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Социальные детерминанты правонарушений в органах внутренних дел Украины

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OAeE 343.91-057.36(477)

I.A.IA?OUIAIEI, eaiae.th?eae.iaoe

Iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao aioo?aiieo aeae

NIOeEAEUeIUA AeAOA?IEIAIOU I?AAIIA?OOAIEE

A I?AAIAO AIOO?AIIEO AeAE OE?AEIU

?anniio?aiu iniiaiua oaeoi?u nioeeaeueiiai ii?yaeea, aeaoa?ieie?othuea
i?aaiia?ooaiey n?aaee ee/iiai ninoaaa i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae.

Ianooaaiua i?ioeannu o?ainoi?iaoeee, i?ienoiaeyuea a Oe?aeia iineaaeiea
o?eiaaeoeaoue eao, iaiin?aaenoaaiii io?aceeenue e ia nioeeaeueiie
no?oeoo?a iauanoaa. A neeo i?ioeanna ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey yeiiiie/aneiai
aeeyiey eciaiyaony oa?aeoa? e niaea?aeaiea ioiioaiee iaaeaeo a?oiiaie e
nioeeaeueiuie einoeoooaie, iiyaeythony iiaua oi?iu nioeeaeueiiai
?anneiaiey.

Ca ioiineoaeueii ei?ioeia a?aiy no?aoeoeeaoeey iinoniaaoneiai iauanoaa
?aai/eo e neoaeaueo i?aoa?iaea ea?aeeiaeueiua eciaiaiey. Iiyaeeenue
a?oiiu ethaeae, eniieuecothueo ee/ioth nianoaaiiinoue oaea ia oieueei
eae enoi/iee i?iaeeaaiey, ii e eae iniiao iaoa?eaeueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa.
Ana aieaa ianniaie a iaoai iauanoaa noaiiaeony a?oiia, niaaeeiythuay a
naaa yeaiaiou nianoaaiieea e o?oaeaieea, ii anai e?eoa?eyi
iiaeiaaeathuay iiae caiaaeiia ii?aaeaeaiea «n?aaeiaai eeanna».
Ia?aeeaeueii n iae oi?ie?oaony eeanne/aneee io?yae iaaiiuo ?aai/eo e
oaaee/eaaaony oaeaeueiue aan ia?aeiaeueiuo neiaa.

A neeo iea?aoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia aaeaaiaeiay ooa?y
aunieieaaeeoeoee?iaaiiie ?aai/ae neeu e iao/iuo eaae?ia yaeyaony
aeiaieueii iuooeiie aeey iaoeeiiaeueiiai ?uiea o?oaea. Oae, n 1997 ii
2001 aa. ec iaoae no?aiu ioeoeeaeueii yiea?e?iaaee ii/oe 90 oun.
a?aaeaeai n aunoei ia?aciaaieai, a anaai ca iineaaeiaa aeanyoeeaoea
Oe?aeio iieeioee 574 aeieoi?a iaoe e 907 eaiaeeaeaoia iaoe, o?aoue ec
eioi?uo ninoaaeyee ia?niaeoeaiua niaoeeaeenou a aic?anoa aei 40 eao.
Oauoee, i?aoa?iaaaaiua Oe?aeiie a ?acoeueoaoa auacaea iao/iuo
niaoeeaeenoia, ioeaieaathony naaiaeiy noiiie aieaa 1 ie?ae.aeie. a aiae
[1, n.27].

I?ienoiaeyuay o?ainoi?iaoeey nioeeaeueiuo ioiioaiee ia aeinoeaaao
o?iaiy, naienoaaiiiai aeiaaeueiui iauanoaaiiui iio?ynaieyi (?aaiethoeey,
a?aaeaeaineay aieia, ieeoiaoeey eeai oo?aoa ainoaea?noaaiiinoe) e iioiio
e?eieiiaaiiay ?ieue nioeeaeueiuo i?ioeannia aeey enneaaeiaaoaeae ia
anaaaea i?aaenoaaeyaony i/aaeaeiie. Oai ia iaiaa, iaiin?aaenoaaiiay
aeaoa?ieie?othuay naycue iaaeaeo ninoiyieai niaethaeaiey caeiiiinoe a
i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiao e nioeeaeueiuie o?ainoi?iaoeeyie a
nia?aiaiiie Oe?aeia i?ineaaeeaaaony aeinoaoi/ii ii?aaeaeaiii.

