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Oaia: «O/anoieee oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna ni noi?iiu caueou»

Ieai

1. Aaaaeaiea……………………………………………………………………2

2. Iniiaiay /anoue.

2.1 Iiiyoea o/anoieeia oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna ni noi?iiu caueou……..3

2.2 I?aaa e iaycaiiinoe o/anoieeia oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna ni noi?iiu
caueou…………………………………………………………………………6

3. Caeeth/aiea………………………………..………………………………25

Nienie eniieuecoaiie eeoa?aoo?u………………………………………26

Aaaaeaiea

O/anoieee oaieiaiiai noaeii?iecaiaenoaa (i?ioeanna) – yoi ana eeoea,

eioi?ua o/anoaotho a oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiuo i?aaiioiioaieyo, oi anoue
eiatho caeanue ii?aaeaeaiiua i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe. Iie auiieiytho /anoue
oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe e yaeythony noauaeoaie
ioaeaeueiuo oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiuo aeaenoaee e ioiioaiee.

Aianoa n oai iaeioi?ua o/anoieee oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna ea?atho a iai
aaaeouoth ?ieue, ninoiy a aeaaiii, oeaio?aeueiii i?ioeannoaeueiii
i?aaiioiioaiee, auiieiyy iaeio ec iniiaiuo i?ioeannoaeueiuo ooieoeee:
iaaeiaiey, caueou eee ?ac?aoaiey aeaea. Yoe o/anoieee yaeythony
noauaeoaie ia oieueei ioaeaeueiuo i?ioeannoaeueiuo aeaenoaee, ii e anaai
oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna.

Oaeei ia?acii, noauaeou oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna – yoi oaeea aai o/anoieee,
oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiua i?aaa eioi?uo iicaieytho ei aeeyoue ia oiae e
enoiae oaieiaiiai aeaea.

Oeaeue aeaiiiai ?aoa?aoa:

1. ii?aaeaeeoue iiiyoea o/anoieeia oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna ni noi?iiu
caueou;

2. ?anniio?aoue i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe o/anoieeia oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna ni
noi?iiu caueou.

3

1. Iniiaiay /anoue

Iiiyoea o/anoieeia oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna ni noi?iiu caueou

O/anoieeaie oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna ni noi?iiu caueou yaeythony

neaaeothuea:

· Iiaeic?aaaaiue;

· Iaaeiyaiue;

· Caeiiiua i?aaenoaaeoaee ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai iaaeiyaiiai e
iiaeic?aaaaiiai;

· Caueoiee

· A?aaeaeaineee ioaao/ee;

· I?aaenoaaeoaeue a?aaeaeaineiai ioaao/eea.

Iiaeic?aaaaiue – yoi eeoei, /uee i?aaa e naiaiaeu nouanoaaiii
cao?aaeaathony eee iiaoo auoue nouanoaaiii cao?iioou aeaenoaeyie e
ia?aie, naycaiiuie n oaieiaiui i?aneaaeiaaieai aei auianaiey
iinoaiiaeaiey i i?eaea/aiee aeaiiiai eeoea a ea/anoaa iaaeiyaiiai eee
iaaeieoaeueiiai aeoa. Oaeeie aeaenoaeyie e ia?aie i?eciathony:

· Aicaoaeaeaiea a ioiioaiee iaai oaieiaiiai aeaea;

· Caaea?aeaiea aai ii iiaeic?aieth a niaa?oaiee i?anooieaiey;

· I?eiaiaiea a ioiioaiee iaai ia?u i?ana/aiey aei i?aaeuyaeaiey
iaaeiaiey;

· I?iaaaeaiea a ioiioaiee iaai neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee, a oaeaea eiua
ia?u, i?aaei?eieiaaiua a oeaeyo aai eciaee/aiey eee naeaeaoaeuenoaothuea
i iaee/ee iiaeic?aiee i?ioea iaai.

Oaea n yoiai iiiaioa o a?aaeaeaieia aicieeatho i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe

iiaeic?aaaaiiai, a /anoiinoe i?aai ia iiiiuue caueoieea1.

1 Eiaeeeia A. N. Oaieiaiue i?ioeann. I., n. 198.

I?ioeannoaeueiia iieiaeaiea iiaeic?aaaaiiai eae e anao ae?oaeo /anoiuo
eeoe a oaieiaiii i?ioeanna ?aaoee?oaony aeaiie?aoe/iui cai?aoeoaeueiui
iaoiaeii: ?ac?aoaii ana, /oi i?yii ia cai?auaii caeiiii1. Iiyoiio
ia?a/aiue i?aa iiaeic?aaaaiiai ia en/a?iuaathuee. Ec cai?aoia e eo
iaania/eaathueo ia? i?eioaeaeaiey auoaeatho iaycaiiinoe iiaeic?aaaaiiai.

Caueoiee iiiiaaao iiaeic?aaaaiiio ?aaeeciaaoue aai i?aai ia caueoo.

Iaaeiyaiui i?eciaaony eeoei, a ioiioaiee eioi?iai:

· auianaii iinoaiiaeaiea i i?eaea/aiee aai a ea/anoaa iaaeiyaiiai;

· auianai iaaeieoaeueiue aeo (no. 47 OIE).

Iinoaiiaeaiea i i?eaea/aiee a ea/anoaa iaaeiyaiiai iau/ii

auiineony a oiaea i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai neaaenoaey (no. 171 OIE), a
iaaeieoaeueiue aeo caaa?oaao aeiciaiea.

Iaaeiyaiue yaeyaony iniiaiui iineoaeai i?aaa ia caueoo. Aai i?aaa e
iaycaiiinoe noiaeiu n i?aaaie e iaycaiiinoyie iiaeic?aaaaiiai. Iaeiaei
iaaeiyaiue iaaeaeai aieueoeie i?aaaie, naycaiiuie n aai
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiui o/anoeai a i?ioeanna, a oii /enea a noaeaaiii
i?iecaiaenoaa.

A?aaeaeaineee ioaao/ee – yoi oece/aneia eee th?eaee/aneia eeoei, eioi?ia
a niioaaonoaee n a?aaeaeaineei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ianao
ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca a?aae, i?e/eiaiiue i?anooieaieai, e a ioiioaiee
eioi?iai auianaii niioaaonoaothuaa iinoaiiaeaiea eee ii?aaeaeaiea (no.
54 OIE).

A ea/anoaa a?aaeaeaineiai ioaao/eea i?eaeaeathony: iiaeic?aaaaiue,
iaaeiyaiue e o?aouee eeoea, eioi?ua, ioaa/atho ca eo aeaenoaey ii AE ?O:
caeiiiua i?aaenoaaeoaee ia iieiinoueth aeaaniiniaiuo; th?eaee/aneea
eeoea ca aeaenoaey naieo ?aaioieeia; aeaaeaeueoeu enoi/ieeia iiauoaiiie
iianiinoe;

1 Eaeeiianeee E. A., Nie?iia A. A. Oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiia i?aai. I.,
2003, n. 231.

no?aoiaueee ii aeiaiai?ai no?aoiaaiey; ainoaea?noai ca aeaenoaey naieo
neoaeaueo. I?aaa e iaycaiiinoe a?aaeaeaineiai ioaao/eea, oeacaiiua a no.
54 OIE, ai iiiaii noiaeiu n i?aaaie a?aaeaeaineiai enooea.

Caueoiee – yoi aeiiouaiiia e o/anoeth a aeaea eeoei, inouanoaeythuaa
caueoo i?aa e eioa?ania iiaeic?aaaaiuo e iaaeiyaiuo e ieacuaathuaa ei
th?eaee/aneoth iiiiuue i?e i?iecaiaenoaa ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo (no. 49
OIE).

Aeiione caueoieea-aaeaieaoa e o/anoeth a aeaea ninoieo a i?aaeuyaeaiee
ei aaeaieaoneiai oaeinoiaa?aiey, a oaeaea i?eiyoee eeoeii, aaaeouei
i?ioeann, e i?eiauaiee e aeaeo i?aaeuyaeaiiiai aaeaieaoii i?aea?a. Ia
ioeaca a aeiionea caueoieea auiineony iinoaiiaeaiea.

