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Процессуальное право средневековой Сербии

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Aaei?onneee Ainoaea?noaaiiue Yeiiiie/aneee Oieaa?neoao

Eaoaae?a i?aaa

?AOA?AO

Ia oaio:

«I?IOeANNOAEUeIIA I?AAI N?AAeIAAAEIAIE NA?AEE»

Ieine, 2008

Yeaiaiou noaeii?iecaiaenoaa oi?ie?iaaeenue o ianaeaiey, i?iaeeaaaoaai a
ae?aaiinoe ia oa??eoi?ee Na?aee, a ?aieao i?aaiaiai iau/ay. Oaea oiaaea
aeaenoaiaae einoeooo aeia?iaieueiiai i?eie?aiey, eiaaea e?iaiay ianoue
ni noi?iiu aeeceeo iioa?iaaoaai eeoea i?einoaiaaeeaaeanue aeaaiaea?y
eiiiainaoeee i?e/eiaiiiai oua?aa aeiiaiie noi?iiie. I?e aeia?iaieueiii
i?eie?aiee oiea/eaaeny aueoi ii acaeiiiio niaeaneth iioa?iaaoaai e
aeiiaiiai eeoea. Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey noiiu aueoia iau/ii i?eaeaeaeenue
i?eie?eoaee, eioi?ua auiieiyee noaeaaiua ooieoeee, ii ia eiaee ioiioaiey
e i?aaiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai i?aainoaeey. I?eie?eoaee auee oaaaeaaiuie
ethaeueie — noa?aeoeiaie ?iaeia e caae?oa.

N iiyaeaieai ainoaea?noaa einoeooou oaeeiia e aueoia ia?anoaee
niioaaonoaiaaoue eioa?anai ainiiaenoaothuaai eeanna. Iie nicaeaaaee
iaonoie/eainoue a na?aneii iauanoaa, aucuaay e aeecie e?iaaaua eiioeeeou
e aeaaea eieaeueiua aieiu. Ainiiaenoaothuee eeann Na?aee aue iaiai?io
caeioa?aniaai a iauanoaaiiii ii?yaeea e noaaeeueiinoe. E?iia oiai, ii
no?aieeny ieii/aoaeueii iiae/eieoue noaeii?iecaiaenoai naiae aeanoe e
nioeeaeueiui eioa?anai.

Oneeaiea iiceoeee o?enoeainoaa ia oa??eoi?ee Na?aneiai ainoaea?noaa
niinianoaiaaei oe?aieaieth caeiiiinoe a no?aia, eioi?ay ioaa/aea
eioa?anai i?aayuaai eeanna. Ec ii?i ?eineiai i?aaa auee caeinoaiaaiu
aeaa einoeoooa, eioi?ua niaeaenoaiaaee ooaa?aeaeaieth ainoaea?noaaiiiai
i?aainoaeey. Oae, auei caeinoaiaaii i?aaeei, /oi o nianoaaiieea aeieaeiu
ecuiaoueny aaue, eioi?ua ii aa?ioe naaa a ?acoeueoaoa naiioi?aaiuo
aeaenoaee. Noaouey 5 oeooea XVII “Yeeiae” aeaneo: “Anee eoi-eeai nii?eo
n eai-eeai e i?e yoii ia ia?auaaony e aeanoyi, a naiaaieueii eee n
iiiiuueth eaeie-eeai ae?oaie neeu iaeaaaao ?oeo e ioieiaao /oi au oi ie
auei, oi a oii neo/aa, anee ii naeaeae yoi, aeiaeaaynue oiai, /oi
aeaenoaeoaeueii i?eiaaeeaaeeo aio, ii aeieaeai auoue eeoai naiae aaue, e
aauue aeieaeia auoue aica?auaia ia?aoii; anee aea ii ioiye /oaeoth
aauue, ii aeieaeai auoue iiaeaa?aioo ianoiui i?aaeoaeai ecaeaieth ca oi,
/oi ia iiae/eieeny aeanoyi e noae nai naaa caueoieeii” [I, 68].

Ae?oaie oaea? aue iaianai ii naiinoaeo a noa?a oaieiaiiai i?aaa. Ai?ueaa
n naiinoaeii naycuaaeanue n aeanoueth e i?a?iaaoeaaie oea?eae. Auei
cae?aieaii i?aai oaaaeeua, eiaaea i?anooiiee eee iiaeic?aaaaiue a
niaa?oaiee eaeiai-eeai i?a nooieaiey i?eaaaae e caueoa oea?eae, iii?inea
oaaaeeua a oea?eiaiie eee iiianou?neie onaaeueaa. I?e yoii i?eiaiyoue
neeo n oeaeueth aai caaea?aeaiey a oaaaeeua cai?auaeinue. Iioa?iaaoee e
aai aeeceea aeieaeiu auee ia?aoeoueny e nayuaiieeo n o?aaiaaieai auaea/e
aeiiaieea niaeayiiiai aeey caeiiiiai ?anneaaeiaaiey i?anooieaiey.