A ia?aoth i/a?aaeue neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi noi?ie?iaaaoeany
nioeeaeueiua einoeooou – naiuey, nenoaia ia?aciaaiey, iieeoe/aneea
ia?oee, a?iey, iieeoeey, oea?eiaue – a oneiaeyo noaaeeueiiai iauanoaa
niiniaiu naiinoiyoaeueii inouanoaeyoue naeaeoeeiiioth ooieoeeth ii
ioai?o eaiaeeaeaoia a naie ?yaeu. A oneiaeyo aea nouanoaothuaai
ia?aoiaeiiai ia?eiaea aeenooieoeey a nenoaia nioeeaeueiuo einoeoooia
nii?iaiaeaeaaony iiiaaeaieai a eo no?oeoo?o ethaeae neo/aeiuo, ia
ioaa/athuei o?aaiaaieyi ii?iaeueiiai ooieoeeiie?iaaiey nenoaiu. E
niaeaeaieth, Oe?aeia ia ecaaaeaea neo/aaa, eiaaea a aa?oiea yoaeiiu
aeanoe iiiaaeatho ethaee n e?eieiaeueiui i?ioeui, yeiiiie/aneay yeeoa
oi?ie?oaony n o/anoeai i?aaenoaaeoaeae oaiaaie yeiiiieee, a n?aaee
i?aaiio?aieoaeae ane?uaathony oaeou ei??oioeee e iauaoaieiaiuo
i?anooieaiee. Iiyoiio iu iiaeai n iieiui iniiaaieai ioianoe
naeaeoeeiiioth aeenooieoeeth nioeeaeueiuo einoeoooia a ?ac?yae
nioeeaeueiuo aeaoa?ieiaio i?anooiiinoe n?aaee ?aaioieeia ieeeoeee,
iaiin?aaenoaaiii ii?aaeaeythuae ninoiyiea aeenoeeieeiu e caeiiiinoe a
nenoaia i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae.

Naie a nenoaia naeaeoeaiiai ioai?a nioeeaeueiuo einoeoooia i?eaaee e
oiio, /oi e 1998 a. o/aaiua caaaaeaiey IAAe Oe?aeiu ia/aee eniuouaaoue
aic?anoathuoth eiieo?aioeeth, a oiaea eioi?ie aaeoo?eaiou ec oae
iacuaaaiuo «aeeianoe/aneeo» ieeeoeaeneeo naiae aeoeaii iooaniythony
i?aaenoaaeoaeyie ae?oaeo i?ioanneiiaeueiuo a?oii, i?aaeaea anaai –
aaeoo?eaioaie, /uee ?iaeeoaee caieiatho ?oeiaiaeyuea aeieaeiinoe a
ainoaea?noaaiiii e /anoiii naeoi?a yeiiiieee (aei 21% io iauaai /enea).

Iioeaii iinooieaiey iineaaeieo neoaeao aiana ia niia?aaeaiey ea?uea?iiai
?inoa a i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo i?aaiao, a aeaeaiea iieo/eoue i?anoeaeiue
aeeieii th?enoa. A.I. Iineaeaiei, i?iaaaeoee iaeii ec iaeaieaa
iniiaaoaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee a iaeanoe iioeaaoeee nio?oaeieeia IAAe,
ioia/aao, /oi oieueei 16% ia?aieo?nieeia ?oeiaiaenoaiaaeinue
aaeaeaaoiuie iioeaaie i?e iinooieaiee a aocu IAAe Oe?aeiu. Inoaeueiuie
aeaeaaee neooaoeaiua (36%) e eiiiainaoi?iua (19%) oaeoi?u – aeeyiea
?iaeeoaeae, aeaeaiea oeo/oeoue naie ee/iua ea/anoaa, ?iiaioe/aneay
i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoue i?ioannee, iaoa?eaeueiay caeioa?aniaaiiinoue,
i?anoeae th?eaee/aneiai ia?aciaaiey, no?aieaiea ecaaaeaoue neoaeau a
a?iee. O 6% ia?aieo?nieeia ano?a/aaony oaeaea e?eieiaeueiue oei
iioeaaoeee, eioi?iio i?enoue aaaioth?eci, neeiiiinoue e iaii?aaaeaiiiio
?eneo, iaaeinoaoi/ii ?acaeoua ii?aeueiua ii?iu, aeaeaiea oeo/oeoue naia
iaoa?eaeueiia iieiaeaiea ca n/ao aeieaeiinoiuo iieiiii/ee [2, C.18-23].

Enneaaeiaaiey ae?oaeo aaoi?ia a yoii iai?aaeaiee iiaeoaa?aeaeatho
auyaeaiiua oaiaeaioeee, auaeaeyy n?aaee iauae iannu eo?naioia ia iaiaa
27% oao, eoi iinooiee a aoc oieueei aeey iieo/aiey th?eaee/aneiai
aeeieiia e ieiei 10,5% oao, eoi, oaeei ia?acii, ecaaaeaee neoaeau a
a?iee. Iaoaeeaeoaeueii, /oi iinea ieii/aiey o/aau a IAAe iau/ii
ieaie?otho inoaoueny oieueei iieiaeia auioneieeia. 18% eo?naioia
ieaie?otho ia?aeoe a i?ieo?aoo?o, 12,5% – oeoe a eiiia?/aneea no?oeoo?u
ia aeieaeiinoue th?enoa, 7,8% – ieaie?otho oeoe ec IAAe e ia niae?athony
?aaioaoue ii niaoeeaeueiinoe. [3, c.138].

