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Компьютерная безопасность, преступность и государственная служба

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EAOAAe?A EIOI?IAOeEIIIUO OAOIIEIAEE

EO?NIAAss ?AAIOA

II OAIA:

«Eiiiuethoa?iay aaciianiinoue,

eiiiuethoa?iay i?anooiiinoue e ainoaea?noaaiiay neoaeaa»

Auiieiee:

MDV

Iao/iue ?oeiaiaeeoaeue:

?inoia-ia-Aeiio

NIAeA?AEAIEA

TOC \o “1-3” Aaaaeaiea GOTOBUTTON _Toc450031268 PAGEREF
_Toc450031268 3

1. Eiiiuethoa?iay i?anooiiinoue GOTOBUTTON _Toc450031269 PAGEREF
_Toc450031269 5

2. I?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea eiiiuethoa?iuo i?anooieaiee GOTOBUTTON
_Toc450031270 PAGEREF _Toc450031270 13

2.1. Caueoa aeaiiuo a eiiiuethoa?iuo naoyo GOTOBUTTON _Toc450031271
PAGEREF _Toc450031271 14

2.2. Oece/aneay caueoa aeaiiuo GOTOBUTTON _Toc450031272 PAGEREF
_Toc450031272 17

2.2.1. Eaaaeueiay nenoaia GOTOBUTTON _Toc450031273 PAGEREF
_Toc450031273 17

2.2.2. Nenoaiu yeaeo?iniaaaeaiey GOTOBUTTON _Toc450031274 PAGEREF
_Toc450031274 19

2.2.3. Nenoaiu a?oeae?iaaiey e aeoaee?iaaiey eioi?iaoeee GOTOBUTTON
_Toc450031275 PAGEREF _Toc450031275 19

2.2.4. Caueoa io noeoeeiuo aaaenoaee GOTOBUTTON _Toc450031276
PAGEREF _Toc450031276 20

2.3. I?ia?aiiiua e i?ia?aiiii-aiia?aoiua iaoiaeu caueou GOTOBUTTON
_Toc450031277 PAGEREF _Toc450031277 20

2.3.1. Caueoa io eiiiuethoa?iuo ae?onia GOTOBUTTON _Toc450031278
PAGEREF _Toc450031278 20

2.3.2. Caueoa io ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiiai aeinooia GOTOBUTTON
_Toc450031279 PAGEREF _Toc450031279 21

2.3.3. Caueoa eioi?iaoeee i?e oaeaeaiiii aeinooia GOTOBUTTON
_Toc450031280 PAGEREF _Toc450031280 23

3. Eiiiuethoa?iay aaciianiinoue, eiiiuethoa?iay i?anooiiinoue e
ainoaea?noaaiiay neoaeaa GOTOBUTTON _Toc450031281 PAGEREF
_Toc450031281 25

Caeeth/aiea GOTOBUTTON _Toc450031282 PAGEREF _Toc450031282 27

Nienie eniieueciaaiiuo enoi/ieeia e eeoa?aoo?u GOTOBUTTON
_Toc450031283 PAGEREF _Toc450031283 28

Aaaaeaiea

Eciaiaiey, i?ienoiaeyuea a yeiiiie/aneie aeecie ?innee – nicaeaiea
oeiainiai-e?aaeeoiie nenoaiu, i?aaei?eyoee ?acee/iuo oi?i nianoaaiiinoe
e o.i. – ieacuaatho nouanoaaiiia aeeyiea ia aii?inu caueou eioi?iaoeee.
Aeieaia a?aiy a iaoae no?aia nouanoaiaaea oieueei iaeia nianoaaiiinoue –
ainoaea?noaaiiay, iiyoiio eioi?iaoeey e nae?aou auee oiaea oieueei
ainoaea?noaaiiua, eioi?ua io?aiyeenue iiuiuie niaoeneoaeaaie.

I?iaeaiu eioi?iaoeeiiiie aaciianiinoe iinoiyiii onoaoaeythony
i?ioeannaie i?iieeiiaaiey i?aeoe/anee ai ana noa?u aeayoaeueiinoe
iauanoaa oaoie/aneeo n?aaenoa ia?aaioee e ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo e, i?aaeaea
anaai au/eneeoaeueiuo nenoai. Iauaeoaie iinyaaoaeuenoa iiaoo auoue naie
oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa (eiiiuethoa?u e ia?eoa?ey) eae iaoa?eaeueiua
iauaeou, i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea e aacu aeaiiuo, aeey eioi?uo
oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa yaeythony ie?oaeaieai.

Eaaeaeue naie ?aaiou eiiiuethoa?iie naoe yoi ia oieueei “ii?aeueiue”
oua?a aeey ?aaioieeia i?aaei?eyoey e naoaauo aaeieieno?aoi?ia. Ii ia?a
?acaeoey oaoiieiaee ieaoaaeae yeaeo?iiiuo, “aacaoiaaeiiai”
aeieoiaioiiai?ioa e ae?oaeo, na?ueaciue naie eieaeueiuo naoae iiaeao
i?inoi ia?aeeciaaoue ?aaioo oeaeuo ei?ii?aoeee e aaieia, /oi i?eaiaeeo e
iuooeiui iaoa?eaeueiui iioa?yi. Ia neo/aeii, /oi caueoa aeaiiuo a
eiiiuethoa?iuo naoyo noaiiaeony iaeiie ec naiuo ino?uo i?iaeai a
nia?aiaiiie eioi?iaoeea. Ia naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue noi?ioee?iaaii aeaa
aaciauo i?eioeeia eioi?iaoeeiiiie aaciianiinoe, eioi?ay aeieaeia
iaania/eaaoue:

– oeaeinoiinoue aeaiiuo – caueoo io naiaa, aaaeoueo e iioa?a
eioi?iaoeee, a oaeaea iaaaoi?eciaaiiiai nicaeaiey eee oie/oiaeaiey
aeaiiuo.

– eiioeaeaioeeaeueiinoue eioi?iaoeee e, iaeiia?aiaiii, aa aeinooiiinoue
aeey anao aaoi?eciaaiiuo iieueciaaoaeae.

Neaaeoao oaeaea ioiaoeoue, /oi ioaeaeueiua noa?u aeayoaeueiinoe
(aaieianeea e oeiainiaua einoeooou, eioi?iaoeeiiiua naoe, nenoaiu
ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey, iai?iiiua e niaoeeaeueiua no?oeoo?u)
o?aaotho niaoeeaeueiuo ia? aaciianiinoe aeaiiuo e i?aaeuyaeytho
iiauoaiiua o?aaiaaiey e iaaeaaeiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
nenoai, a niioaaonoaee n oa?aeoa?ii e aaaeiinoueth ?aoaaiuo eie caaea/.

1. Eiiiuethoa?iay i?anooiiinoue

Iiiuoaainy e?aoei ia?eniaaoue yaeaiea, eioi?ia eae nioeeieiae/aneay
eaoaai?ey iieo/eea iacaaiea “eiiiuethoa?iay i?anooiiinoue”.
Eiiiuethoa?iua i?anooieaiey oneiaii iiaeii iiae?acaeaeeoue ia aeaa
aieueoea eaoaai?ee – i?anooieaiey, naycaiiua n aiaoaoaeuenoaii a ?aaioo
eiiiuethoa?ia, e, i?anooieaiey, eniieuecothuea eiiiuethoa?u eae
iaiaoiaeeiua oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa.

