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Государственный и международный экологический контроль

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AINOAeA?NOAI, I?AAI, I?E?IAeA

Iauay oa?aeoa?enoeea aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai nia?aiaiiinoe

Iniaaiiinoe nia?aiaiiiai ie?a, aoiaeyuaai a XXI aae, caeeth/athony a
oii, /oi ii, n iaeiie noi?iiu, ioaa/ai anaiauae iao/ii-oaoie/aneie
?aaiethoeeae e iao/ii-oaoie/aneei i?ia?annii, aeinoea ooiaeaiaioaeueiuo
nioeeaeueiuo naeaeaia, ai iiiaii ?oeiaiaenoaoaony oai?eae iiaiai
iieeoe/aneiai iuoeaiey, a n ae?oaie – iano?, iiiaieee, i?iiecai
i?ioeaiai?noaothueie oaiaeaioeeyie, ino?uie i?ioeai?a/eyie, aeioiaeyueie
aei eiioeeeoa. Yoi neiaeiue, oeaeinoiue ie?, no?aiyueeny e noaaeeecaoeee
ia iniiaa ?aoaiey iaino?eaoeony aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai

Aeiaaeueiuie n/eoathony i?iaeaiu, ioaaouaathuea ianaeaiea anaai caiiiai
oa?a, anaiauea, o.a. ioiinyueany ei anai e eaaeaeiio ainoaea?noao,
eioi?ua ia iiaoo auoue ?aoaiu iaeiei, ioaeaeueii acyoui ainoaea?noaii.
Iie iaeaaeatho neaaeothueie i?eciaeaie: ai-ia?auo, yoe i?iaeaiu
cao?aaeaatho eioa?anu anaai /aeiaa/anoaa, a a ia?niaeoeaa e aoaeouaa
nouanoaiaaiea /aeiaa/aneiai iauanoaa, o.a. eiatho iauaieaiaoa?iue
oa?aeoa?; ai-aoi?uo, yoe i?iaeaiu i?iyaeytho naay eae iauaeoeaiua
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?acaeoey iauanoaa ai anao eee a aieueoeinoaa ?aaeiiia
ie?a; a-o?aoueeo, ia?aoaiiinoue eo nicaeaao oa?ico aeey aoaeouaai
/aeiaa/anoaa, i?aiyonoaoao i?ia?anno iauanoaa, /oi aeaeaao eo
iaioeiaeiuie; a-/aoaa?ouo, iie iiaoo auoue ?aoaiu oieueei aeaaiaea?y
oneeeyi anaai ie?iaiai niiauanoaa, aieueoeinoaa eee iiiaeo ainoaea?noa;
a-iyouo, iie i?aaeiieaaatho i?eiao iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa, o.a.
iaoeinieoaeueiia niaethaeaiea anaie ainoaea?noaaie iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo
ii?i, iiauoaiea ?iee einoeoooeeiiaeueiuo iaoaieciia nia?aiaiiiai
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa, iniciaiea anaie cia/eiinoe iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai
noaea eae eiia/iie einoaioeee ii ?ac?aoaieth iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo nii?ia
th?eaee/aneiai oa?aeoa?a e aaaeiinoe iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ia?aaiai?ia ia
iniiaa iin?aaeie/anoaa eee ia?oia?noaa i?e o?aaoee?iaaiee nii?ia
iieeoe/aneiai, oa??eoi?eaeueiiai, iaoeeiiaeueiiai e ae?oaiai oa?aeoa?a.

I?eiyoi auaeaeyoue ianeieueei a?oii aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai:

– iaaeaeoia?iaeiia nio?oaeie/anoai e oi?i/aiea ie?a;

– iaania/aiea i?aa e naiaiae /aeiaaea;

– iaoeeiiaeueiay e iaaeaeoia?iaeiay aaciianiinoue;

– yeieiaey;

– ia?iaeiianaeaiea eee onoaiiaeaiea aeaiia?aoe/aneiai ?aaiiaaney
ieaiaou;

– iao/ii-oaoie/aneay ?aaiethoeey e eniieueciaaiea aa ?acoeueoaoia aeey
i?aiaeieaiey ionoaeinoe;

– iaaeaeoia?iaeiia nio?oaeie/anoai a ai?ueaa n i?anooiiinoueth e
ae?oaeie aioeiauanoaaiiuie yaeaieyie.

Oeacaiiua a?oiiu i?iaeai oanii iaaeaeo niaie naycaiu, a iiyoiio ?aoaiea
eo acaeiiiaoneiaeaiii e aeieaeii auoue eiiieaeniui. Niaea?aeaiea eo
iiaeii eiie?aoece?iaaoue neaaeothuei ia?acii:

1) i?aaeioa?auaiea ie?iaie yaea?iie eaoano?iou, i?ae?auaiea aiiee
aii?oaeaiee, eniuoaiee yaea?iiai i?oaeey;

2) iaania/aiea iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai nio?oaeie/anoaa e ia?oia?noaa a
yeiiiie/aneie, iieeoe/aneie, yeieiae/aneie, aeooiaii-eoeueoo?iie e
ae?oaeo iaeanoyo;

3) i?aiaeieaiea ?ac?uaa a o?iaia yeiiiie/aneiai ?inoa iaaeaeo
ainoaea?noaaie ?acaeouie e ?acaeaathueieny;

4) eeeaeaeaoeey eee oiaiueoaiea yia?ainu?ueaaiai, i?iaeiaieueioaaoiiai,
aeaiia?aoe/aneiai e?ecena (eee i?aaee?eceniiai ninoiyiey), niaethaeaiea
o?aaiaaiee yeieiaee, niaianoiia inaiaiea einie/aneiai i?ino?ainoaa e
o.ae., o.a. nicaeaiea oneiaee auaeeaaiey e ii?iaeueiiai nouanoaiaaiey,
ioiinyueony e acaeiiioiioaieyi /aeiaaea e n?aaeu iaeoaiey;

5) eniieueciaaiea aeinoeaeaiee iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna aeey
niaa?oainoaiaaiey nenoai cae?aaiio?aiaiey e i?inaauaiey, nioeeaeueiiai e
aeooiaiiai ?acaeoey ee/iinoe e o.ae.;

6) iaaeaeoia?iaeiia nio?oaeie/anoai a ai?ueaa n oa??i?eciii,
ia?eiaecianii, ac?uaaie naiieaoia, iiiuoeaie i?anooiieeia ne?uoueny io
i?aainoaeey ca ?oaaaeii, nauoii iioeuaiiiai eee «ioiuaaieai» i?anooiiuo
aeioiaeia ca a?aieoeae, iacaeiiiui iai?ioii ia?eioeeia, eoeueoo?iuo
oeaiiinoae e i?oaeey e o.ae.

Iiaia iuoeaiea ainoaea?noaaiiuo aeayoaeae i?aaeeaaaao ia?aoaaiooue /a?ac
oi, /oi ie? ?acaeaeyao, ?aaee iaueo /aeiaa/aneeo eioa?ania, ?aaee aeecie
ia Caiea. Ii?iaeecaoeey iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ioiioaiee a yeiiiieea, a noa?a
eioi?iaoeee, a yeieiaee iiaeao auoue inouanoaeaia ia iniiaa oe?ieie
eioa?iaeecaoeee, ia?ia?noaa, iienea aaeaina eioa?ania ainoaea?noa, o.e.
aac yoiai iaaiciiaeia noaaeeueiinoue ia ieaiaoa. Iniiaiie enoiaeiue
i?eioeei acaeiiioiioaiee iaaeaeo ainoaea?noaaie e ai aioo?aiiae iieeoeea
eaaeaeiai ainoaea?noaa i?ino: yaea?iay aieia ia iiaeao auoue n?aaenoaii
aeinoeaeaiey iieeoe/aneeo, yeiiiie/aneeo, eaeeo au oi ie auei eiuo
oeaeae, /oi icia/aao ei?aiiie iooiae io o?aaeeoeeiiiuo i?aaenoaaeaiee i
aieia e ie?a. A aeiaaeueiii yaea?iii eiioeeeoa ia ieacaeinue au ie
iiaaaeeoaeae, ie iiaaaeaeaiiuo e iaieioaii iiaeaea au any oeeaeeecaoeey.
Niioaaonoaaiii a iniiao iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iieeoeee aeieaeiu auoue
iieiaeaiu iaua/aeiaa/aneea ii?aeueii-yoe/aneea i?eioeeiu e ii?iu,
niiniaiua aoiaiece?iaaoue iaaeainoaea?noaaiiua ioiioaiey. A yoii
eiioaenoa ?aoaiea aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey, yeieiaee
e ae?. aeieaeii neoaeeoue iaania/aieth i?i/iiai e ni?aaaaeeeaiai ie?a, n
iaeiie noi?iiu, ?acaeoeth ee/iinoe, iauanoaa e ainoaea?noaa – n ae?oaie.
I?iaicaeaoai e inouanoaeyaony i?ei?eoao iaua/aeiaa/aneeo oeaiiinoae,
i?aaeaea anaai auaeeaaiey e i?ia?anneaiiai ?acaeoey /aeiaa/anoaa.
Ionthaea eiiaa?ney, cae?uoea yaea?iuo iieeaiiia, oeeaeeeciaaiiia ?aoaiea
yeiiiie/aneeo e yeieiae/aneeo i?iaeai.

Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai ?innee ii aeiaaeueiui i?iaeaiai i?eaiaeeony a
niioaaonoaea n iaaeaeoia?iaeiuie noaiaea?oaie. Ii, e niaeaeaieth, a
?innee eiathony aieueoea o?oaeiinoe, naycaiiua n *a?iiaueai e niauoeyie,
ii?iaeaeaiiuie ia?aoiaeiui ia?eiaeii a ?acaeoee iauanoaa e ainoaea?noaa.
A ?acoeueoaoa ia ana ainoaea?noaaiiua i?ia?aiiu iieiinoueth
oeiaine?othony, ia ana caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai iaoa?eaeueii e i?aaiecaoeeiiii
iaania/aii.

Ii nouanoao, ana aeiaaeueiua i?iaeaiu nia?aiaiiinoe aoiaeyo a
niaea?aeaiea yeiiiie/aneie, iieeoe/aneie, nioeeaeueiie e
aeooiaii-eoeueoo?iie ooieoeee eaaeaeiai ainoaea?noaa, ii a ?aciie ia?a e
noaiaie ?aaeecothony a aeecie.

Iieiaeaiea aeae n yeieiaeae, i?iaeiaieuenoaeai, yia?aaoe/aneeie
?ano?naie e o.ae. aeeeooao iaiaoiaeeiinoue iiauoaiey ioaaonoaaiiinoe
ie?iaiai niiauanoaa ca ?aoaiea aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai eee i?iaeaeaeaiea ii
iooe e eo ?aoaieth. Iaiaoiaeeiu iao/iua iaoiaeu ?aoaiey aeiaaeueiuo
i?iaeai e nioeeaeueiua oneiaey i?aoai?aiey eo a aeeciue, /oi oaeaea
aoiaeeo a niaea?aeaiea ooieoeee ainoaea?noa. I?e yoii oeaio?aeueiui
caaiii no?aoaaee aeieaeii auoue ?acaeoea iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai
nio?oaeie/anoaa ainoaea?noa, iauaaeeiaiea oneeee anaai /aeiaa/anoaa
iooai ?anoe?aiey iieeoe/aneeo, yeiiiie/aneeo, aoiaieoa?iuo e eoeueoo?iuo
naycae, niaa?oainoaiaaiey n?aaenoa eiiioieeaoeee ia iniiaa ooaa?aeaeaiey
a iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ioiioaieyo iiaiai iieeoe/aneiai iuoeaiey,
enoiaeyuaai, eae oaea ioia/aeinue, ec i?ei?eoaoa iaua/aeiaa/aneeo eaeae
ni?aaaaeeeainoe e nieeaea?iinoe.

Iiieii ii?i iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa eaaeaeia ainoaea?noai aeieaeii
eiaoue e iaania/eaaoue ?aaeecaoeeth niaoeeaeueiuo aeieia
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, ?aaoee?othuaai nioeeaeueiia ?acaeoea, io?aio
i?e?iaeu e ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, iai?iio e aiaoithth aaciianiinoue.
Caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai, ?aaoee?othuaa yeiiiieeo e io?aio iauanoaaiiiai
ii?yaeea, oaeaea iaiaoiaeeii ni?eaioe?iaaoue ia ?aoaiea aeiaaeueiuo
i?iaeai nia?aiaiiinoe.

Caneoaeeaatho iiaeaea?aeee auaeaeyaiua a eeoa?aoo?a iniiaiua oaiaeaioeee
aeiaaeecaoeee ie?iaie iieeoeee, ioiinyueany e eaaeaeiio ainoaea?noao e
anaio ie?iaiio niiauanoao:

– iiieiaiea oeaeinoiinoe nia?aiaiiiai ie?a e i?ei?eoaoa aeiaaeueiuo
i?iaeai eae oeaeae iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iieeoeee;

– nicaeaiea aianoi nouanoaothueo aiaiii-iieeoe/aneeo aeieia
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie nenoaiu niae?oaeanoaa, ana ninoaaeythuea eioi?ie
enoiaeyo ec i?eiaoa iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa iaae iaoeeiiaeueiui,
i?aaeaea anaai i?eiaieoaeueii e iauai?eciaiiui i?aaai e naiaiaeai
/aeiaaea, e iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo oi?i – iaae
iaoeeiiaeueii-ainoaea?noaaiiuie;

– oneeaiea acaeiiaeaenoaey ainoaea?noa i?e ?aoaiee aeiaaeue-iuo i?iaeai,
i?eaioaoeey aioo?aiieo ooieoeee ia aeiaaeueiia nio?oaeie/anoai e ?aoaiea
caaea/ ie?iaiai niiauanoaa;

– iiauoaiea ioaaonoaaiiinoe ainoaea?noa ia?aae ie?iaui niiauanoaii ca
?aoaiea iaoeeiiaeueiuo i?iaeai, iiaoueo noaoue aeiaaeueiuie;

– iiauoaiea iieeoe/aneie eoeueoo?u nio?oaeie/anoaa ia iniiaa eiii?iienna
i?e au?aaioea niaeaoaiee;

– ?ac?aaioea niaianoiuo n ae?oaeie ainoaea?noaaie niae?oaeanoa eee
niaeaniaaiiuo n ieie iao/iuo i?ia?aii ?aoaiey aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai;

– i?eaioaoeey iaoeeiiaeueiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ia ?aoaiea aeiaaeueiuo
i?iaeai nia?aiaiiinoe.

Aaeeinoai iauanoaa e i?e?iaeu

A nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo aeecie /aeiaa/anoaa aio?iiiaaiiua aicaeaenoaey ia
i?e?iaeo aeinoeaee iianiie /a?ou. Ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee III
ii ie?oaeathuae n?aaea e ?acaeoeth a ethia 1992 a. (?ei-aea-AEaiae?i)
aaia?aeueiue nae?aoa?ue eiioa?aioeee Ii?en No?iia cayaee: “Eee aoaeao
nianai aanue ie?, eee iiaeaiao any oeeaeeecaoeey”. Ni anae
i/aaeaeiinoueth ia?aae /aeiaa/anoaii anoaee caaea/e i?ae?auaiey
naa?oyenieoaoaoeee i?e?iaeiuo ?ano?nia Caiee, iaeaaeeaaiey ai anao
?aaeiiao ie?a ?aoeeiiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey, iaania/aiey a
aeiaaeueiuo ianooaaao iao/ii iainiiaaiiuo ia? ii io?aia i?e?iaeu. Yoe
caaea/e noiyo a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue ia?aae ainoaea?noaaie n auniei?acaeoie
i?iiuoeaiiinoueth, yia?aaoeeie, aaoiiiaeeueiui o?ainii?oii. Iie
aicaeaenoaotho ia auai? iiaeaee yeiiiieee, iooae aa oi?ie?iaaiey,
niaa?oainoaiaaiey a ?acaeaathueony ainoaea?noaao. Aeayoaeueiinoue
ainoaea?noaa ii io?aia i?e?iaeu e ?aoeeiiaeueiiio i?e?iaeiiieueciaaieth
iiaeii ioa?aeoa?eciaaoue eae iaeio ec aai aaaeiaeoeo ooieoeee, cia/aiea
eioi?uo aic?anoaao a i?ioeanna ?acaeoey oeeaeeecaoeee.

Iauanoai ia?ac?uaii naycaii n i?e?iaeie, iie i?aauaatho ae?oa n ae?oaii
a aeeaeaeoe/aneii aaeeinoaa. Naii iauanoai aicieeei a i?ioeanna
yaiethoeee aeinoa?u. Caiey yaeyaony “aeiiii /aeiaa/anoaa”, ie?oaeathuay
/aeiaaea i?e?iaea – yoi noa?a e oneiaey aai aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe.
*aeiaae aeeth/ai a i?e?iaeo, ii – /anoeoea i?e?iaeu. I?e?iaea neoaeeo
/aeiaaeo, yaeyaony iaiin?aaenoaaiiui aeeciaiiui n?aaenoaii aeey
/aeiaaea.

