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Кавказ в XVI–первой половине XVII века

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«E??c a XVI–??? ???? XVII ??»

N???ii-y?????? ???? ???a N??? E??? a ?????e ??? ???????y ?????i ??????i
????? ????e e ?i????th?? ? ??????i ????? ??aey??y ? y?o ???i?yo ???????o
?????e. A ????o ??ayo ????a ??e?? ?????? ? ?????, a ???, ?e, ????, a
E??? ?e a ????o ??yo Ae??o?a, ????ue ????y ? ??? ??????? ??y?? ???. I??a
?y??? ????? a ?????? ?????e ? ??a ???o n???, ??? a ??i ?y y?? ???a ?????
???? ??????? ????e e ????? ????? e ????th.

A????oth?i ???i a ???????? ??ae????? ?????yo XVI — ??? XVII ?? a?e a
Ae???? ???u, ??e, ?e-??, ??, ??, ??u; o ??? — ?y?y, ??e; a E????e, o
???, ???? e ???e — ??u. A ???a ?????i ???ey ??ey?? ??? eth?e, ?oy e
y?y??ny ??? ?????, ??? a ?? ??, ?i ?e ?? ???u ? ??? ??a ???i ??ey, ? ??a
? ????? e ????? ?????e ?? ?????. A Ae???? ????e, ??????y a ????? ?????e
? ????? ????y, ?? ??, ?y??? ?????? ??? nth??? ? ?aiy ???o ???a ?e ????e
??a. *?? a I??e, A???e e Ae??o?a ??????e ?????, ???y?? ?e ?o ??a e ???
?? ??? (?e ?????ue ???e, ?????? a ???? e o. ae.), ?????ue ????y? ??a e
???e, ????? ?e ? ????? ???.

C?????i ????i ??????i ????ny a y?o ??? e ??e???? ?????i. A Ae???? ??a
?????a — ??-?ue-??i — ???e ???a ????a ?e ?????i ??a, ?????i ????? ???i
????e ??y?. I??i, ????, a E??? ??i ?a ??ei ?????y, ??i ?e e a ????o
????o I??e, E???? e *?ie. O?, ????, ?i a XVI ?? a I??e ??????e ??y?? ???
?a ??y? ??i, a ???a ????? ?a ????? ?????e.

I??y? ? ?? ?????a ??y?, ???u ??????? ???th ??ue ???u, ???? ??e e ???
?????, ?i ???y? ? ??iy?i ???? n ?????o ?????? ??a ? ?????a ???. A ????e,
?a???a I???a Ae?? e N??? (??? ?? O??) ?? «y?? (???) i???eyi A??? E???
???a ??e ??? ???? ??? ??a io ????? ???? O?? e ? ????o ?????, ????o,
????? e ????? ???a. N???i ???oth?i ????, ???u ?????y? ???? ???a? ? ??o
?????ue ??e ?? ? ??o ????o, a ??a ?? ??/?e ? ???a ??? ?????? ?????.
A???? ????e ?a??? ?y??a – ???u, ??, ??e, ?y?y, ??u e o. ae. ??????e a
??o ??o ???th ??ue ??e e ??a. E?? ????? ???????o ???, ???a ?e ???? a
o????a, ??? ????ue ?? ?????a ??uey, ? ???o ???e? ????a ? ?o ???y?.
I????, a ??? XVII ?? ?y *?iy ????ue ?a?????th ???a.

N??? i???ue, ?i ???y ??ue ????????i ???y??a y?y?? ??i ????e (??? — a
Ae????, *??, A???e, E????; ????? — o ???a, ??e ?e ????e — o ??? e o.
ae.), ????ay ??o ? ?????a ????? ?e ???. A ?????a ???a ???y? ?y?? ??
?????ue a ??? n ???i a ??o ?e ? ????ue ??? ??? ?ycy e ???? a ??????a
????e.