Caueoiee iaaeaeai oe?ieeie i?aaaie.

I?aaa e iaycaiiinoe o/anoieeia oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna ni noi?iiu caueou

Ana eeoea, oaeoe/anee o/anoaothuea a i?iecaiaenoaa ii oaieiaiiio

aeaeo e iaaeae?iiua niioaaonoaothueie i?ioeannoaeueiuie i?aaaie e
iaycaiiinoyie, aunooiatho noauaeoaie oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiuo ioiioaiee e ooieoeee.
?acoiaaony, eo i?ioeannoaeueiia iieiaeaiea, eiiiaoaioeey, i?aaa e
iaycaiiinoe ia?aaiicia/iu1.

Iiaeic?aaaaiue ai?aaa:

1) ciaoue, a /ai ii iiaeic?aaaaony, e iieo/eoue eiieth iinoaiiaeaiey i
aicaoaeaeaiee i?ioea iaai oaieiaiiai aeaea, eeai eiieth i?ioieiea
caaea?aeaiey, eeai eiieth iinoaiiaeaiey i i?eiaiaiee e iaio ia?u
i?ana/aiey;

2) aeaaaoue iauyniaiey e iieacaiey ii iiaiaeo eiathuaainy a ioiioaiee
aai iiaeic?aiey eeai ioeacaoueny io aea/e iauyniaiee e iieacaiee. I?e
niaeanee iiaeic?aaaaiiai aeaoue iieacaiey ii aeieaeai auoue
i?aaeoi?aaeaeai i oii, /oi aai iieacaiey iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu a
ea/anoaa aeieacaoaeuenoa ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo, a oii /enea e i?e aai
iineaaeothuai ioeaca io yoeo iieacaiee, ca eneeth/aieai neo/ay,
i?aaeoniio?aiiiai ioieoii 1 /anoe aoi?ie noaouee 75 OIE ?O;

3) iieueciaaoueny iiiiuueth caueoieea e eiaoue naeaeaiea n iei iaaaeeia
e eiioeaeaioeeaeueii aei ia?aiai aeii?ina iiaeic?aaaaiiai;

4) i?aaenoaaeyoue aeieacaoaeuenoaa;

5) cayaeyoue oiaeaoaenoaa e ioaiaeu;

6) aeaaaoue iieacaiey e iauyniaiey ia ?iaeiii ycuea eee ycuea, eioi?ui
ii aeaaeaao;

7) iieueciaaoueny iiiiuueth ia?aaiae/eea aanieaoii;

8) ciaeiieoueny n i?ioieieaie neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee, i?iecaaaeaiiuo n
aai o/anoeai, e iiaeaaaoue ia ieo caia/aiey;

9) o/anoaiaaoue n ?ac?aoaiey neaaeiaaoaey eee aeiciaaaoaey a
neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaeyo, i?iecaiaeeiuo ii aai oiaeaoaenoao,
oiaeaoaenoao aai caueoieea eeai caeiiiiai i?aaenoaaeoaey;

10) i?eiineoue aeaeiau ia aeaenoaey (aacaeaenoaea) e ?aoaiey noaea,
i?ieo?i?a, neaaeiaaoaey e aeiciaaaoaey;

11) caueuaoueny eiuie n?aaenoaaie e niiniaaie, ia cai?auaiiuie ianoiyuei
Eiaeaenii (no. 46 OIE ?O).

I?aaa iiaeic?aaaaiiai, a /anoiinoe, aai i?aai ciaoue, a /ai ii
iiaeic?aaaaony, e i?aai aeaaaoue iauyniaiey ii iiaiaeo aicieeoaai a
ioiioaiee aai iiaeic?aiey, ia iiaoo auoue ia?aie/aiu1. I?aaa yoe
aicieeatho n oiai iiiaioa, n eioi?iai a?aaeaeaiei oaeoe/anee noae
iiaeic?aaaaiui.

Oeacaiea a no. 92 OIE ?O i oii, /oi i?ioieie caaea?aeaiey, a eioi?ii
aeaeaaony ioiaoea i ?acuyniaiee caaea?aeaiiiio aai i?aa, aeieaeai auoue
ninoaaeai a n?ie ia aieaa o?ao /ania n iiiaioa oaeoe/aneiai
caaea?aeaiey, ia icia/aao, /oi i?iecaiaeeaoea caaea?aeaiea aeieaeiinoiua
eeoea a oa/aiea yoiai

1 Na?eenyioe A. I. Caeiiiue i?aaenoaaeoaeue iaaeiyaiiai a noaea. O.,
1985, n. 13.

n?iea ai?aaa ia niiauaoue caaea?aeaiiiio, ii iiaeic?aieth a eaeii
i?anooieaiee ii caaea?aeai.

Anee ii eaeei-eeai ianoiyoaeuenoaai iiaeic?aaaaiue ia iiaeao auoue
aeii?ioai iaiaaeeaiii ii caaea?aeaiee, aeii?in iiaeao auoue ioeiaeai, ii
ia aieaa /ai ia 24 /ana (/. 2 no. 46 OIE ?O). Yoi, iaeiaei, ia nieiaao
iaycaiiinoe i?aaia aeiciaiey, neaaeiaaoaey eee i?ieo?i?a
iacaiaaeeeoaeueii iauyaeoue caaea?aeaiiiio i i?e/eiao aai caaea?aeaiey.

Iaaeiyaiue – yoi eeoei, a ioiioaiee eioi?iai inouanoaeyaony ioaee/iia
oaieiaiia i?aneaaeiaaiea, ?aaeeciaaiiia a ii?aaeaeaiiuo i?ioeannoaeueiuo
aeoao: iinoaiiaeaiee i i?eaea/aiee a ea/anoaa iaaeiyaiiai eeai
iaaeieoaeueiii aeoa.

Iaaeiyaiui i?eciaaony eeoei, a ioiioaiee eioi?iai:

1) auianaii iinoaiiaeaiea i i?eaea/aiee aai a ea/anoaa iaaeiyaiiai;

2) auianai iaaeieoaeueiue aeo.

Iinoaiiaeaiea i i?eaea/aiee a ea/anoaa iaaeiyaiiai – yoi
i?ioeannoaeueiue aeieoiaio, niaea?aeauee iienaiea i?anooieaiey n
oeacaieai ii?iu oaieiaiiai caeiia, i?aaeoniao?eaathuae ioaaonoaaiiinoue
ca yoi i?anooieaiea. Oi?ioee?iaea iaaeiaiey ii?aaeaeyao ?aiee oaieiaiiai
i?aneaaeiaaiey. A neo/aa iaia?oaeaiey aeieacaoaeuenoa niaa?oaiey
iaaeiyaiui ae?oaiai i?anooieaiey aio iaaei i?aaeuyaeoue iiaia iaaeiaiea.
A neo/aa ethaiai ae?oaiai eciaiaiey iaaeiaiey iaaeiyaiue oaeaea
ciaeiieony n iiaui oaenoii.

Oo aea ?ieue i?e i?iecaiaenoaa aeiciaiey i?ecaai ea?aoue iaaeieoaeueiue
aeo. Iineieueeo iaaeieoaeueiue aeo ninoaaeyaony ii ieii/aiee aeiciaiey,
eeoei, a ioiioaiee eioi?iai aicaoaeaeaii aeaei e inouanoaeyaony
oaieiaiia i?aneaaeiaaiea, aei a?o/aiey aio iaaeieoaeueiiai aeoa yaeyaony
iiaeic?aaaaiui.

1 Eiiiaioa?ee e Oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiiio eiaeaeno ?O / Iiae ?aae. A.
ss. Nooa?aaa. I., 2004.

