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Способы получения радионуклидов для ядерной медицины

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Способы получения радионуклидов для ядерной медицины

Язык: русский
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Iaieineee einoeooo aoiiiie yia?aaoeee

AIOe ?O oeceei-yia?aaoe/aneee einoeooo ei. ae. Eaeioineiai

Eaoaae?a iauae e niaoeeaeueiie oeiee

Io/ao ii i?aaeaeeieiiiie i?aeoeea.

Auiieiee: nooaeaio a?. OOI-93a. TH?eia Aioii Na?aaaae/

Eiinoeueoaio: Oaiiaaeia A.A.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue: caa. eaa. N71 Ia?icei I.A.

?aaioa auiieiaia a Ai?y/ae eaai?aoi?ee AIOe ?O OYE

IEAoY, OYE 1998 a

-1-

Iauea iieiaeaiey.

Aaaaeaiea.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ecaanoii 106 oeie/aneeo yeaiaioia. Ec ieo oieueei 81
yeaiaio eiaao eae noaaeeueiua, oae e ?aaeeiaeoeaiua ecioiiu. Aeey
inoaeueiuo 25 yeaiaioia ecaanoiu oieueei ?aaeeiaeoeaiua ecioiiu. A iauae
neiaeiinoe a ianoiyuaa a?aiy aeieacaii nouanoaiaaiea ieiei 1700
ioeeeaeia, i?e/ai /enei ecioiiia, ecaanoiuo aeey ioaeaeueiuo yeaiaioia,
eieaaeaony io 3 (aeey aiaei?iaea) aei 29 (aeey ieaoeiu). Ec yoeo
ioeeeaeia oieueei 271 ioeeeae noaaeeai, inoaeueiua ?aaeeiaeoeaiua. Ieiei
300 ec ieo iaoiaeyo eee iiaoo iaeoe i?aeoe/aneia i?eiaiaiea a ?acee/iuo
noa?ao /aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Iaeanoueth ianniaiai eniieueciaaiey ?aaeeiioeeeaeia yaeyaony yaea?iay
iaaeeoeeia. Ia aa ioaeaeu ?anoiaeoaony aieaa 50 % aiaeiaiai
i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaeeiioeeeaeia ai anai ie?a. Eae ecaanoii. A ninoaa
aeeaiai i?aaiecia aoiaeyo, iiieii 5 iniiaiuo yeaiaioia (eenei?iaea,
aiaei?iaea, oaea?iaea, acioa e eaeueoeey), aua 67 yeaiaioia
ia?eiaee/aneie nenoaiu Iaiaeaeaaaa, iiyoiio a ianoiyuea a?aiy o?oaeii
i?aaenoaaeoue eeeieeo o ian eee ca ?oaaaeii, a eioi?ie i?e onoaiiaeaiee
aeeaaiica caaieaaaiey ia eniieueciaaeenue au ?acee/iua ?aaeeiaeoeaiua
i?aia?aou e ia/aiiua eie niaaeeiaiey. O/eouaay aieueoea ia?niaeoeau
eniieueciaaiey ?aaeeiioeeeaeiie aeeaaiinoeee, ?anoao e ?anoe?yaony /enei
iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey, a eioi?ua aoiaeyo eae aeaaii ai?iae?iaaiiua,
eniieuecothuea oi?ioi ecaanoiua ?aaeeiaeoeaiua ioeeeaeu, oae e
niaa?oaiii iiaua niiniau, a eioi?uo i?eiaiythony ?aiaa ia ano?a/aaoeany
a eeeie/aneie i?aeoeea ?aaeeiioeeeaeu.

?aaeeiioeeeaeu i?eiaiythony a yaea?iie iaaeeoeeia a iniiaiii a aeaea
?aaeeioa?iaoeaaoe/aneeo i?aia?aoia (?OI) aeey ?aiiae aeeaaiinoeee
caaieaaaiee ?acee/iuo i?aaiia /aeiaaea e aeey oeaeae oa?aiee.
?aaeeioa?iaoeaaoe/aneei i?aia?aoii (?OI) iacuaaaony oeie/aneia
niaaeeiaiea, niaea?aeauea a naiae iieaeoea ii?aaeaeaiiue
?aaeeiaeoeaiue ioeeeae, ?ac?aoaiiia aeey aaaaeaiey /aeiaaeo n
aeeaaiinoe/aneie eee ea/aaiie oeaeueth. Ioee/eoaeueiie iniaaiiinoueth
aeeaaiinoe/aneiai ?OI i?e yoii yaeyaony ionoonoaea oa?iaeieiae/aneiai
yooaeoa.

Iaeo/aiea a iaaeeoeeia iai?aaeaii ia enoeaeaiea aieueiiai. Iaeiaei
ia?aaeei aeicu ieacuaathony iaii?aaaeaiii aunieeie. Iaoeeaio aeieaeai
iieo/aoue ieieiaeueioth aeico i?e ianeaaeiaaiee. A nayce n yoei iaeiie
ec aaaeiaeoeo caaea/, noiyueo ia?aae ?ac?aaio/eeaie ?OI, yaeyaony
nieaeaiea aeic iaeo/aiey iaoeeaioia ai a?aiy i?iaaaeaiey ?acee/iuo
enneaaeiaaiee n eniieueciaaieai ?aaeeiioeeeaeia, oi anoue auai? oaeeo
?aaeeiioeeeaeia e ia/aiiuo eie niaaeeiaiee, i?eiaiaiea eioi?uo iicaieyao
iieo/aoue iaiaoiaeeioth aeeaaiinoe/aneoth eioi?iaoeeth i?e ieieiaeueii
aiciiaeiuo aeicao iaeo/aiey iaoeeaioia.

?aaeeioa?iaoeaaoe/aneea i?aia?aou. Iaeanoe i?eiaiaiey, auai? e
iineaaenoaey io eo i?eiaiaiey.

Nenoaiaoe/anee ?aaeeiioeeeaeu aeey iaaeeoeeineeo oeaeae noaee
i?eiaiyoue n ia/aea 40-o aiaeia. Eiaiii oiaaea auea onoaiiaeaia no?iaay
caeiiiia?iinoue ?ani?aaeaeaiey ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai eiaea i?e ?acee/iuo
iaoieiae/aneeo ninoiyieyo ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu. A aeaeueiaeoai,
eniieueciaaiea niaaeeiaiee, ia/aiiuo ?aaeeiaeoeaiuie ioeeeaeaie,
iicaieeei ii?aaeaeeoue eieaeecaoeeth e ?acia?u ia?ae/iuo iiooieae,
auyaeoue ?ani?ino?aiaiea iiooieaauo i?ioeannia, eiio?iee?iaaoue
yooaeoeaiinoue eaea?noaaiiiai ea/aiey. Yoi iicaieeei ni a?aiaiai
auaeaeeoue aeaaiua aniaeou eniieueciaaiey ?aaeeiioeeeaeiie aeeaaiinoeee
a yaea?iie iaaeeoeeia. Ai-ia?auo, yoi enneaaeiaaiea ooieoeeiiaeueiiai
ninoiyiey i?aaiia e oeceieiae/aneeo nenoai, ai-aoi?uo, eco/aiea
oiiia?aoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoae i?aaiia, ii?oieiae/aneeo nenoai e iauaiiuo
ia?aciaaiee. Aeaaiaea?y aieueoiio ?aciiia?aceth ?aaeeiioeeeaeia e
ia/aiiuo eie i?aia?aoia a ianoiyuaa a?aiy iiaeii eco/aoue i?aeoe/anee
ethaoth oeceieiae/aneoth e ii?oieiae/aneoth nenoaiu i?aaiecia /aeiaaea:
na?aea/ii-ninoaeenooth e e?iaaoai?ioth, ii/aauaeaeeoaeueioth e
aiaeii-nieaaiai iaiaia, aeuoaoaeueioth e ieuaaa?eoaeueioth, einoioth e
eeioaoe/aneoth e o.i. N iiiiuueth i?aaiio?iiiuo i?aia?aoia iiaeii
auyaeoue iauaiiua i?ioeannu (iiooiee e iaoanoacu, ainiaeeoaeueiua i/aae
e aeenoioth eiaaceth) a ia/aie, ii/eao, einoyo, eaaeeo, aieiaiii e
nieiiii iicaa.

?aaeeiaeoeaiue ioeeeae, eioi?ue oai eee eiui niiniaii aue aaaaeai a
no?oeoo?o i?aia?aoa, auiieiyao ?ieue aai ia?ea?a. Eceo/aiey
?aaeeiioeeeaea noaiiayony ia?aiin/eea ie eii?aeeie?iaaiiie eioi?iaoeee
io enneaaeoaiiai iaoeeaioa e eioi?iaoeeiiii-ecia?eoaeueiiio eiiieaeno.
Oece/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea eceo/aiee ?aaeeiioeeeaea ?aoathuei ia?acii
i?aaeii?aaeaeyao iauai e aeoaeio caeaaaiey iiaeeaaeauaai enneaaeiaaieth
o/anoea oaea. A yoii neo/aa ?aaeeiaeoeaiia eceo/aiea, enoiaeyuaa ec
i?aaiecia iaoeeaioa, a iayaiii aeaea ianao naaaeaiey i ooieoeeiiaeueiii
ninoiyiee ?acee/iuo oeceieiae/aneeo iaoaieciia e
no?oeoo?ii-oiiia?aoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoyo ?acee/iuo i?aaiia e nenoai.
Iaaethaeay ca iniaaiiinoyie ?ani?aaeaeaiey ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai i?aia?aoa ai
a?aiaie (aeeiaieeo ?ani?aaeaeaiey), eeai a aua?aiiii iauaia oaea
(i?aaia), eee a oeaeii i?aaiecia, iu iieo/aai aiciiaeiinoue noaeeoue i
ooieoeeiiaeueiii ninoiyiee i?aaiia e nenoai. Eco/ay aea oa?aeoa?
i?ino?ainoaaiiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey. Iu i?eia?aoaai naaaeaiey i
nooeoo?ii-oiiia?aoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoyo oie eee eiie /anoe oaea, i?aaia
eee nenoaiu. Ii yoiio ii naiei ooieoeeiiaeueiui naienoaai ?IO iiaoo
auoue ?acaeaeaiu ia oeceieiae/anee o?iiiua e eia?oiua. Ec /aai neaaeoao,
/oi ia?aua yaeythony iioeiaeueiui n?aaenoaii aeey i?iaaaeaiey no?oeoo?ii
– oiiia?aoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee, eaaeaeia ec eioi?uo i?iaiaeeony,
ia/eiay n iiiaioa onoaiiaeaiey aieaa eee iaiaa noaaeeueiiai
?ani?aaeaeaiey ?OI a enneaaeoaiii i?aaia eee nenoaia. Aoi?ua, eioi?ua
/anoi iacuaatho eiaeeeaoi?aie ” o?aiceoa ” , eniieuecothony aeaaiui
ia?acii aeey enneaaeiaaiey iaoiaeaie aaiia – o?iiia?aoee. I?e yoii
aunieay oaeaeueiay aeoeaiinoue i?eia?aoa e i?eaieeiay yia?aey aaiia –
eaaioia, enioneaaiuo ?aaeeiioeeeaeii – iaoeie, aa?aioe?otho oi?ioea
i?ino?ainoaaiiia ?ac?aoaiea, a auno?ue ?aniaae ?aaeeiioeeeaeia iicaieyao
i?iaiaeeoue na?eth aeeiiie/aneeo iaaethaeaiee /a?ac ieieiaeueiue
eioa?aae a?aiaie i?e ionoonoaee i?aaiiiai oiia io i?aaeoanoaiaaaoaai
?aaeeiioeeeaeiiai ianeaaeiaaiey.

Auai? ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai ioeeeaea inouanoaeyaony ni neaaeothueie
o?aaiaaieyie: ieceay ?aaeeioiene/iinoue, i?eaieaiue ia?eiae iieo?aniaaea
(io ianeieueeeo ieioo aei ianeieueeeo /ania), oaeiaiia aeey ?aaeno?aoeee
aaiia – eceo/aiea.

A ?acaeouo no?aiao oaeaiaiea /enea ?aaeeiioeeeaeiuo ianeaaeiaaiee
i?ienoiaeeo eaaeaeua 3 – 5 eao. A iaiaeie ia?a yoiio niinianoaoao
aiaae?aiea a iaaeeoeeineoth i?aeoeeo yoeo no?ai enneaaeiaaiee ?OI 99mTc,
a oaeaea ei?ioeiaeeaoueo oeeeeio?iiiuo ?aaeei ioeeeaeia (67Ga, 111 In,
113 I, 201 Tl) e oeueo?aei?ioeiaeeaoueo iiceo?iiieceo/athueo
?aaeeiioeeeaeia (11 C,13 N, 15O, 18F).

*enei ianeaaeiaaiiuo n iiiiuueth iaoiaeia ?aaeeiioeeeaeiie aeeaaiinoeee
ninoaaeei a ?an/aoa ia 1000 /aeiaae ianaeaiey a Eaiaaea – 59, a NOA –
32, a Aano?ee – 18, a ssiiiee e Oaaoeee – 15, a Aiaeee – 10, e a auaoai
NNN? – 7 [8]

A NOA a 1990 aiaeo auei i?iaaaeaii 10 iei. aeeaaiinoe/aneeo i?ioeaaeo?
n ?aaeeiioeeeaeaie. Eiee/anoai i?ioeaaeo? ii eco/aieth ia?oocee
Ieiea?aea n 201 Tl oaaee/eeinue n 700 000 a 1988 aiaeo aei 1 000 000 a
1989 aiaeo e aei 1 300 000 a 1990 aiaeo.

A iaoae no?aia aei iineaaeiaai a?aiaie ?OI n 99mTc i?eiaiyeenue
oieueei o 15% iaoeeaioia, oiaaea eae ia/aiiua 131 I e 198 Au i?aia?aou,
nicaeathuea cia/eoaeueiua aeicu iaeo/aiey, – o 80%. A eieeaeoeaiie
aeica, aucaaiiie i?eiaiaieai ?aaeeiioeeeaeia a aeeaaiinoeea a iaoae
no?aia, i?aia?aou ia iniiaa 131 I iaania/eaatho 30 – 40% iaeo/aiey
aiiaae, 20 – 30% iaeo/aiey ii/ae e ia/aie, 40 – 50% iaeo/aiey anaai
oaea.[9]

Oaaeeoea 1

Eieeaeoeaiay yooaeoeaiay aeica e aiciiaeiue ?ene ioaeaeaiiuo
iineaaenoaee.

Aeae ianeaaeiaaiey

Aeica, /ae-Ca./aiae. Aiciiaeiia /enei aeiiieieoaeueiuo nia?oae,
neo/ae/aiae.

?aioaaiia?aoey 1,03*105 1700

?aioaaiineiiey 2,12*105 3500

Oeth?ia?aoey 0,68*105 1120

?OI 0,09*105 132

Anaai 3,92*105 6452

-2-

Niiniau iieo/aiey ?aaeeiioeeeaeia aeey yaea?iie iaaeeoeeiu.

Iniiaiua enoi/ieee i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaeeiioeeeaeia aeey yaea?iie
iaaeeoeeiu neaaeothuea: yaea?iua ?aaeoi?u, onei?eoaee ca?yaeaiiuo
/anoeoe, eae i?aaeei, oeeeeio?iiu e ?aaeeiioeeeaeiua aaia?aoi?u (eae
aoi?e/iue enoi/iee). A ie?iaii iauaia i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaeeiioeeeaeia
a?iiaaeiay aai /anoue -–ia onei?eoaeyo ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe, eioi?ua a
aieueoeinoaa naiai yaeythony oeeeeio?iiaie ?acee/iuo oeiia e o?iaiae.
Yoio oaeo iau/ii naycuaatho n aieueoei eiee/anoaii enneaaeiaaoaeueneeo
eo aeinooiiinoueth a naiua ia?aua aiaeu ?acaeoey yaea?iie iaaeeoeeiu ia
?oaaaea 40-o e 50-o aiaeia, a oaeaea n aeaoaaeciie i?iecaiaenoaa ia ieo
aieueoeinoaa ?aaeeiioeeeaeia. E na?aaeeia 80-aiaeia aaeaaiaeiay
ia?aaioea ?aaeeiioeeeaeia oieueei aeey yaea?iie iaaeeoeeiu ia ?aaeoi?ao
anaai ie?a aeinoeaea a noieiinoiii au?aaeaiee 500 iei. aeieea?ia.[Many
R. S. Research reactor production of radioisotopes for medical use.
Radiopharm. Labell. Comp., 1984, Proc. Ser., IAEA,Vienna, 1985, pp.
3-21. IAEA-CN-45-10.] Iaeiaei ca iineaaeiea aeaa aeanyoeeaoey
iaia?oaeeaaaony nouanoaaiiue ?ino a eniieueciaaiee onei?eoaeae
ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe aeey oeacaiiuo oeaeae, eioi?ue iaueyniyaony aieaa
i?eaieaiuie yaea?ii-oece/aneeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iieo/aaiuo n eo
iiiiuueth iaeo?iiiaeaoeoeeoiuo ?aaeeiioeeeaeia[10]

-3-

?aaeoi?iua ?aaeeiioeeeaeu.

