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Иоганн Вольфганг Гете

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Eiaaii Aieueoaaia A?oa (1749-1832) – iienoeia oieaa?naeueiue aaiee
-iiyo, ae?aiaoo?a, ?iiaieno, ia?aaiae/ee, eeoa?aoo?iue e?eoee,
iaioa?eno, aeeaiienaoe, ?eniaaeueuee, eneonnoaiaaae, ?aaeenna?, aeoa?,
o/aiue (i?eoii oiaea aeinoaoi/ii iiiainoi?iiiee : aioaiee, iioee,
ciieia, ieia?aeiaaae ), ainoaea?noaaiiue aeayoaeue.

?iaeeeny 28 aaaonoa 1749 aiaea a noa?ii eiia?neii ai?iaea – O?aieoo?oa
ia Iaeia a naiuea caaeeoi/iiai ath?aa?a . Auaeathueany niiniaiinoe,
oe?ioa eioa?ania iicaieeee A?oa noaoue iaeiei ec ia?aciaaiiaeoeo ethaeae
naiaai a?aiaie. A Eaeioeeaneii oieaa?neoaoa, eoaea ii iinooiee a 1765
aiaeo caieiaaony th?eni?oaeaioeeae e oeeieiaeae .Oai no?iai
inoaeaeaeinue aai ?iaeiia ia?a/ea e ii eniuouaae any/aneea i?eoaniaiey.

A Eaeioeeaa ia/eiaaony aai eeoa?aoo?iay aeayoaeueiinoue. Ia?aua
ee?e/aneea noeoioai?aiey e ae?aiu (ianoi?aeue “Eai?ec aethaeaiiiai” 1769
aiae , eiiaaeey “Niaeiiaieee” 1768-69 ) iaienaiu a noeea aaeaioiie
iiycee ?ieiei. A niaa?oaiii eiie iaia?a iaienaiu “O?e iaeu iiaio ae?oao
Aa?eoo” (1767),

Iaea ia?aay

Naaeiaiee ! ia?anaaee

Yoio i?ae?aniue eono !

AEaeei aai inoaaeyoue

A ii/aa aanieiaeiie.

E?aiie ii io i?e?iaeu-

Yoei iaeiei e aeea

Oai, aaea caiey neoieony,

Oai, aaea aiieony aicaeoo.

Acaeyie! Aaniie ii aanue

A na?aa?enoi-caeaiuo eenoueyo,

Eo aiaeueneiiue caiao –

ssae aeey aiona…

Iaea aoi?ay

Ii?a! Ooiaeeoue-

Eaee! Oae iaaei.

Ooo ia aeeouea

Oiio, eoi /anoai.

Ni?aae io aieio

E inaiiyy nu?inoue

Ooo neeeenue-

Ia?acaeaeueii, iaaaee.

Ooo ieiaeyony

Aaaeu e aionu;

Ooo- ?acaoe

Eo ?acaieie/ueae ceiau;

Ooo- iioioeeaue

Iaiaaeaeyuee ciee

Auiiec ia aa?aa

Iia?aoueny ia nieioea…

Iaea o?aouey

Aoaeue aan/oanoaai!

Aea ia ae?iaiao na?aeoea

A yoii e aac oiai

Iaaa?iii ie?a.

Aa?eo! Aiie n eeoea

Oeuaeo aanaiieo aeiae,

*oia ia ciaaaoue aio

Nae?aiinoe ceiieo ao?ue.

Ouaoiie auea a ia/oa,

*oi io aaaeu nianoo

Acaeio aeaae/ueae a?oaee,

?oeiiiaeaouea ae?oaa…

a ieo Aaoa aia?aua eniieueciaae aieueiua ?eoiu ia?eoiiaaiiiai noeoa .
Iinea aucaaiiiai aieaciueth aeaooeaoiaai i?aauaaiey a ?iaeiii ai?iaea
A?oa a 1770 aiaeo ioi?aaeyaony aeey i?iaeieaeaiey ia?aciaaiey a
No?anao?a. Caeanue ii ieai/eaaao oieaa?neoao, aeecei noiaeeony n E.-A.
Aa?aea?ii, oai?aoeeii aeaeaeaiey “Ao?e e iaoenea” , ai?thuaany ca
iauaaeeiaiea Aa?iaiee, e a iineaaeothuea aiaeu aicaeaaeyao yoi
aeaeaeaiea.