Iaaeiyaiue, ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo eioi?iai iacia/aii noaeaaiia
?acae?aoaeuenoai, eiaioaony iiaenoaeeiui. Iaaeiyaiue, a ioiioaiee
eioi?iai auianai iaaeieoaeueiue i?eaiai?, eiaioaony inoaeaeaiiui.
Iaaeiyaiue, a ioiioaiee eioi?iai auianai ii?aaaeaoaeueiue i?eaiai?,
yaeyaony ii?aaaeaiiui.

Iaaeiyaiue ai?aaa caueuaoue naie i?aaa e caeiiiua eioa?anu e eiaoue
aeinoaoi/iia a?aiy e aiciiaeiinoue aeey iiaeaioiaee e caueoa.

Iaaeiyaiue ai?aaa:

1) ciaoue, a /ai ii iaaeiyaony;

2) iieo/eoue eiieth iinoaiiaeaiey i i?eaea/aiee aai a ea/anoaa
iaaeiyaiiai, eiieth iinoaiiaeaiey i i?eiaiaiee e iaio ia?u i?ana/aiey,
eiieth iaaeieoaeueiiai caeeth/aiey eee iaaeieoaeueiiai aeoa;

3) aic?aaeaoue i?ioea iaaeiaiey, aeaaaoue iieacaiey ii i?aaeuyaeaiiiio
aio iaaeiaieth eeai ioeacaoueny io aea/e iieacaiee. I?e niaeanee
iaaeiyaiiai aeaoue iieacaiey ii aeieaeai auoue i?aaeoi?aaeaeai i oii,
/oi aai iieacaiey iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu a ea/anoaa aeieacaoaeuenoa
ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo, a oii /enea e i?e aai iineaaeothuai ioeaca io yoeo
iieacaiee, ca eneeth/aieai neo/ay, i?aaeoniio?aiiiai ioieoii 1 /anoe
aoi?ie noaouee 75 ianoiyuaai Eiaeaena;

4) i?aaenoaaeyoue aeieacaoaeuenoaa;

5) cayaeyoue oiaeaoaenoaa e ioaiaeu;

6) aeaaaoue iieacaiey e iauyniyoueny ia ?iaeiii ycuea eee ycuea, eioi?ui
ii aeaaeaao;

7) iieueciaaoueny iiiiuueth ia?aaiae/eea aanieaoii;

8) iieueciaaoueny iiiiuueth caueoieea, a oii /enea aanieaoii a neo/ayo,
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo ianoiyuei Eiaeaenii;

9) eiaoue naeaeaiey n caueoieeii iaaaeeia e eiioeaeaioeeaeueii, a oii
/enea aei ia?aiai aeii?ina iaaeiyaiiai, aac ia?aie/aiey eo /enea e
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe;

10) o/anoaiaaoue n ?ac?aoaiey neaaeiaaoaey a neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaeyo,
i?iecaiaeeiuo ii aai oiaeaoaenoao eee oiaeaoaenoao aai caueoieea eeai
caeiiiiai i?aaenoaaeoaey, ciaeiieoueny n i?ioieieaie yoeo aeaenoaee e
iiaeaaaoue ia ieo caia/aiey;

11) ciaeiieoueny n iinoaiiaeaieai i iacia/aiee noaeaaiie yenia?oecu,
noaaeoue aii?inu yenia?oo e ciaeiieoueny n caeeth/aieai yenia?oa;

12) ciaeiieoueny ii ieii/aiee i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ?anneaaeiaaiey ni anaie
iaoa?eaeaie oaieiaiiai aeaea e auienuaaoue ec oaieiaiiai aeaea ethaua
naaaeaiey e a ethaii iauaia;

13) nieiaoue ca naie n/ao eiiee n iaoa?eaeia oaieiaiiai aeaea, a oii
/enea n iiiiuueth oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa;

14) i?eiineoue aeaeiau ia aeaenoaey (aacaeaenoaea) e ?aoaiey
aeiciaaaoaey, neaaeiaaoaey, i?ieo?i?a e noaea e i?eieiaoue o/anoea a eo
?anniio?aiee noaeii;

15) aic?aaeaoue i?ioea i?ae?auaiey oaieiaiiai aeaea ii iniiaaieyi,
i?aaeoniio?aiiui /anoueth aoi?ie noaouee 27 ianoiyuaai Eiaeaena;

16) o/anoaiaaoue a noaeaaiii ?acae?aoaeuenoaa oaieiaiiai aeaea a noaeao
ia?aie, aoi?ie e iaaeci?iie einoaioeee, a oaeaea a ?anniio?aiee noaeii
aii?ina ia eca?aiee a ioiioaiee aai ia?u i?ana/aiey e a eiuo neo/ayo,
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo ioieoaie 1 – 3 e 10 /anoe aoi?ie noaouee 29 ianoiyuaai
Eiaeaena;

17) ciaeiieoueny n i?ioieieii noaeaaiiai canaaeaiey e iiaeaaaoue ia iaai
caia/aiey;

18) iaaeaeiaaoue i?eaiai?, ii?aaeaeaiea, iinoaiiaeaiea noaea e iieo/aoue
eiiee iaaeaeoaiuo ?aoaiee;

19) iieo/aoue eiiee i?eianaiiuo ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo aeaeia e
i?aaenoaaeaiee e iiaeaaaoue aic?aaeaiey ia yoe aeaeiau e i?aaenoaaeaiey;

20) o/anoaiaaoue a ?anniio?aiee aii?inia, naycaiiuo n eniieiaieai
i?eaiai?a;

21) caueuaoueny eiuie n?aaenoaaie e niiniaaie, ia cai?auaiiuie ianoiyuei
Eiaeaenii (no. 47 OIE ?O).

O/anoea a oaieiaiii aeaea caueoieea eee caeiiiiai i?aaenoaaeoaey
iaaeiyaiiai ia neoaeeo iniiaaieai aeey ia?aie/aiey eaeiai-eeai i?aaa
iaaeiyaiiai.

I?e ia?aii aeii?ina iaaeiyaiiai i?ieo?i?, neaaeiaaoaeue, aeiciaaaoaeue
?acuyniyao aio i?aaa, i?aaeoniio?aiiua ianoiyuae noaoueae. I?e
iineaaeothueo aeii?inao iaaeiyaiiio iiaoi?ii ?acuyniythony aai i?aaa,
i?aaeoniio?aiiua ioieoaie 3, 4, 7 e 8 /anoe /aoaa?oie ianoiyuae noaouee,
anee aeii?in i?iaiaeeony aac o/anoey caueoieea.

I?aaa iaaeiyaiiai i?eiaaeeaaeao aio iacaaeneii io oiai, ?acuyniaiu iie
aio eee iao. I/aaeaeii, iaeiaei, /oi aei oao ii?, iiea neaaeiaaoaeai
i?aaa iaaeiyaiiio ia ?acuyniaiu, ii ?aaeueii eniieueciaaoue eo niiaeao
aeaeaei ia anaaaea.

Iaaeaeo oai a neeo no. 2 Eiinoeoooeee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee i?eciaiea,
niaethaeaiea e caueoa i?aa e naiaiae /aeiaaea e a?aaeaeaieia –
iaycaiiinoue ainoaea?noaa. Ec yoiai neaaeoao, /oi i?aaai iaaeiyaiiai
ei??aniiiaee?otho iaycaiiinoe aeiciaaaoaey, neaaeiaaoaey, i?ieo?i?a e
noaea iaania/eaaoue yoe i?aaa iacaaeneii io oiai, auee iie ?acuyniaiu
iaaeiyaiiio eee iao1.

Iinoaiiaeaiea i i?eaea/aiee a ea/anoaa iaaeiyaiiai neaaeiaaoaeue a
niioaaonoaee ni no. 171 OIE ?O auiineo i?e iaee/ee aeinoaoi/iuo
aeieacaoaeuenoa, aeathueo iniiaaiea aeey iaaeiaiey yoiai eeoea a
niaa?oaiee i?anooieaiey.

