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Iiiyoea, enoi/ieee e ianoi th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee eae iaoee e
o/aaiie aeenoeeieeiu

Niaea?aeaiea

1. Iiiyoea th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee eae iaoee e o/aaiie aeenoeeieeiu:
aa i?aaeiao

2. Enoi?e/aneea enoi/ieee th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee eae iaoee e
th?eaee/aneie aeenoeeieeiu

3. Ianoi th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee a nenoaia th?eaee/aneeo iaoe

1. Iiiyoea th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee eae iaoee e o/aaiie aeenoeeieeiu:
aa i?aaeiao

TH?eaee/aneay aeaiioieiaey – yoi io?aneue th?eaee/aneie iaoee e o/aaiay
aeenoeeieeia, eioi?ay i?aaenoaaeyao niaie iaiauaiioth nenoaio ciaiee i
eiaeaena i?ioanneiiaeueiiai iiaaaeaiey th?enoa.

Anyeay iaoea iiaeao ?anniao?eaaoueny, ai-ia?auo, eae enneaaeiaaoaeueneay
aeayoaeueiinoue; ai-aoi?uo, eae ?acoeueoao yoie aeayoaeueiinoe, o.a.
ciaiey i i?aaeiaoa enneaaeiaaiey. Aeaiioieiaey – iaoea i iienea iooe
oi?ie?iaaiey yooaeoeaiiai ?acoeueoaoa iauaiey th?enoa eae n eieeaaaie,
oae e n oaie, eiio ii i?aaeinoaaeyao naie oneoae, eiai ii aeieaeai
ianeoaeeaaoue a i?ioeanna ?aaeecaoeee naiaai i?aaiaiai noaoona
niaoeeaeenoa-i?ioanneiiaea. Aeaiioieiaey – yoi e ?acoeueoao iaiauaiee i
nenoaia ciaiee ia eneonnoaa iauaiey e i?eiyoee i?aaeeueiiai ?aoaiey a
th?eaee/aneie i?aeoeea.

Aeaiioieiaey eae iaoea i?ienoiaeeo io neia a?a/aneiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey
“aeaii”- ?iaeeoaeueiue iaaeaae neiaa “ioaeiia, aeieaeiia” e “eiain” –
o/aiea, o.a. o/aiea i aeieaeiii. Neieueei-ieaoaeue nouanoaaiiiai
?acee/ey a niuneiaii niaea?aeaiee oa?ieiia “th?eaee/aneee” e “i?aaiaie”
iao, iiyoiio iie iiaoo oiio?aaeyoueny eae acaeiicaiaiyaiua. ?acieoea
eeoue a oii, /oi oa?iei “th?eaee/aneee” – no?iaee, ioeoeeaeueiue, a
“i?aaiaie” ianao aieaa aeoaieoth yoe/aneoth e ii?aeueioth iaa?oceo.

TH?eaee/aneay aeaiioieiaey eae io?aneue iao/iiai ciaiey eiaao naie
i?aaeiao, iaoiaeu, oeaeue e caaea/e enneaaeiaaiey.

Iiiyoeeiue aiia?ao th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee eae o/aaiie aeenoeeieeiu
yaea iiiyoeeiiai aiia?aoa th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee eae iaoee.
Aeinoeaeaiey iineaaeiae neoaeao iniiaie aeey ?acaeoey e
niaa?oainoaiaaiey ia?aie.

Aiaeec th?eaee/aneie eeoa?aoo?u iieacuaaao, /oi iaeiicia/iiai
ii?aaeaeaiey iiiyoey th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee iiea ia nouanoaoao. A
oieeiaaiee yoiai iiiyoey iaiaoeeenue oaeea iiaeoiaeu:

– th?eaee/aneay aeaiioieiaey (a oceii niunea) – iaoea i i?eiaiaiee iaueo
ii?i ii?aee a niaoeeoe/aneeo oneiaeyo aeayoaeueiinoe
th?enoia-i?ioanneiiaeia;

– th?eaee/aneay aeaiioieiaey (a oe?ieii niunea) – iaoea, aiaeece?othuay
ia oieueei ii?aeueiua, ii e ineoieiae/aneea, iieeoe/aneea,
i?ioanneiiaeueiua, yoe/aneea, ynoaoe/aneea o?aaiaaiey, eioi?ua
?aaeaiaioe?otho ioiioaiea niaoeeaeenoa e iauaeoo o?oaea – eeeaioo, a
oaeaea e naiei eieeaaai, e iaania/eaatho a oeaeii ?aaeei iaeaieaa
iioeiaeueiiai e aa?aioe?iaaiiiai iiaaaeaiey eeoe a ninoiyiee eo
acaeiicaaeneiinoe.

?acoiaaony, th?eaee/aneoth aeaiioieiaeth iaeuecy naiaeeoue e
oceii?ioanneiiaeueiui o?aaiaaieyi, e th?enou-i?ioanneiiaeu, eae e eeoea
ae?oaeo i?ioannee, aeieaeiu ?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny iauei iiiyoeai yoeee:
auoue aieiaoaeueiuie ae?oao e ae?oao, /anoiuie, i?aaaeeauie, aoiaiiuie,
iocua/eauie, aeooaaiuie e o.ae. Iaeiaei yoe ea/anoaa o
th?enoia-i?ioanneiiaeia eiatho naith niaoeeoeeo e ithainu. *ooeinoue,
aoiaiiinoue i?eia?aoatho a aunoae noaiaie aeieaeiue oa?aeoa?, yaeythony
ia?ie ii?aeueiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe. A aeayoaeueiinoe ethaeae eiuo
i?ioannee /ooeinoue, aoiaiiinoue iinyo ianeieueei eiie oa?aeoa?, /ai o
th?enoa. O th?enoa iie ii?aaeaeythony niaoeeoeeie aeayoaeueiinoe
eaaeaeie ec th?eaee/aneeo niaoeeaeueiinoae: aaeaieaoa, i?ieo?i?a,
noaeuee, neaaeiaaoaey, iioa?eona, th?eneiinoeueoa e ae?.