Iiiaiia?acea iiyoe/aneiai aea?iaaiey Aaoa i?iyaeeinue a oii, /oi ia?yaeo
n i?ineaaeaieai oeoaiecia ii nicaeae iaiaueiiaaiioth ii e?anioa /oanoa
caaeooaaioth ee?eeo. Oaeiau aai “Cacaiaaeineea ianie” aaeioiiaeaiiua
ethaiaueth e aei/a?e naeueneiai ianoi?a. Ethaiaiua ianie Aaoa
ciaiaiiaaee ?aoeoaeueiue ?ac?ua n ?annoaei/iie iiyceae 18-ai aaea.

Ionoonoaea nee niiniaiuo nie?ooeoue ioaeeaathuee oaiaeaeueiue no?ie,
aucaaei e?ecen e ?aniaae aeaeaeaiey “Ao?e e iaoenea”. Ia?aui iiiye
aaciaaeaaeiinoue ooth?ia?neiai aoioa?noaa Aaoa. Yoi iiaoaeeei aai
niaa?oeoue iinooiie, aucuaathuee inoaeaeaiea iiiaeo i?aaeieo ae?ocae e
iieeiiieeia iiyoa : a iiya?a 1775 aiaea ii, ia eioi?iai niio?aee eae ia
a?aaa oaiaeaeia, i?eiye i?eaeaoaiea aeaaeaoaey iaeeiai
Naenai-Aaeia?neiai aa?oeianoaa Ea?ea Aaaonoa, noae aai i?eaeai?iui e
ieieno?ii.

Ia inoaaee ii e eeoa?aoo?iuo caiyoee, ii oa?aeoa? aai oai?/anoaa ?acei
eciaieeny. A noeoioai?aiee “Eeueiaiao”,

I?eaao io/ecia thiinoe iiae !

I oeoee aeie, caeaiay aeoa?aaa !

?ane?ieoa iia naie iauyouey niiaa,

I?eieoa a naiue ?aneeaeenouo aaoaae !

I?ieaeoa a a?oaeue aaeuecai aanaeuey e ethaae.

Aea caeeieo oeaeaaiue eeth/ a e?iae !

Ia ?ac, ai?a, e oaiei noiiai iiao/ei

Aeaeii auaae y ae?aaeai eaoo/ei.

Naaiaeiy aiiaue iie iiaue thiue ?ae

Ia neeiiao iyaeeo ia?anoe iia aeae !

Eae au, oieiu, yaeaia y aeinoiei:

Eae aao i?inoi?, iie eaaeaeue aeaiue niieiai.

E ionoue caaoaeo, /oi y caeanue, eae oai,

Ia?a/aiu aeeaouea oeaiyi,

*oi naao naeyiei a ianie ca?ii naia

E no?ieo i?eoanieoaeth aeeeuea,

*oi oyaeae o?oae aieiaeiue ai?iyea,

*oi neaauo aeooeo neeueiay ?oea.

I?etho aeaeaiiue, iaiiae iia e?iaue,

E ionoue naaiaeiy aeeoue ia/io y aiiaue…

iaienaiiii ei aeith ?iaeaeaiey aa?oeiaa a 1783 aiaeo, Aaoa au?acee a
eiioea iaaeaaeaeo ia oi, /oi aa?oeia iicaaioeony i aeaaininoiyiee
ia?iaea e aai aeaaeaieyo. Eiaiii yoa ia/oa i i?inaauaiiii aaniethoecia
oioy au ia iaeie oa??eoi?ee e iiaoaeeea Aaoa iainiiaaoueny a Aaeia?a.

