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?aoa?ao ii enoi?ee ?innee

nooaeaioa

ia oaio

E?uineay aieia

e

iai?iia Naaanoiiiey

Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a 2008

Niaea?aeaiea

1. I?e/eiu aieiu e niioiioaiea nee

2. Oiae aiaiiuo aeaenoaee

3. Iai?iia Naaanoiiiey (13 naioya?y 1854 a. — 27 aaaonoa 1855 a.)

4. Aiaiiua aeaenoaey ia Eaaeaca

5. Ia?eaeneee ie?

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u

1. I?e/eiu aieiu e niioiioaiea nee

A E?uineie aieia o/anoaiaaee ?inney, Iniaineay eiia?ey, Aiaeey, O?aioeey
e Na?aeeiey. Eaaeaeay ec ieo eiaea nianoaaiiua ?an/aou a yoii aiaiiii
eiioeeeoa ia Aeeaeiai Ainoiea.

Aeey ?innee ia?ainoaiaiiia cia/aiea eiae ?aaeei /a?iiii?neeo i?ieeaia. A
30-40-a aiaeu XIX a. ?onneay aeeieiiaoey aaea iai?yaeaiioth ai?ueao ca
iaeaieaa aeaaii?eyoiua oneiaey a ?ac?aoaiee yoiai aii?ina. A 1833 a. n
Oo?oeeae aue caeeth/ai Oieea?-Eneaeanneeneee aeiaiai?. Ii iaio ?inney
iieo/eea i?aai naiaiaeiiai i?iaiaea naieo aiaiiuo ei?aaeae /a?ac
i?ieeau. A 40-a aiaeu XIX a. neooaoeey eciaieeanue. Ia iniiaa ?yaea
niaeaoaiee n aa?iiaeneeie ainoaea?noaaie i?ieeau auee cae?uou aeey anao
aiaiiuo oeioia. Yoi oyaeaei io?aceeinue ia ?onneii oeioa. Ii ieacaeny
caia?oui a *a?iii ii?a. ?inney, iie?aynue ia naith aiaiioth iiuue,
no?aieeanue caiiai ?aoeoue i?iaeaio i?ieeaia, oneeeoue naie iiceoeee ia
Aeeaeiai Ainoiea e Aaeeaiao.

Iniaineay eiia?ey oioaea aa?iooue oa??eoi?ee, iioa?yiiua a ?acoeueoaoa
?onnei-oo?aoeeeo aiei eiioea XVIII – ia?aie iieiaeiu OIO a.

Aiaeey e O?aioeey iaaeayeenue nie?ooeoue ?inneth eae aaeeeoth aea?aeaao,
eeoeoue aa aeeyiey ia Aeeaeiai Ainoiea e Aaeeaineii iieoino?iaa.

Iauaaa?iiaeneee eiioeeeo ia Aeeaeiai Ainoiea ia/aeny a 1850 a., eiaaea
iaaeaeo i?aaineaaiui e eaoiee/aneei aeooiaainoaii a Iaeanoeia
?acai?aeenue nii?u i oii, eoi aoaeao aeaaeaoue Nayouie ianoaie a
Ea?onaeeia e Aeoeaaia. I?aaineaaioth oea?eiaue iiaeaea?aeeaaea ?inney, a
eaoiee/aneoth – O?aioeey. Nii? iaaeaeo nayuaiiineoaeeoaeyie ia?a?in a
i?ioeainoiyiea yoeo aeaoo aa?iiaeneeo ainoaea?noa. Iniaineay eiia?ey, a
ninoaa eioi?ie aoiaeeea Iaeanoeia, anoaea ia noi?iio O?aioeee. Yoi
aucaaei ?aceia iaaeiaieuenoai ?innee e ee/ii eiia?aoi?a Ieeieay I. A
Eiinoaioeiiiieue aue iai?aaeai niaoeeaeueiue i?aaenoaaeoaeue oea?y
eiycue A.N. Iaioeeia. Aio auei ii?o/aii aeiaeoueny i?eaeeaaee aeey
?onneie i?aaineaaiie oea?eae a Iaeanoeia e i?aaa iie?iaeoaeuenoaa
i?aaineaaiui iiaeaeaiiui Oo?oeee. Iaoaea/a iennee A.N. Iaioeeiaa auea
i?aae?aoaia ca?aiaa. Noeoai ia niae?aeny onooiaoue iaaeeio ?innee, a
aucuaathuaa, iaoaaaeeoaeueiia iiaaaeaiea aa iineaioea eeoue onoaoaeei
eiioeeeoioth neooaoeeth. Oaeei ia?acii, eacaeinue au, /anoiue, ii aeey
oiai a?aiaie aaaeiue, o/eouaay ?aeeaeiciua /oanoaa ethaeae, nii? i
Nayouo ianoao noae iiaiaeii e aicieeiiaaieth ?onnei-oo?aoeeie, a
aiineaaenoaee e iauaaa?iiaeneie aieiu.

