.

Конституционный суд РФ

Язык:
Формат: курсова
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 2196
Скачать документ

Eiinoeoooeeiiiue noae ?O.

Enoi?ey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai noaea ?O

Eiinoeoooeeiiiue noae ?O. Enoi?ey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai noaea Noaouee
Eiinoeoooeee ia einoeoooao aeanoe iau/ii ia/eiathony n ii?aaeaeaiey,
oa?aeoa?ecothuaai a e?aoeie oi?ia th?eaee/aneoth i?e?iaeo,
ooieoeeiiaeueioth iai?aaeaiiinoue e ianoi a nenoaia aeanoe
niioaaonoaothuaai i?aaia (no. 80, 94, 110, 126, 127). Eiiiaioe?oaiay
noaouey ia niaea?aeeo ii?aaeaeaiey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea a ioee/ea io
iacaaiiuo noaoae, a oaeaea io i?aaeiae eiinoeoooeeiiiie ?aaeaiaioaoeee
aai noaoona. *anoue 1 no. 125 onoaiaaeeaaao eeoue eiee/anoaaiiue ninoaa
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea.

?inney, i?iaiaey aeaiie?aoe/aneea i?aia?aciaaiey, noaea ia?aie ia
oa??eoi?ee NNN?, o/?aaeeaoae a aeaeaa?a 1990 a. niaoeeaeece?iaaiiue
i?aai noaeaaiiai eiinoeoooeeiiiiai eiio?iey, aiany eciaiaiey a no. 119
Eiinoeoooeee ?NON? (AAN ?NON?, 1990, N 29, no. 395). 12 ethey 1991 a.
aue i?eiyo Caeii ?NON? “I Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea ?NON?” (AAN ?NON?,
1991, N 30, no. 1017), a ieoya?a 1991 a. eca?ai aai ia?aue ninoaa.

Aeayoaeueiinoue Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea a 1992-1993 aa. aianea
nouanoaaiiue aeeaae a noaiiaeaiea eiinoeoooeeiiiiai i?aainoaeey a
?innee, iaeiaei iieo/eea iaiaeiicia/ioth ioeaieo a iauanoaa. A oneiaeyo
ino?ie eiio?iioaoeee iaaeaeo caeiiiaeaoaeueiie e eniieieoaeueiie
aeanoyie Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae ieacaeny aiaea/aiiui a aiaeiai?io
iieeoe/aneeo no?anoae, /oi a eoiaa i?eaaei e i?einoaiiaeaieth aai
aeayoaeueiinoe a ieoya?a 1993 a.

I?e iiaeaioiaea i?iaeoa iiaie Eiinoeoooeee aeoeaii ianoaeaeaeenue eiua
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiaua oi?iu inouanoaeaiey eiinoeoooeeiiiiai
i?aainoaeey: nicaeaiea eiinoeoooeeiiiie eieeaaee a ninoaaa Aa?oiaiiai
Noaea; aiceiaeaiea eiinoeoooeeiiii-eiio?ieueiie ooieoeee ia Aa?oiaiue
Noae a oeaeii (aia?eeaineay iiaeaeue); ia?aciaaiea Aunoaai noaeaaiiai
i?enoonoaey eae naiaia?aciie iaaeno?ieee iaae Eiinoeoooeeiiiui,
Aa?oiaiui e Aunoei A?aeo?aaeiui noaeaie (/oi aua ia ano?a/aeinue a
ie?iaie i?aeoeea). Iaeioi?ua ec i?aaeeiaeaiee, aaaeouea e i?eieaeaieth
?iee Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea e ia?aaea/a aai ooieoeee ae?oaei
no?oeoo?ai, iauyniyeenue ?aaeoeeae ia iieeoe/aneea ianoiyoaeuenoaa
i?aaeoanoaothuaai ia?eiaea.

Eiinoeoooeey ?innee 1993 a. nio?aieea Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae eae
naiinoiyoaeueiue einoeooo aeanoe, oioy e n eciaiaiiie eiiiaoaioeeae.
Iaeiaei ninoaaeoaee i?iaeoa Eiinoeoooeee e iiiaioo auianaiey aai ia
anaia?iaeiia aieiniaaiea ia noiaee i?eeoe e aaeeinoao a oa?aeoa?enoeea
noaoona Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea, au?aaeaiiiio a /aoeii ii?aaeaeaiee.
Yoio i?iaae a Eiinoeoooeee ainiieiee OEC io 21 ethey 1994 a. N 1-OEC “I
Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”, eioi?ue ia iniiaa
Eiinoeoooeee e a niioaaonoaee n aa no. 128 onoaiiaee iieiiii/ey,
ii?yaeie ia?aciaaiey e aeayoaeueiinoe Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea (NC ?O,
1994, N 13, no. 1447; 2001, N 7, no. 607).

Noaouey 165 i?aaeiae Eiinoeoooeee (a ?aae. io 21 ai?aey 1992 a.)
oa?aeoa?eciaaea Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae /?acau/aeii oe?iei – eae aunoee
i?aai noaeaaiie aeanoe ii caueoa eiinoeoooeeiiiiai no?iy. Noaouey 1
Caeiia io 21 ethey 1994 a. aeaao aieaa /aoeia ii?aaeaeaiea
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea – noaeaaiue i?aai eiinoeoooeeiiiiai eiio?iey,
naiinoiyoaeueii e iacaaeneii inouanoaeythuee noaeaaioth aeanoue
iin?aaenoaii eiinoeoooeeiiiiai noaeii?iecaiaenoaa. A yoii ii?aaeaeaiee
io?aaeaiu iniiaiua /a?ou Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea: i?aaiaie noaoon –
noaeaaiue i?aai, ooieoeey – inouanoaeaiea eiinoeoooeeiiiiai eiio?iey,
aeaaiua i?eioeeiu aeayoaeueiinoe – naiinoiyoaeueiia e iacaaeneiia
inouanoaeaiea noaeaaiie aeanoe, i?ioeannoaeueiay oi?ia aeayoaeueiinoe –
eiinoeoooeeiiiia noaeii?iecaiaenoai.

A eiinoeoooeeiiiii eiio?iea a i?aaeaeao naiae eiiiaoaioeee o/anoaotho e
ae?oaea i?aaiu – I?aceaeaio (no. 85, 115 Eiinoeoooeee), I?aaeoaeuenoai,
caeiiiaeaoaeueiua e eniieieoaeueiua i?aaiu noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee, noaeu
iauae e a?aeo?aaeiie th?enaeeeoeee, i?ieo?aoo?a. Iaeiaei noaeaaiue
eiinoeoooeeiiiue eiio?ieue – iniaay e naiinoiyoaeueiay noa?a
aeayoaeueiinoe, inouanoaeyaiay niaoeeaeueii ia oi oiieiiii/aiiui i?aaiii
– Eiinoeoooeeiiiui Noaeii (a no?aiao aiaeinaeniineie nenoaiu iauaai
i?aaa yoi ooieoeey noaeia iauae th?enaeeeoeee). Oaeie eiio?ieue
au?aaeaaony a i?iaa?ea e ioeaiea iin?aaenoaii niaoeeaeueiie i?ioeaaeo?u
(eiinoeoooeeiiiiai noaeii?iecaiaenoaa) niioaaonoaey Eiinoeoooeee
caeiiia, ae?oaeo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia, eioi?ua a neo/aa i?eciaiey eo
iaeiinoeoooeeiiiuie oo?a/eaatho neeo, a ?ac?aoaiee nii?ia i
eiiiaoaioeee, oieeiaaiee Eiinoeoooeee. Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae aeaenoaoao
a oeaeyo caueou iniia eiinoeoooeeiiiiai no?iy, iniiaiuo i?aa e naiaiae
ee/iinoe, iaania/aiey aa?oiaainoaa e i?yiiai aeaenoaey Eiinoeoooeee, aa
i?aaiaie io?aiu (no. 3 Caeiia io 21 ethey 1994 a.).

ssaeyynue iniaui i?aaiii noaeaaiie aeanoe, Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae,
o/eouaay aiceaaaaiua ia iaai ooieoeee e iieiiii/ey ii iaania/aieth
aa?oiaainoaa e iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai aeaenoaey Eiinoeoooeee, aaeaina
aeanoae, aunooiaao iaeiia?aiaiii e eae aunoee eiinoeoooeeiiiue i?aai
iaeiiai o?iaiy n oaaea?aeueiuie caaiueyie i?aceaeaioneie,
caeiiiaeaoaeueiie e eniieieoaeueiie aeanoae. A yoii au?aaeaaony aai
aeaoaaeeiay i?aaiaay i?e?iaea. Iiaue Caeii i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea ii
n?aaiaieth n i?aaeoanoaothuei e i?aaeiae Eiinoeoooeeae ia nio?aiee
oa?iei “aunoee” i?e ii?aaeaeaiee Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea. Ii
aeaenoaeoaeueii ia yaeyaony aunoei i?aaiii a oii iiieiaiee, /oi ia
aicaeaaeyao nenoaio noaeaaiuo i?aaiia, a oii /enea eiinoeoooeeiiiua
(onoaaiua) noaeu noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee, ia yaeyaony aeey noaeaaiie
nenoaiu iaaeci?iie, eannaoeeiiiie eee aiaeeyoeeiiiie einoaioeeae.

Aianoa n oai Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae – aunoee i?aai a oii niunea, /oi
caieiaao aunoaa iieiaeaiea a iaoaiecia eiinoeoooeeiiiiai eiio?iey a
ainoaea?noaa, ia iiaeiaaeci?ai ieeaeei einoaioeeyi, aai ?aoaiey iinyo
iaycaoaeueiue oa?aeoa?, a oii /enea aeey anao ae?oaeo aunoeo
ainoaea?noaaiiuo no?oeoo?, naycai i?e inouanoaeaiee noaeii?iecaiaenoaa
oieueei oaaea?aeueiie Eiinoeoooeeae eae aa?oeiie i?aaiaie nenoaiu e
Caeiiii i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea. A neeo oaeiai iniaiai noaoona
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea ec anao aunoeo noaeaaiuo i?aaiia oieueei aai
eiiiaoaioeey, ia?yaeo n eiiiaoaioeeae I?aceaeaioa, iaeao Oaaea?aeueiiai
Nia?aiey, I?aaeoaeuenoaa, ii?aaeaeaia iaiin?aaenoaaiii e ?acaa?iooi a
Eiinoeoooeee.

Aeaenoaothuay Eiinoeoooeey ii n?aaiaieth n i?aaeuaeouae oaaee/eea
/eneaiiue ninoaa Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea n 15 (oaeoe/anee auee eca?aiu e
?aaioaee 13) aei 19 noaeae. Yoi iaoneiaeaii eae oneiaeiaieai caaea/,
noiyueo ia?aae Eiinoeoooeeiiiui Noaeii a nia?aiaiiue ia?eiae, oae e
no?aieaieai iaania/eoue iin?aaenoaii iacia/aiey iiauo noaeae (i?aaeiea
nio?aieee naie iieiiii/ey) aaeain a ninoaaa Noaea i?aaenoaaeoaeae
?acee/iuo i?ioanneiiaeueiuo e aeeciaiiuo i?eaioaoeee e oaaaeaeaiee.

Caeii i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea i?aaeuyaeyao aunieea o?aaiaaiey e
eaiaeeaeaoai ia aeieaeiinoue eiinoeoooeeiiiiai noaeuee. Ei iiaeao auoue
oieueei a?aaeaeaiei ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, aeinoeaoee ei aeith
iacia/aiey ia iaiaa 40 eao, n aacoi?a/iie ?aiooaoeeae, eiathuee aunoaa
th?eaee/aneia ia?aciaaiea e noaae ?aaiou ii th?eaee/aneie i?ioannee ia
iaiaa 15 eao, iaeaaeathuee i?eciaiiie aunieie eaaeeoeeaoeeae a iaeanoe
i?aaa.

Eiinoeoooeey ii?aaeaeyao ii?yaeie iacia/aiey noaeae Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai
Noaea (i. “a” no. 83, i. “ae” /. 1 no. 102, /. 1 no. 128), eioi?ue
eiie?aoece?iaai a no. 9 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea.
Eiinoeoooeeiiiua noaeuee iacia/athony Niaaoii Oaaea?aoeee a
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiii ii?yaeea oaeiui aieiniaaieai ii i?aaenoaaeaieth
I?aceaeaioa ?O. I?aaeeiaeaiey i eaiaeeaeaoao a eiinoeoooeeiiiua noaeuee
iiaoo aiineoueny I?aceaeaioo ?acee/iuie i?aaiaie, i?aaiecaoeeyie e
o/?aaeaeaieyie, oeacaiiuie a /. 1 no. 9 Caeiia.

A ioee/ea io ae?oaeo aunoeo ainoaea?noaaiiuo no?oeoo?, iai?eia?
Oaaea?aeueiiai Nia?aiey, I?aceaeaioa, iieiiii/ey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea
eae i?aaia ia ia?aie/aiu eaeei-eeai n?ieii, /oi iaania/eaaao aai
aieueooth naiinoiyoaeueiinoue, iacaaeneiinoue ai acaeiiioiioaieyo n
caeiiiaeaoaeueiie e eniieieoaeueiie aaoayie aeanoe. Yoei aea oeaeyi
neoaeeo i?eioeei ianiaiyaiinoe eiinoeoooeeiiiuo noaeae a oa/aiea n?iea,
ia eioi?ue iie iacia/aiu. N?ie iieiiii/ee noaeuee Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai
Noaea a ianoiyuaa a?aiy – 15 eao (i?aaeaea – 12 eao), i?aaeaeueiue
aic?ano aeey i?aauaaiey a yoie aeieaeiinoe ia onoaiiaeai (i?aaeaea – 70
eao). Oaeia eciaiaiea n?ieia iieiiii/ee, aianaiiia a Caeii i
Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea a oaa?aea 2001 a., caeiiiaeaoaeue ?ani?ino?aiee
oieueei ia noaeae, iacia/aiiuo ia aeieaeiinoue Niaaoii Oaaea?aoeee iinea
i?eiyoey Caeiia a 1994 a. (NC ?O, 2001, N 7, no. 607). Aeey noaeae aea,
eca?aiiuo a ieoya?a 1991 a., a neeo i. 5 “Caeeth/eoaeueiuo e ia?aoiaeiuo
iieiaeaiee” Eiinoeoooeee nio?aiaii ia?aie/aiea n?iea iieiiii/ee,
onoaiiaeaiiia i?aaeiei Caeiiii i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea, – aeinoeaeaiea
aic?anoa 65 eao, /oi, eiia/ii, aua aieueoa onoaoaeei ia?aaainoai a
noaoona yoeo noaeae n iacia/aiiuie iinea 1994 a. A oa/aiea oeacaiiuo
n?ieia iieiiii/ey noaeuee iiaoo auoue i?ae?auaiu eee i?einoaiiaeaiu ia
eia/a, eae a ii?yaeea e ii iniiaaieyi, onoaiiaeaiiui Caeiiii i
Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea (no. 12, 14, 17, 18 Caeiia). A oi aea a?aiy
iiaoi?iia iacia/aiea ia aeieaeiinoue ia aeiioneaaony.

Oeaeyi iaania/aiey iacaaeneiinoe e aani?eno?anoiinoe, aeaiieeoecaoeee
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea e aai noaeae neoaeao iieiaeaiey iacaaiiiai
Caeiia i caiyoeyo e aeaenoaeyo, ianiaianoeiuo n aeieaeiinoueth
eiinoeoooeeiiiiai noaeuee. Noaouey 11 Caeiia onoaiaaeeaaao cai?aou:
caieiaoue eaeea-eeai eiua ainoaea?noaaiiua eee iauanoaaiiua aeieaeiinoe,
caieiaoueny ethaie eiie iiea/eaaaiie aeayoaeueiinoueth, e?iia oai?/aneie
(i?aiiaeaaaoaeueneie, iao/iie e ae?.); ieacuaaoue eiio au oi ie auei
iie?iaeoaeuenoai a i?aaiaie noa?a; caieiaoueny iieeoeeie; auneacuaaoueny
ii i?aaeiaoo ?anniio?aiey a Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea aei i?eiyoey ii iaio
?aoaiey.

Iniiaiuie i?eioeeiaie aeayoaeueiinoe Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea yaeythony
iacaaeneiinoue, eieeaaeaeueiinoue, aeaniinoue, ninoycaoaeueiinoue e
?aaiii?aaea noi?ii.

Caeii io 21 ethey 1994 a. aian i?eioeeieaeueiua eciaiaiey a no?oeoo?o e
i?aaiecaoeeth aeayoaeueiinoe Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea, iai?aaeaiiua ia
iiauoaiea aa yooaeoeaiinoe e iia?aoeaiinoe. I?aaeaea Noae aeaenoaiaae a
aaeeiii ninoaaa noaeae. Iiaue caeii i?aaeoniio?ae ia?aciaaiea aeaoo
iaeao, /oi ioe?uei aiciiaeiinoue inouanoaeyoue eiinoeoooeeiiiia
noaeii?iecaiaenoai o?aiy eieeaaeyie – a oi?ia ieaia?iuo canaaeaiee e
canaaeaiee iaeao. I?e yoii eaaeaeay iaeaoa aunooiaao eae
Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae – ?aoaiey, i?eiyoua eae a ieaia?iuo canaaeaieyo,
oae e a canaaeaieyo iaeao, th?eaee/anee ?aaiicia/iu: iie yaeythony
?aoaieyie Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea.

Iaeaou ?aaiii?aaiu. Yoiio i?eioeeio a iaeaieueoae noaiaie
niioaaonoaiaaei au eo ia?aciaaiea n ?aaiui /eneii noaeae. Iaeiaei eaeay
ia?aciaaiey iaeao aicieeea oaea iinea oiai, eae iauaa /enei noaeae
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea auei ii?aaeaeaii a Eiinoeoooeee. Iiyoiio a
iaeaou aoiaeyo niioaaonoaaiii 10 e 9 noaeae.

Aaaeiie aa?aioeae iacaaeneiinoe Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea, ?aaainoaa i?aa
noaeae yaeythony iieiaeaiey Caeiia ia eca?aiee naieie noaeueyie ec
naiaai ninoaaa oaeiui aieiniaaieai I?aaenaaeaoaey, caianoeoaey
I?aaenaaeaoaey e noaeuee-nae?aoa?y Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea.

Inouanoaeaiea eiinoeoooeeiiiiai noaeii?iecaiaenoaa iin?aaenoaii
ieaia?iuo canaaeaiee e canaaeaiee iaeao iio?aaiaaei ?aca?aie/eoue
eiiiaoaioeeth Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea iaaeaeo ieie. Caeii onoaiiaee, /oi
a ieaia?iii canaaeaiee iiaeao auoue ?anniio?ai ethaie aii?in, aoiaeyuee
a eiiiaoaioeeth Noaea (/. 1 no. 21). Aianoa n oai eiathony aii?inu,
iiaeeaaeauea ?anniio?aieth eneeth/eoaeueii a ieaia?iuo canaaeaieyo.
Iaeie ec ieo iinyo th?enaeeeoeeiiiue oa?aeoa?, ae?oaea yaeythony
i?aaiecaoeeiiiuie. Iie ii?aaeaeaiu eae a /. 2 e 3 no. 21, oae e a
ae?oaeo noaoueyo Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea (no. 15, /. 4 no. 17,
i. 1 e 7 /. 1, /. 5 no. 18, i. 3 e 4 /. 1 no. 24, no. 26, 42, 47, /. 3
no. 111). Ia iaeaou aiceiaeaii ?ac?aoaiea aeae, ioianaiiuo e aaaeaieth
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea e ia iiaeeaaeaueo ?anniio?aieth, niaeanii Caeiio
i iai, eneeth/eoaeueii a ieaia?iuo canaaeaieyo (no. 22). Ia?a/aiue yoeo
aeae aanueia iaoe?ai. I?aeoeea iieacuaaao, /oi iniiaiie iauai ?aaiou
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea i?eoiaeeony ia iaeaou.

A iineaaeothueo /anoyo eiiiaioe?oaiie noaouee iiae?iaii
?aaeaiaioe?othony iieiiii/ey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea, ?yae eiuo
iieiiii/ee onoaiiaeai a no. 100, 104 Eiinoeoooeee (i iineaieyo
Oaaea?aeueiiio Nia?aieth, i?aaa caeiiiaeaoaeueiie eieoeeaoeau).

2. *anoue 2 aiaeece?oaiie noaouee ii?aaeaeyao a?oiio iieiiii/ee
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea ii ?ac?aoaieth aeae i niioaaonoaee oaaea?aeueiie
Eiinoeoooeee ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia e aeiaiai?ia
iaaeaeo ieie, ia anooieaoeo a neeo iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ia
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee. I?e yoii a eiiiaioe?oaiie /anoe ?a/ue eaeao ia
aano?aeoiii ii?iieiio?iea, o.a. aia nayce n i?eiaiaieai inii?aiiiai aeoa
a eiie?aoiii aeaea.

TH?enaeeeoeey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea a yoie, eae e a ae?oaeo, noa?a
ii?aaeaeyaony /a?ac cae?aieaiea ia oieueei ia?a/iy iiaeeaaeaueo i?iaa?ea
aeoia, ii e e?oaa i?aaiii/iuo noauaeoia ia?auaiey a Eiinoeoooeeiiiue
Noae. Eiiiaioe?oaiay /anoue ia/eiaaony n ia?a/iy oaeeo noauaeoia. Anee
i?aaeaea i?aaii ia?auaiey a Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae iaeaaeaee iauanoaaiiua
i?aaiecaoeee, ethaie aeaiooao Aa?oiaiiai Niaaoa (/oi i?eaiaeeei e
ia?aiino iieeoe/aneeo aeaaaoia aeaiooaoia ec noai ia?eaiaioa a
Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae), Aaia?aeueiue i?ieo?i? e ae?., oi aeaenoaothuay
Eiinoeoooeey i?aaeinoaaeyao oaeia i?aai aieaa oceiio e?oao i?aaiia e
eeoe. Yoi I?aceaeaio, Niaao Oaaea?aoeee, Ainoaea?noaaiiay Aeoia, 1/5
/eaiia Niaaoa Oaaea?aoeee (36 /eaiia) eee aeaiooaoia Ainoaea?noaaiiie
Aeoiu (90 aeaiooaoia), I?aaeoaeuenoai, Aa?oiaiue Noae e Aunoee
A?aeo?aaeiue Noae, i?aaiu caeiiiaeaoaeueiie e eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe
noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee. Aianoa n oai a?yae ee ii?aaaeaiii eneeth/aiea ec
yoiai ia?a/iy Aaia?aeueiiai i?ieo?i?a. Nai Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae ia
ai?aaa ?anniao?eaaoue aeaea ii nianoaaiiie eieoeeaoeaa.

a) Ioieo “a” eiiiaioe?oaiie /anoe e aeoai oaaea?aeueiiai o?iaiy,
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoue eioi?uo i?aaiii/ai i?iaa?youe Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae,
ioiineo i?aaeaea anaai oaaea?aeueiua caeiiu. Caeanue, eae e a /. 2 no.
4, i. “a” no. 71, /. 3 no. 80, /. 3 no. 90 e ?yaea ae?oaeo noaoae
Eiinoeoooeee, oa?iei “oaaea?aeueiue caeii” eniieueciaai eae ?iaeiaia
iiiyoea, o.a. aeeth/athuaa e oaaea?aeueiua eiinoeoooeeiiiua, e iau/iua
oaaea?aeueiua caeiiu. Ia i?aeoeea Noae iiea ioeacuaae a i?iaa?ea
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe oao eee eiuo oaaea?aeueiuo eiinoeoooeeiiiuo caeiiia,
a /anoiinoe i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea, ii ia ec-ca eo oi?iu, a ii eiui
iniiaaieyi. Iiae aeaenoaea eiiiaioe?oaiiai ioieoa iiaeiaaeatho oaeaea ia
oo?aoeaoea neeo caeiiu NNN? e ?NON?, ii iie iiaeeaaeao i?iaa?ea oieueei
ii niaea?aeaieth ii?i.

