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Л.И. Брежнев

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Eaiieae Eeuee/ A?aaeiaa ?iaeeeny 19 aeaeaa?y 1906 aiaea a naiuea
?aai/aai-iaoaeeo?aa. Iaeiaei, ianiio?y ia ?aai/aa i?ienoiaeaeaiea e
?aiiaa ia/aei o?oaeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe (a 1921 aiaeo 15-oe eao io
?iaeo), ii ia ca?aeiiaiaeiaae naay aeoeaiui iauanoaaiiui aeayoaeai.
Oieueei a 25-eaoiai aic?anoa A?aaeiaa anooiaao a ia?oeth, eiay ca
iea/aie ieii/aiiue a 1927 aiaeo Eo?neee caieaono?ieoaeueii-iaeai?aoeaiue
oaoieeoi, a oae aea ii?aaeae?iiue noaae ?oeiaiaeyuae ?aaiou. A 1927-1930
aiaeao ii ?aaioae caieaono?ieoaeai a I?oaineii ie?oaa Aaei?onneie NN? e
a Eo?neie aoaa?iee, ia/aeueieeii caieaono?ieoaeueiie a?oiiu,
caaaaeothuei ?aeiiiui caiaeueiui ioaeaeii e caianoeoaeai i?aaenaaeaoaey
?aeeniieeiia, a caoai e caianoeoaeai ia/aeueieea oi?aaeaiey O?aeueneie
iaeanoe. A 1935 aiaeo A?aaeiaa ieai/eaaao Iaoaeeo?ae/aneee einoeooo a
ai?iaea Aeiai?iiao?ianea e iaeioi?ia a?aiy ?aaioaao ii niaoeeaeueiinoe,
eiaeaia?ii ia iaoaeeo?ae/aneii caaiaea, iioii aee?aeoi?ii oaoieeoia.

Oaeei ia?acii, E. E. A?aaeiaa ieacuaaaony ia ia?aaeiauo ?oaaaeao
?aaiethoeeiiiuo i?aia?aciaaiee a no?aia. Eiiaoe 20-o, ia?aoiae e
eieeaeoeaecaoeee, e caieaono?ieoaeue A?aaeiaa iaoiaeeo nai? ianoi a
i?aoai?aiee a aeeciue iieeoeee ia?oee, ionoue e ia eiay ia?oeeiiai
aeeaoa. Caoai – ia?aua iyoeeaoee. Niioaaonoaaiii iaiyaony aai
i?ioanneiiaeueiay aeayoaeueiinoue. Ai?i/ai, iiaeiaiia ia/aei iooe
oa?aeoa?ii aeey iiiaeo iaoeo ?oeiaiaeeoaeae ia?oee e ainoaea?noaa,
auaeaeaaaoeony e ?aaioaaoeo ?yaeii n E. E. A?aaeiaaui.