Eae ?acoeueoao, oieueei a 2003 a. 437 auioneieeia o/aaiuo caaaaeaiee
IAAe ioeacaeenue eaeoe ia neoaeao e oaieeeenue ec i?aaiia aioo?aiieo
aeae. I?e/eiie oaeiai iieiaeaiey ?oeiaiaenoai IAAe n/eoaao i?eaioaoeeth
ia ianniaue, a ia ia ea/anoaaiiue ioai? eo?naioia. [4, c.5]. Neooaoeey,
eiaaea ia iao/aiea i?eieiaaony a iniiaiii iieiaeaaeue aac
niioaaonoaothuaai aeeciaiiiai iiuoa, n ianoi?ie?iaaiiui ie?iaicc?aieai e
ia ii?aaeaeeaoeieny iaeeiiiinoyie a ni/aoaiee n ianiaa?oaiiie nenoaiie
i?ioioai?a iaecaaaeii i?eaiaeeo e i?iaeaia oi?ie?iaaiey
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai eaae?iaiai yae?a e onoie/eaiai
ii?aeueii-ineoieiae/aneiai eeeiaoa a iiae?acaeaeaieyo. Ea/anoai ioai?a
aoaeoueo nio?oaeieeia, aeaenoaeoaeueii, iiea ia oaeiaeaoai?yao
o?aaiaaieyi a?aiaie. Cia/eoaeueiia /enei eaiaeeaeaoia oaea i?e ia?aie
oeeueo?aoeee, a o/eeeuao i?ioiiaeaioiaee, i?eciaaony iaaioiauie e
neoaeaa: i?e i?iaa?ea, iai?eia?, iieacaoaeae oece/aneie iiaeaioiaee,
eaaeaeue iyoue ieacaeny ianiiniaiui caueoeoue naay [5, n.3].

Ii naiaio nioeeaeueiiio i?ienoiaeaeaieth iieiaeia iiiieiaiea,
iao/athuaany a aocao nenoaiu IAAe, i?eiaaeeaaeeo, a iniiaiii, e
n?aaeiaio eeanno ii o?iaith aeioiaeia naiae. N?aaee ?iaeeoaeae eo?naioia
iaeaieaa iiiai/eneaiia i?ineieea neoaeaueo, caiyouo a noa?a
i?iiuoeaiiinoe (21%) e ?oeiaiaeeoaeae /anoiuo e ainoaea?noaaiiuo
i?aaei?eyoee (14%). Ieiei 11% ?iaeeoaeae caiyou a noa?a ia?aciaaiey,
iaoee e eneonnoaa, 7% – a noa?a cae?aaiio?aiaiey e oieueei 3% ?aaioatho
a noa?a naeueneiai oicyenoaa [3, C.115-117]. Io/anoe yoi iauyniyao oio
oaeo, /oi auioneieee aocia IAAe ecia/aeueii i?eaioe?iaaiu ia ia
?aaeueioth ca?ieaoo eaeoaiaioa ieeeoeee, a ia i?eau/iue aeey n?aaeiaai
eeanna o?iaaiue aeioiaeia. Ii yoei aea i?e/eiai ia eneeth/aieai
yaeythony neo/ae iiiaaeaiey ia neoaeao ii?aeueii ianoieeeo eeoe,
eniieuecothueo naith i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue e nenoaia IAAe oieueei aeey
«…iiiieiaiey nianoaaiiiai ea?iaia» [6, c.2].

Eceiaeaiiua oaeoi?u ii?aaeaeytho iaee/ea a aeayoaeueiinoe IAAe Oe?aeiu
i?iaeaiu eaae?iaiai eiiieaeoiaaiey, eioi?ay aeaaea iinea ?yaea ?aoi?i
inoaaony ceiaiaeiaaiie. Ia/aaoeeny n 1991 a. iooie iaeaieaa
aunieieaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo neaaeiaaoaeae a i?aaiu i?ieo?aoo?u, noaeu,
aaeaieaoo?o, eiiia?/aneea no?oeoo?u, a ainoaea?noaaiioth iaeiaiaoth
aaeieieno?aoeeth i?iaeieaeaao eiaoue onoie/eaoth oaiaeaioeeth. Oieueei a
2002 aiaeo i?aaiu aioo?aiieo aeae iieeioee 15 361 ?aaioiee, n?aaee
eioi?uo 4082 – n aunoei th?eaee/aneei ia?aciaaieai. Ii ?acoeueoaoai 2001
a. a 17 iaeanoyo e 4 OIAAeO eiee/anoai oaieaiiuo th?enoia i?aauoaei
/enei i?eiyouo [7, c.2].