Ia?a/eneei iniiaiua aeaeu i?anooieaiee, naycaiiuo n aiaoaoaeuenoaii a
?aaioo eiiiuethoa?ia:

1. Ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiue aeinooi e eioi?iaoeee, o?aiyuaeny a
eiiiuethoa?a. Ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiue aeinooi inouanoaeyaony, eae i?aaeei,
n eniieueciaaieai /oaeiai eiaie, eciaiaieai oece/aneeo aae?ania
oaoie/aneeo ono?ienoa, eniieueciaaieai eioi?iaoeee inoaaoaeny iinea
?aoaiey caaea/, iiaeeoeeaoeeae i?ia?aiiiiai e eioi?iaoeeiiiiai
iaania/aiey, oeuaieai iineoaey eioi?iaoeee, onoaiiaeie aiia?aoo?u
caiene, iiaeeeth/aaiie e eaiaeai ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo.

Ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiue aeinooi e oaeeai caeiiiiai iieueciaaoaey
inouanoaeyaony oaeaea iaoiaeaeaieai neaauo iano a caueoa nenoaiu.
Iaeiaaeaeu iaia?oaeea eo, ia?ooeoaeue iiaeao ia niaoa enneaaeiaaoue
niaea?aeauothny a nenoaia eioi?iaoeeth, eiie?iaaoue aa, aica?auaoueny e
iae iiiai ?ac, eae iieoiaoaeue ?anniao?eaaao oiaa?u ia aeo?eia.

Auaaao, /oi iaeoi i?iieeaao a eiiiuethoa?ioth nenoaio, auaeaaay naay ca
caeiiiiai iieueciaaoaey. Nenoaiu, eioi?ua ia iaeaaeatho n?aaenoaaie
aooaioe/iie eaeaioeoeeaoeee (iai?eia?, ii oeceieiae/aneei
oa?aeoa?enoeeai: ii ioia/aoeai iaeueoeaa, ii ?enoieo nao/aoee aeaca,
aieino e o. i.), ieacuaathony aac caueou i?ioea yoiai i?eaia. Naiue
i?inoaeoee iooue aai inouanoaeaiey – iieo/eoue eiaeu e ae?oaea
eaeaioeoeoee?othuea oeo?u caeiiiuo iieueciaaoaeae. Yoi iiaeao
aeaeaoueny:

– i?eia?aoaieai (iau/ii iiaeeoiii ia?niiaea) nienea iieueciaaoaeae ni
anae iaiaoiaeeiie eioi?iaoeeae;

– iaia?oaeaieai oaeiai aeieoiaioa a i?aaiecaoeeyo, aaea ia iaeaaeai
aeinoaoi/iue eiio?ieue ca eo o?aiaieai;

– iiaeneooeaaieai /a?ac oaeaoiiiua eeiee.

Ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiue aeinooi iiaeao inouanoaeyoueny a ?acoeueoaoa
nenoaiiie iieiiee. Iai?eia?, anee iaeioi?ua oaeeu iieueciaaoaey
inoathony ioe?uouie, ii iiaeao iieo/eoue aeinooi e ia i?eiaaeeaaeauei
aio /anoyi aaiea aeaiiuo. Ana i?ienoiaeeo oae, neiaii eeeaio aaiea,
aieaey a auaeaeaiioth aio a o?aieeeua eiiiaoo, caia/aao, /oi o o?aieeeua
iao iaeiie noaiu. A oaeii neo/aa ii iiaeao i?iieeiooue a /oaeea naeou e
iioeoeoue ana, /oi a ieo o?aieony.

2. Aaiae a i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea “eiae/aneeo aiia”, eioi?ua
n?aaaouaatho i?e auiieiaiee ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneiaee e /anoe/ii eee
iieiinoueth auaiaeyo ec no?iy eiiiuethoa?ioth nenoaio.

Niinia “o?iyineee eiiue” ninoieo a oaeiii aaaaeaiee a /oaeoth i?ia?aiio
oaeeo eiiaiae, eioi?ua iicaieytho inouanoaeyoue iiaua, ia
ieaie?iaaaoeany aeaaeaeueoeai i?ia?aiiu ooieoeee, ii iaeiia?aiaiii
nio?aiyoue e i?aaeithth ?aaioiniiniaiinoue. N iiiiuueth “o?iyineiai
eiiy” i?anooiieee, iai?eia?, io/eneytho ia naie n/ao ii?aaeaeaiioth
noiio n eaaeaeie iia?aoeee. Eiiiuethoa?iua i?ia?aiiiua oaenou iau/ii
/?acau/aeii neiaeiu. Iie ninoiyo ec nioai, ouny/, a eiiaaea e ieeeeiiia
eiiaiae. Iiyoiio “o?iyineee eiiue”, ninoiyuee ec ianeieueeeo aeanyoeia
eiiaiae, a?yae ee iiaeao auoue iaia?oaeai, anee, eiia/ii, iao
iiaeic?aiee ioiineoaeueii yoiai. Ii e a iineaaeiai neo/aa
yenia?oai-i?ia?aiienoai iio?aaoaony iiiai aeiae e iaaeaeue, /oiau iaeoe
aai.

Anoue aua iaeia ?aciiaeaeiinoue “o?iyineiai eiiy”. Aa iniaaiiinoue
ninoieo a oii, /oi a aaciaeaeii auaeyaeyuae eonie i?ia?aiiu anoaaeythony
ia eiiaiaeu, nianoaaiii, auiieiythuea “a?ycioth” ?aaioo, a eiiaiaeu,
oi?ie?othuea yoe eiiaiaeu e iinea auiieiaiey oie/oiaeathuea eo. A yoii
neo/aa i?ia?aiienoo, iuoathuaiony iaeoe “o?iyineiai eiiy”, iaiaoiaeeii
eneaoue ia aai naiiai, a eiiaiaeu aai oi?ie?othuea.

3. ?ac?aaioea e ?ani?ino?aiaiea eiiiuethoa?iuo ae?onia.

Ae?on – yoi aeiaieueii neiaeiay e eciu??iiay i?ia?aiia. Iiiaa a
eiiiuethoa?, ii iiaeao naiinoiyoaeueii “?aciiiaeaoueny”. Ae?on
i?ee?aieyaony e ?aai/ei i?ia?aiiai, eiie?oao e ia?aiineo naay ia aeenee
e aeeneaou. I?e yoii ii ia?ooaao ii?iaeueiia ooieoeeiie?iaaiea
eiiiuethoa?a.

“AEeciaiiue oeeee” e i?eioeei aeaenoaey ae?ona i?aaenoaaeytho niaie
neiaeioth nenoaio. Ana iai?eyoiinoe ia/eiathony n oiai, /oi ae?on
ano?aeaaaony, aaeeaaaony a eaeoth-eeai i?ia?aiio, caa?oaeaaioth a
eiiiuethoa?. Iinea caionea yoie i?ia?aiiu aaoiiaoe/anee caioneaaony
iaoaieci aeaenoaey ae?ona. Iau/ii ii i?iyaeyao naay ia n?aco, yoiio
i?aaeoanoaoao “eieoaaoeeiiiue ia?eiae”, eioi?ue iiaeao i?iaeieaeaoueny
io ianeieueeeo aeiae aei ianeieueeeo ianyoeaa. ?ac?ooeoaeueiia aeaenoaea
ae?ona i?iyaeyaony iinea caaa?oaiey “eieoaaoeeiiiiai ia?eiaea”. Ca yoi
a?aiy ii ii?aaeaao iaiyoue eiiiuethoa?a, caienuaay naie eiiee a
iiaeoiaeyuea aeey yoiai i?ia?aiiu. Eaaeaeue ae?on niaianoei eeoue n
i?ia?aiiaie ii?aaeae?iiiai oeia. Naaiaeiy ?acee/atho neaaeothuea oeiu
ae?onia:

– iia?aoeeiiiua, ca?aaeathuea iia?aoeeiiioth nenoaio;

– i?eeeaaeiua, ca?aaeathuea i?eeeaaeiua eee nenoaiiua i?ia?aiiu;

– eiiieeyoi?iua, ca?aaeathuea iauaeoioth aeaeeioaeo eiiieeyoi?a;

– ae?aeaa?iua, ca?aaeathuea ae?aeaa?u eieaeueiie naoe.