E th?enaeeeoeee Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea neaaeoao ioianoe e i?iaa?eo
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe ae?oaie eaoaai?ee caeiiia – i eiinoeoooeeiiiuo
iii?aaeao, ii aei eo ia?aaea/e, niaeanii no. 136 Eiinoeoooeee, ia
iaeia?aiea i?aaiai caeiiiaeaoaeueiie aeanoe noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee. Yoi
iaoneiaeaii onoaiiaeaieyie no. 16 Eiinoeoooeee, /oi ieeaeea iieiaeaiey
Eiinoeoooeee ia iiaoo i?ioeai?a/eoue iniiaai eiinoeoooeeiiiiai no?iy,
cae?aieaiiui a ae. 1, e o?aaiaaieai no. 135 i oii, /oi iieiaeaiey ae. 1,
2 e 9 Eiinoeoooeee ia iiaoo auoue ia?aniio?aiu Oaaea?aeueiui Nia?aieai.
OC io 4 ia?oa 1998 a. N 33-OC “I ii?yaeea i?eiyoey e anooieaiey a neeo
iii?aaie e Eiinoeoooeee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee” a no. 11 aiceaaaao ia
Aa?oiaiue Noae ?O iieiiii/ea i?iaa?youe a ii?yaeea a?aaeaeaineiai
noaeii?iecaiaenoaa ii aeaeiaa I?aceaeaioa ?O eee caeiiiaeaoaeueiiai
i?aaia noauaeoa Oaaea?aoeee iinoaiiaeaiea Niaaoa Oaaea?aoeee ia
onoaiiaeaiee ?acoeueoaoia ?anniio?aiey caeiia i iii?aaea e Eiinoeoooeee
caeiiiaeaoaeueiuie i?aaiaie noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee (NC ?O, 1998, N 10,
no. 1146). Ii yoi iieiiii/ea naycaii n onoaiiaeaieai oaeoe/aneeo
ianoiyoaeuenoa, eanathueony niaethaeaiey onoaiiaeaiiiai ii?yaeea
?anniio?aiey caeiia a noauaeoao Oaaea?aoeee, a ia n i?iaa?eie aai
niioaaonoaey oeacaiiui o?aaiaaieyi Eiinoeoooeee.

Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae i?aaiii/ai ii cai?inai ia?a/eneaiiuo a
aiaeece?oaiie /anoe i?aaiia e eeoe ?ac?aoaoue oaeaea aeaea i
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe ethauo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia I?aceaeaioa, Niaaoa
Oaaea?aoeee, Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu, I?aaeoaeuenoaa iacaaeneii io eo
oi?iu e iaeiaiiaaiey. Eiua aeou yoeo i?aaiia, ii?i i?aaa ia
onoaiaaeeaathuea, Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae i?iaa?youe ia i?aaiii/ai.
Iiyoiio ii auioaeaeai ioeacuaaoue a i?eiyoee e ?anniio?aieth cai?inia,
eanathueony iaii?iaoeaiuo aeoia. Oaeea cai?inu iaiaeiie?aoii iinooiaee,
iai?eia?, io Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu.

Eiiiaoaioeey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea ia ?ani?ino?aiyaony ia i?iaa?eo
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe eiinoeoooeeiiiuo iieiaeaiee, e iie ia iiaoo auoue
i?eciaiu ei iaaeaenoaothueie. Oaeay i?aaiaay iiceoeey iaiaeiie?aoii
au?aaeaeanue a ii?aaeaeaieyo Noaea ia ioeaca a i?eiyoee e ?anniio?aieth
cai?inia, a eioi?uo, ii nouanoao, noaaeeny aii?in i oaeie i?iaa?ea (AEN
?O, 1997, N 4, n. 20-23; 1998, N 3, n. 66-70).

Aua iaeei aaaeiue e?eoa?ee niioaaonoaey o?aaiaaieyi aeiionoeiinoe
cai?inia, noi?ioee?iaaiiue Eiinoeoooeeiiiui Noaeii e ioiinyueeny ei anai
eiui aeaeai ia?auaiee, ninoieo a oii, /oi cai?in ia aeieaeai
i?ioeai?a/eoue i?aaeiacia/aieth e i?eioeeiai aeayoaeueiinoe
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea, i?eaiaeeoue e ?anniio?aieth aeaea, a eioi?ii
i?aiaeaaeatho aniaeou iieeoe/aneie oeaeaniia?aciinoe e eioi?ia
i?aa?auaao Noae a o/anoieea a aieueoae ia?a iieeoe/aneiai, iaaeaee
eiinoeoooeeiiii-i?aaiaiai i?ioeanna. Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae ?aoaao
eneeth/eoaeueii aii?inu i?aaa (AEN ?O, 1995, N 6, n. 22-25).

a) Ioieo “a” ii?aaeaeyao ia?a/aiue aeoia noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee,
iiaeeaaeaueo i?iaa?ea. Yoi i?aaeaea anaai eiinoeoooeee ?anioaeee e
onoaau ae?oaeo noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee. Ioiineoaeueii caeiiia e eiuo
ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee, oaeaea aeeth/aiiuo a noa?o
th?enaeeeoeee Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea, onoaiiaeaiu ii?aaeaeaiiua
ia?aie/aiey. Noae ai?aaa i?iaa?youe oieueei oa ec ieo, eioi?ua ecaeaiu
ii aii?inai, ioiinyueiny e aaaeaieth oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiia
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe (ii yoei aii?inai noauaeou Oaaea?aoeee aiiaua ia
ai?aaa i?eieiaoue eaeea-eeai aeou) e niaianoiiio aaaeaieth n i?aaiaie
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee, ii ia e eneeth/eoaeueiiio
aaaeaieth iineaaeieo.

Aua iaeii ia?aie/aiea auoaeaao ec naiiai iiiyoey “ii?iaoeaiue aeo
noauaeoa Oaaea?aoeee”. Iiae iei iiae?acoiaaaaony ii?iaoeaiue aeo,
i?eieiaaiue i?aaiii caeiiiaeaoaeueiie eee eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe
noauaeoa Oaaea?aoeee, o.a. caeiiiaeaoaeueiuie nia?aieyie, aeoiaie,
oo?aeaie e o.i.; i?aceaeaioaie ?anioaeee, i?aaeoaeuenoaaie,
aaeieieno?aoeeae noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee. Eiua ii?iaoeaiua aeou, iai?eia?
aeou ?anioaeeeaineiai ieienoa?noaa, i?aaia ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey, eae
e iaii?iaoeaiua, ia ioiinyony e noa?a th?enaeeeoeee Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai
Noaea. Iie iiaoo auoue iaaeaeiaaiu a iauea eee a?aeo?aaeiua noaeu, i?aai
eiinoeoooeeiiiiai eiio?iey noauaeoa Oaaea?aoeee a niioaaonoaee n eo
eiiiaoaioeeae.

a) A i. “a” oeacaiu aeiaiai?u, eiinoeoooeeiiiinoue eioi?uo i?aaiii/ai
i?iaa?youe Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae. I?e yoii eiathony a aeaeo
ainoaea?noaaiii-i?aaiaua, aioo?eoaaea?aeueiua aeiaiai?u, caeeth/aaiua
iaaeaeo i?aaiaie caeiiiaeaoaeueiie (eee eniieieoaeueiie) aeanoe
Oaaea?aoeee e aa noauaeoia eee aeaoo e aieaa noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee. Yoi
aeiaiai?u a noa?a eiinoeoooeeiiii-i?aaiauo ioiioaiee, a
ioaee/ii-i?aaiaie noa?a, iai?eia? i ?aca?aie/aiee i?aaeiaoia aaaeaiey e
iieiiii/ee. A oi aea a?aiy iiae th?enaeeeoeeth Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea
ia iiaeiaaeatho aeiaiai?u eiouanoaaiii-i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?a, a noa?a
yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe (no. 22 AIE).

Ii anai ia?a/eneaiiui a i. “a”, “a”, “a” eiiiaioe?oaiie /anoe aeoai
Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae inouanoaeyao iineaaeothuee eiinoeoooeeiiiue
eiio?ieue, o.a. eiio?ieue anooieaoeo a neeo aeoia.

a) A i. “a” i?aaeoniio?aii iieiiii/ea inouanoaeyoue i?aaeaa?eoaeueiue
eiinoeoooeeiiiue eiio?ieue. Ii naycai n ?ac?aoaieai aeae i
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe ia anooieaoeo a neeo iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ia
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee. I?aaaea, yoi iieiaeaiea ia nianai oi/iia.
I?aaeeueiaa auei au caienaoue “ia anooieaoeo a neeo aeey ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ia”, oae eae aei anooieaiey a neeo
aeey ?innee iie aua ia yaeythony iaaeaeoia?iaeiuie aeiaiai?aie
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee.

Ana oaeea aeiaiai?u n eiino?aiiuie ainoaea?noaaie (ainoaea?noaii) eee
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie i?aaiecaoeeae iacaaeneii io oiai, caeeth/athony ee iie
io eiaie ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee (iaaeainoaea?noaaiiua aeiaiai?u), eee
I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O (iaaei?aaeoaeuenoaaiiua aeiaiai?u),eee oaaea?aeueiuo
i?aaiia eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe (aeiaiai?u iaaeaaaeiinoaaiiiai
oa?aeoa?a), iacaaeneii e io aeaea e iaeiaiiaaiey (aeiaiai?, niaeaoaiea,
eiiaaioeey, i?ioieie e o.ae.), iiaeiaaeatho iiae th?enaeeeoeeth
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea.

Noaouey 89 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea a nayce n yoei ooi/iyao:
i?aaeiaoii inia?eaaiey iiaoo auoue oa iaaeaeoia?iaeiua aeiaiai?u
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, eioi?ua, niaeanii Eiinoeoooeee e oaaea?aeueiiio
caeiio, iiaeeaaeao ?aoeoeeaoeee Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiie eee
ooaa?aeaeaieth eiui oaaea?aeueiui i?aaiii ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe.
Eaoaai?ee iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ia, iiaeeaaeaueo ?aoeoeeaoeee eee
ooaa?aeaeaieth, ii?aaeaeaiu a no. 15 e 20 OC io 15 ethey 1995 a. “I
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ao ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee” (NC ?O, 1995, N 29,
no. 2757). Ii iacaaeneii io eo caeiiiaeaoaeueiiai ia?a/iy ethaie
iaaeaeoia?iaeiue aeiaiai?, i?aaenoaaeaiiue ia ?aoeoeeaoeeth,
ooaa?aeaeaiea eee i?eiaiaiea i?aaeoniio?aiiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii eiiai
niiniaa au?aaeaiey niaeaney ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ia aai
iaycaoaeueiinoue, iiaeao auoue inii?ai a Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea. Yoi
ioiineony eae e iaaeaeoia?iaeiiio aeiaiai?o a oeaeii, oae e, enoiaey ec
no. 91 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea, e ioaeaeueiui iieiaeaieyi
aeiaiai?a.

Iniaay aaaeiinoue aeaiiiai iieiiii/ey iaoneiaeaia oai, /oi Eiinoeoooeey
a /. 4 no. 15 aia?aua i?eciaea iauai?eciaiiua i?eioeeiu e ii?iu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa e iaaeaeoia?iaeiua aeiaiai?u ?innee ninoaaiie
/anoueth ?inneeneie i?aaiaie nenoaiu, a oaeaea i?eiao iacaaiiuo
aeiaiai?ia (?aoeoeoee?iaaiiuo e anooieaoeo a neeo aeey ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee) iaae caeiiaie no?aiu.

A Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae eiiaaea i?eoiaeeee ia?auaiey, eanathueany
i?iaa?ee eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe anooieaoeo a neeo iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo
aeiaiai?ia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee (iai?eia?, naycaiiuo n ia?aciaaieai
NIA). Iaeiaei Noae ia i?aaiii/ai ?anniao?eaaoue oaeiai ?iaea aeaea.
Aii?inu ioiineoaeueii iaaeaenoaeoaeueiinoe aeaenoaothueo
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ia ?aoathony a niioaaonoaee n ii?iaie
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa (no. 46, 65, 66 e ae?. Aaineie eiiaaioeee i
i?aaa iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ia 1969 a. – AAN NNN?, 1986, N 37, no.
772).

*oi eanaaony oaaea?aeueiuo caeiiia i ?aoeoeeaoeee iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo
aeiaiai?ia, a oaeaea aeoia I?aceaeaioa e I?aaeoaeuenoaa ia
ooaa?aeaeaiee, i?eiyoee iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ia, oi ii niuneo
Eiinoeoooeee e no. 46 Aaineie eiiaaioeee i i?aaa iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo
aeiaiai?ia, iaycaoaeueiie aeey ?innee eae i?aaii?aaiieea e
i?aaii?iaeieaeaoaey NNN?, Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae i?aaiii/ai i?iaa?youe
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoue iacaaiiuo aeoia a neo/aa yaiiai ia?ooaiey eie
iieiaeaiee Eiinoeoooeee i eiiiaoaioeee oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiia
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe caeeth/aoue iaaeaeoia?iaeiua aeiaiai?u.

3. *anoue 3 eiiiaioe?oaiie noaouee aiceaaaao ia Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae
iieiiii/ea ?ac?aoaoue nii?u i eiiiaoaioeee. Oaeea nii?u iiaoo auoue
naycaiu n aoi?aeaieai iaeiiai i?aaia a eiiiaoaioeeth ae?oaiai,
i?enaiaieai /oaeeo iieiiii/ee iin?aaenoaii ecaeaiey aeoa (ii?iaoeaiiai
eee i?aaii?eiaieoaeueiiai) eee niaa?oaiey aeaenoaey i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?a;
n oeeiiaieai i?aaia io inouanoaeaiey nianoaaiiie eiiiaoaioeee eee
eaii?e?iaaieai eiiiaoaioeee ae?oaiai i?aaia i?e ?aoaiee aii?ina
niaianoiiai aaaeaiey.

a) ?anniao?eaaaiia iieiiii/ea ?ani?ino?aiyaony i?aaeaea anaai ia nii?u i
eiiiaoaioeee iaaeaeo oaaea?aeueiuie i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe (i.
“a” /. 3 no. 125). E yoei i?aaiai, enoiaey ec no. 11 Eiinoeoooeee,
ioiinyony I?aceaeaio, Oaaea?aeueiia Nia?aiea (Niaao Oaaea?aoeee e
Ainoaea?noaaiiay Aeoia), I?aaeoaeuenoai, oaaea?aeueiua noaeu. Ia
oaaea?aeueiii o?iaia aeaenoaotho e ae?oaea ainoaea?noaaiiua no?oeoo?u –
oaaea?aeueiua i?aaiu eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe (ieienoa?noaa, aineiieoaou,
oaaea?aeueiua neoaeau e eiua aaaeiinoaa), N/aoiay iaeaoa, Oeaio?aeueiue
aaie.

Iaeiaei, eae neaaeoao ec i. 1 /. 1 no. 93 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii
Noaea, inia?eaaaiay eiiiaoaioeey aeieaeia auoue ii?aaeaeaia
Eiinoeoooeeae. Eiiiaoaioeey oeacaiiuo eiuo oaaea?aeueiuo
ainoaea?noaaiiuo no?oeoo? Eiinoeoooeeae i?yii ia onoaiaaeeaaaony.
Iiyoiio nii?u i eiiiaoaioeee n eo o/anoeai Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae
?anniao?eaaoue ia i?aaiii/ai, anee oieueei eiiiaoaioeeth eaeiai-eeai ec
yoeo i?aaiia iaeuecy auaanoe ec eiinoeoooeeiiiuo ii?i i iieiiii/eyo
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ii aii?inai aa aaaeaiey eee ii i?aaeiaoai
niaianoiiai aaaeaiey n noauaeoaie Oaaea?aoeee.

N ae?oaie noi?iiu, oaaea?aeueiui i?aaenoaaeoaeueiui e caeiiiaeaoaeueiui
i?aaiii yaeyaony Oaaea?aeueiia Nia?aiea a oeaeii, a ia eaaeaeay aai
iaeaoa a ioaeaeueiinoe. Oai ia iaiaa e oa e ae?oaay iaeaoa iaeaaeatho
nianoaaiiie eiinoeoooeeiiiie eiiiaoaioeeae. Iiyoiio ia eneeth/aaony
aiciiaeiinoue ?anniio?aiey Eiinoeoooeeiiiui Noaeii nii?a i eiiiaoaioeee
iaaeaeo Niaaoii Oaaea?aoeee e Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiie.

O/anoieeaie nii?a i eiiiaoaioeee iiaoo auoue e aunoea noaeaaiua i?aaiu,
eiaaea, iai?eia?, i?aai caeiiiaeaoaeueiie eee eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe
aoi?any a eo eiiiaoaioeeth, i?enaiee iieiiii/ey noaeaaiie aeanoe
ecaeaieai aeoa eee niaa?oaieai aeaenoaey i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?a. Iaeiaei,
niaeanii i. 2 /. 1 no. 93 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea, ii ia
i?aaiii/ai ?anniao?eaaoue nii? i iiaeaaaeiinoaaiiinoe aeaea noaeai eee i
iiaenoaeiinoe, o.a. nii? iaaeaeo noaeaaiuie i?aaiaie. Oaeea aii?inu
aeieaeai ?aoaoue oaaea?aeueiue caeiiiaeaoaeue. Ia i?aaiii/ai
Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae ?anniao?eaaoue e nii?u eiouanoaaiiiai oa?aeoa?a, a
/anoiinoe naycaiiuo n i?eiaaeeaaeiinoueth oao eee eiuo iauaeoia
eiie?aoiui nianoaaiieeai. Yoi ioiineony e th?enaeeeoeee ae?oaeo noaeia.

a) Ioieo “a” eiiiaioe?oaiie /anoe aiceaaaao ia Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae
?ac?aoaiea nii?ia i eiiiaoaioeee ii aa?oeeaee – iaaeaeo i?aaiaie
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee e i?aaiaie
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe aa noauaeoia. Iiae ia?auie, a i?eioeeia,
iiieiathony oa aea oaaea?aeueiua i?aaiu ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe n
oeacaiiuie auoa ia?aie/aieyie, iiae aoi?uie – aiaeiae/iua i?aaiu
noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee. Iineaaeiea ia iiaee auoue eiie?aoii ii?aaeaeaiu a
oaaea?aeueiie Eiinoeoooeee, o/eouaay iniaaiiinoe nenoaiu e eiiiaoaioeee
i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe a eaaeaeii ec noauaeoia. I?e auyaeaiee
eiinoeoooeeiiiie eiiiaoaioeee yoeo i?aaiia iaiaoiaeeii, enoiaey ec /. 3
no. 11 Eiinoeoooeee, iie?aoueny ia aiaeec iieiaeaiee oaaea?aeueiie
Eiinoeoooeee i aii?inao aaaeaiey Oaaea?aoeee, niaianoiiai aaaeaiey
Oaaea?aoeee e aa noauaeoia, eneeth/eoaeueiiai aaaeaiey noauaeoia
Oaaea?aoeee (no. 71-73, 76 e ae?.), a oaeaea Oaaea?aoeaiiai e eiuo
aeiaiai?ia i ?aca?aie/aiee i?aaeiaoia aaaeaiey e iieiiii/ee a /anoe, ia
i?ioeai?a/auae Eiinoeoooeee.

a) A i. “a” aiai?eony i nii?ao i eiiiaoaioeee iaaeaeo aunoeie
ainoaea?noaaiiuie i?aaiaie noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee (/oi ?aaiicia/ii
iiiyoeth “i?aaiu ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee”). I?e
yoii eiathony a aeaeo nii?u iaaeaeo aunoeie ainoaea?noaaiiuie
no?oeoo?aie ?acee/iuo noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee. ?ac?aoaiea nii?ia i
eiiiaoaioeee iaaeaeo i?aaiaie iaeiiai e oiai aea noauaeoa Oaaea?aoeee e
aaaeaieth Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea ia ioianaii, /oi ia eneeth/aao
aiciiaeiinoe aeaeaae?iaaiey aio yoiai iieiiii/ey ia iniiaa aeiaiai?a i
?aca?aie/aiee i?aaeiaoia aaaeaiey e iieiiii/ee iaaeaeo i?aaiaie
Oaaea?aoeee e niioaaonoaothuaai noauaeoa Oaaea?aoeee. Oaeie auaiae
iie?aaony ia iieiaeaiey i. 7 /. 1 no. 3 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea.

Ia?auaiea a Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae i ?ac?aoaiee nii?a i eiiiaoaioeee
iacuaaaony oiaeaoaenoaii (a ioee/ea io cai?inia ii /. 2 eiiiaioe?oaiie
noaouee). N iei ai?aaa ia?auaoueny ethaie ec o/anoaothueo a nii?a
i?aaiia, oeacaiiuo a /. 3 aiaeece?oaiie noaouee, a I?aceaeaio oaeaea a
neo/aa, i?aaeoniio?aiiii a /. 1 no. 85 Eiinoeoooeee. I?e yoii
iaiaoiaeeii niaethnoe oneiaey aeiionoeiinoe oiaeaoaenoaa, ii?aaeaeaiiua
a no. 93 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea, a /anoiinoe iaycaoaeueiia
eniieueciaaiea aeinoaeaaiuo niaeaneoaeueiuo i?ioeaaeo?.

Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae ?anniao?eaaao nii?u i eiiiaoaioeee eneeth/eoaeueii
n oi/ee c?aiey onoaiiaeaiiuo Eiinoeoooeeae ?acaeaeaiey aeanoae e
?aca?aie/aiey eiiiaoaioeee iaaeaeo oaaea?aeueiuie i?aaiaie
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe, a oaeaea n oi/ee c?aiey ?aca?aie/aiey
i?aaeiaoia aaaeaiey e iieiiii/ee iaaeaeo i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiie
aeanoe Oaaea?aoeee e aa noauaeoia, iaaeaeo aunoeie ainoaea?noaaiiuie
i?aaiaie noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee, onoaiiaeaiiiai oaaea?aeueiie
Eiinoeoooeeae, Oaaea?aoeaiui e eiuie aeiaiai?aie i ?aca?aie/aiee
i?aaeiaoia aaaeaiey e iieiiii/ee.

Aianoa n oai /anoue 2 no. 94 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea aeaeaao
nouanoaaiioth iaiai?eo: anee i?aaeiaoii nii?a i eiiiaoaioeee yaeyaony
ii?iaoeaiue aeo, oi i?iaa?ea aai eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe ii ae?oaei
ia?aiao?ai – ii niaea?aeaieth ii?i, oi?ia aeoa, ii?yaeeo aai
iiaeienaiey, i?eiyoey, iioaeeeiaaiey e aaaaeaiey a aeaenoaea – aiciiaeia
oieueei ia iniiaaiee ioaeaeueiiai cai?ina e a ae?oaie i?ioeaaeo?a,
onoaiiaeaiiie aeey ?anniio?aiey aeae i eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe ii?iaoeaiuo
aeoia. I?aaaea, eae neaaeoao ec no. 86 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea,
i?e eniieueciaaiee e yoie i?ioeaaeo?u aiciiaeia i?iaa?ea
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe ii?iaoeaiiai aeoa n oi/ee c?aiey ?acaeaeaiey aeanoae,
?aca?aie/aiey eiiiaoaioeee, i?aaeiaoia aaaeaiey e iieiiii/ee. A
i?eioeeia, io cayaeoaey caaeneo, a eaeie i?ioeaaeo?a ii i?aaeii/eoaao
?anniio?aiea aai ia?auaiey, o/eouaay, iaeiaei, o?aaiaaiea /. 2 no. 94
Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea.

I?eia? ?aaeecaoeee ?anniao?eaaaiiai iieiiii/ey yaeyaony iinoaiiaeaiea
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea io 1 aeaeaa?y 1999 a. ii nii?o i eiiiaoaioeee
iaaeaeo Niaaoii Oaaea?aoeee e I?aceaeaioii ?O ioiineoaeueii
i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe iieiiii/ey ii ecaeaieth aeoa i a?aiaiiii iono?aiaiee
Aaia?aeueiiai i?ieo?i?a io aeieaeiinoe a nayce n aicaoaeaeaieai a
ioiioaiee iaai oaieiaiiai aeaea (AEN ?O, 1999, N 6, n. 37-42).

4. A /. 4 ?anniao?eaaaiie noaouee cae?aieaii iiaia iieiiii/ea
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea, eiathuaa aaaeiia cia/aiea aeey caueou
eiinoeoooeeiiiuo i?aa e naiaiae ee/iinoe. Ii aeaeiaai ia ia?ooaiea
eiinoeoooeeiiiuo i?aa e naiaiae a?aaeaeai e ii cai?inai noaeia Noae
i?aaiii/ai i?iaa?youe eiinoeoooeeiiiinoue caeiia, i?eiaiaiiiai eee
iiaeeaaeauaai i?eiaiaieth a eiie?aoiii aeaea, a ii?yaeea, onoaiiaeaiiii
oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii. Iineaaeiea neiaa aeaiiie /anoe neaaeoao iiieiaoue
ia eae iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?eiyoey niaoeeaeueiiai oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia
aeey ?aaeecaoeee aeaiiiai iieiiii/ey. Oaeei caeiiii yaeyaony Caeii i
Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea. Iaeioi?ua aeaenoaey a yoie noa?a ?aaoee?othony
(aeieaeiu ?aaoee?iaaoueny) i?ioeannoaeueiui caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii (AIE,
OIE, AIE). Oeaeue oiiiyiooiai iieiaeaiey – iiae/a?eiooue oaaea?aeueiue
o?iaaiue ?aaeaiaioaoeee a yoie noa?a.

Aeey ?aciaaeaaaiey eiiiaoaioeee Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea n ae?oaeie
noaeaie Eiinoeoooeey ia nio?aieea aai i?aaeiaa iieiiii/ea i?iaa?youe ii
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui aeaeiaai eiinoeoooeeiiiinoue i?aaii?eiaieoaeueiie
i?aeoeee. A oi aea a?aiy a?aaeaeaia aia?aua iieo/eee i?aai anooiaoue a
nii? n ainoaea?noaii a eeoea caeiiiaeaoaey. Enoiaey ec iieiaeaiee no.
46, /. 3 no. 62 Eiinoeoooeee, iiae a?aaeaeaieiii a /. 4 eiiiaioe?oaiie
noaouee iiieiathony ia oieueei a?aaeaeaia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, ii e
eiino?aiiua a?aaeaeaia, eeoea aac a?aaeaeainoaa. Ei oaeaea ioe?uo
aeinooi e eiinoeoooeeiiiiio i?aainoaeeth i?e ia?ooaiee caeiiii eo i?aa e
naiaiae, aa?aioe?iaaiiuo Eiinoeoooeeae, /oi iaoei iiaeoaa?aeaeaiea a
iinoaiiaeaiee Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea io 17 oaa?aey 1998 a., eanathuainy
i?iaa?ee iieiaeaiee Caeiia NNN? “I i?aaiaii iieiaeaiee eiino?aiiuo
a?aaeaeai a NNN?” (ii aua aeaenoaoao) a nayce n aeaeiaie eeoea aac
a?aaeaeainoaa ss.Ae. Aaoo?a (AEN ?O, 1998, N 3, n. 35-40).

Eiie?aoece?oy iieiaeaiey ?anniao?eaaaiie noaouee, noaouey 96 Caeiia i
Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea onoaiaaeeaaao, /oi i?aaii ia ia?auaiea n
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie eee eieeaeoeaiie aeaeiaie ia ia?ooaiea
eiinoeoooeeiiiuo i?aa e naiaiae iaeaaeatho a?aaeaeaia, /uee i?aaa e
naiaiaeu ia?ooathony caeiiii, i?eiaiaiiui eee iiaeeaaeauei i?eiaiaieth a
eiie?aoiii aeaea, e iauaaeeiaiey a?aaeaeai, a oaeaea eiua i?aaiu e
eeoea, oeacaiiua a oaaea?aeueiii caeiia. Iiae iauaaeeiaieai a?aaeaeai a
aeaiiii neo/aa Caeii iiae?acoiaaaao oa, /uee eieeaeoeaiua i?aaa eee
naycaiiua n /eainoaii (o/anoeai) a ieo i?aaa ioaeaeueiuo eeoe
ia?ooathony i?eiaiyaiui caeiiii. Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae oe?iei oieeoao
iiiyoea “iauaaeeiaiea a?aaeaeai” n oi/ee c?aiey aiciiaeiinoe ia?auaiey n
eiinoeoooeeiiiie aeaeiaie.

Oae, a iinoaiiaeaiee io 24 ieoya?y 1996 a., eanaaoainy eciaiaiee Caeiia
“Ia aeoeecao”, Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae i?eciae i?aai ia ia?auaiea n
eiinoeoooeeiiiie aeaeiaie aeoeeiia?iiai iauanoaa, oiaa?euanoaa e
iauanoaa n ia?aie/aiiie ioaaonoaaiiinoueth, yaeythueony ii naiae nooe
iauaaeeiaieyie – th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie, eioi?ua nicaeaiu a?aaeaeaiaie
aeey niaianoiie ?aaeecaoeee eiinoeoooeeiiiuo i?aa, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo a /.
1 no. 34, /. 2 no. 35 Eiinoeoooeee (AEN ?O, 1996, N 5, n. 4-5). Yoa
i?aaiaay iiceoeey, eiathuay i?aoeaaeaioiia cia/aiea, iaoea
iiaeoaa?aeaeaiea e ?acaeoea a iinoaiiaeaiee io 12 ieoya?y 1998 a.,
eanaaoainy iieiaeaiee Caeiia “Ia iniiaao iaeiaiaie nenoaiu a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee” (AEN ?O, 1999, N 1, n. 12).

*oi eanaaony oiiieiaaiuo a no. 96 Caeiia “eiuo i?aaiia e eeoe”, oi iiea
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii e iei ioianai Aaia?aeueiue i?ieo?i? (/. 6 no. 35 OC
“I i?ieo?aoo?a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”) e Oiieiiii/aiiue ii i?aaai
/aeiaaea (i. 5 /. 1 no. 29 OEC “Ia Oiieiiii/aiiii ii i?aaai /aeiaaea a
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”).

Ii eiinoeoooeeiiiui aeaeiaai Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae i?aaiii/ai i?iaa?youe
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoue ia ethaiai caeiia, a oieueei cao?aaeaathuaai
eiinoeoooeeiiiua i?aaa e naiaiaeu. Iiae caeiiii i?e yoii
iiae?acoiaaathony oaaea?aeueiua eiinoeoooeeiiiua, iau/iua oaaea?aeueiua
caeiiu, caeiiu noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee (aeeth/ay ecaeaiiua ii aii?inai eo
eneeth/eoaeueiiai aaaeaiey), a oaeaea – a neo/aa eo i?eiaiaiey a
eiie?aoiii aeaea – eiinoeoooeee ?anioaeee, onoaau noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee.

Ae?oaia iaycaoaeueiia oneiaea i?eiyoey aeaeiau a?aaeaeaieia e
?anniio?aieth, eioi?ia i/aiue /anoi ia o/eouaatho cayaeoaee, –
inia?eaaaiue caeii aeieaeai auoue oaea i?eiaiai eee iiaeeaaeeo
i?eiaiaieth a eanathuainy iaiin?aaenoaaiii cayaeoaey eiie?aoiii aeaea,
?anniio?aiea eioi?iai a nayce n i?aaiaui nii?ii caaa?oaii eee ia/aoi a
noaea eee eiii i?aaia, i?eiaiythuai caeii. I?eiaiaiea caeiia aeieaeii
auoue iiaeoaa?aeaeaii eiieae ioeoeeaeueiiai aeieoiaioa. Oaeei ia?acii, a
ioee/ea io /. 2 eiiiaioe?oaiie noaouee a /. 4 ?a/ue eaeao i eiie?aoiii
ii?iieiio?iea.

Caueoa iniiaiuo i?aa e naiaiae /aeiaaea e a?aaeaeaieia noaea iaeiei ec
aeaaiuo iai?aaeaiee a aeayoaeueiinoe Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea iinea
aiciaiiaeaiey aai canaaeaiee a 1995 a. I?aaeiaoii ?anniio?aiey ii
eiinoeoooeeiiiui aeaeiaai oaea auee ii?iu AEE, ECiO, AE, OE, OIE, EiAI,
OE, caeiiia “I a?aaeaeainoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”, “I ?aaaeeeoaoeee
aea?oa iieeoe/aneeo ?ai?annee”, “I ainoaea?noaaiiie oaeia”, “I ii?yaeea
?ac?aoaiey eieeaeoeaiuo o?oaeiauo nii?ia (eiioeeeoia)”, “I
ianinoiyoaeueiinoe (aaie?ionoaa)”, “I i?eaaoecaoeee aeeeeuiiai oiiaea a
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”, “Ia ia?aciaaiee”, “I naiaiaea niaanoe e i
?aeeaeiciuo iauaaeeiaieyo”, “I aieineie iaycaiiinoe e aiaiiie neoaeaa” e
ae?. A aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae i?eciae
iaeiinoeoooeeiiiuie iieiinoueth eee /anoe/ii inii?aiiua iieiaeaiey
caeiiia (eiaeaenia), caueoea eiinoeoooeeiiiue i?eioeei ?aaainoaa
a?aaeaeai ia?aae caeiiii e noaeii, i?aai ia noaeaaioth caueoo, i?aaa
iioa?iaaoeo io ceioiio?aaeaiee aeanoueth, o?oaeiaua, aeeeeuiua i?aaa,
i?aaa a iaeiaiauo i?aaiioiioaieyo, i?aai ia naiaiaeo ia?aaeaeaeaiey e
auai? ianoa aeeoaeuenoaa e ae?.

A oi aea a?aiy Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae auioaeaeai ia?aaeei ioeacuaaoue a
?anniio?aiee iinooieaoeo aeaeia a nayce n eo ianiioaaonoaeai o?aaiaaieyi
Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea. Yoi eanaaony, iai?eia?, aeaeia, a
eioi?uo inia?eaathony oeacu I?aceaeaioa, iinoaiiaeaiey I?aaeoaeuenoaa,
?aoaiey noaeaaiuo i?aaiia. Niaeanii /. 4 ?anniao?eaaaiie noaouee ii
aeaeiaai a?aaeaeai Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae i?aaiii/ai i?iaa?youe
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoue oieueei caeiiia.

Ae?oaie oeie/iie i?e/eiie auioaeaeaiiiai ioeaca a i?eiyoee e
?anniio?aieth eiinoeoooeeiiiuo aeaeia yaeyaony oi, /oi iie /anoi ia
naycaiu n eiie?aoiui aeaeii aii?aee o?aaiaaieyi eiiiaioe?oaiie /anoe,
eiie?aoece?iaaiiui a no. 96 e 97 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea. A
oaeeo aeaeiaao ia noaaeony aii?in i caueoa noauaeoeaiuo i?aa cayaeoaey,
e iie oaeoe/anee yaeythony cai?inaie i i?iaa?ea eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe
caeiia aia nayce n eiie?aoiui aeaeii, ia /oi oiieiiii/aiu eeoue i?aaiu e
eeoea, oeacaiiua a /. 2 aeaiiie noaouee. E iei a?aaeaeaia ia ioianaiu.
Ia aoiaeeo a eiiiaoaioeeth Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea e i?iaa?ea caeiiiinoe
e iainiiaaiiinoe noaeaaiuo ?aoaiee ii eiie?aoiui oaieiaiui,
a?aaeaeaineei e ae?oaei aeaeai, i /ai ia?aaeei i?inyo a aeaeiaao
a?aaeaeaia.

Neeueiue eiioeuen ?acaeoeth acaeiiaeaenoaey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai e eiuo
noaeia i?eaeaao ii?ia /. 4 ?anniao?eaaaiie noaouee i i?iaa?ea
Eiinoeoooeeiiiui Noaeii ii cai?inai noaeia eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe caeiia,
naycaiiiai n ?anniio?aieai eiie?aoiiai aeaea ia ethaie noaaeee
noaeii?iecaiaenoaa a ia?aie, eannaoeeiiiie eee iaaeci?iie einoaioeee.
I?aaeiaoii cai?ina noaea iiaeao auoue ethaie caeii, a ia oieueei
cao?aaeaathuee eiinoeoooeeiiiua i?aaa e naiaiaeu, eae i?e
eiinoeoooeeiiiie aeaeiaa.

Enoiaey ec o?aaiaaiee no. 103 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea, noae
iauae eee a?aeo?aaeiie th?enaeeeoeee, iai?aaeyy cai?in, aei i?eiyoey
?aoaiey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea i?einoaiaaeeaaao i?iecaiaenoai ii aeaeo
eee eniieiaiea auianaiiiai noaeii ii aeaeo ?aoaiey. *oiau i?e yoii ia
auee ouaieaiu i?aaa iiaenoaeeiuo, niaea?aeaueony iiae no?aaeae, ec-ca
aiciiaeiie caaea?aeee n i?eiyoeai ?aoaiey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea,
Ieaioi Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ?O a naiai iinoaiiaeaiee io 31 ieoya?y 1995 a.
“I iaeioi?uo aii?inao i?eiaiaiey noaeaie Eiinoeoooeee ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee i?e inouanoaeaiee i?aainoaeey” ?aeiiaiaeiaae noaeai a
eaaeaeii oaeii neo/aa ianoaeaeaoue aii?in ia eciaiaiee iiaenoaeeiiio
ia?u i?ana/aiey (AAN ?O, 1996, N 1, n. 4).

Aianoa n oai nii?ii iieiaeaiea yoiai iinoaiiaeaiey i oii, /oi noaeu
iai?aaeytho cai?in a Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae eeoue a neo/aa
iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe a aii?ina i eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe caeiia. Niaeanii no.
101 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea, noae ia?auaaony n cai?inii, i?eaey
e auaiaeo i ianiioaaonoaee Eiinoeoooeee caeiia, i?eiaiaiiiai eee
iiaeeaaeauaai, ii iiaieth noaea, i?eiaiaieth a ?anniao?eaaaiii ei
eiie?aoiii aeaea, e, eae o?aaoao i. 8 /. 2 no. 37 yoiai Caeiia, aeieaeai
i?eaanoe a cai?ina i?aaiaia iainiiaaiea naiae iiceoeee. Ii niuneo aea
iinoaiiaeaiey Ieaioia Aa?oiaiiai Noaea, anee noae i?eaeao e auaiaeo
(oaaaeaeaieth) i iaeiinoeoooeeiiiinoe caeiia, ii, ?ac?aoay aeaei,
aeieaeai i?eiaiyoue iaiin?aaenoaaiii Eiinoeoooeeth, ia ia?auaynue n
cai?inii a Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae.

I?eaioaoeey noaeia ia iaiin?aaenoaaiiia i?eiaiaiea Eiinoeoooeee
aaniethoii i?aaeeueiay, iaeiaei iia ia aeieaeia eneeth/aoue i?aaa e
iaeiia?aiaiii iaycaiiinoe noaeia e a i?eaaaeaiiuo neooaoeeyo ia?auaoueny
n cai?inii a Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae i i?iaa?ea eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe caeiia.
I?e yoii Caeiio i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea (no. 101-103) ia i?ioeai?a/eo
iai?aaeaiea noaeii cai?ina e iinea auianaiey ei ?aoaiey ii aeaeo.

Oaeay iiceoeey auea au?aaeaia a iinoaiiaeaiee Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea io
16 ethiy 1998 a. ii aeaeo i oieeiaaiee ioaeaeueiuo iieiaeaiee no.
125-127 Eiinoeoooeee (AEN ?O, 1998, N 5, n. 51-61). Aianoa n oai a iai
ai acaeiinayce n iinoaiiaeaieai io 11 ai?aey 2000 a., eanaaoainy
iieiaeaiee Caeiia i i?ieo?aoo?a (AEN ?O, 2000, N 4, n. 15-26),
iainiiaaiu eiinoeoooeeiiiua e?eoa?ee ?aca?aie/aiey eiiiaoaioeee iaaeaeo
Eiinoeoooeeiiiui e eiuie noaeaie a iaeanoe noaeaaiiai ii?iieiio?iey,
o/eouaay e oiio aea, /oi aai caeiiiaeaoaeueiay iniiaa ana aua
i?iaaeueia, i?ioeai?a/eaa, iaaeinoaoi/ii eiie?aoece?iaaia, a
caeiiiaeaoaee ia niaoao aa ainiieieoue e niaa?oainoaiaaoue.

Ec Eiinoeoooeee auoaeaao, /oi oieueei e eiiiaoaioeee Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai
Noaea ioiineony i?iaa?ea eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe ia?a/eneaiiuo a i. “a” e “a”
/. 2, /. 4 ?anniao?eaaaiie noaouee ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia, eioi?ay
inouanoaeyaony a iniaie i?ioeaaeo?a eiinoeoooeeiiiiai noaeii?iecaiaenoaa
e iiaeao iiaea/ue oo?aoo eie th?eaee/aneie neeu, eneeth/aiea oai naiui
ec i?aaiaie nenoaiu. Eiua noaeu oaeei iieiiii/eai Eiinoeoooeeae ia
iaaeaeaiu. Yoi ia io?eoeaao i?aaa noaeia ioeaieaaoue niioaaonoaea
Eiinoeoooeee ethauo iiaeeaaeaueo i?eiaiaieth eie aeoia, aeeth/ay caeiiu,
auyaeyoue eo eiinoeoooeeiiiue niune e ioeacuaaoueny io i?eiaiaiey a
eiie?aoiii aeaea caeiia, iaeiinoeoooeeiiiiai, ii iiaieth noaea,
?oeiaiaenoaoynue i?e ?ac?aoaiee aeaea iaiin?aaenoaaiii Eiinoeoooeeae, a
a neo/aa i?ioeai?a/ey iaaeaeo oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii e caeiiii noauaeoa
Oaaea?aoeee ?aoaoue, o/eouaay ?aca?aie/aiea eiiiaoaioeee iaaeaeo
Oaaea?aoeeae e aa noauaeoaie, eaeie ec ieo aeieaeai auoue i?eiaiai a
?anniao?eaaaiii aeaea.

A oi aea a?aiy Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae oeacae, /oi Eiinoeoooeey ia
eneeth/aao aiciiaeiinoe inouanoaeaiey noaeaie aia nayce n ?anniio?aieai
ae?oaiai eiie?aoiiai aeaea i?iaa?ee niioaaonoaey ia?a/eneaiiuo a aeaiiie
noaouea (i. “a” e “a” /. 2) ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia ieaea o?iaiy
oaaea?aeueiiai caeiia eiiio, eiathuaio aieueooth th?eaee/aneoth neeo
aeoo, e?iia Eiinoeoooeee. Iaeiaei ec Eiinoeoooeee neaaeoao, /oi oaeea
iieiiii/ey noaeia iiaoo onoaiaaeeaaoueny oieueei oaaea?aeueiui
eiinoeoooeeiiiui caeiiii. I?e yoii ia eneeth/aaony a neeo i?ei?eoaoa
Eiinoeoooeee i?iaa?ea eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe iacaaiiuo aeoia
Eiinoeoooeeiiiui Noaeii.

