey nicaeae
Eiieoao caueou OAEOe, aai iiaeaea?aeeaae i?aaenoaaeoaeue i?aaineaaiiai
aeooiaainoaa Aaneeee ?iiaithe. Aea… Iineaeaee iie a ineoooeao, ii yoi
eo ia inoaiiaeei. Io au aea naie aeaeeoa, /oi iie ia c?y noa?aeenue –
aaaeue a XXI aaea – naiaiaea aa?ieniiaaaeiaaiey.

Ei??aniiiaeaio aacaou “Ca?eaei iaaeaee” (XXI aae):

– Oae iiaaaeeee aeenneaeaiou eee i?iea?aee? Eaiaaeneee enoi?ee I?ano
Noaoaeueiue (aai naiuey ?iaeii ec Oe?aeiu) /aoei iaienae a eieaa
“Oe?aeia. Enoi?ey”: “Aeenneaeaiou i?iea?aee”. Iiaeao, e i?aaaea ieeiio
oaeea aea?oau ia auee ioaeiu?

Eeoa?aoi? (70-a aa. XX aaea):

– Ia yoio aii?in iao iaeiicia/iiai ioaaoa. Iiiaea aeenneaeaiou aiai?yo,
/oi iie “ia ai?ieenue, a i?inoi aeeee”, a aeeciue – yoi oaea iiaaaea.

Neiai o/eoaey. Aeaaaeoa aniiiiei i oeaee aeenneaeaioneiai aeaeaeaiey:
ioe?uoue aiciiaeiinoe aeey naiaiaeiiai ?acaeoey oe?aeineie eoeueoo?u,
iaania/eoue a?aaeaeaineea i?aaa oe?aeioeai. Oi, /oi naaiaeiy iu aeeaai a
iacaaeneiie Oe?aeia, iaaa?iia, niiaei i?iecieoe e aeaaiaea?y
aeenneaeaioneiio aeaeaeaieth.

?acaaaeuaaiea e?innai?aea “Eiaia aeenneaeaioia”.

Neiai o/eoaey. A oaia?ue – aeey anao o/anoieeia eiioa?aioeee –
yeneethceaiue e?innai?ae “Iaiyoiua eiaia aeenneaeaioia”. Aeaaaeoa
iii?iaoai ?acaaaeaoue e?innai?ae e aua ?ac aniiiiei eiaia ethaeae, ia
iiaiyaoeony a?ineoue aucia nouanoaothuaio no?ith.

1. Iaeei ec “oanoeaeanyoieeia”, iiyo-ia?aaiae/ee, ecaeaaoee
1000-no?aie/iue “Neiaa?ue ?eoi oe?aeineiai ycuea”, aeoeaii aunooiae
i?ioea a?anoia oe?aeineie eioaeeeaaioeee. I?iaue a caeeth/aiee a iauae
neiaeiinoe 30 eao. (Ea?aaaineee)

2.Aeenneaeaio, eioi?iio nia?oiay eaciue auea caiaiaia 15-eaoiei
caeeth/aieai. (Eoeuyiaiei)

3. Oaieeey oe?aeineiai ienaoaey, iiaeaa?aoaainy aiiaieyi ca
i?iecaaaeaiea “Niai?”. (Aii/a?)

4. A eiioea 1950-o aiaeia a Oa?ueeiaa aie?oa yoiai ?inneeneiai iiyoa
ia?aciaaeny e?oaeie ia?aaeiaie oai?/aneie iieiaeaaee (iiaeiaiua e?oaeee
auee a Eeaaa – “Niooiee”: E. Ae?a/, A.Naa?nothe, A. Ai?neay e ae?.; ai
Eueaiaa – “I?ieenie” ai aeaaa n I. Einiaii). A a a?aaeiaaneea a?aiaia
yoio /aeiaae n/eoaeny “iaoaeiaiui” iiyoii. (*e/eaaaei)

5. Oaieeey oe?aeineie iiyoannu, ienaaoae e?aneaua, ii iaiiiyoiua iiiaei
noeoe. (Einoaiei)

6. Yoio /aeiaae eiaao iaiin?aaenoaaiiia ioiioaiea e oeeueio “Oaie
caauouo i?aaeeia”. (Ia?aaeaeaiia)

7. Oaieeey /aeiaaea, ecaeaaaaoaai “naiecaeaoianeoth” eeoa?aoo?o. Ii
oaeaea auionoee nai?iee iaoa?eaeia i noaeueaa 20-oe inoaeaeaiiuo
eioaeeeaaioia “Eeoi c ?icoio”. Aai iacuaaee “eaaa?iue aaia?ae”.
(*a?iiaee)

8. Oaieeey iaeiiai ec naiuo aeoeaiuo ai?oeia ca i?aaa a?aei-eaoiee/aneie
oea?eae a Oe?aeia, auaoee ociee eaaa?ae e “niaoeineoooae”. (Oa?aey)

9. Eaeaaeii yoiai iiyoa aue A?eai?ee Neiai?iaea. Naith aeeciue ii
caeii/ee a eaaa?a iniaiai ?aaeeia… (Noon)

10. *aeiaae, ioeacaaoeeny io naieo acaeyaeia, aaoi? ?aaiou
“Eioa?iaoeeiiaeeci eee ?oneoeeaoeey?”. (Aecthaa)

11. Oaieeey aeoeaiiai i?aaicaueoieea-aeenneaeaioa, a?anoiaaiiiai ca ynna
“Iienae”, “O?iieea nii?ioeaeaiey”, “?aii?oaae ec caiiaaaeieea ei.
Aa?ee”. (Ii?ic)

12. Iniiaaoaeue Oe?aeineie Oaeueneineie A?oiiu. Oia? a 2004 aiaeo.
(?oaeaiei)

Neiai o/eoaey. Eeth/aaia neiai e?innai?aea – oioaeeoa?eci, oae eae iiuo
aeenneaeainoaa – yoi iiuo nouanoaiaaiey /aeiaaea a ianaiaiaeiie no?aia.

Ia?aoeiny aua ?ac e neiaai Eaaia Eunyea-?oaeieoeeiai: “Iiea aeeaao
/aeiaae ianiaeaniue – aeeaao /aeiaa/anoai a oeaeii”.

IV. Eoia o?iea. Ioeaieaaiea ?aaiou o/aieeia.

Neiai o/eoaey. Iaoa eiioa?aioeey caaa?oeeanue. Anai iai anoue i /ai
ii?aciuneeoue…

Iinea aunooieaiey e o/anoey aeaoae ia o?iea, eo aeayoaeueiinoue
ioeaieaaaony. Aunoaaeythony aaeeu. (Naaiaeiy au i/aiue oi?ioi
ii?aaioaee, ana ?aayoa auee caaeaenoaiaaiu e ieeoi ia inoaeny aac
aieiaiey. ss n/eoath, /oi iu anai naaiaeiy aeieaeiu iinoaaeoue ioeaieo
ioee/ii.)

V. Aeiiaoiaa caaeaiea.

Iiaeaioiaeoueny e oaiaoe/aneiio ioeaieaaieth ii oaia “Oe?aeia a
iineaaiaiiue ia?eiae 1945 – 1964 aa. ”

Ii aeaeaieth iaienaoue noaoueth-?aciuoeaiea “Eoi aea iiaaaeee: aeanoue
eee aeenneaeaiou?”

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