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Данило Дольчи. Жизненный путь

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Aeaieei Aeieue/e ?iaeeeny 28 ethiy a 1924 a Nanaia, a i?iaeioeee
O?eanoa, naaa?iay Eoaeey. Aai iaoue caaee Iyee, a iooea Yi?eei.
Aiineaaenoaee ia?aacaeatho a Eiiaa?aeeth, aaea aai ioaoe ?aaioaao
aeaeaciiaei?iaeiui ianoa?ii: caeanue Aeaieei ia/eiaao o/eoueny. Ii aue
ethaiciaoaeueiui iaeue/eeii e i/aiue ethaee /eoaoue. Aeaieei /eoae
Ieaoiia, aaeeeeo iaiaoeeeo iiyoia yiioe ?iiaioecia, eeanneeia ainoi/iie
iunee. Oaeaea ii oaeaeaeny iocueie.

A Ieeaia ii o/eeny a Iieeoaoie/aneii einoeoooa, aaea caieiaeny ia
a?oeoaeoo?iii ioaeaeaiee e iinauae caiyoey Y?ianoi Aoiiaeooe. Ia?auie
i?iecaaaeaieyie, eioi?ua ii ia/aoaao – auee aeaa o/aaieea ii iaoea
no?ieoaeuenoaa a iiiiuue nooaeaioai a?oeoaeoi?ai.

A eiioea ni?ieiauo aiaeia ii oaea ecaanoai e ioeaiai eae iiyo: a 1947 –
aue a /enea oeiaeenoia I?aiee Naiaiaeiay Ia/aoue Eoaaii, aianoa n
Aiae?aa Eaieea?e, Ia?eae Ei?oe, Iuea? Iaiei Iacieeie, Aeyaeae Ia?ey
Oo?ieueaei, Aiae?aa Oeaioeiooi. A 1950 Oai Oaciei aeeth/aao aai ee?eeo a
nai?iee «Iiaua iiyou».

A oii aea 1950 aiaeo ii aeaeaao a naiae aeecie auai?, iiaeeyaoee a
iineaaenoaee ia anth aai aeaeueiaeooth aeeciue. Ii inoaaeyao oieaa?neoao
e ia?aacaeaao a Iiiaaeaeueoeth, «ai?iae, aaea a?aonoai caeii». Oai ii
iaeioi?ia a?aiy ?aaioaao n caia/aoaeueiui nayuaiieeii, Aeiiii Cai
Naeoeie, eioi?ue ioe?ue i?etho aeey 3 000 ?aayo, inoaaeaiiuo iinea
aieiu. A 195 aiaeo ii o/anoaoao a iniiaaiee iiaeiaiiai i?ethoa a
Aaoeaiaii, a ie?anoiinoyo A?innaoi. A neaaeothuai aiaeo ii inoaaeyao
Iiiaaeaeueoeth e ia?aacaeaao a Neoeeeeth, a iaeaiueeee ii?neie ai?iaeie
O?aiaooi (oai ii aianoa n iooeii oaea aue ieiei iaeiiai ianyoea iaaeaeo
40 e 41 aiaeao). A yoio iiiaio ia/eiaao ienaoueny iaeia ec /enouo e
eioaineaiuo no?aieoe o?oaeiiai a?aaeaeaineiai e aeaiie?aoe/aneiai
aic?iaeaeaiey Eoaeee o ii?aeueiuo e iaoa?eaeueiuo ?acaaeei oaoecia e
aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu. Eae aiai?ee Aeieue/e, ia/eiaaony «Nii?ioeaeaiea,
ia no?aeyy».

14 ieoya?y 1952 aiaea ia e?iaaoe oia?oaai io aieiaea ?aaaiea, Aeaieei
Aeieue/e ia/eiaao naith ai?ueao. Ii ia/ae aieiaeiaeo, iia auea i?a?aaia
oieueei oiaaea, eiaaea aeanoe iaauaee eniieieoue iaeioi?ua
iaycaoaeuenoaa aeey oeo/oaiey ieuaineie aeecie neoeeeeeneiai ianaeaiey.
I?anna ia/eiaao i iai aiai?eoue, iacuaay aai «eoaeueyineei Aaiaee».
Aeieue/e aiai?ee, /oi ana, /oi ii aeaeaao, yoi eae iiiaea aeoiatho, ia
yaeyaony ieiaeii aai ia?aciaaiey eee eaeeo-eeai aeoaieiiuneaiiuo
?aciuoeaiee. «ss aeoiath, /oi ieeoi, eoi iaeaaeaao oioue eaiaeueeie
/oanoaeoaeueiinoueth, ia niia au iianoue, anee au ii aeaeae ia?oauo io
aieiaea aeaoae. Caeanue ia eaeao ?a/ue i aa?iecia, yoi eeoue einoeieo».