Aeinoaoi/iie yaeyaony oaeay niaieoiiinoue eiathueony a aeaea
aeieacaoaeuenoa, eioi?ay iicaieyao naeaeaoue auaiaeu i oii, /oi aeaiiui
eeoeii niaa?oaii aeayiea, ia?acothuaa ninoaa i?anooieaiey,
ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca eioi?ia i?aaeoniio?aia OE ?O, a oaeaea i oii, aaea,
eiaaea, eaeei ia?acii e i?e eaeeo ianoiyoaeuenoaao niaa?oaii yoi
aeayiea. Iineieueeo a iinoaiiaeaiee i i?eaea/aiee eeoea a ea/anoaa
iaaeiyaiiai oeacuaathony ia?a/eneaiiua a no. 73 OIE ?O ianoiyoaeuenoaa,
iiaeeaaeauea aeieacuaaieth, a oaeaea ioieo, /anoue, noaouey OE ?O,
i?aaeoniao?eaathuea ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca aeaiiia i?anooieaiea, e iiiaioo
auianaiey iinoaiiaeaiey a aeaea aeieaeiu auoue eae aeieacaoaeuenoaa
iaee/ey oiiiyioouo ianoiyoaeuenoa, oae e aeieacaoaeuenoaa,
iainiiauaathuea eaaeeoeeaoeeth niaeayiiiai.

Aanue eiiieaen i?aaeinoaaeaiiuo iaaeiyaiiio i?aa e ia?acoao i?aai
iaaeiyaiiai ia caueoo1. Aaaeiaeoae ninoaaeythuae i?aaa ia caueoo
yaeyaony i?aai iaaeiyaiiai iieueciaaoueny iiiiuueth caueoieea n iiiaioa
i?aaeuyaeaiey iaaeiaiey. Anee iaaeiyaiue aei i?aaeuyaeaiey iaaeiaiey aue
caaea?aeai eee caeeth/ai iiae no?aaeo, ii eiaao i?aai iieueciaaoueny
iiiiuueth caueoieea n iiiaioa niioaaonoaaiii caaea?aeaiey eeai
caeeth/aiey iiae no?aaeo.

Ii oaieiaiui aeaeai i i?anooieaieyo, niaa?oaiiuo ianiaa?oaiiieaoieie, e
iaycaoaeueiiio o/anoeth a oaieiaiii aeaea i?eaeaeathony eo caeiiiua
i?aaenoaaeoaee.

A no. 64 Naiaeiiai Eiaeaena ?O ii?aaeaeaii, /oi caueoa i?aa e eioa?ania
aeaoae aiceaaaaony ia eo ?iaeeoaeae. ?iaeeoaee yaeythony caeiiiuie
i?aaenoaaeoaeyie naieo aeaoae e aunooiatho a caueoo eo i?aa e eioa?ania
a ioiioaieyo n ethauie oece/aneeie e th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie, a oii /enea
a noaeao, aac niaoeeaeueiuo iieiiii/ee.

A oi aea a?aiy ?iaeeoaee ia ai?aaa i?aaenoaaeyoue eioa?anu naieo aeaoae,
anee i?aaiii iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaaeaeo eioa?anaie
?iaeeoaeae e aeaoae eiathony i?ioeai?a/ey. I?e iaee/ee oaeeo ?aciiaeanee
i?aai iiaee e iiia/eoaeuenoaa iaycai iacia/eoue i?aaenoaaeoaey aeey
caueou i?aa e eioa?ania aeaoae. A yoeo neo/ayo a niioaaonoaee n /. 4 no.
426 OIE ?O iinoaiiaeaieai i?ieo?i?a, neaaeiaaoaey, aeiciaaaoaey
?iaeeoaee iono?aiythony io o/anoey a aeaea a ea/anoaa caeiiiuo
i?aaenoaaeoaeae.

1 Na?eenyioe A. I. Caeiiiue i?aaenoaaeoaeue iaaeiyaiiai a noaea. O.,
1985, n. 51.

Noaoueae 137 Naiaeiiai Eiaeaena ?O onuiiaeoaee i?e?aaiaiu a i?aaao e
?iaenoaaiieeai ii i?ienoiaeaeaieth. Iiyoiio iie oaeaea aeieaeiu
i?eciaaaoueny caeiiiuie i?aaenoaaeoaeyie ianiaa?oaiiieaoieo
iiaeic?aaaaiuo e iaaeiyaiuo.

A niioaaonoaee ni no. 31 A?aaeaeaineiai Eiaeaena ?O i?e ionoonoaee
?iaeeoaeae, onuiiaeoaeae, a neo/aa eeoaiey noaeii ?iaeeoaeae
?iaeeoaeueneeo i?aa, a oaeaea eiaaea ianiaa?oaiiieaoiea ii eiui i?e/eiai
inoaeenue aac ?iaeeoaeueneiai iiia/aiey (iai?eia?, anee ?iaeeoaee
oeeiiythony io eo ainieoaiey eee caueou eo i?aa e eioa?ania), iaae
ianiaa?oaiiieaoieie onoaiaaeeaathony iiaea e iiia/eoaeuenoai.

Iiaeoiu e iiia/eoaee aunooiatho a caueoo i?aa e eioa?ania naieo
iiaeiia/iuo a ioiioaieyo n ethauie eeoeaie, a oii /enea a noaeao, aac
niaoeeaeueiuo iieiiii/ee. Iiyoiio iie oaeaea yaeythony caeiiiuie
i?aaenoaaeoaeyie ianiaa?oaiiieaoieo iiaeic?aaaaiuo e iaaeiyaiuo.

Caeiiiua i?aaenoaaeoaee ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iaaeiyaiiai
aeiioneathony e o/anoeth a oaieiaiii aeaea ia iniiaaiee iinoaiiaeaiey
i?ieo?i?a, neaaeiaaoaey, aeiciaaaoaey n iiiaioa ia?aiai aeii?ina
ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai a ea/anoaa iiaeic?aaaaiiai eee iaaeiyaiiai. I?e
aeiionea e o/anoeth a oaieiaiii aeaea ei ?acuyniythony i?aaa.

Caeiiiue i?aaenoaaeoaeue ai?aaa:

1) ciaoue, a /ai iiaeic?aaaaony eee iaaeiyaony ianiaa?oaiiieaoiee;

2) i?enoonoaiaaoue i?e i?aaeuyaeaiee iaaeiaiey;

3) o/anoaiaaoue a aeii?ina ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai iiaeic?aaaaiiai,

iaaeiyaiiai, a oaeaea n ?ac?aoaiey neaaeiaaoaey – a eiuo neaaenoaaiiuo
aeaenoaeyo, i?iecaiaeeiuo n aai o/anoeai e o/anoeai caueoieea;

4) ciaeiieoueny n i?ioieieaie neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee, a eioi?uo ii
i?eieiae o/anoea, e aeaeaoue ienueiaiiua caia/aiey i i?aaeeueiinoe e
iieiioa naeaeaiiuo a ieo caienae;

1 Na?eenyioe A. I. Caeiiiue i?aaenoaaeoaeue iaaeiyaiiai a noaea. O.,
1985, n. 79.

5) cayaeyoue oiaeaoaenoaa e ioaiaeu, i?eiineoue aeaeiau ia aeaenoaey

(aacaeaenoaea) e ?aoaiey aeiciaaaoaey, neaaeiaaoaey, i?ieo?i?a;

6) i?aaenoaaeyoue aeieacaoaeuenoaa;

7) ii ieii/aiee i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ?anneaaeiaaiey ciaeiieoueny ni

anaie iaoa?eaeaie oaieiaiiai aeaea, auienuaaoue ec iaai ethaua naaaeaiey
e a ethaii iauaia.

I?ieo?i?, neaaeiaaoaeue, aeiciaaaoaeue ai?aaa ii ieii/aiee
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ?anneaaeiaaiey auianoe iinoaiiaeaiea i
iai?aaeuyaeaiee ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaio iaaeiyaiiio aeey iciaeiieaiey oao
iaoa?eaeia oaieiaiiai aeaea, eioi?ua iiaoo ieacaoue ia iaai
io?eoeaoaeueiia aicaeaenoaea. Iciaeiieaiea n yoeie iaoa?eaeaie caeiiiiai
i?aaenoaaeoaey ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai iaaeiyaiiai yaeyaony iaycaoaeueiui.