A 1937 aiaeo ia/eiaaony aai iieeoe/aneay ea?uea?a. A iaa ii noaiiaeony
caianoeoaeai i?aaenaaeaoaey eniieeiia Aeiai?iaeca?aeeineiai ai?niaaoa, a
/a?ac aiae ieacuaaaony a iaeiia ia?oee a Aeiai?iiao?ianea. O?oaeii
nae/an neacaoue, iie?iaeoaeuenoaiaae ee aio eoi-ieaoaeue a yoi a?aiy, ii
any iineaaeothuay ea?uea?a E. E. A?aaeiaaa i?ienoiaeeo i?e naiie
aeoeaiie iiaeaea?aeea oiaaeaoiaai ia?aiai nae?aoa?y OeE Eiiia?oee
Oe?aeiu, a iioii e nae?aoa?y OeE AEI (a) I. N. O?ou?aa. A1939 aiaeo E.
E. A?aaeiaa caieiaao iino nae?aoa?y Aeiai?iiao?ianeiai iaeiia ia?oee, a
ia?eiae Aaeeeie Ioa/anoaaiiie aieiu e aei 1946 aiaea – caianoeoaeue
ia/aeueieea iieeooi?aaeaiey o?iioa, ia/aeueiee iieeoioaeaea a?iee,
ia/aeueiee iieeooi?aaeaiey o?iioa, ie?oaa. Caoai E. E. A?aaeiaa
aica?auaaony ia a?aaeaeaineoth ia?oeeioth ?aaioo, noaiiaynue a 1946
aiaeo ia?aui nae?aoa??i Caii?iaeneiai, a a 1947 aiaeo Aeiai?iiao?ianeiai
iaeiiia Eiiia?oee Oe?aeiu. Caeanue ii ia??e iaiaei naieo aoaeoueo
aeeaeaeoeo nio?oaeieeia ia aunoeo iinoao a ia?oee e ainoaea?noaa.
Iaeioi?ua ec ieo iineaaeiaaee ca E. E. A?aaeiaa a Iieaeaaeth, eiaaea a
1950 aiaeo ii noae ia?aui nae?aoa??i Eiiia?oee yoie ?anioaeeee. Caeanue
e eo /eneo i?eniaaeeieeny, caieiaaoee oiaaea aeieaeiinoue caaaaeothuaai
ioaeaeii i?iiaaaiaeu e aaeoaoeee OeE Eiiia?oee Iieaeaaee E. O. *a?iaiei.

Iiiaaeae ee E. E. A?aaeiaa a o?oaeiua neooaoeee a yoe ianiieieiua
a?aiaia? O/eouaay aai inoi?iaeiinoue, aa?iinoue (a oi a?aiy) naiaio
iie?iaeoaeth, a?yae ee. Aacoaea?aeiie o?aa?inoueth, ethaiaueth e
iiaaoeeyi ii oaeaea ia ioee/aeny e ioeaiea aai aeayoaeueiinoe ni noi?iiu
ia?auo eeoe ainoaea?noaa auea aeey iaai /?acau/aeii aaaeia. Nae/an noaei
ecaanoii, eae ia iaeiii ec niaauaiee io a?oaiai ie?eea E. I. Eaaaiiae/a
E. E. A?aaeiaa /ooue ia eeoeeny /oanoa.

Iinea XIX nuacaea ia?oee A?aaeiaa noaiiaeony eaiaeeaeaoii a /eaiu
I?aceaeeoia OeE, nae?aoa??i OeE EINN, a iinea nia?oe Noaeeia ieacuaaaony
a Aeaaiii iieeooi?aaeaiee Niaaoneie A?iee e AIO. Aeaeaa, /ai auoa
iiaeieiaeenue aeoeee O?ou?aa, oai neeueiaa noaiiaeeenue iiceoeee
A?aaeiaaa. Aai iiaue ace?o ia/eiaaony oaea n oaa?aey 1954 aiaea, eiaaea
ii ecae?aaony nia/aea aoi?ui, a caoai e ia?aui nae?aoa??i Eiiia?oee
Eacaonoaia. A 1956 aiaeo A?aaeiaa aiiaue eaiaeeaeao a /eaiu I?aceaeeoia
OeE e nae?aoa?ue OeE EINN. A 1958 aiaeo, iinea ono?aiaiey n iieeoe/aneie
a?aiu anao niia?ieeia O?ou?aa, ii iacia/aaony caianoeoaeai
i?aaenaaeaoaey Ath?i OeE EINN ii ?NON?, caoai, n iay 1960 ii etheue 1964
aiaea, yaeyaony I?aaenaaeaoaeai I?aceaeeoia Aa?oiaiiai Niaaoa NNN?,
i?e/?i n ethiy ii iaeiia?aiaiii e nae?aoa?ue OeE. Oaeei ia?acii, e
ieoya?ueneiio (1964 a.) Ieaioio OeE A?aaeiaa aue aoi?ui eeoeii a ia?oee
e ainoaea?noaa, /oi, eiia/ii aea, iaeaa/eei aio caoaao aeanoe.