10 aeaeaa?y oiai aea aiaea Aeaieei Aeieue/e ?ani?ino?aiyao eenoiaeo,
i?aaeeaaay anai iiaeienaoue aa: «ss cayaeyth», aiai?eony a eenoiaea «/oi
anee y aoaeo i?ecaai oaeoue eee eae-oi einaaiii niaeaenoaiaaoue aieia,
oi y ioeaaeonue: y ia oi/o auoue oaeeoeae». Eiaiii oiaaea a Eoaeee a
ia?aue ?ac auei ioe?uoi, auneacaii iiaiea, eanathueany ianeeey.

A yiaa?a 1956 aiaea a Iao?eieei ia/eiaaony aieiaeiay caaanoiaea,
iai?aaeaiiay ia ai?ueao n eiio?aaaiaeie, eioi?ay eeoaea ?uaaeia niiniaia
nouanoaiaaiey. Caaanoiaea auea inoaiiaeaia ii no?aiiie i?e/eia yeiau
«ioaee/iay caaanoiaea iacaeiiia».

Oaeaea 1956 aiae ecaanoai i?iaaaeaieai oae iacuaaaiie «caaanoiaee
iaiai?io», eiaaea nioie aac?aaioiuo ethaeae auoee ia ianoioth aei?iao e
ia/aee ?aiiioe?iaaoue aa, oae eae iia auea a oaeaniii ninoiyiee ec-ca
oaeaoiinoe ianoiuo aeanoae. ?aaeoeey ainoaea?noaa auea iiiaioaeueiie:
auei i?eeacaii ?aciaiaoue iaieoanoaioia, i?aaiecaoi?u caaanoiaee, n?aaee
ieo e Aeieue/e, auee noaa/aiu e iinaaeaiu a oth?ueio. Yoio neo/ae
acaoaei?aaeee no?aio, ia?aua iieinu aacao iano?yo eioi?iaoeeae i
caaanoiaea, iia aacaea iaeeaeaiii ianoaeaeaaony, a oii /enea e a Naiaoa
e a Iaeaoa. Aeanyoee ia?eaiaioa?ia (n?aaee ieo Aeeeaoa, Aea Ia?oeii,
Iaeoa, Iaaeaooa) eioa?anothony o i?aaeoaeuenoaa i i?e/eiao a?anoa
Aeieue/e e i?inyo i?eiyoue ia?u i?ioea neoaeaueo iieeoeee, eioi?ua aai
a?anoiaaee. A eiioea yoiai enoi?e/aneiai i?ioeanna Aeaieei aue
inaiaiaeaeai.

Aie?oa Aeaieei Aeieue/e e aai eaiiaiee oe?aieyeanue iaoeeiiaeueiay e
iaaeaeoia?iaeiay ai?ueaa. A Eoaeee, Oaaeoea?ee, Aa?iaiee, Oaaoeee,
Aaeeeia?eoaiee, Aieeaiaeee, Ii?aaaee, O?aioeee iiyaeeenue iiiai/eneaiiua
a?oiiu aai noi?iiieeia. Nioie iieiaeuo ethaeae i?eacaeatho a Neoeeeeth,
/oiau iiii/ue ianoiui aeeoaeyi a iino?iaiee i?ioeaaoathuaai
a?aaeaeaineiai, aeaiie?aoe/aneiai e yeiiiie/aneiai iauanoaa. E?iia
noi?iiieeia, oaaoaei e oao, eoi ia ethaee Aeieue/e. Eeaaaoa, oa?icu,
iiiuoee oi?inoeoue e auniayoue iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou, ii?i/auea
auneacuaaiey – ana yoi oiaea nii?iaiaeaeaei Aeaieei ia i?ioyaeaiee anae
aai aeecie.

A 1958 aiaeo Aeaieei Aeieue/e i?enoaeaeaia Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay Eaieineay
i?aiey “Ca oe?aieaiea ie?a iaaeaeo ia?iaeaie”. I?eieiay yoo iaa?aaeo,
Aeieue/e neacae: «ss ia eiiioieno, y aua ie ?aco ia aeaeae e
eaaae?aoiiai iao?a Niaaoneie ?anioaeeee, ii y i?eieiath yoo i?aieth e
aeoaiei Aai aeaaiaea?ai ca iaa. Anee iia auaeaaeoo ianii?o, oi y
iaycaoaeueii iiauaath a Iineaa». A neaaeothuai iaa ia aeaiueae,
iieo/aiiua aianoa n i?aieae, ii nicaeae Enneaaeiaaoaeueneee oeaio?,
eioi?ue nua?ae ia?iiioth ?ieue a ?acaeoee caiaaeiie Neoeeeee.

