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Александр II

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Александр II

Язык: русский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
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Aaaaeaiea

18 oaa?aey 1855 a. iinea iai?iaeieaeeoaeueiie aieacie a i?enoonoaee anae
naiuee a iieiii niciaiee neii/aeny Ieeieae 1, a oa/aiea CIeao
aea?aeaaoee a no?aoa e iiaeiiaaiee ?inneth, iiia?o, n eiaiai eioi?iai
naycaii iiaeaaeaiea ia?aiai ?aaiethoeeiiiiai aunooieaiey a ?innee –
aeaeaa?enoia, onoaiiaeaiea aiaiii-iieeoeaeneiai ?aaeeia a no?aia. 19
oaa?aey Ainoaea?noaaiiue niaao i?eian a Ceiiai ae?i?oea i?enyao ia
aa?iinoue iiaeaeainoaa

eiia?aoi?o Aeaenaiae?o II e yaneaaeieeo – oeana?aae/o Ieeieath
Aeaenaiae?iae/o.

Aeaiue i?iaicaeaoaiey Aeaenaiae?a II eiia?aoi?ii – 19 oaa?aey e naii
aai oea?noaiaaiea noaee annioeee?iaaoueny n inaiaiaeaeaieai e?anoueyi io
e?aiinoiiai i?aaa, naa?oeaoeiny /a?ac oanoue eao.

Iaeiaei ianeieueei eaaei i?ioae aeo aioea?aiey Aeaenaiae?a II ,
ianoieueei o?oaeiuie auee niioonoaiaaaoea aio aioo?e- e
aiaoiaiieeo//aneea ianoiyoaeuenoaa. Iaaeaiea Naaanoiiiey a aaaonoa 1855
aiaea iiaeaaei /a?oo iiae nicaeaiiie Ieeieaai 1 nenoaiie. Ec E?uineie
aieiu ?inney auoea ecio?aiiay ia?aaiie ai?ueaie, n enoiuaiiuie oeiainaie
e iiaei?aaiiui aeaiaaeiui ia?aua-

ieai. Iinoiyiii oaaee/eaaaoeeny a iineaaeiaa aeanyoeeaoea aeaoeoeeo
athaeaeaoa (a 1845 a.- 14,5 iei.) a 1856a.- 307,5 iei. ?oa.) iinoaaee
no?aio ia a?aiue oeiainiaiai e?ecena. Aieia iaiaaeeea iiiaea iaaeinoaoee
aaeieieno?aoeee, aiaiiie e a?aaeaeaineie, iia iieacaea, /oi «eieinn»
noieo ia aeeiyiuo iiaao. Aaeeeay aea?aeaaa eeoeeanue oiai
ia?aainoaothuaai iieiaeaiey, eioi?ia caieiaea a Aa?iia ni a?aiai Aaineeo
aeiaiai?ia 1815 aiaea, ioi?ieaoeo caaa?oaiea iaiieaiiianeeo aiei.
Nayuaiiue nithc oaeoe/anee ?aniaeny aua aei E?uineie aieiu. ?inney
ieacaeanue a ecieyoeee. Neaaenoaeai yoiai auei iaaeaiea aaoi?eoaoa
iiaaaeaeaiiie no?aiu ca a?aieoeae, a aioo?e eiia?ee – iaaeiaa?ea e neea
e niiniaiinoe i?aaeoaeuenoaa.

“I?aaeiyy nenoaia ioaeeea naie aae”- oaeia iauee i?eaiai? iaeiiai ec
eaeaieiaia yoie nenoaiu- enoi?eea I. I. Iiaiaeei i?iecianaiiue ei /a?ac
o?e ianyoea iinea nia?oe Ieeieay 1. A a ia/aea 1856 aiaea Iiaiaeei
i?ecuaaao Aeaenaiae?a II eneaoue auoiae ec e?ecena ia iiauo iooyo.
«Naiaiaea! Aio neiai, eioi?ia aeieaeii ?acaeaoueny ia aunioa ?onneiai
i?anoiea!» – i?iaicaeaoaao ii. Nai yoio i?ecua aue ioe?iaaieai, icia/ae
ia?aai?io a niciaiee oao eoi i?aaee ?inneae eee aeecei noiye e «aa?oai».
E Aeaenaiae? 11 ciae yoi eo/oa ae?oaeo. Nae?aoiue eiieoao 1846 aiaea ii
e?anoueyineiio aii?ino, i?aaenaaeaoaeai eioi?iai ii aue, i?eciae
iaaeiionoeiui i?e ?aoaiee yoiai aii?ina oiio?aaeyoue naii neiai
«naiaiaea» – «ooo eiaiii neiai no?aoiaa aeaea». *a?ac 10 eao neiai
«naiaiaea» oaea i?aaenoaaeyeinue iaae/aneei eeth/ii e iiaie aeecie,
«Iaaeeeoue ia/aai,.. Iaaei i?eieiaoueny aae?oa ca ana: ca aei?iae,
eacaiiua e eaiaiiua, ca i?oaeaeiua, iooa/iua e ii?ioiaua caaiaeueth ca
iaaeeoeeineea oaeoeueoaou e ainieoaee, ca eaaeaoneea ei?iona e
oi?aiaeth, ca e?anoueyia /eiiaieeia, aeai?yi, aeooiaainoai, ca
ainieoaiea aunoaai nineiaey, aea e i?i/ea ia eo/oa ca acyoee, ?ineioue,
iainee, a?aiaeu, aeaiueae, ca …. Yoe no?anoiua i?ecuau Iiaiaeei
caeeth/aao eaeaae inaiaiaeeoaeueiie iennee Aeaenaiae?a II, eioi?iio
i?aaenoieo caaiaaaoue iauanoaaiiia iiaiea ?innee e Aa?iiu.

Noieeiiaaiea noa?uo o?aaeeoeee e iiauo o?aaiaaiee noaaeei ?inneth
ia?aae iaecaaaeiinoueth ?aaeeeaeueiio ?aoaiee. A neeo iniaaiiinoae
ainoaea?noaaiiiai ono?ienoaa e iniaaiiinoae aeeciaiiiai oeeaaea ?innee
aeaeaeaieai aia?aae auei aiciiaeii eeoue i?e niaeaenoaee iiia?oa.
Aeaenaiae?II iia auae?aoue oieueei iaaeaeo aa?eaioaie ?aoi?ie?iaaiey
no?iy, ii ia iaaeaeo noa?ie, ieeieaaaneie, nenoaiie e iiaui ii?yaeeii.
?aoi?iu e ninoaaeee enoi?e/aneoth nooue aai oea?noaiaaiey.