A ?acoeueoaoa eiee/anoai neaaeiaaoaeae, eiathueo aunoaa th?eaee/aneia
ia?aciaaiea, oiaei n 89% aei 54% [8, n.73]. Oaeaeueiue aan ?aaioieeia n
aunoei th?eaee/aneei ia?aciaaieai a iiae?acaeaeaieyo OAII ninoaaeye
60,3%, oaieiaiiai ?icunea – 55,1%, neoaeaa AYI – 45,9% [9, c.1]. Aeiey
n?aaee o/anoeiauo einiaeoi?ia eeoe n aunoei th?eaee/aneei ia?aciaaieai
yaeyaony iaeiie ec naiuo ieceeo n?aaee aaaeoueo neoaea IAAe – anaai
36,8%, oioy ia?aua ia?auaiey a?aaeaeai ii iiaiaeo ia?ooaiey eo i?aa
iau/ii i?eoiaeeony eiaiii ia neoaeao o/anoeiauo [5, n.3].

Aiaeec noaoenoe/aneeo aeaiiuo iieacuaaao, /oi anee a ia?eiae 1995-1997
aa. ?ino aeenoeeieeia?iuo i?inooieia e i?anooieaiee n?aaee ee/iiai
ninoaaa aue iaiin?aaenoaaiii naycai n ?anoe?aieai ?yaeia IAAe, oi
naaiaeiy yoi i?ienoiaeeo nei?aa ca n/ao ?aciuaaiey i?ioanneiiaeueiiai
yae?a. Eaae?iaua ?aoi?iu iineaaeieo eao iaicia/eee yaioth oaiaeaioeeth e
iiieiaeaieth ee/iiai ninoaaa, /oi ia iiaeao auoue ioeaiaii iaeiicia/ii
iieiaeeoaeueii (?enoiie 1). Iaiiaeaiea eaae?ia, nii?iaiaeaeathuaany
oiaiueoaieai oaeaeueiiai aana iiuoiuo nio?oaeieeia, aaaeao e nieaeaieth
iauaai i?ioanneiiaeueiiai o?iaiy e iiauoaieth ?enea e?eieiaeecaoeee
ee/iiai ninoaaa, ia /oi ia?auatho aieiaiea e ?inneeneea enneaaeiaaoaee
[10, c.175].

?enoiie 1. ?ani?aaeaeaiea aooanoiaaiiuo ?aaioieeia ieeeoeee

ii aic?anoo (a % e iauae /eneaiiinoe)

Ia ?enoiea 2, aaea i?eaaaeaii ?ani?aaeaeaiea aooanoiaaiiuo ?aaioieeia
ieeeoeee a caaeneiinoe io auneoae eao, aeeiaieea iiieiaeaiey ee/iiai
ninoaaa i?ineaaeeaaaony aieaa iaaeyaeii:

?enoiie 2. Aeeiaieea oaeaeueiiai aana aooanoiaaiiuo ?aaioieeia ieeeoeee
n o/aoii auneoae eao (a % e iauae /eneaiiinoe)

Eae iaiaeiaaaeioth aeaoa?ieiaioo nioeeaeueiiai ii?yaeea iaiaoiaeeii
?anniao?eaaoue e iaee/ea a nenoaia IAAe o.i. aioo?aiiae oaeo/anoe
eaae?ia, i?eaiaeyuae e oi?ie?iaaieth aeiea «i?anoeaeiuo» neoaea.
Iaoneaaeeaaaony aeaiiia yaeaiea eae yeiiiie/aneeie (iaee/ea eueaio e
iiauoaiiie ca?ieaou aeey ioaeaeueiuo iiae?acaeaeaiee), oae e
nioeeaeueiuie oaeoi?aie (oa?aeoa? e ?aaeei ?aaiou, iaania/aiiinoue
oaoieeie, aiciiaeiinoue auno?iai ea?uea?iiai ?inoa).

Eiiieaeniua enneaaeiaaiey, eco/aaoea i?anoeae e i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoue
?acee/iuo ieeeoeaeneeo «niaoeeaeueiinoae» a ?acee/iuo ?aaeiiao NNN? ia
i?ioyaeaiee 1975-88 aa., auyaeee, /oi onoie/eaia ia?aia ianoi caieiaea
eaoaai?ey nio?oaeieeia oaieiaiiai ?icunea. Aeaeaa oee ?aaioieee neoaeau
i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai neaaenoaey, neoaeau AONN e AAE [11, n.58].

