.

О Цицероне

Язык: русский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 497
Скачать документ

I Oeeoea?iia

(enoi/iee: Aaeea? Aeae. Aaaono. Ia?aue eiia?aoi? ?eia / ia?. n aiae.
I.A. Iicaeiyeiaie. – I.: Oeaio?iieea?ao, 2003. – 346 n.)

ssaeyynue noi?iiieeii ?anioaeeeaineiai no?iy, Oeeoea?ii iaeia?ye
oaeenoai THeey Oeaca?y, oae eae n/eoae, /oi i?aaeaiea Oeaca?y
i?aaenoaaeyei niaie oa?ico aeey ?anioaeeeaineeo einoeoooia.

Oeeoea?ii n/eoae i?aaiecaoi?ia oaeenoaa THeey Oeaca?y A?ooa e Eanney
inaiaiaeeoaeyie ?eineiai ia?iaea io oe?aia.

Eiaaea iaae i?ioeaieeaie Oeaca?y iaaenea oa?ica, Oeeoea?ii noae eo
?oii?ii, eioi?ue ia?aaae naie iuouaiey a neiaa. Oeeoea?ii noae
iniciaaaoue, /oi oaeeoeu Oeaca?y, i?aaeiieaaaaiiai oe?aia, aianoi oiai
/oiau inaiaiaeeoue ?ei io anaai, /oi aai aeaaeei, ia aeiaeeenue ieeaeiai
?acoeueoaoa, e?iia ?acaa oiai, /oi iieo/eee iiaiai, aua aieaa oaeaniiai,
/ai Oeaca?ue, oe?aia – Ia?ea Aioiiey. A ienueia Aooeeo Oeeoea?ii ienae:
«Iu oaeee oe?aia, ii ia oe?aieth».

Oeeoea?ii niaeaeae i oii, /oi aianoa n Oeaca?ai ia aue oaeo e Ia?e
Aioiiee.

26 ethiy 44 a. aei i.y. a Aioee i?iecioea ano?a/a aeeaeaeoeo
caaiai?ueeia e i?ioeaieeia Oeaca?y: Oeeoea?iia, Ia?ea A?ooa, Na?aeeee –
iaoa?e A?ooa (iaeii a?aiy auaoae ethaiaieoeae THeey), Ii?oeee – aeaiu
A?ooa, Eanney, Oa?ooeeu – aeaiu Eanney e Oaaiiey. Ia yoie ano?a/a
caaiai?ueee ?aoaee, eae ei iinooiaoue aeaeueoa.

Aeey oiai /oiau i?eaea/ue ia naith noi?iio eae iiaeii aieueoa ?eineeo
a?aaeaeai Oeeoea?ii, eae ?eineee naiaoi?, i?iecian a Naiaoa ?a/ue
iai?aaeaiioth i?ioea Ia?ea Aioiiey, eioi?ay iieo/eea iacaaiea
«Oeeeiieea» («Ia?aay oeeeiieea»). Oaeei ia?acii, Oeeoea?ii oioae
i?iaanoe ia?aeeaeue iaaeaeo naiei neiaeeaoeiny iieiaeaieai e iieiaeaieai
Aeaiinoaia, aaeeeiai a?a/aneiai i?aoi?a, iieeoe/aneiai i?ioeaieea
Oeeeiia Iaeaaeiineiai.

Ioaa/ay ia «Ia?aoth oeeeiieeo» Ia?e Aioiiee a Naiaoa iaaeiee Oeeoea?iia
ia oieueei a nio/anoee a oaeenoaa Oeaca?y, ii e a oii, /oi ii aue aeooie
caaiai?a, oaeiie aeaaie ieeaa?oia, iiaeno?aeaaoei ethaeae aeoiuo, ii
ioaaaeiuo naeaeaoue ca iaai ?aaioo, ca eioi?oth ii ia aeaeae ioaa/aoue…

Oaoaa ec ?eia a Iooaieu Oeeoea?ii ni/eiee «Aoi?oth oeeeiieeo», eioi?oth
?ani?ino?aiee n?aaee naieo ae?ocae e oao, eoi eacaeny iiaeoiaeyuei
iauaeoii i?iiaaaiaeu. Yoi auee ee/iua iaiaaeee ia Ia?ea Aioiiey.
Oeeoea?ii ecia?acee Ia?ea Aioiiey eae iueyieoeo e ?aca?aoieea,
iia?ycoaai ai anaaeicaieaiiinoe, e?iae e iaiaaenoe.