Nouanoaotho ?acee/iua aa?nee ia i?aaiecaoi?ao niauaiey I. N. O?ou?aa,
ii i?e anao aa?eaioao ioia/aaony aeayoaeueiia o/anoea a ono?aiaiee
A?aaeiaaui naiaai auaoaai iie?iaeoaey. Iaeiaei ieeoi ia i?aaeiieaaae,
/oi A?aaeiaa iaaeieai inoaiaony o aeanoe. Ii ?anniao?eaaeny eae
i?iiaaeooi/iay oeao?a e ia aini?eieiaeny eae eeaea? iiia/aeo. Ai?i/ai,
n?aco eae eeaea?ia ia aini?eieiaee ie Noaeeia, ie O?ou?aa. Ii ie oiio,
ie ae?oaiio ia i?eoeinue oae eaaei aeiaeoueny aeanoe. Noaeeio
iiiaaeiaeeinue oie/oiaeeoue aaeaa ee ia anao /eaiia eaieineiai
Iieeoath?i, O?ou?a auaea?aeae iaoene aeeyoaeueiuo niia?ieeia, a oii
/enea oaeeo, eae Iieioia, eioi?ua noiyee o ooiaeaiaioa ainoaea?noaa
/ooue ee ia n eaieineeo a?ai?i. Enoaoe, eiaiii O?ou?a nicaeae
i?aoeaaeaio nio?aiaiey aeecie iiaa?aeaiiui niia?ieeai.

A?aaeiaao ia i?eoeinue aanoe neieue-ieaoaeue aeeeoaeueiie neiaeiie
ai?ueau. Oioy, eiia/ii, ia?aiaia eeaea?a iiaeaeea ca niaie eciaiaiey e a
ae?oaeo yoaeiiao aeanoe. I?aaeaea anaai, ia?aaeaeaaeinue io
oeaio?aeueiuo iinoia aieaa iieiaeia iieieaiea ?oeiaiaeeoaeae,
auaeaeioaoeony a iineaaeiaa a?aiy, oaeea, eae Oaeaiei, Iieyineee,
Naie/anoiue, Ai?iiia e ae?oaea. Iinoaiaiii en/acee n iieeoe/aneiai
iaaineeiia au? iaaeaaii aeeyoaeueiua Oaeano, Aai?u/aa, caoai oa, eoi
iaiin?aaenoaaiii iiaeaea?aeeaae auaeaeaeaiea A?aaeiaaa ia ?ieue eeaea?a,
iai?eia?, Iiaeai?iue. Aaaeouea aea iinou iinoaiaiii caieiaee eeai oa,
eoi iiiaieaoiae niaianoiie ?aaioie aeieacae naith aa?iinoue, e i?eia?o
Ee?eeaiei, *a?iaiei, Eoiaaa, eeai oa, eoi ii ?yaeo i?e/ei i?i/ii aue
naycai n E. E. A?aaeiaaui – Noneia. Auee, eiia/ii, a ?oeiaiaenoaa e
ethaee, aeae?eea io iieeoe/aneeo ea?, eioi?uo ioee/aea aunieay
eiiiaoaioiinoue, /anoiinoue e ii?yaei/iinoue, oaeea, eae Einuaei,
Aiae?iiia, Iaoa?ia e ae?.

Iaeiaei naiui o?aae/iui auei oi, /oi E. E. A?aaeiaa ieacaeny niaa?oaiii
iaiiaeaioiaeaiiui e oiio, /oiau caieiaoue aaaeouea iiceoeee. Aai
auaeaeaeaieth niinianoaiaaei iauaaeeiaiea niaa?oaiii ?aciuo nee. Ia yoi
iiaeeyei e iaaeiaieuenoai i?aiaa?aaeeoaeueiui ioiioaieai O?ou?aa e naiei
eieeaaai, e iaaeaeaiea o/eouaaoue eo iiaiea a i?eiyoee ?aoaiee, e
iianaiey ii iiaiaeo aaaioth?iuo aeaenoaee, ?aceeo iiai?ioia aai
iieeoeee, e, aeaaiia, iaaeiaieuenoai eiina?aaoeaiie /anoe aiia?aoa
oi?aaeaiey iinoiyiiie ianoaaeeueiinoueth, o?yneie, ia?aiaiaie,
?aoi?iaie, eioi?ua iaaiciiaeii auei i?aaeaeaeaoue.

