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Маркиз де Сад и XX век

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IA?EEC AeA NAAe E OO AAE

(oaaaeeoaeueiay i?inueaa ia naeaaaoue yoio ?aoa?ao a IAOIa/aoe e,

a iniaaiiinoe, ia oecoaea iaaeaaiae/. oieaa?neoaoa eaoaae?a ineoieiaee)

IAEAAEAIEA

Aaaaeaiea

Aeaaa 1. *oaeiaeua

Aeaaa 2. Aoaeno

Aeaaa 3. ?aaiethoeeiia?

Aeaaa 4. Ienaoaeue

Aeaaa 5. Oeuaea ia?eeca

Caeeth/aiea

Aeaeeia?aoey

AAAAeAIEA

Ianiio?y ia oi, /oi oai?/anoao ia?eeca aea Naaea oaea iinayuaii iaiaei
?aciiai ?iaea ?aaio, eae ca?oaaaeiuo, oae e ?inneeneeo ienaoaeae e
oeeinioia, aaoi? iieaaaao, /oi ?yae iniaaiiinoae eo iaienaiey iiaeao
neoaeeoue aanueia aaniiui iainiiaaieai iaienaiey aua iaeiie. Ai-ia?auo,
?aciiia?acea acaeyaeia ia eaeath ia?eeca iicaieyao auneacaoue aua iaeei,
aei neo ii? (ii neo/aeiinoe, eee ii ionoonoaeth oaeiaiai) aaoi?o ia
ano?a/aaoeeny, ii eiathuee, ia aai acaeyae, i?aai ia nouanoaiaaiea.
Ai-aoi?uo, aieueoay /anoue ?aaio oaeiai ?iaea iienuaaao eeoue eaeoth-oi
iaeio a?aiue oeeinioee ia?eeca, e, aiciiaeii, eiaiii ec-ca yoiai n
/anoueth auaiaeia “naaeiaaaeia” o?oaeii niaeaneoueny. A-o?aoueeo Naae
iaen/a?iaai, a ?acaa yoiai iaaeinoaoi/ii ?..

?aciiia?acea acaeyaeia ia oai?/anoai ia?eeca iaiau/aeii oe?iei.
Aeeaiacii iiaiee eieaaeaony io e?aeiaai aiciouaiey aei noieue aea
e?aeiaai ainoeuaiey. E nae/an, iinea anao yeca?nenia naenoaeueiie
?aaiethoeee e aeaiie?aoee o aieueoeinoaa iaeii eiy aea Naaea aucuaaao n
o?oaeii iauynieioth iaaaoeaioth ?aaeoeeth. Ai?i/ai, iaei eoi ec yoiai
aieueoeinoaa aeaenoaeoaeueii /eoae ia?eeca eee, oioy au, aea?aeae a
?oeao aai eieae. Ae?oaay /anoue /eoaoaeae ioiineony e oaiaoe/iui
iieeiiieeai ia?eeca, ainoaaeythuei eaaeaeia aai neiai, i?e oii, /oi
niune yoiai neiaa ca/anooth inoaaony ne?uo io ieo eo nianoaaiiui
iaiaeaieai. I?aaaea, yoi iiaeii neacaoue i?i ethaiai /a?an/o? ?ueyiiai
iieeiiieea ethaiai ecaanoiiai /aeiaaea. Iina?aaeeia iaoiaeyony
e?iiioeeaua enneaaeiaaoaee, iuoathueany yoio niune iaeoe, i?aia?e?oy
ia?eeca e aai eieae. E, oioy i?e yoii eaeay-oi /anoue niunea oa?yaony,
eo ?aaioa iicaieyao i?i/anoue iiiai eioa?aniuo e iiciaaaoaeueiuo
naioaioeee, eanathueony, i?aaaea, ia noieueei ia?eeca, neieueei iuneae e
oeeinioee naieo aaoi?ia. Ioaeaeueiia ianoi caieiatho aeia?aou ia?eeca,
iaonoaiii niae?athuea ii eoni/eai aai aaniieieioth aeeciue – e nianeai
ei ca yoi! Iineieueeo e oa, e ae?oaea yaeythony ninoaaiie /anoueth XX
aaea, eia i eii aaoi? oiiiyiao iniai.

*oi aea eanaaony iniiaiuo ioieoia oeeinioee ia?eeca, oi ii yoiio iiaiaeo
a iienaiiie auoa n?aaea nouanoaoao ?aaeeinoiia aaeeiiaeooea. Ia?eeca
iaiaaeaeyo (eee i?aaiciinyo, eee i?aia?e?otho) ca oi, /oi ii:

– aue /oaeiaeuai

– aue aoaenoii

– aue ?aaiethoeeiia?ii

– i?ineaaeye ii?ie

– e aiiaua…

Iiaiea aaoi?a i oii, ianeieueei yoe ioieou niioaaonoaotho enoeia e
aoaeao eceiaeaii a yoie ?aaioa. Iooai iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai ?acai?a anao
iiceoeee aaoi? iaia?ai aeieacaoue neaaeothuaa ooaa?aeaeaiea: ianiio?y ia
oi, /oi ?anniao?eaaoue oai?/anoai ia?eeca, aia anyeiai niiiaiey,
iaaiciiaeii a io?uaa io ?aaeueiiai eiioaenoa aai a?aiaie, iieiinoueth
iniciaoue ana eaeae ia?eeca iiaeii oieueei a eiioaenoa a?aiaie iaoaai. E
ia oieueei iioiio, /oi iaiaei iiaiai i?eian XX aae a eeoa?aoo?o,
ineoieiaeth e oeeinioeth, a aua e iioiio, /oi, eae e ethaie aaeeeee
/aeiaae (a a yoii ii iiaieth aaoi?a ieeoi ia niiiaaaaony) ia?eec,
iia?aaeea naia a?aiy, ia?auaeny a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue e iioiieai – a
cia/eo e ei anai iai!

E aua iaeii, /enoi oaoie/aneia caia/aiea. Iauai e oeaeue aeaiiie ?aaiou
ia iicaieytho einiooueny anao noi?ii aeecie e oai?/anoaa ia?eeca,
iiyoiio aaoi? aoaeao ii ia?a aiciiaeiinoe eanaoueny eeoue oeeinioneiai
aniaeoa aeaiiie i?iaeaiu, inoaaeyy a noi?iia ineoieiae/aneee e
eeoa?aoo?iaaae/aneee. *oi, eiia/ii, i/aiue aeaeue…

*anoue naieo auaiaeia aaoi? iicaieeo naaa eceiaeeoue a caeeth/aiee
aeaiiie ?aaiou.