A naith i/a?aaeue Ia?e Aioiiee cayaeye, /oi yoio ciae Oeeoea?ii aiiaue
caiyeny iiaeno?aeaoaeuenoaii e iieeoe/aneiio oaeenoao.

?yae eaaeiiia ioeacaeenue iiae/eiyoueny Ia?eo Aioiieth, a aeaa – ia?aoee
ia noi?iio Ieoaaeaia.

24 ieoya?y 44 a. aei i.y. Ia?e Aioiiee nicaae Naiao e iauyaee Ieoaaeaia
Nia?oaeii, a Oeeoea?iia – aaeioiiaeoaeai aai iae?aneauo aeae. Iinea
yoiai ia/aeanue a?aaeaeaineay aieia iaaeaeo Ia?eii Aioiieai e
Ieoaaeaiii.

Oeeoea?ii iioae ia naeeaeaiea n Ieoaaeaiii, oae eae ?ann/eouaae ia oi,
/oi n iiiiuueth Ieoaaeaia iioeiaou niiaoo naa?aiooue iaiaaenoiiai Ia?ea
Aioiiey. Anee iie aicueioo thiioo iiae naia e?uei, o/eouaay, /oi ii
caeiiiue ianeaaeiee Oeaca?y, e n aai iiiiuueth neeioo Aioiiey, iie,
aiciiaeii, iaeaeoo a aeaeueiaeoai niinia iooanieoue aai e acyoue aeanoue
a naie ?oee. E?iia oiai, Oeeoea?ii ?ann/eouaae, /oi ii noaiao aaeeeei
ainoaea?noaaiiui aeayoaeai e aicaeaaeo ana i?aaei?eyoey!

20 aeaeaa?y 44 a. aei i.y. Oeeoea?ii aunooiee n ?a/ueth a Naiaoa,
eioi?ay ecaanoia eae «O?aouey oeeeiieea». A naiae ?a/e Oeeoea?ii oeacae
ia iianiinoue, a?icyuoth ainoaea?noao, i?ecaae e ?aoeoaeueiui
aeaenoaeyi, ioiaoea iao?eioe/aneee iano?ie Ieoaaeaia, eioi?ue
i?aaeinoaaee naie aienea a ?anii?yaeaiea ?anioaeeee, e aian
i?aaeeiaeaiea i i?eaeaiee aeiiieieoaeueiuo iieiiii/ee iiaui eiinoeai,
eae oieueei oa anooiyo a aeieaeiinoue n 1 yiaa?y 43 a. aei i.y. Yoa
?a/ue niinianoaiaaea oiio, /oi noi?iiieee Oeaca?y ii iauaio niaeaneth
aa?ioeenue e aeanoe, a Ia?e Aioiiee, eioi?iio ianeieueei ianyoeaa iacaae
ia auei ?aaiuo, noae iyoaaeieeii e aaaeaoeii, i?aneaaeoaiui
ioeoeeaeueiuie i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaa.

A «Iyoie oeeeiieea» Oeeoea?ii i?ecaae e i?iaeieaeaieth ai?ueau i?ioea
Ia?ea Aioiiey, iiea iianiinoue ia aoaeao i?aaeioa?auaia.

Ieoaaeai, i?eieiay iiaeaea?aeeo a Naiaoa ni noi?iiu Oeeoea?iia, iaei
aa?ee a aai ene?aiiinoue. Ii iiieiae, /oi Oeeoea?ii e iioeiaou, eae
noa?ay ieeaa?oe/aneay ia?oey, oioaee i?inoi eniieueciaaoue aai a
ea/anoaa iiaeoiaeyuaai eino?oiaioa, eioi?ue caoai iiaeii ioeiaeeoue a
noi?iio ca iaiaaeiaiinoueth.