Aa?eaiou ae?onia caaenyo io oeaeae, i?aneaaeoaiuo eo nicaeaoaeai.
I?eciaee eo iiaoo auoue ioiineoaeueii aeia?iea/anoaaiiuie, iai?eia?,
caiaaeeaiea a auiieiaiee i?ia?aii eee iiyaeaiea naaoyuaeny oi/ee ia
ye?aia aeenieay. I?eciaee iiaoo auoue yaiethoeaiuie e “aieaciue” aoaeao
iaino?youeny ii ia?a naiaai oa/aiey. Oae, ii iaiiiyoiui i?e/eiai
i?ia?aiiu ia/eiatho ia?aiieiyoue iaaieoiua aeenee, a ?acoeueoaoa /aai
nouanoaaiii oaaee/eaaaony iauai i?ia?aiiiuo oaeeia. Iaeiiaoe, yoe
i?iyaeaiey iiaoo auoue eaoano?ioe/aneeie e i?eaanoe e noe?aieth oaeeia e
oie/oiaeaieth i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey.

Eaeiau niiniau ?ani?ino?aiaiey eiiiuethoa?iiai ae?ona? Iie iniiauaathony
ia niiniaiinoe ae?ona eniieueciaaoue ethaie iineoaeue ia?aaeaaaaiuo
aeaiiuo a ea/anoaa “n?aaenoaa ia?aaeaeaeaiey”. Oi anoue n ia/aea
ca?aaeaiey eiaaony iianiinoue, /oi YAI iiaeao nicaeaoue aieueoia /enei
n?aaenoa ia?aaeaeaeaiey e a iineaaeothuea /anu any niaieoiiinoue oaeeia
e i?ia?aiiiuo n?aaenoa ieaaeaony ca?aaeaiiie. Oaeei ia?acii, aeeneaoa
eee iaaieoiay eaioa, ia?aianaiiua ia ae?oaea YAI, niiniaiu ca?aceoue eo.
E iaiai?io, eiaaea “caei?iaay” aeeneaoa aaiaeeony a ca?aaeaiiue
eiiiuethoa?, iia iiaeao noaoue iineoaeai ae?ona. Oaeiaiuie aeey
?ani?ino?aiaiey iaoe?iuo yieaeaiee ieacuaathony oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiua
naoe. Aeinoaoi/ii iaeiiai eiioaeoa, /oiau ia?niiaeueiue eiiiuethoa? aue
ca?aaeai eee ca?acee oio, n eioi?ui eiioaeoe?iaae. Iaeiaei naiue /anoue
niinia ca?aaeaiey – yoi eiie?iaaiea i?ia?aii, /oi yaeyaony iau/iie
i?aeoeeie o iieueciaaoaeae ia?niiaeueiuo YAI. Oae neiie?iaaiiuie
ieacuaathony e ca?aaeaiiua i?ia?aiiu.

Anoue i?aaeiieiaeaiey, /oi aaeaaeiaaii nicaea?ony io 3 aei 5 ae?onia.
Anoanoaaiii, /oi i?ioea ieo i?eieiathony /?acau/aeiua ia?u, i?eaaaeoea e
nicaeaieth oaenoiauo i?ia?aii-aioeae?onia. Caueoiua i?ia?aiiu
iiae?acaeaeythony ia o?e aeaea:

– oeeueo?othuea (i?aiyonoaothuea i?iieeiiaaieth ae?ona),

– i?ioeaieioaeoeeiiiua (iinoiyiii eiio?iee?othuea i?ioeannu a
nenoaia),

– i?ioeaiae?oniua (iano?iaiiua ia auyaeaiea ioaeaeueiuo ae?onia).

Ni?aaaaeeeainoe ?aaee neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi ?ani?ino?aiaiea
eiiiuethoa?iuo ae?onia eiaao e iaeioi?ua iieiaeeoaeueiua noi?iiu. A
/anoiinoe, iie yaeythony, ii-aeaeeiiio, eo/oae caueoie io iioeoeoaeae
i?ia?aiiiiai iaania/aiey. Ca/anooth ?ac?aaio/eee niciaoaeueii ca?aaeatho
naie aeeneaou eaeei-eeai aaciaeaeiui ae?onii, eioi?ue oi?ioi
iaia?oaeeaaaony ethaui aioeae?oniui oanoii. Yoi neoaeeo aeinoaoi/ii
iaaeaaeiie aa?aioeae, /oi ieeoi ia ?eneiao eiie?iaaoue oaeoth aeeneaoo.

4. I?anooiiay iaa?aaeiinoue a ?ac?aaioea, ecaioiaeaiee e yenieoaoaoeee
i?ia?aiiii-au/eneeoaeueiuo eiiieaenia, i?eaaaeoay e oyaeeei
iineaaenoaeyi.

I?iaeaia iainoi?iaeiinoe a iaeanoe eiiiuethoa?iie oaoieee n?iaeie
iainoi?iaeiie aeia i?e eniieueciaaiee ethaiai ae?oaiai aeaea oaoieee,
o?ainii?oa e o.i.

Iniaaiiinoueth eiiiuethoa?iie iainoi?iaeiinoe yaeyaony oi, /oi
aacioeai/iuo i?ia?aii a i?eioeeia ia auaaao. Anee i?iaeo i?aeoe/anee a
ethaie iaeanoe oaoieee iiaeii auiieieoue n ia?iiiui caianii
iaaeaaeiinoe, oi a iaeanoe i?ia?aiie?iaaiey oaeay iaaeaaeiinoue aanueia
oneiaia, a a ?yaea neo/aaa ii/oe ia aeinoeaeeia.

5. Iiaeaeaeea eiiiuethoa?iie eioi?iaoeee.

Ii-aeaeeiiio, yoio aeae eiiiuethoa?iie i?anooiiinoe yaeyaony iaeiei ec
iaeaieaa naaaeeo. Ii yaeyaony ?aciiaeaeiinoueth ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiiai
aeinooia n oie ?acieoeae, /oi iieueciaaoueny ei iiaeao, eae i?aaeei, ia
iinoi?iiiee iieueciaaoaeue, a nai ?ac?aaio/ee, i?e/ai eiathuee
aeinoaoi/ii aunieoth eaaeeoeeaoeeth.

Eaeay i?anooieaiey ninoieo a iiaeaeaeea auoiaeiie eioi?iaoeee
eiiiuethoa?ia n oeaeueth eieoaoeee ?aaioiniiniaiinoe aieueoeo nenoai,
ninoaaiie /anoueth eioi?uo yaeyaony eiiiuethoa?. I?e aeinoaoi/ii eiaei
auiieiaiiie iiaeaeaeea ca/anooth oaeaaony naeaoue caeac/eeo caaaaeiii
iaeni?aaioth i?iaeoeoeeth.

