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Aeaaiay ?aaioa A. A. Aiaaeaiiaa – “Oaeoieiaey”. Ii naiaio niaea?aeaieth
iia iaiiiai iaiaiaea naia a?aiy, e, eae yoi /anoi i?ienoiaeeei a
enoi?ee, a iiiaio ioaeeeaoeee iia ieacaeanue iaiiiyoie iao/iuie
oeeinioneei iauanoaii. Aianoa n oai “Oaeoieiaey”, eiia/ii, iaioaeaeeia
io a?aiaie aa nicaeaiey: o?iaaiue ?acaeoey ia?enenoneie oeeinioee,
oa?aeoa?iua aeey ia/aea OO a. aeeneonnee n?aaee oeeinioia-ia?enenoia –
ana yoi iaoei naia au?aaeaiea a oaeoieiae/aneeo eaeayo A. A. Aiaaeaiiaa.

Enoiaeiui ioieoii oaeoieiaee yaeyaony i?eciaiea iaiaoiaeeiinoe iiaeoiaea
e eco/aieth ethaiai yaeaiey n oi/ee c?aiey aai i?aaiecaoeee. I?eiyoue
i?aaiecaoeeiiioth oi/eo c?aiey – cia/eo eco/aoue ethaoth nenoaio n oi/ee
c?aiey eae ioiioaiee anao aa /anoae, oae e ioiioaiee aa eae oeaeiai ni
n?aaeie, o. a. ni anaie aiaoieie nenoaiaie. Caeiiu i?aaiecaoeee nenoai
aaeeiu aeey ethauo iauaeoia, naiua ?acii?iaeiua yaeaiey iauaaeeiythony
iaueie no?oeoo?iuie naycyie e caeiiiia?iinoyie, a ia oaeie iniiaa
i?aaiecaoeeiiiua caaea/e iiaoo ?aoaoueny niiniaaie, aiaeiae/iuie
iaoaiaoe/aneei.

A niioaaonoaee n i?aaiecaoeeiiiie oi/eie c?aiey ie? ?anniao?eaaaony A.
A. Aiaaeaiiaui eae iaoiaeyueeny a iai?a?uaiii eciaiaiee, a iai iao
ie/aai iinoiyiiiai, ana nooue eciaiaiey, aeaenoaey e i?ioeaiaeaenoaey.

N?aaee iiiaeanoaa i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo oi?i A. A. Aiaaeaiia auaeaeyao aeaa
oieaa?naeueiuo oeia nenoai – oeaio?aeenoe/aneee (ya?anney) e neaeaoiue
(aeaa?anney). Aeey nenoai ia?aiai oeia (ya?anney – io eaoeineiai
“auoiaeaeaiea ec ?yaea”) oa?aeoa?ii iaee/ea oeaio?aeueiiai, aieaa
aunieii?aaieciaaiiiai eiiieaena, ii ioiioaieth e eioi?iio ana inoaeueiua
eiiieaenu ea?atho ?ieue ia?eoa?ee. Nenoaiu aoi?iai oeia (aeaa?anney – io
eaoeineiai “noiaeaeaiea aiec”), iai?ioea, ia?acothony ca n/ao
i?aaiecaoeeiiii iecoeo a?oiie?iaie, auaeaeyaiuo neiaeiii?aaieciaaiiuie
ieanoe/iuie eiiieaenaie.

Niaoeeaeueiiio aiaeeco iiaeaa?aathony iniiaiua i?aaiecaoeeiiiua
iaoaieciu – iaoaieciu oi?ie?iaaiey e ?aaoee?iaaiey nenoai. E
oi?ie?othuei iaoaieciai ioiinyony eiiuthaaoeey (niaaeeiaiea eiiieaenia),
eia?anney ( aoiaeaeaiea yeaiaioa iaeiiai eiiieaena a ae?oaie) e
aeaceia?anney (?aniaae eiiieaena). Oieaa?naeueiue ?aaoee?othuee iaoaieci
iaicia/aaony Aiaaeaiiaui oa?ieiii “iiaeai?” e ?ani?ino?aiyaony ia
i?ioeannu nio?aiaiey e ?ac?ooaiey anao aeaeia nenoai.