Eae naiiaea?aeaaiue iiia?o aaeeeie aea?aeaau Aeaenaiae?II eioa?anai e
a iiaii ecia?aiee – aa?iiaeneii e aeaaea anaie?iii. Nia?aiaiiee
Iaiieaiia III, Aeeueaaeueia I, Aa?aaia Eeieieueia, ii aeee e i?aaee a
yiioo e?oiiiianooaaiuo, anaie?ii cia/eiuo niauoee – A?aaeaeaineie aieiu
a NOA, O?aiei-i?onneie aieiu, Ia?eaeneie eiiioiu, nicaeaiey Aa?iaineie
eiia?ee.

AEAENAIAe? II

A iineaaeiea aiaeu ?aoi?iu 1860 – 1870-o aa, aiiaue i?eaeaeee aieiaiea
oe?ieeo neiaa ?inneeneiai iauanoaa, Eioa?an, i?iyaeyaiue e iei iineo
naaiaeiy ia aeaaeaie/aneee, a nei?aa i?aeoe/aneee oa?aeoa?. A iaoe aeie,
eiaaea ?inney a i/a?aaeiie ?ac anooieea ia iooue ei?aiiuo
i?aia?aciaaiee, ethaee n iniaui i?eno?anoeai aaeyaeuaathony ia i?inoi a
i?ioeia naiae no?aiu, ii

eiaiii a oa aai ia?eiaeu, eiaaea ainoaea?noai ieacuaaeinue ia ia?aeiia e
i?eoiaeeeinue auae?aoue iooe aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey no?aiu.

A naaiaeiyoiai caeioa?aniaaiiii acaeyaea ia niauoey aoi?ie iieiaeiu
XIX a, anoue naie iieiaeeoaeueiua e io?eoeaoaeueiua noi?iiu. Ii
aaconeiaii ioaeai e iieacai, iineieueeo, eae aeaaii ecaanoii, ioae?inoue
iaoeee e aa ?oeiaiaeeoaeae caeeth/aaony i?aaeaea anaai a oiaiee
ecaeaeaoue ec enoi?e/aneiai i?ioeiai. N yoie oi/ee c?aiey ia?auaiea e
aeayoaeueiinoe Aeaenaiae?a II e aai i?aaeoaeuenoaa eiaao iaiaeoth
i?aeoe/aneoth oeaiiinoue.

E iie ?aoa?ao iinayuai ia ia nianoaaiii ?aoi?iai 1860 – 1870-o aa., a
eiia?aoi?o Aeaenaiae?o II. Anoanoaaiii, /oi i?e oaeii iiaeoiaea
iauaiiinoue ?aaiou iaiin?aaenoaaiii naycaiia i?ioeai?a/eaie oeao?ie
Aeaenaiae?a II, n aai eieaaaieyie, niiiaieyie e, oai ia iaiaa,
?aoeiinoueth i?iaanoe a no?aia na?ueaciua i?aia?aciaaiey.

Aaaeue ethaua ?aoi?iu a naiiaea?aeaaiii ainoaea?noaa iaiuneeiu aac
aeoeaiiai o/anoey a ieo eiia?aoi?a. Oai?aoe/anee, yoi o/anoea iiaei
i?eieiaoue o?iyeoth oi?io: a) iauaeoeaiua ianoiyoaeuenoaa yeiiiie/aneiai
eee iieeoe/aneiai ii?yaeea oaeaeatho no?aio ia iooue ?aoi?io ii iiia?o
i?ioeaeony ei, iie?aynue ia oa i?aaa, eioi?uie ii iaaeaeai? a) eiia?aoi?
io/aoeeai aeaeeo oeaeaniia?ac- iinoue eee naiaa?aiaiiinoue ?aoi?i e
noaiiaeony ai aeaaa eo, iiaoaeaeay e aeoeaiie ?aoi?iaoi?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe naia i?aaeoaeuenoai; a) a aeaiiue iiiaio ?aoi?iu
aiciiaeiu, ii aiana ia aeeciaiii iaiaoiaeeiu, e naiiaea?aeaoe
auaeeaeaao, ia oi?ne?oy niauoee, ii e ia nii?ioeaeyynue ei. Oae aio, aei
neo ii? iao aeinoaoi/iie yniinoe, eaeoth ec oeacaiiuo iiceoeee caieiae
Aeaenaiae? II e /oi aeeyei ia aa oi?ie?iaaiea e eciaiaiea.

Iao iieeie yniinoe e a aii?ina i i?e/eiao iiaaaeaiey eiia?aoi?a ai a?aiy
niauoee, ii?aaeaeyaoeo aeeciue eae no?aiu, oae e aai naiiai e ia/aeo
?aoi?i, ioiioaiea e iauanoaaiiiio, a /anoiinoe ?aaiethoeeiiiiio
aeaeaeaieth, ia?eiae oaa?aey – ia?oa 1881 a, e o i, *aua anaai aiai?yo
ia iauaeoeaiuo, ianoiyoaeuenoaao, aeeeoiaaaoeo iiia?oo oi eee eiia
iiaaaeaiea, aue ee Aeaenaiae? II ainoaea?noaaiiui aeayoaeai a iieiii
niunea yoiai neiaa eee ii yaeyeny oi aa?iai, oi aea?oaie ianoiyoaeuenoa?
*oiau ioaaoeoue ia iaai, iaiaoiaeeii aieiaoaeueii i?ineaaeeoue
aeeciaiiue iooue iiia?oa, ?acia?aoueny a aai neiiaoeyo e aioeiaoeyo?

I?iaiaeece?iaaoue aeaaiua aeayiey naiiaea?aeoea, a oaeaea
ioa?aeoa?eciaaoue aai aeeaeaeoaa ie?oaeaieai.

