.

Химия. Белки

Язык: русский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 573
Скачать документ

AAEEE E IIEEIAIOEAeU

Aaeee ea?atho eneeth/eoaeueii aaaeioth ?ieue a aeeaie i?e?iaea. AEeciue
iaiuneeia aac ?acee/iuo ii no?iaieth e ooieoeeyi aaeeia. Aaeee – yoi
aeiiieeia?u neiaeiiai no?iaiey, iae?iiieaeoeu (i?ioaeiu) eioi?uo,
ninoiyo ec inoaoeia aieiieeneio, niaaeeiaiiuo iaaeaeo niaie aieaeiie
(iaioeaeiie) naycueth. E?iia aeeeiiuo iieeia?iuo oeaiae, iino?iaiiuo ec
inoaoeia aieiieeneio (iieeiaioeaeiuo oeaiae), a iae?iiieaeoeo aaeea
iiaoo aoiaeeoue oaeaea inoaoee eee iieaeoeu ae?oaeo i?aaie/aneeo
niaaeeiaiee. Ia iaeiii eieueoea eaaeaeie iaioeaeiie oeaie eiaaony
naiaiaeiay eee aoeeee?iaaiiay aieiia?oiia, ia ae?oaii – naiaiaeiay eee
aieaee?iaaiiay ea?aieneeueiay a?oiia.

Eiiaoe oeaie n aieiia?oiiie iacuaaaony I-eiioeii, eiiaoe oeaie n
ea?aieneeueiie a?oiiie — N-eiioeii iaioeaeiie oeaie. Iaaeaeo NI-a?oiiie
iaeiie iaioeaeiie a?oiie?iaee e NH-a?oiiie ae?oaie iaioeaeiie
a?oiie?iaee iiaoo eaaei ia?aciauaaoueny aiaei?iaeiua nayce.

A?oiiu, aoiaeyuea a ninoaa ?aaeeeaea R aieiieeneio, iiaoo anooiaoue ai
acaeiiaeaenoaea ae?oa n ae?oaii, n iinoi?iiieie aauanoaaie e n
ninaaeieie aaeeiauie e eiuie iieaeoeaie, ia?acoy neiaeiua e
?aciiia?aciua no?oeoo?u.

A iae?iiieaeoeo aaeea aoiaeeo iaeia eee ianeieueei iaioeaeiuo oeaiae,
naycaiiuo ae?oa n ae?oaii iiia?a/iuie oeie/aneeie naycyie, /aua anaai
/a?ac na?o (aeenoeueoeaeiua iinoeee, ia?acoaiua inoaoeaie
oeenoaeia). Oeie/aneoth no?oeoo?o iaioeaeiuo oeaiae i?eiyoi iacuaaoue
ia?ae/iie no?oeoo?ie aaeea eee naeaaioeeae.

Aeey iino?iaiey i?ino?ainoaaiiie no?oeoo?u aaeea iaioeaeiua oeaie
aeieaeiu i?eiyoue ii?aaeaeaiioth, naienoaaiioth aeaiiiio aaeeo
eiioeao?aoeeth, eioi?ay cae?aieyaony aiaei?iaeiuie naycyie,
aicieeathueie iaaeaeo iaioeaeiuie a?oiie?iaeaie ioaeaeueiuo o/anoeia
iieaeoey?iie oeaie. Ii ia?a ia?aciaaiey aiaei?iaeiuo naycae iaioeaeiua
oeaie cae?o/eaathony a nie?aee, no?aiynue e ia?aciaaieth iaeneiaeueiiai
/enea aiaei?iaeiuo naycae e niioaaonoaaiii e yia?aaoe/anee iaeaieaa
auaiaeiie eiioeao?aoeee.

Aia?aua oaeay no?oeoo?a ia iniiaa ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iiai aiaeeca auea
iaia?oaeaia i?e eco/aiee aeaaiiai aaeea aiein e oa?noe—ea?aoeia Iieeiaii
aia?eeaineei oeceeii e oeieeii… Aa iacaaee a-no?oeoo?ie eee
a-nie?aeueth. Ia iaeei aeoie nie?aee i?eoiaeeony ii 3,6—3,7 inoaoeia
aieiieeneio. ?annoiyiea iaaeaeo aeoeaie ieiei 0,54 ieeeea?aeiie aeiea
iao?a. No?iaiea nie?aee noaaeeece?oaony aioo?eiieaeoey?iuie
aiaei?iaeiuie naycyie.

