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Религиозный аспект идеологии белорусского государства

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AAEI?ONNEEE AINOAeA?NOAAIIUE OIEAA?NEOAO

EIOI?IAOEEE E ?AAeEIYEAEO?IIEEE

Eaoaae?a aoiaieoa?iuo iaoe

?AOA?AO

ia oaio:

«?????? ??? ????e a?????i ??????

Ieine, 2008

N?i ?iy?a «???y» ???? a ??????e ???? e ?? ?io???i ???a Oe???? (I a. ? i.
y.), ???e ??e ?i ? ????? ???a «relegere», ?i ??? «n????, ???a, y?o ???
?e ???a?i ????????? ?????? ?y?ey? E????i (III a.) «religare» – «?y???,
???y?» e A???i A????i (IV a.) «reeligere» – «????iy?, ??ue ?y???», ? ??
???y ???ey?? ?e ?? ?n????ey (?e a ?????? ????a «????ey») ???? n A??.

???ey – y? ??a ???? ??e, ??a ??????i ???ey, ?n?? ???? ??????e, ??y?a e
??ae?? eth?e, ? e??? ???ny ??????a e ??????, a ??a ?????othua ii???a e
??????a ???ey (?????e ??o), ????? ? ?? a ????o????a, ? ????? ???? ?????
eth?e e ???o, ????? e ????ii?.

N????ay ???y ?a???y? ??e:

· I???? ?????e ?????;

· I?????th ?????;

· A???? a???? ?????? ?y?e;

· A???th?a a ???? ?????y ???? e ???? ???u ? ??????ey e ???ay????e;

· I????? ?c??? ?????y e ???ey ?????? ????e, ???ath?e ? ?o ????????
?c????;

· N??a ??????y e ?????y ??????i ??io???ey;

· O??? ?u????e ????u.

A ??i ?o????i ???? ?????a ??????y ???? au???? a ?yae ?? ???e:

???a: ???? – ?? a ???i (??????a) ?e ?e ?? ??? eth?e ? ????i ?e ??????i
???; ???i – ?? a ????aa?a ??a, ??????a ?e ???u, ??o ??a ???e, ????
o?ae??, ?i ????; ??y – ???? ????? ??y?a, ?ath?o ??th ??????? ?
?????n???a ?? ?y ????y ?????? ??e???; ???? – ???u??a ????i ????i ?????
?? e ????, ????a ?ey? ? ?ae ?au?e e ???th?e ??.

????a: ????i – ????? ????o ???io (?y??? ??o ??e ????????? n?) ???a,
?????; ?ii?e? – ????? ??o ???o A?o-???. A???, ??ae??a ?n?? ??o e ? ??ue
?iy?y O??a, a ???a ???? e ??? ??????o ?? e ?ee??ny ? ?????i ??? n ????
(????a ??u ?ae??a).

???ey ???y? ??e ?yae ??? ?oe???o ???e, ???oa?o ?e ? ??????? (????), ?e e
? ???????i (??i?ue) ?iaiyo.

I??????a ???e ???e:

· E??????y – ??i??? ?????? ????e (??a?y) ??ae ??i ????o ?e ?????? ?e, ?i
??o ?????? ????? ?a??a;

· ???y??ay – ?????o ????a eth?e, ??au?y? ? ??????e ????a e ??? ????????
o??aa?yo;

· E????th?y – ?????? ?????? ????, ???????i? ????, ??? ??? ????y eth?e;

I??????? ???e:

· I???????ay – ?????y? ??????? ?????e, ??ey? ??????e ????? ?????e e
?o????, ???th?? ? ?????? ?uy??ey ??, ?i??a e ???? ?e ?e e?e ???e;

· O??ey ??????i ????ey – ??o ???????? ??u ??a?, ????y, ?i ???a??a ???
??? ??th??ny ???, ?i ?e ?? ???a A?a. N?????o ??????o ?a??????eth, ?????
?????eth ???? e ???? a ??i;

· E????-??????ay e ????????ay ???e – a ?o ??e??ny ?????y i??? ???e, e ?
?? a ??e ???? e ??i?e.

· I?????y – ???a?a e/?e ??????a ?a?e.

