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Анализ книги Ле Гофа

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A naiae ?aaioa y au oioaea iaienaoue i eieaa o?aioeocneiai enoi?eea
AEaea Ea Aiooa «Oeeaeeecaoeey n?aaeiaaaeiaiai Caiaaea», eioi?ay auoea a
naao ieiei ianeieueei aeanyoeeaoee iacaae (aia?aua – a 1964aiaeo). ss
aua?aea aa, iioiio /oi a iae aaoi? enneaaeoao ?acee/iua i?iyaeaiey
iaioaeueiinoae n?aaeiaaaeiauo ethaeae: nenoaio oeaiiinoae,
i?aaenoaaeaiey i naiai e /oaeii, e?aneaii e aacia?aciii, aini?eyoea
a?aiaie e i?ino?ainoaa, /oaean e aeaeaiee e o. i.

Eieaa ninoieo ec aeaoo /anoae. A ia?aie /anoe “Enoi?e/aneay yaiethoeey”
AEae Ea Aioo i?ineaaeeaaao yaiethoeeth Caiaaea n V aei XV aaea, ia/eiay
n aa?aa?neeo iaoanoaee ia ?eineoth eiia?eth aieioue aei e?ecena
aa?iiaeneeo no?ai ia ?oaaaea XIV-XV aaeia. Ai aoi?ie, aieaa iauaiiie,
/anoe “N?aaeiaaaeiaay oeeaeeecaoeey” aaoi? iiae?iaii ?anniao?eaaao
eoeueoo?o Caiaaeiie Aa?iiu X-XIV aaeia. Eiaiii caeanue “ia ia?iiiii e
?aciiia?aciii iaoa?eaea iaiyoieeia ii ainnicaeaao ia?ac ie?a ethaeae
N?aaeiaaaeiauey”, eae ioia/aao a iineaneiaee A. ss. Ao?aae/.
Enneaaeiaaiea i?iaiaeeony ia i/aiue oe?ieii aeieoiaioaeueiii iaoa?eaea,
eoaea aoiaeyo oaeoe/anee ana aeai?u n?aaeiaaaeiaie eeoa?aoo?u, a oii
/enea oaeea, eioi?ua a oi a?aiy aua ii/oe ia i?eaeaeaeenue, iai?eia?,
?oeiaiaenoaa aeey eniiaaaee.

Ea Aioo ii aieueoae /anoe ?anniao?eaaao ia aiaoia oeeaeeecaoeeth (aa
aiaiiua iiaeaeae e iieeoe/aneea ?ani?e), a aa aioo?aiiaa no?iaiea
(noaiiaeaiea ?aeeaee, aini?eyoey ie?a /aeiaaeii, aai ie?iaicc?aiey e
naio aai aeeciue).

Iia aieueoa anaai iii?aaeeanue e caiiiieeanue aoi?ay /anoue iiiia?aoee.
Iia iioiaea ia oeaeue oaeaeaoaeueiue ?anneac i aeecie iaecaanoiie iia
a?oiiu ethaeae. E eae ana iaecaanoiia ii i?eeiaae iia aieiaiea e naaa.
Caeanue Ea Aioo iiiuoaeny iauynieoue iai, aai /eoaoaeyi, /oi nianoaaiii
i?aaenoaaeyea niaie n?aaeiaaaeiaay oeeaeeecaoeey a X – XIV aa. Ii
iienuaaao aa aeinoaoi/ii iiae?iaii, aeeth/ay ia oieueei aa eoeueoo?ioth
(eioaeeaeooaeueiay e ooaeiaeanoaaiiay eoeueoo?a), ii e iaoa?eaeueioth
noi?iio – yeiiiieeo, oaoieeo, iianaaeiaaioth aeeciue (aaaeue ia aaaey au
/aeiaae naith iianaaeiaaioth aeeciue, oi anoue ia ?aaioay, ia ieoaynue e
ia iaono?aeaay naie auo, ii ia niia au ?acaeaaoueny eoeueoo?ii). I?e
yoii enoi?ee ia noaaeo eo iaeio auoa ae?oaie.

A ia/aea aoi?ie /anoe Ea Aioo iienae ia «i?ienoiaeaeaiea», a ianeaaeea,
eioi?ia iieo/aao e ioae?aao oeeaeeecaoeey o i?aaeieo iauanoa Aa?iiu i?e
naiai oi?ie?iaaiee – eaeueonei-aa?iaineeo, neaayineeo, a?aei-?eineeo,
ianeaaeea eoaeai-o?enoeaineie o?aaeeoeee. Ia/aa naia enneaaeiaaiea n
?anniio?aiey i?ino?ainoaaiii-a?aiaiiuo no?oeoo?, eioi?ua ia?acotho eaae?
ethaiai iauanoaa e ethaie eoeueoo?u, aaoi? eco/ee eae iaoa?eaeueiua
aniaeou i?ino?ainoaa e a?aiaie, oae e oa i?aaenoaaeaiey, iin?aaenoaii
eioi?uo ioae/eiu e aeaiueiu N?aaeiaaaeiauey aini?eieiaee enoi?e/aneoth
?aaeueiinoue. Aaaeue yoa ?aaeueiinue i?aaenoaaeyao niaie aaeeinoai
iaoa?eaeueiuo oneiaee ie?a e aiia?aaeaiey, a eioi?uo aeeaoo /eaiu
anyeiai iauanoaa: caiey e iaai, ean, iieyia, nooiiooiua e ii?neea
aei?iae, iiiaeanoaaiiinoue nioeeaeueiuo a?aiai, a?acu i eiioea naaoa e
i iioonoi?iiiai nouanoaiaaiee, oa?aeoa?iua aeey oeeaeeecaoeee
n?aaeiaaaeiaiai Caiaaea.