I?aai oaaaeeua auei cae?aieaii caeiiiaeaoaeai a noaouea 1 oeooea XVII
“Yeeiae”. A iieueco iianaianoiiai eniieueciaaiey oeacaiiie i?aaiaie
ii?iu a noaeaaiie i?aeoeea thaeiineaayineeo ia?iaeia aiai?eo e noaouey
16 “Caeiia Noaeiiai Ethaeai”, eioi?ay aini?iecaiaeeo aa a neaaeothuae
?aaeaeoeee: “Ieeoi ia aeieaeai ianeeueii (caa?aoue) i?eaaaeaaoaai a
oea?eiaue, ii aaaeaoe aeieaeai ?anneacaoue nayuaiieeo i aeaea e i
i?inooiea, niaa?oaiiii ei; nayuaiiee aeieaeai oe?uaaoue aai eae aaaeaoea
aei oao ii?, iiea ia onoaiiayo a niioaaonoaee n caeiiii e ia
?anneaaeotho iaaeiaiey i?ioea iaai; anee aea eoi-eeai iiiuoaaony
ianeeueii caa?aoue ec oea?eae oe?uaoaainy oai, eai au ii ie aue, oi
oaeie /aeiaae aeieaeai iieo/eoue 140 ?ai (oaea?ia), e caoai, eae
iiaeiaaao, iaaei ?anneaaeiaaoue iaaeiaiey i?ioea oe?uaoaainy (a
oea?eae)” [2, 142].

Auoaoeacaiiua naieoeee ca naiioi?aaiia ecuyoea aaue, au?aaeathueany a
eeoaiee i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia yoo aauue, a oaeaea caeiiiaeaoaeueiia
cae?aieaiea i?aaa oaaaeeua cia/eoaeueii ia?aie/eee i?eiaiaiea naiinoaea
e oaeeiia, ii ia eeeaeaee?iaaee eo iieiinoueth. Naiinoae e oaeeii aua
aeeeoaeueiia a?aiy inoaaaeenue iauai?eciaiiuie ii?iaie i?aainoaeey.

Caeiiiaeaoaeue oeacuaaao, /oi naiinoae eneeth/aeny, anee
i?aaiia?ooeoaeue eee iiaeic?aaaaiue oe?ueny a oea?eae, ii eiaiii yoa
ii?ia naeaeaoaeuenoaoao, /oi anee ii ia oe?ueny a oea?eae, oi naiinoae
aue aiciiaeai. Iiae no?aoii iaeacaiey cai?auaeinue caae?aoue
iiaeic?aaaaiiai ec oea?eae, a eioi?ie ii ia?ae oaaaeeua. Iiaeii
i?aaeiieiaeeoue, /oi ec ae?oaeo iano i?anooiieea iiaeii auei caa?aoue
ianeeueii.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, oaeeii e naiinoae a ia?eiae ?aiiaai n?aaeiaaaeiauey
auee nouanoaaiii ia?aie/aiu, ii ia ecaeeou ec i?aeoeee. Iiyoiio
I?ino?aiiay ?aaeaeoeey “Caeiia Noaeiiai Ethaeai”, aeeth/ay ii?iu
“Yeeiae” i i?aaa oaaaeeua e eeoaiee i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe aeiiaiiai a
naiioi?aanoaa, aini?iecaiaeeo ia?yaeo n yoei a noaouea “I a?aaeaea” e
i?aaeei Iienay “iei ca iei, coa ca coa”.

Aeaiiia iieiaeaiea aauae yaeyaony caeiiiia?iui, oae eae ieii/aoaeueiia
ooaa?aeaeaiea ainoaea?noaaiiiai i?aainoaeey ia?ac?uaii naycaii n
ooaa?aeaeaieai oaiaeaeueiuo ioiioaiee a no?aia. I?ioeannoaeueiia i?aai
n?aaeiaaaeiaie Na?aee oi?ie?iaaeinue eae ninoaaiay /anoue iaaeno?ieee,
eioi?ay niioaaonoaiaaea i?ioeanno noaiiaeaiey oaiaeaeueiiai aacena a
no?aia. Aneaaenoaea yoiai iu iaaethaeaai, /oi noaeiono?ienoai e i?ioeann
?acaeaathony iinoaiaiii a n?aaeiaaaeiaii ainoaea?noaa aianoa n ?acaeoeai
oaiaeaeueiuo ioiioaiee. Iai?eia?, a “Caeiia Noaeiii Ethaeai” aiai?eony
oieueei i eiyca e noaeuea eae i eeoeao, inouanoaeyaoeo i?aainoaeea. «A
ethaii nii?a, oyaeaa e iaaeiaiee, — aeaneo noaouey 2 “Caeiia Noaeiiai
Ethaeai”, — eiycue e noaeuey ia aeieaeiu noaeeoue aac naeaeaoaeae…»
[2, #91. I ae?oaeo noaeaaiuo i?aaiao a oeacaiiii enoi/ieea i?aaa
oiiieiaiee iao.