Ianoiyoaeuenoaa neiaeeeenue oae, /oi e a ee/iie aeecie Aaoa aai
no?aieaiey iaoieeioeenue ia i?aiyonoaey. A Aaeia?a ii iiethaee
i?eaeai?ioth aeaio Oa?eiooo oii Ooaei, eioi?ay auea noa?oa aai, caioaeai
e eiaea aeaoae. Ioaa/ay ia /oanoaa iiyoa, iia, iaeiaei, iieiaeeea ei
i?aaeae, ia aeiioneay ieii/aoaeueiiai naeeaeaiey. Ethaiaue, ia
iieo/aaoay iieiiai oaeiaeaoai?aiey, auea io/eoaeueia aeey Aaoa, ii ii
aeieai ie?eeny n yoei iieiaeaieai. N iaeaieueoae iiyoe/aneie neeie e n
aeinoaoi/iie yniinoueth oa?aeoa? ioiioaiee Aaoa n ethaeiie aeaiueiie
au?aaeai a noeoioai?aiee “Warum gabst du uns die tiefen Blicke…”.

I, ca/ai oaiae aunieie aeanoueth

Aoaeouaa aeaeaoue iai aeaii

E ia aa?eoue ie ethaae, ie n/anoueth,

Eae au ie neyei iai iii!

I noaeueaa, e /aio iai aea? no?iaue

Iaiaaeeoue aei aeoaeiu na?aeoea

E neaicue ana neo/aeiua iie?iau

Iinoeaaoue ae?oa ae?oaa aei eiioea !

Neieueei eo, eoi, a oaiiioa aeoaeaeay,

Aac iaaeaaeae, aac oeaee euoo iooue,

E ia iiaoo, i noaeueaa aaaeay,

A nianoaaiiia na?aeoea caaeyiooue,

E eeeotho, /ooue i?iieeiao neoaeii

Eo/ aeaeaeie ?aaeinoe a ieii…

Yoa ethaiaue iaeiaeeea ioia/aoie ia oai?/anoai iiyoa.

A 1786 aiaeo Aaoa n ?ac?aoaiey aa?oeiaa, ii oaeii io anao, aeaaea io
Oa?eioou oii Ooaei, oaoae a Eoaeeth, aaea i?iaae ieiei aeaoo eao. Ii
aeee oai n?aaee ooaeiaeieeia e nai ona?aeii caieiaeny aeeaiienueth,
iaeiia?aiaiii caeai/eaay ia/aoua a Aaeia?a eeoa?aoo?iua i?iecaaaeaiey.

Iiacaeea a Eoaeeth iciaiaiiaaea iiaue ia?aeii a aeecie Aaoa. A iai
aic?iaeeeanue oai?/aneay yia?aey, e ii aa?ioeny a Aaeia?, /oiau caaeeoue
ii-iiaiio. Yoi i?iyaeeinue a aai ?ac?uaa n Oa?eiooie oii Ooaei. Aaoa
acye a naie aeii aeaaaeoeaoeo?aoeaoithth ?aaioieoeo E?enoeaio Aeeueieon
e aeee n iae, ia anooiay a oea?eiaiue a?ae. Ineaaee nayce n aa?oeianeei
aeai?ii, Aaoa ioioae io aai aeae, inoaaea naaa eeoue caaioo i
i?inaauaiee e ?oeiaiaenoai oaao?ii. Ioiuia ii caieiaaony oieueei
eeoa?aoo?ie, eneonnoaii, oaao?ii, a oaeaea iaoeie, ?annoaaoenue n
i?aaeieie iiiai/eneaiiuie neoaeaaiuie iaycaiiinoyie.

Caia/aoaeueiaeoei iiyoe/aneei eoiaii i?ienoaaeoaai ia?aeiia noaee “
?eineea Yeaaee” (1788-1790)-

I iiae ii?a n/anoeeaie

?anneacaoue oaia?ue aeieaeiu au.

Eaiaiue, ?a/ue iiaaaee ! Aiai?eoa ni iiith, /a?oiae !

Oeeoea, neiai neaaee ! Aaiee, aeae aanoue i naaa !

