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Niaea?aeaiea:

1. Anooieaiea.

2. Ia “ecaa/iie a?aaeaea” ?onneeo e oe?aeioeaa.

3. Aonoeineay eaoiienue i eoeueoo?a, ?aeeaee e aini?eyoee i?e?iaeiuo
yaeaiee.

Anooieaiea.

Einoeoooii ?onneie eeoa?aoo?u (Iooeeineee aeii) ?inneeneie aeaaeaiee
iaoe a Naieo-Iaoa?ao?aneii ecaeaoaeueneii aeiia «Aeieo?ee Aoeaiei» a
40-i oiia IN?E ecaeai auaeathueeny iaiyoiee oe?aeineiai eaoiienaiey XVII
a., Aonouineay eaoiienue , a eioi?ie eceiaeaia enoi?ey Oe?aeiu e a?
ninaaeae io iniiaaiey Eeaaa aei 1597 aiaea. Ia?aay ioaeeeaoeey oaeaeaea
naao a 1843 a., a i?eeiaeaiee e Eiaoueaaneie eaoiiene , oai oeaiiaa
aeieaiaeaeaiiia iieiia ecaeaiea, aeaaea n iaiai?eie, /oi oaeno
ia/aoaaony eeoue ii aaeeinoaaiiiio nieneo eaoiiene, aac iiaeaaaeaiey
aa?eaioia.

Ia “ecaa/iie a?aaeaea” ?onneeo e oe?aeioeaa.

A iineaaeiea aiaeu ia Oe?aeia iiyaeeinue iaiaeia /enei ioaeeeaoeee, a
eioi?uo noa?aoaeueii e ianoie/eai iuoathony aiooeoue ethaeyi iuneue i
nouanoaiaaiee aeaaiae, aaeiaa/iie a?aaeaeu iaaeaeo oe?aeioeaie e
?onneeie. Iaeiia?aiaiii iiaeii oneuoaoue, iniaaiii io iaeioi?uo aaee/ai,
ia?aeaiey ia oi, /oi oe?aeioeu a ainoi/iuo iaeanoyo iai?eycie e
“iineaeyi” aeieaeiui ia?acii ia i?iyaeytho. Oae auaeyaeeo, eae aoaeoi
i?aaeaea yoa a?aaeaeaaiinoue anaaaea auea, a iioii eoaea-oi en/acea, e
oaia?ue aa o?aaoaony ainnoaiaaeeaaoue. Niioaaonoaoao ee oaeia
i?aaeiieiaeaiea aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe ? ?anniio?ei yoio aii?in enoi?e/anee,
iie?aynue eae ia iaeiecaanoiua oe?ieiio /eoaoaeth, oae e ia
iauaaeinooiiua ioaeeeaoeee.

Ia/aoue caeanue i?eaeaony n aeaeaeiai i?ioeiai, aaaeue i?iyaeaiey
oiiiyiooie a?aaeaeaaiinoe iaeioi?ua oe?aeineea enoi?eee iaoiaeyo aua a
ae?aaiae ?one. Iau/ii i?eia?aie ooo neoaeao acyoea e ?aci?aiea Eeaaa
aieneaie eiycy aeaaeeie?i-nocaeaeueneiai Aiae?ay Aiaiethaneiai a 1169 a.
Naie yoe oaeou niiiaieth ia iiaeeaaeao, ii yaeythony ee iie
naeaeaoaeuenoaii iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiuo i?ioeai?a/ee? Eae ioia/aao
Aine?anaineay eaoiienue: “…a?aaeoa aeaa aeie aanue a?aaeu, Iiaeie?a e
Ai?o, e iiianou?e, e Nio?th, e Aeanyoeiioth Aiai?iaeeoeth, e ia aa
ieeiioaea iiieeiaai?y ie iou eiai, e acyoa iiiaeanoai eiai?e…” Ie i
eaeeo oe?aeioeao e aaeeei?innao oiaaea, a na?aaeeia XII aaea, ieeoi e
iiiyoey ia eiae, e aeaaea iacaaiee oaeeo aua ia auei: “Ii nia?o?
?cyneaaa II ii/aeany ai?ioueaa ca Ee?a i?ae e?eueeiia i?aoaiaeaioaie, ?
a oe?e ai?iouea? aaea yne?aai aenooiea iaoe?iiaeueiee aioaaii?ci i?ae
oe?a?ioeyie e aaeeei?inaie.”