Iniaaiiinoue i?ioannee th?enoa ninoieo a oii, /oi ii iinoiyiii
noaeeeaaaony n iaiaoiaeeiinoueth ?aoaoue (e ii?ie a n/eoaiiua ieioou)
neiaeiaeoea i?iaeaiu, ca eioi?uie noiyo aeeciue e /anoue eeeaioa.
I?eiyoea th?eaee/aneeo ?aoaiee o?aaoao io i?ioanneiiaea-th?enoa
aieueoiai iai?yaeaiey ii?aeueiuo nee, iiaeeecaoeee iiuoa e ciaiee,
aeoaieiai iiieiaiey noaiaie ioaaonoaaiiinoe ia?aae eeeaioii,
eieeaeoeaii, a eioi?ii ii ?aaioaao, iaeiiaoe, ia?aae iauanoaii.

Oieueei naycaa o?aaiaaiey, i?aaeuyaeyaiua e th?enoai-i?ioanneiiaeai
?acee/iuo niaoeeaeueiinoae, niioaaonoaothueie noi?iiaie eo oeie/iiai
i?iyaeaiey e i?eaeaa ei ii?aaeaeaiioth nenoaiaoecaoeeth, iiaeii
nicaeaoue iaiauaiioth nenoaio ciaiee i eiaeaena i?ioanneiiaeueiiai
iiaaaeaiey th?enoa, ia iioeiaeueiii naiaea i?aaee, eioi?uie aeieaeai
iaeaaeaoue e ?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny th?eno. Yoei e i?ecaaia caieiaoueny
iaoea th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee.

Iniaaiiinoue th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee ninoieo a oii, /oi iia
oa?aeoa?ecoao th?eni?oaeaioeeth neaicue i?ecio th?eaee/aneie i?ioannee e
aeayoaeueiinoe ee/iinoe th?enoa.

I?aaeiao th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee – iioeiaeueiue naiae i?aaee,
eioi?uie aeieaeai iaeaaeaoue e ?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny th?eno, nenoaia
ineoe/aneeo, i?aaiauo, iieeoe/aneeo, yoe/aneeo, ynoaoe/aneeo
ii?i-o?aaiaaiee, a niaieoiiinoe ii?aaeaeythueo i?aaiaie ?aaeei
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai iauaiey th?enoa n eieeaaaie e eeeaioaie (aoiinoa?o
acaeiiioiioaiee ii eeiee “th?eno-a?aaeaeaiei”), aai i?ioanneiiaeueiia
iiaaaeaiea.

I?aaeiao th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee – yoi ia noiia i?aaeiaoia
th?eni?oaeaioeee, ineoieiaee, iieeoieiaee, yoeee, ynoaoeee, a
aeaiioieiaey th?enoa eae oeaeinoiinoue, a eioi?ie iaeuecy iaoaie/anee
ioaeaeeoue ineoieiae/aneia, iieeoe/aneia, yoe/aneia e ynoaoe/aneia io
th?eaee/aneiai, a aiciiaeii eeoue auaeaeaiea ineoieiae/aneie,
iieeoe/aneie, yoe/aneie e ynoaoe/aneie iiaenenoai eoeueoo?u ee/iinoe
th?enoa, iaoiaeyueony a aeaeaeaiee, ?acaeoee, nayce e aa?iiiee.

Aaaeiaeoae oi?iie nouanoaiaaiey, iaoa?eaeecaoeee, iauaeoeaecaoeee
i?ioanneiiaeueii-i?aaiaie ?aaiou yaeyaony iiaaaeaiea th?enoa, eioi?ue
?oeiaiaenoaoaony niia?aaeaieyie th?eaee/aneiai oa?aeoa?a.

Iiaaaeaiea /aeiaaea ii?aaeaeyaony ia oieueei ciaieai nioeeaeueiuo ii?i
(ii?i ii?aee, ii?i-iau/aaa, ii?i i?aaa, ii?i iauanoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee),
ii e aai ioiioaieai e oai nioeeaeueiui oeaiiinoyi (i?aaiaui,
iieeoe/aneei, yoe/aneei, ynoaoe/aneei e ae?.), eioi?ua caueuathony yoeie
ii?iaie.

Iiaaaeaiea th?enoa i?iyaeyaony a eoeueoo?a i?ioanneiiaeueiiai iuoeaiey,
oiaiee ia iao/iie iniiaa i?aaieciaaoue naie o?oae, ianoa?noaa iauaiey,
niiniaiinoe ioeaieaaoue e ia?aioeaieaaoue i?ioanneiiaeueiue iiuo,
aiaeece?iaaoue nianoaaiiua aiciiaeiinoe, oiaiee i?eieiaoue i?aaeeueiua
?aoaiey (iaeaaeaoue ioae?inoueth i?eiyoey i?aaeeueiiai ?aoaiey!), oiaiee
i?eaioe?iaaoueny a ineoieiae/aneeo e ii?aeueiuo iniaaiiinoyo eeeaioa,
nicaeaaaoue aeaaii?eyoiue aeey aeaea ineoieiae/aneee eeeiao a
eieeaeoeaa, ynoaoe/anee ioi?ieyoue aeieoiaiou e ae?. Niaoeeoeea
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai iiaaaeaiey iaoneiaeaia ia oieueei iaee/eai oaeeo
i?iaeai, eae i?ioanneiiaeueiia iuoeaiea, i?anoeae th?eaee/aneie
i?ioannee, i?ioanneiiaeueiay oaeia, ecaea?aeee i?ioannee, th?eaee/aneea
yenia?eiaiou, i?ioanneiiaeueiay aooanoaoeey e ae?., ii e iniauo
ineoieiae/aneeo, i?aanoaaiiuo acaeiiioiioaiee ii oi?ioea: th?eno –
eeeaio, th?eno – eieeaae, th?eno – ?iaenoaaiieee eeeaioa e ae?.

Iiaeii neacaoue, /oi ?aaioa th?enoa ioaaonoaaiia e iai?yaeaiia, /oi a
iae ia iiaeao auoue aeaaiiai e aoi?inoaiaiiiai, cia/eiiai e iaeioeaiiiai
– any aai aeayoaeueiinoue, io ia?aie ano?a/e n eeeaioii aei ?acoeueoaoa
?anniio?aiey th?eaee/aneiai aeaea – anoue aaeeiue i?ioeann aica?auaiey
nioeeaeueiiai (ii?aeueiiai, th?eaee/aneiai, iieeoe/aneiai e ae?.)
noaoona, ainnoaiiaeaiea aiciiaeiinoe aeoeaii e oai?/anee aeeoue e
o?oaeeoueny. Inooieaoeeny /aeiaae eee iaeaeaiiue a ?acoeueoaoa iii?aiey
aai i?aa anaaaea ioaeaeaaony ai aieiaiee, /ooeinoe, caaioa,
iocua/eainoe. *anoi iaoiaeyueeny a iiaeaaeaiiii ninoiyiee a nayce n
ia?ooaieai aai i?aa eee iaoiuoeaiiii i?anooieaiee eeeaio aeaeeo a
th?enoa oo aaeeinoaaiioth neeo, eioi?ay niiniaia ni?aaeoueny n aai
aaaeaie, aaeeinoaaiioth iaaeaaeaeo.

