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Образование единого государства южных славян

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IA?ACIAAIEA AAeEIIAI AINOAeA?NOAA THAEIUO NEAAssI

1. I?ioeann ai?ueau ca ia?aciaaiea ainoaea?noaa THaineaaey a aiaeu
Ia?aie ie?iaie aieiu

A Aano?i-Aaia?ee noaaea iac?aaaoue iaiin?aaenoaaiiay ?aaiethoeeiiiay
neooaoeey. Aeey i?aayueo e?oaia naiui no?aoiui auei oi, /oi ia/aea
?acaaeeaaoueny iii?a iiia?oe — a?iey. A ieoya?a 1918 r, ec ia?
aeaca?oe?iaaei ieiei 250 oun. nieaeao. A ?yaea aieineeo niaaeeiaiee
aniuoioee ainnoaiey.

14—15 naioya?y aienea Aioaiou i?i?aaee Naeiieeneee o?iio. Aneaae ca
ionooiaaoeie a?ieyie Oeaio?aeueiuo aea?aeaa a Iaeaaeiieth noaee
anooiaoue a?iee Aioaiou.

Bce aieueoee ?aciao i?eia?aoaei iaoeeiiaeueii-inaiaiaeeoaeueiia e
e?anoueyineia aeaeaeaiea.

Ia oa??eoi?ee Aiaaiaeeiu, iaaeaeo a. Aaeeee Aa/ea?ae i Iiae Aa/ae a
ieoya?a auea nicaeaia E?aniay ?anioaeeea, aeanoue a iae iaoiaeeeanue a
?oeao o?oaeyueony e?anoueyi e naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo ?aai/eo.

Ae?oaay e?anoueyineay ?anioaeeea auea ia?aciaaia a ?aeiia Aaeiiai
(Neaaiiey). Iia i?inouanoaiaaea aieaa ianyoea.

B ?aeiia Ii?aaeoeu (Aa/ea) ainnoaaoea e?anoueyia i?iaiaee
i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiuo /eiiaieeia e acyee aeanoue a naie ?oee. Auei nicaeaii
Ia?iaeiia aa/a, a eioi?ia aioee aeanyoue naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo ?aai/eo e
oieueei iaeei i?aaenoaaeoaeue ao?aeoacee. Ia?iaeiia aa/a naycaeinue n
Nithcii naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo ?aai/eo Aiaaiaeeiu e aeaenoaiaaee iiae aai
?oeiaiaenoaii. E?anoueyia Ii?aaeoeu ?acaeaeeee iaaeaeo niaie caiee
aaiaa?neeo iiiaueeia.

O/eouaay neiaeiinoue iieiaeaiey, iieeoe/aneea ia?oee iaoeeiiaeueiie
ao?aeoacee thaineaayineeo caiaeue Aano?i-Aaia?ee iiniaoeee n nicaeaieai
naieo i?aaiia aeanoe, /oiau iiiauaoue ia?iaeiui iannai acyoue aeanoue.
Ia iniiaa i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie aeiaiai?aiiinoe iaaeaeo ao?aeoaciuie
ia?oeyie a Caa?aaa 5-6 ieoya?y 1918a . auei ia?aciaaii oae iacuaaaiia
Ia?iaeiia aa/a, a eioi?ia aioee ao?aeoaciua aeaiooaou naai?ia Oi?aaoee e
Ainiee e Aa?oeaaiaeiu, ianoiuo eaiaeoaaia E?aeiu, Eno?ee e Aeaeiaoeee.

6 ieoya?y a Caa?aaa conoiyeanue eiioa?aioeey nioeeae-aeaiie?aoe/aneeo
ia?oee – Oi?aaoee, Ainiee e Aa?oeaaiaeiu e Neiaaiee. Iie aunooieee ca
iiaeaea?aeeo ao?aeoaciuo ia?oee ai eiy nicaeaiey iaoeeiiaeueiiai
ainoaea?noaa.

I?ioea nio?oaeie/anoaa n ao?aeoaceae auneacaeenue i?aaenoaaeoaee NAeI
Ainiee e Aa?oeaaiaeiu.

Iyoue ?aoi?ienoneeo eeaea?ia aioee a ao?aeoaciia Ia?iaeiia aa/a – A.
Ei?a/ e A. Aoeoaa io NAeI Oi?aaoee e A. E?enoai, E. Iaoayi e I. *iaae –
io THaineiaaineie nioeeae-aeaiie?aoe/aneie ia?oee.

Ao?aeoaciay Oi?aaoi-na?ineay eiaeeoeey, a ioee/ea io NAeI Oi?aaoee e
THNAeI, ia aeaea iaiaaeeaiiiai niaeaney ia i?aaeeiaeaiea aieoe a
Ia?iaeiia aa/a. Iia oyioea n ioaaoii, auaeeaeay aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey
niauoee. Oieueei a naiue iineaaeiee iiiaio, eiaaea e?ao iiia?oee noae
i/aaeaeai. Oi?aaoi-na?aneay eiaeeoeey aioea a Ia?iaeiia aa/a. Ia yoi
?aoaiea iiaeeyee aeaa ianoiyoaeuenoaa: ?aaiethoeeiiiua aunooieaiey
i?ieaoa?eaoa a *aoee 14 ieoya?y e iaieoano eiia?aoi?a Ea?ea io 16
ieoya?y i ?ai?aaiecaoeee iiia?oee.

Iaieoano eiia?aoi?a aue iaeiie ec iiiuoie i?aaeioa?aoeoue ?aniaae
iiia?oee Aaanao?aia e i?e iiiiue ?aoi?i ioaea/ue ia?iaeiua iannu io
ai?ueau ca iaoeeiiaeueioth iacaaeneiinoue. Iaeiaei ii ia ano?aoee
iiaeaea?aeee o oaiaoaiiuo ia?iaeia, oae eae ia iaania/eaae eo i?aaa e
iaauae ei eeoue aaoiiiieth a ?aieao iiia?oee.

A ieoya?a auee ieii/aoaeueii ?ani?aaeaeaiu iinou a ?oeiaiaenoaa
Ia?iaeiiai aa/a. Aai i?aaenaaeaoaeai noae eeaea? Neiaaineie ia?iaeiie
ia?oee Aioii Ei?ioaoe, caianoeoaeyie i?aaenaaeaoaey — iaeei ec
?oeiaiaeeoaeae Oi?aaoi-na?aneie eiaeeoeee Naaoica? I?eae/aae/ e eeaea?
noa?/aae/aineie ia?oee aeieoi? Aioa Iaaaee/, nae?aoa?yie ao?aeoaciua
aeayoaee Oi?aaoee e Aeaeiaoeee N?aeaeai Aoaeenaaeaae/, Iaoa Ae?eieiae/ e
Eaai Ei?eiae/. Aaaeouoth ?ieue a i?aceaeeoia Ia?iaeiiai aa/a ea?aee
Aioii Ei?ioaoe e Naaoica? I?eae/aae/.

Anei?a auee i?eiyou i?ia?aiia e i?aaiecaoeeiiiua i?eioeeiu Ia?iaeiiai
aa/a. Aeaaiie oeaeueth i?iaicaeaoaeinue «iauaaeeiaiea anao neiaaioeaa,
oi?aaoia e na?aia… a ia?iaeiia, naiaiaeiia e iacaaeneiia ainoaea?noai…».
I?e yoii, iaeiaei, ia ?acuyniyeinue, eaeei iooai Ia?iaeiia aa/a
niae?aaony aeiaeoueny inouanoaeaiey oeacaiiie oeaee. Ie a i?ia?aiia, ie
a ae?oaeo aeieoiaioao Aa/a ia aiai?eeinue i eeeaeaeaoeee iiia?oee
Aaanao?aia e ?aaiethoeeiiiii ?ac?aoaiee iaoeeiiaeueiiai aii?ina.
Iai?ioea, Ia?iaeiia aa/a auneacuaaeinue ca «niaethaeaiea caeiiiinoe» e
oaaaeaiea «nouanoaothuaai ii?yaeea», anei?a iioaeeeiaaa e niaoeeaeueiia
ia?auaiea e ianaeaieth, i?ecuaay i?ae?aoeoue ?aaiethoeeiiiia aeaeaeaiea.