Caeiiiue i?aaenoaaeoaeue iiaeao auoue iono?aiai io o/anoey a oaieiaiii
aeaea, anee eiathony iniiaaiey iieaaaoue, /oi aai aeaenoaey iaiinyo
oua?a eioa?anai ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iaaeiyaiiai. Ia
yoii i?ieo?i?, neaaeiaaoaeue, aeiciaaaoaeue auiinyo iinoaiiaeaiea. A
yoii neo/aa e o/anoeth a oaieiaiii aeaea aeiioneaaony ae?oaie caeiiiue
i?aaenoaaeoaeue ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iaaeiyaiiai (no.
426 OIE ?O).

A noaeaaiia canaaeaiea aucuaathony caeiiiua i?aaenoaaeoaee
ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai iiaenoaeeiiai, eioi?ua ai?aaa:

1) cayaeyoue oiaeaoaenoaa e ioaiaeu;

2) aeaaaoue iieacaiey;

3) i?aaenoaaeyoue aeieacaoaeuenoaa;

4) o/anoaiaaoue a i?aieyo noi?ii;

5) i?eiineoue aeaeiau ia aeaenoaey (aacaeaenoaea) e ?aoaiey noaea;

6) o/anoaiaaoue a canaaeaiee noaeia aiaeeyoeeiiiie, eannaoeeiiiie e
iaaeci?iie einoaioeee.

Ii ii?aaeaeaieth eee iinoaiiaeaieth noaea caeiiiue i?aaenoaaeoaeue
iiaeao auoue iono?aiai io o/anoey a noaeaaiii ?acae?aoaeuenoaa, anee
anoue iniiaaiey iieaaaoue, /oi aai aeaenoaey iaiinyo oua?a eioa?anai
ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai iiaenoaeeiiai. A yoii neo/aa aeiioneaaony ae?oaie
caeiiiue i?aaenoaaeoaeue ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai iiaenoaeeiiai.

Iayaea naiaa?aiaiii ecaauaiiiai caeiiiiai i?aaenoaaeoaey
ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai iiaenoaeeiiai ia i?einoaiaaeeaaao ?anniio?aiey
oaieiaiiai aeaea, anee noae ia iaeaeao aai o/anoea iaiaoiaeeiui.

Anee caeiiiue i?aaenoaaeoaeue ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai iiaenoaeeiiai aeiiouai
e o/anoeth a oaieiaiii aeaea a ea/anoaa caueoieea eee a?aaeaeaineiai
ioaao/eea, oi ii eiaao i?aaa e ianao ioaaonoaaiiinoue (no. 428 OIE ?O).

A noaouea 428 OIE ?O ?aaeeciaaia iauai?eciaiiay iaaeaeoia?iaeii-i?aaiaay
ii?ia i oii, /oi ?iaeeoaee e ae?oaea caeiiiua i?aaenoaaeoaee
ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai eiatho i?aai o/anoaiaaoue a noaeaaiii
?acae?aoaeuenoaa aeaea e eiiiaoaioiue i?aai iiaeao iio?aaiaaoue eo
i?enoonoaey a eioa?anao ianiaa?oaiiieaoiaai (no. 15.2)1.

Caueoiee – yoi eeoei, inouanoaeythuaa a onoaiiaeaiiii ianoiyuei
Eiaeaenii ii?yaeea caueoo i?aa e eioa?ania iiaeic?aaaaiuo e iaaeiyaiuo e
ieacuaathuaa ei th?eaee/aneoth iiiiuue i?e i?iecaiaenoaa ii oaieiaiiio
aeaeo.

A ea/anoaa caueoieeia aeiioneathony aaeaieaou. Ii ii?aaeaeaieth eee
iinoaiiaeaieth noaea a ea/anoaa caueoieea iiaoo auoue aeiiouaiu ia?yaeo
n aaeaieaoii iaeei ec aeeceeo ?iaenoaaiieeia iaaeiyaiiai eee eiia eeoei,
i aeiionea eioi?iai oiaeaoaenoaoao iaaeiyaiue. I?e i?iecaiaenoaa o
ie?iaiai noaeuee oeacaiiia eeoei aeiioneaaony e aianoi aaeaieaoa.

Caueoiee o/anoaoao a oaieiaiii aeaea:

1) n iiiaioa auianaiey iinoaiiaeaiey i i?eaea/aiee eeoea a ea/anoaa
iaaeiyaiiai, ca eneeth/aieai neo/aaa, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo ioieoaie 2 – 5
ianoiyuae /anoe;

1 Iaeeineea i?aaeea 1985a.

2) n iiiaioa aicaoaeaeaiey oaieiaiiai aeaea a ioiioaiee eiie?aoiiai

eeoea;

3) n iiiaioa oaeoe/aneiai caaea?aeaiey eeoea, iiaeic?aaaaiiai a

niaa?oaiee i?anooieaiey, a neo/ayo:

4) n iiiaioa iauyaeaiey eeoeo, iiaeic?aaaaiiio a niaa?oaiee
i?anooieaiey, iinoaiiaeaiey i iacia/aiee noaeaaii-ineoeao?e/aneie
yenia?oecu;

4) n iiiaioa ia/aea inouanoaeaiey eiuo ia? i?ioeannoaeueiiai

i?eioaeaeaiey eee eiuo i?ioeannoaeueiuo aeaenoaee, cao?aaeaathueo i?aaa
e naiaiaeu eeoea, iiaeic?aaaaiiai a niaa?oaiee i?anooieaiey.

Aaeaieao aeiioneaaony e o/anoeth a oaieiaiii aeaea a ea/anoaa

caueoieea ii i?aaeuyaeaiee oaeinoiaa?aiey aaeaieaoa e i?aea?a.

A neo/aa anee caueoiee o/anoaoao a i?iecaiaenoaa ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo, a
iaoa?eaeao eioi?iai niaea?aeaony naaaeaiey, ninoaaeythuea
ainoaea?noaaiioth oaeio, e ia eiaao niioaaonoaothuaai aeiionea e
oeacaiiui naaaeaieyi, ii iaycai aeaoue iiaeieneo ia eo ia?acaeaoaiee.

Iaeii e oi aea eeoei ia iiaeao auoue caueoieeii aeaoo iiaeic?aaaaiuo eee
iaaeiyaiuo, anee eioa?anu iaeiiai ec ieo i?ioeai?a/ao eioa?anai
ae?oaiai.

Aaeaieao ia ai?aaa ioeacaoueny io i?eiyoie ia naay caueou
iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iaaeiyaiiai (no. 49 OIE ?O).

Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae ?O ?acuyniee, /oi «i?aai ia iieo/aiea
th?eaee/aneie iiiiue aaeaieaoa aa?aioe?oaony eaaeaeiio eeoeo iacaaeneii
io aai oi?iaeueiiai i?ioeannoaeueiiai noaoona, a oii /enea io i?eciaiey
caaea?aeaiiui e iiaeic?aaaaiui, anee oi?aaiii/aiiuie i?aaiaie aeanoe a
ioiioaiee yoiai eeoea i?aaei?eiyou ia?u, eioi?uie ?aaeueii
ia?aie/eaathony naiaiaea e ee/iay iai?eeiniiaaiiinoue, aeeth/ay naiaiaeo
ia?aaeaeaeaiey, – oaea?aeaiea ioeoeeaeueiuie aeanoyie, i?eioaeeoaeueiue
i?eaiae eee inoaaeaiea a i?aaiu aeiciaiey e neaaenoaey, niaea?aeaiea a
ecieyoeee, a oaeaea eaeea-eeai eiua aeaenoaey, nouanoaaiii
ia?aie/eaathuea naiaiaeo e ee/ioth iai?eeiniiaaiiinoue… I?e yoii oaeo
oaieiaiiai i?aneaaeiaaiey e, neaaeiaaoaeueii, iai?aaeaiiay i?ioea
eiie?aoiiai eeoea iaaeieoaeueiay aeayoaeueiinoue iiaoo
iiaeoaa?aeaeaoueny aeoii i aicaoaeaeaiee a ioiioaiee aeaiiiai eeoea
oaieiaiiai aeaea, i?iaaaeaieai a ioiioaiee iaai neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee
(iaunea, iiiciaiey, aeii?ina e ae?.) e eiuie ia?aie, i?aaei?eieiaaiuie a
oeaeyo aai eciaee/aiey eee naeaeaoaeuenoaothueie i iaee/ee iiaeic?aiee
i?ioea iaai (a /anoiinoe, ?acuyniaieai a niioaaonoaee ni noaoueae 51
(/anoue 1) Eiinoeoooeee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee i?aaa ia aeaaaoue
iieacaiee i?ioea naay naiiai). Iineieueeo oaeea aeaenoaey iai?aaeaiu ia
auyaeaiea oee/athueo eeoei, a ioiioaiee eioi?iai aaaeaony oaieiaiia
i?aneaaeiaaiea, oaeoia e ianoiyoaeuenoa, aio aeieaeia auoue
aacioeaaaoaeueii i?aaeinoaaeaia aiciiaeiinoue ia?aoeoueny ca iiiiuueth e
aaeaieaoo (caueoieeo)»1.