Aeaaa 1. *OAeIAEUA

“Aeanoiue, oiea?e/iue, ?acae?aaeeoaeueiue, aeioiaeyuee aei e?aeiinoe ai
anai – a aoaecia e ?anioonoaa…” – oae nai aea Naae aiai?eo i naaa.
Ianeieueei yoa oa?aeoa?enoeea niioaaonoaoao enoeia – aii?in iniaue. Aea
e ia ianoi nae/an aeey iienaiey ineoieiae/aneeo noi?ii ee/iinoe ia?eeca.
Aue ee ii eneeth/eoaeueiui n?aaeioi/eai ii?iea e i?anooieaiey, eee yoi
eaaaiaea, i?eaeoiaiiay aai a?aaaie (ae?ocueyie?), eioi?uo o ia?eeca auei
aeinoaoi/ii? Nianeai aeia?aoai ia?eeca – iu iiaeai ioaaoeoue ia yoio
aii?in…

Aeiianueai-Aeueoiin-O?ainoa aea Naae iiyaeeny ia naao 2 ethiy 1740 aiaea
a Ia?eaea. ?iaeeoaee aai, AEai-Aaioeno-AEicao-O?ainoa a?ao aea Naae,
ei?ieaaneee iaianoiee a i?iaeioeeyo A?ann, Athaea, Aaeueii? e AEa,
iineaiiee i?e aeai?a e?eueineiai eo?oth?noa e iaoue, Ia?e-Yeaiii?a aea
A?aca aea Ea?iai, o?aeeeia i?eioeannu Eiiaea, oioaee aeaoue nuio aoi?ia
eiy Aeueaeiin, ii yoi ae?aaiaa i?iaainaeueneia eiy a Ia?eaea auei
iaecaanoii e nayuaiiee ioeany i?e caiene. Iai ii/oe ie/aai iaecaanoii i
ia?auo aiaeao aeecie ia?eeca. Anee i?eiyoue iienaiea aeaonoaa Aaeueeo?a
ca aaoiaeia?aoe/aneee iaa?inie, oi a ?aiiai aeaonoaa Naaeo i?eoeinue
noieeiooueny n oyaeeeie iaeaeaie e iani?aaaaeeeainoueth. Iicaea,
ainieouaaynue aianoa n Eoe-AEicaoii aea Ao?aiiii, ii, ii-aeaeeiiio,
ianoieueei y?i caueuaeny io yaiecia e aunieiia?ey thiiai i?eioea, /oi
aai i?eoeinue oaeaeeoue io aeai?a. Iaiaeia aeeyiea ia iaeue/eea ieacae
aaaao ae’Ya?ae, a aeiia eioi?iai Naae n iyoe aei aeanyoe eao. Aaaao
ae’Y?aae, aaoi? eieae “AEeciue Iao?a?ee” aue, e oiio aea, aeaeueiei
?iaenoaaiieeii aaeeeiai iiyoa, oae /oi aeaai?iaenoai i?ienoiaeaeaiey
ia?eeca niiiaiee ia inoaaeyao, a yoei i?aiaa?aaaoue iaeuecy.

A 1754 aiaeo Naae iinooiaao a eaaaea?eeneia o/eeeua, ieii/ea aai
i?eieiaao o/anoea a n?aaeaiueyo naieeaoiae aieiu, aeineoaeeaoenue aei
eaieoaia e aueaey a 1963 aiaeo a ionoaaeo. 17 iay oiai aea aiaea Naae,
ii ianoiyieth ?iaeeoaeae, aeaieony ia ?aia-Iaeaaee Ei?aeuea aea Iiio?ae,
noa?oae aei/a?e a-ia aea Iiio?ae, i?aceaeaioa iaeiaiaie iaeaou, ia
i?eiaaeeaaeaaoae e e?oao aunoae a?enoie?aoee, ii eiaaoae oi?ioaa
i?eaeaiiia. Yoi auei ia/aeii aaaenoaee, i?aneaaeiaaaoeo aai anth
aeaeueiaeooth aeeciue. AEaieaoenue a iaa, oaea a ieoya?a Naae aue
a?anoiaai ec-ca yenoeanna a ioaee/iii aeiia, eioi?ue ii ?aaoey?ii
iinauae. I?e/eia a?anoa auea ii-aeaeeiiio aeinoaoi/ii na?ueaciie iioiio,
/oi Naae neae iiiai/eneaiiua ienueia ia/aeueieeo oth?ueiu, oiieyy
aea?aeaoue aa a nae?aoa, eia/a any aai aeeciue aoaeao iaiii?aaeii
enii?/aia. Yoi ianoiyoaeuenoai canoaaeyao i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi y?ioeci
Naaea i?eiye oaea aanueia eiii?iiaoe?othuoth oi?io, oai aieaa, /oi aiae
nionoy einiaeoi? iieeoeee Ia?y ?acineae niaea?aeaoaeueieoeai ioaee/iuo
aeiiia ecaauaiey i?eaeeceoaeueii neaaeothuaai niaea?aeaiey: “…y au
ianoiyoaeueii niaaoiaae a-aea aea A?enni, ia aaeaaaynue i?e yoii a
iiae?iaiua iauyniaiey, ioeacuaaoue aio, anee ii iio?aaoao o iaa aeaaeoeo
eaaeiai iiaaaeaiey aeey caaaa a aeiia naeaeaiee…”

E eiaiii a yoio iiiaio iieiaeie Naae aia?aua iiieiaao, /oi ee/iua
oaeiaieuenoaey ianiaianoeiu n iauanoaaiiie ii?aeueth.