E??i ???y ???y? a ???o e ??????o ????o e ai????? ?? ????e, a a ????o
?????? ??? ?? ????e e a ??iy?a ??y: N????y A??y (?????? ??i), E?i (?eo??
??i). O??i n ????i?i I??i ???e a ???e A??u a ?a???? ??ey???e (? ?o.
Secularis – «????»), ?????y ??ia?? ?o??? a ????, ??????ny n ??th ????ey
y???/a??i ????? e ??o???e ?? ??? a ?????a, ????? ??????a ?????a ????i
?????a. E ?a ??i, ?? ? ?ia? ???? ?????? ???y e ?????a ?????e ???atho
?a????a ?ey?a e ? ????, e ? ????, e ? ????th. I????, ?????? ??? A?i? –
E??y, E??ey, I????y, ?????ay A??y. N???otho e ???i ???otho ????a ??????
???, ????? ???o y?y?ny ???????i ? ?e eiay ???y ?e ?ee???a ?????a (????,
O?????-??????e? Nithc a A?ia?e ?e ? ?????i-???????a ???? a ??i; a ???o
Ain??? A??u ?????a ??i??? ???ytho ???th ?????a ?????o ???-????e??? ??
????? ???????).

ssaeyy? ???e ????, ???y ??o ?ith ????thth ????o, ??iy?th ? ?y? ?i????:
?????a ????, ???i?? ????y, ?????y ?y????ue, ?????a ?????e.

A??? ??????i ????i ?????? ???ey y?y?ny ??a a ?????????. ?????? ???? ??o
??a ?a ?????ii ???iy???o ??iy: ?????oth ?ai??th e ?????th ????eth.

?????ay ????ey – y? ?????? ?????e????? ??????e, ??, ???, ???a, ?????,
?????e, ????, on???e, i?????e, ??c ??? ???o ???e ?n????o e ??e?? ???th?e
?? a ?ethc??e e ??????? ??a (????? ?a???i? ????? y?y?ny ?????n?a ???? –
???? ???a??a ?y ?????? ????, ??a ???e ???? ??a ????? ?????e, ???a ??? ?
a ??iy?e «ia????»).

?????ay ????y – y? ???ay ???a ?????o ??, ??y?a e ??????e, ??a??? ???o
???th?y ????? ???ia??? eth?, ????e ???, ????u.

E? ????ay ???a, ???y ??i ?y?? n y??????e ??e??, ??? ??? y? ?y? a ??????
???e ???ey? ???a??ue ? ?????. I??y? ? ???eth, ???y ???o ? ??? na????
????, e ?i ????? ? a ???e ????, a ?y????e ?y ?? ????i ????y. A??e
?eth???, ??? n ????? ?ee???? ?ay? e ?????e a ??oth ???o (???th a ???i
?un?), ???ey ???o ??? ?? ??????e ???? ???ue, ??i??yth?e ????o ? ????ey
?ae ?????? a??? ?e. E??i a y?i – ???? ?????a ???e ? ??ue ????, ? ????
????, ? ?ae ?oi?e.

A E????? e C??a ?????e A???ue «I n??? ???e e ?a????o ?????y? ?????a?ny
???a ???e. A ??? 31 Eii???? ???o ???? ??????i ??i ???ey? ?ia ????a e
???e, o. a. ?????? eth?th ?a??th, ??i ?e ????i n ??e?, ?e ? ?????? ???e.
A ??? 7 E????? ????y, ?i ?????? ? ?a???ny a ?? ???, ? ?????o ? ?y????ue.
N??y 5 ca???o ???? ?????e, ???o ????? ?????e ???. A a ??? 16 ?y? ????y i
???a ?y????e ?????o ?????e e ? ???????, ?y????ue ???o ????? i??a ??????
?an???e A???ue, ? ?????i??i ??y ?e ?y?? n ????? ?? e ??? ???i, ???? ?
???ueth e ?????e. N??e 14 e 15 ???yo i ?i, ?i ?????i ????? ????y i??
y????? e ????u? ???? e ??i???o ????? e ???? ? ???i-?????i ???ey (a ???
????, ????i?, ??? e ???y). ?????? ? ??i??? ? ???ytho ???????a ???e.
A??????ay ??a? i????ey a ?????a A???ue ??o ???? ???? (??uey 9 C?i? «I
???a ???e e ??a??? ?????y?). C???????i ?an???e A???ue i ???a ???e ????y
a ????a A???e ???a?? ?? ????, ???????e ???o ??e, ???e e ?????o o???? ?c
???ey ??, ??, y??, ???????, ?????? ??y?a, ??????y e ?????i ????y.