Ia?aua 20-25 eao i?iecaiaenoai ?aaeeiioeeeaeia auei neiioeaio?e?iaaii
aie?oa e?oiiuo ?aaeoi?iuo onoaiiaie. iaeaieaa /anoi i?e iaeo/aiee a
?aaeoi?ao eniieueciaaee iioiee oaieiauo iaeo?iiia n eioaineaiinoueth
ianeieueei aaeeieoe ia 1013 i/ni2*n e ?aaea – /ooue aieaa 1015 i/ni2*n,
a oaeaea eieoeee?oaiua yoeie iaeo?iiaie ?aaeoeee ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai caoaaoa
iaeo?iiia (n,(). Auoiaeu yoie ?aaeoeee, eae i?aaeei, oiaiueoathony n
oaaee/aieai yia?aee iaeo?iiia. Aio ii/aio iaeo/aiea noa?oiauo iaoa?eaeia
(ieoaiae), a yoi /aua anaai oa?ie/anee e ?aaeeaoeeiiii-noieeea
iaoa?eaeu, iai?eia?, iaoaeeu, i?inoua aauanoaa, oa?iinoieeea ieeneu e
niee, niaea?aeauea noa?oiaue ioeeeae a i?e?iaeiie eee
ecioiiii-iaiaauaiiie oi?ia, inouanoaeytho a eaiaeao i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
eee enneaaeiaaoaeueneeo ?aaeoi?ia n i?aiaeaaeaieai oaieiaie eiiiiiaiou
iaeo?iiia. Aua iaeiei oeiii ?aaeoeee, eniieuecoaiui aeey ianooaaiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaeeiioeeeaeia aeey iaaeeoeeiu, yaeyaony ?aaeoeey
aeaeaiey (n,f). Iniiaiua ?aaeeiioeeeaeu, ia?acothueany a ?acoeueoaoa
aeaeaiey 235 U iiae aeaenoaeai iaeo?iiia e i?eiaiyaiua a iaaeeoeeia
137Cs, 131I,90Sr e 99Ii.

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Aaia?aoi?iua nenoaiu ?aaeeiioeeeaeia.

A oao neo/ayo, eiaaea iieueciaaoaee iaoiaeyony aaeaee io
enneaaeiaaoaeueneeo yaea?iuo e onei?eoaeae ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe e ianoao,
eoaea cao?oaeiaia ?aaoey?iay aeinoaaea ?OI, oiaaea i?eaaaatho e
eniieueciaaieth ?aaeeiioeeeaeiuo aaia?aoi?ia. E?iia oiai, cia/eoaeueiua
iioa?e ei?ioeiaeeaoueo ?aaeeiioeeeaeia noaiiaeony iaecaaaeiuie
aneaaenoaea eo ?aniaaea ai a?aiy o?ainii?oe?iaee. A yoie nayce aeaaii
noaee i?eaeaeaoue aieiaiea nenoaiu aeaoo aaiaoe/anee naycaiiuo iaaeaeo
niaie ?aaeeiioeeeaeia, eiaaea iaeei ec ieo – aieaa ei?ioeiaeeaouee
(aei/a?iee) iinoiyiii ia?acoaony (aaia?e?oaony) a ?acoeueoaoa ?aniaaea
ae?oaiai (iaoa?eineiai), eiathuaai aieueoee ia?eiae iieo?aniaaea, a nai
i?e ?aniaaea i?aa?auaaony a noaaeeueiue ioeeeae. I?e yoii
ei?ioeiaeeaouee ioeeeae, yaeythueeny ecioiiii ae?oaiai ii n?aaiaieth n
iaoa?eineei yeaiaioii, iiaeao auoue auno?i e iiiaie?aoii ecaea/ai ec
iaaieueoiai ono?ienoaa-aaia?aoi?a, iai?eia?, iin?aaenoaii i?iioneaiey
aeeaeeinoe (yethaoa) ii?aaeaeaiiiai ninoaaa /a?ac yoi ono?ienoai.
I?aaenoaaeythuaa niaie a aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa eieiieo, caiieiaiioth
ni?aaioii e iai?oaeiaaiioth oeeueo?ii, i?aaeioa?auathuai aai auiuaaiea.
Iieo/aiiue ?anoai? (yethao), eae i?aaeei, noa?eeai, ia niaea?aeeo
iaoa?eineiai ioeeeaea e eiaao oi?io, i?eaiaeioth aeey iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai
i?eiaiaiey a eeeieea. Oaeie aaia?aoi? iaania/ai caueoiui naeioeiaui
eiaeooii e nenoaiie eiiioieeaoeee. Ii i?ino e aaciianai a yenieoaoaoeee
a oneiaeyo aieueieoeu eee eeeieee. Aeoeaiinoue aei/a?iaai ioeeeaea i?e
yethe?iaaiee ec aaia?aoi?a ii?aaeaeyaony iaueie caeiiiia?iinoyie,
iaoneiaeaiiuie eeiaoeeie iaeiieaiey e ?aniaaea ioeeeaeia. Ia/aeii
enoi?ee i?eiaiaiey aaia?aoi?iuo nenoai a iaaeeoeeia i?eiyoi n/eoaoue
ia/aei20-o aiaeia iaoaai aaea, eiaaea G.Faila i?aaeeiaeee eniieueciaaoue
aaia?aoi? 222Rn (3,8noo.) ia iniiaa i?e?iaeiie ia?u ?aaeeiioeeeaeia
226Ra—222Rn.

Iicaeiaa iienee iiaeiaiuo nenoai i?iaiaeeee a BNL, NOA, n?aaee
eneonnoaaiiuo ?aaeeiioeeeaeia e ia?aie a ia/aea 50-o aiaeia auea ia?a
132Te—132I , eioi?ay iineoaeeea caoai i?ioioeiii oeaeie na?ee
aaia?aoi?iuo nenoai e, a /anoiinoe, iienoeia cieioie iaoiaeee yoie
eaai?aoi?ee auea ia?a 99Mo—99mTc, ia iniiaa eioi?ie a eiioea 50-o aue
neiino?oe?iaai aaia?aoi? 99mTc , ea?athuee e naaiaeiy aaaeouoth ?ieue a
yaea?iie iaaeeoeeia . Oai?aoe/anee oaeeo ia? nouanoaoao i/aiue iiiai.
Ianeieueei oaeoi?ia i?aaeii?aaeaeytho auai? eaeaaeueiie ia?u aeey
eniieueciaaiey a ea/anoaa aaia?aoi?a a iaaeeoeeineie i?aeoeea. Iie
naycaiu n iieo/aieai iaoa?eineiai ?aaeeiioeeeaea iaiaoiaeeiiai ea/anoaa
e eiee/anoaa ii i?eaieaiie oeaia, ia?eiaeii iieo?aniaaea, a oaeaea
iaeioi?uie oaoie/aneeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie naiiai aaia?aoi?a, a eiaiii:
aini?iecaiaeeiinoueth aunieiai auoiaea aei/a?iaai ?aaeeiioeeeaea a
oa/aiea ia?eiaea yenieoaoaoeee, nio?aiaieai i?ioeey e?eaie yethe?iaaiey
?aaeeiioeeeaea, ?aaeeaoeeiiiie noieeinoueth ni?aaioa e
aeecianiiniaiinoueth naiiai aaia?aoi?a. A nai? a?aiy auee ii?iaiaaiu e
?aaoey?ii eniieuecothony a eeeie/aneie i?aeoeea neaaeothuea
ia?u:28Mg—28Al,68Ge-68Ga, 87Y—87mSr, 90Sr—90Y, 99Mo—99mTc, 113Sn—113mIn,
132Te—132I, e ae?. ssaea?iue ?aaeoi? yaeyaony aeaaiui enoi/ieeii
aieueoeinoaa ?aaeeiioeeeaeia, eniieuecoaiuo a ea/anoaa iaoa?eineeo aeey
i?eaioiaeaiey aaia?aoi?ia. Noieiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa caeanue ieaea, /ai
ia oeeeeio?iia.

I?e ?aaioa n aaia?aoi?aie a eeeieeao eniieuecotho niaoeeaeueiua iaai?u
ia?aaeeiaeoeaiuo ?aaaaioia, eioi?ua niaea?aeao oeie/aneea aauanoaa a
noa?eeueiii aeaea. Iaoiaeu i?eaioiaeaiey ?OI ia iniiaa iaai?ia ?aaaaioia
i?inou e a aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa naiaeyony e aeiaaaeaieth yethaoa ec
aaia?aoi?a, niaea?aeauaai, iai?eia? 99mOn, ai oeaeii ni nianueth
?aaaaioia, i?aaeiacia/aiiue aeey i?iaaaeaiey ii?aaeaeaiiiai
aeeaaiinoe/aneiai oanoa. Iinea /aai iieo/aiiue ?anoai? aaiaeyo iaoeeaioo
e i?iaiaeyo noeeioea?aoeth neaeaoa. ?ac?aaioea iiauo iaai?ia ?aaaaioia e
aaia?aoi?ai ei?ioeiaeeaoueo ioeeeaeia yaeyaony iaeiie ec ?acaeaathueony
iaeanoae ?aaeeioa?iaoeaaoeee.

-5-

Aaia?aoi?u

Ia/aeii enoi?ee i?eiaiaiey aaia?aoi?iuo nenoai a iaaeeoeeia i?eiyoi
n/eoaoue 20-a aiaeu iaoaai aaea. Anaai auei i?aaeeiaeaii ieiei 118 oaeeo
nenoai, ii oieueei iaiiiaea ec ieo i?eiaiythony a eeeie/aneie i?aeoeea.

?aaeeioa?iaoeaaoe/aneay i?iiuoeaiiinoue i?aeoe/anee anao i?iiuoeaiii
?acaeouo no?ai eniieuecoao iieeaaeai-99 aeey ecaioiaeaiey
?aaeeiioeeeaeiuo aaia?aoi?ia 99mTc, eioi?ue i?eiaiyaony ii/oe a 80% anao
aeeaaiinoe/aneeo i?ioeaaeo? yaea?iie iaaeeoeeiu. A eiioea 80-o aiaeia
ie?iaie iauai au?o/ee io i?iaeaaee yoiai aaia?aoi?a ninoaaee 100 iei. $
/aiae. Oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa aaia?aoi?ia 99mTc ?acaeaaaony n?aco ii 3
iai?aaeaieyi : o?iiaoia?aoey ia eieiiea. Noaeeiaoeey e aeeaeeinoiay
yeno?aeoeey.

I?eaaaeai iaeioi?ua ?aaeeiioeeeaeu i?eiaiyaiua aeey aaia?aoi?iuo
nenoai.

Oaaeeoea 2

?aaeeiioeeeaeu aeey aaia?aoi?iuo nenoai.

Iaoa?eineee

ioeeeae Ia?eiae iieo?aniaaea. Aei/a?iee ioeeeae. Ia?eiae iieo?aniaaea.
Yia?aey eceo/aiey, eyA

Mg-28 20.9 /. Al-28 2,2 iei. 1780

S-38 2,8 /. Cl-38 37,2 iei. 2170

Ca-47 4,5 noo. Sc-47 3,3 noo. 159

Fe-52 8,3 /. Mn-52m 21,1 iei. 511

Zn-62 9,3 /. Cu-62 9,7 iei. 511

Ge-68 271noo. Ga-68 68,1 iei. 511

Se-72 8,4 noo. As-72 26 /. 511

Br-77 57 /. Se-77m 17,5 n. 162

Rb-81 4,6 /. Kr-81m 13 n. 190

Sr-82 83 noo. Kr-83m 1,86 /. 9

Y-87 26 noo. Rb-82 1,25 iei. 511

Zr-89 3,3 noo. Sr-87m 2,8 /. 388

Mo-90 78,5 /. Y-89m 16,1 n. 909

Mo-99 5,7 /. Nb-90m 18,8 n. 122

Pd-103 2,75 noo. Tc-99m 6,0 /. 140

Cd-109 17 noo. Rh-103m 56 iei. 40

In-111 462 noo. Ag-109m 39,6 n. 88

Sn-113 2,83 noo. Cd-111m 48,6 iei. 151

Cd-115 115 noo. In-113m 1,66 /. 392

Te-118 63,5 /. In-115m 4,49 /. 336

Xe-122 6,0 noo. Sb-118 3,6 iei. 511

Te-132 20,1 /. I-122 3,6 iei. 511

Ba-128 3,26 noo. I-132 2,3 /. 668

Cs-137 2,43 noo. Cs-128 3,9 iei. 511

Ce-134 30 eao. Ba-137m 2,55 iei. 662

Nd-140 73 /. La-134 6,5 iei. 511

Ce-144 3,4 noo. Pr-140 3,4 iei. 511

Hf-172 285 noo. Pr-144 17,3 iei. 696

W-178 1,87 aiaea Lu-172 6,7 noo. 901

Ta-183 21,7 noo. Ta-178 9,3 iei. 93

Os-191 5,1 noo. W-183m 55,2 n. 108

Hg-195m 15,4 noo. Au-195m 4,9 n. 129

Hg-197m 41,6 /. Au-197m 30,6 n. 261

Rn-211 23,8 noo. At-211 7,8 n. 130

Pb-212 14,6 /. Bi-212 7,2 /. 569

Iaiiiiei, /oi eeoue iaiiiaea ec yoeo nenoai eniieuecothony a
iaaeeoeeineie i?aeoeea.

-6-

Aaia?aoi? Y- 90

YENO?AEOeEIIIUE AAIA?AOI? 90Y

90Y – aue iaeiei ec ia?auo ?aaeeiioeeeaeia, eniieuecoaiuo aeey oa?aiee
ioe?uouie enoi/ieeaie. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy aieaa /ai 30 ?aaeeiioeeeaeia
eniieuecoaony aeey yoie oeaee, ii eioa?an e 90Y ii-i?aaeiaio ia oauaaao.
Yoi iaoneiaeaii aai oaeiaiuie yaea?iuie oece/aneeie naienoaaie: ia?eiae
iieo?aniaaea 64,2 /ana e iaeneiaeueiay (- yia?aey 2,27 IyA. 90Y
eniieuecoaony aeey ?acee/iuo oa?aiaaoe/aneeo oeaeae, aeeth/ay
?aaeeieiioiioa?aieth n ia/aiuie aioeoaeaie, ea/aiea iiooieae ia/aie e
?aaiaoieaeiiai a?o?eoa.

A oa/aiea iineaaeieo 12 eao Einoeooo aeioeceee i?iecaiaeeo e iinoaaeyao
ii niaoeeaeueiiio caeaco eieeieaeiua ?aaeeioa?ii?aia?aou 90Y aeey
oa?aiee iaiia?aaaeueiuo e aieueiuo e?aieioa?eiaeoii.