Enoeiii, aeooo oayo oaie nayuaiiua noaiu,

Roma aeterna ! Ii/oi ae neiaaii ana iaiioie ?

Eoi iia iiaeneaaeao, a eaeii ieia i?iiaeueeiao iaia?ieii

Ieeay oaiue, /oi iaiy, eniaiaeea, iaeeaeo ?

Eee, naeaoenue n iooe, ia ociae y aei?iao, eioi?ie

E iae au oiaeee e oiaeee, a o?aoa /ania ia neoiynue ?

Iaic?aaath iiea, iooaoanoaaiiee aeaaii?eee/iue,

O?aiu, ?oeiu, aeai?oeu, i?aii? ?acaeouo eieiii.

Yoei neeoaiueyi eiiaoe ia aeaeae. A iaeiii oieueei o?aia,

A o?aia Aio?a, i?eoaeaoe e?ia aiaeaeaeaiiue iaeaeao.

?ei ! I oaaa aiai?yo:” Ou – ie?”. Ii ethaiaue ioieieoa,

Ie? aac ethaae – ia ie?, ?ei aac ethaae – ia ?ei.

nia?aiea noeoioai?aiee, iaienaiiuo n eniieueciaaieai y?ioe/aneie iiycee
ae?aaia?eineeo ee?eeia. Aicethaeaiiay, ainiaoay Aaoa a yoeo noeoao, –
ia?ac niae?aoaeueiue. A iae aiieiuaia iaiyoue i ethaiaiuo ?aaeinoyo,
eniuoaiiuo Aaoa a Eoaeee, e /oanoaa, aicaoaeaeaiiua Aaeia?neie
aicethaeaiiie. Ioe?iaaiiay y?ioe/iinoue yeaaee aucaaea inoaeaeaiea e
io/oaeaeaiea ni noi?iiu naaoneiai iauanoaa e aeaaea aeeceeo Aaoa
ethaeae.

Ana ia?aiaieeinue, eiaaea a 1794 aiaeo Aaoa nae?oaeeeny n O?eae?eoii
Oeeea?ii (1759-1805), iinaeeaoainy a Aaeia?neii aa?oeianoaa. Oi aue
nithc aeaoo oai?/aneeo ee/iinoae, a eioi?ii eaaeaeue nio?aiye i?enouea
aio acaeyaeu, ii iaa nioeenue a oii, /oi ionoonoaea oneiaee aeey
i?aia?aciaaiey nioeeaeueiie aeecie ia icia/aao, /oi iiaeii neaeaoue
neiaea ?oee. Iie n/eoaee, /oi iaiaoiaeeii nicaeaaaoue oaeea
i?iecaaaeaiey, eioi?ua niaeaenoaiaaee au iauaio iiaeuaio aeooiaiie
eoeueoo?u ia?iaea.

Naith aeaaioth caaea/o Aaoa e Oeeea? aeaeaee a ooaa?aeaeaiee
iieiaeeoaeueiuo eaeaaeia, i?e yoii iaa iiyoa auee oaaaeaeaiu, /oi
e?anioa, i?ae?aniia a eneonnoaa – aaaeiaeoaa n?aaenoai aicaeaenoaey ia
/aeiaa/aneea aeooe. O Aaoa anoue ?yae aeeaeaeoe/aneeo noeoioai?aiee,
nicaeaiiuo ei a yoe aiaeu e iicaea. A /anoiinoe, iniaaiii aai
“Iaoaii?oica ?anoaiee” (1798)

Ou niouaia, iiae?oaa, niaoaiueai ouny/ae?aoiui

Yoeo, caiieieaoeo naae, aonoi ?anooueo oeaaoia;

Iiiaeanoao ou aieiaea eiai, a oaie neoo aani?anoaiii

Aeeeei cao/aiueai iie aoiaeyo – iaeii ca ae?oaei.

Ia?acu ana – e iiaeiaiu, e eaaeaeue io i?i/aai ana aea

?acieony: a eo e?oao oaeiue caeiaeai caeii,

Ne?uoa caaaaeea nayoay. I, anee au iia y ethaeiie

A i?iieeiiaaiiuo neiaao oaeio iaiaaeey ioe?uoue !