I?e ?anoyaeaiee nie?aeue iae?iiieaeoeu aaeea i?aa?auaaony a ae?oaoth
no?oeoo?o, iaiiieiathuoth eeiaeioth.

Ii ia?aciaaieth i?aaeeueiie nie?aee /anoi iaoatho neeu iooaeeeaaiey eee
i?eoyaeaiey, aicieeathuea iaaeaeo a?oiiaie aieiieeneio, eee noa?e/aneea
i?aiyonoaey, iai?eia?, ca n/ao ia?aciaaiey ie??ieeaeeiiauo eieaoe
i?ieeia e ienei?ieeia, eioi?ua canoaaeytho iaioeaeioth oeaiue ?acei
ecaeaaoueny e i?aiyonoaotho ia?aciaaieth nie?aee ia iaeioi?uo aa
o/anoeao. Aeaeaa ioaeaeueiua o/anoee iae?iiieaeoeu aaeea i?eaioe?othony
a i?ino?ainoaa, i?eieiay a iaeioi?uo neo/ayo aeinoaoi/ii auoyioooth
oi?io, a eiiaaea neeueiieciaioooth, naa?ioooth i?ino?ainoaaiioth
no?oeoo?o.

I?ino?ainoaaiiay no?oeoo?a cae?aieaia aneaaenoaea acaeiiaeaenoaey
?aaeeeaeia R e aieiieeneio n ia?aciaaieai aeenoeueoeaeiuo iinoeeia,
aiaei?iaeiuo naycae, eiiiuo ia? eee ae?oaeo oeie/aneeo eeai oece/aneeo
naycae. Eiaiii i?ino?ainoaaiiay no?oeoo?a aaeea ii?aaeaeyao oeie/aneea e
aeieiae/aneea naienoaa aaeeia.

A caaeneiinoe io i?ino?ainoaaiiie no?oeoo?u ana aaeee aeaeyony ia aeaa
aieueoeo eeanna: oea?eeey?iua (iie eniieuecothony i?e?iaeie eae
no?oeoo?iue iaoa?eae) e aeiaoey?iua (oa?iaiou, aioeoaea, iaeioi?ua
ai?iiiu e ae?.).

Iieeiaioeaeiua oeaie oea?eeey?iuo aaeeia eiatho oi?io nie?aee, eioi?ay
cae?aieaia ?aniieiaeaiiuie aaeieue oeaie aioo?eiieaeoey?iuie
aiaei?iaeiuie naycyie. A aieieiao oea?eeey?iuo aaeeia cae?o/aiiua
iaioeaeiua oeaie ?aniieiaeaiu ia?aeeaeueii ine aieieia, iie eae au
i?eaioe?iaaiu ioiineoaeueii ae?oa ae?oaa, ?aniieaaathony ?yaeii, ia?acoy
ieoaaeaeiua no?oeoo?u e eiatho aunieoth noaiaiue aneiiao?ee.
Oea?eeey?iua aaeee ieioi ?anoai?eiu eee nianai ia?anoai?eiu a aiaea. I?e
?anoai?aiee a aiaea iie ia?acotho ?anoai?u aunieie ayceinoe. E
oea?eeey?iui aaeeai ioiinyony aaeee, aoiaeyuea a ninoaa oeaiae e
iie?iaiuo ia?aciaaiee. Yoi ieicei—aaeie iuoa/iuo oeaiae; eieeaaai,
yaeythueeny iniiaie naaeeiaioaoeeiiiuo oeaiae e eiaeiuo iie?iaia;
ea?aoei, aoiaeyuee a ninoaa aiein, ?iaiauo iie?iaia, oa?noe e ia?ueaa. E
yoiio aea eeanno aaeeia ioiineony aaeie iaoo?aeueiiai oaeea – oea?iei,
ayceay ne?iiiia?aciay aeeaeeinoue, caoaa?aeaaathuay ia aicaeooa a
i?i/ioth ia?anoai?eioth ieoue. Yoio aaeie eiaao auoyiooua iieeiaioeaeiua
oeaie, niaaeeiaiiua ae?oa n ae?oaii iaaeiieaeoey?iuie aiaei?iaeiuie
naycyie, /oi e ii?aaeaeyao, ii-aeaeeiiio, aunieoth iaoaie/aneoth
i?i/iinoue iaoo?aeueiiai oaeea.