I?ia?anneaiiio ioai?o (“iiaeai?o”) oaeaeyaony iniiaiia aieiaiea a
“Oaeoieiaee”, iineieueeo, n oi/ee c?aiey aaoi?a, aeaenoaeoaeueiia
nio?aiaiea oi?i a i?e?iaea aiciiaeii eeoue iooai eo i?ia?anneaiiai
?acaeoey. Ioai? iiaeao auoue iieiaeeoaeueiui eee io?eoeaoaeueiui – ii
aeaenoaoao i?e ?acaeoee eiiieaenia e a i?ioeanna eo ioiineoaeueiiai
oiaaeea. A niaieoiiinoe iieiaeeoaeueiue e io?eoeaoaeueiue ioai?u
ioaaouaatho anth aeeiaieeo ie?iaiai ?acaeoey. Iieiaeeoaeueiue ioai?,
oneiaeiyy oi?iu, oaaee/eaaao ?acii?iaeiinoue auoey, aeinoaaeyao aeey iaa
iaoa?eae, ana aieaa aic?anoathuee; io?eoeaoaeueiue ioai?, oi?iuay yoio
iaoa?eae, ono?aiyy ec iaai ana iai?i/iia, iano?ieiia, i?ioeai?a/eaia,
aiiny a aai nayce iaeii?iaeiinoue e niaeaniaaiiinoue, oii?yaei/eaaao
iineaaeiee. Acaeiiaeiiieiyy ae?oa ae?oaa, iaa i?ioeanna noeoeeii
i?aaiecotho ie?.

Iiiaea o/aiua i?eaea?aeeaathony iiaiey, /oi “Oaeoieiaey” aeoaiei
?iaenoaaiia oaeei nia?aiaiiui iao/iui iai?aaeaieyi, eae eeaa?iaoeea,
nenoaiiue iiaeoiae, no?oeoo?aeeci, oai?ey eaoano?io e o. i.

“Ii nouanoao Aiaaeaiia aue i?aaeoanoaaiieeii eeaa?iaoeee Aeia?a – ienae
niaaoneee eeaa?iaoee A. I. Iiaa?ia – Oeeinioneea e iieeoe/aneea
caaeoaeaeaiey A. A. Aiaaeaiiaa ecaanoiu, ii oieueei ee iie ii?aaeaeytho
aai iao/iia eeoei… Nai Aiaaeaiia ioaeaeye oaeoieiaeth io naieo
oeeinioneeo oai?ee. Ii ii?aaeaeye aa eae “anaiauoth i?aaiecaoeeiiioth
iaoeo”, ii ia?aaeei oieeiaae aa eae oai?eth nenoai; oa?iei “eiiieaen” o
iaai a oaeoieiaee cia/eo i?inoi “nenoaia”… Auei au ni?aaaaeeeai, anee
au iuiaoiea eeaa?iaoeee ?anniio?aee oaeoieiaeth aiiaue e ?aoeee, /oi a
iae aeinoieii aieiaiey, a /oi a iae caaeoaeaeaiey e aano?ae”.

“Anaiauay i?aaiecaoeeiiiay iaoea” n?aco aea iinea aa ioaeeeaoeee
ieacaeanue iauaeoii eioaineaiie e ?aceie e?eoeee. Ai iiiaii yoa e?eoeea
aeaaaea eiaeiia i?aaenoaaeaiea i oeaeyo yoie eiioeaioeee, aa iniiaaieyo
e niaoeeoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoyo. Ia /anoue yoie e?eoeee oniae ioaaoeoue
nai A. A. Aiaaeaiia – yoe ioaaou iioaeeeiaaiu a ea/anoaa i?eeiaeaiee e
3-io ecaeaieth “Oaeoieiaee” (1925-1929aa.). *anoue e?eoe/aneeo
caia/aiee a aae?an “Oaeoieiaee” aiiaua inoaeanue aac ioaaoa, e a
oneiaeyo a oeaeii iaaaoeaiiai ioiioaiey e oai?/anoao A. A. Aiaaeaiiaa,
eioi?ia neiaeeeinue a 20 – 60-a aiaeu, iinoaiaiii au?aaioaeny iaai?
aiaoia aannii?iuo a?aoiaioia i?ioea “Oaeoieiaee”, ei/aaaaoae ec ecaeaiey
a ecaeaiea, io aaoi?a e aaoi?o.

A iniiaa oaeoieiaee, niaeanii A. A. Aiaaeaiiao, eaaeao o?e iniiaiuo
oeeeea iao/iiai ciaiey: iaoee iaoaiaoe/aneea, anoanoaaiiua e
iauanoaaiiua. E eo aeaiiui i?eiaiythony iao/iua iaoiaeu enneaaeiaaiey e
?annoaeaeaiey. Oeeinioneea iniiaaiey oaeoieiaee, auoaeatho ec naieo aa
no?ieoaeueiuo ee?ie/ae.