Yoio ?aaeeiioeeeae iieo/aaony a i?ioeanna ?aniaaea i?iaeoeoa aeaeaiey
90Sr. Iniiaiie i?iaeaiie aaciianiiai eeeie/aneiai eniieueciaaiey 90Y
yaeyaony aai iieiia ioaeaeaiea io 90Sr, 90Sr iiaeao aucuaaoue
aeai?anneth einoiiai iicaa iaeaieeaaynue a neaeaoa. E?iia oiai, eae e a
ae?oaeo neo/ayo iieo/aiey ?aaeeiioeeeaeia aeey iaaeeoeeineeo oeaeae,
eiathony no?iaea o?aaiaaiey e eiee/anoao oeie/aneeo i?eianae, eioi?ua
iiaoo iiaeaaeyoue i?ioeann ea/aiey. Iaaiciiaeii iieo/eoue eiia/iue
i?iaeoeo n oaeeie no?iaeie o?aaiaaieyie a iaeio noaaeeth. Iiyoiio
oaoiieiaey ioaeaeaiey 90Y io 90Sr aeeth/aao ianeieueei noaaeee
?acaeaeaiey e i/enoee. Wire and comp. (1990) e?aoei iienuaatho
i?eiaiaiea ?acee/iuo iiiainoaaeeeiuo nenoai aeey i?iecaiaenoaa 90Y
aunieiai ea/anoaa aeey i?eiaiaiey a iaaeeoeeia. Eaaeaeue ec yoeo
iaoiaeia eiaao nianoaaiiua ia?aie/aiey. Oae eniieueciaaiea i?aaie/aneeo
eiiiiaiaiieeia ia?aie/eaaaony ieceie ?aaeeaoeeiiiie noaaeeueiinoueth
ni?aaioa. I?eiaiaiea iaoiaea niinaaeaeaiey o?aaoao aeiaaaeaiey iineoaey
(ia?aaeeiaeoeaiiaiY). Aaoi?u iienuaatho oaoiieiaeth iieo/aiey aieueoeo
eiee/anoa 90 Y (ieiei 50 Ee ca iia?aoeeth), eniieuecoy yeno?aeoeeth 90Y
ec 90Sr c iineaaeothuae aeiiieieoaeueiie i/enoeie eiia/iiai i?iaeoeoa ia
eiiiiaiaiiuo ni?aaioao. Yeno?aeoeey 90Y inouanoaeyaony 1,0 I ?anoai?ii
Ae2YAOE a aeiaeaeaia ec 0,1 I ?anoai?a nieyiie eeneiou, niaea?aeauaai
90Sr. Caoai yeno?aeo o?eaeaeu i?iiuaatho ?aaiuie iauaiaie 0,1 I ?anoai?a
nieyiie eeneiou aeey oaeaeaiey neaaeia 90Sr. 90Y ?ayeno?aae?oaony aeaoiy
ii?oeeyie 6,0 I INl i?e niioiioaiee oac 1:1. Iinea ?ayeno?aeoeee aiaeiay
oaca enia?yaony e inaaeie ?anoai?yaony a 0,1 I INl. Caoai 90Y niiaa
yeno?aae?oaony 1,0 I ?anoai?ii Ae2YAOE a aeiaeaeaia e 4 ?aca i?iiuaaaony
0,1 I INl. Aeaa ii?oeee ii 30ie. 9 I INl eniieuecoaony aeey aoi?ie
?ayeno?aeoeee. Iieo/aiiue aiaeiue ?anoai? 90Y i?iioneaaony /a?ac
aieiii-iaiaiiue ni?aaio aeey oaeaeaiey i?eianae. Yethao enia?yaony,
?anoai?yaony a 0,1 I INl e i?iioneaaony /a?ac eieiieo n eaoeiii-iaiaiiui
ni?aaioii aeey oaeaeaiey i?aaie/aneeo i?eianae e oinoaoia. Yethao e
i?iiuaiua ?anoai?u (INl) iauaaeaiythony aianoa, enia?ythoeny aei nooa e
?anoai?ythony aeey iieo/aiey eiia/iiai i?iaeoeoa a niioaaonoaee n
o?aaiaaieyie iio?aaeoaey. Auoa iienaiiue iaoiae ?aaoey?ii enieieuecoaony
n1987 a. a Ie?eaeaeneie Iaoeeiiaeueiie Eaai?aoi?ee. Iau/ii iieo/atho io
5 aei15 Ee 90Y a 10 ie. 0,1 I INl. I?eianue 90Sr a eiia/iii i?iaeoeoa ia
i?aauoaao 0,015 %, a iauaa eiee/anoai i?eianae oyaeaeuo iaoaeeia iaiueoa
/ai 20 ppm.

Yeno?aeoeey oinoi?ii?aaie/aneeie yeno?aaaioaie, iniaaiii Ae2YAOE
n/eoaaony iaeaieea yooaeoeaiui iaoiaeii auaeaeaiey 90Y. Eiyooeoeeaio
?acaeaeaiey iiaeao auoue 106

A 70-80 a. a. Iaeeiei eniieueciaae yeno?aeoeeiiii-o?iiaoia?aoe/aneee
iaoiae aeey ?acaeaeaiey 90Y – 90Sr . Oaoeii, i?iieoaiiue Ae2YAOE,
eniieuecoaony eae ni?aaio. Aneaaenoaea ?acee/iuo eiyooeoeeaioia
?ani?aaeaeaiey ?aaeeiaeoeaiue Y iieiinoueth ioaeaeyaony io Sr n
iiiiuueth iaeaiueeeo iaueaiia yeno?aaaioia e eiioeaio?e?oaony a aa?oiai
neia eieiiee. Eiyooeoeeaio ?ani?aaeaeaiey (Ae) ninoaaeyao ieiei 104 a
0,1 I ICl aeey aieaa iieiiai oaeaeaiey neaaeia Sr . ?ayeno?aeoeey 90Y ec
eieiiee inouanoaeyaony 6 I INl. Nei?inoe iiaea/e ?anoai?ia ninoaaeytho
1-5 ie/iei. Yoio iaoiae ?acaeaeaiey ia iaiaa 10 3. Eiyooeoeeaio
?acaeaeaiey iiaeao aeinoeaaoue (103)3=109 . Eiaaea ?acaeaeaiea
iiaoi?yaony aua ?ac. Ec iaoaai iiuoa iiiaieaoiaai eniieueciaaiey yoiai
iaoiaea iu iiaeai caeeth/eoue, /oi eiyooeoeeaio ?acaeaeaiey iiaeao auoue
ia iaiaa /ai 2,5*1011 , eiaaea i/enoea iiaoi?yaony 3 ?aca, oae /oi
niaea?aeaiea 90Sr a eiia/iii i?iaeoeoa ia i?aauoaao 4*1010 % .
Eiee/anoai i?eiane 90Sr a yoeo yenia?eiaioao ii?aaeaeyeinue (iinea
eaaeaeie eieiiee) eae i?yiuie ecia?aieyie 90Sr iinea auaea?aeee
ia?acoeia aei iieiiai ?aniaaea 90Y Y-90 a oa/aiee 2-3 ianyoeaa, oae e
iooai aeiaaaeaiey 85Sr eae (- eiaeeeaoi?a ia eaaeaeie noaaeee i/enoee.
Iaoiae iieo/aiey 90Y, iienaiiue auoa, aue i/aiue i?inoui a ?aaioa. Ii
auoiae i?iaeoeoa ia eaaeaeie noaaeee i/enoee aue ?aaai 60-80%. Iiyoiio
eiia/iue auoiae eae i?aaeei ninoaaeye 35-40%. E?iia oiai, iauaa a?aiy
auaeaeaiey ninoaaeyei 18-20 /ania, /oi i?eaiaeeei e cia/eoaeueiui
iioa?yi 90Y aneaaenoaee ?aniaaea.

Iu ?aoeee eniieueciaaoue iieoi?ioeaioi/iue oeaio?eooaeiue yeno?aeoi?
aeey oeo/oaiey ?acaeaeaiey. Auoaoiiiyiooay iaoiaeeea iaania/eaaao
iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiia iaania/aiea anao ?ooeiiuo yeno?aeoeeiiiuo
iia?aoeee, oaeeo eae auaeaeaiea, eiioeaio?e?iaaiea e ?acaeaeaiea n
iaeiaiueoei eiee/anoaii yeno?aeoeeiiiuo noaaeee.

Oa?aeoa?enoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe iieoi?ioeaioi/iiai iaoiaea yeno?aeoeee.

Yoio iaoiae caeeo/aaony a iai?a?uaiie iiaea/a yeno?aaaioa a enoiaeiue
aiaeiue ?anoai?, niaea?aeauee eiiiiiaiou, eioi?ua aeieaeiu auoue
yeno?aae?iaaiu. I?ioiaey /a?ac niaoaiioth eaia?o e naia?aoi? ( ni.
?en.1) yeno?aaaio yeno?aae?oao iineaaeiaaoaeueii eiiiiiaiou niane a
niioaaonoaee n oiaiueoaieai eo eiyooeoeeaioia ?ani?aaeaeaiey (Ae2,Ae1 ).
I?aaie/aneay oaca iiaeao i?iiuaaoueny oaeei aea ia?acii, ii a oieii
neo/aa iaiaa yeno?aae?oaiue eiiiiiaio auiuaaaony ia?aui (1/ Ae1,1/ Ae2
). Iaa i?ioeanna iiaoo auoue iienaiu neaaeothueie o?aaiaieyie:

WAe2

(ag = C/C0 = exp(-——————) (1)

V0 (1+rag*Ae2)

I?iiuaea

V*1/Ae1

(0 = n/c0 = exp ( – ———————— )
(2)

W0(1+r0*1/Ae1)

Aaea: (ag,, (0 – ioiineoaeueiua eiioeaio?aoeee yeno?aae?oaiuo eee
i?iiuaaaiuo eiiiiiaioia a aiaeiie (a neo/aa yeno?aeoeee) e a
i?aaie/aneie ( a neo/aa i?iiuaee) oacao;

N,C0 – enoiaeiay e eiia/iay eiioeaio?aoeee yeno?aae?oaiuo eiiiiiaioia;

n,c0 – enoiaeiay e eiia/iay eiioeaio?aoeee i?iiuaaaiiai eiiiiiaioa;

Ae1,Ae2 – eiyooeoeeaiou ?ani?aaeaeaiey;

W – nei?inoue iiaea/e yeno?aaaioa;

W0 – enoiaeiue iauai yeno?aaaioa;

V0 – enoiaeiue iauai aiaeiie oacu;

V – nei?inoue iiaea/e i?iiuaiiai ?anoai?a;

rag r0 , – oaciaiaioiioaiea a yioeuenee i?e yeno?aeoeee e i?iiuaea
niioaaonoaaiii:

rag = W / V0 ; r0 = V / W0

?en.1 Ia?aue oeaio?eooaeiue yeno?aeoi? aaia?aoi?a Y-90 (yeno?aeoeey
i?iiuaea)

A?auathueeny ei?ion.

Oeaio?aeueiay oeene?iaaiiay o?oaea aeey iiaea/e e oaeaeaiey enoiaeiiai
?anoai?a 90Sr

O?oaea aeey iiaea/e e oaeaeaiey i?iiuaiiai ?aaaaioa

O?oaea aeey oaeaeaiey yeno?aeoa.

Yeno?aeoeeiiiay eaia?a

I?iiuaiay eaia?a

Eaia?a oaeaeaiey yeno?aeoa

Eaia?a niaoaiey

Iaoaeea

Naia?aoi? yeno?aeoeeiiiie eaia?u

Eaia?a niaoaiey

Iaoaeea

Naii?aoi? i?iiuaiie eaia?u

?en. 2 Aoi?ie oeaio?eooaeiue yeno?aeoi? aaia?aoi?a 90Y (i?iiuaea e
?ayeno?aeoeey)

A?auathueeny ei?ion

Oeene?iaaiiay iaiei/ea

Oeaio?aeueiay oeene?iaaiiay o?oaea aeey iiaea/e yeno?aeoa e i?iiuaiiai
?anoai?a e oaeaeaiey io?aaioaiiiai yeno?aeoa

O?oaea aeae?icaoai?a

Yeno?aeoeeiiiay eaia?a

Iaoaeee

7.e 8. Naia?aoi? n aeae?icaoai?ii

I?ioiae aeey oaeaeaiey i?iiuaiiai ?anoai?a e ?ayeno?aeoa

Eieeaeoi? aeey oaeaeaiey i?iiuaiiai ?anoai?a e ?ayeno?aeoa

Iao?oaie aeey oaeaeaiey i?iiuaiiai ?anoai?a e ?ayeno?aeoa

Iniiaiui i?aeiouanoaii iieoi?ioeaioi/iiai yeno?aeoi?a yaeyaony oi, /oi
iaeiaiaa yeno?aae?oaiue eee i?iiuaaaiue eiiiiiaio iiaeao auoue
ioaeaeai n ethaie /anoioie a iaeio noaaeeth.

Iia?aoeee:

Yeno?aeoeey iniiaiiai i?iaeoeoa.

I?iiuaea yeno?aeoa.

Nai? yeno?aeoa.

Iieoi?ioeaioi/iay i?iiuaea io i?eianae.

Oaeaeaiea i?iiuaiiai ?anoai?a e eiia/iiai i?iaeoeoa.

?aaeeiioeeeaeu e ?aaaaiou

Eniieueciaaeenue 0,5 I ?anoai? acioiie eeneiou, 0,1 I e 6,0 I ?anoai?u
nieyiie eeneiou. Iie auee i?eaioiaeaiu ec eiia?/aneeo oeie/anee /enouo
(chemical grade) ?aaeoeaia e aeaaaeaeu aeeiiece?iaaiiie aiaeu. ?anoai?
90Sr aac iineoaey aue iinoaaeai A/I “Ecioii”. ?anoai? 90Sr aue
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii i/euai yeno?aeoeeae Ae2YAOE : ii aue i?iiouai /a?ac
eieiieo n oaoeiiii n iaianaiiie Ae2YAOE eee oeaio?eooaeiue yeno?aeoi?
iinea ia?aiai eiioaeoa n Ae2YAOE, eae aoaeao iienaii ieaea. ?anoai?u
85Sr e 88Y, iinoaaeaiiua A/I

“Ecioii” auee eniieueciaaiu aeey aieaa oi/iiai ii?aaeaeaiey
eiyooeoeeaioia ?ani?aaeaeaiey eoo?ey e no?iioeey a nenoaiao HNO3 –
Ae2YAOE e Ae2YAOE – HCl, a oaeaea aeey ii?aaeaeaiey eiyooeoeeaioa
i/enoee 90Y io 90Sr.

-7-

Auaeaeaiea e i/enoea 90Y

Oaaeeoea 3.

?ani?aaeaeaiea 90Y (88Y) a iiuoao ia oeaio?eooaeiii yeno?aeoi?a.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea ?anoai?ia iinea eaaeaeie noaaeee ?acaeaeaiey
Ioiineoaeueiay aeoeaiinoue,%

Enoiaeiue ?anoai? 90Y a 0,5 I INI3, 130 iEe 100

Enoiaeiue ?anoai? 90Y iinea yeno?aeoeee 0,01

Yeno?aeo – 0,25 I Ae2YAOE a aeiaeaeaia (100

Yeno?aeo iinea ?ayeno?aeoeee 90Y 0,75

I?iiuaea 0,1 i INl 6*10-4

?ayeno?aeoeey 6,0 I INl 98

Oaaeeoea4.

?ani?aaeaeaiea 90Sr (85Sr)a iiuoao ia oeaio?eooaeiii yeno?aeoi?a.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea ?anoai?ia iinea eaaeaeie noaaeee ?acaeaeaiey
Ioiineoaeueiay aeoeaiinoue,%

Enoiaeiue ?anoai? 90Sr a 0,5 I INI3, 120 iEe 100

Enoiaeiue ?anoai? 90Y iinea yeno?aeoeee 99,99

Yeno?aeo – 0,25 I Ae2YAOE a aeiaeaeaia 0,01

Yeno?aeo iinea i?iiuaee 0,5 I INI3 (1*10-4

I?iiuaea 0,1 i INl (1*10-7

?ayeno?aeoeey 6,0 I INl (1*10-9

Oaaeeoea 5.

Ii?aaeaeaiea 90Y io 90Sr iaoiaeii iieoi?ioeaioi/iiai
oeaio?eooae?iaaiey.

Enoiaeiay aeoeaiinoue 90Sr, iEe. Auoiae 90Y ec 1yeno?aeoi?a, % Auoiae
90Y ec 2yeno?aeoi?a, % I?eianue 90Sr *109,% Iioa?e 90Y iinea
enia?aiey,% Eiia/iay aeoeaiinoue 90Y, iEe.

88,1 99,3 97,8 4,4 9,8 83,1

166,2 98,9 97,7 1,2 13,1 139,6

127,0 96,8 98,3 0,8 8,8 110,2

132,4 94,3 97,2 (0,2 7,5 112,2

265,9 93,6 98,5 7,0 11,4 218,0

121,6 97,0 97,3 (0,2 10,5 192,7

Yoi n?aaeiea ?acoeueoaou ec 8-12 iiuoia iinea caa?ocee iiaiai ?anoai?a
90Sr. Eiyooeoeeaiou i/enoee 90Y io 90Sr ?an/eoaiiua iinea aeiaaaeaiey
85Sr ia eaaeaeie noaaeee.

-8-

Aaia?aoi? Y-90 Aunieie ?aaeeiioeeeaeiie /anoiou ia iniiaa eieiiee n
eaoeiieoii .