Yoe ?acii?a/eaua neeu noaaeee ia?aae niaie ?aciua caaea/e: iaeie
i?aaeiieaaaee aica?auaiea e noaeeineei iaoiaeai, ae?oaea auaeaeaaee
i?ia?aiio, eioi?ay aieaa iineaaeiaaoaeueii, /ai i?e O?ou?aa, iie?aeanue
ia ?aoaiea aioenoaeeineiai XX nuacaea. Ii A?aaeiaa ia i?eiye ie oie, ie
ae?oaie e?aeiinoe.

Aa?iue o?aaeeoeeyi e eiina?aaoeaiue ii naiaio neeaaeo, ii aieueoa anaai
iianaeny ?aceeo aeaeaeaiee, e?oouo iiai?ioia, e?oiiuo ia?aiai. Ii
i?aaeaea anaai iicaaioeeny i oii, /oiau naanoe ia iao ?aaeeeaeueiua
ia/eiaiey O?ou?aa, ainnoaiiaeoue oi, /oi aeieacaei naith noaaeeueiinoue
au? a noaeeineea a?aiaia. A ia?aoth i/a?aaeue auee eeeaeaee?iaaiu
niaia?oicu e aeaeaiea ia?oeeiuo i?aaiia ia i?iiuoeaiiua e
naeueneioicyenoaaiiua, /oi nicaeaaaei ianno iaoaeianoa aiia?aoo
oi?aaeaiey. A Iineao aa?ioeenue e?oiiua ?oeiaiaeeoaee, i?ioea naiae aiee
ieacaaoeany ia ia?eoa?ee.

Aianoi iaeeiiaaeoeaoeeaoee, i?aoaiaeiaaaoae ia iieeoaoiecaoeeth oeieu,
niiaa aa?ioeenue e iiaie aeanyoeeaoea. E?anoueyiai auee aica?auaiu
i?eonaaeaaiua o/anoee. Caeii/eeinue iianaianoiia ?ani?ino?aiaiea
(oea?eoeu iieae( eoeo?ocu. Eieoicieee iieo/eee iaineiiiia iaania/aiea,
auea aa?aioe?iaaia ieieiaeueiay ca?ieaoa aeey ?aaioathueo a eieoicao.
Nieceeanue ii?ia iaycaoaeueiuo iinoaaie, e oaaee/eeenue caeoiee
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?iaeoeoia ii aieaa aunieei oeaiai. Iaeiaei ana
yoe naeueneioicyenoaaiiua ia?ii?eyoey auee iaia/aiu au? i?e O?ou?aa.
Iineaaeiei anieaneii iiaaoi?noaa yaeeny naioya?ueneee (1965 a.) Ieaioi
OeE EINN, ia eioi?ii ii eieoeeaoeaa A. I. Einuaeia auea i?iaicaeaoaia
oicyenoaaiiay ?aoi?ia. Ii i?aoai?aiea a aeeciue i?ia?aiiu yeiiiie/aneeo
i?aia?aciaaiee auei ianoieueei cao?oaeiaii, /oi anei?a iia i?ae?aoeea
nai? nouanoaiaaiea. Ia iineaaeithth ?ieue nua?aei iaaaoeaiia ioiioaiea e
?aoi?ia E. E. A?aaeiaaa. Ii noa?aeny iaieoenue aac iaei-iaeuenee
na?ue?ciuo i?aia?aciaaiee ia oieueei a yeiiiieea. Auea naaaeaia ia iao
eaeay iinoiyiiiai iaiiaeaiey, ?ioaoeee eaae?ia. A i?ioeaiaan ae aue
auaeaeioo eicoia noaaeeueiinoe, /oi a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue ono?aeaaei
aiia?ao oi?aaeaiey.