19 ieoya?y 1918a. Ia?iaeiia aa/a cayaeei, /oi iii yaeyaony aaeeinoaaiiui
iieeoe/aneei i?aaiii a thaineaayineeo caieyo Aano?i-Aaia?ee. A
aeaeea?aoeee ii?aaeaeyeanue iniiaiay caaea/a Ia?iaeiiai aa/a –
«iauaaeeiaiea anaai thaineaaneiai ianaeaiey ia anae aai yoiia?aoe/aneie
oa??eoi?ee, iacaaeneii io iaeanoiuo ainoaea?noaaiiuo a?aieoe, a
i?aaeaeao eioi?uo iii a ianoiyuaa a?aiy i?iaeeaaao, a aaeeiia noaa?aiiia
ainoaea?noai.

29 ieoya?y 1918aiaea Naaoica? I?eae/aae/ io eiaie a?oiiu /eaiia
Ia?iaeiiai aa/a aian ?anniio?aiea canaaeaiey Oi?aaoneiai naai?a i?iaeo
?aciethoeee i ?ac?uaa n Aano?i-Aaia?eae. A naiae ?a/e ii i?yii oeacuaae,
/oi a i?ioeaiii neo/aa ia?iaeu inaiaiaeyo naay naie i?e iiiiue
?aaiethoeee. I?eae/aai/ i?ecuaae ao?aeoaciua ia?oee iaiaaeeaiii acyoue
aeanoue a naie ?oee ai ecaaaeaiea ?ani?ino?aiaiey «aia?oee», o.a.
?aaiethoeeiiiiai aeaeaeaiey. A oio aea aeaiue Oi?aaoneee niai? a Caa?aaa
iauyaee ia ioaeaeaiee anao thaineaayineeo i?iaeioeee io Aano?i-Aaia?ee e
i nicaeaiey naiinoiyoaeueiiai Ainoaea?noaa neiaaioeaa, oi?aaoia e
na?aia. E yoiio a?aiaie eiia?ey Aaanao?aia, eae ainoaea?noaaiiia oeaeia,
oaeoe/anee ia?anoaei nouanoaiaaoue.

Ia?iaeiia aa/a – ioeoeeaeueii oaaaeiieei i?aaeoaeuenoaa Aaia?ee e
Aano?ee i eeeaeaeaoeee oaiiaeaiiie oiee e i?aaeieo oeiainiauo e i?i/eo
niaeaoaiee i i?ae?auaiee aeinoaaie i?iaeiaieuenoaey ec thaineaayineeo
caiaeue ia ioaeaeu eiia?neie a?iee. Aianoa n oai iii cayaeei i
aioiaiinoe caeeth/eoue acaeiiauaiaeiua yeiiiie/aneea e oi?aiaua
niaeaoaiey n Aano?eae, Aaia?eae e ae?oaeie no?aiaie, iniiaaiiua ia
i?eioeeiao ?aaainoaa e oaaaeaiey noaa?aieoaoa.

Ia?iaeiia aa/a ia?aoeeinue n i?aaeeiaeaieai onoaiiaeoue aeeieiiaoe/aneea
ioiioaiey ni no?aiaie Aioaiou e oiieiiii/eei THaineaayineee eiieoao a
Eiiaeiia i?aaenoaaeyoue eioa?anu iiaiai ainoaea?noaa. Aieueoeinoai yoeo
aeoia eiaei oeaeueth iaania/eoue iaaeaeoia?iaeiia i?eciaiea oieueei /oi
nicaeaiiiai Ainoaea?noaa neiaaioeaa, oi?aaoia e na?aia

Eiie oa?aeoa? iineee aioo?eiieeoe/aneea ia?ii?eyoey. N?aco aea iinea 29
ieoya?y Ia?iaeiia aa/a i?enooieei e oi?ie?iaaieth i?aaiia aeanoe ia
ianoao aac i?eaea/aiey i?aaenoaaeoaeae ia?iaea.

A iiaii Ainoaea?noaa neiaaioeaa, oi?aaoia e na?aia aue nio?aiai noa?ue
/eiiaie/ee aiia?ao, aeaenoaiaaee i?aaeiea ?aaeoeeiiiua caeiiu.

?oeiaiaeeoaee Ia?iaeiiai aa/a i?eiyee ia?u aeey iiaeaaeaiey
?aaiethoeeiiiiai aeaeaeaiey, a no?aia. A ia?aue aea aeaiue iinea caoaaoa
aeanoe, 29 ieoya?y, iie iioaeeeiaaee aiccaaiea e aieneai e
aiaiii-ii?neiio oeioo, i?ecuaay nieaeao e ii?yeia i?ae?aoeoue «aia?oeth»
e iiae/eieoueny iiaiio i?aaeoaeuenoao. Iaeiia?aiaiii auei ecaeaii
?anii?yaeaiea i ?inionea io?yaeia «caeaiiai eaaea?a» e ia?oecaineeo
io?yaeia, i naea/a ianaeaieai i?oaeee. Oa?iaeay no?iauie ea?aie,
Ia?iaeiia aa/a o?aaiaaei i?ae?auaiey iiae?uaiie aeayoaeueiinoe
?aaiethoeeiiiuo yeaiaioia. Iii i?eooieei e nicaeaieth naieo iieeoeaeneeo
e aiaiiuo nee — oae iacuaaaiie ia?iaeiie aaa?aeee. Ia/aai ia iiaei
iiaeaeaoue Aa/a i?ioea ?aaiethoeeiiiiai aeaeaeaiey, eioi?ia ia oieueei
ia i?ae?aoeeinue iinea nicaeaiey Ainoaea?noaa neiaaioeaa, oi?aaoia, ii
iai?ioea oneeeeinue.

Ia ?yaeo n ?aaiethoeeiiiuie aunooieaieyie eiaei ianoi e iiiuoee
aia?oenoia eniieueciaaoue nicaeaaoothny ianoaiiaeo a naieo oeaeyo. E?iia
oiai, ionooiaaoea n Naeiieeneiai o?iioa, a oaeaea ec Na?aee e *a?iiai?ee
aano?i-aaiaa?neea e aa?iaineea aienea niinianoaiaaee aeaci?aaiecaoeee
aioo?aiiae aeecie. Iie oaiiyee oeaeua aeaeaciiaei?iaeiua ninoaau n
i?iaeiaieuenoaeai e eiouanoaii, ia?iaea?noaiaaee e a?aaeee ianaeaiea.
Ia?iaeiia aa/a ainiieueciaaeinue yoii eae i?aaeeiaii aeey oiai, /oiau
i?ecaaoue aienea Aioaiou e n eo iiiiuueth ?aca?iieoue ?aaiethoeeiiiia
aeaeaeaiea a iiaii ainoaea?noaa.

B ia/aea iiya?y Ia?iaeiia aa/a iai?aaeei eiiaiaeiaaieth aii?oaeaiiuie
neeaie Aioaiou ia Aaeeaiao e i?aaeoaeuenoao Na?aee, iaoiaeeaoaiony ia
ino?iaa Ei?oo, ienueia n i?inueaie i?eneaoue aienea aeey «iaaaaeaiey
ii?yaeea» e ?aci?oaeaiey ionooiaaoeo aano?i-aaiaa?neeo e aa?iaineeo
aiene.