I?e?iaea ieacuaaao iiiainoi?iiiaa aicaeaenoaea ia ?acaeoea iauanoaa.
AEeciue e yaiethoeey iauanoaa caaenyo io i?e?iaeiuo oneiaee, caiana
i?e?iaeiuo ?ano?nia. Aeeyiea i?e?iaeu ia ?acaeoea iauanoaa, /aeiaaea
iaoiaeeony a caaeneiinoe io enoi?e/aneiai yoaia, nooiaie ?acaeoey
iauanoaa. A iinooiaoaeueiii aeaeaeaiee /aeiaa/aneie oeeaeeecaoeee
oneeeaaaony aicaeaenoaea iauanoaa ia i?e?iaeo. Iauanoai e i?e?iaea a
naiai aaeeinoaa ia?acotho naii?acaeaathuothny nenoaio, a eioi?ie
aaaeouei eiiiiiaioii ana aieaa iieii aunooiaao iauanoai.

Iauanoai eniieuecoao i?e?iaeiua ?ano?nu, eoeueoeae?oao e i?aia?acoao
i?e?iaeo. Iii aicaeaenoaoao ia i?e?iaeo /a?ac iaoa?eaeueiia
i?iecaiaenoai. A iniiaa ioiioaiee /aeiaaea e i?e?iaea eaaeeo aai
o?oaeiaay aeayoaeueiinoue. O?oae, auaeaeeaoee /aeiaaea ec i?e?iaeu, a oi
aea a?aiy niaaeeiyao aai n i?e?iaeie. Nai o?oae i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
i?ioeann, niaa?oathueeny iaaeaeo /aeiaaeii e i?e?iaeie. A yoii i?ioeanna
/aeiaae naiae aeayoaeueiinoueth iiin?aaeoao, ?aaoee?oao e eiio?iee?oao
iaiai aauanoa iaaeaeo niaie e i?e?iaeie. A oi aea a?aiy
i?iecaiaenoaaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue, auoiaay aeeciue /aeiaaea eiatho
iaaaoeaiua i?iyaeaiey ii ioiioaieth e i?e?iaea, caa?yciytho e enoiuatho
aa.

Aeey iiaeaea?aeaiey aeeiaie/aneiai ?aaiiaaney iaaeaeo iauanoaii e
i?e?iaeie iaiaoiaeeiu ia?u ii aa io?aia io caa?yciaiey, oeo/oaieth
i?e?iaeu. “I/aeiaa/aiiay” i?e?iaea anoue i?iaeoeo o?oaea,
i?eniiniaeaiiue e iio?aaiinoyi /aeiaaea. Yoa /anoue i?e?iaeu ia iiaeao
nouanoaiaaoue aac /aeiaaea. Iauanoai aeieaeii iinoiyiii iiaeaea?aeeaaoue
a iaaeeaaeauai ninoiyiee “i/aeiaa/aiioth” i?e?iaeo eae iaiaoiaeeiia
oneiaea nouanoaiaaiey /aeiaaea.

Caeiiiia?iinoe e iniaaiiinoe acaeiiaeaenoaey iauanoaa e i?e?iaeu caaenyo
io niiniaia i?iecaiaenoaa iaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa, eo niaiu a oiaea enoi?ee
/aeiaa/anoaa. A oneiaeyo ia?aiauoiiiaueiiiai no?iy, ia ?aiieo yoaiao aai
?acaeoey /aeiaae caieiaeny niae?aoaeuenoaii, i?enaiaieai aioiauo
i?iaeoeoia i?e?iaeu. Iicaea /aeiaae ia?aoiaeeo e i?iecaiaenoao
iaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa, iaiaoiaeeiuo aio aeey aeecie. ?aaiaeaaeaeue/aneia
ainoaea?noai iiaeaea?aeeaaei ia?u ii eoeueoeae?iaaieth i?e?iaeu,
?acaeoeth naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, eniieueciaaieth ?oaeiuo
caiania, i?aia?aciaaieth i?e?iaeu (i?ineoaeueiua nenoaiu). Ainoaea?noai
oaiaeaeueiie yiioe i?iaiaeeei i?e?iaeiio?aieoaeueiua ia?u, ?aaoee?iaaei
ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca ia?ooaiea caeiiia i caiea, aa iaae?ao. Neaaeoao
ioiaoeoue, /oi enoi?e/anee aeey i?ia?anna oeeaeeecaoeee auei oa?aeoa?ii
iio?aaeoaeueneia ioiioaiea e i?e?iaea. Iniaaiii c?eii yoi i?iyaeeinue a
oneiaeyo eaieoaeecia, eiaaea a aaee/aeoae ia?a iieo/eee ?acaeoea
i?iiuoeaiiia i?iecaiaenoai, o?ainii?o. Iio?aaeoaeueneia ioiioaiea e
i?e?iaea au?aaeaaony a aacoaea?aeiie yenieoaoaoeee i?e?iaeiuo ?ano?nia,
a eaii?e?iaaiee yeieiae/aneeo o?aaiaaiee e ii?i io?aiu i?e?iaeu,
?aoeeiiaeueiuo ia/ae i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey.

Aeey iiaeaea?aeaiey ii?aaeaeaiiiai i?aaiii?yaeea a eniieueciaaiee caiee,
eania, aiae, iieaciuo eneiiaaiuo, aeeaioiiai e ?anoeoaeueiiai ie?a
ao?aeoaciia ainoaea?noai i?eieiaao iaiaoiaeeiua ia?u ii io?aia
caeiiiinoe a i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiee, niaa?oainoaoao yeieiae/aneia
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai a oeaeyo iiaeaea?aeaiey aeaaii?eyoiuo i?e?iaeiuo
iniia aeecie iauanoaa. Iaeiaei aeeciue iieacuaaao, /oi ia?u ii
?aaoee?iaaieth i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey, io?aia i?e?iaeu, i?iaeeeoiaaiiua
eioa?anaie iauanoaa, /anoi ia?ooathony iiiiiieeyie, ia
inoaiaaeeaathueieny ie ia?aae /ai a iiaiia ca i?eaueueth e
naa?oi?eaueueth. Yeieiae/aneee e?ecen noae ?aaeueiinoueth a
auniei?acaeouo eaieoaeenoe/aneeo ainoaea?noaao, iaino?ee iai?yaeaiiinoue
a iauanoaa.

Oyaeaeuie iineaaenoaeyie yeieiae/aneiai oa?aeoa?a, aieueoeie ia?ooaieyie
oeaeinoiinoe i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu iaa?ioeenue aeey iaoae no?aiu 30-a aiaeu
eiaeono?eaeecaoeee, Aaeeeay Ioa/anoaaiiay aieia, ia?eiae iineaaiaiiiai
ainnoaiiaeaiey ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa, ai?iaeia, naeueneeo iinaeaiee,
eiaaea niceaeaoaeueiua caaea/e ?aoaeenue aaee/aeoei iai?yaeaieai nee
iauanoaa, “ethaie oeaiie”, a oii /enea e oeaiie ea/anoaa i?e?iaeiie
n?aaeu. A 70-80-o aiaeao aic?anoaee iaa?ocee ia ie?oaeathuoth
i?e?iaeioth n?aaeo.

Ana yoi i?eaaei e oiio, /oi a ?innee neiaeeeanue e?eceniay yeieiae/aneay
neooaoeey, oyaeaeay i?e?iaeiay ianoaiiaea a ?yaea ?aaeiiia. Iiyaeeinue
iiiai yeieiae/anee aaaenoaothueo ai?iaeia, oeaeuo ?aaeiiia, aic?inea
caaieaaaaiinoue ianaeaiey, naycaiiay n caa?yciaieai ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu.
Aaa?ey ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN a 1986 a. auea yeieiae/aneie eaoano?ioie,
i?e/eieea aieueoie o?ii caei?iaueth aeeoaeae Aaei?onnee, Oe?aeiu,
?innee, iaianea no?aoiue oaea? ii i?e?iaea. Yoa aaa?ey iaiaaeeea anth
ino?ioo i?iaeaiu iaania/aiey aaciianiinoe aoiiiuo yia?aaoe/aneeo
noaioeee, ?aaioathueo a iaoae no?aia e a nii?aaeaeueiuo ainoaea?noaao.

I?iaeaiu iaania/aiey ?aoeeiiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey e io?aiu
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu, yeieiae/aneie aaciianiinoe aeey caei?iauey /aeiaaea
ioiinyony e iaua/aeiaa/aneei i?iaeaiai. Ca ieioaoea 10-15 eao ai anao
i?iiuoeaiii ?acaeouo no?aiao ?ac?aaioai e inouanoaeai eiiieaen
yeiiiie/aneeo, oaoie/aneeo, oaoiieiae/aneeo, th?eaee/aneeo ia?,
iai?aaeaiiuo ia io?aio ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu. Nicaeaii e
?acaeaaaony “i?aai ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu”, i?ecaaiiia i?aaeioa?aoeoue,
niya/eoue a?aaeiua iineaaenoaey i?iiuoeaiiiai ?acaeoey.