Iiieii yoie, aeaaiie i?iaeaiu ?aoa?aoa anoue aua ?yae ia iaiaa
aaaeiuo aii?inia, eioi?ua nouanoaaiii aeeyee eae ia neooaoeeth a ?innee,
oae e ia iiceoeeth Aeaenaiae?a II. Ioiaoei eeoue aeaa ec ieo naii
iiyaeaiea, ionoue e iaaeinoaoi/ii ?acaeoiai, iauanoaaiiiai aeaeaeaiey
noaaeei ia?aae aeanoueth aaniethoii iiaoth e aanueia neiaeioth caaea/o.
Iia ninoiyea a iino?iaiee ioiioaiee n i?aaenoaaeoaeyie ?acee/iuo
iieeoe/aneeo a?oii e oa/aiee, o/ao eo iano?iaiee ai aiaoiae e
aioo?eiieeoe/aneeo ?an/aoao. *oi /enoi oai?aoe/anee icia/ae e icia/aao
o/ao i?aayueie e?oaaie iauanoaaiiiai iiaiey? I?aaeaea anaai niieieiia
auneooeaaiea ?aciuo oi/ae c?aiey e auai? ec ieo iaeaieaa i?eaieaiie aeey
aeaeueiaeoaai ?acaeoey no?aiu; ?aaoey?iue e aeaniue io/ao ieieno?ia;
iiaue ii?yaeie iacia/aiey anao /eiiaieeia nieco aeiaa?oo; a eiia/iii
n/aoa- nicua i?aaenoaaeoaeueiuo o/?aaeaeaiee. I?e anae eaaeouaeny
i?inoioa e i/aaeaeiinoe oeacaiiuo iieiaeaiee i?eiyoea eo o?aaiaaei
aeieaie e o?oaeiie iieeoe/aneie oeieu e aeey “aa?oia» e aeey
ia?aciaaiiiai iauanoa oai aieaa aeey ia?iaeiuo iann. Iiieiae ee
eiia?aoi? e aai aeeaeaeoaa ie?oaeaiea anth neiaeiinoue e aaaeiinoue
anoaaoeo ia?aae ieie caaea/, anth ia?o iianiinoae, iaeeaeaaoeo ?inneth
ia yoii iooe?

Ia iaiaa aaaeiie yaeyaony i?iaeaia acaeiiioiioaiee naiiaea?aeoea e
aunoae ath?ie?aoee. Aeaei ia oieueei a oii, /oi /eiiaie/uey yeeoa, a
neeo ?acee/iuo ianoiyoaeuenoa, noaea aeey eiia?aoi?a aeaaiui e,
i?aeoe/anee, aaeeinoaaiiui eino?oiaioa i?iaaaeaiey ?aoi?i. Aeaei aua e a
oii. *oi a aiaeu oea?noaiaaiey Aeaenaiae?aII i?iecioee i/aiue aaaeiua
eciaiaiey a ioiioaieyo Ceiiaai aeai?oeai e aunoaai /eiiaiie/anoaa;a
yoia?aiy i?ienoiaeen ieii/aoaeueiay ath?ie?aoecaoeey anao noi?ii
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeecie, /oi eiaei ia?iiiia cia/aiea eae aeey ?innee
aiiauao oae e aeey Aeaenaiae?aII a /anoiinoe, Ainoaea?noaaiiue aiia?ao,
nin?aaeioi/eaaaoee a naieo ?oeao ana aieueooth aeanoue, eiae iaiaei
aiciiaeiinoae aeey nii?ioeaeaiey ia?aiaiai, aeaaea anee yoe ia?aiaiu
auee i?iaicaeaoaiu e iiaeaea?aeeaaeenue eiia?aoi?ii, Eniieueciaaeinue,
neaaeai, caoyaeaaiea a?aiaie iooai nicaeaiey eiiennee, eiieoaoia,
iiaeeiiennee, iiaeeiieoaoia e o,i, au?aaioea i?aeoe/anee iainouanoaeiuo
i?iaeoia; caioaeaaiea iiia?oa aiciiaeiui ianniaui i?ioanoii aeai?yinoaa
eee e?anoueyinoaai nnueee ia ?aaiethoeeiiiinoue, “aacioaaonoaaiioth
aieueieoeo” ?aoi?iaoi?neie Aa?iiu a i?ioeaiaan oeoeia e iieith
eiina?aaoeaiie ?innee, Eiia/ii, nai aiia?ao oiaea ia aue iaoycaei. Ii
iia auoue ia?aie/ai a i?aaao e aeaenoaeyo a nayce n oi?aeanoaii
aeaiie?aoee aneaaenoaea iiaaaeu ?aaiethoeee, *eiiaie/anoai iiaei
iioa?iaoue ii?aaeaiea e a oii neo/aa, anee neeu, aeaeethuya ia?aiai,
i?aaeeueii aua?aee au iiiaio ineaaeaiey eee ?anoa?yiiinoe aiia?aoa a
nayce n aiaoieie eee aioo?aiieie iaoaea/aie. Naiiaea?aeaoe iia
ia?aoeoueny e ia?iaeo e iauanoao /a?ac aieiao aunoae aaeieieno?aoeee.

Aua iaeii. Aeanoue iinoaiaiii ia?aoiaeeaoay io iiia?oia e
ainoaea?noaaiiiio aiia?aoo, ia iiaea ?aaiiia?ii ?ani?aaeaeyoueny ii
ieienoa?noaai e aaaeiinoaai.Ceaaeoao neacaoue, /oi aieueoay /anoue
aunoae aeanoe aeinoaeanue Ieienoa?noao aioo?aiieo aeae, E eiioeo XIX a.
Ieienoa?noai aioo?aiieo aeae aeeth/aei, iiieii ia?iiiiai oeaio?aeueiiai
aiia?aoa (aeaaiua oi?aaeaiey, aeaia?oaiaiou, ioaeaeu, eiieoaou e
niaaou), aieueooth e ?acaaoaeaiioth a?oiio ianoiuo i?aaiii e
o/?aaeaeaiee aaeieieno?aoeaiuo, oeaico?u, aeaiaea?ia?ee, iieeoe/aneiai
?icunea, i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiiai e aeai?yineiai iaaeci?a ca e?anoueyiaie,
oi?aaeaiey eie e o,ae, E?iia oiai, ieienoa?noai inouanoaeyei iaaeci? ca
nineiaiuie i?aaiaie (aeai?yineeie, e?anoueyineeie, eoia/aneeie) e
i?aaiaie ianoiiai aaeieieno?aoeaii-oicyenoaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey.
Iaeaieueoaa ?acaeoea i?ioeann eiioeaio?aoeee aa?oiaiie aeanoe a
ioaeaeueiuo ieienoa?noaao iieo/ee eiaiii a aiaeu oea?noaiaaiey
Aeaenaiae?a II. Iaeiiaoe, iineaaeiaa i?aaeaa?eoaeueiia caia/aiea-
enoi?e/aneee ii?o?ao ethaiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai aeayoaey, a oai aieaa
naiiaea?aeaaiiai iiia?oa – anaaaea ii?o?ao aai yiioe, anee aea yoa yiioa
yaeyaony ia?aeiiiie, iaiyaoae i?eau/iia ?onei aeecie no?aiu, oi ii?o?aou
naiiaea?aeoea e a?aiaie ca/anooth neeaathony. E?iia oiai, iieeoe/aneee
eo?n eiia?aoi?a, i?iaaaeaiea yoiai eo?na a aeeciue caaenaee ia oieueei
io acaeyaeia e ?aoeoaeueiinoe Aeaenaiae?a II, ii e io ethaeae,
ie?oaeaaoeo aai, caieiaaoeo eeth/aaua iinou a ?inneeneii i?aaeoaeuenoaa
ia?acoea 1860 – 1870-o aa.