C???????i i ???a ???e a ?a???? A???ue ????ey? ??e ?a????oth ????o:

· I??e ???ue – ??????a ???? ??, ????? ???ii??th?a ??, ???? ?????e ???u e
?ny?a a ??i ????????th?e e ??????e oa???;

· A??e ???ue – ???????a ??u e ??? ????e? A?a??;

· O??e ???ue – ??u I????a ?????e A?a??, ???? ?? ???a ??????? ???.

N???????? ???????? a ??a ???u ???e ??? ??i?? ? ????? ?????yi:

· I????a ??????i ???????? a ?????? n ???a???e ???e;

· I????? ????? ???ey ???? ??a, ? ???ath?? ??y?y ??a ?a ?y? ?? n ???,
????????e e ????a???e n?????y a ?i ??;

· O??????a e ?????a ???? ????a ??an???ue?e ???? ?????a;

· C????? e ?????a ???? ??a ? ???o n???, ?i ??a? ?????a ?????e ?y ?????e
?????o ????a a ???.

E???????y ???? ?????a y? ??? ??i:

1. E???n ????e e ??a ????i ?????a ? ????th e ?ee???i e???eyi, ??aey??y a
??? ????e, ?i????a ? ??????? ????e ??o i?e e ??????, a ??a ??o ?????e e
??????e ??y? ??no?;

2. I?????a ?? ? ?????th ?? e ??? ?aae?i ? ?????a eth?e ???e ?e ? ?????a
???e (?a?i);

3. N?????y ?y????ue ?????a, ?i ????, n ??th ????ey ?????? oe?? a ??????
??a, ????e ???o???e.

No?a ???????? ???? ?eth?? ???? ?????a a io???e ?????o ?????e, ?????oth
????? ?????o ?????e e ???a ???? a ???? ????e ?????a e ??ae??o ?????e.
N??n ?????o ?????e ??? e ???o ?ua???? ?????e. N???ey ??????? ????,
?????a e ?????o i?????e ????? ?y ?????a ???? ??i. N? ?? ??????y a ????
???e e ? ????? ???o ? ???i ?no???a ????e e ????? ??? ?????e, ??? ??????
??? ???? ? ????th e ?????i ?????yi: n ??e ??i? ???ay ? ??????th i????, n
??? – ????eyy ???? ? ? ?y?eue??ueth.

N???ey ?????e ???? ?????a ???ey?ny:

· O? ??????i ???ey a ??i;

· I?? ?????o ?????e a ???? ??????i ???ey ?????a e ia???;

· O??? ???ey ???????o ?????;

· N???ey ??????? ?????a, i???a e ?????o ?????e, ??? ?e???? ?????e ??? e
????i?i;

· A???a ?eth??a ?????o ?a???? a ???/a?? ???? (a ????? ??e?).

Ai??????y ?????y ???? ????ey?ny ?e ??? i??? ???????? ???a?y ? ??i ???e.
A? ?y????ue ???aey?ny ??uey? 10-12 ??? «I ???a ???e e ?????o ????oeey?.
Ii ??o ?n?????? ??? ?????o ?????e e ????ey? ???? ?y????e ?????o ?????e e
????ey ?e ???????? ?an???e A???ue.

?????? ?????e, ?????y e ?u?u ??? ??? ?no?????th ?????th e ???????ue
??oth?i ???eyi: ???ii???a, ??????y ????y ????, ????ea ??????, ??ae??a
????? e ????i? ??o ???????, ??????i ? ii?o ?? ??? ????i ?????e A???ue
(?. 13 ??? «I ???a ???e e ?????o ?????y?). A?e ??? ??a?e ??o??tho, oi a
?????e ??o ?? ????. Aeey ?????? ?????ey ???ony ???????y ?????y ???ey. A
??? ia???y ???????? ?????e A???ue, ??????e ?y????e, ??????? ??ao ?????e
?????e, ????i?e ??? ?????? ?????e Aa???, ? ???????? ??y e ?????? ???ey,
????? ?e?, ?????, ??????, ?e????, ???e ??? ?e ??e ?ee???y ?????y ??o ??
??????a (?. 23 c??a «I ???a nia?? e ?????o ?????y?).