*anoi aeey ?acaeaeaiey Y-90 e Sr-90 eniieuecotho aaia?aoi?iua nenoaiu.
Iaeei ec oeiia aaia?aoi?a i?aaenoaaeyao niaie eieiieo n eaoeiieoii, ia
eioi?ii ni?ae?iaai Sr-90. Y-90 auiuaatho 100 ie. 0.5 % ?anoai?a eeiiiiie
eeneiou n ?I=5.5. Auoiae Y-90 ieiei 98%. I?eianue Sr-90 aic?anoaao
aneaaenoaea ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai ?ac?ooaiey niieu. A ae?oaii aa?eaioa
aaia?aoi?a eieiieo caiieiytho eaoeiieoii aeaoyen 50*4 e ianuuatho
ie?eaeei-eo?aoiui aooa?iui ?anoai?ii n ?I=4. Sr-90 ni?ae?otho ia eieiiea
e niuaatho iaeiieaoeeny Y-90 ie. oaeiai aea aooa?iiai ?anoai?a. Auoiae
Y-90 95%, i?eianue Sr-90 iaiueoa 10-4 %. Aeey aieaa aeoaieie i/enoee
yethao i?iioneatho /a?ac aoi?oth eieiieo oaeiai aea oeia. I?e yoii
i?eianue Sr-90 nieaeaaony aei 10-5 %.

A ?aaioa [11] Sr-90 ni?ae?iaaee ia niiea aeaoyen-50W e auiuaaee Y-90
?anoai?ii o?eeiia A n ?I=6-9 e eiioeaio?aoeeae 0.5 ia./ie. Auoiae Y-90
ninoaaeye (60-70)%, i?eianue Sr-90 a yethaoa (10-4 % . A yoie ?aaioa a
ea/anoaa ni?aaioa eniieueciaaee o?iiaoia?aoe/aneoth ieenue aethieiey. A
eieiiea auei aeaa neiy ni?aaioa aeoeaiue e caueoiue. Aeoeaiue neie
i?eaioaaeeaaee acaaeouaaieai ieene aethieiey n aiaeii-nie?oiaui eee
aiaeii- .aoiiiaui ?anoai?ii n ?I=5-7, a eioi?ii iaoiaeeeny Sr-90 aac
iineoaey. Ni?a.ey no?iioeey i?ienoiaeeea eiee/anoaaiii. A ea/anoaa
yethaioa aeey Y-90 i?eiaiyee o?eaooeeoinoao, ianuuaiiue 13 iieue/e
?anoai?ii acioiie eeneiou. Auoiae – Y 90 ninoaaeye 90%, ?aaeeiioeeeaeiay
/enoioa 99.9%.

A iniiao oaoiieiaee ?acaeaeaiey Sr-90 e Y-90 iu iieiaeeee
yeno?ae.eiiii-o?iiaoia?aoe/aneee iaoiae, iaania/eaathuee iiiaie?aoiia
yeno?aae?iaaiea n iiiiuueth ?anoai?eoaey, ?ani?aaeaeaiiiai oiieei neiai
ia iiaa?oiinoe ca?ai eia?oiiai iaiieieoaey eieiiee. A ea/anoaa oaeiai
iaiieieoaey eniieueciaaee ca?ia ooi?iieanoa-4, a a ea/anoaa yeno?aaaioa
– Ae2YAOE. ?acaeaeaiea Y e Sr iniiaaii ia aieueoii ?acee/ee
eiyooeoeeaioia ?ani?aaeaeaiey yoeo yeaiaioia iaaeaeo yeno?aaaioii e
neaaui nieyiieeneui aiaeiui ?anoai?ii. I?e eeneioiinoe ?anoai?a (0.1
iieue/e. eiyooeoeeaio ?ani?aaeaeaiey iaaeaeo i?aaie/aneie e aiaeiie
oacaie aeey Y aeinoeaaao 10 4,a aeey Sr ii ninoaaeyao eeoue ieiei 10-2
.A ?acoeueoaoa Y eiioeaio?e?oaony a oiieii aa?oiai neia eieiiee, a Sr
i?aeoe/anee ia yeno?aae?oaony, inoaaaynue a ?anoai?a. Iinea i?iiuaaiey
eieiiee 0.1 iieue/e. ?anoai?ii nieyiie eeneiou aeey oaeaeaiey neaaeia Sr
yethe?otho Y 90 6 iieue/e. ?anoai?ii nieyiie eeneioie.

Iaeia eieiiea iaania/eaaao i/enoeo Y a (103 ?ac. I?e iiaoi?aiee
i/enoee ia aoi?ie e o?aoae eieiieao eiyooeoeeaio i/enoee ninoaaeo ia
iaiaa 109 . Yooaeoeaiinoue i/enoee Y-90 io Sr-90 iu i?iaa?yee aia/aea ia
ioaeaeueiuo eieiieao . enoiaeiue ?anoai? Sr-90 + Y-90 a 0.1 iieue/e. INl
i?iioneaee ni nei?inoueth 60-70 eaiaeue/iei. Y-90 yethe?iaaee 60 ie. 6
iieue/e. ?anoai?a INl. Eiee/anoai i?eiane Sr-90 ii?aaeaeyee iinea
?aniaaea Y -90 ia 4((-n/ao/eea. ?acoeueoaou i?aaenoaaeaiu a oaaeeoea 6.

Oaaeeoea 6

?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioia ii ?acaeaeaieth Y-90 Sr -90 ia ioaeaeueiuo
eieiieao (ooi?iieano-4 + Ae2YAOE)

Oa?aeoa?enoeea enoiaeiiai ?anoai?a Sr-90 +Y-90 Oa?aeoa?enoeea ?anoai?a
Y-90 iinea ?acaeaeaiey ia eieiiea (ia iiiaio ioaeaeaiey io Sr-90) Auoiae
Y-90 ,% Eiyooeoeeaio i/enoee Y-90 io Sr-90

Iauai, ie Iauaiiay aeoeaiinoue iEe/ie Iauai, ie Iauaiiay aeoeaiinoue
iEe/ie

1 5,0 10 0,51 100,0 1,6*104

5 2,7 10 1,1 81,4 5,0*103

5 2,7 6 1,7 75,5 8,0*103

6 2,0 4 2,0 66,0 1,8*103

5 2,7 7 1,4 81,5 4,3*103

6 2,0 3 3,21 80,0 4,1*103

Auai? oiai eee eiiai aaia?aoi?a iiaeii aeaeaoue enoiaey ec oiai eaeea
oeaee i?aneaaeoao iio?aaeoaeue.

Iyoue eao yenieoaoaoeee iai?oaeiaaiey iienaii auoa iicaieyao naeaeaoue
auaiae i iaaeaaeiinoe ?aaiou oeaio?eooaeiuo yeno?aeoi?ia. A oa/aiee
anaai yoiai a?aiaie iu ia eiaee eaeeo eeai io?eoeaoaeueiuo ?acoeueoaoia
i?e iieo/aiee ?aaeeioa?ii?aia?aoia e eo eeeie/aneii eniieueciaaiee.
I?eieiay ai aieiaiea eeoa?aoo?iua aeaiiua i ?aaeeioeeiiiie noaaeeueiinoe
Ae2YAOE iiaeii iaaeaaony, /oi eiaaony aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaiey yoiai
iaoiaea aeey auaeaeaiey ai?acaei aieueoeo eiee/anoa Y-90 .

Aeiaieueii ei?ioeia a?aiy ia?a?aaioee ia?yaeo n oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiui
ea/anoaii iieo/aaiiai i?iaeoeoa iiaeii n/eoaoue aeaaiui i?aeiouanoaii
yoiai iaoiaea. E?iia oiai, yoio i?ioeann iiaeao auoue iieiinoueth
aaoiiaoece?iaai.

Iienaiea oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna iieo/aiey Y-90 a AE.

Enoiaeiui aeey auaeaeaiey eoo?ey-90 yaeyaony ?anoai? no?iioeey-90 a 0,1
I acioiie eeneioa, iauai 135 ie., aeoeaiinoue no?iioeey-90 io5 aei10 Ee
auaea?aeea iaaeaeo ia?a?aaioeaie io 10 aei 12 aeiae. A AE-117 o?aienny 5
ii?oeee.

I?aaeaa?eoaeueii ni?aoeeiiiui iaoiaeii niaeo?iiao?e/aneei aiaeeca a
?anoai?a no?iioeey-90 iinoi?iiiea ?aaeeiioeeeaeu ia iaia?oaeaiu.

Eoo?ee-90 ecaeaeatho ec enoiaeiiai aiaeiiai ?anoai?a no?iioeey-90
yeno?aeoeeae 0,25 I ?anoai?ii Ae”YAOE a aeiaeaeaia ia oeaio?eooaeiii
yeno?aeoi?a. A yoii aea yeno?aeoi?a ia aai aoi?ie nooiaie i?iecaiaeyo
ioiuaeo i?aaie/aneiai yeno?aeoa eoo?ey-90 io neaaeiauo eiee/anoa
no?iioeey-90, iinea /aaiyeno?aeo eoo?ey-90 iinooiaao ai aoi?ie
yeno?aeoi?. A yoii yeno?aeoi?a i?iecaiaeyo aeoaieoth ioiuaeo eoo?ey-90
io no?iioeey-90 ec acioiie eeneiou 0,

1 I ?anoai?ii nieyiie eeneiou ecioa?ie/aneie /enoiou.

Aeaeaa, ia yoii yeno?aeoi?a eoo?ee-90 ?ayeno?aae?otho 6 I nieyiie
eeneioie oaeaea ecioa?ie/aneie.

Iauaiu:

Enoiaeiue-135 ie

I?iiuaiie 0,1 I acioiay eeneioa io 35 – 40 ie

Yeno?aaaio 50 ie

I?iiuaiie ?anoai?o 0,1 I nieyiae eeneioa -100 ie

?ayeno?aaaio 6 I nieyiay eeneioa 50 ie

?ayeno?aeo eoo?ey-90 iinooiaao ia iia?aoeeth ioaiiee nieyiie eeneiou
iaoiaeii oia?ee, iinea /aai ?anoai? ?acaaaeytho io 0,05 aei 0,1 I
nieyiie eeneiou.

Aeey aeii/enoee eoo?ey-90 io oeie/aneeo i?eianae i?iaiaeyo
ni?aoeeiiioth i/enoeo eoo?ey-90 n eniieueciaaieai eaoeiieoa E?N-6 niaoe.

i/enoee, a oaeaea 0,1 I e 6,0 I nieyiie eeneiou ecioa?ie?iaaiiie a
eaa?oea.

Aeani?aao eoo?ey-90 ia?aaeatho a AO (aien oyaeaeue) aaea i?iecaiaeyo
ioai? i?ia aeey i?iaaaeaiey ?aaeeioeie/aneiai aiaeeca, oia?eo iiae
?ac?yaeaieai aeey ioaiiee nieyiie eeneiou, aeiaaaeaiea eeneioiinoe aei
0,05-0,1 I ii nieyiie eeneioa e ?anoaniaeo.

Oaoiieiae/aneay eino?oeoeey

Eoo?ee-90 yaeyaony (-eceo/aoaeai Amax = 2,27 IyA, T1/2 = 64 /.,
a?oiia “A” ?aaeeaoeeiiiie iianiinoe ii I?A-96.

Eoo?ee-90 yaeyaony aei/a?iei i?iaeoeoii (-?aniaaea no?iioeey-90 (T1/2
= 28,88 eao.) e auaeaeyaony ec ?anoai?ia no?iioeey auaea?aeaiiuo io 10
aei 12 noo.

I?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue

?aciaay iia?aoeey ii ia?a?aaioea aei 10 Ee no?iioeey-90.

A aiae 52 ia?a?aaioee n iinoaaeie caeac/eeo io 2 aei 10 Ee eoo?ey-90 (
100-500 Ee/aiae)

Nu?uea

No?iioeee-90 auaea?aeaiiue a oa/aiee 10-12 noo. No?iioeee-90
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii i/euai ni?aoeeiiiui iaoiaeii io iinoi?iiieo
?aaeeiioeeeaeia.

Aeoeaiinoue no?iioeey-90 io5 aei 10 Ee a iauaia 135 ie a 0,1 I ?-?a
acioiie eeneiou.

O/anoie

AE-117 aAE e aa iia?aoi?neay aeaa aiena AO e AE oeia 1AI1-IN

AO – iniauai oiaaiauie iaieioeyoi?aie.

AE – iniauai ?aceiiauie ia?/aoeaie.

A AE

o?aiaiea

Yeno?aeoeeiiiia auaeaeaiea Y-90 ia oeaio?eooaeiii iieoi?ioeaioi/iii
yeno?aeoi?a.

Ioiuaea Y-90 4 I nieyiie eeneioie, ia OeIIY2

Ni?aoeeiiiay aeii/enoea Y-90 ia eaoeiieoa EO-2

Oia?ea ?anoai?a Y-90 e ia?aaea/a a AO.

A AO

Ioai? i?ia e ia?aaea/a a AE

Oiaeiaea aioiaiai i?iaeoeoa e ioi?aaeaY-90 a ia?ae/ioth aa?iiaieinoue

A AE

?O aiaeec Y-90

Oiaeiaea

-11-

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u

I.A. Eo?aieia, TH.I. Ooaei; ?aaeeiioeeeaeu a yaea?iie iaaeeoeeia,
(iieo/aiea e eniieueciaaiea),Iaieine;OYE-1993a.

A.A. Iaeeiei, E.I. Eo?/aoiaa. E.I.O?iiiaa e ae?. Aaia?aoi? Y-90 aunieie
?aaeeiioeeeaeiie /anoiou,?aaeeioeiey,N 4,1984a.

Mark L. Dietz and E. Philip Horwitz, Improved Chemistri for the
Production of Y-90 for Medical Application, Appl. Radiat. Isotops.
Vol.43,No.9. pp. 1093-1101.,1992.

I.A.Eo?aieia, TH.I. Ooaei, ?aaeeiioeeeaeu a yaea?iie iaaeeoeeia, ?aoa?ao

G.E.Kodina,G.V.Korpusov,A.T.Filynin, Extractive Y-90-Generator,
abstract.

A.A. Oaeeei, A.A. Oeoiei-Neoieeia,I.A.Caeoeaaa, ?aaeeiioeeeaeu aeey
?aaeeioa?aiee. Aeoeiee-225;
naienoaa,iieo/aiea,i?eiaiaiea.,?aaeeioeiey,1997,o.39,N6.

J.S.Wike,C.E.Guyer,D.W.Ramey,B.P.Philips,Chemistri for Commercial Scale
Production of Y-90 for Medical Research, Appl. Radiat. Isotops.
Vol.41,No.9. pp. 861-865,1990.

Oa?ania I. O. Ninoiyiea e i?iaeaiu ioa/anoaaiiie ?aaeeioa?iaoeaaoeee.
Iaae?aaeeieiaey, 1989, ?6, no?. 3-8

Caiiiaa E.A. e ae?. Eo/aaua iaa?ocee io ?aaeeioa?iaoeaaoeee.] Iineaa.
OeIEEaoiieioi?i, 1984.

Ruth T. J., Pate B.D., Robertson r., Porter J.K.Radionuclide Production
for Biosciencec. Review. Nucl.

Ieoaaa I.A. ?aaeeioeiey 1969 o.11 N1 n. 126-127.

Med. Biol.,1989, v.16, ?4, pp. 323-336.

PAGE 18

?anoai? Sr-90 a0,1 I acioiie eeneioa

Neea a niaoeeaiaeecaoeeth

?ayeno?aeoeey Y-90, 6 I nieyiie eeneioie

I?iiuai/iue ?anoai?

I?aaie/aneee yeno?aaaio

I?iiuaea yeno?aaaioa 0,1 I nieyiie eeneioie

O?aiaiea

I?iiuai/iue ?anoai? Sr-90

I?aaie/aneee yeno?aeo Y-90

I?iiuaea 0,1 I acioiie eeneioie

O?aiaiea, iaeiieaiea Y-90

Aiaeii-oainoiaie ?anoai? Sr-90

Yeno?aeo Y-90

Yeno?aeoeey Y-90 0,25 I Ae2YAOE a aeiaeaeaia ec 0,1 I acioiie eeneiou

Neea a niaoeeaiaeecaoeeth

?anoaniaea, oiaeiaea.

?O* ?anoai?a

Iiaeaioiaea e ni?aoeee Y-90 aeey neaae.ia?oee.

Oia?ea ?anoai?a Y-90 ?acaaaeaie. 0,05 I nieyiie eeneioie

Eaoeiieo E?N-6

Aeani?aao

Y-90

Neea a niaoeeaiaeecaoeeth

?aoeiao e i?ii. ?anoai?u

I?iiuaea ni?aaoa 0,1 I ?anoai?ii nieyiie eeneiou

Aeani?aoeey Y-90, 6 I nieyiie eeneioie

Ni?aoeey Y-90 ia eaoeiieoa

Ei??aeoe?iaea ?anoai?a aeey ni?aoeee ia E?N-6

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Iaieineee einoeooo aoiiiie yia?aaoeee

AIOe ?O oeceei-yia?aaoe/aneee einoeooo ei. ae. Eaeioineiai

Eaoaae?a iauae e niaoeeaeueiie oeiee

Io/ao ii i?aaeaeeieiiiie i?aeoeea.