Iaioeaeiua oeaie aeiaoey?iuo aaeeia neeueii eciaioou, naa?ioou e /anoi
eiatho oi?io aeanoeeo oa?eeia—aeiaoe. Iieaeoeu aeiaoey?iuo aaeeia
iaeaaeatho ieceie noaiaiueth aneiiao?ee, iie oi?ioi ?anoai?eiu a aiaea,
i?e/ai ayceinoue eo ?anoai?ia iaaaeeea. Yoi i?aaeaea anaai aaeee
e?iae—aaiiaeiaei, aeueaoiei, aeiaoeei e ae?.

Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue oneiaiinoue aeaeaiey aaeeia ia oea?eeey?iua e
aeiaoey?iua, oae eae nouanoaoao aieueoia /enei aaeeia n i?iiaaeooi/iie
no?oeoo?ie.

Naienoaa aaeea iiaoo neeueii eciaiyoueny i?e caiaia iaeiie aieiieeneiou
ae?oaie. Yoi iauyniyaony eciaiaieai eiioeao?aoeee iaioeaeiuo oeaiae e
oneiaee ia?aciaaiey i?ino?ainoaaiiie no?oeoo?u aaeea, eioi?ay a eiia/iii
n/aoa ii?aaeaeyao aai ooieoeee a i?aaiecia.

NINOAA E NAIENOAA AAEEIA

*enei aieiieeneioiuo inoaoeia, aoiaeyueo a iieaeoeu ioaeaeueiuo aaeeia,
aanueia ?acee/ii: a einoeeia 51, a ieiaeiaeia – ieiei 140. Iiyoiio e
ioiineoaeueiay iieaeoey?iay ianna aaeeia eieaaeaony a i/aiue oe?ieeo
i?aaeaeao – io 10 ouny/ aei iiiaeo ieeeeiiia Ia iniiaa ii?aaeaeaiey
ioiineoaeueiie iieaeoey?iie iannu e yeaiaioa?iiai aiaeeca onoaiiaeaia
yiie?e/aneay oi?ioea aaeeiaie iieaeoeu – aaiiaeiaeia e?iae
(C738H1166O208S2Fe)4 Iaiueoay iieaeoey?iay ianna iiaeao auoue o
i?inoaeoeo oa?iaioia e iaeioi?uo ai?iiiia aaeeiaie i?e?iaeu. Iai?eia?,
iieaeoey?iay ianna ai?iiia einoeeia ieiei 6500, a aaeea ae?ona a?eiia —
320 000 000. Aauanoaa aaeeiaie i?e?iaeu (ninoiyuea ec inoaoeia
aieiieeneio, niaaeeiaiiuo iaaeaeo niaie iaioeaeiie naycueth), eiathuea
ioiineoaeueii iaiueooth iieaeoey?ioth ianno e iaiueooth noaiaiue
i?ino?ainoaaiiie i?aaiecaoeee iae?iiieaeoeu, iacuaathony iieeiaioeaeaie.
I?iaanoe ?aceoth a?aieoeo iaaeaeo aaeeaie e iieeiaioeaeaie o?oaeii. A
aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa aaeee ioee/athony io ae?oaeo i?e?iaeiuo iieeia?ia
(eao/oea, e?aoiaea, oeaeetheicu), oai, /oi /enoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiue
aaeie niaea?aeeo oieueei iieaeoeu iaeeiaeiaiai no?iaiey e iannu.
Eneeth/aieai yaeyaony, iai?eia?, aeaeaoeia, a ninoaaa eioi?ie aoiaeyo
iae?iiieaeoeu n iieaeoey?iie iannie 12 000— 70000.

No?iaieai aaeeia iauyniythony eo aanueia ?aciiia?aciua naienoaa. Iie
eiatho ?acioth ?anoai?eiinoue: iaeioi?ua ?anoai?ythony a aiaea, ae?oaea
— a ?acaaaeaiiuo ?anoai?ao iaeo?aeueiuo nieae, a iaeioi?ua nianai ia
iaeaaeatho naienoaii ?anoai?eiinoe (iai?eia?, aaeee iie?iaiuo oeaiae).
I?e ?anoai?aiee aaeeia a aiaea ia?acoaony naiaia?aciay
iieaeoey?ii-aeenia?niay nenoaia (?anoai? aunieiiieaeoey?iiai aauanoaa).
Iaeioi?ua aaeee iiaoo auoue auaeaeaiu a aeaea e?enoaeeia (aaeie eo?eiiai
yeoea, aaiiaeiaeia e?iae).