Aeieue/e ia yaeyaony /aeiaaeii, ciathuei ana ia naaoa, ii ia ao?o,
eioi?ue i?eoae ia caieth n oeaeueth ?ani?aaeaeeoue ?aoeaiou e iao/eoue
ethaeae, eae ei iaaei aeoiaoue e aeeoue. Ii oaaaeaeai, /oi neeu
iaiaoiaeeiua aeey eciaiaiee iiaoo iaeoenue oieueei o eioi?ie?iaaiiuo
ethaeae, eciaiaiey aeieaeiu i?iecieoe a eo niciaiee. Ii ciae ianeieueei
aaaeii aeey oniaoa i?aaei?eyoey, /oiau eaaeaeue o/anoiee /oanoaiaae naay
/anoueth yoiai aeaea. Iiyoiio ?aaioa n naiiaiaeecii ethaeae, iaoiaeii
«iaeaaoeee». Yoio iaoiae ia aue iaei/ueth eee iaiaaeoiaiiui oaaii, yoio
iaoiae ioaeai aeey oniaoa aeaenoaeoaeueii ?aaiethoeeiiiie e
iaianeeuenoaaiiie i?ia?aiiu. «Eciaiaiey», eae aiai?ee Aeaieei, «ia
i?ienoiaeyo aac iiauo nee, ii yoe neeu ia ?iaeaeathony e ia ?anooo naie
ii naaa, anee ethaee ia i?inuiathony, aeey oiai, /oiau i?eciaoue
nianoaaiiua eioa?anu e ioaeaeu».

Aeaenoaeoaeueii, ?acaeoea eiooeoeee e?anoueyieia, ai a?aiy nia?aiee,
iinayuaiiuo aiaeeco yeiiiie/aneie ionoaeinoe ?aaeiia e auyaeaieth
aiciiaeiuo ?aoaiee, i?eaaei e i?iaeoo iino?iaiey ieioeiu ia ?aea AEaoi.
Iiuoiua eiaeaia?u ooaa?aeaeaee, /oi iuneue iino?ieoue aieueoie oac,
/oiau niae?aoue ooaea iaeeueiue ceiiee aeiaeaeue, e eniieueciaaoue yoo
aiaeo a eaoieo ianyoeao – aac?annoaeia. ?aaeecaoeey iio?aaoao ii/oe
aeanyoue eao ai?ueau. Ii yoa ieioeia, i?iecaaea ia?aeii a aeecie ouny/e
a?aaeaeai, eiaaea a ?aaeiia, iiyaeeenue iiiai/eneaiiua eiiia?aoeau, e
i?iecioae ia?aue yeiiiie/aneee ?ino.

Aeieue/e ai?ieny n i?anooiiinoueth, eioi?ay neeueii i?aiyonoaiaaea
?acaeoeth. Aeaaiaea?y aieiaoaeueiie, iai?a?uaiie, ouaoaeueiie ?aaioa,
aiae io aiaea oaaee/eaaaony naiue oaa?aeue o?iio, iai?aaeaiiue i?ioea
iaoee (e yoi, a oi a?aiy eiaaea aeey iiiaeo i?aaenoaaeoaeae Ainoaea?noaa
ii ioeoeeaeueiui aeaiiui iaoey aeaaea ia nouanoaoao). A 1965, ai a?aiy
ia?aiieiaiiie ethaeueie i?ann-eiioa?aioeee ai?ueau i?ioea iaoee.
Eiienney, i Aeieue/e cayaeyao ioaee/ii, i aai naiai?a n i?anooiiinoueth.
Oiaaeaoiaa ?oeiaiaenoai aianoi oiai, /oiau iiaeaea?aeeaaoue aeaeaeaiea,
eioi?ia niiaei au ai?ioueny n iaoeae, iaiai?io naeaeaei ana aiciiaeiia,
/oiau eciee?iaaoue e iiaaneoue ai?ueao, i?eaiai?ea e aeaoi n iieiaeiie
aiaeai caeeth/aiey Aeaieei Aeieue/e e O?aiei Aeacey.