?aoi?iu

Aeaenaiae? II anooiee ia i?anoie a aic?anoa C6 eao, aiieia neiaeeaoeiny
/aeiaaeii, ciaeiiui n ainoaea?noaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoueth, aoaeo/e aeaaie
aieueoiai naiaenoaa, aeinoaoi/ii oioae?aiiui aeeciueth. Aiaoiee iaeee
aai a yoi a?aiy caia/aoeae aia?eeaineee aeeieiiao, nae?aoa?ue iinea a
1854-1855 aiaeao A. Oaeo: «Ii aue eae ana ?iiaiiau, e?anei e aea?aeaeny
n aieueoei

aeinoieinoaii, ii o iaai auei ai?acaei iaiueoa aaee/anoaaiiinoe e
iieiinoueth ionoonoaiaaea iaoianoiay no?iainoue iooea. I?eyoioth
aiaoiinoue Aeaenaiae?a 11 ioia/aee ana ienaaoea i iai. Iaeiaei iiiaea
i?e yoii e?eoeeiaaee aai oieiaeiua e naea?aeaiiua iaia?u.

Ec iiiaeanoaa oa?aeoa?enoee Aeaenaiae?a 11 iniaaiiie aeoaeiie e
i?iieoeaoaeueiinoueth ioee/athony i?eiaaeeaaeauea o?aeeeia eiia?ao?eoeu
Ia?ee Aeaenaiae?iaiu A. O. Otho/aaie, aei/a?e ecaanoiiai iiyoa, eioi?ay
a oa/aiea ianeieueeeo eao a aaeaaeiaaiii aeeceii iauaiee iaaethaeaea
eiia?aoi?neoth (a aei oiai – aaeeei-eiyaeaneoth) naiueth. A yiaa?a 1856
aiae, ai a?aiy ia/aaoeony ia?aaiai?ia i ie?a iaaeaeo no?aiaie –
o/anoieoeaie E?uineie aieiu, eiaaea ?onneia iauanoai n i?aaeaeueiui
iai?yaeaieai neaaeeei ca iieeoeeie «aa?oia» e aeaenoaeyie iiaiai
eiia?aoi?a, Otho/aaa aeaeaao ianeieueei caienae, ii?aceoaeueiuo ii
iaoeinoe e i?aaeaeaeaieth. 11 yiaa?y: «Eiia?aoi?-eo/oee ec ethaeae. Ii
aue au i?ae?aniui ainoaea?ai a oi?ioi i?aa-

ieciaaiiie no?aia e a ie?iia a?aiy, aaea i?eoiaeeeinue au oieueei
io?aiyoue. Ii aio iaaeinoaao oaiia?aiaioa

i?aia?aciaaoaey.

Ia?aua ia?u eiia?aoi?a Aeaenaiae?a II ooaa?aeaeaee iieeoeeo Ieeieay I.
Ia oieueei a ?a/e 19 oaa?aey 1855 a. a Ainoaea?noaaiiii niaaoa, aaea
iiaue naiiaea?aeaoe i?eciaaae naay i?iaeieaeaoaeai «aeaeaiee e aeaeia»
naieo aaaonoaeoeo i?aaeoanoaaiieeia – «Iao?a, Aeaoa?eiu, Aeaenaiae?a
Aeaaineiaaiiiai) e iacaaaaiiiai iaoaai ?iaeeoaey», ii e ia i?eaia
aeeieiiaoe/aneiai ei?iona a Ceiiai aeai?oea 23 oaa?aey ii cayaee ia
o?aioeocneii ycuea, /oi aoaeao «ianoie/eai i?eaea?aeeaaoueny»
iieeoe/aneeo i?eioeeiia iooea e aeyaee – «yoi i?eioeeiu Nayuaiiiai
nithca». A iinea iaaeaiey Naaanoiiiey nai ioi?aaeeny a Ieeieaaa, ee/ii
iaaethaeae ca aicaaaeaieai oe?aieaiee, acaeee iniio?aoue e?aiinoue
I/aeia, oe?aieaiey a Iaeanna, iinaoee aeaaioth eaa?oe?o E?uineie a?iee a
Aao/ena?aa, ii yoe oneeey oaea auee iai?aniu. ?inney ia iiaea
i?iaeieaeaoue aieio. Ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiie a?aia iia ieacaeanue
eciee?iaaiiie, aioo?aiiea neeu aa auee iiaei?aaiu, iaaeiaieuenoai
ioaaoeei ana

neie iauanoaa. Iaeaaeay cae?aaui e o?acaui oiii, ii?aaeaeaiiie
aeaeinoueth, nianai ia neeiiiue e oaiaoecio, Aeaenaiae? II iiae
aeaaeaieai ianoiyoaeuenoaa i?e o/anoee eiiiaoaioiuo naiiaieeia ia/ae
yiie?e/anee, ia eiay ieeaeie iauae i?ia?aiiu, i?eieiaoue

iiaua ?aoaiey, ia oeeaaeuaaaoeany a noa?oth nenoaio e aeaaea i?yii
i?ioeaiiieiaeiua ae.

Aeaenaiae? II anoae ia iooue inaiaiaeeoaeueiuo ?aoi?i ia a neeo naieo
oaaaeaeaiee, a eae aiaiiue /aeiaae ia o?iia, iniciaaoee «o?iee» E?uineie
aieiu, eae eiia?aoi? e naiiaea?aeaoe, aeey eioi?iai i?aauoa anaai auee
i?anoeae e aaee/ea aea?aeaau.