Noaiiaeony ana i/aaeaeiaa, /oi i?iaeaia io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu ia
iiaeao auoue i?aaeeueii iiiyoa e ?aoaia, anee aa naiaeeoue eeoue e
oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneei e oaoiieiae/aneei aniaeoai, eaii?e?iaaoue eee
iaaeiioeaieaaoue nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneoth e yeiiiie/aneoth nouiinoue
yoie i?iaeaiu. Caaea/e iaania/aiey ?aoeeiiaeueiiai eniieueciaaiey e
io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu iiaoo auoue ooiaeaiaioaeueii ?aoaiu i?e
o?aaoee?iaaiee ioiioaiee iaaeaeo ?acaeouie no?aiaie e ?acaeaathueieny
ainoaea?noaaie, no?aiaie “Naaa?” e no?aiaie “THa”, eioi?ua a ianoiyuaa
a?aiy iaoiaeyony a ia?aaiuo yeiiiie/aneeo ioiioaieyo.

Nia?aiaiiay e?eceniay neooaoeey ai acaeiiioiioaieyo iauanoaa e i?e?iaeu
iinoaaeea /aeiaa/anoai ia?aae iaiaoiaeeiinoueth ia?ainiuneeoue
enoi?e/aneee iiuo e au?aaioaoue iiaoth iiaeaeue ?acaeoey oeeaeeecaoeee.
Iao/iue aiaeec iieacuaaao, /oi iiaeaeue i?iiuoeaiiiai ?acaeoey,
eniieueciaaiiay aiaaouie, i?iiuoeaiii ?acaeouie ainoaea?noaaie,
enoi?e/anee en/a?iaea naay. A ianoiyuee iiiaio nouanoaoao ia?iiiue
?ac?ua a eniieueciaaiee i?e?iaeiuo ?ano?nia auniei?acaeouie no?aiaie e
inoaeueiuie ?acaeaathueieny ainoaea?noaaie. Oae iacuaaaiue “cieioie
ieeeea?ae” ianaeaiey Caiee, eioi?ue ii /eneaiiinoe ninoaaeyao 20%, a
iio?aaeyao 80% ie?iauo ?ano?nia. Anee ?acaeaathueany no?aiu,
ni?aaaaeeeai no?aiyueany iiaeiyoue o?iaaiue aeecie naieo ia?iaeia,
iieaeoo oai aea iooai, eaeei i?ioee ?acaeoua no?aiu, oi Caiey a
?ano?niii e yeieiae/aneii ioiioaiee ia niiaeao auaea?aeaoue. Aicueiai
iaeei i?eia?. Eiaeey, ianaeaiea eioi?ie ninoaaeyao 16% io ie?iaiai,
aeaao a ianoiyuaa a?aiy 3% aua?inia a?aaeiuo aacia a aoiinoa?o. NOA –
ianaeaiea 5% io ie?iaiai – aua?anuaaao 25% a?aaeiuo aacia. Oaeei
ia?acii, i?iii?oeeiiaeueii o Eiaeee iiaeao auoue 80% “anaie?iie a?yce”.

Ii anoue aua aaeeeee Eeoae, ianaeaiea no?ai Ao?eee, Eaoeineie Aia?eee.
I?eciaee anaie?iie eaoano?iou i?iniao?eaathony i/aaeaeii, anee iuneeoue
o?aaeeoeeiiiuie eaoaai?eyie e ia?aiao?aie ?acaeoey oeeaeeecaoeee.
Iao/iua ?ac?aaioee e aiaae?aiea iiaaeoeo ?ano?nia e yia?ainaa?aaathueo
yeieiae/anee i?eaieaiuo oaoiieiaee ia ?aoatho ea?aeeiaeueiui ia?acii
i?ioeai?a/ey iaaeaeo iauanoaii e i?e?iaeie, naycaiioth n yoei
aoiaienoe/aneoth caaea/o iaania/aiey aeey anao ethaeae i?aaa ia
aeaaii?eyoioth ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo. A iaania/aiea yeieiae/aneiai
aeaaiiieo/ey iauanoaa, i?aaa /aeiaaea ia caei?iaoth ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo
yaeythony iaiaoiaeeiuie oneiaeyie, ninoaaiuie /anoyie anaai aeaea
iaania/aiey i?aaa /aeiaaea ia aeinoieioth aeeciue.

O/aiua ioia/atho, /oi iiaay iiaeaeue ?acaeoey /aeiaa/aneie oeeaeeecaoeee
iio?aaoao io ie?iaiai niiauanoaa, aoiaeyueo a iaai ainoaea?noa
onoaiiaeaiey yooaeoeaiiai oeaio?aeeciaaiiiai ?aaoee?iaaiey
yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey, ?ani?aaeaeaiey i?iecaaaeaiiie i?iaeoeoeee. A
neiaeeaoaeny neooaoeee, /oiau nio?aieoue naith n?aaeo iaeoaiey,
/aeiaa/anoai ioaeaeaaony a aeinoeaeaiee ?acoiiiai naiiia?aie/aiey,
no?iaeo i?iii?oeee a niioiioaiee i?e?iaeiiai, nioeeaeueiiai e
oaoiieiae/aneiai oaeoi?ia.

?ieue ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa a iioeiecaoeee acaeiiaeaenoaey iauanoaa e
i?e?iaeu

Yeieiae/aneay iieeoeea a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, eae e a ae?oaeo
?anioaeeeao auaoaai Niaaoneiai Nithca, iniiauaaeanue ia ?yaea
eiioeaiooaeueiuo i?eioeeiia:

a) ?aaoee?iaaiea ioiioaiee a noa?a acaeiiaeaenoaey iauanoaa e i?e?iaeu n
oeaeueth nio?aiaiey i?e?iaeiuo aiaaonoa e anoanoaaiiie n?aaeu iaeoaiey
/aeiaaea;

a) i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea aicieeiiaaiey a?aaeiuo aio?iiiaaiiuo aicaeaenoaee a
nayce n ?acaeoeai oicyenoaaiiie e eiie aeayoaeueiinoe;

a) icaei?iaeaiea e oeo/oaiea yeieiae/aneie ianoaiiaee a ai?iaeao e
?aeiiao, aaea oaea i?iyaeeenue nouanoaaiiua io?eoeaoaeueiua iineaaenoaey
/aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe;

a) nio?aiaiea a ia?aicaeaiiii aeaea eae oieeaeueiuo, oae e oeie/iuo
i?e?iaeiuo eiiieaenia e yeinenoai, a oaeaea ioaeaeueiuo aeaeia aeeaioiuo
e ?anoaiee.

A i?eiyoii a 1991 a. Aa?oiaiui Niaaoii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee Caeiia “Ia
io?aia ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu” ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua i?eioeeiu
io?aiu ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu. I?e?iaeiiieueciaaiea, io?aia
ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu – yoi i?iaeaia oe?aieaiey anoanoaaiiie
iniiau iaoa?eaeueiiai e aeooiaiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, oeo/oaiey oneiaee
aeecie, o?oaea e ioaeuoa a?aaeaeai. Yoi iaeii ec aaaeiaeoeo iai?aaeaiee
iiauoaiey aeaaininoiyiey ia?iaea, eai i?e?iaea – ia?aienoi/iee
iaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa, e?aniou /aeiaaea, iia i?aaie/anee naycaia n
?acaeoeai aeaiia?aoe/aneeo i?ioeannia e ninoiyieai caei?iauey ianaeaiey.
Anoanoaaiii, /oi ia?aui iniiaiui i?eioeeiii io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu a
Caeiia iacaai i?ei?eoao io?aiu aeecie e caei?iauey /aeiaaea, iaania/aiey
aeaaii?eyoiuo yeieiae/aneeo oneiaee aeey aeecie, o?oaea e ioaeuoa
ianaeaiey.

Aaaeiui i?eioeeiii io?aiu ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu a ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee yaeyaony iao/ii iainiiaaiiia ni/aoaiea yeieiae/aneeo e
yeiiiie/aneeo eioa?ania iauanoaa, iaania/eaathueo ?aaeueiua aa?aioee
i?aa /aeiaaea ia caei?iaoth e aeaaii?eyoioth aeey aeecie ie?oaeathuoth
i?e?iaeioth n?aaeo. E iniiaiui i?eioeeiai ioiineony oaeaea
?aoeeiiaeueiia eniieueciaaiea i?e?iaeiuo ?ano?nia n o/aoii caeiiia
i?e?iaeu, iioaioeeaeueiuo aiciiaeiinoae ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu.
Iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue o?aaiaaiey ii aini?iecaiaenoao i?e?iaeiuo
?ano?nia e iaaeiiouaieth iaia?aoeiuo iineaaenoaee aeey ie?oaeathuae
i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu e caei?iauey /aeiaaea. Aeayoaeueiinoue iauanoaa e
ainoaea?noaa, anao a?aaeaeai a noa?a io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu iniiaaia
ia niaethaeaiee o?aaiaaiee i?e?iaeiio?aieoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa,
iaioa?aoeiinoe ianooieaiey ioaaonoaaiiinoe ca eo ia?ooaiey.