Ia naiii aeaea, iooeanoaoue ieaoeie (ii i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiio niaeaoaieth)
ianeieueeeo i?inoeoooie – ia aia aanoue eaeie iiaeaea. E oi, /oi Naae
iaiieiyao aai oaeei cia/aieai, iaaiaeeo ia ii?aaeaeaiiua iiaeic?aiey…

Aeaeueiaeoea iioiaeaeaiey Naaea ia noaca ii?iea ia iaiaa

“aia/aoeythue”:

16 ieoya?y 1767 aiaea. Aeiianaiea einiaeoi?a Ia?y: “…anei?a iu niiaa
oneuoei ia oaeaniuo iinooieao a?aoa (e oiio a?aiaie ioaoe ia?eeca oaea
oia?, e Naae oianeaaeiaae a?aoneee oeooe) aea Naaea, eioi?ue any/anee
iuoaeny oaiai?eoue aeaaeoeo ?eauea? ec Iia?u noaoue aai ethaiaieoeae,
i?aaeeiaeea ae ca yoi iyoue eoeaei?ia a ianyoe… …iiiyiooay aeaaeoea
ioaaoeea ioeacii”

3 ai?aey 1768 aiaea (Nayoay Ianoa). A aeaayoue /ania oo?a ia ieiuaaee
Aeeooa? ia?eec aea Naae, “iaeaoue a na?ue nth?ooe, n ioioie/ueei iiaeii
ia iiyna e n o?inoueth a ?oea, ano?a/aao iaeoth aeaiueio a aic?anoa
ieiei o?eaeoeaoe oanoe eao ii eiaie ?ica Eaeea?. Iia niaeaneeanue nanoue
a oeae? aianoa n ia?eecii, eioi?ue i?eaac aa a naie aeii a iiianouea
A?eae. Oai, i?eioaeea ?ico ?acaeaoueny, ia?eec iaiaeiie?aoii ecaeaae
aeaiueio ieaoueth n ocaeeaie ia eiioeao. Caoai ii iaoa? iino?aaeaaoea
/anoe oaea iacueth, a ninoaa eioi?ie aoiaeee aaeue aine, i?aaeeiaeee
eniiaaaeiaaoue aa e, i?eiany ?ica caao?ae, caia? aa a eiiiaoa ia aeaa
iai?ioa. Iaeiaei aea aeaiueia oaeaeinue aui?uaiooue a ieii. Iaeaoay
i?aaeianouea a?iieeie noaiaieyie, iia ioi?aaeeanue a iieeoeaeneee
o/anoie, aaea e iiaeaea e?aeia i?aoaaee/aiioth aeaeiao”. A aeaeueiaeoai
?ica Eeeea? ioeacaeanue io naiae aeaeiau a iaiai ia eiiiainaoeeth a 2400
eea?ia. Ianiio?y ia yoi, ii ?aoaieth noaea Naae iiaeaa?aaaony
caeeth/aieth aeeeiie a iauae neiaeiinoe aei o?ao ianyoeaa.

27 ethiy 1772 aiaea. A 10 /ania oo?a Naae aianoa ni naiei eaeaai
iiaeieiaaony a eiiiaoo aeaaeoeu Ai?aeee ii i?icaeuo Ia?eaoo, aaea eo
aeaeaee aua o?e aeaaeoeu. Aeaenoaey: aeoeaiay e ianneaiay oeaaaaeyoeey,
aiaeueiue naen, io eioi?iai aeaaooee, ii eo neiaai, ioeacaeenue, i?i/ea
oaeiaieuenoaey, a i?ioieiea ia ooi/iaiiua. Oiio?aaeaiea aieniauo eiioao
ni oiaineie iooeie. *a?ac ianeieueei aeiae aeaaooee iiaeaee a iieeoeeth
aeaeiao ia… io?aaeaiee. Ia iniiaaiee yoie aeaeiau 3 naioya?y oiai aea
aiaea ei?ieaaneee i?ieo?i? a ia?naea auiineo ?aoaiea ii iaaeiaieth Naaea
e aai neoae a niaeiiee e io?aaeaiee, e i?eaiaa?eaaao eo e ioaee/iiio
iieayieth e iiaaoaieth n aeaeueiaeoei niaeaeaieai oae e ?acaayieai i?aoa
ii aao?o. Eaciue auea i?iaaaeaia “cai/ii”

E oae aeaeaa, e oiio iiaeiaiia…

N?aco ia?auatho ia naay aieiaiea aeaa ianoiyoaeuenoaa. Ai-ia?auo, oae ee
oae auee i?ioeaianoanoaaiiu (aeaaea aeey naiaai a?aiaie) iaeeiiiinoe
ia?eeca, anee ianiio?y ia ianoie/eaua i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey iieeoeee,
i?inoeoooee i?iaeieaeaee i?eieiaoue Naaea. E ai-aoi?uo ianiia?aciinoue
i?inooiea e iaeacaiey: ec-ca ianeieueeeo, aanueia niiieoaeueiuo, aeaeia,
ia?eec aue iiaeaa?aioo i?aneaaeiaaieth aeeeiiie a… ni?ie eao!

I/aaeaeii, /oi a iaeanoe naenoaeueiuo eca?auaiee ia?eec ia ioe?ue ie/aai
iiaiai.

Ethaie nia?aiaiiue /eoaoaeue oieueei oeuaiaony – a ethaie niaoeeaeueiie
eeoa?aoo?a i?eaaaeaiu neo/ae iioeaua. Aea e a oi a?aiy ana yoe oaeinoe
auee aeaaii ecaanoiu (iaaea?ii nai aea Naae nnueaaony ia aioe/iua
enoi/ieee) Iaeiaei Naae iauyaeai aaee/aeoei i?anooiieeii anao a?aiai.
Eiio yoi auei auaiaeii?

Ooo iaiaoiaeeii inoaiiaeoueny ia aua iaeiie ee/iinoe, ieacaaoae iaiaeia
aeeyiea ia noaeueao ia?eeca – aai oaua, iaaeai aea Iiio?ae anth aeeciue
i?aneaaeiaaea cyoy. Eiaiii n aa iiiiuueth Naae aue ianeieueei ?ac
a?anoiaai. Nicaeaaony aia/aoeaiea, /oi eae oieueei ia?eeca auioneaee ec
oth?ueiu iaaeai aea Iiio?ae ia/eiaea i?eniao?eaaoueny – ca /oi au aua
aai iinaaeeoue?.. Naae iaiaaeaeae naith oauo, iacuaae aa “naeiui ?ueii”.
E. Naae nian aa io ?aaiethoeeiiiiai i?aaeoaeuenoaa, ca /oi aue iaaeiai a
oia?aiiinoe e… iinaaeai a oth?ueio. Enoaoe aeaia ia?eeca, iaaeai aea
Naae auea iieiui oniaoii eaeae ioaea. Iia a oa/aiee iiiaeo eao iie?uaaea
i?anooieaiey ia?eeca, i?iyaeea iacao?yaeioth niaeinoue, i?aaieciaaa
iaeei ec iiaaaia ioaea. I?aee Naaea a caiea Ea-Eino i?ioiaeeee i?e aa
iiaeaea?aeea. Eiaaea iaeia ec aa ai?ie/iuo iaaeieea ia?eeca a iooeianoaa
aa ?aaaiea, iaaeai aea Naae iiaeeiaeeea a aa aaue naia na?aa?i, /oiau
aeene?aaeeoe?iaaoue aa iaaeiaiey. Iaaei caiaoeoue, /oi ie iaeaeoae
aeaaiaea?iinoe ia?eec ia eniuouaae, ii… Ianeieueei eao ii noa?aoaeueii
ea?ae ?ieue aeia?iii?yaei/iiai iooea e ioaea, i?iaaaey o?e aiaea a naiai
iiianouea a I?iaaina, i?iecaaaey ia naao aeaoo aeaoae e i?eieiay o naay
oeaao i?iaaineiai iauanoaa. Ii iiiai /eoae (eae, ai?i/ai, e anaaaea),
noaaee naie iueanu a aeiiaoiai oaao?a (e oaao? ii oiaea anaaaea ethaee).