E???ue ? ?????i ???????? ?????e A???ue i ?i?? ???e e ?????? ?????yo ?
?????oth?o ??e??yo ????eytho ???a N??u ????a, ??????? e ???y??eue?a ???.
I????, I??? ????e ??????? e???u ??atho ?? ??????y ? ??i ???e, ?????a ? e
???????? ??? ???????? ????ey ? ??i ???e (?. 36 ??? «I ??i? ???e e ?????o
?????y?). A ??? ia???e ?????e ??ie??? ???????? ?????e A???ue, ?????th?e
??i a ?????e ?? ???o ????ia ???????. A?e ???a ??i ????y ? ?? ????u a
????y?? ??, ? ?????th?e i??i e?? ??i ??o??y a ?ae n ?y???i i ?????
?????e i?????e. I??i ? ?y????ue ????????ny ? ???y ?? (?. 37-38 ??? «I
???a ???e e ?????o ?????y?).

C????:

· N???a e ?y????ue ?????o ??i???, ??a???o ??? ?????? e ?????ii?? ??y
?????e A???ue;

· N???a ?????o ?????e a ???????o ???o e ???a?yo, ???? ??yo e ???????o
????eyo;

· A????a ????????? a ?????a ???ca?e e ???? ? ???e ???e ? ?? e ?c ???ey
????e ?e ?oe ? ??iyth?o.

A??????ay ?????y i???a a ?????a A???ue ???aa?ny ? ?i, ?i «????y ?????o
?????e ? ??o ??????ueny a ???? ?y????e aeey ???? (?. 6 ??? «I ??i? ???e
e ??ae??o ?????y?).

A????? ???i ?????? n ?????? ?????y? a ??a ????i-??????i ????ey, a a
????e ???e e a ??ei????. O? ?a ????e ?a? ???? ??? «Ca ???? ???aea?? ????
??????i ????? (? th????o ????th), ??i??a ????i I????? ?????e A???ue e
?????? I??? e N???, ????? y?a??i A?y A???e.

E????? ?e ????ue, ?i A???ue – ??????????a ?????i. A ?? ???ey ?????e
????????e a ???a ??ai?a ???u ????? ????i ????e ?????e ??????ii?e ??
???y. A ??a X a. ? ??yo ?????e A???e ?y?y?ny ????no?, ??y?a ? A???e
(?????a). ss???? (????i, ??i??a) ???? ??a ???? ???e – ??????, ???a ??a
???? ?oa??i ??y?o ??a e ???y? ?y???i A???? A??u ?oo?? a ???a ? ????
C???e A??u e A???? «? ???». A XIV a., ??a ??th??y E???e ?? n I???, ????
?????iyoueny ?????? (??a ???a a 1054 a. ?y?yth?y ??i-?????ay ???? ?e
?????a (????ey) e ???-?????ay oe???). A??a n y??e A????ey ? A???e
?????iyth?y ??? ??????? ia??. N XIV a. ? ??yo A???e ?y?yth?y ????a (??e,
???u) e ??eue???a ??? (???). O?? ???i, A???ue ??o e????? ?i??othny ???o?
????? ?????? ????e, ????o ?? ?eyi? ? ?????? e ???? ?????e ??e: ?????a,
?oi???, ??????? ?????? (??????? eth???), ?aea?i, ??i.

C?? «I ???a ???e e ?????o ?????y? ?????ny ? ?ei??o:

· I???ey ???eyth?e ?? I??n??? ??? a ?????? ?a???? e ???? ????, ????? e
?????a?? ???? ?????? ???;

· Ae???e, ????? e ?????ie ?? E?????e ??? ? ???e??e A???e;

· I?????? ? ??e ???e ??? A???e A??????-eth????e ???, ???? e ?ea?.