Yeieiae/aneay iieeoeea ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia iie?aaony ia aeaniinoue
a ?aaioa e oanioth naycue n iauanoaaiiuie i?aaiecaoeeyie e ianaeaieai a
?aoaiee i?e?iaeiio?aieoaeueiuo caaea/. Eniieuecoy yeiiiie/aneea,
iao/ii-oaoie/aneea, iieeoeei-th?eaee/aneea, eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneea
n?aaenoaa, ?inneeneia ainoaea?noai i?iaiaeeo a aeeciue i?ia?aiio caueou
e oeo/oaiey i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu iaeoaiey /aeiaaea, ?inneeneay Oaaea?aoeey
inouanoaeyao iaaeaeoia?iaeiia nio?oaeie/anoai ii io?aia ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu.

I?e?iaea, ana aa aiaaonoaa yaeythony iaoeeiiaeueiui aeinoiyieai ia?iaeia
?innee, anoanoaaiiie iniiaie nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey e
aeaaininoiyiey /aeiaaea. A nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo, eiaaea iaeeoei
i?ioeai?a/eaua i?iyaeaiey iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna, oneeaiea
yeieiae/aneiai e?ecena e a oi aea a?aiy inouanoaeythony ia?u ii
?acaeoeth ?uii/iie yeiiiieee, iaiaoiaeeii i?eaea/ue aieiaiea eaaeaeiai
a?aaeaeaieia e aii?inai ?acoiiiai eniieueciaaiey i?e?iaeiuo ?ano?nia,
caaioeeaiai ioiioaiey e io?aia i?e?iaeu. A?aaeaeaiei ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee iaycai nio?aiyoue i?e?iaeo e ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo, aa?aaeii
ioiineoueny e aeeaioiiio e ?anoeoaeueiiio ie?o, aa?a/ue iaiyoieee
i?e?iaeu. Oicyeneia, ?a/eoaeueiia eniieueciaaiea i?e?iaeiuo ?ano?nia,
caaioa i i?e?iaea, aa io?aia – a?aaeaeaineee aeiea aeeoaeae ?inneeneie
Oaaea?aoeee.

Caeiiu ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee ii?aaeaeytho iauaeou io?aiu ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu. Oaeeie iauaeoaie yaeythony anoanoaaiiua yeieiae/aneea nenoaiu,
iciiiaue neie aoiinoa?u ieaiaou, caiey, aa iaae?a, iiaa?oiinoiua e
iiaecaiiua aiaeu, aoiinoa?iue aicaeoo, eana e eiay ?anoeoaeueiinoue,
aeeaioiue ie?, iee?ii?aaieciu, aaiaoe/aneee oiiae, i?e?iaeiua
eaiaeoaoou. Iniaie io?aia iiaeeaaeao caiiaaaeieee, caeacieee,
iaoeeiiaeueiua i?e?iaeiua ia?ee, iaiyoieee i?e?iaeu, ?aaeeea eee
iaoiaeyueany iiae oa?icie en/aciiaaiey aeaeu ?anoaiee e aeeaioiuo e
ianoa eo iaeoaiey.

Aii?inu io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu aoiaeyo a eiiiaoaioeeth
Oaaea?aeueiiai Nia?aiey ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, I?aaeoaeuenoaa
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, a oaeaea niaoeeaeueii ia oi oiieiiii/aiiuo
ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia. Caeiiiaeaoaeueii cae?aieaia eiiiaoaioeey
?anioaeee a ninoaaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, ae?oaeo noauaeoia
oaaea?aoeee a iaeanoe io?aiu ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu.

Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi ca iineaaeiea o?eaeoeaoue eao a no?aia aue
i?eiyo ?yae ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiauo aeoia, i?aaeoniao?eaathueo ia?u ii
oeo/oaieth io?aiu i?e?iaeu, ?aoeeiiaeueiiio i?e?iaeiiieueciaaieth,
io?aia eiie?aoiuo iauaeoia i?e?iaeu, ii?aaeaeaiu ia?u ii caueoa
Eanieeneiai, *a?iiai, Acianeiai ii?ae, aannaeiia ?ae Aieae e O?aea,
nio?aiaieth aiaaonoa ica?a Aaeeae. AEeciue iieacaea, /oi ia auee
iaania/aiu iaoa?eaeueiua e i?aaiecaoeeiiiua aa?aioee
i?e?iaeiio?aieoaeueiuo aeoia, yoe caeiiu e iinoaiiaeaiey ia niiaee
i?aaeioa?aoeoue ?acaeoea yeieiae/aneiai e?ecena a iaoae no?aia.

Io?aia i?e?iaeu – niciaoaeueiay e oeaeaono?aieaiiay aeayoaeueiinoue
ethaeae, iai?aaeaiiay ia nio?aiaiea i?e?iaeu, iaania/aiea
?aoeeiiaeueiiai eniieueciaaiey e aini?iecaiaenoaa aa ?ano?nia, oeo/oaiea
n?aaeu aeecie e aeayoaeueiinoe /aeiaaea.

E n?aaenoaai io?aiu i?e?iaeu ioiinyony i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oicyenoaaiiua,
iao/ii-oaoie/aneea, aa?iiiie/aneea, eaniiaeei?aoeaiua,
aeae?ioaoie/aneea, aeieiae/aneea, ciioaoie/aneea,
naieoa?ii-aeaeaie/aneea, i?aaiaua e ae?. Ainoaea?noai cae?aieyao a
th?eaee/aneeo aeoao ?aciiia?aciua ii?iu, niiniau e n?aaenoaa io?aiu
i?e?iaeu, ii?aaeaeyao e ia?u i?e?iaeiio?aieoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe. Iiae
i?aaiaie io?aiie i?e?iaeu iiieiaaony niaieoiiinoue th?eaee/aneeo aeoia,
iai?aaeaiiuo ia ananoi?iiithth e iinoiyiioth caueoo iauaeoia i?e?iaeu e
i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo ia? ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia, o/?aaeaeaiee, a oaeaea
iauanoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee ii eo i?aoai?aieth a aeeciue.

A niaa?oainoaiaaiee i?aaiauo n?aaenoa e i?aaiecaoeee io?aiu i?e?iaeu a
iaoae no?aia neaaeoao ?acoiii eniieueciaaoue iiuo e iiaeaee
th?eaee/aneeo aeoia auniei?acaeouo eaieoaeenoe/aneeo ainoaea?noa. A NOA,
iai?eia?, i?eiyou caeiiu, iauaaeeiythuea oneeey ainoaea?noaaiiuo
i?aaiia, o/?aaeaeaiee e ianaeaiey a io?aia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu. Caeii i
iaoeeiiaeueiie iieeoeea a iaeanoe io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu aa?aioe?oao
iauanoaaiiinoe iieo/aiea yeieiae/aneie eioi?iaoeee. Caeiiu
i?aaeoniao?eaatho oaeaea i?aaiaia iaania/aiea o/anoey iauanoaaiiinoe a
i?eiyoee aaaeiinoaaiiuo ii?iaoeaiuo aeoia, iauanoaaiiue eiio?ieue ca
niaethaeaieai i?e?iaeiio?aieoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa. Caeiiu
cae?aieee einoeooo eneia a?aaeaeai, i?aaeoniao?eaathuee, /oi a?aaeaeaiei
eiaao i?aai a noaeaaiii ii?yaeea o?aaiaaoue io i?e?iaeiiieueciaaoaeae
niaethaeaiey yeieiae/aneiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa, a io niaoeeaeueiuo
i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey, – iai?eia?, Aaaionoaa ii io?aia
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu – iaaeeaaeauaai i?eiaiaiey caeiiia.

I?iaeaiu io?aiu i?e?iaeu eae n?aaeu iaeoaiey /aeiaaea iu ?anniao?eaaai
eae i?iaeaiu ie?oaeathuae /aeiaaea n?aaeu, eai i?e?iaea anoue n?aaea
iaeoaiey /aeiaaea, oneiaea iioeiecaoeee aai aeayoaeueiinoe. A oi aea
a?aiy neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi oaeia iiieiaiea “ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu” eae
“i?e?iaeu” ia niaiaaeaao n aieaa oe?ieie eioa?i?aoaoeeae “ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu” eae “aeeciaiiie n?aaeu”, “n?aaeu iaeoaiey”, “yeieiaee”, eioi?ay
aeaaony aaoi?aie, aeeth/athueie a yoe iiiyoey ii?aaeaeaiiue ia?ac aeecie
/aeiaaea, nioeeaeueiie a?oiiu, oaeea yaeaiey e oneiaey, eae
aac?aaioeoea, i?anooiiinoue, aeeeeuiua oneiaey e o.i. Yoa aieaa oe?ieay
iinoaiiaea aii?ina i n?aaea iaeoaiey /aeiaaea iieo/eea ?ani?ino?aiaiea a
iao/iie eeoa?aoo?a e ioaeeoeenoeea.