E iiaeaeaeea eioi?iaoeee iiaeii ioianoe oaeaea iiaeoaniaeo ?acoeueoaoia
auai?ia, aieiniaaiey, ?aoa?aiaeoiia e o.i. Aaaeue anee eaaeaeue
aieinothuee ia iiaeao oaaaeeoueny, /oi aai aiein ca?aaeno?e?iaai
i?aaeeueii, oi anaaaea aiciiaeii aianaiea eneaaeaiee a eoiaiaua
i?ioieieu. Anoanoaaiii, /oi iiaeaeaeea eioi?iaoeee iiaeao i?aneaaeiaaoue
e ae?oaea oeaee.

?anniio?ei oaia?ue aoi?oth eaoaai?eth i?anooieaiee, a eioi?uo
eiiiuethoa? yaeyaony “n?aaenoaii” aeinoeaeaiey oeaee. Caeanue iiaeii
auaeaeeoue ?ac?aaioeo neiaeiuo iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae, aoiaeiuie
aeaiiuie a eioi?uo yaeythony aiciiaeiua oneiaey i?iaaaeaiey
i?anooieaiey, a auoiaeiuie aeaiiuie – ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii auai?o
iioeiaeueiiai aa?eaioa aeaenoaee i?anooiieea.

Aio iaeei ec i?eia?ia, eiaaea eiiiuethoa? yaeyaony “n?aaenoaii” aeey
niaa?oaiey i?anooieaiey. A i?inoaeoai neo/aa o?aaoaony ioe?uoue a aeaoo
aaieao ii iaaieueoiio n/aoo. Aeaeaa aeaiueae ia?aaiaeyony ec iaeiiai
aaiea a ae?oaie e ia?aoii n iinoaiaiii iiauoathueieny noiiaie. Oeo?inoue
caeeth/aaony a oii, /oiau aei oiai, eae a aaiea iaia?oaeeony, /oi
ii?o/aiea i ia?aaiaea ia iaania/aii iaiaoiaeeiie noiiie, i?eoiaeeei au
ecaauaiea i ia?aaiaea a yoio aaie, oae /oiau iauay noiia iie?uaaea
o?aaiaaiea i ia?aii ia?aaiaea. Yoio oeeee iiaoi?yaony aieueoia /enei ?ac
aei oao ii?, iiea ia n/aoa ia ieacuaaaony i?eee/iay noiia (oaeoe/anee
iia iinoiyiii “ia?aneaeeaaao” n iaeiiai n/aoa ia ae?oaie, oaaee/eaay
naie ?acia?u). Oiaaea aeaiueae auno?i nieiathony, a aeaaeaeaoe n/aoa
en/acaao.

Yoio niinia o?aaoao i/aiue oi/iiai ?an/aoa, ii aeey aeaoo aaieia aai
iiaeii naeaeaoue e aac eiiiuethoa?a. Ia i?aeoeea a oaeoth ea?o
aeeth/atho aieueoia eiee/anoai aaieia: oae noiia iaeaieeaaaony auno?aa e
/enei ii?o/aiee i ia?aaiaea ia aeinoeaaao iiaeic?eoaeueiie /anoiou. Ii
oi?aaeyoue yoei i?ioeannii iiaeii oieueei n iiiiuueth eiiiuethoa?a.

Iiaeii i?aaenoaaeoue naaa nicaeaiea niaoeeaeece?iaaiiiai
eiiiuethoa?a-oieiia, eioi?ue, aoaeo/e iiaeeeth/ai e ?acaaaeoaiie naoe,
aaia?e?oao anaaiciiaeiua cai?inu, oeene?oao e aiaeece?oao iieo/aiiua
ioaaou.

2. I?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea eiiiuethoa?iuo i?anooieaiee

I?e ?ac?aaioea eiiiuethoa?iuo nenoai, auoiae ec no?iy eee ioeaee a
?aaioa eioi?uo iiaoo i?eaanoe e oyaeaeui iineaaenoaeyi, aii?inu
eiiiuethoa?iie aaciianiinoe noaiiayony ia?aii/a?aaeiuie. Ecaanoii iiiai
ia?, iai?aaeaiiuo ia i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea i?anooieaiey. Auaeaeei ec ieo:

– oaoie/aneea,

– i?aaiecaoeeiiiua,

E oaoie/aneei ia?ai iiaeii ioianoe caueoo io ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiiai
aeinooia e nenoaia, ?aca?ae?iaaiea iniai aaaeiuo eiiiuethoa?iuo
iiaenenoai, i?aaiecaoeeth au/eneeoaeueiuo naoae n aiciiaeiinoueth
ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey ?ano?nia a neo/aa ia?ooaiey ?aaioiniiniaiinoe
ioaeaeueiuo caaiueaa, onoaiiaeo iai?oaeiaaiey iaia?oaeaiey e oooaiey
iiaea?a, iai?oaeiaaiey iaia?oaeaiey aiaeu, i?eiyoea eiino?oeoeeiiiuo ia?
caueou io oeuaiee, naaioaaea, aeeaa?nee, ac?uaia, onoaiiaeo ?aca?aiuo
nenoai yeaeo?iieoaiey, iniauaiea iiiauaiee caieaie, onoaiiaeo
neaiaeecaoeee e iiiaia ae?oaia.

E i?aaiecaoeeiiiui ia?ai ioianai io?aio au/eneeoaeueiiai oeaio?a,
ouaoaeueiue iiaeai? ia?niiaea, eneeth/aiea neo/aaa aaaeaiey iniai
aaaeiuo ?aaio oieueei iaeiei /aeiaaeii, iaee/ea ieaia ainnoaiiaeaiey
?aaioiniiniaiinoe oeaio?a iinea auoiaea aai ec no?iy, i?aaiecaoeeth
ianeoaeeaaiey au/eneeoaeueiiai oeaio?a iinoi?iiiae i?aaiecaoeeae eee
eeoeaie, iacaeioa?aniaaiiuie a nie?uoee oaeoia ia?ooaiey ?aaiou oeaio?a,
oieaa?naeueiinoue n?aaenoa caueou io anao iieueciaaoaeae (aeeth/ay
aunoaa ?oeiaiaenoai), aiceiaeaiea ioaaonoaaiiinoe ia eeoe, eioi?ua
aeieaeiu iaania/eoue aaciianiinoue oeaio?a, auai? ianoa ?aniieiaeaiey
oeaio?a e o.i.

2.1. Caueoa aeaiiuo a eiiiuethoa?iuo naoyo

I?e ?anniio?aiee i?iaeai caueou aeaiiuo a naoe, i?aaeaea anaai,
aicieeaao aii?in i eeanneoeeaoeee naiaa e ia?ooaiee, i?aa aeinooia,
eioi?ua iiaoo i?eaanoe e oie/oiaeaieth eee iaaeaeaoaeueiie iiaeeoeeaoeee
aeaiiuo. N?aaee oaeeo iioaioeeaeueiuo “oa?ic” iiaeii auaeaeeoue:

1. Naie iai?oaeiaaiey:

– naie eaaaeueiie nenoaiu;

– ia?aaie yeaeo?iieoaiey;

– naie aeeneiauo nenoai;

– naie nenoai a?oeaaoeee aeaiiuo;

– naie ?aaiou na?aa?ia, ?aai/eo noaioeee, naoaauo ea?o e o.ae.