Caeeth/aiea Ia?eaeneiai ie?a e Iaieoano i iai 19 ia?oa 1856 a.,
iciaiaiiaaaoea eiiaoe aanneaaiie E?uineie aieiu, naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaee i
aaaeiuo naeaeaao ai aiaoiae e aioo?aiiae iieeoeea Aeaenaiae?aII.
O?aaeeoeeiiiay noaaea ia Nayuaiiue nithc o?ao eiia?aoi?ia ieacaeanue
ianinoiyoaeueiie, a Aa?iia neeaaeuaaeanue iiaay ?annoaiiaea nee. Aaineay
nenoaia, iiaeaiaeeaoay /a?oo iiae yiioie iaiieaiiianeeo aiei ecaeeea
naay. ?ieue O?aioeee ia eiioeiaioa oneeeeanue, n /ai i?aaenoiyei
n/eoaoueny ?onneie aeeieiiaoee. I?anoa?aeue eaioeea? E. A.
Iannaeue?iaea, i?ineoaeeaoee i?e Ieeieaa I ana aai o?eaeoeaoeeaoiaa
oea?noaiaaiea e ieeoeaoai?yaoee noa?oth nenoaio, aue niaiai /aeiaaeii
eiie oi?iaoeee e eiie i?eaioaoeee – A. I. Ai?/aeiau i.

Iauyaeyy ia oneiaeyo caeeth/aiiiai ie?a, Aeaenaiae?II a eiioea
Iaieoanoa iaicia/ee aioo?eiieeoe/aneea caaea/e, noiyuea ia?aae ?inneae:
«…aea ooaa?aeaeaaony e niaa?oainoaoaony aa aioo?aiiaa aeaaiono?ienoai;
i?aaaea e ieeinoue aea oea?noaotho a noaeao aa; aea ?acaeaaaony
iianthaeo e n iiaie neeie no?aieaiea e i?inaauaieth e

anyeie iieaciie aeayoaeueiinoe, e eaaeaeue iiae naiueth caeiiia, aeey
anao ?aaii ni?aaaaeeeauo, anai ?aaii iie?iaeoaeuenoaothueo, aea
ianeaaeaeaaony a ie?a ieiaeaie o?oaeia iaaeiiuo».

Yoiai inoi?iaeiiai iaiaea ia i?aaenoiyuea ?aoi?iu oaaoeei, /oiau
ianoi?iaeeeinue e acaieiiaaeinue aeai?yinoai. Ciay i aai iano?iaieyo,
Aeaenaiae? II a ?a/e ia?aae i?aaeaiaeeoaeyie aeai?yinoaa a Iineaa 30
ia?oa 1856 a. neacae: «Neooe iinyony, /oi y oi/o iauyaeoue
inaiaiaeaeaiea e?aiinoiiai ninoiyiey. Yoi iani?aaaaeeeai… Au iiaeaoa
yoi neacaoue anai iai?aai e iaeaai. ss aiai?ee oi aea naiia
i?aaeaiaeeoaeyi, auaoei o iaiy a Iaoa?ao?aa. Ii ia neaaeo aai, /oiau y
aue niaa?oaiii i?ioea yoiai, iu aeeaai a oaeii aaea, /oi ni a?aiaiai yoi
aeieaeii neo/eoueny. ss aeoiath, /oi e au iaeiiai iiaiey ni iiith;
neaaeiaaoaeueii, ai?acaei eo/oa, /oiau yoi i?iecioei nauoa /ai nieco».

Neiioiiaoe/ia e aaaeia a yoeo ia?auo cayaeao Aeaenaiae?a II ia ?aoi?iu
naycue a?yaeoueo i?aia?aciaaiee a ?innee n

aiaoiaiieeoe/aneie ianoaiiaeie, n iauei iai?aaeaieai ?acaeoey aaea
(iaaiciiaeiinoue eciee?iaaoueny io iaai), naycue eioi?ay iiiaia
iauyniyao a oi?ie?iaaiee iiaiai aioo?eiieeoe/aneiai eo?na ?inneeneiai
naiiaea?aeoea, ia?a/aiiiai aua i?e aeecie inai-

aiaeeoaeai.

Eiioo?u yoiai eo?na iinoaiaiii au?eniauaaeenue.

3 aeaeaa?y 1855 a. aue cae?uo Aunoee oeaico?iue

eiieoao. Aeaenaiae? II ioeacaeny io naiai i?aaeiae iiceoeee ianaaeaeaiey
«oeaico?iiai oa??i?a» e niaeaneeny n i?aaenaaeaoaeai Eiieoaoa I. A.
Ei?oii, eioi?ue aeieacuaae a naiae aeieeaaeiie caienea, /oi
aeayoaeueiinoue aai «i?eaiaeeo eiiaaea aei oeaee i?ioeai-

iieiaeiie, ?ani?ino?aiyaony ?oeiieniay eeoa?aoo?a, ai?acaei aieaa
iianiay, e6i iia /eoaaony n aeaaeiinoueth e i?ioea iaa aanneeueiu ana
iieeoeaeneea ia?u.

Cai?ao, iaeiaeaiiue Ieeieaai 1 ia ia/aoiia neiai, aue niaoai- oae aaeeea
auea iio?aaiinoue iauanoaa auaiai?eoueny.

Oi, /oi Aeaenaiae? e aai i?aaeoaeuenoai cae?uee Eiieoao auei eeoue
aaeaeaaoiie ?aaeoeeae ia aai oaeoe/aneoth aacaeaenoaaiiinoue. *ooei
oeiaea neooaoeeth, A. E. Aa?oeai iniiaae Aieueioth oeiia?aoeth a
Eiiaeiia (1853 a.). « Aeaniinoue noaea ia?aui i?iyaeaieai iooaiaee,
ianooieaoae anei?a iinea aioea?aiey Aeaenaiae?a II.