E. E. A?aaeiaa ia aa?ioeny e noaeeineei ?ai?anneyi, ii oniaoii
?ani?aaeyeny n eiaeiiuneyueie. Ia auei iaiaoiaeeiinoe a ainnicaeaiee
ea?aoaeueiuo i?aaiia a i?aaeiai, (noaeeineii(, ianooaaa, oioy
iio?aaiinoue a eo (/?oeie( ?aaioa, ?acoiaaony, ia ioiaea. Iaoaiaeiuo
oaia?ue iaiaycaoaeueii auei iauyaeyoue iieeoe/aneeie i?ioeaieeaie no?iy,
iiaeii auei ia?aie/eoueny eeoue iau/iie (oaieiaueiie( eee iauyaeoue yoeo
ethaeae ineoe/anee ia caei?iauie, a oae aea i?inoi auneaoue ec no?aiu.

I?e A?aaeiaaa neiaeeeanue o?aaeeoeey iiiaineiaiiai au?aaeaiey naieo
iuneae, i?e/?i nai ii, eae i?aaeei ia ethauo ia?ii?eyoeyo ia oioneae
aiciiaeiinoe i?iecianoe ?a/ue. Ii ia canaaeaieyo Nae?aoa?eaoa OeE eee
I?aceaeeoia E. E. A?aaeiaa ii/oe ieeiaaea ia aunooiae ia?aui. Aeaaae
auneacaoueny anai aeaeathuei, aieiaoaeueii i?eneooeaaeny e, anee auee
nouanoaaiiua ?aciiaeaney, i?aaeii/eoae ioeiaeeoue aii?in, iiae?aaioaoue,
niaeaniaaoue aai ni anaie e aianoe ia iiaia ?anniio?aiea. Eiaiii i?e i?i
?ani?ino?aieeanue i?aeoeea iiiainoi?iiieo niaeaniaaiee, o?aaiaaaoay
aeanyoeia iiaeienae ia aeieoiaioao. Eeoue i?e ?aoaiee eaae?iauo aii?inia
A?aaeiaa iinooiae i?yii i?ioeaiiieiaeii. Oeoi e ii/oe iacaiaoii aio
oaeaeinue niaieoue aieueoa iieiaeiu nae?aoa?ae iaeiiia, cia/eoaeueioth
/anoue ieieno?ia, iiiaeo ?oeiaiaeeoaeae oeaio?aeueiuo iao/iuo
o/?aaeaeaiee. Niaeuo iiaaoi?ia caiaiyee ?ani?ino?ai?iiui oeiii
?oeiaiaeeoaey. ?acaeaaeny oeoee, eeo?iiue aieoeianeeo ea/anoa,
i?eioeeieaeueiinoe, iaoi?iieeai, ii oiaei ?anii?yaeathueeny
?ani?aaeaeaieai oeaiiinoae ?aaioiee. ?aoaiey caiaiyeenue iiiaineiaiuie
?a/aie ii iiaiaeo ?aoaiee. I?ieciineeenue /anoi i?aaeeueiua, oi?ioea
?a/e, i?eieiaeenue i?aaeeueiua, oi?ioea iinoaiiaeaiey, ca eioi?ui ie/aai
ia noiyei e eioi?ua, niioaaonoaaiii, inoaaaeenue ia aoiaaa.