A. A. Aiaaeaiia auneacuaaao oacen ia ioie?aiee oeeinioee a eioi?ii
iiaeii auaeaeeoue aeaa noi?iiu. Ia?aay a oii, /oi “oaeoieiaey aeieaeia
aeaeaoue eceeoiae oeeinioeth”. Aoi?ay eanaaony ooaa?aeaeaiey A. A.
Aiaaeaiiaa i oii, /oi oaeoieiaey ia i?inoi nieiaao oeeinioeth, a
i?aiaeieaaaao aa ia?aie/aiiinoue, a oii /enea e ia?aie/aiiinoue
ia?enenoneie oeeinioee. A. A. Aiaaeaiia ?ac?aaaouaaao, a /anoiinoe,
“ia?iiiue aii?in ia eaeaieiaeyo, o. a. oi?iao ?a/e, iuoeaiey, i?aaa,
ii?aee e o. ae., aii?in, ioaaouaathuee iaoe?ioth iaeanoue nioeeaeueiuo
iaoe, iau/ii ?anniao?eaaeny aia i?aaenoaaeaiey i nioeeaeueiie
i?aaiecaoeee, eae oeaeii, /anoe eioi?iai naycaiu iaiaoiaeeiie aeeciaiiie
naycueth. Ia?eneci aia?aua ii?aaeaeaiii auyniee yoo naycue, ii ia
iieiinoueth, a eeoue /anoe/ii, iaeio aa noi?iio – caaeneiinoue
eaeaieiaee io ioiioaiee i?iecaiaenoaa eae oi?i aoi?e/iuo eee
i?iecaiaeiuo io oi?i iniiaiuo… Any eaeaieiae/aneay noi?iia aeecie
i?aaenoaaeyaony a iiaii naaoa, e oeaeue ?yae aa caaaaeie ?acuyniythony
n?aaieoaeueii eaaei”. Yoe e aiaeiae/iua ?annoaeaeaiey A. A. Aiaaeaiiaa
i?eaiaeyo aai e auaiaeo i oii, /oi Ea?e Ia?en – “aaeeeee i?aaeoanoaaiiee
i?aaiecaoeeiiiie iaoee”.

A o?oaeao A. A. Aiaaeaiiaa eniieueciaaiea oaeoieiae/aneeo caeiiia e
i?eioeeiia aeey ?ac?aaioee i?iaeai i?aaiecaoeee e oi?aaeaiey
oicyenoaaiiuie no?oeoo?aie caieiaao iniaia ianoi. Aiaaeaiia, oae aea eae
e iiiaea ae?oaea ia?enenou, ?acaeaeye iiaiea, /oi nioeeaeeci icia/aao
i?aiaeieaiea oiaa?iiai i?iecaiaenoaa. Aianoa n oai ii i?eciaaae
iaiaoiaeeiinoue eniieueciaaiey oiaa?ii-aeaiaaeiuo ioiioaiee “a oneiaeyo
no?ieoaeuenoaa nioeeaeecia”.

Ia iniiaa “Oaeoieiaee” A. A. Aiaaeaiia auaeaeaae a oeaio? aieiaiey
iao/iie e ieaiiaie ?aaiou iiaaoi?neoth a oi a?aiy caaea/o ?ac?aaioee
iiaeaee oicyenoaaiiiai ieaia. A 1920 a., eiaaea aua ia auei
ii?aaeaeaiiiai i?aaenoaaeaiey ia aaeeiii oicyenoaaiiii ieaia, A. A.
Aiaaeaiia noi?ioee?iaae nouiinoue e iniiaiua i?eioeeiu aai iino?iaiey.
Ii ienae: “Eaeia oicyenoai iiaeao auoue iacaaii ieaiiia?iui? Oaeia, a
eioi?ii ana /anoe no?ieii niaeaniaaiu ia iniiaa aaeeiiai, iaoiaee/anee
au?aaioaiiiai oicyenoaaiiiai ieaia. Eae aea neaaeoao i?enooiaoue e
?aoaieth yoie caaea/e, aani?eia?iie ii ianooaao e ii naiei o?oaeiinoyi?
I?eioeeiu iiaoo auoue onoaiiaeaiu eeoue n iao/ii-i?aaiecaoeeiiiie oi/ee
c?aiey”.

