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Меньшиков А.Д.

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Iineianeee Einoeooo Noaee e Nieaaia

?AOA?AO

ia oaio:

A. Ae. Iaioeeia: aeeciue e i?e/eiu iaaeaiey

auiieiee nooaeaio(ea) a?oiiu

!

iineaa ,1997

Ieai:

1. Aaaaeaiea

2. Iooue e aa?oo

3. A caieoa neaau e iiaouanoaa

4. E?ooaiea

5. Caeeth/aiea

1. Aaaaeaiea.

Oeaeth ianoiyuae ?aaiou yaeyaony ?anniio?aiea iaeiie ec
i?eia/aoaeueiie ee/iinoe a enoi?ee ?inneeneiai ainoaea?noaa – Iaioeeiaa
Aeaenaiae?a Aeaieeiae/a. Caeanue y iiiuoathnue ?anniio?aoue aai oa?aeoa?
, i?eau/ee , iinooiee , /oiau ioeaieoue – /oi aea aeaenoaeoaeueii
i?aaenoaaeye ec naay yoio /aeiaae. N iaeiie noi?iiu, Iaioeeia yoi
/aeiaae eiaaoee oaeaio ioae?inoe, eioi?ui i/aiue oaea/ii
ainiieueciaaeny, n ae?oaie , iiiaeanoaaiiua ?acae?aoaeuenoaa ii
oee/aieth aai a eaciie?aaenoaa . *oi yoi ca i?ioeai?a/eainoue ? Iaeuecy
auei neacaoue , /oi ethaeiaoe oea?y aeee neoaeii e a iaaeiaieuenoaee .
Ii iinoiyiiay iaianuoiay iio?aaiinoue a i?enaiaiee ( a iniiaiii
iacaeiiiii ! ) auea iaooieeia. Iiaeao yoi e yaeeinue i?e/eiie aai e?aoa.
Oioy caeanue aaeeinoaaiiinoe ia iiaeao auoue, yoio a?aoiaio , iia
eaaeaony , naiue neeueiue ec nouanoaothueo . ss oi/o oaaaeeoueny a oii ,
/oi yaeeinue iiaoaeeei aai aeaenoaiaaoue oae , a ia eia/a . N oi/ee
c?aiey enoi?ee , yoio /aeiaae eioa?anai oai , /oi ii yaeyaony
aaeueiiaeae ec i?inouo nia?oiuo . Aeaaiaea?y naiei ea/anoaai , e
aeaaiaea?y a?aiaie Iao?a – “a?aiaie ee/iinoiiai ia/aea” (01 no?23)
ethaee auoiaeeee ec iecia e oaa?aeie iinooiueth ainoiaeeee a enoi?eth
eneeth/eoaeueii ca ee/iua caneoae . N?aaee ieo ia?aia ianoi caieiaao
Iaioeeia.

*oiau ?anniio?aoue Iaioeeiaa eae ee/iinoue enoi?ee , y i?eaaaeo ia
noaeaeaiea aai iiiaiou aeecie , eioi?ua iaeaieaa y?ei i?aaenoaayo ieuo
aeey ?aciuoeaiee .

2. Iooue e aa?oo.

Aeey ia/aea iaaei ociaoue eaeiai aea auei i?ienoiaeaeaiea yoiai
/aeiaaea. N?aco ioaaoeoue ia yoio aii?in i/aiue o?oaeii e aeaaea a?yae
ee aiciiaeii , eai nouanoaothuea enoi/ieee aeatho i?ioeai?a/eaua
niiauaiey i i?aaeeao naaoeaeoaai. Iaeei ec enoi/ieeia iiaeii ioianoe e
aeiianaieyi eiino?aiiuo aeeieiiaoia , a oaeaea iaioa?u ?onneeo e
eiicaiiuo nia?aiaiieeia. Naiia ?aiaa oiiieiaiea i i?ienoiaeaeaiee
Iaioeeiaa ioiineony e 1698 aiaeo , eiaaea ii ia aue ie eiycai , ie
oaeueaeia?oaeii . ?iaeeeny ii 6 iiya?y 1672 aiaea . Cia/eo , oiaaea aio
oaea auei 26 eao . “Nae?aoa?ue aano?eeneiai iinieuenoaa Eiaaii Ei?a
iacaae Iaioeeiaa oea?neei oaai?eoii Aeaenaoeie “ (01 no?25) . Iicaea , a
1710 aiaeo, niiauaaony aa?ney i “ieceii i?ienoiaeaeaiee “ oaai?eoa n
iaeioi?uie iiae?iaiinoyie : “?iaeeeny ii a Iineaa io aanueia
iacia/eoaeueiuo ?iaeeoaeae , eao 16-oe ii , iiaeiaii iiiaei ae?oaei
iineianeei i?inoiethaeeiai , oiaeee ii oeeoeai e i?iaeaaae oae
iacuaaaiua ie?iae . “ (01 no?25) Eiycue Eo?aeei a iacaeii/aiiie
“Enoi?ee oea?noaiaaiey Iao?a1” cayaee , /oi Iaioeeia “ii?iaeu naiie
ieceie , ieaea oeyoaonoaa” (i?inoiethaeeiia). Iaeiaei auei aeaa aa?nee i
i?aaeeao eiycy : iaeie n/eoaee Aeaenaiae?a Aeaieeiae/a nuiii
e?anoueyieia , eioi?ue i?eno?iee naia /aaei a o/aiea e ie?iaeieeo a
Iineaa . Ae?oaea iieaaaee aoaeoi ioaoe Iaioeeiaa iaoiaeeeny a aiaiiie
neoaeaa i?e oea?a Aeaenaa Ieoaeeiae/a , a nai Aeaenaiae? Aeaieeiae/
neoaeee eiithoii i?e aeai?a oea?y . Oaeei ia?acii iu aeaeei , /oi eeai
ie?iaeiee , eeai eiitho. A ethaii neo/aa Iao? caiaoee aai “ino?ioiea” e
ia?aaae aai a aeaiueee , a caoai ioe?ua a iai aieueoea aea?iaaiey , noae
aeaaaoue ioaaonoaaiiua ii?o/aiey .

