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I??a ??????o ?? ???i a ????i ???????? ???e e ????? n??

I???a ??? ?? ???? a ????a ?ny???y ????ny ???? a? ??a ???? ??????y ?e a
?ae????i-???? ?????, ?e e a ???a??i ???????? ????o ?????. I?i?? e ????y,
????? a ???e???o ??o ??????? ??a: A???e ????? ?? ???? 1948 a.*(1),
I?????? ??a i ????e? e ?????? ??? 1966 a.*(2), E???? i ??? ?? ???? e
???? ??? 1950 a.*(3), ??? ?????e ?e ????? ?????e, ???? e ?? ???????o ??a
a ??????, ??? ? ?? ???ey ?????.

A eth?i ???????i ?????a ??i?y ??????y ???a ?e ?????? ????a ??????y ???
???????ue ?u?????i ????i e ??? ?????i?i ??a, ???eyth?i a ?????? ??????a
??????a ????u. ?????y O???ey y?y?ny ????? ??a ???? ???? ??????o ???? ??a
a ???e ?????y ??????o ?? e ??? ???? e ?????, ?????e e ????ey ????o, ????
???a. E?????? ??a e ??i ???i ? ???a a ?????a ?iyo a ??? ?? ????a ?????ey
???? ????ia ???????e ???, e a ???????aa ??? ????? ??i ? ???, a ?i ?n? e
??i ?????ey ?? ????-???? ???????e, ??y?ny ?????? ????. A y?e ?y? ??n??y?
???n ??????a ???? ????a?e ??? ??????o ??, ??????o ????? ????i ???i e
????i ???aea????i ????? ??i*(4).

N?????? ??? ???????? ???ey ?????? ??? ??????o ?? a OE ?O e ????? ????i
?????e??a ???y? n??? ??ae ? ??????e ?????ey? ??? ??i ????o ??????? ????
a ?????e ?iy?y ????y ??????o ?? e i ?????? ??? ????ey ???i ?iy?y. A??a n
?i i?? ???? e ? ??o ????yo, ??o?o i??i ?????i OE, e ????ai ??? ??? ??i,
i ????? ???e ?????? ?e ???????i ???? y???? e ????a ???????? ???a
?????ey.

N??? ?? ?????i ????? ??ia, ??y??? ??? ??????o ?? ???i, ?eth?? ???iy?????
??????th ??????o ?? ?e ??? ??????o ???? (?. 141 OE ?O), ????a ??y?a
??????ey ??????e ???? ????a, ??????? ?????y, ??????? ??a (?. 141.1 OE
?O), ??????th ???o??? ????? (?. 142 OE ?O) e ??????th ??? ?????y (?.
142.1 OE ?O). E? ???? E.N. A??a, o ?????i ?????ey ?? ?iy ???ey e ?? ??
???u ??? ?e ????ue ????a ???*(5).

Ai ?? ????o ???o, ???????o a ??? ???, ???iy????? ???o??eth ??????o ??
????o a ???aa ??e ??u. I??i y?? a ????o ????o ???? ??i ??eyth?y ?? ???u
??????, ?y??? n ????i ?????e ?????y. O?, ?. L.96 E????ue?? ???a O???
???????o ?????i?? ? ????a ??i ??????? ???a n ???i, ?. L.103 – ? ????a
?iu, ????? ????a e ??????a ??????a ath???e. N???i § 599 ??. 18 N?? ???a
NOA ????ny ??????i ???? ????? ????ey ?? ??????y ??? ?ey?y ?y ????ey ?
???n? a ??i ? ????o ??e ?iae???u.

I?? ??????? ?y?e, ???th?o e?????? ??a ???i, ? ??? ???a?i ?????y? ??????e
???u e ??y?? ?????y, ??????o ????????i ?? ?e ??i ?????a. O?, /. 3 ?. 141
OE ?O ??????a ???????ue ? ??????a ??????i a ??? A??????? ????????? ???u
?O “A??u”. O???ay ??a ????? ?? ?y ?????i ????? ???, ???th?? ??th ?????ue
?????e ?????? ??????e ???u, ?e ??????a ????? ???a ??????e.