Aaeee ea?atho aaaeiaeooth ?ieue a aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe anao i?aaieciia.
I?e ieuaaa?aiee aaeeiaua iieaeoeu ia?aaa?eaathony aei aieiieeneio,
eioi?ua, aoaeo/e oi?ioi ?anoai?eiu a aiaeiie n?aaea, i?iieeatho a e?iaue
e iinooiatho ai ana oeaie e eeaoee i?aaiecia. Caeanue iaeaieueoay /anoue
aieiieeneio ?anoiaeoaony ia neioac aaeeia ?acee/iuo i?aaiia e oeaiae,
/anoue—ia neioac ai?iiiia, oa?iaioia e ae?oaeo aeieiae/anee aaaeiuo
aauanoa, a inoaeueiua neoaeao eae yia?aaoe/aneee iaoa?eae. O.a. aaeee
auiieiytho eaoaeeoe/aneea (oa?iaiou), ?aaoeyoi?iua (ai?iiiu),
o?ainii?oiua (aaiiaeiaei, oea?oeiieaciei e ae?.), caueoiua (aioeoaea,
o?iiaei e ae?.) ooieoeee

Aaeee — aaaeiaeoea eiiiiiaiou ieue /aeiaaea e ei?ia aeeaioiuo.
Niaieoiiinoue iai?a?uaii i?ioaeathueo oeieuaneee i?aa?auaiee aaeeia
caieiaao aaaeouaa ianoi a iaiaia aauanoa i?aaieciia. Nei?inoue
iaiiaeaiey aaeeia o aeeauo i?aaieciia caaeneo io niaea?aeaiey aaeeia a
ieua, a oaeaea aai aeieiae/aneie oeaiiinoe, eioi?ay ii?aaeaeyaony
iaee/eai e niioiioaieai iacaiaieiuo aieiieeneio

Aaeee ?anoaiee aaaeiaa aaeeia aeeaioiiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey ii
niaea?aeaieth iacaiaieiuo aieiieeneio, iniaaiii eeceia, iaoeiieia,
o?eioioaia. Aaeee nie e ea?oioaey ii aieiieeneioiiio ninoaao iaeaieaa
aeecee aaeeai aeeaioiuo. Ionoonoaea a ei?ia iacaiaieiuo aieiieeneio
i?eoiaeeo e oyae?eui ia?ooaieyi acioenoiai iaiaia. Iiyoiio naeaeoeey
ca?iiauo eoeueoo? iai?aaeaia, a /anoiinoe, e ia iiauoaiea ea/anoaa
aaeeiaiai ninoaaa ca?ia.

EEANNEOEEAOeEss AAEEIA

Aaeee iiae?acaeaeythony ia aeaa aieueoea a?oiiu: i?inoua aaeee, eee
i?ioaeiu, e neiaeiua aaeee, eee i?ioaeaeu.

I?e aeae?ieeca i?ioaeiia a eeneii aiaeiii ?anoai?a iieo/atho oieueei
a-aieiieeneiou. Aeae?ieec i?ioaeaeia aeaao e?iia aieiieeneio e aauanoaa
iaaaeeiaie i?e?iaeu (oaeaaiaeu, ioeeaeiiaua eeneiou e ae?.); yoi
niaaeeiaiey aaeeiauo aauanoa n iaaaeeiauie.

I?ioaeiu.

Aeueaoieiu oi?ioi ?anoai?ythony a aiaea. Ano?a/athony a iieiea, ye/iii
aaeea e e?iae.

Aeiaoeeiu a aiaea ia ?anoai?ythony, ii ?anoai?eiu a ?acaaaeaiiuo
?anoai?ao nieae. E aeiaoeeiai i?eiaaeeaaeao aeiaoeeiu e?iae e iuoa/iue
aaeie ieicei.

Aeooaeeiu ?anoai?ythony oieueei a ?acaaaeaiiuo ?anoai?ao uaei/ae.
Ano?a/athony a ?anoaieyo.

Neea?ii?ioaeiu — ia?anoai?eiua aaeee. E neea?ii?ioaeiai ioiinyony
ea?aoeiu, aaeie eiaee e niaaeeieoaeueiuo oeaiae eieeaaai, aaeie
iaoo?aeueiiai oaeea oea?iei.

I?ioaeaeu iino?iaiu ec i?ioaeiia, niaaeeiaiiuo n iieaeoeaie ae?oaiai
oeia (i?inoaoe/aneeie a?oiiaie).

