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Oeeeae Naieo-Iaoa?ao?aneiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai

eiaeaia?ii-yeiiiie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa

a a. *aaiena?u

Eaoaae?a ai?iaeneiai oicyenoaa e ?aaeiiaeueiie yeiiiieee

Aoaeeoi?iay eiio?ieueiay ?aaioa

Ii aeenoeeieeia: Yeiiiieea iaaeaeaeeiinoe

Ia oaio: Iiiyoea iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa

Oeo? niaoeeaeueiinoe 080502/1

*aaiena?u

2006 a.

Niaea?aeaiea

Aeaaa 1. Iiiyoea e aeaeu iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa

Aeaaa 2. Iniaaiiinoe a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaiai ?aaeeia iaaeaeaeeiiai
eiouanoaa

Aeaaa 3. Ainoaea?noaaiiay ?aaeno?aoeey i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai e
naeaeie n iei

Aeaaa 1. Iiiyoea e aeaeu iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa

Ii AE?O ana aaue aeaeyony ia aeaa aeaea: aeaeaeeiua e iaaeaeaeeiua.
Niaeanii no. 130 AE?O: “E iaaeaeaeeiui aauai (iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai,
iaaeaeaeeiinoue) ioiinyony caiaeueiua o/anoee, o/anoee iaae?,
iainiaeaiiua aiaeiua iauaeou e an?, /oi i?i/ii naycaiii n caie?e, oi
anoue iauaeou, ia?aiauaiea eioi?uo aac iani?acia?iiai oua?aa eo
iacia/aieth iaaiciiaeii, a oii /enea eana, iiiaieaoiea ianaaeaeaiey,
caeaiey nii?oaeaiey.

E iaaeaeaeeiui aauai ioiinyony oaeaea iiaeeaaeauea ainoaea?noaaiiie
?aaeno?aoeee aicaeooiua e ii?neea noaea, noaea aioo?aiiaai ieaaaiey,
einie/aneea iauaeou. “Oaeaea, niaeanii 2 aacaoea /anoe 1 noaouee 132
AE?O: “i?aaei?eyoea a oeaeii eae eiouanoaaiiue eiiieaen i?ecia?ony
iaaeaeaeeiinoueth”.

Oaeia ii?aaeaeaiea iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa aeaii a eiaeaena. Aio, /oi
aiai?eo i iaaeaeaeeiinoe i?ioanni? Aeo?yineee: “Enoiaey ec caeiia
(AE?O), iniiaiuie i?eciaeaie iaaeaeaeeiinoe yaeythony: ai-ia?auo,
i?i/iay naycue n caieae; ai-aoi?uo, iaaiciiaeiinoue ia?aiauaiey
niioaaonoaothuaai iauaeoa aac iani?acia?iiai oua?aa aai iacia/aieth.
Iaeiaei oeacaiiua i?eciaee i?enoue ia anai iauaeoai iaaeaeaeeiinoe. E
/eneo oaeeo iauaeoia iaaeaeaeeiinoe ioiinyony caiaeueiua o/anoee,
o/anoee iaae? e aiaeiua iauaeou, eioi?ua iacaaiu a AE?O e yaeythony
naiinoiyoaeueiuie iniiaiuie iauaeoaie iaaeaeaeeiinoe”.

Eoae, enoiaey ec no. 130 AE?O iauaeoaie iaaeaeaeeiinoe caeiiiaeaoaeue
iacuaaao: caiaeueiua o/anoee, o/anoee iaae?, iainiaeaiiua aiaeiua
iauaeou, Eana e ae?oaea iiiaieaoiea ianaaeaeaiey, caeaiey e nii?oaeaiey,
aicaeooiua e ii?neea noaea, noaea aioo?aiiaai ieaaaiey, einie/aneea
iauaeou. Oaeaea enoiaey ec no. 132 AE?O iaaeaeaeeiui eiouanoaii
i?ecia?ony “i?aaei?eyoea a oeaeii eae eiouanoaaiiue eiiieaen”.

Eiaeaen iicaieyao ioianoe e iaaeaeaeeiui aauai e eiua aeaeu aauae. Caeii
?O “Ia iniiaao oaaea?aeueiie aeeeeuiie iieeoeee” io 24 aeaeaa?y 1992 a
no.1 ia?a/eneyao oa aaue, eioi?ua yaeythony iaaeaeaeeiinoueth a
aeeeeuiie noa?a: caiaeueiua o/anoee e i?i/ii naycaiiua n ieie aeeeua
aeiia, i?eonaaeaaiua oicyenoaaiiua iino?ieee, caeaiua ianaaeaeaiey n
iiiaieaoiei oeeeeii ?acaeoey, a oaeaea aeeeua aeiia, eaa?oe?u eiua
aeeeua iiiauaiey.

Oaeaea enoiaey ec oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia “I oiaa?euanoaao nianoaaiieeia
aeeeuey” io 15 ethiy 1996 a. e iaaeaeaeeiui aauai ioiineony
eiiaeiieieoi, yoi iiiyoea ii?aaeaeyaony a caeiia eae “aaeeiue eiiieaen
iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa, aeeth/athuee caiaeueiue o/anoie a onoaiiaeaiiuo
a?aieoeao e ?aniieiaeaiiia ia iai aeeeia caeaiea, eiua iauaeou
iaaeaeaeeiinoe, a eioi?ii ioaeaeueiua /anoe, i?aaeiacia/aiiua aeey
aeeeuo eee eiuo oeaeae (iiiauaiey) …”

I?enooiei e oa?aeoa?enoeea eaaeaeiai aeaea a ioaeaeueiinoe. Caiaeueiua
o/anoee. I?ioanni? Aeo?yineee ioia/aao: “Caiaeueiua o/anoee ioiinyony e
oai iauaeoai iaaeaeaeeiinoe, a ioiioaiee eioi?uo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii
iiaoo auoue onoaiiaeaiu ia?aie/aiey ia o/anoea a eiouanoaaiiii iai?ioa.
Ia yoii naeaeaoaeuenoaoao, a /anoiinoe, ii?ia /anoe 3 noaouee 129 AE?O,
niaeanii eioi?ie caiey e ae?oaea i?e?iaeiua ?ano?nu iiaoo io/oaeaeaoueny
eee ia?aoiaeeoue io iaeiiai eeoea e ae?oaiio eiuie niiniaaie a oie ia?a,
a eaeie eo iai?io aeiioneaaony caeiiaie i caiea e ae?oaeo i?e?iaeiuo
?ano?nao. Ia i?ioyaeaiee anao iineaaeieo eao caeiiaie e eiuie i?aaiauie
aeoaie a eiouanoaaiiue iai?io aaiaeeeenue ioaeaeueiua eaoaai?ee
caiaeueiuo o/anoeia”.

Iiaeaeoe, yoi iaoneiaeaii enoi?e/anee, aii?in i caiea anaaaea aue
“aieueiui” aeey ?innee. Aaaeue aei iaaeaaiaai a?aiaie ia io/oaeaeaiee
caiee aiiaua ia iiaei auoue e ?a/e (y eiath aaeaeo niaaoneea a?aiaia).

“Oeacii I?aceaeaioa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee io 25 ia?oa 1992 a. No. 301
“I i?iaeaaea caiaeueiuo o/anoeia a?aaeaeaiai e th?eaee/aneei eeoeai i?e
i?eaaoecaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiuo e ioieoeeiaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee”
a?aaeaeaiai e th?eaee/aneei eeoeai i?aaeinoaaeaii i?aai i?e
i?eaaoecaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiuo e ioieoeeiaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee, a oaeaea
i?e ?anoe?aiee e aeiiieieoaeueiii no?ieoaeuenoaa iauaeoia yoeo
i?aaei?eyoee ia?yaeo n a?aiaeie caiaeueiuo o/anoeia i?eia?aoaoue eo a
nianoaaiiinoue. Aieaa oiai, Oeacii auei i?aaeoniio?aii, /oi caiaeueiua
o/anoee, i?aaeinoaaeaiiua a?aaeaeaiai e eo iauaaeeiaieyi aeey
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe, ii eo aeaeaieth iiaoo
i?iaeaaaoueny ei a nianoaaiiinoue”.

A niioaaonoaee n Caeiiii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee io 23 aeaeaa?y 1992 a.
“I i?aaa a?aaeaeai ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ia iieo/aiea a /anoioth
nianoaaiiinoue e ia i?iaeaaeo caiaeueiuo o/anoeia aeey aaaeaiey ee/iiai
iiaeniaiiai e aea/iiai oicyenoaa, naaeiaiaenoaa e eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai
aeeeeuiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa” i?aaeoniao?eaaeanue ia?aaea/a a /anoioth
nianoaaiiinoue a?aaeaeai a ai?iaeao, iinaeeao e naeueneie ianoiinoe
caiaeueiuo o/anoeia aeey aaaeaiey ee/iiai iiaeniaiiai e aea/iiai
oicyenoaa, naaeiaiaenoaa, eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai aeeeeuiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa,
a oaeaea iiae eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua aeeeua aeiia e oicyenoaaiiua iino?ieee.
Oaeei ia?acii, iiaeii aiai?eoue i oii /oi ii aeaenoaothuaio
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao caiey iiaeao ia?aaeaaaoueny a nianoaaiiinoue, ii
oieueei iiae ii?aaeae?iiua oeaee ia?a/eneaiiua a caeiia, oeacaiiii auoa.
A nayce n yoei iaiaoiaeeii oiiiyiooue, /oi caeiiiaeaeueiui i?aaiaie
aioiaeony e i?eiyoeth caeiiii?iaeo i caiaeueiie ?aoi?ia, niaeanii
eioi?iio caiey aoaeao ia?aaeaaaoueny a nianoaaiiinoue noauaeoai
a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa.

Eae e caiaeueiua o/anoee, naiinoiyoaeueiuie iauaeoaie iaaeaeaeeiinoe
i?eciathony o/anoee iaae? e iainiaeaiiua aiaeiua iauaeou. “Iie yaeythony
iaaeaeaeeiinoueth a neeo anoanoaaiiuo oece/aneeo naienoa, a ia iioiio,
/oi ninoaaeytho aaeeiia oeaeia n caiaeueiui o/anoeii. A i?ioeaiii neo/aa
auei au iaaiciiaeii onoaiiaeaiea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia iaae?a aia
caaeneiinoe io i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia caieth”.

“Iniaaiiinoue oaeiai ?iaea iauaeoia ninoieo a oii, /oi a ioiioaiee ieo
aeaenoaoao i?acoiioeey ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe: a niioaaonoaee n
ioieoii 2 noaouee 214 AE ?O i?e?iaeiua ?ano?nu, ia iaoiaeyueany a
nianoaaiiinoe a?aaeaeai, th?eaee/aneeo eeoe eee ioieoeeiaeueiuo
ia?aciaaiee, yaeythony ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoueth. Oaeei ia?acii,
oeacaiiua iauaeou a i?eioeeia ia iiaoo i?eciaaaoueny aanoicyeiuie. *oi
eanaaony i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey iai?ioa oeacaiiuo iauaeoia
iaaeaeaeeiinoe, oi iaeuecy ia niaeaneoueny n I.I. Eicu?ue, eioi?ay
ioia/aao: “Iineieueeo a ?innee nio?aiyaony eneeth/eoaeueiia i?aai
ainoaea?noaaiiie nianoaaiiinoe ia iaae?a, a ia?aaea/a eo a iieueciaaiea
inouanoaeyaony ia iniiaaiee aaeieieno?aoeaiiai aeoa – eeoeaicee,
aiai?eoue ana?ueac i a?aaeaeaineii iai?ioa yoiai aeaea iauaeoia
i?aaenoaaeyaony i?aaeaeaa?aiaiiui”.

Oaeei ia?acii, iu aeaeei, /oi, ii nooe, iaae?a aiiaua ia iiaoo yaeyoueny
iauaeoii eoiee i?iaeaaee, a iiaoo oieueei ia?aaeaaaoueny a iieueciaaiea,
inoaaeyy i?aai nianoaaiiinoe ca ainoaea?noaii.

Oaeea iauaeou iaaeaeaeeiinoe, eae eana e iiiaieaoiea ianaaeaeaiey,
ioiinyony e iaaeaeaeeiiio eiouanoao a neeo eo ia?ac?uaiie nayce n caieae
e iaaiciiaeiinoe ia?aiauaiey aac iani?acia?iiai oua?aa eo iacia/aieth.
Iaeiaei i?ioanni? Aao?ia ioia/aao “Io aeiaiai?ia i?iaeaaee oeacaiiuo
iauaeoia eae iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa (oi anoue n ia?aoiaeii
niioaaonoaothueo i?aa ia caiaeueiue o/anoie) neaaeoao ioee/aoue naeaeee,
ii eioi?ui ean e iiiaieaoiea ianaaeaeaiey ?aaeecothony eae aeaeaeeiia
eiouanoai, eiaaea i?iaeathony, iai?eia?, ean “ia ei?ith” eee n?oaeaiiua
aea?aauey. A iineaaeiai neo/aa ii?iu AE ?O i i?iaeaaea iaaeaeaeeiinoe ia
iiaeeaaeao i?eiaiaieth, a niioaaonoaothuea aeiaiai?u caeeth/athony ii
i?aaeeai i?iaeaaee aeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa”.

Caeaiey e nii?oaeaiey oaeaea yaeythony iauaeoaie iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa
ii i?eciaeai ia?ac?uaiie nayce n caieae e iaaiciiaeiinoe a neeo yoiai eo
ia?aiauaiey aac iani?acia?iiai oua?aa eo iacia/aieth.