A /oi eanaaony iiyaeaiey Iaioeeiaa i?e oea?neii aeai?a ,oi aoaeouee
eiycue canoaaee ia?aoeoue aieiaiea ia naay oaeeie i?eaeaeaoaeueiuie
ea/anoaaie , eae oi e niaoeeainoue . Iiia/aeo Aeaenaoea i?eaue
ono?aeaaoue naith noaeueao a iioaoioth ?ioo . “Eae nei?i aai naaoeinoue
yaeeny a yoo ?ioo , oio/an aue i?eiyo aai aaee/anoaii a /enei nieaeao ,
iioiio /oi ii ioee/aeny e?aneaie ia?oaeiinoueth e n/anoeeaie oeceiiiieae
e a naieo ?a/ao , aic?aaeaieyo e ioaaoao , ?aaii eae e a naieo i?eaiao ,
iaia?oaeee aieeee aeeaie oi, cae?aaue ?annoaeie e aeia?ina?aea/ea”.(01
no?33)

A 1679 aiaeo ioi?aaeythony aieiioa?u ca a?aieoeo aeey iao/aiey
ei?aaeano?iaieth aianoa n aeanyoieeii Iao?ii Ieoaeeiaui (oea?ue)
ioi?aaeyaony e Aeaenaoea . Iaioeeia ia ?annoaaaeny n iei ie ia ieiooo .
Aianoa n Iao?ii ?aaioae ia aa?oe Ino-Eiaeneie eiiiaiee a Aieeaiaeee ,
iaeiia?aiaiii n iei iieo/ee io ei?aaaeueiiai ianoa?a aooanoao ,
oaeinoiaa?yaoee , /oi ii iaeaaeae niaoeeaeueiinoueth
ieioieea-ei?aaeano?ieoaey . Ec Aieeaiaeee Iao? ioi?aaeyaony a Aiaeeth
aeey iao/aiey eiaeaia?iiio eneonnoao ei?aaeano?iaiey . Aai e caeanue
nii?iaiaeaeae ia?aceo/iue ae?oa Aeaenaoea . “Eae e Iao? , ii aeaaeii
aieouaae oaeaeaiiia, n ii?aceoaeueiie eaaeinoueth onaaeaae acu
a?oeeea?eeneiai aeaea ,oi?oeoeeaoeee ,ei?aaeano?iaiey . “ (01 no?38) Yoi
auea i?aeoe/aneay oeiea , ?anoe?yaoay e?oaici? oea?neiai ethaeioea , a
aeaoneea aiaeu ia iieo/eaoaai ieeaeiai ia?aciaaiey . I ana aieaa
aic?anoathuai aeeyiee Iaioeeiaa ia oea?y naeaeaoaeuenoaoao neo/ae ,
i?ienoaaeoee ia ie?o o oea?neiai oaai?eoa Eaoi?oa . Ca
i?aaeaeaa?aiaiioth eaciue acaoioiaaaoeony no?aeueoeia aiy?eiii Oaeiii ,
oea?ue ?acuy?eeny e auoaaoee oiaao , oioy iaeacaoue oiai , ii iaecaanoii
/ai au ana eii/eeinue , anee a ia Iaioeeia . Ii oaae oea?y a ninaaeithth
eiiiaoo e ono?iee oae , /oi io i?aaeiaai aicaoaeaeaiey ia inoaeinue e
neaaea . Yoi ioithaeue ia cia/eo , /oi nai Iaioeeia aue anaaaea caueuai
io oea?neiai aiaaa .

Iaycaiiinoe aeaiueea auee ia aaeeinoaaiiua . A 1699 aiaeo ii
noaiiaeony aeiaa?aiiui oea?y a aai aio?iuo aeaeao .

3. A caieoa neaau e iiaouanoaa.

A 1702 aiaeo – inaiueth – Iaioeeia ioi?aaeyaony aianoa n Iao?ii ia
inaaeo Iioaao?aa . Iiae Iioaao?aii e i?iyaeeenue aai ia?aua aea?iaaiey .
Inaaea e ooo?i e?aiinoe nii?iaiaeaeaeenue ia?iiiuie iioa?yie ?onneeo
aiene . Io/ayaoenue ,Iao? aeaaea aeae eiiaiaeo i aai i?ae?auaiee , ii a
naiue iineaaeiee iiiaio iiaeiniaea iiiiuue , eioi?oth e i?eaae ii?o/ee
Iaioeeia, iinea /aai aa?iecii e?aiinoe eaieooee?iaae . Iao? uaae?i
iaa?aaeee o/anoieeia ooo?ia , a /anoiinoe “ I?aia?aaeaineiai iieeo
ii?o/eea Aeaenaiae?a Aeaieeiae/a Iaioeeiaa ai anyeeo ienueiao ienaoue
aoaa?iaoi?ii “.(01 no?42) Oaia?ue ia?aae iei noiyee aeaa caaea/e :
oicyenoaaiiinoue e aiaiiia aeaei . Aeaenaiae? Aeaieeiae/ i?aoniae e ia
oii e ia ae?oaii iii?eua. Oea?ue ii?o/aao Iaioeeiao ?acuneaoue ianoi
aeey iniiaaiey aa?oe . A oaa?aea ii aeiiineo Iao?o , /oi ei iaeaeaii
oaeia ianoi ia ?aea Nae?e . Oae , noa?aieyi Iaioeeiaa auea iniiaaia
Ieiiaoeeay aa?oue , n eioi?ie oaea a aaaonoa 1703 aiaea aue niouai
ia?aaiaoe Aaeoeeneiai oeioa o?aaao “Ooaiaea?o” . Aa?oue iaoiaeeeanue
iiae iniaui i?eniio?ii Iaioeeiaa . Aoiaey a eo?n aeaea, Iaioeeia
iaeaieeaae iiuo aaeieieno?aoi?a e aiaia/aeueieea . Ii “aue aioia ?aaee
aeaea iinooieoueny niieienoaeai e oaeianoaaie inaaeeie aeecie . Ii aanue
a aeaeaeaiee e iai?anoaiiuo caaioao , anthaeo ii i?eniao?eaaao ca oai ,
neieue oniaoii auiieiythony aai caaeaiey , e ia ianoa aiineo
iaiaoiaeeiua iii?aaee “.(01 no?43) Ia iaiaa oniaoii Iaioeeia ni?aaeyeny
e n ae?oaeie ii?o/aieyie . Aeey nicaeaaaaiiai Aaeoeeneiai oeioa
o?aaiaaeenue aeaeaci e ei?aaaeueiua iooee . Iaioeeia caeeaaeuaaao aeaa
caaiaea – Iao?ianeee e Iiaaiaoeeee . Iaa auee iouaiu a iaauaaeua ii oai
a?aiaiai n?iee – /a?ac ianeieueei ianyoeaa ia ieo oaea ioeeaaee iooee .
Oae oea?neee neoaa iinoaiaiii noaiiaeony ni?aoieeii oea?y . Ia aiaiiii
iii?eua ii oiaea auno?i caaiaaae ?aiooaoeeth iaaeaaeiiai e yia?ae/iiai
eniieieoaey .