A. A. Aiaaeaiia noi?ioee?iaae aaaeiaeoea i?eioeeiu oicyenoaa:
oeaeinoiinoe yeiiiieee e aaeeinoaa ieaia, i?yiuo e ia?aoiuo naycae a
oi?aaeaiee e ieaie?iaaiee, ?aaiiaaney ieaia, i?iii?oeeiiaeueiinoe,
naaeaine?iaaiiinoe, oaeiaeaoai?aiey /aeiaa/aneeo iio?aaiinoae eae
enoiaeiiai ioieoa ieaie?iaaiey.

Onoie/eainoue ?aaiiaaney anao i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo oi?i, ii A. A.
Aiaaeaiiao, ii?aaeaeyaony e?aiinoueth naiiai neaaiai caaia (caeii
iaeiaiueoeo), /oi eiaao iniaia cia/aiea aeey iaania/aiey
i?iii?oeeiiaeueiinoe e naaeaine?iaaiiinoe ?acee/iuo noi?ii, noa? e
io?aneae ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa. Iaeaieaa aaaeiui a oai?ee e i?aeoeea
ieaie?iaaiey yaeyaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue o/aoa iaeaieaa neaauo caaiueaa, eo
iiaeoyaeaaiey aei ooaaeoeo a naiai ?acaeoee aia?aae e aeinoeaeaiey
ioaeiiai niioaaonoaey iaaeaeo ?acee/iuie /anoyie e iieacaoaeyie ieaia.

Eiaiii yoa eaeay a NOA auea iieiaeaia a iniiao ?ani?ino?aiaiiiai a 60-70
aa. iaoiaea naoaaiai ieaie?iaaiey e oi?aaeaiey. Ii ninoieo a
ii?aaeaeaiee “e?eoe/aneiai iooe” oi?aaeyaiiai i?ioeanna /a?ac “neaaaeoea
oi/ee” eaaeaeiai aai yoaia. Yoio “e?eoe/aneee iooue” iaeaieaa iai?yaeai
e i?iaeieaeeoaeai ii a?aiaie; ei ecia?yaony i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue anaai
i?ioeanna. Aai “neaaaeoea oi/ee” iiaoo auoue oe?aieaiu ca n/ao ?ano?nia
ae?oaeo, iaiaa iai?yaeaiiuo “niauoee e ?aaio”, /oi nie?auaao a?aiy ia
i?ioiaeaeaiea anaai iooe.

Yoio iaoiae iieo/ee ?ani?ino?aiaiea ca ?oaaaeii. A NNN? aai aiaae?aiea a
ia?iaeiia oicyenoai auei i?aaeoniio?aii iinoaiiaeaieai Niaaoa Ieieno?ia
NNN? io 15 aaaonoa 1966 a. e ?yaeii ae?oaeo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia. Oai ia
iaiaa nenoaiu naoaaiai ieaie?iaaiey e oi?aaeaiey, naoaaua a?aoeee e o.
i. aei neo ii? ia iieo/eee ?ani?ino?aiaiey.

Oe?aieaiea “neaaaeoeo oi/ae” niioaaonoaoao e ae?oaiio oaeoieiae/aneiio
i?aaeeo – i?iii?oeeiiaeueiinoe iaaeaeo yeaiaioaie aaeeiie nenoaiu.
?acaeoea oaeiai iiaeoiaea oaeoe/anee yaeythony i?aeoe/aneea ia?u e
oai?aoe/aneea iieiaeaiey, iai?aaeaiiua ia iia?aaeathuaa ?acaeoea
iaeioi?uo io?aneae e i?iecaiaenoa, i?aaenoaaeythueo niaith oceea ianoa,
naea?aeeaathuea “nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee i?ia?ann no?aiu a oeaeii.

A aieiao eaeaieiae/aneeo inoaeaeaiee eiioea 20-o e 30-o aiaeia ooiioea
ioe?uoay “Oaeoieiaeae” aiciiaeiinoue iaoaiaoe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey
yeiiiie/aneeo i?ioeannia aiiaua, e oicyenoaaiiiai ieaie?iaaiey a
/anoiinoe. Iauyniyy “eiiuthaaoeeth eae enoiaeioth eaoaai?eth
“Oaeoieiaee”, au?aaeathuoth niaaeeiaiea ?acee/iuo yeaiaioia (eiiieaenia)
a ia/oi aaeeiia, A. A. Aiaaeaiia ieoao: “Iao/ii-i?aaiecaoeeiiiua iiiyoey
oae aea no?iai oi?iaeueiu, eae iaoaiaoe/aneea; eioi?ua, nianoaaiii, e
iei ioiinyony; “eiiuthaaoeey” ianoieueei aea oi?iaeueiia iiiyoea,
ianeieueei neiaeaiea aaee/ei, eioi?ia anoue aa /anoiue neo/ae”.