Ia?aie e ieeoiaoeee thaineaayineeo oa??eoi?ee i?enooieea Eoaeey. Iia
i?aneaaeiaaea aeaeaei eaeouea oeaee. Eoaeueyineee eiia?eaeeci no?aieeny
e caoaaoo anae Aeaeiaoeee, Eno?ee, Oi?aaoneiai I?eii?uey e i?aa?auaiea a
ieaoeaea?i aeey aeaeueiaeoaai i?iieeiiaaiey ia Aaeeaiu. E eiioeo iiya?y
a ?oeao eoaeueyineeo ieeoiaioia auee oaea ana e?oiiua ii?ou Eno?ee e
Aeaeiaoeee.

Auno?ia i?iaeaeaeaiea eoaeueyineeo aiene aucaaei o?aaiao o O?aioeee e
Na?aee, ia caeioa?aniaaiiuo a oneeaiee iiceoeee Eoaeee ia Aaeeaiao.

E?oiiay na?aneay ao?aeoacey e ei?ieaaneee aeai? eaeayee ieaiu
i?eniaaeeiaiey ii aiciiaeiinoe anao thaineaayineeo caiaeue
Aano?i-Aaia?ee e Na?aee

1 iiya?y 1918 a. na?aneea aienea anooieee a Aaea?aae, eoaea iaiaaeeaiii
ia?aaoaei na?aneia i?aaeoaeuenoai. 13 iiya?y iaaeaeo Na?aeae e Aaia?eae
auei caeeth/?ii ia?aie?ea. A Aiaaiaeeii e Neaaiiee auee nicaeaiu
na?aneea ciiu.

Naieoeeiie?iaaa aia/aea eoaeueyineoth yeniaineth a Aeaeiaoeeth, NOA e
Aiaeey noaee iianaoueny, /oi Eoaeey caoaaoeo «neeoeii iiiai».
Aia?eeaineia e aiaeeeneia eiiaiaeiaaiea ?aoeei iineaoue naie aienea a
thaineaayineea ?aeiiu Aae?eaoeee.

Ia?iaeiia aa/a aunooieei n i?ioanoii i?ioea eoaeueyineeo caoaao/eeia, ii
i?iaeieaeaei iiiu?youe ieeoiaoeeth ni noi?iiu O?aioeee, Aiaeee e
Na?aneiai ei?ieaanoaa. Ia?iaeiia aa/a n/eoaei, /oi i?enoonoaea
aia?eeaineeo, o?aioeocneeo, aiaeeeneeo e na?aneeo aiene iiaeao ieacaoue
ecaanoiia naea?aeeaathuea aeeyiea ia Eoaeeth e ia?aie/ao aa yeniaineth.

Ia?iaeiia aa/a, ia eiaaoaa naieo nee i?aaeioa?auaiey e iiaeaaeaiey
?aaiethoeeiiiiai aeaeaeaiey, oioaei eniieueciaaoue aeey yoie oeaee
aienea Na?aee, O?aioeee, Aiaeee e NOA.

E?oiiay oi?aaoneay e neiaaineay ao?aeoacey, eiaaoay aiein a Ia?iaeiii
aa/a, auneacuaaeanue ca iauaaeeiaiea thaineaayineeo caiaeue auaoae
Aano?i-Aaia?ee n Na?aneei ei?ieaanoaii Neiaaineay e oi?aaoneay
ao?aeoacey iaaeayeanue ea?aoue a aoaeouai THaineaaneii ainoaea?noaa
cia/eoaeueii aieueooth ?ieue, /ai a Aano?i-Aaia?ee, iineieueeo Na?aey a
yeiiiie/aneii ioiioaiee ia iiiai onooiaea auaoae aeaoaaeeiie iiia?oee, e
na?aneay ao?aeoacey ia eacaeanue ae iianiui eiieo?aioii. Ii yoiio
Ia?iaeiia aa/a neeiiyeinue e iauaaeeiaieth caiaeue Ainoaea?noaa
neiaaioeaa, oi?aaoia e na?aia, a eioi?uo iii iaeaaeaei eeoue
iiieiaeueiie aeanoueth, n Na?aneei ei?ieaanoaii, ?aniieaaaaoei a?ieae e
aiaiii-iieeoeaeneei aiia?aoii.

2. I?ia?aiiu ?acee/iuo iieeoe/aneeo ia?oee e aeaeaeaiee ii nicaeaieth
aaeeiiai iaoeeiiaeueiiai ainoaea?noaa

Nouanoaiaaei ianeieueei i?iaeoia ono?ienoaa aoaeouaai thaineaayineiai
ainoaea?noaa. Auaeaeaaeenue ?anioaeeeaineea, oeaio?aeenoe/aneea e
oaaea?aeenoneea eaeae. I?ia?anneaiua yeaiaiou ai aeaaa n eaauie
nioeeae-aeaiie?aoaie aunooiaee ca ?anioaeeeaineoth oi?io i?aaeaiey,
aeaiie?aoe/aneia ono?ienoai ainoaea?noaa, ?aaainoai anao aai ia?iaeia,
ca oaaea?aoeeth ?anioaeee anaai Aaeeaineiai iieoino?iaa.

Nioeeae-aeaiie?aou aunooiaee ca nicaeaiea oeaio?aeeciaaiiiai
thaineaayineiai ainoaea?noaa, i?ioea naia?aoecia, o?aaiaaee ?aoeoaeueiie
aeaiie?aoecaoeee iauanoaaiiie aeecie.

Iaeiaei a i?ia?aiia nioeeae-aeaiie?aoe/aneie ia?oee Na?aee e Ainiee e
Aa?oeaaiaeiu, ia auei a oio ia?eiae aeinoaoi/ii /aoei iinoaaeaia
caaea/a, caaiaaaiey aeanoe i?ieaoa?eaoii e ionoonoaiaae yniue ioaao ia
aii?in i oi?iao ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey.

I?ia?aiia Oi?aaoneie ia?iaeiie e?anoueyineie ia?oee N. ?aaee/a
auaeaeaaea a iauai, aeaea caaea/o iaania/aiey iacaaeneiinoe Oi?aaoee
aaeeiii thaineaayineii ainoaea?noaa, ii ia aiai?eea i eiie?aoiuo iooyo
aa ?aoaiey.

A Aa?aea?neie Iaeaaeiiee n?aaee ianaeaiey nouanoaiaaei no?aieaiea e
iauaaeeiaieth anao /anoae Iaeaaeiiee a naiinoiyoaeueiia aaeeiia
ainoaea?noai.

*a?iiai?ee ii aii?ino i nicaeaiee aaeeiiai thaineaayineiai ainoaea?noaa
ai?ieenue aeaa iai?aaeaiey: noi?iiieee iauaaeeiaiey n Na?aeae e ae?oaeie
thaineaayineeie caieyie e noi?iiieee nio?aiaiey noa?uo ii?yaeeia e
aeanoe aeeianoee Iaaioae. A /a?iiai?neie Ia?iaeiie neoiueia noi?iiieee
aoi?iai iai?aaeaiey ninoaaeyee iaiueoeinoai.

Na?aey no?aieeanue ea?aoue ?ieue iauaaeeieoaey anao thaineaaneeo caiaeue
e aunooieea i?ioea /a?iiai?neiai e eiiai naia?aoecia.