A 1999 a. eaoaae?ie nioeeieiaee OEAAe auei i?iaaaeaii noiaeiia
enneaaeiaaiea ii ?yaeo neoaea IAAe Oe?aeiu. Ia ia?aua aeaa ianoa
nio?oaeieee iinoaaeee neoaeao ii ai?ueaa n yeiiiie/aneie i?anooiiinoueth
(NAYI) e AAE, /oi aiieia i?aaeneacoaii, iineieueeo yoe neoaeau eiatho
i?yiie auoiae ia yeiiiie/aneea noeioeu ?aaiou, oioy eaaeaeay ec ieo
eiaao naie niaoeeoe/aneee iiaeoiae. OAII, ?aiaa aoiaeeaoee a oaieiaiue
?icune, iinea auaeaeaiey a ioaeaeueioth neoaeao caieiaaony
?anneaaeiaaieai iaeaieaa iianiuo i?anooieaiee, e aai nio?oaeieee eiatho
aieaa aunieoth ca?ieaoo e eueaioioth auneoao eao. Ia aii?in, «A eaeii
iiae?acaeaeaiee Au iniaaiii ia oioaee, au ?aaioaoue?» ii/oe iieiaeia
nio?oaeieeia oeacaea iaaeauo?acaeoaeue, eaaeaeue /aoaa?oue – ecieyoi?
a?aiaiiiai niaea?aeaiey, eaaeaeue naaeueiie – i?eaiiee-?ani?aaeaeeoaeue
[3, c.80]. Einaaiiui iieacaoaeai i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoe neoaea neoaeeo
iaeiiieaeo eaae?ia a ieo. I?e n?aaeiai iieacaoaea ii IAAe Oe?aeiu a 9,3%
iiae?acaeaeaiey OANAYI eiatho 7% iaeiiieaeoa, neaaenoaaiiiai aiia?aoa –
7,9%, aeaaeo?iua /anoe – 8,3%, EIAeI – 11,8%. Iaeiiieaeo a
iiae?acaeaeaieyo III ninoaaeyao 18% aeey ia/ninoaaa e 20,6% – aeey
?yaeiaiai e ieaaeoaai ia/ninoaaa [9, c.1].

Iioiaeoth ea?oeio ?ani?aaeaeaiey i?aaeii/oaiee ioia/atho e ?inneeneea
aaoi?u, oeacuaathueo, /oi a ianoiyuaa a?aiy iia?aoeaii-?icuneiay e
neaaenoaaiiay ?aaioa oa?ytho naith i?anoeaeiinoue. Aeoeaio i?aaeii/oaiee
n?aaee ?aaioieeia ieeeoeee ?O nianoeeny ia neoaeau, aaea eiaaony aieueoa
naiaiaeiiai a?aiaie e aiciiaeiinoae iaoa?eaeueiiai iaania/aiey [10,
c.165]. Eae onoie/eaay oaiaeaioeey oeacuaaaony iianaianoiia iaaeaeaiea
na?aeaioneiai ninoaaa ia?aoiaeeoue n aeieaeiinoe ieeeoeeiia?a no?iaaiai
iiae?acaeaeaiey ia aeieaeiinoue eiiaiaee?a ioaeaeaiey eee caianoeoaey
eiiaiaee?a acaiaea. Oaeaea ieieiaeueii /enei nio?oaeieeia ai??aei?aaiia,
?aaioathueo ia «caiea», ecuyaeaoeo aeaeaiea ia?aeoe a oi?aaeai/aneea
no?oeoo?u. ?inneeneea enneaaeiaaoaee iauyniytho aeaiiue oaiiiai ?aceei
iaaeaieai i?anoeaeiinoe ioeoeeaeueiie ea?uea?u, aiyciueth nio?oaeieeia
iioa?youe onoiyaoeany ei??oioeeiiiua aeioiaeu e ia?eaioeeueiua
iaoi?iaeueiua nayce, i?aeiouanoaaie ioiineoaeueii naiaiaeiiai ?aaeeia
iia?aoeaii-neoaeaaiie aeayoaeueiinoe a ieciauo iiae?acaeaeaieyo IAAe
[12, c.136].

Iaee/ea «i?anoeaeiuo» iiae?acaeaeaiee eae oaeoi? aioo?aiiae oaeo/anoe
eaae?ia ia yaeyaony i?a?iaaoeaie ioa/anoaaiiuo i?aaiio?aieoaeueiuo
i?aaiia. Enneaaeiaaiey J.Skolnick a 1996 a. iieacaee, /oi 50% ii?ioaiiuo
iieeoeaeneeo NOA ioaeatho i?aaeii/oaiea ?aaioa aeaoaeoeaa, eae
niaiauathuoth yeaiaiou ?enea e eieoeeaoeau. 37% oioaee au ?aaioaoue a
iiae?acaeaeaieyo iao?oeueiie neoaeau e neoaeau aei?iaeiiai eiio?iey. 8%
i?aaeii/ee au ?aaioo a ioaeaea ii ai?ueaa n i?anooiiinoueth
ianiaa?oaiiieaoieo e oieueei 4% aua?aee aaeieieno?aoeaioth ?aaioo [13,
c.96].