Ieeieae I caiye iai?eie?eioth iiceoeeth, iaaeaynue ia iiuue a?iee e
iiaeaea?aeeo iaeioi?uo aa?iiaeneeo ainoaea?noa (Aiaeee, Aano?ee e ae?.).
Ii ii i?in/eoaeny. ?onneay a?iey ian/eouaaea aieaa 1 iei. /aeiaae.
Iaeiaei, eae auynieeinue a oiaea aieiu, iia auea ianiaa?oaiiie, i?aaeaea
anaai, a oaoie/aneii ioiioaiee. Aa aii?oaeaiea (aeaaeeinoaieueiua
?oaeuey) onooiaei ia?aciiio i?oaeeth caiaaeiiaa?iiaeneeo a?iee. Onoa?aea
e a?oeeea?ey. Oeio ?innee aue ii i?aeiouanoao ia?oniui, oiaaea eae a
aiaiii-ii?neeo neeao Aa?iiu i?aiaeaaeaee noaea n ia?iauie aeaeaaoaeyie.
Ionoonoaiaaee iaeaaeaiiua eiiioieeaoeee. Yoi ia iicaieeei iaania/eoue
ianoi aiaiiuo aeaenoaee aeinoaoi/iui eiee/anoaii aiai?eiania e
i?iaeiaieuenoaey, ethaeneei iiiieiaieai. ?onneay a?iey iiaea oniaoii
ai?ioueny n iiaeiaiie ii ninoiyieth oo?aoeeie, ii i?ioeainoiyoue
iauaaeeiaiiui neeai Aa?iiu ia eiaea aiciiaeiinoe.

2. Oiae aiaiiuo aeaenoaee

Aeey aeaaeaiey ia Oo?oeeth a 1853 a. ?onneea aienea auee aaaaeaiu a
Iieaeiao e Aaeaoeth. A ioaao oo?aoeeee noeoai a ieoya?a 1853 a. iauyaee
?innee aieio. Aai iiaeaea?aeaee Aiaeey e O?aioeey. Aano?ey caiyea
iiceoeeth “aii?oaeaiiiai iaeo?aeeoaoa”. ?inney ieacaeanue a iieiie
iieeoe/aneie ecieyoeee.

Enoi?ey E?uineie aieiu aeaeeony ia aeaa yoaia. Ia?aue – nianoaaiii
?onnei-oo?aoeeay eaiiaiey – aaeanue n ia?aiaiiui oniaoii n iiya?y 1853
ii ai?aeue 1854 a. Ia aoi?ii (ai?aeue 1854 a. – oaa?aeue 1856 o.) –
?inney auioaeaeaia auea aanoe ai?ueao i?ioea eiaeeoeee aa?iiaeneeo
ainoaea?noa.

Iniiaiia niauoea ia?aiai yoaia – Neiiineia n?aaeaiea (iiya?ue 1853 a.).
Aaeie?ae I.N. Iaoeiia ?aca?iiee oo?aoeeee oeio a Neiiineie aoooa e
iiaeaaee aa?aaiaua aaoa?ae. Yoi aeoeaece?iaaei Aiaeeth e O?aioeeth. Iie
iauyaeee aieio ?innee. Aiaei-o?aioeocneay yneaae?a iiyaeeanue a
Aaeoeeneii ii?a, aoaeiaaea E?iiooaaeo e Naaaai?a. Aiaeeeneea ei?aaee
aioee a Aaeia ii?a e iiaeaa?aee aiiaa?aee?iaea Nieiaaoeeee iiianou?ue.
Aiaiiay aeaiiino?aoeey auea i?iaaaeaia e ia Eai/aoea.