N??y 394 OE ?????e N?-I??i ???????o ????th ???????ue ? ????a a ?????e,
??????oy ???????-???? ???, ?????ath?i ?y?????ue ???y a ???o. I???i, ?i a
?O ???a ????? a ???o y?y?ny ????i e ??????, ?i y?y?ny ??e ? ???eyth?o
??? ?????i ???? ??i? ????, ?????i ????a a ??i ?y? ??? E????? ?O.

A NOA ?????a ???????ue ca ?????a ?????? ????i e ?????th ?? e ??? ? ????
? ???a ??????i ????a (§ 610 ??. 18 N?? ???a NOA). A ?????e O????
??????ey ????? ?y?y ?yae ? ??o ??ue ??e, ????o a ???a ? ??y?a, ???????
??????i ???ae????? NOA, ???a a ?????? ?y?e??? ?oe, ???th?o ???????a
????e, ????e ???????e ??? ?O, ???a? ???i.

N???i § 107n OE O?A ????th ?????ny ??, ???thu? ?????a i ??? ??u ???a n
????? ?????ny ??? ?e ???? ??-??, ?e ????? ? ?e ?? ??. N????a ??o ?????e
?????ny a ?y? ????o??? ??a ????e e ?????o ???, ????, a O????? c??? i
???o*(6). N ??? ??, ?i ??????i ????????i O?A ?????a ?????ue ??????y
?????y ? ??a e ??? ?ae a????ey ???? ?a ?e?? ????????, ????? ????ue
????ey ??a ????e ??????e ??u. A ?O ????i? ? ??a ? ????ny, ?oy ???????ue
?????ue ???ey y?? ????a, i????? a ?????a ???? ???? ????? ????iey, a a
????o ??ayo – e ???? ???????i ???a??ey*(7).

A??ay ??ue ?????o ????o ??e?a e ?? ???????o ??a, ?????e?th?o ????th
???????ue ? ???iey a ??a ???a, ???o e ?????eyi ????? ???a a ?????e ?o
???i, ???a ? ???? ??i ???, a ??a ???a a ?????e ??? ??i? ???? (§ 266 OE
A???; ?. 60 C??a A??????e i ia??? ?????a??? 1983 a.; ?. 168 OE A???e; ?.
L.86 E??????i ???a O??? e ?.). A ??iy?a ??y a ?????a ??i ???? ???o???
??i ?????y?ny ????i n 18 ?o. E?th?y ???u e ??a ???i ?????i ??a. O?, a
E???? I???-Ae??????? ?????a ???? ?atho ??i ??? n 17 ?o, ? E?a e a I????
– n 16 ?o. E????ey A???e ?????y? ????i ??i ??? n ???? ?y????? ???y a
?????e n 18 ?o, ? ????, ?n??? 16 ?o e ??th?a ??y? ???a a ?????e ?????i,
??o ????????ny a ???? ?????e*(8).

A ?y? ????o ???? ??a ??i????ny ???o???? ? ???iy????? ??e ????a ????ey
???a ??n????? a ?? ?????y (§ 267 OE A???, § 116 OE Ae??, § 107 OE O?A).
N??y L.98 E??????i ???a O??? ??????o ???????ue ? ????a ?????i ???i????y
??????? ??? ??i ?????e ??? ??? ?e ???th?o ??????, ?i ???? ???e ??a
??????th ??????? ??a e ????? ?????th. A OE ?O ?????y ???a ???i ??
?????ey ?????ny ???eoe?e ?. 141 e ???o a ???iy????? ??? ??????o ????.

N ????i ????a ???a ???atho ??a ??u ????? ?ny????a, ?y?i?o n ???????
“?y??” ????? e ?e ?????i “???i ??a”, a ?i ??a n ???th ???a ???? ?????,
??oth?a ?????y a ??? ??? OE ?O. I? ????? ???a ?? ???e ????? ??? ????????
y???i ?? “??n” ????i ? ?y ?????y ?e a ?? ?????y ???? ?????? ????? ?
??????e ?????? ?????.