Yoe ?acuyniaiey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea ?O ii aii?ino i
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe ioaeaeueiuo noaoae OIE ?NON? nio?aiytho naia cia/aiea
e i?eiaieoaeueii e niioaaonoaothuei ii?iai OIE ?O.

Caueoiee i?eaeaoaaony iiaeic?aaaaiui, iaaeiyaiui, aai caeiiiui
i?aaenoaaeoaeai, a oaeaea ae?oaeie eeoeaie ii ii?o/aieth eee n niaeaney
iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iaaeiyaiiai. Iiaeic?aaaaiue, iaaeiyaiue ai?aaa
i?eaeaneoue ianeieueei caueoieeia.

Ii i?inueaa iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iaaeiyaiiai o/anoea caueoieea
iaania/eaaaony aeiciaaaoaeai, neaaeiaaoaeai, i?ieo?i?ii eee noaeii.

A neo/aa iayaee i?eaeaoaiiiai caueoieea a oa/aiea 5 nooie ni aeiy
cayaeaiey oiaeaoaenoaa i i?eaeaoaiee caueoieea aeiciaaaoaeue,
neaaeiaaoaeue, i?ieo?i? eee noae ai?aaa i?aaeeiaeeoue iiaeic?aaaaiiio,
iaaeiyaiiio i?eaeaneoue ae?oaiai caueoieea, a a neo/aa aai ioeaca
i?eiyoue ia?u ii iacia/aieth caueoieea. Anee o/anoaothuee a oaieiaiii
aeaea caueoiee a

1 Iinoaiiaeaiea Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea ?O io 27.06.2000a. ? 11-I «Ii
aeaeo i i?iaa?ea eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe iieiaeaiee /anoe ia?aie noaouee 47 e
/anoe aoi?ie noaouee 51 Oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiiai Eiaeaena ?NON? a
nayce n aeaeiaie a?aaeaeaieia A. E. Ianeiaa».

oa/aiea 5 nooie ia iiaeao i?eiyoue o/anoea a i?iecaiaenoaa eiie?aoiiai
i?ioeannoaeueiiai aeaenoaey, a iiaeic?aaaaiue, iaaeiyaiue ia i?eaeaoaao
ae?oaiai caueoieea e ia oiaeaoaenoaoao i aai iacia/aiee, oi
aeiciaaaoaeue, neaaeiaaoaeue ai?aaa i?iecaanoe aeaiiia i?ioeannoaeueiia
aeaenoaea aac o/anoey caueoieea, ca eneeth/aieai neo/aaa,
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo ioieoaie 2 – 7 /anoe ia?aie noaouee 51 ianoiyuaai
Eiaeaena.

Anee a oa/aiea 24 /ania n iiiaioa caaea?aeaiey iiaeic?aaaaiiai eee
caeeth/aiey iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iaaeiyaiiai iiae no?aaeo yaea caueoieea,
i?eaeaoaiiiai ei, iaaiciiaeia, oi aeiciaaaoaeue, neaaeiaaoaeue eee
i?ieo?i? i?eieiaao ia?u ii iacia/aieth caueoieea. I?e ioeaca
iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iaaeiyaiiai io iacia/aiiiai caueoieea neaaenoaaiiua
aeaenoaey n o/anoeai iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iaaeiyaiiai iiaoo auoue
i?iecaaaeaiu aac o/anoey caueoieea, ca eneeth/aieai neo/aaa,
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo ioieoaie 2 – 7 /anoe ia?aie noaouee 51 ianoiyuaai
Eiaeaena.

A neo/aa, anee aaeaieao o/anoaoao a i?iecaiaenoaa i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai
?anneaaeiaaiey eee noaeaaiii ?acae?aoaeuenoaa ii iacia/aieth
aeiciaaaoaey, neaaeiaaoaey, i?ieo?i?a eee noaea, ?anoiaeu ia iieaoo aai
o?oaea eiiiaine?othony ca n/ao n?aaenoa oaaea?aeueiiai athaeaeaoa (no.
50 OIE ?O).

Auai? caueoieea iiaeic?aaaaiui e iaaeiyaiui ii naiaio oniio?aieth – yoi
aaaeiay aa?aioey i?aaa ia caueoo. Iiaeic?aaaaiue (iaaeiyaiue), iniaaiii
anee ii caaea?aeai eee caeeth/ai iiae no?aaeo, ia anaaaea a ninoiyiee
nai i?eaeaneoue caueoieea. Iiyoiio caeiiii i?aaeoniio?aia aiciiaeiinoue
i?eaeaoaiey caueoieea eiuie eeoeaie ii ii?o/aieth eee n niaeaney
iiaeic?aaaaiiai (iaaeiyaiiai)1.

O/anoea caueoieea a oaieiaiii noaeii?iecaiaenoaa iaycaoaeueii, anee:

1) iiaeic?aaaaiue, iaaeiyaiue ia ioeacaeny io caueoieea a ii?yaeea,
onoaiiaeaiiii noaoueae 52 ianoiyuaai Eiaeaena;

2) iiaeic?aaaaiue, iaaeiyaiue yaeyaony ianiaa?oaiiieaoiei;

3) iiaeic?aaaaiue, iaaeiyaiue a neeo oece/aneeo eee ineoe/aneeo

iaaeinoaoeia ia iiaeao naiinoiyoaeueii inouanoaeyoue naia i?aai ia
caueoo;

4) iiaeic?aaaaiue, iaaeiyaiue ia aeaaeaao ycueii, ia eioi?ii aaaeaony

i?iecaiaenoai ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo;

5) eeoei iaaeiyaony a niaa?oaiee i?anooieaiey, ca eioi?ia iiaeao

auoue iacia/aii iaeacaiea a aeaea eeoaiey naiaiaeu ia n?ie nauoa
iyoiaaeoeaoe eao, iiaeeciaiiia eeoaiea naiaiaeu eee nia?oiay eaciue;

6) oaieiaiia aeaei iiaeeaaeeo ?anniio?aieth noaeii n o/anoeai

i?enyaeiuo canaaeaoaeae;

7) iaaeiyaiue cayaee oiaeaoaenoai i ?anniio?aiee oaieiaiiai aeaea

(no. 51 OIE ?O).

Iiaeic?aaaaiue, iaaeiyaiue ai?aaa a ethaie iiiaio i?iecaiaenoaa ii
oaieiaiiio aeaeo ioeacaoueny io iiiiue caueoieea. Oaeie ioeac
aeiioneaaony oieueei ii eieoeeaoeaa iiaeic?aaaaiiai eee iaaeiyaiiai.
Ioeac io caueoieea cayaeyaony a ienueiaiiii aeaea. Anee ioeac io
caueoieea cayaeyaony ai a?aiy i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey, oi
ia yoii aeaeaaony ioiaoea a i?ioieiea aeaiiiai neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey.