I?ioanneiiaeueiia iiaaaeaiea i?aaeiieaaaao oiaiea th?enoa:

nicaeaoue aoiinoa?o aeinoeaeaiey iaeaieaa aeaaii?eyoiiai ?acoeueoaoa a
iauaiee n eieeaaaie e eeeaioaie, o.a. anaie oaie, eoi ioaeaeaaony a aai
i?ioanneiiaeueii – i?aaiauo oneoaao;

naiaa?aiaiii i?eiyoue i?aaeeueiia ?aoaiea ii ?anniao?eaaaiiio aeaeo;

iaaeeaaeauei ia?acii (a niioaaonoaee n i?aaeeaie th?eaee/aneie oaoieee)
ioi?ieoue i?eiyoia ?aoaiea e aeiaeoueny aai auiieiaiey.

Neiaeiinoue iieiaeaiey th?enoa ninoieo a oii, /oi ii ia iiaeao
aa?aioe?iaaoue aaniethoiiai oniaoa e a oi aea a?aiy aeieaeai iaeoe
th?eaee/aneea aiciiaeiinoe aeey ainnoaiiaeaiey ni?aaaaeeeainoe, a a
neo/aa, eiaaea ?acoeueoao th?eaee/aneiai ?aoaiey aoaeao eiaoue oyaeaeua
iineaaenoaey aeey eeeaioa, aeieaeai eiaoue ioaeanoai neacaoue ia yoii.

Anaaaea, eiaaea oiai o?aaotho ianoiyoaeuenoaa, th?eno iaycai i?ecaaoue
ia iiiiuue naieo eieeaa – noa?oeo e aieaa iiuoiuo oiaa?euae, ia
i?iyaeyoue aanii/aaiiie naiiiaaeayiiinoe e naiioaa?aiiinoe, eai iia
iiaeao ?ieiaui ia?acii io?aceoueny ia noaeueaa eeeaioa. Aaaeii, /oiau a
eieeaeoeaa neiaeeeanue oaeay ianoaiiaea, eiaaea th?eno iia auoue oaa?ai,
/oi aai noa?oee eieeaaa a ioaeioth ieiooo i?eaeao aio ia iiiiuue
niaaoii, o/anoeai e naeaeaao yoi aeia?iaeaeaoaeueii, aac oi?aeia e
oieaeaiey aeinoieinoaa oiai, eoi e iaio ia?aoeeny. Eieeaeoeaiia ia/aei,
/oanoai eieoy, aioiaiinoue i?eeoe ia iiiiuue ae?oa ae?oao – oeaiiua
ea/anoaa niae?oaeanoaa th?enoia.

Aaaeiia cia/aiea i?eia?aoaao niaa?oainoaiaaiea oi?i i?aainoaaiiinoe a
?aaioa th?enoia ?acee/iuo niaoeeaeueiinoae. Yooaeoeaiinoue
i?aainoaaiiinoe aoaeao iaania/eaaoueny eeoue i?e oneiaee, anee a iniiaa
acaeiiioiioaiee niaoeeaeenoia (anao caaiueaa e o?iaiae) aoaeao eaaeaoue
ia oi?iaeueiue, a iiaeeeiii oai?/aneee, caeioa?aniaaiiue, naiaiaeiue io
noauaeoeaecia noeeue, oi?iu e iaoiaeu, iniiaaiiua ia aeaeie oaeoeea,
nooue eioi?ie i?aaeaea anaai – a caaioa i /aeiaaea. Yoi, a naith
i/a?aaeue, aeeeooao iaiaoiaeeiinoue ia?aoeoue na?ue?ciia aieiaiea ia
aiaae?aiea a th?eaee/aneeo niiauanoaao aeaiioieiae/aneeo i?eioeeiia.

Ioaao th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaeae oe?ieiai e?oaa aii?inia iicaieyao
auaeaeeoue a aa i?aaeaeao oaeea /anoe:

-iauoth aeaiioieiaeth, ?anniao?eaathuoth naie i?aaeiao a
nioeeaeueii-enoi?e/aneii ieaia; aeeth/athuoth ana iniiaiua aniaeou
oa?aeoa?enoeee aeieaeiiai, iaycaoaeueiiai a iianaaeiaaiii iiaaaeaiee
th?enoa i?e auiieiaiee ei naieo neoaeaaiuo ooieoeee, a eiaiii: th?enoa
eae ee/iinoe (ineoieiae/aneay no?oeoo?a), eae iieeoe/aneiai aeayoaey
(eaeaeii-iieeoe/aneay nouiinoue), eae niaoeeaeenoa (i?ioanneiiaeueiia
niaea?aeaiea), eae iineoaey aunieeo ii?aeueiuo i?eioeeiia (i?aanoaaiiay
iniiaa) e eae iaeaaeaoaey onoie/eauo ynoaoe/aneeo aeonia (ynoaoe/aneea
yeaiaiou);

-ii?iaoeaioth aeaiioieiaeth, iainiiauaathuoth i?aeoe/aneea i?aanoaaiiua
?aeiiaiaeaoeee, ii?iu-o?aaiaaiey (ii?iaoeaiua i?aaeienaiey) e th?enoo
ethaie i?ioannee i i?aaeeao iiaaaeaiey, ii?iao iauaiey, oaeoeea
acaeiiaeaenoaey a iauaiee th?enoa eae n eieeaaaie, oae e n eeeaioaie,
o.a. n oaie, eiio ii i?aaenoaaeyao naie i?ioanneiiaeueiua oneoae;

– niaoeeaeueioth aeaiioieiaeth, inaauathuoth niaoeeoe/aneea
aeaiioieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe eiie?aoiuo th?eaee/aneeo niaoeeaeueiinoae
(aaeaieaoa, i?ieo?i?a, neaaeiaaoaey, iioa?eona e ae?.).