Aei XI aaea ?onue i?aaenoaaeyea niaie oeaio?aeeciaaiiia ainoaea?noai, ii
caoai eiycue ss?ineaa Ioae?ue iiaeaeee ?onneoth caieth iaaeaeo naieie
nuiiaueyie, /oi iieiaeeei ia/aei ia?eiaeo ?acae?iaeaiiinoe.
Onoaiiaeaiiue ii?yaeie i?aaeoniao?eaae, /oi iinea nia?oe noa?oaai eiycy
neaaeothuee ii aic?anoo ia?aiauaeny ia aai ianoi e o.ae. Oaeei ia?acii,
ana eiycuey aeeianoee ?th?eeiae/ae a niaieoiiinoe aeaaeaee anae ?onneie
caieae, ia?aaeaeaaynue ec aieinoe a aieinoue ii ecaanoiie i/a?aaee.

Ii ni a?aiaiai, eiaaea eiyaeaneee ?iae ?ac?inny, noaee aicieeaoue
neiaeiinoe a ii?aaeaeaiee ia?aainoaa oiai eee eiiai eiycy, /oi aeaeei ca
niaie iaaeaeioniaiua noieeiiaaiey.

Eiaiii oaeie oa?aeoa? eiaea ai?ueaa ca Eeaa iaaeaeo TH?eai Aeieai?oeei e
Ecyneaaii Inoeneaae/ai, eiaaea nui Aeaaeeie?a Iiiiiaoa TH?ee aiaaae ni
naiei ieaiyiieeii, aioeii oiai aea Aeaaeeie?a Iiiiiaoa Ecyneaaii ca
iaeaaeaiea eeaaneei aaeeeieiyaeaneei i?anoieii, iieaaay, /oi i?ei?eoao a
ianeaaeiaaiee i?eiaaeeaaeeo aio. “E?aau ii? aio/eia, a ia oaa?” , –
aiai?ee TH?ee Ecyneaao. Aiai?y, /oi oaeiai cea iaae Eeaaii ia auaaei io
e?auaiey, eaoiienaoe i?eciaao, /oi yoi ?aci?aiea Eeaaa auei aieaa
aeanoieei, /ai niaa?oaiiia aieneaie Aiae?ay Aiaiethaneiai.

Iiaeoaa?aeaeaao yoi e Aonoeineay eaoiienue:

“Au e?oi 6711 [1203] …N?a aea acyo?a e ie?iai?a E?aaa ce?eoaa a? ia/a
an?ou i?aaeieou ie?iai?e: iaoieii ai iia?aaeoa au iaiu ia??oathuayny
oiaaea, naycaiu au ie?iai?a iiaaaeioa ethaee, e a?aaeu e nayooth Nio?th,
e any iiianou?e iaiaiu iiaeaioa;”

Ana yoe eiiaaea aeiaieueii e?iaii?ieeoiua e ?ac?ooeoaeueiua noieeiiaaiey
i?aaenoaaeyee niaie iaaeaeioniaiua ?ani?e n?aaee /eaiia iaeiie naiuee,
aaea a?ao aiaaae n a?aoii, aeyaey n ieaiyiieeii, cyoue n oanoai.
Iai?eia?: “Au e?oi 6643 [1135] Oiaee Ie?ineaau iinaaeieeu ecu
Iiaaai?iaea ie?eoe E?yiu nu *a?ieaiaoee, e i?eaea ia oni?au ie/oiaea,
neeii ai auciyeany caiey ?oneay: ss?iiieeu eu nia? caaoa Iiaai?iaeaoeue,
a *a?ieaianeue eu nia?, e aeoany, e iiiiaea Aiau Ieaiae/th nu
*a?ieaiaoee, e iiiai E?yiu enn?/a…”

Eiaaea o eiycy aaeeoeeiai Aeaaeeie?a aicieeee i?iaeaiu n ninaaeyie, ii
ia?aoeeny ca iiiiuueth e naiaio aeyaea eiycth aeaaeeie?i-nocaeaeueneiio
Anaaieiaeo Aieueoia Aiacaei.