Aeaaiie oeaeueth iauaaeeiaiiiai aiaei-o?aioeocneiai eiiaiaeiaaiey aue
caoaao E?uia e Naaanoiiiey – aiaiii-ii?neie aacu ?innee. 2 naioya?y 1854
a. nithcieee ia/aee aunaaeeo yeniaaeeoeeiiiiai ei?iona a ?aeiia
Aaiaoi?ee. N?aaeaiea ia ?. Aeueia a naioya?a 1854 a. ?onneea aienea
i?iea?aee. Ii i?eeaco eiiaiaeothuaai, A.N. Iaioeeiaa, iie i?ioee /a?ac
Naaanoiiieue e ioioee e Aao/ena?ath. Iaeiia?aiaiii aa?iecii Naaanoiiiey,
iiaee?aieaiiue iao?inaie /a?iiii?neiai oeioa, aae aeoeaioth iiaeaioiaeo
e iai?iia. Aa aicaeaaeee A.A. Ei?ieeia e I.N. Iaoeiia.

3. Iai?iia Naaanoiiiey (13 naioya?y 1854 a. — 27 aaaonoa 1855 a.)

E?? ??i-o??i-???ay ??y ?ae ??????i ????a O. Aeae. ??ea? e O. E???? (67
?n. ?e.) ???a e N????eth, ?i ????y 7-?ny/?e ???? e 24 ?n. ?e. ????
y???e. I??? ??? ????? ??-???? A.A. E???a e I.N. I???. *?? ? aei???ue
???a ?th?? y??? a ??o, ???a ???? ?i ???e ??? ??a. Nith?e? ? ???? ??o
????? N?????, ?i ????i ?i ????? ??a?? ??????? ???e.

5 ?oy?y 1854 a. ???? ??ay ?????a? ???. A ?e ??y? ???a ??y e ???-???e ??.
N ?? ? ??? ?? ??ue 120 ???, ? ???u ??y — 1340 ??? ????. A ?? ???a? ?
???o ?? ???? ??a 50 ?n. ??y?a. Y?o ???? ??/ ??? ?e ????ue ?????y e ????
?eth ? ????? e ????ea?th. I??i ??????? ???ey ? ?????. ???? ???? ??? ??i
268 ???. AE??y a?????n?y ?y? ?????? iy? ??a. I???y ? ???? ????ae?? a
?????, ?th?? ?? ???e ???a ?????y (8 ??a ?? ??aa?? a ???) e ?e ????
????ue. I?? y?ai ?th??e ????? ? ??????y ??a a ??????ao ai??. O???????a
????ey ??? ???? ? ?????. ?????? e ??? ??? ?n?? ?? ??? i??????th ?y
?th??i ?????ey, ???a ??/e??? ?y? ??ae ??e ??ueth. C???? ??? ??e ?????ue
??ue ??oth ? ??? ???th, ? e ????th ii??. Eo ???ue ???? ??? ? ??y ????
??-???? E????. I??? ??? ????e I???, ???e ? ???a a ???a N????ey ?e ?????
27 ??a 1855 a. a aae???.

Nith??e ????ue a ???i??? ??? ????ny n ????th e ???e e ????? ??a. A ?ith
???ue, ???e? N????ey ????? ????????? ??e ?i??. O?, ??ae ??? ????a ??
?c??? ???a ????o ????? (N?????e e A???? ???, Eai???e eth?o e ?.). A ?o ?
??? ??y A.N. I???? ????a ?th?e?a ?e A???? e E????. O?y ?a ? ??? ?????
??th?? ?ia?, ?th??e, ??ny a y?o a??o ???a ???, ????? ???? ?eno?y ? 1855
a.

I??? ??, ?th??e ????????. A ??a — ?a ?e ????e ??oth e ??ueth ??????e.
I???i ???? a? ???e ? I?? (a ??a?). I?? ? ??? ?? 541 ???, ? ??e ?? ??e 12
o. Ei ???? 466 ???, ?????? ????? ?????a. Ca ?ny? ??e ???? ?th??e ????e ?
??? ??a 168 ?n. ??y?a. ???? ??? ?aa?? ? 88 ?n. «I????e ???? ??e ???????
6 ?n. ???e e ????. E ?? ??a? ??y ?th??? a E?? ???a ? 170 ?n. ?e. ??? 110
?n. ???o (? ?o a N?a???a 40 ?n. ?e.).