Iauay th?eaee/aneay aeaiioieiaey i?e yoii ea?aao aaaeouoth ?ieue, eae a
oe?ieii, oae e a oceii aa iiieiaiee. Aac ii?iaoeaiie aeaiioieiaee ia
iiaeao ninoiyoueny ie iauay, ie niaoeeaeueiay aeaiioieiaey. A aeaiiii
o/aaieea o/oaiu ana o?e aeaiioieiaee: iauay, ii?iaoeaiay, niaoeeaeueiay,
iaeiaei iniiaiie aeoeaio naeaeai ia iauae aeaiioieiaee, a oaeaea ia
ii?iaoeaiie a oie ia?a, a eioi?ie iia naycaia n iauae aeaiioieiaeae.
TH?eaee/aneay aeaiioieiaey ?anniao?eaaaony a oe?ieii aa iiieiaiee:
cia/aiea aeaiioieiaee ia naiaeeony oieueei e inouanoaeaieth
th?eaee/aneeie ?aaioieeaie naiaai i?ioanneiiaeueiiai aeieaa
niioaaonoaaiii i?ioeeth th?eni?oaeaioeee, ii e cao?aaeaaaony iaeanoue
acaeiinayce th?eni?oaeaioeee n yoeeie, nioeeaeueiie ineoieiaeae e
ae?oaeie iaoeaie (yeaiaiou eioi?uo aeeth/aao a naay aeaiioieiaey). Oaeie
iiaeoiae ioaa/aao i?aaenoaaeaieth i ianoa th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee a
iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneeo i?iaeaiao, neiaeeaoeony ca iieoi?a aeanyoeeaoey.
Naia aea enoi?ey oa?ieia ooiaeeo ei?iyie a i?ioeue aae.

2. Enoi?e/aneea enoi/ieee th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee eae iaoee e
th?eaee/aneie aeenoeeieeiu

Enoiee aicieeiiaaiey aeaiioieiaee neaaeoao eneaoue a ae?aaiinoe, eiaaea
aicieeei iauanoaaiiia ?acaeaeaiea o?oaea, i?aa?aoeaoaa /aeiaaea a
ioiineoaeueii naiinoiyoaeueiiai eiaeeaeaea e iieiaeeaoaa ia/aei
i?ioanneiiaeueiiio iainiaeaieth nioeeaeueiuo a?oii aioo?e iauanoaa. Ii
ia?a ?acaeoey i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo aiciiaeiinoae iiaaaeaiea /aeiaaea
noaiiaeeinue ana aieaa aaoiiiiiui, ana iaiaa caaeneiui io iaueiu.
Iauanoaaiiia ?acaeaeaiea o?oaea (ia ?aiiae noaaeee oi?ie?iaaiey
ainoaea?noaa: auaeaeaiea neioiaiaenoaa eae iainiaeaiiie noa?u
iauanoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe, ioaeaeaiea ?aianea io caieaaeaeey,
iiyaeaiea eoioeia, caieiathueony oieueei iaiaiii; iicaeiaa:
aicieeiiaaiea oeaeiai ?yaea i?ioannee a nayce n ?acaeoeai yeiiiie/aneeo,
iieeoe/aneeo, nioeeaeueiuo, eoeueoo?iuo ioiioaiee aioo?e ainoaea?noaa e
ca aai i?aaeaeaie), noaaeo ethaeae a caaeneiinoue ae?oa io ae?oaa. Yoa
caaeneiinoue aoaeao anaaaea e aacaea, iiea nouanoaoao iauanoai:
i?iaeaaaoe e iieoiaoaeue, a?a/ e iaoeeaio, i?aiiaeaaaoaeue e nooaeaio,
th?eno e eeeaio e o.i. No?aiynue e iieo/aieth eaeiai-eeai aeaaa (iieoiea
aaoiiiaeey, i?iaaaeaiea iaaeeoeeineiai iniio?a, iieo/aiea ia?aciaaiey,
ioi?ieaiea caaauaiey e o.i.) eaaeaeue /eai iauanoaa iiiaaeaao a
caaeneiinoue io ae?oaiai, iaeaaeathuaai nioeeaeueiie aeanoueth.

Oaea o naieo enoieia i?aai auei naycaii n iiyaeaieai iniaiai einoeoooa
nioeeaeueiie aeanoe – n aicieeiiaaieai ainoaea?noaa, aai aiia?aoa,
niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo i?aaiia: noaea, iieeoeee, ea?aoaeueiuo o/?aaeaeaiee,
iaeaaeathueo aeanoiuie iieiiii/eyie.

Ioiioaiey n ainoaea?noaii no?iyony ia iniiaa aeanoe – niiiae/eiaiey:
iaeia ec noi?ii iaeaaeaao aeanoiuie iieiiii/eyie, ae?oaay iiae/eiyaony
ei. Yoa niiiae/eiaiiinoue eiaao ea?a?oe/aneee oa?aeoa? e /?aaaoa
i?aauoaieai aeanoiuo iieiiii/ee, ceioiio?aaeaieai aeanoueth:
iinyaaoaeuenoai ia naiaiaeo, /anoue, aeinoieinoai ae?oaie noi?iiu,
ia?ooaiea i?eioeeiia nioeeaeueiie ni?aaaaeeeainoe. *aeiaa/anoai iaoei
oaeiai aa?aioa, eioi?ue iinoaaee au i?aa?aaeu i?aauoaieth aeanoiuo
iieiiii/ee. Yoei aa?aioii yaeyaony i?aai.

Aicieeiiaaiea i?aaa iio?aaiaaei iiyaeaiey i?eiaieoaeae i?aaa – th?enoia,
o.a. neiy ethaeae, eioi?ue au caieiaeenue oi?aaeaieai e ianeoaeeaaieai
ianaeaiey ia aunieii i?ioanneiiaeueiii o?iaia. Oa?iei “th?eno”
i?ienoiaeeo io iaiaoeeiai “jurist”, eioi?ue yaeyaony i?iecaiaeiui io
eaoeineiai ” jus (“juris”). Eaaeaeay enoi?e/aneay yiioa e eaaeaeay
no?aia i?aaeuyaeyea naie aeaiioieiae/aneea o?aaiaaiey e th?enoo,
aeaenoaothuaio a noa?a th?eaee/aneie i?aeoeee e eiathuaio ii?aaeaeaiiua
aeanoiua iieiiii/ey.