Ao?aeoaciua iieeoe/aneea ia?oee aiceaaaee aieueoea iaaeaaeaeu ia
O/?aaeeoaeueiia nia?aiea, eioi?ia aeieaeii auei i?eiyoue eiinoeoooeeth
ainoaea?noaa. Iie n/eoaee, /oi eiinoeoooeey aoaeao niinianoaiaaoue
noaaeeecaoeee ?aaeeia. Ana aac eneeth/aiey ao?aeoaciua ia?oee auee
caeioa?aniaaiu a nicaeaiee «a?i/iie» aeanoe, niiniaiie iiaeaaeoue
?aaiethoeeiiiia aeaeaeaiea.

?yae ia?oee eiae naith nianoaaiioth i?ia?aiio ono?ienoaa ainoaea?noaa.
Yoi i?aaeii?aaeaeeei neiaeiinoue ianoaiiaee a O/?aaeeoaeueiii nia?aiee.
A ia/aea ai?aey 1921 a. iii i?enooieei e ianoaeaeaieth i?iaeoa
eiinoeoooeee, ninoaaeaiiiai niaoeeaeueiie eiienneae i?aaenoaaeoaeae
na?aneeo ao?aeoaciuo ia?oee.

?annoaiiaea nee a O/?aaeeoaeueiii nia?aiee auea neaaeothuae. Ec
aeaiooaoia nia?aiey io aeaiie?aoe/aneie ia?oee auei 92 aeaiooaoa, io
?aaeeeaeueiie — 91, Oi?aaoneie ?anioaeeeaineie e?anoueyineie ia?oey —
50, io Nithca caieaaeaeueoeaa -39, THaineaayineie ionoeueiaineie
i?aaiecaoeee-24, Neiaaineie ia?oee — 27. Eiiioienoe/aneay ia?oey
THaineaaee auea i?aaenoaaeaia 58. Ao?aeoaciua ia?oee ?aniieaaaee
aieueoeinoaii aieinia a O/?aaeeoaeueiii nia?aiee.

?aaeeeaeu, aicaeaaeyaoeany I. Iaoe/ai, i?aaenoaaeyee aeaaiui ia?acii
ao?aeoaceth nianoaaiii Na?aee e aunooiaee n iaeaieaa e?aeieie
aaeeeiaea?aeaaiuie iaoeeiiaeenoe/aneeie eicoiaaie. Iie ?anniao?eaaee
i?eniaaeeiaiiua e Ei?ieaanoao caiee eae /anoue Na?aee e no?aieeenue
aianoe niioaaonoaothuee ioieo a eiinoeoooeeth.

Aeaiie?aoe/aneay ia?oey, nicaeaiiay aaniie 1919 a., e?iia ao?aeoacee
(aiaaiui ia?acii n?aaeiae e iaeeie) nianoaaiii Na?aee, i?aaenoaaeyea
na?aneoth ao?aeoaceth Oi?aaoee e Aiaaiaeeiu. Ionoaeaay i?eioeei
oeaio?aeecia e na?aneiai aaeeeiaea?aeaaey, «aeaiie?aou» auee
caeioa?aniaaiu a iiiiiieueiii iieiaeaiee ao?aeoacee iaeieo oieueei
aioo?aiieo ?aeiiia Na?aee. C. I?eae/aae/, E. Aeaaeaeiae/ e ae?oaea
eeaea?u aeaiie?aoe/aneie ia?oee, ii iiiaei aii?inai aunooiaee i?ioea
neeoeii «i?yiieeiaeiie», iaoeeiiaeueiie iieeoeee Iaoe/a.

Iaiineaaeiaaoaeueiie auea a?oiia N. I?ioe/a, eioi?ay a 1920 a. auoea ec
?aaeeeaeueiie ia?oee. I?ioe/ i?aaeeaaae aaanoe oe?ieia iaeanoiia
naiioi?aaeaiea, eiay a aeaeo no?iaia aai iiae/eiaiea oeaio?aeueiiio
ainoaea?noaaiiiio aiia?aoo. Yoi icia/aei, /oi i?aaiu naiioi?aaeaiey
iieo/ao oieueei iiieiaeueiua i?aaa. I?iaeo I?ioe/a aue eeoue
?aciiaeaeiinoueth aaeeeina?aneiai aa?eaioa ainoaea?noaaiiiai ono?ienoaa,
i?aaeeiaeaiiiai i?aaeoaeuenoaii.

Aieaa nouanoaaiii io yoiai i?iaeoa ioee/aeenue i?iaeou ia?oee
iaoeeiiaeueiuo ?aeiiia.

THaineaayineee eeoa, a ninoaa eioi?iai aoiaeeee Neiaaineay ia?iaeiay
ia?oey, Oi?aaoneay ia?iaeiay ia?oey e iaaieueoay a?oiia na?aia
eaoieeeia, aunooiae n i?aaeeiaeaieai nicaeaoue oaaea?aoeeth oanoe
iaoeeiiaeueiuo iaeanoae n iiae/eiaieai eo oeaio?aeueiie aeanoe a
Aaea?aaea. Neiaaineay ia?iaeiay ia?oey, au?aaeay eioa?anu e?oiiie
neiaaineie ao?aeoacee, o?aaiaaea i?aaeinoaaeoue Neiaaiee, eae iaeaieaa
?acaeoie iaeanoe a ainoaea?noaa, oe?ieoth yeiiiie/aneoth aaoiiiieth.

N aiaeiae/iuie o?aaiaaieyie, ii, oaea eiay a aeaeo Oi?aaoeth, aunooieea
oae iacuaaaiay Oi?aaoneia iauaaeeiaiea, ia?aciaaaoeany a na?aaeeia
1919a. eioi?ia aunooiaei n i?ia?aiiie yeiiiie/aneie naiinoiyoaeueiinoe e
iieeoe/aneiai naiioi?aaeaiey Oi?aaoee e Ainiee e Aa?oeaaiaeiu.

Oi?aaoneia iauaaeeiaiea i?aaeeaaaei i?iaeo oaaea?aoeaiiai ono?ienoaa
ainoaea?noaa n nio?aiaieai iiia?oee Ea?aaai?aeaae/ae eae aa?oiaiie
aeanoe. I?ioea ?aaeoeeiiiiai iiia?oe/aneiai no?iy aunooiaea
Eiiioienoe/aneay ia?oey THaineaaee. E /eneo ia?oee, ionoaeaaaoeo
?anioaeeeaineee no?ie i?ioea na?aneiai aaeeeiaea?aeaaey, i?eiaaeeaaeaee
oaeaea Oi?aaoneay ?anioaeeeaineay e?anoueyineay ia?oey Noaiaia ?aaee/a
THaineaayineay ia?oey.

3. Ia?aciaaiea ei?ieaanoaa NON. Eiinoeoooeey 1921a.

Iiiuoea niaeaniaaoue ieaiu ia?aciaaiey thaineaayineiai ainoaea?noaa auea
i?aaei?eiyoa ia niaauaiee a AEaiaaa, ninoiyaoainy 6-9 iiya?y 1918a. Ia
niaauaiee i?enoonoaiaaee i?aiuea? ieieno?ia Na?aee I. Iaoe/,
i?aaenaaeaoaeue Caa?aaneiai Ia?iaeiiai aa/a A. Ei?ioaoe, i?aaenaaeaoaeue
thaineaayineiai eiieoaoa a Eiiaeiia A. O?oiae/ e ae?.

O/anoieee niaauaiey aeinoeaee acaeiiiiieiaiey ii ?yaeo aii?inia. Iaoe/
au?acee niaeanea i?eciaoue Ia?iaeiia aa/a aa?oiaiui i?aaiii aeanoe
ainoaea?noaa neiaaioeaa, oi?aaoia e na?aia, A. Ei?ioa/ e O?oiaa/, a
naith i/a?aaeue, aeaee caaa?aiey, /oi thaineaayineea caiee auaoae
Aano?i-Aaia?ee iauaaeeiyony a aaeeiii ainoaea?noaa n Na?aeae e
*a?iiai?eae, anee iineaaeiea i?iyayo e yoiio no?aieaiea.