Caaa?oay yoio ?acaeae iaaei neacaoue, /oi ii ioiioaieth e naiae
?aiooaoeee ia?eec aae naay ii-?aciiio. Ioe?iaaiii yiaoe?oy iauanoai
naiei iiaaaeaieai, ii iinoiyiii ioioneaao ?aaa?ainu a aai noi?iio.
Yiea?aoii e “AEtheueaooa” ii noaaeo io?uaie ec naiaai ienueia: “…aea,
y ?aniooiee e y i?eciathnue a yoii, y iinoea ana, /oi iiaeii auei
iinoe/ue a yoie iaeanoe, ii y, eiia/ii, ia naeaeae anaai, /aai iinoea,
e, eiia/ii, ia naeaeath ieeiaaea…” A yoii o?aaiaioa ?acaaaeea anae
aeecie ia?eeca – ii ia aue aaeeeei i?anooiieeii. Ii oieueei oioae ei
auoue. Ii oioae au i?anooieoue ana iuneeiua e iaiuneeiua caeiiu, ii
eeoue caeiiu iauanoaa, eioi?ia ia i?eiyei aai iaaeiiua oaea/aiey, eiaaea
aio auei aeaaaeoeaoue o?e aiaea. E ii ioiinoee yoiio ie?o aeanoiei
auniaya aai, i?e/ai a oaeie oi?ia, /oi eeoue iiiai eao nionoy iu
ia/eiaai caia/aoue yoo ianiaoeo. Ia ana eaeae naiaai a?aiaie ia?eec
ni/eiee ycaeoaeueiua ia?iaeee, eioi?ua auee aini?eiyou aai
nia?aiaiieeaie, eae ioa?aoeoaeueiua, ii na?ueaciua eieae.

N oi/ee c?aiey ineoieiaee ia?eec nicaeae naie ie?, iioiio /oi a
?aaeueiii ie?a ii ia iia ie/aai. Aai i?eeeth/aiey a ai?aeaeyo – yoi
noaeeiaoeey iaiaaenoe e iauanoaaiiie ii?aee, eioi?ay oiaea anoue caeii.
Ii eae ethaie aaeeeee /aeiaae, ia?eec oiae niayoueny iaae niaie. E ii
i?ioeaiiinoaaee iaiaaeaeeiie ei ii?aee naith nianoaaiioth ii?aeue,
iiaeaea?aeaa aa no?ieiie oeeinioneie eiioeaioeeae. Ai?i/ai, oeeinioey
ia?eeca eiae/ia oieueei ia ia?aue acaeyae. A ia aoi?ie, eae ec-iiae
iaeeiinanoa, i?inooiaao ycaeoaeueiay oniaoea ia?eeca…

Eeai iu aeieaeiu i?eciaoue, /oi Naae ia aaeeeee ienaoaeue e oeeinio, a
oeeinionoaothuee a?aoiiai. Ii neeoeii oae iiiai aeieacaoaeuenoa
ia?aoiiai.

A oaia?ue iinoa?aainy ooi/ieoue neacaiiia.

Aeaaa 2. AOAENO

Aue ee Naae aoaenoii? Ii aiai?eo i naiai aoaecia aua a aeioth?aiiue
ia?eiae, i /ai naeaeaoaeuenoaoao aai “Aeeaeia…”, ii caoai ia/eiaaoue
niiiaaaoueny a yoii a aeaeo aai y?inoiiai nayoioaonoaa. Iaeei ec aai
naiuo aeanoieeo ia?niiaaeae Nai-Oii aiana ia io?eoeaao Aiaa. Ii
aeiaieuenoaoaony oai, /oi auaiaeeo aiinoe/aneoth oai?eth ceiai
aeaieo?aa, aeaeay ec iaa niioaaonoaothuea auaiaeu. Aea, Nai-Oii – ia
ia?eec aea Naae, ia?niiaae ieeiaaea ia oiaeaeanoaaiai aaoi?o. Iaeiaei
ana ia?niiaaee aea Naaea io?eoeatho nouanoaiaaiea Aiaa, aaiaey aeiaiae,
ca?eaeueiue aeieacaoaeuenoao Eaioa: nouanoaiaaiea Aiaa i?aaeiieaaaei au
aai ?aaiiaeooea, ceiao eee aeanoieinoue. Naiia cia/eoaeueiia
i?iecaaaeaiea Naaea caeai/eaaaony aeaiiino?aoeeae ooiinoe e ceiaiinoe
aiaeanoaa. Iaaeiioth AEthnoeio canoaao a iooe a?ica e i?anooiiee Ioa?nae
aeaao iaao ia?aoeoueny a o?enoeainoai, anee iieiey ia oaea?eo a iaa. Ii
iieiey ii?aaeaao AEthnoeio. Ioa?nae oi?aeanoaoao…