Ioeac io caueoieea ia iaycaoaeai aeey aeiciaaaoaey, neaaeiaaoaey,
i?ieo?i?a e noaea.

Ioeac io caueoieea ia eeoaao iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iaaeiyaiiai i?aaa a
aeaeueiaeoai oiaeaoaenoaiaaoue i aeiionea caueoieea e o/anoeth a
i?iecaiaenoaa ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo. Aeiione caueoieea ia aea/ao ca niaie
iiaoi?aiey i?ioeannoaeueiuo aeaenoaee, eioi?ua e yoiio iiiaioo oaea auee
i?iecaaaeaiu.

Iiaeic?aaaaiue (iaaeiyaiue) iiaeao ioeacaoueny io caueoieea ia ana a?aiy
i?iecaiaenoaa ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo eee oieueei ia eaeii-oi yoaia
oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna.

1 Caeoeaa E. A. Ainoaea?noaaiiay caueoa o/anoieeia oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna.
I., 2001, n. 201.

Iai?eia?, n/eoay iaiaoiaeeiui a nayce n eaeeie-oi ecaanoiuie aio
ianoiyoaeuenoaaie n?i/ii aeaoue iieacaiey neaaeiaaoaeth, iiaeic?aaaaiue
(iaaeiyaiue) ia aeaeaao aeaeaoue iiyaeaiey caueoieea e o?aaoao
aeii?ineoue aai iaiaaeeaiii. Yoi ia icia/aao, /oi a iineaaeothueo
aeii?inao caueoiee oaeaea ia aoaeao o/anoaiaaoue. Iineieueeo cayaeaiiue
iiaeic?aaaaiui (iaaeiyaiui) ioeac io caueoieea ia eeoaao aai i?aaa a
aeaeueiaeoai a ethaie iiiaio oiaeaoaenoaiaaoue i aeiionea caueoieea e
o/anoeth a aeaea, aeiciaaaoaeue, neaaeiaaoaeue, i?ieo?i? eee noae
aeieaeiu ?acuynieoue iiaeic?aaaaiiio yoi aai i?aai.

N iiiaioa aeiionea e o/anoeth a oaieiaiii aeaea caueoiee ai?aaa:

1) eiaoue n iiaeic?aaaaiui, iaaeiyaiui naeaeaiey;

2) niae?aoue e i?aaenoaaeyoue aeieacaoaeuenoaa, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey
ieacaiey th?eaee/aneie iiiiue;

3) i?eaeaeaoue niaoeeaeenoa;

4) i?enoonoaiaaoue i?e i?aaeuyaeaiee iaaeiaiey;

5) o/anoaiaaoue a aeii?ina iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iaaeiyaiiai, a oaeaea a eiuo
neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaeyo, i?iecaiaeeiuo n o/anoeai iiaeic?aaaaiiai,
iaaeiyaiiai eeai ii aai oiaeaoaenoao eee oiaeaoaenoao naiiai caueoieea a
ii?yaeea, onoaiiaeaiiii ianoiyuei Eiaeaenii;

6) ciaeiieoueny n i?ioieieii caaea?aeaiey, iinoaiiaeaieai i i?eiaiaiee
ia?u i?ana/aiey, i?ioieieaie neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee, i?iecaaaeaiiuo n
o/anoeai iiaeic?aaaaiiai, iaaeiyaiiai, eiuie aeieoiaioaie, eioi?ua
i?aaeuyaeyeenue eeai aeieaeiu auee i?aaeuyaeyoueny iiaeic?aaaaiiio,
iaaeiyaiiio;

7) ciaeiieoueny ii ieii/aiee i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ?anneaaeiaaiey ni anaie
iaoa?eaeaie oaieiaiiai aeaea, auienuaaoue ec oaieiaiiai aeaea ethaua
naaaeaiey a ethaii iauaia, nieiaoue ca naie n/ao eiiee n iaoa?eaeia
oaieiaiiai aeaea, a oii /enea n iiiiuueth oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa;

8) cayaeyoue oiaeaoaenoaa e ioaiaeu;

9) o/anoaiaaoue a noaeaaiii ?acae?aoaeuenoaa oaieiaiiai aeaea a noaeao
ia?aie, aoi?ie e iaaeci?iie einoaioeee, a oaeaea a ?anniio?aiee
aii?inia, naycaiiuo n eniieiaieai i?eaiai?a;

10) i?eiineoue aeaeiau ia aeaenoaey (aacaeaenoaea) e ?aoaiey
aeiciaaaoaey, neaaeiaaoaey, i?ieo?i?a, noaea e o/anoaiaaoue a eo
?anniio?aiee noaeii;

11) eniieueciaaoue eiua ia cai?auaiiua ianoiyuei Eiaeaenii n?aaenoaa e
niiniau caueou.

Caueoiee, o/anoaothuee a i?iecaiaenoaa neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey, a
?aieao ieacaiey th?eaee/aneie iiiiue naiaio iiaecaueoiiio ai?aaa
aeaaaoue aio a i?enoonoaee neaaeiaaoaey e?aoeea eiinoeueoaoeee,
caaeaaaoue n ?ac?aoaiey neaaeiaaoaey aii?inu aeii?aoeaaaiui eeoeai,
aeaeaoue ienueiaiiua caia/aiey ii iiaiaeo i?aaeeueiinoe e iieiiou
caienae a i?ioieiea aeaiiiai neaaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey. Neaaeiaaoaeue
iiaeao ioaanoe aii?inu caueoieea, ii iaycai caianoe ioaaaeaiiua aii?inu
a i?ioieie.

Caueoiee ia ai?aaa ?acaeaoaoue aeaiiua i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai
?anneaaeiaaiey, noaaoea aio ecaanoiuie a nayce n inouanoaeaieai caueou,
anee ii aue ia yoii ca?aiaa i?aaeoi?aaeaeai. Ca ?acaeaoaiea aeaiiuo
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ?anneaaeiaaiey caueoiee ianao ioaaonoaaiiinoue.

A ea/anoaa a?aaeaeaineiai ioaao/eea iiaeao auoue i?eaea/aii oece/aneia
eee th?eaee/aneia eeoei, eioi?ia a niioaaonoaee n A?aaeaeaineei
eiaeaenii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ianao ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca a?aae,
i?e/eiaiiue i?anooieaieai. I i?eaea/aiee oece/aneiai eee th?eaee/aneiai
eeoea a ea/anoaa a?aaeaeaineiai ioaao/eea aeiciaaaoaeue, neaaeiaaoaeue,
i?ieo?i? eee noaeuey auiineo iinoaiiaeaiea, a noae – ii?aaeaeaiea.

A?aaeaeaineee ioaao/ee ai?aaa:

1) ciaoue nouiinoue eneiauo o?aaiaaiee e ianoiyoaeuenoaa, ia eioi?uo iie
iniiaaiu;

2) aic?aaeaoue i?ioea i?aaeuyaeaiiiai a?aaeaeaineiai enea;

3) aeaaaoue iauyniaiey e iieacaiey ii nouanoao i?aaeuyaeaiiiai enea;

4) ioeacaoueny naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaoue i?ioea naiiai naay, naiaai noi?oaa
(naiae noi?oae) e ae?oaeo aeeceeo ?iaenoaaiieeia. I?e niaeanee
a?aaeaeaineiai ioaao/eea aeaoue iieacaiey ii aeieaeai auoue
i?aaeoi?aaeaeai i oii, /oi aai iieacaiey iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu a
ea/anoaa aeieacaoaeuenoa ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo, a oii /enea e a neo/aa aai
iineaaeothuaai ioeaca io yoeo iieacaiee;

5) aeaaaoue iieacaiey ia ?iaeiii ycuea eee ycuea, eioi?ui ii aeaaeaao, e
iieueciaaoueny iiiiuueth ia?aaiae/eea aanieaoii;

6) eiaoue i?aaenoaaeoaey;

7) niae?aoue e i?aaenoaaeyoue aeieacaoaeuenoaa;