Oaaea?aeueiua eiinoeoooeeiiiua caeiiu ionoonoaiaaee a i?aaiaie nenoaia
aei Eiinoeoooeee 1993 a., ii iaeioi?ua iieiiii/ey noaeia ii
ii?iieiio?ieth auee onoaiiaeaiu i?aaeaea AIE, ?yaeii eiuo caeiiia. A
nayce n yoei Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae a iinoaiiaeaiee io 11 ai?aey 2000 a.
i?eciae i?aaiia?iui eo i?eiaiaiea a /anoe, ia i?ioeai?a/auae
Eiinoeoooeee, iiaeoaa?aeee i?aai noaeia i?eciaaaoue caeii noauaeoa
Oaaea?aoeee i?ioeai?a/auei oaaea?aeueiiio caeiio e, neaaeiaaoaeueii,
iaaeaenoaothuei, o.a. ia iiaeeaaeauei i?eiaiaieth, /oi aea/ao
iaiaoiaeeiinoue aai i?eaaaeaiey a niioaaonoaea n oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii
caeiiiaeaoaeueiui i?aaiii noauaeoa Oaaea?aoeee. A oi aea a?aiy i?eciaiu
iaeiinoeoooeeiiiuie iieiaeaiey Caeiia i i?ieo?aoo?a, iaaeaeyaoea noaeu
iieiiii/eai i?eciaaaoue iaaeaenoaeoaeueiui, o.a. oo?a/eaathuei
th?eaee/aneoth neeo, caeii noauaeoa Oaaea?aoeee, i?ioeai?a/auee
oaaea?aeueiiio caeiio.

I?aaenoaaeyaony, /oi yoe auaiaeu ?ani?ino?aiythony e ia ii?iu i
iieiiii/eyo noaeia (iai?eia?, i. 2 no. 115 AIE) ii i?iaa?ea niioaaonoaey
oaaea?aeueiiio caeiio e eiuo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee,
oeacaiiuo a i. “a” e “a” /. 2 eiiiaioe?oaiie noaouee. Yoi ia eanaaony
eiinoeoooeee, onoaaia noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee, i?iaa?ea eioi?uo, eae
iiae/a?eiooi a iinoaiiaeaiee io 11 ai?aey 2000 a., iiaeao auoue
inouanoaeaia oieueei a ii?yaeea eiinoeoooeeiiiiai, a ia
aaeieieno?aoeaiiai eee a?aaeaeaineiai noaeii?iecaiaenoaa.

Iiaeiaiui ia?acii enoieeiaaiiia eiinoeoooeeiiiia ?aca?aie/aiea
th?enaeeeoeee ia ia?aie/eaaao i?aai e iaycaiiinoue noaeia,
?oeiaiaenoaoynue a naiai ?aoaiee niioaaonoaothuei iinoaiiaeaieai
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea e /. 2 no. 87 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea,
iiaeoaa?aeaeaoue iaaeaenoaeoaeueiinoue iieiaeaiee eiinoeoooeee, onoaaia,
caeiiia noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee, anee iie niaea?aeao oaeea aea ii?iu,
eaeea ?aiaa auee i?eciaiu Eiinoeoooeeiiiui Noaeii i?ioeai?a/aueie
oaaea?aeueiie Eiinoeoooeee.

5. A /. 5 eiiiaioe?oaiie noaouee cae?aieaii i/aiue aaaeiia iiaia
iieiiii/ea Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea – oieeiaaiea Eiinoeoooeee ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee. A i?eioeeia Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae oieeiaae Eiinoeoooeeth e
?aiueoa e oieeoao nae/an i?e ?anniio?aiee ethaiai aeaea e au?aaioea
naiaai ?aoaiey, ioeaieaay eiinoeoooeeiiiinoue inii?aiiiai aeoa, auyaeyy
aai eiinoeoooeeiiiue niune, ?ac?aoay nii? i eiiiaoaioeee. Aac yoiai
iaaiciiaeii i?eiyoue ?aoaiea, aac yoiai iao e naiiai eiinoeoooeeiiiiai
eiio?iey. E oioy oaeia oieeiaaiea, iacuaaaiia ioeoeeaeueiui, eacoaeueiui
yaeyaony aeaenoaeai ia naiinoiyoaeueiui, a iiae/eiaiiui caaea/a
iainiiaaoue ?aoaiea a aai iioeae?iai/iie /anoe, iii, enoiaey ec
th?eaee/aneie i?e?iaeu ?aoaiee Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea, iaycaoaeueii
aeey anao i?aaii?eiaieoaeae. Iii ioee/aaony io eacoaeueiiai oieeiaaiey,
inouanoaeyaiiai ae?oaeie noaeaie, eai iaycaoaeueii ia oieueei aeey
noi?ii ii eiie?aoiiio aeaeo, auoiaeeo ca aai i?aaeaeu, eiay
ii?iaoeaii-i?aoeaaeaioiue oa?aeoa?.

Iiaia iieiiii/ea Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea eiaao naiinoiyoaeueiia cia/aiea
e au?aaeaaony a niaoeeaeueiii, iaeaaeathuai ioeoeeaeueiui e
iauaiaycaoaeueiui oa?aeoa?ii ?acuyniaiee iieiaeaiee oaaea?aeueiie
Eiinoeoooeee aeey iaania/aiey aa aaeaeaaoiiai iiieiaiey e i?aaeeueiiai
i?eiaiaiey. Iio?aaiinoue a ?acuyniaiee iieiaeaiee Eiinoeoooeee
iaoneiaeeaaaony aicieeiiaaieai ia i?aeoeea iaiaeeiaeiaiai iiieiaiey
eiinoeoooeeiiiie ii?iu ec-ca aa iaaeinoaoi/iie ii?aaeaeaiiinoe e
iieiiou, aioo?aiiae i?ioeai?a/eainoe, iaoi/iinoe eniieuecoaiie a iae
oa?ieiieiaee e o.i., /oi iiaeao i?eaanoe e ii?ie i?eaiaeeo e
iaaaeaeaaoiinoe ?aaeecaoeee yoie ii?iu a i?ioeanna i?aaioai?/anoaa,
noaeaaiiai e eiiai i?aaii?eiaiaiey. Oieeiaaiea Eiinoeoooeee e ninoieo a
ono?aiaiee iaii?aaeaeaiiinoe a iiieiaiee aa iieiaeaiee, a onoaiiaeaiee e
?acuyniaiee eo iiaeeeiiiai niunea, niaea?aeaiey e oeaeae. A i?e
“aeanoeinoe” Eiinoeoooeee, oneiaeiaiiinoe i?ioeaaeo?u aianaiey a iaa
iii?aaie, oieeiaaiea iiaeao ?ane?uoue oaeea “ne?uoua” aniaeou aa
niaea?aeaiey, eioi?ua iicaieytho “i?eniiniaeoue” aa e eciaiythueiny
oneiaeyi aeecie iauanoaa aac eciaiaiey eiinoeoooeeiiiiai oaenoa.

E?oa i?aaiia e eeoe, iaeaaeathueo i?aaii ia?auaiey a Eiinoeoooeeiiiue
Noae n cai?inii i oieeiaaiee Eiinoeoooeee (I?aceaeaio, Niaao
Oaaea?aoeee, Ainoaea?noaaiiay Aeoia, I?aaeoaeuenoai, i?aaiu
caeiiiaeaoaeueiie aeanoe noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee), aieaa ocie, /ai
iaeaaeathueo i?aaii cai?ina i i?iaa?ea eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe ii?iaoeaiuo
aeoia. Yoi iaoneiaeaii iniaie cia/eiinoueth ioeoeeaeueiiai ii?iaoeaiiai
oieeiaaiey Eiinoeoooeee aeey anao noauaeoia i?aaa. Ii oai aea i?e/eiai
oieeiaaiea aeaaony oieueei a ieaia?iuo canaaeaieyo Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai
Noaea, a ?aoaiea i oieeiaaiee, a ioee/ea io eiuo, i?eieiaaony
aieueoeinoaii ia iaiaa 2/3 iauaai /enea noaeae.

Oieeiaaiea Eiinoeoooeee, aeaiiia Eiinoeoooeeiiiui Noaeii, yaeyaony
iaycaoaeueiui aeey anao i?aaenoaaeoaeueiuo, eniieieoaeueiuo e noaeaaiuo
i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe, i?aaiia ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey,
i?aaei?eyoee, o/?aaeaeaiee, i?aaiecaoeee, aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe, a?aaeaeai
e eo iauaaeeiaiee (no. 106 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea). Aeou
ioeoeeaeueiiai ii?iaoeaiiai oieeiaaiey ?aaiu ii naiae th?eaee/aneie neea
Eiinoeoooeee, oae eae aa oieeiaaiea yaeyaony, ii nooe, ninoaaiie
/anoueth eioa?i?aoe?oaiie eiinoeoooeeiiiie ii?iu e, a i?eioeeia,
?acaeaeyao aa noaeueao. Oaeei ia?acii, Eiinoeoooeey a ianoiyuaa a?aiy
i?aaenoaaeyao niaie i?eiyoue ia ?aoa?aiaeoia aeo a aaeeinoaa n aai
enoieeiaaieai Eiinoeoooeeiiiui Noaeii.

Oieeiaaiea Eiinoeoooeee ia?yaeo n ?anniio?aieai eiinoeoooeeiiiuo aeaeia
noaiiaeony aeaaiui iai?aaeaieai a aeayoaeueiinoe Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai
Noaea. Oaea aeaii oieeiaaiea eiinoeoooeeiiiuo ii?i, eanathueony:
i?ioeaaeo?u i?eiyoey oaaea?aeueiuo caeiiia (/. 4 no. 105, no. 106, 107);
iiiyoey “i?eiyoue oaaea?aeueiue caeii”, /oi nouanoaaiii aeey
onoaiiaeaiey iieiiii/ee eaaeaeiai ec noauaeoia caeiiiaeaoaeueiiai
i?ioeanna (no. 107); oi?iu i?aaiaiai aeoa i eiinoeoooeeiiiuo iii?aaeao
(no. 136); iiiyoee “iauaa /enei aeaiooaoia Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu” e
“iauaa /enei /eaiia Niaaoa Oaaea?aoeee e aeaiooaoia Ainoaea?noaaiiie
Aeoiu”, /oi aaaeii aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ?acoeueoaoia aieiniaaiey i?e
i?eiyoee caeiiia e ae?oaeo ?aoaiee (/. 3 no. 103, /. 2 e 5 no. 105, /. 2
no. 135 e ae?.); i?aaiauo iineaaenoaee ?inionea Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu
(i. “a” no. 84, /. 1, 2 e 4 no. 99, /. 1 no. 109); ?inionea
Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu iinea o?aoe?aoiiai ioeeiiaiey i?aaenoaaeaiiuo
I?aceaeaioii eaiaeeaeaoo? I?aaenaaeaoaey I?aaeoaeuenoaa (/. 4 no. 111);
a?aiaiiiai eniieiaiey iaycaiiinoae I?aceaeaioa I?aaenaaeaoaeai
I?aaeoaeuenoaa a neo/ayo, eiaaea I?aceaeaio ia a ninoiyiee eo auiieiyoue
(/. 2 e 3 no. 92); aein?i/iiai i?ae?auaiey eniieiaiey iieiiii/ee
I?aceaeaioii (no. 91, /. 2 no. 92); iiiyoee “nenoaia” e “no?oeoo?a”
oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiia eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe, /oi naycaii n
ii?aaeaeaieai iieiiii/ee Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu e I?aceaeaioa a noa?a
oi?ie?iaaiey oaaea?aeueiie eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe (i. “a” no. 71, /. 1
no. 76, /. 1 no. 112); noaoona aaoiiiiiiai ie?oaa, aoiaeyuaai a ninoaa
e?ay, iaeanoe (/. 4 no. 66); i?aaiaie i?ioeaaeo?u aeeth/aiey iiaiai
iaeiaiiaaiey noauaeoa Oaaea?aoeee a no. 65 Eiinoeoooeee (/. 2 no. 137);
?aca?aie/aiey eiiiaoaioeee ii ii?iieiio?ieth iaaeaeo Eiinoeoooeeiiiui
Noaeii e ae?oaeie noaeaie (no. 125-127).

Eiinoeoooeey e Caeii i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea i?yii ia onoaiaaeeaatho
eiie?aoiua e?eoa?ee aeiionoeiinoe cai?inia i oieeiaaiee, a ioee/ea io
ae?oaeo ia?auaiee (no. 85, 89, 93, 97, 102, 108 Caeiia). Iaeiaei
i?aeoeea Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea au?aaioaea ?yae oaeeo e?eoa?eaa, /oi
iaoei io?aaeaiea a ii?aaeaeaieyo ia ioeaca a i?eiyoee e ?anniio?aieth
iaeioi?uo cai?inia i oieeiaaiee. Ii niuneo Eiinoeoooeee e Caeiia i
Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea, cai?in i oieeiaaiee aeieaeai au?aaeaoue ia
i?inoi iiciaaaoaeueiue eioa?an cayaeoaey, a iaia?oaeeaoothny
iaii?aaeaeaiiinoue a iiieiaiee iieiaeaiee Eiinoeoooeee i?e eo i?eiaiaiee
ia i?aeoeea, i?e ?aaeecaoeee noauaeoii naieo iieiiii/ee. Eiiaaea cai?inu
i oieeiaaiee, ii nooe, o?aaotho io Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea
eiie?aoecaoeee eiinoeoooeeiiiuo iieiaeaiee iooai nicaeaiey iiauo
naiinoiyoaeueiuo ii?i i?aaa, /oi aoiaeeo a eiiiaoaioeeth caeiiiaeaoaey,
eee i?eciaiey ii?iu Eiinoeoooeee iaaeaenoaothuae, /oi i?ioeai?a/eo naiie
th?eaee/aneie i?e?iaea oieeiaaiey, eee i?iaa?ee eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe
eaeiai-eeai caeiia, /oi aeieaeii inouanoaeyoueny ia a i?ioeaaeo?a
oieeiaaiey, a a eiie i?ioeaaeo?a.

6. Iniaay ?ieue Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea a nenoaia aeanoe iaoneiaeea oio
oaeo, /oi ia eiinoeoooeeiiiii o?iaia cae?aieaii iieiaeaiea i
th?eaee/aneie neea, i?aaiauo iineaaenoaeyo aai ?aoaiee.

Caeii i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea (no. 71) auaeaeyao neaaeothuea aeaeu
?aoaiee: eoiaiaia ?aoaiea, eiaioaiia iinoaiiaeaieai (i?eieiaaony ii
aii?inai, ia?a/eneaiiui a /. 2-5 ?anniao?eaaaiie noaouee) eee
caeeth/aieai (ii aii?ino, oeacaiiiio a /. 7 aeaiiie noaouee);
ii?aaeaeaiea (ana eiua ?aoaiey, i?eieiaaiua a oiaea inouanoaeaiey
eiinoeoooeeiiiiai noaeii?iecaiaenoaa, iai?eia? ia ioeaca a i?eiyoee
ia?auaiey e ?anniio?aieth, i i?ae?auaiee i?iecaiaenoaa ii aeaeo);
?aoaiey ii aii?inai i?aaiecaoeee aeayoaeueiinoe.

Ii eoiaai ?anniio?aiey aeaea Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae iiaeao i?eciaoue
ii?iaoeaiue aeo eee aeiaiai? eeai ioaeaeueiua eo iieiaeaiey
niioaaonoaothueie eee ia niioaaonoaothueie Eiinoeoooeee, a ii nii?ai i
eiiiaoaioeee – iiaeoaa?aeeoue eee, iaiai?io, io?eoeaoue iieiiii/ea
niioaaonoaothuaai i?aaia ecaeaoue aeo eee niaa?oeoue aeaenoaea i?aaiaiai
oa?aeoa?a, iineoaeeaoea i?e/eiie nii?a i eiiiaoaioeee. Aeou eee eo
ioaeaeueiua iieiaeaiey, i?eciaiiua iaeiinoeoooeeiiiuie, oo?a/eaatho
neeo, o.a. n/eoathony iaaeaenoaeoaeueiuie, ioiaiaiiuie. Ia
niioaaonoaothuea Eiinoeoooeee ia anooieaoea a neeo aeey ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee iaaeaeoia?iaeiua aeiaiai?u ia iiaeeaaeao aaaaeaieth a
aeaenoaea e i?eiaiaieth. ?aoaiey noaeia eee eiuo i?aaiia, iniiaaiiua ia
aeoao, i?eciaiiuo iaeiinoeoooeeiiiuie, ia iiaeeaaeao eniieiaieth e
aeieaeiu auoue ia?aniio?aiu a onoaiiaeaiiuo oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii
neo/ayo, o.a. n eniieueciaaieai cae?aieaiiuo ae?oaei caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii
iaoa?eaeueii-i?aaiauo iniiaaiee e i?ioeannoaeueiuo einoeoooia. E?iia
oiai, iiaeeaaeao ioiaia a onoaiiaeaiiii ii?yaeea iieiaeaiey ae?oaeo
ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia, iniiaaiiuo ia ii?iaoeaiii aeoa (aeiaiai?a),
i?eciaiiii iaeiinoeoooeeiiiui, eeai aini?iecaiaeyueo aai eee
niaea?aeaueo oaeea aea iieiaeaiey, eaeea auee i?aaeiaoii ia?auaiey. Anee
i?eciaiea ii?iaoeaiiai aeoa iaeiinoeoooeeiiiui nicaeaei i?iaae a
i?aaiaii ?aaoee?iaaiee, oi i?eiaiyaony iaiin?aaenoaaiii Eiinoeoooeey.

Eae onoaiiaeaii a no. 79 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea, ?aoaiey
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea ieii/aoaeueiu, iaaeaeiaaieth ia iiaeeaaeao e
anooiatho a neeo iaiaaeeaiii iinea eo i?iaicaeaoaiey. Iie aeaenoaotho
iaiin?aaenoaaiii e ia o?aaotho iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey ae?oaeie i?aaiaie e
aeieaeiinoiuie eeoeaie, iiaeeaaeao eniieiaieth iaiaaeeaiii iinea
iioaeeeiaaiey eeai a?o/aiey eo ioeoeeaeueiiai oaenoa, anee eiua n?iee
niaoeeaeueii a ieo ia iaiai?aiu.

Noaouey 79 naia ii naaa ia ii?aaeaeyao iiiaio ianooieaiey i?aaiauo
iineaaenoaee i?eciaiey aeoa iaeiinoeoooeeiiiui, a oii /enea iiiaio, n
eioi?iai iiaeeaaeeo ainnoaiiaeaieth ia?ooaiiia iaeiinoeoooeeiiiie ii?iie
i?aai a?aaeaeaieia, i?aaiecaoeee, /oi aucaaei aii?inu ia i?aeoeea.
Iiceoeey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea ninoieo a oii, /oi iieiaeaiey no. 79 ia
iiaoo ?anniao?eaaoueny eae ia aeiioneathuea ia?aniio?
i?aaii?eiaieoaeueiuo ?aoaiee, ninoiyaoeony aei i?eciaiey
iaeiinoeoooeeiiiuie iieiaeaiiuo a eo iniiao ii?i. A caaeneiinoe io
oa?aeoa?a ?aaoee?oaiuo i?aaiioiioaiee yoi iiaeao ii-?aciiio ?aoaoueny
caeiiiaeaoaeai, Eiinoeoooeeiiiui Noaeii, a i?e ionoonoaee oaeeo ?aoaiee
– ae?oaeie noaeaie ia iniiaa iaiin?aaenoaaiiiai i?eiaiaiey
eiinoeoooeeiiiuo ii?i.

Ia?aniio? aea noaeaaiuo ?aoaiee a nayce n i?eciaieai i?eiaiaiiie ii?iu
iaeiinoeoooeeiiiie aiciiaeai, a /anoiinoe, eae a ii?yaeea noaeaaiiai
iaaeci?a, oae e ii aiiaue ioe?uaoeiny ianoiyoaeuenoaai. I?eciaii
iaeiinoeoooeeiiiui ia?aie/aiea e?oaa iniiaaiee aeey ia?aniio?a aeae ii
aiiaue ioe?uaoeiny ianoiyoaeuenoaai, i?aiyonoaothuea eni?aaeaieth
noaeaaiuo ioeaie. E oaeei iniiaaieyi ioiineony e i?eciaiea i?eiaiaiiie
noaeii ii?iu iaeiinoeoooeeiiiie. Ia?aniio?o ?aoaiee eiuo, e?iia noaeia,
i?aaii?eiaieoaeueiuo i?aaiia neoaeeo einoeooo iaaeaeiaaiey a noae
aeaenoaee e ?aoaiee, ia?ooathueo i?aaa e naiaiaeu a?aaeaeai.

Yoe iiceoeee Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea au?aaeaiu, a /anoiinoe, a
iinoaiiaeaieyo io 2 oaa?aey 1996 a., eanaaoainy iieiaeaiee OIE, io 3
oaa?aey 1998 a. ioiineoaeueii iieiaeaiee AIE, a ii?aaeaeaieyo io 14
yiaa?y 1999 a. N 4-I ii aeaeiaa E.A. Iao?iaie, io 4 iay 2000 a. N 101-I
ii aeaeiaa IAI “Naaa?iua iaaeno?aeueiua iaooai?iaiaeu”, eanaaoeony
inia?eaaiey iieiaeaiee Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea (AEN ?O, 1996, N
2, n. 2-11; 1998, N 3, n. 11-23; 1999, N 2, n. 48-51; 2000, N 6, n.
21-25).