E i?iaeaia nioeeaeueiuo oaeoi?ia i?aaiia?ooaiee n?aaee ee/iiai ninoaaa
ioiineony aii?in oi?ie?iaaiey iiae?acaeaeaiee n o/aoii aeaiia?aoe/aneie
no?oeoo?u iauanoaa, /oi yaeyaony naaiaeiy aeneiiie iieeoeaeneiai
iaiaaeaeiaioa a Aa?iia. Iaiaoiaeeiinoue niaethaeaiey yoie/aneiai e
aaiaea?iiai aaeaina a eaae?iaie iieeoeea iieeoeaeneeo iiae?acaeaeaiee
io?aaeaii a ?yaea iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeieoiaioia, oaeaea iiae/a?eeaathueo,
/oi iieeoeey aeieaeia aaeaeaaoii io?aaeaoue iauanoai, eioi?iio neoaeeo
[14]. Iaee/ea iaoeeiiaeueiiai e aaiaea?iiai aeenaaeaina ?anniao?eaathony
niaoeeaeenoaie eae na?ueaciay i?aaeiinueea aeey ?acaeoey iaaaoeaiuo
yaeaiee a iieeoeee – nioeeaeueiay ecieyoeey, ei??oioeey, ?aneci e
aeene?eieiaoeey. Eiaiii a neeo eceiaeaiiuo acaeyaeia aa?iiaeneea
ainoaea?noaa aua a ia/aea 1980-o aa. i?eiyee caeiiiaeaoaeueiua e
iieeoe/aneea ia?u ii eeeaeaeaoeee aeene?eieiaoeee aeaiuei i?e i?eaia ia
?aaioo a iieeoeeth. E na?aaeeia 1990-o aa. inouanoaeaiea iieeoeee ?aaiuo
aiciiaeiinoae ono?aieei aa?uea?u, iaoathuea iaeio, ?ani?aaeaeaieth e
i?iaeaeaeaieth ii neoaeaa aeaiuei a NOA, Eaiaaea, Aano?aeee. E ?aaioa a
iieeoeee ana aeoeaiaa i?eaeaeathony auoiaeoeu ec ae?oaeo, iaei?aiiuo
yoie/aneeo a?oii.

Neooaoeey a oe?aeineie ieeeoeee auaeyaeeo oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueii oieueei n
oi/ee c?aiey iaoeeiiaeueiiai aaeaina. Iu iiaeai eiinoaoe?iaaoue, /oi
IAAe Oe?aeiu, aaea neoaeeo 76,6% oe?aeioeaa e 20,5% ?onneeo, a oeaeii
io?aaeatho iniiaiua yoie/aneea i?iii?oeee, caoeene?iaaiiua a 2001 a.
Anaoe?aeineie ia?aienueth ianaeaiey. N?aaee ee/iiai ninoaaa IAAe
ian/eouaaaony oaeaea 0,7% aaei?onia, 0,4% iieaeaaai, 0,3% aieaa?, 0,2%
– iieyeia e aca?aaeaeaeaioeaa [8, n.126].

*oi eanaaony aaiaea?iiai ?aaiii?aaey, oi aaaeiinoaaiiay iieeoeea IAAe
aei neo ii? aeaao iiaiaeu aeey iainiiaaiiie e?eoeee. Iaiiiiei, /oi a
Oe?aeia /eneaiiinoue ioae/ei ninoaaeyao 22 iei. 441 oun./ae. eee 46,3%
ianaeaiey, aeaiuei – 26 iei. 16 oun./ae. eee 53,7% [15]. Iaeiaei,
iaace?ay ia ?aoeoaeueiua eaae?iaua ?aoi?iu iineaaeieo eao, a i?aaiao
aioo?aiieo aeae i?iaeieaeaao iiaeaea?aeeaaoueny ioeoeeaeueiay
aeeni?iii?oeey ioae/ei e aeaiuei. ?acoiaaony, /oi i?ioeann
«oaieiecaoeee» iiae?acaeaeaiee ieeeoeee aeieaeai auoue iinoaiaiiui e
acaaoaiiui, iaeiaei oneeaiea nioeeaeueiie i?eaioaoeee i?aaiia aioo?aiieo
aeae ia inoaaeyao o aaaeoueo niaoeeaeenoia niiiaiee a iaiaoiaeeiinoe
aeaeueiaeoaai ?anoe?aiey i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoaa aeaiuei [16, n.301]. A
iaiaeie aeiea nio?aiaieth aaiaea?iiai aeenaaeaina niinianoaotho i?aaeea
iinooieaiey a aocu IAAe, ia?aie/eaathuea eiee/anoai i?eieiaaiuo ia
iao/aiea aeaiuei a ?aieao 5% io iauae /eneaiiinoe aaeaaiaeiiai iaai?a
eo?naioia [17, n.2]. I?e yoii oaeaeueiue aan aeaiuei n?aaee
ainoaea?noaaiiuo neoaeaueo-niaoeeaeenoia a oeaeii ii Oe?aeia aeinoeaaao
81%, a n?aaee ?oeiaiaeyuaai ninoaaa – 51,4% [18, c.40].