Ioiioaiey /aeiaaea e i?e?iaeu iiiaia?aiiu, e anoanoaaiii, /oi caeanue
iiaeii auaeaeeoue ?yae aniaeoia i?aaiaie io?aiu e iioeiecaoeee
i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu. A ?yaea neo/aaa aaoi?u auaeaeytho yeiiiie/aneee e
nioeeaeueiue aniaeou. Ii?iaeueiua ia?aiao?u i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu – enoi/iee
e iniiaa caei?iauey /aeiaaea, aai oece/aneiai e ineoe/aneiai ?acaeoey. A
nayce n yoei aaaeia iinoaiiaea aii?ina i e?eoa?ee iioeiecaoeee
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu. Yoio e?eoa?ee eiaao eiiieaenioth no?oeoo?o.
Ii?aaeaeythuei oaeoi?ii iioeiecaoeee aeinoa?u neoaeeo nai /aeiaae, aai
caei?iaia ?acaeoea. Aoiaienoe/aneee aniaeo io?aiu ie?oaeathuae
i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu iaoiaeeo au?aaeaiea a i?e?iaeiio?aieoaeueiii
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee, cae?aieythuai i?aai a?aaeaeai
ia caei?iaoth e aeaaii?eyoioth n?aaeo.

A?aaeaeaiei eiaao i?aai ia io?aio caei?iauey io iaaeaaii?eyoiuo
aicaeaenoaee ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu. Aa?aioee yoiai i?aaa
iaania/eaathony ieaie?iaaieai e ii?ie?iaaieai ea/anoaa ie?oaeathuae
i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu, ia?aie ii i?aaeioa?auaieth yeieiae/anee a?aaeiie
aeayoaeueiinoe e icaei?iaeaieth ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu,
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaieth e eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee, eaoano?io,
noeoeeiuo aaaenoaee. Ainoaea?noai inouanoaeyao eiio?ieue ca nio?aiaieai
ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu e niaethaeaieai i?e?iaeiio?aieoaeueiiai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa e i?eaeaeaao e ioaaonoaaiiinoe eeoe, aeiiaiuo a
ia?ooaiee o?aaiaaiee iaania/aiey yeieiae/aneie aaciianiinoe ianaeaiey.

E niaeaeaieth, i?eoiaeeony eiinoaoe?iaaoue, /oi yeieiae/aneea eciaiaiey
ieacuaatho ana aieaa iuooeiia aicaeaenoaea ia no?oeoo?o caaieaaaaiinoe
ianaeaiey. Caa?yciaiea aicaeooa iaae e?oiiuie ai?iaeaie aaaeao e
eciaiaieth eeeiaoe/aneeo oneiaee, a?aaeiui aicaeaenoaeyi ia caei?iauea
ethaeae. Eiioeaio?aoeey iuee e a?aaeiuo aacia a ai?iaeao e ?aai/eo
iinaeeao, ?aniieiaeaiiuo aie?oa caaiaeia, /anoi ai iiiai ?ac i?aauoaao
i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiua ii?iu. Nouanoaoao ?yae i?e/ei oiai, /oi
caa?yciaiea aicaeooa e aiaeiuo enoi/ieeia i?iaeieaeaaony. I?aaeaea anaai
ia anaaaea aeinoaoi/ii yooaeoeaiu aeaenoaothuea onoaiiaee ii i/enoea, ia
iaeaaeaii i?iecaiaenoai aunieiea/anoaaiiuo, aacioeaciuo onoaiiaie. A
ii?aaeaeaiiuo ianoiyoaeuenoaao neiaeeeanue ineoieiae/aneay aoiinoa?a
oniieiaiiinoe, naiaia?aciay onoaiiaea, /oi a?aaeiua aicaeaenoaey oiai
eee eiiai i?iecaiaenoaa i?aaiia?ii eiiiaine?iaaoue ca n/ao oaaee/aiey
naieoa?ii-caueoiie ciiu, ?acaaaeaiey a?aaeiuo aauanoa a iauai iauaia
aoiinoa?iiai aicaeooa eee aiaeiiai enoi/ieea. Iiyaeythony iiaua
i?iecaiaenoaa, iiaua oaoiieiae/aneea eiiieaenu, aeathuea aua?inu a
aoiinoa?o a nayce n iiyaeaieai iiauo, ia eco/aiiuo n aeaeaie/aneie oi/ee
c?aiey aauanoa. Ecaanoii, /oi aieueooth /anoue caa?yciaiee aicaeooa
ai?iaeia aucuaatho aaoiiiaeee, i?aaeaea anaai a?ociaie aaoio?ainii?o.

A iaoae no?aia iiiaea ainoaea?noaaiiua i?aaiu, i?iiuoeaiiua i?aaei?eyoey
ia oaeaeytho aeieaeiiai aieiaiey ?ac?aaioea e aiaae?aieth iaeiiooiaeiuo
oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia, a oaeaea aannoi/iuo nenoai
aiaeiiieueciaaiey. A iaania/aiee ?aoeeiiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey,
io?aiu yeieiae/aneiai aeaaiiieo/ey no?aiu i/aiue aaaeiia cia/aiea eiaao
?aoaiea i?iaeai iniai iai?yaeaiiuo a yeieiae/aneii ioiioaiee ?aaeiiia. E
oaeei ?aaeiiai i?eiaaeeaaeao O?aeueneee, Eocaanneee, Eieueneee,
Ii?eeueneee, Iineianeee, a oaeaea ?aeiiu ica?a Aaeeae, Eaaeiaeneiai
ica?a e ae?.

A iioeiecaoeee ea/anoaa i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu a oneiaeyo iao/ii-oaoie/aneiai
i?ia?anna aaaeiia cia/aiea eiatho noaiaea?oecaoeey, ii?ie?iaaiea
ea/anoaa ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu. Yoi ii?ie?iaaiea inouanoaeyaony
n oeaeueth onoaiiaeaiey i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiuo ii?i aicaeaenoaey ia
ie?oaeathuoth i?e?iaeioth n?aaeo, aa?aioe?othuoth yeieiae/aneoth
aaciianiinoue ianaeaiey e nio?aiaiea aaiaoe/aneiai oiiaea,
iaania/eaathueo ?aoeeiiaeueiia eniieueciaaiea e aini?iecaiaenoai
i?e?iaeiuo ?ano?nia a oneiaeyo onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe. Ii?iaoeau i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiuo a?aaeiuo aicaeaenoaee
onoaiaaeeaathony a ii?aaeaeaiiii ii?yaeea e niaa?oainoaothony ii ia?a
?acaeoey iaoee e oaoieee n o/aoii iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo noaiaea?oia.

A iiaeaea?aeaiee aeaaii?eyoiuo aeey /aeiaaea oneiaee aeecie e o?oaea
nouanoaaiiia cia/aiea eiaao iao/ii iainiiaaiiue iiaeoiae e ?ac?aaioea e
th?eaee/aneiio cae?aieaieth ia?aiao?ia i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiuo
eiioeaio?aoeee a?aaeiuo aauanoa. A onoaiiaeaiee ii?iaoeaia i?aaeaeueii
aeiionoeiuo a?aaeiuo aicaeaenoaee aieueoay ?ieue i?eiaaeeaaeeo
naieoa?ii-yieaeaieieiae/aneie neoaeaa. Naieoa?iua i?aaeea, ii?iu e
aeaeaie/aneea ii?iaoeau – yoi th?eaee/aneea aeou, onoaiaaeeaathuea
e?eoa?ee aaciianiinoe e aaca?aaeiinoe aeey /aeiaaea oaeoi?ia n?aaeu aai
iaeoaiey e o?aaiaaiey e iaania/aieth aeaaii?eyoiuo oneiaee aai
aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe.

Ii?ie?iaaiea ea/anoaa ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu aeeth/aao oaeaea
onoaiiaeaiea ii?iaoeaia i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiuo o?iaiae ooia, aea?aoeee,
iaaieoiuo iieae e eiuo a?aaeiuo oece/aneeo aicaeaenoaee, a oaeaea
ii?iaoeau i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiiai o?iaiy ?aaeeaoeeiiiiai aicaeaenoaey.
Aaaeiia cia/aiea eiatho i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiua ii?iu i?eiaiaiey
aa?ioeieeaoia a naeueneii oicyenoaa, ii?iaoeau i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiuo
eiee/anoa oeie/aneeo aauanoa a i?iaeoeoao ieoaiey, i?aaeaeueii
aeiionoeiua ii?iu iaa?ocee ia ie?oaeathuoth i?e?iaeioth n?aaeo,
ii?iaoeau naieoa?iuo e caueoiuo cii.