I?aai nianoaaiiinoe ia caeaiey, nii?oaeaiey e ae?oaia aiiaue
nicaeaaaaiia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai, iiaeeaaeauaa ainoaea?noaaiiie
?aaeno?aoeee, aicieeaao n iiiaioa oaeie ?aaeno?aoeee (no. 219 AE ?O). Ii
iiyaeeenue iaeioi?ua nii?u n?aaee th?enoia i oii, yaeythony ee iauaeou
iacaaa?o?iiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa iaaeaeaeeiui eiouanoaii. Ii iiaieth
iaeioi?uo aaoi?ia, ionoonoaea iaycaoaeueiie ainoaea?noaaiiie
?aaeno?aoeee iauaeoia iacaaa?oaiiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa ii?iaeaeaao niiiaiey
a eo th?eaee/aneie i?e?iaea eae iaaeaeaeeiinoe. Yoi icia/aao, /oi aei
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee aiiaue nicaeaaaaiia eiouanoai ia iiaeao
n/eoaoueny iaaeaeaeeiui . I?eiyoue oaaea?aeueiue caeii “I
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai e naeaeie n
iei” io 21 ethey 1997a. ia eciaiee a eeoue iiaeoaa?aeee i?eaaae?iiua
auoa aeiaiaeu.

“Iai?eia?, ii iiaieth I.I. Eicu?ue, caaea/a iiaeiaiie eioi?iaoeee –
eeoue iaania/eoue th?eaee/aneoth /enoioo naeaeee n oaeei iauaeoii, anee
iauaeo aeey caaa?oaiey aai no?ieoaeuenoaa aeieaeai auoue io/oaeaeai
ae?oaiio eeoeo. Ia yoii naeaeaoaeuenoaoao e eniieueciaaiea a Caeiia
iaoeie/iiai aeey caeiiiaeaoaeueiiai aeoa oa?ieia “iaiaoiaeeiinoue
niaa?oaiey naeaeee”, i?eaioe?othuaai ia ianoaiaea?oioth neooaoeeth.
“Iauei aea i?aaeeii Caeiia i ?aaeno?aoeee, – ieoao I.I. Eicu?ue, –
inoaaony ?aaeno?aoeey i?aaa ia aiiaue nicaeaiiue iauaeo iaaeaeaeeiiai
eiouanoaa ia iniiaaiee aeieoiaioia, iiaeoaa?aeaeathueo oaeo aai
nicaeaiey (i. 1 no. 25). ” Iaeiaei Oeacii I?aceaeaioa ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee io 16 iay 1997 a. No. 485 “I aa?aioeyo nianoaaiieeai
iauaeoia iaaeaeaeeiinoe a i?eia?aoaiee a nianoaaiiinoue caiaeueiuo
o/anoeia iiae yoeie iauaeoaie .” i?aaeoniio?aii, /oi i?e i?eaaoecaoeee
iauaeoia iacaaa?oaiiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa aiciiaeia ?aaeno?aoeey i?aa
nianoaaiiinoe ia oaeea iauaeou, anee cayaeoaeue i?aaenoaaeo aeieoiaiou,
eioi?ua iiaeoaa?aeaeatho i?eia?aoaiea aeaiiiai iauaeoa, i?aai
iieueciaaiey caiaeueiui o/anoeii aeey nicaeaiey iauaeoa iaaeaeaeeiiai
eiouanoaa, ?ac?aoaiea ia no?ieoaeueiua ?aaiou, a oaeaea iienaiea iauaeoa
iacaaa?oaiiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa. Oaeei ia?acii, iiaeii caeeth/eoue, /oi
i?eia?aoaiea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia iauaeou iacaaa?o?iiiai
no?ieoaeuenoaa aiciiaeii, ii oieueei i?e niaethaeaiee ii?aaeae?iiie
i?ioeaaeo?u, e i?aaeinoaaeaiee iaaeeaaeaueo aeieoiaioia.

*oi eanaaony i?aaei?eyoey oi no. 22 auoaoiiiyiooiai caeiia “I
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai e naeaeie n
iei” aiai?eo i oii, /oi ai – ia?auo ainoaea?noaaiiay ?aaeno?aoeey i?aa
ia caiaeueiua o/anoee e iauaeou iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa, aoiaeyuea a
ninoaa i?aaei?eyoey eae eiouanoaaiiiai eiiieaena, e naeaeie n ieie
inouanoaeyaony a o/?aaeaeaiee thnoeoeee ii ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa a ianoa
iaoiaeaeaiey aeaiiuo iauaeoia; ai – aoi?uo ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiia i?aai ia
i?aaei?eyoea eae eiouanoaaiiue eiiieaen yaeyaony iniiaaieai aeey
aianaiey caienae i i?aaa ia eaaeaeue iauaeo iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa,
aoiaeyuee a ninoaa aeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey a Aaeeiue ainoaea?noaaiiue
?aano? i?aa a ianoa iaoiaeaeaiey iauaeoa. Ionthaea auaiae, /oi
i?aaei?eyoea aunooiaao a a?aaeaeaineii iai?ioa eae aaeeiue iauaeo
iaaeaeaeeiinoe a aeaea eiouanoaaiiiai eiiieaena, i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia
eaaeaeue iauaeo iaaeaeaeeiinoe a iaai aoiaeyuee iiaeeaaeao
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee.

Iaiaoiaeeii oaeaea ?ane?uoue oaeia iiiyoea eae aeaeaeeiay
iaaeaeaeeiinoue.

Iiiyoea yoeo aauae ?ane?uaaaony a o?ainii?oiuo onoaaao e eiaeaenao.
Aicaeooiia noaeii – yoi eaoaoaeueiue aiia?ao, iiaeaea?aeeaaaiue a
aoiinoa?a ca n/ao acaeiiaeaenoaey n aicaeooii io?aaeaiiui io caiiie
iiaa?oiinoe. Ii?neia noaeii iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai eee aioo?aiiaai ieaaaiey –
yoi naiioiaeiia eee ianaiioiaeiia ieaao/aa nii?oaeaiea, i?aaeiacia/aiiia
aeey ieaaaiey ii ii?neei eee aioo?aiiei aiaeiui iooyi. Einie/aneee
iauaeo – yoi iauaeo, caiouaiiue a einiin eee aeinoaaeaiiue ia iaaaniia
oaei, eeai nii?oaeaiiue ia iaaaniii oaea. Ii?yaeie ?aaeno?aoeee
aicaeooiuo noaeia ii?aaeaeyaony Aicaeooiui eiaeaenii no.32 –
a?aaeaeaineea noaea iiaeeaaeao ?aaeno?aoeee a ainoaea?noaaiiii ?aano?a
ainoaea?noaaiiuo a?aaeaeaineeo noaeia ?O. Ii?neea noaea ?aaeno?e?othony
a ii?yaeea ii?aaeaeaiiii ae.3 Eiaeaena oi?aiaiai ii?aieaaaiey. Noaea
aioo?aiiaai ieaaaiey ?aaeno?e?othony a niioaaonoaee ni no.26 Onoaaa
aioo?aiiaai aiaeiiai o?ainii?oa io 15 ieoya?y 1955.

*oi aea eanaaony eiiaeiieieoia eae iauaeoa iaaeaeaeeiinoe oi niaeanii
i.2 no. 23 Caeiia “I ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiia
eiouanoai e naeaeie n iei” Ainoaea?noaaiiay ?aaeno?aoeey aicieeiiaaiey,
ia?aoiaea, ia?aie/aiey (ia?aiaiaiey) eee i?ae?auaiey i?aaa ia aeeeia eee
iaaeeeia iiiauaiea a eiiaeiieieoiao iaeiia?aiaiii yaeyaony
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeeae ia?ac?uaii naycaiiiai n iei i?aaa iauae
aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe ia iauaa eiouanoai. Oeacaiiue auoa caeii oaeaea
nnueaaony ia oaaea?aeueiue caeii “I oiaa?euanoaao nianoaaiieeia
aeeeuey”. Aeaaa 2. Iniaaiiinoe a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiaiai ?aaeeia
iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa

O/eouaay aieueoia cia/aiea iauaeoia iaaeaeaeeiinoe a aeecie e
aeayoaeueiinoe a?aaeaeai e th?eaee/aneeo eeoe, a oaeaea a a?aaeaeaineii
iai?ioa, caeii cae?aiee aa niaoeeaeueiue i?aaiaie ?aaeei. Ii
caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi i?aai nianoaaiiinoe, ae?oaea aauiua i?aaa ia
iaaeaeaeeiinoue, eo ia?aie/aiey, aicieeiiaaiea, ia?aoiae e i?ae?auaiea
iiaeeaaeao a iaycaoaeueiii ii?yaeea ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee a
Aaeeiii ainoaea?noaaiiii ?aano?a o/?aaeaeaieyie thnoeoeee. Aeieaeiu
auoue ca?aaeno?e?iaaiu: i?aai nianoaaiiinoe, i?aai oicyenoaaiiiai
aaaeaiey (no. 295 AE?O), i?aai iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey (no. 296 AE?O),
i?aai iiaeeciaiiiai ianeaaeoaiiai aeaaeaiey, i?aai iinoiyiiiai
iieueciaaiey, eiioaea (i. 2 no. 334 AE?O), na?aeooou (no. 274-277 AE?O),
a oaeaea eiua i?aaa a neo/ayo, cae?aieaiiuo A?aaeaeaineei eiaeaenii e
ae?oaeie caeiiaie. Iaiaoiaeeii oaeaea ioiaoeoue, /oi “Aaaeiie
iniaaiiinoueth i?aaiaiai ?aaeeia iaaeaeaeeiinoe yaeyaony oaeaea
onoaiiaeaiea a caeiia iniaiai ii?yaeea ioi?ieaiey naeaeie n iae, ” ia
yoii ?a/ue iieae?o a o?aoueai aii?ina iiae ?aaiou.

Enoiaey ec auoaneacaiiiai, a oaeaea ec aiaeeca noaoae A?aaeaeaineiai
eiaeaena ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee e ae?oaeo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia iiaeii
auaeaeeoue neaaeothuea oa?aeoa?iua iniaaiiinoe i?aaiaiai ?aaeeia
iaaeaeaeeiinoe:

1. I?aai nianoaaiiinoe e eiua aauiua i?aaa ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue, a oaeaea
ia?aie/aiea yoeo i?aa, aicieeiiaaiea, ia?aoiae, i?ae?auaiea, eciaiaiea
iiaeeaaeao iaycaoaeueiie ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee (no.131 AE).

2. Iaycaoaeuenoaa, i?aaeiaoii eioi?uo yaeyaony iaaeaeaeeiinoue, ii
iauaio i?aaeeo eniieiythony ii ianoo iaoiaeaeaiey iaaeaeaeeiinoe (caueoa
i?aaa ia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai – ene iiaeaaony ii ianoo iaoiaeaeaiey
iaaeaeaeeiinoe).

3. Onoaiiaeai iniaue ii?yaeie i?eia?aoaiey i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia
aanoicyeiua iaaeaeaeeiua aaue (no.225 AE).

4. Onoaiiaeaiu aieaa aeeeoaeueiua n?iee i?eia?aoaoaeueiie aeaaiinoe ia
iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai (no.234 AE). A no.349 AE onoaiiaeai iniaue
ii?yaeie ia?auaiey ia acuneaiea ia caeiaeaiiia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai.
No.295 AE onoaiaaeeaaao iniaue ii?yaeie ?anii?yaeaiey iaaeaeaeeiui
eiouanoaii, i?eiaaeeaaeauei ainoaea?noaaiiiio eee ioieoeeiaeueiiio
i?aaei?eyoeth.

5. Aeaenoaotho niaoeeaeueiua i?aaeea niaa?oaiey naeaeie n iaaeaeaeeiui
eiouanoaii (i?aeoe/anee ana naeaeee iiaeeaaeao ainoaea?noaaiiie
?aaeno?aoeee, oaeaea iaiaoiaeeii caeeth/aiea ienueiaiiiai aeiaiai?a).
I?aaeoniio?aia caaeneiinoue i?aa ia caiaeueiue o/anoie io i?aa ia
iaaeaeaeeiinoue, iai?., no.340 AE. Eoae a eoiaa iiaeii neacaoue /oi
i?aaiaie ?aaeei iaaeaeaeeiiai oa?aeoa?ecoaony oneiaei?iiui ii?yaeeii
th?eaee/aneeo aeaenoaee iaae iei, /oi iaoneiaeaii iniaie aaaeiinoueth
iauaeoia iaaeaeaeeiinoe a iauanoaaiiuo ioiioaieyo, e eae neaaenoaea
caeiiiaeaoaeue iaaeaeyao aai iniaui i?aaiaui noaoonii.

Aeaaa 3. Ainoaea?noaaiiay ?aaeno?aoeey i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai e
naeaeie n iei

Eae ioia/aeinue ?aiaa: “Aaaeiie iniaaiiinoueth i?aaiaiai ?aaeeia
iaaeaeaeeiinoe yaeyaony oaeaea onoaiiaeaiea a caeiia iniaiai ii?yaeea
ioi?ieaiey naeaeie n iae. ” Niaeanii no. 219 AE?O i?aai nianoaaiiinoe ia
caeaiey, nii?oaeaiey e ae?oaia aiiaue nicaeaaaaiia iaaeaeaeeiia
eiouanoai, iiaeeaaeauaa ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee, aicieeaao oieueei
n iiiaioa oaeie ?aaeno?aoeee, neaaeiaaoaeueii, aeey onoaiiaeaiey i?aaa
nianoaaiiinoe iaiaoiaeei th?eaee/aneee oaeo ?aaeno?aoeee iaaeaeaeeiinoe.
Ainoaea?noaaiiia eee ioieoeeiaeueiia i?aaei?eyoea, ca eioi?ui cae?aieaii
iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai ia i?aaa oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey, ia eiaao i?aaa
naeaaaoue aai a a?aiaeo, ioaeaaaoue a caeia, aiineoue a ea/anoaa aeeaaea
a onoaaiue eaieoae oicyenoaaiiuo iauanoa e oiaa?euanoa eee eiui niiniaii
?anii?yaeaoueny oaeei eiouanoaii aac niaeaney nianoaaiieea. Inoaeueiui
eiouanoaii, i?eiaaeeaaeauei aio, i?aaei?eyoea ai?aaa ?anii?yaeaoueny
naiinoiyoaeueii, e?iia neo/aaa, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo caeiiii. Niaoeeaeueiue
i?aaiaie ?aaeei onoaiiaeai a AE?O i?e naea/a iaaeaeaeeiinoe a caeia
(eiioaea) e ia?auaiee acuneaiey ia iaa ii o?aaiaaieth caeiaiaea?aeaoaey
(i. 1 no. 339, no. 340, 349 AE?O).