Oeeoea?ii, niinianoaoy aii?oaeaieth noi?iiieeia Ieoaaeaia aeey iiaaaeu
iaae Ia?eii Aioiieai, iiiooii aeoeaii niaeaenoaiaae aii?oaeaieth Ia?ea
A?ooa, eioi?ue iaoiaeeeny n aieneaie a Iaeaaeiiee e iiaeno?aeae aai e
ia?aueaaieth neeu ia ainoiea. Eannee n iaeia?aiey Naiaoa niae?ae
aieueooth a?ieth a Ne?ee. Ciay ia yoii, Ieoaaeai, eae au iieiae ii ie
aue, ia aeaaae naay iaeo?a/eoue; ii iiieiae, /oi aai eniieuecotho eae
i?oaeea e, eae oieueei ii oaa?ao Aioiiey, o iaai e aai ae?ocae aoaeao
i/aiue iaei oainia i?ioeainoiyoue ia?iiiui a?ieyi A?ooa e Eanney.

Eiay aeieaeiinoue i?ii?aoi?a e /aou?a eaaeiia iiae naiei eiiaiaeiaaieai
Ieoaaeai aioae a ?ei e aeiaeeny oiai, /oi 19 naenoeeey (aaaonoa) 43 a.
aei i.y. ii aue eca?ai eiinoeii aianoa ni naiei eocaiii Eaeioii Iaaeeai
e, oaee ia?acii, noae ai aeaaa ?eineiai ainoaea?noaa.

Naieie aeaenoaeyie Ieoaaeai aeieacae, /oi ii yaeyaony aaconeiaiui
eeaea?ii ia?oee oeaca?eaioeaa, a iioiio aiaiiua aiaeaee a Aaeeee e
Eniaiee ?aoeee caeeth/eoue n iei niaeaoaiea.

Iinea oiai eae Ieoaaeai ioi?aaeeny ia naaa?, /oiau ano?aoeoueny n
aiaiiuie aiaeaeyie naiaoi?u ainiieueciaaaoenue neooaoeeae noaee eneaoue
oaeiaiue i?aaeeia aeey aica?auaiey Aioiiey e Eaieaea. Iinoaiiaeaiey
Naiaoa, iauyaeyaoea a?aaaie Aioiiey e Eaieaea, auee ioicaaiu, a e iei
iai?aaeaiu ae?oaeaneea iineaiey. Yoio ae?oaeaethaiue aeano aue aanueia
ia ?oeo Ieoaaeaio.

Ieiei Aiiiiee (aaea ?aniieiaeaia nia?aiaiiay Aieiiuey) ano?aoeeenue
Ieoaaeai, Aioiiee e Eaieae, eaaeaeue n iyoueth eaaeiiaie. Ia ino?iaa ia
?aea ?ai i?iecioee ia?aaiai?u iaaeaeo Ieoaaeaiii, Aioiieai e Eaieaeii
(ia?aaiai?u i?iaeieaeaeenue o?e aeiy). O?e eeaea?a i?eoee e niaeaoaieth,
a niioaaonoaee n eioi?ui ia?oey Oeaca?y iiaea aunooieoue aaeeiui o?iioii
i?ioea iauaai a?aaa, i?e yoii ieeoi ec ieo ia aeieaeai aue aeaenoaiaaoue
ai eiy ee/iie auaiaeu e ana o?e eeaea?a auee ?aaiu. Ieoaaeai aeieaeai
aue aeaieoueny ia i?eaiiie aei/a?e Aioiiey Eeiaeee, /oiau oe?aieoue eo
nithc. A niioaaonoaee n caeiiii aeieaeai aue auoue eca?ai iiaue
iaaeno?ao – o?eoiae?ao, eee o?ienoaaiiue nithc, n oeaeueth
?ai?aaiecaoeee ainoaea?noaa (/eaiaie eioi?iai noaee Ieoaaeai, Aioiiee e
Eaieae). A aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe yoi auea o?ieiay aeeeoaoo?a n oie
iniaaiiinoueth, /oi ae i?eaeaaaeny caeiiiue noaoon e onoaiaaeeaaeanue
iia ia iyoue eao. Eiieoao o?eoiae?ia auaeaeaae iau/iuo iaaeno?aoia ia
eaaeaeue aiae. Yoe iaaeno?aou i?aaeiacia/aeenue aeey oi?aaeaiey Eoaeeae
e ae?oaeie aeaaeaieyie ?eia, ?ani?aaeaeaiiuie iaaeaeo o?aiy o/anoieeaie
o?eoiae?aoa. Eaieaeo aeinoaeenue Eniaiey e thaeiay /anoue Aaeeee –
I?iaeioeey, eee I?iaain, eae yoa oa??eoi?ey noaea iacuaaoueny iicaea.
Aioiiee oi?aaeye Aaeeeae – Oeacaeueieeneie e O?ainaeueieeneie, a
Ieoaaeaio aeinoaeenue Neoeeeey, Na?aeeiey e Ao?eea. Ainoi/iua
i?iaeioeee, eioi?ua auee a ?oeao oeaca?eaioeaa, ia ?ani?aaeaeyeenue.