Auiieiee: nooaeaio a?. OOI-93a. TH?eia Aioii Na?aaaae/

Eiinoeueoaio: Oaiiaaeia A.A.

?oeiaiaeeoaeue: caa. eaa. N71 Ia?icei I.A.

?aaioa auiieiaia a Ai?y/ae eaai?aoi?ee AIOe ?O OYE

IEAoY, OYE 1998 a

-1-

Iauea iieiaeaiey.

Aaaaeaiea.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ecaanoii 106 oeie/aneeo yeaiaioia. Ec ieo oieueei 81
yeaiaio eiaao eae noaaeeueiua, oae e ?aaeeiaeoeaiua ecioiiu. Aeey
inoaeueiuo 25 yeaiaioia ecaanoiu oieueei ?aaeeiaeoeaiua ecioiiu. A iauae
neiaeiinoe a ianoiyuaa a?aiy aeieacaii nouanoaiaaiea ieiei 1700
ioeeeaeia, i?e/ai /enei ecioiiia, ecaanoiuo aeey ioaeaeueiuo yeaiaioia,
eieaaeaony io 3 (aeey aiaei?iaea) aei 29 (aeey ieaoeiu). Ec yoeo
ioeeeaeia oieueei 271 ioeeeae noaaeeai, inoaeueiua ?aaeeiaeoeaiua. Ieiei
300 ec ieo iaoiaeyo eee iiaoo iaeoe i?aeoe/aneia i?eiaiaiea a ?acee/iuo
noa?ao /aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Iaeanoueth ianniaiai eniieueciaaiey ?aaeeiioeeeaeia yaeyaony yaea?iay
iaaeeoeeia. Ia aa ioaeaeu ?anoiaeoaony aieaa 50 % aiaeiaiai
i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaeeiioeeeaeia ai anai ie?a. Eae ecaanoii. A ninoaa
aeeaiai i?aaiecia aoiaeyo, iiieii 5 iniiaiuo yeaiaioia (eenei?iaea,
aiaei?iaea, oaea?iaea, acioa e eaeueoeey), aua 67 yeaiaioia
ia?eiaee/aneie nenoaiu Iaiaeaeaaaa, iiyoiio a ianoiyuea a?aiy o?oaeii
i?aaenoaaeoue eeeieeo o ian eee ca ?oaaaeii, a eioi?ie i?e onoaiiaeaiee
aeeaaiica caaieaaaiey ia eniieueciaaeenue au ?acee/iua ?aaeeiaeoeaiua
i?aia?aou e ia/aiiua eie niaaeeiaiey. O/eouaay aieueoea ia?niaeoeau
eniieueciaaiey ?aaeeiioeeeaeiie aeeaaiinoeee, ?anoao e ?anoe?yaony /enei
iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey, a eioi?ua aoiaeyo eae aeaaii ai?iae?iaaiiua,
eniieuecothuea oi?ioi ecaanoiua ?aaeeiaeoeaiua ioeeeaeu, oae e
niaa?oaiii iiaua niiniau, a eioi?uo i?eiaiythony ?aiaa ia ano?a/aaoeany
a eeeie/aneie i?aeoeea ?aaeeiioeeeaeu.

?aaeeiioeeeaeu i?eiaiythony a yaea?iie iaaeeoeeia a iniiaiii a aeaea
?aaeeioa?iaoeaaoe/aneeo i?aia?aoia (?OI) aeey ?aiiae aeeaaiinoeee
caaieaaaiee ?acee/iuo i?aaiia /aeiaaea e aeey oeaeae oa?aiee.
?aaeeioa?iaoeaaoe/aneei i?aia?aoii (?OI) iacuaaaony oeie/aneia
niaaeeiaiea, niaea?aeauea a naiae iieaeoea ii?aaeaeaiiue
?aaeeiaeoeaiue ioeeeae, ?ac?aoaiiia aeey aaaaeaiey /aeiaaeo n
aeeaaiinoe/aneie eee ea/aaiie oeaeueth. Ioee/eoaeueiie iniaaiiinoueth
aeeaaiinoe/aneiai ?OI i?e yoii yaeyaony ionoonoaea oa?iaeieiae/aneiai
yooaeoa.

Iaeo/aiea a iaaeeoeeia iai?aaeaii ia enoeaeaiea aieueiiai. Iaeiaei
ia?aaeei aeicu ieacuaathony iaii?aaaeaiii aunieeie. Iaoeeaio aeieaeai
iieo/aoue ieieiaeueioth aeico i?e ianeaaeiaaiee. A nayce n yoei iaeiie
ec aaaeiaeoeo caaea/, noiyueo ia?aae ?ac?aaio/eeaie ?OI, yaeyaony
nieaeaiea aeic iaeo/aiey iaoeeaioia ai a?aiy i?iaaaeaiey ?acee/iuo
enneaaeiaaiee n eniieueciaaieai ?aaeeiioeeeaeia, oi anoue auai? oaeeo
?aaeeiioeeeaeia e ia/aiiuo eie niaaeeiaiee, i?eiaiaiea eioi?uo iicaieyao
iieo/aoue iaiaoiaeeioth aeeaaiinoe/aneoth eioi?iaoeeth i?e ieieiaeueii
aiciiaeiuo aeicao iaeo/aiey iaoeeaioia.

?aaeeioa?iaoeaaoe/aneea i?aia?aou. Iaeanoe i?eiaiaiey, auai? e
iineaaenoaey io eo i?eiaiaiey.

Nenoaiaoe/anee ?aaeeiioeeeaeu aeey iaaeeoeeineeo oeaeae noaee
i?eiaiyoue n ia/aea 40-o aiaeia. Eiaiii oiaaea auea onoaiiaeaia no?iaay
caeiiiia?iinoue ?ani?aaeaeaiey ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai eiaea i?e ?acee/iuo
iaoieiae/aneeo ninoiyieyo ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu. A aeaeueiaeoai,
eniieueciaaiea niaaeeiaiee, ia/aiiuo ?aaeeiaeoeaiuie ioeeeaeaie,
iicaieeei ii?aaeaeeoue eieaeecaoeeth e ?acia?u ia?ae/iuo iiooieae,
auyaeoue ?ani?ino?aiaiea iiooieaauo i?ioeannia, eiio?iee?iaaoue
yooaeoeaiinoue eaea?noaaiiiai ea/aiey. Yoi iicaieeei ni a?aiaiai
auaeaeeoue aeaaiua aniaeou eniieueciaaiey ?aaeeiioeeeaeiie aeeaaiinoeee
a yaea?iie iaaeeoeeia. Ai-ia?auo, yoi enneaaeiaaiea ooieoeeiiaeueiiai
ninoiyiey i?aaiia e oeceieiae/aneeo nenoai, ai-aoi?uo, eco/aiea
oiiia?aoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoae i?aaiia, ii?oieiae/aneeo nenoai e iauaiiuo
ia?aciaaiee. Aeaaiaea?y aieueoiio ?aciiia?aceth ?aaeeiioeeeaeia e
ia/aiiuo eie i?aia?aoia a ianoiyuaa a?aiy iiaeii eco/aoue i?aeoe/anee
ethaoth oeceieiae/aneoth e ii?oieiae/aneoth nenoaiu i?aaiecia /aeiaaea:
na?aea/ii-ninoaeenooth e e?iaaoai?ioth, ii/aauaeaeeoaeueioth e
aiaeii-nieaaiai iaiaia, aeuoaoaeueioth e ieuaaa?eoaeueioth, einoioth e
eeioaoe/aneoth e o.i. N iiiiuueth i?aaiio?iiiuo i?aia?aoia iiaeii
auyaeoue iauaiiua i?ioeannu (iiooiee e iaoanoacu, ainiaeeoaeueiua i/aae
e aeenoioth eiaaceth) a ia/aie, ii/eao, einoyo, eaaeeo, aieiaiii e
nieiiii iicaa.

?aaeeiaeoeaiue ioeeeae, eioi?ue oai eee eiui niiniaii aue aaaaeai a
no?oeoo?o i?aia?aoa, auiieiyao ?ieue aai ia?ea?a. Eceo/aiey
?aaeeiioeeeaea noaiiayony ia?aiin/eea ie eii?aeeie?iaaiiie eioi?iaoeee
io enneaaeoaiiai iaoeeaioa e eioi?iaoeeiiii-ecia?eoaeueiiio eiiieaeno.
Oece/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea eceo/aiee ?aaeeiioeeeaea ?aoathuei ia?acii
i?aaeii?aaeaeyao iauai e aeoaeio caeaaaiey iiaeeaaeauaai enneaaeiaaieth
o/anoea oaea. A yoii neo/aa ?aaeeiaeoeaiia eceo/aiea, enoiaeyuaa ec
i?aaiecia iaoeeaioa, a iayaiii aeaea ianao naaaeaiey i ooieoeeiiaeueiii
ninoiyiee ?acee/iuo oeceieiae/aneeo iaoaieciia e
no?oeoo?ii-oiiia?aoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoyo ?acee/iuo i?aaiia e nenoai.
Iaaethaeay ca iniaaiiinoyie ?ani?aaeaeaiey ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai i?aia?aoa ai
a?aiaie (aeeiaieeo ?ani?aaeaeaiey), eeai a aua?aiiii iauaia oaea
(i?aaia), eee a oeaeii i?aaiecia, iu iieo/aai aiciiaeiinoue noaeeoue i
ooieoeeiiaeueiii ninoiyiee i?aaiia e nenoai. Eco/ay aea oa?aeoa?
i?ino?ainoaaiiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey. Iu i?eia?aoaai naaaeaiey i
nooeoo?ii-oiiia?aoe/aneeo iniaaiiinoyo oie eee eiie /anoe oaea, i?aaia
eee nenoaiu. Ii yoiio ii naiei ooieoeeiiaeueiui naienoaai ?IO iiaoo
auoue ?acaeaeaiu ia oeceieiae/anee o?iiiua e eia?oiua. Ec /aai neaaeoao,
/oi ia?aua yaeythony iioeiaeueiui n?aaenoaii aeey i?iaaaeaiey no?oeoo?ii
– oiiia?aoe/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee, eaaeaeia ec eioi?uo i?iaiaeeony,
ia/eiay n iiiaioa onoaiiaeaiey aieaa eee iaiaa noaaeeueiiai
?ani?aaeaeaiey ?OI a enneaaeoaiii i?aaia eee nenoaia. Aoi?ua, eioi?ua
/anoi iacuaatho eiaeeeaoi?aie ” o?aiceoa ” , eniieuecothony aeaaiui
ia?acii aeey enneaaeiaaiey iaoiaeaie aaiia – o?iiia?aoee. I?e yoii
aunieay oaeaeueiay aeoeaiinoue i?eia?aoa e i?eaieeiay yia?aey aaiia –
eaaioia, enioneaaiuo ?aaeeiioeeeaeii – iaoeie, aa?aioe?otho oi?ioea
i?ino?ainoaaiiia ?ac?aoaiea, a auno?ue ?aniaae ?aaeeiioeeeaeia iicaieyao
i?iaiaeeoue na?eth aeeiiie/aneeo iaaethaeaiee /a?ac ieieiaeueiue
eioa?aae a?aiaie i?e ionoonoaee i?aaiiiai oiia io i?aaeoanoaiaaaoaai
?aaeeiioeeeaeiiai ianeaaeiaaiey.

Auai? ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai ioeeeaea inouanoaeyaony ni neaaeothueie
o?aaiaaieyie: ieceay ?aaeeioiene/iinoue, i?eaieaiue ia?eiae iieo?aniaaea
(io ianeieueeeo ieioo aei ianeieueeeo /ania), oaeiaiia aeey ?aaeno?aoeee
aaiia – eceo/aiea.

A ?acaeouo no?aiao oaeaiaiea /enea ?aaeeiioeeeaeiuo ianeaaeiaaiee
i?ienoiaeeo eaaeaeua 3 – 5 eao. A iaiaeie ia?a yoiio niinianoaoao
aiaae?aiea a iaaeeoeeineoth i?aeoeeo yoeo no?ai enneaaeiaaiee ?OI 99mTc,
a oaeaea ei?ioeiaeeaoueo oeeeeio?iiiuo ?aaeei ioeeeaeia (67Ga, 111 In,
113 I, 201 Tl) e oeueo?aei?ioeiaeeaoueo iiceo?iiieceo/athueo
?aaeeiioeeeaeia (11 C,13 N, 15O, 18F).

*enei ianeaaeiaaiiuo n iiiiuueth iaoiaeia ?aaeeiioeeeaeiie aeeaaiinoeee
ninoaaeei a ?an/aoa ia 1000 /aeiaae ianaeaiey a Eaiaaea – 59, a NOA –
32, a Aano?ee – 18, a ssiiiee e Oaaoeee – 15, a Aiaeee – 10, e a auaoai
NNN? – 7 [8]

A NOA a 1990 aiaeo auei i?iaaaeaii 10 iei. aeeaaiinoe/aneeo i?ioeaaeo?
n ?aaeeiioeeeaeaie. Eiee/anoai i?ioeaaeo? ii eco/aieth ia?oocee
Ieiea?aea n 201 Tl oaaee/eeinue n 700 000 a 1988 aiaeo aei 1 000 000 a
1989 aiaeo e aei 1 300 000 a 1990 aiaeo.

A iaoae no?aia aei iineaaeiaai a?aiaie ?OI n 99mTc i?eiaiyeenue
oieueei o 15% iaoeeaioia, oiaaea eae ia/aiiua 131 I e 198 Au i?aia?aou,
nicaeathuea cia/eoaeueiua aeicu iaeo/aiey, – o 80%. A eieeaeoeaiie
aeica, aucaaiiie i?eiaiaieai ?aaeeiioeeeaeia a aeeaaiinoeea a iaoae
no?aia, i?aia?aou ia iniiaa 131 I iaania/eaatho 30 – 40% iaeo/aiey
aiiaae, 20 – 30% iaeo/aiey ii/ae e ia/aie, 40 – 50% iaeo/aiey anaai
oaea.[9]

Oaaeeoea 1

Eieeaeoeaiay yooaeoeaiay aeica e aiciiaeiue ?ene ioaeaeaiiuo
iineaaenoaee.

Aeae ianeaaeiaaiey

Aeica, /ae-Ca./aiae. Aiciiaeiia /enei aeiiieieoaeueiuo nia?oae,
neo/ae/aiae.

?aioaaiia?aoey 1,03*105 1700

?aioaaiineiiey 2,12*105 3500

Oeth?ia?aoey 0,68*105 1120

?OI 0,09*105 132

Anaai 3,92*105 6452

-2-

Niiniau iieo/aiey ?aaeeiioeeeaeia aeey yaea?iie iaaeeoeeiu.

Iniiaiua enoi/ieee i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaeeiioeeeaeia aeey yaea?iie
iaaeeoeeiu neaaeothuea: yaea?iua ?aaeoi?u, onei?eoaee ca?yaeaiiuo
/anoeoe, eae i?aaeei, oeeeeio?iiu e ?aaeeiioeeeaeiua aaia?aoi?u (eae
aoi?e/iue enoi/iee). A ie?iaii iauaia i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaeeiioeeeaeia
a?iiaaeiay aai /anoue -–ia onei?eoaeyo ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe, eioi?ua a
aieueoeinoaa naiai yaeythony oeeeeio?iiaie ?acee/iuo oeiia e o?iaiae.
Yoio oaeo iau/ii naycuaatho n aieueoei eiee/anoaii enneaaeiaaoaeueneeo
eo aeinooiiinoueth a naiua ia?aua aiaeu ?acaeoey yaea?iie iaaeeoeeiu ia
?oaaaea 40-o e 50-o aiaeia, a oaeaea n aeaoaaeciie i?iecaiaenoaa ia ieo
aieueoeinoaa ?aaeeiioeeeaeia. E na?aaeeia 80-aiaeia aaeaaiaeiay
ia?aaioea ?aaeeiioeeeaeia oieueei aeey yaea?iie iaaeeoeeiu ia ?aaeoi?ao
anaai ie?a aeinoeaea a noieiinoiii au?aaeaiee 500 iei. aeieea?ia.[Many
R. S. Research reactor production of radioisotopes for medical use.
Radiopharm. Labell. Comp., 1984, Proc. Ser., IAEA,Vienna, 1985, pp.
3-21. IAEA-CN-45-10.] Iaeiaei ca iineaaeiea aeaa aeanyoeeaoey
iaia?oaeeaaaony nouanoaaiiue ?ino a eniieueciaaiee onei?eoaeae
ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe aeey oeacaiiuo oeaeae, eioi?ue iaueyniyaony aieaa
i?eaieaiuie yaea?ii-oece/aneeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iieo/aaiuo n eo
iiiiuueth iaeo?iiiaeaoeoeeoiuo ?aaeeiioeeeaeia[10]

-3-

?aaeoi?iua ?aaeeiioeeeaeu.