A ?yaeo ia?auo ia?, au?aceaoeo iiaia iai?aaeaiea iieeoeee Aeaenaiae?a
II, auee oie/oiaeaiea noaniaiee, aaaaeaiiuo a oieaa?neoaoao iinea 1848
aiaea, oi?acaeiaiea Aeoaaneiai e Oa?ueeianeiai aaia?ae-aoaa?iaoi?noa
(naiue aoaa?iee), ?ac?aoaiea naiaiaeiie auaea/e caa?aie/iuo ianii?oia,
nicaeaiea aeoeeiia?iuo iauanoa e eiiiaiee, niaeaenoaea ?inneeneei
iiaeaeaiiui a oi?i/a-

iee oi?aiauo naycae n eiino?aiiuie ainoaea?noaaie e caeinoaiaaiee
naeaeaiiuo a iineaaeiaa a?aiy a Aa?iia

«oniaa?oainoaiaaiee a iaoea» e ae?. E, /oi iniaaiii aaaeii, e ei?iiaoeee
a aaaonoa 1856 aiaea iiieii iau/iuo iaa?aae, ?acaea/ /eiia e caaiee auea
iauyaeaia aiienoey iieeoe/aneei caeeth/aiiui- inoaaoeiny a aeeauo
aeaeaa?enoai, iao?aoaaoeai e o/anoieeai iieueneiai ainnoaiey 1830-1831
aiaeia; 9 ouny/ /aeiaae inaiaiaeaeaeenue io iieeoeaeneiai iaaeci?a.
Ioaoe ia/eiae oea?noaiaaoue n eacie e nnueee aeaeaa?enoia, nui – n
iiieeiaaiey ocieeia iooea. Eiio?ano aue i/aaeaeai aeey nia?aiaiieeia.

E ii aue a iieueco nuia a aeacao ?innee e Aa?iiu.

26 aaaonoa 1856 a. a Oniaineii niai?a Iineianeiai E?aiey naa?oeeny
ia?yae ei?iiiaaiey ia oea?noai. I?enoonoaiaaaoea oiaaea aea ioiaoeee,
/oi o?aioeocneee iinie a?ao O. aea Ii?ei aua caaeieai aei i?eaeeaeaiey e
Oniaineiio niai?o ia?aui n?aaee i?aaenoaaeoaeae aeeyeiiaoe/aneeo iennee
iieeioe naith ea?aoo e n iaiie?uoie aieiaie i?iaeaeae inoaaoeeny iooue,
aeaiiino?e?oy iniaia ii/oaiea e ?aniieiaeaiea o?aioeocneiai
i?aaeoaeuenoaa e Aeaenaiae?o II. E aeaenoaeoaeueii, O?aioeey e ?inney
iioee ia naeeaeaiea, inaiaiaeaeaynue io a?oca noa?uo eiioeeeoia, a
iieneao acaeiiiiieiaiey e eiioaeoia. Oaea a yiaa?a 1857 aiaea Aeaenaiae?
eiioeaeaioeeaeueii niiauaao a?aoo Eiinoaioeio: «…y aeaeo a nithca n
O?aioeeae caeia aoaeouaai niieienoaey Aa?iiu».

Ei?iiaoeeiiiua oi?aeanoaa i?iaeieaeaeenue aeieai: n 14 aaaonoa ii 22
naioya?y oee aani?a?uaiua i?acaeianoaa, ii ia oieueei. Caeanue, a
ia?aii?anoieueiie noieeoea, eoaea nuaoaeenue iaeaieaa ciaoiua
i?aaenoaaeoaee aeai?yinoaa e aunoea /eiu aaeieieno?aoeee (aeeth/ay
ianoioth) ni anao eiioeia ?innee, inoi?iaeii iauoiuaaeenue aiciiae-

iua iooe ?aoaiey iinoaaeaiiuo naiie aeeciueth i?iaeai. A ia?aoth
i/a?aaeue aeaaiie ec ieo – e?anoueyineiai aii?ina,

Ia aac aaaeiia Aeaenaiae?aII ieieno? aioo?aiieo

aeae, iacaaeieai aei oiai iacia/aiiue N. N. Eaineie (a iieiaeinoe
i?e/anoiue e aeaeaeaieth aeaeaa?enoia) , aae ia?aaiai?u n
i?aaeaiaeeoaeyie aeai?yinoaa ?yaea aoaa?iee ia i?aaeiao aicaoaeaeaiey a
aunoai nineiaee eieoeeaoeau a aeaea inaiaiaeaeaiey e?anoueyi-iiaea/e
aae?ania ia eiy oea?y. Aeaenaiae? II /anoi iinooiaaoee eae naiiaeanoiui
naiiaea?aeaoe, a yoii «aeaeeeaoiiio e iaeiia?aiaiii

«no?aoiii» (eae aiai?eee a «aa?oao») aii?ina oioae ai /oi au oi ie noaei
aeiaeoueny ia oieueei iiaeaea?aeee aeai?yinoaai ii e aai ii/eia. Ia?aue
aeai?yiei eiia?ee, eaeei n/eoae e iniciaaae naay Aeaenaiae? 11, oioae
i?aaiaiai iainiiaaiey naieo aeaenoaee a aeaea cao?aaeaaaoai onoie
ainoaea?noaa e iauanoaa. Yoi iiaeoaa?aeeony a aai ?a/e a
Ainoaea?noaaiiii niaaoa 28 yiaa?y 1861 a. Oi?iiy Niaao n
aacioeaaaoaeueiui i?eiyoeai e?anoueyineie ?aoi?iu, ii ia?aoee aai
aieiaiea ia aeaa ianoiyoaeuenoaai /oi «anyeia aeaeueiaeoaa i?iiaaeeaiea
iiaeao auoue iaaoaii aeey ainoaea?noaa». Iaeiaei aeai?yinoai ia
niaoeei n yiaineiaoeeae.

E oieueei iaeei aeeaineee aaia?ae-aoaa?iaoi? A. E. Iaceiia, ee/iue ae?oa
Aeaenaiae?a 11 ec aai aiaiiiai ie?oaeaiey, ioeeeeioeny ia i?aaeeiaeaiea
oeaio?aeueiie aeanoe e iaauae neeiieoue aeai?yinoai naieo aoaa?iee e
aunooieaieth n ioaeiie i?aaeoaeuenoao eieoeeaoeaie. Ii naea?aeeo neiai,
e /a?ac aiae eiaiii n yoeo naaa?i-caiaaeiuo aoaa?iee (Aeeaineay,
Eiaaineay, A?iaeiai-

neay) ia/iaony iiaeaioiaea e?anoueyineie ?aoi?iu.

Eiina?aaoi?u e eeaa?aeu 1860-o aa, ienaee i oii, /oi 5 ia?oa 1861 a,
– aeaiue iauyaeaiey naiaiaeu e?aiinoiuo – i?ioei oeoi e iacaiaoii. Iie
aeaaea i?aaeeiaeeee en/a?iuaathuoth eeanneoeeaoeeth i?e/ei ?aaiiaeooiiai
ioiioaiey no?aiu e aaaeiaeoaio enoi?e/aneiio niauoeth. Iia aeeth/aea a
naay: eieaeiue ycue aeieoiaioia, iieeoeaeneea ia?u, i?eiyoua aeanoyie,
iaaeiaa?ea ia?iaea e “aa?oai”, ?aci/a?iaaiea oneiaeyie inaiaiaeaeaiee.