A aeaeiaa I.A. Aeoaeiee ooaa?aeaeaeinue, /oi iieiaeaiea no. 79 Caeiia i
Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea, niaeanii eioi?iio ?aoaiey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai
Noaea ieii/aoaeueiu e iaaeaeiaaieth ia iiaeeaaeao, iaiainiiaaiii
ia?aie/eaaao eiinoeoooeeiiiia i?aai ia noaeaaioth caueoo. A ii?aaeaeaiee
io 13 yiaa?y 2000 a. N 6-I ii aeaiiie aeaeiaa oeacuaaeinue, /oi ec i?aaa
eaaeaeiai ia noaeaaioth caueoo ia neaaeoao aiciiaeiinoue aeey
a?aaeaeaieia ii nianoaaiiiio oniio?aieth auae?aoue niinia e i?ioeaaeo?o
noaeaaiiai inia?eaaiey, – i?eiaieoaeueii e ioaeaeueiui aeaeai
noaeii?iecaiaenoaa iie ii?aaeaeaiu Eiinoeoooeeae e caeiiaie. Noaoon
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea, aai ianoi a noaeaaiie nenoaia ia i?aaeiieaaatho
iaaeaeiaaiea i?eieiaaiuo ei ?aoaiee. Eiia ia niioaaonoaiaaei au aai
i?e?iaea eae i?aaia eiinoeoooeeiiiiai eiio?iey. Aianoa n oai
ei??aeoe?iaea noi?ioee?iaaiiuo ei i?aaiauo iiceoeee iiaeao eiaoue ianoi,
/oi auoaeaao, a /anoiinoe, ec no. 73 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea,
aeiioneathuae eciaiaiea i?aaiaie iiceoeee, au?aaeaiiie a ?aiaa i?eiyouo
?aoaieyo. Nouanoaaiii e oi, /oi ionoonoaea i?aaa ia iaaeaeiaaiea ?aoaiee
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea ia i?aiyonoaoao ia?auaieth a?aaeaeaieia a
niioaaonoaee n /. 3 no. 46 Eiinoeoooeee a iaaeainoaea?noaaiiua i?aaiu ii
caueoa i?aa e naiaiae /aeiaaea, a /anoiinoe a Aa?iiaeneee Noae ii i?aaai
/aeiaaea, oae eae eiinoeoooeeiiiia noaeii?iecaiaenoai ia ioiineony e oai
aioo?eainoaea?noaaiiui i?aaiaui n?aaenoaai, eniieueciaaiea eioi?uo
aeieaeii ?anniao?eaaoueny a ea/anoaa iaycaoaeueiie i?aaeiinueee aeey
oaeiai ia?auaiey (AEN ?O, 2000, N 4, n. 44-48). Aieaa oiai, niaeanii
iaaeaaiaio ?aoaieth Aa?iiaeneiai Noaea ii i?aaai /aeiaaea, aeaaea
i?ioiaeaeaiea iaaeci?iie einoaioeee a eiuo noaeao ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
ia yaeyaony iaycaoaeueiie i?aaeiinueeie aeey ia?auaiey ?inneeneiai
a?aaeaeaieia n aeaeiaie a yoio Noae. Aeinoaoi/ii i?ieoe oieueei aeaa
einoaioeee: ia?aoth (/aua anaai yoi ?aeiiiue noae) e aoi?oth (noae
noauaeoa Oaaea?aoeee, ii ii iaeioi?ui eaoaai?eyi aeae – Aa?oiaiue Noae
?O).

7. Aua iaeii iieiiii/ea Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea ii?aaeaeaii a /. 7
eiiiaioe?oaiie noaouee. Iii naycaii n o/anoeai Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea a
i?ioeaaeo?a io?aoaiey io aeieaeiinoe I?aceaeaioa. Yoa i?ioeaaeo?a
?aaeaiaioe?oaony a no. 93 Eiinoeoooeee e ia aa iniiaa ?aaeaiaioii
Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu. Ia Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae aiceiaeaii iieiiii/ea
aeaaaoue caeeth/aiea i niaethaeaiee onoaiiaeaiiiai ii?yaeea auaeaeaeaiey
iaaeiaiey I?aceaeaioa a ainoaea?noaaiiie eciaia eee niaa?oaiee eiiai
oyaeeiai i?anooieaiey. A neo/aa i?eiyoey Eiinoeoooeeiiiui Noaeii ?aoaiey
i ianiaethaeaiee yoiai ii?yaeea ?anniio?aiea iaaeiaiey, eae aeaneo /. 2
no. 110 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea, i?ae?auaaony.

Iieiiii/ey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea ia en/a?iuaathony cae?aieaiiuie a
aiaeece?oaiie noaouea, a oaeaea a /. 3 no. 100, /. 1 no. 104
Eiinoeoooeee. Ii niuneo /. 3 no. 128 e iniiaaiiiai ia iae Caeiia i
Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea (i. 7 /. 1 no. 3), eiinoeoooeeiiiue ia?a/aiue
yoeo iieiiii/ee iiaeao auoue aeiiieiai, eiie?aoece?iaai, ii eeoue
oaaea?aeueiuie eiinoeoooeeiiiuie caeiiaie, Oaaea?aoeaiui e eiuie
aeiaiai?aie i ?aca?aie/aiee i?aaeiaoia aaaeaiey e iieiiii/ee. I?e yoii
aeiiieieoaeueiua iieiiii/ey Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea ia aeieaeiu
i?ioeai?a/eoue aai th?eaee/aneie i?e?iaea e i?aaeiacia/aieth a ea/anoaa
noaeaaiiai i?aaia eiinoeoooeeiiiiai eiio?iey. Ie oaaea?aeueiua
eiinoeoooeeiiiua caeiiu, ie aeiaiai?u ia iiaoo oaeaea ecuyoue aai
eiinoeoooeeiiiua iieiiii/ey eee ia?aie/eoue noa?o eo aeaenoaey. Yoi
aiciiaeii eeoue iin?aaenoaii caeiia i eiinoeoooeeiiiuo iii?aaeao. E
iiaui ioiineony, iai?eia?, onoaiiaeaiiia a no. 12 OEC io 10 ieoya?y 1995
a. “I ?aoa?aiaeoia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee” (NC ?O, 1995, N 42, no. 3921)
iieiiii/ea Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea i?iaa?youe ii cai?ino I?aceaeaioa aei
iacia/aiey ?aoa?aiaeoia niaethaeaiea o?aaiaaiee, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo
Eiinoeoooeeae.

Aeanyoeeaoiyy i?aeoeea Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oii,
/oi, oioy aai ?aoaiey a iniiaiii eniieiythony, ia?aaeei eo ?aaeecaoeey
iaii?aaaeaiii caoyaeaaaony caeiiiaeaoaeueiuie e eniieieoaeueiuie
i?aaiaie; ii?ie eaii?e?othony au?aaioaiiua Eiinoeoooeeiiiui Noaeii
i?aaiaua iiceoeee e i?yiua ia?auaiey e caeiiiaeaoaeth, eanathueany
eciaiaiey, niaa?oainoaiaaiey caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa; i?aaiu ainoaea?noaaiiie
aeanoe, i?aaeaea anaai noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee, aeaeaei ia anaaaea
ioiaiytho, /oi auoaeaao ec no. 87 Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea,
iieiaeaiey ae?oaeo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia, aiaeiae/iuo i?eciaiiui
iaeiinoeoooeeiiiuie eee iniiaaiiuo ia ieo, e o.ae.

O/eouaay /?acau/aeii aaaeioth ?ieue Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea a
oi?ie?iaaiee aaeeinoaa eiinoeoooeeiiii-i?aaiaiai i?ino?ainoaa, a oiaea
iiaiai yoaia noaeaaiie ?aoi?iu i?aaei?eieiathony ia?u ii iiauoaieth
yooaeoeaiinoe eniieiaiey aai ?aoaiee. Eiie?aoiui iiaeoaa?aeaeaieai oiio
yaeyaony i?eiyoea Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiie 28 ethiy 2001 a. a ia?aii
/oaiee aianaiiiai I?aceaeaioii ?innee caeiiii?iaeoa ia eciaiaieyo e
aeiiieiaieyo Caeiia i Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea, eioi?ui eiie?aoece?oaony
i?aaiaie iaoaieci ?aaeecaoeee ?aoaiee Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea.
I?aaeeaaaaiua nouanoaaiiua aeiiieiaiey e iiaay ?aaeaeoeey no. 79, 80 e
87 Caeiia i?aaeoniao?eaatho iaycaiiinoe ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia e
aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe ii i?eaaaeaieth a eiie?aoiua n?iee caeiiiaeaoaeueiuo
e eiuo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia a niioaaonoaea n ?aoaieyie Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai
Noaea. Yoe iaycaiiinoe aae?aniaaiu Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoia, I?aceaeaioo,
I?aaeoaeuenoao ?O, i?aaiai caeiiiaeaoaeueiie e eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe,
aunoei aeieaeiinoiui eeoeai noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee, ae?oaei i?aaiai e
aeieaeiinoiui eeoeai. I?aaeoniio?aii oaeaea, /oi i?e iaauiieiaiee
?aoaiee Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea i?aaiii caeiiiaeaoaeueiie eee
eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe, aunoei aeieaeiinoiui eeoeii noauaeoa Oaaea?aoeee
i?eiaiyaony iaoaieci ioaaonoaaiiinoe, onoaiiaeaiiue oaaea?aeueiui
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii.

2. Aa?oiaiue noae ?O

Eiiiaioe?oaiay noaouey o/?aaeaeaao Aa?oiaiue Noae ?O, onoaiaaeeaaao
iniiau aai eiiiaoaioeee e ii?aaeaeyao ianoi a nenoaia noaeia iauae
th?enaeeeoeee – iniiaiiai caaia ethaie noaeaaiie nenoaiu. Noaeaaiay
nenoaia ?innee a oa/aiea aeeeoaeueiiai ia?eiaea a?aiaie, aieioue aei
o/?aaeaeaiey a 1991 a. eiinoeoooeeiiiiai e a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia,
aeeth/aea a naay oieueei noaeu iauae eee i?aeeia?iie th?enaeeeoeee, e
eiiiaoaioeee eioi?uo auei ioianaii ?anniio?aiea anao a?aaeaeaineeo
(aeeth/ay eae nianoaaiii a?aaeaeaineea, oae e o?oaeiaua, aeeeeuiua,
naiaeiua, aaoi?neea, io/anoe aaeieieno?aoeaiua, aeaea) e oaieiaiuo aeae,
a oaeaea cia/eoaeueiiai /enea aeae ia aaeieieno?aoeaiuo i?aaiia?ooaieyo.
Aa?oiaiue Noae aia?aua aue o/?aaeaeai oaea a niaaoneee ia?eiae a?aiaie –
a 1922 a. a niioaaonoaee n Iieiaeaieai i noaeiono?ienoaa ?NON? io 31
ieoya?y – a ea/anoaa aunoaai noaeaaiiai i?aaia, inouanoaeyaoaai
eiio?ieue ca anaie aac eneeth/aiey noaeaie (eae a i?ioeannoaeueiii, oae
e a aaeieieno?aoeaiii niunea yoiai iiiyoey), ?anniao?eaaaoaai a ea/anoaa
eannaoeeiiiie e iaaeci?iie einoaioeee ethaua aeaea, ?anniio?aiiua
noaeaie ?NON?. E?iia oiai, Aa?oiaiue Noae aue iaaeaeai naiinoiyoaeueiie
eiiiaoaioeeae ii ia?aie einoaioeee. Iieiiii/eai aeaaaoue ?acuyniaiey ii
aii?inai noaeaaiie i?aeoeee yoio Noae ia iaeaaeae. Aeaiiia iieiiii/ea
i?eiaaeeaaeaei Aa?oiaiiio Noaeo NNN? (nicaeai a 1924 a.). Ioiaoei, /oi
iineaaeiee aei 1936 a. iaeaaeae e iieiiii/eyie a noa?a eiinoeoooeeiiiiai
eiio?iey, iicaea inouanoaeyaoeieny oieueei Aa?oiaiui Niaaoii NNN? e aai
I?aceaeeoiii. Aa?oiaiue Noae ?NON? aue iaaeaeai iieiiii/eai aeaaaoue
?acuyniaiey noaeaaiie i?aeoeee, eiathueie iaycaoaeueioth th?eaee/aneoth
neeo aeey ieaeanoiyueo noaeia, a 1958 a. iinea i?eiyoey Iniia
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa Nithca NN? e nithciuo ?anioaeee i noaeiono?ienoaa.

Ii?ia eiiiaioe?oaiie noaouee ii?aaeaeyao Aa?oiaiue Noae ?O a ea/anoaa
aunoaai noaeaaiiai i?aaia ii a?aaeaeaineei, oaieiaiui, aaeieieno?aoeaiui
e eiui aeaeai, iiaenoaeiui noaeai iauae th?enaeeeoeee.

A ianoiyuee iiiaio noaeaaiay nenoaia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee aeeth/aao
o?e naiinoiyoaeueiua iiaenenoaiu: noaeia iauae th?enaeeeoeee, noaeia
a?aeo?aaeiie th?enaeeeoeee e eiinoeoooeeiiiie th?enaeeeoeee. Aa?oiaiue
Noae ?O yaeyaony aunoei noaeaaiui i?aaiii oieueei aeey iiaenenoaiu
noaeia iauae th?enaeeeoeee. Aa ninoaa e iniiau eiiiaoaioeee ii?aaeaeaiu
ii?iaie no. 4, 19-22, 26, 28 OEC “I noaeaaiie nenoaia ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee” (NC ?O, 1997, N 1, no. 1), a /anoe aeayoaeueiinoe aiaiiuo
noaeia – oaeaea ii?iaie a no. 8-10, 13-14, 16, 21-22 OEC “I aiaiiuo
noaeao ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee” (NC ?O, 1999, N 26, no. 3170, a a /anoe
aeayoaeueiinoe ie?iauo noaeae – e ii?iaie no. 1 e 3 OC “I ie?iauo
noaeueyo a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”. Nio?aiytho naia aeaenoaea e oa ii?iu
Caeiia ?NON? “I noaeiono?ienoaa ?NON?” (AAN ?NON?, 1981, N 28, no. 976;
n eci. e aeii.), eioi?ua ia i?ioeai?a/ao Eiinoeoooeee e iiaiio
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoao. A ioee/ea io aeaoo ae?oaeo iiaenenoai noaeaaiie
aeanoe, aeayoaeueiinoue eioi?uo o?aaoee?iaaia aeaoaeueii iiauie
noaeiono?ienoaaiiuie aeoaie, niaoeeaeueiue oaaea?aeueiue
eiinoeoooeeiiiue caeii i noaeao iauae th?enaeeeoeee iiea ionoonoaoao.
Niioaaonoaothuee i?iaeo, aianaiiue I?aceaeaioii ?O a Ainoaea?noaaiioth
Aeoio Oaaea?aeueiiai Nia?aiey ?O a 1998 a., aei neo ii? ia i?eiyo.

Iiaenenoaia noaeia iauae th?enaeeeoeee aeeth/aao a naay noaeu aeaoo
aeaeia – oaaea?aeueiua e noauaeoiua eee noaeu noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee. E
ia?aie a?oiia noaouey 4 Caeiia i noaeaaiie nenoaia ioiineo: Aa?oiaiue
Noae ?O, aa?oiaiua noaeu ?anioaeee, e?aaaua e iaeanoiua noaeu, noaeu
ai?iaeia oaaea?aeueiiai cia/aiey, noae aaoiiiiiie iaeanoe e noaeu
aaoiiiiiuo ie?oaia, ?aeiiiua noaeu, a oaeaea aiaiiua e
niaoeeaeece?iaaiiua noaeu. Ei aoi?ie a?oiia, niaeanii oie aea ii?ia,
ioiinyony ie?iaua noaeuee. Ia 1 ai?aey 2001 a. a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
oaeoe/anee aeaenoaiaaei 2006 ie?iauo noaeae e niioaaonoaaiii noieueei
aea noaeia, 2473 ?aeiiiuo noaea, 88 noaeia noauaeoiiai o?iaiy, ieiei 100
aiaiiuo noaeia. A yoeo noaeao ?aaioaei aieaa 15,5 oun. noaeae, ec ieo
115 a Aa?oiaiii Noaea.

Ie?iaua noaeuee ?anniao?eaatho a?aaeaeaineea (a?aaeaeaineea aeaea
iiaenoaeiu oaeaea a?aeo?aaeiui noaeai; ni. eiii. e no. 127) e oaieiaiua
aeaea, a oaeaea aeaea ia aaeieieno?aoeaiuo i?aaiia?ooaieyo, ioianaiiuo e
eo eiiiaoaioeee (aeaeiaie i?aaeiaoiie iiaenoaeiinoe) no. 113 AIE e no.
467 OIE, ii ia?aie einoaioeee.

?aeiiiua noaeu ?anniao?eaatho a?aaeaeaineea, oaieiaiua e
aaeieieno?aoeaiua (aaeieieno?aoeaiua aeaea iiaenoaeiu oaeaea
a?aeo?aaeiui noaeai; ni. eiii. e no. 127) aeaea ii ia?aie e aoi?ie
(aiaeeyoeeiiiie) einoaioeeyi, a oaeaea aeaea, ioianaiiua e eo
eiiiaoaioeee (aeaeiaie i?aaeiaoiie iiaenoaeiinoe) noaoueae 114 AIE e
noaoueae 35 OIE, a oaeaea noaoueyie 202 e 23.1 EiAI.

Noaeu noauaeoiiai o?iaiy ?anniao?eaatho a?aaeaeaineea, oaieiaiua e
aaeieieno?aoeaiua aeaea ii ia?aie e aoi?ie (eannaoeeiiiie) einoaioeeyi,
a oaeaea a ii?yaeea iaaeci?a, ioianaiiua e eo eiiiaoaioeee (aeaeiaie
i?aaeiaoiie iiaenoaeiinoe) noaoueae 115 AIE e noaoueyie 36 e 37 OIE.

Aiaiiua noaeu ?anniao?eaatho a?aaeaeaineea, oaieiaiua, aaeieieno?aoeaiua
aeaea e aeaea ia aaeieieno?aoeaiuo i?aaiia?ooaieyo, ii ia?aie e aoi?ie
einoaioeeyi, a oaeaea a ii?yaeea iaaeci?a, ioianaiiua e eo eiiiaoaioeee
(aeaeiaie i?aaeiaoiie iiaenoaeiinoe) noaoueyie 7, 9, 10, 13, 16, 21
Caeiia i aiaiiuo noaeao. Niioaaonoaothuea noaouee a?aaeaeaineiai e
oaieiaiiai i?ioeannoaeueiuo caeiiia, a oaeaea EiAI iinyo aeaieaoiue
oa?aeoa?.

Niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo noaeia a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee iiea ia nouanoaoao.
Ia ?anniio?aiee a Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoia Oaaea?aeueiiai Nia?aiey ?O
iaoiaeyony ii iaiueoae ia?a aeaa i?iaeoa, iinayuaiiua o/?aaeaeaieth a
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo noaeia. I?iaeo OEC “Ia
aaeieieno?aoeaiuo noaeao a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”, aianaiiue Aa?oiaiui
Noaeii ?O, iaeia?ai Aeoiie a ia?aii /oaiee a 2000 a. I?iaeo OC “I
thaaiaeueiuo noaeao a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee” iiea ia i?ioae aeaaea
ia?aiai /oaiey. A iao/iuo e?oaao oe?iei ianoaeaeathony oaeaea aii?inu
o/?aaeaeaiey o?oaeiauo noaeia e noaeia, niaoeeaeece?othueony a noa?a
?anniio?aiey nii?ia, naycaiiuo n nioeeaeueiui iaania/aieai a?aaeaeai.

Aa?oiaiue Noae ?O aicaeaaeyao yoo cia/eoaeueioth ii /eneo noaeia e
noaeae, iauaio eiiiaoaioeee iiaenenoaio. Oaeia iieiaeaiea a ea/anoaa
aunoaai noaeaaiiai i?aaia i?aaeii?aaeaeyao iaee/ea iieiiii/ee ii
inouanoaeaieth a i?aaeoniio?aiiuo i?ioeannoaeueiuo oi?iao iaaeci?a ca
aeayoaeueiinoueth noaeia iauae th?enaeeeoeee. I?aaiecaoeeiiiay eee
aaeieieno?aoeaiay ninoaaeythuay iiiyoey “aunoee noaeaaiue i?aai” n
i?iaicaeaoaieai i?eioeeia iacaaeneiinoe noaeae e noaeia ooea a i?ioeia.
Aa?oiaiue Noae, niaeanii ii?iai no. 19 Caeiia i noaeaaiie nenoaia,
aunooiaao a o?ao naiinoiyoaeueiuo i?ioeannoaeueiuo ea/anoaao, aeaa ec
eioi?uo ?ane?uaatho niaea?aeaiea eiinoeoooeeiiiiai iiiyoey “iaaeci? ca
aeayoaeueiinoueth noaeia iauae th?enaeeeoeee”. Ai-ia?auo, Aa?oiaiue Noae
inouanoaeyao ?anniio?aiea aeae a ea/anoaa noaea aoi?ie (eannaoeeiiiie)
einoaioeee a ioiioaiee ?aoaiee, auianaiiuo noaeaie noauaeoiiai o?iaiy
eeai ei naiei ii ia?aie einoaioeee e ia anooieaoeo a th?eaee/aneoth neeo
(ni. oaeaea no. 116 AIE e no. 38 OIE). Ai-aoi?uo, Aa?oiaiue Noae
inouanoaeyao ?anniio?aiea aeae a ioiioaiee ?aoaiee ethauo oaaea?aeueiuo
noaeia iauae th?enaeeeoeee, anooieaoeo a th?eaee/aneoth neeo, a ii?yaeea
noaeaaiiai iaaeci?a. ?aoaiey ie?iauo noaeae ii oaieiaiui aeaeai
(iaiiiiei: noaeae noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee) iiaoo auoue ia?aniio?aiu a
ii?yaeea iaaeci?a noaeaie noauaeoiiai o?iaiy, ii ia Aa?oiaiui Noaeii.
Iineaaeiea iiaaeeu, aaaaeaiiua a oaieiaiia i?ioeannoaeueiia
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai a 2000 a. (NC ?O, N 33, no. 3346), eaaeoony ia aiieia
niioaaonoaothueie iniiaai noaoona Aa?oiaiiai Noaea, ii?aaeaeaiiui
eiiiaioe?oaiie noaoueae a /anoe i?eciaiey aai aunoei noaeaaiui i?aaiii,
oioy e, aaconeiaii, iniiaaiiuie ia i?aeoe/aneeo niia?aaeaieyo
(eiee/anoaaiiua e oa??eoi?eaeueiua aniaeou iaa?ocee, a oi/iaa
ia?aa?ocee, Aa?oiaiiai Noaea). Iaiaoiaeeii eiaoue a aeaeo, /oi
Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae iaiaeiie?aoii iiae/a?eeaae i?eioeei aa?oiaainoaa
Aa?oiaiiai, a ?aaii e Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea (a aai “iaaeci?iie
eiinoane”), ia?auay aieiaiea ia oio oaeo, /oi ia yoe aeaa noaea
Eiinoeoooeeae aiceiaeaiu “iieiiii/ey ii inouanoaeaieth – a
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii i?ioeannoaeueiuo oi?iao –
noaeaaiiai iaaeci?a ca aeayoaeueiinoueth anao noaeia iauae e
a?aeo?aaeiie th?enaeeeoeee aac eaeeo-eeai eneeth/aiee (iiae/a?eiooi iiie
– A.A.)” (ii?aaeaeaiea io 8 ethiy 2000 a. ii cai?ino I?aaeoaeuenoaa
?anioaeeee Eiaooaoey i i?iaa?ea eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe /. 1 no. 2, no. 5-8,
i. 2 no. 9, no. 21 e i. 4 no. 23 OC “Ia iaueo i?eioeeiao i?aaiecaoeee
caeiiiaeaoaeueiuo (i?aaenoaaeoaeueiuo) e eniieieoaeueiuo i?aaiia
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”. – NC ?O, 2000, N 28,
no. 3000). Oaeei ia?acii, eiinoeoooeeiiiia iiiyoea “noaeaaiue iaaeci?”
ii iauaio niaea?aeaiey oe?a eniieuecothuaainy eae noaeiono?ienoaaiiui,
oae e i?ioeannoaeueiui caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii.