Ia?aua 20-25 eao i?iecaiaenoai ?aaeeiioeeeaeia auei neiioeaio?e?iaaii
aie?oa e?oiiuo ?aaeoi?iuo onoaiiaie. iaeaieaa /anoi i?e iaeo/aiee a
?aaeoi?ao eniieueciaaee iioiee oaieiauo iaeo?iiia n eioaineaiinoueth
ianeieueei aaeeieoe ia 1013 i/ni2*n e ?aaea – /ooue aieaa 1015 i/ni2*n,
a oaeaea eieoeee?oaiua yoeie iaeo?iiaie ?aaeoeee ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai caoaaoa
iaeo?iiia (n,(). Auoiaeu yoie ?aaeoeee, eae i?aaeei, oiaiueoathony n
oaaee/aieai yia?aee iaeo?iiia. Aio ii/aio iaeo/aiea noa?oiauo iaoa?eaeia
(ieoaiae), a yoi /aua anaai oa?ie/anee e ?aaeeaoeeiiii-noieeea
iaoa?eaeu, iai?eia?, iaoaeeu, i?inoua aauanoaa, oa?iinoieeea ieeneu e
niee, niaea?aeauea noa?oiaue ioeeeae a i?e?iaeiie eee
ecioiiii-iaiaauaiiie oi?ia, inouanoaeytho a eaiaeao i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
eee enneaaeiaaoaeueneeo ?aaeoi?ia n i?aiaeaaeaieai oaieiaie eiiiiiaiou
iaeo?iiia. Aua iaeiei oeiii ?aaeoeee, eniieuecoaiui aeey ianooaaiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa ?aaeeiioeeeaeia aeey iaaeeoeeiu, yaeyaony ?aaeoeey
aeaeaiey (n,f). Iniiaiua ?aaeeiioeeeaeu, ia?acothueany a ?acoeueoaoa
aeaeaiey 235 U iiae aeaenoaeai iaeo?iiia e i?eiaiyaiua a iaaeeoeeia
137Cs, 131I,90Sr e 99Ii.

-4-

Aaia?aoi?iua nenoaiu ?aaeeiioeeeaeia.

A oao neo/ayo, eiaaea iieueciaaoaee iaoiaeyony aaeaee io
enneaaeiaaoaeueneeo yaea?iuo e onei?eoaeae ca?yaeaiiuo /anoeoe e ianoao,
eoaea cao?oaeiaia ?aaoey?iay aeinoaaea ?OI, oiaaea i?eaaaatho e
eniieueciaaieth ?aaeeiioeeeaeiuo aaia?aoi?ia. E?iia oiai, cia/eoaeueiua
iioa?e ei?ioeiaeeaoueo ?aaeeiioeeeaeia noaiiaeony iaecaaaeiuie
aneaaenoaea eo ?aniaaea ai a?aiy o?ainii?oe?iaee. A yoie nayce aeaaii
noaee i?eaeaeaoue aieiaiea nenoaiu aeaoo aaiaoe/anee naycaiiuo iaaeaeo
niaie ?aaeeiioeeeaeia, eiaaea iaeei ec ieo – aieaa ei?ioeiaeeaouee
(aei/a?iee) iinoiyiii ia?acoaony (aaia?e?oaony) a ?acoeueoaoa ?aniaaea
ae?oaiai (iaoa?eineiai), eiathuaai aieueoee ia?eiae iieo?aniaaea, a nai
i?e ?aniaaea i?aa?auaaony a noaaeeueiue ioeeeae. I?e yoii
ei?ioeiaeeaouee ioeeeae, yaeythueeny ecioiiii ae?oaiai ii n?aaiaieth n
iaoa?eineei yeaiaioii, iiaeao auoue auno?i e iiiaie?aoii ecaea/ai ec
iaaieueoiai ono?ienoaa-aaia?aoi?a, iai?eia?, iin?aaenoaii i?iioneaiey
aeeaeeinoe (yethaoa) ii?aaeaeaiiiai ninoaaa /a?ac yoi ono?ienoai.
I?aaenoaaeythuaa niaie a aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa eieiieo, caiieiaiioth
ni?aaioii e iai?oaeiaaiioth oeeueo?ii, i?aaeioa?auathuai aai auiuaaiea.
Iieo/aiiue ?anoai? (yethao), eae i?aaeei, noa?eeai, ia niaea?aeeo
iaoa?eineiai ioeeeaea e eiaao oi?io, i?eaiaeioth aeey iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai
i?eiaiaiey a eeeieea. Oaeie aaia?aoi? iaania/ai caueoiui naeioeiaui
eiaeooii e nenoaiie eiiioieeaoeee. Ii i?ino e aaciianai a yenieoaoaoeee
a oneiaeyo aieueieoeu eee eeeieee. Aeoeaiinoue aei/a?iaai ioeeeaea i?e
yethe?iaaiee ec aaia?aoi?a ii?aaeaeyaony iaueie caeiiiia?iinoyie,
iaoneiaeaiiuie eeiaoeeie iaeiieaiey e ?aniaaea ioeeeaeia. Ia/aeii
enoi?ee i?eiaiaiey aaia?aoi?iuo nenoai a iaaeeoeeia i?eiyoi n/eoaoue
ia/aei20-o aiaeia iaoaai aaea, eiaaea G.Faila i?aaeeiaeee eniieueciaaoue
aaia?aoi? 222Rn (3,8noo.) ia iniiaa i?e?iaeiie ia?u ?aaeeiioeeeaeia
226Ra—222Rn.

Iicaeiaa iienee iiaeiaiuo nenoai i?iaiaeeee a BNL, NOA, n?aaee
eneonnoaaiiuo ?aaeeiioeeeaeia e ia?aie a ia/aea 50-o aiaeia auea ia?a
132Te—132I , eioi?ay iineoaeeea caoai i?ioioeiii oeaeie na?ee
aaia?aoi?iuo nenoai e, a /anoiinoe, iienoeia cieioie iaoiaeee yoie
eaai?aoi?ee auea ia?a 99Mo—99mTc, ia iniiaa eioi?ie a eiioea 50-o aue
neiino?oe?iaai aaia?aoi? 99mTc , ea?athuee e naaiaeiy aaaeouoth ?ieue a
yaea?iie iaaeeoeeia . Oai?aoe/anee oaeeo ia? nouanoaoao i/aiue iiiai.
Ianeieueei oaeoi?ia i?aaeii?aaeaeytho auai? eaeaaeueiie ia?u aeey
eniieueciaaiey a ea/anoaa aaia?aoi?a a iaaeeoeeineie i?aeoeea. Iie
naycaiu n iieo/aieai iaoa?eineiai ?aaeeiioeeeaea iaiaoiaeeiiai ea/anoaa
e eiee/anoaa ii i?eaieaiie oeaia, ia?eiaeii iieo?aniaaea, a oaeaea
iaeioi?uie oaoie/aneeie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie naiiai aaia?aoi?a, a eiaiii:
aini?iecaiaeeiinoueth aunieiai auoiaea aei/a?iaai ?aaeeiioeeeaea a
oa/aiea ia?eiaea yenieoaoaoeee, nio?aiaieai i?ioeey e?eaie yethe?iaaiey
?aaeeiioeeeaea, ?aaeeaoeeiiiie noieeinoueth ni?aaioa e
aeecianiiniaiinoueth naiiai aaia?aoi?a. A nai? a?aiy auee ii?iaiaaiu e
?aaoey?ii eniieuecothony a eeeie/aneie i?aeoeea neaaeothuea
ia?u:28Mg—28Al,68Ge-68Ga, 87Y—87mSr, 90Sr—90Y, 99Mo—99mTc, 113Sn—113mIn,
132Te—132I, e ae?. ssaea?iue ?aaeoi? yaeyaony aeaaiui enoi/ieeii
aieueoeinoaa ?aaeeiioeeeaeia, eniieuecoaiuo a ea/anoaa iaoa?eineeo aeey
i?eaioiaeaiey aaia?aoi?ia. Noieiinoue i?iecaiaenoaa caeanue ieaea, /ai
ia oeeeeio?iia.

I?e ?aaioa n aaia?aoi?aie a eeeieeao eniieuecotho niaoeeaeueiua iaai?u
ia?aaeeiaeoeaiuo ?aaaaioia, eioi?ua niaea?aeao oeie/aneea aauanoaa a
noa?eeueiii aeaea. Iaoiaeu i?eaioiaeaiey ?OI ia iniiaa iaai?ia ?aaaaioia
i?inou e a aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa naiaeyony e aeiaaaeaieth yethaoa ec
aaia?aoi?a, niaea?aeauaai, iai?eia? 99mOn, ai oeaeii ni nianueth
?aaaaioia, i?aaeiacia/aiiue aeey i?iaaaeaiey ii?aaeaeaiiiai
aeeaaiinoe/aneiai oanoa. Iinea /aai iieo/aiiue ?anoai? aaiaeyo iaoeeaioo
e i?iaiaeyo noeeioea?aoeth neaeaoa. ?ac?aaioea iiauo iaai?ia ?aaaaioia e
aaia?aoi?ai ei?ioeiaeeaoueo ioeeeaeia yaeyaony iaeiie ec ?acaeaathueony
iaeanoae ?aaeeioa?iaoeaaoeee.

-5-

Aaia?aoi?u

Ia/aeii enoi?ee i?eiaiaiey aaia?aoi?iuo nenoai a iaaeeoeeia i?eiyoi
n/eoaoue 20-a aiaeu iaoaai aaea. Anaai auei i?aaeeiaeaii ieiei 118 oaeeo
nenoai, ii oieueei iaiiiaea ec ieo i?eiaiythony a eeeie/aneie i?aeoeea.

?aaeeioa?iaoeaaoe/aneay i?iiuoeaiiinoue i?aeoe/anee anao i?iiuoeaiii
?acaeouo no?ai eniieuecoao iieeaaeai-99 aeey ecaioiaeaiey
?aaeeiioeeeaeiuo aaia?aoi?ia 99mTc, eioi?ue i?eiaiyaony ii/oe a 80% anao
aeeaaiinoe/aneeo i?ioeaaeo? yaea?iie iaaeeoeeiu. A eiioea 80-o aiaeia
ie?iaie iauai au?o/ee io i?iaeaaee yoiai aaia?aoi?a ninoaaee 100 iei. $
/aiae. Oaoiieiaey i?iecaiaenoaa aaia?aoi?ia 99mTc ?acaeaaaony n?aco ii 3
iai?aaeaieyi : o?iiaoia?aoey ia eieiiea. Noaeeiaoeey e aeeaeeinoiay
yeno?aeoeey.

I?eaaaeai iaeioi?ua ?aaeeiioeeeaeu i?eiaiyaiua aeey aaia?aoi?iuo
nenoai.

Oaaeeoea 2

?aaeeiioeeeaeu aeey aaia?aoi?iuo nenoai.

Iaoa?eineee

ioeeeae Ia?eiae iieo?aniaaea. Aei/a?iee ioeeeae. Ia?eiae iieo?aniaaea.
Yia?aey eceo/aiey, eyA

Mg-28 20.9 /. Al-28 2,2 iei. 1780

S-38 2,8 /. Cl-38 37,2 iei. 2170

Ca-47 4,5 noo. Sc-47 3,3 noo. 159

Fe-52 8,3 /. Mn-52m 21,1 iei. 511

Zn-62 9,3 /. Cu-62 9,7 iei. 511

Ge-68 271noo. Ga-68 68,1 iei. 511

Se-72 8,4 noo. As-72 26 /. 511

Br-77 57 /. Se-77m 17,5 n. 162

Rb-81 4,6 /. Kr-81m 13 n. 190

Sr-82 83 noo. Kr-83m 1,86 /. 9

Y-87 26 noo. Rb-82 1,25 iei. 511

Zr-89 3,3 noo. Sr-87m 2,8 /. 388

Mo-90 78,5 /. Y-89m 16,1 n. 909

Mo-99 5,7 /. Nb-90m 18,8 n. 122

Pd-103 2,75 noo. Tc-99m 6,0 /. 140

Cd-109 17 noo. Rh-103m 56 iei. 40

In-111 462 noo. Ag-109m 39,6 n. 88

Sn-113 2,83 noo. Cd-111m 48,6 iei. 151

Cd-115 115 noo. In-113m 1,66 /. 392

Te-118 63,5 /. In-115m 4,49 /. 336

Xe-122 6,0 noo. Sb-118 3,6 iei. 511

Te-132 20,1 /. I-122 3,6 iei. 511

Ba-128 3,26 noo. I-132 2,3 /. 668

Cs-137 2,43 noo. Cs-128 3,9 iei. 511

Ce-134 30 eao. Ba-137m 2,55 iei. 662

Nd-140 73 /. La-134 6,5 iei. 511

Ce-144 3,4 noo. Pr-140 3,4 iei. 511

Hf-172 285 noo. Pr-144 17,3 iei. 696

W-178 1,87 aiaea Lu-172 6,7 noo. 901

Ta-183 21,7 noo. Ta-178 9,3 iei. 93

Os-191 5,1 noo. W-183m 55,2 n. 108

Hg-195m 15,4 noo. Au-195m 4,9 n. 129

Hg-197m 41,6 /. Au-197m 30,6 n. 261

Rn-211 23,8 noo. At-211 7,8 n. 130

Pb-212 14,6 /. Bi-212 7,2 /. 569

Iaiiiiei, /oi eeoue iaiiiaea ec yoeo nenoai eniieuecothony a
iaaeeoeeineie i?aeoeea.

-6-

Aaia?aoi? Y- 90

YENO?AEOeEIIIUE AAIA?AOI? 90Y

90Y – aue iaeiei ec ia?auo ?aaeeiioeeeaeia, eniieuecoaiuo aeey oa?aiee
ioe?uouie enoi/ieeaie. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy aieaa /ai 30 ?aaeeiioeeeaeia
eniieuecoaony aeey yoie oeaee, ii eioa?an e 90Y ii-i?aaeiaio ia oauaaao.
Yoi iaoneiaeaii aai oaeiaiuie yaea?iuie oece/aneeie naienoaaie: ia?eiae
iieo?aniaaea 64,2 /ana e iaeneiaeueiay (- yia?aey 2,27 IyA. 90Y
eniieuecoaony aeey ?acee/iuo oa?aiaaoe/aneeo oeaeae, aeeth/ay
?aaeeieiioiioa?aieth n ia/aiuie aioeoaeaie, ea/aiea iiooieae ia/aie e
?aaiaoieaeiiai a?o?eoa.

A oa/aiea iineaaeieo 12 eao Einoeooo aeioeceee i?iecaiaeeo e iinoaaeyao
ii niaoeeaeueiiio caeaco eieeieaeiua ?aaeeioa?ii?aia?aou 90Y aeey
oa?aiee iaiia?aaaeueiuo e aieueiuo e?aieioa?eiaeoii.