Oeaeue oaeiai ?acaeaea – eaaeaeiio i?aaeinoaaeoue ioaeaeueiue aiaeiaie
aeioiae, /oiau ecaaaeaoue nii?ia.

Aeaeaa auei ?aoaii, /oi a ia/aea neaaeothuaai aiaea eiinoeaie ecaa?oo
Eaieaea e Ieaiea; Eaieae inoaaony a ?eia e ioaa/aao ca aeaea a Eoaeee, a
?oeiaiaenoai Eniaieae ii?o/aao naiaio iiiiuieeo.

Niaeaoaiea, aeinoeaiooia iaaeaeo Ieoaaeaiii, Aioiieai e Eaieaeii, auei
eie iiaeienaii e eiaei neeo aeieoiaioa. Ieoaaeai eae eiinoe iaeanee aai
ia?aae eaaeiiaie.

Iaeiaei ia?aae aieneii ia auee iaeaoaiu noaouee eanaaoeany ono?aiaiey
iaeioi?uo ethaeae, iaoaaoeo aeinoeaeaieth ieii/aoaeueiiai ie?a e
niaeaney. A nayce n yoei aue ninoaaeai i?ine?eioeeiiiue nienie. Ia?aui
iaoaiaeiui ii o?aaiaaieth Aioiiey ieacaeny Oeeoea?ii. A i?ine?eioeeiiiua
nienee, niaeanii Aiieaio, iiiaee ieiei 300 naiaoi?ia (ieiei 2/3 naiaoa)
e 2000 anaaeieeia. Ieeoi ia eiae i?aaa oe?uaaoue eee caueuaoue ethaeae,
caianaiiuo a i?ine?eioeeiiiua nienee. Anyeee, eoi niinianoaiaae eo
oe?uaaieth, aaoiiaoe/anee iiiieiye nienie. Anyeee, eoi i?eiinee aieiao
caianaiiiai a nienie, iieo/ae, anee yoi aue naiaiaeiue a?aaeaeaiei, 100
ouny/ nanoa?oeeaa, anee ?aa – 2/5 yoie noiiu iethn naiaiaeo e
nioeeaeueiue noaoon naiaai oicyeia. Eioi?iaoi?u iieo/aee oiaea naiia.
Eiaia oao, eoi aeaaae eioi?iaoeeth eee iieo/ae iaa?aaeo, o?aieee a oaeia
e ia caienuaaeenue.

Eiaaea iaia?iaeiaaee i?ine?eioeeiiiua nienee, Oeeoea?ii iaoiaeeeny a
naiae ooneoeaineie onaaeueaa ni naiei a?aoii Eaeioii e ieaiyiieeii,
nuiii Eaeioa. Ae?ocuey Oeeoea?iia e aai aaaiou, a ?eia ociaa i oii, /oi
Oeeoea?ii aianai a i?ine?eioeeiiiua nienee iineaee aio
i?aaeinoa?aaeaiea. Oeeoea?ii iieeioe Ooneoe e iai?aaeeny a Anoo?o,
iaia?aaaynue oai nanoue ia ei?aaeue, /oi ii e naeaeae.