E oioy eaeae “Oaeoieiaee” ioe?uoi ia i?eieiaeenue, iaeioi?ua ec
aiaaeaiianeeo oaeoieiae/aneeo i?eioeeiia, io?aaeaaoeo oa eee eiua
noi?iiu iauanoaaiiuo i?ioeannia, oaeoe/anee a ii?aaeaeaiiie noaiaie
inouanoaeyeenue a oiaea “no?ieoaeuenoaa nioeeaeecia”. Eiaaea ai aanue
?ino anoaea caaea/a ieaie?iaaiey, aai iniiaie noaea ?ac?aaioea aaeaina
ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa, e eioi?ie i?enooieee ieaiiaua e noaoenoe/aneea
i?aaiu a ia/aea 20-o aiaeia.

Iniiauaay iino?iaiea aaeaina a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a ia oaeoieiae/aneeo
eaeayo Aiaaeaiiaa, aai ninoaaeoaee ii ianoaiiaea oiai a?aiaie iaoiaeeee
aieaa oeaeaniia?aciui nnueaoueny ia ia A. A. Aiaaeaiiaa, a ia I. E.
Aooa?eia, eioi?ue aeiaieueii oi?iuaiii aini?eiye oaeoieiae/aneia
iauyniaiea oieaa?naeueiuo yaeaiee i?e?iaeu e iauanoaa. Iaeiaei iinea
iaaeiaiey Aooa?eia a i?aaii oeeiia ia/aeanue ?aceay e?eoeea aai
oai?aoe/aneeo iiceoeee, i?eaaaeoae e aa iaoeueiiio io?eoeaieth. Ia
eiioa?aioeee aa?a?ieeia-ia?enenoia E. A. Noaeei ioaa?a eaeath
yeiiiie/aneiai ?aaiiaaney, o?aeooy aa eae iainiiaaiea aa eae
noaoe/aneiai (a ia aeeiaie/aneiai) ?aaiiaaney naeoi?ia oicyenoaa, eae
“aioeia?enenoneee iiene ianouanoaothuaai iooe iaaeaeo eaieoaeeciii e
nioeeaeeciii.

A. A. Aiaaeaiia oaeaeee aieueoia aieiaiea i?iaeaia nenoaiiie
oeaeinoiinoe iauanoaa e aai ioaeaeueiuo iiaenenoai ?acee/iiai ?iaea. Ii
iainiiaae aeaa iieiaeaiey:

Iauanoai eae i?aaieciaaiiia oeaeia anoue noiia /aeiaa/aneeo
aeonaiinoae, ?acaa?ouaathueony a i?e?iaeiie n?aaea;

Eaaeaeay io?aneue ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa, i?aaei?eyoea, ?aaieiee eae
/anoue i?aaiecaoeeiiiie nenoaiu auiieiyao a iae e aeey iaa naith
ii?aaeaeaiioth ooieoeeth.

Yoe aeaa enoiaeiuo iiiaioa eaaeao a iniiaa ?aaiiaaney yeiiiieee eae
anyeie i?aaiecaoeeiiiie nenoaiu.

?anniao?eaay oaeea nenoaiu, A. A. Aiaaeaiia oeacuaaao, n iaeiie noi?iiu,
ia “i?aaiecie/iinoue” iieeoe/aneeo nenoai, i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo no?oeoo?, eo
ioaeaeueiuo caaiueaa e o. ae., iaee/ea o ieo nianoaaiiuo eioa?ania (a
nio?aiaiee e oe?aieaiee naiae noaaeeueiinoe, naiaai ianoa a iauanoaaiiii
?acaeaeaiee o?oaea, iieiaeaiey, aeeyiey, aeanoe e o. ae.) e n?aaenoa
aeey eo ?aaeecaoeee, a /ai au?aaeaaony eiina?aaoeaiia ia/aei no?oeoo?u.
N ae?oaie noi?iiu, no?oeoo?a i?enoue eaaeeueiinoue, eciai/eainoue,
niiniaiinoue e ?acaeoeth, au?aaeathuea ooieoeeiiaeueioth noi?iio
i?aaiecaoeee. Yoio iiaeoiae iicaieyao eco/aoue e iauaeoeaii ioeaieaaoue
aeeyiea i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo no?oeoo? ia i?ioeannu iauanoaaiiie
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe, eioi?ia ia?aaeei auaaao i/aiue aieueoei e aeaaea
?aoathuei.

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