O???ay ???????ue ? ?y?y ??a?? ?? ?????a, ????, a OE A?o?e, ??????ath?i
????a a ?? ??iey ???u ? ?? ? ??e ?ny?a ca ????a ???????a ??? ????e ?e
?i???e ???a ?e ?????? ?????y a ? ??y, ??a ?????i?? ??? ?a ? ??o ?? ?????
???????. A?e ?e y?i ???? ????? ????? ???? ?y ??, ??u ??? ????a ????
???????, ? ????a ????? ? ?? ?o ???y ???u (§ 264 OE A???). O???? ????????
A??????e ??????o i??????? ? ???????? ??? ???y ??????e ????, a ?i ??a ?
??? ?y??ey i ???? ????a e ?i ???e? (?. 106 C??a i ???? ????????a 1983
a.). A ?????ee ? ???e L.97 E??????i ???a O??? ???? ????? y?y?ny ???a
???i???, ???????y ??????? ??? ?e ?????y n ???th ??? ??????o ???a ?
???uy??? ???o??.

O????? ?????ueth ????? ???????? ??i ???????e ???u, a ?n???, A??????e,
y?y?ny ????y ???a??ey ????? ????e a ?? ???a. O?, C?? i ?????? ??eyo,
?a?? e ?????? 2000 a. ???? 69 ???? ??????, ??????ath?o ???????ue ? ????y
??? ??????ey ??????o ????. N??? ???? ?? ????? ??????i ?????i ????????i
??a a ??? ?a?. O????? ?e?? ? 4 ethey 2003 a. N 94-OC a OE ?O ???a ?.
141.1, ??y??ay ????yi ??y?a ??i????y ??????e ????, ?ath?y ???o???e ????
e ????ay ??a ?ny? ???? ??????*(9).

A ?????a ??i ???? ????y ???? ???iy????ey ??????th ??????o ?? y?y?ny
??????? ?????? ??i ???i ???? e ?? ?????, ?????ue a ?????e ?e ?????
?????a*(10), a ????o ???? ??? ???????e ??? ?????? ??a ???e – ????? ?y???
n ??????? ???????a e? ?????? ??a. Ia y?i ????ue??? ????? ?????oth?o ???
a ?o ??? (????) I???? ??e ????? ???, ???a ??y??: ????? ?y?yi, ?y??? n
???? e ?????i ??n???i – A??ey, A???y; ????aieyi ??? ???a e ?????? –
I??a; ?????eyi ??? ???a e ?????? aeay????e – NOA; ?????eyi ??? ?????eo
?? ???i – A???y, N?-I??i, E??y; ?????eyi ??? ?????o ?? – I???y; ?????eyi
??ea ??????e? ?? ???i – E??. A A??? ????a ?????ey ???? e ?y?yi ??? ??,
???????o E?????e, a A???? – e ?????eyi, ?y??? n ???????? ???e e
?y???oy?, a Ae?? – e i?????yi ??? Eii???? e ??? ???a ?????a.

I??i ?? ???u e ??i ????a. O?, a O???? ?????oth?a ?????ey ???? e ?????
??? ?? ??aea, a O??e – e ?????eyi ??? ?????? ?y????e, a E??? – e
?????eyi i??a ??????i ??y?a. Ii ?a?th E.A. I?????, ?e ????? ??? ?????? a
“??????” ??? I???? ??e ????? ??? ????? ????a?? ???? ?????a ????-????
??iu, ??y?ny ???? ?????y ?a????? ?? ????-????e ?????*(11).

A ????? ????i ????????, ?e ???? TH.A. E???a, ???i ???? ???????e ???
?????? y?ythony ???????a ??a e ???u ???? e ?????, ???????? ???? ????o
?????? – ????? ?y? ? ??aeo ????? ?????? ???????o ?? e ??? ??????i
????a*(12). Ii ??eth I.E. A???, ??i ????i ?? ??????, ?????ny a ?. 19 OE
?O, y?y?ny ???e ??? ?ny????? – ?????? ????y, ?????th?a ???????a ??a e
???u ??a?a e ?????*(13). Ae??th i??eth ???y? A.N. N???a, ???ay, ?i ???i
???? ??????, ???????o ?. 19 OE ?O, y?yth?y ??a e ???u ???? e ?????. I?
y?i ?ae ???????? ???e ???th?y ?????? e ??????a E?????e ?O ?????e ???? e
????? ?y ??????ey ???? ?????o ?????? e ????? ??? ?????i ?????. I?
???????ie ????e ???th?y ???u e ???? ????e ????? ?????? /???a e
?????*(14).

?????e y?yth?y ???e ??????e ??? ??i ?e ???? ?u???? ???u ???iy????ey
??????th ??????o ??.