Aicieeiiaaiea i?aaenoaaeaiee i oii, eaeie aeieaeia auoue th?eaee/aneay
aeayoaeueiinoue, ioiinyony e a?aiaiai Ae?aaiaai ?eia e naycaia n eiaiaie
eeanneeia th?eni?oaeaioeee: Aae, Oeueieai, Iiaeanoei, Iaaae, Iaieieai.
Iie aeaeaee niaea?aeaiea th?eaee/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe a o?ao aa
ninoaaeythueo: agara – ?oeiaiaeeoue th?eaee/aneeie aeaenoaeyie noi?ii;
cavara – ninoaaeyoue oi?ioeu aeieoiaioia; ras?indara – aeaaaoue niaaou,
eiinoeueoaoeee. Aea e nai oa?iei “th?eni?oaeaioeey” aiciee a Ae?aaiai
?eia a eiioea IV -ia/aea III aaea aei i.y. (eao. juris?rudantia – ciaiea
i?aaa). Aeayoaeueiinoue aaaeoueo th?enoia Ae?aaiaai ?eia ieacaea
nouanoaaiiia aeeyiea ia iineaaeothuea iieieaiey th?enoia no?ai Caiaaeiie
Aa?iiu a ieaia oi?ie?iaaiey o ieo i?ioanneiiaeueiuo ea/anoa, iaaueia e
onoaiiaie.

Iinoaiaiii ai anao no?aiao ie?a oae i?ioeann noaiiaeaiey, a caoai
i?aaiecaoeeiiiiai e iaoiaee/aneiai ioi?ieaiey i?ioanneiiaeueiiai
th?eaee/aneiai ia?aciaaiey. Ia?aua oieaa?neoaou, aicieeoea a O1-O111
a.a. a Aieiiuea, Iaaeoa, Eaia?eaeaea, Naeaiaiea, Ia?eaea, eiaee
th?eaee/aneea oaeoeueoaou, aaea aioiaeeenue th?enou a niioaaonoaee n
iauaiii e niaea?aeaieai i?aaiauo ?aaio e oneoa aeaiiiai iauanoaa,
aeaiiie no?aiu.

Ia?aeiiiui iiiaioii a noaiiaeaiee th?eaee/aneie i?ioannee noae ia?eiae
?acaeoey ao?aeoaciuo ioiioaiee e oi?ie?iaaiey th?eaee/aneiai
ie?iaicc?aiey, eioi?ia noaei eeanne/aneei ie?iaicc?aieai ao?aeoaciiai
iauanoaa n eiioea OO111 aaea – iinea iiaaaeiiai oanoaey ii no?aiai
Aa?iiu eaeae Aaeeeie o?aioeocneie ?aaiethoeee, eioi?ua iaoee y?eia
au?aaeaiea ai O?aioeee a Aeaeea?aoeee i?aa /aeiaaea e a?aaeaeaieia
(1789), a NOA – a Aeaeea?aoeee i?aa Ae?aeaeeiee (1776), Aeaeea?aoeee
iacaaeneiinoe NOA (1776), Eiinoeoooeee NOA (1787), Aeeea i i?aaao
(1791). I?aaaea, eiioeuen yoiio i?ioeanno aeaea Aieeaiaeey aeaaiaea?y
i?ienoaaeoae caeanue ia?aie ao?aeoaciie ?aaiethoeee e iniaaiii
Aaeeeia?eoaiey a oaeeo aeieoiaioao, eae Iaoeoeey i i?aaao (1628 ?.),
Habaas Cir?us Act (1679 ?.) e Aeeeue i i?aaao (1689 ?.), aicieeoeo a
ia?eiae ?aaiethoeeiiiuo i?aia?aciaaiee OO11 aaea.

Naienoaaiiay ?aiiei noaaeeyi ?acaeoey eaieoaeecia eaeaaeecaoeey i?aaa ai
iiiaii niinianoaiaaea oi?ie?iaaieth eioa?ana e th?eaee/aneie i?ioannee.
Iaeiieaiiue iiuo a ainoaea?noaao Caiaaeiie Aa?iiu a Iiaia a?aiy noae
iaeiei ec aaaeiuo yoaiia a ?acaeoee aeaiioieiae/aneeo ea/anoa th?enoa.

Oieaa?neoao a aei?aaiethoeeiiiie ?innee, a ninoaa eioi?ie aoiaeeea
aieueoay /anoue Oe?aeiu (a niioaaonoaee n oieaa?neoaoneeie onoaaaie 1863
e 1864 aiaeia) ninoiye ec /aou??o oaeoeueoaoia: th?eaee/aneiai,
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneiai, enoi?eei-oeeieiae/aneiai, iaaeeoeeineiai.
Cia/eoaeueiia eiee/anoai auioneieeia oei ia neoaeao a ainoaea?noaaiiue
aiia?ao ii aaaeiinoao Ieienoa?noaa thnoeoeee (noaeuee, i?ieo?i?u,
neaaeiaaoaee, iioa?eonu) e a th?eneiinoeueneea /anoe eacaiiuo e
eiiia?/aneeo o/?aaeaeaiee. Iiiaea ec ieo ecae?aee “naiaiaeioth”
i?ioanneth aaeaieaoa.

I?eioeeiu e ii?iu aeaiioieiaee caaenaee io o?iaiy
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey, io iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneiai no?iy,
ia?aca aeecie, iaioaeeoaoa ia?iaea, aai iaoeeiiaeueiuo e ?aeeaeiciuo
o?aaeeoeee. Aeaiioieiaey anaaaea auea i?aaie/anee aieaoaia a nenoaio
aeooiaiie eoeueoo?u. Ii ia?a oneiaeiaiey nioeeaeueiie aeecie, ?acaeoey
i?aanoaaiiie e yoe/aneie eoeueoo?u iauanoai ia?aaeaaaei ana aieueoee
iauai ?acee/iuo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe, ?aaoee?othueo eo aeeciue e
iaania/eaathueo yoo ?aaoeyoeeth (iniaaiii i?e ?ac?aoaiee eiioeeeoia),
niaoeeaeueii auaeaeaiiui e i?ioanneiiaeueii iiaeaioiaeaiiui ethaeyi. Ia
i?ioyaeaiee enoi?ee iauanoaa iio?aaiinoue a i?aaa, a i?ioanneiiaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe th?enoia auea ?acee/iie e iniciaiea yoie iio?aaiinoe
iaiyeinue. Ii anaaaea a iauanoaa aeeei no?aieaiea eiaoue aiciiaeiinoue
ni?aaaaeeeaiai ?aoaiey nii?a, caueou io i?iecaiea.

I?ioanney th?enoa ecia/aeueii aicieeaea e ?acaeaaeanue e eae aeae
nioeeaeueiuo oneoa, e eae n?aaenoai eniieiaiey oi?aaeai/aneeo ooieoeee.