Oinoii?ioaeaeu niaea?aeao iieaeoeu oinoi?iie eeneiou, naycaiiua a aeaea
neiaeiiai yoe?a o aeae?ieneeueiie a?oiiu aieiieeneiou na?eia. E iei
ioiineony aeoaeeei—aaeie, niaea?aeaueeny a ye/iii aeaeoea, aaeie iieiea
eacaei.

Aeeeii?ioaeaeu niaea?aeao inoaoee oaeaaiaeia. Iie aoiaeyo a ninoaa
o?yuae, ?iaia, nethiu.

O?iiii?ioaeaeu niaea?aeao iieaeoeo ie?aoaiiiai aauanoaa, iau/ii oeia
ii?oeia. Naiui aaaeiui o?iiii?ioaeaeii yaeyaony aaiiaeiaei — ia?aiin/ee
eenei?iaea, ie?aoeaathuee e?aniua e?iayiua oaeueoea.

Ioeeaii?ioaeaeu — i?ioaeiu, naycaiiua n ioeeaeiiauie eeneioaie. Iie
i?aaenoaaeytho niaie i/aiue aaaeiua n aeieiae/aneie oi/ee c?aiey
aaeee—ninoaaiua /anoe eeaoi/iuo yaea?. Ioeeaii?ioaeaeu yaeythony
aaaeiaeoae ninoaaiie /anoueth ae?onia — aicaoaeeoaeae iiiaeo aieaciae.

Ii?aaeaeaiea no?iaiey aaeeia

Ii?aaeaeaiea no?iaiey aaeeia yaeyaony i/aiue neiaeiie caaea/ae, ii ca
iineaaeiea aiaeu a oeiee aaeea aeinoeaioou cia/eoaeueiua oniaoe. Iiieii
iaoiaeia iieo/aiey aunieiiieaeoey?iuo neioaoe/aneeo iieeiaioeaeia,
iino?iaiiuo ec aieueoiai /enea iieaeoe iaeeiaeiauo a-aieiieeneio,
?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeu neioaca niaoaiiuo iieeiaioeaeia n ca?aiaa caaeaiiui
ii?yaeeii /a?aaeiaaiey ?acee/iuo a-aieiieeneio iooai iinoaiaiiiai eo
ia?aueaaiey.

Iieiinoueth ii?aaeaeaia oeie/aneay no?oeoo?a ianeieueeeo aaeeia: ai?iiia
einoeeia, aioeaeioeea a?aieoeeaeei, oa?iaioa, ?anuaieythuaai ioeeaeiiaua
eeneiou, ?eaiioeeaacu, ai?iiia aaeaiiei?oeeio?iieia, aaeea ae?ona
oaaa/iie iicaeee, ieiaeiaeia, aaiiaeiaeia e ae?. *anoe/ii ii?aaeaeaia
no?oeoo?a iaeioi?uo ae?oaeo aaeeia.

Eco/aiea oeie/aneiai no?iaiey aaeea ia/eiatho n ii?aaeaeaiey
aieiieeneioiiai ninoaaa. Aeey yoiai eniieuecoaony aeaaiui ia?acii iaoiae
aeae?ieeca, o. a. iaa?aaaiea aaeea n 6—10 iieue/e nieyiie eeneioie i?e
oaiia?aoo?a 100—110°N. Iieo/atho nianue a-aieiieeneio, ec eioi?ie iiaeii
auaeaeeoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua aieiieeneiou.

Iai?eia?, iieiue aeae?ieec iaeiiai o?eiaioeaea i?eaiaeeo e ia?aciaaieth
o?ao aieiieeneio:

Aeey eiee/anoaaiiiai aiaeeca yoie niane a ianoiyuaa a?aiy i?eiaiytho
eiiiiaiaiioth e aoiaaeioth o?iiaoia?aoeth. Neiino?oe?iaaiu niaoeeaeueiua
aaoiiaoe/aneea aiaeecaoi?u aieiieeneio.

Eoae, aeae?ieec aaeeia, ii nouanoao, naiaeeony e aeae?ieeco
iieeiaioeaeiuo naycae. E yoiio aea naiaeeony e i?ioeann ia?aaa?eaaiea.

?ac?aaioaiu oaeaea oa?iaioaoeaiua iaoiaeu nooiai/aoiai ?anuaieaiey
aaeea. Iaeioi?ua oa?iaiou ?anuaieytho iae?iiieaeoeo aaeea niaoeeoe/anee
— oieueei a ianoao iaoiaeaeaiey ii?aaeaeaiiie aieiieeneiou. Oae
iieo/atho i?iaeoeou nooiai/aoiai ?anuaieaiey — iaioiiu e iaioeaeu,
iineaaeothuei aiaeecii eioi?uo onoaiaaeeaatho eo aieiieeneioiue ninoaa.