2. Iioa?e eioi?iaoeee ec-ca iaei??aeoiie ?aaiou ia?niiaeueiiai
iai?oaeiaaiey (II):

– iioa?y eee eciaiaiea aeaiiuo i?e ioeaeao II;

– iioa?e i?e ca?aaeaiee nenoaiu eiiiuethoa?iuie ae?onaie.

3. Iioa?e, naycaiiua n ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiui aeinooiii:

– ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiia eiie?iaaiea, oie/oiaeaiea eee iiaeaeaeea
eioi?iaoeee;

– iciaeiieaiea n eiioeaeaioeeaeueiie eioi?iaoeeae, ninoaaeythuae oaeio,
iinoi?iiieo eeoe;

4. Iioa?e eioi?iaoeee, naycaiiua n iai?aaeeueiui o?aiaieai a?oeaiuo
aeaiiuo.

5. Ioeaee ianeoaeeaathuaai ia?niiaea e iieueciaaoaeae:

– neo/aeiia oie/oiaeaiea eee eciaiaiea aeaiiuo;

– iaei??aeoiia eniieueciaaiea i?ia?aiiiiai e aiia?aoiiai iaania/aiey,
aaaeouaa e oie/oiaeaieth eee eciaiaieth aeaiiuo.

A caaeneiinoe io aiciiaeiuo aeaeia ia?ooaiee ?aaiou naoe (iiae
ia?ooaieai ?aaiou y oaeaea iiieiath e ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiue aeinooi)
iiiai/eneaiiua aeaeu caueou eioi?iaoeee iauaaeeiythony a o?e iniiaiuo
eeanna:

– n?aaenoaa oece/aneie caueou, aeeth/athuea n?aaenoaa caueou eaaaeueiie
nenoaiu, nenoai yeaeo?iieoaiey, n?aaenoaa a?oeaaoeee, aeeneiaua ianneau
e o.ae.

– i?ia?aiiiua n?aaenoaa caueou, a oii /enea: aioeae?oniua i?ia?aiiu,
nenoaiu ?aca?aie/aiey iieiiii/ee, i?ia?aiiiua n?aaenoaa eiio?iey
aeinooia.

– aaeieieno?aoeaiua ia?u caueou, aeeth/athuea eiio?ieue aeinooia a
iiiauaieyo, ?ac?aaioeo no?aoaaee aaciianiinoe oe?iu, ieaiia aeaenoaee a
/?acau/aeiuo neooaoeeyo e o.ae.

Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi iiaeiaiia aeaeaiea aeinoaoi/ii oneiaii,
iineieueeo nia?aiaiiua oaoiieiaee ?acaeaathony a iai?aaeaiee ni/aoaiey
i?ia?aiiiuo e aiia?aoiuo n?aaenoa caueou. Iaeaieueoaa ?ani?ino?aiaiea
oaeea i?ia?aiiii-aiia?aoiua n?aaenoaa iieo/eee, a /anoiinoe, a iaeanoe
eiio?iey aeinooia, caueou io ae?onia e o.ae.

Eiioeaio?aoeey eioi?iaoeee a eiiiuethoa?ao – aiaeiae/ii eiioeaio?aoeee
iaee/iuo aeaiaa a aaieao – canoaaeyao ana aieaa oneeeaaoue eiio?ieue a
oeaeyo caueou eioi?iaoeee. TH?eaee/aneea aii?inu, /anoiay oaeia,
iaoeeiiaeueiay aaciianiinoue – ana yoe niia?aaeaiey o?aaotho oneeaiey
aioo?aiiaai eiio?iey a eiiia?/aneeo e i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo.
?aaiou a yoii iai?aaeaiee i?eaaee e iiyaeaieth iiaie aeenoeeieeiu:
aaciianiinoue eioi?iaoeee. Niaoeeaeeno a iaeanoe aaciianiinoe
eioi?iaoeee ioaa/aao ca ?ac?aaioeo, ?aaeecaoeeth e yenieoaoaoeeth
nenoaiu iaania/aiey eioi?iaoeeiiiie aaciianiinoe, iai?aaeaiiie ia
iiaeaea?aeaiea oeaeinoiinoe, i?eaiaeiinoe e eiioeaeaioeeaeueiinoe
iaeiieaiiie a i?aaiecaoeee eioi?iaoeee. A aai ooieoeee aoiaeeo
iaania/aiea oece/aneie (oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa, eeiee nayce e oaeaeaiiua
eiiiuethoa?u) e eiae/aneie (aeaiiua, i?eeeaaeiua i?ia?aiiu,
iia?aoeeiiiay nenoaia) caueou eioi?iaoeeiiiuo ?ano?nia.

Neiaeiinoue nicaeaiey nenoaiu caueou eioi?iaoeee ii?aaeaeyaony oai, /oi
aeaiiua iiaoo auoue iioeuaiu ec eiiiuethoa?a e iaeiia?aiaiii inoaaaoueny
ia ianoa; oeaiiinoue iaeioi?uo aeaiiuo caeeth/aaony a iaeaaeaiee eie, a
ia a oie/oiaeaiee eee eciaiaiee.

Iaania/aiea aaciianiinoe eioi?iaoeee – aei?iaia aeaei, e ia noieueei
ec-ca cao?ao ia caeoieo eee onoaiiaeo n?aaenoa, neieueei ec-ca oiai, /oi
o?oaeii eaaeeoeoee?iaaiii ii?aaeaeeoue a?aieoeu ?acoiiie aaciianiinoe e
niioaaonoaothuaai iiaeaea?aeaiey nenoaiu a ?aaioiniiniaiii ninoiyiee.

N?aaenoaa caueou eioi?iaoeee iaeuecy i?iaeoe?iaaoue, iieoiaoue eee
onoaiaaeeaaoue aei oao ii?, iiea ia i?iecaaaeai niioaaonoaothuee aiaeec.
Aiaeec ?enea aeieaeai aeaoue iauaeoeaioth ioeaieo iiiaeo oaeoi?ia
(iiaeaa?aeaiiinoue iiyaeaieth ia?ooaiey ?aaiou, aa?iyoiinoue iiyaeaiey
ia?ooaiey ?aaiou, oua?a io eiiia?/aneeo iioa?ue, nieaeaiea eiyooeoeeaioa
aioiaiinoe nenoaiu, iauanoaaiiua ioiioaiey) e i?aaeinoaaeoue
eioi?iaoeeth aeey ii?aaeaeaiey iiaeoiaeyueo oeiia e o?iaiae
aaciianiinoe.

Oeo?iaaiea aeaiiuo o?aaeeoeeiiii eniieueciaaeinue i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiuie e
iai?iiiuie aeaia?oaiaioaie, ii a nayce n eciaiaieai iio?aaiinoae e
iiiaea eiiiaiee ia/eiatho eniieueciaaoue aiciiaeiinoe, i?aaeinoaaeyaiua
oeo?iaaieai aeey iaania/aiey eiioeaeaioeeaeueiinoe eioi?iaoeee.
Oeo?iaaiea aeaiiuo iiaeao inouanoaeyoueny a ?aaeeiao On-line (a oaiia
iinooieaiey eioi?iaoeee) e Off-line (aaoiiiiiii).

2.2. Oece/aneay caueoa aeaiiuo

2.2.1. Eaaaeueiay nenoaia

Eaaaeueiay nenoaia inoaaony aeaaiie “aoeeeaniaie iyoie” aieueoeinoaa
eieaeueiuo au/eneeoaeueiuo naoae: ii aeaiiui ?acee/iuo enneaaeiaaiee,
eiaiii eaaaeueiay nenoaia yaeyaony i?e/eiie aieaa /ai iieiaeiu anao
ioeacia naoe. A nayce n yoei eaaaeueiie nenoaia aeieaeii oaeaeyoueny
iniaia aieiaiea n naiiai iiiaioa i?iaeoe?iaaiey naoe.