Oa?iei “aeaiioieiaey” aaaaeai a iao/iue iai?io a 1834 aiaeo aiaeeeneei
oeeinioii e th?enoii Ea?aiey Aaioaiii i?e eceiaeaiee i?aanoaaiiuo
onoaiiaie, iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey ea?uea?u e aeinoeaeaiey ee/iiai
iaoa?eaeueiiai aeaaiiieo/ey. Ii ?ac?aaioae iiaeaeue iaoee i ii?iao
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai iiaaaeaiey /aeiaaea, eiathuaai aeanoue, e eceiaeee a
eieaa “Aeaiioieiaey, eee Iaoea i ii?aee”.

?oeiaiaenoaoynue cia/aieai oa?ieia iau/ii aeaiioieiaeth n/eoaee, aea e
iuia n/eoatho, ?acaeaeii yoeee, a eioi?ie aiaeece?othony i?iaeaiu aeieaa
e aeieaeiiai ai acaeiiioiioaieyo iaaeaeo ethaeueie (iiiyoea aeaiioieiaee
a oceii niunea). Oaeia iiiyoea aeaiioieiaee, eae oaea oeacuaaeinue,
noaeaii aei ?anniio?aiey aii?inia i?ioanneiiaeueiiai iiaaaeaiey,
aeeth/athuaai i?aanoaaiiua onoaiiaee, eioi?uie aeieaeai
?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny niaoeeaeeno. Aeaiioieiaey (e a oceii e a oe?ieii
niunea yoiai iiiyoey) a ?aaiie ia?a i?eiaieia e ethaie i?ioanneiiaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, eioi?ay naycaia n ?aaioie n ethaeueie e ia iiaeao auoue
aia ii?aee. A nioeeaeueioth aeayoaeueiinoue i?ioanneiiae aiaeaeaaony n
aai noauaeoeaiui ie?ii /oanoa, ia?aaeeaaiee, no?aieaiee, ia?acii
iuoeaiey, i?aanoaaiiuo ioeaiie. Iie ii?aaeaeytho aai aeayoaeueiinoue –
?aaeecaoeeth eiathueony o iaai ciaiee a i?ioeanna ?aoaiey nioeeaeueiie
caaea/e e oiaiea nicaeaoue aeaaii?eyoioth aoiinoa?o aeey iieo/aiey
iaiaoiaeeiiai ?acoeueoaoa.

Aua caaeieai aei aaaaeaiey oa?ieia “aeaiioieiaey” E. Aaioaiii aia?aua a
iaaeeoeeia noaee aicieeaoue i?eioeeiu e i?aaeea, ?aaeaiaioe?othuea
aeayoaeueiinoue i?ioanneiiaea. A aioe/iua a?aiaia ia ?acaeoea yoeo
i?eioeeiia ieacaea aeeyiea “eeyoaa” Aeiie?aoa. Aea e iiiuoee nicaeaoue
aeaiioieiaeth a auaoai NNN?, oaai/aaoeany oniaoii, ia?aiia/aeueii
iaaethaeaeenue a iaaeeoeeia. Auea ?ac?aaioaia nenoaia o?aaiaaiee,
eioi?ua ii?aaeaeytho aoiinoa?o acaeiiaeaenoaey a?a/a e aieueiiai.

Iniiaiiieiaeieeii “iaaeeoeeineie aeaiioieiaee” n/eoaaony i?ioanni? I.I.
Iao?ia (ia/aei 50-o aa. i. no.). Ii aai iiaieth, iaaeeoeeineay
aeaiioieiaey eco/aao ia oieueei ioiioaiey “a?a/-aieueiie”, ii e nenoaio
i?aaiecaoeee ianeoaeeaaiey (aeeth/ay eoeueoo?o ianeoaeeaaiey) aieueiiai
a ea/aaiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo. Iiaiaeii e ioi?ieaieth iaaeeoeeineie
aeaiioieiaee a NNN? a ea/anoaa iaoee e o/aaiie aeenoeeieeiu iineoaeee
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue eiia?ann a?a/aaiiai iauanoaa (AEaiaaa, 1949), ia
eioi?ii aue ooaa?aeaeai “Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue eiaeaen iaaeeoeeineie
aeaiioieiaee”. N 60-o aa. ia/aeueiue eo?n yoie iaoee noaaeeueii
i?aiiaeaaony a iaaeeoeeineeo aocao. A 80-o aa. auoae aeaoooiiiee
“Aeaiioieiaey a iaaeeoeeia” iiae ?aaeaeoeeae aeaaeaieea A.A. Iao?ianeiai
(I., 1988). Iaaeeoeeineay aeaiioieiaey a nia?aiaiiii iiieiaiee – ?acaeae
iaoee i ?iee i?aanoaaiiuo ia/ae a aeayoaeueiinoe iaaeeoeeineeo
?aaioieeia, iai?aaeaiiuo ia aeinoeaeaiea iaeneiaeueiie iieuecu a ea/aiee
e i?ioeeaeoeea aieaciae /aeiaaea, aai icaei?iaeaiee e i?iaeeaiee aeecie.

*oi eanaaony th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee, oi iia auea aaaaeaia ai aoi?ie
iieiaeia 80-o aa. i.no. a ea/anoaa i?iiaaeaaoe/aneie, aaiaeiie, o/aaiie
aeenoeeieeiu ii eieoeeaoeaa i?ioanni?a A.I. Ai?oaiaaa a Oa?ueeianeii
th?eaee/aneii einoeoooa (iuia Iaoeeiiaeueiay th?eaee/aneay aeaaeaiey ei.
ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai) e n oao ii? noaaeeueii aioea a i?ia?aiio iao/aiey
th?eaee/aneeo aocia Oe?aeiu. A ?innee a ?yaea th?eaee/aneeo aocia a
ea/anoaa aaiaeiie aeenoeeieeiu i?aiiaeathony “Iniiau i?ioanneiiaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe th?enoa”, eioi?ay ai iiiaii noiaeia n “TH?eaee/aneie
aeaiioieiaeae”, oioy eiaao ii?aaeaeaiiua ioee/ey a no?oeoo?a i?aaeiaoa.
Iaaeaeo oai, ai O?aioeee e ae?oaeo iinoeaieoaeenoe/aneeo no?aiao
oaeaeyaony iniaia aieiaiea aeaiioieiaee th?eaee/aneeo i?ioannee – a
o/aaiii e ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaii aniaeoao. Oae, Aeae?aoii ? 86592 aaaaeai
“Eiaeaen aeaiioieiaee iaoeeiiaeueiie iieeoeee O?aioeee”, a Aiaeee
eiaaony “Iieiaeaiea ia yoe/aneeo i?eioeeiao iieeoeaeneie neoaeau
Aaeeeia?eoaiee”, a O?A -“Yoeea iieeoeaeneiai O?A”, a NOA –
“Ii?aeueii-yoe/aneee eiaeaen iieeoeaeneiai NOA”. A ?innee ooaa?aeaeai
“Eiaeaen /anoe ?yaeiaiai e ia/aeuenoaothuaai ninoaaa i?aaiia aioo?aiieo
aeae ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”. Iaeiiaoe, ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiii o?iaia
eiaaony iaiaei i?aaiauo aeieoiaioia, iinayuaiiuo aeaiioieiae/aneiio
eiaeaeno ?yaea th?eaee/aneeo i?ioannee, iai?., Eiaeaen i?aaee
inouanoaeaiey aeayoaeueiinoe aaeaieaoia Aa?iiaeneiai niiauanoaa,
i?eiyoue aeaeaaaoeeae aeaaiaaeoeaoe no?ai-o/anoieoe ia canaaeaiee a
No?anao?aa a ieoya?a 1988 aiaea (Aeaiioieiae/aneee eiaeaen).