Anee au Oeeoea?ii e a naiii aeaea no?anoii aeaeae ne?uoueny io
i?aneaaeiaaiee, ie/oi ia iiaei au i?aaeioa?aoeoue aai aaanoaa. Aeaei
auei ia a oaea/a e ia a niiniaa, ionoonoaiaaea aiey. Ii anaaaea ieioi
ia?aiinee ieaaaiea, a ooo aua oneeeeny ano?a/iue aaoa?, ooi?ieei.
Oeeoea?ii ianoiye ia aunaaeea o Oea?oeeoia ia iaaieueoii ?annoiyiee io
iiaa?aaeuey; e caeanue ii caaeoiaeny yaii a ia?aoeoaeueiinoe ia i?inoi i
oii, /oi aio aeaeaoue, ii e oii, /aai ii oi/ao. Anee au aio
iiiaaeiaeeinue ienaoue o?aeoao eee i?iecianoe ?a/ue ia yoo oaio, ii ia
caaeoiuaaynue naeaeae au yoi; iaeiaei, eiaaea ?a/ue oea i noieeiiaaiee n
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoueth, ii ia iia ?aoeoueny. Iaaei ee aio ieuoue e Ia?eo
A?ooo a Iaeaaeiieth? Eee e Eanneth a Ne?eth? Eee e Naenoo Iiiiath ia
Neoeeeeth? Ana yoi neeoeii oeiiioii. Ii, iaaa?iia, iiaeoiae, /oi eaa/a
anaai oia?aoue.

Oeeoea?ii i?iaeieaeee iooue a Eaeaoo, aaea aua ?ac nioae ia aa?aa, /oiau
iiauaaoue a naiai oi?ieaineii eiaiee. Aneaaenoaea naiae iaiai?eiie
i?eau/ee e yiea?aiiai Oeeoea?ii aiai?ee, /oi aio neaaeoao oia?aoue ia
caiea, eioi?oth ii noieueei ?ac nianae. Neoae aeaeaee, /oi ii onoae e
oo?aoee iaaeaaeaeo, ii ii, ianiiiaiii, auaae oaeei e i?aaeaea, e iie
iinaaeeee aai a iaeaieei e iai?aaeeenue e ei?aaeth, eioi?ue noiye a
Eaeaoaineie aaaaie. Aaeaa Oeeoea?ii a nii?iaiaeaeaiee neoa iieeioe
i?aaeaeu naiaai eiaiey, eae iiyaeeny io?yae, eioi?ui eiiaiaeiaae Iiieeee
Eaaia, ?acuneeaaaoee Oeeoea?iia.

Iiieeee Eaaia aue ec ii?iaeu ethaeae, eioi?ua a enoi?ee i?ineaaeeenue
oai, /oi i?eiaaeeaaeaee e ieaiaie Eoaeu. Oeeoea?ii iaeiaaeaeu caueuae
aai a noaea e nian io iaaeiaiee a nia?oe iooea; e yoio /aeiaae oaia?ue
iinoaaee naaa oeaeueth iiaoaeoue Oeeoea?iia.

?aau, nii?iaiaeaeaaoea Oeeoea?iia, iionoeee iineeee e i?eaioiaeeenue
n?aaeaoueny. Oeeoea?ii aeaeae ?aaiea naieo neoa e iiieiae, /oi aai
iaaiciiaeii nianoe aac e?iaii?ieeoey, a ii aieueoa ia oeaiee noieue
aei?iai naith aeeciue. Aueaey ec iineeie Oeeoea?ii aeae naay oaeoue.
Oaeeoea, iaaa?iia, aue ia i/aiue iiuoiui, eee ii ia?aie/ae, eee neeoeii
aicaoaeeeny, eee aai niouaei ie?oaeaiea – ai anyeii neo/aa, aio
i?eoeinue oaea?eoue ia/ii o?e ?aca, i?aaeaea /ai oiaea aieiaa. Ii
i?eeacaieth Aioiiey ?oee Oeeoea?iia auee io?acaiu (ca iaienaiea
«Oeeeiiee», iniaaiii «Aoi?ie oeeeiieee»), e n yoeie aea?aie Iiieeee
Eaaia aica?aoeeny a ?ei.