A OE ?O ? ?????ny ????? ?iy?y “???iy????? ??????th ??????o ??”,
?????oth?y ??a ??o ??e??e ????. Aeey oy??ey ??? ????i ????iey ?????
????ny e O?????o ??? ? 12 ethiy 2002 a. N 67-OC “Ia ???? ???eyo ??????o
?? e ??a ? ???a a ?????a ???i ??n??? O????”*(15), ???e ???ey? ??i ????i
e ????? ??????? ??a, ????y? ????? ??????a ??a ???i, ????ey?? a ?? ???a.

N??? ???? ??????e ?? ??i??i ???????? A??? e O?A a ????e ??? ?iy?y
???iy????ey ??????th ??????? ??a. N ????ie ith??? ?????? y?o ??i ?????,
?i ????a ???iy????? ??o ?? ????, n ??e ???u, a ?????e ????ey ? ?????ue a
???o, ? ??n??ue ??? ?e ????? ?????? ???i, n ??? ???u – i?iy????ue ?o a
y?i.

Ae???? e ?? ??????? ??? e ??????th ???????e ? ?????ey a ??a ???a ?????
?y ????? ???????? NOA (§§ 594, 597, 598 e ?. ??. 18 N?? ???a NOA),
A??????e (?. 115 C??a i ???? ????????a 1983 a.), A???? (?. 125 OE), Ae??
(?. 117 OE), I??e (?. 249, 250 OE), O?A (§ 108 OE), O??? (L.107 E??????i
???a), O???? (?. 280 OE). A ????eyo ?????oth?o ?? ????ny ????ath?e ????
???? ???iy???a?y ??????th ??????o ??.

E ?y????i ????i ?????e ???u ???iy????ey ??????th ??????o ?? a ????o ???o
i??y?y:

– ?????a, ??????a ????y, ?y??? n ????? ?????? ? ????ey (??? ????ey
?????i ?e ????e?i ??a, ????? n ???, ?????a ???? ??? e o.i.) (?. 115 C??a
A??????e i ???? ????????a 1983 a.);

– ???a ?e ??? ???y (?. 125 OE A????);

– ????? ?????a, ???a ???u ?e ??????a ????y ??????a (§ 117 OE Ae??);

– ???a, ???????y ??? ?e ?i? (?. 249 OE I??e);

– ???a, ??? ?e ??i (?. 394 OE ?????e N?-I??i);

– ???a, ???, ??ath?a ??o ???y? ??? ?e ????ue ??a ???? (?. L.107 E??????i
???a O???);

– ???a ?e ??? ????ey ????i ??a, ???????a ??????ue?e ?e y?????? ?????ueth
?e ??? ye?????i ????i (§ 108 OE O?A);

– ???a ?e ??? ????ey ????? ??a (?. 280 OE O????).

Aeey ????? ???????? ???e, A???, O??e ????? ??????ey ????e ??o????? ??i
?????y a ?????oth?o ??ueyo ????i e ????????? ???? ???i ?????ey (?. 141
OE ?O). A ???? “?????? ??iy???a, ???th?o ???th ?????i ????oth a ????e n
???? ???? ????a?y ???ue ?????? ????e ??y??i”*(16) ?????? ????o ???a ?e
???th ??? (/. 1 § 262 OE A???), ????? ?e ??? ????ey ???y ?e ???????a
????i ????? (?. 8 ?. 17 OE O??e).

O?? ???i, ?????? ????o ??? ?-???o ???atho ?ey?a ??o e ?o ? ????a ?
??????eth ????e ???????e ? ???iy????? ??????th ??????o ?aa ???i. I????,
????? ???y y?y?ny ?y????i ??i?? ????i ???a ???i ?????ey a ????i ????????
A???e, A????, I??e, ?????e N?-I??i, O?A, O????, a ? ??y ?e a OE ?O,
A???, O??e ??? i??? ??????o ????????e ??? ?????ey.