Nianai eioth ea?oeio aeaao iai “Caeiiiee Noaoaia Aeooaia”, ioiinyueeny e
ia?eiaeo ?anoeaaoa oaiaeaeueiuo ioiioaiee a Na?aee. Ii?iu Caeiiieea
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho, /oi iieiiii/ey noaeaaiie aeanoe a ?anniao?eaaaiue
ia?eiae auee aeinoaoi/ii iaoe?iuie. Noae ainoaea?y (/eoaoue eae noaeuey
ei?ieaaneiai, o.a. ainoaea?noaaiiiai noaea. — A.A.) a niioaaonoaee ni
no. 177 “I noaeueyo” “Caeiiieea Noaoaia Aeooaia” aue eiiiaoaioai
?anniao?eaaoue aeaea, aaea a ?iee ioaao/eeia e enooeia aunooiaee ana
iiaeaeaiiua ei?iiu, ia/eiay io caaeneiuo e?anoueyi (ia?ii-oia) e
caeai/eaay aunoeie aeieaeiinoiuie eeoeaie ainoaea?noaa. Ie?oaeiie
noaeuey ei?ieaaneiai noaea a n?aaeiaaaeiaie Na?aee aue ai?aaa
?anniao?eaaoue aeaea aeaaea a ioiioaiee aunoeo ei?ieaaneeo naiiaieeia.
Noaouey 177 Caeiiieea aeaneo: “I noaeuea, eioi?ue iaoiaeeony i?e aeai?a
iiaai oea?neiai aaee/anoaa. Anee niaa?oeony i?anooieaiea (i?e aeai?a),
ionoue noaeeony ei; anee aea neo/aeii yayony oyaeoueany ei aeai?o iiaai
oea?neiai aaee/anoaa, aea ?annoaeeo eo i?eaeai?iue noaeuey, ii ieeoi aea
ia aucuaaaony ia aeai? iiaai oea?neiai aaee/anoaa iiieii ie?oaeiuo
noaeae, ei oi?uo iinoaaeei iia oea?neia aaee/anoai, ii aea eaeao anyeee
e naiaio (ie?oaeiiio) noaeuea” [3, 103].

Iaeaieaa iianiua i?anooieaiey (oaeenoai, ?acaie, oeuaiey, niaa?oaiiua
a?oiiie eeoe) ia iniiaaiee noaouee 103 “Caeiiieea Noaoaia Aeooaia”
?anniao?eaaeenue ainoaea?noaaiiuie noaeaie iacaaeneii io iiaenoaeiinoe
eo eniieieoaeae (oaiaeaeueiui eee oea?eiaiui noaeai).

Niaea?aeaiea noaoae 79 e 163 “Caeiiieea Noaoaia Aeooaia” iicaieyao
aiai?eoue i oii, /oi na?aneee n?aaeiaaaeiaue i?ioeann aue
ninoycaoaeueiui. «Ia noaea, — aeaneo noaouey 163 “I ii?ioieeao”
Caeiiieea, — eiaaea noaeyony e oyaeoony aeaa noi?iiu i naiae oyaeaa. Aea
ia aieai ioaao/ee ca oi, /oi aai iaaeiyao i?ioeaiee, aiai?eoue ia naiaai
enooea iaaiai?iua ?a/e, (oee/ay aai) a eciaia eee a eiii eaeii aeaea, ii
oieueei aea ioaa/aao aio…» [3, 95].

Iaeiaei i?ioeann, ?aaeaiaioe?othuee ?anniio?aiea oyaeeeo oaieiaiuo
i?anooieaiee, aue eieaeceoeeiiiui ii oa?aeoa?o. A oeaio?a noaeaaiiai
?acae?aoaeuenoaa iaoiaeeony onoaiiaeaiiue aeiiaiee niaa?oaiiiai
i?anooieaiey. Ia yoii naeaeaoaeuenoaotho noaouee 146, 147 e 151
“Caeiiieea Noaoaia Aeooaia”. Oae, noaouey 151 “I ?acaieieea e ai?a”
Caeiiieea aeaneo: “Oeacaiiui ia?acii aea aoaeao iaeacai yaiue ?acaieiee
e ai?, e oaeiai (eo) oee/aiea: anee o ieo iaeaeaony /oi-eeai iiee/iia
eee anee noaaoyo eo ia ?acaia eee ai?ianoaa, oi aea i?aaeaaeoo eo eee
aeoia, eee naeai, eee ainiiaeai, eee aeanoaeth, eioi?ue iaae ieie, eae
iaienaii auoa; oaeea ?acaieieee e ai?u aea ia aoaeoo iiieeiaaiu, aea
aoaeoo ineaieaiu e iiaaoaiu” [3, 86].

A n?aaeiaaaeiaii i?aaa Na?aee noi?iiaie noaeaaiiai i?ioeanna auee enoaoe
e ioaao/ee. ?anniio?aiea aeaea a noaea aaeinue a i?enoonoaee naeaeaoaeae
eeai n o/aoii eniieueciaaiey aauanoaaiiuo aeieacaoaeuenoa. I?e yoii
naeaeaoaeueneei iieacaieyi ioaeaaaeinue i?aaeii/oaiea.

?acaeoea noaeaaiiai i?ioeanna a n?aaeiaaaeiaie Na?aee i?eaaei e
nicaeaieth einoeoooa i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoaa a noaea. Iai?eia?, a noaouea 65
“Caeiiieea Noaoaia Aeooaia” aeiioneaaony i?aaenoaaeoaeuenoai a ioiioaiee
a?aoa, eioi?ue aeeaao a iaeiie e oie aea caae?oaa. I?e yoii
iinoaiiaeaiea noaouee 65 “I a?aoueyo” Caeiiieea aeaneo: «A?aouey,
eioi?ua aeeaoo aianoa a iaeiii aeiia. Anee eoi iiciaao eo ia aeiio, oi
eoi ec ieo i?eaeao, oio ionoue e ioaa/aao. Anee aea iaeaeao aai ia
oea?neii aeai?a eee noaeaeneii, aea i?eaeao ii e neaaeao: “ss
i?aaenoaaeyth ia noae noa?oaai a?aoa”, oi ionoue i?aaenoaaeyao, e aea ia
i?eioaeaeatho aai ioaa/aoue» [3, 41]. Noaouey 72 “Caeiiieea Noaoaia
Aeooaia” i?aaeoniao?eaaao aiciiaeiinoue iacia/aiey i?ioeannoaeueiiai
i?aaenoaaeoaey aaeiau, eioi?ue caueuae au aa eioa?anu a noaea.