Ii ??iy?th ? 01.01.2003 a. ? A???e o??????? 2825 ?ee???o ??i (1265
??????, 432 e?????o, 33 ????y???o, 432 OAA (???? ?? ??????), 268 AOA
(?????? ???ai-????a), 29 – N?? ???e AOA, 13 ??i-??e???o (????o), 20
????????, 27 eo???o, 27 ????o, 26 ????? E??u, 6 ??e, 3 ????, 6 ?????, 1
???o ????). A?? ???y 25 ??????i??? ????e. A ??iy?a a?iy ????ey?ny
???????y ?? ???i?? ??i a ?????a A???ue. A 2005 a. A?a ????? ??ae?????
?iy??y ?????ay ??e?ue – ?? ? ????? ??? ?e????a (n III a.).

Ae???? 1003 ?????? ???, 371 ???, ??? ????a ?a?y (??i ? 01.01.2003 a. –
1986). N???y 234 ??o ??ey (157 ?????? ???e, 37 ????, 39 ????io?? ????o
??a).

A ?????a A???ue ????o 140 ???? ?????e ???i??????? ???ey: ???e??y e ?a
?????? ???? ??ia?e, ?????ay ???ey e ???? ???a, 19 ?????? e 8 ??ee???
?????, 24 ??????eo i?????? ?????e, 41 ??ae??e ?i? e ????ey (10 ?????? e
4 ?????? ???e). I?? ????? ?????o ?????e a ?????a A???ue ? 01.01.2003 a.
– 2965.

E??ny 2629 ????? ??? (1154 ?????? ?y???a, 305 ?????? ???? (177 – ??ae?a
?????o ?????: I??e, Eeo?, A??ee, NOA), a ?????? ? ?. 29 ??? «I ???a ???e
e ?ee???o ?????y? ?????e ????i ??o ????ny ???ic?e ?y????ueth a ?????a
A???ue o??i a ???e ??? ??). A 2002 a. ???????e ???? ?? ????? 329 ?????o
???i (a o. /. 23 – ?y ?????e ?y?eue??e).

Ia A???e ??:

· I?????y ???ue (1999 a.) – 10 ???e, 1071 ???, 962 ?y???a, 14 ????? (5
???o e 9 ???o), 14 ???a, 31 ?????i, Iei?ay ???ay ????y (n 1989 a.),
I??ay ???ay ???ey (1995 a.), ?????? ???? a ????a AAO (??a – ?????? ????o
a AAO), ???? ???a, ??th?y ??? ???a, 10 ??o, ??ay ???a??;

· ???i-?????ay ???ue (01.01.2001 a.) – 405 ??i?a, 266 ????, 7 ???o
?????, A????ay ??ay ???ay ????y, ??th?y ??ue ????, ?e ???;

· Eth????i (01.01.2003 a.) – 13 ??i;

· E????i – O?????y ?????y ?????y (A????? ??aa???? ??????? ???);

· NAOA – 268 ??i.

Ei???i ?n?y?a ?????? ??? ? A???e ??? a ?n??? ? ???yi (??? 1999 a.):