Eceiaeaiiua oaeoi?u nioeeaeueiiai ii?yaeea i?aaenoaaeythony iaeaieaa
nouanoaaiiuie i?e ?anniio?aiee aeaoa?ieiaoeeiiiie iniiau i?ioeaii?aaiiai
iiaaaeaiey ?aaioieeia IAAe, iaeiaei ia?a/aiue eo aeaeaei ia ia?aie/ai
?aieaie aeaiiie ioaeeeaoeee. Iiyoiio aeey aeaeueiaeoae ?ac?aaioee
i?aaenoaaeaiiiai iai?aaeaiey aaoi? i?eaeaoaao anao caeioa?aniaaiiuo
eeoe.

EEOA?AOO?A

1. Aenooi Oiiaiiaaaeaiiai Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie c i?aa ethaeeie
I.?.Ea?ia/iai? ia i?aaenoaaeaii? o Aa?oiai?e ?aae? Oe?a?ie ui??/ii?
aeiiia?ae? “Noai aeio?eiaiiy oa caoenoo i?aa ? naiaiae ethaeeie a
Oe?a?i?” (02 ea?oiy 2003 ?.) – E.: IOe “?ioa?oaoiieia?y”, 2003. – 52 n.

2. I?ioan?eia iioeaaoe?y i?aoe?aiee?a i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa: aea/aiiy
oa ei?aeoe?y: Iaoe.-i?aeoe/.iin?aiee / Iineaeaiei A.I., Eiac?i Ae.I.,
Noa?iaeoaoeaa A.A. – O.: Oi-o aioo?. ni?aa, 1999. – 98 n.

3. Eyoaiei I.A. Nioeeaeueiay iiaeeueiinoue a i?aaiao aioo?aiieo aeae. –
Aeen. … eaiae.nioeeie.iaoe. – Oa?ueeia, 1999, 207 n.

4. Ina?oiy ?aoi?ia IAN: iaeaooi? aoaeo?oueny nueiaiaei? // ?iaiai
Caeiio, ?9 (5397), 05.03-11.03.2004.

5. O?ao?a aea?aeaaiiai ianooaao // ?iaiai Caeiio, ?16 (5404),
23.04-29.04.2004.

6. Iaeac IAN Oe?a?ie ?87 a?ae 01.02.2003.

7. Iaeac IAN Oe?a?ie ?123 a?ae 02.02.2002 ?. „I?i iaieioaiiy ??oaiiy
ia?aaee c canooiieeaie ia/aeueiee?a AOIAN, OIAN, OIANO, i?i?aeoi?aie
aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a IAN Oe?a?ie ii ?iaio? c iniaiaei neeaaeii”

8. E?aa/aiei TH.O. Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy i?aai?a aioo??oi?o
ni?aa Oe?a?ie (i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? ieoaiiy). – Aeen. …
eaiae..th?eae.iaoe. – O., 1998, 194 n.

9. Iaeac IAN Oe?a?ie ?341 a?ae 28.05.2001 „I?i iaaeie?ee a i?aai?caoe??
eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy iia?aoeaii-neoaeaiai? ae?yeueiino? oa oe??ieaii?
aeenoeeie?ie oa caeiiiino? na?aae iniaiaiai neeaaeo i?aai?a aioo??oi?o
ni?aa *a?eanueei?, ??aiainueei?, Oa?iii?euenueei? iaeanoae, ia
Euea?anuee?e oa I?aaeaii?e cae?cieoeyo ca 1 eaa?oae 2001 ?. oa caoiaee
uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? ?iaioe c eaae?aie a ?aa?iiao.

10. Aeoooia N.A. I?anooieaiey nio?oaeieeia ieeeoeee (iiiyoea, aeaeu e
iniaaiiinoe i?ioeeaeoeee). – NIa.: Ecae-ai «TH?eaee/aneee oeaio? I?ann»,
2001. – 271 n.

11. ?ioa A.I. I?aaiu aioo?aiieo aeae eae nioeeaeueiay i?aaiecaoeey //
Iniiau nioeeieiae/aneeo ciaiee. – I.: IAAe, 1990. – 77n.

12. Nao?iiia A.Ae. I?anooiiinoue a ?innee e e?eieiaeueiay aaciianiinoue
i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae: Iiiia?aoey. – I.: THIEOE-AeAIA, Caeii e i?aai,
2003. – 415 n.

13. Criminal justice in America: theory, practice, and policy/ Barry
W.Hancock, Paul M.Sharp. – 2nd ed. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 2000.
182 p.

14. ?aciethoeey 34/169 Aaia?aeueiie Annaiaeae III io 17.12.1979 a., i.8
I?aaiaoeu, iiaeioieo a). http://un.org./documents/rus/

15. *eneaiiinoue e ninoaa ianaeaiey Oe?aeiu ii eoiaai Anaoe?aeineie
ia?aiene ianaeaiey 2001 aiaea.
http://ukrcensus.gov.ua/rus/results/general/

16. Aaiaeo?ea I.I., A?a/aiei A.A. Aeaaea a Oe?a?i? ia ceai? ae?oaiai ?
o?aoueiai oeny/ie?oue. – O.: Oi-o aioo?.ni?aa, 2000. – 304 n.