Ianiio?y ia oaeoth aeeciue Iaioeeia ia caauaaao e inaiea auoiauo
oaeianoaao. Oaea a yoi a?aiy io/aoeeai i?iyaeyaony aai oyaa e ?ineioe e
eiioi?oo. Neaaeu oicyenoaaiiie ?anii?yaeeoaeueiinoe , oiaiea iaono?ieoue
auo aeaeiu e i?e iniio?a aai onaaeaa . Ecaanoiue iooaoanoaaiiee Ei?iaeee
aea A?oei inoaaee e?aoeia iienaiea iiaeiineiaiuo aeaaeaiee . Ia iaeiii
ec ieo , ?aniieiaeaiiii ia ?aea ssoca ii ieoao : “ Yoi i?ae?aniaeoaa
ianoa/ei , aaea ono?iaiu auee oaeeaeoaeueiua naaeee , iaiieiaiiie
ioai?iie ?uaie . Ii eo/oa anaai aeey iaiy iieacaeenue oai a?iiaaeiua
eiithoie , oioy iie auee aea?aayiiua , oae aea eae e naiue aeii . A
eiithoiyo yoeo auei aieaa iyoeaeanyoe eioaaeae i?aainoiaeiie e?aniou
“.(02 no? 12) Eneonnoaii aeeoue a ?ineioe Aeaieeu/ iaeaaeae aeiaieueii
auno?i . Noieue aea auno?i ii iao/eeny iieueciaaoueny e naiei
iieiaeaieai oea?neiai ethaeioea . Oaea ai a?aiy Aaeeeiai iinieuenoaa
Iaioeeia aue ianoieueei aeecie e oea?th , /oi , auiieiyy iaycaiiinoe aai
eacia/ay , ?anoiaeiaae aeaiueae aac anyeiai eiio?iey ia oieueei ia iaai
, ii e ia naay . E oioy ii oaea aeaaii ?annoaeny n iaycaiiinoyie
aeaiueea, ii anaaaea i?iyaeye o?iaaoaeueioth caaioo i ee/iuo oaeianoaao
oea?y .

A iiaaaeiiinioth aiaiioth eaiiaieth 1703-1704 aiaeia Iaioeeia
aeaaaeaeu ioee/eeny a n?aaeaieyo iiae Ia?aie . Noai i?ioeaieea iaeeaeae
iiaee?aieaiey a 7400 /aeiaae . Yoe naaaeaiey iaoieeioee ia iaeio
aiaiioth oeo?inoue . Ia aeaeo inaaeaeaiiuo auei ?acua?aii n?aaeaiea
iaaeaeo niaoeaoei ia iiiiuue “oaaaeneei” io?yaeii e ?onneeie aieneaie .
Aeaoiy iieaie nieaeao , iaea/aiiuie a neiea oaaaeneea ioiaee?u ,
eiiaiaeiaae Iao? . Iieeaie a ?onneeo caeaiuo ioiaee?ao eiiaiaeiaae
Iaioeeia. Einoeaie?iaea n?aaeaiey oaeaeanue aiieia , oaaaeu iiaa?eee ,
/oi e iei iiaeiniaea iiiiuue, e eiiaiaeaio aaeae ioe?uoue ai?ioa , /oiau
oaea?eoue ii ?onneei aieneai n ouea. Auiaiaiiua ec e?aiinoe oaaaeu
iiianee cia/eoaeueiua iioa?e. Iiaaaea aeinoaaeea oea?th ia?iiioth
?aaeinoue , oae eae yoi aaea ia?aia oaea/iia ii?neia n?aaeaiea .
Eeeothuee Iao? aiceaaaao ia naay i?aeai Aiae?ay Ia?aicaaiiiai . Ae?oaie
i?aeai aue a?o/ai Aeaieeu/o , iiieii eioi?iai ii iieo/aao aua iaeio
i?eaeeaaeth , auniei iiaeieiaaooth aai i?anoeae : aio ?ac?aoaeinue
niaea?aeaoue ia naiai n/aoo nianoaaiiuo oaeio?aieoaeae , oae iacuaaaioth
nianoaaiioth aaa?aeeth . Iinea yoiai iiaeii caiaoeoue iaeio iniaaiiinoue
i?inioaoothny a Aeaenaiae?a Aeaieeiae/a i?eia/aoaeueiinoue . ?aiueoa ii
iiaeienuaaeny i?inoi : Aeaenaiae? Iaioeeia . A iinea yoiai neo/ay
iao?oaeii caiaoeoue neaaeu i?iaoaeeaoaainy /anoiethaey . A iiaeiene iiae
/enoi /anoiui ienueiii ii iaicia/aao naay eae : “Oethnnaeueao?aneee e
Oeioao?aneee aoaa?iaoi? e eaaaea? Aeaenaiae? Iaioeeia”.(01 no? 50)