N ?acaeoeai n?aaeiaaaeiaiai na?aneiai noaeaaiiai i?ioeanna eciaieeinue
ia oieueei iiiyoea “noi?iia”, ii i?aoa?iae eciaiaiey e ii?yaeie auciaa
noi?ii a noae. Iaania/aiea yaee noi?ii a noae a ia?eiae ?aiiaai
n?aaeiaaaeiauey aiceaaaeinue ia caeioa?aniaaiioth noi?iio i?ioeanna. A
niioaaonoaee n ii?iaie “Caeiiieea Noaoaia Aeooaia” aucia oyaeoueony
noi?ii a noae ia/ae inouanoaeyoueny i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiiai
i?aainoaeey. Noaouee 55, 61, 104 Caeiiieea onoaiiaeee, /oi noi?iiu
i?ioeanna aucuaaeenue a noae niaoeeaeueiui noaeaaiui
/eiiaieeii-i?enoaaii.

I?aaenoaaeoaee ainiiaenoaothuaai eeanna (aeanoaee) aucuaaeenue
iiaanoeie, a eioi?ie auea oeacaia i?e/eia; inoaeueiua aeieaeiu auee
yaeoueny a noae ii i?aaeuyaeaieth noaeaeneie ia/aoe. Oae, noaouey 61
“Caeiiieea Noaoaia Aeooaia” “I auciaa aeanoaeae” aeaneo: “Aaeeeee
aeanoaeue aea ia i?eaeaoaaony ia noae aac noaeaeneie a?aiiou, a i?i/ei
— ia/aoue” [3, 39]. Yoa ii?ia “Caeiiieea Noaoaia Aeooaia” aiai?eo i
oii, /oi e a i?ioeannoaeueiii i?aaa iaoae io?aaeaiea i?eioeei
eeanniainoe, oae eae iaaethaeaeny ?acee/iue iiaeoiae e noi?iiai a
i?ioeanna a caaeneiinoe io eo iauanoaaiiiai iieiaeaiey. Oaiaeaeo
neaaeiaaei niiaueoue niaea?aeaiea iaaeiaiey eee enea, a nayce n eioi?ui
ii aucuaaeny a noae, a a ioiioaiee caaeneiiai e?anoueyinoaa e inoaeueiuo
iai?eaeeaae?iaaiiuo neiaa iauanoaa yoiai ia o?aaiaaeinue.

Eeanniaue iiaeoiae a ioiioaiee auciaa a noae caeeth/aeny ia oieueei a
yoii. Aeanoaeue aeieaeai aue aucuaaoueny a noae a iiaeoiaeyuaa aeey iaai
a?aiy, /oiau o ia ai auea aiciiaeiinoue iiaeaioiaeoue noaeaaioth caueoo.
Aeey aieaa ieceeo nineiaee aeaiiia o?aaiaaiea ia niaethaeaeinue,
iineieueeo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai n?aaeiaaaeiaie Na?aee ia niaea?aeeo
i?aaiaiai iaoaiecia aai ?aaeecaoeee. Oae, noaouey 50 “Caeiiieea Iaaoaia
Aeooaia” aeaneo: “Aeanoaeue aea ia i?ecuaaaony (ia noae) aa/a?ii, ?acaa
i?ecuaaaony i?aaeaea iaaaea, e aea iauyaeyaony aio (i oii)
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii; e eoi aoaeao iicaai n i?enoaaii i?aaeaea iaaaea e e
iaaaeo ia i?eaeao, aea aoaeao aeiiaao e oieaoeo aeanoaeth 6 aieia” [4,
89].

I?aainoaeea n?aaeiaaaeiaie Na?aee, a ionoonoaea eiuo noaeaaiuo
aeieacaoaeuenoa, oe?iei i?aeoeeiaaei i?aeaeee (noae aiaeee). Iaaeiyaiiai
canoaaeyee a?aoue ?oeaie ?aneaeaiiia aeaeaci e ia?aiineoue aai ia
ii?aaeaeaiiia ?annoiyiea. Niaeanii noaouea 152 I?ec?aineiai nienea
?oeiiene “Caeiiiee Noaoaia Aeooaia”, ?annoiyiea niaa?oaaiiai
i?ioeannoaeueiiai aeaenoaey ?aaiyeinue ?annoiyieth io oea?eiaiuo ai?io
aei oea?eiaiiai aeoa?y. «E anee eoi ia noaea iaaeiyao, eiai a ?acaia e
ai?ianoaa, — aeaneo noaouey 152 “I ai?ianoaa” Caeiiieea, — a ia aoaeao
oeee, aea aoaeao ei a ii?aaaeaiea aeaeaci, eae oi iinoaiiaeei iia
oea?neia aaee/anoai; aea auioo aai (aeaeaci) o oea?eiaiuo ai?io ec iaiy
e aea (iiianoo e) iieiaeao aai ia nayoie aeoa?ue» [3, 87]. Anee i?e
aeaiiii eniuoaiee noi?iia i?ioeannoaeueiiai aeaenoaey ia iieo/aea
aieueoeo iaeiaia, a iieo/aiiua aneaaenoaea yoiai ?aiu caaeeaaee auno?i,
oi i?aaeiieaaaeanue aa iaaeiiaiinoue.