Cia/eoaeueii aieaa neiaeiui yaeyaony ii?aaeaeaiea iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe
aieaeieeneio a iaioeaeiuo oeaiyo aaeea. N yoie oeaeueth i?aaeaea anaai
ii?aaeaeytho N- e N-eiioeu iieeiaioeaeiuo oeaiae, i?e yoii ?aoathony
aeaa aii?ina—eaeaioeoeoee?othony eiioeaaua aieiieeneiou e ii?aaeaeyaony
/enei iaioeaeiuo oeaiae, aoiaeyueo a ninoaa iae?iiieaeoe aaeea. Aeey
ii?aaeaeaiey N-eiioeia iaioeaeiie oeaie iieo/atho N-i?iecaiaeiia
eiioeaaie aieiieeneiou iaioeaea, eioi?ia eaeaioeoeoee?otho iinea iieiiai
aeae?ieeca iaioeaea. N-eiioeu iaioeaeiuo oeaiae ii?aaeaeythony
ecae?aoaeueiui iouaieaieai eiioeaaie aieiieeneiou n iiiiuueth
niaoeeoe/aneiai oa?iaioa — ea?aieneiaioeaeacu e iineaaeothuae
eaeaioeoeeaoeeae yoie aieiieeneiou. Anee iae?iiieaeoea aaeea ninoieo ec
aeaoo (eee aieaa) iaioeaeiuo oeaiae, eae a neo/aa einoeeia, oi
ecae?aoaeueii ?ac?ooatho aeenoeueoeaeiua iinoeee ieeneaieai (iai?eia?,
iaae-io?aaueeiie eeneioie) e caoai iieo/aiiua iieeiaioeaeu ?acaeaeytho
iooai o?aeoeeiie?iaaiey ia eiieoao. Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe ?aniieiaeaiey aieiieeneio a eaaeaeie iieeiaioeaeiie
oeaie aa iiaeaa?aatho /anoe/iiio eeneioiiio aeae?ieeco e ecae?aoaeueiiio
?anuaieaieth n iiiiuueth oa?iaioia, eaaeaeue ec eioi?uo ?ac?uaaao
iieeiaioeaeioth oeaiue oieueei a ii?aaeaeaiiuo ianoao i?eniaaeeiaiey
eaeie-oi iaeiie ii?aaeaeaiiie aieiieeneiou eee iaeiiai oeia aieiieeneio
(iniiaiuo, a?iiaoe/aneeo). Oaeei ia?acii iieo/atho ianeieueei iaai?ia
iaioeaeia: eioi?ua ?acaeaeytho, eniieuecoy iaoiaeu o?iiaoia?aoee e
yeaeo?ioi?aca. No?iaiea ei?ioeeo iaioeaeia ii?aaeaeytho
iineaaeiaaoaeueiui iouaieaieai e eaeaioeoeeaoeeae eiioeaauo aieiieeneio
oiiiyioouie auoa iaoiaeaie, a aieueoea iaioeaeu iiaeaa?aatho
aeiiieieoaeueiiio ?anuaieaieth n iineaaeothuei ?acaeaeaieai e
ii?aaeaeaieai no?iaiey. Caoai iooai neiaeiiai niiinoaaeaiey no?oeoo?u
?acee/iuo o/anoeia iaioeaeiie oeaie ainnicaeatho iieioth ea?oeio
?aniieiaeaiey aieiieeneio a iae?iiieaeoea aaeea. ?aaioa yoa i/aiue
o?oaeiaieay, e aeey ii?aaeaeaiey oeie/aneie no?oeoo?u aaeea o?aaoaony
ianeieueei eao.

Aeey eco/aiey i?ino?ainoaaiiie no?oeoo?u aaeea, iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe
niaaeeiaiey aieiieeneio a oii eee eiii aaeea eniieuecotho ?acee/iua
oeceei-oeie/aneea iaoiaeu, ec eioi?uo iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiuie ieacaeenue
iaoiae nooiai/aoiai ?anuaieaiey e ?aioaaiino?oeoo?iue aiaeec.