Ia?yaeo n aeaoiy ?anniio?aiiuie auoa i?yiuie oi?iaie inouanoaeaiey
noaeaaiiai iaaeci?a iiaeii auaeaeeoue e einaaiioth – iieiiii/ea
Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ii aea/a ?acuyniaiee noaeaaiie i?aeoeee. ?acuyniaiey
noaeaaiie i?aeoeee noaeia iauae th?enaeeeoeee yaeythony ?acoeueoaoii aa
iaiauaiey, a oaeaea aiaeeca noaeaaiie noaoenoeee nio?oaeieeaie
Aa?oiaiiai Noaea, auyaeaiey oaiaeaioeee aa ?acaeoey, oae iacuaaaiuo
ia?oauo eee ia aino?aaiaaiiuo noaeaaiie i?aeoeeie ii?i, i?iaaeia a
i?aaiaii ?aaoee?iaaiee, oa?aeoa?a noaeaaiuo ioeaie e niiniaia eo
ono?aiaiey e o.i. (no. 56 Caeiia i noaeiono?ienoaa). O/eouaay, /oi i?aai
i?eianaiey i?ioanoa a ii?yaeea iaaeci?a i?eiaaeeaaeeo ?oeiaiaeeoaeyi
Aa?oiaiiai Noaea, oaeea iaiauaiey iiaoo neoaeeoue iniiaaieai aeey
i?eianaiey i?ioanoa e iineaaeothuaai ia?aniio?a noaeaaiuo ?aoaiee a
ii?yaeea iaaeci?a. Iieiiii/ea ii aea/a ?acuyniaiee noaeaaiie i?aeoeee
i?aoa?iaei nouanoaaiiua eciaiaiey. Eae auei ioia/aii auoa, ?aiaa oaeea
?acuyniaiey iaeaaeaee oa?aeoa?ii “iaycaoaeueiuo”, a Aa?oiaiue Noae aue
oiieiiii/ai neaaeeoue ca auiieiaieai noaeaie aai ?oeiaiaeyueo
?acuyniaiee (no. 56 Caeiia i noaeiono?ienoaa). Eiiiaioe?oaiay aea
noaouey a yoie /anoe a iieiii iauaia ei??aniiiaee?oao o?aaiaaieyi no.
120 Eiinoeoooeee, iiaeoaa?aeaeay i?eioeei iacaaeneiinoe noaeae e
iiae/eiaiey eo oieueei caeiio. Iaeiaei cia/aiea ?acuyniaiee Aa?oiaiiai
Noaea ii aii?inai noaeaaiie i?aeoeee nio?aiyaony. Iie (ianiio?y ia
ino?ua iaooeoathuea nii?u aie?oa eo i?aaiaie i?e?iaeu – yaeythony ee iie
enoi/ieeii i?aaa eee iao, a anee enoi/ieeii, oi eaeei) ea?atho ?ieue
noaneaeea?iuo oieeiaaiee, neoaeaueo aeey noaeae aeiiieieoaeueiuie
i?eaioe?aie a aii?inao i?eiaiaiey ii?i i?aaa.

I?aaiaie noaoon Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ?O a ea/anoaa aunoaai i?aaia a
iiaenenoaia noaeia iauae th?enaeeeoeee iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony oaeaea e
iaaeaeaieai oieueei yoiai noaea iieiiii/eai caeiiiaeaoaeueiie
eieoeeaoeau ii aii?inai aai aaaeaiey.

Aua iaeiei i?iyaeaieai ea/anoaa aunoaai noaeaaiiai i?aaia aunooiatho
iieiiii/ey Aa?oiaiiai Noaea a /anoe ?anniio?aiey ei aeae ii ia?aie
einoaioeee. Noaouey 116 AIE ioiineo e eiiiaoaioeee Aa?oiaiiai Noaea
neaaeothuea eaoaai?ee a?aaeaeaineeo, aaeieieno?aoeaiuo e eiuo aeae:

– ia inia?eaaiee iaii?iaoeaiuo aeoia I?aceaeaioa ?O, Oaaea?aeueiiai
Nia?aiey ?O, I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O;

– ia inia?eaaiee ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia oaaea?aeueiuo ieienoa?noa e
aaaeiinoa, eanathueony i?aa e naiaiae a?aaeaeai;

– ia inia?eaaiee iinoaiiaeaiee i i?ae?auaiee iieiiii/ee noaeae;

– i i?einoaiiaeaiee e i?ae?auaiee aeayoaeueiinoe iaua?inneeneeo e
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo iauanoaaiiuo iauaaeeiaiee;

– ia inia?eaaiee ?aoaiee e aeaenoaee (aacaeaenoaey) Oeaio?aeueiie
ecae?aoaeueiie eiiennee ?O e aa aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe (ca eneeth/aieai
?aoaiee, i?eieiaaiuo ii aeaeiaai ia ?aoaiey e aeaenoaey (aacaeaenoaea)
ieaeanoiyueo ecae?aoaeueiuo eiiennee, eiiennee ?aoa?aiaeoia, a oaeaea ia
?aoaiey ecae?aoaeueiuo eiiennee noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee a neo/ayo,
i?aaeoniio?aiiuo oaaea?aeueiui caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii);

– ii ?ac?aoaieth nii?ia, ia?aaeaiiuo aio I?aceaeaioii ?O a niioaaonoaee
ni no. 85 Eiinoeoooeee, iaaeaeo i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee e i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe noauaeoia
Oaaea?aoeee, a oaeaea iaaeaeo i?aaiaie ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe noauaeoia
Oaaea?aoeee.

A a niioaaonoaee ni no. 38 OIE Aa?oiaiiio Noaeo iiaenoaeiu aeaea,
ioianaiiua e aai iiaenoaeiinoe a niioaaonoaee n oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii, a
oaeaea aeaea iniaie neiaeiinoe eee iniaiai iauanoaaiiiai cia/aiey,
eioi?ua ii ai?aaa i?eiyoue e naiaio i?iecaiaenoao ii nianoaaiiie
eieoeeaoeaa eeai ii eieoeeaoeaa Aaia?aeueiiai i?ieo?i?a ?O i?e iaee/ee
oiaeaoaenoaa iaaeiyaiiai. Caiaoei, /oi yoa ii?ia, aa?iyoii,
?ani?ino?aiyaony e ia aeaea, ioianaiiua e eiiiaoaioeee ie?iaiai noaeuee,
e a yoii neo/aa ea/anoai “aunoaai noaeaaiiai i?aaia” i?iyaeyaony a
iieiie ia?a.

Anoanoaaiii, e eiiiaoaioeee Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ?O ioiineony e ?anniio?aiea
ei aeae ii aiiaue ioe?uaoeiny ianoiyoaeuenoaai, iinoaiiaeaiiuo ei a
ioiioaiee ?aoaiee.

Iieiiii/ey Aa?oiaiiai Noaea, a ?aaii eiuo noaeia iauae th?enaeeeoeee a
/anoe inouanoaeaiey eie noaeaaiiai eiio?iey ca eiinoeoooeeiiiinoueth e
caeiiiinoueth ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia ?acee/iiai aeaea auee ooi/iaiu
Eiinoeoooeeiiiui Noaeii a iinoaiiaeaiee io 16 ethiy 1998 a. ii aeaeo i
oieeiaaiee ioaeaeueiuo iieiaeaiee no. 125, 126 e 127 Eiinoeoooeee (AEN
?O, 1998, N 5), a oaeaea a iinoaiiaeaiee io 11 ai?aey 2000 a. ii aeaeo i
i?iaa?ea eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe ioaeaeueiuo iieiaeaiee i. 2 no. 1, i. 1 no.
21 e i. 3 no. 22 OC “I i?ieo?aoo?a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee” a nayce n
cai?inii Noaeaaiie eieeaaee ii a?aaeaeaineei aeaeai Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ?O
(NC ?O, 2000, N 16, no. 1774) a /anoe iaaiciiaeiinoe inouanoaeaiey yoeie
noaeaie iieiiii/ee ii i?eciaieth eaeeo au oi ie auei ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia,
ia?a/eneaiiuo a no. 125 (/. 2 e 5), ia niioaaonoaothueie Eiinoeoooeee.
Iineaaeiei i?eciaeii, ?ane?uaathuei iiiyoea “aunoee noaeaaiue i?aai”,
aunooiaao th?eaee/aneay neea aai ?aoaiee. ?aoaiey Aa?oiaiiai Noaea,
auianaiiua ei a ea/anoaa noaea iaaeci?iie einoaioeee, yaeythony
ieii/aoaeueiuie e ia iiaeeaaeao aeaeueiaeoaio iaaeaeiaaieth eee
ii?ioanoiaaieth. ?aoaiey, iinoaiiaeaiiua Aa?oiaiui Noaeii ii ia?aie
einoaioeee, iiaoo auoue ia?aniio?aiu ei naiei (ii eiui iiae?acaeaeaieai
– niaoeeaeueiie Eannaoeeiiiie eieeaaeae) a eannaoeeiiiii ii?yaeea
(eciaiaiey a Caeii i noaeiono?ienoaa a yoie /anoe auee i?eiyou a oeaeyo
?aaeecaoeee eiinoeoooeeiiiie ii?iu, niaea?aeauaeny a /. 3 no. 50
Eiinoeoooeee). ?aoaiey, i?eiyoua Noaeii a eannaoeeiiiii ii?yaeea, iiaoo
auoue ei aea ia?aniio?aiu a ii?yaeea iaaeci?a (iiyoue-oaee eiui
iiae?acaeaeaieai – I?aceaeeoiii). ?aoaiey aea, auianaiiua a ii?yaeea
iaaeci?a eae a ioiioaiee ?aoaiee, iinoaiiaeaiiuo eiuie oaaea?aeueiuie
noaeaie iauae th?enaeeeoeee, oae e ei naiei, iiaoo auoue ia?aniio?aiu
oieueei ii aiiaue ioe?uaoeiny ianoiyoaeuenoaai. Iaeiaei iaiaoiaeeii
caiaoeoue, /oi ?aoaiey, auianaiiua a ii?yaeea iaaeci?a noaeaaiuie
eieeaaeyie Aa?oiaiiai Noaea, iiaoo auoue ia?aniio?aiu aai I?aceaeeoiii.

TH?eaee/aneay neea ?aoaiee Aa?oiaiiai Noaea, ?aaii eae e ethaiai eiiai
noaea a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, eiaao oieaa?naeueiue oa??eoi?eaeueiue
oa?aeoa? aeaenoaey, niaea?aeaiea eioi?iai aeaoaeueii ?ane?uoi a ii?iao
no. 6 Caeiia i noaeaaiie nenoaia.

Aa?oiaiue Noae ?O iaaeaeai aua iaeiei eneeth/eoaeueiui ii naiaio
oa?aeoa?o iieiiii/eai. A neeo ii?iu /. 1 no. 93 Eiinoeoooeee ii
i?eieiaao o/anoea a i?ioeanna io?aoaiey I?aceaeaioa ?O io aeieaeiinoe,
aeaaay caeeth/aiea i iaee/ee a aeaenoaeyo I?aceaeaioa ?O i?eciaeia
oyaeeiai i?anooieaiey, a neo/ayo auaeaeaeaiey niioaaonoaothuaai
iaaeiaiey Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiie Oaaea?aeueiiai Nia?aiey.

Ia?a/eneaiiua auoa iieiiii/ey ia en/a?iuaatho eiiiaoaioeeth Aa?oiaiiai
Noaea. Eae e eiua noaeu, ii a i?ioeanna inouanoaeaiey i?aainoaeey (ia
ethaie i?ioeannoaeueiie noaaeee) ai?aaa ia?auaoueny n cai?inii i
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe i?eiaiaiiiai eee iiaeeaaeauaai i?eiaiaieth caeiia a
eiie?aoiii aeaea a Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae.

Aeaoaeueii i?aaiaie noaoon – iieiiii/ey, i?aaiecaoeeth e ii?yaeie
aeayoaeueiinoe Aa?oiaiiai Noaea – aeieaeai onoaiiaeoue oaaea?aeueiue
eiinoeoooeeiiiue caeii, eioi?ue, eae auei ioia/aii auoa, ionoonoaoao.
Aii?in i oii, aeieaeai ee yoi auoue naiinoiyoaeueiue aeo, iinayuaiiue
oieueei i?aaiaiio noaoono Aa?oiaiiai Noaea, eee eiiieaeniue aeo oeia
caeiiia ia a?aeo?aaeiuo eee aiaiiuo noaeao – OEC “I noaeao iauae
th?enaeeeoeee a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”, aei neo ii? inoaaony
aeeneonneiiiui. ?yae aaoi?ia, a oii /enea noaeuee e nio?oaeieee
Aa?oiaiiai Noaea, aianoaai a ii?yaeea ?aaeecaoeee /. 1 no. 104
Eiinoeoooeee a 2000 a. a Ainoaea?noaaiioth Aeoio i?iaeo OEC “I Aa?oiaiii
Noaea ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”, iieaaatho, /oi yoi aeieaeai auoue
ioaeaeueiue aeo. Eiua n/eoatho, /oi i?eiyoea ioaeaeueiuo aeoia i
eaaeaeii ec caaiueaa iiaenenoaiu noaeia iauae th?enaeeeoeee (eiae/iue
iooue ?acaeoey caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa i?e oaeii iiaeoiaea) iaecaaaeii
i?eaaaeao e ?acaaeaine?iaea caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ia ono?ienoaa iaueo
noaeia. E?iia oiai, yoi a iaiueoae noaiaie i?aaenoaaeyaony
niioaaonoaothuei e ii?ia /. 3 no. 128 Eiinoeoooeee. Iaiaoiaeeii
ioiaoeoue, /oi iiceoeey caeiiiaeaoaey a yoii aii?ina oaeaea aeinoaoi/ii
i?ioeai?a/eaa: n iaeiie noi?iiu, ii i?eieiaao eiiieaeniua aeou,
iinayuaiiua ?aaoee?iaaieth i?aaiecaoeee e aeayoaeueiinoe a?aeo?aaeiuo e
aiaiiuo noaeia, anae noaeaaiie nenoaiu; n ae?oaie – ioaeaeueiua aeou,
iinayuaiiua, iai?eia?, i?aaiaiio noaoono ie?iauo noaeae a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee eee ia?iaeiuo canaaeaoaeae oaaea?aeueiuo noaeia iauae
th?enaeeeoeee (ni. niioaaonoaothuee OC. – NC ?O, 1999, N 2, no. 158).

A ianoiyuee iiiaio Aa?oiaiue Noae aeaenoaoao a ninoaaa Ieaioia,
I?aceaeeoia, Noaeaaiie eieeaaee ii a?aaeaeaineei aeaeai, Noaeaaiie
eieeaaee ii oaieiaiui aeaeai, Aiaiiie eieeaaee e Eannaoeeiiiie eieeaaee.
Aicaeaaeyao Noae I?aaenaaeaoaeue; ?oeiaiaenoai Noaeii inouanoaeytho
oaeaea ia?aue caianoeoaeue I?aaenaaeaoaey e caianoeoaee I?aaenaaeaoaey;
/anoue caianoeoaeae I?aaenaaeaoaey iaeiia?aiaiii yaeythony
i?aaenaaeaoaeyie noaeaaiuo eieeaaee.

Ieaioi – iauaa nia?aiea noaeae Aa?oiaiiai Noaea. Yoio i?aai ia iaeaaeaao
iieiiii/eyie a noa?a inouanoaeaiey i?aainoaeey, ii ?aaeecoao ana eiua
eiinoeoooeeiiiua iieiiii/ey Noaea, a oaeaea iaeioi?ua ae?oaea, io/anoe
oaea oiiieiaaoeany:

– ?anniao?eaaao iaoa?eaeu eco/aiey e iaiauaiey noaeaaiie i?aeoeee;

– ooaa?aeaeaao ii i?aaenoaaeaieth I?aaenaaeaoaey Noaea ninoaau noaeaaiuo
eieeaaee e nae?aoa?y Ieaioia ec /enea noaeae Noaea;

– ooaa?aeaeaao ii i?aaenoaaeaieth I?aaenaaeaoaey Noaea
Iao/ii-eiinoeueoaoeaiue niaao i?e Noaea;

– caneooeaaao niiauaiey i ?aaioa I?aceaeeoia Noaea e noaeaaiuo eieeaaee
(no. 58 Caeiia i noaeiono?ienoaa).

I?aceaeeoi Aa?oiaiiai Noaea yaeyaony aunoae noaeaaiie einoaioeeae a
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ii ioiioaieth e ?aoaieyi anao oaaea?aeueiuo
noaeia iauae th?enaeeeoeee. E?iia oiai, ii iaaeaeai iieiiii/eyie ii
?anniio?aieth iaoa?eaeia eco/aiey e iaiauaiey noaeaaiie i?aeoeee,
aiaeeca noaeaaiie noaoenoeee e ?anniio?aieth aii?inia i?aaiecaoeee
?aaiou noaeaaiuo eieeaaee (no. 62 Caeiia i noaeiono?ienoaa). Ii?yaeie
oi?ie?iaaiey ninoaaa yoiai i?aaia a ianoiyuee iiiaio ii?aaeaeai oaeaea
Caeiiii i noaeiono?ienoaa ii aiaeiaee n ii?yaeeii oi?ie?iaaiey naiiai
Aa?oiaiiai Noaea. A ninoaa I?aceaeeoia aoiaeyo ii aeieaeiinoe
I?aaenaaeaoaeue Noaea, aai caianoeoaee, a oaeaea noaeuee Aa?oiaiiai
Noaea, ii oaea a ee/iii ea/anoaa (no. 61).

Iieiiii/ey I?aceaeeoia Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee auee
i?aaeiaoii enneaaeiaaiey a Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea. A aeaea i i?iaa?ea
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe i. 5 /. 2 no. 371, /. 3 no. 374 e i. 4 /. 2 no. 384
OIE a nayce n aeaeiaaie a?aaeaeai E.I. Eoeueiaaa, A.N. Eaeoaaa, TH.A.
Eoeaoiaa e E.I. Na?aa?aiieeiaa. Aiaeece?oy iacaaiiua ii?iu,
Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae eiinoaoe?iaae: “A neeo yoeo iieiaeaiee caeiia
iinoaiiaeaiey I?aceaeeoia Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee,
iacaaeneii io ea/anoaa niaea?aeaueony a ieo ?aoaiee, ia iiaoo noaoue
iauaeoii noaeaaiie i?iaa?ee a ii?yaeea iaaeci?a. Iiaeaiiua a ii?yaeea
iaaeci?a aeaeiau a?aaeaeai ia ?aoaiey I?aceaeeoia Aa?oiaiiai Noaea
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ia iieaaeao eco/aieth, oae eae ai?ei?e yaeythony
iaaeiionoeiuie. Oaeei ia?acii, aeaenoaothuee oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiue
caeii enoiaeeo ec aaniethoiiai cai?aoa auyaeyoue e ono?aiyoue a
iaaeci?iii ii?yaeea ethaua noaeaaiua ioeaee, anee aeaei auei ?anniio?aii
a ea/anoaa auoae noaeaaii-iaaeci?iie einoaioeee I?aceaeeoiii Aa?oiaiiai
Noaea ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee”. Anoanoaaiii, oaeia iieiaeaiea aeae auei
i?eciaii ia niioaaonoaothuei Eiinoeoooeee, ii o/eouaay oi?ioee?iaee
eiie?aoiuo i?aaee ia a iieiii iauaia. A eiaiii: i. 5 /. 2 no. 371 e /. 3
no. 374 OIE auee i?eciaiu niioaaonoaothueie Eiinoeoooeee (no. 45, 46 e
50), iineieueeo i?aaeoniio?aiiua eie ia?aie/aiey ia ia?aniio? a ii?yaeea
iaaeci?a iinoaiiaeaiee i?aceaeeoia Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ?O ia eneeth/atho
aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaiey eiuo i?ioeannoaeueiuo n?aaenoa eni?aaeaiey
noaeaaiuo ioeaie. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, iieiaeaiea i. 4 /. 2 no. 384 OIE
?NON?, eioi?ia ia?aie/eaaao e?oa iniiaaiee e aicaoaeaeaieth aeaea eeoue
ianoiyoaeuenoaaie “iaecaanoiuie noaeo i?e iinoaiiaeaiee i?eaiai?a eee
ii?aaeaeaiey”, e a neeo yoiai i?aiyonoaoao a neo/aa en/a?iaiey
aiciiaeiinoae noaeaaiiai iaaeci?a eni?aaeaieth noaeaaiuo ioeaie,
ia?ooathueo i?aaa e naiaiaeu /aeiaaea e a?aaeaeaieia, i?eciaii ia
niioaaonoaothueie Eiinoeoooeee, aa no. 15 (/. 4), 18, 21 (/. 1), 45, 46,
55 (/. 2 e 3) (NC ?O, 1996, N 7, no. 701).

2.1. Eannaoeeiiiay eieeaaey Aa?oiaiiai Noaea

Eannaoeeiiiay eieeaaey Aa?oiaiiai Noaea, o/?aaeaeaiiay a 1999 a.:

– ?anniao?eaaao a ea/anoaa noaea aoi?ie einoaioeee a?aaeaeaineea e
oaieiaiua aeaea ii aeaeiaai e i?ioanoai ia ?aoaiey, i?eaiai?u,
ii?aaeaeaiey e iinoaiiaeaiey, auianaiiua Noaeaaiie eieeaaeae ii
a?aaeaeaineei aeaeai, Noaeaaiie eieeaaeae ii oaieiaiui aeaeai e Aiaiiie
eieeaaeae Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ?O a ea/anoaa noaea ia?aie einoaioeee;

– ?anniao?eaaao a i?aaeaeao naieo iieiiii/ee noaeaaiua aeaea ii aiiaue
ioe?uaoeiny ianoiyoaeuenoaai (no. 60-2 Caeiia i noaeiono?ienoaa).

A ioee/ea io inoaeueiuo noaeaaiuo eieeaaee Eannaoeeiiiay eieeaaey
niae?aaony oieueei a oao neo/ayo, eiaaea eiathony niioaaonoaothuea
noaeaaiua aeaea. A ia?eiae iaaeaeo aa canaaeaieyie noaeuee, yaeythueany
/eaiaie Eannaoeeiiiie eieeaaee Aa?oiaiiai Noaea, o/anoaotho a
?anniio?aiee aeae a ninoaaa niioaaonoaothuae noaeaaiie eieeaaee eeai
I?aceaeeoia Aa?oiaiiai Noaea n niaethaeaieai o?aaiaaiey i
iaaeiionoeiinoe iiaoi?iiai o/anoey noaeuee a ?anniio?aiee iaeiiai e oiai
aea aeaea.