Ia?aaeei a oiaea aaaeaiey o?oaeiiaeieacoaiuo aeae na?aneea noaeuee
i?eaaaaee e eniieueciaaieth ?ani?ino?aiaiiiai a n?aaeiea aaea einoeoooa
noaeaaiiai i?ioeanna — eeyoau. I?e/ai na?aneea noaeuee auee oaa?aiu a
oii, /oi aia ia inoaaeo iaiaeacaiiui eeyoaii?anooiieea. Iieeyaoayny
noi?iia noaeaaiiai ?acae?aoaeuenoaa inaiaiaeaeaeanue io anyeie
ioaaonoaaiiinoe, aoaeue aeaaea iia ioaa/athuae noi?iiie. Aianoa n oai,
anee aiineaaenoaee auei onoaiiaeaii, /oi eeyoaa auea eiaeiie, oi
iieeyaoaainy iaeeaeaei no?iaia iaeacaiea. Eaeanaeaeaoaeuenoai ia noaea
iiaeiaaeaei iiae aeaenoaea noaouee 167 “I iioaiie/anoaa” “Caeiiieea
Noaoaia Aeooaia”, a niioaaonoaee n eioi?ie ca iaiai, eiaeue e eeyoao
iaeacuaaee eae ca ai?ianoai e ?acaie, o.a. i?aaiia?ooeoaey ineaieyee e
aaoaee.

Ia?aaeei a na?aneii n?aaeiaaaeiaii i?ioeanna i?eiaiyeny e einoeooo
“nii?e-nyaeieeia”, eee ii?ioieeia. “Nii?enyaeieee” a na?aneii i?aaa
eniieueciaaeenue i?e ?ac?aoaiee nii?ia ia onoaiiaeaiee ?acia?a
i?e/eiaiiiai enooeo oauoea eee aeey niyoey aeiu n iiaeic?aaaaiiai a
niaa?oaiee i?anooieaiey. Yoi ethaee, eioi?ua iieueciaaeenue aeia?ui
eiaiai e aeiaa?eai noaea. Iie eeyoaaiii iiaeoaa?aeaeaee oaeou, eioi?ua
eiaee ii?aaeaeythuaa cia/aiea aeey auianaiey i?eaiai?a noaea. A aeaiiii
neo/aa iu iieiinoueth ?acaeaeyai oi/eo c?aiey ?onneiai o/aiiai, noaaoaai
i?ioanni?ii th?eaee/aneiai oaeoeueoaoa Aaea?aaeneiai oieaa?neoaoa,
iieo/eaoaai ie?iaia i?eciaiea, Oaiaei?a Aaneeueaae/a Oa?aiianeiai, /oi
cayaeaiey ii?ioieeia auee ?aoathueie aeey enoiaea i?ioeanna [5, 760].

A noaouea 153 “I ii?ioa” I?ec?aineiai nienea ?oeiiene “Caeiiiee Noaoaia
Aeooaia” aiai?eony, /oi ii aieueoei aeaeai aeieaeii auoue 24 ii?ioieea,
ii iaiaa cia/eoaeueiui — 12, a ii iaeeei aeaeai — 6.

Anee ii?ioieee i?eianee eiaeioth eeyoao, oi iie iaeacuaaeenue 1000
ia?ia-?ia oo?aoa, eeoaeenue i?aaa auoue ii?ioieeaie a aoaeouai [6, 79].

Nianoaaiiia i?eciaiea auei aaaeiaeoei aeaeii aeieacaoaeuenoaa ai anae
nenoaia aeieacaoaeuenoa n?aaeiaaaeiaie Na?aee. I?e/ai noae i?eieiae e
?anniio?aieth oieueei aeia?iaieueii naeaeaiiua i?eciaiey ioaa/athuae a
noaea noi?iiu. Ia yoii naeaeaoaeuenoaoao iinoaiiaeaiea noaouee 10 Caeiia
Aeiiaeieueneiai, eioi?ue aue ninoaaeai a 1288 a. e caienai ia oi?aaoneii
ycuea. Noaouey 10 Caeiia Aeiiaeieueneiai aeaneo: “Eiaaea ?acae?aaony
aeaei ii oaoueaa ec iiuoiu (oeaaa) eee ii niaea?aeaieth oeaaa, noiyuaai
ia iiea a eiiiao, eee ii e?aaea naia ec noiaa ii/ueth, ii oaeiio
i?anooieaieth iaaeiyaiue aeieaeai i?enyaiooue nai (o.a. iiaeoaa?aeeoue
naie iieacaiey)” [7, 919].

Aianoa n oai ia neaaeoao eneeth/aoue aiciiaeiinoue iieo/aiey i?eciaiee
aeey noaeaaiiai ?acae?aoaeuenoaa n eniieueciaaieai iuoie. A
n?aaeiaaaeiaie Aa?iia i?eiaiaiea iuoie a ioiioaiee iaaeiyaiuo auei
aeaeii iau/iui.

Iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiui e cia/eiui aeieacaoaeuenoaii a n?aaeiaaaeiaie
Na?aee auee naeaeaoaeueneea iieacaiey. Ioaao ia aii?in, eoi iiaeao auoue
naeaeaoaeai a noaea e /oi aeieaeii auoue i?aaeiaoii naeaeaoaeueneeo
iieacaiee, aeaao neaayineay ?aaeaeoeey “Yeeiae”. Niaeanii oeooeo XIV
noaouee 1 oeacaiiiai auoa Caeiia a ea/anoaa naeaeaoaeae iiaee aunooiaoue
oaeea eeoea, eioi?ua eiatho “eeai iieiaeaiea, eeai aeieaeiinoue, eeai
i?ioanneth, eeai aiaaonoai”. Anee oaeea naeaeaoaee ia aoaeoo iaeaeaiu, a
eiathony “iaecaanoiua naeaeaoaee”, oi iineaaeiea, a neo/aa eiaaea aoaeoo
inii?aiu eo iieacaiey, aeieaeiu auoue iiaeaa?aioou enoycaieyi, aeey oiai
/oiau noaeuee iiaee “iaeoe enoeio” [1, 63].

Naeaeaoaeyi, caieiathuei ii?aaeaeaiiia iieiaeaiea a iauanoaa, eiathuei
aeieaeiinoue, i?ioanneth eee aiaaonoai, i?ioeaiiinoaaeythony oae
iacuaaaiua iaecaanoiua naeaeaoaee. Yoi i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiea aiai?eo i oii,
/oi eiathony a aeaeo i?aaenoaaeoaee yenieoaoe?oaiiai eeanna. Oae eae
caeiiiaeaoaeth ynii, /oi oaeea naeaeaoaee iau/ii ia ?ane?itho oie
“enoeiu”, eioi?ay ioaeia ainiiaenoaothuaio eeanno, oi ii i?aaeienuaaao
i?e inia?eaaiee iieacaiee oaeeo naeaeaoaeae iiaeaa?aaoue eo iuoeai.

N iiiiuueth eiiaeie?iaaiey aeaoo iieiaeaiee, o.a. i?iaicaeaoay aia/aea a
ea/anoaa aeiionoeiuo aeieacaoaeuenoa iieacaiey naeaeaoaeae —
i?aaenoaaeoaeae ainiiaenoaothuaai eeanna, a oaeaea oeacuaay ia
iaiaoiaeeiinoue iiaeaa?aaoue iuoeai oao naeaeaoaeae, eioi?ua ia
i?eiaaeeaaeao e yoiio eeanno, caeiiiaeaoaeue noa?aaony iaania/eoue
iaia?oaeaiea “enoeiu”, eioi?ay auaiaeia ainiiaenoaothuaio eeanno.

?anniao?eaay i?aaeiao naeaeaoaeueneeo iieacaiee, iaiaoiaeeii ioinoeoue,
/oi a “Yeeiaa” e “Caeiia Noaeiii Ethaeai” naeaeaoaee aeaaaee iieacaiey
ia iniiaaiee nianoaaiiuo aini?eyoee oiai, /oi iie aeaeaee e neuoaee
(neaayineay “Yeeiaa”, oeooe XIV, no. 2; “Caeii Noaeiee Ethaeai”, no.
20). Oeacaiiua auoa ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaua aeou niaea?aeao ii?iu,
cai?auathuea aeii?in a ea/anoaa naeaeaoaeae eeoe, eioi?ua iaoiaeyony a
?iaenoaaiiuo eee eiuo acaeiiioiioaieyo ni noi?iiaie a i?ioeanna.
Niaeanii aeaenoaiaaaoei i?aaiaui ii?iai ia aeiioneaeinue, /oiau
?iaeeoaee naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaee i?ioea naieo aeaoae e iaiai?io (neaayineay
“Yeeiaa”, oeooe XIV, noaouey 1); ?aa e inaiaiaeaeaiiue niioaaonoaaiii a
iieueco naiaai ainiiaeeia eee a iieueco auaoaai naiaai ainiiaeeia
(neaayineay “Yeeiaa”, oeooe XIV, noaouey 1). A niioaaonoaee n ii?iaie
“Caeiia Noaeiiai Ethaeai” ia aeieaeiu aeii?aoeaaoueny a ea/anoaa
naeaeaoaeae oa, eoi aue oee/ai ai eaee, oa, eoi i?anooiee aiaeee caeii,
a oaeaea oa, eoi aaaeao i?aaeinoaeeoaeueiue ia?ac aeecie.