Niaeanii Naaeo, enoi?ey ?aeeaee ynii iieacuaaao, /oi aiao naienoaaiii
oaeaaoue. Oiaaea eaeie niune /aeiaaeo auoue aeia?iaeaoaeueiui? Naae
io?eoeaao /aeiaaea e aai ii?aeue enoiaey ec oiai, /oi e oi, e ae?oaia
io?eoeaaony Aiaii. E ii aea io?eoeaao aiaa, eae “…aaeeinoaaiioth
eaeath, eioi?oth iaeuecy i?inoeoue /aeiaa/anoao”. Naae ia/eiaao, eae
ienaoaeue, eiaiii n ?aciaea/aiey yoie ienoeoeeaoeee. Ii ?acae?aao e
aeoioth eiaeue e caaoaee?iaaiiue iaiai. Ia?aue o?ie, eioi?ue iieo/aao
AEtheueaooa a iiianou?a – o?ie eeaa?oeiaaea, ii aoi?ie – o?ie aoaecia.
Naae oie/oiaeaao iaeei o?ai e ia aai iaeiieao no?ieo ae?oaie – o?ai
I?e?iaeu. I?e?iaea iieo/aaony, eae au caiaieoaeai Aiaa. Iia – yoi
niceaeathuay neea, oieueei ae iu iaycaiu naiei nouanoaiaaieai. Ii oie
aea oi/ee c?aiey i?eaea?aeeaathony iiiaea nia?aiaiieee Naaea. E ia?eec
ia inoaiaaeeaaaony ia aeinoeaiooii. N oai aea ona?aeeai ii ia/eiaao
auno?aeaaoue iiaoth oai?eth – oai?eth io?eoeaiey I?e?iaeu. Ana aaeeeea
eeaa?oaiu Naaea ii?aaaeuaatho naie i?eoioe, nnueaynue ia I?e?iaeo:
“…iu aeiiaaou a neaaeiaaiee iaoei i?inoaeoei aeaeaieyi ia aieaa, /ai
ii?a, acaeuiathuaa aieiu”. Ii iie aea iauyaeytho I?e?iaeo aeanoieie,
e?iaiaeaaeiie e iaea?aeeiie aeooii ?ac?ooaiey. E Aia, e I?e?iaea aeaeaee
au “iieiiai oie/oiaeaiey anao aeeauo nouanoa, /oiau nicaeaaay iiaua,
ianeaaeeoueny naiae aeanoueth…” E eaeie aea ec yoiai aeaeaao auaiae
Naae?” Aeaaaeoa ioaaaeeiny niaa?oeoue ianeeea iaae yoie iaiiiyoiie
I?e?iaeie, iaeaaeaai eneonnoaii ianeaaeaeaoueny ath.”

A a “AEtheueaooa” ii cayaeyao aua ?aoeoaeueiae: “?ac /aeiaae nioai?ai,
ii aieaa ia caaeneo io i?e?iaeu; ?ac oae i?e?iaea a?ineea aai, iia aieaa
ia eiaao iaae iei aeanoe”.

*aeiaae ia iaycai iiae/eiyoueny anoanoaaiiiio ii?yaeeo, iineieueeo ii
aio niaa?oaiii /oaeae. Iiyoiio ii naiaiaeai a naiai i?aanoaaiiii auai?a,
eioi?ue aio ieeoi ia a i?aaa iaaycuaaoue. Oiaaea ii/aio ec anao ioe?uouo
ia?aae iei iooae Naae auae?aao oio, eioi?ue aaaeao e i?anooieaieth?
I?e?iaea oaiaeii i?anooieaiea, aieaa oiai, I?e?iaea naia ii naaa
i?anooiia. Oiaaea eae aea iiaeii io?eoeay caeiiu I?e?iaeu a oiaea a?aiy
neaaeiaaoue ei? E aiiaua, noieei ee n oaeei iueii ?ac?ooaoue iaeio
oeia?o, /oiau iioii iino?ieoue ae?oaoth, eioi?oth, a naith i/a?aaeue,
ioianoe. E inoaoueny… Ie n /ai? Iaoaeaee iu aeieaeiu i?eciaoue, /oi
ia?eec caiooaeny a nianoaaiiie oeeinioee? Eee aea… Ia anoue ee any
oaieiae/aneay nenoaia Naaea eeoue ia?iaeey ia aanueia iiaeiia a oi a?aiy
oaea/aiea aoaeciii?

Ia?aia /oi naeaeae ia?eec iinea ieii/aiey ia?aiai n?iea caeeth/aiey – ii
iii?inee nayuaiieea ia eniiaaaee… Aue ee Naae aoaenoii? Aua iaiiiai iu
neaaeai ia yoie oaia a aeaaa iinayuaiiie ?aaiethoeeiiiui ono?aieaieyi
ia?eeca.

Aeaaa 3. ?AAIETHOeEIIA?

Aeey ethaiai ?iyeenoa Naae aoaeao a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue ia iineaaeiei
aeayoaeai O?aioeocneie ?aaiethoeee. Aeaenoaeoaeueii, Naae – aeeoy naiaai
aaea, ia iia ia ia/oaoue i aoaeouai oea?noaa naiaiaeu e ni?aaaaeeeainoe.
E eiaaea a 1790 aiaeo eiaiii ?anioaeeeaineia i?aaeoaeuenoai aea?iaaei
aio naiaiaeo, Naae iia iaaeayoueny, /oi a aai aeecie ia/eiaaony iiaue
ia?eiae. Ii ia eiaao naiuee (aeaia iio?aaiaaea ?acaiaea), ii ecaiai
noa?ui iauanoaii – oae aea cae?aanoaoao iiaia! Iueanu Naaea noaayony a
oaao?ao, ii iiioey?ai e aeaaea iacia/ai eiienna?ii ainoaea?noaaiiiai
niaaoa ii cae?aaiio?aiaieth, a a aeaeueiaeoai – i?aaenaaeaoaeyi naeoeee
Iee e i?enyaeiui ?aaiethoeeiiiiai o?eaoiaea. Naae n yiooceaciii
caieiaaony iieeoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoueth ia aeaai ?anioaeeee, aei ian
aeioee aai ?a/e e a?ioth?u.

Iaeiaei ?iiai n ?anioaeeeie i?iaeieaeaeny iaaeieai – aaaeue yoei iiaui
ie?ii i?aaeee oa aea oaeueoeaua caeiiu, /oi e ?aiueoa. E naiia naia
cia/eoaeueiia “iieeoe/aneia” i?iecaaaeaiea “O?aioeocu…” Naae anoaaeyao
a na?aaeeio “Oeeinioee a aoaeoa?a”.