A aeaea i?aaiaiai ?aaoee?iaaiey ioiioaiee iaaeaeo iauanoaii e i?e?iaeie
ia?ainoaiaiiia cia/aiea eiatho yeieiae/aneea o?aaiaaiey i?e ?aciauaiee,
i?iaeoe?iaaiee, no?ieoaeuenoaa, ?aeiino?oeoeee, aaiaea a yenieoaoaoeeth
i?aaei?eyoee, nii?oaeaiee e eiuo iauaeoia, a oaeaea yeieiae/aneea
o?aaiaaiey i?e yenieoaoaoeee i?aaei?eyoee, nii?oaeaiee, eiuo iauaeoia.
I/aaeaeii, /oi a oneiaeyo neeaaeuaathueony, ?acaeaathueony ?uii/iuo
ioiioaiee, ?acaeoey ?uiea a iaoai iauanoaa nicaeaiea /anoiuo
i?aaei?eyoee e i?aaei?eyoee n eiino?aiiui eaieoaeii aeieaeii i?ioiaeeoue
iiae aeanoeei eiio?ieai, i?aaeoniao?eaathuei naioth ouaoaeueioth
yenia?oeco.

Iniai aaaeiia cia/aiea aeey aeecie ia Caiea eiaao iciiiaue neie
aoiinoa?u. Io?aia ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu io yeieiae/anee iianiuo
eciaiaiee iciiiaiai neiy Caiee iaania/eaaaony ?yaeii iao/iuo,
oaoiieiae/aneeo, i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo ia?, a oii /enea e onoaiiaeaieai e
niaethaeaieai ii?iaoeaia i?aaeaeueii aeiionoeiuo aua?inia a?aaeiuo
aauanoa, aicaeaenoaothueo ia ninoiyiea eeeiaoa e iciiiaiai neiy,
?aaoee?iaaieai i?iecaiaenoaa e eniieueciaaiey a auoo oeie/aneeo aauanoa,
?ac?ooathueo iciiiaue neie.

Ainoaea?noai inouanoaeyao yeieiae/aneee eiio?ieue ca ninoiyieai
ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu e aa eciaiaieai iiae aeeyieai
oicyenoaaiiie e eiie aeayoaeueiinoe. Niaethaeaiea
i?e?iaeiio?aieoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa iaania/eaaaony yeieiae/aneei
ia?aciaaieai e ainieoaieai, ioaaouaathuei aanue i?ioeann aeioeieueiie,
oeieueiie iiaeaioiaee, a oaeaea iiaeaioiaee niaoeeaeenoia a n?aaeieo e
aunoeo o/aaiuo caaaaeaieyo. Ainoaea?noai ii?aaeaeyao a caeiiiaeaoaeueiii
ii?yaeea i?ioeann ?ac?aoaiey nii?ia a iaeanoe io?aiu i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu
iaaeaeo i?aaei?eyoeyie, o/?aaeaeaieyie, i?aaiecaoeeyie, ?aniieiaeaiiuie
ia oa??eoi?ee noauaeoia oaaea?aoeee. Ca yeieiae/aneea i?aaiia?ooaiey
i?aaeoniao?eaaaony aeenoeeieeia?iay, iaoa?eaeueiay, aaeieieno?aoeaiay
ioaaonoaaiiinoue, a ca yeieiae/aneea i?anooieaiey – oaieiaiay
ioaaonoaaiiinoue.

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiia nio?oaeie/anoai a iaeanoe io?aiu i?e?iaeu

Aeinoa?a Caiee aaeeia e iaaeaeeia. A aeiaaeueiuo ianooaaao i?ioaeatho
anoanoaaiiua i?ioeannu a aoiinoa?a, Ie?iaii ieaaia, inouanoaeyaony
iea?aoeey /a?ac ainoaea?noaaiiua a?aieoeu ioeoe, aeeaioiuo.
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiia nio?oaeie/anoai a ?aoaiee aeiaaeueiuo i?iaeai,
cao?aaeaathueo aeeciaiiua eioa?anu ia?iaeia, /aeiaa/anoaa a oeaeii,
yaeyaony iauaeoeaiie iaiaoiaeeiinoueth a nia?aiaiiue ia?eiae enoi?ee
oeeaeeecaoeee ia Caiea. Yoi nio?oaeie/anoai iaoneiaeeaaaony aianoa n
aaeeiie i?e?iaeie Caiee oaeaea iaiaoiaeeiinoueth i?aaeioa?aoeoue
a?aaeiua aeey i?e?iaeu ?acoeueoaou aeayoaeueiinoe ethaeae, ianouea
oa?ico ?anoe?aiey yeieiae/aneiai e?ecena, caeioa?aniaaiiinoueth
/aeiaa/anoaa a i?iaaaeaiee i?e?iaeiio?aieoaeueiuo ia?ii?eyoee,
o?aaothueo ooiaeaiaioaeueiuo iao/iuo ?ac?aaioie, ia eioi?ua eaeoo
aieueoea n?aaenoaa.

I?iaeaia iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai nio?oaeie/anoaa a iaeanoe eniieueciaaiey
i?e?iaeu e aa io?aiu eiaao neiaeiue nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneee oa?aeoa?,
yaeyaony a?aiie noieeiiaaiey iaaeaeo ainoaea?noaaie, i?aneaaeothueie
naie yeiiiie/aneea, aaiiieeoe/aneea eioa?anu.

Ie?iaua i?e?iaeiua ?ano?nu ii naiaio i?aaiaiio iieiaeaieth aeaeyony ia
aeaa eaoaai?ee: iaaeaeoia?iaeiua i?e?iaeiua ?ano?nu e
aioo?eainoaea?noaaiiua (iaoeeiiaeueiua) i?e?iaeiua ?ano?nu.
Iaaeaeoia?iaeiua i?e?iaeiua ?ano?nu i?eiaaeeaaeao anai aac eneeth/aiey
ainoaea?noaai. E eo /eneo ioiinyony ?ano?nu Ie?iaiai ieaaia (n o/aoii
i?aa i?ea?aaeiuo no?ai), i?e?iaeiua ?ano?nu Aioa?eoeee, aoiinoa?iue
aicaeoo, einie/aneea i?e?iaeiua iauaeou. N?aaee iauaeoia io?aiu i?e?iaeu
neaaeoao oeacaoue ia iiiaiiaoeeiiaeueiua ?ano?nu, i?eiaaeeaaeauea ?yaeo
ainoaea?noa (aiaea, ?uaa iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo ?ae, eaiaeia, ica?;
iea?e?othuea /a?ac a?aieoeo aeeaioiua).

Iiiyoea “iaaeaeoia?iaeiue i?e?iaeiue ?ano?n” icia/aao oaeaea i?e?iaeiua
iauaeou, eioi?ua a i?ioeanna naiaai anoanoaaiiiai oeeeea, aac
aicaeaenoaey /aeiaaea, iinoiyiii eee oioy au eaeoth-oi /anoue aiaea
iaoiaeyony a i?aaeaeao iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo i?ino?ainoa (ioe?uoia ii?a,
?aeii aeaenoaey Aeiaiai?a ia Aioa?eoeea, einiin) eee a ?aciia a?aiy
aiaea ieacuaathony ia oa??eoi?ee ?acee/iuo ainoaea?noa. Ie iaeia no?aia
ia ai?aaa i?aoaiaeiaaoue ia aaeeiiee/iia ?anii?yaeaiea a ioiioaiee
iaaeaeoia?iaeiuo i?e?iaeiuo ?ano?nia. Ainoaea?noaa a neeo i?eioeeiia
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa i?ecaaiu a ioiioaiee iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai
i?e?iaeiiai ?ano?na niaethaeaoue e ia ouaieyoue eioa?anu ae?oaeo
ainoaea?noa. A ioiioaiee naieo iaoeeiiaeueiuo i?e?iaeiuo ?ano?nia
eaaeaeia ainoaea?noai iaeaaeaao i?aaii naiaiaeiiai ?anii?yaeaiey yoeie
aiaaonoaaie a i?aaeaeao caieiaaiie ei oa??eoi?ee. Iaeiaei noaa?aiiia
?anii?yaeaiea naieie i?e?iaeiuie ?ano?naie ainoaea?noai ia iiaeao
eniieueciaaoue aeey ia?ooaiey noaa?aiiuo i?aa ae?oaeo ainoaea?noa.
Yeieiae/aneay aaciianiinoue iaeiiai ainoaea?noaa ia iiaeao
iaania/eaaoueny ca n/ao ae?oaeo ainoaea?noa eee aac o/aoa eo eioa?ania.
A niioaaonoaee n Onoaaii III e i?eioeeiaie iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa
ainoaea?noaa eiatho noaa?aiiia i?aai ?ac?aaaouaaoue naie nianoaaiiua
?ano?nu niaeanii naiae iieeoeea a iaeanoe ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu e ianoo
ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca iaania/aiea oiai, /oiau aeayoaeueiinoue a ?aieao eo
th?enaeeeoeee eee eiio?iey ia iaiineea oua?aa ie?oaeathuae n?aaea
ae?oaeo ainoaea?noa eee ?aaeiia ca i?aaeaeaie aeaenoaey iaoeeiiaeueiie
th?enaeeeoeee.