E?iia oiai: “aeey i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue e
iai?ioa iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa oa?aeoa?ii ni/aoaiea /anoii-i?aaiaiai e
ioaee/ii – i?aaiaiai iaoiaeia ?aaoee?iaaiey. A ioiioaiee oeaeiai ?yaea
iauaeoia iaaeaeaeeiinoe (caiaeueiua o/anoee, iaae?a, aiaeiaiu,
eaniianaaeaeaiey e o.i.) iauanoaaiiue eioa?an au?aaeaaony a
iaiaoiaeeiinoe nio?aiaiey eo oeaeaaiai iacia/aiey e i?aaiaiai ?aaeeia eo
eniieueciaaiey. Caaea/a ioaee/iiai i?aaa – ii?aaeaeeoue: aeiioneathony
ee niioaaonoaothuea iauaeou iaaeaeaeeiinoe a eiouanoaaiiue iai?io,
o?aaoaony ee onoaiaaeeaaoue eaeea-eeai ia?aie/aiey a ioiioaiee
eniieueciaaiey ioaeaeueiuo eaoaai?ee iauaeoia a eiouanoaaiiii iai?ioa,
iai?eia? a ioiioaiee noauaeoia i?aa ia oeacaiiua iauaeou eee nio?aiaiey
oeaeaaiai iacia/aiey eniieueciaaiey iauaeoia iaaeaeaeeiinoe onoaiiaeoue
naieoeee ca ia?ooaiey o?aaiaaiee caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, cao?aaeaathuea
ioaee/iua eioa?anu. *oi eanaaony iaiin?aaenoaaiii eiouanoaaiiiai iai?ioa
iauaeoia iaaeaeaeeiinoe, oi aai i?aaiaia ?aaoee?iaaiea iaania/eaaaony
/anoii-i?aaiauie ii?iaie. Ai?i/ai, auoa neacaiiia auoaeaao ec naiie
nouiinoe a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa.

Eae auei neacaii ?aiaa, noaouey 131 AE?O ii?aaeaeyao, /oi ?aaeno?aoeee
iiaeeaaeao i?aai nianoaaiiinoe e ae?oaea aauiua i?aaa ia iaaeaeaeeiua
aaue, a eiaiii: i?aai oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey, i?aai iia?aoeaiiai
oi?aaeaiey, i?aai iiaeeciaiiiai ianeaaeoaiiai aeaaeaiey caiaeueiui
o/anoeii, i?aai iinoiyiiiai (aann?i/iiai) iieueciaaiey caiaeueiui
o/anoeii, na?aeooou, e?iia oiai – eiioaea, a oaeaea ia?aie/aiea,
aicieeiiaaiea, ia?aoiae e i?ae?auaiea iacaaiiuo i?aa. Aiaeec oeacaiiie
ii?iu i?aaa i?e aoeaaeueiii a? oieeiaaiee aeaao iniiaaiea caeeth/eoue,
/oi: “naeaeee n iaaeaeaeeiinoueth iiaeeaaeao ai anao neo/ayo
?aaeno?aoeee, iineieueeo anyeay naeaeea n iaaeaeaeeiinoueth oae eee
eia/a naycaia n aicieeiiaaieai (i?ae?auaieai, ia?aoiaeii, ia?aie/aieai)
i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai, oi anoue n ianoiyoaeuenoaaie, ia eioi?ua
oeacuaaao no. 164 AE?O eae ia neo/ae, i?e eioi?uo iaiaoiaeeia
?aaeno?aoeey naeaeee. I?e ianiaethaeaiee o?aaiaaiey i ?aaeno?aoeee
naeaeee aiciiaeiu aeaa aeaea iineaaenoaee:

“Oae, i. 1 no. 165 AE?O niaea?aeeo iieiaeaiea, niaeanii eioi?iio
ianiaethaeaiea iioa?eaeueiie oi?iu, a a neo/ayo, onoaiiaeaiiuo caeiiii,
o?aaiaaiey i ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee naeaeee aea/ao aa
iaaeaenoaeoaeueiinoue.

“Aiaeec noaoae Eiaeaena (n o/aoii no. 165) iicaieyao naeaeaoue auaiae,
/oi iaaeaenoaeoaeueiinoue naeaeee i?e ianiaethaeaiee o?aaiaaiey i aa
?aaeno?aoeee eiaao ianoi ia anaaaea, a eeoue a oao neo/ayo, eiaaea caeii
eeai niaea?aeeo i?yiia ia yoio n/ao oeacaiea (no. 558 AE?O, e i?eia?o,
i?aaeoniao?eaaao, /oi aeiaiai?u i?iaeaaee aeeeiai aeiia eee eaa?oe?u
iiaeeaaeao ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee e n/eoathony caeeth/aiiuie n
iiiaioa oaeie ?aaeno?aoeee), eeai iaiin?aaenoaaiii o?aaoao
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee naeaeee, ia ii?aaeaeyy iineaaenoaee
ianiaethaeaiey yoiai o?aaiaaiey (a /anoiinoe, a no. 574 AE?O a ioiioaiee
aeiaiai?a aea?aiey iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa)”.

A iaieo neo/ayo ia ca?aaeno?e?iaaiioth a onoaiiaeaiiii ii?yaeea naeaeeo
neaaeoao a neeo no. 165, 168 AE n/eoaoue ie/oiaeiie eae ia
niioaaonoaothuoth o?aaiaaieyi caeiia. A oi aea a?aiy no. 550 AE?O
onoaiaaeeaaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?eaeaiey aeiaiai?o i?iaeaaee
iaaeaeaeeiinoe (ca eneeth/aieai i?aaei?eyoey eee aeeeiai iiiauaiey)
oieueei i?inoie ienueiaiiie oi?iu aac ainoaea?noaaiiie aai ?aaeno?aoeee,
oioy i?aai nianoaaiiinoe o i?eia?aoaoaey io/oaeaeaaiiai eiouanoaa iiaeao
aicieeiooue eeoue iinea ?aaeno?aoeee yoiai i?aaa (no. 223 AE).

Enoiaey ec auoaeceiaeaiiiai, n o/?oii noaoae 131 e 164 AE?O, iiaeii
aiai?eoue i oii, /oi: “ca?aaeno?e?iaai aeieaeai auoue e aeiaiai?
i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe, ii ?aaeno?aoeey aai aeieaeia aoaeao i?iecieoe
oieueei i?e ?aaeno?aoeee i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe iieoiaoaey ia
i?eia?aoaaioth iaaeaeaeeiinoue – aeiaiai? iio?aaoao ?aaeno?aoeee eae
i?aaionoaiaaeeaathuee aeieoiaio, ia eioi?ii iniiaaii aicieeathuaa i?aai
nianoaaiiinoe. Aei ?aaeno?aoeee aea i?aa iiaiai nianoaaiieea aeiaiai?
eiaao iieioth th?eaee/aneoth neeo, a i?aaa (o?aaiaaiey), i?ienoiaeyuea
ec iaai eae ec eiinainoaeueiie naeaeee, aoaeoo iaania/aiu
aiciiaeiinoueth noaeaaiie caueou .” I?aai, eioi?ue i?iaiaeeo
ainoaea?noaaiioth ?aaeno?aoeeth i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue e naeaeie n iae,
iaycai: ii i?inueaa i?aaiiaeaaeaoaey oaeinoiaa?eoue i?iecaaaeaiioth
?aaeno?aoeeth iooai auaea/e aeieoiaioa i ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiii i?aaa eee
naeaeea eeai niaa?oaieai iaaeiene ia naiii aeieoiaioa, i?aaenoaaeaiiii
ia ?aaeno?aoeeth (i. 3 no. 131 AE); i?aaeinoaaeyoue eioi?iaoeeth i oaeie
?aaeno?aoeee e ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiuo i?aaao ethaiio eeoeo (i. 4 no. 131
AE). I?e ioeaca a ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue
eee naeaeee n iae eeai oeeiiaiee io ?aaeno?aoeee i?aaiiaeaaeaoaeue eiaao
i?aai iaaeaeiaaoue aeaenoaea ?aaeno?e?othuaai i?aaia a noae.

Ia iniiaaiee i. 6 no. 131 AE?O ii?yaeie ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee e
iniiaaiey ioeaca a iae aeieaeiu ii?aaeaeyoueny caeiiii i ?aaeno?aoeee
i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai e naeaeie n iei. Oaeie Caeii i?eiyo a
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee 21 ethey 1997 aiaea.

A niioaaonoaee ni no. 2 yoiai Caeiia cia/aiea ainoaea?noaaiiie
?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue e naeaeie n iae ninoieo a oii, /oi
iia: i?aaenoaaeyao niaie TH?eaee/aneee aeo i?eciaiey e iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey
ainoaea?noaii aicieeiiaaiey, ia?aie/aiey, ia?aoiaea eee i?ae?auaiey i?aa
ia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai a niioaaonoaee n A?aaeaeaineei eiaeaenii ?O.
?aaeno?aoeey yaeyaony aaeeinoaaiiui aeieacaoaeuenoaii nouanoaiaaiey
ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiiai i?aaa. Ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiia i?aai ia iaaeaeaeeiia
eiouanoai iiaeao auoue inii?aii oieueei a noaeaaiii ii?yaeea. Oaeay
?aaeno?aoeey i?iaiaeeony ia anae oa??eoi?ee ?innee ii onoaiiaeaiiie
oeacaiiui Caeiiii nenoaia caienae i i?aaao ia eaaeaeue iauaeo
iaaeaeaeeiinoe a Aaeeiii ainoaea?noaaiiii ?aano?a i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiia
eiouanoai e naeaeie n iei; aeaoo ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa
ioiineo ia aeaiue aianaiey niioaaonoaothueo caienae a Aaeeiue
ainoaea?noaaiiue ?aano? i?aa; inouanoaeyaony ii ianoo iaoiaeaeaiey
iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa a i?aaeaeao ?aaeno?aoeeiiiiai ie?oaa. Ioeac a
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa eeai oeeiiaiea io iaa iiaoo auoue
iaaeaeiaaiu caeioa?aniaaiiui eeoeii a noae, a?aeo?aaeiue noae.

Iaycaoaeueiie ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee iiaeeaaeao i?aaa ia
iaaeaeaeeiinoue, i?aaionoaiaaeeaathuea aeieoiaiou ia eioi?oth ioi?ieaiu
iinea aaaaeaiey a aeaenoaea i?eiyoiai Caeiia. I?aaa ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue,
eioi?ua aicieeee aei aai anooieaiey a neeo, i?eciathony th?eaee/anee
aeaenoaeoaeueiuie e i?e ionoonoaee eo ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee,
aaiaeeiie oeacaiiui Caeiiii. ?aaeno?aoeey oaeeo i?aa i?iaiaeeony ii
aeaeaieth eo iaeaaeaoaeae. Aicieeoay iinea aaaaeaiey ?anniao?eaaaiiai
Caeiia a aeaenoaea iaiaoiaeeiinoue ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee
ia?aie/aiey (ia?aiaiaiey) eee eiie naeaeee n iaaeaeaeeiinoueth o?aaoao
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia aeaiiue iauaeo, eioi?ua aicieeee
aei aaaaeaiey oeacaiiiai Caeiia a aeaenoaea (no. 6 Caeiia). Iiae
ia?aie/aieyie (ia?aiaiaieyie) iiieiathony onoaiiaeaiiua Caeiiii oneiaey,
cai?auaiey, cao?oaeiythuea ?aaeecaoeeth i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe eeai eiiai
aauiiai i?aaa ia eiie?aoiue iauaeo iaaeaeaeeiinoe (na?aeoooa, eiioaee,
aeiaa?eoaeueiiai oi?aaeaiey, a?aiaeu, a?anoa eiouanoaa e ae?.).

Niaeanii no. 7 caeiia – ?aaeno?aoeey iineo ioe?uoue oa?aeoa?. I?aai,
inouanoaeythuee aa, iaycai i?aaeinoaaeyoue naaaeaiey, niaea?aeaueany a
Aaeeiii ainoaea?noaaiiii ?aano?a i?aa, i eaeii oaiaeii iauaeoa
iaaeaeaeeiinoe ethaiio eeoeo, i?aaeuyaeaoaio oaeinoiaa?aiea ee/iinoe e
cayaeaiea a ienueiaiiie oi?ia. Auienea ec ?aano?a aeieaeia niaea?aeaoue
iienaiea iauaeoa iaaeaeaeeiinoe, ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiua i?aaa ia iaai, a
oaeaea ia?aie/aiey (ia?aiaiaiey) i?aa. Ioeac a auaea/a cai?ioaiiie
eioi?iaoeee iiaeao auoue iaaeaeiaai a noae.