3. Ianoi th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee a nenoaia th?eaee/aneeo iaoe

Eiay naie nianoaaiiue i?aaeiao, th?eaee/aneay aeaiioieiaey caieiaao
eiie?aoiia ianoi a nenoaia nioeeaeueiuo iaoe – eae th?eaee/aneeo, oae e
iath?eaee/aneeo (ineoieiae/aneeo, iieeoe/aneeo, yoe/aneeo,
ynoaoe/aneeo).

TH?eaee/aneay aeaiioieiaey yaeyaony niaoeeaeueiie
i?ioanneiiaeueii-i?eeeaaeiie iaoeie e aaiaeiie o/aaiie aeenoeeieeiie,
eioi?ay oanii naycaia e n iauanoaaiiuie iaoeaie – ineoieiaeae,
nioeeieiaeae, yoeeie, ynoaoeeie, e n th?eaee/aneeie aeenoeeieeiaie.

TH?eaee/aneay aeaiioieiaey aoiaeeo a nenoaio th?eaee/aneeo iaoe,
iauaaeeiaiiuo iauei iacaaieai – i?aaiaaaeaiea. A eeanneoeeaoeee
th?eaee/aneeo iaoe (1.oai?aoeei-enoi?e/aneea; 2. io?aneaaua e
iaaeio?aneaaua; 3.niaoeeaeueiua i?eeeaaeiua) aa iiaeii ioianoe e ia?aie
eaoaai?ee, iineieueeo iia eiaao noa?aeiai naiaai oaeoaeaiiiai eco/aiey
i?ioanneiiaeueioth eoeueoo?o th?enoa, aai i?ioanneiiaeueii-i?aaiaia
iiaaaeaiea, oanii naycaiiia n iieeoe/aneie, ineoieiae/aneie, yoe/aneie e
ynoaoe/aneie eoeueoo?ie. I?iaeaiaoeeo th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee iiaeii
n/eoaoue aeaaiui ia?acii oai?aoeei-i?aaiaie, oanii naycaiiie n i?aaiaie
ineoieiaeae, i?aaiaie iieeoieiaeae, i?aaiaie yoeeie, i?aaiaie ynoaoeeie.
Nouanoaoao iauee iaoaieci oi?ie?iaaiey i?ioanneiiaeueiiai eiaeaena
th?enoa, eioi?ue aeeth/aao a naay iiaenenoaiu: th?eaee/aneee iaoaieci,
ineoieiae/aneee e nioeeaeueiue (iieeoe/aneee, ii?aeueiue, yoe/aneee,
ynoaoe/aneee) iaoaieciu, eioi?ua oanii acaeiiaeaenoaotho ia iniiaa
aeaaiuo aaaeiaeoeo no?oeoo?iuo naycae – i?aaiauo i?eioeeiia.

Ioianaiea th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee e oai?aoeei-enoi?e/aneei iaoeai
ioithaeue ia icia/aao ionoonoaea niaoeeoeee eaaeaeie ec th?eaee/aneeo
iaoe, aoiaeyueo a yoo a?oiio. I?aaeiao th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee eiaao
ioee/ey io i?aaeiaoa oai?ee ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa, /oi iicaieyao
?anniao?eaaoue eo eae naiinoiyoaeueiua iaoee e o/aaiua aeenoeeieeiu.
Oioy oai?ey ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa a ii?aaeaeaiiie noaiaie oaeaea yaeyaony
aaiaeiie iaoeie e niaoeeaeueiui th?eaee/aneei iaoeai –
eiinoeoooeeiiiiai, a?aaeaeaineiai, aaeieieno?aoeaiiai, oaieiaiiai,
yeieiae/aneiai e ae?., iaeiaei, a ioee/ea io th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee,
iia – ooiaeaiaioaeueiay, iauaoai?aoe/aneay iaoea, eioi?ay au?aaaouaaao
iauea iiiyoey, i?eioeeiu, ia eioi?ua iie?athony ae?oaea th?eaee/aneea
iaoee.

TH?eaee/aneay aeaiioieiaey, aoaeo/e oai?aoeei-i?aaiaie iaoeie e o/aaiie
aeenoeeieeiie, eiaao ae?oaoth oeaeaaoth iai?aaeaiiinoue. Iia i?ecaaia
iaiaueoue eioi?iaoeeth i ea/anoaa th?eaee/aneie i?aeoeee e iciaeiieoue
aoaeouaai th?enoa n nenoaiie o?aaiaaiee, eioi?ua i?aaeuyaeythony e iaio
a oeeaeeeciaaiiii iauanoaa, aeaoue iauea naaaeaiey i niaoeeoeea e
niaea?aeaiee th?eaee/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe. Iia “?eoioaony” n oai?eae
ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa, ii ia?auaia ia e ?ane?uoeth iauaoai?aoe/aneeo
iniia i?aaa, a e iiciaieth th?eaee/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe, e ethaeyi, aa
inouanoaeythuei, e iauei e iniaaiiui ea/anoaai eo o?oaea. Ii?iu,
aoiaeyuea a iauoth nenoaio i?aaeuyaeyaiuo th?enoo o?aaiaaiee,
?ane?uaathony eae aeinoieinoaa (ea/anoaa) /a?ac o?iaie aai
ineoieiae/aneie, iieeoe/aneie, i?ioanneiiaeueii-i?aaiaie, yoe/aneie e
ynoaoe/aneie eoeueoo?u.