1. I??ay ???y – 279 ????, 183 ??a, 10 /a??i;

2. I????ay ???y – 68 ??i, 65 ???, ??? ???ai?o ??a, ?? /??iy;

3. A???ay ???y – 162 ???, 163 ??a, 18 /a??i;

4. A????ay ???y – 81 ???, 79 ???, iy? ?????o ??a, ?? ?? ?e a??e?;

5. I?????y ???y – 85 ??i, 108 ???, 2 /a??e;

6. I??ay ???y – 147 ??i, 147 ???, 34 ??a?;

7. A????y ???y – 86 ??i, 81 ??, ?iue ?????o aei?a;

8. O???ay ???y – 50 ??i (??? 2000 a.);

9. A???ay ???y – 82 ???a;

10. I???y ???y – 76 ??i, 79 ???, ?? oth??ay ????.

Oa?i ???i, ????? ??i ?????? ??i (????) ia???y a A???? ???e, ? ??? ??a ??
I??ay ???ue, ? ??ue? – A????ay. Ia ???a A???e ????? ?????? ?????o ??i
?????i ???, y? ??i ? I?????, A????e e A?aa?? ????. N ??e ???u y? ?????
???? ???o?ue ??ai??? ????y a ???? e ?????e ??yo A???e, a n ??? – ?ia????
«??, ???y??y ???? ?????? ???ueth ? ???? ?a?? ??? ?ey?y, ??? ???????e
y???? ?????? ???, ???y ? ??iy?a ??y ???o ? 1) I??i-I????ay
?oe?a?ey-????ey (I??ay e I????ay ???e), 2) A????? ?i?i-?????? ???e
(A??a??y ???ue) – ??? a ??? I??i-I????? a?????e, ???o ? 152 ???e (??i)
(01.01.1995 a.), 3) I??? ???-?????? ???e (A???ay e A????y ??n?), 4)
A???? ???? (A???ay ???ue). A????? ??th?o ??ei-?????? ??? ??????u ? ???
A???e, ???, a A???n?e ???e. Oi ??, a ?? e ??? ?? ??? ?????? ???e e ??a?e
??? e ???ay ???????y ?y????ue.

Ae???a ???ey ?????n? ????y (??? 90 ?. XX a. – ?/a? XXI a.):

· O???e ?n i?????o ??e ??th?o ??a??y n 51 % ? 44 %;

· O???e ?n ????a ????ny n 15,7 % ? 15,2 %;

· *????? ?????? ?????ue a ??? ??;

· *????? ????a ?????ue a ?e ??a;

· *????? ?????? ?????ue a ??? ??.

Ia ??? XXI a. ??i 50 % ????i ????y ?????e A???ue ???o ?ay ??th??. Ec ?o
??a 80 % – ??????, ??a 10 % – ?oi??, 2 % – ?????u, 0,2 % – ?????, 0,2 %
– ??e, 1 % – ???. A Ca??? A???e ???o ??????e ?n??ey ??a ??e, ?i a A??/?e
– ??th?? ?ay ??atho 70-80 % ????y, ?e ?a?? ? ????? – 45-50 %. Ii ? ??
«i???oth??» ??th??, ??ey?i ???thue? ??u, y?y?ny ??? 15 %, a ???i ??iyo e
???otho a ?o ?e ?? ia??o ?oue 5-6 % (? ????? a I??a (?O) e A???e).

Ii ?????iny ???i a ????u ??yo 26 % ??????, a «??? ??», «??? e ????? – 47
%, a ????i – 25 %, ??a ?e a ??????a ?y?? – ??? 32 %. A ????i? ?o ??yo 27
%, 21 % aei??y? ??e, ?oy ? ?c o????? a ??? ????? 10%. I????ny, ?e ????e
??????e ???ey «?????i ??th?? e «??aea??i ???th?? (????), oi ??????ny, ?i
??? ????a a 2 – 4 ?? ??? ????? ?ey?th ????? ????, ?????a, ?oa??a e ?i?o
?????. O?, ?????a ??y?o a ????? ??e aa?th?o e ???? ??????? 47 % e 21 %,
a ????i – 25 % e 6 %, a ?o???th – 29 % e 15 %. A?? ??, ????????? «?? a
???no?» ??e ??th?o ?y? ??i????? ???a ????y ?e ???. N?aee ???th?o ???ue
?????i ? 54%, 2 – 3 ?? a ?nyoe – 59%, ?? ?c a ?nyoe – 50%, 2 – 5 ?c a
???a – 54%; ???ony ?a ??? ?a? ???th?o ???ue ???? ??i – ?? ?c a ???a
(41%) e ?ei ?c a ?ae (40%), ?a ?? – ??e ?o, ?i ??? ? ?na?? ???ue (31%),
?oy ?a ??? ?? ??, ???? ? ????. Oio ??, ?i ??????ai??ue ???? e ?????a ??e
??th?o ??????o ? ??a ??e??y ???u ????y ?e ???, ????ue??? i ??? ?ey?e
?oi???a ?? ? ?n?y?? ????, ???a ??aeyo ? ??a n ?? ? ?????y?, n ???? a ??
e ???. Ai ??? ??ay ???ey ?uy?y?ny «???? ????? ?????o ?????e: o. a.
?????e ?????? ?e???a ?y????, ???th?o ???i ????i ?a?e. A ????? ?a-??
?????y ????a ?????a e a ????a?e, e a ?????ie ???. E ?? ?, a ?????? ? ?.
28 ??? «I ???a ???e e ?????o ?????y?, ?????a ?????y a ni????? ? ??? ????
??o ????ue ???? ???a ????y ?y ????? ?y???????e, ???? e ????? ????a.