A ??? ?y???o ??a ????o ?????a ?? ????? a ?e ?e ?? ?? a ?????e ? ?????
??iy???a. O?, a Ae???? e E??? ???a ??? ? ??e ??a e??? ??e ? ????th e ???
?ycth. A I??e ??? ??????y ??y?? ??? ?????ue a iy? ???, ?i ??? ????
???y??, e ??a ?i a ?ny? ?c ??? ??? ???? (y??y).

E?? ?i??? ???yi, ?????? ????e ??i ????o eth?e, ??????ny ??y? ? ???yo
???u ??u, a ??a ????e ? ??yo ???a. A ?????ue ? ?ycy ?i??e ??i ??????
????, ??th????y ??o ?y?i e ??ouey??i. I??i ????? ?????ue ?????ny ???y?
e? ? ?, ?i ? ?? ??e ??e, a ??a eth?, ?????? ???? ??ath ???e ??e. A ????i
??? eiy? ??? ??a ???i ?????th, ??? ? ???e ??th, n ???e ?y?i ?e ?????ue
?ycth ?????oth ???. I??i ?????ea ????y ????y, ????ayny ? ?a ??a ???
????? ???e — ??. A ???? ??? ?????ue ??????a, ??? a ??i?o ???o (A??,
Ae??? e ?.) ?????? ?????e ??e. N???i ???? ????? ???i-?? ?????i e O?a-??
????i, ?e?? ?? ? ???? ??e ? ???u ?i ?cy?a. Ca ???? ???????i ?? ?? ????
?y ???, e ???e ?????e ???. A?e ???? ? ???? ?e ? ?????, ?o ??? ??ey? ???e
??e, ? ?? ?e y?i ? ???e a ???a ?y? ? ????e ???e ????, ?i ??? ?????e ?
???e ?????e.

N??? ????, ?i ???i ????? ?i ???????? ????e ?????e a XVI ??? XVII ?? ?
E??? ?????i n ??????i-???? ??y??e, i ?i ???????o ?????? ???????a ???o
???? ??i (???a, ???), ??? ??? ????i ??a, ???e ??e, ??? ????i e o. ae.

A ????o ??? N???? E??? a ???? ??????e (??y? n ???e ?u????a e ???y
??????ue ? ??th, ?i ?? ?????ue ???ue y?o ?i ?cy??a «???????) ????? ? ???
???? e ????, ? e ???? ??e. N???i ??? Ae????, ???ay ??y ?c a ?? ?o ??????
????, ??? ??y ???? ?? ??o ?o??e (????e ????), ??o ??y? ? ??? ??? ??th
???ae?ye ??a ??? ???? ???. N?????e ?????y ? ???o ??e, ?i ??? ?????th ? a
? ?iy?th ???th ??????ue. Ae????? ?? ???? ??e ??-?? ? ??????a, a ?????y
n??y a ??a ???i-?? ??? ????i ??, ?i ???o ??th ??. O?? ???i, ?ay ??y
?????ue ? ????e ???e ???a ??a??i ??? ????, ?i ???i ? e ???o ??i e e ????
????o ??a ? ????a ????o ??????.

A ???o ??? (??? ???a) ????? ??????y ?????a??y ?????ue ??e-???e ??e ???
???, ?e ???. A ??e??a ???? ???? ??? ??? ????? ????? ????i?e ???o ????o
????, a ????? ???i ?y??? ??a ??????a e ??a ?????? ????e. A?????, ?????
??e ??? ??e ????ue ? ????thth ??ue ??? a ??a ???? ?ey?a, ??????eyy
???oth ??th a ?ith ???, ????y ?? ??a ??? ???????e? e ?? ????y ??? ? ????
???e. E?? ??, a ????o ????o Ae????, I??e e ??? ?? ????e ????i ??e
??ae???y ? ?????, ?i ??????i ???????o i ????e e??e ?? ??????? ??y?e
????. I ?i ? ???o e ??uey a ??a ???i-??, ???? ???e ?e ?y?i ?e ????ue ???
??o, ?? ? ????e ???th y????th, ? ???????ue ?????e?i n ????e ??????.