Ionoue iaaethaeaao oaia?ue, eae eniiaeaieue, iaei-iiiaeo

Aaa?o ?anoaiea oei, oeaao ia?acoy e ieiae.

e “Iaoaii?oicu aeeaioiuo”(1799-1806)

Anee ioaaaeeoanue au iiaeiyoueny ni iiie aei aa?oeiu,

?oeo y aai i?ioyio, e aci? aao ieeiao naiaiaeii

Oe?ue e aeaeue i?e?iaeu. Iia ?anoi/aao, aiaeiy,

Uaae?i aeecie aea?u. Iaeiaei anaaeiaaiie caaioie

Ia oyaioeony, eae nia?oiua aeaiueiu, i i?iieoaiuea

*aae naieo. Yoi ae ia i?enoaei. Iia ooaa?aeeea

Aeaienoaaiiue aa/iue caeii: eaaeaeie aeecie i?aaeae

iieiaeeea;

A ia?o iio?aaiinoe aeaa, aea?u ioionoeea aac ia?u

Aaeinoaeue anai e aeinooiii naia aea aeyaeeo

aeaaineeiiii

Ia oeiiioeeauo aeaoae, iiniaeyy ei a ioaeaeao ian/aoiuo:

Aac ianoaaeaiuey iie aeeaoo, eae ia/a?oaii ath.

a eioi?uo eceaaaaony eaeay ?acaeoey anaai aeeaiai a i?e?iaea.

Ni nia?oueth Oeeea?a eii/eeny, a nouiinoe, e eeanne/aneee ia?eiae
oai?/anoaa Aaoa.“ Yieeia e Oeeea?iao “Eieieieo” (1805-1815)

Aea, auei oae. No?aia eeiaea neaaie.

ssaeeinue n/anouea iiaia a oeaaoo.

I?eaaonoaiaaee ianiae aaee/aaie

Iu eiyaeaneoth thioth /aoo.

Ia?iaeiuo oiei iaeaai e iai?aai

Iu aeaeaee ainoi?a e oaniioo;

Ii-i?acaeie/iiio oa?aiu nooiaie,

E “Iieieaiea eneonnoa ia noeaia.

Ii a?yioe, eae ia iia?aaaeueiie o?ecia,

A iieii/iue /an aeooie e nei?aiue caii.

Aiciiaeii eue ? Ii, iao ae?oa, eiio a io/ecia

Aue eaaeaeue aci? n ethaiaueth ia?auai!

Eeue nia?oue ciaao aeinoieiaeoaai aeecie ?

Aanue ie? iioa?ae yoie iio?ynai !

Eaeie o?ii ae?ocueyi e aeeceei ethaeyi !

?uaeaao ie?, e iu eue ?uaeaoue ia aoaeai ?

aue yieeiaii aaeia?neiai eeanneoeecia.

A 1806 aiaeo a aeoaa iiae Eaiie, nianai ?yaeii n Aaeia?ii, Iaiieaii
iaaieiao ?acaee i?onneea aienea. I?ae?aoeea nouanoaiaaiea oae iacuaaaiay
Nayuaiiay ?eineay eiia?ey aa?iaineie iaoeee.

A oo ii?o ana aieueoa noi?iiieeia i?eia?aoaao iiaia eeoa?aoo?iia
iai?aaeaiea – ?iiaioeci, aicieeoaa a 90-a aiaeu. Iaeioi?ua aai aeayoaee,
eae, iai?eia?, a?aouey O?eae?eo e Aaaono-Aeeueaaei Oeaaaeue, ia/eiaee
aaeece Aaoa e Oeeea?a, ii anei?a iooe eo ?acioeenue. Aaoa e Oeeea?
ioaa?aaee i?eaioaoeeth ?iiaioeeia ia N?aaeiaaaeiauea, eai ni?aaaaeeeai
aeaeaee a iae aiieiaeth oaiaeaeecia. Ei auee /oaeaeu eiaeeaeaeoaeeci e
ia?aiay yecaeueoaoeey ?iiaioeeia, yaeyaoay niaie iieioth
i?ioeaiiieiaeiinoue eaeaaeo eeanne/aneie aa?iiiee.