Anaia?iaeiuo oi?aeanoa 5,9,1861 a aeaenoaeoaeueii ia auei, ai?i/ai, ia
auei e iieiiai ?aaiiaeooey: oo?ii aicea iaiaaea ainoaea?ue naiiee/ii
i?i/ae iaieoano ia?aae nia?aaoaeny caeanue oieiie. Ia?iae niye i?e yoii
oaiee, ii aaciieanoaiaae, iiiiy i no?aiiii cai?aoa iieeoeee i?iyaeyoue a
yoio aeaiue eaeea au oi ie auei neeueiua /oanoaa,caeanue aea ia?iaeiay
aeaiooaoeey aia?aua i?aiiaeianea eiia?aoi?o oeaa-nieue, aeaaiaea?y ca
inaiaiaeaeaiiuo ei e?aiinoiuo.

Ia neaaeothuee aeaiue oaa?e/iua Iaoa?ao?aa i?eneaee e
aaia?ae-aoaa?iaoi?o Iaoa?ao?aa Eaiaoueaao aeaiooaoeeth n i?inueaie
?ac?aoeoue iiaeaoue ainoaea?th i?eaaonoaaiiue aae?an e oeaa-nieue.

20 ouny/ oaa?e/iuo ?aai/eo i?eoee ia Aeai?oeiaoth ieiuaaeue, /oiau
iiaeaoue Aeaenaiae?o 11 oeaa-nieue. *a?ac ianeieueei aeiae ouny/e
e?anoueyi, oaa?e/iuo e ?aianeaiieeia aiiaue ioi?aaeeenue e Ceiiaio e
i?aiiaeianee eiia?aoi?o aeaaiaea?noaaiiue aae?an.

A iieeoe/aneie aeecie no?aiu ianooiae iaeei ec naiuo ioaaonoaaiiuo
iiiaioia – ?aoi?iaoi?aie “aa?oao” iaiaoiaeeii auei iiiyoue, /oi ioiaia
e?aiinoiiai i?aaa, i?e anae aa enoi?e/aneie cia/eiinoe ia eiiaoe, a
oieueei ia/aei, /oi Ceiiee aeai?aoe, auaaaee iiiaueeia ec iiae
nie?ooeoaeueiiai oaea?a, iiaenoaaee iiae a?aae e?eoeee naie
ainoaea?noaaiiue aiia?ao, oi anoue naiia naay. E ian/anoueth,
Aeaenaiae? 11 ia niia aa?ii ioeaieoue yoo neooaoeeth. Ana iineaaeothuea
?aoi?iu, e?iia, iiaeaeoe, aiaiiie, ii ?anniao?eaae eeoue eae
anoanoaaiiia neaaenoaea e?anoueyineie. Oniieiaiiue ia/aaoaeny
?aaeecaoeeae iineaaeiae, eiia?aoi? n/ae, /oi e inoaeueiua i?aia?aciaaiey
iiaeii i?iaiaeeoue /enoi aa?oooa/iui iooai, eneeth/ea iiaiey e
iiaeaeaiey ?aoi?iaoi?nee iano?iaiiie /anoe iauanoaa, A eiia/iii n/aoa
aaaea Aeaenaiae?a II caeeth/aeanue ia a oii, /oi ii ia aeae no?aia
eiinoeoooeee, a a oii, /oi

ia?aii?o/ee i?iaaaeaiea aaaeiuo iieeoe/aneeo ia?ii?eyoee aunoae
ath?ie?aoee.

A ?acoeueoaoa, neiaeeeny aua iaeei ia?aaeien: caineay, noaeaaiay,
oieaa?neoaoneay, oeaico?iay ?aoi?ia, i?e anae eo iaiaoiaeeiinoe,
neoaeeee Aa i?eie?aieth iauanoaa e aeanoe, a ioaeaeyee eo ae?oa io
ae?oaa, Nianoaaiii, yoi e i?aaeneacuaaee Ceiiaio aeai?oeo iaeioi?ua ec
aeai?yineeo eiieoaoia, “Ianiio?y ia ana cei e?aiinoiiai i?aaa ienaee
Aeaenaiae?o II oaa?e/e, – aeanoue iiiaueea, aai

ianoiia cia/aiea, aai aeeyiea e ia e?anoueyi, e ia aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe
neoaeeee, n iaeiie noi?iiu ia?iiiui iiniaeai a oi?aaeaiee, n ae?oaie –
ia?aie/aieai i?iecaiea /eiiaieeia. Anee oie/oiaeeoue aai (e?aiinoiia
i?aai ) oieueei a /anoiii ii?yaeea, inoaaea ana i?aaeiaa iinoa?iio e yoi
ia aoaeao oie/oiaeaieai e?aiinoiiai i?aaa, a oieueei ia?aaea/a aai ec
?oe iiiaueea a ?oee /eiiaieea e

?anoe?aiea aai i?aaeaeia. Yoi aoaeao ?acaeaeaiea anao nineiaee a
ainoaea?noaa ia aeaa a?aaeaeaaiuo eaaa?y: ia eaaa?ue iieiii?aaiuo
/eiiaieeia e ia eaaa?ue aani?aaiuo e aacaeaniuo aeeoaeae.

Ii anee aiai?eoue i aeaaiii iai?aaeaiee iieeoeee Aeaenaiae?a II a ia?aua
aiaeu iinea ioiaiu e?aiinoiiai i?aaa, oi iainii?eiui inoaaony oaeo, /oi
eeaa?aeueiua ?aoi?iu eioaineaii i?iaeieaeaeenue a 1863 aiaeo – ioiaia
oaeaniuo iaeacaiee (17 ai?aey – a aeaiue ?iaeaeaiey eiia?aoi?a), iiaue
oieaa?neoaoneee onoaa, a 1864-i-

caineay e noaeaaiay ?aoi?iu, a 1862-i – ainoaea?noaaiiue athaeaeao
noaiiaeony aeinoiyieai aeaniinoe.