I???ei ??a ????ue a XVII ?? ????? ????y ? ????? *?? e E????. A ????? ??,
?i ??????i-???? ????u ??ue ????nue ??? ??????th, ??????a ????? ??i
????ue ? ? ??? ????o ?????, a ? ??? ??o ??? (??a). A????ue ???a ??u
«y?e-???, e ??? ??u («?e-???), ????? ??a?a a ?????ue ? ???o ???. E????,
?i ????e ???? a??a ? ???? ?e th????? ??, a ?i ?????a ????? ?e??? ???ey??
???????th e ?? ?e ??o ??o.

Ia ????eyo *??, ???ath?o e ???? Ae????, E??? e I??e, ???a ??? ?? ? ??ue
???y, ?i ??? ?????ue ?????y ???i o????i ????yi. A ????e, ??ue ?? ???u,
?????ny a ??a XVI ?? ?ae ??oueth ??? ??u, ??i ??a ???? O?-??u ?e ?????
???? a I??o n ????, ??u ?? ???e ??? ?ae ?? ??-??? ? ? a??a. Oe?ue ? ?ye
???a ???? e ???e ????? ?ycth N???th ss???? *?????, ???e ? ???? ???????y
??i ????? ?y ??? ???, ????y ???????? ???? ? ??n??cy????o ???o. A???
????? ?????a ???i ??e????i a ??yae ???? eth?e, ???? ??i ???? ????ny io
????i e y?????e ?ycy N?-??y, ??? ?e a y?i e ? ???a?. I?????y a ???ueyo
?? ss??o ???a ????? a ????n? ? ????? C????? E???. I???ay ??ue ????,
???a?ay ? ???a n ???ey? ???? ??a, ????? ? ?o a ???i??. E???u, ??? ???
Ae?uey???i ??uey, ??y? ???????i ?? E??? e ???e ? y?e.

A???ay ??? a ???????? ?y???o ??, ?e ???i, ??????a a ??o ??? ?ycy, ???
????i ??????? ???i ????i. Eiy??? (?????a, ???a, ????a, ?????) ??????a?
???? ? ????a ????? (???, ????, ???), ?a ???a ????a ???o a ??? ???e ????e
????i ??i a ?? ???. E??e ?? ?e y?i y?y?y ? ??i ??a n ?????i ?????i (o
???? ??? ?? ?y?i ?e ??ue ? ??e ?????? ??aee, ?o, ?e ? ????, ?/ e ??y),
???? ???? ???? ? ???o???i ????y. A?? ???a ??u ????e a ??ae ? ??? ??ii, ?
e a ???? ???? ????e ???, ?y??a ????e a ???aa ??? ?????? ???o ? ??ue ???e
????e ??e. A ??i ?th y? ??ue ????? ???ue ??ae ??e: ? ?/, ? ??? ? ?? ?i??
? ? ??e. O ???? ?a ??a ??u ??e ??y, ??? ????e ? ???o ?e ????ue. Ia ?a
??y ???o ???? ????u ??????ue ? ???u ???e. A??????y ? ? ??? ?y ?o ?
??o??????.

I????e ???????? ???? ? N???i E??? y?y?? ???, ???ay ???? ? ??? e ???, a
?, a ?ith ???ue, — ? N???a ??e. Ia???a ??? ?????? ?y?yi, ??? ?? ???? e
?y ???o?e ??? ? ???o ??? ????? a ???a ???-?????? nith?. Nith? y? ????
???i ?ey?? a *??, Ae????, E???? a ??e ???? ???, ??? a ??? ????o ?th?a
???i ? ??i??o ?ny?? ??i, ??iy?o ? eth?e ??? ???????e.