?aioaaiino?oeoo?iue aiaeec – iaoiae enneaaeiaaiey aoiiiie no?oeoo?u a-aa
n iiiiuueth aeeo?aeoeee ?aioaaiianeeo eo/ae. ?aioaaiianeea eo/e
acaeiiaeaenoaotho n yeaeo?iiiuie iaiei/eaie aoiiia. A ?acoeueoaoa yoiai
acaeiiaeaenoaey i?ienoiaeeo aeeo?aeoeey ?aioaaiianeeo eo/ae e ia
oioiieaiea iieo/aaony aeeo?aeoeeiiiay ea?oeia — iyoia eee ie?oaeiinoe.
Ec aeeo?aeoeeiiiie ea?oeiu i?e iiiiue neiaeiuo ?an/aoia onoaiaaeeaatho
?ani?aaeaeaiea yeaeo?iiiie ieioiinoe a-aa, a ii iae – ?iae aoiiia e eo
?aniieiaeaiea.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy onoaiiaeaii, /oi aieueoeinoai aaeeia ninoiyo ec 22
ea/anoaaiii ?aciuo a-aieiieeneio.

I?e ia?aciaaiee iieaeoeu aaeea eee iieeiaioeaea a-aieiieeneiou iiaoo
niaaeeiyoueny a ?acee/iie iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe. Aiciiaeii ia?iiiia /enei
?acee/iuo eiiaeiaoeee. Oae aea eae, iieuecoynue 20…30 aoeaaie
aeoaaeoa, iiaeii iaienaoue oaeno ethaie aeeeiu, oae e ec 20
a-aieiieeneio iiaeii ia?aciaaoue aieueoa 1018 eiiaeiaoeee. Nouanoaiaaiea
?acee/iiai oeia iieeiaioeaeia i?aeoe/anee iaia?aie/aii.

Ii?aaeaeaiea iaee/ey aaeea:

Aeey eaeaioeoeeaoeee aaeeia e iieeiaioeaeia eniieuecotho niaoeeoe/aneea
?aaeoeee ia aaeee. Iai?eia?:

a) aeo?aoiaay ?aaeoeey

a) enaioii?ioaeiiaay ?aaeoeey (iiyaeaiea aeaeoiai ie?aoeaaiey i?e
acaeiiaeaenoaee n iioeaio?e?iaaiiie acioiie eeneioie, eioi?ia a
i?enoonoaee aiieaea noaiiaeony i?aiaeaaui; ?aaeoeey naycaia n
ieo?iaaieai inoaoeia oaieeaeaieia e oe?iceia);

a) ?aaeoeey Ieeeiia (ia?aciaaiea aeaeoi-ei?e/iaaiai ie?aoeaaiey i?e
acaeiiaeaenoaee n Hg(NI3)2+HNI3+HNO2

a) ieiaeae?eiiaay ?aaeoeey

ae) i?e iaa?aaaiee aaeeia ni uaei/ueth a i?enoonoaee nieae naeioea
auiaaeaao /a?iue inaaeie PbS, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i i?enoonoaee
na?oniaea?aeaueo aieiieeneio.

a) neeueiia iaa?aaaiea aucuaaao ia oieueei aeaiaoo?aoeeth aaeeia, ii e
?aceiaeaiea eo n auaeaeaieai eaoo/eo i?iaeoeoia, iaeaaeathueo caiaoii
aeaeaiuo ia?ueaa.

Aaeee iau/ii ia?acotho eieeieaeiua ?anoai?u. Iiiaea ?aaaaiou aucuaatho
inaaeaeaiea aaeeia — eiaaoeyoeeth, eioi?ay iiaeao auoue ia?aoeiie e
iaia?aoeiie. Iai?eia?, yoaiie e aoeaoii eiaaoee?otho aaeee, ii yoa
eiaaoeyoeey yaeyaony ia?aoeiie. A /enoie aiaea eiaaoee?iaaiiua yoei
niiniaii aaeee niiaa ia?acotho eieeieaeiue ?anoai?. Ia?aoeioth
eiaaoeyoeeth aucuaatho oaeaea ?anoai?u iaeioi?uo nieae (MgSO4 (NH4)2SO4
Na2SO4). Iaia?aoeioth eiaaoeyoeeth (aeaiaoo?aoeeth) aaeea aucuaaao
eeiy/aiea, a oaeaea aeaenoaea ieia?aeueiuo eeneio, iee?eiiaie eeneiou,
nieae oyaeaeuo iaoaeeia, oaieia.