Iinea iniiaaiey Iaoa?ao?aa , Iao? i?eieiaao yia?ae/iua ia?u e aai
iai?iia . Aeey i?ioeainoiyiey iaaaaai i?ioeaieea nicaeathony ianeieueei
ae?aaoineeo iieeia . Aeey ieo Iaioeeia ninoaaeyao eino?oeoeeth eee
“Noaouee ai a?aiy aieineiai iioiaea”. “Yoi auea i?iaa nee Iaioeeiaa a
aiaiiie oai?ee , a iaiauaiee iiuoa aiaauo aeaenoaee , i?aaaea, iiea aua
iacia/eoaeueiiai.” (01 no?50) N eaaeaeui aeiai ii (Iaioeeia) ana aieaa
ooaa?aeaeaeny ia aiaiiii iii?eua . I aic?inoai aeeyiee Aeaenaiae?a
Aeaieeiae/a ia oaao?ao aieiu iiaeii noaeeoue ii o/anoeaoainy oiiieiaieyi
aai eiaie aiaiiuie enoi/ieeaie . Aio nnueea ia ia?aieneo oea?y n
Oa?aiaoaaui a ethea-aaaonoa 1703 aiaea . “Oaeueaeia?oae caaeaaia?aiaiii
aaniieieony i ?aciauaiee iiae/eiaiiuo aio aiene ia ceiiea eaa?oe?u e
ni?aoeaaao oeacaiee oea?y . Iao? aae?anoao aai e Iaioeeiao : “Aaea ei
ceiiaaoue , i oii iieiaeeoa , iiaiai?y n aoaa?iaoi?ii ( A. Ae.
Iaioeeiaui ) , eioi?ue oioae aoaoue anei?a e aai.”” (01 no?51) Iinea
ieii/aoaeueiie iiaaaeu iiae Ia?aie ethaeiaoe oea?y iaeaeaeeaaaony
aio/eiaie. Ieiei 1700 aiaea nui ie?iaeieea oaea aue aeaaeaeueoeai
aea?aaie Eoeeia a Iineianeii oacaea . Aiae nionoy , oicyenoai
oaaee/eaaaony aua ia aeaa aio/eiu. E?iia oiai , Iaioeeia “ie?oaeye” naie
aeaaeaiey neoieie ninaaeieo aea?aaaiue. A ia?eiae 1700-1701 aiaea ii
neoiaao aua o?e aio/eiu a Iineianeii oacaea. Ec eaeeo enoi/ieeia
Iaioeeia ecuneeaae n?aaenoaa aeey noieue cia/eoaeueiuo ?anoiaeia ?
Naaaeaiey i eaciie?aaenoaa a yoe aiaeu ionoonoaotho. E anee iii e
nouanoaiaaei , oi ia a oaeie noaiaie , /oiau aucaaoue caaenoue e ia/aoue
i iai aiai?eoue. *oi eanaaony iiaeiioaiee , oi , oioy iie e oaeee a aeii
oaai?eoa iai?a?uaiui iioieii , oaeaeueiue aan eo athaeaeaoa aue iaaaeee.
Nei?aa aeaei ooo aio a /ai . Iieaa i aeecinoe Iaioeeiaa e oea?y auea
aeinoiyieai ia oieueei i?eaeai?iuo , ii e eoia/aneeo e?oaia. Iiyoiio ia
oaeeaeoaeueii , /oi nouanoaiaaei iaea?eaaiea oea?neiai ethaeioea . Iaeie
iiaeiineee ca oaea iaaeaeaiiia aeaeueoea , ae?oaea oae , ia anyeee
neo/ae , /oiau ca?o/eoueny iiaeaea?aeeie ia aoaeouaa . Iai?eia? , iinea
caaiaaaiey Oeennaeueao?aa , Iaioeeia a?o/aao o?e yecaiiey?a ieaiia
e?aiinoe iiianou?neei aeanoyi , ca /oi aue iaa?aaeaeai o?aiynoaie
?oaeyie.(02 no?27) A ae?oaeo neo/ayo iiaeiineee ii iaei/ai : eeiiiu ,
eii/aiinoe , ianei, aieeaiaeneee nu? , noeii e iaoa?ee e i?i/aa .
Aiai?eoue i aieueoeo acyoeao e iiaeiioaieyo ia oi a?aiy ia i?eoiaeeoueny
. Iiia/aeo Iaioeeia a?aoue eo ia ?eneiaae . Ia yoii naeaeaoaeuenoaoao
neo/ae n aeueyeii Aeieonii . Aeueye Aiae?ae Aiae?aaae/ Aeieon ioiineeny
e /eneo aeeceeo e Iao?o ethaeae , aoiaeee a oae iacuaaaioth eiiiaieth
oea?y , ninoiyaooth ec naiuo aeiaa?aiiuo eeoe . Ii caieiae iiiaeanoai
aeieaeiinoae – ?oeiaiaeee Neae?neei , Aioaea?neei e Iooea?neei i?eeacaie
, a aai aaaeaiee iaoiaeeeanue oaeaea e ii/oa . A 1703 aiaeo auei ?aoaii
inaiaiaeeoue Aeieona io ?yaea caieiaaiuo iinoia , e ii , /oiau
nio?aieoue ca niaie Neae?neee i?eeac , ?aoee aeaoue acyoeo Iaioeeiao a
aeanyoue ouny/ ?oaeae . Iaioeeia aeaiueae acye , iaauae niaeaenoaea , ii
ooo aea aeiian iai anai oea?th . “Caei y oaeeaeythnue , eae oa ethaee ia
iiciatho naay e oioyo iaiy neoieoue ca oaith ieeinoue aeaiueaaie.” A
eoiaa ea?uea?a Aeieona iai?aaeanue , ii aue eeoai anao aeieaeiinoae e
aeiaa?ey oea?y . A iineaaeothuea aiaeu aeecie ie/aai iiaeiaiiai Iaioeeia
ia aueeaeuaae . Aeaeeii , ianiio?y ia aai oaea oaa?aiiia nouanoaiaaiea
i?e aeai?a , oaai?eo ia iia n?aco i?eiyoue oaeie aea? /enoi
ineoieiae/anee. Aio anee au ii i?aaeeiaeee acyoeo iine?iiiaa , auoue
iiaeao ana iaa?ioeinue ii ae?oaiio . Aiae nionoy ii/oe oaeoth aea acyoeo
Iaioeeia aa?ao o A. Ieaiyiieeiaa.

A ia/aea 1704 aiaea iieiaeaiea Iaioeeiaa i?e Iao?a aua aieaa
oi?i/eeinue , “oiaa?eu” oea?y onooiee ieaiieoeo Ia?oo. Nai aea Iaioeeia
ia?aienuaaeny ia oi a?aiy n A?naiueaaie Aea?ueae Ieoaeeiaiie . Iiia/aeo
eo aeiaieueii iaeeaeaiiay ia?aienea iineea /enoi ioeoeeaeueiue e nooie
oii . Ii ienueii Aeaenaiae?a Aeaieeiae/a io 27 ia?oa 1703 aiaea
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i iiaii yoaia a eo ioiioaieyo . Yoi aue ioaao ia
iineaiiua iiaea?ee : ni?i/eo e aeiaciia na?aeoea . Ii ia iiaea?ee
o?iioee iieo/aoaey – “ia aei?iai iia aaoa aeiaciia na?aeoea , aei?iai
aaoa ei iia ethaeoaeuenoai.”(04 no? 56) Io ienueia e ienueio
i?eaycaiiinoue Aea?uee Ieoaeeiaiu e Aeaenaiae?a Aeaieeiae/a noaiiayony
ana aieaa yanoaaiiua. A ia?aienea Iaioeeiaa n oea?ai eiioea 1705 –
ia/aea 1706 aiaeia ano?a/athony i/aiue eioa?aniua ooo/ee . Oae Iao?
ienae : “Aua aan i aaeeiii i?ioo : ie aeey /aai , oieueei aeey aiaa e
aeooe iiae : aea?aee naie ia?ieue”.(01 no?77) ia /oi Iaioeeia ioaa/ae :
“A /oi ecaieeoue , aaoa ieeinoue, iaiy iiaee?aieyoue , /oia iia ia?ieue
caaea?aeaoue , e i oii ia ecaieue , ainoaea?ue, noiiaaaooea : enoeiii ia
i?anooieyth oaiaai iiaaeaiey”. (01 no?77) Iao? inoaeny aeiaieai ioaaoii
: “*oi au ecaieeoa ia?ieue naie aea?aeaoue , ca oi caei aeaaiaea?ai”. I
eaeii oaeii “ia?iea” oea ?a/ue a ia?aienea yoeo aeaoo ioaeae ?
Ieacuaaaony, iiae yoei iiae?acoiaaaeenue acaeiiua iaycaoaeuenoaa oea?y e
Iaioeeiaa: ia?aue aeieaeai aue aeaieoueny ia Aeaoa?eia , aoi?ie – ia
Aea?uea Ieoaeeiaia. N oao ii? eae auea ioi?acaeiiaaia naaaeueaa , a
ienueiao Iao?a en/acei o?aaiaaiea aethnoe yoio naiue “ia?ieue”.