O??ey?? ?th? ???? ????i, ??? e ???? XVII ?? a ????o ??ayo (A??-Ae?? e
?.) ??? ??a ?????ny ? ?????. A ????? ????o ??? ?????i ?????? a ??a ???o
????-??eyo, ???? ????y n ???e ???? ???-??????e ?th??. O???ey e ????eth
?th????o ????e n ??th ?????i ?????y?y ???e ???? ??a ????a, ????, a ?i,
?i ??e A??-Ae?? ? ??e ??? ?????i ????? a ????? ???a O?????. A?, ?e ????o
??th, ?????? ??i ???? ? ??ue ????? ???a ??? e ?iy??? ?i i??, ? ?i ??th
????? ???????.

I???a ?????? ???????i ?????? ? ????? Ae???? e ??? XVI ?? y?y?? ?????i.
I? ???? ???oth ???ue ? E??? ? ??? ??y ?????i e ? E????? ??y ? A????
???a. A e???a ????? ???u ?????? E?? e O??. E???i, ?i ?i???? ??yae ???a
O??o ????? 50 ??? ????a. Y? ???? ??i. I?? ??? *??-???a (1577 a.) ?? ? ?i
???e — N??i-I??? — ??a ?????? ?? ???? ?ae ??i ?????i ??ue ????? ?????a,
??? ??e ?????e ?? Y??e. A???a No??-I???a, ? ?????e ??e ?????? ??????o ??
Ai???o, ??i ????ny Y?????i e ??c ????a ??y ??a ????ue ? ?e ??e —
Y?????a, A????a e E?????a. Oe???????y ??? ???? ????? ?????, i ?i ??o
????ue???? ?o ??, ?i a 1557 ?? ????e ???a, E?i-??? a ???? i?????i ?ycy
????y e ?????o ??th n ???? ??y? ?i a ????? ???e. A??n i ???????e ??????
???? ?a?a ????y ??? ????? e ???y a ??? ???? XVII ?? ? ?????o ???o. I??i
????? ??? ?????a ? ????? Ae???? y? ?? ? ???. A ????? iy?? ??? N??e ?e
????i ? ???, ?i?i ?? ?????y a O??o, ?a e ?? ???? O????i. A ??? XVII ??
?e ????a ???????? ???u ????? ????? E????????, Eo??????a, A????a,
A??????. A y? ? ??y a ???? ?????ey ???o ????a ?e ?????? ?? ? ??????a ?ea
A??e, a ????a ???? ????? I?????a ???i.

E???? ??? ???a A????. A XVI — XVII ??o ???? ??i ???y?y ?yae ????o ??i,
??????o o ???u n Ae????i, ?y?? ?? ? ??ue ?? ?e ???i ??? ????y ? ????? ??
??ae?o ?????. A???????ue ???? ?????a, ???? ?? i???ue ??????? ?? ???? ?
?????? ???? ???, ??? n ?th?? ???o (A???, A?e e ?.) ?oy e ???a e ??, ?i
??? ??? ????ny ? ?iy??oth e ??th ?y ?ay ????eth, ??? ia ????? ?y ???a
???i. *?? ?th?a ???? ??i a Ae???ia ??a ???a ?????a ?? ?????ue e ???ue n
?? ????ue ?y ???a ???i ???.

Ia ????? *?? e ???ath?e e ?e E???? a XVI—??? XVII ?? ?????e ??e ?yae
?????? ?????e. I??a???ny nth? ???u ???y?? ???e, ? ???o a XVI a?a ????
???? ??a E??i e ?i ?i O?-??a, y?y??ny ????? ???? ??y. I?iy?? O?-??u A??
a ??? XVII ?? ???e a I??a, a ?i ?i A?e-?the ?? ??? a 1645 ??. A y?o ?
???, a ??a XVI ??, a ?? E?a (Ae?uey??? ???) ??? ?e N??i, ????? ?ay ???
O?-??u. A ??? ???? XVII ?? ??????y a *?ith ? A??e ?y?y O??? ???ee ? ???o
???th A??a ?????a ????, ???a ????? ???? «O???a ???a ????», ??? ????a
????e ???tho ???? O???o — A???, A??? e O??? — ?y?y? «??e *a??». A ??? ??
ss??o ????? ????y ????, ??????i ????o ? ???a, a n ????? Y?????? ?y???
???? a ????? y?????? ?ycth. A ??? ???o *?? ?????? ae???i ??i ?th?a ????
??i, ???th??y ?? ? ??a ith??ie ?????e. A ????o ?????o (O?????a e ?.)
????? ??e ?????? ???e ????o ?????, a ??? ??????ea ???e ???y? ???? ????.