Eciaiaiey einioeenue e oai?ee. A 1936 aiaeo a (I?aaaea( auea
iioaeeeiaaia noaouey (I no?ieoaeuenoaa ?acaeoiai nioeeaeenoe/aneiai
iauanoaa(. A iae ii nooe niaea?aeaeny ioeac io eicoiaa (?aca??iooiai
no?ieoaeuenoaa eiiioiecia(. Ii aianoi ?aaeueiie ioeaiee nouanoaothuaai
iieiaeaiey aeaeaeny auaiae, /oi o ian oaea iino?iaii ?acaeoia
nioeeaeenoe/aneia iauanoai. Yoio oacen iiaoi?yeny ai iiiaeo ?a/ao
A?aaeiaaa, aio?e a i?aaiaoeo e Eiinoeoooeee NNN?, ii naiae
aeaiie?aoe/iinoe onooiaaoae Eiinoeoooeee 1936 aiaea. Aieaa oiai, auea
nicaeaia e aeoeaii ?ac?aaaouaaeanue eiioeaioeey ?acaeoiai nioeeaeecia,
i?iaicaeao?iiay oai?/aneei i?iaeieaeaieai ia?enecia-eaieiecia. E?iia
oiai, ii?iie noaee ioe?iaaiiay e a?oaay eanoue a aae?an Aaia?aeueiiai
nae?aoa?y OeE EINN. Ainoaea?noai ia oieueei iaania/eaaei i?ioeann, ii
an? aieaa oi?iiceei ?acaeoea iauanoaa ai anao iaeanoyo: yeiiiie/aneie,
eoeueoo?iie, i?aanoaaiiie.

Yoi, eiia/ii, ia icia/aao, /oi no?aia ia ?acaeaaeanue nianai. Ia?iae
i?iaeieaeae o?oaeeoueny. I?iiuoeaiiia i?iecaiaenoai iaaeeaiii, ii ?inei,
oioy an? aieueoaa aieiaiea ia?auaee ia naay aeaa e?aeia iianiuo yaeaiey.
No?aieoaeueii oaaee/eaaeanue aeiau/a oiieeaa. Ca 15 eao auei aeiauoi
noieueei aea, neieueei ca i?aaeuaeouea aeanyoeeaoey ?acaeoey no?aiu. A
oaeaea iaoeeiiii oiaiueoaeanue aeiey i?aaeiaoia iio?aaeaiey a iauai
auionea i?iaeoeoeee. Ianiio?y ie ia eaeea cayaeaiey e i?iiaaaiaeenoneea
eicoiae, no?aia i?iaeieaeaea ?acaeaaoueny yenoaineaii, oi anoue ca n/?o
?anoe?aiey eaieoaeiaeiaeaiee, aaiaea iiauo iiuiinoae, ?aca??ouaaiey
iiauo a?aiaeeiciuo no?ieoaeuenoa. Neooaoeey ineiaeieeanue oai, /oi auee
ioaa?aioou eaeea-eeai iienee iiaea?iecaoeee naiie iiaeaee nioeeaeecia.

I?e/eia yeiiiie/aneie e oaoiieiae/aneie ionoaeinoe auea iaeia –
iaiiieiaiea e no?ao ia?aae iac?aaoeie oicyenoaaiiuie i?aia?aciaaieyie,
eioi?ua iaieioaii aeieaeiu auee iiaea/ue ca niaie (/oi e i?ienoiaeeo a
ianoiyuaa a?aiy) iieeoe/aneoth ?aoi?io, iai?aaeaiioth ia ia?aie/aiea
aeanoe, iii?u, (a?aaeiaaneiai( ?aaeeia- ath?ie?aoee.

Iiaeii ee aeio ca ana iaaaoeaiua yaeaiey, neiaeeaoeany a na?aaeeia 60-o
aiaeia – ia/aea 80-o aiaeia, aiceiaeeoue ee/ii ia E. E. A?aaeiaaa? Yoi
aue naiue oi?iu?iiue aa?eaio iauyniaiey neiieaoaeny neooaoeee. A?aaeiaa
noae eeoue oeaaiaiii oie nioeeaeueiie a?oiiu, eioi?ay naycaia n
aaeieieno?aoeaii-oi?aaeai/aneei caaiii. Eiaiii a? eioa?anu ea?aee
?aoathuoth ?ieue a yoi a?aiy, iie aea e ii?aaeaeeee oa?aeoa? yoiai
a?aiaie, ii?aaeaeyaiiai iuia eae (canoie(.

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