Inaiueth 1704 aiaea a Iieueoo auee aeaeioou aeaa niaaeeiaiey ?onneeo
aiene . A ea/anoaa eiiaiaeothuaai ?onneeo aiene aaeao e Iaioeeia.
Caeanue ii yia?ae/ii a?iieo i?ioeaieeia Iieueoe , ca /oi aue iiaeaeiaai
Aaaonoii II i?aeaiii Aaeiai I?ea . Ii aeaaioth iaa?aaeo aeey naiaai
oaai?eoa enoeiiioae Iao? . Ii aai ii?o/aieth ?onneay aeeieiiaoey aeieai
e ianoie/eai aeiaeaaeanue io aaineiai aeai?a oeooea a?aoa . A?aoneee
oeooe Iaioeeia iieo/ee , ii ia oniaea aanoue i iiaii oeooea ?acianoenue
ii no?aia e aiaae?eoueny a niciaiea nia?aiaiieeia , eae a 1706 aiaeo
aano?eeneee eiia?aoi? iaa?aaeee oea?neiai ethaeioea aeeieiiii eiycy
Nayuaiiie ?eineie Eiia?ee. Auaoee ie?iaeiee noaiiaeony naaoeaeoai
eiycai!

E etheth 1706 aiaea , ii neiaai oaai?eoa , auea a ieaeaneaaeothuai
ninoiyiee : “Iieee ia?aoathony a aeia?ii ninoiyiee , eai any iaoa
eaaaea?ey iuia ?ae?ooiaaia , ioiaee?iaaia e aeia?uie eioaaeueie
aeiiieiaia.” (04 no?45) Yoa auaea?aeea acyoa ec ienueia e I. I.
Oaoe?iao. E iiauoaieth aiaaie au?o/ee e ioee/iii ninoiyiee aiene
Iaioeeia eiae i?yiia ioiioaiea. A yoio aea ianyoe ii ooaa?aeaeaao
“A?oeeoe e?aoeee” – ianoaaeaiea aeey iao/aiey ae?aaoi aiaiiiio aeaeo.
Ana niaea?aeaiea iiiai oaeaeyao aieiaiea aeenoeeieeia e ii?yaeeo a
aienea.

Iaeiei ec naiuo oyaeaeuo e o?oaeiuo aiaeia aue aiae 1708. Caoyaeiay
aieia n Oaaoeeae auea enoiueoaeueiie ii ioiioaieth e ?innee. Iaeiaei
,/oiau iaa?aoueny nee ioaeii auei auaeeaeaoue. I iai?yaeaiiinoe ,
oea?eaoae a i?aayueo e?oaao ?inne, nio?aieeinue iiiaeanoai
naeaeaoaeuenoa . Iao? eeoi?aaei/ii eneae iooae e ie?o. Ii ana iiiuoee e
ia?aie?eth ia eiaee oniaoa. Aieiaiea anao auei i?eeiaaii e oaao?o aieiu
. Iaioeeia ie ia aeaiue ia ioeo/aeny io aienea , ii – iai?aiaiiue
o/anoiee anao aiaiiuo niaaoia . 11 ia?oa oea?ue ?aoaao ioi?aaeoueny a
Iaoa?ao?a. A eaioi iouacaea ninoiyeny ciaiaieoue aiaiiue niaao a
Aaoaieiae/ao , ianoaeeaoee ieai aaaeaiey ia neo/ae , anee a ionoonoaea
oea?y oaaaeu ana aea i?aaei?eioo ianooiaoaeueiua aeaenoaey. I?aaeiaoii
ianoaeaeaiey aue ieai, ii ii?o/aieth oea?y ninoaaeaiiue Iaioeeiaui. Ii
eioa?anai i?aaeaea anaai eae aeieoiaio , iicaieythuee noaeeoue i
iieeiaiae/aneeo aea?iaaieyo naaoeaeoaai, aai niiniaiinoe
i?eaioe?iaaoueny a neiaeeaoaeny ianoaiiaea e i?aaeaeaeaoue oiae aiaiiuo
aeaenoaee a aieaa eee iaiaa ioaeaeaiiie ia?niaeoeaa. Iacaaiea eiaei ,
eae “Eaei iinooiaoue i?ioea iai?eyoaey i?e neo ianoiyoaeuenoaao”. Ieai
Iaioeeiaa , ii iocuao aiaiiiai enoi?eea A. C. Iuoeaaaneiai ,
iaia?oaeeaaao a aai aaoi?a iacao?yaeiua niiniaiinoe iuneeoue oe?iei , n
o/aoii anae neiaeiinoe ianoaiiaee. Aianoa n oai ii eiae e ecuyi, aac
o?oaea iaia?oaeaiiue aai e?eoeeaie .