17. Iaeac IAN Oe?a?ie ?80 a?ae 30.01.2003 „I?i eiiieaeooaaiiy aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a IAN Oe?a?ie o 2003 ?ioe?”

18. Aeanaiei I.N., Aeiia?aaeiaa E.Ae., Eaea/iaa ?.A. Aaiaea?ia
noaoenoeea aeey iii?oi??iao aeinyaiaiiy ??aiino? ae?iie ? /ieia?e?a. E.:
?in-o aea?aeaae ? i?aaa ?i.A.I.Ei?aoeueeiai IAI Oe?., 2000. – 56 n.

IA?OEIAIEI I.A. NIOe?AEUeI? AeAOA?I?IAIOE I?AAIII?OOAIUe A I?AAIAO
AIOO??OI?O NI?AA

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa, i.Oa?e?a

?icaeyioo? iniiai? oaeoi?e nioe?aeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, ui aeaoa?i?iothoue
i?aaiii?ooaiiy na?aae iniaiaiai neeaaeo i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa

IA?OUIAIEI I.A. NIOeEAEUeIUA AeAOA?IEIAIOU I?AAIIA?OOAIEE A I?AAIAO
AIOO?AIIEO AeAE OE?AEIU

Iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao aioo?aiieo aeae, a.Oa?ueeia

?anniio?aiu iniiaiua oaeoi?u nioeeaeueiiai ii?yaeea, aeaoa?ieie?othuea
i?aaiia?ooaiey n?aaee ee/iiai ninoaaa i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae.

MARTYNENKO O.A. SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT MISCONDUCT

National University of Interior, Kharkov

The main social factors, determining the police staff’s misconduct, are
considered.

NI?AAEA IA AAOI?A

1. Ia?ouiaiei Ieaa Aiaoieueaae/, eaiaeeaeao th?eae.iaoe

2. Ia/aeueiee eaoaae?u oaieiaiiai i?aaa e e?eieiieiaee Iaoeeiiaeueiiai
oieaa?neoaoa aioo?aiieo aeae IAAe Oe?aeiu

A?aecea

ia noaooth Ia?oeiaiea I.A. „Nioeeaeueiua aeaoa?ieiaiou

i?aaiia?ooaiee a i?aaiao aioo?aiieo aeae Oe?aeiu»

Iiaeaia noaooy aeeiiaia a iaaeao ?ic?iaee aeooaeueii? i?iaeaie
i?aaaioe?? i?aaiii?ooaiue o i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aaiao. Aaoi?ii
i?iiiio?oueny aei ?icaeyaeo aeania aa/aiiy iecee aeaoa?i?iaoe?eieo
/eiiee?a nioe?aeueiiai ii?yaeeo, ui i?ecaiaeyoue aei i?aaiii?ooaiue c
aieo iniaiaiai neeaaeo i?e?oe?? Oe?a?ie. A ?aieao ioae?eaoe??
aiae?cothoueny ci?ie o nioe?aeueiiio neeaae? oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa,
a?aeiia?aei? ci?ie o eaae?iaiio neeaae? i?e?oe??, iaaaoeai? aniaeoe, ui
?o i?eaiinyoue iaaeie?ee o nioe?aeuei?e iie?oeoe? aea?aeaae.

sse iiceoeaia, ne?ae a?aecia/eoe ni?iao Ia?oeiaiea I.A. i?inoaaeeoe
/?oeo aca?iiae?th eiaeiiai oaeoi?o c iiaeeeaeie iane?aeeaie,
?acoeueoaoii yeeo ? oaeoe ii?ooaiue neoaeaiai? aeenoeeie?ie, /eiiiai
caeiiiaeaanoaa c aieo i?aaiioi?iioe?a. O oaeno? iathoueny oaeiae
aeac?aee ia oae? aeaoa?i?iaoe?e i? /eiieee, ye ii?ooaiiy aaiaea?iiai
aaeaino i?e oi?ioaaii? eaae?iai? iie?oeee IAN Oe?a?ie, ui ?
iaeiaea/aiith noa?ith c aieo a?o/eciyieo e?ei?iieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

A oe?eiio ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia aeinoaoiueiio iaoeiaiio ??ai?, c
aeei?enoaiiyi oe?ieiai niaeo?o e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, ui aeaco? ia
e?ii?oeo ?iaioo aaoi?a i?e i?aeaioiaoe? iaoa??aeo. C o?aooaaiiyi
aeeeaaeaiiai aaaaeath, ui noaooy Ia?oeiaiea I.A. „Nioeeaeueiua
aeaoa?ieiaiou i?aaiia?ooaiee a i?aaiao aioo?aiieo aeae Oe?aeiu» iiaea
aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aei ae?oeo.

Caa.a?aeae?eii e?ei?iaeueii-i?aaiaeo i?iaeai

oa e?ei?iaeueii-aeeiiaa/iai caeiiiaeaanoaa

?inoeoooo aea/aiiy i?iaeai cei/eiiino?

AI?I Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe I.I. Aooi?iaa

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