Caeii i?yii onoaiaaeeaaao e?oa eeoe, eioi?ui iiaoo auoue i?aaeinoaaeaiu
naaaeaiey i niaea?aeaiee i?aaiionoaiaaeeaathueo aeieoiaioia. Oae
niaeanii no. 7 caeiia – aeaiiua i niaea?aeaiee i?aaionoaiaaeeaathueo
aeieoiaioia, e?iia naaaeaiee ia ia?aie/aieyo (ia?aiaiaieyo), iaiauaiioth
eioi?iaoeeth i i?aaao ioaeaeueiiai eeoea ia eiathueany o iaai iauaeou
iaaeaeaeeiinoe, auienee ni naaaeaieyie i ia?aoiaea i?aa ia iauaeo
iaaeaeaeeiinoe iiaoo i?aaeinoaaeyoueny a onoaiiaeaiiii Caeiiii ii?yaeea
oieueei eeoeai, oeacaiiui a Caeiia: i?aaiiaeaaeaoaeyi; eeoeai,
iieo/eaoei aeiaa?aiiinoue io i?aaiiaeaaeaoaey; ?oeiaiaeeoaeyi i?aaiia
ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey e i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe noauaeoia ?O;
iaeiaiaui i?aaiai; noaeai e i?aaiio?aieoaeueiui i?aaiai, eiathuei a
i?iecaiaenoaa aeaea, naycaiiua n iauaeoaie iaaeaeaeeiinoe e (eee) eo
i?aaiiaeaaeaoaeyie; ianeaaeieeai ii caaauaieth eee caeiio. Oaeei ia?acii
iu aeaeei /oi e?oa eeoe eiathueo i?aai ia iieo/aiea iieiie eioi?iaoeee,
iaoiaeyuaeny a i?aaionoaiaaeeaathueo aeieoiaioao, ia?aie/ai.

A caeiia aeaoaeueii ?ane?uaathony iieiaeaiey ia i?aaiao i?iecaiaeyueo
?aaeno?aoeeth iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa: “?aaeno?aoeey i?aa ia
iaaeaeaeeiinoue aoaeao i?iaiaeeoueny o/?aaeaeaieyie thnoeoeee ii
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai e naeaeie n
iei ia oa??eoi?ee ?aaeno?aoeeiiiiai ie?oaa ii ianoo iaoiaeaeaiey
iaaeaeaeeiinoe. Iie aoaeoo i?iaa?youe aeaenoaeoaeueiinoue iiaeaiiuo
cayaeoaeai aeieoiaioia e iaee/ea niioaaonoaothueo i?aa o eeoea eee
i?aaia aeanoe, iiaeaioiaeaoeo aeieoiaiou, a oaeaea nouanoaiaaiea ?aiaa
ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiuo e cayaeaiiuo i?aa. Ia ieo aiceiaeaia auaea/a
aeieoiaioia, iiaeoaa?aeaeathueo ainoaea?noaaiioth ?aaeno?aoeeth i?aa, a
oaeaea eioi?iaoeee i ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiuo i?aaao”.

No. 10 caeiia ii?aaeaeyao, /oi: “Oaaea?aeueiui i?aaiii eniieieoaeueiie
aeanoe a nenoaia ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiia
eiouanoai e naeaeie n iei yaeyaony ieithno ?O “; yoi ii?aaeaeaii
iinoaiiaeaieai i?aaeoaeuenoaa . Ieienoa?noai thnoeoeee inouanoaeyao ?yae
iieiiii/ee oeacaiiuo a no. 10 caeiia e a niioaaonoaothueo i?eeacao
Ieieno?a thnoeoeee , e iinoaiiaeaieyo I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O .

Naia aea ainoaea?noaaiiay ?aaeno?aoeey i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue
i?iaiaeeony iinea: “i?eaia aeieoiaioia, iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey yoiai e
ioaa/athueo o?aaiaaieyi iacaaiiiai Caeiia, eo ?aaeno?aoeee, i?iaaaeaiey
i?aaiaie yenia?oecu aeieoiaioia e i?iaa?ee caeiiiinoe naeaeee,
onoaiiaeaiey ionoonoaey i?ioeai?a/ee iaaeaeo cayaeyaiuie e oaea
ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiuie i?aaaie ia aeaiiue iauaeo iaaeaeaeeiinoe, ae?oaeo
iniiaaiee aeey ioeaca eee i?einoaiiaeaiey ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa.
?aaeno?aoeey ia?aie/aiee (ia?aiaiaiee) i?aaa, eiioaee, a?aiaeu eee eiie
naeaeee n iaaeaeaeeiinoueth aeiioneaaony ii Caeiio oieueei i?e iaee/ee
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee ?aiaa aicieeoeo i?aa ia iaa a Aaeeiii
ainoaea?noaaiiii ?aano?a i?aa. ?aaeno?aoeey i?aa aeieaeia i?iaiaeeoueny
ia iicaeiaa /ai a iany/iue n?ie ni aeiy iiaea/e cayaeaiey e anao
iaiaoiaeeiuo aeieoiaioia “.

Oae, no. 13 Caeiia onoaiaaeeaaao ii?yaeie ?aaeno?aoeee,
iineaaeiaaoaeueii ii?aaeaeyy aa noaaeee a neaaeothuai aeaea:

– i?eai aeieoiaioia, iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee e
ioaa/athueo o?aaiaaieyi yoiai caeiia; ?aaeno?aoeey i?aaenoaaeaiiuo
aeieoiaioia;

– i?aaiaay yenia?oeca i?aaenoaaeaiiuo aeieoiaioia e i?iaa?ea caeiiiinoe
naeaeee n iaaeaeaeeiinoueth; niiinoaaeaiea cayaeaiiuo i?aa ia iauaeo
iaaeaeaeeiinoe n oaea ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiuie ia iaai i?aaaie n oeaeueth
onoaiiaeoue ionoonoaea aiciiaeiuo i?ioeai?a/ee;

– i?e ionoonoaee oeacaiiuo i?ioeai?a/ee e ae?oaeo iniiaaiee aeey ioeaca
a ?aaeno?aoeee eeai aa i?einoaiiaeaiey – aianaiea caiene a Aaeeiue
ainoaea?noaaiiue ?aano? i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai;

– niaa?oaiea ?aaeno?aoeeiiiuo iaaeienae ia i?aaionoaiaaeeaathueo
aeieoiaioao e auaea/a oaeinoiaa?aiee i i?iecaaaeaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee,
eaeiauie niaeanii no. 14 Caeiia yaeythony iniaiai aeaea naeaeaoaeuenoaa.

Aeaeaa ii caeiio: “Noaoueae 16 ii?aaeaeai e?oa eeoe, oi?aaiii/aiiuo
ia?auaoueny n o?aaiaaieyie i ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa e naeaeie a o/?aaeaeaiey
thnoeoeee, ia eioi?ua aiceaaaaony ooieoeey ?aaeno?e?othuaai i?aaia
(i?aaiaua ii?iu yoie noaouee iiaeeaaeao i?eiaiaieth, anee a noaoueyo
aeaau IV Caeiia ia onoaiiaeaiu iniaua i?aaeea ?aaeno?aoeee).

Enoiaey ec oeacaiey, niaea?aeauaainy a i. 1 no. 2 Caeiia, niaeanii
eioi?iio oa?iei “ainoaea?noaaiiay ?aaeno?aoeey i?aa” iiae?acoiaaaao e
?aaeno?aoeeth niioaaonoaothueo naeaeie, iiaeii ooaa?aeaeaoue, /oi
iieiaeaiey no. 16 a ?aaiie ia?a i?eiaieiu e i?e i?iaaaeaiee
?aaeno?aoeeiiiie i?ioeaaeo?u a ioiioaiee naeaeie n iaaeaeaeeiui
eiouanoaii. Caiaoei oaeaea, /oi no. 16 Caeiia niioiineony n
onoaiiaeaieyie i. 3 no. 165 AE, eioi?ua aiaeiae/ii ?aaoee?otho ii?yaeie
?aaeno?aoeee naeaeee a neo/aa oeeiiaiey iaeiiai ec eiio?aaaioia io
i?ioiaeaeaiey ?aaeno?aoeeiiiie i?ioeaaeo?u”.

Oaeei ia?acii, ?aaeno?aoeey aicieeiiaaiey e ia?aoiaea, i?aa ia
iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai oaeinoiaa?yaony naeaeaoaeuenoaii ia yoii, a
?aaeno?aoeey aeiaiai?ia e eiuo naeaeie iin?aaenoaii niaa?oaiey
niaoeeaeueiie ?aaeno?aoeeiiiie iaaeiene ia aeieoiaioa, a eioi?ii
au?aaeaii niaea?aeaiea naeaeee. Iia i?iaiaeeony ii cayaeaieth
i?aaiiaeaaeaoaey, noi?iiu aeiaiai?a eee oiieiiii/aiiiai eie eeoea i?e
iaee/ee o iaai aeiaa?aiiinoe. “I?e aicieeiiaaiee i?aa ia iniiaaiee
aeiaiai?ia (naeaeie), eioi?ua ia ioaeaeathony a iioa?eaeueiii
oaeinoiaa?aiee, cayaeaiey i ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa aeieaeiu iiaeaaaoue ana
noi?iiu aeiaiai?a (naeaeee). A neo/aa oeeiiaiey iaeiie ec ieo io
?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia?aoiae i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ?aaeno?e?oaony ia
iniiaaiee ?aoaiey noaea, i?eiyoiai ii eneo ae?oaie noi?iiu. Eiaaea aea
i?aaa aicieeee ia iniiaaiee aeiaiai?ia (naeaeie), oioy e ia o?aaothueo
iaycaoaeueiiai iioa?eaeueiiai oaeinoiaa?aiey, ii ii aeaeaieth noi?iiu
iioa?eaeueii oaeinoiaa?aiiuo, cayaeaiea i ?aaeno?aoeee i?aaa iiaeaao
iaeia ec noi?ii aeiaiai?a. ” Ec auoaneacaiiiai neaaeoao, /oi i?aai
nianoaaiiinoe anaaaea ?aaeno?e?oaony ii cayaeaieth noi?ii, eeai noi?iiu
naeaeee, aeaaea anee ae?oaay noi?iia a iaiaoiaeeiuo neo/ayo oeeiiyaony
io iiaea/e oaeiai cayaeaiey.

Iiaeiaiue auaiae aeaeaao e ?iiaiia I.A naiae noaouea ii
ieoao:”Ainoaea?noaaiiay ?aaeno?aoeey i?iecaiaeeony ia iniiaaiee
cayaeaiey i?aaiiaeaaeaoaey, noi?iiu (noi?ii) aeiaiai?a eeai
i?aaenoaaeoaey oiiiyioouo eeoe, eiathuaai iaaeeaaeauei ia?acii
ioi?ieaiioth aeiaa?aiiinoue. Anee i?aai aicieeaao ia iniiaaiee aeoa
ainoaea?noaaiiiai i?aaia eee i?aaia ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey, cayaeaiea i
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aaa iiaeaaony eeoeii, a ioiioaiee
eioi?iai i?eiyo oaeie aeo. A neo/aa, anee i?aaa aicieeatho ia iniiaaiee
aeiaiai?ia, ia o?aaothueo iioa?eaeueiiai oaeinoiaa?aiey, cayaeaiea i
?aaeno?aoeee aeieaeii enoiaeeoue io anao o/anoieeia naeaeee. I?e
oeeiiaiee iaeiie ec noi?ii io i?ioiaeaeaiey i?ioeaaeo?u ?aaeno?aoeee
i?aaa ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue iii ?aaeno?e?oaony ia iniiaaiee ?aoaiey noaea,
auianaiiiai ii o?aaiaaieth ae?oaie noi?iiu. ?aaeno?aoeey aea ii
cayaeaieth iaeiie ec noi?ii naeaeee aiciiaeia oieueei a oii neo/aa, anee
i?aaa aicieeee ia iniiaaiee naeaeee, ia o?aaothuae iioa?eaeueiiai
oaeinoiaa?aiey, ii iioa?eaeueii oaeinoiaa?aiiie ii aeaeaieth
o/anoieeia”. Aii?in i oii, eoi ai?aaa ia?aoeoueny ca ?aaeno?aoeeae, anee
naeaeea, iiaeeaaeauay ?aaeno?aoeeiiiiio ioi?ieaieth, oaeinoiaa?aia
iioa?eaeueii a neeo o?aaiaaiey caeiia, caeiiiaeaoaeueii ia o?aaoee?iaai.

“Neaaeoao, iaeiaei, iaiai?eoueny, /oi caeiiii “I ainoaea?noaaiiie
?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai e naeaeie n iei” e?oa
naeaeie, o?aaothueo niaethaeaiey eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiie ienueiaiiie
(iioa?eaeueiie) oi?iu, naaaeai e ieieioio. Oo?aoeee neeo iieiaeaiey no.
7 Caeiia i aaaaeaiee a aeaenoaea /anoe aoi?ie AE, nio?aiyaoea o?aaiaaiea
i iioa?eaeueiii oaeinoiaa?aiee aeiaiai?ia, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo no. 550,
560, 574 AE (aeiaiai?u i?iaeaaee (a a neeo no. 567 – e iaiu
iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa) aiiaua e i?aaei?eyoey eae aai ?aciiaeaeiinoe a
/anoiinoe, a oaeaea aeiaiai? aea?aiey iaaeaeaeeiinoe). O?aaiaaiea i
iioa?eaeueiii oaeinoiaa?aiee e iaeiia?aiaiii i ainoaea?noaaiiie
?aaeno?aoeee naeaeee A?aaeaeaineei eiaeaenii onoaiiaeaii oieueei aeey
naycaiiiai n io/oaeaeaieai iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa aeiaiai?a ?aiou (no.
584), a oaeaea aeey aeiaiai?a caeiaa iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa (no. 339).
I?e yoii Caeii i ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiia
eiouanoai e naeaeie n iei i?eiaieoaeueii e eiioaea niaea?aeeo ecuyoea ec
iauaai i?aaeea i ii?yaeea ?aaeno?aoeee, onoaiaaeeaay, /oi i?ioeaaeo?a
?aaeno?aoeee caeiaa iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa ia/eiaaony oieueei ii
cayaeaieth caeiaiaeaoaey iinea ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa
caeiaiaeaoaey ia aauue, yaeythuothny i?aaeiaoii caeiaa.