AEaiaaneia niaauaiea i?eiyei niaeaniaaiioth aeaeea?aoeeth, a eioi?ie a
iauae oi?ia aiai?eeinue i iaiaoiaeeiinoe iauaaeeiaiey thaineaayineeo
caiaeue a aaeeiia ainoaea?noai. Ii yoa aeaeea?aoeey ia auea
iiaeaea?aeaia ia na?aneei i?aaeoaeuenoaii Noiyia I?ioe/a, niaieaoei
Iaoa/a ia iinoo i?aiuea?a, ia Ia?iaeiui aa/ai.

Iio?aaiaaeenue iiaua ia?aaiai?u iaaeaeo Ia?iaeiui aa/a e i?aaeoaeuenoaii
Na?aee. Ai a?aiy ia?aaiai?ia ianoaeaeaeny aii?in i oii, neieueei iano a
iauaaeeiaiiii i?aaeoaeuenoaa aoaeao i?aaeinoaaeaii Ia?iaeiiai aa/a.

16 iiya?y aeanoe Aeieiaoeee iai?aaeee e Ia?iaeiiio aa/a iaii?aiaeoi, a
eioi?ii auneacuaaeenue ca iauaaeeiaiea ainoaea?noaa neiaaioeaa,
oi?aaoia, na?aia n Na?aeae. Iaii?aiaeoi aue iiaeaea?aeai aeanoyie Ainiee
e Aa?oeaaiaeiu.

Ia?iaeiia aa/a 24 iiya?y 1918a. auianei ?aoaiea ia iauaaeeiaiea
ainoaea?noaa neiaaioeaa, oi?aaoia e na?aia n Na?aneei ei?ieaanoaii e
*a?iiai?eae. 26 iiya?y ?aoaiea ia iauaaeeiaiee Na?aeae i?eiyea Ia?iaeiay
neoiueia *a?iiai?ee, a 25 iiya?y – Ia?iaeiay neoiueia Aiaaiaeeia
canaaeaaoay a ai?iaea Iiae Naae.

1 aeaeaa?y 1918a. aeaeaaaoeey caa?aaneiai Ia?iaeiiai aa/a a?o/eei a
Aaea?aaea aa?iiiiaeaeaiie/aneee aae?an i?eioeo – ?aaaioo e a oio aea
aeaiue io eiaie ei?iey i?eioeo-?aaaioo Aeaenaiae? Ea?aaai?aeaae/ iauyaee
ia ia?aciaaiee ei?ieaanoaa na?aia, oi?aaoia e neiaaioeaa. Yoio aeaiue e
n/eoaaony aeaoie nicaeaiey THaineaaneiai ainoaea?noaa.

A ninoaa ei?ieaanoaa NON aioee Na?aey e *a?iiai?ey, ?aiaa
naiinoiyoaeueiia ainoaea?noai, e thaineaayineea caiee auaoae
Aano?i-Aaia?ee: Oi?aaoey, Neiaaiey, Aeaeiaoeey Ainiey e Aa?oeaaiaeia e
Aiaaiaeeia. A iiaii ainoaea?noaa ieacaeanue oaeaea Iaeaaeiiey.

Ei?ieaanoai na?aia, oi?aaoia e neiaaioeaa auei iiiaiiaoeeiiaeueiui.
Ainiiaenoaothuae iaoeeae noaee na?au, ninoaaeyaoea 39% anaai ianaeaiey
THaineaaee.

Oaea ia ia/aeueiii yoaia nouanoaiaaiey THaineaaneiai ainoaea?noaa
eiaeanue aieueoay ?acieoea iaaeaeo oi?iaeueiuie e oaeoe/aneeie i?aaaie
ianaeyaoeo aai ia?iaeia. Auei nicaeaii a?aiaiiia ia?iaeiia
i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoai» — iauaainoaea?noaaiiue ia?eaiaio,
ooieoeeiie?iaaaoee aieioue aei nicuaa O/?aaeeoaeueiiai nia?aiey a 1920a.

20 aeaeaa?y 1918 n. auei ia?aciaaii i?aaeoaeuenoai Ei?ieaanoaa. Oi?iaoii
iii n/eoaeinue eiaeeoeeiiiui, oae eae a aai ninoaa aioee i?aaenoaaeoaee
12 aaaeoueo ao?aeoaciuo ia?oee, a oii /enea oi?aaoneeo e neiaaineeo. Ii
?oeiaiaeyuoth ?ieue a iai n naiiai ia/aea ea?aee i?aaenoaaeoaee e?oiiie
na?aneie ao?aeoacee. Aeaaie i?aaeoaeuenoaa noae iaeei ec eeaea?ia
Na?aneie ?aaeeeaeueiie ia?oee Noiee I?ioe/. Iiieii I?ioe/a. a eaaeiao
aioee aua ainaiue i?aaenoaaeoaeae io Na?aee. Oanoue /eaiia
i?aaeoaeuenoaa i?aaenoaaeyee Oi?aaoeth, aeaa — Neiaaieth, aeaa – Ainieth
e Aa?oeaaiaeio e oieueei iaeei – *a?iiai?ee.

Ainoaea?noaaiiue aiia?ao a oeaio?a e ia ianoao, iieeoeey, a?iey e
aiaiii-ii?neie oeio iaoiaeeeenue iiae eiio?ieai e?oiiie ao?aeoacee,
aeaaiui ia?acai, na?aneie. I?aaenoaaeoaee yoie ao?aeoacee caiyee anthaeo
eiiaiaeiua iinou.

Aieueooth ?ieue a iiaii ainoaea?noaa ea?ae ei?ieaaneee aeai? e ee/ii
?aaaio Aeaenaiae? Ea?aaai?aeaae/. ?aaaio aue iaaeaeai cia/eoaeueiuie
i?aaaie. Io eiaie ei?iey ii iacia/ae e niauae i?aiuea?-ieieno?a, nicuaae
e ?anioneae Ia?iaeioth Neoiueio, ecaeaaae caeiiu e caeeth/ae
iaaeaeoia?iaeiua aeiaiai?u. Aeeyiea aiaiueiu e i?eaeai?iie eaia?eeuee ia
iieeoe/aneoth aeeciue ei?ieaanoaa auei ianoieueei neeueiui, /oi ii
nouanoao ainoaea?noai iineei ieeeoa?enoneee oa?aeoa?.

Na?ueaciie iii?ie iiia?oee Ea?aaai?aeaae/ae auea i?aaineaaiay oea?eiaue,
aeaaeaaoay aieueoeie caiaeueiuie o/anoeaie ae?oaei iaaeaeaeeiui
eiouanoaii. I?aayuea e?oae no?aieeenue oaeaea iia?aoueny ia
eaoiee/aneoth e ionoeueiaineoth oea?eiaue a thaineaayineeo caieyo auaoae
Aano?i-Aaia?ee. I?aaeoaeuenoai I?ioi/a nio?aieei ca ionoeueiaineie e
eaoiee/aneie oea?eiaueth ana eo aeaaeaiey e i?eaeeaaee.

28 ethiy 1921a. A aeaiue nayoiai Aeaea (Aeaeiaaeai), aiaeiaueio aeoau ia
Einiaii aeiea, eiinoeoooeey, iieo/eaoay iacaaiea «Aeaeiaaeaineie», auea
i?eiyoa. Ca iaa aieiniaaee 223 aeaiooaoa ec 419.