N einoeoooii naeaeaoaeae naycai e oae iacuaaaiue naiae, i eioi?ii eaeao
?a/ue a enoi/ieeao n?aaeiaaaeiaiai na?aneiai e ?onneiai i?aaa. Anee o
eaeiai-eeai eeoea iaoiaeeee oe?aaeaiioth aauue, iii iaycaii auei
oeacaoue enooeo, io eiai auea iieo/aia yoa aauue. Ia?aaeaaoee aauue, a
naith i/a?aaeue, aeieaeai aue oeacaoue eeoei, io eioi?iai ii aa iieo/ee,
e oae aei oao ii?, iiea ia aeieaeoo aei eeoea, eioi?ia ia niiaeao
oeacaoue enoi/iee iieo/aiey aeaiiie aaue. Eeoei, ia aeaaoaa /aoeeo
?acuyniaiee i?aaenoaaeoaeyi aeiciaiey, n/eoaeinue ai?ii e oiea/eaaei
oo?ao, ca eneeth/aieai neo/aaa, eiaaea iii n iiiiuueth “ii?ioieeia”
iiaei aeieacaoue, /oi eoieei aeaiioth aauue ca a?aieoeae eee ia aaca?a.

Auianaieth ?aoaiey na?aneiai n?aaeiaaaeiaiai noaea i?aaeoanoaiaaee
onoiua iauyniaiey noi?ii, iainiiauaaaoea i?aaeiao naiaai enea e
aic?aaeaiey i?ioea iaai. Oae, noaouey 163 “I ii?ioeeeao” I?ec?aineiai
nienea ?oeiiene “Caeiiiee Noaoaia Aeooaia” aeaneo: “Ia noaea, eiaaea
noaeyony e oyaeoony aeaa noi?iiu i naiae oyaeaa. Aea ia aieai ioaao/ee
ca oi, /oi aai iaaeiyao i?ioeaiee, aiai?eoue ia naiaai enooea iaaiai?iua
?a/e, oee/ay aai a eciaia eee a eiii aeaea, ii oieueei aea ioaa/aao
aio…” [3, Y5.

Noaouey 165 “I noaeueyo” I?ec?aineiai nienea ?oeiiene “Caeiiiee Noaoaia
Aeooaia” oeacuaaao ia oi, /oi noaeii?iecaiaenoai a n?aaeiaaaeiaie Na?aee
aaeinue a ienueiaiiie oi?ia, eioi?ay i?aaeoniao?eaaea ia oieueei
aaaeaiea i?ioieiea noaea, ii e auaea/o ?aoaiey noaea oyaeoueiny
noi?iiai.

I oi?ia aeieoiaioa, a eioi?oth iaeaeaeinue noaeaaiia ?aoaiea, o ian iao
aeinoiaa?iuo aeaiiuo. Ia iaeaaeaai iu e naaaeaieyie ia einoeoooa
iaaeaeiaaiey noaeaaiiai ?aoaiey e i?eaiai?a, eioi?ia, ianiiiaiii,
aeiioneaeinue.

Noaeaaiua ?aoaiey e i?eaiai?u eniieiyeenue niaoeeaeueiuie noaeaaiuie
/eiiaieeaie-i?enoaaaie, eioi?ua aceiaee iioeeiu, oo?aou e neaaeeee ca
auiieiaieai ?aoaiey eee i?eaiai?a noaea. Oae, noaouey 157 “I i?enoaaao”
Aeno?e/neiai nienea ?oeiiene “Caeiiiee Noaoaia Aeooaia” (ii I?ec?aineiio
nieneo Caeiiieea noaouey 164) aeaneo: “I?enoaaa aac noaeaeneie a?aiiou
eee aac a?aiiou iiaai oea?neiai aaee/anoaa ieeoaea aea ia oiaeyo, ii
eoaea eo iinueatho noaeuee, aea ieooo ei a?aiiou, e aea ia aa?ao i?enoaa
ie/aai eiiai, e?iia oiai, i /ai iaienaii a a?aiioa. A noaeuee ionoue
aea?aeao (o naay) eiiee oao a?aiio, eaeea aeaee i?enoaaai, eioi?ua
iineaee, /oiau iie eniieiyee (noaeaaiua i?eaiai?u) ii caiea oea?neie.
Anee aea aoaeao aeiiin ia i?enoaaia, /oi iie iinooieee eia/a, /ai
iaienaii a a?aiioa, eee /oi iie ae?oaei ia?acii ia?aienaee a?aiiou, oi
iie aeieaeiu ii?aaaeaoueny e aea yayony ia?aae noaeueyie, e anee
ieaaeaony, /oi iie iinooieee oae, eae iaienaii a noaeaeneie a?aiioa,
eioi?oth (o naay) eiatho, oi iie i?aau; anee aea ieaaeaony, /oi iie
ia?aeia/eee noaeaaiue i?eaiai?, oi iona/ue ei ?oee e au?acaoue ycue” [6,
81-82].

Ia?yaeo n aeieaeiinoiuie eeoeaie, eniieiyaoeie ?aoaiey ei?ieaaneeo
(ainoaea?noaaiiuo) noaeia, eiaeenue e noaeaaiua eniieieoaee naaoneeo e
oea?eiaiuo oaiaeaeueiuo noaeia. Aiaeec noaoae Caeiiia na?aneeo
ainoaea?ae naeaeaoaeuenoaoao, /oi ei?ieaaneea /eiiaieee ia iiaee
auiieiyoue naie ooieoeee a ioiioaiee oea?eiaiuo ethaeae, aeeaoeo ia
caieyo, ia?aaeaiiuo a nianoaaiiinoue iiianou?ae. Oae, noaouey 35 “I
noaea oea?eiaiuo ethaeae” Aeno?e/neiai nienea ?oeiiene (noaouey 31
I?ec?aineiai nienea) “Caeiiiee Noaoaia Aeooaia” aeaneo: “Oea?eiaiua
ethaee ai anyeie oyaeaa aea noaeyony ia?aae naieie ieo?iiieeoaie e
ia?aae aieneiiaie, e eaoiaiaie; anee aoaeoo iaa /aeiaaea iaeiie oea?eae,
aea noaeyony ia?aae naiae oea?eiaueth” [8, 133]. Neaaeiaaoaeueii,
noaeii?iecaiaenoai a n?aaeiaaaeiaie Na?aee inouanoaeyeinue eae i?aaiaie
naaoneiai, oae e i?aaiaie oea?eiaiiai oaiaeaeueiiai noaea.