Oae eae Aeaenaiae? Aeaieeiae/ Iaioeeia aue aeaeaei ia iineaaeiee
/aeiaae i?e aeai?a Iao?a , ioee/eeny ii e iiae Iieoaaneie Aeeoi?eae. 15
oaa?aey 1709 aiaea ii aeiaaaeuaaaony : “E ii naio i?eciaaaai , /oi
i?aaeooea ia eioaeu eoaeu, oi/eth e Iieoaaa , a aieueoe , /ath, ?aaee
caii?iaeoeaa.”(01 no?135) Iinea iiaaaeu iaae oaaaeaie Iaioeeia
i?aneaaeoao iai?eyoaey iiae i?aaeaiaeeoaeuenoaii aaia?aea Eaaaiaoioa,
eioi?iai iieeioe ei?ieue. Yoa iiaiiy iai?a/eaaaony iiaaaeie aeey
Iaioeeiaa , eioi?ue i?iyaee naay caeanue oiieei ineoieiaii. Caaiaiiay
a?iey oaaaeia ianoieueei auea enoiuaia , /oi o iaa auei anaai eeoue aeaa
auoiaea , ia i?aaeeiaeaiea eaieooee?iaaoue : eeai n?aaeaoueny , eae
ia?a/aiiua , eeai naeaoueny . Eiia/ii , oaai?eo iiieiae , /oi a neo/aa
n?aaeaiey ?onneea aienea iiianoo oaeaea aieueoea iioa?e. Iiyoiio ii
cao?iioe ana ?u/aae , /oiau oaaaeu eaieooee?iaaee, /oi aio e oaeaeinue.

Iinea Iieoaau Iao? ?acaeaao iaa?aaeu . Iiiaea aaia?aeu e ioeoea?u
iieo/eee iiauoaiea a /eiao. Ii ana yoe iaa?aaeu ia oee ie a eaeia
n?aaiaiea n oai, eae auee ioia/aiu caneoae Iaioeeiaa. Naaoeaeoaai oea?ue
iiaeaeiaae /eiii aoi?iai oaeueaeia?oaea (ia?aui aue Oa?aiaoueaa) , a
oaeaea ai?iaeaie Ii/ai e ssiiieue. E aac oiai oaea ia?iiiua aeaaeaiey
eiycy oaaee/eeenue ia 43362 aeooe ioaeneiai iiea. Ii /eneo e?aiinoiuo ii
noae aoi?ui iinea oea?y aeooaaeaaeaeueoeai ?innee. Ni?aaaaeeeainoe ?aaee
aeieaeii ioiaoeoue , /oi ana naiua y?eea no?aieoeu enoi?ee Naaa?iie
aieiu a i?aaeiieoaaneee e iieoaaneee ia?eiaeu iaienaiu i?e aeoeaiaeoai
o/anoee Iaioeeiaa: Oeennaeueao?a, Ia?aa, Eaeeo, Aaoo?ei, Iieoaaa,
Ia?aaiei/ia. Ieeiai ec ni?aoieeia Iao?a iaeuecy iinoaaeoue ia iaeio
aeineo ni naaoeaeoei ii aeeaaeo , ee/ii aianaiiiio a ?aca?ii oaaaeia.

Iinea aiaiiuo aeaenoaee Iaioeeia aica?auaaony e i?iaeieaeaieth
cano?ieee Iaoa?ao?aa. Iao? i?eciaaae aai caneoae a aeaaiono?ienoaa
aoaeouae noieeoeu. Aeanyoee ouny/ ethaeae a iaaa?iyoii oyaeaeuo oneiaeyo
eci aeiy a aeaiue aeiea/eaaee naae , iaaeeaaee ee?ie/, aaeeee aea?aauey
, aicaiaeeee i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiua caeaiey, ni?yieyee iioiee Iaau, canuiaee
caieae , canuiaee caieae ieceiu. Cano?ieea Ia?aaeeca ( oae iacuaae Iao?
Iaoa?ao?a) aaeanue iiae iinoiyiiue i?eniio?ii oea?y. Ii Iao? auaae a
Iaoa?ao?aa iaacaeaie , iaioeiaeiua aeaea o?aaiaaee aai i?enoonoaey a
aiaiiuo iioiaeao. A aai ionoonoaea aeaaiui ?anii?yaeeoaeai no?ieoaeueiuo
?aaio a Iaoa?ao?aa noaiiaeeny aoaa?iaoi? Iaioeeia. A 1711 aiaeo
iiyaeyaony ia?aue iaiae ia iaoaeiaieuenoaea oea?y ia naaoeaeoaai. Ii
i?eacaeo a Iineao e oea?th ia?auaaony iieueneee iinie Aieiae/. Ii
iiaeaao aeaeiao ia Iaioeeiaa ca oi , /oi oio ainiieueciaaaoenue
oeiainiauie cao?oaeiaieyie eoiee ca aanoeaiie noa?inoai Aca?neia.
Ienueii oea?y e eiycth niaea?aeeo aiooaiea :” E ieeiee a y oiai io aan
ia /aye, oioy a eaeie e aeiea ia ieo aue”.(02 no?129) A iooe ia tha
Iao?o i?eoeinue auneooaoue iiaua aeaeiau aea?oa eiyaeaneiai noyaeaiey e
i?iecaiea. E anee a ia?aii ienueia oea?ue eeoue neaaea iiaeo?ee naiaai
oaai?eoa , oi a ienueia io 11 ia?oa , cao/ao iioee ?acae?aaeaiey,
iaaeiaieuenoaa e aeaaea oa?icu : “A /ai caei i?ioo , /oia au oaeeie
iaeuie i?eauoee ia iioa?yee naiae neaau e e?aaeeoo. I?ioo aan ia
inei?aeooea i oii , eai ia?aay a?aiue eoo/a iineaaeiae , a iia , aoaeo/e
a oaeeo ia/aeao , oaea i?eoei ia aei naay e ia aoaeo aeaeaoue
ieeiai”.(02 no?130) Iaioeeia ia ioie?aeny , ii n/eoae naie iinooiee ia
caneoaeeaathueie aieiaiey .

I/aiue eioa?anioth /a?oo iu iiaeai iaaethaeaoue o Iaioeeiaa, eiaaea
aaeenue iaeiia?aiaiiua ia?aaiai?u n Aeaieae e I?onneae. Oi/iaa iu aa
aiiaua ia iaaethaeaai. Eiycue oaa?aiiaa /oanoaiaae naay ia iiea a?aie ,
/ai ca noieii ia?aaiai?ia, aaea aio o?oaeii auei i?eaioe?iaaoueny a
oeo?inieaoaieyo e eio?eaao nithcieeia, n eaaeinoueth iaiau/aeiie
ioeacuaaaoeony io oieueei /oi aeinoeaioouo niaeaoaiee e i?iyaeyaoeo
caaeaeioth ecia?aoaoaeueiinoue a ecuneaiee iiaiaeia aeey i?iaiei/ae.