Aonoeineay eaoiienue niiauaao, /oi ia?aue i?aaeoaeue iauaaeeiaiiie Eeoau
Ieiaeaoaan e aianoa n iei iiiaea aai ae?oaeeiieee a 1246 a. i?eiyee
e?auaiea ii i?aaineaaiiio ia?yaeo. Iaiyoiee XVII a., Aonoeineay
eaoiienue, iiae 1252 a. iiaoi?yao iiaia?oaeneoth aa?neth: “Au oi aeu
eaoi aaeee?e eiycue Eeoiane?e Ieiaeiaau ei?iiiaaiu aunoue ia e?ieaanoai
Eeoianeia au Iiaia?iaeeo, ca aeaaineiaai?aiu iaiu Eiieaio?y, i?acu
Aai?eea aeneoia Oaeineiai, au I?onaou ea?aeeiaea iaiaaeneiai”.
Aonoeineay eaoiienue, ninoaaeaiiay ia Oe?aeia, a ia?aie naiae /anoe
eiaao iiiai caeinoaiaaiee ec Aaeeoeei-Aieuineie eaoiiene; a? aaoi?
oaeaea iaoiaeeeny iiae aeeyieai ?aaio No?ueeianeiai. N aicieeiiaaieai
nia?aiaiiie enoi?eia?aoee oaea a eiioea XIX a. iiaiey enoi?eeia i ianoa
ei?iiaoeee ?acaeaeeeenue, aa?yo niiauaieth Aonoeineie eaoiiene i
ei?iiaoeee 1252 a. a Iiaia?oaeea.

Aonoeineay eaoiienue i eoeueoo?a, ?aeeaee e aini?eyoee i?e?iaeiuo
yaeaiee.

Aeaaiaea?y Aonoeineie eaoiiene aei ian aeioee niiauaiey i eoeueoo?a,
aa?iaaieyo e oieeiaaiee i?e?iaeiuo yaeaiee neaayiaie oiai a?aiaie.

Aa?iyoii, Aaean e iiaeaoaeue aiaaonoaa (/a?ac neio, iniiaiia aiaaonoai
ei/aauo ieaiai – «aia neioia» («I eaeieao Aeaaeeie?iauo»), a iicaeiaa e
i?inoi aia aeinoaoea, eioi?ue ca?aaaouaaaony o?oaeii ia i?ioyaeaiee anae
aeecie.

Anoue ana iniiaaiey iieaaaoue, /oi eiaiii Aaean neaaeeo ca eniieiaieai
caeiiia e aeiaiai?ia, ii ioaoe e ?annoaeeoaeue enoeiu, iiaeiaiue
Aa?iano . Iioiio «Aoi?ue eaeie Aieinu, aia neioie, ayoa o ieo
(ycu/ieeia) ai aaeeeie /anoe».

?Eoia?ea, Eoia?ei – eaoiee aia ii “Aonoeineie eaoiiene: «Iyoue eaeie
Eoiaei, yeiaea iith, ayoa aiau iaeeiy, yeiaea o Aeeeiu Oea?anu, aio aea
aacoiiue ca iaeeia aeaaiaea?aiie i?eieoaoo au oi a?aiy, aaaea eiyoa
ianoaoe aeaoaa». A iio/aiee «I eaeieao Aeaaeeie?iauo» – «aia ieiaeia
caiiuo». Yoio aia iieo/ee iaiau/iia ?ani?ino?aiaiea o ainoi/iuo neiayi.
A ii/ue ia Eaaio Eoiaeo eaeao niaaeeiaiea iaiy e aiaeu (n iaycaoaeueiui
iiyaeaieai aeeaioai?yuaai ia?a e eeiyoea) e oai?yony /oaeana: «Naio
Eoiaeo aua e aeiiuia ii iaeioi?ui no?aiai aacoiiua iaiyoue niaa?oatho,
ia/eiay ethiy 23 aeiy, iiae aa/a? ?iaeaeanoaa Eiaiia I?aaeoa/e, aeaaea
aei aeaoau e aeaeaa…», – niiauaao Aonoeineay eaoiienue. – «Nu aa/a?a
niae?athony i?inoay /aaeu, iaiaai iieo, e niieaoathou naaa aaioeu ecu
yaeiiiai caeiy, eee ei?aiiy, e ia?aiiyniaoany aueiaiu aicaiaoathou
iaiue, eiaea aea iinoaaeythou caeaioth aaoau, e aioany ca ?ooea ieiei
ia?auathony ie?anou iiiai iaiy, iithua naiy ianie, i?a/eaoathua
Eoiaeiiu; iioiiu i?acu iiue iaiu i?aneaeothou, iiiio aano aea?oao nauea
i?eiinyua.»