Iieiiii/ey noaeaaiuo eieeaaee Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ii?aaeaeaiu a no. 64
Caeiia i noaeiono?ienoaa, a a /anoe aeayoaeueiinoe Aiaiiie eieeaaee –
oaeaea e a no. 10 Caeiia i aiaiiuo noaeao. Noaeaaiay eieeaaey ii
a?aaeaeaineei aeaeai, Noaeaaiay eieeaaey ii oaieiaiui aeaeai e Aiaiiay
eieeaaey ?anniao?eaatho aeaea a ea/anoaa noaea ia?aie einoaioeee, a
eannaoeeiiiii ii?yaeea ii aeaeiaai e i?ioanoai ia ?aoaiey noaeia
noauaeoiiai o?iaiy, a oaeaea a ii?yaeea iaaeci?a ii i?ioanoai ia ?aoaiey
anao oaaea?aeueiuo noaeia iauae th?enaeeeoeee. Anoanoaaiii, eieeaaee
ia?aniao?eaatho naie ?aoaiey e ii aiiaue ioe?uaoeiny ianoiyoaeuenoaai.
Eieeaaee oaeaea eco/atho e iaiauatho noaeaaioth i?aeoeeo, aiaeece?otho
noaeaaioth noaoenoeeo.

Iieiiii/ey Ieaioia, I?aceaeeoia e noaeaaiuo eieeaaee iiaoo auoue
?anoe?aiu caeiiii, iineieueeo eo ia?a/ie ii?aaeaeaiu iaen/a?iuaathuei
ia?acii. A /anoiinoe, Caeii ?O “I noaoona noaeae a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee” iaaeaeyao Aa?oiaiue Noae (a eeoea aai Noaeaaiie eieeaaee ii
a?aaeaeaineei aeaeai) iieiiii/eyie ii ?anniio?aieth aeaeia ia ?aoaiey
Aunoae eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiie eieeaaee noaeae ii aii?inai i?einoaiiaeaiey
(no. 13) e i?ae?auaiey (no. 14) iieiiii/ee noaeae. A ianoiyuee iiiaio
ianoaeaeathony i?aaeeiaeaiey i ia?aaea/a iieiiii/ee ii ?aoaieth aii?inia
i i?iaaaeaiee a ioiioaiee noaeae ia?ii?eyoee iia?aoeaii-?icuneiiai
oa?aeoa?a, a oaeaea caaea?aeaiey, a?anoa e aicaoaeaeaiey oaieiaiuo aeae
a ioiioaiee noaeae ec eiiiaoaioeee eaaeeoeeaoeeiiiuo eieeaaee noaeae a
eiiiaoaioeeth Aa?oiaiiai Noaea (oaeaea a eeoea aai i?ioeeueiuo
eieeaaee).

?aaioie Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ?oeiaiaeeo aai I?aaenaaeaoaeue, eioi?ue
iaeaaeaao cia/eoaeueiuie iieiiii/eyie eae i?ioeannoaeueiiai, oae e
aaeieieno?aoeaiiai (i?aaiecaoeeiiiiai) oa?aeoa?a. A niioaaonoaee ni no.
65 Caeiia i noaeioo?ienoaa I?aaenaaeaoaeue:

– i?eiineo a i?aaeaeao e ii?yaeea, onoaiiaeaiiuo caeiiii, i?ioanou ia
noaeaaiua ?aoaiey;

– a neo/ayo e ii?yaeea, onoaiiaeaiiuo caeiiii, ai?aaa i?einoaiiaeoue
eniieiaiea noaeaaiuo ?aoaiee;

– i?aaiecoao ?aaioo ii eco/aieth e iaiauaieth noaeaaiie i?aeoeee,
aiaeeco noaeaaiie noaoenoeee; aiineo i?aaenoaaeaiey a ainoaea?noaaiiua
i?aaiu, iauanoaaiiua i?aaiecaoeee e aeieaeiinoiui eeoeai ia ono?aiaiee
ia?ooaiee caeiia, i?e/ei e oneiaee, niinianoaiaaaoeo niaa?oaieth
i?aaiia?ooaiee e aiineo iaoa?eaeu ia ?anniio?aiea Ieaioia;

– nicuaaao Ieaioi Noaea e i?aaenaaeaoaeuenoaoao ia aai canaaeaieyo;

– nicuaaao I?aceaeeoi Noaea e aiineo ia ?anniio?aiea I?aceaeeoia
aii?inu, o?aaothuea aai ?aoaiey, i?aaenaaeaoaeuenoaoao ia canaaeaieyo
I?aceaeeoia; iiaeao i?aaenaaeaoaeuenoaiaaoue a noaeaaiuo canaaeaieyo
eieeaaee Noaea i?e ?anniio?aiee ethaiai aeaea;

– ?ani?aaeaeyao iaycaiiinoe iaaeaeo caianoeoaeyie I?aaenaaeaoaey Noaea;

– ?oeiaiaeeo i?aaiecaoeeae ?aaiou Eannaoeeiiiie eieeaaee e noaeaaiuo
eieeaaee; ?oeiaiaeeo ?aaioie aiia?aoa Noaea;

– aaaeao ee/iue i?eai e i?aaiecoao ?aaioo noaea ii i?eaio a?aaeaeai e
?anniio?aieth i?aaeeiaeaiee, cayaeaiee e aeaeia;

– inouanoaeyao ae?oaea iieiiii/ey, i?aaeinoaaeaiiua aio
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii. A /anoiinoe, ?yae iieiiii/ee I?aaenaaeaoaey Noaea
ii ?oeiaiaenoao Noaeaaiui aeaia?oaiaioii i?e Aa?oiaiii Noaea
niaea?aeeony a no. 8, 11 OC “I Noaeaaiii aeaia?oaiaioa i?e Aa?oiaiii
Noaea ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee” (NC ?O, 1998, N 2, no. 223).

Caianoeoaee I?aaenaaeaoaey Aa?oiaiiai Noaea iiiiaatho I?aaenaaeaoaeth a
?aaeecaoeee aai iieiiii/ee ii ?oeiaiaenoao Noaeii, a oaeaea eiatho
nianoaaiioth eiiiaoaioeeth (oaeaea i?aaenoaaeaiu e i?ioeannoaeueiua e
aaeieieno?aoeaiua aeaeu iieiiii/ee):

– iiaoo i?aaenaaeaoaeuenoaiaaoue a noaeaaiuo canaaeaieyo eieeaaee Noaea;

– i?eiinyo a i?aaeaeao e ii?yaeea, onoaiiaeaiiuo caeiiii, i?ioanou ia
noaeaaiua ?aoaiey;

– a neo/ayo e ii?yaeea, onoaiiaeaiiuo caeiiii, ai?aaa i?einoaiiaeoue
eniieiaiea noaeaaiuo ?aoaiee;

– inouanoaeytho a niioaaonoaee n ?ani?aaeaeaieai iaycaiiinoae
?oeiaiaenoai ?aaioie noaeaaiuo eieeaaee e no?oeoo?iuo iiae?acaeaeaiee
aiia?aoa Noaea;

– aaaeoo ee/iue i?eai a?aaeaeai;

– inouanoaeytho ae?oaea iieiiii/ey, i?aaeinoaaeaiiua ei
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii.

O/eouaay cia/eoaeueiue /eneaiiue ninoaa Aa?oiaiiai Noaea a i?ioeanna aai
aeayoaeueiinoe aaeeea ?ieue i?aaenaaeaoaeae aai no?oeoo?iuo
iiae?acaeaeaiee – Eannaoeeiiiie eieeaaee e noaeaaiuo eieeaaee, eioi?ua:

– i?aaenaaeaoaeuenoaotho a noaeaaiuo canaaeaieyo ?oeiaiaeeiuo eie
eieeaaee eee iacia/atho aeey yoiai /eaiia noaea;

– ia?acotho ninoaau noaea (iaeaou) aeey ?anniio?aiey aeae a noaeaaiuo
canaaeaieyo eieeaaee;

– inouanoaeytho ?oeiaiaenoai ?aaioie niioaaonoaothueo eieeaaee;

– i?aaenoaaeytho Ieaioio Aa?oiaiiai Noaea io/aou i aeayoaeueiinoe
eieeaaee;

– ai?aaa eno?aaiaaoue noaeaaiua aeaea aeey eco/aiey e iaiauaiey
noaeaaiie i?aeoeee;

– i?aaiecotho ?aaioo ii iiauoaieth eaaeeoeeaoeee /eaiia noaea
niioaaonoaothuae noaeaaiie eieeaaee;

– inouanoaeytho ae?oaea iieiiii/ey, i?aaeinoaaeaiiua ei
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii.

I?aaenaaeaoaeue Aiaiiie eieeaaee, e?iia oiai:

– aiineo a Aiaiioth eieeaaeth i?ioanou ia anooieaoea a th?eaee/aneoth
neeo ?aoaiey aiaiiuo noaeia;

– aiineo a ie?oaeiua (oeioneea) aiaiiua noaeu i?ioanou ia anooieaoea a
th?eaee/aneoth neeo ?aoaiey aa?ieciiiuo aiaiiuo noaeia;

– ai?aaa eno?aaiaaoue a i?aaeaeao iieiiii/ee Aiaiiie eieeaaee Aa?oiaiiai
Noaea noaeaaiua aeaea aeey i?iaa?ee a ii?yaeea iaaeci?a;

– ai?aaa a i?aaeoniio?aiiii caeiiii ii?yaeea i?einoaiaaeeaaoue
eniieiaiea noaeaaiiai ?aoaiey, ia eioi?ua ii iiaeao i?eianoe i?ioano;

– i?aaiecoao ?aaioo ii eco/aieth e iaiauaieth noaeaaiie i?aeoeee,
aiaeeco noaeaaiie noaoenoeee;

– a neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe ?aoaao aii?in i ia?aaea/a aeaea ec iaeiiai
ie?oaeiiai (oeioneiai) aiaiiiai noaea a ae?oaie.

Aeayoaeueiinoue Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ?O niaeanii no. 30 Caeiia i noaeaaiie
nenoaia, iaania/eaaaony aai aiia?aoii, a eioi?ii ian/eouaaaony ieiei 400
/aeiaae, ?aaioathueo eae a nae?aoa?eaoao noaeaaiuo eieeaaee, oae e a
eiuo no?oeoo?iuo iiae?acaeaeaieyo, oaeeo, eae Ioaeae iaiauaiey noaeaaiie
i?aeoeee, Ioaeae ?aaiou n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii, Ioaeae i?iaa?ee noaeaaiuo
?aoaiee a ii?yaeea iaaeci?a e ae?.

3.Aunoee A?aeo?aaeiue Noae ?O

Eiiiaioe?oaiay noaouey Eiinoeoooeee o/?aaeaeaao Aunoee A?aeo?aaeiue Noae
?O, onoaiaaeeaaao iniiau aai eiiiaoaioeee e ii?aaeaeyao ianoi a nenoaia
noaeia a?aeo?aaeiie th?enaeeeoeee.

A?aeo?aaeiay thnoeoeey iiyaeeanue a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee a 1991 a. A
ioee/ea io ?yaea nia?aiaiiuo ainoaea?noa, eiathueo noaeaaiua nenoaiu,
iino?iaiiua ia i?eioeeia aeoaeecia noaeia, e niaoeeaeece?othueony ia
?anniio?aiee a?aaeaeaineeo aeae, a ?innee a oa/aiea ii/oe 70 eao
nouanoaiaaei aeaa i?eioeeieaeueii ?acee/iuo iiaeoiaea e ?ac?aoaieth
nii?ia iaaeaeo a?aaeaeaiaie (nianoaaiii a?aaeaeaineea aeaea) e iaaeaeo
th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie, eee, eae auei i?eiyoi eo iacuaaoue,
i?aaiecaoeeyie, o/?aaeaeaieyie e i?aaei?eyoeyie (oicyenoaaiiua,
yeiiiie/aneea, oi?aiaua aeaea).

Ia?aay eaoaai?ey aeae aoiaeeea a eiiiaoaioeeth (iauoth i?aaeiaoioth
iiaenoaeiinoue) noaeia, aoi?oth ?ac?aoaee niaoeeaeece?iaaiiua i?aaiu
nenoaiu ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey (eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe) –
ainoaea?noaaiiue e oae iacuaaaiue aaaeiinoaaiiue a?aeo?aaee.
Aeayoaeueiinoue iineaaeieo aeiiieiyeanue a /anoe ?anniio?aiey iaeioi?uo
aeaeia aeae aeayoaeueiinoueth aeeniaoa?neeo noaeia (nii?u i
?ani?aaeaeaiee a?aiaie iioa?ue eee oauoeia i?e ii?neie iauae aaa?ee),
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai eiiia?/aneiai a?aeo?aaea e o?aoaeneeo noaeia
(nouanoaiaaaoeo nei?aa eae eneeth/aiea), a oaeaea iaee/eai einoeoooia
i?aoaiceiiiiai oeia. Oaeia iieiaeaiea aeae auei i?aaeii?aaeaeaii
nouanoaiaaieai ia oa??eoi?ee NNN? ieaiiai-?aaoee?oaiie yeiiiieee,
oa?aeoa?ecothuaeny, iiieii i?i/aai, ia noaeaaiuie, a
aaeieieno?aoeaii-eiiaiaeiuie niiniaaie ?ac?aoaiey nioeeaeueiuo
eiioeeeoia. Ae?oaie iniaaiiinoueth iauanoaaiiiai no?iy oiai ia?eiaea
a?aiaie, yaeaoaeny i?e/eiie oaeiai iieiaeaiey aeae, noae ioeac io
i?eciaiey nouanoaiaaiey i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe, eae a?aaeaeai, oae e
th?eaee/aneeo eeoe, ia aieueoeinoai aiciiaeiuo iauaeoia (caiey,
i?e?iaeiua ?ano?nu, iaaeaeaeeiia eiouanoai e o.i.). No??iaaoiua i?aaa –
ee/iie nianoaaiiinoe (a?aaeaeaia) e iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey
(th?eaee/aneea eeoea) – ia i?aaeinoaaeyee noaeai aiciiaeiinoe na?ueacii
niaoeeaeece?iaaoueny a noa?a a?aaeaeaineiai i?aaa. Ioeac io aeaiiie
yeiiiie/aneie nenoaiu a eiioea 80-o aiaeia i?eaae e oi?ie?iaaieth ia
oa??eoi?ee NNN? noaeia a?aeo?aaeiie eee oicyenoaaiiie th?enaeeeoeee,
inouanoaeythueo i?aainoaeea ii aeaeai, naycaiiui n i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie
aeayoaeueiinoueth eae th?eaee/aneeo eeoe, oae e a?aaeaeai, iineieueeo
iau/iua noaeu ia iiaee ni?aaeoueny n caaea/ae ?ac?aoaiey
a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiauo nii?ia a iieiii iauaia. Ianeieueei iicaea (e 1994
a.) a?aeo?aaeiua noaeu noaee niaoeeaeece?iaaoueny oaeaea e ia
?anniio?aiee aaeieieno?aoeaiuo aeae – aeae ia inia?eaaiee aeoia e
aeaenoaee (aacaeaenoaey) i?aaiia e aeieaeiinoiuo eeoe nenoaiu
eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe, ia?ooathueo i?aaa e io?aiyaiua caeiiii eioa?anu
a noa?a yeiiiieee.

A ianoiyuee iiiaio noaeu a?aeo?aaeiie th?enaeeeoeee aeaenoaotho a
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee a niioaaonoaee n eiinoeoooeeiiiuie ii?iaie (no.
118-124, 127-128) e ii?iaie oaaea?aeueiuo eiinoeoooeeiiiuo caeiiia “I
noaeaaiie nenoaia a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee” (no. 23-25, 30, 32-33. – NC
?O, 1997, N 1, no. 1) e “Ia a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeao a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee” (NC ?O, 1995, N 18, no. 1589). I?ioeannoaeueiay
aeayoaeueiinoue yoiai aeaea noaeia o?aaoee?iaaia oaeaea AIE 1995 a. (a
ianoiyuee iiiaio a Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoia Oaaea?aeueiiai Nia?aiey
iaoiaeeony ia ?anniio?aiee i?iaeo iiaiai AIE).

Aunoee A?aeo?aaeiue Noae ?O, niaeanii eiiiaioe?oaiie ii?ia yaeyaony
aunoei noaeaaiui i?aaiii (3) ii ?ac?aoaieth yeiiiie/aneeo nii?ia (1) e
eiuo aeae (2), ?anniao?eaaaiuo a?aeo?aaeiuie noaeaie.

1. E /eneo yeiiiie/aneeo nii?ia, o.a. nii?ia, aicieeathueo ec
a?aaeaeaineeo e eiuo i?aaiioiioaiee iaaeaeo th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie,
a?aaeaeaiaie (iaa eaoaai?ee iiaoo auoue ?inneeneeie eee eiino?aiiuie),
eiathueie noaoon eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai i?aaei?eieiaoaey, i?eia?aoaiiue a
onoaiiaeaiiii caeiiii ii?yaeea, a oaeaea iaaeaeo ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeeae
e aa noauaeoaie e iaaeaeo noauaeoaie Oaaea?aoeee (a neo/ayo,
onoaiiaeaiiuo AIE e ae?oaeie oaaea?aeueiuie caeiiaie, a?aeo?aaeiiio
noaeo iiaeaaaeiinoaaiiu aeaea n o/anoeai ia?aciaaiee, ia yaeythueony
th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie, e a?aaeaeai, ia eiathueo noaoona
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai i?aaei?eieiaoaey), noaouey 22 AIE ioiineo nii?u:

– i ?aciiaeaneyo ii aeiaiai?o, caeeth/aiea eioi?iai i?aaeoniio?aii
caeiiii eee ia?aaea/a ?aciiaeanee ii eioi?iio ia ?ac?aoaiea
a?aeo?aaeiiai noaea niaeaniaaia noi?iiaie;

– ia eciaiaiee oneiaee eee i ?anoi?aeaiee aeiaiai?ia;

– i iaeniieiaiee eee iaiaaeeaaeauai eniieiaiee iaycaoaeuenoa;

– i i?eciaiee i?aaa nianoaaiiinoe;

– ia eno?aaiaaiee nianoaaiieeii eee eiui caeiiiui aeaaeaeueoeai
eiouanoaa ec /oaeiai iacaeiiiiai aeaaeaiey;

– i ia?ooaiee i?aa nianoaaiieea eee eiiai caeiiiiai aeaaeaeueoea, ia
naycaiiii n eeoaieai aeaaeaiey;

– i aiciauaiee oauoeia;

– i caueoa /anoe, aeinoieinoaa e aeaeiaie ?aiooaoeee;

2. E /eneo eiuo aeae, ?anniao?eaaaiuo a?aeo?aaeiuie noaeaie, iiaoo auoue
ioianaiu aaeieieno?aoeaiua aeaea:

– i i?eciaiee iaaeaenoaeoaeueiuie (iieiinoueth eee /anoe/ii)
iaii?iaoeaiuo aeoia ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia, i?aaiia ianoiiai
naiioi?aaeaiey e eiuo i?aaiia, ia niioaaonoaothueo caeiiai e eiui
ii?iaoeaiui i?aaiaui aeoai e ia?ooathueo i?aaa e caeiiiua eioa?anu
i?aaiecaoeee e a?aaeaeai;

– i i?eciaiee ia iiaeeaaeauei eniieiaieth eniieieoaeueiiai eee eiiai
aeieoiaioa, ii eioi?iio acuneaiea i?iecaiaeeony a aannii?iii
(aacaeoeaioiii) ii?yaeea;

– ia iaaeaeiaaiee ioeaca a ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee eeai oeeiiaiey
io ainoaea?noaaiiie ?aaeno?aoeee a onoaiiaeaiiue n?ie i?aaiecaoeee eee
a?aaeaeaieia e a ae?oaeo neo/ayo, eiaaea oaeay ?aaeno?aoeey
i?aaeoniio?aia caeiiii;

– i acuneaiee n i?aaiecaoeee e a?aaeaeai oo?aoia ainoaea?noaaiiuie
i?aaiaie, i?aaiaie ianoiiai naiioi?aaeaiey e eiuie i?aaiaie,
inouanoaeythueie eiio?ieueiua ooieoeee, anee oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii ia
i?aaeoniio?ai aannii?iue (aacaeoeaioiue) ii?yaeie eo acuneaiey;

– i aica?aoa ec athaeaeaoa aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, nienaiiuo i?aaiaie,
inouanoaeythueie eiio?ieueiua ooieoeee, a aannii?iii (aacaeoeaioiii)
ii?yaeea n ia?ooaieai o?aaiaaiee caeiia eee eiiai ii?iaoeaiiai i?aaiaiai
aeoa.

E?iia oiai, e eaoaai?ee eiuo AIE ioiineo aeaea:

– ia onoaiiaeaiee oaeoia, eiathueo cia/aiea aeey aicieeiiaaiey,
eciaiaiey eee i?ae?auaiey i?aa i?aaiecaoeee e a?aaeaeai a noa?a
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie e eiie yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe;

– i ianinoiyoaeueiinoe (aaie?ionoaa) i?aaiecaoeee e a?aaeaeai.

Ianiio?y ia noieue iaoe?iue ia?a/aiue, ii ia yaeyaony cae?uoui, e
oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii iiaoo auoue ioianaiu e iiaeaaaeiinoaaiiinoe
a?aeo?aaeiiai noaea e ae?oaea aeaea.

3. Niaeanii no. 4 Caeiia i noaeaaiie nenoaia e no. 3 Caeiia ia
a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeao, a nenoaio iiieii Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea
aoiaeyo oaeaea: oaaea?aeueiua a?aeo?aaeiua noaeu ie?oaia (10 noaeia) e
oaaea?aeueiua a?aeo?aaeiua noaeu noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee (86 noaeia).