Aeey i?aaenoaaeaiey aieaa yniie ea?oeiu i aeecie Iaioeeiaa
oeaeaniia?acii aoaeao iiniio?aoue ?anii?yaeie aeiy ec aai aeecie.
Io?aaeai ii a “Iianaaeiaaiuo caieneao”, eioi?ua aae aai nae?aoa?ue.
Anoaaae Iaioeeia , eae i?aaeei, a iyoii eeai a oanoii /ano, – ?aaea a
/aoaa?oii eee a naaeueiii. Naaoeaeoee n?aco aea caieiaeny “neooaieai
aeae”(02 no?49) Iiae aeaeaie iiae?acoiaaaeenue aeieeaaeu neoaeeoaeae
Aeiiiaie eee Iioiaeiie eaioeaey?ee, eioi?ui ii aeaaae ?anii?yaeaiey ii
oi?aaeaieth naie aeai?oeii e iiiai/eneaiiuie aio/eiaie , eee aeieeaaeu
iiae/eiaiiuo ii neoaeaa. Ia oo?aiiea /anu iaaeaea iniiaiay /anoue
?aai/aai aeiy. Iineaaeothuea /anu ii i?iaiaeee a iauanoaa Iao?a ,
ia?aaeei i?eacaeaaoaai e iaio aeiiie, eeai a oea?neie ?aceaeaioeee, a
oaeaea a Aiaiiie eieeaaee e Naiaoa ca iniio?ii ?aaio. Yoiai ?iaea
caiyoey caaa?oaeenue e iieoaeith, ?aaea e /ano aeiy. Iaioeeia naaeeeny
ca noie , /aua anaai o naay aeiia, ieiei 11-12 /ania, ii eiiaaea – o
oea?y eee ae?oaeo eeoe. A iaeeii/anoaa Iaioeeia aue ca noieii ?aaeei.
Iau/ii n iei auea ioaeneay eiiiaiey ec naiiaieeia e iiae/eiaiiuo.
Oa?aeoa?iay aeaoaeue, naeaeaoaeuenoaothuay i oii , /oi yiaineiaoeey
aeaiuei, ianoie/eai aaiaeeiay oea?ai /a?ac annaiaeae, aua ia i?iieeea a
naiueth eiycy, a i?eioeeia ia /o?aaoaainy iiaoanoa: ca iaaaeii ia
neaeaee ie noi?oaa, ie aeaoe, aeaaea a oii neo/aa , anee “aai naaoeinoue
ecaieeee eooaoue”(02 no?49) aac ainoae. Iinea o?aiacu – aeceou aeceou e
aaeueiiaeai , i?eai aaeueiiae, o/anoea a ?acee/iuo oea?aiiieyo aianoa n
oea?ai e ieieno?aie. Iaaeaeo 10 e 11 /anaie , iinea oaeeia , n?aco aea
ioi?aaeyeny niaoue. A ?anii?yaeea aeiy iaiaei a?aiaie ioaiaeeeinue ia
aiaineoaeaiea – caoo?aie e anaiiuiua. I?iniao?eaay ?anii?yaeie iiaeii
caiaoeoue , /oi Iaioeeia aue iaa?aiioai, oi anoue ii ia oiae ienaoue.

E caaa?oay /anoue enoi?ee aceaoa , iiaeii aeiaaaeoue. A a?oeaiii
oiiaea Iaioeeiaa nio?aieeny aeeieii, auaeaiiua aio Ei?ieaaneei
iauanoaii, eioi?ue noaey ii anaio aeinoaeny aio oae eae “neoaeaieai
Aaoei iiiiaaaoa … a ?ani?ino?aiaiee oi?ioeo eiea e iaoe”.(01 no?216)

4.E?ooaiea.