O??eye Ea??? a ??? XVI ?? ???e ?y?, a ?????e ? ???? (??? ??i ?????e)
????? ??? ????e, ???????? ????a ???u. N??ee ?y? ????y ? ???e ? ???????
????o ?????? ?y??? ??a. A ????e, a ?????e ??? ???? ?y?y? ?ee O??the
E??a, E???o E??a, A???e E???i, O?? O????? e ?. I??y?? ????? ???? ?ycy a
E??? ? ???ue e, ???ii ????, ??? ???e ?y? ?????e a ???? ???u ???a?? ???e
??e. I?a y? ?? ?ith? ? ???, ????o ? ?????ue ??ue ???i ?y?i ??iy?i ?a
?????y ???, ??y ? ???e ????ath?y a ???? ?????ey n ?????? ?????? ????a ?e
??? ?????y ????? ???o ??y?a. I? ??o? ?y? O??th? E????? (??ay ???? XVI
a.) ?? ????y? ???a i????ey E??? ? ????ayny ???i. N?? ? ??????e ?a??? e
???y ? ?????e E??? ????????i ??? (80-a ?. XVI a.), ??????ny ? ?????
??????? ????e a ??a ??? ???o ???a?e. A?? ??, e ??? XVII ?? E???, ? ??
???y?ay ????oth ????ue ????, ?????? ??????ue ? A??oth E??? e I?oth E???.
A A??? E??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?ycth ?????e ??a ?e ????ay «A????
E???» — ???? A???i?, ?? ???i ??i 50 ???e n ?????: ??? ???e — 1 ?n. ??a?,
??o — 2 ?n. A I?? E??? ??????e ?? ??e E???o, ?????ny ??a «O???? E???? ?
??e ?ycy O??a O?????. E?? ??, ?????? ????i ??? ????, a a ??? XVII ?? ?
????e E??aeu ?? ???i ? ????? ????i ?????a ????a ? ?? E?????a ?y???
N????? *????o.

A?ue XVI e ??? XVII ?? ??? ? E??? a ????? ? e ?? ????th?o ?????oe, ???a,
????. I?? ? ??? ??????? ????? y??? ?????? a y?i ???a ????a ?? ???
?????a?? ?????e: I????? I??, n ??e ???u, e ???e — n ???. E?? ??, ????
???u ???? ? ???? ?ae E???i n ????e ???, ?i ??????i ?????i ?????, ???
???e ???? ??????? ???o ???ue ?????th ???????ue ?????? e ???, ???th e ?y
?e, e ?y ??? ???u ???? ???i ?y ????e. I??? ?e ?e ?? ?????? ???? e ????th
????????? ????? ???o ????? e ??, a ????o ??ayo, e ???? ? ? ??e ???e a
??oth. I??i ?????ay ?n?????ue ? ??? ?????? y?????oth ??ue ???a, ??i???th
???? ????ue a ????i ?????e.

N???e E??c e A??th ?y??e ???? ??, ?????e ? O???i ???a (?a ?iye ???e
????) ? ???eyi ???????? ?y?e I????, ??i ? ??? N??, ??ueth O??a ? ??e
A????i y????? e ??a ? ????? E??e ? ??? a E??eth. A A??th ??i ?? ???ue e
? ??? ? N????? ???a ? ??ueth *??-A??a a I?e-???th O???? e ??a a E??eth.
Aeey ?????? e ?????? ??ia ???? ???e ???e ?y ???? n A??????, A???e e
A?c?e ????y ?? ??c O??? ???e, ???c E?ey?, ????o ? ??a A?? e ??a, ??c ??
E?? — ? O??, Ae???, O??o, a ??a ?c??e — a Ae??? e O??n. A ??? ??y ????
?????ue e ?????? ???e ????? ??ay ??ue ?????i ??? ? O??? aei A????. I??
??? ???i ?y ????e ???? y?y?y Ae??io, ????e ? ??? ?????? ???, ? e ???i
??? ???a a??? ??? (??e, ???e, ???y e ???y?y ???, ??th?, ??u e o. ae.),
???a ????e nth? ? ???o ? Ae????, I??e, E???, *?? e ??? ?? E???.