A iiey?ecaoeee iieeoe/aneeo nee, a oneeaiee ?aaeoeee e
?aaiethoeeiiiiai yeno?aiecia, a ineaaeaiee eeaa?aeia ii ia oaeaeae, ia
iniciae oa?icu aeaeo ?aoi?i e aio ee/ii. 4 ai?aey 1866 a. o ai?io
Eaoiaai naaea a?yioe auno?ae Ae. Ea?aeiciaa – ia?aue i?aaeaanoiee
o?aae/aneiai eiioea, ianoeaoaai oea?y-inaiaiaeeoaey /a?ac 15 eao.

Ia aa?oeia neaau, inouanoaeaoee ca aeanyoue ia?auo eao oea?noaiaaiey
ioiaio e?aiinoiiai i?aaa e ?aoi?iu, eioi?ua caeiaeeee ia/aea «iiaie
a?aaeaeainoaaiiinoe» a ?innee Aeaenaiae? II ieacaeny ieoaiueth aeey
oa??i?a, ?acaycaiiiai ?aaiethoeeiia?aie.

Iuoaynue i?ioeaiaeaenoaiaaoue yoei eieaaaieyi e iaoeneo
aneieuoioaoaeny a «aa?oao» ?aaeoeee, Ae. A. Ieethoei iiaeae Aeaenaiae?o
II caieneo «I ieaeeecia e ia?ao i?ioea iaai iaiaoiaeeiuo, iaienaiioth
Eaaaeeiui. A iae aeieacuaaeinue, /oi oieueei iineaaeiaaoaeueiua ?aoi?iu
iiaoo inoaiiaeoue a ?innee ?aaiethoeeiiiia aeaeaeaiea. Aeaenaiae?
inoaaee caieneo aac aieia-

iey. Ii neeiiyeny e io?aieoaeueiui neeai, e ?aaeoeee. A ?ane?eioa io 13
iay 1866 a. ia eiy i?aaenaaeaoaey Eiieoaoa ieieno?ia E. I. Aaaa?eia
Aeaenaiae? II iauyaee naiae caaea/ae «io?aiyoue ?onneee ia?iae io oao
ca?iaeuoae a?aaeiuo eaeao/aiee, eioi?ua ni a?aiaiai iiaee iieieaaaoue
iauanoaaiiia aeaaiono?ienoai». Aii?in i

aeaeueiaeoeo ?aoi?iao caiae/eaaeny, i?iaicaeaoaeenue /enoi

io?aieoaeueiua oeaee.

Ie?oaeaiea oea?y-inaiaiaeeoaey noaei iaiyoueny. ?ieue O?aoueaai
ioaeaeaiey, ianiio?y ia aeaniinoue e ?acaeoea i?ioeanna aa?iiaecaoeee
no?aiu, inaiaiaeaeaiiie io e?aiinoiiai i?aaa, ia oieueei ia ineaaea, ii
n 1866 aiaea, iinea iieooaiey Ea?aeiciaa, oneeeeanue.

Ii e a eciaieaoaeny ianoaiiaea, oa?aeoa?eciaaaoaeny aica?aoii e
io?aieoaeueiui i?eioeeiai a i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiie iieeoeea, Aeaenaiae?II
ana aea i?iaeieaeae ?aoi?iu, oioy e ayei, aac i?aaeieo iaii?enoinoe e
aiiaeooaaeaiey. A 1870 aiaeo auei i?eiyoi caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai i
ai?iaeneii naiioi?aaeaiee (nionoy oanoue eao iinea caineiai). Aiaiiua
?aoi?iu ?anoyioeenue aieaa /ai ia aeanyoeeaoeai ioaaoea ?acee/iua noa?u
– i?aaiecaoeeth e oi?aaeaiea, nicaeaiea aiaiiuo ie?oaia, ioiaio iaeaieaa
oyaeaeuo aeaeia oaeaniuo iaeacaiee, e caaa?oeeenue a 1874 aiaeo, eiaaea
iaeiiaoe aue naeaeai ?aoeoaeueiue oaa e iiaea?iecaoeee a?iee–i?eiyo
caeiia anaiauae aieineie iiaeiiinoe. I?e/ai oie/eii e ?aoaieth
Aeaenaiae?a II aeaoue niaeanea ia aaaeiaeooth ec aiaiiuo ?aoi?i
iineoaeeei aiaoiaiieeoe/aneia niauoea- O?aiei-i?onneay aieia 1870 aiaea,
i?iaeaiiino?e?iaaaoay i?aeiouanoaa nia?aiaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee e iniauaiey
a?iee.

Caeeth/aiea

Ii naiaio ie?iaicc?aieth, oa?aeoa?o, oaiia?aiaioo Aeaenaiae?II ia aue
?aoi?iaoi?ii. Ii noae ei a neeo ianoiyoaeuenoa, ia iaeaaeay
niiniaiinoyie e aeinoieinoaaie e?oiiiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai aeayoaey. A
aeaaiii aeaea naiaai Oea?noaiaaieyi-ioiaia e?aiinoiiai i?aaa e ?aoi?iao
60–70-o aiaeia – ii auioaeaeaiiia ieacaaoenue

ia?aae oaeoii aeanoieiai ii?aaeaiey a aieia e anaiauaai iaaeiaieuenoaa a
no?aiai acye ca iniiao eeaa?aeueioth i?ia?aiio, eeaa?aeueioth
eiioeaioeeth e?oiiiianooaaiiai ?aoi?ie?iaaiey no?aiu, aa iauae
ia?ano?ieee, ii, ia aoaeo/e nai eeaa?aeii ii oaaaeaeaieyi, a eiia/iii
n/aoa iiae/eiee i?iaaaeaiiua i?aia?aciaaiey eioa?anai nio?aiaiey
naiiaea?aeaaey, ioeai/ii ioiaeaeanoaeyy eo n eioa?anaie ?innee.

Iauanoaaiiue iiaeuai, aa?a a aiciiaeiinoue aunoae aeanoe auaanoe
no?aio ia iiaua ?oaaaee aa enoi?e/aneiai ?acaeoey, nio?oaeie/anoai
eioaeeeaaioeee n aeanoueth, oa?aeoa?iua aeey ia?auo, i?aae?aoi?iaiiuo,
eao oea?noaii aaiey Aeaenaiae?a II, niaieeenue a aeaeueiaeoai
i?ioeainoiyieai e io/oaeaeaieai. A noaeueaa Aeaenaiae?aII io?aceeanue
noaeueaa oi?aaeyaiie ei no?aiu.

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