I?? «?????i ????» ???a ??? ????e ???e Y.AE. Ia??a — ????e ?????o ????. A
?a ?????a ?n? ? ??y ?? 11 e 26 ?y ???? ?y?i ????? ??ae ???e ?i?e ????a.
Ii ???? ? ???ue ? ???ue ?-? ??????i ??????y ????? ???. 6 ethiy 1855 a.,
??a ????e ??????e, ?th??e ??? ?u?e ??i E????? ??i?. A ?i ?????e 44 ?n.
?e. Y?o ??? ?e ???? i?? ?aa?????e (20 ?n.), ???o ????ye ???e N.A. O??a.
28 ethiy ?e ??o? ???e ?e ????? ??i ???e I???.

I????a ????? ?a ???a ???n?. Ia ?e ???? ?e ???? iae?i. I?? ??? ? ?? *??y
(4 ???a) ?th?? ??? ???e ??i ? N?????. A ???a ?e ???e iy?th e ??oth
??????e, ? ???o ??? ????? ??e ????ue 2—3 ?n. ?e. a ??. 27 ???a ia??y ??e
??i, a ???i ????a? 60 ?n. ?e. Ei ?????y? 49 ?n. ?e. ????a. I??? ?e ???i
? ?ao ???, ??a ?th??e ???e ????? — I???a ???a. A? ????a ?????e ???
?????y aee??y ???? I.Y. I?-I??a (?. I??? ???).

I???e ???i ?iy?y? ????e N?a???y. ???y ??ueth, aa?e ???e ? ???a ?? ??o
????e, ????e ?? ????-??oth ???. N??????? ?i?? ?ae ??i ??ay??? ???o,
????e ??, ??? ???. A ea??? ??i? ??e ??a Ae?e N???????, I???uee A???? e
??? ????e. I????th ??? ???yth??y ??? ????eue?e ???a I.E. I???, ???e ??ue
??? ???i. 6 ethiy ??a ????e ??a????e 44 ?ny/ ??? ??a ????? E????oth
???o, ? ?? ?ae? ?????? ??ey? 20 ?ny/ ? ?????. I???y ? y?, ???i? ???????
????? oy??i, ?? ? ?yee. 8 ethiy ?e ??i O???i, 28 ethiy ????? ??i ??????
???u I???. N??ue eth??? ???? ?? oy??e ???e, ii ? ???a ??? ?o ???i???a.

I??y I???a ???a ??? ??? N????ey. A y?o ?? ??o?? ??? ???y? ??i 13 ?n.
?e., ?e ??a ???? ??i ????a. Aa??i 27 ???a 1855 a. ? ???o ???? I.Ae.
A???? ?????ue? ???? th?oth ??ue ??? e i??? ? ?n? a ???oth. A? ? N?????
?????ue. Nith??e ? ???? ?i ???ey?e. ?????a ??o??? ?? a E?io ?????ue e ??
??? e ????? ?yi. I? ia????e 115 ?n. ?e. ??? 150 ?n. ?e. ??i-???-????a.

Nith??e ???y? ? ??y N??????ie ???u 72 ?n. ?e. (? ??ay ???o e ???o ?
????). ???? — 102 ?n. ?e. Nith??e au???e ? ??? 1,356 ?i ??y?a. I ??????
??eyo ?? ??? ??????otho e ??a ??u. Ca ??y ???u ???a ????e ? ?? ?y ????ey
?????e??o ????? 1 ?i ??? n ??? e ???? ?y ??? ? ?iy 6,5 ? ?ae??? ???e.
Nith??e ? ????e ??a 2 ?i ??? n ??? e ?e??e ??? ???? 82 ? ???e.

O/anoieee iai?iiu iaa?aaeaeaiu niaoeeaeueiie iaaeaeueth «Ca caueoo
Naaanoiiiey». Enoaoe, a Naaanoiiiea iiyaeeenue ia?aua a ?innee nano?u
ieeina?aeey. Iie iieo/eee iniaoth iaa?aaeo — na?aa?yioth iaaeaeue «E?ui
— 1854—1855». Iai?iia Naaanoiiiey noaea eoeueieiaoeeae E?uineie aieiu.
Aeaaiaea?y noieeinoe caueoieeia Naaanoiiiey ianooieaiea nithcieeia
auaeioeinue. Anei?a noi?iiu i?enooieee e ie?iui ia?aaiai?ai a Ia?eaea.