A XX a. a ?????e ??a ??e ???? ?y??? ????i ia????e, ???a ???? ??a ??????
«??a ???e» ?e «new age». Iiy??? ??o ????? a ?????i ???? ?y?? n ???iaey??
a ?u??a ???????e ?????. I?y? n ??????? ???????i (???? n ??i ??????, ?e
iy??ny????i) ??? new age ?a???ytho ??e ?????th ???eyth?th ??e ??a???
????e, ?e ????i. O??y ???i ?? ????? ???a???, ????, ?? ?????e, ????????
?y????ueth, ??? ?????a ????? ???? ?????. E??u «new age» ????eyth?y ? ???
??: 1) «???e ?????y» (????u, I??i e ?yae ???); 2) ??? ???a??e (???,
«?????????») ?????i?e (Oe??? O????e I?a, N???? E??u, ???u, Oe??? O?e?a);
3) ??? ????? ???? (????i, ???????ai, ????); 4) ??????? ???e (?iy????,
??e, ?????ey, «A?? A??o?», Oea??ue A????a). A ???a y?o ???? ???? ???? a
?c??a ? 14 ? 25 ?o, 20 % – ? 30 ? 35 ?o, ????a – ???a eth?. Oi ?? y?i
?????? ????ey ? ????.

Ii ????o ????? ??o ?? I?? ??a? ????eyth?y ??a ? ?o?a ??: 1) y??????a
???e n ??????? y???i???? ?? i «??a ??? e ?????e ? a ?? ????? e ???e???y
???????? ????e a ????, ?????? ?????no? ??e ???a (o?ae ? ??e, n ???, ??c
? ??????e, ???ee??); 2) ???, ????oth?a ?????a, «y?eth????, ????y a ????
eth?e, ?i, ?e ???i, ???? ????? ??ei ??????ai?? ????, ?ey??ny ? «a??? e
«???», ???a ????u ia?????e ????th; 3) ?????a ???ey, ?y??ua n ?????no?i
?e ?e ?? ????? ??? (?e ???i, ??????u ? ?ei??); 4) ?????a ???ey, ???????a
? ?????-??????? ??????? e ??????o ?cy????-???? ????? ????. Ii a? ????u
??y?y a ??o ?eyo ??i? ?ae???y ????, a a ?????a – e ????eth «???? ?????».
Y? ?o ???, ??a ?????a ?????e ?y? ? ????? ???? aa???a?? ?????a, ????????
a ??a ???a (???? «??a????y» ??a ??? ?????ay ?y ??o ???e, ?e ??iy?a I?a a
??iy?a ??y ???ey?ny ??? a ??ue ????? ???? (!), a ??? A? N??? A??? N??
??? ??th ????? ???a?a). O?n a ???? ?????? ???? ? ???i: ??, ??a ?o ???o
??no??? ?????, ??a ? a ??, ? a ?a ?o ??y?a e ?a?y ??e?? ??i e ?i, ????i
??i ????, a ?i ?eth ???ue ????? e ??aey??. I?? ???? ??a ???a 5)
??????i-???????o ?????o ????, ?y??th?o ???a ???? n ??i ??a?? ??ey?
(??eth?ay ???ey, ???, ?o???? ?cy??i, ycu???).

A ???a ? ?????? ????e, ??????? ? ?????e ??a ?n??? ????, ?y ???o ??????
?aiy ? ?????a ?????e ?y????e, o?????o ????e ???th ??ie??e e ?????,
?????i I?? ???e («??e ??, ?th y?ae, new age) ?a ???i ???????e ?????e
????e e ?????e ?????e ??a, ???? ???? ? ?a ???u, ?????? ??????ueth,
«??ie?ey?», ???a y?? ??????? ???? ????o ??o e ????????th.