Iaoey ia oaa naaoeaeoaai noyioeanue , eiaaea ii iaiueoa anaai
iaeeaeae iai?eyoiinoae. Iaioeeia iaoiaeeeny a ionoonoaee a ?innee ieiei
iieooi?a aiaea, e iaecaanoii io eiai e eae oea?ue ociae i aai
iiae?yaeiuo iaoeiaoeeyo. A iniiaiii , ia/aei neaaenoaey naycuaatho n
aeiiinii. Oai auei i?aaeuyaeaii iaaeiaiea a i?enaiaiee eacaiiuo noii. Ii
“o?aoeee eo ii nianoaaiiui naie aeaeai”(01 no?218) Neaaenoaea ane?uei ia
i?eaeyaeioth ea?oeio: naiiaieee, iaoiaeeaoeany a aeiaa?ee oea?y ,
eniieueciaaee aai aeey ee/iiai iaiaauaiey ca n/ao eaciu. Aua ia
caeii/eeinue neaaenoaea naaoeaeoaai, eae ia/aeinue iiaia ?anneaaeiaaiea.
Eiycy iaaeiyee a ?anoiaeiaaiee ainoaea?noaaiiuo aeaiaa ia nianoaaiiua
ioaeaeu. Oaeiai ?iaea i?anooieaiey eiaiothony eaciie?aaenoaii, e
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai iao?ianeiai a?aiaie onoaiaaeeaaei eaciie?aaeai naiua
no?iaua ia?u iaeacaiey. Eaioeaey?ey Aeieai?oeiai iio?aaiaaea io
Iaioeeiaa io/aoa a ?anoiaeiaaiee 1018237 ?oaeae. ?aniooaoue aei eiioea
neiaeioth nenoaio acaeiiioiioaiee naaoeaeoaai e eaciu – eaioeaey?ee
Aeieai?oeiai , eaaeaony, ia oaeaeinue . Iaioeeia niciaoaeueii caoyaeaae
neaaenoaea. A eiia/iii n/aoa aio oaeaeinue aeiaeoueny naiaai , ?aaioa
eaioeaey?ee i?iaeieaeaeanue nauoa 10 eao, aa i?a?aaea nia?oue Iao?a, ca
eioi?ie iineaaeiaaei niyoea n eiycy anao ia/aoia. Ii naioth e?oiioth
iai?eyoiinoue eiycth i?eianee ia ?anneaaeiaaiey i ia/aoao , a ii/aineia
aeaei. E yoiio a?aiaie Iaioeeia n/eoaeny aiaaoaeoei aaeueiiaeae no?aiu.
Ai?iae Ii/ai aue iiaeaeiaai naaoeaeoaio ca caneoae a Iieoaaneie aaoaeee
. Eiycue ia aeiaieuenoaiaaeny iiaea?eii e ec aiaea a aiae ie?oaeye naie
aeaaeaiey, caoaaouaay aeeceaaeauea caiee, cae?aiiuay eacaeia e aceiay n
ieo iiaeiiinoe. N 1717 aiaea eacaee ia/aee iiaeaaaoue iiiai/eneaiiua
aeaeiau ia iacaeiiiua caoaaou eiycy, ii ana iie inoaaaeenue aac
iineaaenoaee – ieeoi ia iniaeeaaeny i?aaeaoue aeaniinoe i?iecaie
Iaioeeiaa. Iaeiaei , a iineaaenoaee aeaeo aeai aue oiae. E eae ia
ecai?a/eaeny eiycue, ii, i?eia?oue e noaiea, auioaeaeai aue i?eciaoueny
oea?th: “Ie a /ai ii oiio aeaeo ii?aaaeaoueny ia iiao , ii ai anai o
aaoaai aaee/anoaa anaieaeaeoa neacii i?ioo ieeinoeaaeoaai i?iuaiey”.(02
no?79) Oa?iaiea oea?y auei ia enoiaea. Oiaaea Iao? i?iecian i?e
Aeaoa?eia: “Ae, Iaioeeia a aaccaeiiee ca/ao , e ai a?anyo ?iaeeea aai
iaoe aai, a a ieooianoaa neii/aao aeeaio naie. E anee , Eaoaiueea, ii ia
eni?aaeony , oi auoue aio aac aieiau.”(02 no?80) Oioy Iaioeeia onoiye ia
yoio ?ac, ii ii/aineia aeaei aio ana aea noieei iioa?ue. Iao? iaycae
?annoaoueny n oai, /oi aio ia i?eiaaeeaaeaei: aa?iooue eacaeai
caoaa/aiiua caiee, a oaeaea ia?i/iua aeaiueae. E?aaeeo naaoeaeoaai
iioaoioeny , e aio i?eoeinue inoaaeoue iino i?aceaeaioa Aiaiiie
eieeaaee. Nienoiaeeoaeueiinoue Iao?a iiaeii auei au iauynieoue
iiiaieaoiae ae?oaeaie e oaaaeaieai e i?aaeiei aiaiiui caneoaai oaai?eoa,
iaeiiaoe, canooiie/anoaii Aeaoa?eiu. Ii ,anee au Iaioeeia ia ioaeai aue
Iao?o nae/an, oi yoi aai ia inoaiiaeei au. Iaecaanoii , eaeie auea au
noaeueaa naaoeaeoaai, anee au oea?ue i?iaeee aua ianeieueei eao. Nei?aa
anaai , ii ?acaeaeee au o/anoue anao eaciie?aaeia, oai aieaa /oi aeaaiay
aai canooiieoea , Aeaoa?eia, ec-ca naiae noi?oaeaneie iaaa?iinoe
oo?aoeea aeeyiea ia Iao?a.

Caeii/o aeia?aoeth Iaioeeiaa y ia iiaeienaiee Iao?ii 2 oeaca i aai
nnueea, eeoaiiiai anao /eiia e iaa?aae. “Oeacaee iu eiycy Iaioeeiaa
iineaoue a ieaeaai?iaeneea aea?aaie e aaeaee aio aeeoue oai aacauacaeii
, e iineaoue n iei ioeoea?a e eai?aeuenoai , nieaeao io aaa?aeee,
eioi?ui e auoue i?e iai.”

5.Caeeth/aiea.

Eae y e oeacuaae auoa , eiycy iiaoaeea aai /?acia?iinoue. E yoi ia
oaeeaeoaeueii. Iiea Iaioeeia iaoiaeeeny i?e aiaiiii aeaea , ii e
i?iyaeye naay aeinoieii. O?aa?inoue, niaeaeea e iiiaea ae?oaea ea/anoaa
i?enouea ia oieueei i?aayuae aa?oooee, io?aaeaeenue a iai. Iiiai ec oiai
, /oi ii aeinoea , nouanoaiaaei, aeaaiaea?y yoiio. Eae oieueei ii
aeinoea aa?oooee neaau , ia?aoy ia?iiioth aeanoue, ii ia ciae , /oi n
iae aeaeaoue . Iaioeeia aue aieaa icaai/ai aeaaiiieo/eai naiae naiuee e
oaeiaeaoai?aieai nianoaaiiiai /anoiethaey, /ai aeaaiiieo/ea
ainoaea?noaa. I?e aeecie Iao?a , oaai?eo ?aaiyeny ia iaai . A eia/a e
auoue ia iiaei. Ii caneoaeee naia ianoi a enoi?ee , aeaaiaea?y
ea/anoaai, eioi?ua ioaeiu auee oea?th, a ia auei au eo , ia i?eoae au ii
oiaaea a i?aayuoth aa?oooeo ieeiaaea. Iinea nia?oe Iao?a ii iuoaeny
,/oi-oi aeaeaoue, ii oaea ii eia?oeee. Eae ioaeee , eioi?ue aeinoea
naiae i?aaeaeueiie ia/ou, e eioi?iio aieueoa ie/aai ia iaaei.

Iaeie neiaii iiaeii neacaoue . Aaeieieno?aoi?ii Iaioeeia ia aue.
Eiaiii iiyoiio a eieaa “Aenoi?ey Naaeneie aieiu” ioia/aia ?ieue eiycy a
no?ieoaeuenoaa Iaoa?ao?aa e ie/aai ia neacaii i Iaioeeiaa – naiaoi?a
(eae e i Iaioeeiaa – i?aceaeaioa Aiaiiie eieeaaee).

Iaeiaei a aai aeecie i?eaeaeaao ?aaeueiue aeeaae ai neaao ?innee.

Nienie eniieueciaaiiie eeoa?aoo?u:

01 I.E. Iaaeaiei “Iieoaea?aeaaiue aeanoaeei” – “I?aaaea” 1991

02 A.I. Naoa?ia “?inney i?e oea?aaia Niouea e Iao?a1” –
“Nia?aiaiiee”-1990

03 A.I. Eeth/aaneee “Enoi?e/aneea ii?o?aou” – “I?aaaea”-1990

04 I.E. Iaaeaiei “Iao?1 e aai a?aiy” – “I?inaauaiea”-1989

i?eaao Anai ae?ocueyi-oiaa?euai ! ss i/aiue ?aae , /oi aai i?eaiaeeeny
iie ?aoa?ao ! Iaaeathnue yoi iaeaa/eo aaoo aeeciue ! Iieaaeiaa

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