Ii eiinoeoooeee Na?ai-oi?aaoi-neiaaineia ainoaea?noai i?iaicaeaoaeinue
iiia?oeae ai aeaaa n aeeianoeae Ea?aaai?aeaae/ae. Ei?ieth
i?aaeinoaaeyeenue cia/eoaeueiua i?aaa: ii yaeyeny aeaaiieiiaiaeothuei
aii?oaeaiiuie neeaie, iacia/ae i?aiuea?-ieieno?ia, iia aaanoe a no?aia
/?acau/aeiia iieiaeaiea e oai naiui i?einoaiiaeoue aeaenoaea
eiinoeoooeee. Ei?ieue ne?aieye naiae iiaeienueth iaaeaeoia?iaeiua
aeiaiai?u, io aai eiaie i?aaeoaeuenoai iiaei iauyaeyoue aieio e
caeeth/aoue ie?. Caeiiu, i?eiyoua ia?eaiaioii, oaeaea iiaeeaaeaee
ooaa?aeaeaieth ei?ieai, a nai ia?eaiaio aeieaeai aue nicuaaoueny e
?anioneaoueny ia iniiaa ei?ieaaneiai oeaca. A noaouea 34-e eiinoeoooeee
aiai?eeinue i iai?eeiniiaaiiinoe ee/iinoe ei?iey e inaiaiaeaeaiee aai io
ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca naie aeaenoaey ia?aae ia?eaiaioii e ia?iaeai. A
noaouea 91-e i?aaeoaeuenoai iauyaeyeinue ioaaonoaaiiui ia?aae ei?ieai e
Ia?iaeiie neoiueiie, ii oaeoe/anee iii aieueoa caaenaei io ei?iey,
eioi?iio i?eiaaeeaaeaei i?aai oaieueiaiey i?aaeoaeuenoaa a ionoaaeo.

Ia?iaeiay neoiueia n/eoaeanue, oai ia iaiaa, aa?oiaiui caeiiiaeaoaeueiui
i?aaiii. Iia ninoiyea ec iaeiie iaeaou e ecae?aeanue ia /aou?aoeaoiee
n?ie. I?aaii auoue eca?aiiuie a neoiueio iieueciaaeenue oieueei
ioae/eiu, aeinoeaoea 30-eaoiaai aic?anoa. AEaiueiu e aiaiiineoaeauea
auee eeoaiu ecae?aoaeueiuo i?aa.

I?aaa iana?aneeo ia?iaeia e iaoeeiiaeueiuo iaiueoeinoa iieiinoui
eaii?e?iaaeenue. Eiinoeoooeey ii nouanoao naieoeeiie?iaaea
ia?aaiii?aaiia iieiaeaiea ianaeaiey Aa?aea?neie Iaeaaeiiee, *a?iiai?ee e
ae?oaeo iaeanoae Ei?ieaanoaa NON. Eaeea-eeai i?aaiu ianoiiai
iaoeeiiaeueiiai naiioi?aaeaiey a iana?aneeo iaeanoyo ia nicaeaaaeenue.

A eaaeaeoth iaeanoue ei?ieue iacia/ae aoaa?iaoi?a (aaeeeiai aeoiaia) e
?oeiaiaeyuee ninoaa /eiiaie/ueaai aiia?aoa. Anaai auei nicaeaii 33
iaeanoe.

Ia?aeeaeueii n i?aaiaie aeanoe, iacia/aiiuie naa?oo, nio?aiyeenue
auai?iua i?aaiu naiioi?aaeaiey, ii eo eiiiaoaioeey auea ia?aie/aiiie e,
e?iia oiai, iie aeieaeiu auee niaeaniauaaoue naie ?aoaiey n
ainoaea?noaaiiuie i?aaiaie aeanoe.

Eiinoeoooeey io?aiyea /anoioth eaieoaeenoe/aneoth e iiiaue/ueth
nianoaaiiinoue. Ainoaea?noai eiaei i?aai aiaoeaaoueny a ioiioaiey
iaaeaeo i?aaei?eieiaoaeyie e ?aai/eie. Ia iniiaaiee noaouee 2-e
eiinoeoooeey i?aaeoaeuenoai iiaei eniieueciaaoue iieeoeeth e aienea aeey
ai?ueau n ?aai/ei aeaeaeaieai.

Oi?iaeueii eiinoeoooeey i?iaicaeaoaea e aa?aioe?iaaea i?aaa e
iieeoe/aneea naiaiaeu a?aaeaeai. Iaeiaei i?eiyoue anei?a niaoeeaeueiue
«Caeii i caueoa ainoaea?noaa» oaeoe/anee ca/a?eeaae yoe noaouee
eiinoeoooeee. I?aaeeiaii aeey ecaeaiey caeiia iineoaeeee
oa??i?enoe/aneea aeou i?ioea i?eioea-?aaaioa Aeaenaiae?a e ieieno?a
aioo?aiieo aeae Ae?aoeiae/a.

ssiaa?neee ieaioi 1968 a. noae aaaeiui oaaii a ?ac?aoaiee e?ecena a
ia?oee. Iiaui aa ?oeiaiaeeoaeai aue eca?ai A. Aeoa/ae.

I?aaenoaaeoaee ?aoi?iaoi?neiai e?uea iieaaaee, /oi nooueth ia?aiai
aeieaeia noaoue eeeaeaeaoeey aeaoi?iaoeee nioeeaeecia, aeaiie?aoecaoeey
ia oieueei ia?oeeiie, ii e iauanoaaiiie aeecie. A ea/anoaa iaioeiaeiuo
ia? iacuaaeenue o?aaoee?iaaiea neiaaoeeiai aii?ina, eciaiaiea ioiioaiey
ia?oee e eioaeeeaaioeee e i?aaeaea anaai iineaaeiaaoaeueiay
?aaaeeeoaoeey anao iino?aaeaaoeo a oiaea iieeoe/aneeo i?ioeannia.

Iinea yiaa?neii» ieaioia o ?aoi?iaoi?ia iiyaeeanue aiciiaeiinoue ia?aeoe
a i?aaieciaaiiia ianooieaiea i?ioea eiina?aaoi?ia a ia?oee n iiiiuueth
aeaaeaiey eae «naa?oo», oae e «nieco», eniieuecoy aeinooiiua n?aaenoaa
ianniaie eioi?iaoeee. A ia/aea ia?oa 1968 a. i?aeoe/anee auea ioiaiaia
oeaico?a e ia iauanoai ia?ooeeny iioie e?eoeee e ?aciaea/aiee iaaeaaiaai
nioeeaeenoe/aneiai i?ioeiai. Ana yoi niinianoaiaaei iinoaiaiiiio
oi?ie?iaaieth a?aaeaeaineiai iauanoaa *aoineiaaeee. Iiyaeeny oeaeue ?yae
iiauo iauanoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee: Eeoa aeoeaiuo aania?oeeiuo.

E iiiaioo nicuaa ai?aeueneiai 1968 a. ieaioia OeE ?aoi?iaoi?u caiyee
?aoathuea iinou a i?aceaeeoia e nae?aoa?eaoa OeE EI*, ia ianoao. A ia?oa
1968 a. i?aceaeaioii ?anioaeeee aue eca?ai aaia?ae E. Naiaiaea,
i?aaiecaoi? /aoineiaaoeeeo aieineeo /anoae a NNN? a aiaeu aieiu, oaeaea
iino?aaeaaoee a ia?eiae ?ai?annee. I?aaenaaeaoaeai ia?eaiaioa noae E.
Ni?eianeee, a i?aiuea?ii I. *a?iee. E aania 1968 a. A no?aia neiaeeeinue
ianniaia aeaeaeaiea, aunooiaaoaa iiae eicoiaaie nioeeaeenoe/aneiai
iaiiaeaiey no?aiu.