E??u new age ? ??? ??????i ?????tho ? ?????i e ????, ?c??y ? ????u
(????, ??th), ? e ???yth?y e a ?a????a ???e, ???ay ? ???e. Y? ?iy?i, ??
?????a i?????e y? ??ue ????, ? ??e ?i ?????. C?? ????? ?e??e ?e?? ?IOe
(???? I?????e Oe??e). A? ?? ?????y ???y ??????? ??????i ?oi???a e ?e ?e
?? ?e?. A ??e ? ????o ???e ??e ?????th?o ?????? ????a?? A?i????i ???, a
??? – ?e?a ????? A????a. A *aey???e ???e – ???a ??u A??i ????, ?????
??ey ?a??a, ??????. A a ????e ??? (??? «Ai ?y O???) ???ath?y ?????a
???????? ?y??ey. I??ay ???ey ??o ??i e a ??? ?????? ????yo. Ii ???e ??,
?? ??ii?? new age ??atho, ?i A??e A????? ??? ???-?????? ??? io?? ei ???
??? ?a. Iaeei ec iniiaiuo i?eciaeia, iicaieythuee ioee/eoue naeoo io
ii?iaeueiie ?aeeaeiciie o?aaeeoeee – yoi iaee/ea «ne?uouo» o/aiee eee
ia?yaeia, eioi?ua oa eee eiay ?aeeaeiciay a?oiia ia aeaeaao ioaee/ii
?ane?uaaoue.

E???ey ?????? ?????a ??? ?????ny ? ?o ?ci?o ????-?????? e ????? ???oyo,
???a ?????u ?????? ?y ??? ????yi (i????eth, ??????, ????i??o (a ?i
?????? ???), ???? e ???), ? ??? ???o ??????y ????ue ????? ????y A???e.
I????i iii??, ?i ?????y ???ey ? A???e a ???a ???? ???ey?? a ??a?i ????
???i ???i ?????????e ??????e (???i?e).

A ??a ????e o ???e ???a?? ?????i ??o ???no??? ??i ??????i ???i, ???ay
?o ??i???e «??» ?a??e, ?e ????e a ?????? ????. *? ?i ??a ??i a ??aeyo
?????o ???a ?e a ????i-??????, ?e e a ????/a?? n??o. E?? ???? ??? a
???yo ?????? e ????? ?i-???? ????ue ?????oth ????i?ue e ?????? ??e?e
A???e.

EEOA?AOO?A

1. I naiaiaea niaanoe e ?aeeaeiciuo i?aaiecaoeeyo: Caeii ?anioaeeee
Aaea?onue io 31 ieoya?y 2002 a. // I?IA .- 2002.-? 123.- 2/886.

2. Onoaa Nithca Aaea?one e ?innee // Niaaoneay Aaei?onney. – 1997.- 26
iay.

3. .Ainoaea?noai aeey ia?iaea. Aeieeaae I?aceaeaioa A.A. Eoeaoaiei ia
o?aoueai Anaaaei?onneii ia?iaeiii nia?aiee. // Niaaoneay Aaei?onney. –
2006a.–? 42.–3 ia?oa.

4. Iaeueiee A.A. Ainoaea?noaaiiay eaeaieiaey ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue:
eiioeaiooaeueiua iniiau / A.A.Iaeueiee; iao/. ?aae. I.A.Ieeeoaiei. – 4-a
ecae., eni?. e aeii. – Ieine: Oanae, 2007

5. Iniiau eaeaieiaee aaei?onneiai ainoaea?noaa: O/aaiia iiniaea / Iiae
iau. ?aae. A.A. Aaneeaae/a, ss.N. ssneaae/. – Ii.: ?EAO, 2004.

6. Iniiau eaeaieiaee aaei?onneiai ainoaea?noaa: Enoi?ey e oai?ey: o/aa
iin. aeey nooaeaioia o/?aaeaeaiee, iaania/eaathueo iieo/aiea aunoaai
ia?aciaaiey. Iiae iau. ?aae. N.I. Eiycaaa, A.E. *oaoiaa.–Ii.: EAO
Ieioeia, 2005.–312n.

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