Aieiaa Oeeoea?iia auea aunoaaeaia ia ?ino?ao aianoa n iaaeie ?oeaie.
AEaia Aioiiey – Ooeueaey i?iiceea ycue ia?oaie aieiau Oeeoea?iia
aoeaaeie.

Iinea oiai eae n Oeeoea?iiii auei iieii/aii Ia?e Aioiiee cayaee, /oi
i?ine?eioeeyi eiiaoe, iineieueeo iie aio aieueoa ia ioaeiu. E
aeaenoaeoaeueii, a iniiaiii i?ine?eioeee auee iaoeaeaiu ia Ia?ea Ooeey
Oeeoea?iia. Aiiaiey ia inoaeueiuo eeoe, caianaiiuo a i?ine?eioeeiiiua
nienee, anei?a auee i?ae?auaiu.

Ia?e Ooeeee Oeeoea?ii aue aeieo?eia?ii, oi anoue /aeiaaeii, /ae eaeaae
iieeoe/aneiai i?aaeaiey oeaeeeii iniiauaaeny ia i?aaeiai iiuoa ae?oaeo
ethaeae ae?aaiinoe e /ae eeoa?aoo?iue e?eoeoeeci eiae oa aea ei?ie. A
o?oaeao Oeeoea?iia iao e iaiaea ia oi, /oi ii eiaaea-eeai nii?eeanaeny n
enoeiiuie ioaeaeaie iianaaeiaaiinoe eee, /oi ii eiaaea-eeai
i?aaeiieaaae, /oi n ioaeaeaie aai nia?aiaiieeia neaaeoao n/eoaoueny.
Oeeoea?iia eioa?aniaaee eaeae, a ia ethaeneea ioaeaeu. A yoii ii aue
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoueth THeey Oeaca?y e Ieoaaeaia Aaaonoa.

A ioee/ea io Oeeoea?iia THeee ?oeiaiaenoaiaaeny i?aaeaea anaai ianouiuie
o?aaiaaieyie aeiy e i?eneooeaaeny e ioaeaeai i?inouo ethaeae. THeee aeee
a ie?a ethaeae, a ia a ie?a eaeae.

Oeeoea?ii iineaaeiaaoaeueii iniiauaae naith iieeoeeo ia aa?oiaainoaa
ae?aaieo e onoa?aeuo i?aaenoaaeaiee i iieeoe/aneii ?oeiaiaenoaa; ii aue
oi?ioei a?aaeaeaieiii aeaaii oia?oaai ainoaea?noaa, a oi a?aiy eae THeee
i?i?oaae o?iio neaicue aeaeoiaee /aeiaa/aneeo ioaeae e /ayiee, eioi?ua
ii, iiaeao auoue, e ia iiieiae, ii e aieino eioi?uo i?eneooeaaeny.

Ionthaea e nicaeaiea a iineaaeiaa a?aiy aeecie Oeaca?y – einoeieoeaii –
oao oi?i ainoaea?noaaiiiai i?aaeaiey, eioi?ua iiaeoiaeeee au aaeeeiio
ainoaea?noao. Ia auei ae?oaiai iooe nicaeaoue eo. Oeaca?ue neaaeiaae
oaiaeaioeee ianoiyoaeueiie iaiaoiaeeiinoe a oii iai?aaeaiee, eaeia
n/eoae aa?iui. Aio caeanue e i?ieaaaao aa/iia ?acee/ea iaaeaeo
eioaeeaeooaeaie e aeieo?eia?aie, eioi?ua iie?athony ia oaeiaiua oai?ee,
e i?aeoe/aneeie iieeoeeaie, eioi?ua neaaeotho ciao /aeiaa/anoaa a
oeaeii.

(A iieeoeea, eae e ia aieia, THeee iinooiae, ?oeiaiaenoaoynue
oa?aeoa?iie nianueth i?iieoeaoaeueiinoe e a aua aieueoae noaiaie
?eneii.)

Похожие документы
Обсуждение
    Заказать реферат
    UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2019