Aianoa n oai ii niuneo i. 2 no. 163 AE ia eneeth/aaony aiciiaeiinoue
oiai, /oi a ae?oaeo caeiiiaeaoaeueiuo aeoao iiaoo niaea?aeaoueny
o?aaiaaiey i iioa?eaeueiii ioi?ieaiee ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaeia naeaeie n
iaaeaeaeeiinoueth, o?aaothueo a oi aea a?aiy ainoaea?noaaiiie
?aaeno?aoeee. A aeaiiuo neo/ayo i?e ionoonoaee a caeiia i?yiuo oeacaiee
ia yoio n/ao neaaeoao ?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny aiaeiaeae no. 16 Caeiia “i
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai e naeaeie n
iei”, oi anoue ii o?aaiaaieth ethaie ec noi?ii oaeie naeaeee i?iaiaeeoue
?aaeno?aoeeth iioa?eaeueii ioi?ieaiiie naeaeee e aicieeoaai ia aa
iniiaaiee i?aaa ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue .” Iaiaoiaeeii oiiiyiooue i oii, /oi
ii caeiio aiciiaeia ainoaea?noaaiiay ?aaeno?aoeey naeaeie n au? ia
nicaeaiiui iauaeoii iaaeaeaeeiinoe, oi/iaa aiciiaeia ?aaeno?aoeey oaeiai
iauaeoa iaaeaeaeeiinoe. Aio /oi ia yoii ieoao i?ioanni? ?iiaiia:
“Ianiiiaiii, iieiaeeoaeueiui yaeyaony aeeth/aiea a Caeii i?aaiauo ii?i,
i?aaeoniao?eaathueo aiciiaeiinoue e ?aaoee?othueo iniaaiiinoe
?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia iauaeo iacaaa?oaiiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa. Aeaei a oii,
/oi aei anooieaiey iiaiai Caeiia a neeo iioa?eonu, eae i?aaeei,
ioeacuaaee a oaeinoiaa?aiee naeaeie n iauaeoaie iacaaa?oaiiiai
no?ieoaeuenoaa, nnueaynue ia oi, /oi i?aaeiao naeaeee (/aua anaai
eaa?oe?a) ia naeai a yenieoaoaoeeth, ia i?ioae ?aaeno?aoeeth e
onoaiiaeoue n aeinoiaa?iinoueth i?eiaaeeaaeiinoue i?aa ia iaai
eiie?aoiiio eeoeo neiaeii. I?e yoii o/anoieeai naeaeee niaaoiaaee
caeeth/aoue aeiaiai? aac iioa?eaeueiiai ioi?ieaiey, ?anniao?eaay iauaeo
iacaaa?oaiiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa a ea/anoaa “niaieoiiinoe no?ieoaeueiuo
iaoa?eaeia”. ?aaeno?aoeeiiiua aea i?aaiu ?anoeaieaaee iauaeou
iacaaa?oaiiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa eae iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai e ia i?eieiaee
aeey ?aaeno?aoeee i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe aeiaiai?u eoiee-i?iaeaaee eee
aea?aiey, ia ioi?ieaiiua iioa?eaeueii. Oaeei ia?acii, caeeth/eoue
aeiaiai? i?iaeaaee iacaaa?oaiiie no?ieoaeuenoaii iaaeaeaeeiinoe, ieioy
noaeaaioth i?ioeaaeo?o, ca/anooth auei iaaiciiaeii.

Noaouey 25 Caeiia onoaiaaeeaaao, /oi a neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe niaa?oaiey
n iauaeoii iacaaa?oaiiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa naeaeee i?aai ia oeacaiiue
iauaeo iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa aeieaeii auoue i?aaeaa?eoaeueii
ca?aaeno?e?iaaii. Oeacaiiay noaouey niaea?aeeo ia?a/aiue aeieoiaioia,
iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey ia?aiia/aeueiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia iauaeo
iacaaa?oaiiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa. Anee aeey ?aaeno?aoeee aiiaue
nicaeaaaaiuo iauaeoia iaaeaeaeeiinoe o?aaoaony ii iauaio i?aaeeo
i?aaeuyaeaiea aeieoiaioia, iiaeoaa?aeaeathueo oaeo eo nicaeaiey, oi i?e
?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia iacaaa?oaiiua no?ieoaeuenoaii iauaeou iaiaoiaeeiu
aeieoiaiou, iiaeoaa?aeaeathuea i?aai iieueciaaiey caiaeueiui o/anoeii
aeey nicaeaiey iauaeoa iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa, a onoaiiaeaiiuo neo/ayo
– i?iaeoiiniaoiay aeieoiaioaoeey, a oaeaea aeieoiaiou, niaea?aeauea
iienaiea iauaeoa iacaaa?oaiiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa .” Oaeei ia?acii, oaeay
?aaeno?aoeey aiciiaeia e yoi ai iiiaii iaeaa/aao aeayoaeueiinoue
no?ieoaeueiuo eiiiaiee.

Iaiaoiaeeii oae aea neacaoue e i oaeie iaaeaeaeeiie “aaue”, eae
i?aaei?eyoea. I?ioanni? ?iiaiia aiai?eo ia yoii neaaeothuaa: “Iaeaieaa
neiaeiie aeey iiieiaiey i?aaenoaaeyaony no. 22 Caeiia, aaea
ii?aaeaeythony iniaaiiinoe ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa ia i?aaei?eyoea e naeaeie n
iei. Ioieo 1 oeacaiiie noaouee i?aaeoniao?eaaao, /oi ?aaeno?aoeey i?aa
ia ana iauaeou iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa, aoiaeyuea a ninoaa i?aaei?eyoey,
a oii /enea e caiaeueiua o/anoee, a oaeaea naeaeie n ieie inouanoaeyaony
a ianoa iaoiaeaeaiey aeaiiuo iauaeoia. A oi aea a?aiy ainoaea?noaaiiay
?aaeno?aoeey i?aa ia i?aaei?eyoea eae eiouanoaaiiue eiiieaen e naeaeie n
iei a oeaeii aeieaeia i?iecaiaeeoueny niaeanii i. 2 ?anniao?eaaaiie
noaouee a ianoa ?aaeno?aoeee i?aaei?eyoey eae th?eaee/aneiai eeoea.
Ca?aaeno?e?iaaiiia i?aai ia i?aaei?eyoea eae eiouanoaaiiue eiiieaen
yaeyaony iniiaaieai aeey aianaiey a Aaeeiue ainoaea?noaaiiue ?aano?
caienae i i?aaa ia eaaeaeue iauaeo iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa, aoiaeyuee a
ninoaa aeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey, a ianoa iaoiaeaeaiey iauaeoa. Aoeaaeueii
enoieeiaaoue yoo ii?io i?aaa iiaeii oae: i?aai ia i?aaei?eyoea aeieaeii
auoue ca?aaeno?e?iaaii oai, aaea yoi i?aaei?eyoea ca?aaeno?e?iaaii eae
th?eaee/aneia eeoei. I?e yoii ia?auaao ia naay aieiaiea i?aaeaea anaai
oi, /oi caeiiiaeaoaeue eniieueciaae oa?iei “i?aaei?eyoea” a aeaoo
cia/aieyo: a iaeiii neo/aa, aiai?y i i?aaei?eyoee eae eiouanoaaiiii
eiiieaena, oi anoue iauaeoa a?aaeaeaineeo i?aa, a ae?oaii – oiiieiay
i?aaei?eyoea a ea/anoaa th?eaee/aneiai eeoea – noauaeoa
a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiauo ioiioaiee”. Ia iniiaaiee auoaneacaiiiai aicieeaao
?yae aii?inia, oaeeo eae:

Ai-ia?auo, aeieaeia ee i?iecaiaeeoueny ia?a?aaeno?aoeey i?aa a ae?oaii
o/?aaeaeaiee thnoeoeee a neo/aa ia?aoiaea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia
i?aaei?eyoea a oeaeii e eeoeo, iaoiaeyuaiony a ae?oaii ?aaeno?aoeeiiiii
ie?oaa.

Ai-aoi?uo, anoaao i?iaeaia iaaeeaaeauae ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa a oii neo/aa,
anee i?aaei?eyoea iaoiaeeony a nianoaaiiinoe ianeieueeeo eeoe (iai?eia?,
nicaeaiea i?aaei?eyoey a ?acoeueoaoa niaianoiie aeayoaeueiinoe), ianoi
iaoiaeaeaiey eioi?uo ?acee/ii.

A-o?aoueeo, iaiiiyoii, a eaeii eiie?aoii o/?aaeaeaiee thnoeoeee aeieaeii
?aaeno?e?iaaoueny i?aai nianoaaiiinoe ia i?aaei?eyoea, i?eiaaeeaaeauaa
ainoaea?noao. Ii ioaaou ia yoe aii?inu ia ioaaouaathony oeaeueth yoie
eo?niaie, iiyoiio y ia aoaeo aiai?eoue ia yoii.

Eoae, “Iniiaaieyie aeey ?aaeno?aoeee iaee/ey, aicieeiiaaiey,
i?ae?auaiey, ia?aoiaea, ia?aie/aiey (ia?aiaiaiey) i?aa ia
iaaeaeaeeiinoue e naeaeie n iei neoaeao: aeou i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie
aeanoe eee ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey a i?aaeaeao eo eiiiaoaioeee;
aeiaiai?u e ae?oaea naeaeee n iaaeaeaeeiinoueth, naeaeaoaeuenoaa i
i?eaaoecaoeee aeeeuo iiiauaiee, niaa?oaiiua a niioaaonoaee n
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii; naeaeaoaeuenoaa i i?aaa ia ianeaaenoai; anooieaoea
a caeiiioth neeo noaeaaiua ?aoaiey e ae?. Iaycaoaeueiui i?eeiaeaieai e
aeieoiaioai, eioi?ua o?aaothony aeey ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa, yaeythony ieai
caiaeueiiai o/anoea e (eee) ieai iauaeoa iaaeaeaeeiinoe.

Ieai caiaeueiiai o/anoea, a oaeaea ieaiu ae?oaiai iaaeaeaeeiiai
eiouanoaa aeieaeiu auoue oaeinoiaa?aiu niioaaonoaothueie i?aaiaie.
Aeieoiaiou, eioi?ua iaiaoiaeeiu aeey ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aa,
i?aaenoaaeythony ia iaiaa /ai a aeaoo yecaiiey?ao, iaeei ec eioi?uo
aeieaeai auoue iiaeeeiieeii (e?iia aeoia i?aaiia aeanoe e ianoiiai
naiioi?aaeaiey)”.

Iaeiei ec iaeaieaa oe?iei ?ani?ino?aiaiiuo ia i?aeoeea iniiaaieai
yaeyaony aeiaiai? i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe (no. 549-558 AE?O). Ii yoiio
aeiaiai?o i?iaeaaaoe iaycoaony ia?aaeaoue a nianoaaiiinoue iieoiaoaey
caiaeueiue o/anoie, caeaiea, nii?oaeaiea, eaa?oe?o eee ae?oaia
iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai.

Enoaoe, i caiaeueiii o/anoea: “*oi eanaaony caiaeueiuo o/anoeia, oi eo
i?aaiaie ?aaeei cae?aieai caiaeueiui caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii, eioi?ia
i?eciaao i?aai /anoiie nianoaaiiinoe ia ieo oieueei ca a?aaeaeaiaie,
aaaeoueie e?anoueyineia, ee/iia iiaeniaiia, aea/iia oicyenoai,
naaeiaiaenoai eee iieo/eaoeie caiaeueiue o/anoie aeey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai
aeeeeuiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa, a oaeaea ca eiiia?/aneeie i?aaei?eyoeyie,
eioi?ua i?eia?aee caiaeueiua o/anoee i?e i?eaaoecaoeee ainoaea?noaaiiuo
e ioieoeeiaeueiuo i?aaei?eyoee. Ii naeaeee n caiaeueiuie o/anoeaie iiaoo
niaa?oaoueny eeoue a oie ia?a, a eaeie eo iai?io aeiioneaaony caiaeueiui
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii (i. 3 no. 129, i. 3 no. 209 AE ?O, no. 13 Aaiaeiiai
caeiia e /anoe aoi?ie AE ?O io 26 yiaa?y 1996 aiaea)”.

Iinoaiiaeaieai I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O io 30 iay 1993 aiaea N 503 ooaa?aeaeai
Ii?yaeie eoiee-i?iaeaaee a?aaeaeaiaie ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee caiaeueiuo
o/anoeia, a Eiieoaoii ?O ii caiaeueiui ?ano?nai e caieaono?ienoao 2
ethiy 1993 aiaea – Oeiiaie aeiaiai? eoiee-i?iaeaaee (eoi/ay) caiaeueiiai
o/anoea. N/eoath iaiaoiaeeiui oiiiyiooue, /oi a aeaiiia a?aiy aioiaeony
e i?eiyoeth iiaue caeiiii?iyeo i i?iaeaaea caiee.

Aica?auaynue e aeiaiai?o i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe, iaiaoiaeeii
oiiiyiooue i oi?ia oaeiai aeiaiai?a. I?ioanni? Aeo?yineee ioia/aao:
“Iieiaeaiey AE ?O i ienueiaiiie oi?ia naeaeee (i. 1 no. 160) e i
ienueiaiiie oi?ia aeiaiai?a (i. 2 no. 434) eiatho na?ueaciua ioee/ey. A
ia?aii neo/aa (ienueiaiiay oi?ia naeaeee) caeiiiaeaoaeue o?aaoao io
noi?ii niaa?oaiey naeaeee iooai ninoaaeaiey aeieoiaioa, au?aaeathuaai
aai niaea?aeaiea e iiaeienaiiiai eeoeaie, niaa?oathueie naeaeeo, eee
aeieaeiui ia?acii oiieiiii/aiiuie eie eeoeaie, aeiioneay iaeiia?aiaiii
niaa?oaiea aeaonoi?iiieo eee iiiainoi?iiieo naeaeie (aeiaiai?ia) eiuie
niiniaaie, onoaiiaeaiiuie AE ?O.