Yoio ?aaeeiioeeeae iieo/aaony a i?ioeanna ?aniaaea i?iaeoeoa aeaeaiey
90Sr. Iniiaiie i?iaeaiie aaciianiiai eeeie/aneiai eniieueciaaiey 90Y
yaeyaony aai iieiia ioaeaeaiea io 90Sr, 90Sr iiaeao aucuaaoue
aeai?anneth einoiiai iicaa iaeaieeaaynue a neaeaoa. E?iia oiai, eae e a
ae?oaeo neo/ayo iieo/aiey ?aaeeiioeeeaeia aeey iaaeeoeeineeo oeaeae,
eiathony no?iaea o?aaiaaiey e eiee/anoao oeie/aneeo i?eianae, eioi?ua
iiaoo iiaeaaeyoue i?ioeann ea/aiey. Iaaiciiaeii iieo/eoue eiia/iue
i?iaeoeo n oaeeie no?iaeie o?aaiaaieyie a iaeio noaaeeth. Iiyoiio
oaoiieiaey ioaeaeaiey 90Y io 90Sr aeeth/aao ianeieueei noaaeee
?acaeaeaiey e i/enoee. Wire and comp. (1990) e?aoei iienuaatho
i?eiaiaiea ?acee/iuo iiiainoaaeeeiuo nenoai aeey i?iecaiaenoaa 90Y
aunieiai ea/anoaa aeey i?eiaiaiey a iaaeeoeeia. Eaaeaeue ec yoeo
iaoiaeia eiaao nianoaaiiua ia?aie/aiey. Oae eniieueciaaiea i?aaie/aneeo
eiiiiaiaiieeia ia?aie/eaaaony ieceie ?aaeeaoeeiiiie noaaeeueiinoueth
ni?aaioa. I?eiaiaiea iaoiaea niinaaeaeaiey o?aaoao aeiaaaeaiey iineoaey
(ia?aaeeiaeoeaiiaiY). Aaoi?u iienuaatho oaoiieiaeth iieo/aiey aieueoeo
eiee/anoa 90 Y (ieiei 50 Ee ca iia?aoeeth), eniieuecoy yeno?aeoeeth 90Y
ec 90Sr c iineaaeothuae aeiiieieoaeueiie i/enoeie eiia/iiai i?iaeoeoa ia
eiiiiaiaiiuo ni?aaioao. Yeno?aeoeey 90Y inouanoaeyaony 1,0 I ?anoai?ii
Ae2YAOE a aeiaeaeaia ec 0,1 I ?anoai?a nieyiie eeneiou, niaea?aeauaai
90Sr. Caoai yeno?aeo o?eaeaeu i?iiuaatho ?aaiuie iauaiaie 0,1 I ?anoai?a
nieyiie eeneiou aeey oaeaeaiey neaaeia 90Sr. 90Y ?ayeno?aae?oaony aeaoiy
ii?oeeyie 6,0 I INl i?e niioiioaiee oac 1:1. Iinea ?ayeno?aeoeee aiaeiay
oaca enia?yaony e inaaeie ?anoai?yaony a 0,1 I INl. Caoai 90Y niiaa
yeno?aae?oaony 1,0 I ?anoai?ii Ae2YAOE a aeiaeaeaia e 4 ?aca i?iiuaaaony
0,1 I INl. Aeaa ii?oeee ii 30ie. 9 I INl eniieuecoaony aeey aoi?ie
?ayeno?aeoeee. Iieo/aiiue aiaeiue ?anoai? 90Y i?iioneaaony /a?ac
aieiii-iaiaiiue ni?aaio aeey oaeaeaiey i?eianae. Yethao enia?yaony,
?anoai?yaony a 0,1 I INl e i?iioneaaony /a?ac eieiieo n eaoeiii-iaiaiiui
ni?aaioii aeey oaeaeaiey i?aaie/aneeo i?eianae e oinoaoia. Yethao e
i?iiuaiua ?anoai?u (INl) iauaaeaiythony aianoa, enia?ythoeny aei nooa e
?anoai?ythony aeey iieo/aiey eiia/iiai i?iaeoeoa a niioaaonoaee n
o?aaiaaieyie iio?aaeoaey. Auoa iienaiiue iaoiae ?aaoey?ii enieieuecoaony
n1987 a. a Ie?eaeaeneie Iaoeeiiaeueiie Eaai?aoi?ee. Iau/ii iieo/atho io
5 aei15 Ee 90Y a 10 ie. 0,1 I INl. I?eianue 90Sr a eiia/iii i?iaeoeoa ia
i?aauoaao 0,015 %, a iauaa eiee/anoai i?eianae oyaeaeuo iaoaeeia iaiueoa
/ai 20 ppm.

Yeno?aeoeey oinoi?ii?aaie/aneeie yeno?aaaioaie, iniaaiii Ae2YAOE
n/eoaaony iaeaieea yooaeoeaiui iaoiaeii auaeaeaiey 90Y. Eiyooeoeeaio
?acaeaeaiey iiaeao auoue 106

A 70-80 a. a. Iaeeiei eniieueciaae yeno?aeoeeiiii-o?iiaoia?aoe/aneee
iaoiae aeey ?acaeaeaiey 90Y – 90Sr . Oaoeii, i?iieoaiiue Ae2YAOE,
eniieuecoaony eae ni?aaio. Aneaaenoaea ?acee/iuo eiyooeoeeaioia
?ani?aaeaeaiey ?aaeeiaeoeaiue Y iieiinoueth ioaeaeyaony io Sr n
iiiiuueth iaeaiueeeo iaueaiia yeno?aaaioia e eiioeaio?e?oaony a aa?oiai
neia eieiiee. Eiyooeoeeaio ?ani?aaeaeaiey (Ae) ninoaaeyao ieiei 104 a
0,1 I ICl aeey aieaa iieiiai oaeaeaiey neaaeia Sr . ?ayeno?aeoeey 90Y ec
eieiiee inouanoaeyaony 6 I INl. Nei?inoe iiaea/e ?anoai?ia ninoaaeytho
1-5 ie/iei. Yoio iaoiae ?acaeaeaiey ia iaiaa 10 3. Eiyooeoeeaio
?acaeaeaiey iiaeao aeinoeaaoue (103)3=109 . Eiaaea ?acaeaeaiea
iiaoi?yaony aua ?ac. Ec iaoaai iiuoa iiiaieaoiaai eniieueciaaiey yoiai
iaoiaea iu iiaeai caeeth/eoue, /oi eiyooeoeeaio ?acaeaeaiey iiaeao auoue
ia iaiaa /ai 2,5*1011 , eiaaea i/enoea iiaoi?yaony 3 ?aca, oae /oi
niaea?aeaiea 90Sr a eiia/iii i?iaeoeoa ia i?aauoaao 4*1010 % .
Eiee/anoai i?eiane 90Sr a yoeo yenia?eiaioao ii?aaeaeyeinue (iinea
eaaeaeie eieiiee) eae i?yiuie ecia?aieyie 90Sr iinea auaea?aeee
ia?acoeia aei iieiiai ?aniaaea 90Y Y-90 a oa/aiee 2-3 ianyoeaa, oae e
iooai aeiaaaeaiey 85Sr eae (- eiaeeeaoi?a ia eaaeaeie noaaeee i/enoee.
Iaoiae iieo/aiey 90Y, iienaiiue auoa, aue i/aiue i?inoui a ?aaioa. Ii
auoiae i?iaeoeoa ia eaaeaeie noaaeee i/enoee aue ?aaai 60-80%. Iiyoiio
eiia/iue auoiae eae i?aaeei ninoaaeye 35-40%. E?iia oiai, iauaa a?aiy
auaeaeaiey ninoaaeyei 18-20 /ania, /oi i?eaiaeeei e cia/eoaeueiui
iioa?yi 90Y aneaaenoaee ?aniaaea.

Iu ?aoeee eniieueciaaoue iieoi?ioeaioi/iue oeaio?eooaeiue yeno?aeoi?
aeey oeo/oaiey ?acaeaeaiey. Auoaoiiiyiooay iaoiaeeea iaania/eaaao
iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiia iaania/aiea anao ?ooeiiuo yeno?aeoeeiiiuo
iia?aoeee, oaeeo eae auaeaeaiea, eiioeaio?e?iaaiea e ?acaeaeaiea n
iaeiaiueoei eiee/anoaii yeno?aeoeeiiiuo noaaeee.

Oa?aeoa?enoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe iieoi?ioeaioi/iiai iaoiaea yeno?aeoeee.

Yoio iaoiae caeeo/aaony a iai?a?uaiie iiaea/a yeno?aaaioa a enoiaeiue
aiaeiue ?anoai?, niaea?aeauee eiiiiiaiou, eioi?ua aeieaeiu auoue
yeno?aae?iaaiu. I?ioiaey /a?ac niaoaiioth eaia?o e naia?aoi? ( ni.
?en.1) yeno?aaaio yeno?aae?oao iineaaeiaaoaeueii eiiiiiaiou niane a
niioaaonoaee n oiaiueoaieai eo eiyooeoeeaioia ?ani?aaeaeaiey (Ae2,Ae1 ).
I?aaie/aneay oaca iiaeao i?iiuaaoueny oaeei aea ia?acii, ii a oieii
neo/aa iaiaa yeno?aae?oaiue eiiiiiaio auiuaaaony ia?aui (1/ Ae1,1/ Ae2
). Iaa i?ioeanna iiaoo auoue iienaiu neaaeothueie o?aaiaieyie:

WAe2

(ag = C/C0 = exp(-——————) (1)

V0 (1+rag*Ae2)

I?iiuaea

V*1/Ae1

(0 = n/c0 = exp ( – ———————— )
(2)

W0(1+r0*1/Ae1)

Aaea: (ag,, (0 – ioiineoaeueiua eiioeaio?aoeee yeno?aae?oaiuo eee
i?iiuaaaiuo eiiiiiaioia a aiaeiie (a neo/aa yeno?aeoeee) e a
i?aaie/aneie ( a neo/aa i?iiuaee) oacao;

N,C0 – enoiaeiay e eiia/iay eiioeaio?aoeee yeno?aae?oaiuo eiiiiiaioia;

n,c0 – enoiaeiay e eiia/iay eiioeaio?aoeee i?iiuaaaiiai eiiiiiaioa;

Ae1,Ae2 – eiyooeoeeaiou ?ani?aaeaeaiey;

W – nei?inoue iiaea/e yeno?aaaioa;

W0 – enoiaeiue iauai yeno?aaaioa;

V0 – enoiaeiue iauai aiaeiie oacu;

V – nei?inoue iiaea/e i?iiuaiiai ?anoai?a;

rag r0 , – oaciaiaioiioaiea a yioeuenee i?e yeno?aeoeee e i?iiuaea
niioaaonoaaiii:

rag = W / V0 ; r0 = V / W0

?en.1 Ia?aue oeaio?eooaeiue yeno?aeoi? aaia?aoi?a Y-90 (yeno?aeoeey
i?iiuaea)

A?auathueeny ei?ion.

Oeaio?aeueiay oeene?iaaiiay o?oaea aeey iiaea/e e oaeaeaiey enoiaeiiai
?anoai?a 90Sr

O?oaea aeey iiaea/e e oaeaeaiey i?iiuaiiai ?aaaaioa

O?oaea aeey oaeaeaiey yeno?aeoa.

Yeno?aeoeeiiiay eaia?a

I?iiuaiay eaia?a

Eaia?a oaeaeaiey yeno?aeoa

Eaia?a niaoaiey

Iaoaeea

Naia?aoi? yeno?aeoeeiiiie eaia?u

Eaia?a niaoaiey

Iaoaeea

Naii?aoi? i?iiuaiie eaia?u

?en. 2 Aoi?ie oeaio?eooaeiue yeno?aeoi? aaia?aoi?a 90Y (i?iiuaea e
?ayeno?aeoeey)

A?auathueeny ei?ion

Oeene?iaaiiay iaiei/ea

Oeaio?aeueiay oeene?iaaiiay o?oaea aeey iiaea/e yeno?aeoa e i?iiuaiiai
?anoai?a e oaeaeaiey io?aaioaiiiai yeno?aeoa

O?oaea aeae?icaoai?a

Yeno?aeoeeiiiay eaia?a

Iaoaeee

7.e 8. Naia?aoi? n aeae?icaoai?ii

I?ioiae aeey oaeaeaiey i?iiuaiiai ?anoai?a e ?ayeno?aeoa

Eieeaeoi? aeey oaeaeaiey i?iiuaiiai ?anoai?a e ?ayeno?aeoa

Iao?oaie aeey oaeaeaiey i?iiuaiiai ?anoai?a e ?ayeno?aeoa

Iniiaiui i?aeiouanoaii iieoi?ioeaioi/iiai yeno?aeoi?a yaeyaony oi, /oi
iaeiaiaa yeno?aae?oaiue eee i?iiuaaaiue eiiiiiaio iiaeao auoue
ioaeaeai n ethaie /anoioie a iaeio noaaeeth.

Iia?aoeee:

Yeno?aeoeey iniiaiiai i?iaeoeoa.

I?iiuaea yeno?aeoa.

Nai? yeno?aeoa.

Iieoi?ioeaioi/iay i?iiuaea io i?eianae.

Oaeaeaiea i?iiuaiiai ?anoai?a e eiia/iiai i?iaeoeoa.

?aaeeiioeeeaeu e ?aaaaiou

Eniieueciaaeenue 0,5 I ?anoai? acioiie eeneiou, 0,1 I e 6,0 I ?anoai?u
nieyiie eeneiou. Iie auee i?eaioiaeaiu ec eiia?/aneeo oeie/anee /enouo
(chemical grade) ?aaeoeaia e aeaaaeaeu aeeiiece?iaaiiie aiaeu. ?anoai?
90Sr aac iineoaey aue iinoaaeai A/I “Ecioii”. ?anoai? 90Sr aue
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii i/euai yeno?aeoeeae Ae2YAOE : ii aue i?iiouai /a?ac
eieiieo n oaoeiiii n iaianaiiie Ae2YAOE eee oeaio?eooaeiue yeno?aeoi?
iinea ia?aiai eiioaeoa n Ae2YAOE, eae aoaeao iienaii ieaea. ?anoai?u
85Sr e 88Y, iinoaaeaiiua A/I

“Ecioii” auee eniieueciaaiu aeey aieaa oi/iiai ii?aaeaeaiey
eiyooeoeeaioia ?ani?aaeaeaiey eoo?ey e no?iioeey a nenoaiao HNO3 –
Ae2YAOE e Ae2YAOE – HCl, a oaeaea aeey ii?aaeaeaiey eiyooeoeeaioa
i/enoee 90Y io 90Sr.

-7-

Auaeaeaiea e i/enoea 90Y

Oaaeeoea 3.

?ani?aaeaeaiea 90Y (88Y) a iiuoao ia oeaio?eooaeiii yeno?aeoi?a.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea ?anoai?ia iinea eaaeaeie noaaeee ?acaeaeaiey
Ioiineoaeueiay aeoeaiinoue,%

Enoiaeiue ?anoai? 90Y a 0,5 I INI3, 130 iEe 100

Enoiaeiue ?anoai? 90Y iinea yeno?aeoeee 0,01

Yeno?aeo – 0,25 I Ae2YAOE a aeiaeaeaia (100

Yeno?aeo iinea ?ayeno?aeoeee 90Y 0,75

I?iiuaea 0,1 i INl 6*10-4

?ayeno?aeoeey 6,0 I INl 98

Oaaeeoea4.

?ani?aaeaeaiea 90Sr (85Sr)a iiuoao ia oeaio?eooaeiii yeno?aeoi?a.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea ?anoai?ia iinea eaaeaeie noaaeee ?acaeaeaiey
Ioiineoaeueiay aeoeaiinoue,%

Enoiaeiue ?anoai? 90Sr a 0,5 I INI3, 120 iEe 100

Enoiaeiue ?anoai? 90Y iinea yeno?aeoeee 99,99

Yeno?aeo – 0,25 I Ae2YAOE a aeiaeaeaia 0,01

Yeno?aeo iinea i?iiuaee 0,5 I INI3 (1*10-4

I?iiuaea 0,1 i INl (1*10-7

?ayeno?aeoeey 6,0 I INl (1*10-9

Oaaeeoea 5.

Ii?aaeaeaiea 90Y io 90Sr iaoiaeii iieoi?ioeaioi/iiai
oeaio?eooae?iaaiey.

Enoiaeiay aeoeaiinoue 90Sr, iEe. Auoiae 90Y ec 1yeno?aeoi?a, % Auoiae
90Y ec 2yeno?aeoi?a, % I?eianue 90Sr *109,% Iioa?e 90Y iinea
enia?aiey,% Eiia/iay aeoeaiinoue 90Y, iEe.

88,1 99,3 97,8 4,4 9,8 83,1

166,2 98,9 97,7 1,2 13,1 139,6

127,0 96,8 98,3 0,8 8,8 110,2

132,4 94,3 97,2 (0,2 7,5 112,2

265,9 93,6 98,5 7,0 11,4 218,0

121,6 97,0 97,3 (0,2 10,5 192,7

Yoi n?aaeiea ?acoeueoaou ec 8-12 iiuoia iinea caa?ocee iiaiai ?anoai?a
90Sr. Eiyooeoeeaiou i/enoee 90Y io 90Sr ?an/eoaiiua iinea aeiaaaeaiey
85Sr ia eaaeaeie noaaeee.

-8-

Aaia?aoi? Y-90 Aunieie ?aaeeiioeeeaeiie /anoiou ia iniiaa eieiiee n
eaoeiieoii .