Neioac iaioeaeia

Neioac iaioeaeia naycai n ?yaeii nouanoaaiiuo o?oaeiinoae. I?aaeaea
anaai, iaiaoiaeeiu iioe/aneea aeoeaiua eciia?u a-aieiieeneio. E?iia
oiai, o?aaothony niaoeeaeueiua i?eaiu aeey inouanoaeaiey
iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai ia?aciaaiey iaioeaeiuo naycae a ioaeiie iai
iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe a-aieiieeneio: caueoa aieiia?oii, aeoeaaoeey
ea?aieneeueiuo a?oii, iouaieaiea caueoiuo a?oii, iiiaeanoai
niaoeeaeueiuo ?aaaaioia.

Ii a?aiaeeiciay ?aaioa ii aiaeeco e neioaco aaeeia a iineaaeiee ia?eiae
?aaiethoeeiiece?iaaeanue aeaaiaea?y eniieueciaaieth aunieiyooaeoeaiuo
aaoiiaoe/aneeo i?eai?ia. E iei ioiinyo neioacaoi?u — onoaiiaee aeey
neioaca, e?oaeinooi/ii ?aaioathuea aac /aeiaaea ii caaeaiiie i?ia?aiia.
Yoi iaeii ec i?iyaeaiee eiiiuethoa?ecaoeee a oeiee. Nicaeaiea oaeeo
aaoiiaoia noaei aiciiaeiui iinea iiyaeaiey iiauo ieiaeioai?iuo
oeie/aneeo eaeae. Neioacaoi?u iiyaeeenue iinea i?aaeeiaeaiey
aia?eeaineei oeieeii P. Me?eoeeaeii iiaiai i?eioeeia — neioaca ia
iieeia?iii iineoaea, iaeaaeathuai ii?aaeaeaiiuie ooieoeeiiaeueiuie
a?oiiaie.

Oaeie niinia eneeth/aao iaiaoiaeeiinoue auaeaeaiey i?iiaaeooi/iuo
i?iaeoeoia ia eaaeaeie noaaeee neioaca e eaaei iiaeaa?aaaony
aaoiiaoecaoeee.

Ecuneeaay iooe enonnoaaiiiai iieo/aiey aaeea, o/aiua eioaineaii eco/atho
iaoaieci aai neioaca a i?aaieciao. Aaaeue caeanue ii niaa?oaaony a
«iyaeeo» oneiaeyo, oaeeaeoaeueii /aoei e n aieueoie nei?inoueth.
(Iieaeoea aaeea a eeaoea ia?acoaony anaai ca 2—3 n.) Auyniaii, /oi
neioac aaeeia a i?aaiecia inouanoaeyaony n o/anoeai ae?oaeo
aunieiiieaeoey?iuo aauanoa—ioeeaeiiauo eeneio. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy /aeiaae
oaea aeoaiei iiciae iaoaieci aeineioaca aaeea e i?enooiee e
eneonnoaaiiiio iieo/aieth aaaeiaeoeo aaeeia ia iniiaa oao aea
i?eioeeiia, eioi?ua noieue niaa?oaiii io?aaioaiu a i?ioeanna ?acaeoey
i?aaie/aneiai ie?a.

E?iia yoiai, i?iiuoeaiiia iieo/aiea aaeeia inouanoaeyaony iin?aaenoaii
iee?iaeieiae/aneiai neioaca. Ieacaeinue, /oi, ?aciiiaeaynue ia
niioaaonoaothuae ieoaoaeueiie n?aaea, iaeioi?ua iee?ii?aaieciu iiaoo
nicaeaaaoue iaeeueioth aaeeiaoth ianno. Ia io oiaeao aeae?ieeciiai
i?iecaiaenoaa nie?oa ec ae?aaaneiu, iai?eia?, au?aueaatho ei?iiaua
ae?iaeaee aeey aeeaioiiaiaenoaa. Eniieueciaaiea i?iaeoeoia
iee?iaeieiae/aneiai neioaca a aeeaioiiaiaenoaa iicaieyao cia/eoaeueii
iiauoaoue aai i?iaeoeoeaiinoue.

Eneonnoaaiiia iieo/aiea aaeea auei aeooaeueiui aii?inii oaea a i?ioeii
noieaoee, eiaaea noaei ynii, /oi aaeee iino?iaiu ec a-aieiieeneio n
iiiiuueth aieaeiuo (iaioeaeiuo) naycae. Ia?aua neioacu ieceiiieaeoey?iuo
iaioeaeia naycaiu n eiaiai iaiaoeeiai oeieea Y. Oeoa?a. A 1903—1907 aa.
Y. Oeoa? neioace?iaae iieeiaioeae, ninoiyuee ec 19 inoaoeia aieiieeneio.

– PAGE 1 –

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2019