A yoie a?ioth?a eiaaony aeaa ?acaeaea, iinayuaiiuo aoaeouei i?eioeeiai
ainoaea?noaaiiiai ono?ienoaa ?anioaeeee, eae eo aeaeea?e?oao Naae.
Ia?aue ec ieo eanaaony ?aeeaee, e iniiaiua aai iieiaeaiey iiaeii
n/eoaoue noi?ioee?iaaiiuie, anee au ia iaeii ianoiyoaeuenoai. O Naaea ia
oio iiiaio iiyaeeanue iiaay ieaooi?ia aeey aai ?annoaeaeaiee. Iuea?
Eeinnianee i?aa, iiae/a?eeaay, /oi nae aeieoiaio aeieacuaaao
?aaiethoeeiia?ai, /oi eo ?anioaeeea iniiauaaaony ia oaeenoaa ei?iey,
iiiacaiieea aiaeueaai, e /oi aeeueioeie?iaaa Aiaa 21 yiaa?y 1793 aiaea,
iie oai naiui eeoeee naay i?aaa ia i?aneaaeiaaiea ceiaeaenoaa e oeaico?o
i?anooiiuo einoeieoia. Iiia?oey, ooaa?aeaeathuay eaeae Aiaa, oai naiui
ooaa?aeaeaea naia naay. ?anioaeeea aea ie ia /oi ae?oaia ia iie?aaony,
eae ia naay, e i?aau a iae eeoaiu anyeie iii?u. Naae ii?aaaeuaaao a
eieaa ethaia i?anooieaiea e, a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue, oaeenoai. E a oaeana
iooaouaaaony, eiaaea aai eaeae iauanoai aiieiuaao ia i?aeoeea. Eacaeinue
au, eiaaea iauanoai ocaeiieei oaeenoai, Naae aianoi oiai, /oiau
aaciaeacaiii io/eoue e oaeaaoue aeene?aaeeoe?oao naay… aoiaiiinoueth.
A oi a?aiy, eae oeaaeiie?iaiue iaea/ Nainii aaeaaeiaaii iieo/ae io
iauanoaaiiiai iaaeieoaey, Ooea-Oueaiaeey “iaoeeaioia”, iaaeaae eie
oaeaaeee, ia i?inuoathuea io e?iae, aac ia ieiuaaeue ?aaiethoeee e oai,
iiae ?aaeinoiue aie oieiu, canoaaeye eo /eoaoue a iaoie, eae oiaaea
iacuaaee aeeueioeie?iaaiea, a i?ieiinoe Eaaii auno?aeaae a A??ana aie?oa
yoaoioa aeaoeoae, /oiau ec ieo iieo/eeenue noieeea iao?eiou e ethaiaaeny
eaciueth n aaeeiia, iiieaay aeii e neooay “Na e?a” e aea?aeae ia?e,
eaeoth a?eiano nino?ieo inoaeaeaiiue; a oi a?aiy, eae i?ieiinoe Ea?uea a
Iaioa ono?aeaaao “?anioaeeeaineea naaaeueau” – ianniaua iioiieaiey
iaaeiiaiuo, ia?eec iiiiaaao ne?uaaoueny io i?aneaaeiaaiey ?aiaa
i?ieeyaoei aai a?enoie?aoai (i?i iaaeai Iiio?ae iu oaea ienaee). N?aaiei
aeaa ienueia…

“Neacu ?aaeinoe oaeoo ii iiei uaeai, caiieiytho aeooo. Naaiaeiy aa/a?ii
iu ?anno?aeyee 230 iyoaaeieeia” – yoi ec ienueia aoaeouaai ieieno?a
iieeoeee Iaiieaiia Oooa eieeaaai a Eiiaaio.

“Aa/iay aeeueioeia ia?aae aeacaie iaianea iia aieueoa a?aaea, /ai ana
Aanoeeee, aianoa acyoua” – a yoi oaea aea Naae, oaea iinea caeeth/aiey
ii iaaeiaieth a oia?aiiinoe.

Oae /oi aea, i?eioeeiu ia?eeca, i?aaeeaaaaiua ei aeey iianaianoiiai
aiaae?aiey a ?anioaeeea – eiaeue? Eee yoi i?inoi aeiaaaeaiea aei
aano?aea iniiaiuo eaeae ?aaiethoeee, a cia/eo – iiyoue ia?iaeey?

Aeaaa 4. IENAOAEUe

Ethaie ?acaiai? i Naaea aoaeao iaiieiui aac oiiieiaiey aua iaeiie aai
eiinoane – eae eeoa?aoi?a. Aua a 1782 aiaeo ia?eec i?eoiaeeo e auaiaeo,
/oi “ioiuia oieueei eeoa?aoo?a aoaeao iaiieiyoue aai aeeciue ainoi?aii,
auciaii, ene?aiiinoueth e oneaaeaie aiia?aaeaiey.” Ia?eec ienae
eeoi?aaei/ii, iaenoiai e /?acau/aeii iiiai. E ieioi… Nae/an oieueei
naiue ?ueyiue ii/eoaoaeue ia?eeca aoaeao io?eoeaoue i/aaeaeiue oaeo:
ia?eec ia aue ia oieueei aaeeeei, ii aeaaea e oi?ioei ienaoaeai, aai
oai?/anoai oeaiyo ioithaeue ia a neeo aai eeoa?aoi?neeo aeinoieinoa. N
ae?oaie noi?iiu, Naaea iaeuecy iacaaoue e iau/iui a?aoiiaiii,
eiiiaine?othuei ee/iua iaoaea/e iaeeueiui ienueiii. Ii ia ianoi caeanue
aiai?eoue i /enoi eeoa?aoo?iaaae/aneeo iiiaioao. Inoaiiaeiny eeoue ia
aeaoo aeaoaeyo.

Ia?aia. Ana ia?niiaaee Naaea aaniethoii ia?aaeueiu. Oneiaiu.
Aini?eieiaoue ana?ueac Aeieueiaina, Ioa?nay eee AEtheueaooo oae aea
iaeaii, eae Ciay-Ai?uiu/a eee Aaao ssao. Ia?eec aeaaea ia iuoaaony
i?eaeaoue ei aeaeeiinoue i?aaaeiiiaeiaey. Aa?ie iia?e?otho ieeeea?aeaie
eea?ia e ouny/aie aeeciae, aaaeoo oeeinioneea aanaaeu e oaea/aiii
caieiathony ethaiaueth; ana yoi iienuaaaony n oaeie ouaoaeueiinoueth,
/oi /eoaoaeue aiai?eo…” – Ia aa?th!” E Naae ia iuoaaony aai
?acoaaaeeoue, iaiai?io, iinoiyiii iiae/a?eeaaao ianoaiiaeo ieioiai
oaao?a, y?ia?i/iiai aaeaaaia…

Aoi?ia. Ana eieae Naaea – yoi iaa?iiiaeaeaiea ia ia?aue acaeyae i/aiue
no?ieiuo, ii ia aoi?ie – aaniethoii iaeiae/iuo oi?ioe e naioaioeee,
iiaeaiiuo i?e/ai n oaeei ecyuanoaii e iai?eioaeaeaiiinoueth, /oi
ia?anoatho aini?eieiaoueny eae ia/oi aii?aeueiia, a noaiiayony
eneonnoaii aeey eneonnoaa. I?eaaaeai eeoue iaeei i?eia?. Naae iinoiyiii
ooaa?aeaeaao ?ac?ooaiea anaai e any, ia/eiay io iaeiie aeecie e eii/ay
ai?iaeaie e no?aiaie, /oiie e aieiie. E yoi anaiauaa oie/oiaeaiea,
aanii?yaeie, oain ooaa?aeaeaaony /a?ac no?iaee ii?yaeie – ai anai,
ia/eiay n ono?iaiey ethaiaiie noeaiu e eii/ay i?aaiecaoeeae anyeeo
oaeiuo iauanoa ni no?iaei onoaaii e ?aaeaiaioii. Ooo aeaaea aeeaeaeoeeie
ia iaoiao, oai aieaa, /oi Naae ia eniieueciaae aa i?eioeeiu, yoi aieueoa
iioiaea ia i?inoie iaaeiniio?.