Iaeeo/oei ia?acii ecaaaeoue naay io “aieiaiie aiee” ii iiaiaeo
iai?aaeeueiie i?ieeaaeee eaaaey yaeyaony eniieueciaaiea iieo/eaoeo
oe?ieia ?ani?ino?aiaiea a iineaaeiaa a?aiy oae iacuaaaiuo
no?oeoo?e?iaaiiuo eaaaeueiuo nenoai, eniieuecothueo iaeeiaeiaua eaaaee
aeey ia?aaea/e aeaiiuo a eieaeueiie au/eneeoaeueiie naoe, eieaeueiie
oaeaoiiiie naoe, ia?aaea/e aeaeaieioi?iaoeee eee neaiaeia io aeao/eeia
iiaea?iie aaciianiinoe eee io?aiiuo nenoai.

Iiiyoea “no?oeoo?e?iaaiiinoue” icia/aao, /oi eaaaeueioth nenoaio caeaiey
iiaeii ?acaeaeeoue ia ianeieueei o?iaiae a caaeneiinoe io iacia/aiey e
ianoi?aniieiaeaiey eiiiiiaioia eaaaeueiie nenoaiu. Aio i?eia? iaeiie ec
eaaaeueiuo nenoai, iia ninoieo ec:

– Aiaoiae iiaenenoaiu (campus subsystem)

– Aaeieieno?aoeaiie iiaenenoaiu (administrative subsystem)

– Iaaeno?aee (backbone cabling)

– Ai?eciioaeueiie iiaenenoaiu (horizontal subsystem)

– ?aai/eo iano (work location subsystem)

Iaeeo/oei niiniaii caueou eaaaey io oece/aneeo (a eiiaaea e
oaiia?aoo?iuo, e oeie/aneeo aicaeaenoaee, iai?eia?, a i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
oeaoao) yaeyaony i?ieeaaeea eaaaeae n eniieueciaaieai a ?acee/iie
noaiaie caueuaiiuo ei?iaia. Ae?oaay aaaeiay i?iaeaia i?aaeeueiie
einoaeeyoeee e aacioeaciie ?aaiou eaaaeueiie nenoaiu – niioaaonoaea anao
aa eiiiiiaioia o?aaiaaieyi iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo noaiaea?oia.

2.2.2. Nenoaiu yeaeo?iniaaaeaiey

Iaeaieaa iaaeaaeiui n?aaenoaii i?aaeioa?auaiey iioa?ue eioi?iaoeee i?e
e?aoeia?aiaiiii ioeeth/aiee yeaeo?iyia?aee a ianoiyuaa a?aiy yaeyaony
onoaiiaea enoi/ieeia aania?aaieiiai ieoaiey. ?acee/iua ii naiei
oaoie/aneei e iio?aaeoaeueneei oa?aeoa?enoeeai, iiaeiaiua ono?ienoaa
iiaoo iaania/eoue ieoaiea anae eieaeueiie naoe eee ioaeaeueiiai
eiiiuethoa?a a oa/aiea i?iiaaeooea a?aiaie, aeinoaoi/iiai aeey
ainnoaiiaeaiey iiaea/e iai?yaeaiey eee aeey nio?aiaiey eioi?iaoeee ia
iaaieoiua iineoaee. Aieueoeinoai enoi/ieeia aania?aaieiiai ieoaiey
iaeiia?aiaiii auiieiyao ooieoeee e noaaeeecaoi?a iai?yaeaiey, /oi
yaeyaony aeiiieieoaeueiie caueoie io nea/eia iai?yaeaiey a naoe. Iiiaea
nia?aiaiiua naoaaua ono?ienoaa – na?aa?u, eiioeaio?aoi?u, iinou e o.ae.
– iniauaiu nianoaaiiuie aeoaee?iaaiiuie nenoaiaie yeaeo?iieoaiey.
Iaeioi?ua ei?ii?aoeee eiatho nianoaaiiua aaa?eeiua yeaeo?iaaia?aoi?u eee
?aca?aiua eeiee yeaeo?iieoaiey. Yoe eeiee iiaeeeth/aiu e ?aciui
iiaenoaioeeyi, e i?e auoiaea ec no?iy iaeiie ieo yeaeo?iniaaaeaiea
inouanoaeyaony n ?aca?aiie iiaenoaioeee.

2.2.3. Nenoaiu a?oeae?iaaiey e aeoaee?iaaiey eioi?iaoeee

I?aaiecaoeey iaaeaaeiie e yooaeoeaiie nenoaiu a?oeaaoeee aeaiiuo
yaeyaony iaeiie ec aaaeiaeoeo caaea/ ii iaania/aieth nio?aiiinoe
eioi?iaoeee a naoe. A iaaieueoeo naoyo, aaea onoaiiaeaiu iaeei-aeaa
na?aa?a, /aua anaai i?eiaiyaony onoaiiaea nenoaiu a?oeaaoeee
iaiin?aaenoaaiii a naiaiaeiua neiou na?aa?ia. A e?oiiuo ei?ii?aoeaiuo
naoyo iaeaieaa i?aaeii/oeoaeueii i?aaieciaaoue auaeaeaiiue
niaoeeaeece?iaaiiue a?oeaaoeeiiiue na?aa?.

O?aiaiea a?oeaiie eioi?iaoeee, i?aaenoaaeythuae iniaoth oeaiiinoue,
aeieaeii auoue i?aaieciaaii a niaoeeaeueiii io?aiyaiii iiiauaiee.
Niaoeeaeenou ?aeiiaiaeotho o?aieoue aeoaeeeaou a?oeaia iaeaieaa oeaiiuo
aeaiiuo a ae?oaii caeaiee, ia neo/ae iiaea?a eee noeoeeiiai aaaenoaey.

2.2.4. Caueoa io noeoeeiuo aaaenoaee

Iniiaiie e iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiue iaoiae caueou eioi?iaoeee e
iai?oaeiaaiey io ?acee/iuo noeoeeiuo aaaenoaee – iiaea?ia,
caieao?ynaiee, iaaiaeiaiee e o.ae. – ninoieo a o?aiaiee a?oeaiuo eiiee
eioi?iaoeee eee a ?aciauaiee iaeioi?uo naoaauo ono?ienoa, iai?eia?,
na?aa?ia aac aeaiiuo, a niaoeeaeueiuo caueuaiiuo iiiauaieyo,
?aniieiaeaiiuo, eae i?aaeei, a ae?oaeo caeaieyo eee, ?aaea, aeaaea a
ae?oaii ?aeiia ai?iaea eee a ae?oaii ai?iaea.

2.3. I?ia?aiiiua e i?ia?aiiii-aiia?aoiua

iaoiaeu caueou

2.3.1. Caueoa io eiiiuethoa?iuo ae?onia

A?yae ee iaeaeaony oioy au iaeei iieueciaaoaeue eee aaeieieno?aoi? naoe,
eioi?ue au ie ?aco ia noaeeeaaeny n eiiiuethoa?iuie ae?onaie. Ia
naaiaeiyoiee aeaiue aeiiieieoaeueii e ouny/ai oaea ecaanoiuo ae?onia
iiyaeyaony 100-150 iiauo aaeaiany/ii. Iaeaieaa ?ani?ino?aiaiiuie
iaoiaeaie caueou io ae?onia ii nae aeaiue inoathony ?acee/iua
aioeae?oniua i?ia?aiiu.