I?eiaieoaeueii aea e ienueiaiiie oi?ia aeiaiai?a caeiiiaeaoaeue iooiaeeo
io iauaai i?aaeea e aeiioneaao caeeth/aiea aeiaiai?a ia oieueei iooai
ninoaaeaiey iaeiiai aeieoiaioa, iiaeienaiiiai noi?iiaie, ii e iooai
iaiaia aeieoiaioaie iin?aaenoaii ii/oiaie, oaeaa?aoiie, oaeaoaeiiie,
oaeaoiiiie, yeaeo?iiiie eee eiie nayce, iicaieythuae aeinoiaa?ii
onoaiiaeoue, /oi aeieoiaio enoiaeeo io noi?iiu ii aeiaiai?o. O?aaiaaiey
aea e oi?ia aeiaiai?a i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe naiaeyony e oiio, /oi
oaeie aeiaiai? aeieaeai auoue caeeth/ai a ienueiaiiie oi?ia a aeaea
aaeeiiai aeieoiaioa, iiaeienaiiiai noi?iiaie (no. 550 AE ?O) .” Iiieii
iniiaiuo oneiaee, caeanue ioia/aaony oaeaea auoiae ia aieaa nia?aiaiiue
o?iaaiue eiiioieeaoeee, iu aeaeei aiciiaeiinoue caeeth/aiey aeiaiai?a ia
?annoiyiee, /oi nouanoaaiii iaeaa/aao iiaeiaiua aeaenoaey.

Ii iiaiaeo i?aaeuaeouae oeeoaou a? aaoi? aeaeaao oaeie auaiae: “Oaeei
ia?acii, nooue niaoeeaeueiiai i?aaeea i oi?ia aeiaiai?a i?iaeaaee
iaaeaeaeeiinoe ninoieo a oii, /oi eneeth/aaony i?eiaiaiea iieiaeaiey AE
?O i oi?ia aeiaiai?a (i. 2 no. 434), e iiaeao auoue au?aaeaii oi?ioeie
“eneeth/aiea eneeth/aiey”. I?eiaieoaeueii e aeiaiai?o i?iaeaaee
iaaeaeaeeiinoe caeiiiaeaoaeue aica?auaaony e o?aaiaaieyi, i?aaeuyaeyaiui
e ienueiaiiie oi?ia naeaeee (i. 1 no. 160), oaeanoi/ay oai naiui ?aaeei
caeeth/aiey aeiaiai?a i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe”.

Aaoi? oaeaea ieoao i oii, /oi: “a ioee/ea io iaueo i?aaee,
?aaeaiaioe?othueo iineaaenoaey ianiaethaeaiey i?inoie ienueiaiiie oi?iu
naeaeee, ia?ooaiea o?aaiaaiee, i?aaeuyaeyaiuo e oi?ia aeiaiai?a
i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe, aea/ao aai iaaeaenoaeoaeueiinoue. I?e
caeeth/aiee aeiaiai?a i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe aaaeiia cia/aiea aeey aai
aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe eiaao “oeao?a” i?iaeaaoea. A oao neo/ayo, eiaaea a
ea/anoaa i?iaeaaoea ii aeiaiai?o aunooiaao ia nianoaaiiee iaaeaeaeeiiai
eiouanoaa, a iaeaaeaoaeue eiiai ia?aie/aiiiai aauiiai i?aaa ia
iaaeaeaeeiinoue (oieoa?iia ainoaea?noaaiiia eee ioieoeeiaeueiia
i?aaei?eyoea, o/?aaeaeaiea), cia/eoaeueii iiauoaaony ?ene aiciiaeiiai
i?eciaiey oaeiai aeiaiai?a iaaeaenoaeoaeueiie naeaeeie. Caeanue
iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue ia?aie/aiiue oa?aeoa? i?aaiii/ee oeacaiiuo
noauaeoia ia ?anii?yaeaiea iaaeaeaeeiui eiouanoaii.

A /anoiinoe, ainoaea?noaaiiia eee ioieoeeiaeueiia i?aaei?eyoea, eae
noauaeo i?aaa oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey (i. 2 no. 295 AE ?O), oae e
noauaeo i?aaa iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey – eacaiiia i?aaei?eyoea (i. 1 no.
297), ia ai?aaa i?iaeaaaoue i?eiaaeeaaeauaa aio iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai
aac niaeaney aai nianoaaiieea. Ia?ooaiea yoiai o?aaiaaiey aea/ao
iaaeaenoaeoaeueiinoue aeiaiai?a i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe”.

I?eia?ii e neacaiiiio iiaeao neoaeeoue ?acuyniaiea, niaea?aeauaany a a
i.7 iinoaiiaeaiey ?8 Ieaioia Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee io 25 oaa?aey 1998a. Niaeanii aeaiiiio ?acuyniaieth i?e
?ac?aoaiee nii?ia, naycaiiuo n inouanoaeaieai ainoaea?noaaiiuie e
ioieoeeiaeueiuie i?aaei?eyoeyie i?aaa oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey eee
iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey, neaaeoao o/eouaaoue onoaiiaeaiiua noaoueyie 295
e 296 AE ?O ia?aie/aiey i?aa i?aaei?eyoee ii ?anii?yaeaieth cae?aieaiiui
ca ieie eiouanoaii. Naeaeee, niaa?oaiiua i?aaei?eyoeyie ii io/oaeaeaieth
eiouanoaa aii?aee iacaaiiui ia?aie/aieyi, yaeythony iaaeaenoaeoaeueiuie
eae ie/oiaeiua.

Oae aea i?ioanni? Aeo?yineee ioia/aao neaaeothuaa: “A ii?aaeaeaiiuo
neo/ayo e i?e niaethaeaiee o?aaiaaiey i iaiaoiaeeiinoe iieo/aiey
niaeaney nianoaaiieea ia i?iaeaaeo iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa,
i?eiaaeeaaeauaai ainoaea?noaaiiiio eee ioieoeeiaeueiiio i?aaei?eyoeth ia
i?aaa oicyenoaaiiiai aaaeaiey eee iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey, nio?aiyaony
?ene i?eciaiey aeiaiai?a i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe iaaeaenoaeoaeueiui.
Aeaei a oii, /oi a ioee/ea io eiuo eiiia?/aneeo i?aaiecaoeee
ainoaea?noaaiiua e ioieoeeiaeueiua i?aaei?eyoey iaaeaeaiu ia iauae, a
oeaeaaie (niaoeeaeueiie) i?aainiiniaiinoueth (no. 49 AE ?O)”.

Oaeei ia?acii, iai?aoeaaaony auaiae i oii, /oi aiiaua caeeth/aoue
naeaeee n i?iaeaaoeaie, ia iaeaaeathueie iieiui iau?iii i?aa iianii, e
/?aaaoi iineaaenoaeyie i?eciaiey naeaeee iaaeaenoaeoaeueiie.

Aeaeaa i?ioanni? Oeeaoeaiei ioia/aao: “Iaeiie ec iniaaiiinoae aeiaiai?a
i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe yaeyaony i?eaeaiea nouanoaaiiiai cia/aiey oaeei
aai oneiaeyi, eae i?aaeiao, oeaia, ii?yaeie ia?aaea/e e iaeioi?ua
ae?oaea. A iai aeieaeiu auoue oeacaiu aeaiiua, eioi?ua iicaieytho oi/ii
onoaiiaeoue iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai, iiaeeaaeauaa ia?aaea/a iieoiaoaeth
ii aeiaiai?o, a oii /enea aeaiiua, ii?aaeaeythuea ?aniieiaeaiea aai ia
caiaeueiii o/anoea eeai a ninoaaa ae?oaie iaaeaeaeeiinoe (no. 554 AE?O).
A ioee/ea io ae?oaeo aeiaiai?ia ii iaycaoaeueii aeieaeai
i?aaeoniao?eaaoue oeaio eiouanoaa (no. 555 AE?O)”.

I?ioanni? Aeo?yineee oaeaea aiai?eo ia yoii: Nouanoaaiiuie oneiaeyie
aeiaiai?a i?eciathony oneiaey i i?aaeiaoa aeiaiai?a, oneiaey, eioi?ua
iacaaiu a caeiia eee eiuo i?aaiauo aeoao eae nouanoaaiiua eee
iaiaoiaeeiua aeey aeiaiai?ia aeaiiiai aeaea, a oaeaea ana oneiaey,
ioiineoaeueii eioi?uo ii cayaeaieth iaeiie ec noi?ii aeieaeii auoue
aeinoeaiooi niaeaoaiea (i. 1 no. 432 AE ?O). I?aaeiao anyeiai aeiaiai?a
i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe aeeth/aao a naay aeaa ?iaea iauaeoia:
ai-ia?auo, i?iaeaaaaiia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai; ai-aoi?uo, aeaenoaey
i?iaeaaoea e iieoiaoaey niioaaonoaaiii ii ia?aaea/a iaaeaeaeeiinoe, aa
i?eiyoeth e iieaoa. A oao neo/ayo, eiaaea i?iaeaaony caeaiea,
nii?oaeaiea eee eiie iauaeo iaaeaeaeeiinoe, ii?aaeaeyaiue ii i?eciaeai
ia?ac?uaiie nayce n caieae e iaaiciiaeiinoe ia?aiauaiey aac
iani?acia?iiai oua?aa aai iacia/aieth, e i?iaeaaaoe yaeyaony
nianoaaiieeii caiaeueiiai o/anoea, i?aaeiao aeiaiai?a aeeth/aao a naay e
iauaeo o?aoueaai ?iaea: i?aaa ia caiaeueiue o/anoie, ia?aaeaaaaiua
iieoiaoaeth aianoa n iauaeoii iaaeaeaeeiinoe. Ii n?aaiaieth n iaueie
iieiaeaieyie i eoiea – i?iaeaaea oiaa?ia, caeiiiaeaoaeue oaeanoi/aao
o?aaiaaiea ioiineoaeueii oneiaey aeiaiai?a i i?iaeaaaaiii iauaeoa
iaaeaeaeeiinoe. A aeiaiai?a i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa aeieaeiu
auoue oeacaiu aeaiiua, iicaieythuea ii?aaeaeaiii onoaiiaeoue iauaeo
iaaeaeaeeiinoe, iiaeeaaeauee ia?aaea/a iieoiaoaeth ii aeiaiai?o, a oii
/enea naaaeaiey, ii?aaeaeythuea ?aniieiaeaiea oeacaiiiai iauaeoa
iaaeaeaeeiinoe ia niioaaonoaothuai o/anoea eeai a ninoaaa ae?oaiai
iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa.

I?e ionoonoaee oaeeo aeaiiuo a aeiaiai?a oneiaea i iaaeaeaeeiii
eiouanoaa, iiaeeaaeauai ia?aaea/a, n/eoaaony ia niaeaniaaiiui noi?iiaie,
a aeiaiai? i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe – iacaeeth/aiiui. Eae oaea
ioia/aeinue, iaaeaeaeeiinoue – yoi, i?aaeaea anaai caiaeueiua o/anoee e
oi, /oi ia?ac?uaii naycaii n caieae. Ia?aoiae a ?acoeueoaoa eniieiaiey
aeiaiai?a eoiee – i?iaeaaee caeaiey, no?iaiey eee eiie iaaeaeaeeiinoe,
iaoiaeyuaeny ia caiaeueiii o/anoea, iaecaaaeii aea/ao eciaiaiea
i?aaiioiioaiee e ii iiaiaeo caiaeueiiai o/anoea. E iai?ioea, anee
i?iaeaaony caiaeueiue o/anoie, eciaiythony i?aaiioiioaiey ii iiaiaeo
iaoiaeyuaainy ia iai iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa. Eiaeaen niaea?aeeo /aoeea
i?aaeea, ?aaoee?othuea oaeiai ?iaea eciaiaiey (noaouee 552 e 553).
Iieoiaoaeue caeaiey, nii?oaeaiey eee eiie iaaeaeaeeiinoe iaeiia?aiaiii n
ia?aaea/ae aio i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia oeacaiiua iauaeou iieo/aao i?aaa e
ia oo /anoue caiaeueiiai o/anoea, eioi?ay caiyoa yoie iaaeaeaeeiinoueth
e iaiaoiaeeia aeey aa eniieueciaaiey. I?e?iaea yoeo i?aa caaeneo io
oiai, yaeyaony ee i?iaeaaaoe iaaeaeaeeiinoe nianoaaiieeii
niioaaonoaothuaai caiaeueiiai o/anoea. A aeaiiii neo/aa ia?aaeaaaaiia
iieoiaoaeth i?aai ia caiaeueiue o/anoie ii?aaeaeyaony aeiaiai?ii (i?aai
nianoaaiiinoe, i?aai a?aiaeu e o.i.). Anee aea a aeiaiai?a ionoonoaoao
oneiaea i ia?aaeaaaaiii iieoiaoaeth i?aaa ia caiaeueiue o/anoie, ii
noaiiaeony nianoaaiieeii oie /anoe caiaeueiiai o/anoea, eioi?ay caiyoa
i?iaeaiiie aio iaaeaeaeeiinoueth e iaiaoiaeeia aeey aa eniieueciaaiey.
I?e i?iaeaaea iaaeaeaeeiinoe, iaoiaeyuaeny ia caiaeueiii o/anoea, ia
i?eiaaeeaaeauai i?iaeaaoeo ia i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe, iieoiaoaeue
iaaeaeaeeiinoe iieo/aao i?aai iieueciaaiey niioaaonoaothuae /anoueth
caiaeueiiai o/anoea ia oao aea oneiaeyo, /oi e i?iaeaaaoe
iaaeaeaeeiinoe. I?aaaea, neaaeoao eiaoue a aeaeo, /oi caeiiii eee
aeiaiai?ii iaaeaeo i?iaeaaoeii e nianoaaiieeii caiee iiaoo auoue
i?aaeoniio?aiu oneiaey iieueciaaiey caiaeueiui o/anoeii, ia iicaieythuea
i?iaeaaeo iaoiaeyuaeny ia caiaeueiii o/anoea iaaeaeaeeiinoe eeai
aeiioneathuea yoi oieueei n niaeaney nianoaaiieea caiee. Oaeei ia?acii,
oneiaea aeiaiai?a i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe, i?iaeaaaoe ii eioi?iio
iaeiia?aiaiii yaeyaony nianoaaiieeii caiaeueiiai o/anoea, i
ia?aaeaaaaiuo iieoiaoaeth i?aaao ia niioaaonoaothuee caiaeueiue o/anoie
ioiineony e nouanoaaiiui oneiaeyi oaeiai aeiaiai?a, ii?aaeaeaiiui
aeeniiceoeaiie ii?iie.