8) cayaeyoue oiaeaoaenoaa e ioaiaeu;

9) ciaeiieoueny ii ieii/aiee i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ?anneaaeiaaiey n
iaoa?eaeaie oaieiaiiai aeaea, ioiinyueieny e i?aaeuyaeaiiiio
a?aaeaeaineiio eneo, e aeaeaoue ec oaieiaiiai aeaea niioaaonoaothuea
auienee, nieiaoue ca naie n/ao eiiee n oao iaoa?eaeia oaieiaiiai aeaea,
eioi?ua eanathony a?aaeaeaineiai enea, a oii /enea n eniieueciaaieai
oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa;

10) o/anoaiaaoue a noaeaaiii ?acae?aoaeuenoaa oaieiaiiai aeaea a noaeao
ia?aie e aiaeeyoeeiiiie einoaioeee;

11) aunooiaoue a noaeaaiuo i?aieyo;

12) i?eiineoue aeaeiau ia aeaenoaey (aacaeaenoaea) e ?aoaiey
aeiciaaaoaey, neaaeiaaoaey, i?ieo?i?a, noaea a /anoe, eanathuaeny
a?aaeaeaineiai enea, e i?eieiaoue o/anoea a eo ?anniio?aiee noaeii;

13) ciaeiieoueny n i?ioieieii noaeaaiiai canaaeaiey e iiaeaaaoue ia iaai
caia/aiey;

14) iaaeaeiaaoue i?eaiai?, ii?aaeaeaiea eee iinoaiiaeaiea noaea a /anoe,
eanathuaeny a?aaeaeaineiai enea, e o/anoaiaaoue a ?anniio?aiee aeaeiau
auoanoiyuei noaeii;

15) ciaoue i i?eianaiiuo ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo aeaeiaao e i?aaenoaaeaieyo
e iiaeaaaoue ia ieo aic?aaeaiey, anee iie cao?aaeaatho aai eioa?anu.

A?aaeaeaineee ioaao/ee ia ai?aaa:

1) oeeiiyoueny io yaee ii auciaai aeiciaaaoaey, neaaeiaaoaey, i?ieo?i?a
eee a noae;

2) ?acaeaoaoue aeaiiua i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ?anneaaeiaaiey, noaaoea aio
ecaanoiuie a nayce n o/anoeai a i?iecaiaenoaa ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo, anee
ii aue ia yoii ca?aiaa i?aaeoi?aaeaeai. Ca ?acaeaoaiea aeaiiuo
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ?anneaaeiaaiey a?aaeaeaineee ioaao/ee ianao
ioaaonoaaiiinoue (no. 54 OIE ?O)

I?aaenoaaeoaeyie a?aaeaeaineiai ioaao/eea iiaoo auoue aaeaieaou, a
i?aaenoaaeoaeyie a?aaeaeaineiai ioaao/eea, yaeythuaainy th?eaee/aneei
eeoeii, oaeaea eiua eeoea, i?aaiii/iua a niioaaonoaee n A?aaeaeaineei
eiaeaenii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee i?aaenoaaeyoue aai eioa?anu. Ii
ii?aaeaeaieth noaea eee iinoaiiaeaieth noaeuee, i?ieo?i?a, neaaeiaaoaey,
aeiciaaaoaey a ea/anoaa i?aaenoaaeoaey a?aaeaeaineiai ioaao/eea iiaoo
auoue oaeaea aeiiouaiu iaeei ec aeeceeo ?iaenoaaiieeia a?aaeaeaineiai
ioaao/eea eee eiia eeoei, i aeiionea eioi?iai oiaeaoaenoaoao
a?aaeaeaineee ioaao/ee.

I?aaenoaaeoaeue a?aaeaeaineiai ioaao/eea eiaao oa aea i?aaa, /oi e
i?aaenoaaeyaiia ei eeoei.

Ee/iia o/anoea a i?iecaiaenoaa ii oaieiaiiio aeaeo a?aaeaeaineiai
ioaao/eea ia eeoaao aai i?aaa eiaoue i?aaenoaaeoaey.

2. Caeeth/aiea

Eoae, iu ii?aaeaeeee iiiyoea o/anoieeia oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna ni

noi?iiu caueou, a oaeaea ?anniio?aee i?aaa e iaycaiiinoe o/anoieeia
oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna ni noi?iiu caueou.

Oaeei ia?acii, iiaeic?aaaaiue, iaaeiyaiue, caueoiee, a?aaeaeaineee
ioaao/ee e aai i?aaenoaaeoaeue, yaeythony o/anoieeaie oaieiaiiai
noaeii?iecaiaenoaa, auiieiythueie ooieoeeth caueou, e aunooiatho a
ea/anoaa noi?iiu caueou.

Iaaeiyaiue yaeyaony iniiaiui iineoaeai i?aaa ia caueoo.

Caueoiee iiiiaaao iiaeic?aaaaiiio ?aaeeciaaoue aai i?aai ia caueoo,
i?aaeoniao?eaathuaa aiciiaeiinoe ii iciaeiieaieth n iiaeic?aieai,
auaeaeaeaieth caueoeoaeueiuo aa?nee e iiaee?aieaieth eo caueoeoaeueiuie
aeieacaoaeuenoaaie.

Iaycaiiinoe caueoieea: naieie aeaenoaeyie ia oooaeoaoue iieiaeaiea
iiaecaueoiiai, i?eieiaoue ana i?aaeoniio?aiiua caeiiii ia?u ii caueoa,
ia ?acaeaoaoue aeaiiua i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ?anneaaeiaaiey (i /ai ii aeaao
iiaeieneo), niaethaeaoue ii?yaeie a noaeaaiii canaaeaiee.

Oaeaea aaeaieao ia ai?aaa: ioeacaoueny io i?eiyoie ia naay caueou,
caieiaoue iiceoeeth aii?aee aiea aeiaa?eoaey (e?iia neo/aaa
naiiiaiai?a), ?acaeaoaoue naaaeaiey, noaaoea aio ecaanoiuie a nayce n
ieacaieai th?eaee/aneie iiiiue aac niaeaney aeiaa?eoaey.

Ia iniiaaiee auoaeceiaeaiiiai iiaeii neacaoue, /oi ?aaeaiaioaoeey

i?aaiaiai noaoona o/anoieeia oaieiaiiai i?ioeanna ni noi?iiu caueou a
?inneeneii oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa niioaaonoaoao
ii?iai iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa.

Nienie eniieuecoaiie eeoa?aoo?u:

Ii?iaoeaiay aaca:

1. Eiinoeoooeey ?O io 12.12.1993a.

2. Oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiue eiaeaen ?O, 2001a.

3. Iinoaiiaeaiea Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea ?O io 27.06.2000a. ? 11-I «Ii
aeaeo i i?iaa?ea eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe iieiaeaiee /anoe ia?aie noaouee 47 e
/anoe aoi?ie noaouee 51 Oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiiai Eiaeaena ?NON? a
nayce n aeaeiaie a?aaeaeaieia A. E. Ianeiaa».

4. Iaeeineea i?aaeea 1985a.

Eeoa?aoo?a:

1. A?onieoeui E. I ainoaea?noaaiiie caueoa iioa?iaaoeo, naeaeaoaeae e
eiuo o/anoieeia oaieiaiiai noaeii?iecaiaenoaa. I., 2003, n. 317.

2. Caeoeaa I. A. Ainoaea?noaaiiay caueoa o/anoieeia oaieiaiiai
i?ioeanna. I., 2001, n. 470.

3. Eiaeeeia A.N. Oaieiaiue i?ioeann. I., n. 410.

4. Eiiiaioa?ee e Oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiiio eiaeaeno ?O / Iiae ?aae. A.
ss. Nooa?aaa. I., 2004.

5. Eaeeiianeee E. A., Nie?iia A. A. Oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiia i?aai. I.,
2003, n. 598.

6. Na?eenyioe A. I. Caeiiiue i?aaenoaaeoaeue iaaeiyaiiai a noaea. O.,
1985, n. 490.

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