Iaeiaei a ea/anoaa ia?niaeoeaiiai iiaeoiaea e caueoa io eiiiuethoa?iuo
ae?onia a iineaaeiea aiaeu ana /aua i?eiaiyaony ni/aoaiea i?ia?aiiiuo e
aiia?aoiuo iaoiaeia caueou. N?aaee aiia?aoiuo ono?ienoa oaeiai ieaia
iiaeii ioiaoeoue niaoeeaeueiua aioeae?oniua ieaou, eioi?ua anoaaeythony
a noaiaea?oiua neiou ?anoe?aiey eiiiuethoa?a.

2.3.2. Caueoa io ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiiai aeinooia

I?iaeaia caueou eioi?iaoeee io ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiiai aeinooia iniai
iaino?eeanue n oe?ieei ?ani?ino?aiaieai eieaeueiuo e, iniaaiii,
aeiaaeueiuo eiiiuethoa?iuo naoae. Iaiaoiaeeii oaeaea ioiaoeoue, /oi
ca/anooth oua?a iaiineony ia ec-ca “ceiai oiunea”, a ec-ca yeaiaioa?iuo
ioeaie iieueciaaoaeae, eioi?ua neo/aeii ii?oyo eee oaeaeytho aeeciaiii
aaaeiua aeaiiua. A nayce n yoei, iiieii eiio?iey aeinooia, iaiaoiaeeiui
yeaiaioii caueou eioi?iaoeee a eiiiuethoa?iuo naoyo yaeyaony
?aca?aie/aiea iieiiii/ee iieueciaaoaeae.

A oaeie nenoaia i?aaiecaoeee caueou ana ?aaii inoaaony neaaia ianoi:
o?iaaiue aeinooia e aiciiaeiinoue aoiaea a nenoaio ii?aaeaeythony
ia?ieai. Ia nae?ao, /oi ia?ieue iiaeii iiaeniio?aoue eee iiaeia?aoue.
Aeey eneeth/aiey aiciiaeiinoe iaaaoi?eciaaiiiai aoiaea a eiiiuethoa?ioth
naoue a iineaaeiaa a?aiy eniieuecoaony eiiaeie?iaaiiue iiaeoiae –
ia?ieue+eaeaioeoeeaoeey iieueciaaoaey ii ia?niiaeueiiio “eeth/o”. A
ea/anoaa “eeth/a” iiaeao eniieueciaaoueny ieanoeeiaay ea?oa (iaaieoiay
eee ni ano?iaiiie iee?inoaiie – smart-card) eee ?acee/iua ono?ienoaa
aeey eaeaioeoeeaoeee ee/iinoe ii aeiiao?e/aneie eioi?iaoeee – ii
?aaeoaeiie iaiei/ea aeaca eee ioia/aoeia iaeueoeaa, ?acia?ai eenoe ?oee
e oae aeaeaa.

Inianoea na?aa? eee naoaaua ?aai/ea noaioeee, iai?eia?, ono?ienoaii
/oaiey nia?o-ea?oi/ae e niaoeeaeueiui i?ia?aiiiui iaania/aieai, iiaeii
cia/eoaeueii iiauneoue noaiaiue caueou io ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiiai
aeinooia. A yoii neo/aa aeey aeinooia e eiiiuethoa?o iieueciaaoaeue
aeieaeai anoaaeoue nia?o-ea?oo a ono?ienoai /oaiey e aaanoe naie
ia?niiaeueiue eiae. I?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea iicaieyao onoaiiaeoue
ianeieueei o?iaiae aaciianiinoe, eioi?ua oi?aaeythony nenoaiiui
aaeieieno?aoi?ii. Aiciiaeai e eiiaeie?iaaiiue iiaeoiae n aaiaeii
aeiiieieoaeueiiai ia?iey, i?e yoii i?eiyou niaoeeaeueiua ia?u i?ioea
“ia?aoaaoa” ia?iey n eeaaeaoo?u. Yoio iiaeoiae cia/eoaeueii iaaeaaeiaa
i?eiaiaiey ia?ieae, iineieueeo, anee ia?ieue iiaeaeyaeaee,
iieueciaaoaeue ia yoii iiaeao ia ciaoue, anee aea i?iiaea ea?oi/ea,
iiaeii i?eiyoue ia?u iaiaaeeaiii.

Nia?o-ea?ou oi?aaeaiey aeinooiii iicaieytho ?aaeeciaaoue, a /anoiinoe,
oaeea ooieoeee, eae eiio?ieue aoiaea, aeinooi e ono?ienoaai
ia?niiaeueiiai eiiiuethoa?a, aeinooi e i?ia?aiiai, oaeeai e eiiaiaeai.
E?iia oiai, aiciiaeii oaeaea inouanoaeaiea eiio?ieueiuo ooieoeee, a
/anoiinoe, ?aaeno?aoeey iiiuoie ia?ooaiey aeinooia e ?ano?nai,
eniieueciaaiey cai?auaiiuo ooeeeo, i?ia?aii, eiiaiae DOS.

2.3.3. Caueoa eioi?iaoeee i?e oaeaeaiiii aeinooia

Ii ia?a ?anoe?aiey aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoee, ?inoa /eneaiiinoe
ia?niiaea e iiyaeaiey iiauo oeeeaeia, aicieeaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue aeinooia
oaeaeaiiuo iieueciaaoaeae (eee a?oii iieueciaaoaeae) e au/eneeoaeueiui e
eioi?iaoeeiiiui ?ano?nai aeaaiiai ioena eiiiaiee. *aua anaai aeey
i?aaiecaoeee oaeaeaiiiai aeinooia eniieuecothony eaaaeueiua eeiee
(iau/iua oaeaoiiiua eee auaeaeaiiua) e ?aaeeieaiaeu. A nayce n yoei
caueoa eioi?iaoeee, ia?aaeaaaaiie ii eaiaeai oaeaeaiiiai aeinooia,
o?aaoao iniaiai iiaeoiaea.

A /anoiinoe, a iinoao e ia?o?ooecaoi?ao oaeaeaiiiai aeinooia i?eiaiyaony
naaiaioaoeey iaeaoia – eo ?acaeaeaiea e ia?aaea/a ia?aeeaeueii ii aeaoi
eee ianeieueeei eeieyi, /oi aeaeaao iaaiciiaeiui “ia?aoaao” aeaiiuo i?e
iacaeiiiii iiaeeeth/aiee “oaea?a” e iaeiie ec eeiee. E oiio aea
eniieuecoaiay i?e ia?aaea/a aeaiiuo i?ioeaaeo?a naeaoey ia?aaeaaaaiuo
iaeaoia aa?aioe?oao iaaiciiaeiinoe ?anoeo?iaee “ia?aoaa/aiiuo” aeaiiuo.
E?iia oiai, iinou e ia?o?ooecaoi?u oaeaeaiiiai aeinooia iiaoo auoue
cai?ia?aiie?iaaiu oaeei ia?acii, /oi oaeaeaiiua iieueciaaoaee aoaeoo
ia?aie/aiu a aeinooia e ioaeaeueiui ?ano?nai naoe aeaaiiai ioena.