A?aeo?aaeiua noaeu noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee inouanoaeytho: a) ?anniio?aiea
ii ia?aie einoaioeee anao yeiiiie/aneeo nii?ia e eiuo aeae, ioianaiiuo e
eiiiaoaioeee (?iaeiaie iiaenoaeiinoe) a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia, ca
eneeth/aieai oao, eioi?ua ioianaiu e eiiiaoaioeee (aeaeiaie
iiaenoaeiinoe) Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea (oae iacuaaaiay inoaoi/iay
eiiiaoaioeey); a) ?anniio?aiea a aiaeeyoeeiiiie einoaioeee aeae,
?anniio?aiiuo eie a ea/anoaa noaea ia?aie einoaioeee; a) ia?aniio?
auoaoeacaiiuo eaoaai?ee aeae ii aiiaue ioe?uaoeiny ianoiyoaeuenoaai; a)
i?aai ia ia?auaiea a Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae n cai?inii i
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe oao eee eiuo ii?i; ae) iieiiii/ey ii iaiauaieth
noaeaaiie i?aeoeee e iiaeaioiaea i?aaeeiaeaiee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, aiaeeco noaeaaiie noaoenoeee (no. 25 Caeiia i
noaeaaiie nenoaia; no. 36 Caeiia ia a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeao).

Ie?oaeiua noaeu yaeythony noaeaie eannaoeeiiiie einoaioeee, i?iaa?ythuae
caeiiiinoue ?aoaiee a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee, i?eiyouo
eie ii ia?aie e aiaeeyoeeiiiie einoaioeeyi, a oaeaea inouanoaeytho
iieiiii/ey eiiai oa?aeoa?a, aiaeiae/iua ia?a/eneaiiui auoa (no. 24
Caeiia i noaeaaiie nenoaia; no. 24 e 26 Caeiia ia a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeao).

Aunoee A?aeo?aaeiue Noae aicaeaaeyao yoo iaoe?ioth nenoaio, a neeo /aai
ii iaeaaeaao iieiiii/eyie (eae i?aaaie, oae e iaycaiiinoyie) ii
inouanoaeaieth noaeaaiiai iaaeci?a ca aeayoaeueiinoueth a?aeo?aaeiuo
noaeia a i?aaeoniio?aiiuo i?ioeannoaeueiuo caeiiii oi?iao.
I?aaiecaoeeiiiia iiae/eiaiea ieaeanoiyueo noaeia auoanoiyuei n
i?iaicaeaoaieai i?eioeeia iacaaeneiinoe noaeae e noaeaaiie aeanoe. Caeii
onoaiaaeeaaao iaeio i?yioth e iaeio einaaiioth oi?iu oaeiai iaaeci?a: a)
ia?aniio? noaeaaiuo aeae a ii?yaeea iaaeci?a ii i?ioanoai ia anooieaoea
a th?eaee/aneoth neeo ?aoaiey a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia e a) aea/o ?acuyniaiee
ii aii?inai noaeaaiie i?aeoeee.

Io/anoe eae einaaiiay oi?ia iiaeao auoue eaaeeoeoee?iaaii e iieiiii/ea
ii ia?auaieth a Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae n cai?inii i i?iaa?ea
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe oeacaiiuo a /. 2 no. 125 Eiinoeoooeee caeiiia e eiuo
ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia e aeiaiai?ia e eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe caeiia, i?eiaiaiiiai
eee iiaeeaaeauaai i?eiaiaieth a eiie?aoiii aeaea. Niaoeeoe/aneie oi?iie
noaeaaiiai iaaeci?a, inouanoaeyaiie Aunoei A?aeo?aaeiui Noaeii ii
ioiioaieth e nianoaaiiui ?aoaieyi, aunooiaao iieiiii/ea ii ia?aniio?o ii
aiiaue ioe?uaoeiny ianoiyoaeuenoaai nianoaaiiuo ?aoaiee, anooieaoeo a
th?eaee/aneoth neeo.

Aunoee A?aeo?aaeiue Noae iaaeaeai ia oieueei iieiiii/eyie, naienoaaiiuie
aunoaio i?aaio eaeie-eeai nenoaiu, ii e iieiiii/eyie i?aeeia?iiai noaea.
Yoe iieiiii/ey eiie?aoece?iaaiu a no. 23 Caeiia i noaeaaiie nenoaia e
oiiiyiooie no. 10 Caeiia ia a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeao. Ioieo 1 /. 1 yoie
noaouee ii?aaeaeyao eiiiaoaioeeth Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea ii ia?aie
einoaioeee. A ea/anoaa oaeiaiai aeaiiue Noae ?anniao?eaaao:

a) aeaea i i?eciaiee iaaeaenoaeoaeueiuie (iieiinoueth eee /anoe/ii)
iaii?iaoeaiuo aeoia I?aceaeaioa ?O, Niaaoa Oaaea?aoeee e
Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu Oaaea?aeueiiai Nia?aiey, I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O, ia
niioaaonoaothueo caeiio e ia?ooathueo i?aaa e caeiiiua eioa?anu
th?eaee/aneeo eeoe e a?aaeaeai (a i?iaeoa AIE yoe iieiiii/ey
?ani?ino?aiaiu ia ii?iaoeaiua i?aaiaua aeou ia?a/eneaiiuo noauaeoia);

a) yeiiiie/aneea nii?u iaaeaeo ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeeae e aa noauaeoaie,
iaaeaeo noauaeoaie Oaaea?aoeee.

Eiinoeoooeey iaiin?aaenoaaiii iaaeaeyao Aunoee A?aeo?aaeiue Noae aua
iaeiei iieiiii/eai – iieiiii/eai caeiiiaeaoaeueiie eieoeeaoeau ii
i?aaeiaoai aaaeaiey yoiai noaea.

Caeii ia a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeao niaea?aeeo aua ianeieueei iieiiii/ee
Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea, iaania/eaathueo oniaoioth ?aaeecaoeeth
eiinoeoooeeiiiie iiaeaee aai i?aaiaiai noaoona:

– eco/aiea e iaiauaiea i?aeoeee i?eiaiaiey a?aeo?aaeiuie noaeaie caeiiia
e eiuo ii?iaoeaiuo i?aaiauo aeoia, ?aaoee?othueo ioiioaiey a noa?a
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie e eiie yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe;

– ?ac?aaioeo i?aaeeiaeaiee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth ia oieueei caeiiia, ii
e eiuo ii?iaoeaiuo i?aaiauo aeoia, ?aaoee?othueo ioiioaiey a noa?a
i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie e eiie yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe;

– aaaeaiea noaeaaiie noaoenoeee e i?aaiecaoeeth ?aaiou ii aa aaaeaieth a
a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeao;

– inouanoaeaiea ia? ii nicaeaieth oneiaee aeey noaeaaiie aeayoaeueiinoe
a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia, a oii /enea ii eo eaae?iaiio, i?aaiecaoeeiiiiio,
iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneiio e eiui aeaeai iaania/aiey;

– ?aoaiea a i?aaeaeao naiae eiiiaoaioeee aii?inia, auoaeathueo ec
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo aeiaiai?ia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee;

– inouanoaeaiea eiuo iieiiii/ee, i?aaeinoaaeaiiuo aio oaaea?aeueiuie
eiinoeoooeeiiiuie caeiiaie (a /anoiinoe, ii aii?inai aioo?aiiae
aeayoaeueiinoe a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia Aunoee A?aeo?aaeiue Noae iaeaaeaao
i?aaii i?eieiaoue ?aaeaiaiou).

Iieiiii/ey Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea, a ?aaii eiuo noaeia a?aeo?aaeiie
th?enaeeeoeee a /anoe inouanoaeaiey eie noaeaaiiai eiio?iey ca
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoueth e caeiiiinoueth ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia ?acee/iiai aeaea
auee ooi/iaiu Eiinoeoooeeiiiui Noaeii a iinoaiiaeaiee io 16 ethiy 1998
a. ii aeaeo i oieeiaaiee ioaeaeueiuo iieiaeaiee no. 125, 126 e 127
Eiinoeoooeee (AEN ?O, 1998, N 5), a oaeaea, einaaiiui ia?acii, a
iinoaiiaeaiee io 11 ai?aey 2000 a. ii aeaeo i i?iaa?ea
eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe ioaeaeueiuo iieiaeaiee i. 2 no. 1, i. 1 no. 21 e i. 3
no. 22 OC “I i?ieo?aoo?a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee” a nayce n cai?inii
Noaeaaiie eieeaaee ii a?aaeaeaineei aeaeai Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee (NC ?O, 2000, N 16, no. 1774) a /anoe iaaiciiaeiinoe
inouanoaeaiey yoeie noaeaie iieiiii/ee ii i?eciaieth eaeeo au oi ie auei
ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia, ia?a/eneaiiuo a no. 125 (/. 2 e 5), ia
niioaaonoaothueie Eiinoeoooeee.

Aunoee A?aeo?aaeiue Noae aeaenoaoao a ninoaaa: Ieaioia, I?aceaeeoia,
Noaeaaiie eieeaaee ii ?anniio?aieth nii?ia, aicieeathueo ec
a?aaeaeaineeo e eiuo i?aaiioiioaiee e Noaeaaiie eieeaaee ii
?anniio?aieth nii?ia, aicieeathueo ec aaeieieno?aoeaiuo i?aaiioiioaiee.

?aaioie Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea ?oeiaiaeeo aai I?aaenaaeaoaeue (no.
20 Caeiia ia a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeao). I?aaenaaeaoaeue Noaea yaeyaony
noaeueae. I?aaenaaeaoaeue Noaea iaeaaeaao oe?ieeie iieiiii/eyie:

– i?aaiecoao aeayoaeueiinoue Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea e nenoaiu
a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee;

– nicuaaao Ieaioi e I?aceaeeoi Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea e
i?aaenaaeaoaeuenoaoao ia eo canaaeaieyo, a oaeaea auiineo ia
?anniio?aiea Ieaioia e I?aceaeeoia aii?inu, ioianaiiua e eo aaaeaieth;

– inouanoaeyao iauaa ?oeiaiaenoai aiia?aoii Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea,
iacia/aao ia aeieaeiinoue e inaiaiaeaeaao io aeieaeiinoe ?aaioieeia
aiia?aoa Noaea;

– ?ani?aaeaeyao iaycaiiinoe iaaeaeo caianoeoaeyie I?aaenaaeaoaey Aunoaai
A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea;

– oi?ie?oao ec /enea noaeae Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea noaeaaiua
ninoaau;

– auiineo ia ianoaeaeaiea Niaaoa i?aaenaaeaoaeae a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia
aii?inu, ioianaiiua e aai aaaeaieth;

– i?aaenoaaeyao Aunoee A?aeo?aaeiue Noae a ioiioaieyo n
ainoaea?noaaiiuie, iauanoaaiiuie e eiuie i?aaiaie;

– inouanoaeyao ae?oaea iieiiii/ey, i?aaeinoaaeaiiua aio Caeiiii.

N oeaeueth ?aaeecaoeee oeacaiiuo iieiiii/ee I?aaenaaeaoaeue Aunoaai
A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea iaeaaeaao i?aaii ecaeaaaoue i?eeacu e ?anii?yaeaiey,
iaycaoaeueiua aeey eniieiaiey a nenoaia a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia, e i?aaii
i?eieiaoue o/anoea a canaaeaieyo Niaaoa Oaaea?aoeee e Ainoaea?noaaiiie
Aeoiu Oaaea?aeueiiai Nia?aiey ?O, eo eiieoaoia e eiiennee,
I?aaeoaeuenoaa ?O.

I?aaenaaeaoaeue Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea iaeaaeaao oaeaea
nouanoaaiiuie i?ioeannoaeueiuie iieiiii/eyie, oaeeie, eae i?aai
i?eianaiey iaaeci?iuo i?ioanoia, i?aai eno?aaiaaiey noaeaaiuo aeae e
i?aai i?einoaiiaeaiey eniieiaiey noaeaaiuo ?aoaiee a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia
(no. 181-182, 184 AIE), iicaieythueie Aunoaio A?aeo?aaeiiio Noaeo ?O ia
i?aeoeea inouanoaeyoue i?eiaaeeaaeauea aio eiinoeoooeeiiiua iieiiii/ey,
ia?a/eneaiiua a eiiiaioe?oaiie noaouea.

A ?aaioa I?aaenaaeaoaeth Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea iiiiaatho aai
caianoeoaee, i?aaiaie noaoon eioi?uo oaeaea ii?aaeaeai Caeiiii ia
a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeao (no. 21). Iacaaiiay noaouey AIE iaaeaeytho
caianoeoaeae I?aaenaaeaoaey Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea aiaeiae/iuie
i?ioeannoaeueiuie iieiiii/eyie.

Nouanoaaiioth ?ieue a ?aaioa Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea ea?aao Ieaioi –
nia?aiea anao noaeae Noaea, – eioi?ue ?aoaao aaaeiaeoea aii?inu
aeayoaeueiinoe a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee (no. 12
Caeiia ia a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeao). Ieaioi Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea
aeaenoaoao a ninoaaa I?aaenaaeaoaey Noaea, aai caianoeoaeae e noaeae
Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea. A canaaeaieyo Ieaioia ai?aaa i?eieiaoue
o/anoea: aeaiooaou (/eaiu) Niaaoa Oaaea?aoeee e aeaiooaou
Ainoaea?noaaiiie Aeoiu Oaaea?aeueiiai Nia?aiey ?O, I?aaenaaeaoaeue
Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea ?O, I?aaenaaeaoaeue Aa?oiaiiai Noaea ?O,
Aaia?aeueiue i?ieo?i? ?O, ieieno? thnoeoeee ?O, i?aaenaaeaoaee
a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia. Ii i?eaeaoaieth I?aaenaaeaoaey Aunoaai
A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea a canaaeaieyo Ieaioia iiaoo i?eieiaoue o/anoea
noaeuee a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia, i?aaenoaaeoaee oaaea?aeueiuo i?aaiia
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe, i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe noauaeoia
Oaaea?aoeee, iao/iuo o/?aaeaeaiee, ae?oaeo i?aaiecaoeee e a?aaeaeaia.

Ieaioi Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea ?O:

– ?anniao?eaaao iaoa?eaeu eco/aiey e iaiauaiey i?aeoeee i?eiaiaiey
caeiiia e eiuo ii?iaoeaiuo i?aaiauo aeoia a?aeo?aaeiuie noaeaie e aeaao
?acuyniaiey ii aii?inai noaeaaiie i?aeoeee;

– ?aoaao aii?in i aunooieaiee n caeiiiaeaoaeueiie eieoeeaoeaie;

– ?aoaao aii?inu ia ia?auaiee a Eiinoeoooeeiiiue Noae ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee n cai?inaie i i?iaa?ea eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe caeiiia, eiuo
ii?iaoeaiuo i?aaiauo aeoia e aeiaiai?ia;

– ecae?aao ii i?aaenoaaeaieth I?aaenaaeaoaey Noaea, nae?aoa?y Ieaioia ec
/enea noaeae Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea;

– ooaa?aeaeaao ii i?aaenoaaeaieth I?aaenaaeaoaey /eaiia noaeaaiuo
eieeaaee e i?aaenaaeaoaeae noaeaaiuo ninoaaia Noaea;

– ooaa?aeaeaao a ii?yaeea, i?aaeoniio?aiiii Caeiiii ia a?aeo?aaeiuo
noaeao, ianoa iinoiyiiiai i?aauaaiey oaaea?aeueiuo a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia
ie?oaia;

– ooaa?aeaeaao ii i?aaenoaaeaieth i?aaenaaeaoaey oaaea?aeueiiai
a?aeo?aaeiiai noaea ie?oaa noaeae oaaea?aeueiiai a?aeo?aaeiiai noaea
ie?oaa, aoiaeyueo a ninoaa i?aceaeeoia oaaea?aeueiiai a?aeo?aaeiiai
noaea ie?oaa;

– ooaa?aeaeaao ii i?aaenoaaeaieth i?aaenaaeaoaey a?aeo?aaeiiai noaea
noauaeoa Oaaea?aoeee noaeae a?aeo?aaeiiai noaea noauaeoa Oaaea?aoeee,
aoiaeyueo a ninoaa i?aceaeeoia a?aeo?aaeiiai noaea noauaeoa Oaaea?aoeee;

– ooaa?aeaeaao ii i?aaenoaaeaieth I?aaenaaeaoaey Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai
Noaea ?aaeaiaio a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia;

– ?aoaao ae?oaea aii?inu i?aaiecaoeee e aeayoaeueiinoe a?aeo?aaeiuo
noaeia.

Oaeei ia?acii, eiaiii Ieaioi Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea ?aaeecoao o?e
ec ia?a/eneaiiuo a Eiinoeoooeee (no. 104, 125 e 127) iieiiii/ey yoiai
Noaea. Ioiaoei oaeaea, /oi Ieaioi yaeyaony ?aaeueii aeaenoaothuei
i?aaiii, ii nicuaaaony I?aaenaaeaoaeai Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea ii
ia?a iaiaoiaeeiinoe, ii ia ?aaea aeaoo ?ac a aiae.

I?ioeannoaeueiay noi?iia aeayoaeueiinoe Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea
nin?aaeioi/aia a aai I?aceaeeoia e noaeaaiuo eieeaaeyo.

I?aceaeeoi Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea aeaenoaoao a ninoaaa
I?aaenaaeaoaey Noaea, aai caianoeoaeae e i?aaenaaeaoaeae noaeaaiuo
ninoaaia. Ii ?aoaieth Ieaioia a ninoaa I?aceaeeoia iiaoo auoue aaaaeaiu
noaeuee Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea. A canaaeaieyo I?aceaeeoia iiaeao (a
a ?yaea neo/aaa e iaycai) i?eieiaoue o/anoea Aaia?aeueiue i?ieo?i?
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee. Ii i?eaeaoaieth I?aaenaaeaoaey Aunoaai
A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea a canaaeaieyo iiaoo i?eieiaoue o/anoea
I?aaenaaeaoaeue Eiinoeoooeeiiiiai Noaea, I?aaenaaeaoaeue Aa?oiaiiai
Noaea, ieieno? thnoeoeee, i?aaenaaeaoaee, caianoeoaee i?aaenaaeaoaeae,
noaeuee a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia e ae?oaea eeoea.

I?aceaeeoi Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea ?O ?anniao?eaaao aeaea a ii?yaeea
iaaeci?a ii i?ioanoai ia anooieaoea a neeo ?aoaiey a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia,
a oaeaea ioaeaeueiua aii?inu noaeaaiie i?aeoeee (i ?acoeueoaoao
?anniio?aiey eioi?ie?oao a?aeo?aaeiua noaeu a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee), a
neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe ia?aniao?eaaao naie ?aoaiey ii aiiaue ioe?uaoeiny
ianoiyoaeuenoaai (no. 16 Caeiia ia a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeao e no. 187 e 194
AIE).

Aii?inu iauaia iieiiii/ee I?aceaeeoia Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea ?O
auee i?aaeiaoii ?anniio?aiey a Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea. A aeaea i
i?iaa?ea eiinoeoooeeiiiinoe no. 180, 181, i. 3 /. 1 no. 187 e no. 192
AIE Noae i?iaa?ye oa iieiaeaiey oeacaiiuo ii?i, eioi?ua, eiie?aoece?oy
ii?io eiiiaioe?oaiie noaouee, ia aeiioneaee ia?aniio?a a ii?yaeea
iaaeci?a iinoaiiaeaiee I?aceaeeoia Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea. Ii?iu
no. 180, 181 e 187 auee i?eciaiu niioaaonoaothueie Eiinoeoooeee, ii i?e
oneiaee, /oi iie ia neoaeao iniiaaieai aeey ioeaca a ia?aniio?a
iinoaiiaeaiee I?aceaeeoia Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea ii aiiaue
ioe?uaoeiny ianoiyoaeuenoaai a nayce n iaia?oaeeaoaeny noaeaaiie
ioeaeie, eioi?ay ia iiaea auoue auyaeaia ?aiaa, iineieueeo aiciiaeiinoue
oaeiai ia?aniio?a auoaeaao ec no. 46 Eiinoeoooeee. Inia?eaaaiay ii?ia
no. 192 ii oai aea iniiaaieyi auea i?eciaia ia niioaaonoaothuae
iieiaeaieyi /. 1 no. 46 Eiinoeoooeee (NC ?O, 1998, N 6, no. 784). Ii?iu
AIE, ii?aaeaeythuea oa eee eiua aniaeou aeayoaeueiinoe Aunoaai
A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea, ?aaii eae e eiuo a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia, a ?aieao
?anniio?aiey aeae ii ia?aie, aiaeeyoeeiiiie, eannaoeeiiiie e iniaaiii
iaaeci?iie einoaioeeyi aiiaua /anoi noaiiaeeenue i?aaeiaoii
enneaaeiaaiey a Eiinoeoooeeiiiii Noaea, ii iie ia cao?aaeaaee i?iaeai
?aaeecaoeee iieiaeaiee eiiiaioe?oaiie noaouee. A i?eaaaeaiiii i?eia?a
einaaiiui ia?acii iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony eiinoeoooeeiiiay oa?aeoa?enoeea
Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea eiaiii eae aunoaai noaeaaiiai i?aaia nenoaiu
noaeia a?aeo?aaeiie th?enaeeeoeee.

Noaeaaiua eieeaaee Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea ?O (eioi?ua, a naith
i/a?aaeue, aeeth/atho ianeieueei noaeaaiuo ninoaaia) ?anniao?eaatho
aeaea a ia?aie einoaioeee, eco/atho e iaiauatho noaeaaioth i?aeoeeo,
?ac?aaaouaatho i?aaeeiaeaiey ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth caeiiia e eiuo
ii?iaoeaiuo i?aaiauo aeoia, aiaeece?otho noaeaaioth noaoenoeeo, a oaeaea
inouanoaeytho eiua iieiiii/ey, i?aaeoniio?aiiua ?aaeaiaioii a?aeo?aaeiuo
noaeia (no. 18 Caeiia ia a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeao; no. 24 AIE).

Iauay /eneaiiinoue noaeae e ?aaioieeia aiia?aoia a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia
onoaiaaeeaaaony oaaea?aeueiui caeiiii. *eneaiiinoue noaeae e ?aaioieeia
aiia?aoia noaeia oaaea?aeueiuo a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia ie?oaia e
a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia noauaeoia Oaaea?aoeee onoaiaaeeaaaony Aunoei
A?aeo?aaeiui Noaeii a i?aaeaeao iauae /eneaiiinoe.

?ano?niia iaania/aiea, aeeth/ay i?aaiecaoeeiiiia, eaae?iaia, oeiainiaia,
iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneia, eioi?iaoeeiiiia e o.ae., a?aeo?aaeiuo noaeia
oaeaea inouanoaeyaony Aunoei A?aeo?aaeiui Noaeii. ?ano?niia iaania/aiea
naiiai Aunoaai A?aeo?aaeiiai Noaea inouanoaeyao aai aiia?ao.

Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы
Обсуждение

Оставить комментарий

avatar
  Подписаться  
Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2020