Eiioo?u iaiiaeaiey iieeoe/aneie nenoaiu auee iaia/aiu a «I?ia?aiia
aeaenoaee» eiiia?oee. A iae auea noi?ioee?iaaia caaea/a nicaeaiey
ieth?aeenoe/aneie iiaeaee nioeeaeecia, iiae/a?eeaaeanue iaiaoiaeeiinoue
aaoiiiiiiai iieiaeaiey a iauanoaa iaoee e eoeueoo?u.

Ii noa?aeiai iauanoaaiiie eiinieeaeaoeee noae ae?oaie aeieoiaio —
«Iaieoano 2000 neia». Ii iiyaeeny 27 ethiy 1968 a. e io?aaeae
iaoaeiaeaoai?aiiinoue iauanoaa iaaeinoaoi/iui ioii?ii eiina?aaoeaiui
neeai ni noi?iiu ?aoi?iaoi?ia. Aai aaoi?ii aue ienaoaeue E. Aaoeoeee.
Iaieoano i?yii i?ecuaae a?aaeaeai ?anioaeeee e ono?aiaieth anao
i?aiyonoaee ia iooe ?aoi?i ia ianoao. Ia?oeeiua e ainoaea?noaaiiua
i?aaiu ioaa?aee iaieoano eae aeieoiaio, i?ecuaathuee e ?ac?ooaieth
nouanoaothuae iieeoe/aneie nenoaiu. Ii ia iauanoai ii i?iecaae
iaiau/aeii neeueiia aia/aoeaiea.

E eaoo 1968 a. i ?oeiaiaeyuae ?iee eiiia?oee a no?aia o?oaeii auei oaea
aiai?eoue. Iauanoaaiiinoue aunooiaea ca aeaiie?aoecaoeeth
Iaoeeiiaeueiiai o?iioa, ca ?aaeecaoeeth ia aeaea i?eioeeiia ieth?aeecia
e ia?eaiaioneie aeaiie?aoee, ca naiaiaeioth eiieo?aioeeth anao
iieeoe/aneeo nee. Cao/aee o?aaiaaiey ia?ano?ieoue Iaoeeiiaeueiue o?iio
ia i?eioeeiao ia?oia?neeo ioiioaiee, ?ac?aoeoue aeayoaeueiinoue
iiiiceoeeiiiuo EI* ia?oee.

Ea?aeeiaeueiua i?aia?aciaaiey ia/aeenue a ianniauo iauanoaaiiuo
i?aaiecaoeeyo. A oiaea auai?ia a caaiaeneea eiieoaou i?ionithcia
nicaeaaaeenue i?ioi?aaiecaoeee iiaiai oeia. Aue iioaeeeiaai iiaue i?iaeo
i?ionithciie i?ia?aiiu. I?iecioea iaauaaeay aeoeaecaoeey iieiaeaaeiiai
aeaeaeaiey. A ia?oa 1968 a. aue ?aniouai aaeeiue *aoineiaaoeeee nithc
iieiaeaaee, a ia aai ianoa iiyaeeinue ieiei 20 naiinoiyoaeueiuo
iieiaeaaeiuo i?aaiecaoeee, nioie ?acee/iuo eeoaia ii eioa?anai.

?aoaiea i oaaea?aoeaiii ono?ienoaa *NN? auei i?eiyoi 28 aaaonoa 1968 a.
Iii anooieei a neeo 1 yiaa?y 1969 a. *aoineiaaoeeay Nioeeaeenoe/aneay
?anioaeeea aieioue aei ia/aea 90-o aiaeia ninoiyea ec *aoneie e
Neiaaoeeie nioeeaeenoe/aneeo ?anioaeee.

A nayce n eciaiaieai ono?ienoaa ainoaea?noaa oieoa?iiai ia
oaaea?aoeaiia, i?iecioea ?ai?aaiecaoeey aunoeo i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie
aeanoe. Aianoi Iaoeeiiaeueiiai nia?aiey auei nicaeaii Oaaea?aeueiia
nia?aiea, eioi?ia ninoiyei ec aeaoo iaeao: iaeaou ia?iaea e iaeaou
iaoeeiiaeueiinoae, iineoaeai caeiiiaeaoaeueiie aeanoe a *aoneie
?anioaeeea aue *aoneee iaoeeiiaeueiue niaao, a a Neiaaeee — Neiaaoeeee
iaoeeiiaeueiue niaao. Eiiia?oey oaeaea inoaaaeanue aaeeiie.

?aoaiea, neiaaoeeiai aii?ina iieiaeeei ia/aei na?ueaciui, eciaiaieyi a
iaoeeiiaeueiie iieeoeea a *NN?. Aei 1968 a. iaoeeiiaeueiua i?iaeaiu, eae
i?aaeei, ia noaaeeenue e ia ?aoaeenue. A ia?eiae «i?aaeneie aaniu»
i?aaaee?iaae i?eioeei — nia/aea aeaiie?aoecaoeey, caoai oaaea?aeecaoeey.
Iineaaeothuee oiae niauoee canoaaee ioeacaoueny io oaeiai iiaeoiaea e
aieioioth caiyoueny ii?iaeecaoeeae iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiuo ioiioaiee a
no?aia. Oaea a ieoya?a 1968a. aue i?eiyo aaaeiue caeii i iieiaeaiee
iaoeeiiaeueiinoae a *NN? nouanoaaiii eciaiyaoee eo noaoon. Caeii aia?aua
ioeoeeaeueii i?eciaaae nouanoaiaaiea iaoeeiiaeueiuo iaiueoeinoa e eo
i?aaa, aa?aioe?iaae naiaiaeo iaoeeiiaeueiiai ?acaeoey.

Nuacae neiaaoeeie eiiia?oee iinea iiaeienaiey iineianeiai i?ioieiea ia
oieueei ioeacae a i?aaiii/iinoe «auni/aineiio» nuacaeo EI*, ii e
aiioee?iaae ana aai iinoaiiaeaiey, i?eiyoua a ia/aea aai nianoaaiiie
?aaiou. Ia?aui nae?aoa?ai EIN aue eca?ai A. Aonae. Oaeie iiai?io aeaea
iiaeeye e ia ?annoaiiaeo nee aioo?e OeE EI*. 31 aaaonoa 1968 a. ii
iaeia?ee ?acoeueoaou iineianeeo ia?aaiai?ia. Aaia?ae E. Nethaiaea e A.
Aonae auee aaaaeaiu a ninoaa i?aceaeeoia OeE EI*. Ia ieaioia IE EI* a
iiya?a 1968 a. oaeaeenue i?iaanoe ?aciethoeeth, inoaeaeaaooth eeieth
?aoi?iaoi?ia a aeiaaaonoianeee ia?eiae. I?ioea aaaeoueo aeayoaeae
«i?aaeneie aaniu» noaea ?acai?a/eaaoueny eaiiaiey aeanoeie e?eoeee.

Ia iaeneii ieaioia OeE EI* 1969 a. auee iaia/aiu ia?u ii aeaeueiaeoaio
«eni?aaeaieth» iieiaeaiey, a oaeaea i?eiyou aee?aeoeau ?acaeoey ia?oee a
ia?eiae aei XIV nuacaea. Naioya?ueneee ieaioi OeE 1969a. aiioee?iaae ana
?aoaiey «auni/aineiai» nuacaea EI*.

A 1970 a. ia/aeanue /enoea ia?oeeiuo ?yaeia. Aieaa 20% /eaiia EI*
i?eoeinue iieeiooue aa ?yaeu. A aeaeaa?a 1970 a. aue iaia?iaeiaai
aeieoiaio, ia iiiaea aiaeu noaaoee aeiaiie — «O?iee e?eceniiai ?acaeoey
a ia?oee e iauanoaa iinea XIII nuacaea EI*». Ii yaeeny naiaia?aciui
iaieoanoii eiina?aaoeaiuo nee, ii/oe a oa/aiea aeaoo iineaaeothueo
aeanyoeeaoee caaeaaaaoeo oii a ia?oeeiie e ainoaea?noaaiiie aeecie.