N????e e ??iy?? ?? ?y? ??? n A??????, ???? ?? a ???e n N???? E??? ?e ??c
??? Ae???i e ?e ??????, ????o ???a ??? a ??? ??y ?????? ???e ??c
????e??a ????. A ???? ??? A?????a (I?a, O??a, O??i e ?.) ??u ???y? ?? e
???e, ????e ???, ??, ??i, iy?, ??, a o?? ???a ???y — ??u, ??e, ???, ??e,
??? e o. ae. A ???oth ???a N???e E??c, ???ey?? ??i, ??, ??, ??ue, ???th
???? ? ???? a ??? A?o, e ???? ???a. E?? ??, ??c A????? ???? a ?? ????
?n?? e ??? ?y ?????e ???? ??? ????a, ??a ????o ???a e ?????o ?y?a.

C???e?oth ?? a ???? ???eyo ??o A??? e ???e ??? ?iy??a ??u. I??i ?e ????e
???? ???y e, ???a ??a ? ??i ????, ?iy? ?????a n ??e ??? ????? ?????? ?
???a, ??u ?????ue ? ??i ? ??e A??e, A?????a ?e a ?????? ??u. A?y??a
????? ???i ???e a ???o ???yo, ?i ???y? ? ??iy?i ??e ?? ??e ???. I??aa
??ue ?iyi ??? ? ???? e ??a ????ny ?????i e ??????i, ???y ????? y????a
???. I????th?a ?iy? ??e a ??o ??a ?? e ??a, a ??a ??? ???e, ? ???a, ?i o
?u???o ?y?e. A??? ????? ????a ??? ?iyi ???y? ? ?y??? ?????ue a ?????? e
?????? ??e, ??? ??e ???? ??e ?????e ??? ???? ??o ??e ? ????? a ?iy??a
??e. ?????y, y? ??????i ?iy?i ?y??? ???????i e ??????? ??o ? ????? a
???? ??a.

?????? ?y? ??o ??ey? C????y e N???? E??? a XVI — ??? XVII ?? ? a?e
????th, ?i ???????ue ?e ?????e ????e e ?????? ????y?, ?e e ??????
??????ueth. E???i, ????, ?i ?????e ?? E?? ????ny n ???th ???a O?????.
Aei?? ???a ?? ???i ? ???y? ?????i ??y A????a. E?? ??, ?????? ?? A??? II
a 1563 ?? ???y ? ??? ????i ?ycy ????e. Ii??? ??e ???? ??? ????i ?????
?y??? ???yi — E????, *?????e e ?. O?????? ????? ??e e ??? ??u a ? ??e ??
??i n N???? E??? (? Ae?a??a, I??e e ?.). I ??????e ?th????o i???? ??o
A??? e E???e ???????o ?y??? ????e? ???, ????? a I??a a 1591 — 1592 ??o.
I ??o ? ???o ?th?o, ?u??yth?o ??? ???a ????? ???i e ???a ???, ???? a
I??a ???a XVII a?a ??u ?????i ??y A????a.