N??? ????, ?i ? ??? ???a ?y????o ????a ???iy????ey ??????th ??????o ??,
? e ?????y y?? ???a ?????ey ? ??o ?e?????i ???y a ????i ????o???a ?????
??i. A ???? n ?a?i ???e ????? ?????? ????e ?y?e, ?ny?th?o ? ??????a ??a
a???, ??? ????? ?????ey ??????i ?e ????? e ???????ue ????o ? ?i ??
????ey ?ny??e??a. A??a n ?i a ?y? ???a ?n???ey ???th?y a ???? ?y?????
???? ???a ?????ey e ??? ??????i ?e ??????. O?, ?. 256 OE E?ay e ????i
?????yi ???o ?? a???, ?. L.100 Eca?????i ???a O??? a ???? ???o ????
????a ?????i ?? ?????y. *?? 2 ?. 142 OE ?O e ?????yi ????? ???? ????
?????e a ????o ??? ???o ?????? ????a ?? e ???uo ????a ??aeai ?e ????oe?
?? ??iy?? ???i ????a ???? ?e ?????a.

N??? ???iy????ey ??????th ?a????? ?? – ??e, eth?a ??y?? ??, ????a ????
????e ???????e. A ?????o ???, ?????ath?o ?a?????? ? ????a ??u ?????y,
??? ??????o ?????, ??????th ?????a ???a a ?y? ??i ??????i ???u ?????y
?????i ???a. O?, a ???? ?????? ???? ????ey ????o ?????? ?. 169 OE A???e
???? ?? ? ???a ?????i? ????, ?. L.113 E??????i ???a O??? – ??? ????????
?e ??????e ???? a ??????i ath?, ??i ????ay, ?i ?? ???? y?y?ny ??????i
???????i ????, ? ???i? ?????y. E ?????i ????i ??n???? ??????o ?????,
????? ?o???? OE ?O ???o ??? ??????e ????, ???? ?????a, ???????i ??????y
??????? ?????y, ??? e?????, ?????? ??? ? ????eth ?????a, a ??a ????a e
?i ??????y.

N????a ?????? ???u ?????? ??? ??????o ?? a ????? n??? ? ??? ?????i, ? ?o
??yae, ???? ????ey ????o ?y?e a ??i. A ???yth?i ?????a, ?e e a OE ?O,
?????? ????i ?????? ???u ??? ?????? ????o ????ay ??, ?e y?i ??a ?? ? ??
???????y ????o ???o ? ?c???y ?y?, a ???? ? ???aiey ???.

O?, ?a a ???? ???iy???? n??? ??ey?ny ????a ??u ?????y, ?????ay ???a
???y?ny ???i ?e ??th. O?, a OE O?A ?y????i ????i ????y ??u ???a y?y?ny
????ay ??: “n ????? ???i??y ??? ?e ???? ???o ??, ?e ????? ? ?e ?? ??”.
O?? ? ????? ?? y?yth?y ??????i-?y????? ? OE A???. E?????? ??? O??? ?e
????? ????i ?????ey ????o ? ?? ??: “???? ?ae????? ???eyi ?e ???? ?
?????” (?. L.116).

A ???? ??????oth?? ???? ???iy????ey ??????th ??????o ?? ?????? O??? ??a
????o ? ???a ?????e ?? – “???? ????eyi ???ue ?? ???” (?. L.99). A OE ?O
???a ?????e ?? – ??ey? ? ???a ??????e ????, y?y?ny ?y???i? ????i ???a
??????a a ??????a ????e ? ????? (/. 3 ?. 141).

I??? ????? ?? y?y?ny ?y??e?? ????i ?????? ???u ??o? ?????e. A ????????i
?? ????y ?? ??????? a OE Ae??: “?e??e ?? e ?????th ?????? ???i ?e
?????ny ? ?????y” (i. 4 § 117).

N??? ????, ?i ??? ?????e a e???a ???iy???? ???a ?????ey ?????? a
???????? A???, A??????e, A????, Ae??, ?????e N?-I??i, NOA, O?A, O???,
O????, ??? a ?????a ???a ????ay ???o???? ???????y ?e ?y ii??ath??, ?e e
?y ??????. Eo ???ey ????? ??????i: ???ath?e ?????, ???o ?e ?????y?
????ae??a (§ 265 OE A???), ???e ?e ?? ??? (§ 108b OE O?A), eth?th ???oth
??? (§ 117 OE Ae??), a ?????e o???o, ????o ?e ???o ??y? n?????th?a
???????, ???e e o.ae.