*anoi aeey ?acaeaeaiey Y-90 e Sr-90 eniieuecotho aaia?aoi?iua nenoaiu.
Iaeei ec oeiia aaia?aoi?a i?aaenoaaeyao niaie eieiieo n eaoeiieoii, ia
eioi?ii ni?ae?iaai Sr-90. Y-90 auiuaatho 100 ie. 0.5 % ?anoai?a eeiiiiie
eeneiou n ?I=5.5. Auoiae Y-90 ieiei 98%. I?eianue Sr-90 aic?anoaao
aneaaenoaea ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai ?ac?ooaiey niieu. A ae?oaii aa?eaioa
aaia?aoi?a eieiieo caiieiytho eaoeiieoii aeaoyen 50*4 e ianuuatho
ie?eaeei-eo?aoiui aooa?iui ?anoai?ii n ?I=4. Sr-90 ni?ae?otho ia eieiiea
e niuaatho iaeiieaoeeny Y-90 ie. oaeiai aea aooa?iiai ?anoai?a. Auoiae
Y-90 95%, i?eianue Sr-90 iaiueoa 10-4 %. Aeey aieaa aeoaieie i/enoee
yethao i?iioneatho /a?ac aoi?oth eieiieo oaeiai aea oeia. I?e yoii
i?eianue Sr-90 nieaeaaony aei 10-5 %.

A ?aaioa [11] Sr-90 ni?ae?iaaee ia niiea aeaoyen-50W e auiuaaee Y-90
?anoai?ii o?eeiia A n ?I=6-9 e eiioeaio?aoeeae 0.5 ia./ie. Auoiae Y-90
ninoaaeye (60-70)%, i?eianue Sr-90 a yethaoa (10-4 % . A yoie ?aaioa a
ea/anoaa ni?aaioa eniieueciaaee o?iiaoia?aoe/aneoth ieenue aethieiey. A
eieiiea auei aeaa neiy ni?aaioa aeoeaiue e caueoiue. Aeoeaiue neie
i?eaioaaeeaaee acaaeouaaieai ieene aethieiey n aiaeii-nie?oiaui eee
aiaeii- .aoiiiaui ?anoai?ii n ?I=5-7, a eioi?ii iaoiaeeeny Sr-90 aac
iineoaey. Ni?a.ey no?iioeey i?ienoiaeeea eiee/anoaaiii. A ea/anoaa
yethaioa aeey Y-90 i?eiaiyee o?eaooeeoinoao, ianuuaiiue 13 iieue/e
?anoai?ii acioiie eeneiou. Auoiae – Y 90 ninoaaeye 90%, ?aaeeiioeeeaeiay
/enoioa 99.9%.

A iniiao oaoiieiaee ?acaeaeaiey Sr-90 e Y-90 iu iieiaeeee
yeno?ae.eiiii-o?iiaoia?aoe/aneee iaoiae, iaania/eaathuee iiiaie?aoiia
yeno?aae?iaaiea n iiiiuueth ?anoai?eoaey, ?ani?aaeaeaiiiai oiieei neiai
ia iiaa?oiinoe ca?ai eia?oiiai iaiieieoaey eieiiee. A ea/anoaa oaeiai
iaiieieoaey eniieueciaaee ca?ia ooi?iieanoa-4, a a ea/anoaa yeno?aaaioa
– Ae2YAOE. ?acaeaeaiea Y e Sr iniiaaii ia aieueoii ?acee/ee
eiyooeoeeaioia ?ani?aaeaeaiey yoeo yeaiaioia iaaeaeo yeno?aaaioii e
neaaui nieyiieeneui aiaeiui ?anoai?ii. I?e eeneioiinoe ?anoai?a (0.1
iieue/e. eiyooeoeeaio ?ani?aaeaeaiey iaaeaeo i?aaie/aneie e aiaeiie
oacaie aeey Y aeinoeaaao 10 4,a aeey Sr ii ninoaaeyao eeoue ieiei 10-2
.A ?acoeueoaoa Y eiioeaio?e?oaony a oiieii aa?oiai neia eieiiee, a Sr
i?aeoe/anee ia yeno?aae?oaony, inoaaaynue a ?anoai?a. Iinea i?iiuaaiey
eieiiee 0.1 iieue/e. ?anoai?ii nieyiie eeneiou aeey oaeaeaiey neaaeia Sr
yethe?otho Y 90 6 iieue/e. ?anoai?ii nieyiie eeneioie.

Iaeia eieiiea iaania/eaaao i/enoeo Y a (103 ?ac. I?e iiaoi?aiee
i/enoee ia aoi?ie e o?aoae eieiieao eiyooeoeeaio i/enoee ninoaaeo ia
iaiaa 109 . Yooaeoeaiinoue i/enoee Y-90 io Sr-90 iu i?iaa?yee aia/aea ia
ioaeaeueiuo eieiieao . enoiaeiue ?anoai? Sr-90 + Y-90 a 0.1 iieue/e. INl
i?iioneaee ni nei?inoueth 60-70 eaiaeue/iei. Y-90 yethe?iaaee 60 ie. 6
iieue/e. ?anoai?a INl. Eiee/anoai i?eiane Sr-90 ii?aaeaeyee iinea
?aniaaea Y -90 ia 4((-n/ao/eea. ?acoeueoaou i?aaenoaaeaiu a oaaeeoea 6.

Oaaeeoea 6

?acoeueoaou yenia?eiaioia ii ?acaeaeaieth Y-90 Sr -90 ia ioaeaeueiuo
eieiieao (ooi?iieano-4 + Ae2YAOE)

Oa?aeoa?enoeea enoiaeiiai ?anoai?a Sr-90 +Y-90 Oa?aeoa?enoeea ?anoai?a
Y-90 iinea ?acaeaeaiey ia eieiiea (ia iiiaio ioaeaeaiey io Sr-90) Auoiae
Y-90 ,% Eiyooeoeeaio i/enoee Y-90 io Sr-90

Iauai, ie Iauaiiay aeoeaiinoue iEe/ie Iauai, ie Iauaiiay aeoeaiinoue
iEe/ie

1 5,0 10 0,51 100,0 1,6*104

5 2,7 10 1,1 81,4 5,0*103

5 2,7 6 1,7 75,5 8,0*103

6 2,0 4 2,0 66,0 1,8*103

5 2,7 7 1,4 81,5 4,3*103

6 2,0 3 3,21 80,0 4,1*103

Auai? oiai eee eiiai aaia?aoi?a iiaeii aeaeaoue enoiaey ec oiai eaeea
oeaee i?aneaaeoao iio?aaeoaeue.

Iyoue eao yenieoaoaoeee iai?oaeiaaiey iienaii auoa iicaieyao naeaeaoue
auaiae i iaaeaaeiinoe ?aaiou oeaio?eooaeiuo yeno?aeoi?ia. A oa/aiee
anaai yoiai a?aiaie iu ia eiaee eaeeo eeai io?eoeaoaeueiuo ?acoeueoaoia
i?e iieo/aiee ?aaeeioa?ii?aia?aoia e eo eeeie/aneii eniieueciaaiee.
I?eieiay ai aieiaiea eeoa?aoo?iua aeaiiua i ?aaeeioeeiiiie noaaeeueiinoe
Ae2YAOE iiaeii iaaeaaony, /oi eiaaony aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaiey yoiai
iaoiaea aeey auaeaeaiey ai?acaei aieueoeo eiee/anoa Y-90 .

Aeiaieueii ei?ioeia a?aiy ia?a?aaioee ia?yaeo n oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiui
ea/anoaii iieo/aaiiai i?iaeoeoa iiaeii n/eoaoue aeaaiui i?aeiouanoaii
yoiai iaoiaea. E?iia oiai, yoio i?ioeann iiaeao auoue iieiinoueth
aaoiiaoece?iaai.

Iienaiea oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna iieo/aiey Y-90 a AE.

Enoiaeiui aeey auaeaeaiey eoo?ey-90 yaeyaony ?anoai? no?iioeey-90 a 0,1
I acioiie eeneioa, iauai 135 ie., aeoeaiinoue no?iioeey-90 io5 aei10 Ee
auaea?aeea iaaeaeo ia?a?aaioeaie io 10 aei 12 aeiae. A AE-117 o?aienny 5
ii?oeee.

I?aaeaa?eoaeueii ni?aoeeiiiui iaoiaeii niaeo?iiao?e/aneei aiaeeca a
?anoai?a no?iioeey-90 iinoi?iiiea ?aaeeiioeeeaeu ia iaia?oaeaiu.

Eoo?ee-90 ecaeaeatho ec enoiaeiiai aiaeiiai ?anoai?a no?iioeey-90
yeno?aeoeeae 0,25 I ?anoai?ii Ae”YAOE a aeiaeaeaia ia oeaio?eooaeiii
yeno?aeoi?a. A yoii aea yeno?aeoi?a ia aai aoi?ie nooiaie i?iecaiaeyo
ioiuaeo i?aaie/aneiai yeno?aeoa eoo?ey-90 io neaaeiauo eiee/anoa
no?iioeey-90, iinea /aaiyeno?aeo eoo?ey-90 iinooiaao ai aoi?ie
yeno?aeoi?. A yoii yeno?aeoi?a i?iecaiaeyo aeoaieoth ioiuaeo eoo?ey-90
io no?iioeey-90 ec acioiie eeneiou 0,

1 I ?anoai?ii nieyiie eeneiou ecioa?ie/aneie /enoiou.

Aeaeaa, ia yoii yeno?aeoi?a eoo?ee-90 ?ayeno?aae?otho 6 I nieyiie
eeneioie oaeaea ecioa?ie/aneie.

Iauaiu:

Enoiaeiue-135 ie

I?iiuaiie 0,1 I acioiay eeneioa io 35 – 40 ie

Yeno?aaaio 50 ie

I?iiuaiie ?anoai?o 0,1 I nieyiae eeneioa -100 ie

?ayeno?aaaio 6 I nieyiay eeneioa 50 ie

?ayeno?aeo eoo?ey-90 iinooiaao ia iia?aoeeth ioaiiee nieyiie eeneiou
iaoiaeii oia?ee, iinea /aai ?anoai? ?acaaaeytho io 0,05 aei 0,1 I
nieyiie eeneiou.

Aeey aeii/enoee eoo?ey-90 io oeie/aneeo i?eianae i?iaiaeyo
ni?aoeeiiioth i/enoeo eoo?ey-90 n eniieueciaaieai eaoeiieoa E?N-6 niaoe.

i/enoee, a oaeaea 0,1 I e 6,0 I nieyiie eeneiou ecioa?ie?iaaiiie a
eaa?oea.

Aeani?aao eoo?ey-90 ia?aaeatho a AO (aien oyaeaeue) aaea i?iecaiaeyo
ioai? i?ia aeey i?iaaaeaiey ?aaeeioeie/aneiai aiaeeca, oia?eo iiae
?ac?yaeaieai aeey ioaiiee nieyiie eeneiou, aeiaaaeaiea eeneioiinoe aei
0,05-0,1 I ii nieyiie eeneioa e ?anoaniaeo.

Oaoiieiae/aneay eino?oeoeey

Eoo?ee-90 yaeyaony (-eceo/aoaeai Amax = 2,27 IyA, T1/2 = 64 /.,
a?oiia “A” ?aaeeaoeeiiiie iianiinoe ii I?A-96.

Eoo?ee-90 yaeyaony aei/a?iei i?iaeoeoii (-?aniaaea no?iioeey-90 (T1/2
= 28,88 eao.) e auaeaeyaony ec ?anoai?ia no?iioeey auaea?aeaiiuo io 10
aei 12 noo.

I?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue

?aciaay iia?aoeey ii ia?a?aaioea aei 10 Ee no?iioeey-90.

A aiae 52 ia?a?aaioee n iinoaaeie caeac/eeo io 2 aei 10 Ee eoo?ey-90 (
100-500 Ee/aiae)

Nu?uea

No?iioeee-90 auaea?aeaiiue a oa/aiee 10-12 noo. No?iioeee-90
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii i/euai ni?aoeeiiiui iaoiaeii io iinoi?iiieo
?aaeeiioeeeaeia.

Aeoeaiinoue no?iioeey-90 io5 aei 10 Ee a iauaia 135 ie a 0,1 I ?-?a
acioiie eeneiou.

O/anoie

AE-117 aAE e aa iia?aoi?neay aeaa aiena AO e AE oeia 1AI1-IN

AO – iniauai oiaaiauie iaieioeyoi?aie.

AE – iniauai ?aceiiauie ia?/aoeaie.

A AE

o?aiaiea

Yeno?aeoeeiiiia auaeaeaiea Y-90 ia oeaio?eooaeiii iieoi?ioeaioi/iii
yeno?aeoi?a.

Ioiuaea Y-90 4 I nieyiie eeneioie, ia OeIIY2

Ni?aoeeiiiay aeii/enoea Y-90 ia eaoeiieoa EO-2

Oia?ea ?anoai?a Y-90 e ia?aaea/a a AO.

A AO

Ioai? i?ia e ia?aaea/a a AE

Oiaeiaea aioiaiai i?iaeoeoa e ioi?aaeaY-90 a ia?ae/ioth aa?iiaieinoue

A AE

?O aiaeec Y-90

Oiaeiaea

-11-

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u

I.A. Eo?aieia, TH.I. Ooaei; ?aaeeiioeeeaeu a yaea?iie iaaeeoeeia,
(iieo/aiea e eniieueciaaiea),Iaieine;OYE-1993a.

A.A. Iaeeiei, E.I. Eo?/aoiaa. E.I.O?iiiaa e ae?. Aaia?aoi? Y-90 aunieie
?aaeeiioeeeaeiie /anoiou,?aaeeioeiey,N 4,1984a.

Mark L. Dietz and E. Philip Horwitz, Improved Chemistri for the
Production of Y-90 for Medical Application, Appl. Radiat. Isotops.
Vol.43,No.9. pp. 1093-1101.,1992.

I.A.Eo?aieia, TH.I. Ooaei, ?aaeeiioeeeaeu a yaea?iie iaaeeoeeia, ?aoa?ao

G.E.Kodina,G.V.Korpusov,A.T.Filynin, Extractive Y-90-Generator,
abstract.

A.A. Oaeeei, A.A. Oeoiei-Neoieeia,I.A.Caeoeaaa, ?aaeeiioeeeaeu aeey
?aaeeioa?aiee. Aeoeiee-225;
naienoaa,iieo/aiea,i?eiaiaiea.,?aaeeioeiey,1997,o.39,N6.

J.S.Wike,C.E.Guyer,D.W.Ramey,B.P.Philips,Chemistri for Commercial Scale
Production of Y-90 for Medical Research, Appl. Radiat. Isotops.
Vol.41,No.9. pp. 861-865,1990.

Oa?ania I. O. Ninoiyiea e i?iaeaiu ioa/anoaaiiie ?aaeeioa?iaoeaaoeee.
Iaae?aaeeieiaey, 1989, ?6, no?. 3-8

Caiiiaa E.A. e ae?. Eo/aaua iaa?ocee io ?aaeeioa?iaoeaaoeee.] Iineaa.
OeIEEaoiieioi?i, 1984.

Ruth T. J., Pate B.D., Robertson r., Porter J.K.Radionuclide Production
for Biosciencec. Review. Nucl.

Ieoaaa I.A. ?aaeeioeiey 1969 o.11 N1 n. 126-127.

Med. Biol.,1989, v.16, ?4, pp. 323-336.

PAGE 18

?anoai? Sr-90 a0,1 I acioiie eeneioa

Neea a niaoeeaiaeecaoeeth

?ayeno?aeoeey Y-90, 6 I nieyiie eeneioie

I?iiuai/iue ?anoai?

I?aaie/aneee yeno?aaaio

I?iiuaea yeno?aaaioa 0,1 I nieyiie eeneioie

O?aiaiea

I?iiuai/iue ?anoai? Sr-90

I?aaie/aneee yeno?aeo Y-90

I?iiuaea 0,1 I acioiie eeneioie

O?aiaiea, iaeiieaiea Y-90

Aiaeii-oainoiaie ?anoai? Sr-90

Yeno?aeo Y-90

Yeno?aeoeey Y-90 0,25 I Ae2YAOE a aeiaeaeaia ec 0,1 I acioiie eeneiou

Neea a niaoeeaiaeecaoeeth

?anoaniaea, oiaeiaea.

?O* ?anoai?a

Iiaeaioiaea e ni?aoeee Y-90 aeey neaae.ia?oee.

Oia?ea ?anoai?a Y-90 ?acaaaeaie. 0,05 I nieyiie eeneioie

Eaoeiieo E?N-6

Aeani?aao

Y-90

Neea a niaoeeaiaeecaoeeth

?aoeiao e i?ii. ?anoai?u

I?iiuaea ni?aaoa 0,1 I ?anoai?ii nieyiie eeneiou

Aeani?aoeey Y-90, 6 I nieyiie eeneioie

Ni?aoeey Y-90 ia eaoeiieoa

Ei??aeoe?iaea ?anoai?a aeey ni?aoeee ia E?N-6

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