Aneaaenoaea niauoee 1805-1806 aiaeia Aaoa ia?aniao?eaaao i?aaeiea
iiceoeee. Aaoa ia ioeacuaaaony io naieo aoiaienoe/aneeo eaeaaeia, ii ii
aeinoaoi/ii /ooie, /oiau ii/oanoaiaaoue iiaoth aeooiaioth i?eaioaoeeth
iaiaoeeiai iauanoaa. Eiaiii a oa aiaeu ii caaa?oaao ia?aoth /anoue
“Oaonoa”, eioi?ay auoiaeeo a naao a 1808 aiaeo.

I?eaeeaeaynue e oanoeaeanyoe aiaeai, Aaoa nicaeaao a1807-1808 aiaeao
oeeee niiaoia, iinayuaiiuo thiie aicethaeaiiie Ieiia Oa?oeeea.

Aaoa ecaeaaia eioa?aniaaeny Ainoieii. A 1812- 1813 aiaeao Eicao oii
Aaiia? ecaeae iaiaoeeee ia?aaiae noeoioai?aiee aaeeeiai ia?neaeneiai
iiyoa 14-ai aaea Aaoeca. Ainoeuaiea ee/iinoueth e oai?/anoaii Aaoeca
nieaeinue o Aaoa n iiaui ethaiaiui oaea/aieai, Ia?eaiiie Aeeeaia?. Yoi
aucaaei iiaue iiaeuai ee?e/aneiai oai?/anoaa iiyoa. A eoiaa /aai a 1819
aiaeo auoae nai?iee noeoia- “Caiaaeii-ainoi/iue Aeeaai”.

Ee?e/aneee aea? Aaoa ia ennye aei eiioea aai aeecie, oieueei n aiaeaie
oa?aeoa? ee?eee iaiyeny. Iiycey Aaoa iineaaeiaai ia?eiaea, iinea
naieaeanyoe eao, a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a oeeinioe/ia. Aai oeeinioneay
ee?eea eioa?ania ia oieueei iuneyie, ii e iniaaiiinoyie oi?iu. I?aaeaea
anaai a?inaaony a aeaca iaiaueiiaaiiue eaeiieci iiyoa.

22 ethey 1831 aiaea Aaoa caeii/ee “Oaonoa”, ia/aoiai aua a 1771 aiaeo.
“Oaono” aai nii?iaiaeaeae ia i?ioyaeaiea anae aeecie.