15 yiaa?y 1968 – ae?aiaoe/aneay aeaoa: naiia aeanoieia caieao?ynaiea
ia?aai?a/eaaao Aeieeio Aaee/a: Oeaio? a?aiaiii i?einoaiaaeeaaao naith
aeayoaeueiinoue, /oiau iiiiaaoue anoaoue ia iiae iino?aaeaaoei ethaeyi.
15 naioya?y oiai aea aiaea iaia?iaeiaai ieai ?acaeoey cii iino?aaeaaoeo
io caieao?ynaiey, ieiae ?aaiou aeanyoeia yenia?oia. Iaeiaei, aeeciue
ethaeae oae e ia iaiyaony e eo/oaio. 25 ia?oa 1970 ?aaeei Naiaiaeiue
Partinico aauaao i oii, /oi ethaee aei neo ii? aeeaoo a aa?aeao, caeaiey
oae e ia auee ia?ano?iaiu, Neoeeeey oie?aao. Aiiaue i?ienoiaeeo oaea
ciaiaieoue noeaia?ee: iieeoeey aoi?aaaony a iiiauaiea Oeaio?a, i?a?uaaao
ia?aaea/e, inoaiaaeeaaao ?oeiaiaeeoaeae. Ni anaai ie?a i?eoiaeyo nioie
niiauaiee nieeaea?iinoe e aeaeaiey inaiaiaeaeaiey Aeieue/e. « Eaaeaeue
?ac, eaoano?ioa ii?aaeaao THa », Eoaei Eaeueaeii ieoao, «neieueei aua
ianaeaiea aoaeao auioaeaeaii aeeoue a aa?aeao, neieueei eao ei yoi
oa?iaoue? Aiciiaeii ee, /oi oaeay no?aia eae Eoaeey, eioi?ay ai?aeeony
naieie “yeiiiie/aneeie /oaeanaie”, inoaaeyao aac e?uoe iaae aieiaie
oeaeia ianaeaiea? Anoanoaaiiua eaoano?ioa – ?ieiaay neo/aeiinoue? Ia
anaaaea. Ai iiiaeo neo/ayo iie i?aaeneacoaiua e yoi oyaeaeay aeia ia
i?aiyonoaiaaoue ei».

O Enneaaeiaaoaeueneiai oeaio?a, iaaeaeo oai, iiyaeeny iiaue nithciee:
Oeaio? ia?aciaaiey, iino?iaiiue a oa/aiea ianeieueeeo ianyoeao aeec
Ai?ai Trappeto. *a?ac aiae, ca aieueoei e?oaeui noieii, ouny/e ethaeae
ano?aoyony, /oiau ianoaeeoue ?acaeoea ia?aciaaiey, iiycee,
yeiiiie/aneiai e a?aaeaeaineiai ?inoa, yeieiaee, iaianeeuenoaaiiiai
iaoiaea. Aeieue/e no?oeoo?e?oao acaeiioth iaeaaoeeo, i?iaiaeeo
enneaaeiaaiey.

Iie i?eciatho ?aaioo Aeaieei Aeieue/e: a 1968 Oieaa?neoao Aa?ia
iaa?aaeaeaao aai Ii/aoiui aeeieiiii ca caneoae a Iaaeaaiaeea. A 1970 ii
iieo/aao I?aieth Nie?aoa a Noieaieueia «ca aeayoaeueiinoue a iieueco
ie?a e ca aeeaae a naeoi? ia?aciaaiey». A neaaeothuai aiaeo Oieaa?neoao
Eiiaiaaaaia a?o/aao aio I?aieth «ca aeeaae a aa?iiaeneoth a
oeeaeeecaoeeth».

N 1970, iinea /aou?iaaeoeaoe eao iinea ioaeeeaoeee ia?aie aioieiaee,
auoiaeyo a naao aieueoea iiyoe/aneea i?iecaaaeaiey Aeieue/e: Eoiiue
eeiii (1970), au ia /oanoaoaoa caiao aeuia? (1971), /aeiaa/aneay Iiyia
(1974), Aia iiiaoiuo aeai?ia (1976), Nicaeaiea nicaeaiee (1979). Aai
noeoe, eioi?ua Aeaeaiea?ei Aeai?aee, ii?aaeaeyao eae «i?aaie/aneee
neioac a?aoeee e nia?aiaiiie i?aaaeu».

Ianyoe aioeoaoenoneiai aeaaeaiey, i?iaaaeaiiue o Enneaaeiaaoaeueneiai
oeaio?a, n ia?ii?eyoeyie, i?iaiaeyueieny a eaaeaeie /anoe Eoaeee,
caeai/eaaaony iaeiei ec naiuo aiooeoaeueiuo ioaee/iuo i?iyaeaiee
iineaaiaiiiai a?aiaie: aieaa o?ao ouny/ ethaeae 28 iiya?y 1971 i?eoiaeyo
a ?ei.