Eaae (Eaaei, Eyaei, Eaaeii) – aia aieiu, aia aanaeuey, aia a?aea, aia
iaeaeueiue. Eaaei eee Eyaei – «Aonoeineay eaoiienue»,

I iiyaeaiee eiiaou Aaeeay a 1145 a. eiaaony e?aoeia caia/aiea a
Eiaoueaaneie eaoiiene, a i iiyaeaiee a 1222a.- oeaeue ?yae caienae. Oae,
Aonoeineay eaoiienue iiae 6730 a. ioia/aao no?aoioth caacaeo, naaoyuoth
18 aeiae, i?inoe?aaooth eo/e (oaino eiiaou) e ainoieo – “eaea ciaiaiiaa
iiaoth iaaoao o?enoeaiii, yaea ii aeaith eaoo nioai?eny iaoanoaea iiauo
a?aa, ne anoue aacaiaeiuo oaoa?, eo aea a no?aia iaoae ia ciaoo”.
Caeanue eiaaony a aeaeo ecaanoiay ian/anoiay aeey ?onneeo aeoaa ia Eaeea
eaoii 1223 a. A ae?oaeo eaoiienyo iienaiea eiiaou cia/eony iicaea aeoau,
iai?eia?, a Eaa?aioueaaneie, /oi aeaei iiaiae iaeioi?ui enoi?eeai
aeaeaoue caeanue aeaa eiiaou; ii n?aaiaiea iaoeo iienaiee n
caiaaeiiaa?iiaeneeie, eeoaeneeie e a?aaneeie iienaieyie iieacuaaao, /oi
?a/ue eaeao ia iaeiii e oii aea iiyaeaiee eiiaou Aaeeay inaiueth 1222
a., aeaenoaeoaeueii, i?aaeoanoaiaaaoai aeoaa ia Eaeea, /oi e iiaei
iiaanoe e iiieiaieth aa iiyaeaiey eae i?aaeciaiaiiaaiey. Ciaee i oii e
eaoiienoeu, i?iaeieaeaoaee eaoiieniuo naiaeia. Aonoeineay eaoiienue
caia/aao ii yoiio iiaiaeo: “E a oi a?aiy aunoue caoiaia nieioea, a na
ciaiaiea ia ia aeia?i auaaaoue. Eai? aea aaeeia/a iieaea, ia ?aaee i
oii.”

Aonoeineay eaoiienue oeacuaaao, /oi n?aaee ?ineioiuo eania, aaea ?aea
?inue no?aieoaeueii oa/ao iaae neaeenouie aa?aaaie, ?aneeioeny ai?iae
Aiaoneaa, aei eioi?iai io Eeaaa 125 eeeiiao?ia. Ii aue iniiaai a 1032
aiaeo. Yoi ss?ineaa Ioae?ue, oneeeaay thaeiua ?oaaaee Eeaaneiai
ainoaea?noaa, iino?iee ?yae oe?aieaiee ii ?aea ?inue, a oii /enea e a
Aiaoneaaa. A naii iacaaiea e?aiinoe i?ienoiaeeo, aeaeeii, io ?a/ee
Aiaoneaaee – i?eoiea ?ine. E?aiinoue auea niaaeeiaia n ai?iaeeuaie e
naeaie oae iacuaaaiui «Cieaaui aaeii» – aua naaiaeiy aai inoaoee aeaeiu
o nae Iineaeaiee, Ethoa?e e Neieoea.

Aonoeineay eaoiienue – oeaiiaeoee iaiyoiee oe?aeineiai eaoiienaiey
ia/aea XVII a., ia?aia iaiauathuaa i?iecaaaeaiea ii enoi?ee Oe?aeiu,
niaaeeiythuaa naaoneoth e aaeia?aoe/aneoth enoi?eth ?one , oi?ie?othuaa
i?aaenoaaeaiea ia iniaii «?onueeii» (oe?aeineii) ia?iaea, ecaeai a
eo/oeo o?aaeeoeeyo enoi?eia?aoee .

Eniieueciaaiiay eioi?iaoeey n web-naeoia a Eioa?iao.

www.myslenedrevo.com.ua/books

www.zerkalo-nedeli.com

www.rojdenierus.ru/doc/hroniks/02.htm

www.krevo.by

litopys.org.ua/rizne/gustm.htm

ua.mrezha.ru/sokol.htm

ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/*a?iiaia

I?eeiaeaiey:

1. Eiiaoa Aaeeay n ?enoiea 12 aaea.

2. Ii?o?ao aaeeeiai eiycy Eeoianeiai Ieiaeaoaana n eeoia?aoee .

3. Nia?aiaiiue aeae Aonoeineiai iiianou?y.

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