Oe?ieia ?ani?ino?aiaiea ?aaeeinaoae a iineaaeiea aiaeu iinoaaeei
?ac?aaio/eeia ?aaeeinenoai ia?aae iaiaoiaeeiinoueth caueou eioi?iaoeee
io “oaea?ia”, aii?oaeaiiuo ?aciiia?aciuie neaie?othueie ono?ienoaaie.
Auee i?eiaiaiu ?aciiia?aciua oaoie/aneea ?aoaiey. Iai?eia?, a
?aaeeinaoyo iaeioi?uo eiiiaiee eioi?iaoeeiiiua iaeaou ia?aaeathony /a?ac
?aciua eaiaeu e aaciaua noaioeee, /oi aeaeaao i?aeoe/anee iaaiciiaeiui
aeey iinoi?iiieo nia?aoue anth ia?aaeaaaaioth eioi?iaoeeth aiaaeeii.

3. Eiiiuethoa?iay aaciianiinoue, eiiiuethoa?iay

i?anooiiinoue e ainoaea?noaaiiay neoaeaa

Ia aeaiiii yoaia iaoae aeecie i?ienoiaeeo ianniaia (oioaeueiia)
iniciaiea e iiieiaiea oiai, /oi ain. neoaeaa aeieaeii oaeaeyoueny ia
iaeia cia/aiea, /aai iaeuecy neacaoue i a?aiaie aei 1992 aiaea.
Iai?eia?, n 1992 aiaea ia/aea aeoeaii ?acaeaaoueny iaoea i
ainoaea?noaaiiii e ioieoeeiaeueiii oi?aaeaiee, aia?aua aaaaeaia
niaoeeaeueiinoue “Ainoaea?noaaiiia e ioieoeeiaeueiia oi?aaeaiea”. Aei
yoiai iiiaioa iiaeaioiaea eaae?ia inouanoaeyeanue oceii?ioeeueii e
enneaaeiaaiey a iaeanoe ainoaea?noaaiiiai e ioieoeeiaeueiiai oi?aaeaiey,
eae oaeiaua, ia aaeenue.

Iineieueeo a iao aae ?acaeaathony e iinoiyiii oeo/oathony n?aaenoaa
ia?aaioee, o?aiaiey eioi?iaoeee e iaiaia ae – yoi ia iiaei ia einiooueny
ainoaea?noaa. Anee acyoue ?acee/iua noa?u yoiai iieeoe/aneiai
ia?aciaaiey: i?aaiio?aieoaeueioth, oeiainiaoth, ia?aciaaoaeueioth, oi
caeanue, ii aieueoiio n/aoo, ai anao e?oiiuo o/?aaeaeaieyo
eniieuecothony YAI ?acee/iuo iiaeeoeeaoeee, a oaeaea iiiaea ae?oaea
ao?eaoou eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee.

A nayce n yoei i?iaeaiu eiiiuethoa?iie aaciianiinoe e eiiiuethoa?iie
i?anooiiinoe i?i/ii e aeoaiei aiaae?ythony a ainoaea?noaaiioth neoaeao.
I?aeoe/anee eaaeaeue /aeiaae, aoaeue oi oi?aaeythuee eee iiae/ei?iiue,
iaoiaeyueeny ia iiia/eoaeuenoaa o ainoaea?noaa, aeieaeai ciaoue e, ii
e?aeiae ia?a, eiaoue i?aaenoaaeaiea i oii, /oi oaeia eiiiuethoa? e “n
/ai aai aaeyo”. Aaaeue ia?aaea/a aeaiiuo ii naoe eee i?inoaeoay
ia?aaioea eioi?iaoeee, ii n?aaenoaai niaoeeaeueii iaienaiiuo aeey yoiai
i?ia?aii, ia iiaeao inouanoaeyoueny ethaeueie, ciathueie ia YAI oieueei
oi, /oi yoi iiieoi?, eeaaeaoo?a e “iuoea”.

Caeeth/aiea

Iiaeaiaey eoiae, oioaeinue au ioiaoeoue, /oi i?iaeaiai eiiiuethoa?iie
aaciianiinoe e eiiiuethoa?iie i?anooiiinoe a ain. neoaeaa aeieaeii
i?eaeaaaoueny iniaia cia/aiea. I?aaeeueii ea?a?oe/anee iino?iaiiay
nenoaia aeinooia e aeaiiui ia ain. o?iaia, nia?aiaiiia iai?oaeiaaiea,
ooao eaaeeoeoee?iaaiiuo ?aaioieeia, ioaa/athueo ca eiiiuethoa?ioth
aaciianiinoue – yoi aa?aio aaciianiinoe ainoaea?noaaiiie eioi?iaoeee, a
aianoa n oai e ainoaea?noaa. A yoii iaeuecy niiiaaaoueny. Eae-oi iaeei
ioae?aoe neacae: “*ai aieueoa au aea?oa, oai aieueoa e aai
aica?auaaony”. E i?aaaea, – /ai aieueoa aoaeao oaeaeaii aieiaiey
i?iaeaiai eiiiuethoa?iie aaciianiinoe e eiiiuethoa?iie i?anooiiinoe, oai
aieueoa aoaeao oaa?aiiinoe a oii, /oi aeaiiua ain. aaaeiinoe ia aoaeoo
iioa?yiu i?e iaeaeoai naia a ?aaioa iai?oaeiaaiey eee i?e
ianaieoeeiie?iaaiiii aeinooia. Oae aea iiae/a?eio, /oi ieeaeea
aiia?aoiua, i?ia?aiiiua e ethaua ae?oaea n?aaenoaa, e i?aaiecaoi?neea
?aaiou ?acee/iuo aeaeia ia niiaoo aa?aioe?iaaoue aaniethoioth
iaaeaaeiinoue e aaciianiinoue aeaiiuo, ii a oi aea a?aiy naanoe ?ene
iioa?ue e ieieioio aiciiaeii eeoue i?e iniciaiiii, eiiieaeniii iiaeoiaea
e aii?inai eiiiuethoa?iie aaciianiinoe e eiiiuethoa?iie i?anooiiinoe.

Nienie eniieueciaaiiuo enoi/ieeia e eeoa?aoo?u

Oeao?iia A.Y. IBM PC aeey iieueciaaoaey. Iineaa, 1995.

?aaa I. (M. Raab). Caueoa naoae: iaeiiaoe-oi a oeaio?a aieiaiey //
Eiiiuethoa?oi?eae, Iineaa, 1994, ?29.

Aieioeia A.A., Oeoia E.A. Ainoaea?noaaiiay neoaeaa a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee. Iineaa, 1995.

Oaieoenia A.A. Eioi?iaoeeiiiay aaciianiinoue iauanoaa, ee/iinoue e
n?aaenoaa ianniaie eioi?iaoeee // Eioi?iaoeea e au/eneeoaeueiay oaoieea,
1996, ?1-2.

Aea?aa/?aa A.A. ?ieue eioi?iaoeeiiiiai i?ioeaiai?noaa a nia?aiaiiuo
oneiaeyo // Eioi?iaoeea e au/eneeoaeueiay oaoieea, 1996, ?1-2.

Oaea?u: Eiiiuethoa?iay i?anooiiinoue. Iiaeii ee ae i?ioeainoiyoue? //
Ie? aaciianiinoe, 1997, ?11.

Eioi?iaoeey caueuaia. Iao i?iaeai? // Ie? aaciianiinoe, 1997, ?11.

8. Ino?ianeee A.E. Eiiiuethoa?iua ae?onu / I?eeiaeaiea e aacaoa «Ia?aia
naioya?y», Iineaa, 1996, ?4.

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