A OE ?O ??? ????o ?? ?a????th?i ????i ??o ????, ?e ???iy????? ??????th
??????o ?? e ???? ???? ?????e. I??i, ? ?o ??yae, ???a ??????ue ??e?ey a
??????i ????i ???????? ???a a ???? ???iy???? ???a ?????ey.

Ia ??o ???? ???? ??????ue ?????ey ????e ???????e ?y e????y, ????a
??????, ???th?? ?????? ???i ? ??????? a ??? ?e ?????i “?????a ath????”.
E????th (????o ?????a) ??ae ??? a ???e ????y ?????e ath???ue, ???e ? ???
???? a y?e ?y ?????y, a au??? ?o ??? ath???ue ???e ? ????y ?y ?????y.
I?? ??? ???i ath???y ????? ???? ???????. Y?o ??e ath???ue, ?????e ??????
???i, ??o ??? ??oth?? ???th?? e o.ae. Ae??a ???ey ???oaey (????a ?????a)
?nyo ??????? ????, /? ??eth?i ???? ?e ?y ??, ?i ????o, ?e e ?y ???
???th??. A OE O???? ??a ???ey ???? a ????e ??? ?????ey, ???????e ?. 282
bis “I?? ? ??na? ?????e”.

I?????e ???n ?y ?????ey ?a???ytho ? ??? ????? ????-???? ??, ???ath?a
?????th ???o ?????? a ???e ??????o ???????, ? e ?????oth?a ? ???e.

A??c ?????? ??ia ???y ???u a ???yo ? ?????ey ??? ??????o ?? ???i
???????o i ?i, ?i ???? ???? ????th ???? ???iy????? ??????th ??????o ??,
???iy????? ????eth ?????y (??? ????eue?o ????), a ??a ??????y ??? ?????y
?e ?????a ???a. O???y ????y? yo?????e ???e ? ???ueth ?????? ????e ?????
??????, ? ???? e ??? i ?i, ?i a ????i ?e??????a ??? ??ai ??? ????a ?e ??
?????? ??? ?a????? ?? ???? ?e ???? ???a, a ?????oth?a ? ??iy?? ?????a?y
y?yth?y ???? ????e.

I?????a ??e e ???u ????e a ???yo, ??????o ? ????? ?a??? ?????? n ?????i
???y, ???, n ??????? ????? ????y e ?., a ??? ???o ?atho ???a??e ????: ?
??? ?? (A??ey, Ai???y) ? 10 ?o (a ??i oy?? ??ayo – O?A). I??i ?????i
??????e ?????o ??i ???? ????i ????o ?????oth ????ue ?????? ????? ??, i
?i ??????otho ?????? ??e ???y ???u, ???????a ???y? ??? ? OE. A??? ???u
n??? ? ???iy????? ??????th ec?????o ?? a ???????? ?????a ??i ??aey?y a
????? ? ?? ? iy? ?o. I?? ???a ???e ?????u ? ????? ???a a ?????e (????
????y ???ey? i?i-?a ?? ???y ???u) e ? ???i? ??u ??n??ey (?a ??).

N???y ?????, ???o ????, ?i ????a ???????? ?????e O????, ??y??? ???
??????o ??, a ???? ??o y???? ?????y n ??i?? ????????i ????? ??i, ???
???? ? ? ???????e ??cy, ?e ???otho a ??? ????-???? ??a, a ? ??? ??o ???
?????e ?????y ???????a e ???? ??e?e. E?a ?y?e, ????? e ???? ????? ????yi
??????o ?? ???i a ????a?? a ??? ???????? ????? ??i, ??? ????. Ai ??? y?
?uy?y?ny ?i, ?i ??? ??????o e ?? ?????? ?? y?y?ny ?????? ??e, ????i
???ath??y ???ueth ???ii-????i ??????y, ??i ???a????i ???i ?y??? ? ??? n
????th?e a ??? ??? ???? ?????, ? e ??????? ???????aa. E???????e ????
????? ???????? ??i?? ???a a ??? n ??????th*(17). E? ?????i ???? A.
E????, ?????? ??? ??????i ????? ??a ???ath?y ? ??? ?????? ???? ?????a ?
??a “??????-????a”, ??eth?i ????e y?y?ny ??????ue “???y?y ???? y?????
???a ???y ??o ?????o ??/, ?????? a ?????i ????i ??a” e “??????y ????
y????? ????-???? ????? ? ?????i ?a?”*(18).