Oaee ?aaee /aai noieei ecaiaeeoue ai?u aoiaae? Iu ia iiaeai oi?aeiooue
Naaea ie a aeoiinoe, ie a iaeoeueoo?iinoe, aea e ia ana iaoe aii?inu ii
aeae ioaao a ynna “Iuneue i ?iiaiao” Iineooaai ia?eeca.

“…ia i?ae?auatho ni?aoeaaoue: /aio neoaeao ?iiaiu? *aio iie neoaeao, i
eeoeaia?u, eca?auaioeu, eai au iaeie caaeaaoa yoio aii?in, iie aeey
oiai, /oi au iienuaaoue aai oaeeie, eaeea au anoue, n aaoae ai?aeuiae,
eioi?oth au iuoaaoanue ne?uoue, eai aieoanue iineaaenoaee. Aoaeo/e, anee
oae iiaeii au?aceoueny, ea?oeiie i?aaia aaea, ?iiai, eae e enoi?ey,
aaaeai oeeinioo, aeaeathuaio iiciaoue /aeiaaea.”

Iaianoiyuea ethaee, iaiainiiaaiiua eaeae… Ia/aeueiay ea?oeia.

E aua. Aue ee Naae aeeaiienoeai ii?iea, iinoaaeaoei eiaiii aai ai aeaao
oaea? E iiyoue ia?eec nai ioaaoee ia yoio aii?in. “…aiai?yo, /oi iie
eenoe neeoeii neeueiu, e y ia?auaynue e /eoaoaeth, ecia?aaeath ii?ie
iia?ceoaeueiui. Oioeoa ciaoue ii/aio? ss ia aeaeath i?iaoaeaeaoue
ethaiaue e ii?ieo…” Aii?in a ae?oaii – /oi Naae iiieiae iiae ii?ieii?
Auoai?eaaaeaiiia caia/aiea, aac niiiaiey, iiiuoea ii?aaaeaoueny ia?aae
/eoaoaeai (iaaea?ii nai Naae anaaaea io?eoeae aaoi?noai “AEthnoeiu”), ii
e ia oieueei. A ia?niiaaeao Naaea iauanoai ia iiaei ia ociaoue naay. E
yoiai iii aio ia i?inoeei, iaaeiea aai a eca?auaiee oia, oae aea eae e
ii iaaeiye iauanoai.

Oae eaeoth aea eaeath i?iiiaaaeiaae Naae? A ia yoio aii?in aaoi?
iinoa?aeny a iayaiie oi?ia ioaaoeoue. Aeaeeii, i?eoei a?aiy
noi?ioee?iaaoue yoio aii?in /aoei.

Ia?eec ia noiae aeiaeoueny io iauanoaa ee/iie naiaiaeu, eioi?oth
iaaiciiaeii iieo/eoue io iauanoaa i?inoi iioiio, /oi iii, aac anyeiai ia
oi i?aaa, i?enaieei naaa iieiiii/ey onoaiaaeeaaoue aa ?aiee. Naiaiaea
noaea aeey iaai iaeei neiaieii, eioi?ue ii iaaeaeee oaea iiauie /a?oaie,
i?iaicaeanea naiaiaeo anaiauaiethuae e ecia/aeueii i?eiaaeeaaeaaoae
eeoue oceiio e?oao eeoe, i?inoi iioiio, /oi inoaeueiua aei iaa aua ia
aei?inee. A iaae inoaeueiuie ia?eec i?inoi iiniayeny.

Aeaaa 5. OEUAEA IA?EECA

THii?, ionoue aeaaea e /a?iue, i?iiecuaaao ana eieae aea Naaea. I?inoi
aai ia/eiaaoue caia/aoue ia n ia?aiai e aeaaea ia ni aoi?iai ?aca. Oa,
eoi oi?aeaao ia?eeca a oii, /oi ii i?a/iue ienaoaeue, i?inoi /eoaee aai
iaeei ?ac. I?eia?ia auei i?eaaaeaii oaea iiiaeanoai, ii iie eanaeenue ii
aieueoae /anoe naoe?u eee a?ioanea. Aaoi? ia ioeaaeao naaa a
oaeiaieuenoaee i?eaanoe aua ianeieueei o?aaiaioia, /enoi ino?ioiiuo:

(?aniieaaaaony eae anaaaea, /aoei i?aaieciaaiiay a?oiia aeey ethaiaiuo
ooao)

” – A iia /oi i?eeaaeaoa aeaeaoue? – ni?inee Ioa?nae.

– ?aciuoeyoue – ei?ioei ioaaoee ieieno?. – au aoaeaoa aea?aeaoue naa/eo
e ?aciuoeyoue i i?aa?aoiinoyo noaeueau.

(AEoeueaooa)

“Eiinoain, noi?oaa aa?oeiaa e aei/ue Aeth?na, – aunieay, no?ieiay
aeaiueia, eae aoaeoi nicaeaiiay, /oiau aa ?eniaaee. Ecyuanoai oaeee oei
ioithaeue ia a oua?a naaaeanoe: iooeaiueeay, n ainoeoeoaeueiuie oi?iaie
e eiaeae aaeaa eeeee, iia /anoi iiaoaeaeaea aiia?aceoue, /oi naia
Ethaiaue iicaaioeeanue i aa ia?aaioea. Aeaca aieueoea, /a?iua, iieiua
iaiy, ?io i/aiue iaeaiueeee, oe?aoaiiue naiuie ecoieoaeueiuie coaaie,
eaeea iiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue; ycue oiieee, oceee, aeue; aeuoaiea neaua
?iciaiai… Io/aoeeai eciaiooay iiynieoea ainoeoeoaeueiie eeieae
ia?aoiaeeo a… aeiio…. i/a?iaaoaeueiue i?etho caoae neaaeino?anoey…

(120 aeiae Niaeaeiia)

E, eiia/ii, caaauaiea ia?eeca, /ae nth??aaeenoe/aneee oii iiaoaeee
Aiae?a A?aoiia aeeth/eoue aai a Aioieiaeth /a?iiai thii?a, auiouaiioth a
1940 aiaeo.