Anoanoaaiiia i?iaeieaeaiea i?aaeuaeouae ?aaiou, yaeyaony ?ino a
naieaeanyouo aiaeao aieiaiey e ea/anoao ?acaeoey: ioeaieaaaony ianoiay
eoeueoo?a, ?aianei, eneonnoai, i?iaiaeyony naieia?u, ioaee/iua
ia?ii?eyoey, iiaeaea?aeeaaaony iiyaeaiea eiiia?aoeaia. Oaeoaeyaony, a oi
aea a?aiy e enneaaeiaaiea no?oeoo?u iaeaaoeee e aa aiciiaeiia
i?eiaiaiea: Aeieue/e oneeeaaao nio?oaeie/anoai n THianei. Iiaue
ia?aciaaoaeueiue Oeaio? Ie?oa, aaia?aoe/aneia iieiaeaiea eioi?iai auei
ianoaeaeaii ia iau/iuo nia?aieyo n ianoiuie ethaeueie, aue
oi?aeanoaaiii ioe?uo a yiaa?a 1975 e iia ?ann/eouaaoue ia a?oiio
nio?oaeieeia ?aaioathueo e naa?oo?i/ii: Iaoeo O?ae?a e Eioai Aaeueooia,
Y?ianoi O?aeeaie e Iaiei Neein Eaaeie, Aeaeaiie ?iaea?e e Aanoiia
Eaioeueaie, Ia?ei Eiaee e Aeueaei Aecaeueaa?ae. Ii e oiio aea a Oeaio?a
Ie?oa, eioi?ue i?aiaeieae ana i?aiyonoaey, /eiaiiua ianoiui e
iaoeeiiaeueiui ?oeiaiaenoaii, iaeaaeai iiaue ia?aciaaoaeueiue iaoiae:
i?iaaaeaiea /anouo naieia?ia eaeea Aeieue/e ono?aeaae ieiei oeie, a
oieaa?neoaoao, a?oiiao, annioeeaoeeyo. A oi a?aiy eae aieiaiea e aai
ia?niia ni noi?iiu eoaeueyineie i?annu e iauanoaaiiinoe oiaiueoaaony,
iii ia oiaiueoaaony ca a?aieoeae. I?eaeaoaiey io ?acee/iuo i?aaiecaoeee
e eiino?aiiuo oieaa?neoaoia ?anooo. A 1989 a Eiaeee aio i?enoaeaeaia
I?aiey Aaiaee.

13 iay 1996, Oieaa?neoao Aieiiuee iaa?aaeaeaao aai Ii/aoiui aeeieiiii ca
aeeaae a Iaoeo Ia?aciaaiey. Iaaeaeo ’ 96 e ’ 97, a noaaeee iiaeaioiaea
e ioaee/iiio cayaeaieth. Aeieue/e ia/eiaao niae?aoue aeieoiaiou i ianoa
«de Maddalena», yaeythuainy ianoiiaoiaeaeaieai yaea?iuo aia?eeaineeo
iiaeaiaeiuo eiaeie, iino?iaiiia aac eaeiai eeai ia?eaiaioneiai
?ac?aoaiey e ia eiio?iee?oaiia ni noi?iiu eoaeueyineiai I?aaeoaeuenoaa e
ianoiuo i?aaiecaoeee. Ii ia/eiaao, e?iia oiai, ?aaeaeoeeth iiaie eieae,
a eioi?ie io?aaeaeenue iaeioi?ua ciaiaiaoaeueiua niauoey aai aeecie,
caiiiieaoeany ia anth aeeciue: «Eiaaea iie ioaoe i?eoae iaaanoeoue iaiy,
iinaaeaiiiai a oth?ueio a Ucciardone, ii aeoaiei iaiy oaeeaee: aianoi
oiai, /oiau iiniaaoiaaoue iia auoue aeaai?acoiiui, ii i?ioyioe iia ?oeo
ni neiaaie: “Oae ana e iaaei aeaeaoue. Ia inoaioony iaeeiieeie naiua
neaaua ethaee”».

30 aeaeaa?y ia ?annaaoa, a eiioea aeeeoaeueiie aieacie, Aeaieei Aeieue/e
aaniao, neiieaiiue eioa?eoii: iaaeaeo Partinico e Trappeto, a oie caiea
“aaiaeeoia” e “i?iiuoeaiieeia”, e?anoueyi e ?uaaeao aac aieina, eioi?oth
ii aua?ae, /oiau ia/aoue aai o?oaeiia, aeieaia n?aaeaiea aeeeiiith a
aeeciue.

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