N??e ??????? ?oa?o?u

*(1) I?????ay ??? ?? e ??? ????. N??? ?????. I., 1990. N. 14-20.

*(2) A???? NNN?. 1976. N 17. No. 291.

*(3) NC ?O. 2001. N 2. No. 163.

*(4) A ??? ??? ?????ath?y ??oth?a ????? ???????a ??, n????a ??u ? ????e
???????e ? ????a ??????o ??: O???? ??? A??? / I?/. ?ae. N.O. I?th?a.
NIa., 2004; O???? ??? ?????e A???y / I?/. ?ae. A.E. E???. NIa., 2001;
C?? A??????e i ???? ????????a 1983 a., Ca?i A??????e i ?????? ??eyo,
???o e ?????? 2000 a. // I??????? ? ????a ??????o ?? ???i a c????a???
????? ??i. I., 2005; O???? ??? A???? / I?/. ?ae. A.A. A????. NIa., 2000;
O???? ??? Ae?? / I?/. ?ae. N.N. A?y?. NIa., 2001; O???? ??en E??? / I?
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/ I? ?ae. A.E. E????. NIa., 2001; O???? ??? ?????e I??a / I?/. ?ae. A.E.
E???, I.O. E????. NIa., 2001; O???? ??? ?????e N?-I??i / I?/. ?ae. N.A.
I???a. NIa., 2002; N?ae ???a NOA //
http://www.linkexchange.ru/cgi-bin/erle.cgi?36378?1012962090168; E??????
??? O??? // I??????? ? ????a ??????o ?? ???i a ???????? ????? ??i. I.,
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*(5) I??????? ? ????a ??????o ?? ???i a ???????? ????? ??i. N. 7.

*(6) N??????a A.A. O???ay ?a?????? ? ????a ??????o ?? e ??a ???i ? ???a
a ?????a ? OE A???e e OE ???e. I., 2004. N. 30.

*(7) I??? 14 ?. 64 Oa????? ??? ? 12 ethiy 2002 a. N 67-OC “Ia ????
???eyo ??????o ?? e ??a ? ???a a ?????a ???i ?????e O????” (a ?ae. ? 27
??y?y 2002 a. N 119-OC) ????????ue ?????ue ?????ey ???i ???? ?O ai????y
? ?/? ?e ????? ???a a ??? ???????e ??? ????a ?O, ??? ???ai ??????ey,
?????a ???? ?O, ?n??i ?????a. I??i ???? ?O a ???yth?i ?????a ?????ue ???
???a?y ?????y ii ??a ?-? i????? ?y ????? y?e ????u ?????? ????? ??? e
???i ? i???????i ?????y.

*(8) N?????? ??????a ??i / I?/. ?ae. A.A. I???a. I., 2003. N. 24.

*(9) O????? ??i ? 4 ethey 2003 a. N 94-OC “I ???? ????e e ??e??e a ????a
???????a ?? ???e?? O???? a ?y? n ??y?? O??a??? ??? “Ia ???? ???eyo
??????o ?? e ??a ? ???a a ?????? ???i ?????e O??aoe?” // NC ?O. 2003. N
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*(10) I????e E.A. Ia ???a ??????, ???????o a ??a 19 O????i ???a ?O //
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*(11) I????e E.A. I??a ???, ?????? e ???? ?? a ?i??? ???????? ???e e
????? a????a. I., 2004. N. 120.

*(12) E??? A.I., E???a TH.A. E?n ?????i ????? ??a: A 2-o o. O. 2. I???ay
??ue. I. 2002. N. 155.

*(13) E????? e O????o ???o ?????e O???? (?????e) / I? ?u. ?ae. I.A.
E????. I. 2006. N. 316.

*(14) O???? ??i ?????e O?a??e: I???ay ??ue / I? ?ae. E.A. E??i??-O??.
I., 2005. N. 82-83.

*(15) NC ?O. 2002. N 24. No. 2253.

*(16) E????e-E???? O.A. Ae??????y ????e ???????e. O??y e ??i????ay ????.
I., 2000. N. 228.

*(17) E??y?? A.I. N???? ??? n ??????th. I., 2003. N. 339-349.

*(18) E???? A. O??????ey ????-???? ??? e ?????? ?o?? // O???? ??i. 2005.
N 5. N. 32-33.

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