Ianiio?y ia oio oaeo, /oi noaeiono?ienoai e noaeii?iecaiaenoai a
n?aaeiaaaeiaie Na?aee inouanoaeyei nineiaiue i?eioeei ioi?aaeaiey
i?aainoaeey, a na?aneii i?ioeannoaeueiii i?aaa ana aea ia/aeny i?ioeann
iinoaiaiiiai noaiiaeaiey aeaiie?aoe/aneeo ia/ae e o?aaeeoeee.

Iaaethaeaaony oaiaeaioeey iaycaoaeueiiai i?aaii?eiaiaiey
ainoaea?noaaiiuo caeiiia a ioiioaieyo anao eaoaai?ee ianaeaiey no?aiu
eae ainiiaenoaothueo, oae e caaeneiuo.

Oe?ieea neie ianaeaiey Na?aneiai ainoaea?noaa, a oii /enea e caaeneiua
e?anoueyia (ia?iioe), n aaaaeaieai a aeaenoaea a 1349 a. “Caeiiieea
Noaoaia Aeooaia” ia?aee i?aai noaeaaiie caueou aeaeaa a ioiioaiee
ainiiaenoaothuaai eeanna (oaiaeaeia). Ia yoii naeaeaoaeuenoaoao noaouey
139 “Caeiiieea Noaoaia Aeooaia”, eioi?ay aeaneo: “Ia?iioai a caiea iiaai
oea?noaa aea ia aieai ainiiaeei ie/aai o/eieoue naa?o caeiia, ?acaa /oi
iia oea?neia aaee/anoai caienaei a Caeiiieea, oi (ia?iio) aea ?aaioaao
aio e aeaao. Anee aea (ainiiaeei) o/eieo aio, /oi aaccaeiiii, oi iia
oea?neia aaee/anoai iiaaeaaaao, aea anyeee ia?iio aieai noaeeoueny ni
naiei ainiiaeeiii eee n iiei oea?neei aaee/anoaii, eee n ainiiaeith
oea?eoeae, eee n oea?eiaueth, eee n aeanoyie iiaai oea?noaa e n eai au
oi ie auei. Aea ia aieai ieeoi oaea?aeaoue aai io noaea iiaai oea?noaa,
ii aea noaeyo aai noaeuee ii i?aaaea. E anee ia?iio oee/eo ainiiaeeia,
aea ioaeano noaeuey iiaai oea?noaa ia ii?oee, /oi ainiiaeei caieaoeo
ia?iioo ana a n?ie. E iioii aea ia aieai oio ainiiaeei /eieoue cei
ia?ii-oo” [8, 141].

Oaeei ia?acii, aiaeec enoi/ieeia ae?aaiana?aneiai i?aaa
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oii, /oi oaea a ia?eiae n?aaeiaaaeiauey a Na?aneii
ainoaea?noaa ia/eiaaony i?ioeann noaiiaeaiey iniia noaeiono?ienoaa e
noaeii?iecaiaenoaa eae iaoaieci aaoae noaeaaiie aeanoe.

Eeoa?aoo?a

1. Yeeiaa: Aecaioeeneee caeiiiaeaoaeueiue naiae VIII aaea. I., 1965.

2. Caeii Noaeiue Ethaeai i?ino?aiiie e naiaeiie ?aaeaeoeee / Iiae ?aae.
I.I. Oeoiie?iaa. I., 1961.

3. Caeiiieeu aeaaiau?iaai oea?y Noaoaia// Ceaaeue O. Caeiiieeu Noaoaia
Aeooaia. NIa., 1872.

4. Caeiiee ia?a Noaoaia Aeooaia: Nooaeaie/ee, Oeeaiaea?nee, Oiaeioee e
Aeno?e/ei ?oeiien / O?aaeiee I. Aaaiaei. — Ania?aae, 1981.

5. Oa?aiianee O. Enoi?eea n?ineia i?aaa o HeMaibiitiKoj ae?aeaae.
Aaia?aae, 1996.

6. Aeooaiia caeiiee: aeno?e/ee i?aien / I?aaai Ae. Aiaaeaiiaei.
Aaia?aae, 1994.

7. Caeii Aeiiaeieueneee io 6 yiaa?y 1288 a. // O?anoiiaoey iaiyoieeia
oaiaeaeueiiai ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa no?ai Aa?iiu / Iiae ?aae. A.I.
Ei?aoeeiai. I., 1961.

8. Aeooaiia caeiiee: i?ec?ainee ?oeiien // Jaieiaeh Ae. Enoi?eja
ae?aeaaa e i?aaa oaoaeaeia Cpaeje (XII -XV aae). O?aha ecaeaia.
Aaia?aae, 1961.

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