I?e ionoonoaee a oaenoa aeiaiai?a (“aeiaiai?a – aeieoiaioa”)
niioaaonoaothuaai ioieoa aeiaiai?, oai ia iaiaa, aeieaeai n/eoaoueny
caeeth/aiiui, iineieueeo iaiaoiaeeiia nouanoaaiiia oneiaea niaea?aeeony
a aeiaiai?a (“aeiaiai?a – i?aaiioiioaiee”) a oii aeaea, eae iii
ii?aaeaeaii aeeniiceoeaiie ii?iie (i. 2 no. 552 AE ?O). A oao aea
neo/ayo, eiaaea i?iaeaaaoe iaaeaeaeeiinoe ia yaeyaony nianoaaiieeii
caiaeueiiai o/anoea, oneiaea i i?aaao ia caiaeueiue o/anoie ia ioiineony
e nouanoaaiiui oneiaeyi aeiaiai?a, a i?aaeei i i?aaao ia caiaeueiue
o/anoie, eioi?ua ia?aoiaeyo e iieoiaoaeth iaaeaeaeeiinoe, ii?aaeaeaii
eiia?aoeaiie ii?iie e iaoiaeeony ca ?aieaie aeiaiai?a i?iaeaaee
iaaeaeaeeiinoe “. Ia iniiaaiee /aai iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae i
iaiaoiaeeiinoe oneiaey i i?aaeiaoa. Oaeaea iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi:
“Eiaaea i?aaeiaoii aeiaiai?a eoiee – i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe, iai?ioea,
yaeyaony caiaeueiue o/anoie, a iaoiaeyuayny ia iai iaaeaeaeeiinoue
inoaaony a nianoaaiiinoe o i?iaeaaoea, oneiaey iieueciaaiey i?iaeaaoeii
/anoueth caiaeueiiai o/anoea, caiyoie iaaeaeaeeiinoueth, ii?aaeaeythony
aeiaiai?ii eoiee – i?iaeaaee. Anee aeiaiai? ia niaea?aeeo oaeeo oneiaee,
i?iaeaaaoe iieo/aao i?aai ia?aie/aiiiai iieueciaaiey (na?aeooo) oie
/anoueth caiaeueiiai o/anoea, eioi?ay caiyoa iaaeaeaeeiinoueth e
iaiaoiaeeia aeey aa iieueciaaiey”.

I?aaeea ii?aaeaeaiey oeaiu, i?aaeoniio?aiiua i. 3 no. 424 AE, niaeanii
eioi?ui i?e ionoonoaee a aiciacaeiii aeiaiai?a oneiaey i oeaia
eniieiaiea aeiaiai?a aeieaeii iiea/eaaoueny ii oeaia, eioi?ay iau/ii
aceiaaony ca aiaeiae/iua oiaa?u, a oaeeo aeiaiai?ao ia i?eiaiythony. A
neo/aa ionoonoaey a aeiaiai?a oi/ii ii?aaeaeaiiuo aeaiiuo i i?aaeiaoa,
oeaia iaaeaeaeeiinoe, iiaeeaaeauae ia?aaea/a, oneiaey i ieo n/eoathony
ia niaeaniaaiiuie noi?iiaie, a aeiaiai? n/eoaaony iacaeeth/aiiui (/. 2
no. 554, /. 2 i. 1 no. 555 AE).

Oeacaiiay a aeiaiai?a oeaia iaaeaeaeeiinoe, eioi?ay iaoiaeeony ia
caiaeueiii o/anoea, aeeth/aao oeaio ia?aaeaaaaiie n yoie
iaaeaeaeeiinoueth niioaaonoaothuae /anoe caiaeueiiai o/anoea eee i?aaa
ia iaa, anee eiia ia onoaiiaeaii caeiiii eee aeiaiai?ii (i. 2 no. 555
AE) .

Eae ioia/aeinue ?aiaa: “Ia?aoiae i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue
ii ?anniao?eaaaiiio aeiaiai?o e iieoiaoaeth iiaeeaaeeo ainoaea?noaaiiie
?aaeno?aoeee. Eniieiaiea aai aei yoiai iiiaioa ia iiaeao neoaeeoue
iniiaaieai aeey eciaiaiey ioiioaiee noi?ii aeiaiai?a n o?aoueeie
eeoeaie. I?e oeeiiaiee iaeiie ec noi?ii aeiaiai?a io ?aaeno?aoeee
ia?aoiaea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue noae eiaao i?aai ii
eneo ae?oaie noi?iiu i?eiyoue ?aoaiea i oaeie ?aaeno?aoeee (i.3 no.551
AE). A yoii neo/aa naeaeea ?aaeno?e?oaony ia iniiaaiee ?aoaiey noaea.
Noi?iia, eioi?ay iaiainiiaaiii oeeiiyeanue io ainoaea?noaaiiie
?aaeno?aoeee ia?aoiaea i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe, iaycaia aicianoeoue ae?oaie
noi?iia oauoee, i?e/eiaiiua caaea?aeeie ?aaeno?aoeee (i.3 no.551 AE) “.

“Nouanoaoao iniaaiiinoue e a eniieiaiee yoiai aeiaiai?a: ia?aaea/a
i?iaeaaoeii e i?eiyoea iieoiaoaeai i?aaeiaoa aeiaiai?a i?iecaiaeeony ii
ia?aaeaoi/iiio aeoo eee eiiio aeieoiaioo i ia?aaea/a, eioi?ua aeieaeiu
auoue iiaeienaiu noi?iiaie; iaycaiiinoue ii ia?aaea/a iaaeaeaeeiinoe
iieoiaoaeth i?eciaaony eniieiaiiie iinea a?o/aiey aa iieoiaoaeth e
iiaeienaiey noi?iiaie niioaaonoaothuaai aeieoiaioa ia yoii; oeeiiaiea
iaeiie ec noi?ii io iiaeienaiey iacaaiiiai auoa aeieoiaioa
?anniao?eaaaony eae ioeac yoie noi?iiu io auiieiaiey aeiaiai?a. A
ioee/ea io i. 1 no. 475 AE, anee iieoiaoaeue i?eiye iaaeaeaeeiinoue,
eioi?ay ia niioaaonoaoao oneiaeyi aeiaiai?a, a oii /enea a neo/aa,
eiaaea yoi ianiioaaonoaea iaiai?aii a aeieoiaioa i ia?aaea/a
iaaeaeaeeiinoe, yoi ia inaiaiaeaeaao i?iaeaaoea io ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca
iaiaaeeaaeauaa eniieiaiea aeiaiai?a (no. 556 AE) “.

I?ioanni? Aeo?yineee ioia/aao oae aea: “A /anoiinoe, a iiaeiaiuo neo/ayo
aiciiaeii i?eiaiaiea noaouee 398 AE ?O, niaeanii eioi?ie a neo/aa
iaeniieiaiey iaycaoaeuenoaa ia?aaeaoue eiaeeaeaeoaeueioth aauue
e?aaeeoi?o iineaaeiee ai?aaa o?aaiaaoue ioia?aiey yoie aaue o aeieaeieea
e ia?aaea/e aa e?aaeeoi?o ia i?aaeoniio?aiiuo iaycaoaeuenoaii oneiaeyo.
Aianoi o?aaiaaiey ia?aaeaoue aio aauue, yaeythuothny i?aaeiaoii
iaycaoaeuenoaa, e?aaeeoi? ai?aaa iio?aaiaaoue aiciauaiey oauoeia.
Niaoeeaeueiia i?aaeei i?eiaieoaeueii e aeiaiai?o i?iaeaaee
iaaeaeaeeiinoe onoaiiaeaii AE ?O eeoue a ioiioaiee iineaaenoaee
ia?aaea/e iaaeaeaeeiinoe iaiaaeeaaeauaai ea/anoaa”.

Yoe i?aaeea iai?aaeaiu ia oneeaiea caueou i?aa iieoiaoaey
iaaeaeaeeiinoe.

I?e ia?aaea/a iieoiaoaeth iaaeaeaeeiinoe, eioi?ay ia niioaaonoaoao
oneiaeyi aeiaiai?a i aa ea/anoaa, aeieaeiu i?eiaiyoueny i?aaeea no. 475
AE, niaeanii eioi?ui iieoiaoaeue ii naiaio auai?o eiaao i?aai
iio?aaiaaoue io i?iaeaaoea: ni?acia?iiai oiaiueoaiey iieoiiie oeaiu;
aacaiciacaeiiai ono?aiaiey iaaeinoaoeia eiouanoaa a ?acoiiue n?ie;
aiciauaiey naieo ?anoiaeia ia ono?aiaiea iaaeinoaoeia eiouanoaa (i. 1
no. 475 AE).

Anee ia?ooaiey o?aaiaaiee e ea/anoao yaeythony nouanoaaiiuie
(iaono?aieiuie, o?aaotho iani?acia?iuo ?anoiaeia eee cao?ao a?aiaie e o.
i.), iieoiaoaeue ai?aaa ioeacaoueny io eniieiaiey aeiaiai?a
eoiee-i?iaeaaee e iio?aaiaaoue aica?aoa oiea/aiiie noiiu. A oaeeo
neo/ayo niaeanii no. 557 AE i?eiaiyaony i?aaeei i i?aaa iieoiaoaey
iio?aaiaaoue caiaiu eiouanoaa iaiaaeeaaeauaai ea/anoaa ia eiouanoai,
niioaaonoaothuaa aeiaiai?o .

Ia yoii oiiieiae e Aeo?yineee. I?e i?iaeaaea iaaeaeaeeiinoe aicieeaao
aii?in i noaeueaa caiaeueiiai o/anoea, ia eioi?ii iia iaoiaeeony. A
Eiaeaena aeaiiue aii?in ?aoai neaaeothuei ia?acii: i?e i?iaeaaea
iaaeaeaeeiinoe iieoiaoaeth iaeiia?aiaiii n ia?aaea/ae i?aaa
nianoaaiiinoe ia iaa aeieaeiu ia?aaeaaaoueny i?aaa ia oo /anoue
caiaeueiiai o/anoea, eioi?ay caiyoa iaaeaeaeeiinoueth e iaiaoiaeeia aeey
aa eniieueciaaiey.

Anee i?iaeaaaoe yaeyaony nianoaaiieeii caiaeueiiai o/anoea, iieoiaoaeth
ia?aaeaaony i?aai nianoaaiiinoe ia iaai eeai i?aaeinoaaeyaony i?aai
a?aiaeu eee i?aaeoniio?aiiia aeiaiai?ii i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe eiia
i?aai ia niioaaonoaothuoth /anoue caiaeueiiai o/anoea. Eiaaea aea a
aeiaiai?a i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe ia ii?aaeaeaii i?aai iieoiaoaey ia
ia?aaeaaaaiue aio caiaeueiue o/anoie, e iaio ia?aoiaeeo i?aai
nianoaaiiinoe ia oo /anoue caiaeueiiai o/anoea, eioi?ay caiyoa
iaaeaeaeeiinoueth e iaiaoiaeeia aeey aa eniieueciaaiey (i. 2 no. 552
AE?O).

A oao neo/ayo, eiaaea i?iaeaaaoe iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa ia yaeyaony
nianoaaiieeii caiaeueiiai o/anoea, ia eioi?ii iia ?aniieiaeaia, ii
ai?aaa i?iaeaoue aa aac niaeaney nianoaaiieea o/anoea, anee yoi ia
i?ioeai?a/eo oneiaeyi iieueciaaiey o/anoeii, i?aaeoniio?aiiui caeiiii
eee aeiaiai?ii. Iieoiaoaeue a oaeii neo/aa i?eia?aoaao i?aai
iieueciaaiey niioaaonoaothuae /anoueth caiaeueiiai o/anoea ia oao aea
oneiaeyo, /oi e i?iaeaaaoe iaaeaeaeeiinoe (i. 3 no. 552 AE). Ai?i/ai, y
oiiieiae ia yoii ?aiaa.

I?ioanni? Oeeaoeaiei ienae: “I?e i?iaeaaea caiaeueiiai o/anoea, ia
eioi?ii iaoiaeeony iaaeaeaeeiinoue i?iaeaaoea, aac ia?aaea/e aa a
nianoaaiiinoue iieoiaoaey i?iaeaaaoe nio?aiyao i?aai iieueciaaiey
/anoueth caiaeueiiai o/anoea, caiyoie iaaeaeaeeiinoueth e iaiaoiaeeiie
aeey aa eniieueciaaiey, ia oneiaeyo, onoaiiaeaiiuo aeiaiai?ii i?iaeaaee.
Anee oaeea oneiaey ionoonoaotho, ca i?iaeaaoeii nio?aiyaony i?aai
ia?aie/aiiiai iieueciaaiey (na?aeooo) /anoueth caiaeueiiai o/anoea,
iaoiaeyuaeny iiae iaaeaeaeeiinoueth e iaiaoiaeeiie aeey aa
eniieueciaaiey ii iacia/aieth (no. 553 AE). Ii?aaeaeaiiuie iniaaiiinoyie
ioee/aaony aeiaiai? i?iaeaaee aeeeuo iiiauaiee. Iie ninoiyo a oii, /oi
nouanoaaiiui oneiaeai aeiaiai?a i?iaeaaee aeeeiai aeiia, eaa?oe?u eee eo
/anoe, a eioi?uo i?iaeeaatho eeoea, nio?aiythuea ii caeiio i?aai
iieueciaaiey yoei aeeeui iiiauaieai iinea aai i?eia?aoaiey iieoiaoaeai,
yaeyaony ia?a/aiue yoeo eeoe n oeacaieai eo i?aa ia iieueciaaiea
i?iaeaaaaiui aeeeui iiiauaieai (i. 1 no. 558 AE). E oaeei eeoeai
ioiinyony: /eaiu naiuee auaoaai nianoaaiieea, eioi?ua inoaeenue
i?iaeeaaoue a i?iaeaiiii aeeeuea (no. 292 AE ?O); iaieiaoaeue aeeeuey e
iinoiyiii i?iaeeaathuea n iei a?aaeaeaia, oeacaiiua a no. 677 AE;
iiaeiaieiaoaeue aeeeiai iiiauaiey aei enoa/aiey n?iea aeiaiai?a (no.
675, 685 AE). I?e i?iaeaaea aeeeiai aeiia, ioiinyuaainy e
ainoaea?noaaiiiio eee ioieoeeiaeueiiio aeeeeuiiio oiiaeo nioeeaeueiiai
iacia/aiey, a ia?a/aiue aeieaeiu aeeth/aoueny iaieiaoaeue e /eaiu aai
naiuee, iiaeiaieiaoaeue a i?aaeaeao n?iea aeaenoaey aeiaiai?a iaeia
aeeeuey (no. 672, 685 AE).” Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi niaeanii /. 3 no. 19
Caeiia ?O io 24 aeaeaa?y 1992 aiaea “Ia iniiaao oaaea?aeueiie aeeeeuiie
iieeoeee” ia aeiioneaaony i?iaeaaea eiui eeoeai canaeaiiuo eaa?oe? e
aeiiia ainoaea?noaaiiiai, ioieoeeiaeueiiai e iauanoaaiiiai aeeeeuiuo
oiiaeia aac niaeaney i?iaeeaathueo a ieo niaa?oaiiieaoieo a?aaeaeai.