Nthaeao ae?aiaoe/aneie iiyiu iaaayi ia?iaeiie eieaie 16-ai aaea,
oaeeaeoaeueiie ee/iinoe aeieoi?a Oaonoa, eioi?ue i?iaeae aeooo aeueyaieo
a iaiai ia iieiioo caiiiai iiaouanoaa, ciaiey e ianeaaeaeaiey aeeciueth.
A ia?aca Oaonoa Aaoa oaeaeae aiieiuaiea enoi?e/aneiai iooe /aeiaa/anoaa,
auoiaeyuaai ec i?a/iie ianoaiiaee N?aaeiaaaeiauey, euouaai iiauo iooae
aeecie, “aioiaiai n ao?ae aeoueny”, ioaa/aiiiai aeoaieeie aioo?aiieie
i?ioeai?a/eyie e iiaaaeaeathuaai. A niooieee Oaonoo aeai Iaoenoioaeue.
Aaoa ia?ainiuneeaaao ia?ac n?aaeiaaaeiaiai aeueyaiea, aoayuaai aeooo
/aeiaaea, i?eaeaa aeoaieee oeeinioneee niune ia?aco. A ii?aeueiii iaeeea
Iaoenoioaey aiieiuaiu oeeie/iua noi?iiu oaiaeaeueiiai iauanoaaiiiai
?acaeoey, a a iauai oeeinioneii niaea?aeaiee ia?aca – eaeay io?eoeaiey
eae iaiaoiaeeiiai oneiaey aeaeaeaiey aia?aae. Oieueei a nii?iaiaeaeaiee
naiaai “aaniieieiiai niooieea”- Iaoenoioaey-Oono iiaeao iinoeaiooue anth
iieiioo aeecie, aeinoeaiooue aunoaai ?acaeoey. Ii Iaoenoioaeue ia niia
iiae/eieoue naaa Oaonoa. Neea io?eoeaiey ia eiaea aeey Oaonoa
naiinoiyoaeueiiai cia/aiey, iia auea iiae/eiaia aai aaniieieiui iieneai
iieiaeeoaeueiiai, ai?ueaa ca inouanoaeaiea naieo eaeaaeia. ?aoaiea,
eioi?ia Aaoa aeae iniiaiie i?iaeaia yoie ae?aiu, eiaao aeoaiei
aoiaienoe/aneee niune, iii iieii enoi?e/aneiai iioeiecia. Ae?aiaoe/aneay
iiyia Aaoa naycaia n aunieie ioeaieie iiciaaaoaeueiuo e oai?/aneeo nee
/aeiaaea, niunea aai eneaiee, aai ai?ueau e aeaeaeaiey aia?aae. A
iieneao ianoiyuaai n/anouey Aaoa canoaaeyao naiaai aa?iy i?ieoe /a?ac
?acee/iua noaaeee e i?aa?auaiey. A iineaaeiae iiiaio aeecie Oaonoo
ioe?uaaaony, iaeiiaoe, oeaeue aeecie /aeiaaea ia caiea

“AEecie aiaeu

I?ioee ia aea?iii, ynai i?aaei iiie

Eiia/iue auaiae ioae?inoe caiiie:

Eeoue oio aeinoiei aeecie e naiaiaeu,

Eoi eaaeaeue aeaiue ca ieo eaeao ia aie !”

Yoio auaiae yaeeny eiae/aneei caaa?oaieai no?aieaiey Oaonoa e iieiioa
nouanoaiaaiey, e i?aeoe/aneiio cia/aieth niceaeaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe.
Oaono oie?aao, e aeueyaie aioiaeony noaaoeoue naith aea?oao, ii caeanue
ioe?uaaaony iaai, e nianaiea i?eoiaeeo naa?oo.

Ia?ac Oaonoa e ae?oaea ooaeiaeanoaaiiua ia?acu iiyiu i?i/ii aioee a
eoeueoo?iue oiiae /aeiaa/anoaa.

Iaeiaaea Aaoa neacae, /oi iiyo, aeeaiienaoe, eiiiiceoi? iau/ii oie?aao,
eiaaea caaea/a aai aeecie auiieiaia. Iaaei-aea i/enoeoue iiea aeey
?aaiou iiauo iieieaiee. 16 ia?oa 1832 aiaea Aaoa i?inooaeeeny ai a?aiy
caai?iaeiie i?iaoeee a yeeiaaea. Noaaoea ni nia?oueth auea
io/eoaeueia.22 ia?oa aai ia noaei. 26 ia?oa a?ia n oaeii Aaoa aue
aiaeai?ai a aa?oeianeoth onuiaeueieoeo ?yaeii n i?aoii Oeeea?ii.

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u

1 Aaoa E. A. Eca?aiiay ee?eea. Ecaeaoaeuenoai .“I?ia?ann”1979.

2 Aaoa E. A. Nia?aiea ni/eiaiee. Oii ia?aue Iineaa

“Ooaeiaeanoaaiiay eeoa?aoo?a”1975.

3 Eiaai Iao? Yeea?iai ?acaiai?u n Aaoa a iineaaeiea aiaeu aai

aeecie. Iineaa “Ooaeiaeanoaaiiay eeoa?aoo?a”1981.

E?aniiaea?neee oi?aiai-yeiiiie/aneee eieeaaeae

eaeoeey:

Eiaaii Aieueoaaia

Aaoa

E?aniiaea?.1998 aiae.

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