14 iay 1905 a. auea ioe?uoa Iaii?aia “Iai?iia Naaanoiiiey 1854-1855 aa.”
a iciaiaiiaaiea 50-eaoey neaaiie yiiiae. Aioo?e caeaiey ?aciauaaony
aeeaiieniia iieioii (aeeeia aai 115 i, aunioa-14 i, ieiuaaeue 1610 ea.
i.) e i?aaeiaoiue ieai ieiuaaeueth 900 ea. i., ?aniieiaeaiiue ia
niaoeeaeueiii iiiinoa. Ii caiuneo ooaeiaeieea, c?eoaeue, iiaeiyaoenue ia
niaoeeaeueioth niio?iaoth ieiuaaeeo, eae au ieacuaaaony ia aa?oeia
Iaeaoiaa eo?aaia a aeaiue ooo?ia 6 ethiy 1855 a.

4. Aiaiiua aeaenoaey ia Eaaeaca

Ia Eaaeacneii oaao?a aiaiiua aeaenoaey ?acaeaaeenue aieaa oniaoii aeey
?innee. Oo?oeey aoi?aeanue a Caeaaeacuea, ii iioa?iaea e?oiiia
ii?aaeaiea, iinea /aai ?onneea aienea noaee aeaenoaiaaoue ia aa
oa??eoi?ee. A iiya?a 1855 a. iaea oo?aoeeay e?aiinoue Ea?a.

E?aeiaa enoiuaiea nee nithcieeia a E?uio e ?onneea oniaoe ia Eaaeaca
i?eaaee e i?ae?auaieth aiaiiuo aeaenoaee. Ia/aeenue ia?aaiai?u noi?ii.

5. Ia?eaeneee ie?

A eiioea ia?oa 1856 a. aue iiaeienai Ia?eaeneee ie?iue o?aeoao. ?inney
ia iiianea cia/eoaeueiuo oa??eoi?eaeueiuo iioa?ue. O iaa auea iooi?aiooa
eeoue thaeiay /anoue Aanna?aaee. Iaeiaei iia iioa?yea i?aai
iie?iaeoaeuenoaa Aeoiaeneei eiyaeanoaai e Na?aee. Naiui oyaeaeui e
oieceoaeueiui auei oneiaea i oae iacuaaaiie “iaeo?aeecaoeee” *a?iiai
ii?y. ?innee cai?aoeee eiaoue ia *a?iii ii?a aiaiii-ii?neea neeu,
aiaiiua a?naiaeu e e?aiinoe. Yoi iaiineei nouanoaaiiue oaea? ii
aaciianiinoe thaeiuo a?aieoe. ?ieue ?innee ia Aaeeaiao e Aeeaeiai
Ainoiea auea naaaeaia ia iao.

Ii?aaeaiea a E?uineie aieia ieacaei cia/eoaeueiia aeeyiea ia ?annoaiiaeo
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo nee e ia aioo?aiiaa iieiaeaiea ?innee. Aieia, n iaeiie
noi?iiu, iaiaaeeea aa neaainoue, ii n ae?oaie – i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaea
aa?ieci e iaiieieaaeiue aeoo ?onneiai ia?iaea. Ii?aaeaiea iiaeaaei
ia/aeueiue eoia ieeieaaaneiio i?aaeaieth, aneieuoioei anth ?inneeneoth
iauanoaaiiinoue e canoaaeei i?aaeoaeuenoai aieioioth caiyoueny
?aoi?ie?iaaieai ainoaea?noaa.

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u

1. Aoaaiia A.E., Cu?yiia I.I. Enoi?ey ?innee: eiiaoe XVII – XIX a. – I.:
I?inaauaiea, 1996.

2. Ieeieae Oaoia. Aeoau ?innee. Aiaiii-enoi?e/aneay aeaeeioaea. I.,
2002.

3. “Noi aaeeeeo aeoa”, I. “Aa/a”, 2002

4. www.gostyam.sebastopol.ua

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