Io/oaeaeaiea aeeeiai iiiauaiey, a eioi?ii i?iaeeaatho ianiaa?oaiiieaoiea
/eaiu naiuee nianoaaiieea, aeiioneaaony n niaeaney i?aaia iiaee e
iiia/eoaeuenoaa (i. 4 no. 292 AE).

Oaeea i?aaeea, eae ?aiaa ioia/aeinue onoaiiaeaiu ec – ca oeaeaaiai
iacia/aiey oaeeo iauaeoia iaaeaeaeeiinoe. “A ioee/ea io ae?oaeo
aeiaiai?ia i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa aeiaiai? eoiee-i?iaeaaee
aeeeiai aeiia, eaa?oe?u eee eo /anoe iiaeeaaeeo ainoaea?noaaiiie
?aaeno?aoeee e i?eciaaony caeeth/aiiui oieueei n iiiaioa oaeie
?aaeno?aoeee (i. 2 no. 558 AE). A aeaiiii neo/aa iaycaoaeueia
?aaeno?aoeey naiiai aeiaiai?a, /oiau ii iia n/eoaoueny caeeth/aiiui e
aeaenoaeoaeueiui, a oaea iinea yoiai eee iaeiia?aiaiii n yoei
i?iecaiaeeony ainoaea?noaaiiay ?aaeno?aoeey ia?aoiaea i?aaa
nianoaaiiinoe ia i?eia?aoaiiue aeeeie aeii, eaa?oe?o. Ii aeiaiai?o
i?iaeaaee ae?oaeo aeaeia iaaeaeaeeiiai eiouanoaa iiaeeaaeeo
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee ia?aoiae e iieoiaoaeth i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe
ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue, a ia nai aeiaiai? aa i?iaeaaee (i. 1 no. 551 AE)”.

A nayce n yoei a ioee/ea io aeiaiai?a i?iaeaaee aeeeiai iiiauaiey
aeiaiai? i?iaeaaee eiie iaaeaeaeeiinoe i?eciaaony caeeth/aiiui a iiiaio
aai iiaeienaiey noi?iiaie eae aaeeiiai aeieoiaioa (i. 2 no. 434 AE).
I?aai nianoaaiiinoe o iieoiaoaey iaaeaeaeeiinoe aicieeaao n iiiaioa
ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee ia?aoiaea yoiai i?aaa (i. 2 no. 223 AE).

I?e i?iaeaaea aeiee a iauae aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe ia iaaeaeaeeiia
eiouanoai e ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee i?aaa ia iaa e cayaeaieth i
?aaeno?aoeee ni noi?iiu ae?oaeo ninianoaaiieeia aeieaeiu auoue
i?eeiaeaiu eo ienueiaiiua niaeaney, eioi?ua ioi?ieythony eaaeaeui ec ieo
a i?aaia, i?iecaiaeyuai ainoaea?noaaiioth ?aaeno?aoeeth i?aa, eee
iioa?eaeueii caaa?ythony. Eiaaea iao niaeaney anao ninianoaaiieeia,
?aaeno?aoi? i?aa iaycai i?einoaiiaeoue ?aaeno?aoeeth ia aeaa ianyoea e
iai?aaeoue ecaauaiey ia yoii anai ninianoaaiieeai, eioi?ua ia au?aceee
naiaai niaeaney. Anee ninianoaaiieee a oa/aiea oeacaiiiai n?iea ia
ioi?iyo naie aic?aaeaiey a onoaiiaeaiiii caeiiii ii?yaeea, ?aaeno?aoeey
i?aaa ia aeieth a iauae aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe i?iaiaeeony aac eo
niaeaney. Aicieeoee a nayce n oaeeie aic?aaeaieyie nii? iaaeaeo
ninianoaaiieeaie aeieaeai ?ac?aoaoueny noaeii.

“?anii?yaeaiea eiouanoaii, eioi?ia iaoiaeeony a aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe,
niaeanii caeiio aeieaeii inouanoaeyoueny ii niaeaoaieth anao aa
o/anoieeia (i. 1 no. 246 AE). Aianoa n oai o/anoiee oaeie nianoaaiiinoe
eiaao i?aai ii naiaio oniio?aieth ?anii?yaeeoueny naiae aeieae –
i?iaeaoue, iiaea?eoue, caaauaoue, ioaeaoue a caeia eeai ?anii?yaeeoueny
eiui ia?acii. Iaeiaei i?e aiciacaeiii io/oaeaeaiee oaeie aeiee
ninianoaaiiee iaycai niaethnoe i?aaeoniio?aiiia no. 250 AE i?aaeei i
i?aeiouanoaaiiii i?aaa iieoiee io/oaeaeaaiie aeiee.

Yoi i?aai caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi i?e i?iaeaaea oeacaiiie aeiee
iinoi?iiiaio eeoeo inoaeueiua o/anoieee aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe eiatho
i?aeiouanoaaiiia i?aai iieoiee i?iaeaaaaiie aeiee ii oeaia, ca eioi?oth
iia i?iaeaaony, e ia i?i/eo ?aaiuo oneiaeyo, e?iia neo/ay i?iaeaaee n
ioaee/iuo oi?aia (i. 1 no. 250 AE). I?iaeaaaoe oaeie aeiee aeieaeai
niiaueoue ienueiaiii inoaeueiui ninianoaaiieeai i iaia?aiee i?iaeaoue
naith aeieth iinoi?iiiaio eeoeo n oeacaieai oeaiu e ae?oaeo oneiaee aa
i?iaeaaee. Anee iineaaeiea ioeaaeoony io iieoiee eee ia i?eia?aooo
i?iaeaaaaioth aeieth a i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe ia iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai a
oa/aiea ianyoea, i?iaeaaaoe eiaao i?aai i?iaeaoue naith aeieth ethaiio
eeoeo. Eiaaea aea aeiey i?iaeaia n ia?ooaieai i?aeiouanoaaiiiai i?aaa
iieoiee, ethaie ae?oaie ninianoaaiiee ai?aaa a oa/aiea o?ao ianyoeaa
o?aaiaaoue /a?ac noae ia?aaiaea ia iaai i?aa e iaycaiiinoae iieoiaoaey.

I?e ia?auaiee iaeiiai ec ninianoaaiieeia n cayaeaieai i ainoaea?noaaiiie
?aaeno?aoeee ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey aeieae a i?aaa iauae nianoaaiiinoe
iaiaoiaeeiui oneiaeai aeey yoiai yaeyaony iaee/ea ienueiaiiiai niaeaney
eiuo ninianoaaiieeia, /uee aeiee a i?aaa iauae aeieaaie nianoaaiiinoe
ia?a?ani?aaeaeythony, anee eiia ia onoaiiaeaii caeiiii eee aeiaiai?ii
iaaeaeo ninianoaaiieeaie.

?anii?yaeaiea eiouanoaii, eioi?ia iaoiaeeony a iauae niaianoiie
nianoaaiiinoe (eiouanoai noi?oaia, /eaiia e?anoueyineiai oicyenoaa),
inouanoaeyaony ii niaeaneth anao o/anoieeia, eioi?ia i?aaeiieaaaaony
iacaaeneii io oiai, eai ec o/anoieeia niaa?oaaony naeaeea ii
?anii?yaeaieth eiouanoaii. Iaeiaei i?aaeei yoi i?eiaiyaony iinoieueeo,
iineieueeo aeey ioaeaeueiuo aeaeia niaianoiie nianoaaiiinoe
A?aaeaeaineei eiaeaenii eee ae?oaeie caeiiaie ia i?aaeoniio?aii eiia (i.
4 no. 253 AE). A eneeth/aiea ec i?eaaaeaiiuo auoa i?aaee eiua i?aaeea
onoaiiaeaiu Naiaeiui eiaeaenii ?O .” “Niaeanii i. 3 no. 35 Naiaeiiai
eiaeaena ?O aeey niaa?oaiey iaeiei ec noi?oaia naeaeee ii ?anii?yaeaieth
iaaeaeaeeiui eiouanoaii e naeaeee, eioi?ay o?aaoao iioa?eaeueiiai
oaeinoiaa?aiey e (eee) ?aaeno?aoeee a i?aaeoniio?aiiii caeiiii ii?yaeea,
iaiaoiaeeii iieo/eoue iioa?eaeueii oaeinoiaa?aiiia niaeanea ae?oaiai
noi?oaa. A i?ioeaiii neo/aa noi?oa, /uea iioa?eaeueii oaeinoiaa?aiiia
niaeanea ia auei iieo/aii, eiaao i?aai iio?aaiaaoue /a?ac noae i?eciaiey
naeaeee iaaeaenoaeoaeueiie a oa/aiea aiaea ni aeiy, eiaaea ii ociae eee
aeieaeai aue ociaoue i niaa?oaiee oaeie naeaeee.

Ainoaea?noaaiiay ?aaeno?aoeey aicieeiiaaiey, ia?aoiaea e i?ae?auaiey
i?aaa iauae niaianoiie nianoaaiiinoe ia iaaeaeaeeiinoue i?iecaiaeeony ia
iniiaaiee cayaeaiey iaeiiai ec i?aaiiaeaaeaoaeae, anee
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?O eeai niaeaoaieai iaaeaeo i?aaiiaeaaeaoaeyie ia
onoaiiaeaii eiia (i. 3 no. 24 Caeiia).” A caeeth/aiee ii yoiio aii?ino
iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi aaconeiaii ?aaeno?aoeey i?aa ia
iaaeaeaeeiinoue e naeaeie n iae – i?ioeaaeo?a aeinoaoi/ii neiaeiay, ii
iaiaoiaeeiay. Neiaeiinoue yoie i?ioeaaeo?u iaoneiaeaia iniaui i?aaiaui
noaoonii iaaeaeaeeiinoe, /oi a naith i/a?aaeue iaoneiaeaii iiauoaiiie
aaaeiinoueth iauaeoia iaaeaeaeeiinoe a iauanoaaiiuo ioiioaieyo iaaeaeo
noauaeoaie a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa, a neaaeiaaoaeueii e aeecie iauanoaa a
oeaeii.

N?aco iaiaa?eaathnue, oae eae oaia, eioi?oth y aua?aea, yaeyaony i/aiue
iau?iiie, y ?anniao?eaaea oieueei aeiaiai? eoiee i?iaeaaee
iaaeaeaeeiinoe ec-ca oiai, /oi ii, ii iiaio iiaieth, yaeyaony iaeaieaa
aaaeiui, /oi eanaaony ae?oaeo naeaeie n iaaeaeaeeiinoueth, oi iieiaeaiey
ii iei yaeythony ai – iiiaii aiaeiae/iuie.

Nienie eeoa?aoo?u

1. Iinoaiiaeaiea I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O io 18 oaa?aey 1998 a. N 219 “Ia
ooaa?aeaeaiee I?aaee aaaeaiey Aaeeiiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai ?aano?a i?aa ia
iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai e naeaeie n iei”.

2. A?aaeaeaineia i?aai: O/aaiee: A 2-o o.: 2-a ecae. / Ioa. ?aae. A.A.
Nooaiia. I., 2000. O. 1. N. 485.

3. Aeo?yineee A.A. Aeiaiai? i?iaeaaee iaaeaeaeeiinoe // Aanoiee AAN ?O.
2000. N 9. N. 78-80.

4. A?aaeaeaineia i?aai: O/aaiee: A 2-o o.: 2-a ecae. / Ioa. ?aae. A.A.
Nooaiia. O. 1. N. 187.

5. Caiaeueiue eiaeaen ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee io 25 ieoya?y 2001a. N
136-OC

6. Oaaea?aeueiue caeii io 21 ethey 1997 a. N 118-OC “I noaeaaiuo
i?enoaaao”.

7. Oaaea?aeueiue caeii io 16 ethey 1998 a. N 102-OC “Ia eiioaea (caeiaa
iaaeaeaeeiinoe)” (n eci. e aeii. io 9 iiya?y 2001 a.).

8. Aacaoa ‘Oeiainiaua Ecaanoey’. – 01.12.2003

9. Oeeaoeaiei C. Naeaeee n iaaeaeaeeiinoueth e eo ?aaeno?aoeey.
Oicyenoai e i?aai 1998a. ?2.

10. www.jurqa.hut.ru/all.docs/g/a/ocz9ter7.html.

11. www.juristy.ru/statii/civlaw/civlaw2.htm.

12. www.finiz.ru/tmpl-print/id_art-705712

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