TH?eaee/aneay aeaiioieiaey eae o/aaiay aeenoeeieeia i?ecaaia iiii/ue
nooaeaioo au?aaioaoue oiaiea iauaoueny n eeeaioaie e eieeaaaie,
?oeiaiaeeoue ethaeueie, acaaoaiii aiaeece?iaaoue naiua neiaeiua aeaeiaua
neooaoeee, ia aiyoueny naiinoiyoaeueiinoe e iiaeciu ?aoaiee, ecaeaeaoue
ec iaaaoeaiiai iiuoa iiceoeaiua auaiaeu, iao/eoueny i?eaaaaoue e
iinoiyiiiio naiiaiaeeco e iauaeoeaiie ioeaiea eae naieo aeaenoaee, oae e
aeaenoaee ie?oaeathueo ethaeae.

?acoiaaony, /ai auoa aiciiaeiinoe th?eni?oaeaioeee (oai?aoe/aneie e
i?eeeaaeiie), oai aieueoa o?aaiaaiee i?aaeuyaeythony e naiei
th?enoai-i?ioanneiiaeai. Acaeiiioiioaiey n eeeaioii – neiaeiue eiiieaen,
ec eioi?iai iaeuecy au/eaieoue /oi-eeai a ea/anoaa aaeeinoaaiii
aiciiaeiiai. Naaiaeiy th?eno aeieaeai ?oeiaiaenoaiaaoueny ia i?eioeeiaie
ea?aoaeueii – ono?aoathuaai oa?aeoa?a, au?aaeaiiiai a cai?aoeoaeueiuo
ii?iao, a aoiaiiuie niia?aaeaieyie, eioi?ui aieaa niioaaonoaotho ii?iu
?ac?aoeoaeueii – ainnoaiiaeoaeueiiai oa?aeoa?a. Iniiaiay nioeeaeueiay
ooieoeey i?ioanneiiaeueiie th?eaee/aneie ?aaiou ninoieo a ia?aeiaeaiee
iaua/aeiaa/aneeo i?aaiauo e ii?aeueiuo i?eioeeiia e ii?i ia
“oiiaeueiinoue” i?ioanneiiaeueii-th?eaee/aneiai cao/aiey, naiaia?aciia
niaeaniaaiea iauanoaaiiuo e i?ioanneiiaeueiuo eioa?ania, nicaeaiea
iaeaieaa aeaaii?eyoiuo i?aaeiinueie e oneiaee aeey ?aaeecaoeee
eiie?aoiuo th?eaee/aneeo caaea/.

Naienoaaiiue iaoaio a?aiaie aeoeaio ia iao/ioth i?aaiecaoeeth o?oaea e
iiaeai? eaae?ia a th?eni?oaeaioeee noaaeo i?iaeaio nicaeaiey iiaeaee
iioeiaeueii i?eaioe?iaaiiiai niaoeeaeenoa, niioaaonoaaiii aai ianoo,
eaaeeoeeaoeee e oa?aeoa?o aeayoaeueiinoe.

Ioa/anoaaiiay th?eaee/aneay aeaiioieiaey noieo ia?aae iiiaeie neiaeiuie
e iiea aua ia?aoaiiuie eee ?aoaiiuie a ?acee/iie (ia?aaeei neaaie)
noaiaie aii?inaie. Yoi caeiiiia?ii, eai th?eni?oaeaioeey (oai?aoe/aneay
e i?aeoe/aneay) ?acaeaaaony, aeaeaeaony aia?aae e a nayce n yoei
auaeaeaathony iiaua i?iaeaiu. Naaiaeiy ?acaeoea th?eaee/aneie
aeaiioieiaee aeinoeaei oiai o?iaiy, i?e eioi?ii e aeey ia? ieacuaaaony
oa?aeoa?iui i?ioeann aeeooa?aioeeaoeee, naienoaaiiue ?acaeoeth
th?eni?oaeaioeee a oeaeii. Iauea i?eioeeiu e iieiaeaiey i?aeiieythony
i?e yoii a niaoeeoeea ioaeaeueiuo th?eaee/aneeo noa?, iai?aaeaiee e
aeenoeeieei e oaea a oaeie iiin?aaeiaaiiie oi?ia noaiiayony iniiaie aeey
au?aaioee eiie?aoiuo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey th?eaee/aneeo ?aaioieeia
(iai?., a i?aaiio?aieoaeueiie noa?a – aeey ?aaioieeia ieeeoeee ?acee/iuo
iiae?acaeaeaiee, noaea, i?ieo?aoo?u e o.ae.). Ii i?e yoii i?ioanney
th?enoa iacaaeneii io aai niaoeeaeecaoeee eiaao aaeeiua iniiau, iauea
/a?ou, eioi?ua ii?aaeaeythony iauiinoueth i?aaa, aai aaeeinoaii,
acaeiicaaeneiinoueth i?eieiaaiuo ?aoaiee.

Iiaeii auaeaeeoue o?e iai?aaeaiey nayce th?eaee/aneie aeaiioieiaee n
ae?oaeie i?aaiauie iaoeaie e o/aaiuie aeenoeeieeiaie:

th?eaee/aneay aeaiioieiaey yaeyaony aaiaeiie iaoeie e niaea?aeeo
naaaeaiey, iaiaoiaeeiua aeey oaeoaeaiiiai iiieiaiey caeiiiia?iinoae
th?eaee/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe neaaeiaaoaey, i?ieo?i?a, noaeuee,
iioa?eona, aaeaieaoa e ae?.;

nicaeaao oai?aoe/aneea iniiau aeey i?eeeaaeiuo th?eaee/aneeo iaoe e
o/aaiuo aeenoeeieei: noaeaaiay ineoieiaey, noaeaaiay yoeea,
th?eaee/aneay eiioeeeoieiaey e ae?.;

iiiieiyao aaaaae th?eaee/aneie iaoee e i?aeoeee aeaaiaea?y
naiinoiyoaeueiiio i?aaeiaoo enneaaeiaaiey, ?acaeaaao iiaua iiaeoiaeu,
iinoaaeyao iiaoth eioi?iaoeeth e oai naiui iaiaauaao th?eni?oaeaioeeth
(oai?aoe/aneoth e i?eeeaaeioth).

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