I?aaeiinueeaie nio?oaeie/anoaa ainoaea?noa a iaeanoe ?aoeeiiaeueiiai
i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey e io?aiu i?e?iaeu yaeythony iaaeaeoia?iaeiia
?acaeaeaiea o?oaea, nouanoaothuaa a neeo iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai
?ani?aaeaeaiey ?ano?nia, a oaeaea caeioa?aniaaiiinoue no?ai a
iaaeaeoia?iaeiie oi?aiaea, a eniieueciaaiee ie?iauo ?ano?nia.

Iaaeaeoia?iaeiia nio?oaeie/anoai a iaeanoe io?aiu i?e?iaeu e
?aoeeiiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey inouanoaeyaony ia iniiaa i?eioeeiia
e iauai?eciaiiuo ii?i iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa. Aaaeiaeoei oneiaeai
ieiaeioai?iiai iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai nio?oaeie/anoaa a io?aia i?e?iaeu
yaeythony iiaeaea?aeaiea i?i/iiai ie?a, ia?aie/aiea aii?oaeaiee,
?aci?oaeaiea.

?inneeneay Oaaea?aoeey a naieo ioiioaieyo n ae?oaeie ainoaea?noaaie
enoiaeeo ec i?eioeeiia nio?oaeie/anoaa, ?aaainoaa, acaeiiie auaiaeu,
iaaiaoaoaeuenoaa ai aioo?aiiea aeaea ae?oa ae?oaa. I?eioeeiu
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai nio?oaeie/anoaa ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee a iaeanoe
io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu ioaa/atho i?eioeeiai e iauai?eciaiiui ii?iai
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa. Yoi nio?oaeie/anoai inouanoaeyaony a eioa?anao
ianoiyuaai e aoaeoueo iieieaiee. ?inney a ea/anoaa aaaeiiai i?eioeeia
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai nio?oaeie/anoaa i?eciaao, /oi aeieaeai auoue
onoaiiaeai eiio?ieue ia aeiaaeueiii, ?aaeiiaeueiii e iaoeeiiaeueiii
o?iaiyo ca ninoiyieai e eciaiaieyie ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu e
i?e?iaeiuo ?ano?nia ia iniiaa iaaeaeoia?iaeii i?eciaiiuo e?eoa?eaa e
ia?aiao?ia. Aeieaeai auoue iaania/ai oaeaea naiaiaeiue e
aani?aiyonoaaiiue iaaeaeoia?iaeiue iaiai iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eioi?iaoeeae
ii i?iaeaiai ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu e ia?aaeiauo
i?e?iaeinaa?aaathueo oaoiieiaee. Ainoaea?noaa aeieaeiu ieacuaaoue
acaeiiiiiiuue a /?acau/aeiuo yeieiae/aneeo neooaoeeyo. Ana nii?u,
naycaiiua n i?iaeaiaie ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu, aeieaeiu
?ac?aoaoueny oieueei ie?iuie n?aaenoaaie.

Caeioa?aniaaiiinoue /aeiaa/anoaa a nio?aiaiee i?e?iaeu Caiee, aaaeiinoue
niaethaeaiey i?eioeeiia io?aiu i?e?iaeu anai /aeiaa/anoaii, noaa?aiiia
?aaainoai ainoaea?noa a ni?aaaaeeeaii ?aoaiee i?iaeai – ana yoi iaoei
io?aaeaiea a oii, /oi aaeaaiaeii 5 ethiy ioia/aaony Anaie?iue aeaiue
io?aiu ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu.

I?aaiecaoeeiiiua oi?iu iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai nio?oaeie/anoaa
iiae?acaeaeythony ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiua i?aaeoaeuenoaaiiua nithcu e
iai?aaeoaeuenoaaiiua iauaaeeiaiey, a oaeaea i?aaiecaoeee, eiathuea
niaoaiiia /eainoai. Aieueoay ?ieue a iaaeaeoia?iaeiii nio?oaeie/anoaa
i?eiaaeeaaeeo I?aaiecaoeee Iauaaeeiaiiuo Iaoeee (III), ?yaeo aa
niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo o/?aaeaeaiee: I?aaiecaoeee Iauaaeeiaiiuo Iaoeee ii
aii?inai i?inaauaiey, iaoee e eoeueoo?u (THIANEI), I?iaeiaieuenoaaiiie e
naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?aaiecaoeee (OAI), Anaie?iie i?aaiecaoeee
cae?aaiio?aiaiey (AIC), Anaie?iie iaoai?ieiae/aneie i?aaiecaoeee (AEI) e
ae?. A 1957 a. auei i?aaieciaaii Iaaeaeoia?iaeiia aaaionoai ii aoiiiie
yia?aee (IAAAOY), a 1960 a. auea nicaeaia Iaaei?aaeoaeuenoaaiiay
ieaaiia?aoe/aneay eiienney (IIE). Eiienney IAAAOY i?aaei?eieiaao
eiio?ieueiua einiaeoeee ia aoiiiua yeaeo?inoaioeee, iaoiaeyueany ia
oa??eoi?ee ?innee, Oe?aeiu, ae?oaeo ainoaea?noa. Iaaeaeoia?iaeiia
nio?oaeie/anoai a noa?a io?aiu i?e?iaeu inouanoaeyaony oaeaea a oi?ia
aeaonoi?iiiaai eee ?aaeiiaeueiiai nio?oaeie/anoaa. ?inneeneay
Oaaea?aoeey yaeyaony i?aaii?aaiieoeae auaoaai NNN? ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiie
a?aia, auiieiyao acyoua ia naay iaycaoaeuenoaa a noa?a
i?e?iaeiio?aieoaeueiuo ioiioaiee, cae?aieaiiuo aeiaiai?aie. ?inneeneay
Oaaea?aoeey nio?oaeie/aao n ae?oaeie o/anoieeaie iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai
niiauanoaa a ?aoaiee yia?aaoe/aneeo i?iaeai, a eeeaeaeaoeee aieiaea e
iianiuo aieaciae, inouanoaeyao iaaeaeoia?iaeiia nio?oaeie/anoai a
inaiaiee Ie?iaiai ieaaia, i?iaiaeeo iieeoeeo nieaeaiey yaea?iiai
iioaioeeaea, ?aci?oaeaiey.

A io?aia i?e?iaeu Caiee n?aaee iai?aaeoaeuenoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee
nouanoaaiiia cia/aiea eiaao aeaeaeaiea iiiai/eneaiiuo ia?oee “caeaiuo”.
Iaeioi?ua ec ieo auaeaeioee e i?iaaee naieo i?aaenoaaeoaeae a ia?eaiaiou
ainoaea?noa. I?iaeaia “iauanoai – i?e?iaea” eiaao aeiaaeueiue oa?aeoa?,
e aa iaaiciiaeii ?aoeoue a ?aieao iaeiiai ainoaea?noaa. Aii?inu
acaeiiioiioaiee iauanoaa e i?e?iaeu io?aaeatho i?ioeai?a/ey nia?aiaiiiai
ie?a, neiaeiua i?ioeannu, ii?iaeaeaiiua iao/ii-oaoie/aneei i?ia?annii,
aeiaaeueiui aeaiia?aoe/aneei ac?uaii. I?iaeaia i?eia?aoaao aua aieueoaa
cia/aiea, o/eouaay, /oi ?acaeaathueany no?aiu ?anniao?eaatho
eiaeono?eaeecaoeeth eae ia?aaeooth iaiaoiaeeiinoue, /oi nouanoaotho
?aaeueiua ?anoiaeaeaiey iaaeaeo auniei?acaeouie no?aiaie e
?acaeaathueieny ainoaea?noaaie a ioeaiea ia?niaeoea ?acaeoey, eiie?aoiuo
ia? ia iooe e iiaiio ie?iaiio ii?yaeeo.

I?iaeaia ?acoiiiai naiiia?aie/aiey /aeiaa/aneiai iauanoaa ii ioiioaieth
e i?e?iaea i?eia?aoaao ana aieueooth aeooaeueiinoue. Eiia/ii, oiae
?acaeoey /aeiaa/anoaa, aai aoi?aeaiea a i?e?iaeo iaeuecy inoaiiaeoue.
Aio?iiiaaiiua eciaiaiey i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu iaecaaaeiu, ii iie n iao/iie
oi/ee c?aiey iaiaycaoaeueii iaaeaaii?eyoiu. Aeey nicaeaiey aa?iiie/iie
aeecie ethaeae ia Caiea iaiaoiaeeii ooaa?aeaeaiea iiauo aoiaienoe/aneeo
oeaiiinoae, iino?iaiea ni?aaaaeeeaiai iauanoaa, iaa?aaathuaai i?e?iaeo.

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