O???y ????ue, ????i ????ay ??o ????? ?????o ????th ?c ???ey ???????
????y, ??????a ?????a ?????oe e ???? ???-?????? ?????e. O?, a 50-o ??o
XVI ?? ?y? I???e Aea??e ??th?e ?? n ????e, ??? ?a ???u ???ue ? ?i, ?i,
?c???i ?????a ? ????? ???, ??e a ????? ???e ???u ????ue ??, ??? ??e?, e
? e ??oth ???o. I??i ???? ???a ??????e? ?y? ????ue ??o A??? e I???. Ae?i
a ?i, ?i ????? ??e ???e ?ay ??????? ? ??????eth ??? e ??? ??iy?i ???ey?
a ????? ???y ?????? ?????a e ??????e ??????i ???, ??i ??????y ? ???
y????i ?????ey. E?? ??, ???? ??? ?? ? A??e ? N???e Ea?? e ??a a ???th
???? ??c ????? ???ey a Ae?uey??? o??a, e ??? ????? ?? ???e ????a ???? ?
??? ?a???o ??? ?????, ? ???o ???? ?????? y?? ????y. A ???? ??a ??? ??,
?????oth?? ??????a ?i??ey ????? ??e e ????, ??? ?????o e Aey??e ??
?ae??u ????. Nith????a ?y? A??e e I??e ?? ????u ? ?aiy ????y A???a V e
?i ???e, a ??a ?????? ??y A??ey XI e ?????? ??y A??a, i???e ?? y?y??
??????ue ????? ??ey a ??????a? ???? y????. A??? XI ??th?e n y?e ??th
??????? ???? n ?????e nith?? A???, E???e e ?.

A ???a ? ??????? ??? a ??i??? ?cy??a, ????????i a XVI —XVII ??o ? ???
???yo N???? E???, C????a ????? ??? ????? ????-???????? ????e a ? ?a????
???? ??a. A y?i ??? ?y A??e ????? ???a ?n?????a ??????a, ??? ???y ??ue
??e ?????? ?y??? ???yi, ?????? ??i ? ????? ????? ???i?y? ?????o ??y??o a
i?? ? ???. C??e ???e ??a e ????e. *? ???ny A??? e A?????a, ? ??ue, ??a
???? ???????i ??????y — ???, ???ue e ???? ??u ??????y ? ???????o ??yo.
I?a ? ??o ???? ?? ????? ??ue e ??iy? a ?i, ?i ??y ?????? ? ????a ????? n
??? ??a n ?????a ?e?a, ??ay ??a ??????y ?????ue ?th?? e ????? ?i, ?i ??y
a ??? ??? ???ey? ???a ??????? ????, ?i?i ?????y?? ? ???yo ??? ????a o
?ycy. N?????ie ?????ueth C????y ??i ???ue ?, ?i a ????? ??????? ?? e
?y??? n ?? ????????e ??????e ???? ????a ???ey ????ue a ??o ??????, ?
?y??? y??a?e n ???i ?????. O?? ????a ???? ????? ?y A???, ?a, ????y ? y?,
?????? ??? ???ue ????ue ? ??? ??? ???th ??ue ?????? e ????e ??e.

I???e ??? ??u, ????e ?????e ??e n ???yi, ????y ?????e ??e, ?i ???y?
??????? ??? ?????? o??? ?a? ????o ? ?ay ?????a e ??? ? ????ny ????
?cy???. I??i ????a ????? ??a ?e ??e ??a ????e ??a? ????o ???????a ?
???iy???a ????? ??i ?cy???. A y?i ??? a ???? ??? ????a ???a. A A?????a e
A??? ??e ??i ????a o?? ????e ???. I?y? n ???i ????? ??ue ????e ???a e
?????a ??????? ???a, ??? ??ue ? ?o ??u e ???? — ?????? a y? ???e ????y
????? ???? e ???? ??????e.

A????ue ??? C????y ???ye ?????ue a y?o ??? ???o, y??ue, ??i, a ??a ?n,
???e ????e e ???? ???? ???e ???. C?? ? ? ???? ??y ???????ue ???????? e
???ua ??e, ??? ????? ?? ?????y ?e ?? ? ??? a ??. I???e ??????, a ???i
?????oth ?eth ???? ?????a ???y, ???? ??c O??n, Y???, O??o, A?o e ???
?????? ???, ?iy?? ia ?????e ???? ??e.

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