Aeieoiaio 4.

N ianooieaieai a NNN? ia?eiaea aeaniinoe e ia?ano?ieee aoiinoa?a canoiy
a iauanoaaiiie e iieeoe/aneie aeecie *NN? noaea iinoaiaiii iaiyoueny.
Aieueoie eioa?an aucuaaea oniaoiay yeiiiie/aneay ?aoi?ia a ninaaeiae
Aaia?ee. *aoineiaaoeeay iauanoaaiiinoue aiceaaaea aieueoea iaaeaaeaeu ia
aeaiie?aoecaoeeth iieeoe/aneie aeecie a nayce n aeceoii I.N. Oi?aa/aaa e
iineaaeiaaaoei a eiioea 1987 a. eca?aieai ia?aui nae?aoa?ai OeE EI* I.
sseaoa. Iaeiaei ii ia ii?aaaeae naycuaaaoeony n iei iaaeaaeae. Caoi
aeoeaiui noi?iiieeii ?aoi?ie?iaaiey yeiiiieee ca?aeiiaiaeiaae naay
aiiaue iacia/aiiue i?aiuea?-ieieno?ii i?aaeoaeuenoaa *NN? E. Aaeaiaoe.
Ei auea i?aaei?eiyoa iiiuoea, nicaeaoue ?aoi?iaoi?neia e?uei ec /eaiia
i?aceaeeoia OeE EI*.

Iaaeaeo oai, iauanoai iinoaiaiii inaiaiaeaeaeinue io /oanoaa no?aoa:
i?ioee ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiua aeaiiino?aoeee a oeaio?a I?aae a nayce n
20-eaoeai eioa?aaioeee 1968 a., a oaeaea aeaiiino?aoeey a /anoue aeiy
iaoeeiiaeueiie iacaaeneiinoe 28 ieoya?y 1988 a. Ana aieaa caiaoiui
noaiiaeeinue aeeyiea ia iauanoaaiioth aeeciue i?aaicaueoiie i?aaiecaoeee
«Oa?oey-77», aicieeoae a 1977 a. Yoi iaoi?iaeueiia iauaaeeiaiea neaaeeei
ca auiieiaieai iaycaoaeuenoa, i?eiyouo ia naay aeanoyie *NN? ia
Oaeueneieneii niaauaiee 1975 a. ii niaethaeaieth i?aa /aeiaaea a no?aia
e eioi?ie?iaaei nianoaaiioth e ie?iaoth iauanoaaiiinoue i ia?ooaieyo a
yoie noa?a.

E eiioeo 80-o aa. aic?inei /enei ?acee/iuo iaoi?iaeueiuo i?aaiecaoeee,
a?oiie?iaaaoeony aie?oa «Oa?oee-77». A ia/aea 1989 a. eo ian/eouaaeinue
aieaa 35. Auea i?iaaaeaia eaiiaiey i?ioanoa i?ioea oea?eiaiie iieeoeee
ainoaea?noaa, iiaeaea?aeaiiay ea?aeeiaeii Oiiaoaeii.

Iniaaiii ianniaue oa?aeoa? i?eia?aea eaiiaiey ii nai?o iiaeienae a
iiaeaea?aeeo aiccaaiey «Ianeieueei neia», aae?aniaaiiiai aeanoyi. A iai
niaea?aeaeny i?ecua e i?aaiai aeanoe ia/aoue aeeaeia n iiiiceoeeae i
aeaiie?aoe/aneeo i?aia?aciaaieyo.

I?ioeanno ?inoa iieeoe/aneie aeoeaiinoe iauanoaa ia iiaee iiiaoaoue ie
?acaii ?yaea ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiuo aeaiiino?aoeee, ie oneeaiea aiiaiee,
i?aaeaea anaai ia noi?iiieeia «Oa?oee-77». A eiioea 1988 a. aeanoe
auioaeaeaiu auee ?ac?aoeoue aeaiiino?aoeeth a I?aaa a nayce n
iaaeaeoia?iaeiui aeiai i?aa /aeiaaea, i?eo?i/aiioth e aaineie
eiioa?aioeee IANA. Aeoeey iieo/eea aieueoie ?aciiain a iauanoaa. A
ionoaaeo aue auioaeaeai oeoe iaeei ec naiuo iaeeiciuo aeayoaeae eo?na
«ii?iaeecaoeee» A. Aeeye, aunooieaoee i?ioea i?eiyoey *NN? aeinoeaioouo
a Aaia aeiaiai?aiiinoae a iaeanoe i?aa /aeiaaea.

19 iiya?y 1989 a. ia aaca ?yaea iaoi?iaeueiuo i?aaiecaoeee auei nicaeaii
aeaeaeaiea «A?aaeaeaineee oi?oi» (AO), ai aeaaa eioi?iai noae A. Aaaae.
Ia AO auei aiceiaeaii ?oeiaiaenoai noeoeeiuie aeoeeyie i?ioanoa. A
Neiaaeee iiaeiaiia a?aaeaeaineia aeaeaeaiea aicaeaaeea aicieeoay oiaaea
aea i?aaiecaoeey «Iauanoaaiiinoue i?ioea ianeeey» (III).

21 iiya?y 1989 a. ia/aeenue ia?aaiai?u i?aaenaaeaoaey Oaaea?aeueiiai
i?aaeoaeuenoaa E. Aaeaiaoea n i?aaenoaaeoaeai «A?aaeaeaineiai oi?oia» A.
Aaaaeii, a oiaea eioi?uo auea aeinoeaiooa aeiaiai?aiiinoue i ?ac?aoaiee
eiioeeeoa aeaiie?aoe/aneei iooai, n iiiiuueth aeeaeiaa n
iauanoaaiiinoueth. 24 iiya?y iiaeaee a ionoaaeo ia?aue nae?aoa?ue OeE
EI* I. sseao e ae?oaea /eaiu ia?oeeiiai ?oeiaiaenoaa.

3 aeaeaa?y 1989 a. iiaeae a ionoaaeo i?aceaeaio A. Aonae,
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii iauyaea ia ionoaaea i?aaeoaeuenoaa. Aue noi?ie?iaai
iiaue eaaeiao, a eioi?ii 16 iano ec 21 caiyee eiiioienou. Ii iiaay aieia
aeaiiino?aoeee auioaeeea aai iiaeaoue a ionoaaeo 7 aeaeaa?y.

10 aeaeaa?y auei noi?ie?iaaii i?aaeoaeuenoai «iaoeeiiaeueiiai niaeaney»
ai aeaaa n I. *aeoie io EI*. Aai ninoaa ii?aaeaeeeny a oiaea
aeeeoaeueiuo ia?aaiai?ia ?yaea iieeoe/aneeo ia?oee e anao iauanoaaiiuo
aeaeaeaiee. A eaaeiao aioee 10 ieieno?ia io EI*, 2 — io
nioeeaeenoe/aneie ia?oee, 2 — io ia?iaeiie ia?oee e naia?i
i?aaenoaaeoaeae «A?aaeaeaineiai oi?oia» e «Iauanoaaiiinoe i?ioea
ianeeey».

19 aeaeaa?y i?aaeoaeuenoai *aeou iaia?iaeiaaei cayaeaiea, a eioi?ii auei
au?aaeaii niaeanea ia i?iaaaeaiea naiaiaeiuo aeaiie?aoe/aneeo auai?ia e
iinoaiaiiue ia?aoiae e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea e ia?eaiaioneie aeaiie?aoee.

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