” – ss eaoaai?e/anee cai?auath ane?uaaoue iia oaei iiae eaeei au oi ie
auei i?aaeeiaii. ss o?aaoth, /oiau 48 /ania aai o?aieee a eiiiaoa, aaea
y neii/athnue, a aea?aayiiii a?iao, eioi?ue neaaeoao caeieioeoue oieueei
ii enoa/aiee n?iea, i?aaeienaiiiai auoa, ii enoa/aiee iiiai iacaaiiue
a?ia aoaeao caeiei/ai; ai a?aiy yoiai i?iiaaeooea iaaeeaaeeo ioi?aaeoue
iinueueiiai e naiuei?o Eaiii?iaio, oi?aiaoeo ae?iaaie, /oiau iii?ineoue
aai i?eeoe aianoa n oaeaaie ca iiei oaeii e o?ainii?oe?iaaoue aai a ean
iiae caiee a Iaeueiyciia, aaea y oi/o, /oiau iii auei iioi?iiaii a
ia?aii iiiaaoainy eonoa?ieea, iaoiaeyuainy n i?aaie noi?iiu oiiiyiooiai
eana, anee aoiaeeoue ni noi?iiu noa?iai caiea ii aieueoie aeeaa, aai
ia?anaeathuae. ssia aoaeao au?uoa a yoii eonoa?ieea iaeueiyciineei
e?anoueyieiii, iiae iaaethaeaieai naiuei?a Eaii?iaia, eioi?ue inoaaeo
iia oaei eeoue iinea ia?aiauaiey aai a iacaaiioth yio. Eae oieueei yia
aoaeao canuiaia, iaaeeaaeeo iaa?inaoue naa?oo aeaeoaeae, aeaau iioii e
ianoi iacaaiiie yiu, e eonoa?iee auaeyaeaee eae i?aaeaea e neaaeu iiae
iiaeeu en/acee n iiaa?oiinoe caiee. Eai y eueuo naay iaaeaaeaeie, /oi
iaiyoue iai iia nio?aony ec ethaeneie aieiau…”

Caaauaiea ia?eeca oae e ia auei auiieiaii…

Iinea nia?oe aea Naaea iai ia inoaeinue ie iaeiiai aai ii?o?aoa, oieueei
iaaiyoiua iienaiey iieeoeaeneeo i?ioieieia. Aaoi? iaiaeiie?aoii iuoaeny
aiia?aceoue naaa yoiai /aeiaaea. Ianiio?y ia oi, /oi a eaaeaeii neo/aa
ii?o?ao iieo/aeny ae?oaei, iaeia aeaoaeue aai inoaaaeanue iaeciaiiie.
Ia?eec oeuaaeny eaaeie iieooeuaeie, neaaea iaiiieiathuae
aeaeieiiaeianeoth.

CAEETH*AIEA

A oaia?ue ianoaea naiay ii?a iauynieoue: a i?e /ai caeanue nianoaaiii XX
aae? A aio i?e /ai. Aeaei ana a oii, /oi oieueei nae/an ia?aae iaie
iiyaeeanue aiciiaeiinoue ii aeinoieinoao ioeaieoue aeeaae ia?eeca a
ie?iaoth oeeinioeth e eeoa?aoo?o. E ia iioiio, /oi a XX aaea auea
i?iaaaeaia aieueoay ?aaioa a iaeanoe iaoinaenieiaee – ana oaea auei
eeanneoeoee?iaaii ia?eecii. E ia iioiio, /oi ana oaeanu ia?eeca ia?eioo
(ii e auaiaeii iooaiythony) i?aae oaeanaie aaea iaoaai. E aeaaea ia ii
oiio, /oi ioaeeeiaaoue ii?iaeueii eieae Naaea ia/aee a XX aaea. A
iioiio, /oi (e yoi iuoaeny aeieacaoue aaoi?) aaeeinoaaiiay oeaiiinoue,
ia iieiii na?ueaca ainoaaeyaiay ia?eecii – ee/iay naiaiaea, eeoue a XX
aaea iieacaeanue ia ai?eciioa. Ai?i/ai, anoue eneeth/aiea – Naae noiae
noaoue naiaiaeiui, oioy au a eeoa?aoo?a, e iaaeyaeii iieacae iai, eae
aeinoe/ue oiai aea. Oeuaaynue. Yoi ia aaeeinoaaiiay aai caneoaa. Aea e
naii ooaa?aeaeaiea auaeyaeeo aeinoaoi/ii nii?iui. A iiaeao ana aeaei a
oii, /oi e iaae iaie ia?eec oeo?i nu?iiece?iaae? Ii oiaaea ethaay
iiiuoea iauynieoue oai?/anoai ia?eeca aanniuneaiia.

Aaoi?, ii e?aeiae ia?a, iiiuoaeny.

AEAEEIA?AOEss

A ?aaioa aaoi? eniieueciaae neaaeothuea ?aaiou ?inneeneeo e ca?oaaaeiuo
enneaaeiaaoaeae oai?/anoaa ia?eeca:

Neiiia aea Aiaoa?. Ioaeii ee aooiaeaoa?

AEeeueaa? Eaee. Naaeiiacioeci Naaea.

Iuea? Eeinnianeee. Naae e ?aaiethoeey. Naae, iie aeeaeiee.

Ii?en Aeaioi. Naae.

AEi?ae Aaoae. Naae e iau/iue /aeiaae.

Noaa?aiiue /aeiaae Naaea.

Aeueaa? Eaith. Eeoa?aoi?.

?ieai Aa?o. Naae-I

Ieoaee ?ueeei. Iaoee a ca?eaeao.

Eaai Ea?aaooaiei. A naaeo ia?eeca aea Naaea.

Aeaou aeecie ia?eeca acyou ec ia?aaaaeaiiiai A.Iaiea?aooeaaui Nia?aiey
Eca?aiiuo io?uaeia Aeiianueai-Aeueoiin-O?ainoa ia?eeca aea
Naaea,i?eaioiaeaiiiai AEeeueaa?ii Eaee.

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