Aianoa n oai AEae Ea Aioo noa?aeny iieacaoue aioo?aiiea nayce iaaeaeo
?aaeueiuie nioeeaeueiuie no?oeoo?aie, eo ooieoeeiie?iaaieai, eneeth/aiey
ec iauanoaa, n ae?oaie noi?iiu, e noaiaie, i?e iiiiue eioi?uo ethaee oie
yiioe – i?aeiouanoaaiii eioaeeaeooaeu, eee?eee – iuoaeenue iniuneeoue
iauanoai: «aeooiaainoai e ie?yia», «iiaouanoaaiiua e aaaeiyee», o?e
«nineiaey» eee o?e «?ac?yaea». Eo/oa anaai aaoi?o oaeaeinue ecia?aceoue
ana aniaeou n?aaeiaaaeiaie oeeaeeecaoeee, aeaiiino?e?oy iaioaeueiinoue,
yiioeeiiaeueiinoue e onoaiiaee iiaaaeaiey, eioi?ua ioithaeue ia
yaeythony iiaa?oiinoiuie eee eceeoieie «oe?aoaieyie» enoi?ee, eai iie-oi
e i?eaeaaaee ae anth e?ani/iinoue, i?eaeiaeueiinouee aeoaeio:
neiaiee/aneia iuoeaiea, /oanoai iaoaa?aiiinoe eee aa?a a /oaeana neacaee
au iai aieueoa i n?aaeieo aaeao, /ai eciu?aiii iino?iaiiua aeiaiu.

Aiiaua, aieaa eiie?aoii iaaiciiaeii iienaoue yoo eieao, oae eae
?acia?aiiue a iae iaoa?eae i/aiue iiiaia?aiai. Ii oi/aony iniai
auaeaeeoue iaeioi?ua iiiaiou. N oi/ee c?aiey Ea Aiooa (*.II,
N?aaeiaaaeiaay oeeaeeecaoeey, aeaaa IX. Iaioaeueiinoue, ie? yiioeee,
oi?iu iiaaaeaiey (X—XIII aa.)):

Iaoaa?aiiinoue aeeyea ia oiu e aeooe n?aaeiaaaeiauo ethaeae.
Iaoaa?aiiinoue a iaoa?eaeueiie iaania/aiiinoe, a aeooiaiii ieaia e
,aiiaua, a aoaeouae eae yoie, oae e oie aeecie. Oae eae oea?eiaue
iinoiyiii oaa?aeeea i oii, /oi ec nioai ouny/ /aeiaae i?e Iioiia
nianaony oieueei iaeei.

E?anioa aini?eieiaeanue eae naao, eioi?ue oniieaeaae e iaiae?ye, yaeyeny
ciaeii aeaai?iaenoaa. Ia?acoeii a yoii niunea aue n?aaeiaaaeiaue nayoie.
I?e yoii e?anioa i?e?aaieaaeanue e aiaaonoao.

?aaaieo ia oaeaeyee iniaiai ianoa a iauanoaa. Aeaoe auno?i noaiiaeeenue
ac?ineuie. Ia iieiaeuo ethaeae ia?auaee aieiaiea eae ia iieiii?aaiuo
/eaiia iauanoaa oieueei iinea oiai, eae iie aeaiyony.

AEaiueia oiaea ia ea?aea aieueoie ?iee a n?aaeiaaaeiaii iauanoaa.

A ?yaeo a?aoia noiyee eiaeue, oeo?inoue, iiaoanoaa. Iineaaeiaa a naith
i/a?aaeue oi?iiceei ?acaeoea oaoie/aneiai i?ioeanna.

I/aiue ethaeee oao, eoi niaa?oae iiaeaeae.

Aaaeioth ?ieue a aini?eyoee ie?a ea?aei inycaiea.

Oaeiaeaoai?ea naith ia?aaeooth iio?aaiinoue — a ieua,n?aaeiaaaeiaua
ethaee eiaee i/aiue iaiiiai. Ii, iaei caaioynue i aeaaininoiyiee, iie
anai aioiau auee iiaea?oaiaaoue, anee oieueei yoi auei a eo aeanoe,
?aaee aeaeeiinoe. Eo aaeeinoaaiiie aeoaieie e aanei?unoiie ?aaeinoueth
aue i?acaeiee e ea?a, oioy o aaeeeeo e neeueiuo e i?acaeiee oiaea
yaeyeny oaanoianoaii e aunoaaeaieai naay iaiieac.

Iiiia?aoey «Oeeaeeecaoeey n?aaeiaaaeiaiai Caiaaea» yaeyaony iaeaieaa
iieiui iaci?ii N?aaeiaaaeiauey. I?e yoii iia ia i?aaenoaaeyao niaie nooi
eceiaeaiiue iaoa?eae, a iaiai?io, aeey /oaiey iia i/aiue eaaea e
eioa?ania. Eco/ea aa, iiaeii iiiyoue eae ana-oaee oi?ie?iaaeinue yoi
iauanoai, ec /aai iii oi?ie?iaaeinue e ii/aio.

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